Census Profile, 2016 Census
Alberta [Province] and Nova Scotia [Province]

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The table shows total, male and female data grouped by geography (appearing as column headers) for selected characteristics (appearing as row headers).
Characteristic Alberta

[Province]
Nova Scotia

[Province]
Data quality , Alberta [Province]  Map : Alberta [Province]
Change geography 1
Data quality : Nova Scotia [Province]  Map : geography 2
Change geography 2
Total Male Female Total Male Female
Counts (unless otherwise specified)
Population and dwellings
Population, 2016Census data footnote 1 4,067,175 ... ... 923,598 ... ...
Population, 2011Census data footnote 1 3,645,257 ... ... 921,727 ... ...
Population percentage change, 2011 to 2016 11.6 ... ... 0.2 ... ...
Total private dwellingsCensus data footnote 2 1,654,129 ... ... 458,568 ... ...
Private dwellings occupied by usual residentsCensus data footnote 3 1,527,678 ... ... 401,990 ... ...
Population density per square kilometre 6.4 ... ... 17.4 ... ...
Land area in square kilometres 640,330.46 ... ... 52,942.27 ... ...
Age characteristics
Total - Age groups and average age of the population - 100% dataCensus data footnote 4 4,067,175 2,039,410 2,027,765 923,600 446,885 476,715
0 to 14 years 779,155 399,570 379,580 133,825 68,370 65,455
0 to 4 years 266,515 136,520 129,995 42,005 21,365 20,640
5 to 9 years 270,715 138,990 131,725 45,980 23,650 22,330
10 to 14 years 241,920 124,060 117,860 45,845 23,350 22,490
15 to 64 years 2,787,805 1,408,150 1,379,655 605,950 295,100 310,845
15 to 19 years 240,035 123,625 116,410 51,255 26,240 25,015
20 to 24 years 261,830 133,990 127,840 56,160 28,150 28,010
25 to 29 years 310,940 156,715 154,225 53,725 26,790 26,940
30 to 34 years 333,175 167,555 165,620 51,730 25,130 26,600
35 to 39 years 305,505 153,655 151,850 52,010 24,560 27,450
40 to 44 years 281,205 142,545 138,660 57,050 27,245 29,805
45 to 49 years 269,030 135,855 133,180 61,890 29,720 32,170
50 to 54 years 284,310 142,205 142,100 75,675 36,615 39,065
55 to 59 years 275,540 138,565 136,970 76,505 36,925 39,580
60 to 64 years 226,230 113,440 112,790 69,960 33,735 36,225
65 years and over 500,215 231,690 268,530 183,820 83,415 100,405
65 to 69 years 173,680 85,500 88,180 63,710 30,810 32,905
70 to 74 years 117,035 56,430 60,610 45,005 21,520 23,485
75 to 79 years 83,955 39,105 44,845 31,545 14,520 17,030
80 to 84 years 62,165 27,590 34,575 21,915 9,425 12,495
85 years and over 63,385 23,065 40,320 21,645 7,140 14,505
85 to 89 years 39,965 16,050 23,915 13,205 4,845 8,360
90 to 94 years 18,025 5,755 12,275 6,320 1,830 4,485
95 to 99 years 4,735 1,145 3,595 1,855 415 1,430
100 years and over 650 115 535 270 45 225
Total - Distribution (%) of the population by broad age groups - 100% data 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0
0 to 14 years 19.2 19.6 18.7 14.5 15.3 13.7
15 to 64 years 68.5 69.0 68.0 65.6 66.0 65.2
65 years and over 12.3 11.4 13.2 19.9 18.7 21.1
85 years and over 1.6 1.1 2.0 2.3 1.6 3.0
Average age of the population 37.8 37.2 38.4 43.5 42.5 44.4
Median age of the population 36.7 36.2 37.2 45.5 44.5 46.4
Household and dwelling characteristics
Total - Occupied private dwellings by structural type of dwelling - 100% dataCensus data footnote 5 1,527,675 ... ... 401,990 ... ...
Single-detached house 946,225 ... ... 263,470 ... ...
Apartment in a building that has five or more storeys 62,395 ... ... 21,350 ... ...
Other attached dwellingCensus data footnote 6 471,090 ... ... 102,300 ... ...
Semi-detached house 86,765 ... ... 20,465 ... ...
Row house 116,625 ... ... 10,215 ... ...
Apartment or flat in a duplex 43,090 ... ... 12,435 ... ...
Apartment in a building that has fewer than five storeys 223,360 ... ... 58,405 ... ...
Other single-attached house 1,245 ... ... 780 ... ...
Movable dwellingCensus data footnote 7 47,970 ... ... 14,870 ... ...
Total - Private households by household size - 100% dataCensus data footnote 8 1,527,675 ... ... 401,990 ... ...
1 person 366,080 ... ... 118,670 ... ...
2 persons 524,415 ... ... 156,825 ... ...
3 persons 245,075 ... ... 60,250 ... ...
4 persons 233,770 ... ... 44,970 ... ...
5 or more persons 158,335 ... ... 21,275 ... ...
Number of persons in private households 3,978,145 ... ... 908,340 ... ...
Average household size 2.6 ... ... 2.3 ... ...
Marital status
Total - Marital status for the population aged 15 years and over - 100% dataCensus data footnote 9 3,288,020 1,639,835 1,648,185 789,770 378,515 411,255
Married or living common law 1,969,300 988,410 980,895 454,970 227,220 227,750
Married 1,648,945 828,155 820,790 369,695 184,705 184,990
Living common law 320,350 160,250 160,100 85,275 42,515 42,760
Not married and not living common law 1,318,720 651,430 667,290 334,800 151,295 183,505
Never married 905,700 505,310 400,390 209,455 110,175 99,280
Separated 76,150 34,000 42,150 24,105 10,450 13,655
Divorced 195,850 82,040 113,815 48,835 19,715 29,115
Widowed 141,020 30,080 110,940 52,405 10,955 41,455
Family characteristics
Total - Census families in private households by family size - 100% dataCensus data footnote 10 1,114,585 ... ... 270,965 ... ...
2 persons 540,850 ... ... 157,600 ... ...
3 persons 235,245 ... ... 56,625 ... ...
4 persons 227,165 ... ... 41,095 ... ...
5 or more persons 111,330 ... ... 15,645 ... ...
Average size of census families 3.0 ... ... 2.7 ... ...
Total number of census families in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 11 1,114,585 ... ... 270,965 ... ...
Total couple families 953,325 ... ... 224,065 ... ...
Married couples 793,195 ... ... 181,435 ... ...
Common-law couples 160,130 ... ... 42,630 ... ...
Total lone-parent families by sex of parent 161,260 ... ... 46,900 ... ...
Female parent 123,490 ... ... 37,595 ... ...
Male parent 37,770 ... ... 9,305 ... ...
Total - Couple census families in private households - 100% data 953,325 ... ... 224,065 ... ...
Couples without children 443,665 ... ... 128,125 ... ...
Couples with children 509,655 ... ... 95,940 ... ...
1 child 190,010 ... ... 43,810 ... ...
2 children 213,910 ... ... 37,595 ... ...
3 or more children 105,735 ... ... 14,535 ... ...
Total - Lone-parent census families in private households - 100% data 161,260 ... ... 46,900 ... ...
1 child 97,180 ... ... 29,480 ... ...
2 children 45,235 ... ... 12,810 ... ...
3 or more children 18,845 ... ... 4,610 ... ...
Total - Persons not in census families in private households - 100% data 678,535 356,875 321,655 175,575 81,140 94,435
Household type
Total - Private households by household type - 100% dataCensus data footnote 12 1,527,675 ... ... 401,990 ... ...
One-census-family households 1,039,985 ... ... 260,280 ... ...
Without children in a census familyCensus data footnote 13 414,570 ... ... 124,000 ... ...
With children in a census familyCensus data footnote 14 625,415 ... ... 136,280 ... ...
Multiple-census-family households 36,120 ... ... 5,285 ... ...
Non-census-family households 451,570 ... ... 136,425 ... ...
One-person households 366,080 ... ... 118,675 ... ...
Two-or-more person non-census-family households 85,490 ... ... 17,750 ... ...
Knowledge of official languagesThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Knowledge of official languages for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 15 4,026,650 2,020,510 2,006,140 912,300 442,470 469,830
English only 3,698,765 1,869,670 1,829,095 813,480 398,950 414,530
French only 3,895 1,725 2,165 705 305 400
English and French 264,720 124,400 140,315 95,380 41,925 53,460
Neither English nor French 59,280 24,715 34,565 2,735 1,295 1,440
First official language spokenThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - First official language spoken for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 16 4,026,650 2,020,510 2,006,140 912,295 442,470 469,830
English 3,880,685 1,950,980 1,929,705 879,465 426,535 452,930
French 71,535 37,205 34,330 28,490 13,890 14,600
English and French 16,605 8,350 8,255 1,760 825 930
Neither English nor French 57,830 23,970 33,860 2,585 1,215 1,365
Official language minority (number)Census data footnote 17 79,840 41,380 38,455 29,370 14,300 15,070
Official language minority (percentage)Census data footnote 17 2.0 2.0 1.9 3.2 3.2 3.2
Mother tongueThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Mother tongue for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 18 4,026,650 2,020,510 2,006,140 912,295 442,470 469,830
Single responses 3,934,580 1,975,615 1,958,970 904,240 438,550 465,690
Official languages 3,063,640 1,552,475 1,511,165 859,690 416,245 443,445
English 2,991,485 1,515,025 1,476,460 830,220 401,980 428,240
French 72,150 37,450 34,705 29,465 14,265 15,205
Non-official languages 870,940 423,140 447,805 44,550 22,305 22,245
Aboriginal languages 23,835 11,290 12,550 4,290 2,020 2,270
Algonquian languages 18,295 8,665 9,630 4,210 1,985 2,225
Blackfoot 2,750 1,305 1,445 0 0 0
Cree-Montagnais languages 14,960 7,105 7,850 15 10 5
Atikamekw 0 0 0 0 0 0
Montagnais (Innu) 0 5 0 0 0 0
Moose Cree 10 0 5 0 0 0
Naskapi 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern East Cree 50 15 35 0 0 0
Plains Cree 720 280 435 5 0 0
Southern East Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Swampy Cree 50 20 35 5 5 0
Woods Cree 910 430 480 0 0 0
Cree, n.o.s. 13,220 6,355 6,865 5 5 0
Eastern Algonquian languages 30 15 15 4,190 1,975 2,215
Malecite 0 5 0 10 5 5
Mi'kmaq 35 20 15 4,185 1,970 2,215
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 550 235 315 10 5 5
Algonquin 5 0 5 0 0 0
Ojibway 525 230 300 10 0 10
Oji-Cree 15 5 15 0 0 0
Ottawa (Odawa) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 5 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages 1,865 865 1,000 5 5 0
Northern Athabaskan languages 1,855 860 990 5 0 0
Babine (Wetsuwet'en) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Beaver 35 15 15 0 0 0
Carrier 15 0 15 0 0 0
Chilcotin 5 0 0 0 0 0
Dene 1,470 710 760 5 5 5
Dogrib (Tlicho) 40 10 30 0 0 0
Gwich'in 15 5 10 0 0 0
Sarsi (Sarcee) 70 20 45 0 0 0
Sekani 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey-Hare languages 200 90 115 0 0 0
North Slavey (Hare) 10 5 10 0 0 0
South Slavey 155 70 80 5 0 0
Slavey, n.o.s. 35 15 25 0 0 0
Tahltan languages 5 0 5 0 0 0
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tutchone languages 5 0 0 0 0 0
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 10 0 10 0 0 0
Haida 0 0 0 0 0 0
Inuit languages 120 35 85 60 30 35
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 25 5 10 0 0 5
Inuktitut 60 20 45 55 30 30
Inuit languages, n.i.e. 35 10 30 10 0 5
Iroquoian languages 10 10 5 0 0 0
Cayuga 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mohawk 5 5 5 0 0 0
Oneida 0 5 0 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 5 0 0 0
Kutenai 5 0 0 0 0 0
Michif 80 45 35 5 0 0
Salish languages 15 5 10 0 0 0
Comox 0 0 0 0 0 0
Halkomelem 0 0 0 0 0 0
Lillooet 0 0 0 0 0 0
Okanagan 0 5 5 0 0 0
Shuswap (Secwepemctsin) 5 0 0 0 0 0
Squamish 5 0 0 0 0 0
Straits 0 0 0 0 0 0
Thompson (Ntlakapamux) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Salish languages, n.i.e. 5 0 5 0 0 0
Siouan languages 3,370 1,630 1,745 0 0 0
Dakota 350 165 185 0 0 0
Stoney 3,020 1,460 1,555 0 0 0
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 5 0 0 0 0 0
Tlingit 5 0 0 0 0 0
Tsimshian languages 15 5 5 0 0 0
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Nisga'a 10 5 5 0 0 0
Tsimshian 0 0 0 0 0 0
Wakashan languages 5 5 5 0 0 0
Haisla 0 0 0 0 0 0
Heiltsuk 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kwakiutl (Kwak'wala) 0 0 5 0 0 0
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0 5 0 0 0 5
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Aboriginal languages, n.o.s. 55 30 25 5 0 0
Non-Aboriginal languages 847,105 411,850 435,255 40,260 20,285 19,975
Afro-Asiatic languages 68,415 36,215 32,200 7,760 4,275 3,480
Berber languages 340 190 145 10 10 0
Kabyle 165 90 75 5 0 0
Berber languages, n.i.e. 175 100 75 5 5 0
Cushitic languages 12,525 6,495 6,030 130 65 65
Bilen 315 185 130 5 0 0
Oromo 2,650 1,375 1,275 60 30 25
Somali 9,520 4,915 4,605 50 20 30
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 40 20 20 15 5 5
Semitic languages 55,425 29,450 25,980 7,615 4,205 3,415
Amharic 7,320 3,605 3,720 115 50 65
Arabic 40,540 21,840 18,705 7,110 3,950 3,165
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 400 210 190 5 5 5
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 145 80 65 0 0 5
Harari 260 135 120 0 0 0
Hebrew 960 505 460 210 115 95
Maltese 75 30 40 15 10 5
Tigrigna 5,415 2,880 2,535 140 65 80
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 305 155 145 10 5 10
Afro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 130 80 50 5 0 5
Austro-Asiatic languages 25,295 11,760 13,535 505 245 260
Khmer (Cambodian) 1,925 910 1,010 5 5 5
Vietnamese 23,350 10,840 12,505 490 240 250
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e 25 10 15 0 0 0
Austronesian languages 115,405 50,190 65,210 2,235 940 1,300
Bikol 425 205 225 5 5 5
Cebuano 5,135 2,155 2,980 150 60 90
Fijian 125 75 50 0 0 0
Hiligaynon 1,500 640 855 25 10 15
Ilocano 5,350 2,310 3,040 55 15 40
Malagasy 35 10 25 0 5 0
Malay 1,460 615 845 55 25 35
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 765 370 390 15 5 5
Pangasinan 290 115 175 5 0 0
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 99,035 43,120 55,920 1,905 810 1,090
Waray-Waray 305 145 160 5 0 5
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 980 430 550 20 10 15
Creole languages 1,895 990 910 95 60 35
Haitian Creole 95 45 50 5 5 0
Creole, n.o.s. 1,175 640 540 35 20 10
Creole languages, n.i.e. 625 305 325 55 35 20
Dravidian languages 13,490 7,075 6,415 1,010 595 420
Kannada 535 270 265 40 20 15
Malayalam 6,345 3,285 3,060 365 205 165
Tamil 4,430 2,360 2,070 315 185 130
Telugu 2,130 1,135 995 285 180 110
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 50 25 25 10 5 5
Hmong-Mien languages 105 55 45 0 0 0
Indo-European languages 442,685 220,330 222,355 18,590 9,320 9,270
Albanian 2,345 1,270 1,075 275 130 140
Armenian 500 250 245 35 30 10
Balto-Slavic languages 80,330 37,750 42,580 3,470 1,645 1,830
Baltic languages 1,010 475 535 100 35 60
Latvian 415 195 220 50 20 30
Lithuanian 600 285 315 45 15 30
Slavic languages 79,325 37,275 42,050 3,375 1,610 1,765
Belarusan 65 30 30 5 5 5
Bosnian 1,835 915 920 120 60 65
Bulgarian 1,545 790 755 55 25 30
Croatian 4,655 2,340 2,320 225 105 115
Czech 3,000 1,430 1,575 205 105 100
Macedonian 360 185 175 20 10 15
Polish 20,130 9,425 10,705 795 365 435
Russian 17,810 8,150 9,665 1,285 615 670
Serbian 4,020 2,035 1,985 115 60 65
Serbo-Croatian 970 480 485 80 40 40
Slovak 2,185 1,070 1,115 100 45 55
Slovene (Slovenian) 695 320 370 35 15 15
Ukrainian 21,835 9,985 11,850 320 155 170
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 215 120 100 5 5 5
Celtic languages 370 200 170 185 80 100
Scottish Gaelic 135 70 65 145 65 85
Welsh 175 85 80 30 10 15
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 65 40 25 10 5 5
Germanic languages 104,260 51,525 52,735 5,700 2,800 2,900
Afrikaans 3,010 1,475 1,535 120 55 60
Danish 2,380 1,245 1,135 160 105 60
Dutch 16,135 8,095 8,045 1,620 815 805
Frisian 360 200 160 35 20 15
German 80,050 39,435 40,615 3,435 1,645 1,790
Icelandic 115 55 60 45 20 20
Norwegian 815 370 445 110 60 50
Swedish 875 405 470 110 45 65
Vlaams (Flemish) 320 150 170 25 10 10
Yiddish 140 70 70 20 10 5
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 55 30 25 20 5 15
Greek 3,130 1,655 1,475 760 390 365
Indo-Iranian languages 166,805 85,250 81,560 4,835 2,650 2,190
Indo-Aryan languages 145,900 74,320 71,580 3,385 1,895 1,490
Bengali 7,000 3,630 3,370 475 290 185
Gujarati 13,140 6,785 6,355 195 125 70
Hindi 17,055 8,675 8,385 745 445 300
Kashmiri 105 60 50 10 5 5
Konkani 370 190 185 5 5 5
Marathi 1,510 775 730 70 35 35
Nepali 5,175 2,690 2,490 530 255 275
Oriya (Odia) 190 100 90 10 5 5
Punjabi (Panjabi) 68,695 34,935 33,760 585 310 270
Sindhi 2,770 1,300 1,475 20 10 5
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 2,590 1,320 1,265 165 85 85
Urdu 27,295 13,865 13,430 575 330 245
Iranian languages 19,600 10,235 9,365 1,425 740 690
Kurdish 1,550 845 705 115 65 50
Pashto 2,560 1,320 1,235 80 45 35
Persian (Farsi) 15,490 8,070 7,425 1,230 630 605
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 1,310 695 615 25 10 15
Italic (Romance) languages 84,940 42,425 42,515 3,335 1,605 1,730
Catalan 75 30 45 10 5 5
Italian 11,375 5,760 5,615 745 400 340
Portuguese 9,050 4,380 4,670 520 245 270
Romanian 8,035 4,080 3,955 225 110 120
Spanish 56,370 28,160 28,205 1,830 840 985
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 35 20 15 0 5 0
Japanese 4,875 1,715 3,160 360 100 260
Kartvelian languages 230 130 105 0 0 0
Georgian 230 130 100 5 0 0
Korean 17,920 8,485 9,435 1,095 475 620
Mongolic languages 545 255 290 5 5 5
Mongolian 540 255 290 0 5 0
Niger-Congo languages 15,360 7,870 7,495 630 325 305
Akan (Twi) 1,755 915 835 40 25 25
Bamanankan 35 20 15 15 5 5
Edo 275 155 120 5 0 5
Ewe 245 145 100 40 25 10
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 230 120 100 5 5 0
Ga 145 80 65 10 5 5
Ganda 280 145 135 20 5 15
Igbo 1,165 625 540 45 20 20
Lingala 270 130 140 5 0 5
Rundi (Kirundi) 605 305 295 20 10 5
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 805 405 400 50 15 30
Shona 1,100 545 555 30 15 15
Swahili 2,380 1,160 1,215 135 65 70
Wolof 280 165 110 10 10 0
Yoruba 2,435 1,305 1,125 65 35 30
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 3,370 1,640 1,735 140 75 70
Nilo-Saharan languages 2,720 1,395 1,330 75 40 40
Dinka 1,345 705 640 20 10 10
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 1,375 685 690 55 25 25
Sign languages 830 440 390 190 90 100
American Sign Language 335 165 165 85 40 50
Quebec Sign Language 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sign languages, n.i.e 495 275 225 105 50 55
Sino-Tibetan languages 122,450 57,740 64,705 6,665 3,335 3,330
Chinese languages 120,375 56,675 63,700 6,635 3,320 3,315
Cantonese 59,145 27,755 31,385 1,145 535 610
Hakka 990 465 530 20 5 15
Mandarin 50,660 23,940 26,720 4,640 2,325 2,315
Min Dong 115 50 65 0 0 0
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 3,060 1,375 1,695 120 50 70
Wu (Shanghainese) 630 305 330 50 30 20
Chinese, n.o.s. 5,725 2,770 2,955 645 365 280
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 40 15 25 15 5 10
Tibeto-Burman languages 2,075 1,065 1,005 30 15 20
Burmese 430 230 200 15 5 10
Karenic languages 795 415 380 0 0 0
Tibetan 575 295 275 5 0 5
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 275 130 140 5 5 5
Tai-Kadai languages 2,670 955 1,710 155 55 100
Lao 1,020 485 535 10 0 5
Thai 1,630 465 1,165 150 50 100
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e 20 10 15 0 0 0
Turkic languages 4,050 2,250 1,800 445 240 205
Azerbaijani 365 215 155 10 10 5
Turkish 3,140 1,760 1,375 305 165 140
Uyghur 130 70 60 5 5 5
Uzbek 205 115 90 110 60 50
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 215 95 120 10 10 0
Uralic languages 7,470 3,600 3,870 415 180 235
Estonian 190 90 105 40 20 25
Finnish 810 330 480 95 30 60
Hungarian 6,470 3,185 3,285 275 130 150
Uralic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Other languages, n.i.e. 690 415 280 25 10 15
Multiple responses 92,070 44,900 47,175 8,060 3,920 4,140
English and French 10,230 4,950 5,280 3,445 1,600 1,850
English and non-official language 77,520 37,815 39,705 4,180 2,110 2,070
French and non-official language 2,685 1,375 1,305 225 115 105
English, French and non-official language 1,640 760 880 210 90 120
Language spoken most often at homeThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Language spoken most often at home for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 19 4,026,655 2,020,510 2,006,145 912,300 442,470 469,830
Single responses 3,837,615 1,928,230 1,909,385 900,755 436,755 464,000
Official languages 3,354,885 1,690,490 1,664,395 878,015 425,220 452,795
English 3,327,255 1,676,360 1,650,895 863,550 418,315 445,240
French 27,630 14,130 13,500 14,460 6,910 7,560
Non-official languages 482,725 237,740 244,990 22,740 11,540 11,205
Aboriginal languages 9,970 4,940 5,020 2,570 1,285 1,295
Algonquian languages 7,175 3,575 3,605 2,565 1,280 1,285
Blackfoot 1,110 555 555 0 0 0
Cree-Montagnais languages 5,875 2,925 2,945 0 0 0
Atikamekw 0 0 0 0 0 0
Montagnais (Innu) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Moose Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Naskapi 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern East Cree 20 10 10 0 0 0
Plains Cree 125 60 60 0 0 0
Southern East Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Swampy Cree 5 0 5 0 0 0
Woods Cree 600 300 295 0 0 0
Cree, n.o.s. 5,120 2,540 2,575 0 0 0
Eastern Algonquian languages 5 5 5 2,560 1,280 1,280
Malecite 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mi'kmaq 5 5 0 2,560 1,275 1,280
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 190 95 95 0 0 0
Algonquin 0 0 0 0 0 0
Ojibway 185 90 95 5 0 0
Oji-Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Ottawa (Odawa) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages 620 320 300 0 0 0
Northern Athabaskan languages 620 325 300 0 0 0
Babine (Wetsuwet'en) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Beaver 10 5 0 0 0 0
Carrier 0 0 0 0 0 0
Chilcotin 0 0 0 0 0 0
Dene 540 280 260 0 0 0
Dogrib (Tlicho) 5 0 0 0 0 0
Gwich'in 5 0 5 0 0 0
Sarsi (Sarcee) 5 5 0 0 0 0
Sekani 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey-Hare languages 60 35 30 0 0 0
North Slavey (Hare) 0 0 0 0 0 0
South Slavey 55 30 25 0 0 0
Slavey, n.o.s. 5 5 5 0 0 0
Tahltan languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tutchone languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Haida 0 0 0 0 0 0
Inuit languages 10 0 10 5 0 5
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 5 0 0 0 0 0
Inuktitut 0 0 0 5 0 0
Inuit languages, n.i.e. 5 0 5 5 0 0
Iroquoian languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Cayuga 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mohawk 0 0 0 0 0 0
Oneida 0 0 0 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 5 0 5 0 0 0
Kutenai 0 0 0 0 0 0
Michif 10 5 5 5 0 5
Salish languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Comox 0 0 0 0 0 0
Halkomelem 0 0 0 0 0 0
Lillooet 0 0 0 0 0 0
Okanagan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Shuswap (Secwepemctsin) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Squamish 0 0 0 0 0 0
Straits 0 0 0 0 0 0
Thompson (Ntlakapamux) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Salish languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Siouan languages 2,125 1,025 1,095 0 0 0
Dakota 175 85 85 0 0 0
Stoney 1,945 935 1,010 0 0 0
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tlingit 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tsimshian languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Nisga'a 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tsimshian 0 0 0 0 0 0
Wakashan languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Haisla 0 0 0 0 0 0
Heiltsuk 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kwakiutl (Kwak'wala) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Aboriginal languages, n.o.s. 25 15 10 5 0 0
Non-Aboriginal languages 472,760 232,800 239,965 20,170 10,255 9,915
Afro-Asiatic languages 43,770 22,535 21,235 4,630 2,450 2,180
Berber languages 200 105 95 0 0 0
Kabyle 90 45 40 0 0 0
Berber languages, n.i.e. 105 60 45 0 0 0
Cushitic languages 9,220 4,750 4,470 85 40 45
Bilen 280 160 115 5 0 5
Oromo 2,075 1,060 1,015 45 20 25
Somali 6,850 3,520 3,325 25 10 15
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 15 5 10 10 10 5
Semitic languages 34,310 17,660 16,655 4,540 2,405 2,130
Amharic 4,915 2,390 2,530 55 25 30
Arabic 24,230 12,555 11,675 4,260 2,270 1,990
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 260 130 130 0 5 0
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 95 50 40 0 0 0
Harari 165 80 85 5 0 0
Hebrew 460 235 225 125 70 55
Maltese 15 10 10 0 0 0
Tigrigna 3,955 2,095 1,860 95 40 55
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 210 110 100 0 0 0
Afro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 45 20 20 0 0 0
Austro-Asiatic languages 16,355 7,635 8,715 330 160 165
Khmer (Cambodian) 960 460 500 0 0 0
Vietnamese 15,380 7,175 8,205 330 165 170
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e 15 0 10 0 0 0
Austronesian languages 60,860 28,765 32,100 1,140 550 585
Bikol 70 40 35 0 0 0
Cebuano 2,110 1,015 1,090 55 20 35
Fijian 45 25 20 0 0 0
Hiligaynon 470 215 255 5 5 5
Ilocano 1,975 935 1,035 15 5 5
Malagasy 20 10 10 0 0 0
Malay 405 205 195 0 0 5
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 220 110 110 0 0 0
Pangasinan 45 20 30 0 0 0
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 55,105 26,005 29,100 1,065 520 545
Waray-Waray 125 60 60 0 0 0
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 280 120 155 0 0 0
Creole languages 970 495 475 35 20 20
Haitian Creole 50 25 25 0 0 0
Creole, n.o.s. 655 345 310 15 5 5
Creole languages, n.i.e. 270 125 140 25 10 15
Dravidian languages 8,460 4,335 4,125 425 240 185
Kannada 210 105 105 15 5 10
Malayalam 4,060 2,070 1,990 140 75 60
Tamil 2,915 1,515 1,395 140 80 60
Telugu 1,245 635 615 125 80 50
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 30 10 15 5 5 5
Hmong-Mien languages 70 35 35 0 0 0
Indo-European languages 230,270 115,280 114,995 7,410 3,715 3,690
Albanian 1,060 570 485 110 60 55
Armenian 215 115 105 15 10 10
Balto-Slavic languages 30,220 14,820 15,400 1,405 680 720
Baltic languages 410 210 200 30 10 15
Latvian 165 85 80 10 5 10
Lithuanian 250 125 120 15 5 10
Slavic languages 29,815 14,610 15,205 1,375 675 700
Belarusan 15 10 5 0 0 0
Bosnian 785 400 385 65 30 30
Bulgarian 825 415 405 25 15 10
Croatian 1,800 905 895 65 25 40
Czech 875 440 430 45 25 20
Macedonian 175 90 85 0 0 0
Polish 7,705 3,675 4,030 235 105 125
Russian 10,145 4,965 5,175 785 385 390
Serbian 2,100 1,045 1,055 60 25 35
Serbo-Croatian 315 160 155 30 15 10
Slovak 710 345 365 20 10 15
Slovene (Slovenian) 150 70 75 0 0 0
Ukrainian 4,180 2,060 2,110 55 30 20
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 55 30 25 5 5 0
Celtic languages 40 25 15 60 35 30
Scottish Gaelic 15 15 5 60 35 30
Welsh 15 5 5 0 0 0
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 10 5 0 5 0 0
Germanic languages 40,915 20,280 20,625 1,490 725 760
Afrikaans 1,705 835 875 30 15 15
Danish 150 75 75 15 0 15
Dutch 1,980 985 1,000 135 70 70
Frisian 60 30 30 5 0 0
German 36,295 18,010 18,290 1,225 600 625
Icelandic 30 15 15 30 10 15
Norwegian 60 20 35 20 5 10
Swedish 145 65 80 15 5 5
Vlaams (Flemish) 60 30 25 5 5 5
Yiddish 15 5 5 5 0 0
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 425 215 210 15 5 10
Greek 1,015 490 525 270 135 130
Indo-Iranian languages 111,975 56,535 55,445 2,815 1,475 1,335
Indo-Aryan languages 98,610 49,790 48,815 1,850 995 860
Bengali 4,530 2,300 2,225 250 135 115
Gujarati 8,025 4,085 3,935 100 60 35
Hindi 9,945 5,115 4,825 310 190 120
Kashmiri 50 20 25 5 5 0
Konkani 75 40 40 0 0 0
Marathi 845 440 405 30 15 15
Nepali 3,710 1,905 1,805 475 235 240
Oriya (Odia) 95 50 45 0 0 0
Punjabi (Panjabi) 51,010 25,720 25,295 250 125 125
Sindhi 1,240 575 665 5 5 0
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 1,480 750 730 95 45 50
Urdu 17,600 8,795 8,810 340 175 165
Iranian languages 12,720 6,415 6,305 960 475 480
Kurdish 850 440 410 85 50 40
Pashto 1,640 845 795 45 20 20
Persian (Farsi) 10,230 5,135 5,100 825 405 420
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 650 325 325 0 5 0
Italic (Romance) languages 44,830 22,445 22,385 1,240 595 645
Catalan 35 10 20 5 0 0
Italian 2,840 1,275 1,560 165 70 85
Portuguese 3,905 1,875 2,030 195 90 105
Romanian 4,135 2,115 2,020 70 35 35
Spanish 33,910 17,160 16,755 810 390 420
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 10 5 5 5 0 0
Japanese 2,245 945 1,300 110 35 70
Kartvelian languages 160 85 70 0 0 0
Georgian 160 85 70 0 0 0
Korean 12,775 6,205 6,570 710 330 385
Mongolic languages 335 160 175 0 0 0
Mongolian 335 155 175 0 0 0
Niger-Congo languages 5,600 2,725 2,875 165 80 85
Akan (Twi) 845 415 430 10 0 10
Bamanankan 10 10 0 0 0 0
Edo 70 35 35 0 0 0
Ewe 80 45 35 15 5 5
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 105 55 45 0 0 0
Ga 40 20 20 5 0 0
Ganda 95 50 50 5 0 5
Igbo 265 125 145 15 5 5
Lingala 85 35 45 0 5 0
Rundi (Kirundi) 280 135 145 10 5 5
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 350 175 170 15 10 10
Shona 410 190 225 0 0 0
Swahili 1,090 530 565 60 30 35
Wolof 170 95 75 0 0 0
Yoruba 690 340 350 20 10 10
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 1,015 485 535 10 5 5
Nilo-Saharan languages 1,525 765 755 35 20 20
Dinka 800 420 380 10 5 10
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 725 350 375 25 10 15
Sign languages 1,095 630 465 285 145 140
American Sign Language 325 170 155 110 55 60
Quebec Sign Language 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sign languages, n.i.e 765 455 310 175 90 80
Sino-Tibetan languages 82,380 39,230 43,155 4,550 2,345 2,200
Chinese languages 80,880 38,455 42,420 4,545 2,345 2,200
Cantonese 38,275 17,810 20,460 640 335 310
Hakka 315 135 185 5 0 0
Mandarin 37,125 18,030 19,095 3,410 1,740 1,675
Min Dong 20 5 10 0 0 0
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 1,245 540 705 45 25 25
Wu (Shanghainese) 340 175 165 25 10 10
Chinese, n.o.s. 3,550 1,760 1,785 415 235 180
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 10 5 5 5 5 0
Tibeto-Burman languages 1,500 770 730 5 0 5
Burmese 280 145 130 0 0 0
Karenic languages 665 340 320 0 0 0
Tibetan 420 220 200 0 0 0
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 140 65 75 5 0 5
Tai-Kadai languages 1,130 505 625 55 20 35
Lao 465 215 245 0 0 0
Thai 655 285 370 55 15 35
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e 10 5 10 0 0 0
Turkic languages 2,390 1,270 1,120 215 110 105
Azerbaijani 155 90 75 5 5 0
Turkish 1,945 1,030 915 140 70 75
Uyghur 80 45 40 0 0 0
Uzbek 135 70 65 70 40 30
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 70 35 25 0 5 0
Uralic languages 2,130 1,040 1,085 75 35 40
Estonian 25 10 15 5 5 5
Finnish 105 50 50 15 10 5
Hungarian 1,995 980 1,015 55 25 30
Uralic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Other languages, n.i.e. 240 140 95 5 0 0
Multiple responses 189,040 92,280 96,760 11,540 5,715 5,825
English and French 6,885 3,410 3,475 2,180 995 1,185
English and non-official language 178,070 86,895 91,170 8,970 4,515 4,450
French and non-official language 1,125 540 580 75 40 30
English, French and non-official language 2,965 1,430 1,530 315 155 160
Other language spoken regularly at homeThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Other language(s) spoken regularly at home for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 20 4,026,650 2,020,510 2,006,140 912,295 442,470 469,825
None 3,492,295 1,760,240 1,732,055 861,780 418,525 443,260
English 221,305 110,655 110,650 17,005 8,480 8,525
French 41,840 19,470 22,375 16,390 7,210 9,175
Non-official language 262,255 125,640 136,615 16,275 7,850 8,420
Aboriginal 17,430 8,325 9,105 2,135 930 1,205
Non-Aboriginal 244,825 117,315 127,510 14,135 6,920 7,220
English and French 1,535 775 760 150 70 80
English and non-official language 4,545 2,345 2,195 220 105 115
French and non-official language 2,795 1,340 1,455 470 230 245
English, French and non-official language 85 50 40 5 5 0
Income of individuals in 2015
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 21 3,206,050 1,602,690 1,603,360 774,750 372,455 402,290
Number of total income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 3,053,470 1,528,275 1,525,190 744,260 358,055 386,205
Median total income in 2015 among recipients ($) 42,717 54,891 33,213 31,813 38,379 26,750
Number of after-tax income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 3,054,135 1,528,420 1,525,715 744,545 358,085 386,455
Median after-tax income in 2015 among recipients ($) 38,067 47,131 30,478 28,627 33,642 24,590
Number of market income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 2,839,590 1,458,560 1,381,030 648,960 320,380 328,580
Median market income in 2015 among recipients ($) 42,330 54,528 32,099 29,938 36,363 24,497
Number of government transfers recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 1,785,065 711,210 1,073,855 554,985 243,860 311,130
Median government transfers in 2015 among recipients ($) 4,093 3,834 4,185 7,438 8,175 6,961
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 2,473,665 1,301,630 1,172,030 523,020 264,375 258,645
Median employment income in 2015 among recipients ($) 42,679 54,361 32,982 29,979 35,676 25,405
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 22 3,206,045 1,602,810 1,603,235 774,750 372,455 402,295
Number of total income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 3,054,555 1,528,100 1,526,455 744,275 357,820 386,455
Average total income in 2015 among recipients ($) 62,778 80,001 45,535 41,479 49,413 34,132
Number of after-tax income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 3,055,230 1,528,240 1,526,995 744,560 357,855 386,710
Average after-tax income in 2015 among recipients ($) 50,683 62,938 38,417 34,175 39,776 28,993
Number of market income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 2,840,675 1,458,210 1,382,465 648,910 320,370 328,540
Average market income in 2015 among recipients ($) 62,997 80,282 44,766 40,299 48,457 32,345
Number of government transfers recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 1,784,345 710,105 1,074,240 555,740 243,445 312,295
Average government transfers in 2015 among recipients ($) 7,175 7,298 7,093 8,495 8,859 8,211
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 2,473,665 1,299,805 1,173,855 523,020 264,475 258,545
Average employment income in 2015 among recipients ($) 59,343 74,073 43,031 39,522 46,606 32,275
Total - Employment income statistics for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 23 3,206,050 1,602,810 1,603,240 774,750 372,455 402,295
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households who worked full year full time in 2015 - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 24 1,152,385 669,770 482,615 245,425 131,095 114,325
Median employment income in 2015 for full-year full-time workers ($)Census data footnote 25 64,090 73,781 53,836 47,665 53,785 42,236
Average employment income in 2015 for full-year full-time workers ($)Census data footnote 26 81,586 94,822 63,218 56,820 63,886 48,717
Composition of total income in 2015 of the population aged 15 years and over in private households (%) - 100% dataCensus data footnote 27 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0
Market income (%)Census data footnote 28 93.3 95.8 89.1 84.6 87.7 80.7
Employment income (%)Census data footnote 29 76.5 78.9 72.3 66.9 69.7 63.3
Government transfers (%)Census data footnote 30 6.7 4.2 10.9 15.4 12.3 19.3
Total - Total income groups in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 31 3,206,050 1,602,690 1,603,360 774,750 372,455 402,295
Without total income 152,585 74,410 78,170 30,485 14,395 16,090
With total income 3,053,470 1,528,280 1,525,190 744,265 358,060 386,205
Percentage with total income 95.2 95.4 95.1 96.1 96.1 96.0
Under $10,000 (including loss) 389,580 146,450 243,130 104,125 43,575 60,545
$10,000 to $19,999 385,235 147,125 238,110 134,355 50,310 84,050
$20,000 to $29,999 364,915 142,810 222,105 114,855 47,195 67,660
$30,000 to $39,999 305,680 131,185 174,490 98,325 45,040 53,280
$40,000 to $49,999 286,615 133,715 152,900 79,435 39,605 39,830
$50,000 to $59,999 247,830 124,720 123,115 57,255 32,255 25,000
$60,000 to $69,999 205,840 114,405 91,430 41,715 25,830 15,885
$70,000 to $79,999 165,640 99,645 65,995 33,195 19,945 13,250
$80,000 to $89,999 132,720 82,700 50,020 25,500 14,900 10,605
$90,000 to $99,999 114,010 70,655 43,350 15,530 10,095 5,435
$100,000 and over 455,410 334,865 120,550 39,965 29,300 10,665
$100,000 to $149,999 274,185 191,710 82,475 28,130 20,205 7,925
$150,000 and over 181,225 143,150 38,075 11,835 9,095 2,745
Total - After-tax income groups in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 32 3,206,050 1,602,690 1,603,365 774,750 372,455 402,295
Without after-tax income 151,915 74,270 77,645 30,205 14,370 15,840
With after-tax income 3,054,135 1,528,420 1,525,715 744,540 358,085 386,455
Percentage with after-tax income 95.3 95.4 95.2 96.1 96.1 96.1
Under $10,000 (including loss) 399,005 149,280 249,725 108,630 44,435 64,195
$10,000 to $19,999 402,780 154,330 248,450 142,975 54,160 88,815
$20,000 to $29,999 420,955 166,650 254,300 138,435 58,900 79,535
$30,000 to $39,999 377,590 169,665 207,925 119,130 56,990 62,145
$40,000 to $49,999 347,960 172,595 175,365 84,245 46,675 37,565
$50,000 to $59,999 276,970 153,985 122,985 56,235 34,590 21,645
$60,000 to $69,999 208,265 127,045 81,220 39,320 23,195 16,125
$70,000 to $79,999 160,580 100,970 59,610 21,210 13,950 7,260
$80,000 and over 460,030 333,895 126,140 34,360 25,185 9,170
$80,000 to $89,999 121,015 78,400 42,620 11,615 8,185 3,430
$90,000 to $99,999 82,020 57,375 24,645 6,825 4,950 1,875
$100,000 and over 257,000 198,120 58,875 15,915 12,050 3,860
Total - Employment income groups in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 33 3,206,050 1,602,690 1,603,360 774,745 372,455 402,295
Without employment income 732,385 301,060 431,330 251,730 108,080 143,650
With employment income 2,473,665 1,301,630 1,172,035 523,020 264,370 258,640
Percentage with employment income 77.2 81.2 73.1 67.5 71.0 64.3
Under $5,000 (including loss) 273,835 122,830 151,005 72,940 34,125 38,820
$5,000 to $9,999 164,095 68,100 95,990 45,820 19,475 26,350
$10,000 to $19,999 274,105 113,680 160,430 76,685 33,555 43,130
$20,000 to $29,999 235,620 96,855 138,760 66,155 29,385 36,770
$30,000 to $39,999 227,450 100,650 126,805 60,485 27,455 33,035
$40,000 to $49,999 219,155 103,680 115,475 49,395 24,470 24,925
$50,000 to $59,999 195,145 99,285 95,860 37,685 21,735 15,955
$60,000 to $69,999 163,465 92,950 70,515 28,695 17,955 10,740
$70,000 to $79,999 135,150 83,240 51,910 24,970 14,750 10,220
$80,000 and over 585,640 420,365 165,280 60,175 41,470 18,705
$80,000 to $89,999 111,045 71,210 39,835 20,175 11,645 8,535
$90,000 to $99,999 99,785 62,305 37,480 11,685 7,975 3,715
$100,000 and over 374,815 286,855 87,960 28,310 21,850 6,460
Income of households in 2015
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for private households by household size - 100% dataCensus data footnote 34 1,527,680 ... ... 401,990 ... ...
Median total income of households in 2015 ($) 93,835 ... ... 60,764 ... ...
Median after-tax income of households in 2015 ($) 80,300 ... ... 53,129 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for one-person private households - 100% data 366,080 ... ... 118,670 ... ...
Median total income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 47,948 ... ... 30,377 ... ...
Median after-tax income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 41,502 ... ... 27,511 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for two-or-more-person private households - 100% data 1,161,600 ... ... 283,320 ... ...
Median total income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 111,435 ... ... 77,136 ... ...
Median after-tax income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 94,830 ... ... 66,538 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for private households by household size - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 35 1,527,675 ... ... 401,990 ... ...
Average total income of households in 2015 ($) 125,522 ... ... 76,797 ... ...
Average after-tax income of households in 2015 ($) 101,361 ... ... 63,299 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for one-person private households - 25% sample data 365,000 ... ... 118,705 ... ...
Average total income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 64,341 ... ... 39,601 ... ...
Average after-tax income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 52,116 ... ... 32,962 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for two-or-more-person private households - 25% sample data 1,162,675 ... ... 283,285 ... ...
Average total income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 144,729 ... ... 92,383 ... ...
Average after-tax income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 116,821 ... ... 76,011 ... ...
Total - Household total income groups in 2015 for private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 36 1,527,680 ... ... 401,990 ... ...
Under $5,000 21,660 ... ... 6,830 ... ...
$5,000 to $9,999 13,555 ... ... 7,755 ... ...
$10,000 to $14,999 18,070 ... ... 12,330 ... ...
$15,000 to $19,999 33,045 ... ... 20,155 ... ...
$20,000 to $24,999 51,505 ... ... 20,210 ... ...
$25,000 to $29,999 38,615 ... ... 18,700 ... ...
$30,000 to $34,999 42,580 ... ... 21,645 ... ...
$35,000 to $39,999 46,630 ... ... 19,995 ... ...
$40,000 to $44,999 46,520 ... ... 19,285 ... ...
$45,000 to $49,999 46,825 ... ... 18,235 ... ...
$50,000 to $59,999 95,425 ... ... 33,450 ... ...
$60,000 to $69,999 95,340 ... ... 30,470 ... ...
$70,000 to $79,999 92,345 ... ... 27,755 ... ...
$80,000 to $89,999 88,775 ... ... 24,340 ... ...
$90,000 to $99,999 84,570 ... ... 20,240 ... ...
$100,000 and over 712,215 ... ... 100,600 ... ...
$100,000 to $124,999 184,595 ... ... 38,090 ... ...
$125,000 to $149,999 142,910 ... ... 24,330 ... ...
$150,000 to $199,999 181,960 ... ... 23,445 ... ...
$200,000 and over 202,745 ... ... 14,730 ... ...
Total - Household after-tax income groups in 2015 for private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 32 1,527,680 ... ... 401,990 ... ...
Under $5,000 23,395 ... ... 7,145 ... ...
$5,000 to $9,999 13,860 ... ... 7,885 ... ...
$10,000 to $14,999 18,600 ... ... 12,545 ... ...
$15,000 to $19,999 34,540 ... ... 21,370 ... ...
$20,000 to $24,999 55,010 ... ... 23,030 ... ...
$25,000 to $29,999 44,170 ... ... 22,365 ... ...
$30,000 to $34,999 50,280 ... ... 25,495 ... ...
$35,000 to $39,999 55,645 ... ... 23,945 ... ...
$40,000 to $44,999 57,695 ... ... 22,630 ... ...
$45,000 to $49,999 59,195 ... ... 21,635 ... ...
$50,000 to $59,999 119,200 ... ... 40,585 ... ...
$60,000 to $69,999 116,250 ... ... 35,920 ... ...
$70,000 to $79,999 112,675 ... ... 29,795 ... ...
$80,000 to $89,999 106,235 ... ... 24,160 ... ...
$90,000 to $99,999 95,600 ... ... 19,275 ... ...
$100,000 and over 565,335 ... ... 64,210 ... ...
$100,000 to $124,999 192,795 ... ... 31,985 ... ...
$125,000 to $149,999 132,240 ... ... 15,940 ... ...
$150,000 and over 240,305 ... ... 16,280 ... ...
Income of economic families in 2015
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for economic families in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 37 1,099,900 ... ... 269,560 ... ...
Median total income of economic families in 2015 ($) 109,997 ... ... 77,529 ... ...
Median after-tax income of economic families in 2015 ($) 93,588 ... ... 66,728 ... ...
Average family size of economic families 3.1 ... ... 2.8 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families without children or other relatives in private households - 100% data 407,300 ... ... 121,200 ... ...
Median total income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 101,283 ... ... 71,495 ... ...
Median after-tax income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 86,043 ... ... 61,883 ... ...
Average family size of couple economic families without children or other relatives 2.0 ... ... 2.0 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families with children in private households - 100% data 511,375 ... ... 97,460 ... ...
Median total income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 133,186 ... ... 104,981 ... ...
Median after-tax income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 111,951 ... ... 88,099 ... ...
Average family size of couple economic families with children 4.1 ... ... 3.8 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for lone-parent economic families in private households - 100% data 146,045 ... ... 43,560 ... ...
Median total income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 62,909 ... ... 45,597 ... ...
Median after-tax income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 57,079 ... ... 42,309 ... ...
Average family size of lone-parent economic families 2.7 ... ... 2.6 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for economic families in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 38 1,101,485 ... ... 269,510 ... ...
Average total income of economic families in 2015 ($) 144,493 ... ... 93,027 ... ...
Average after-tax income of economic families in 2015 ($) 116,343 ... ... 76,371 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families without children or other relatives in private households - 25% sample data 408,625 ... ... 121,285 ... ...
Average total income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 137,805 ... ... 85,511 ... ...
Average after-tax income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 110,236 ... ... 70,143 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families with children in private households - 25% sample data 512,615 ... ... 97,490 ... ...
Average total income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 169,354 ... ... 119,890 ... ...
Average after-tax income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 135,623 ... ... 97,021 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for lone-parent economic families in private households - 25% sample data 145,115 ... ... 43,470 ... ...
Average total income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 80,406 ... ... 54,587 ... ...
Average after-tax income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 68,470 ... ... 47,700 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 21 577,475 308,835 268,640 157,715 73,825 83,890
Median total income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 39 42,598 47,903 37,344 28,180 30,235 26,673
Median after-tax income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 39 37,648 41,340 33,785 25,848 27,176 24,859
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 40 573,385 306,195 267,190 157,410 73,440 83,970
Average total income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 41 56,856 63,468 49,280 36,847 38,945 35,012
Average after-tax income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 41 46,559 50,990 41,481 30,893 31,946 29,973
Total - Economic family income decile group for the population in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 42 3,978,150 1,998,500 1,979,650 908,340 440,700 467,640
In the bottom half of the distribution 1,527,695 739,210 788,485 519,830 244,725 275,105
In the bottom decile 293,490 143,880 149,605 105,810 49,730 56,080
In the second decile 278,635 128,055 150,575 112,825 49,900 62,920
In the third decile 297,695 142,090 155,605 102,515 48,345 54,175
In the fourth decile 315,570 154,815 160,760 100,645 48,515 52,130
In the fifth decile 342,305 170,375 171,935 98,030 48,235 49,800
In the top half of the distribution 2,450,450 1,259,285 1,191,160 388,510 195,975 192,540
In the sixth decile 366,250 183,860 182,390 94,350 47,240 47,110
In the seventh decile 397,275 201,465 195,810 89,765 45,260 44,505
In the eighth decile 443,585 227,385 216,200 83,140 41,815 41,330
In the ninth decile 522,545 268,995 253,555 69,850 35,450 34,400
In the top decile 720,795 377,585 343,215 51,410 26,210 25,195
Low income in 2015
Total - Low-income status in 2015 for the population in private households to whom low-income concepts are applicable - 100% dataCensus data footnote 43 3,925,220 1,971,735 1,953,485 898,345 435,895 462,450
0 to 17 years 893,255 458,330 434,925 159,820 81,670 78,150
0 to 5 years 310,080 158,825 151,260 49,595 25,280 24,310
18 to 64 years 2,580,730 1,298,440 1,282,295 565,395 274,120 291,275
65 years and over 451,235 214,965 236,265 173,125 80,100 93,025
In low income based on the Low-income measure, after tax (LIM-AT) 363,890 171,945 191,940 154,955 70,415 84,540
0 to 17 years 114,215 58,665 55,555 35,525 18,145 17,380
0 to 5 years 41,755 21,350 20,400 12,740 6,470 6,275
18 to 64 years 210,870 98,415 112,455 88,355 40,375 47,985
65 years and over 38,800 14,875 23,925 31,075 11,890 19,185
Prevalence of low income based on the Low-income measure, after tax (LIM-AT) (%) 9.3 8.7 9.8 17.2 16.2 18.3
0 to 17 years (%) 12.8 12.8 12.8 22.2 22.2 22.2
0 to 5 years (%) 13.5 13.4 13.5 25.7 25.6 25.8
18 to 64 years (%) 8.2 7.6 8.8 15.6 14.7 16.5
65 years and over (%) 8.6 6.9 10.1 17.9 14.8 20.6
In low income based on the Low-income cut-offs, after tax (LICO-AT) 273,515 134,180 139,335 70,745 34,290 36,460
0 to 17 years 76,930 39,385 37,550 15,285 7,805 7,485
0 to 5 years 28,190 14,420 13,770 5,645 2,870 2,775
18 to 64 years 181,805 88,715 93,095 52,220 25,185 27,030
65 years and over 14,780 6,085 8,695 3,240 1,295 1,945
Prevalence of low income based on the Low-income cut-offs, after tax (LICO-AT) (%) 7.0 6.8 7.1 7.9 7.9 7.9
0 to 17 years (%) 8.6 8.6 8.6 9.6 9.6 9.6
0 to 5 years (%) 9.1 9.1 9.1 11.4 11.4 11.4
18 to 64 years (%) 7.0 6.8 7.3 9.2 9.2 9.3
65 years and over (%) 3.3 2.8 3.7 1.9 1.6 2.1
Knowledge of languagesThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Knowledge of languages for the population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 44 3,978,145 1,998,500 1,979,645 908,340 440,730 467,605
Official languages 3,920,530 1,974,435 1,946,095 905,700 439,525 466,180
English 3,916,805 1,972,800 1,944,005 905,020 439,215 465,805
French 264,600 123,940 140,660 95,740 42,150 53,585
Non-official languages 1,082,425 527,770 554,655 64,100 31,380 32,725
Aboriginal languages 36,465 17,415 19,045 5,645 2,685 2,960
Algonquian languages 29,675 14,120 15,555 5,575 2,635 2,935
Blackfoot 5,575 2,665 2,905 0 0 0
Cree-Montagnais languages 23,465 11,155 12,310 20 15 10
Atikamekw 0 0 0 0 0 0
Montagnais (Innu) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Moose Cree 25 0 15 0 0 0
Naskapi 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern East Cree 90 20 70 0 0 0
Plains Cree 1,580 620 965 0 0 0
Southern East Cree 10 10 0 0 0 0
Swampy Cree 45 25 25 10 0 0
Woods Cree 1,135 525 610 0 0 0
Cree, n.o.s. 20,665 9,990 10,675 10 10 0
Eastern Algonquian languages 35 15 15 5,550 2,625 2,920
Malecite 0 0 0 10 0 10
Mi'kmaq 35 15 15 5,540 2,625 2,920
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 955 425 530 10 0 10
Algonquin 10 10 0 0 0 0
Ojibway 925 415 505 10 0 10
Oji-Cree 20 10 15 0 0 0
Ottawa (Odawa) 0 0 10 0 0 0
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 10 10 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages 2,640 1,255 1,385 15 15 10
Northern Athabaskan languages 2,630 1,250 1,380 10 10 0
Babine (Wetsuwet'en) 0 10 0 0 0 0
Beaver 85 50 35 0 0 0
Carrier 45 10 35 0 0 0
Chilcotin 20 15 10 0 0 0
Dene 2,010 975 1,035 0 10 0
Dogrib (Tlicho) 75 30 45 0 0 0
Gwich'in 10 0 10 0 0 0
Sarsi (Sarcee) 150 65 85 0 0 0
Sekani 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey-Hare languages 285 140 145 0 0 10
North Slavey (Hare) 25 15 10 0 0 0
South Slavey 190 90 100 0 0 10
Slavey, n.o.s. 75 35 45 0 0 0
Tahltan languages 0 0 0 0 10 0
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan 0 0 0 10 10 0
Tutchone languages 0 0 10 0 0 0
Northern Tutchone 10 0 10 0 0 0
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 10 0 10 0 0 0
Haida 10 0 10 0 0 0
Inuit languages 135 50 80 35 25 15
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 35 10 25 0 0 0
Inuktitut 60 20 35 30 15 10
Inuit languages, n.i.e. 40 25 20 0 10 0
Iroquoian languages 40 25 10 10 10 0
Cayuga 0 10 0 0 0 0
Mohawk 35 25 0 10 10 0
Oneida 0 0 0 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 0 10 10 0 0 0
Kutenai 0 0 0 0 0 0
Michif 145 75 70 10 0 10
Salish languages 50 25 25 10 0 0
Comox 0 0 0 0 0 0
Halkomelem 10 0 0 0 0 0
Lillooet 0 0 0 0 0 0
Okanagan 15 10 10 0 0 0
Shuswap (Secwepemctsin) 10 0 10 0 0 0
Squamish 0 0 0 0 0 0
Straits 10 0 0 0 0 0
Thompson (Ntlakapamux) 10 0 10 0 0 0
Salish languages, n.i.e. 10 0 0 10 10 0
Siouan languages 4,050 2,005 2,045 0 0 0
Dakota 530 285 245 0 0 0
Stoney 3,650 1,790 1,855 0 0 0
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 10 0 10 0 0 0
Tlingit 10 0 0 0 0 0
Tsimshian languages 35 15 15 0 0 0
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 20 10 10 0 0 0
Nisga'a 15 0 0 0 0 0
Tsimshian 0 0 0 0 0 0
Wakashan languages 10 10 0 0 0 0
Haisla 0 0 0 0 0 0
Heiltsuk 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kwakiutl (Kwak'wala) 10 10 0 0 0 0
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Aboriginal languages, n.o.s. 30 15 15 0 0 0
Non-Aboriginal languages 1,046,245 510,495 535,750 58,490 28,715 29,770
Afro-Asiatic languages 96,210 50,675 45,535 10,730 5,745 4,985
Berber languages 540 335 205 25 15 15
Kabyle 225 125 90 25 15 15
Berber languages, n.i.e. 315 210 110 0 0 0
Cushitic languages 15,445 8,055 7,385 155 65 95
Bilen 370 235 135 20 15 10
Oromo 3,125 1,625 1,500 40 15 20
Somali 12,030 6,240 5,795 75 25 55
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 55 20 40 20 10 10
Semitic languages 82,200 43,405 38,800 10,635 5,715 4,925
Amharic 10,870 5,595 5,275 260 135 120
Arabic 62,730 33,365 29,370 9,685 5,185 4,500
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 430 225 210 10 10 0
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 150 70 75 0 0 0
Harari 340 150 185 0 0 0
Hebrew 3,250 1,650 1,600 630 370 260
Maltese 145 85 55 25 0 25
Tigrigna 7,315 3,915 3,400 140 65 70
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 450 250 205 40 20 20
Afro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 375 225 145 15 10 0
Austro-Asiatic languages 32,730 15,440 17,290 575 260 310
Khmer (Cambodian) 2,700 1,375 1,330 15 0 10
Vietnamese 30,150 14,130 16,015 555 255 300
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 15 0 10 0 0 0
Austronesian languages 145,745 63,615 82,130 3,035 1,275 1,760
Bikol 330 150 180 10 0 10
Cebuano 6,690 2,940 3,750 185 80 100
Fijian 340 195 145 10 0 0
Hiligaynon 1,760 745 1,020 45 20 30
Ilocano 7,370 3,160 4,215 70 20 55
Malagasy 80 40 40 10 0 0
Malay 3,040 1,435 1,610 80 25 60
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 1,185 565 625 10 10 0
Pangasinan 445 190 250 0 0 0
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 138,440 60,115 78,325 2,835 1,195 1,635
Waray-Waray 420 170 245 0 0 0
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 1,160 505 650 35 15 20
Creole languages 4,585 2,390 2,195 360 185 175
Haitian Creole 255 140 115 35 20 15
Creole, n.o.s. 2,675 1,425 1,250 120 60 65
Creole languages, n.i.e. 1,680 840 850 210 115 100
Dravidian languages 18,190 9,660 8,525 1,365 785 580
Kannada 1,035 520 515 75 45 35
Malayalam 8,150 4,255 3,900 560 310 250
Tamil 7,195 3,900 3,295 450 260 190
Telugu 2,910 1,560 1,345 350 215 135
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 150 80 70 0 0 0
Hmong-Mien languages 115 55 55 0 0 0
Indo-European languages 550,490 274,510 275,980 30,820 15,070 15,755
Albanian 2,880 1,550 1,325 405 185 215
Armenian 530 255 275 80 45 30
Balto-Slavic languages 93,150 44,750 48,395 4,095 1,935 2,160
Baltic languages 1,360 660 705 110 35 80
Latvian 590 300 290 50 15 35
Lithuanian 775 360 415 55 15 40
Slavic languages 92,300 44,340 47,960 4,010 1,910 2,105
Belarusan 200 95 105 10 0 10
Bosnian 2,880 1,450 1,435 145 60 80
Bulgarian 1,795 945 850 75 35 35
Croatian 6,280 3,260 3,025 275 105 165
Czech 3,590 1,650 1,940 210 95 110
Macedonian 535 270 265 90 55 30
Polish 23,650 11,455 12,195 900 410 490
Russian 27,375 13,195 14,175 1,945 970 970
Serbian 5,355 2,630 2,730 180 85 95
Serbo-Croatian 1,095 550 540 115 70 50
Slovak 2,780 1,495 1,285 145 70 75
Slovene (Slovenian) 735 360 375 35 10 20
Ukrainian 26,600 11,980 14,620 425 180 245
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 250 120 130 0 0 0
Celtic languages 1,180 615 560 1,070 495 580
Scottish Gaelic 440 215 225 910 400 505
Welsh 315 180 130 35 25 10
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 450 220 225 155 80 75
Germanic languages 112,670 56,325 56,345 9,225 4,490 4,740
Afrikaans 5,165 2,655 2,515 320 140 175
Danish 2,800 1,360 1,440 235 125 110
Dutch 19,480 9,595 9,890 2,105 935 1,165
Frisian 475 275 205 60 30 30
German 83,010 41,905 41,105 6,335 3,180 3,155
Icelandic 160 70 95 100 40 60
Norwegian 1,450 635 810 150 105 40
Swedish 1,635 800 835 245 115 130
Vlaams (Flemish) 380 170 215 20 10 15
Yiddish 250 130 115 30 15 15
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 2,115 1,095 1,015 125 45 85
Greek 4,935 2,535 2,400 1,315 670 645
Indo-Iranian languages 206,725 106,045 100,675 6,535 3,635 2,900
Indo-Aryan languages 186,005 95,045 90,960 4,935 2,790 2,140
Bengali 8,530 4,385 4,140 625 350 275
Gujarati 18,005 8,945 9,055 240 150 90
Hindi 61,290 31,900 29,385 2,270 1,300 975
Kashmiri 125 80 45 15 0 10
Konkani 625 300 320 15 15 0
Marathi 2,575 1,385 1,195 135 85 45
Nepali 5,510 3,000 2,510 620 315 305
Oriya (Odia) 255 135 120 20 10 15
Punjabi (Panjabi) 90,485 46,350 44,135 1,010 570 445
Sindhi 4,595 2,065 2,530 10 0 0
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 3,800 1,925 1,875 245 125 120
Urdu 41,235 21,245 20,000 1,090 660 425
Iranian languages 22,140 11,665 10,475 1,625 865 755
Kurdish 1,930 1,100 825 185 110 75
Pashto 3,330 1,795 1,530 85 55 30
Persian (Farsi) 17,600 9,220 8,375 1,385 725 660
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 1,760 960 805 75 40 35
Italic (Romance) languages 142,340 69,885 72,450 9,365 4,270 5,100
Catalan 170 95 80 15 10 10
Italian 19,900 9,875 10,020 1,665 845 820
Portuguese 12,670 6,255 6,415 910 480 430
Romanian 9,915 5,185 4,735 240 140 105
Spanish 104,445 50,960 53,490 6,990 3,020 3,970
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 250 130 125 70 55 20
Japanese 9,215 4,115 5,100 865 335 530
Kartvelian languages 225 130 100 0 0 0
Georgian 230 130 100 0 10 0
Korean 19,950 9,405 10,545 1,530 685 850
Mongolic languages 800 375 430 10 0 10
Mongolian 800 370 430 0 0 0
Niger-Congo languages 29,430 14,980 14,450 1,340 715 620
Akan (Twi) 2,925 1,505 1,420 65 40 30
Bamanankan 60 30 30 10 10 10
Edo 620 325 290 10 10 0
Ewe 335 170 165 80 50 30
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 300 165 135 10 10 0
Ga 345 190 155 30 15 20
Ganda 610 305 305 60 15 40
Igbo 2,550 1,345 1,210 70 45 30
Lingala 1,240 640 605 30 15 15
Rundi (Kirundi) 830 420 410 0 0 0
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 1,155 605 550 130 65 65
Shona 1,810 850 960 65 40 35
Swahili 6,700 3,470 3,235 370 200 175
Wolof 600 365 235 35 15 20
Yoruba 5,930 3,035 2,890 250 125 125
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 6,585 3,265 3,320 300 175 130
Nilo-Saharan languages 3,070 1,495 1,575 50 30 20
Dinka 1,655 825 825 0 0 10
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 1,425 675 750 45 30 10
Sign languages 5,910 2,350 3,555 1,605 555 1,045
American Sign Language 3,085 1,130 1,955 795 235 555
Quebec Sign Language 0 0 10 0 0 0
Sign languages, n.i.e. 2,855 1,230 1,625 815 325 495
Sino-Tibetan languages 141,860 67,945 73,915 7,135 3,615 3,515
Chinese languages 139,385 66,700 72,685 7,115 3,610 3,500
Cantonese 74,770 35,490 39,280 1,555 730 820
Hakka 1,180 515 660 45 25 25
Mandarin 70,510 33,310 37,195 5,435 2,720 2,710
Min Dong 85 50 40 0 0 0
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 4,140 1,765 2,380 195 75 120
Wu (Shanghainese) 855 380 470 60 35 30
Chinese, n.o.s. 6,335 3,160 3,175 575 340 245
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 55 25 35 0 0 0
Tibeto-Burman languages 2,590 1,290 1,300 20 10 15
Burmese 605 305 295 0 0 0
Karenic languages 805 415 390 0 0 0
Tibetan 860 430 430 20 10 15
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 445 215 235 0 0 0
Tai-Kadai languages 3,705 1,510 2,195 240 110 130
Lao 1,520 730 795 20 0 10
Thai 2,400 850 1,545 220 100 120
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e. 45 25 25 0 0 0
Turkic languages 5,795 3,180 2,625 620 320 300
Azerbaijani 630 325 300 20 20 0
Turkish 4,255 2,420 1,835 480 225 255
Uyghur 290 135 155 15 0 10
Uzbek 425 200 225 105 60 40
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 355 170 180 10 10 0
Uralic languages 8,895 4,315 4,575 430 200 230
Estonian 185 85 105 50 25 20
Finnish 1,045 455 590 120 55 70
Hungarian 7,660 3,770 3,890 255 115 140
Uralic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 0 10
Other languages, n.i.e. 1,820 1,025 790 75 40 35
Citizenship
Total - Citizenship for the population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 45 3,978,145 1,998,495 1,979,645 908,340 440,735 467,605
Canadian citizensCensus data footnote 46 3,622,740 1,825,135 1,797,600 878,415 425,340 453,070
Canadian citizens aged under 18 854,815 439,065 415,755 159,440 81,575 77,870
Canadian citizens aged 18 and over 2,767,920 1,386,070 1,381,850 718,970 343,770 375,200
Not Canadian citizensCensus data footnote 47 355,410 173,365 182,045 29,930 15,395 14,535
Immigrant status and period of immigration
Total - Immigrant status and period of immigration for the population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 48 3,978,145 1,998,495 1,979,650 908,340 440,730 467,605
Non-immigrantsCensus data footnote 49 3,062,775 1,550,445 1,512,335 842,760 407,740 435,015
ImmigrantsCensus data footnote 50 845,220 412,320 432,895 55,675 27,270 28,405
Before 1981 163,460 81,620 81,840 19,200 9,335 9,865
1981 to 1990 86,350 41,690 44,660 4,800 2,330 2,470
1991 to 2000 131,560 62,930 68,630 6,705 3,140 3,560
2001 to 2010 256,055 125,235 130,820 13,185 6,540 6,645
2001 to 2005 109,145 53,425 55,720 5,105 2,500 2,600
2006 to 2010 146,910 71,810 75,100 8,080 4,035 4,045
2011 to 2016Census data footnote 51 207,790 100,845 106,945 11,790 5,925 5,865
Non-permanent residentsCensus data footnote 52 70,155 35,735 34,420 9,900 5,720 4,185
Age at immigration
Total - Age at immigration for the immigrant population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 53 845,220 412,320 432,895 55,675 27,270 28,410
Under 5 years 82,175 42,200 39,975 7,280 3,495 3,785
5 to 14 years 149,815 77,820 71,995 10,445 5,240 5,205
15 to 24 years 168,965 78,215 90,755 10,170 4,670 5,500
25 to 44 years 372,805 180,265 192,535 22,980 11,315 11,660
45 years and over 71,450 33,820 37,630 4,800 2,550 2,250
Immigrants by selected place of birthThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census immigration data
Total - Selected places of birth for the immigrant population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 54 845,215 412,325 432,895 55,680 27,270 28,410
Americas 103,540 49,345 54,190 10,610 4,830 5,780
Brazil 2,545 1,100 1,440 175 75 100
Colombia 9,535 4,570 4,960 175 90 85
El Salvador 7,255 3,725 3,530 95 50 45
Guyana 2,555 1,200 1,355 170 85 90
Haiti 1,270 675 600 55 30 30
Jamaica 6,845 3,170 3,680 480 210 275
Mexico 15,665 7,860 7,805 325 155 175
Peru 1,920 780 1,140 105 35 75
Trinidad and Tobago 3,415 1,670 1,750 220 120 100
United StatesCensus data footnote 55 30,460 13,675 16,785 7,375 3,320 4,055
Other places of birth in Americas 22,075 10,925 11,150 1,430 675 750
Europe 189,770 95,355 94,415 22,110 11,195 10,920
Bosnia and Herzegovina 4,555 2,325 2,230 210 115 100
Croatia 3,080 1,615 1,465 180 75 105
France 2,535 1,215 1,320 610 330 280
Germany 19,205 9,485 9,715 2,600 1,270 1,330
Greece 2,005 1,115 890 505 270 235
Hungary 3,665 1,880 1,785 110 40 65
IrelandCensus data footnote 56 3,935 2,100 1,835 475 225 255
Italy 8,110 4,370 3,745 525 310 215
Netherlands 14,035 7,420 6,610 1,645 790 855
Poland 16,925 8,045 8,880 630 265 365
Portugal 4,050 1,985 2,070 220 140 80
Romania 7,725 3,930 3,795 180 100 80
Russian Federation 7,260 3,135 4,125 585 270 315
SerbiaCensus data footnote 57 2,255 1,080 1,170 90 45 45
Ukraine 8,150 3,700 4,455 335 145 195
United KingdomCensus data footnote 58 59,215 30,280 28,935 11,275 5,815 5,460
Other places of birth in Europe 23,060 11,670 11,390 1,930 985 945
Africa 89,740 46,705 43,030 3,525 1,855 1,675
Algeria 1,340 715 625 25 15 15
Egypt 5,320 2,940 2,375 770 395 370
Ethiopia 10,570 5,355 5,215 185 105 85
Kenya 5,120 2,555 2,565 125 75 50
Morocco 1,695 1,005 695 80 50 30
Nigeria 12,405 6,520 5,880 350 185 165
Somalia 7,060 3,665 3,395 65 30 35
South Africa, Republic of 7,355 3,670 3,685 460 205 250
Other places of birth in Africa 38,865 20,275 18,590 1,465 790 675
Asia 452,225 215,955 236,265 18,955 9,100 9,855
Afghanistan 5,190 2,765 2,430 100 40 60
Bangladesh 5,085 2,590 2,500 315 180 135
ChinaCensus data footnote 59 57,690 26,510 31,185 2,830 1,140 1,685
Hong KongCensus data footnote 60 19,110 9,265 9,850 280 130 155
India 91,660 46,625 45,035 2,225 1,190 1,040
IranCensus data footnote 61 8,910 4,655 4,250 970 525 440
Iraq 5,935 3,205 2,730 525 250 285
Japan 3,065 905 2,160 225 60 170
Korea, SouthCensus data footnote 62 13,850 6,530 7,320 870 340 530
Lebanon 10,395 5,640 4,750 1,370 755 610
Pakistan 28,075 14,630 13,445 615 315 295
Philippines 123,830 54,075 69,755 2,570 1,035 1,540
Sri Lanka 4,835 2,475 2,365 310 140 175
SyriaCensus data footnote 63 4,800 2,515 2,280 1,150 565 580
Taiwan 3,455 1,460 2,000 225 100 120
Viet Nam 27,080 12,645 14,435 450 205 245
Other places of birth in Asia 39,250 19,485 19,765 3,930 2,130 1,795
Oceania and other places of birthCensus data footnote 64 9,940 4,950 4,990 480 295 180
Recent immigrants by selected places of birth
Total - Selected places of birth for the recent immigrant population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 54 207,790 100,845 106,945 11,785 5,920 5,870
Americas 20,060 9,660 10,400 1,390 675 715
Brazil 860 370 490 95 40 55
Colombia 2,295 1,020 1,275 15 0 15
Cuba 465 215 255 70 40 30
Haiti 385 240 150 20 15 0
Jamaica 1,660 765 895 195 100 95
Mexico 4,405 2,250 2,150 105 55 45
United StatesCensus data footnote 55 4,645 2,130 2,515 615 310 305
VenezuelaCensus data footnote 65 1,570 745 820 15 10 10
Other places of birth in Americas 3,785 1,930 1,855 275 115 165
Europe 20,870 10,830 10,045 2,210 1,165 1,045
France 425 240 180 110 55 55
Germany 1,370 710 655 215 110 100
IrelandCensus data footnote 56 1,355 835 520 75 50 25
MoldovaCensus data footnote 66 715 365 350 25 10 15
Romania 1,100 545 555 40 25 15
Russian Federation 1,235 430 805 180