Census Profile, 2016 Census
Alberta [Province] and New Brunswick [Province]

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The table shows total, male and female data grouped by geography (appearing as column headers) for selected characteristics (appearing as row headers).
Characteristic Alberta

[Province]
New Brunswick

[Province]
Data quality , Alberta [Province]  Map : Alberta [Province]
Change geography 1
Data quality : New Brunswick [Province]  Map : geography 2
Change geography 2
Total Male Female Total Male Female
Counts (unless otherwise specified)
Population and dwellings
Population, 2016Census data footnote 1 4,067,175 ... ... 747,101 ... ...
Population, 2011Census data footnote 1 3,645,257 ... ... 751,171 ... ...
Population percentage change, 2011 to 2016 11.6 ... ... -0.5 ... ...
Total private dwellingsCensus data footnote 2 1,654,129 ... ... 359,721 ... ...
Private dwellings occupied by usual residentsCensus data footnote 3 1,527,678 ... ... 319,773 ... ...
Population density per square kilometre 6.4 ... ... 10.5 ... ...
Land area in square kilometres 640,330.46 ... ... 71,388.81 ... ...
Age characteristics
Total - Age groups and average age of the population - 100% dataCensus data footnote 4 4,067,175 2,039,410 2,027,765 747,105 365,355 381,745
0 to 14 years 779,155 399,570 379,580 110,495 56,320 54,180
0 to 4 years 266,515 136,520 129,995 34,365 17,505 16,860
5 to 9 years 270,715 138,990 131,725 38,250 19,515 18,735
10 to 14 years 241,920 124,060 117,860 37,880 19,295 18,585
15 to 64 years 2,787,805 1,408,150 1,379,655 487,820 240,535 247,285
15 to 19 years 240,035 123,625 116,410 40,605 20,905 19,705
20 to 24 years 261,830 133,990 127,840 41,445 21,280 20,165
25 to 29 years 310,940 156,715 154,225 39,245 19,745 19,505
30 to 34 years 333,175 167,555 165,620 41,510 20,140 21,365
35 to 39 years 305,505 153,655 151,850 44,435 21,585 22,850
40 to 44 years 281,205 142,545 138,660 48,430 23,520 24,910
45 to 49 years 269,030 135,855 133,180 51,300 25,195 26,105
50 to 54 years 284,310 142,205 142,100 61,055 29,795 31,265
55 to 59 years 275,540 138,565 136,970 61,740 30,210 31,530
60 to 64 years 226,230 113,440 112,790 58,060 28,170 29,895
65 years and over 500,215 231,690 268,530 148,785 68,500 80,280
65 to 69 years 173,680 85,500 88,180 52,160 25,595 26,570
70 to 74 years 117,035 56,430 60,610 36,050 17,695 18,360
75 to 79 years 83,955 39,105 44,845 25,300 11,835 13,465
80 to 84 years 62,165 27,590 34,575 17,650 7,515 10,135
85 years and over 63,385 23,065 40,320 17,620 5,860 11,765
85 to 89 years 39,965 16,050 23,915 10,670 3,910 6,760
90 to 94 years 18,025 5,755 12,275 5,305 1,595 3,715
95 to 99 years 4,735 1,145 3,595 1,435 330 1,110
100 years and over 650 115 535 205 30 185
Total - Distribution (%) of the population by broad age groups - 100% data 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0
0 to 14 years 19.2 19.6 18.7 14.8 15.4 14.2
15 to 64 years 68.5 69.0 68.0 65.3 65.8 64.8
65 years and over 12.3 11.4 13.2 19.9 18.7 21.0
85 years and over 1.6 1.1 2.0 2.4 1.6 3.1
Average age of the population 37.8 37.2 38.4 43.6 42.7 44.5
Median age of the population 36.7 36.2 37.2 45.7 44.8 46.6
Household and dwelling characteristics
Total - Occupied private dwellings by structural type of dwelling - 100% dataCensus data footnote 5 1,527,675 ... ... 319,770 ... ...
Single-detached house 946,225 ... ... 221,515 ... ...
Apartment in a building that has five or more storeys 62,395 ... ... 3,945 ... ...
Other attached dwellingCensus data footnote 6 471,090 ... ... 80,515 ... ...
Semi-detached house 86,765 ... ... 12,470 ... ...
Row house 116,625 ... ... 9,015 ... ...
Apartment or flat in a duplex 43,090 ... ... 13,545 ... ...
Apartment in a building that has fewer than five storeys 223,360 ... ... 44,260 ... ...
Other single-attached house 1,245 ... ... 1,230 ... ...
Movable dwellingCensus data footnote 7 47,970 ... ... 13,795 ... ...
Total - Private households by household size - 100% dataCensus data footnote 8 1,527,675 ... ... 319,775 ... ...
1 person 366,080 ... ... 89,480 ... ...
2 persons 524,415 ... ... 126,820 ... ...
3 persons 245,075 ... ... 49,465 ... ...
4 persons 233,770 ... ... 37,625 ... ...
5 or more persons 158,335 ... ... 16,385 ... ...
Number of persons in private households 3,978,145 ... ... 730,705 ... ...
Average household size 2.6 ... ... 2.3 ... ...
Marital status
Total - Marital status for the population aged 15 years and over - 100% dataCensus data footnote 9 3,288,020 1,639,835 1,648,185 636,605 309,040 327,570
Married or living common law 1,969,300 988,410 980,895 379,605 189,790 189,820
Married 1,648,945 828,155 820,790 302,020 151,100 150,925
Living common law 320,350 160,250 160,100 77,580 38,685 38,895
Not married and not living common law 1,318,720 651,430 667,290 257,000 119,250 137,745
Never married 905,700 505,310 400,390 158,070 85,640 72,430
Separated 76,150 34,000 42,150 21,290 9,530 11,760
Divorced 195,850 82,040 113,815 35,680 15,275 20,405
Widowed 141,020 30,080 110,940 41,965 8,805 33,160
Family characteristics
Total - Census families in private households by family size - 100% dataCensus data footnote 10 1,114,585 ... ... 222,865 ... ...
2 persons 540,850 ... ... 129,065 ... ...
3 persons 235,245 ... ... 47,015 ... ...
4 persons 227,165 ... ... 34,860 ... ...
5 or more persons 111,330 ... ... 11,920 ... ...
Average size of census families 3.0 ... ... 2.7 ... ...
Total number of census families in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 11 1,114,585 ... ... 222,865 ... ...
Total couple families 953,325 ... ... 186,680 ... ...
Married couples 793,195 ... ... 147,900 ... ...
Common-law couples 160,130 ... ... 38,780 ... ...
Total lone-parent families by sex of parent 161,260 ... ... 36,185 ... ...
Female parent 123,490 ... ... 28,650 ... ...
Male parent 37,770 ... ... 7,530 ... ...
Total - Couple census families in private households - 100% data 953,325 ... ... 186,675 ... ...
Couples without children 443,665 ... ... 105,625 ... ...
Couples with children 509,655 ... ... 81,060 ... ...
1 child 190,010 ... ... 37,440 ... ...
2 children 213,910 ... ... 32,380 ... ...
3 or more children 105,735 ... ... 11,235 ... ...
Total - Lone-parent census families in private households - 100% data 161,260 ... ... 36,185 ... ...
1 child 97,180 ... ... 23,440 ... ...
2 children 45,235 ... ... 9,570 ... ...
3 or more children 18,845 ... ... 3,170 ... ...
Total - Persons not in census families in private households - 100% data 678,535 356,875 321,655 128,775 61,010 67,770
Household type
Total - Private households by household type - 100% dataCensus data footnote 12 1,527,675 ... ... 319,770 ... ...
One-census-family households 1,039,985 ... ... 214,235 ... ...
Without children in a census familyCensus data footnote 13 414,570 ... ... 102,170 ... ...
With children in a census familyCensus data footnote 14 625,415 ... ... 112,070 ... ...
Multiple-census-family households 36,120 ... ... 4,280 ... ...
Non-census-family households 451,570 ... ... 101,255 ... ...
One-person households 366,080 ... ... 89,480 ... ...
Two-or-more person non-census-family households 85,490 ... ... 11,775 ... ...
Knowledge of official languagesThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Knowledge of official languages for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 15 4,026,650 2,020,510 2,006,140 736,280 360,440 375,840
English only 3,698,765 1,869,670 1,829,095 420,820 210,555 210,260
French only 3,895 1,725 2,165 63,140 29,955 33,190
English and French 264,720 124,400 140,315 249,950 118,705 131,245
Neither English nor French 59,280 24,715 34,565 2,370 1,220 1,150
First official language spokenThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - First official language spoken for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 16 4,026,650 2,020,510 2,006,140 736,280 360,440 375,845
English 3,880,685 1,950,980 1,929,705 498,365 244,230 254,135
French 71,535 37,205 34,330 232,450 113,500 118,945
English and French 16,605 8,350 8,255 3,210 1,550 1,655
Neither English nor French 57,830 23,970 33,860 2,255 1,150 1,100
Official language minority (number)Census data footnote 17 79,840 41,380 38,455 234,055 114,280 119,775
Official language minority (percentage)Census data footnote 17 2.0 2.0 1.9 31.8 31.7 31.9
Mother tongueThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Mother tongue for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 18 4,026,650 2,020,510 2,006,140 736,280 360,440 375,845
Single responses 3,934,580 1,975,615 1,958,970 726,990 356,005 370,990
Official languages 3,063,640 1,552,475 1,511,165 703,840 344,285 359,555
English 2,991,485 1,515,025 1,476,460 472,725 231,595 241,135
French 72,150 37,450 34,705 231,110 112,690 118,415
Non-official languages 870,940 423,140 447,805 23,150 11,715 11,435
Aboriginal languages 23,835 11,290 12,550 2,165 1,035 1,135
Algonquian languages 18,295 8,665 9,630 2,130 1,020 1,110
Blackfoot 2,750 1,305 1,445 0 0 0
Cree-Montagnais languages 14,960 7,105 7,850 10 5 5
Atikamekw 0 0 0 0 0 0
Montagnais (Innu) 0 5 0 0 0 0
Moose Cree 10 0 5 0 0 0
Naskapi 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern East Cree 50 15 35 0 0 0
Plains Cree 720 280 435 0 0 0
Southern East Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Swampy Cree 50 20 35 0 0 0
Woods Cree 910 430 480 0 0 0
Cree, n.o.s. 13,220 6,355 6,865 0 5 0
Eastern Algonquian languages 30 15 15 2,115 1,010 1,105
Malecite 0 5 0 280 125 155
Mi'kmaq 35 20 15 1,835 885 950
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 550 235 315 10 5 5
Algonquin 5 0 5 0 0 0
Ojibway 525 230 300 5 5 0
Oji-Cree 15 5 15 0 0 0
Ottawa (Odawa) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 5 5 5 0
Athabaskan languages 1,865 865 1,000 5 0 5
Northern Athabaskan languages 1,855 860 990 0 0 0
Babine (Wetsuwet'en) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Beaver 35 15 15 0 0 0
Carrier 15 0 15 0 0 0
Chilcotin 5 0 0 0 0 0
Dene 1,470 710 760 0 0 0
Dogrib (Tlicho) 40 10 30 0 0 0
Gwich'in 15 5 10 0 0 0
Sarsi (Sarcee) 70 20 45 0 0 0
Sekani 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey-Hare languages 200 90 115 0 0 0
North Slavey (Hare) 10 5 10 0 0 0
South Slavey 155 70 80 0 0 0
Slavey, n.o.s. 35 15 25 0 0 0
Tahltan languages 5 0 5 0 0 0
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tutchone languages 5 0 0 0 0 0
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 10 0 10 5 0 5
Haida 0 0 0 0 0 0
Inuit languages 120 35 85 20 5 15
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 25 5 10 0 0 0
Inuktitut 60 20 45 15 5 10
Inuit languages, n.i.e. 35 10 30 5 5 0
Iroquoian languages 10 10 5 0 0 0
Cayuga 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mohawk 5 5 5 0 0 0
Oneida 0 5 0 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 5 0 0 0
Kutenai 5 0 0 0 0 0
Michif 80 45 35 0 0 0
Salish languages 15 5 10 0 0 0
Comox 0 0 0 0 0 0
Halkomelem 0 0 0 0 0 0
Lillooet 0 0 0 0 0 0
Okanagan 0 5 5 0 0 0
Shuswap (Secwepemctsin) 5 0 0 0 0 0
Squamish 5 0 0 0 0 0
Straits 0 0 0 0 0 0
Thompson (Ntlakapamux) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Salish languages, n.i.e. 5 0 5 0 0 0
Siouan languages 3,370 1,630 1,745 0 0 0
Dakota 350 165 185 0 0 0
Stoney 3,020 1,460 1,555 0 0 0
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 5 0 0 0 0 0
Tlingit 5 0 0 0 0 0
Tsimshian languages 15 5 5 0 0 0
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Nisga'a 10 5 5 0 0 0
Tsimshian 0 0 0 0 0 0
Wakashan languages 5 5 5 0 0 0
Haisla 0 0 0 0 0 0
Heiltsuk 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kwakiutl (Kwak'wala) 0 0 5 0 0 0
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0 5 0 0 0 0
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Aboriginal languages, n.o.s. 55 30 25 10 0 5
Non-Aboriginal languages 847,105 411,850 435,255 20,990 10,685 10,300
Afro-Asiatic languages 68,415 36,215 32,200 3,190 1,805 1,385
Berber languages 340 190 145 40 25 15
Kabyle 165 90 75 20 10 5
Berber languages, n.i.e. 175 100 75 25 15 10
Cushitic languages 12,525 6,495 6,030 30 15 20
Bilen 315 185 130 0 0 0
Oromo 2,650 1,375 1,275 5 5 5
Somali 9,520 4,915 4,605 25 10 15
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 40 20 20 0 0 0
Semitic languages 55,425 29,450 25,980 3,110 1,760 1,355
Amharic 7,320 3,605 3,720 65 35 25
Arabic 40,540 21,840 18,705 2,855 1,615 1,235
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 400 210 190 5 0 0
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 145 80 65 0 0 0
Harari 260 135 120 0 0 0
Hebrew 960 505 460 170 90 80
Maltese 75 30 40 0 0 5
Tigrigna 5,415 2,880 2,535 20 15 10
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 305 155 145 0 0 0
Afro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 130 80 50 5 5 0
Austro-Asiatic languages 25,295 11,760 13,535 635 305 330
Khmer (Cambodian) 1,925 910 1,010 10 5 10
Vietnamese 23,350 10,840 12,505 620 305 320
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e 25 10 15 0 0 0
Austronesian languages 115,405 50,190 65,210 1,375 510 865
Bikol 425 205 225 5 0 5
Cebuano 5,135 2,155 2,980 105 35 65
Fijian 125 75 50 0 0 0
Hiligaynon 1,500 640 855 15 5 10
Ilocano 5,350 2,310 3,040 50 15 35
Malagasy 35 10 25 15 5 10
Malay 1,460 615 845 45 20 30
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 765 370 390 5 0 5
Pangasinan 290 115 175 0 0 0
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 99,035 43,120 55,920 1,120 420 700
Waray-Waray 305 145 160 5 0 5
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 980 430 550 15 5 10
Creole languages 1,895 990 910 135 70 65
Haitian Creole 95 45 50 15 10 5
Creole, n.o.s. 1,175 640 540 80 30 50
Creole languages, n.i.e. 625 305 325 40 30 10
Dravidian languages 13,490 7,075 6,415 285 155 130
Kannada 535 270 265 20 15 10
Malayalam 6,345 3,285 3,060 40 15 20
Tamil 4,430 2,360 2,070 105 60 50
Telugu 2,130 1,135 995 110 60 45
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 50 25 25 5 0 0
Hmong-Mien languages 105 55 45 5 5 0
Indo-European languages 442,685 220,330 222,355 9,325 4,790 4,530
Albanian 2,345 1,270 1,075 50 25 25
Armenian 500 250 245 30 15 10
Balto-Slavic languages 80,330 37,750 42,580 1,740 865 875
Baltic languages 1,010 475 535 55 30 30
Latvian 415 195 220 25 10 10
Lithuanian 600 285 315 35 15 15
Slavic languages 79,325 37,275 42,050 1,685 835 850
Belarusan 65 30 30 5 5 0
Bosnian 1,835 915 920 50 25 25
Bulgarian 1,545 790 755 20 10 10
Croatian 4,655 2,340 2,320 75 35 40
Czech 3,000 1,430 1,575 55 25 25
Macedonian 360 185 175 15 10 5
Polish 20,130 9,425 10,705 230 105 125
Russian 17,810 8,150 9,665 880 440 435
Serbian 4,020 2,035 1,985 105 55 45
Serbo-Croatian 970 480 485 35 15 20
Slovak 2,185 1,070 1,115 25 15 15
Slovene (Slovenian) 695 320 370 15 10 10
Ukrainian 21,835 9,985 11,850 170 85 90
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 215 120 100 0 0 0
Celtic languages 370 200 170 30 5 20
Scottish Gaelic 135 70 65 15 5 10
Welsh 175 85 80 10 0 10
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 65 40 25 0 5 0
Germanic languages 104,260 51,525 52,735 2,875 1,415 1,465
Afrikaans 3,010 1,475 1,535 50 30 25
Danish 2,380 1,245 1,135 125 55 75
Dutch 16,135 8,095 8,045 885 470 410
Frisian 360 200 160 35 25 10
German 80,050 39,435 40,615 1,650 780 865
Icelandic 115 55 60 5 0 0
Norwegian 815 370 445 40 25 20
Swedish 875 405 470 50 15 35
Vlaams (Flemish) 320 150 170 20 10 10
Yiddish 140 70 70 10 5 5
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 55 30 25 5 0 0
Greek 3,130 1,655 1,475 145 100 50
Indo-Iranian languages 166,805 85,250 81,560 1,850 1,020 835
Indo-Aryan languages 145,900 74,320 71,580 1,175 655 525
Bengali 7,000 3,630 3,370 205 120 85
Gujarati 13,140 6,785 6,355 75 40 30
Hindi 17,055 8,675 8,385 225 135 95
Kashmiri 105 60 50 0 0 0
Konkani 370 190 185 10 5 5
Marathi 1,510 775 730 50 20 25
Nepali 5,175 2,690 2,490 180 90 90
Oriya (Odia) 190 100 90 0 0 5
Punjabi (Panjabi) 68,695 34,935 33,760 125 75 50
Sindhi 2,770 1,300 1,475 25 10 10
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 2,590 1,320 1,265 30 15 15
Urdu 27,295 13,865 13,430 240 140 100
Iranian languages 19,600 10,235 9,365 655 355 305
Kurdish 1,550 845 705 55 30 25
Pashto 2,560 1,320 1,235 25 15 10
Persian (Farsi) 15,490 8,070 7,425 580 310 270
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 1,310 695 615 15 10 10
Italic (Romance) languages 84,940 42,425 42,515 2,605 1,355 1,250
Catalan 75 30 45 5 5 0
Italian 11,375 5,760 5,615 400 225 175
Portuguese 9,050 4,380 4,670 260 130 130
Romanian 8,035 4,080 3,955 485 250 240
Spanish 56,370 28,160 28,205 1,460 755 705
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 35 20 15 5 0 0
Japanese 4,875 1,715 3,160 110 25 85
Kartvelian languages 230 130 105 0 0 0
Georgian 230 130 100 0 0 0
Korean 17,920 8,485 9,435 1,550 800 750
Mongolic languages 545 255 290 5 5 0
Mongolian 540 255 290 5 5 5
Niger-Congo languages 15,360 7,870 7,495 700 385 315
Akan (Twi) 1,755 915 835 25 10 10
Bamanankan 35 20 15 60 35 25
Edo 275 155 120 0 0 0
Ewe 245 145 100 5 5 0
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 230 120 100 40 30 15
Ga 145 80 65 5 5 5
Ganda 280 145 135 10 0 0
Igbo 1,165 625 540 30 20 10
Lingala 270 130 140 25 15 15
Rundi (Kirundi) 605 305 295 45 25 20
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 805 405 400 40 20 20
Shona 1,100 545 555 20 10 10
Swahili 2,380 1,160 1,215 135 65 70
Wolof 280 165 110 25 20 10
Yoruba 2,435 1,305 1,125 30 15 20
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 3,370 1,640 1,735 195 105 85
Nilo-Saharan languages 2,720 1,395 1,330 5 0 0
Dinka 1,345 705 640 5 0 0
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 1,375 685 690 5 0 0
Sign languages 830 440 390 145 75 70
American Sign Language 335 165 165 40 20 30
Quebec Sign Language 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sign languages, n.i.e 495 275 225 95 55 45
Sino-Tibetan languages 122,450 57,740 64,705 3,115 1,570 1,545
Chinese languages 120,375 56,675 63,700 3,085 1,555 1,530
Cantonese 59,145 27,755 31,385 440 225 210
Hakka 990 465 530 20 10 10
Mandarin 50,660 23,940 26,720 2,250 1,105 1,150
Min Dong 115 50 65 0 5 0
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 3,060 1,375 1,695 35 15 15
Wu (Shanghainese) 630 305 330 100 45 55
Chinese, n.o.s. 5,725 2,770 2,955 240 150 85
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 40 15 25 5 5 5
Tibeto-Burman languages 2,075 1,065 1,005 30 15 15
Burmese 430 230 200 0 0 5
Karenic languages 795 415 380 25 15 10
Tibetan 575 295 275 0 0 0
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 275 130 140 0 0 0
Tai-Kadai languages 2,670 955 1,710 60 15 50
Lao 1,020 485 535 5 0 0
Thai 1,630 465 1,165 55 10 45
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e 20 10 15 0 0 0
Turkic languages 4,050 2,250 1,800 105 60 45
Azerbaijani 365 215 155 5 5 5
Turkish 3,140 1,760 1,375 75 50 30
Uyghur 130 70 60 0 0 0
Uzbek 205 115 90 10 5 5
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 215 95 120 10 5 5
Uralic languages 7,470 3,600 3,870 250 115 135
Estonian 190 90 105 20 5 10
Finnish 810 330 480 45 15 30
Hungarian 6,470 3,185 3,285 185 90 95
Uralic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Other languages, n.i.e. 690 415 280 25 10 10
Multiple responses 92,070 44,900 47,175 9,290 4,440 4,855
English and French 10,230 4,950 5,280 7,285 3,470 3,815
English and non-official language 77,520 37,815 39,705 1,535 725 810
French and non-official language 2,685 1,375 1,305 330 175 155
English, French and non-official language 1,640 760 880 145 65 75
Language spoken most often at homeThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Language spoken most often at home for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 19 4,026,655 2,020,510 2,006,145 736,280 360,435 375,845
Single responses 3,837,615 1,928,230 1,909,385 724,940 355,025 369,910
Official languages 3,354,885 1,690,490 1,664,395 712,250 348,510 363,740
English 3,327,255 1,676,360 1,650,895 505,935 247,610 258,325
French 27,630 14,130 13,500 206,315 100,900 105,415
Non-official languages 482,725 237,740 244,990 12,690 6,515 6,175
Aboriginal languages 9,970 4,940 5,020 820 400 420
Algonquian languages 7,175 3,575 3,605 820 395 420
Blackfoot 1,110 555 555 0 0 0
Cree-Montagnais languages 5,875 2,925 2,945 0 5 0
Atikamekw 0 0 0 0 0 0
Montagnais (Innu) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Moose Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Naskapi 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern East Cree 20 10 10 0 0 0
Plains Cree 125 60 60 0 0 0
Southern East Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Swampy Cree 5 0 5 0 0 0
Woods Cree 600 300 295 0 0 0
Cree, n.o.s. 5,120 2,540 2,575 0 5 0
Eastern Algonquian languages 5 5 5 815 395 420
Malecite 0 0 0 50 25 25
Mi'kmaq 5 5 0 765 370 395
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 190 95 95 0 0 0
Algonquin 0 0 0 0 0 0
Ojibway 185 90 95 0 0 0
Oji-Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Ottawa (Odawa) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages 620 320 300 0 0 0
Northern Athabaskan languages 620 325 300 0 0 0
Babine (Wetsuwet'en) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Beaver 10 5 0 0 0 0
Carrier 0 0 0 0 0 0
Chilcotin 0 0 0 0 0 0
Dene 540 280 260 0 0 0
Dogrib (Tlicho) 5 0 0 0 0 0
Gwich'in 5 0 5 0 0 0
Sarsi (Sarcee) 5 5 0 0 0 0
Sekani 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey-Hare languages 60 35 30 0 0 0
North Slavey (Hare) 0 0 0 0 0 0
South Slavey 55 30 25 0 0 0
Slavey, n.o.s. 5 5 5 0 0 0
Tahltan languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tutchone languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Haida 0 0 0 0 0 0
Inuit languages 10 0 10 5 5 0
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 5 0 0 0 0 0
Inuktitut 0 0 0 5 0 0
Inuit languages, n.i.e. 5 0 5 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Cayuga 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mohawk 0 0 0 0 0 0
Oneida 0 0 0 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 5 0 5 0 0 0
Kutenai 0 0 0 0 0 0
Michif 10 5 5 5 0 0
Salish languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Comox 0 0 0 0 0 0
Halkomelem 0 0 0 0 0 0
Lillooet 0 0 0 0 0 0
Okanagan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Shuswap (Secwepemctsin) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Squamish 0 0 0 0 0 0
Straits 0 0 0 0 0 0
Thompson (Ntlakapamux) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Salish languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Siouan languages 2,125 1,025 1,095 0 0 0
Dakota 175 85 85 0 0 0
Stoney 1,945 935 1,010 0 0 0
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tlingit 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tsimshian languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Nisga'a 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tsimshian 0 0 0 0 0 0
Wakashan languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Haisla 0 0 0 0 0 0
Heiltsuk 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kwakiutl (Kwak'wala) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Aboriginal languages, n.o.s. 25 15 10 0 0 0
Non-Aboriginal languages 472,760 232,800 239,965 11,870 6,115 5,750
Afro-Asiatic languages 43,770 22,535 21,235 2,285 1,210 1,075
Berber languages 200 105 95 0 0 0
Kabyle 90 45 40 0 0 0
Berber languages, n.i.e. 105 60 45 0 0 0
Cushitic languages 9,220 4,750 4,470 20 10 10
Bilen 280 160 115 0 0 0
Oromo 2,075 1,060 1,015 0 0 0
Somali 6,850 3,520 3,325 20 5 10
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 15 5 10 0 0 0
Semitic languages 34,310 17,660 16,655 2,265 1,200 1,065
Amharic 4,915 2,390 2,530 20 10 10
Arabic 24,230 12,555 11,675 2,110 1,125 990
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 260 130 130 0 0 0
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 95 50 40 0 0 0
Harari 165 80 85 0 0 0
Hebrew 460 235 225 130 60 70
Maltese 15 10 10 0 0 5
Tigrigna 3,955 2,095 1,860 5 0 5
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 210 110 100 0 0 0
Afro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 45 20 20 5 0 0
Austro-Asiatic languages 16,355 7,635 8,715 525 255 270
Khmer (Cambodian) 960 460 500 5 5 0
Vietnamese 15,380 7,175 8,205 520 250 270
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e 15 0 10 0 0 0
Austronesian languages 60,860 28,765 32,100 510 235 270
Bikol 70 40 35 0 0 0
Cebuano 2,110 1,015 1,090 40 15 25
Fijian 45 25 20 0 0 0
Hiligaynon 470 215 255 0 0 0
Ilocano 1,975 935 1,035 0 0 0
Malagasy 20 10 10 5 0 5
Malay 405 205 195 15 0 5
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 220 110 110 0 0 0
Pangasinan 45 20 30 0 0 0
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 55,105 26,005 29,100 450 215 235
Waray-Waray 125 60 60 0 0 0
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 280 120 155 0 0 5
Creole languages 970 495 475 65 25 35
Haitian Creole 50 25 25 0 0 0
Creole, n.o.s. 655 345 310 20 0 15
Creole languages, n.i.e. 270 125 140 45 20 20
Dravidian languages 8,460 4,335 4,125 110 60 45
Kannada 210 105 105 5 0 0
Malayalam 4,060 2,070 1,990 20 5 10
Tamil 2,915 1,515 1,395 35 20 20
Telugu 1,245 635 615 45 30 15
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 30 10 15 5 0 0
Hmong-Mien languages 70 35 35 0 0 0
Indo-European languages 230,270 115,280 114,995 4,160 2,175 1,990
Albanian 1,060 570 485 30 15 10
Armenian 215 115 105 20 5 10
Balto-Slavic languages 30,220 14,820 15,400 975 505 470
Baltic languages 410 210 200 35 20 15
Latvian 165 85 80 10 5 5
Lithuanian 250 125 120 25 15 10
Slavic languages 29,815 14,610 15,205 935 480 455
Belarusan 15 10 5 0 0 0
Bosnian 785 400 385 25 15 10
Bulgarian 825 415 405 5 5 0
Croatian 1,800 905 895 25 10 15
Czech 875 440 430 5 0 5
Macedonian 175 90 85 0 0 0
Polish 7,705 3,675 4,030 55 25 30
Russian 10,145 4,965 5,175 620 320 305
Serbian 2,100 1,045 1,055 80 45 35
Serbo-Croatian 315 160 155 5 5 5
Slovak 710 345 365 5 5 5
Slovene (Slovenian) 150 70 75 0 0 0
Ukrainian 4,180 2,060 2,110 90 50 40
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 55 30 25 0 0 0
Celtic languages 40 25 15 10 0 5
Scottish Gaelic 15 15 5 5 0 5
Welsh 15 5 5 0 0 0
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 10 5 0 0 0 0
Germanic languages 40,915 20,280 20,625 640 320 320
Afrikaans 1,705 835 875 35 15 20
Danish 150 75 75 5 5 5
Dutch 1,980 985 1,000 150 80 75
Frisian 60 30 30 5 0 5
German 36,295 18,010 18,290 425 215 210
Icelandic 30 15 15 0 0 0
Norwegian 60 20 35 5 0 5
Swedish 145 65 80 5 0 5
Vlaams (Flemish) 60 30 25 10 5 5
Yiddish 15 5 5 0 0 0
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 425 215 210 0 0 0
Greek 1,015 490 525 45 25 25
Indo-Iranian languages 111,975 56,535 55,445 1,140 595 545
Indo-Aryan languages 98,610 49,790 48,815 655 335 325
Bengali 4,530 2,300 2,225 130 70 60
Gujarati 8,025 4,085 3,935 40 15 20
Hindi 9,945 5,115 4,825 115 60 50
Kashmiri 50 20 25 0 0 0
Konkani 75 40 40 5 5 0
Marathi 845 440 405 20 10 10
Nepali 3,710 1,905 1,805 135 60 75
Oriya (Odia) 95 50 45 0 0 0
Punjabi (Panjabi) 51,010 25,720 25,295 50 25 25
Sindhi 1,240 575 665 10 5 0
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 1,480 750 730 5 5 5
Urdu 17,600 8,795 8,810 140 75 70
Iranian languages 12,720 6,415 6,305 470 255 220
Kurdish 850 440 410 35 25 10
Pashto 1,640 845 795 15 5 5
Persian (Farsi) 10,230 5,135 5,100 425 225 195
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 650 325 325 15 10 5
Italic (Romance) languages 44,830 22,445 22,385 1,305 705 600
Catalan 35 10 20 5 5 0
Italian 2,840 1,275 1,560 85 40 45
Portuguese 3,905 1,875 2,030 110 50 60
Romanian 4,135 2,115 2,020 290 145 140
Spanish 33,910 17,160 16,755 820 470 350
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 10 5 5 0 0 0
Japanese 2,245 945 1,300 20 10 15
Kartvelian languages 160 85 70 0 0 0
Georgian 160 85 70 0 0 0
Korean 12,775 6,205 6,570 1,245 645 605
Mongolic languages 335 160 175 5 0 0
Mongolian 335 155 175 0 0 0
Niger-Congo languages 5,600 2,725 2,875 240 125 120
Akan (Twi) 845 415 430 10 5 10
Bamanankan 10 10 0 20 15 5
Edo 70 35 35 0 0 0
Ewe 80 45 35 0 0 0
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 105 55 45 10 10 5
Ga 40 20 20 5 0 0
Ganda 95 50 50 0 0 0
Igbo 265 125 145 5 5 0
Lingala 85 35 45 10 5 5
Rundi (Kirundi) 280 135 145 20 15 10
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 350 175 170 10 5 5
Shona 410 190 225 5 0 5
Swahili 1,090 530 565 80 35 45
Wolof 170 95 75 5 5 0
Yoruba 690 340 350 5 5 5
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 1,015 485 535 50 25 25
Nilo-Saharan languages 1,525 765 755 0 0 0
Dinka 800 420 380 0 0 0
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 725 350 375 0 0 0
Sign languages 1,095 630 465 200 115 85
American Sign Language 325 170 155 55 30 25
Quebec Sign Language 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sign languages, n.i.e 765 455 310 150 90 60
Sino-Tibetan languages 82,380 39,230 43,155 2,390 1,210 1,175
Chinese languages 80,880 38,455 42,420 2,365 1,195 1,170
Cantonese 38,275 17,810 20,460 260 130 130
Hakka 315 135 185 5 0 0
Mandarin 37,125 18,030 19,095 1,855 930 920
Min Dong 20 5 10 0 0 0
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 1,245 540 705 15 10 5
Wu (Shanghainese) 340 175 165 85 40 45
Chinese, n.o.s. 3,550 1,760 1,785 140 80 55
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 10 5 5 10 0 5
Tibeto-Burman languages 1,500 770 730 25 15 10
Burmese 280 145 130 5 0 0
Karenic languages 665 340 320 20 10 10
Tibetan 420 220 200 0 0 0
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 140 65 75 0 0 0
Tai-Kadai languages 1,130 505 625 10 0 5
Lao 465 215 245 0 0 0
Thai 655 285 370 10 5 5
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e 10 5 10 0 0 0
Turkic languages 2,390 1,270 1,120 30 15 10
Azerbaijani 155 90 75 0 0 0
Turkish 1,945 1,030 915 25 15 5
Uyghur 80 45 40 0 0 0
Uzbek 135 70 65 0 0 0
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 70 35 25 0 0 0
Uralic languages 2,130 1,040 1,085 70 35 40
Estonian 25 10 15 5 0 0
Finnish 105 50 50 5 5 5
Hungarian 1,995 980 1,015 55 30 30
Uralic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Other languages, n.i.e. 240 140 95 0 0 0
Multiple responses 189,040 92,280 96,760 11,345 5,415 5,925
English and French 6,885 3,410 3,475 7,275 3,370 3,905
English and non-official language 178,070 86,895 91,170 3,435 1,715 1,720
French and non-official language 1,125 540 580 340 185 160
English, French and non-official language 2,965 1,430 1,530 290 140 145
Other language spoken regularly at homeThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Other language(s) spoken regularly at home for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 20 4,026,650 2,020,510 2,006,140 736,280 360,435 375,845
None 3,492,295 1,760,240 1,732,055 647,960 318,560 329,400
English 221,305 110,655 110,650 49,925 24,065 25,855
French 41,840 19,470 22,375 30,030 13,760 16,275
Non-official language 262,255 125,640 136,615 7,545 3,650 3,895
Aboriginal 17,430 8,325 9,105 1,300 625 685
Non-Aboriginal 244,825 117,315 127,510 6,240 3,030 3,210
English and French 1,535 775 760 180 90 90
English and non-official language 4,545 2,345 2,195 300 160 145
French and non-official language 2,795 1,340 1,455 335 155 185
English, French and non-official language 85 50 40 10 5 5
Income of individuals in 2015
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 21 3,206,050 1,602,690 1,603,360 620,390 301,645 318,745
Number of total income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 3,053,470 1,528,275 1,525,190 594,705 289,220 305,485
Median total income in 2015 among recipients ($) 42,717 54,891 33,213 30,961 37,516 25,796
Number of after-tax income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 3,054,135 1,528,420 1,525,715 594,920 289,245 305,680
Median after-tax income in 2015 among recipients ($) 38,067 47,131 30,478 28,107 33,169 23,945
Number of market income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 2,839,590 1,458,560 1,381,030 516,780 259,945 256,835
Median market income in 2015 among recipients ($) 42,330 54,528 32,099 28,444 34,830 23,278
Number of government transfers recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 1,785,065 711,210 1,073,855 439,645 193,975 245,675
Median government transfers in 2015 among recipients ($) 4,093 3,834 4,185 8,164 9,210 7,321
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 2,473,665 1,301,630 1,172,030 423,915 219,135 204,780
Median employment income in 2015 among recipients ($) 42,679 54,361 32,982 29,124 34,784 24,769
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 22 3,206,045 1,602,810 1,603,235 620,395 301,650 318,745
Number of total income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 3,054,555 1,528,100 1,526,455 594,650 289,140 305,510
Average total income in 2015 among recipients ($) 62,778 80,001 45,535 39,141 46,154 32,504
Number of after-tax income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 3,055,230 1,528,240 1,526,995 594,870 289,165 305,700
Average after-tax income in 2015 among recipients ($) 50,683 62,938 38,417 33,022 38,151 28,171
Number of market income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 2,840,675 1,458,210 1,382,465 516,685 259,855 256,830
Average market income in 2015 among recipients ($) 62,997 80,282 44,766 37,432 44,240 30,543
Number of government transfers recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 1,784,345 710,105 1,074,240 440,195 194,240 245,955
Average government transfers in 2015 among recipients ($) 7,175 7,298 7,093 8,938 9,519 8,480
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 2,473,665 1,299,805 1,173,855 423,915 218,800 205,110
Average employment income in 2015 among recipients ($) 59,343 74,073 43,031 37,611 43,456 31,376
Total - Employment income statistics for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 23 3,206,050 1,602,810 1,603,240 620,390 301,645 318,745
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households who worked full year full time in 2015 - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 24 1,152,385 669,770 482,615 197,290 104,215 93,075
Median employment income in 2015 for full-year full-time workers ($)Census data footnote 25 64,090 73,781 53,836 46,349 52,010 41,058
Average employment income in 2015 for full-year full-time workers ($)Census data footnote 26 81,586 94,822 63,218 54,011 60,796 46,415
Composition of total income in 2015 of the population aged 15 years and over in private households (%) - 100% dataCensus data footnote 27 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0
Market income (%)Census data footnote 28 93.3 95.8 89.1 83.2 86.2 79.0
Employment income (%)Census data footnote 29 76.5 78.9 72.3 68.5 71.3 64.7
Government transfers (%)Census data footnote 30 6.7 4.2 10.9 16.8 13.8 21.0
Total - Total income groups in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 31 3,206,050 1,602,690 1,603,360 620,390 301,650 318,745
Without total income 152,585 74,410 78,170 25,680 12,430 13,260
With total income 3,053,470 1,528,280 1,525,190 594,710 289,220 305,490
Percentage with total income 95.2 95.4 95.1 95.9 95.9 95.8
Under $10,000 (including loss) 389,580 146,450 243,130 80,700 32,655 48,050
$10,000 to $19,999 385,235 147,125 238,110 109,015 40,415 68,600
$20,000 to $29,999 364,915 142,810 222,105 99,025 40,480 58,540
$30,000 to $39,999 305,680 131,185 174,490 83,770 41,360 42,405
$40,000 to $49,999 286,615 133,715 152,900 65,795 35,080 30,715
$50,000 to $59,999 247,830 124,720 123,115 44,810 26,560 18,250
$60,000 to $69,999 205,840 114,405 91,430 32,185 20,270 11,920
$70,000 to $79,999 165,640 99,645 65,995 24,565 14,130 10,430
$80,000 to $89,999 132,720 82,700 50,020 17,095 9,915 7,180
$90,000 to $99,999 114,010 70,655 43,350 10,240 6,980 3,260
$100,000 and over 455,410 334,865 120,550 27,515 21,380 6,135
$100,000 to $149,999 274,185 191,710 82,475 19,765 15,195 4,570
$150,000 and over 181,225 143,150 38,075 7,750 6,185 1,565
Total - After-tax income groups in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 32 3,206,050 1,602,690 1,603,365 620,390 301,645 318,750
Without after-tax income 151,915 74,270 77,645 25,470 12,405 13,070
With after-tax income 3,054,135 1,528,420 1,525,715 594,920 289,240 305,680
Percentage with after-tax income 95.3 95.4 95.2 95.9 95.9 95.9
Under $10,000 (including loss) 399,005 149,280 249,725 83,590 33,140 50,455
$10,000 to $19,999 402,780 154,330 248,450 115,730 43,245 72,485
$20,000 to $29,999 420,955 166,650 254,300 118,940 51,335 67,610
$30,000 to $39,999 377,590 169,665 207,925 98,230 50,770 47,460
$40,000 to $49,999 347,960 172,595 175,365 67,470 38,665 28,810
$50,000 to $59,999 276,970 153,985 122,985 42,775 26,495 16,280
$60,000 to $69,999 208,265 127,045 81,220 28,790 16,435 12,355
$70,000 to $79,999 160,580 100,970 59,610 14,945 10,205 4,740
$80,000 and over 460,030 333,895 126,140 24,450 18,955 5,500
$80,000 to $89,999 121,015 78,400 42,620 8,385 6,340 2,040
$90,000 to $99,999 82,020 57,375 24,645 5,060 3,970 1,090
$100,000 and over 257,000 198,120 58,875 11,005 8,640 2,365
Total - Employment income groups in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 33 3,206,050 1,602,690 1,603,360 620,390 301,645 318,745
Without employment income 732,385 301,060 431,330 196,475 82,515 113,965
With employment income 2,473,665 1,301,630 1,172,035 423,910 219,140 204,775
Percentage with employment income 77.2 81.2 73.1 68.3 72.6 64.2
Under $5,000 (including loss) 273,835 122,830 151,005 54,590 26,540 28,045
$5,000 to $9,999 164,095 68,100 95,990 36,840 15,720 21,120
$10,000 to $19,999 274,105 113,680 160,430 65,895 29,920 35,975
$20,000 to $29,999 235,620 96,855 138,760 59,240 25,955 33,280
$30,000 to $39,999 227,450 100,650 126,805 50,190 24,930 25,260
$40,000 to $49,999 219,155 103,680 115,475 42,140 22,160 19,980
$50,000 to $59,999 195,145 99,285 95,860 29,910 18,180 11,730
$60,000 to $69,999 163,465 92,950 70,515 23,390 14,620 8,770
$70,000 to $79,999 135,150 83,240 51,910 19,515 10,565 8,950
$80,000 and over 585,640 420,365 165,280 42,210 30,540 11,665
$80,000 to $89,999 111,045 71,210 39,835 13,190 7,840 5,345
$90,000 to $99,999 99,785 62,305 37,480 8,105 5,685 2,420
$100,000 and over 374,815 286,855 87,960 20,915 17,015 3,895
Income of households in 2015
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for private households by household size - 100% dataCensus data footnote 34 1,527,680 ... ... 319,770 ... ...
Median total income of households in 2015 ($) 93,835 ... ... 59,347 ... ...
Median after-tax income of households in 2015 ($) 80,300 ... ... 52,553 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for one-person private households - 100% data 366,080 ... ... 89,480 ... ...
Median total income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 47,948 ... ... 28,747 ... ...
Median after-tax income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 41,502 ... ... 26,387 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for two-or-more-person private households - 100% data 1,161,600 ... ... 230,290 ... ...
Median total income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 111,435 ... ... 74,207 ... ...
Median after-tax income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 94,830 ... ... 65,063 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for private households by household size - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 35 1,527,675 ... ... 319,775 ... ...
Average total income of households in 2015 ($) 125,522 ... ... 72,786 ... ...
Average after-tax income of households in 2015 ($) 101,361 ... ... 61,431 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for one-person private households - 25% sample data 365,000 ... ... 89,455 ... ...
Average total income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 64,341 ... ... 36,505 ... ...
Average after-tax income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 52,116 ... ... 31,242 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for two-or-more-person private households - 25% sample data 1,162,675 ... ... 230,320 ... ...
Average total income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 144,729 ... ... 86,878 ... ...
Average after-tax income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 116,821 ... ... 73,156 ... ...
Total - Household total income groups in 2015 for private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 36 1,527,680 ... ... 319,775 ... ...
Under $5,000 21,660 ... ... 3,940 ... ...
$5,000 to $9,999 13,555 ... ... 7,800 ... ...
$10,000 to $14,999 18,070 ... ... 6,835 ... ...
$15,000 to $19,999 33,045 ... ... 17,765 ... ...
$20,000 to $24,999 51,505 ... ... 16,400 ... ...
$25,000 to $29,999 38,615 ... ... 16,335 ... ...
$30,000 to $34,999 42,580 ... ... 17,830 ... ...
$35,000 to $39,999 46,630 ... ... 16,875 ... ...
$40,000 to $44,999 46,520 ... ... 15,365 ... ...
$45,000 to $49,999 46,825 ... ... 14,845 ... ...
$50,000 to $59,999 95,425 ... ... 27,735 ... ...
$60,000 to $69,999 95,340 ... ... 25,205 ... ...
$70,000 to $79,999 92,345 ... ... 22,750 ... ...
$80,000 to $89,999 88,775 ... ... 19,415 ... ...
$90,000 to $99,999 84,570 ... ... 16,030 ... ...
$100,000 and over 712,215 ... ... 74,655 ... ...
$100,000 to $124,999 184,595 ... ... 29,535 ... ...
$125,000 to $149,999 142,910 ... ... 18,605 ... ...
$150,000 to $199,999 181,960 ... ... 17,050 ... ...
$200,000 and over 202,745 ... ... 9,460 ... ...
Total - Household after-tax income groups in 2015 for private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 32 1,527,680 ... ... 319,770 ... ...
Under $5,000 23,395 ... ... 4,090 ... ...
$5,000 to $9,999 13,860 ... ... 7,880 ... ...
$10,000 to $14,999 18,600 ... ... 6,980 ... ...
$15,000 to $19,999 34,540 ... ... 18,630 ... ...
$20,000 to $24,999 55,010 ... ... 18,705 ... ...
$25,000 to $29,999 44,170 ... ... 18,580 ... ...
$30,000 to $34,999 50,280 ... ... 20,540 ... ...
$35,000 to $39,999 55,645 ... ... 19,550 ... ...
$40,000 to $44,999 57,695 ... ... 18,165 ... ...
$45,000 to $49,999 59,195 ... ... 17,920 ... ...
$50,000 to $59,999 119,200 ... ... 32,930 ... ...
$60,000 to $69,999 116,250 ... ... 29,175 ... ...
$70,000 to $79,999 112,675 ... ... 23,970 ... ...
$80,000 to $89,999 106,235 ... ... 19,330 ... ...
$90,000 to $99,999 95,600 ... ... 15,105 ... ...
$100,000 and over 565,335 ... ... 48,225 ... ...
$100,000 to $124,999 192,795 ... ... 25,135 ... ...
$125,000 to $149,999 132,240 ... ... 11,980 ... ...
$150,000 and over 240,305 ... ... 11,110 ... ...
Income of economic families in 2015
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for economic families in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 37 1,099,900 ... ... 221,680 ... ...
Median total income of economic families in 2015 ($) 109,997 ... ... 74,353 ... ...
Median after-tax income of economic families in 2015 ($) 93,588 ... ... 65,100 ... ...
Average family size of economic families 3.1 ... ... 2.8 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families without children or other relatives in private households - 100% data 407,300 ... ... 99,865 ... ...
Median total income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 101,283 ... ... 67,988 ... ...
Median after-tax income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 86,043 ... ... 59,801 ... ...
Average family size of couple economic families without children or other relatives 2.0 ... ... 2.0 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families with children in private households - 100% data 511,375 ... ... 82,260 ... ...
Median total income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 133,186 ... ... 100,315 ... ...
Median after-tax income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 111,951 ... ... 85,717 ... ...
Average family size of couple economic families with children 4.1 ... ... 3.8 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for lone-parent economic families in private households - 100% data 146,045 ... ... 33,580 ... ...
Median total income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 62,909 ... ... 42,992 ... ...
Median after-tax income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 57,079 ... ... 40,671 ... ...
Average family size of lone-parent economic families 2.7 ... ... 2.6 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for economic families in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 38 1,101,485 ... ... 221,740 ... ...
Average total income of economic families in 2015 ($) 144,493 ... ... 87,048 ... ...
Average after-tax income of economic families in 2015 ($) 116,343 ... ... 73,197 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families without children or other relatives in private households - 25% sample data 408,625 ... ... 99,840 ... ...
Average total income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 137,805 ... ... 79,085 ... ...
Average after-tax income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 110,236 ... ... 66,576 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families with children in private households - 25% sample data 512,615 ... ... 82,415 ... ...
Average total income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 169,354 ... ... 111,901 ... ...
Average after-tax income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 135,623 ... ... 92,699 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for lone-parent economic families in private households - 25% sample data 145,115 ... ... 33,455 ... ...
Average total income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 80,406 ... ... 51,119 ... ...
Average after-tax income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 68,470 ... ... 45,687 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 21 577,475 308,835 268,640 114,825 54,970 59,850
Median total income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 39 42,598 47,903 37,344 27,250 30,122 25,182
Median after-tax income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 39 37,648 41,340 33,785 25,167 27,154 23,916
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 40 573,385 306,195 267,190 114,375 54,300 60,075
Average total income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 41 56,856 63,468 49,280 34,738 37,330 32,395
Average after-tax income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 41 46,559 50,990 41,481 29,845 31,431 28,411
Total - Economic family income decile group for the population in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 42 3,978,150 1,998,500 1,979,650 730,710 357,860 372,850
In the bottom half of the distribution 1,527,695 739,210 788,485 428,180 204,170 224,005
In the bottom decile 293,490 143,880 149,605 80,120 37,430 42,695
In the second decile 278,635 128,055 150,575 94,165 42,190 51,980
In the third decile 297,695 142,090 155,605 87,075 41,905 45,170
In the fourth decile 315,570 154,815 160,760 85,610 42,275 43,335
In the fifth decile 342,305 170,375 171,935 81,200 40,375 40,825
In the top half of the distribution 2,450,450 1,259,285 1,191,160 302,530 153,685 148,845
In the sixth decile 366,250 183,860 182,390 77,345 38,915 38,425
In the seventh decile 397,275 201,465 195,810 73,185 37,190 36,005
In the eighth decile 443,585 227,385 216,200 65,090 32,815 32,275
In the ninth decile 522,545 268,995 253,555 52,050 26,635 25,410
In the top decile 720,795 377,585 343,215 34,860 18,130 16,730
Low income in 2015
Total - Low-income status in 2015 for the population in private households to whom low-income concepts are applicable - 100% dataCensus data footnote 43 3,925,220 1,971,735 1,953,485 722,550 353,870 368,680
0 to 17 years 893,255 458,330 434,925 131,930 67,285 64,645
0 to 5 years 310,080 158,825 151,260 40,900 20,805 20,100
18 to 64 years 2,580,730 1,298,440 1,282,295 452,805 221,675 231,130
65 years and over 451,235 214,965 236,265 137,820 64,915 72,905
In low income based on the Low-income measure, after tax (LIM-AT) 363,890 171,945 191,940 123,820 55,990 67,825
0 to 17 years 114,215 58,665 55,555 29,250 14,930 14,320
0 to 5 years 41,755 21,350 20,400 10,285 5,260 5,030
18 to 64 years 210,870 98,415 112,455 66,745 29,975 36,770
65 years and over 38,800 14,875 23,925 27,830 11,090 16,745
Prevalence of low income based on the Low-income measure, after tax (LIM-AT) (%) 9.3 8.7 9.8 17.1 15.8 18.4
0 to 17 years (%) 12.8 12.8 12.8 22.2 22.2 22.2
0 to 5 years (%) 13.5 13.4 13.5 25.1 25.3 25.0
18 to 64 years (%) 8.2 7.6 8.8 14.7 13.5 15.9
65 years and over (%) 8.6 6.9 10.1 20.2 17.1 23.0
In low income based on the Low-income cut-offs, after tax (LICO-AT) 273,515 134,180 139,335 49,830 24,165 25,660
0 to 17 years 76,930 39,385 37,550 11,520 5,890 5,630
0 to 5 years 28,190 14,420 13,770 4,200 2,145 2,055
18 to 64 years 181,805 88,715 93,095 35,680 17,255 18,425
65 years and over 14,780 6,085 8,695 2,630 1,025 1,605
Prevalence of low income based on the Low-income cut-offs, after tax (LICO-AT) (%) 7.0 6.8 7.1 6.9 6.8 7.0
0 to 17 years (%) 8.6 8.6 8.6 8.7 8.8 8.7
0 to 5 years (%) 9.1 9.1 9.1 10.3 10.3 10.2
18 to 64 years (%) 7.0 6.8 7.3 7.9 7.8 8.0
65 years and over (%) 3.3 2.8 3.7 1.9 1.6 2.2
Knowledge of languagesThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Knowledge of languages for the population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 44 3,978,145 1,998,500 1,979,645 730,710 357,855 372,850
Official languages 3,920,530 1,974,435 1,946,095 728,310 356,615 371,690
English 3,916,805 1,972,800 1,944,005 666,315 326,905 339,415
French 264,600 123,940 140,660 310,550 147,845 162,705
Non-official languages 1,082,425 527,770 554,655 34,880 17,355 17,525
Aboriginal languages 36,465 17,415 19,045 3,065 1,470 1,595
Algonquian languages 29,675 14,120 15,555 2,990 1,455 1,540
Blackfoot 5,575 2,665 2,905 0 0 0
Cree-Montagnais languages 23,465 11,155 12,310 10 0 10
Atikamekw 0 0 0 0 0 0
Montagnais (Innu) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Moose Cree 25 0 15 0 0 0
Naskapi 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern East Cree 90 20 70 0 0 0
Plains Cree 1,580 620 965 0 0 0
Southern East Cree 10 10 0 0 0 0
Swampy Cree 45 25 25 0 0 10
Woods Cree 1,135 525 610 0 0 0
Cree, n.o.s. 20,665 9,990 10,675 0 0 0
Eastern Algonquian languages 35 15 15 2,965 1,435 1,530
Malecite 0 0 0 720 335 385
Mi'kmaq 35 15 15 2,265 1,115 1,150
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 955 425 530 15 15 0
Algonquin 10 10 0 0 10 0
Ojibway 925 415 505 10 10 0
Oji-Cree 20 10 15 0 0 0
Ottawa (Odawa) 0 0 10 0 0 0
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 10 10 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages 2,640 1,255 1,385 10 0 0
Northern Athabaskan languages 2,630 1,250 1,380 0 0 0
Babine (Wetsuwet'en) 0 10 0 0 0 0
Beaver 85 50 35 0 0 0
Carrier 45 10 35 0 0 0
Chilcotin 20 15 10 0 0 0
Dene 2,010 975 1,035 0 0 0
Dogrib (Tlicho) 75 30 45 0 0 0
Gwich'in 10 0 10 0 0 0
Sarsi (Sarcee) 150 65 85 0 0 0
Sekani 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey-Hare languages 285 140 145 0 0 0
North Slavey (Hare) 25 15 10 0 0 0
South Slavey 190 90 100 0 0 0
Slavey, n.o.s. 75 35 45 0 0 0
Tahltan languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tutchone languages 0 0 10 0 0 0
Northern Tutchone 10 0 10 0 0 0
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 10 0 10 0 0 0
Haida 10 0 10 0 0 0
Inuit languages 135 50 80 55 10 45
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 35 10 25 0 0 0
Inuktitut 60 20 35 45 10 40
Inuit languages, n.i.e. 40 25 20 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages 40 25 10 10 0 10
Cayuga 0 10 0 0 0 0
Mohawk 35 25 0 10 0 10
Oneida 0 0 0 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 0 10 10 0 0 0
Kutenai 0 0 0 0 0 0
Michif 145 75 70 10 10 0
Salish languages 50 25 25 0 10 0
Comox 0 0 0 0 0 0
Halkomelem 10 0 0 0 0 0
Lillooet 0 0 0 0 0 0
Okanagan 15 10 10 0 0 0
Shuswap (Secwepemctsin) 10 0 10 0 0 0
Squamish 0 0 0 0 0 0
Straits 10 0 0 0 0 0
Thompson (Ntlakapamux) 10 0 10 0 0 0
Salish languages, n.i.e. 10 0 0 0 0 0
Siouan languages 4,050 2,005 2,045 0 0 0
Dakota 530 285 245 0 0 0
Stoney 3,650 1,790 1,855 0 0 0
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 10 0 10 0 0 0
Tlingit 10 0 0 0 0 0
Tsimshian languages 35 15 15 0 0 0
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 20 10 10 0 0 0
Nisga'a 15 0 0 0 0 0
Tsimshian 0 0 0 0 0 0
Wakashan languages 10 10 0 0 0 0
Haisla 0 0 0 0 0 0
Heiltsuk 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kwakiutl (Kwak'wala) 10 10 0 0 0 0
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Aboriginal languages, n.o.s. 30 15 15 0 0 0
Non-Aboriginal languages 1,046,245 510,495 535,750 31,865 15,915 15,955
Afro-Asiatic languages 96,210 50,675 45,535 4,355 2,385 1,980
Berber languages 540 335 205 80 40 35
Kabyle 225 125 90 40 20 15
Berber languages, n.i.e. 315 210 110 40 25 20
Cushitic languages 15,445 8,055 7,385 15 10 0
Bilen 370 235 135 0 0 0
Oromo 3,125 1,625 1,500 0 0 0
Somali 12,030 6,240 5,795 10 10 0
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 55 20 40 0 0 0
Semitic languages 82,200 43,405 38,800 4,300 2,340 1,960
Amharic 10,870 5,595 5,275 165 100 65
Arabic 62,730 33,365 29,370 3,685 2,030 1,660
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 430 225 210 0 0 0
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 150 70 75 0 0 0
Harari 340 150 185 0 0 0
Hebrew 3,250 1,650 1,600 435 205 230
Maltese 145 85 55 0 10 0
Tigrigna 7,315 3,915 3,400 50 25 25
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 450 250 205 0 0 0
Afro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 375 225 145 15 15 0
Austro-Asiatic languages 32,730 15,440 17,290 835 430 400
Khmer (Cambodian) 2,700 1,375 1,330 10 0 0
Vietnamese 30,150 14,130 16,015 820 435 390
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 15 0 10 10 0 0
Austronesian languages 145,745 63,615 82,130 1,790 695 1,090
Bikol 330 150 180 10 0 10
Cebuano 6,690 2,940 3,750 185 70 115
Fijian 340 195 145 0 0 0
Hiligaynon 1,760 745 1,020 35 10 30
Ilocano 7,370 3,160 4,215 50 10 45
Malagasy 80 40 40 25 10 15
Malay 3,040 1,435 1,610 75 20 55
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 1,185 565 625 0 0 0
Pangasinan 445 190 250 0 0 0
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 138,440 60,115 78,325 1,595 625 970
Waray-Waray 420 170 245 0 0 0
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 1,160 505 650 20 15 0
Creole languages 4,585 2,390 2,195 430 195 235
Haitian Creole 255 140 115 50 20 30
Creole, n.o.s. 2,675 1,425 1,250 240 105 135
Creole languages, n.i.e. 1,680 840 850 140 75 65
Dravidian languages 18,190 9,660 8,525 435 245 195
Kannada 1,035 520 515 60 30 25
Malayalam 8,150 4,255 3,900 55 35 25
Tamil 7,195 3,900 3,295 190 115 75
Telugu 2,910 1,560 1,345 175 90 85
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 150 80 70 20 10 10
Hmong-Mien languages 115 55 55 10 10 0
Indo-European languages 550,490 274,510 275,980 16,505 8,155 8,350
Albanian 2,880 1,550 1,325 80 45 35
Armenian 530 255 275 60 35 25
Balto-Slavic languages 93,150 44,750 48,395 2,065 1,100 965
Baltic languages 1,360 660 705 55 40 20
Latvian 590 300 290 20 10 10
Lithuanian 775 360 415 30 20 10
Slavic languages 92,300 44,340 47,960 2,025 1,070 955
Belarusan 200 95 105 10 0 0
Bosnian 2,880 1,450 1,435 75 40 40
Bulgarian 1,795 945 850 45 15 35
Croatian 6,280 3,260 3,025 95 45 55
Czech 3,590 1,650 1,940 115 65 45
Macedonian 535 270 265 35 25 10
Polish 23,650 11,455 12,195 320 165 160
Russian 27,375 13,195 14,175 1,200 630 570
Serbian 5,355 2,630 2,730 90 70 20
Serbo-Croatian 1,095 550 540 40 30 10
Slovak 2,780 1,495 1,285 45 15 30
Slovene (Slovenian) 735 360 375 15 10 0
Ukrainian 26,600 11,980 14,620 310 145 165
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 250 120 130 10 10 10
Celtic languages 1,180 615 560 140 40 100
Scottish Gaelic 440 215 225 95 20 75
Welsh 315 180 130 10 0 10
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 450 220 225 40 20 20
Germanic languages 112,670 56,325 56,345 4,745 2,360 2,380
Afrikaans 5,165 2,655 2,515 130 70 60
Danish 2,800 1,360 1,440 155 60 95
Dutch 19,480 9,595 9,890 1,185 560 625
Frisian 475 275 205 50 40 15
German 83,010 41,905 41,105 3,260 1,675 1,580
Icelandic 160 70 95 10 10 0
Norwegian 1,450 635 810 130 65 65
Swedish 1,635 800 835 110 45 60
Vlaams (Flemish) 380 170 215 40 20 25
Yiddish 250 130 115 20 20 0
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 2,115 1,095 1,015 0 0 0
Greek 4,935 2,535 2,400 220 125 95
Indo-Iranian languages 206,725 106,045 100,675 2,325 1,275 1,050
Indo-Aryan languages 186,005 95,045 90,960 1,570 875 695
Bengali 8,530 4,385 4,140 225 150 80
Gujarati 18,005 8,945 9,055 110 45 65
Hindi 61,290 31,900 29,385 790 430 355
Kashmiri 125 80 45 0 0 0
Konkani 625 300 320 0 0 0
Marathi 2,575 1,385 1,195 55 20 30
Nepali 5,510 3,000 2,510 185 90 95
Oriya (Odia) 255 135 120 0 0 0
Punjabi (Panjabi) 90,485 46,350 44,135 205 130 75
Sindhi 4,595 2,065 2,530 0 0 0
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 3,800 1,925 1,875 35 10 20
Urdu 41,235 21,245 20,000 355 215 140
Iranian languages 22,140 11,665 10,475 805 430 375
Kurdish 1,930 1,100 825 130 65 60
Pashto 3,330 1,795 1,530 60 45 20
Persian (Farsi) 17,600 9,220 8,375 620 330 285
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 1,760 960 805 10 0 0
Italic (Romance) languages 142,340 69,885 72,450 7,600 3,540 4,055
Catalan 170 95 80 15 10 0
Italian 19,900 9,875 10,020 825 405 420
Portuguese 12,670 6,255 6,415 450 250 200
Romanian 9,915 5,185 4,735 555 290 265
Spanish 104,445 50,960 53,490 6,065 2,775 3,290
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 250 130 125 10 0 10
Japanese 9,215 4,115 5,100 430 190 240
Kartvelian languages 225 130 100 0 0 0
Georgian 230 130 100 0 0 0
Korean 19,950 9,405 10,545 1,695 860 835
Mongolic languages 800 375 430 10 10 10
Mongolian 800 370 430 15 10 10
Niger-Congo languages 29,430 14,980 14,450 1,525 890 640
Akan (Twi) 2,925 1,505 1,420 35 15 25
Bamanankan 60 30 30 155 70 85
Edo 620 325 290 0 0 0
Ewe 335 170 165 0 0 0
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 300 165 135 100 85 15
Ga 345 190 155 10 10 0
Ganda 610 305 305 10 10 0
Igbo 2,550 1,345 1,210 60 50 15
Lingala 1,240 640 605 125 95 35
Rundi (Kirundi) 830 420 410 90 55 35
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 1,155 605 550 70 40 30
Shona 1,810 850 960 40 15 25
Swahili 6,700 3,470 3,235 355 185 170
Wolof 600 365 235 70 45 25
Yoruba 5,930 3,035 2,890 60 45 20
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 6,585 3,265 3,320 545 315 230
Nilo-Saharan languages 3,070 1,495 1,575 10 0 0
Dinka 1,655 825 825 0 0 0
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 1,425 675 750 0 0 0
Sign languages 5,910 2,350 3,555 1,155 450 705
American Sign Language 3,085 1,130 1,955 425 150 280
Quebec Sign Language 0 0 10 15 10 0
Sign languages, n.i.e. 2,855 1,230 1,625 745 305 435
Sino-Tibetan languages 141,860 67,945 73,915 3,585 1,885 1,700
Chinese languages 139,385 66,700 72,685 3,510 1,855 1,660
Cantonese 74,770 35,490 39,280 610 285 320
Hakka 1,180 515 660 0 0 0
Mandarin 70,510 33,310 37,195 2,760 1,455 1,310
Min Dong 85 50 40 0 0 0
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 4,140 1,765 2,380 60 30 30
Wu (Shanghainese) 855 380 470 140 65 75
Chinese, n.o.s. 6,335 3,160 3,175 310 195 115
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 55 25 35 40 10 30
Tibeto-Burman languages 2,590 1,290 1,300 70 30 40
Burmese 605 305 295 0 0 0
Karenic languages 805 415 390 65 25 45
Tibetan 860 430 430 0 0 0
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 445 215 235 0 0 0
Tai-Kadai languages 3,705 1,510 2,195 85 20 65
Lao 1,520 730 795 10 0 10
Thai 2,400 850 1,545 80 20 60
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e. 45 25 25 0 0 0
Turkic languages 5,795 3,180 2,625 175 105 75
Azerbaijani 630 325 300 0 0 0
Turkish 4,255 2,420 1,835 165 105 60
Uyghur 290 135 155 0 0 0
Uzbek 425 200 225 0 0 0
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 355 170 180 10 0 10
Uralic languages 8,895 4,315 4,575 270 130 140
Estonian 185 85 105 20 15 0
Finnish 1,045 455 590 35 15 20
Hungarian 7,660 3,770 3,890 220 105 115
Uralic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Other languages, n.i.e. 1,820 1,025 790 100 70 30
Citizenship
Total - Citizenship for the population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 45 3,978,145 1,998,495 1,979,645 730,710 357,855 372,855
Canadian citizensCensus data footnote 46 3,622,740 1,825,135 1,797,600 710,775 347,905 362,875
Canadian citizens aged under 18 854,815 439,065 415,755 130,785 66,795 63,990
Canadian citizens aged 18 and over 2,767,920 1,386,070 1,381,850 579,995 281,110 298,880
Not Canadian citizensCensus data footnote 47 355,410 173,365 182,045 19,925 9,950 9,980
Immigrant status and period of immigration
Total - Immigrant status and period of immigration for the population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 48 3,978,145 1,998,495 1,979,650 730,710 357,855 372,850
Non-immigrantsCensus data footnote 49 3,062,775 1,550,445 1,512,335 692,535 339,090 353,445
ImmigrantsCensus data footnote 50 845,220 412,320 432,895 33,810 16,175 17,640
Before 1981 163,460 81,620 81,840 11,545 5,265 6,275
1981 to 1990 86,350 41,690 44,660 2,735 1,340 1,390
1991 to 2000 131,560 62,930 68,630 2,975 1,490 1,490
2001 to 2010 256,055 125,235 130,820 7,235 3,530 3,710
2001 to 2005 109,145 53,425 55,720 2,435 1,110 1,330
2006 to 2010 146,910 71,810 75,100 4,800 2,415 2,385
2011 to 2016Census data footnote 51 207,790 100,845 106,945 9,330 4,560 4,770
Non-permanent residentsCensus data footnote 52 70,155 35,735 34,420 4,360 2,590 1,770
Age at immigration
Total - Age at immigration for the immigrant population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 53 845,220 412,320 432,895 33,815 16,175 17,635
Under 5 years 82,175 42,200 39,975 5,135 2,350 2,790
5 to 14 years 149,815 77,820 71,995 7,290 3,585 3,705
15 to 24 years 168,965 78,215 90,755 5,790 2,525 3,265
25 to 44 years 372,805 180,265 192,535 12,640 6,100 6,535
45 years and over 71,450 33,820 37,630 2,955 1,615 1,340
Immigrants by selected place of birthThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census immigration data
Total - Selected places of birth for the immigrant population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 54 845,215 412,325 432,895 33,815 16,175 17,635
Americas 103,540 49,345 54,190 9,420 4,205 5,210
Brazil 2,545 1,100 1,440 55 20 30
Colombia 9,535 4,570 4,960 215 85 130
El Salvador 7,255 3,725 3,530 115 85 30
Guyana 2,555 1,200 1,355 80 40 45
Haiti 1,270 675 600 170 70 100
Jamaica 6,845 3,170 3,680 120 85 40
Mexico 15,665 7,860 7,805 160 50 110
Peru 1,920 780 1,140 60 35 25
Trinidad and Tobago 3,415 1,670 1,750 115 70 40
United StatesCensus data footnote 55 30,460 13,675 16,785 7,620 3,315 4,305
Other places of birth in Americas 22,075 10,925 11,150 715 355 360
Europe 189,770 95,355 94,415 10,985 5,335 5,650
Bosnia and Herzegovina 4,555 2,325 2,230 100 55 50
Croatia 3,080 1,615 1,465 60 35 25
France 2,535 1,215 1,320 760 425 340
Germany 19,205 9,485 9,715 1,615 740 880
Greece 2,005 1,115 890 95 60 40
Hungary 3,665 1,880 1,785 100 35 65
IrelandCensus data footnote 56 3,935 2,100 1,835 160 75 85
Italy 8,110 4,370 3,745 210 125 85
Netherlands 14,035 7,420 6,610 975 505 465
Poland 16,925 8,045 8,880 195 90 100
Portugal 4,050 1,985 2,070 130 85 45
Romania 7,725 3,930 3,795 485 245 240
Russian Federation 7,260 3,135 4,125 245 115 135
SerbiaCensus data footnote 57 2,255 1,080 1,170 30 25 10
Ukraine 8,150 3,700 4,455 250 120 130
United KingdomCensus data footnote 58 59,215 30,280 28,935 4,600 2,160 2,445
Other places of birth in Europe 23,060 11,670 11,390 970 455 515
Africa 89,740 46,705 43,030 2,565 1,420 1,140
Algeria 1,340 715 625 165 90 75
Egypt 5,320 2,940 2,375 120 75 45
Ethiopia 10,570 5,355 5,215 120 65 60
Kenya 5,120 2,555 2,565 60 30 30
Morocco 1,695 1,005 695 200 120 75
Nigeria 12,405 6,520 5,880 115 65 50
Somalia 7,060 3,665 3,395 15 10 10
South Africa, Republic of 7,355 3,670 3,685 165 85 80
Other places of birth in Africa 38,865 20,275 18,590 1,615 885 725
Asia 452,225 215,955 236,265 10,625 5,105 5,520
Afghanistan 5,190 2,765 2,430 20 10 0
Bangladesh 5,085 2,590 2,500 100 55 50
ChinaCensus data footnote 59 57,690 26,510 31,185 2,210 1,040 1,175
Hong KongCensus data footnote 60 19,110 9,265 9,850 120 60 55
India 91,660 46,625 45,035 820 435 380
IranCensus data footnote 61 8,910 4,655 4,250 490 260 230
Iraq 5,935 3,205 2,730 70 25 45
Japan 3,065 905 2,160 90 15 75
Korea, SouthCensus data footnote 62 13,850 6,530 7,320 1,495 775 720
Lebanon 10,395 5,640 4,750 390 225 165
Pakistan 28,075 14,630 13,445 225 130 95
Philippines 123,830 54,075 69,755 1,340 475 870
Sri Lanka 4,835 2,475 2,365 40 15 30
SyriaCensus data footnote 63 4,800 2,515 2,280 1,225 605 620
Taiwan 3,455 1,460 2,000 80 25 55
Viet Nam 27,080 12,645 14,435 720 355 365
Other places of birth in Asia 39,250 19,485 19,765 1,195 600 595
Oceania and other places of birthCensus data footnote 64 9,940 4,950 4,990 220 110 110
Recent immigrants by selected places of birth
Total - Selected places of birth for the recent immigrant population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 54 207,790 100,845 106,945 9,325 4,555 4,775
Americas 20,060 9,660 10,400 900 430 475
Brazil 860 370 490 20 10 10
Colombia 2,295 1,020 1,275 40 20 15
Cuba 465 215 255 10 10 10
Haiti 385 240 150 45 15 30
Jamaica 1,660 765 895 40 25 10
Mexico 4,405 2,250 2,150 25 10 20
United StatesCensus data footnote 55 4,645 2,130 2,515 585 285 300
VenezuelaCensus data footnote 65 1,570 745 820 25 10 20
Other places of birth in Americas 3,785 1,930 1,855 110 45 70
Europe 20,870 10,830 10,045 1,405 695 710
France 425 240 180 300 165 130
Germany 1,370 710 655 85 45 45
IrelandCensus data footnote 56 1,355 835 520 30 15 15
MoldovaCensus data footnote 66 715 365 350 25 10 20
Romania 1,100 545 555 245 130 120
Russian Federation 1,235 430 805 90 35