Census Profile, 2016 Census
Alberta [Province] and Prince Edward Island [Province]

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The table shows total, male and female data grouped by geography (appearing as column headers) for selected characteristics (appearing as row headers).
Characteristic Alberta

[Province]
Prince Edward Island

[Province]
Data quality , Alberta [Province]  Map : Alberta [Province]
Change geography 1
Data quality : Prince Edward Island [Province]  Map : geography 2
Change geography 2
Total Male Female Total Male Female
Counts (unless otherwise specified)
Population and dwellings
Population, 2016Census data footnote 1 4,067,175 ... ... 142,907 ... ...
Population, 2011Census data footnote 1 3,645,257 ... ... 140,204 ... ...
Population percentage change, 2011 to 2016 11.6 ... ... 1.9 ... ...
Total private dwellingsCensus data footnote 2 1,654,129 ... ... 71,119 ... ...
Private dwellings occupied by usual residentsCensus data footnote 3 1,527,678 ... ... 59,472 ... ...
Population density per square kilometre 6.4 ... ... 25.1 ... ...
Land area in square kilometres 640,330.46 ... ... 5,686.03 ... ...
Age characteristics
Total - Age groups and average age of the population - 100% dataCensus data footnote 4 4,067,175 2,039,410 2,027,765 142,910 69,305 73,605
0 to 14 years 779,155 399,570 379,580 22,685 11,570 11,115
0 to 4 years 266,515 136,520 129,995 7,005 3,645 3,360
5 to 9 years 270,715 138,990 131,725 7,905 3,985 3,925
10 to 14 years 241,920 124,060 117,860 7,775 3,940 3,830
15 to 64 years 2,787,805 1,408,150 1,379,655 92,510 45,090 47,420
15 to 19 years 240,035 123,625 116,410 8,645 4,435 4,215
20 to 24 years 261,830 133,990 127,840 8,620 4,390 4,225
25 to 29 years 310,940 156,715 154,225 7,650 3,700 3,945
30 to 34 years 333,175 167,555 165,620 7,760 3,735 4,025
35 to 39 years 305,505 153,655 151,850 8,180 3,885 4,295
40 to 44 years 281,205 142,545 138,660 8,820 4,235 4,585
45 to 49 years 269,030 135,855 133,180 9,560 4,650 4,910
50 to 54 years 284,310 142,205 142,100 11,250 5,425 5,825
55 to 59 years 275,540 138,565 136,970 11,330 5,420 5,915
60 to 64 years 226,230 113,440 112,790 10,685 5,215 5,475
65 years and over 500,215 231,690 268,530 27,710 12,640 15,070
65 to 69 years 173,680 85,500 88,180 9,940 4,830 5,110
70 to 74 years 117,035 56,430 60,610 6,625 3,170 3,455
75 to 79 years 83,955 39,105 44,845 4,695 2,180 2,520
80 to 84 years 62,165 27,590 34,575 3,370 1,440 1,930
85 years and over 63,385 23,065 40,320 3,080 1,020 2,060
85 to 89 years 39,965 16,050 23,915 1,895 715 1,180
90 to 94 years 18,025 5,755 12,275 910 260 650
95 to 99 years 4,735 1,145 3,595 250 45 210
100 years and over 650 115 535 30 5 25
Total - Distribution (%) of the population by broad age groups - 100% data 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0
0 to 14 years 19.2 19.6 18.7 15.9 16.7 15.1
15 to 64 years 68.5 69.0 68.0 64.7 65.1 64.4
65 years and over 12.3 11.4 13.2 19.4 18.2 20.5
85 years and over 1.6 1.1 2.0 2.2 1.5 2.8
Average age of the population 37.8 37.2 38.4 42.7 41.7 43.6
Median age of the population 36.7 36.2 37.2 44.5 43.6 45.4
Household and dwelling characteristics
Total - Occupied private dwellings by structural type of dwelling - 100% dataCensus data footnote 5 1,527,675 ... ... 59,470 ... ...
Single-detached house 946,225 ... ... 41,165 ... ...
Apartment in a building that has five or more storeys 62,395 ... ... 55 ... ...
Other attached dwellingCensus data footnote 6 471,090 ... ... 15,725 ... ...
Semi-detached house 86,765 ... ... 3,350 ... ...
Row house 116,625 ... ... 2,185 ... ...
Apartment or flat in a duplex 43,090 ... ... 1,030 ... ...
Apartment in a building that has fewer than five storeys 223,360 ... ... 9,050 ... ...
Other single-attached house 1,245 ... ... 110 ... ...
Movable dwellingCensus data footnote 7 47,970 ... ... 2,530 ... ...
Total - Private households by household size - 100% dataCensus data footnote 8 1,527,675 ... ... 59,470 ... ...
1 person 366,080 ... ... 16,295 ... ...
2 persons 524,415 ... ... 22,905 ... ...
3 persons 245,075 ... ... 9,010 ... ...
4 persons 233,770 ... ... 7,370 ... ...
5 or more persons 158,335 ... ... 3,895 ... ...
Number of persons in private households 3,978,145 ... ... 139,685 ... ...
Average household size 2.6 ... ... 2.3 ... ...
Marital status
Total - Marital status for the population aged 15 years and over - 100% dataCensus data footnote 9 3,288,020 1,639,835 1,648,185 120,220 57,735 62,490
Married or living common law 1,969,300 988,410 980,895 71,650 35,815 35,835
Married 1,648,945 828,155 820,790 60,895 30,465 30,430
Living common law 320,350 160,250 160,100 10,760 5,355 5,405
Not married and not living common law 1,318,720 651,430 667,290 48,570 21,920 26,655
Never married 905,700 505,310 400,390 30,750 16,290 14,460
Separated 76,150 34,000 42,150 3,500 1,470 2,025
Divorced 195,850 82,040 113,815 6,620 2,665 3,955
Widowed 141,020 30,080 110,940 7,700 1,495 6,210
Family characteristics
Total - Census families in private households by family size - 100% dataCensus data footnote 10 1,114,585 ... ... 41,705 ... ...
2 persons 540,850 ... ... 23,045 ... ...
3 persons 235,245 ... ... 8,565 ... ...
4 persons 227,165 ... ... 6,910 ... ...
5 or more persons 111,330 ... ... 3,185 ... ...
Average size of census families 3.0 ... ... 2.8 ... ...
Total number of census families in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 11 1,114,585 ... ... 41,705 ... ...
Total couple families 953,325 ... ... 35,160 ... ...
Married couples 793,195 ... ... 29,785 ... ...
Common-law couples 160,130 ... ... 5,375 ... ...
Total lone-parent families by sex of parent 161,260 ... ... 6,545 ... ...
Female parent 123,490 ... ... 5,155 ... ...
Male parent 37,770 ... ... 1,390 ... ...
Total - Couple census families in private households - 100% data 953,325 ... ... 35,160 ... ...
Couples without children 443,665 ... ... 18,975 ... ...
Couples with children 509,655 ... ... 16,180 ... ...
1 child 190,010 ... ... 6,755 ... ...
2 children 213,910 ... ... 6,370 ... ...
3 or more children 105,735 ... ... 3,055 ... ...
Total - Lone-parent census families in private households - 100% data 161,260 ... ... 6,545 ... ...
1 child 97,180 ... ... 4,070 ... ...
2 children 45,235 ... ... 1,810 ... ...
3 or more children 18,845 ... ... 665 ... ...
Total - Persons not in census families in private households - 100% data 678,535 356,875 321,655 23,270 10,455 12,810
Household type
Total - Private households by household type - 100% dataCensus data footnote 12 1,527,675 ... ... 59,470 ... ...
One-census-family households 1,039,985 ... ... 40,225 ... ...
Without children in a census familyCensus data footnote 13 414,570 ... ... 18,405 ... ...
With children in a census familyCensus data footnote 14 625,415 ... ... 21,825 ... ...
Multiple-census-family households 36,120 ... ... 730 ... ...
Non-census-family households 451,570 ... ... 18,515 ... ...
One-person households 366,080 ... ... 16,295 ... ...
Two-or-more person non-census-family households 85,490 ... ... 2,225 ... ...
Knowledge of official languagesThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Knowledge of official languages for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 15 4,026,650 2,020,510 2,006,140 141,015 68,540 72,480
English only 3,698,765 1,869,670 1,829,095 121,815 60,290 61,525
French only 3,895 1,725 2,165 115 55 65
English and French 264,720 124,400 140,315 17,840 7,540 10,295
Neither English nor French 59,280 24,715 34,565 1,250 650 600
First official language spokenThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - First official language spoken for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 16 4,026,650 2,020,510 2,006,140 141,015 68,535 72,485
English 3,880,685 1,950,980 1,929,705 135,015 65,690 69,320
French 71,535 37,205 34,330 4,550 2,105 2,445
English and French 16,605 8,350 8,255 235 105 130
Neither English nor French 57,830 23,970 33,860 1,225 630 590
Official language minority (number)Census data footnote 17 79,840 41,380 38,455 4,665 2,160 2,510
Official language minority (percentage)Census data footnote 17 2.0 2.0 1.9 3.3 3.2 3.5
Mother tongueThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Mother tongue for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 18 4,026,650 2,020,510 2,006,140 141,020 68,535 72,480
Single responses 3,934,580 1,975,615 1,958,970 140,020 68,085 71,935
Official languages 3,063,640 1,552,475 1,511,165 132,870 64,475 68,390
English 2,991,485 1,515,025 1,476,460 128,005 62,235 65,765
French 72,150 37,450 34,705 4,865 2,245 2,620
Non-official languages 870,940 423,140 447,805 7,155 3,605 3,550
Aboriginal languages 23,835 11,290 12,550 50 25 20
Algonquian languages 18,295 8,665 9,630 40 20 20
Blackfoot 2,750 1,305 1,445 0 0 0
Cree-Montagnais languages 14,960 7,105 7,850 5 0 0
Atikamekw 0 0 0 0 0 0
Montagnais (Innu) 0 5 0 0 0 0
Moose Cree 10 0 5 0 0 0
Naskapi 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern East Cree 50 15 35 5 5 0
Plains Cree 720 280 435 5 0 0
Southern East Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Swampy Cree 50 20 35 0 0 0
Woods Cree 910 430 480 0 0 0
Cree, n.o.s. 13,220 6,355 6,865 0 0 0
Eastern Algonquian languages 30 15 15 40 20 15
Malecite 0 5 0 0 0 0
Mi'kmaq 35 20 15 35 20 15
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 550 235 315 5 0 0
Algonquin 5 0 5 0 0 0
Ojibway 525 230 300 0 0 0
Oji-Cree 15 5 15 0 0 0
Ottawa (Odawa) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 5 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages 1,865 865 1,000 0 0 0
Northern Athabaskan languages 1,855 860 990 0 0 0
Babine (Wetsuwet'en) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Beaver 35 15 15 0 0 0
Carrier 15 0 15 0 0 0
Chilcotin 5 0 0 0 0 0
Dene 1,470 710 760 0 0 0
Dogrib (Tlicho) 40 10 30 0 0 0
Gwich'in 15 5 10 0 0 0
Sarsi (Sarcee) 70 20 45 0 0 0
Sekani 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey-Hare languages 200 90 115 0 0 0
North Slavey (Hare) 10 5 10 0 0 0
South Slavey 155 70 80 0 0 0
Slavey, n.o.s. 35 15 25 0 0 0
Tahltan languages 5 0 5 0 0 0
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tutchone languages 5 0 0 0 0 0
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 10 0 10 0 0 0
Haida 0 0 0 0 0 0
Inuit languages 120 35 85 5 5 0
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 25 5 10 0 0 0
Inuktitut 60 20 45 5 5 0
Inuit languages, n.i.e. 35 10 30 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages 10 10 5 0 0 0
Cayuga 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mohawk 5 5 5 0 0 0
Oneida 0 5 0 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 5 0 0 0
Kutenai 5 0 0 0 0 0
Michif 80 45 35 0 0 0
Salish languages 15 5 10 0 0 0
Comox 0 0 0 0 0 0
Halkomelem 0 0 0 0 0 0
Lillooet 0 0 0 0 0 0
Okanagan 0 5 5 0 0 0
Shuswap (Secwepemctsin) 5 0 0 0 0 0
Squamish 5 0 0 0 0 0
Straits 0 0 0 0 0 0
Thompson (Ntlakapamux) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Salish languages, n.i.e. 5 0 5 0 0 0
Siouan languages 3,370 1,630 1,745 0 0 0
Dakota 350 165 185 0 0 0
Stoney 3,020 1,460 1,555 0 0 0
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 5 0 0 0 0 0
Tlingit 5 0 0 0 0 0
Tsimshian languages 15 5 5 0 0 0
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Nisga'a 10 5 5 0 0 0
Tsimshian 0 0 0 0 0 0
Wakashan languages 5 5 5 0 0 0
Haisla 0 0 0 0 0 0
Heiltsuk 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kwakiutl (Kwak'wala) 0 0 5 0 0 0
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0 5 0 0 0 0
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Aboriginal languages, n.o.s. 55 30 25 0 0 0
Non-Aboriginal languages 847,105 411,850 435,255 7,110 3,580 3,525
Afro-Asiatic languages 68,415 36,215 32,200 655 365 295
Berber languages 340 190 145 0 0 0
Kabyle 165 90 75 0 0 0
Berber languages, n.i.e. 175 100 75 0 0 0
Cushitic languages 12,525 6,495 6,030 50 25 25
Bilen 315 185 130 0 0 0
Oromo 2,650 1,375 1,275 0 0 0
Somali 9,520 4,915 4,605 50 25 20
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 40 20 20 0 0 0
Semitic languages 55,425 29,450 25,980 610 340 270
Amharic 7,320 3,605 3,720 5 5 5
Arabic 40,540 21,840 18,705 575 315 260
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 400 210 190 0 0 0
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 145 80 65 0 0 0
Harari 260 135 120 0 0 0
Hebrew 960 505 460 25 15 10
Maltese 75 30 40 0 5 0
Tigrigna 5,415 2,880 2,535 0 0 0
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 305 155 145 0 0 0
Afro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 130 80 50 0 0 0
Austro-Asiatic languages 25,295 11,760 13,535 115 65 55
Khmer (Cambodian) 1,925 910 1,010 0 0 0
Vietnamese 23,350 10,840 12,505 120 65 55
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e 25 10 15 0 0 0
Austronesian languages 115,405 50,190 65,210 395 155 240
Bikol 425 205 225 0 0 0
Cebuano 5,135 2,155 2,980 15 5 10
Fijian 125 75 50 0 0 0
Hiligaynon 1,500 640 855 0 0 0
Ilocano 5,350 2,310 3,040 5 0 5
Malagasy 35 10 25 0 0 0
Malay 1,460 615 845 10 0 5
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 765 370 390 0 0 0
Pangasinan 290 115 175 0 0 0
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 99,035 43,120 55,920 365 140 220
Waray-Waray 305 145 160 0 0 0
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 980 430 550 5 5 0
Creole languages 1,895 990 910 15 5 10
Haitian Creole 95 45 50 0 0 0
Creole, n.o.s. 1,175 640 540 10 0 5
Creole languages, n.i.e. 625 305 325 0 0 0
Dravidian languages 13,490 7,075 6,415 110 60 50
Kannada 535 270 265 15 5 5
Malayalam 6,345 3,285 3,060 55 30 25
Tamil 4,430 2,360 2,070 20 5 10
Telugu 2,130 1,135 995 20 10 10
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 50 25 25 0 0 0
Hmong-Mien languages 105 55 45 0 0 0
Indo-European languages 442,685 220,330 222,355 2,575 1,320 1,260
Albanian 2,345 1,270 1,075 95 55 45
Armenian 500 250 245 5 0 0
Balto-Slavic languages 80,330 37,750 42,580 385 190 195
Baltic languages 1,010 475 535 5 5 0
Latvian 415 195 220 5 5 0
Lithuanian 600 285 315 0 0 5
Slavic languages 79,325 37,275 42,050 380 190 195
Belarusan 65 30 30 0 0 0
Bosnian 1,835 915 920 30 15 10
Bulgarian 1,545 790 755 10 5 5
Croatian 4,655 2,340 2,320 25 15 10
Czech 3,000 1,430 1,575 15 10 10
Macedonian 360 185 175 0 0 0
Polish 20,130 9,425 10,705 70 30 40
Russian 17,810 8,150 9,665 140 70 70
Serbian 4,020 2,035 1,985 20 10 10
Serbo-Croatian 970 480 485 10 5 5
Slovak 2,185 1,070 1,115 5 0 0
Slovene (Slovenian) 695 320 370 5 5 5
Ukrainian 21,835 9,985 11,850 45 20 30
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 215 120 100 5 5 0
Celtic languages 370 200 170 20 10 5
Scottish Gaelic 135 70 65 10 0 5
Welsh 175 85 80 10 5 0
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 65 40 25 5 5 5
Germanic languages 104,260 51,525 52,735 900 460 435
Afrikaans 3,010 1,475 1,535 20 15 10
Danish 2,380 1,245 1,135 20 15 5
Dutch 16,135 8,095 8,045 465 240 220
Frisian 360 200 160 35 20 15
German 80,050 39,435 40,615 320 155 165
Icelandic 115 55 60 0 5 0
Norwegian 815 370 445 5 0 0
Swedish 875 405 470 10 0 0
Vlaams (Flemish) 320 150 170 20 10 15
Yiddish 140 70 70 0 0 0
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 55 30 25 0 0 0
Greek 3,130 1,655 1,475 10 5 10
Indo-Iranian languages 166,805 85,250 81,560 685 340 345
Indo-Aryan languages 145,900 74,320 71,580 500 240 260
Bengali 7,000 3,630 3,370 40 25 15
Gujarati 13,140 6,785 6,355 5 5 5
Hindi 17,055 8,675 8,385 50 25 20
Kashmiri 105 60 50 0 0 0
Konkani 370 190 185 0 0 0
Marathi 1,510 775 730 0 0 0
Nepali 5,175 2,690 2,490 205 80 120
Oriya (Odia) 190 100 90 0 0 0
Punjabi (Panjabi) 68,695 34,935 33,760 105 55 50
Sindhi 2,770 1,300 1,475 0 0 0
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 2,590 1,320 1,265 45 25 25
Urdu 27,295 13,865 13,430 50 25 30
Iranian languages 19,600 10,235 9,365 180 90 85
Kurdish 1,550 845 705 0 0 0
Pashto 2,560 1,320 1,235 0 0 0
Persian (Farsi) 15,490 8,070 7,425 180 90 85
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 1,310 695 615 5 0 0
Italic (Romance) languages 84,940 42,425 42,515 475 250 230
Catalan 75 30 45 0 0 0
Italian 11,375 5,760 5,615 65 40 25
Portuguese 9,050 4,380 4,670 80 40 40
Romanian 8,035 4,080 3,955 25 15 10
Spanish 56,370 28,160 28,205 305 150 150
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 35 20 15 0 0 0
Japanese 4,875 1,715 3,160 95 25 75
Kartvelian languages 230 130 105 0 0 0
Georgian 230 130 100 0 0 0
Korean 17,920 8,485 9,435 120 50 65
Mongolic languages 545 255 290 0 0 0
Mongolian 540 255 290 0 0 0
Niger-Congo languages 15,360 7,870 7,495 85 45 40
Akan (Twi) 1,755 915 835 0 0 0
Bamanankan 35 20 15 0 0 0
Edo 275 155 120 0 0 0
Ewe 245 145 100 0 0 0
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 230 120 100 0 0 0
Ga 145 80 65 0 0 0
Ganda 280 145 135 0 0 0
Igbo 1,165 625 540 5 5 0
Lingala 270 130 140 0 0 0
Rundi (Kirundi) 605 305 295 10 10 5
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 805 405 400 0 0 0
Shona 1,100 545 555 0 0 0
Swahili 2,380 1,160 1,215 20 10 10
Wolof 280 165 110 0 0 0
Yoruba 2,435 1,305 1,125 25 10 10
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 3,370 1,640 1,735 20 10 10
Nilo-Saharan languages 2,720 1,395 1,330 0 0 0
Dinka 1,345 705 640 0 0 0
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 1,375 685 690 0 0 0
Sign languages 830 440 390 15 10 10
American Sign Language 335 165 165 0 0 0
Quebec Sign Language 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sign languages, n.i.e 495 275 225 10 5 5
Sino-Tibetan languages 122,450 57,740 64,705 2,790 1,420 1,365
Chinese languages 120,375 56,675 63,700 2,740 1,400 1,340
Cantonese 59,145 27,755 31,385 210 95 110
Hakka 990 465 530 0 0 0
Mandarin 50,660 23,940 26,720 2,165 1,170 995
Min Dong 115 50 65 0 0 0
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 3,060 1,375 1,695 20 10 10
Wu (Shanghainese) 630 305 330 45 25 25
Chinese, n.o.s. 5,725 2,770 2,955 295 100 190
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 40 15 25 5 0 5
Tibeto-Burman languages 2,075 1,065 1,005 45 20 25
Burmese 430 230 200 20 10 10
Karenic languages 795 415 380 20 15 10
Tibetan 575 295 275 0 0 0
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 275 130 140 5 0 5
Tai-Kadai languages 2,670 955 1,710 20 0 15
Lao 1,020 485 535 0 0 0
Thai 1,630 465 1,165 20 0 15
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e 20 10 15 0 0 0
Turkic languages 4,050 2,250 1,800 20 10 10
Azerbaijani 365 215 155 0 0 0
Turkish 3,140 1,760 1,375 20 10 10
Uyghur 130 70 60 0 0 0
Uzbek 205 115 90 5 0 0
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 215 95 120 0 0 0
Uralic languages 7,470 3,600 3,870 90 50 40
Estonian 190 90 105 5 5 0
Finnish 810 330 480 20 10 10
Hungarian 6,470 3,185 3,285 65 35 25
Uralic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Other languages, n.i.e. 690 415 280 10 5 5
Multiple responses 92,070 44,900 47,175 995 450 540
English and French 10,230 4,950 5,280 485 210 275
English and non-official language 77,520 37,815 39,705 460 220 240
French and non-official language 2,685 1,375 1,305 30 15 15
English, French and non-official language 1,640 760 880 20 10 10
Language spoken most often at homeThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Language spoken most often at home for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 19 4,026,655 2,020,510 2,006,145 141,015 68,535 72,485
Single responses 3,837,615 1,928,230 1,909,385 139,500 67,810 71,690
Official languages 3,354,885 1,690,490 1,664,395 134,930 65,480 69,445
English 3,327,255 1,676,360 1,650,895 132,670 64,445 68,225
French 27,630 14,130 13,500 2,260 1,035 1,225
Non-official languages 482,725 237,740 244,990 4,575 2,325 2,245
Aboriginal languages 9,970 4,940 5,020 10 5 0
Algonquian languages 7,175 3,575 3,605 5 0 0
Blackfoot 1,110 555 555 0 0 0
Cree-Montagnais languages 5,875 2,925 2,945 0 0 0
Atikamekw 0 0 0 0 0 0
Montagnais (Innu) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Moose Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Naskapi 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern East Cree 20 10 10 0 0 0
Plains Cree 125 60 60 0 0 0
Southern East Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Swampy Cree 5 0 5 0 0 0
Woods Cree 600 300 295 0 0 0
Cree, n.o.s. 5,120 2,540 2,575 0 0 0
Eastern Algonquian languages 5 5 5 5 0 5
Malecite 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mi'kmaq 5 5 0 5 0 5
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 190 95 95 0 0 0
Algonquin 0 0 0 0 0 0
Ojibway 185 90 95 0 0 0
Oji-Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Ottawa (Odawa) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages 620 320 300 0 0 0
Northern Athabaskan languages 620 325 300 0 0 0
Babine (Wetsuwet'en) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Beaver 10 5 0 0 0 0
Carrier 0 0 0 0 0 0
Chilcotin 0 0 0 0 0 0
Dene 540 280 260 0 0 0
Dogrib (Tlicho) 5 0 0 0 0 0
Gwich'in 5 0 5 0 0 0
Sarsi (Sarcee) 5 5 0 0 0 0
Sekani 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey-Hare languages 60 35 30 0 0 0
North Slavey (Hare) 0 0 0 0 0 0
South Slavey 55 30 25 0 0 0
Slavey, n.o.s. 5 5 5 0 0 0
Tahltan languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tutchone languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Haida 0 0 0 0 0 0
Inuit languages 10 0 10 0 0 0
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 5 0 0 0 0 0
Inuktitut 0 0 0 0 0 0
Inuit languages, n.i.e. 5 0 5 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Cayuga 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mohawk 0 0 0 0 0 0
Oneida 0 0 0 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 5 0 5 0 0 0
Kutenai 0 0 0 0 0 0
Michif 10 5 5 0 0 0
Salish languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Comox 0 0 0 0 0 0
Halkomelem 0 0 0 0 0 0
Lillooet 0 0 0 0 0 0
Okanagan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Shuswap (Secwepemctsin) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Squamish 0 0 0 0 0 0
Straits 0 0 0 0 0 0
Thompson (Ntlakapamux) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Salish languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Siouan languages 2,125 1,025 1,095 0 0 0
Dakota 175 85 85 0 0 0
Stoney 1,945 935 1,010 0 0 0
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tlingit 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tsimshian languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Nisga'a 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tsimshian 0 0 0 0 0 0
Wakashan languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Haisla 0 0 0 0 0 0
Heiltsuk 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kwakiutl (Kwak'wala) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Aboriginal languages, n.o.s. 25 15 10 0 0 0
Non-Aboriginal languages 472,760 232,800 239,965 4,565 2,325 2,245
Afro-Asiatic languages 43,770 22,535 21,235 435 235 205
Berber languages 200 105 95 0 0 0
Kabyle 90 45 40 0 0 0
Berber languages, n.i.e. 105 60 45 0 0 0
Cushitic languages 9,220 4,750 4,470 30 15 15
Bilen 280 160 115 0 0 0
Oromo 2,075 1,060 1,015 0 0 0
Somali 6,850 3,520 3,325 30 15 15
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 15 5 10 0 0 0
Semitic languages 34,310 17,660 16,655 410 215 190
Amharic 4,915 2,390 2,530 0 0 0
Arabic 24,230 12,555 11,675 395 210 185
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 260 130 130 0 0 0
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 95 50 40 0 0 0
Harari 165 80 85 0 0 0
Hebrew 460 235 225 15 10 10
Maltese 15 10 10 0 0 0
Tigrigna 3,955 2,095 1,860 0 0 0
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 210 110 100 0 0 0
Afro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 45 20 20 0 0 0
Austro-Asiatic languages 16,355 7,635 8,715 95 55 40
Khmer (Cambodian) 960 460 500 0 0 0
Vietnamese 15,380 7,175 8,205 95 55 45
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e 15 0 10 0 0 0
Austronesian languages 60,860 28,765 32,100 235 100 135
Bikol 70 40 35 0 0 0
Cebuano 2,110 1,015 1,090 5 0 0
Fijian 45 25 20 0 0 0
Hiligaynon 470 215 255 0 0 0
Ilocano 1,975 935 1,035 0 5 0
Malagasy 20 10 10 0 0 0
Malay 405 205 195 0 0 5
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 220 110 110 0 0 0
Pangasinan 45 20 30 0 0 0
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 55,105 26,005 29,100 230 100 130
Waray-Waray 125 60 60 0 0 0
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 280 120 155 0 0 0
Creole languages 970 495 475 0 5 0
Haitian Creole 50 25 25 0 0 0
Creole, n.o.s. 655 345 310 0 0 0
Creole languages, n.i.e. 270 125 140 0 0 0
Dravidian languages 8,460 4,335 4,125 65 35 25
Kannada 210 105 105 10 5 5
Malayalam 4,060 2,070 1,990 40 25 15
Tamil 2,915 1,515 1,395 0 5 0
Telugu 1,245 635 615 5 0 0
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 30 10 15 0 5 0
Hmong-Mien languages 70 35 35 0 0 0
Indo-European languages 230,270 115,280 114,995 1,115 560 555
Albanian 1,060 570 485 45 30 20
Armenian 215 115 105 0 0 0
Balto-Slavic languages 30,220 14,820 15,400 175 85 90
Baltic languages 410 210 200 0 0 0
Latvian 165 85 80 0 0 0
Lithuanian 250 125 120 0 0 0
Slavic languages 29,815 14,610 15,205 180 85 90
Belarusan 15 10 5 0 0 0
Bosnian 785 400 385 20 10 10
Bulgarian 825 415 405 5 5 0
Croatian 1,800 905 895 5 5 5
Czech 875 440 430 5 0 0
Macedonian 175 90 85 0 0 0
Polish 7,705 3,675 4,030 20 5 10
Russian 10,145 4,965 5,175 85 40 45
Serbian 2,100 1,045 1,055 10 5 5
Serbo-Croatian 315 160 155 5 5 5
Slovak 710 345 365 0 0 0
Slovene (Slovenian) 150 70 75 5 0 5
Ukrainian 4,180 2,060 2,110 15 5 5
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 55 30 25 0 0 0
Celtic languages 40 25 15 10 5 5
Scottish Gaelic 15 15 5 0 0 0
Welsh 15 5 5 0 5 0
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 10 5 0 0 0 0
Germanic languages 40,915 20,280 20,625 200 100 100
Afrikaans 1,705 835 875 5 5 5
Danish 150 75 75 5 0 5
Dutch 1,980 985 1,000 75 40 40
Frisian 60 30 30 10 5 5
German 36,295 18,010 18,290 100 50 50
Icelandic 30 15 15 0 0 0
Norwegian 60 20 35 0 0 0
Swedish 145 65 80 5 0 0
Vlaams (Flemish) 60 30 25 0 0 0
Yiddish 15 5 5 0 0 0
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 425 215 210 0 0 0
Greek 1,015 490 525 5 0 5
Indo-Iranian languages 111,975 56,535 55,445 460 225 240
Indo-Aryan languages 98,610 49,790 48,815 320 150 170
Bengali 4,530 2,300 2,225 25 10 10
Gujarati 8,025 4,085 3,935 5 5 0
Hindi 9,945 5,115 4,825 10 5 5
Kashmiri 50 20 25 0 0 0
Konkani 75 40 40 0 0 0
Marathi 845 440 405 0 0 0
Nepali 3,710 1,905 1,805 170 70 100
Oriya (Odia) 95 50 45 0 0 0
Punjabi (Panjabi) 51,010 25,720 25,295 65 35 30
Sindhi 1,240 575 665 0 0 0
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 1,480 750 730 30 15 10
Urdu 17,600 8,795 8,810 20 10 10
Iranian languages 12,720 6,415 6,305 135 70 65
Kurdish 850 440 410 0 0 0
Pashto 1,640 845 795 0 0 0
Persian (Farsi) 10,230 5,135 5,100 135 70 65
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 650 325 325 0 5 5
Italic (Romance) languages 44,830 22,445 22,385 215 120 95
Catalan 35 10 20 0 0 0
Italian 2,840 1,275 1,560 15 10 5
Portuguese 3,905 1,875 2,030 25 10 10
Romanian 4,135 2,115 2,020 15 5 5
Spanish 33,910 17,160 16,755 165 95 70
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 10 5 5 0 0 0
Japanese 2,245 945 1,300 45 15 25
Kartvelian languages 160 85 70 0 0 0
Georgian 160 85 70 0 0 0
Korean 12,775 6,205 6,570 80 35 40
Mongolic languages 335 160 175 0 0 0
Mongolian 335 155 175 0 0 0
Niger-Congo languages 5,600 2,725 2,875 15 5 5
Akan (Twi) 845 415 430 0 0 0
Bamanankan 10 10 0 0 0 0
Edo 70 35 35 0 0 0
Ewe 80 45 35 0 0 0
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 105 55 45 0 0 0
Ga 40 20 20 0 0 0
Ganda 95 50 50 0 0 0
Igbo 265 125 145 0 0 0
Lingala 85 35 45 0 0 0
Rundi (Kirundi) 280 135 145 5 0 0
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 350 175 170 0 0 0
Shona 410 190 225 0 0 0
Swahili 1,090 530 565 5 0 5
Wolof 170 95 75 0 0 0
Yoruba 690 340 350 5 5 5
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 1,015 485 535 0 0 0
Nilo-Saharan languages 1,525 765 755 0 0 0
Dinka 800 420 380 0 0 0
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 725 350 375 0 0 0
Sign languages 1,095 630 465 15 10 5
American Sign Language 325 170 155 5 5 0
Quebec Sign Language 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sign languages, n.i.e 765 455 310 15 10 5
Sino-Tibetan languages 82,380 39,230 43,155 2,395 1,240 1,160
Chinese languages 80,880 38,455 42,420 2,370 1,225 1,145
Cantonese 38,275 17,810 20,460 115 50 65
Hakka 315 135 185 0 0 0
Mandarin 37,125 18,030 19,095 1,925 1,070 855
Min Dong 20 5 10 0 0 0
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 1,245 540 705 15 5 10
Wu (Shanghainese) 340 175 165 35 15 20
Chinese, n.o.s. 3,550 1,760 1,785 270 85 190
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 10 5 5 5 0 0
Tibeto-Burman languages 1,500 770 730 30 10 20
Burmese 280 145 130 15 5 10
Karenic languages 665 340 320 10 5 5
Tibetan 420 220 200 0 0 0
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 140 65 75 0 0 0
Tai-Kadai languages 1,130 505 625 10 0 10
Lao 465 215 245 0 0 0
Thai 655 285 370 10 0 10
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e 10 5 10 0 0 0
Turkic languages 2,390 1,270 1,120 10 5 5
Azerbaijani 155 90 75 0 0 0
Turkish 1,945 1,030 915 15 5 5
Uyghur 80 45 40 0 0 0
Uzbek 135 70 65 0 0 0
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 70 35 25 0 0 0
Uralic languages 2,130 1,040 1,085 40 20 25
Estonian 25 10 15 0 5 5
Finnish 105 50 50 0 0 0
Hungarian 1,995 980 1,015 35 20 20
Uralic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Other languages, n.i.e. 240 140 95 5 0 0
Multiple responses 189,040 92,280 96,760 1,520 725 790
English and French 6,885 3,410 3,475 350 140 205
English and non-official language 178,070 86,895 91,170 1,150 575 575
French and non-official language 1,125 540 580 5 0 0
English, French and non-official language 2,965 1,430 1,530 15 5 10
Other language spoken regularly at homeThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Other language(s) spoken regularly at home for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 20 4,026,650 2,020,510 2,006,140 141,015 68,540 72,480
None 3,492,295 1,760,240 1,732,055 133,895 65,280 68,610
English 221,305 110,655 110,650 2,550 1,215 1,335
French 41,840 19,470 22,375 2,850 1,205 1,650
Non-official language 262,255 125,640 136,615 1,635 795 840
Aboriginal 17,430 8,325 9,105 25 10 15
Non-Aboriginal 244,825 117,315 127,510 1,605 785 825
English and French 1,535 775 760 15 0 10
English and non-official language 4,545 2,345 2,195 30 15 15
French and non-official language 2,795 1,340 1,455 40 15 25
English, French and non-official language 85 50 40 5 0 5
Income of individuals in 2015
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 21 3,206,050 1,602,690 1,603,360 117,055 56,365 60,690
Number of total income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 3,053,470 1,528,275 1,525,190 113,480 54,635 58,845
Median total income in 2015 among recipients ($) 42,717 54,891 33,213 31,744 36,021 28,065
Number of after-tax income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 3,054,135 1,528,420 1,525,715 113,500 54,635 58,860
Median after-tax income in 2015 among recipients ($) 38,067 47,131 30,478 28,298 31,453 25,484
Number of market income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 2,839,590 1,458,560 1,381,030 102,410 50,325 52,080
Median market income in 2015 among recipients ($) 42,330 54,528 32,099 26,979 31,133 23,501
Number of government transfers recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 1,785,065 711,210 1,073,855 87,220 38,945 48,280
Median government transfers in 2015 among recipients ($) 4,093 3,834 4,185 8,232 8,959 7,645
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 2,473,665 1,301,630 1,172,030 86,035 43,395 42,640
Median employment income in 2015 among recipients ($) 42,679 54,361 32,982 26,851 29,875 24,280
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 22 3,206,045 1,602,810 1,603,235 117,055 56,365 60,690
Number of total income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 3,054,555 1,528,100 1,526,455 113,455 54,690 58,775
Average total income in 2015 among recipients ($) 62,778 80,001 45,535 38,899 43,979 34,171
Number of after-tax income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 3,055,230 1,528,240 1,526,995 113,470 54,685 58,785
Average after-tax income in 2015 among recipients ($) 50,683 62,938 38,417 32,504 36,004 29,249
Number of market income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 2,840,675 1,458,210 1,382,465 102,480 50,470 52,015
Average market income in 2015 among recipients ($) 62,997 80,282 44,766 35,474 40,517 30,579
Number of government transfers recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 1,784,345 710,105 1,074,240 87,040 38,985 48,055
Average government transfers in 2015 among recipients ($) 7,175 7,298 7,093 8,938 9,236 8,696
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 2,473,665 1,299,805 1,173,855 86,035 43,380 42,655
Average employment income in 2015 among recipients ($) 59,343 74,073 43,031 34,919 39,152 30,613
Total - Employment income statistics for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 23 3,206,050 1,602,810 1,603,240 117,050 56,360 60,690
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households who worked full year full time in 2015 - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 24 1,152,385 669,770 482,615 38,235 19,905 18,330
Median employment income in 2015 for full-year full-time workers ($)Census data footnote 25 64,090 73,781 53,836 45,183 48,030 42,618
Average employment income in 2015 for full-year full-time workers ($)Census data footnote 26 81,586 94,822 63,218 51,473 55,726 46,855
Composition of total income in 2015 of the population aged 15 years and over in private households (%) - 100% dataCensus data footnote 27 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0
Market income (%)Census data footnote 28 93.3 95.8 89.1 82.5 85.1 79.4
Employment income (%)Census data footnote 29 76.5 78.9 72.3 68.1 70.4 65.2
Government transfers (%)Census data footnote 30 6.7 4.2 10.9 17.5 14.9 20.6
Total - Total income groups in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 31 3,206,050 1,602,690 1,603,360 117,055 56,365 60,690
Without total income 152,585 74,410 78,170 3,570 1,725 1,845
With total income 3,053,470 1,528,280 1,525,190 113,485 54,635 58,845
Percentage with total income 95.2 95.4 95.1 97.0 96.9 97.0
Under $10,000 (including loss) 389,580 146,450 243,130 14,190 6,250 7,940
$10,000 to $19,999 385,235 147,125 238,110 20,695 8,245 12,450
$20,000 to $29,999 364,915 142,810 222,105 18,775 7,895 10,880
$30,000 to $39,999 305,680 131,185 174,490 16,825 8,085 8,745
$40,000 to $49,999 286,615 133,715 152,900 13,650 7,035 6,610
$50,000 to $59,999 247,830 124,720 123,115 9,365 5,095 4,270
$60,000 to $69,999 205,840 114,405 91,430 6,135 3,490 2,645
$70,000 to $79,999 165,640 99,645 65,995 4,580 2,515 2,065
$80,000 to $89,999 132,720 82,700 50,020 3,005 1,625 1,375
$90,000 to $99,999 114,010 70,655 43,350 1,725 1,085 645
$100,000 and over 455,410 334,865 120,550 4,525 3,320 1,205
$100,000 to $149,999 274,185 191,710 82,475 3,220 2,310 910
$150,000 and over 181,225 143,150 38,075 1,305 1,010 295
Total - After-tax income groups in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 32 3,206,050 1,602,690 1,603,365 117,050 56,365 60,690
Without after-tax income 151,915 74,270 77,645 3,555 1,725 1,830
With after-tax income 3,054,135 1,528,420 1,525,715 113,500 54,635 58,860
Percentage with after-tax income 95.3 95.4 95.2 97.0 96.9 97.0
Under $10,000 (including loss) 399,005 149,280 249,725 14,850 6,410 8,435
$10,000 to $19,999 402,780 154,330 248,450 22,520 9,115 13,405
$20,000 to $29,999 420,955 166,650 254,300 23,185 10,240 12,940
$30,000 to $39,999 377,590 169,665 207,925 19,990 10,010 9,985
$40,000 to $49,999 347,960 172,595 175,365 13,485 7,175 6,305
$50,000 to $59,999 276,970 153,985 122,985 8,060 4,550 3,510
$60,000 to $69,999 208,265 127,045 81,220 4,980 2,625 2,355
$70,000 to $79,999 160,580 100,970 59,610 2,435 1,570 865
$80,000 and over 460,030 333,895 126,140 3,995 2,945 1,040
$80,000 to $89,999 121,015 78,400 42,620 1,360 960 395
$90,000 to $99,999 82,020 57,375 24,645 825 595 230
$100,000 and over 257,000 198,120 58,875 1,815 1,395 415
Total - Employment income groups in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 33 3,206,050 1,602,690 1,603,360 117,055 56,365 60,690
Without employment income 732,385 301,060 431,330 31,015 12,970 18,050
With employment income 2,473,665 1,301,630 1,172,035 86,035 43,395 42,640
Percentage with employment income 77.2 81.2 73.1 73.5 77.0 70.3
Under $5,000 (including loss) 273,835 122,830 151,005 11,240 5,470 5,775
$5,000 to $9,999 164,095 68,100 95,990 8,730 3,810 4,920
$10,000 to $19,999 274,105 113,680 160,430 15,030 7,035 7,995
$20,000 to $29,999 235,620 96,855 138,760 11,410 5,440 5,970
$30,000 to $39,999 227,450 100,650 126,805 10,230 4,910 5,325
$40,000 to $49,999 219,155 103,680 115,475 8,635 4,475 4,155
$50,000 to $59,999 195,145 99,285 95,860 6,355 3,565 2,790
$60,000 to $69,999 163,465 92,950 70,515 4,180 2,325 1,855
$70,000 to $79,999 135,150 83,240 51,910 3,420 1,785 1,630
$80,000 and over 585,640 420,365 165,280 6,795 4,580 2,225
$80,000 to $89,999 111,045 71,210 39,835 2,240 1,205 1,030
$90,000 to $99,999 99,785 62,305 37,480 1,240 805 435
$100,000 and over 374,815 286,855 87,960 3,320 2,565 760
Income of households in 2015
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for private households by household size - 100% dataCensus data footnote 34 1,527,680 ... ... 59,475 ... ...
Median total income of households in 2015 ($) 93,835 ... ... 61,163 ... ...
Median after-tax income of households in 2015 ($) 80,300 ... ... 53,434 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for one-person private households - 100% data 366,080 ... ... 16,290 ... ...
Median total income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 47,948 ... ... 29,861 ... ...
Median after-tax income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 41,502 ... ... 26,785 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for two-or-more-person private households - 100% data 1,161,600 ... ... 43,180 ... ...
Median total income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 111,435 ... ... 76,250 ... ...
Median after-tax income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 94,830 ... ... 65,840 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for private households by household size - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 35 1,527,675 ... ... 59,475 ... ...
Average total income of households in 2015 ($) 125,522 ... ... 74,210 ... ...
Average after-tax income of households in 2015 ($) 101,361 ... ... 62,017 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for one-person private households - 25% sample data 365,000 ... ... 16,240 ... ...
Average total income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 64,341 ... ... 37,396 ... ...
Average after-tax income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 52,116 ... ... 31,789 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for two-or-more-person private households - 25% sample data 1,162,675 ... ... 43,230 ... ...
Average total income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 144,729 ... ... 88,043 ... ...
Average after-tax income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 116,821 ... ... 73,375 ... ...
Total - Household total income groups in 2015 for private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 36 1,527,680 ... ... 59,475 ... ...
Under $5,000 21,660 ... ... 790 ... ...
$5,000 to $9,999 13,555 ... ... 795 ... ...
$10,000 to $14,999 18,070 ... ... 1,455 ... ...
$15,000 to $19,999 33,045 ... ... 3,215 ... ...
$20,000 to $24,999 51,505 ... ... 2,770 ... ...
$25,000 to $29,999 38,615 ... ... 2,900 ... ...
$30,000 to $34,999 42,580 ... ... 3,230 ... ...
$35,000 to $39,999 46,630 ... ... 2,950 ... ...
$40,000 to $44,999 46,520 ... ... 2,910 ... ...
$45,000 to $49,999 46,825 ... ... 2,905 ... ...
$50,000 to $59,999 95,425 ... ... 5,185 ... ...
$60,000 to $69,999 95,340 ... ... 4,845 ... ...
$70,000 to $79,999 92,345 ... ... 4,365 ... ...
$80,000 to $89,999 88,775 ... ... 3,775 ... ...
$90,000 to $99,999 84,570 ... ... 3,250 ... ...
$100,000 and over 712,215 ... ... 14,135 ... ...
$100,000 to $124,999 184,595 ... ... 5,765 ... ...
$125,000 to $149,999 142,910 ... ... 3,515 ... ...
$150,000 to $199,999 181,960 ... ... 3,130 ... ...
$200,000 and over 202,745 ... ... 1,725 ... ...
Total - Household after-tax income groups in 2015 for private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 32 1,527,680 ... ... 59,475 ... ...
Under $5,000 23,395 ... ... 845 ... ...
$5,000 to $9,999 13,860 ... ... 805 ... ...
$10,000 to $14,999 18,600 ... ... 1,510 ... ...
$15,000 to $19,999 34,540 ... ... 3,445 ... ...
$20,000 to $24,999 55,010 ... ... 3,330 ... ...
$25,000 to $29,999 44,170 ... ... 3,435 ... ...
$30,000 to $34,999 50,280 ... ... 3,680 ... ...
$35,000 to $39,999 55,645 ... ... 3,690 ... ...
$40,000 to $44,999 57,695 ... ... 3,505 ... ...
$45,000 to $49,999 59,195 ... ... 3,280 ... ...
$50,000 to $59,999 119,200 ... ... 6,215 ... ...
$60,000 to $69,999 116,250 ... ... 5,545 ... ...
$70,000 to $79,999 112,675 ... ... 4,535 ... ...
$80,000 to $89,999 106,235 ... ... 3,775 ... ...
$90,000 to $99,999 95,600 ... ... 2,935 ... ...
$100,000 and over 565,335 ... ... 8,940 ... ...
$100,000 to $124,999 192,795 ... ... 4,715 ... ...
$125,000 to $149,999 132,240 ... ... 2,145 ... ...
$150,000 and over 240,305 ... ... 2,075 ... ...
Income of economic families in 2015
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for economic families in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 37 1,099,900 ... ... 41,480 ... ...
Median total income of economic families in 2015 ($) 109,997 ... ... 76,607 ... ...
Median after-tax income of economic families in 2015 ($) 93,588 ... ... 66,071 ... ...
Average family size of economic families 3.1 ... ... 2.9 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families without children or other relatives in private households - 100% data 407,300 ... ... 18,085 ... ...
Median total income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 101,283 ... ... 70,078 ... ...
Median after-tax income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 86,043 ... ... 60,702 ... ...
Average family size of couple economic families without children or other relatives 2.0 ... ... 2.0 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families with children in private households - 100% data 511,375 ... ... 16,390 ... ...
Median total income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 133,186 ... ... 99,568 ... ...
Median after-tax income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 111,951 ... ... 84,712 ... ...
Average family size of couple economic families with children 4.1 ... ... 3.9 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for lone-parent economic families in private households - 100% data 146,045 ... ... 6,065 ... ...
Median total income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 62,909 ... ... 46,073 ... ...
Median after-tax income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 57,079 ... ... 42,468 ... ...
Average family size of lone-parent economic families 2.7 ... ... 2.6 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for economic families in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 38 1,101,485 ... ... 41,545 ... ...
Average total income of economic families in 2015 ($) 144,493 ... ... 88,477 ... ...
Average after-tax income of economic families in 2015 ($) 116,343 ... ... 73,626 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families without children or other relatives in private households - 25% sample data 408,625 ... ... 18,100 ... ...
Average total income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 137,805 ... ... 81,333 ... ...
Average after-tax income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 110,236 ... ... 66,980 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families with children in private households - 25% sample data 512,615 ... ... 16,350 ... ...
Average total income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 169,354 ... ... 110,348 ... ...
Average after-tax income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 135,623 ... ... 91,328 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for lone-parent economic families in private households - 25% sample data 145,115 ... ... 6,145 ... ...
Average total income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 80,406 ... ... 52,502 ... ...
Average after-tax income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 68,470 ... ... 46,639 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 21 577,475 308,835 268,640 21,050 9,545 11,505
Median total income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 39 42,598 47,903 37,344 27,886 29,448 26,731
Median after-tax income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 39 37,648 41,340 33,785 25,260 26,181 24,551
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 40 573,385 306,195 267,190 20,935 9,590 11,340
Average total income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 41 56,856 63,468 49,280 35,224 36,569 34,087
Average after-tax income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 41 46,559 50,990 41,481 30,060 30,819 29,418
Total - Economic family income decile group for the population in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 42 3,978,150 1,998,500 1,979,650 139,685 67,895 71,790
In the bottom half of the distribution 1,527,695 739,210 788,485 82,130 38,970 43,160
In the bottom decile 293,490 143,880 149,605 14,010 6,555 7,455
In the second decile 278,635 128,055 150,575 18,400 8,230 10,170
In the third decile 297,695 142,090 155,605 16,875 8,095 8,780
In the fourth decile 315,570 154,815 160,760 16,630 8,135 8,495
In the fifth decile 342,305 170,375 171,935 16,215 7,960 8,255
In the top half of the distribution 2,450,450 1,259,285 1,191,160 57,555 28,925 28,630
In the sixth decile 366,250 183,860 182,390 15,765 7,885 7,880
In the seventh decile 397,275 201,465 195,810 14,160 7,130 7,035
In the eighth decile 443,585 227,385 216,200 11,940 5,970 5,970
In the ninth decile 522,545 268,995 253,555 9,550 4,840 4,715
In the top decile 720,795 377,585 343,215 6,140 3,100 3,035
Low income in 2015
Total - Low-income status in 2015 for the population in private households to whom low-income concepts are applicable - 100% dataCensus data footnote 43 3,925,220 1,971,735 1,953,485 139,090 67,610 71,480
0 to 17 years 893,255 458,330 434,925 27,505 14,040 13,465
0 to 5 years 310,080 158,825 151,260 8,435 4,385 4,055
18 to 64 years 2,580,730 1,298,440 1,282,295 85,800 41,555 44,240
65 years and over 451,235 214,965 236,265 25,780 12,010 13,775
In low income based on the Low-income measure, after tax (LIM-AT) 363,890 171,945 191,940 23,460 10,585 12,870
0 to 17 years 114,215 58,665 55,555 5,980 3,015 2,965
0 to 5 years 41,755 21,350 20,400 2,030 1,025 1,000
18 to 64 years 210,870 98,415 112,455 12,380 5,625 6,755
65 years and over 38,800 14,875 23,925 5,100 1,945 3,155
Prevalence of low income based on the Low-income measure, after tax (LIM-AT) (%) 9.3 8.7 9.8 16.9 15.7 18.0
0 to 17 years (%) 12.8 12.8 12.8 21.7 21.5 22.0
0 to 5 years (%) 13.5 13.4 13.5 24.1 23.4 24.7
18 to 64 years (%) 8.2 7.6 8.8 14.4 13.5 15.3
65 years and over (%) 8.6 6.9 10.1 19.8 16.2 22.9
In low income based on the Low-income cut-offs, after tax (LICO-AT) 273,515 134,180 139,335 8,730 4,215 4,515
0 to 17 years 76,930 39,385 37,550 2,045 1,045 1,000
0 to 5 years 28,190 14,420 13,770 670 335 340
18 to 64 years 181,805 88,715 93,095 6,210 2,995 3,220
65 years and over 14,780 6,085 8,695 480 180 300
Prevalence of low income based on the Low-income cut-offs, after tax (LICO-AT) (%) 7.0 6.8 7.1 6.3 6.2 6.3
0 to 17 years (%) 8.6 8.6 8.6 7.4 7.4 7.4
0 to 5 years (%) 9.1 9.1 9.1 7.9 7.6 8.4
18 to 64 years (%) 7.0 6.8 7.3 7.2 7.2 7.3
65 years and over (%) 3.3 2.8 3.7 1.9 1.5 2.2
Knowledge of languagesThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Knowledge of languages for the population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 44 3,978,145 1,998,500 1,979,645 139,685 67,895 71,785
Official languages 3,920,530 1,974,435 1,946,095 138,860 67,475 71,380
English 3,916,805 1,972,800 1,944,005 138,735 67,430 71,305
French 264,600 123,940 140,660 17,875 7,360 10,515
Non-official languages 1,082,425 527,770 554,655 8,685 4,305 4,375
Aboriginal languages 36,465 17,415 19,045 80 40 40
Algonquian languages 29,675 14,120 15,555 70 30 40
Blackfoot 5,575 2,665 2,905 0 0 0
Cree-Montagnais languages 23,465 11,155 12,310 0 0 0
Atikamekw 0 0 0 0 0 0
Montagnais (Innu) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Moose Cree 25 0 15 0 0 0
Naskapi 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern East Cree 90 20 70 0 0 0
Plains Cree 1,580 620 965 0 0 0
Southern East Cree 10 10 0 0 0 0
Swampy Cree 45 25 25 0 0 0
Woods Cree 1,135 525 610 0 0 0
Cree, n.o.s. 20,665 9,990 10,675 0 0 0
Eastern Algonquian languages 35 15 15 70 30 40
Malecite 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mi'kmaq 35 15 15 70 30 40
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 955 425 530 0 0 0
Algonquin 10 10 0 0 0 0
Ojibway 925 415 505 0 0 0
Oji-Cree 20 10 15 0 0 0
Ottawa (Odawa) 0 0 10 0 0 0
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 10 10 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages 2,640 1,255 1,385 0 0 0
Northern Athabaskan languages 2,630 1,250 1,380 0 0 0
Babine (Wetsuwet'en) 0 10 0 0 0 0
Beaver 85 50 35 0 0 0
Carrier 45 10 35 0 0 0
Chilcotin 20 15 10 0 0 0
Dene 2,010 975 1,035 0 0 0
Dogrib (Tlicho) 75 30 45 0 0 0
Gwich'in 10 0 10 0 0 0
Sarsi (Sarcee) 150 65 85 0 0 0
Sekani 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey-Hare languages 285 140 145 0 0 0
North Slavey (Hare) 25 15 10 0 0 0
South Slavey 190 90 100 0 0 0
Slavey, n.o.s. 75 35 45 0 0 0
Tahltan languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tutchone languages 0 0 10 0 0 0
Northern Tutchone 10 0 10 0 0 0
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 10 0 10 0 0 0
Haida 10 0 10 0 0 0
Inuit languages 135 50 80 10 10 0
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 35 10 25 0 0 0
Inuktitut 60 20 35 0 10 0
Inuit languages, n.i.e. 40 25 20 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages 40 25 10 0 0 0
Cayuga 0 10 0 0 0 0
Mohawk 35 25 0 0 0 0
Oneida 0 0 0 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 0 10 10 0 0 0
Kutenai 0 0 0 0 0 0
Michif 145 75 70 0 10 0
Salish languages 50 25 25 0 0 0
Comox 0 0 0 0 0 0
Halkomelem 10 0 0 0 0 0
Lillooet 0 0 0 0 0 0
Okanagan 15 10 10 0 0 0
Shuswap (Secwepemctsin) 10 0 10 0 0 0
Squamish 0 0 0 0 0 0
Straits 10 0 0 0 0 0
Thompson (Ntlakapamux) 10 0 10 0 0 0
Salish languages, n.i.e. 10 0 0 0 0 0
Siouan languages 4,050 2,005 2,045 0 0 0
Dakota 530 285 245 0 0 0
Stoney 3,650 1,790 1,855 0 0 0
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 10 0 10 0 0 0
Tlingit 10 0 0 0 0 0
Tsimshian languages 35 15 15 0 0 0
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 20 10 10 0 0 0
Nisga'a 15 0 0 0 0 0
Tsimshian 0 0 0 0 0 0
Wakashan languages 10 10 0 0 0 0
Haisla 0 0 0 0 0 0
Heiltsuk 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kwakiutl (Kwak'wala) 10 10 0 0 0 0
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Aboriginal languages, n.o.s. 30 15 15 0 0 0
Non-Aboriginal languages 1,046,245 510,495 535,750 8,605 4,270 4,340
Afro-Asiatic languages 96,210 50,675 45,535 745 430 315
Berber languages 540 335 205 0 0 0
Kabyle 225 125 90 0 0 0
Berber languages, n.i.e. 315 210 110 0 0 0
Cushitic languages 15,445 8,055 7,385 15 0 10
Bilen 370 235 135 0 0 0
Oromo 3,125 1,625 1,500 0 0 0
Somali 12,030 6,240 5,795 15 10 10
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 55 20 40 0 0 0
Semitic languages 82,200 43,405 38,800 735 425 310
Amharic 10,870 5,595 5,275 0 0 0
Arabic 62,730 33,365 29,370 650 375 275
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 430 225 210 0 0 0
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 150 70 75 0 0 0
Harari 340 150 185 0 0 0
Hebrew 3,250 1,650 1,600 80 45 40
Maltese 145 85 55 0 0 0
Tigrigna 7,315 3,915 3,400 0 0 0
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 450 250 205 0 0 0
Afro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 375 225 145 0 0 0
Austro-Asiatic languages 32,730 15,440 17,290 50 30 25
Khmer (Cambodian) 2,700 1,375 1,330 0 0 0
Vietnamese 30,150 14,130 16,015 55 30 20
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 15 0 10 0 0 0
Austronesian languages 145,745 63,615 82,130 660 280 375
Bikol 330 150 180 0 0 0
Cebuano 6,690 2,940 3,750 30 10 25
Fijian 340 195 145 0 0 0
Hiligaynon 1,760 745 1,020 0 0 0
Ilocano 7,370 3,160 4,215 0 0 0
Malagasy 80 40 40 0 0 0
Malay 3,040 1,435 1,610 40 15 25
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 1,185 565 625 15 10 15
Pangasinan 445 190 250 0 0 0
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 138,440 60,115 78,325 615 255 355
Waray-Waray 420 170 245 0 0 0
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 1,160 505 650 0 0 0
Creole languages 4,585 2,390 2,195 55 35 25
Haitian Creole 255 140 115 0 0 0
Creole, n.o.s. 2,675 1,425 1,250 30 20 10
Creole languages, n.i.e. 1,680 840 850 30 15 10
Dravidian languages 18,190 9,660 8,525 170 105 70
Kannada 1,035 520 515 40 20 20
Malayalam 8,150 4,255 3,900 105 60 40
Tamil 7,195 3,900 3,295 40 25 15
Telugu 2,910 1,560 1,345 10 10 0
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 150 80 70 0 0 0
Hmong-Mien languages 115 55 55 0 0 0
Indo-European languages 550,490 274,510 275,980 3,970 1,940 2,035
Albanian 2,880 1,550 1,325 90 60 35
Armenian 530 255 275 0 0 0
Balto-Slavic languages 93,150 44,750 48,395 490 215 270
Baltic languages 1,360 660 705 10 0 0
Latvian 590 300 290 10 10 0
Lithuanian 775 360 415 0 0 0
Slavic languages 92,300 44,340 47,960 485 210 275
Belarusan 200 95 105 0 0 0
Bosnian 2,880 1,450 1,435 20 15 10
Bulgarian 1,795 945 850 10 0 0
Croatian 6,280 3,260 3,025 40 10 30
Czech 3,590 1,650 1,940 35 20 15
Macedonian 535 270 265 0 0 0
Polish 23,650 11,455 12,195 80 25 55
Russian 27,375 13,195 14,175 255 125 135
Serbian 5,355 2,630 2,730 40 20 20
Serbo-Croatian 1,095 550 540 20 10 15
Slovak 2,780 1,495 1,285 0 0 0
Slovene (Slovenian) 735 360 375 10 10 10
Ukrainian 26,600 11,980 14,620 25 10 10
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 250 120 130 0 0 0
Celtic languages 1,180 615 560 85 50 35
Scottish Gaelic 440 215 225 50 25 30
Welsh 315 180 130 30 20 0
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 450 220 225 10 10 0
Germanic languages 112,670 56,325 56,345 1,225 575 655
Afrikaans 5,165 2,655 2,515 25 15 10
Danish 2,800 1,360 1,440 60 25 35
Dutch 19,480 9,595 9,890 550 260 285
Frisian 475 275 205 55 30 15
German 83,010 41,905 41,105 570 250 325
Icelandic 160 70 95 0 0 0
Norwegian 1,450 635 810 25 10 15
Swedish 1,635 800 835 15 0 15
Vlaams (Flemish) 380 170 215 30 20 10
Yiddish 250 130 115 0 0 0
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 2,115 1,095 1,015 0 0 0
Greek 4,935 2,535 2,400 40 10 30
Indo-Iranian languages 206,725 106,045 100,675 900 470 430
Indo-Aryan languages 186,005 95,045 90,960 635 320 315
Bengali 8,530 4,385 4,140 25 15 10
Gujarati 18,005 8,945 9,055 0 0 0
Hindi 61,290 31,900 29,385 165 95 60
Kashmiri 125 80 45 0 0 0
Konkani 625 300 320 0 0 0
Marathi 2,575 1,385 1,195 0 0 0
Nepali 5,510 3,000 2,510 250 100 150
Oriya (Odia) 255 135 120 0 0 0
Punjabi (Panjabi) 90,485 46,350 44,135 185 95 85
Sindhi 4,595 2,065 2,530 0 0 0
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 3,800 1,925 1,875 50 30 20
Urdu 41,235 21,245 20,000 75 40 35
Iranian languages 22,140 11,665 10,475 265 145 115
Kurdish 1,930 1,100 825 0 0 0
Pashto 3,330 1,795 1,530 0 0 0
Persian (Farsi) 17,600 9,220 8,375 265 150 115
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 1,760 960 805 10 0 0
Italic (Romance) languages 142,340 69,885 72,450 1,290 610 680
Catalan 170 95 80 0 0 0
Italian 19,900 9,875 10,020 190 100 90
Portuguese 12,670 6,255 6,415 175 105 70
Romanian 9,915 5,185 4,735 25 0 15
Spanish 104,445 50,960 53,490 945 420 530
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 250 130 125 0 10 0
Japanese 9,215 4,115 5,100 125 60 65
Kartvelian languages 225 130 100 0 0 0
Georgian 230 130 100 0 0 0
Korean 19,950 9,405 10,545 185 85 100
Mongolic languages 800 375 430 0 0 0
Mongolian 800 370 430 0 0 0
Niger-Congo languages 29,430 14,980 14,450 200 90 105
Akan (Twi) 2,925 1,505 1,420 15 15 0
Bamanankan 60 30 30 0 0 0
Edo 620 325 290 0 0 0
Ewe 335 170 165 0 0 0
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 300 165 135 0 0 0
Ga 345 190 155 0 0 0
Ganda 610 305 305 0 0 0
Igbo 2,550 1,345 1,210 40 15 25
Lingala 1,240 640 605 10 0 0
Rundi (Kirundi) 830 420 410 0 0 0
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 1,155 605 550 0 0 0
Shona 1,810 850 960 0 0 0
Swahili 6,700 3,470 3,235 20 10 15
Wolof 600 365 235 0 0 0
Yoruba 5,930 3,035 2,890 75 40 40
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 6,585 3,265 3,320 40 20 25
Nilo-Saharan languages 3,070 1,495 1,575 0 0 0
Dinka 1,655 825 825 0 0 0
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 1,425 675 750 0 0 0
Sign languages 5,910 2,350 3,555 95 45 50
American Sign Language 3,085 1,130 1,955 25 0 20
Quebec Sign Language 0 0 10 0 0 0
Sign languages, n.i.e. 2,855 1,230 1,625 70 40 30
Sino-Tibetan languages 141,860 67,945 73,915 2,460 1,260 1,205
Chinese languages 139,385 66,700 72,685 2,445 1,245 1,200
Cantonese 74,770 35,490 39,280 300 115 185
Hakka 1,180 515 660 0 0 0
Mandarin 70,510 33,310 37,195 2,105 1,110 990
Min Dong 85 50 40 0 0 0
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 4,140 1,765 2,380 45 10 30
Wu (Shanghainese) 855 380 470 105 40 65
Chinese, n.o.s. 6,335 3,160 3,175 120 75 35
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 55 25 35 20 0 15
Tibeto-Burman languages 2,590 1,290 1,300 15 10 10
Burmese 605 305 295 10 10 10
Karenic languages 805 415 390 0 0 0
Tibetan 860 430 430 0 0 0
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 445 215 235 0 0 0
Tai-Kadai languages 3,705 1,510 2,195 20 10 10
Lao 1,520 730 795 0 0 0
Thai 2,400 850 1,545 20 10 10
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e. 45 25 25 0 0 0
Turkic languages 5,795 3,180 2,625 55 25 30
Azerbaijani 630 325 300 10 0 0
Turkish 4,255 2,420 1,835 55 30 30
Uyghur 290 135 155 0 0 0
Uzbek 425 200 225 0 0 0
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 355 170 180 0 0 0
Uralic languages 8,895 4,315 4,575 105 50 55
Estonian 185 85 105 0 10 0
Finnish 1,045 455 590 20 10 15
Hungarian 7,660 3,770 3,890 80 35 40
Uralic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Other languages, n.i.e. 1,820 1,025 790 35 20 15
Citizenship
Total - Citizenship for the population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 45 3,978,145 1,998,495 1,979,645 139,685 67,900 71,785
Canadian citizensCensus data footnote 46 3,622,740 1,825,135 1,797,600 133,655 64,805 68,845
Canadian citizens aged under 18 854,815 439,065 415,755 26,415 13,440 12,975
Canadian citizens aged 18 and over 2,767,920 1,386,070 1,381,850 107,235 51,365 55,875
Not Canadian citizensCensus data footnote 47 355,410 173,365 182,045 6,035 3,090 2,940
Immigrant status and period of immigration
Total - Immigrant status and period of immigration for the population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 48 3,978,145 1,998,495 1,979,650 139,685 67,895 71,790
Non-immigrantsCensus data footnote 49 3,062,775 1,550,445 1,512,335 129,405 62,795 66,610
ImmigrantsCensus data footnote 50 845,220 412,320 432,895 8,940 4,375 4,565
Before 1981 163,460 81,620 81,840 2,460 1,185 1,275
1981 to 1990 86,350 41,690 44,660 565 240 325
1991 to 2000 131,560 62,930 68,630 670 330 340
2001 to 2010 256,055 125,235 130,820 1,890 950 935
2001 to 2005 109,145 53,425 55,720 560 295 260
2006 to 2010 146,910 71,810 75,100 1,335 650 680
2011 to 2016Census data footnote 51 207,790 100,845 106,945 3,360 1,670 1,690
Non-permanent residentsCensus data footnote 52 70,155 35,735 34,420 1,340 725 615
Age at immigration
Total - Age at immigration for the immigrant population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 53 845,220 412,320 432,895 8,940 4,375 4,565
Under 5 years 82,175 42,200 39,975 1,065 515 550
5 to 14 years 149,815 77,820 71,995 1,895 960 935
15 to 24 years 168,965 78,215 90,755 1,410 690 720
25 to 44 years 372,805 180,265 192,535 3,660 1,710 1,950
45 years and over 71,450 33,820 37,630 910 505 405
Immigrants by selected place of birthThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census immigration data
Total - Selected places of birth for the immigrant population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 54 845,215 412,325 432,895 8,940 4,375 4,565
Americas 103,540 49,345 54,190 1,545 700 850
Brazil 2,545 1,100 1,440 20 15 0
Colombia 9,535 4,570 4,960 60 20 35
El Salvador 7,255 3,725 3,530 10 0 0
Guyana 2,555 1,200 1,355 0 0 0
Haiti 1,270 675 600 25 10 10
Jamaica 6,845 3,170 3,680 30 20 10
Mexico 15,665 7,860 7,805 20 0 15
Peru 1,920 780 1,140 15 10 0
Trinidad and Tobago 3,415 1,670 1,750 25 0 20
United StatesCensus data footnote 55 30,460 13,675 16,785 1,205 550 660
Other places of birth in Americas 22,075 10,925 11,150 150 60 85
Europe 189,770 95,355 94,415 3,015 1,560 1,455
Bosnia and Herzegovina 4,555 2,325 2,230 35 15 20
Croatia 3,080 1,615 1,465 20 0 15
France 2,535 1,215 1,320 55 40 15
Germany 19,205 9,485 9,715 260 100 155
Greece 2,005 1,115 890 15 10 0
Hungary 3,665 1,880 1,785 65 30 30
IrelandCensus data footnote 56 3,935 2,100 1,835 50 35 10
Italy 8,110 4,370 3,745 60 35 30
Netherlands 14,035 7,420 6,610 470 220 250
Poland 16,925 8,045 8,880 55 20 35
Portugal 4,050 1,985 2,070 70 35 30
Romania 7,725 3,930 3,795 15 0 0
Russian Federation 7,260 3,135 4,125 80 35 45
SerbiaCensus data footnote 57 2,255 1,080 1,170 30 20 15
Ukraine 8,150 3,700 4,455 45 25 15
United KingdomCensus data footnote 58 59,215 30,280 28,935 1,370 755 615
Other places of birth in Europe 23,060 11,670 11,390 335 180 155
Africa 89,740 46,705 43,030 340 170 170
Algeria 1,340 715 625 0 0 0
Egypt 5,320 2,940 2,375 70 45 30
Ethiopia 10,570 5,355 5,215 0 10 0
Kenya 5,120 2,555 2,565 10 0 0
Morocco 1,695 1,005 695 10 10 0
Nigeria 12,405 6,520 5,880 70 25 40
Somalia 7,060 3,665 3,395 10 0 10
South Africa, Republic of 7,355 3,670 3,685 65 25 40
Other places of birth in Africa 38,865 20,275 18,590 110 60 45
Asia 452,225 215,955 236,265 4,005 1,935 2,075
Afghanistan 5,190 2,765 2,430 0 0 0
Bangladesh 5,085 2,590 2,500 10 0 10
ChinaCensus data footnote 59 57,690 26,510 31,185 1,835 895 940
Hong KongCensus data footnote 60 19,110 9,265 9,850 100 50 50
India 91,660 46,625 45,035 225 105 115
IranCensus data footnote 61 8,910 4,655 4,250 230 130 95
Iraq 5,935 3,205 2,730 20 10 10
Japan 3,065 905 2,160 45 25 20
Korea, SouthCensus data footnote 62 13,850 6,530 7,320 105 35 65
Lebanon 10,395 5,640 4,750 95 65 30
Pakistan 28,075 14,630 13,445 50 30 20
Philippines 123,830 54,075 69,755 475 200 285
Sri Lanka 4,835 2,475 2,365 40 25 15
SyriaCensus data footnote 63 4,800 2,515 2,280 205 100 105
Taiwan 3,455 1,460 2,000 80 40 40
Viet Nam 27,080 12,645 14,435 55 35 20
Other places of birth in Asia 39,250 19,485 19,765 435 175 255
Oceania and other places of birthCensus data footnote 64 9,940 4,950 4,990 30 10 15
Recent immigrants by selected places of birth
Total - Selected places of birth for the recent immigrant population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 54 207,790 100,845 106,945 3,355 1,670 1,690
Americas 20,060 9,660 10,400 190 95 100
Brazil 860 370 490 10 15 0
Colombia 2,295 1,020 1,275 0 0 0
Cuba 465 215 255 10 0 10
Haiti 385 240 150 20 10 10
Jamaica 1,660 765 895 0 0 0
Mexico 4,405 2,250 2,150 0 0 0
United StatesCensus data footnote 55 4,645 2,130 2,515 120 55 70
VenezuelaCensus data footnote 65 1,570 745 820 0 0 0
Other places of birth in Americas 3,785 1,930 1,855 25 10 15
Europe 20,870 10,830 10,045 390 200 180
France 425 240 180 10 10 0
Germany 1,370 710 655 35 10 25
IrelandCensus data footnote 56 1,355 835 520 15 20 0
MoldovaCensus data footnote 66 715 365 350 0 0 0
Romania 1,100 545 555 0 0 0
Russian Federation 1,235 430 805 40 20 20