Census Profile, 2016 Census
Alberta [Province] and Quebec [Province]

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The table shows total, male and female data grouped by geography (appearing as column headers) for selected characteristics (appearing as row headers).
Characteristic Alberta

[Province]
Quebec

[Province]
Data quality , Alberta [Province]  Map : Alberta [Province]
Change geography 1
Data quality : Quebec [Province]  Map : geography 2
Change geography 2
Total Male Female Total Male Female
Counts (unless otherwise specified)
Population and dwellings
Population, 2016Census data footnote 1 4,067,175 ... ... 8,164,361 ... ...
Population, 2011Census data footnote 1 3,645,257 ... ... 7,903,001 ... ...
Population percentage change, 2011 to 2016 11.6 ... ... 3.3 ... ...
Total private dwellingsCensus data footnote 2 1,654,129 ... ... 3,858,943 ... ...
Private dwellings occupied by usual residentsCensus data footnote 3 1,527,678 ... ... 3,531,663 ... ...
Population density per square kilometre 6.4 ... ... 6.0 ... ...
Land area in square kilometres 640,330.46 ... ... 1,356,625.27 ... ...
Age characteristics
Total - Age groups and average age of the population - 100% dataCensus data footnote 4 4,067,175 2,039,410 2,027,765 8,164,360 4,016,760 4,147,605
0 to 14 years 779,155 399,570 379,580 1,333,260 682,535 650,720
0 to 4 years 266,515 136,520 129,995 444,930 227,965 216,970
5 to 9 years 270,715 138,990 131,725 469,165 240,225 228,940
10 to 14 years 241,920 124,060 117,860 419,160 214,345 204,815
15 to 64 years 2,787,805 1,408,150 1,379,655 5,335,910 2,664,630 2,671,280
15 to 19 years 240,035 123,625 116,410 429,825 219,070 210,755
20 to 24 years 261,830 133,990 127,840 500,100 252,600 247,500
25 to 29 years 310,940 156,715 154,225 495,410 248,030 247,380
30 to 34 years 333,175 167,555 165,620 515,505 256,440 259,070
35 to 39 years 305,505 153,655 151,850 550,540 274,595 275,945
40 to 44 years 281,205 142,545 138,660 506,525 254,100 252,425
45 to 49 years 269,030 135,855 133,180 519,425 260,410 259,015
50 to 54 years 284,310 142,205 142,100 619,435 309,070 310,370
55 to 59 years 275,540 138,565 136,970 636,475 314,190 322,285
60 to 64 years 226,230 113,440 112,790 562,670 276,140 286,535
65 years and over 500,215 231,690 268,530 1,495,195 669,590 825,605
65 to 69 years 173,680 85,500 88,180 488,175 236,395 251,775
70 to 74 years 117,035 56,430 60,610 373,590 176,905 196,690
75 to 79 years 83,955 39,105 44,845 256,905 116,020 140,890
80 to 84 years 62,165 27,590 34,575 187,835 78,390 109,450
85 years and over 63,385 23,065 40,320 188,685 61,885 126,805
85 to 89 years 39,965 16,050 23,915 120,635 43,795 76,840
90 to 94 years 18,025 5,755 12,275 53,165 15,155 38,015
95 to 99 years 4,735 1,145 3,595 13,035 2,685 10,350
100 years and over 650 115 535 1,850 255 1,600
Total - Distribution (%) of the population by broad age groups - 100% data 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0
0 to 14 years 19.2 19.6 18.7 16.3 17.0 15.7
15 to 64 years 68.5 69.0 68.0 65.4 66.3 64.4
65 years and over 12.3 11.4 13.2 18.3 16.7 19.9
85 years and over 1.6 1.1 2.0 2.3 1.5 3.1
Average age of the population 37.8 37.2 38.4 41.9 40.9 42.9
Median age of the population 36.7 36.2 37.2 42.5 41.4 43.6
Household and dwelling characteristics
Total - Occupied private dwellings by structural type of dwelling - 100% dataCensus data footnote 5 1,527,675 ... ... 3,531,660 ... ...
Single-detached house 946,225 ... ... 1,602,680 ... ...
Apartment in a building that has five or more storeys 62,395 ... ... 187,800 ... ...
Other attached dwellingCensus data footnote 6 471,090 ... ... 1,717,680 ... ...
Semi-detached house 86,765 ... ... 188,245 ... ...
Row house 116,625 ... ... 93,350 ... ...
Apartment or flat in a duplex 43,090 ... ... 265,195 ... ...
Apartment in a building that has fewer than five storeys 223,360 ... ... 1,154,955 ... ...
Other single-attached house 1,245 ... ... 15,940 ... ...
Movable dwellingCensus data footnote 7 47,970 ... ... 23,505 ... ...
Total - Private households by household size - 100% dataCensus data footnote 8 1,527,675 ... ... 3,531,665 ... ...
1 person 366,080 ... ... 1,175,230 ... ...
2 persons 524,415 ... ... 1,227,765 ... ...
3 persons 245,075 ... ... 489,460 ... ...
4 persons 233,770 ... ... 426,250 ... ...
5 or more persons 158,335 ... ... 212,960 ... ...
Number of persons in private households 3,978,145 ... ... 7,965,455 ... ...
Average household size 2.6 ... ... 2.3 ... ...
Marital status
Total - Marital status for the population aged 15 years and over - 100% dataCensus data footnote 9 3,288,020 1,639,835 1,648,185 6,831,105 3,334,220 3,496,885
Married or living common law 1,969,300 988,410 980,895 3,844,145 1,924,750 1,919,395
Married 1,648,945 828,155 820,790 2,342,980 1,172,720 1,170,260
Living common law 320,350 160,250 160,100 1,501,160 752,025 749,135
Not married and not living common law 1,318,720 651,430 667,290 2,986,960 1,409,475 1,577,490
Never married 905,700 505,310 400,390 2,010,580 1,084,300 926,280
Separated 76,150 34,000 42,150 103,625 46,390 57,240
Divorced 195,850 82,040 113,815 483,195 194,430 288,760
Widowed 141,020 30,080 110,940 389,555 84,345 305,210
Family characteristics
Total - Census families in private households by family size - 100% dataCensus data footnote 10 1,114,585 ... ... 2,257,560 ... ...
2 persons 540,850 ... ... 1,204,955 ... ...
3 persons 235,245 ... ... 466,310 ... ...
4 persons 227,165 ... ... 412,160 ... ...
5 or more persons 111,330 ... ... 174,140 ... ...
Average size of census families 3.0 ... ... 2.8 ... ...
Total number of census families in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 11 1,114,585 ... ... 2,257,560 ... ...
Total couple families 953,325 ... ... 1,878,095 ... ...
Married couples 793,195 ... ... 1,128,355 ... ...
Common-law couples 160,130 ... ... 749,740 ... ...
Total lone-parent families by sex of parent 161,260 ... ... 379,460 ... ...
Female parent 123,490 ... ... 284,900 ... ...
Male parent 37,770 ... ... 94,565 ... ...
Total - Couple census families in private households - 100% data 953,325 ... ... 1,878,095 ... ...
Couples without children 443,665 ... ... 970,260 ... ...
Couples with children 509,655 ... ... 907,840 ... ...
1 child 190,010 ... ... 356,640 ... ...
2 children 213,910 ... ... 384,875 ... ...
3 or more children 105,735 ... ... 166,315 ... ...
Total - Lone-parent census families in private households - 100% data 161,260 ... ... 379,465 ... ...
1 child 97,180 ... ... 234,695 ... ...
2 children 45,235 ... ... 109,670 ... ...
3 or more children 18,845 ... ... 35,100 ... ...
Total - Persons not in census families in private households - 100% data 678,535 356,875 321,655 1,579,070 775,765 803,305
Household type
Total - Private households by household type - 100% dataCensus data footnote 12 1,527,675 ... ... 3,531,660 ... ...
One-census-family households 1,039,985 ... ... 2,197,340 ... ...
Without children in a census familyCensus data footnote 13 414,570 ... ... 947,305 ... ...
With children in a census familyCensus data footnote 14 625,415 ... ... 1,250,040 ... ...
Multiple-census-family households 36,120 ... ... 29,595 ... ...
Non-census-family households 451,570 ... ... 1,304,725 ... ...
One-person households 366,080 ... ... 1,175,230 ... ...
Two-or-more person non-census-family households 85,490 ... ... 129,500 ... ...
Knowledge of official languagesThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Knowledge of official languages for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 15 4,026,650 2,020,510 2,006,140 8,066,560 3,977,275 4,089,285
English only 3,698,765 1,869,670 1,829,095 372,445 187,595 184,860
French only 3,895 1,725 2,165 4,032,640 1,874,545 2,158,095
English and French 264,720 124,400 140,315 3,586,410 1,884,135 1,702,275
Neither English nor French 59,280 24,715 34,565 75,065 31,000 44,060
First official language spokenThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - First official language spoken for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 16 4,026,650 2,020,510 2,006,140 8,066,555 3,977,270 4,089,285
English 3,880,685 1,950,980 1,929,705 964,120 482,985 481,135
French 71,535 37,205 34,330 6,750,945 3,320,380 3,430,560
English and French 16,605 8,350 8,255 278,710 144,060 134,655
Neither English nor French 57,830 23,970 33,860 72,775 29,845 42,930
Official language minority (number)Census data footnote 17 79,840 41,380 38,455 1,103,480 555,015 548,465
Official language minority (percentage)Census data footnote 17 2.0 2.0 1.9 13.7 14.0 13.4
Mother tongueThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Mother tongue for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 18 4,026,650 2,020,510 2,006,140 8,066,555 3,977,270 4,089,285
Single responses 3,934,580 1,975,615 1,958,970 7,881,650 3,884,675 3,996,975
Official languages 3,063,640 1,552,475 1,511,165 6,820,815 3,366,970 3,453,845
English 2,991,485 1,515,025 1,476,460 601,155 301,860 299,300
French 72,150 37,450 34,705 6,219,665 3,065,115 3,154,550
Non-official languages 870,940 423,140 447,805 1,060,830 517,700 543,125
Aboriginal languages 23,835 11,290 12,550 45,570 22,530 23,040
Algonquian languages 18,295 8,665 9,630 33,140 16,365 16,770
Blackfoot 2,750 1,305 1,445 5 0 0
Cree-Montagnais languages 14,960 7,105 7,850 31,430 15,575 15,855
Atikamekw 0 0 0 6,150 3,135 3,015
Montagnais (Innu) 0 5 0 8,715 4,155 4,555
Moose Cree 10 0 5 0 5 0
Naskapi 0 0 0 590 285 305
Northern East Cree 50 15 35 135 55 80
Plains Cree 720 280 435 5 0 5
Southern East Cree 0 0 0 35 15 15
Swampy Cree 50 20 35 5 5 0
Woods Cree 910 430 480 10 5 5
Cree, n.o.s. 13,220 6,355 6,865 15,790 7,920 7,875
Eastern Algonquian languages 30 15 15 485 225 260
Malecite 0 5 0 0 0 0
Mi'kmaq 35 20 15 485 220 260
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 550 235 315 1,215 565 645
Algonquin 5 0 5 1,185 555 630
Ojibway 525 230 300 20 10 15
Oji-Cree 15 5 15 5 0 5
Ottawa (Odawa) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 5 5 0 5
Athabaskan languages 1,865 865 1,000 15 10 5
Northern Athabaskan languages 1,855 860 990 15 10 5
Babine (Wetsuwet'en) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Beaver 35 15 15 0 0 0
Carrier 15 0 15 0 0 0
Chilcotin 5 0 0 0 0 0
Dene 1,470 710 760 0 0 0
Dogrib (Tlicho) 40 10 30 0 0 0
Gwich'in 15 5 10 0 0 0
Sarsi (Sarcee) 70 20 45 5 0 0
Sekani 0 0 0 0 5 0
Slavey-Hare languages 200 90 115 10 5 0
North Slavey (Hare) 10 5 10 0 0 0
South Slavey 155 70 80 0 0 0
Slavey, n.o.s. 35 15 25 10 10 0
Tahltan languages 5 0 5 0 0 0
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tutchone languages 5 0 0 0 0 0
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 10 0 10 5 0 0
Haida 0 0 0 0 0 0
Inuit languages 120 35 85 11,970 5,955 6,015
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 25 5 10 0 0 0
Inuktitut 60 20 45 11,895 5,925 5,970
Inuit languages, n.i.e. 35 10 30 75 25 45
Iroquoian languages 10 10 5 375 165 210
Cayuga 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mohawk 5 5 5 365 160 210
Oneida 0 5 0 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 5 5 5 5
Kutenai 5 0 0 0 0 0
Michif 80 45 35 5 5 0
Salish languages 15 5 10 5 0 0
Comox 0 0 0 0 0 0
Halkomelem 0 0 0 0 0 0
Lillooet 0 0 0 0 0 0
Okanagan 0 5 5 0 0 0
Shuswap (Secwepemctsin) 5 0 0 0 0 0
Squamish 5 0 0 0 0 0
Straits 0 0 0 0 0 0
Thompson (Ntlakapamux) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Salish languages, n.i.e. 5 0 5 0 5 0
Siouan languages 3,370 1,630 1,745 0 0 0
Dakota 350 165 185 0 0 0
Stoney 3,020 1,460 1,555 0 0 0
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 5 0 0 0 0 0
Tlingit 5 0 0 0 0 0
Tsimshian languages 15 5 5 0 0 0
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Nisga'a 10 5 5 0 0 0
Tsimshian 0 0 0 0 0 0
Wakashan languages 5 5 5 0 0 0
Haisla 0 0 0 0 0 0
Heiltsuk 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kwakiutl (Kwak'wala) 0 0 5 0 0 0
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0 5 0 0 0 0
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Aboriginal languages, n.o.s. 55 30 25 65 30 35
Non-Aboriginal languages 847,105 411,850 435,255 1,015,260 495,175 520,090
Afro-Asiatic languages 68,415 36,215 32,200 197,535 104,185 93,355
Berber languages 340 190 145 20,845 11,125 9,720
Kabyle 165 90 75 12,470 6,625 5,840
Berber languages, n.i.e. 175 100 75 8,375 4,500 3,875
Cushitic languages 12,525 6,495 6,030 1,125 545 580
Bilen 315 185 130 10 10 5
Oromo 2,650 1,375 1,275 15 10 5
Somali 9,520 4,915 4,605 1,075 515 560
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 40 20 20 30 20 10
Semitic languages 55,425 29,450 25,980 175,215 92,310 82,900
Amharic 7,320 3,605 3,720 745 340 405
Arabic 40,540 21,840 18,705 169,890 89,590 80,300
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 400 210 190 150 80 70
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 145 80 65 15 10 5
Harari 260 135 120 0 5 5
Hebrew 960 505 460 3,885 2,040 1,845
Maltese 75 30 40 25 10 15
Tigrigna 5,415 2,880 2,535 385 185 205
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 305 155 145 110 60 50
Afro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 130 80 50 355 200 155
Austro-Asiatic languages 25,295 11,760 13,535 36,305 17,030 19,275
Khmer (Cambodian) 1,925 910 1,010 8,855 4,105 4,750
Vietnamese 23,350 10,840 12,505 27,425 12,920 14,505
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e 25 10 15 25 10 15
Austronesian languages 115,405 50,190 65,210 21,635 7,800 13,835
Bikol 425 205 225 115 35 80
Cebuano 5,135 2,155 2,980 885 270 610
Fijian 125 75 50 0 0 0
Hiligaynon 1,500 640 855 410 125 275
Ilocano 5,350 2,310 3,040 2,060 745 1,315
Malagasy 35 10 25 1,250 590 660
Malay 1,460 615 845 705 265 440
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 765 370 390 205 90 110
Pangasinan 290 115 175 95 40 50
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 99,035 43,120 55,920 15,545 5,480 10,065
Waray-Waray 305 145 160 50 10 40
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 980 430 550 320 140 180
Creole languages 1,895 990 910 56,990 25,220 31,770
Haitian Creole 95 45 50 2,220 1,055 1,170
Creole, n.o.s. 1,175 640 540 53,785 23,675 30,110
Creole languages, n.i.e. 625 305 325 980 490 490
Dravidian languages 13,490 7,075 6,415 14,865 7,435 7,430
Kannada 535 270 265 240 130 110
Malayalam 6,345 3,285 3,060 440 235 205
Tamil 4,430 2,360 2,070 13,600 6,715 6,880
Telugu 2,130 1,135 995 570 345 230
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 50 25 25 15 10 5
Hmong-Mien languages 105 55 45 25 10 15
Indo-European languages 442,685 220,330 222,355 553,045 269,625 283,420
Albanian 2,345 1,270 1,075 2,795 1,420 1,370
Armenian 500 250 245 16,430 7,970 8,460
Balto-Slavic languages 80,330 37,750 42,580 68,155 30,960 37,195
Baltic languages 1,010 475 535 850 335 515
Latvian 415 195 220 290 120 175
Lithuanian 600 285 315 555 215 340
Slavic languages 79,325 37,275 42,050 67,310 30,630 36,675
Belarusan 65 30 30 80 45 35
Bosnian 1,835 915 920 1,620 805 815
Bulgarian 1,545 790 755 6,985 3,385 3,600
Croatian 4,655 2,340 2,320 2,330 1,165 1,170
Czech 3,000 1,430 1,575 1,465 690 775
Macedonian 360 185 175 205 105 95
Polish 20,130 9,425 10,705 13,935 6,065 7,865
Russian 17,810 8,150 9,665 28,565 12,715 15,850
Serbian 4,020 2,035 1,985 3,140 1,590 1,545
Serbo-Croatian 970 480 485 1,805 865 940
Slovak 2,185 1,070 1,115 1,040 455 585
Slovene (Slovenian) 695 320 370 755 350 405
Ukrainian 21,835 9,985 11,850 5,210 2,285 2,920
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 215 120 100 175 90 85
Celtic languages 370 200 170 155 95 60
Scottish Gaelic 135 70 65 20 15 10
Welsh 175 85 80 40 20 20
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 65 40 25 90 55 30
Germanic languages 104,260 51,525 52,735 27,540 13,280 14,260
Afrikaans 3,010 1,475 1,535 125 60 65
Danish 2,380 1,245 1,135 395 190 200
Dutch 16,135 8,095 8,045 2,825 1,395 1,430
Frisian 360 200 160 10 10 0
German 80,050 39,435 40,615 13,670 6,340 7,330
Icelandic 115 55 60 65 30 35
Norwegian 815 370 445 200 100 100
Swedish 875 405 470 555 255 300
Vlaams (Flemish) 320 150 170 540 240 300
Yiddish 140 70 70 8,985 4,560 4,420
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 55 30 25 175 100 75
Greek 3,130 1,655 1,475 38,635 19,435 19,205
Indo-Iranian languages 166,805 85,250 81,560 76,040 39,205 36,835
Indo-Aryan languages 145,900 74,320 71,580 45,845 23,875 21,970
Bengali 7,000 3,630 3,370 10,995 5,620 5,380
Gujarati 13,140 6,785 6,355 6,070 2,980 3,090
Hindi 17,055 8,675 8,385 3,030 1,635 1,390
Kashmiri 105 60 50 20 15 5
Konkani 370 190 185 110 60 55
Marathi 1,510 775 730 255 145 110
Nepali 5,175 2,690 2,490 1,505 740 765
Oriya (Odia) 190 100 90 35 20 15
Punjabi (Panjabi) 68,695 34,935 33,760 12,380 6,720 5,660
Sindhi 2,770 1,300 1,475 330 160 165
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 2,590 1,320 1,265 645 310 330
Urdu 27,295 13,865 13,430 10,470 5,460 5,010
Iranian languages 19,600 10,235 9,365 29,760 15,105 14,655
Kurdish 1,550 845 705 985 550 430
Pashto 2,560 1,320 1,235 1,285 680 610
Persian (Farsi) 15,490 8,070 7,425 27,490 13,875 13,615
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 1,310 695 615 440 225 210
Italic (Romance) languages 84,940 42,425 42,515 323,290 157,260 166,030
Catalan 75 30 45 320 170 150
Italian 11,375 5,760 5,615 104,600 51,705 52,895
Portuguese 9,050 4,380 4,670 36,770 17,735 19,035
Romanian 8,035 4,080 3,955 35,840 17,170 18,665
Spanish 56,370 28,160 28,205 145,635 70,405 75,235
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 35 20 15 125 75 50
Japanese 4,875 1,715 3,160 2,525 775 1,750
Kartvelian languages 230 130 105 170 80 85
Georgian 230 130 100 170 80 90
Korean 17,920 8,485 9,435 5,160 2,270 2,890
Mongolic languages 545 255 290 190 75 115
Mongolian 540 255 290 195 80 115
Niger-Congo languages 15,360 7,870 7,495 28,355 14,360 13,995
Akan (Twi) 1,755 915 835 1,050 520 525
Bamanankan 35 20 15 1,200 655 545
Edo 275 155 120 75 45 30
Ewe 245 145 100 730 400 325
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 230 120 100 2,055 1,080 970
Ga 145 80 65 80 40 40
Ganda 280 145 135 35 15 20
Igbo 1,165 625 540 120 70 50
Lingala 270 130 140 2,465 1,185 1,285
Rundi (Kirundi) 605 305 295 3,345 1,600 1,745
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 805 405 400 2,500 1,115 1,380
Shona 1,100 545 555 85 45 40
Swahili 2,380 1,160 1,215 3,010 1,460 1,545
Wolof 280 165 110 3,230 1,745 1,485
Yoruba 2,435 1,305 1,125 255 155 100
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 3,370 1,640 1,735 8,135 4,235 3,895
Nilo-Saharan languages 2,720 1,395 1,330 345 180 165
Dinka 1,345 705 640 5 5 0
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 1,375 685 690 335 170 165
Sign languages 830 440 390 1,330 700 630
American Sign Language 335 165 165 65 35 30
Quebec Sign Language 0 0 0 670 330 340
Sign languages, n.i.e 495 275 225 595 340 255
Sino-Tibetan languages 122,450 57,740 64,705 76,840 35,775 41,065
Chinese languages 120,375 56,675 63,700 76,490 35,600 40,895
Cantonese 59,145 27,755 31,385 24,375 11,505 12,875
Hakka 990 465 530 470 215 260
Mandarin 50,660 23,940 26,720 43,700 20,175 23,525
Min Dong 115 50 65 20 10 15
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 3,060 1,375 1,695 3,225 1,480 1,745
Wu (Shanghainese) 630 305 330 1,075 465 605
Chinese, n.o.s. 5,725 2,770 2,955 3,535 1,710 1,825
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 40 15 25 90 40 45
Tibeto-Burman languages 2,075 1,065 1,005 345 175 170
Burmese 430 230 200 80 30 50
Karenic languages 795 415 380 70 40 30
Tibetan 575 295 275 110 65 50
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 275 130 140 85 45 40
Tai-Kadai languages 2,670 955 1,710 4,895 2,185 2,710
Lao 1,020 485 535 4,115 1,995 2,120
Thai 1,630 465 1,165 765 180 585
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e 20 10 15 10 5 10
Turkic languages 4,050 2,250 1,800 7,980 4,095 3,880
Azerbaijani 365 215 155 290 160 130
Turkish 3,140 1,760 1,375 7,155 3,685 3,470
Uyghur 130 70 60 205 100 105
Uzbek 205 115 90 145 70 75
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 215 95 120 185 80 105
Uralic languages 7,470 3,600 3,870 6,400 2,985 3,410
Estonian 190 90 105 195 75 120
Finnish 810 330 480 360 125 240
Hungarian 6,470 3,185 3,285 5,835 2,790 3,045
Uralic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 5
Other languages, n.i.e. 690 415 280 685 385 300
Multiple responses 92,070 44,900 47,175 184,905 92,600 92,310
English and French 10,230 4,950 5,280 72,395 36,695 35,695
English and non-official language 77,520 37,815 39,705 27,485 13,545 13,945
French and non-official language 2,685 1,375 1,305 67,075 33,110 33,970
English, French and non-official language 1,640 760 880 17,950 9,245 8,705
Language spoken most often at homeThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Language spoken most often at home for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 19 4,026,655 2,020,510 2,006,145 8,066,560 3,977,270 4,089,285
Single responses 3,837,615 1,928,230 1,909,385 7,743,740 3,819,315 3,924,425
Official languages 3,354,885 1,690,490 1,664,395 7,157,850 3,536,165 3,621,685
English 3,327,255 1,676,360 1,650,895 782,185 391,125 391,060
French 27,630 14,130 13,500 6,375,665 3,145,040 3,230,625
Non-official languages 482,725 237,740 244,990 585,890 283,150 302,735
Aboriginal languages 9,970 4,940 5,020 40,190 20,205 19,980
Algonquian languages 7,175 3,575 3,605 28,695 14,385 14,310
Blackfoot 1,110 555 555 0 0 0
Cree-Montagnais languages 5,875 2,925 2,945 28,110 14,105 14,005
Atikamekw 0 0 0 5,465 2,825 2,640
Montagnais (Innu) 0 0 0 7,375 3,590 3,790
Moose Cree 0 0 0 5 5 0
Naskapi 0 0 0 590 295 290
Northern East Cree 20 10 10 60 30 30
Plains Cree 125 60 60 5 0 0
Southern East Cree 0 0 0 15 5 10
Swampy Cree 5 0 5 5 5 5
Woods Cree 600 300 295 0 5 0
Cree, n.o.s. 5,120 2,540 2,575 14,590 7,355 7,235
Eastern Algonquian languages 5 5 5 220 115 110
Malecite 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mi'kmaq 5 5 0 220 110 105
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 190 95 95 370 170 200
Algonquin 0 0 0 360 165 195
Ojibway 185 90 95 5 5 0
Oji-Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Ottawa (Odawa) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages 620 320 300 0 0 5
Northern Athabaskan languages 620 325 300 0 0 0
Babine (Wetsuwet'en) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Beaver 10 5 0 0 0 0
Carrier 0 0 0 0 0 0
Chilcotin 0 0 0 0 0 0
Dene 540 280 260 0 0 0
Dogrib (Tlicho) 5 0 0 0 0 0
Gwich'in 5 0 5 0 0 0
Sarsi (Sarcee) 5 5 0 0 0 0
Sekani 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey-Hare languages 60 35 30 0 0 0
North Slavey (Hare) 0 0 0 0 0 0
South Slavey 55 30 25 0 0 0
Slavey, n.o.s. 5 5 5 0 0 0
Tahltan languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tutchone languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Haida 0 0 0 0 0 0
Inuit languages 10 0 10 11,375 5,770 5,615
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 5 0 0 0 5 0
Inuktitut 0 0 0 11,350 5,750 5,600
Inuit languages, n.i.e. 5 0 5 20 15 10
Iroquoian languages 0 0 0 70 35 35
Cayuga 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mohawk 0 0 0 70 35 30
Oneida 0 0 0 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 5 0 5 5 0 0
Kutenai 0 0 0 0 0 0
Michif 10 5 5 0 0 0
Salish languages 0 0 0 5 5 5
Comox 0 0 0 0 0 0
Halkomelem 0 0 0 0 0 0
Lillooet 0 0 0 0 0 0
Okanagan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Shuswap (Secwepemctsin) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Squamish 0 0 0 0 0 0
Straits 0 0 0 0 0 0
Thompson (Ntlakapamux) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Salish languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 0 0
Siouan languages 2,125 1,025 1,095 0 0 0
Dakota 175 85 85 0 0 0
Stoney 1,945 935 1,010 0 0 0
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tlingit 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tsimshian languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Nisga'a 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tsimshian 0 0 0 0 0 0
Wakashan languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Haisla 0 0 0 0 0 0
Heiltsuk 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kwakiutl (Kwak'wala) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Aboriginal languages, n.o.s. 25 15 10 35 10 25
Non-Aboriginal languages 472,760 232,800 239,965 545,695 262,940 282,755
Afro-Asiatic languages 43,770 22,535 21,235 91,660 46,550 45,110
Berber languages 200 105 95 7,495 3,895 3,605
Kabyle 90 45 40 5,105 2,660 2,450
Berber languages, n.i.e. 105 60 45 2,390 1,235 1,150
Cushitic languages 9,220 4,750 4,470 535 240 295
Bilen 280 160 115 5 0 5
Oromo 2,075 1,060 1,015 5 0 0
Somali 6,850 3,520 3,325 520 230 290
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 15 5 10 5 5 5
Semitic languages 34,310 17,660 16,655 83,520 42,365 41,160
Amharic 4,915 2,390 2,530 340 150 185
Arabic 24,230 12,555 11,675 81,105 41,150 39,955
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 260 130 130 95 50 45
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 95 50 40 10 0 5
Harari 165 80 85 5 0 5
Hebrew 460 235 225 1,705 880 825
Maltese 15 10 10 0 0 0
Tigrigna 3,955 2,095 1,860 205 95 105
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 210 110 100 60 25 35
Afro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 45 20 20 105 50 55
Austro-Asiatic languages 16,355 7,635 8,715 24,980 11,675 13,305
Khmer (Cambodian) 960 460 500 5,180 2,370 2,805
Vietnamese 15,380 7,175 8,205 19,790 9,295 10,495
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e 15 0 10 15 5 10
Austronesian languages 60,860 28,765 32,100 9,715 3,960 5,750
Bikol 70 40 35 15 5 10
Cebuano 2,110 1,015 1,090 230 100 125
Fijian 45 25 20 0 0 0
Hiligaynon 470 215 255 130 55 75
Ilocano 1,975 935 1,035 740 305 435
Malagasy 20 10 10 360 185 170
Malay 405 205 195 175 85 95
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 220 110 110 60 30 30
Pangasinan 45 20 30 10 5 10
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 55,105 26,005 29,100 7,905 3,150 4,760
Waray-Waray 125 60 60 15 10 10
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 280 120 155 75 35 35
Creole languages 970 495 475 20,705 8,780 11,925
Haitian Creole 50 25 25 855 380 475
Creole, n.o.s. 655 345 310 19,405 8,200 11,210
Creole languages, n.i.e. 270 125 140 440 200 240
Dravidian languages 8,460 4,335 4,125 11,400 5,595 5,805
Kannada 210 105 105 150 85 65
Malayalam 4,060 2,070 1,990 200 100 100
Tamil 2,915 1,515 1,395 10,720 5,215 5,500
Telugu 1,245 635 615 330 190 135
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 30 10 15 10 5 5
Hmong-Mien languages 70 35 35 15 5 5
Indo-European languages 230,270 115,280 114,995 303,215 146,100 157,115
Albanian 1,060 570 485 1,615 795 820
Armenian 215 115 105 11,990 5,680 6,310
Balto-Slavic languages 30,220 14,820 15,400 40,405 19,085 21,325
Baltic languages 410 210 200 190 80 105
Latvian 165 85 80 75 40 40
Lithuanian 250 125 120 115 40 70
Slavic languages 29,815 14,610 15,205 40,220 19,000 21,220
Belarusan 15 10 5 25 15 15
Bosnian 785 400 385 965 475 495
Bulgarian 825 415 405 5,125 2,495 2,630
Croatian 1,800 905 895 1,015 475 545
Czech 875 440 430 460 220 240
Macedonian 175 90 85 130 65 65
Polish 7,705 3,675 4,030 5,970 2,695 3,270
Russian 10,145 4,965 5,175 20,680 9,775 10,900
Serbian 2,100 1,045 1,055 2,010 1,020 990
Serbo-Croatian 315 160 155 960 470 490
Slovak 710 345 365 245 120 130
Slovene (Slovenian) 150 70 75 225 95 135
Ukrainian 4,180 2,060 2,110 2,365 1,060 1,300
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 55 30 25 40 15 25
Celtic languages 40 25 15 30 20 10
Scottish Gaelic 15 15 5 5 5 0
Welsh 15 5 5 10 10 0
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 10 5 0 15 15 5
Germanic languages 40,915 20,280 20,625 9,890 4,980 4,905
Afrikaans 1,705 835 875 15 10 10
Danish 150 75 75 50 25 25
Dutch 1,980 985 1,000 375 170 205
Frisian 60 30 30 0 0 0
German 36,295 18,010 18,290 2,550 1,190 1,365
Icelandic 30 15 15 30 15 20
Norwegian 60 20 35 20 5 10
Swedish 145 65 80 105 50 60
Vlaams (Flemish) 60 30 25 70 35 40
Yiddish 15 5 5 6,665 3,485 3,180
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 425 215 210 10 5 5
Greek 1,015 490 525 18,545 8,865 9,680
Indo-Iranian languages 111,975 56,535 55,445 53,555 26,845 26,710
Indo-Aryan languages 98,610 49,790 48,815 31,575 15,985 15,585
Bengali 4,530 2,300 2,225 8,180 4,055 4,125
Gujarati 8,025 4,085 3,935 3,840 1,860 1,985
Hindi 9,945 5,115 4,825 1,535 790 745
Kashmiri 50 20 25 5 0 0
Konkani 75 40 40 30 15 15
Marathi 845 440 405 80 40 40
Nepali 3,710 1,905 1,805 1,355 655 700
Oriya (Odia) 95 50 45 15 10 5
Punjabi (Panjabi) 51,010 25,720 25,295 8,840 4,690 4,155
Sindhi 1,240 575 665 135 65 75
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 1,480 750 730 365 185 180
Urdu 17,600 8,795 8,810 7,180 3,620 3,565
Iranian languages 12,720 6,415 6,305 21,745 10,740 11,010
Kurdish 850 440 410 510 280 235
Pashto 1,640 845 795 925 460 465
Persian (Farsi) 10,230 5,135 5,100 20,310 10,005 10,305
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 650 325 325 235 120 120
Italic (Romance) languages 44,830 22,445 22,385 167,190 79,835 87,355
Catalan 35 10 20 110 50 60
Italian 2,840 1,275 1,560 32,935 14,595 18,340
Portuguese 3,905 1,875 2,030 17,260 8,250 9,005
Romanian 4,135 2,115 2,020 24,520 12,000 12,525
Spanish 33,910 17,160 16,755 92,330 44,920 47,415
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 10 5 5 35 20 15
Japanese 2,245 945 1,300 1,050 425 620
Kartvelian languages 160 85 70 70 35 35
Georgian 160 85 70 70 40 35
Korean 12,775 6,205 6,570 3,540 1,630 1,910
Mongolic languages 335 160 175 145 70 75
Mongolian 335 155 175 145 70 75
Niger-Congo languages 5,600 2,725 2,875 7,250 3,450 3,800
Akan (Twi) 845 415 430 445 215 235
Bamanankan 10 10 0 265 135 125
Edo 70 35 35 10 5 5
Ewe 80 45 35 140 60 80
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 105 55 45 530 255 280
Ga 40 20 20 15 5 10
Ganda 95 50 50 5 5 5
Igbo 265 125 145 15 10 10
Lingala 85 35 45 625 270 355
Rundi (Kirundi) 280 135 145 1,110 510 600
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 350 175 170 530 225 305
Shona 410 190 225 20 10 10
Swahili 1,090 530 565 1,100 535 565
Wolof 170 95 75 1,035 555 480
Yoruba 690 340 350 55 25 25
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 1,015 485 535 1,350 635 710
Nilo-Saharan languages 1,525 765 755 135 70 65
Dinka 800 420 380 0 0 0
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 725 350 375 130 65 65
Sign languages 1,095 630 465 1,770 1,000 775
American Sign Language 325 170 155 90 35 50
Quebec Sign Language 0 0 0 700 360 340
Sign languages, n.i.e 765 455 310 985 600 385
Sino-Tibetan languages 82,380 39,230 43,155 60,370 28,925 31,450
Chinese languages 80,880 38,455 42,420 60,155 28,805 31,345
Cantonese 38,275 17,810 20,460 17,845 8,470 9,375
Hakka 315 135 185 155 75 80
Mandarin 37,125 18,030 19,095 37,075 17,870 19,200
Min Dong 20 5 10 0 0 0
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 1,245 540 705 1,830 830 1,000
Wu (Shanghainese) 340 175 165 780 355 420
Chinese, n.o.s. 3,550 1,760 1,785 2,435 1,190 1,240
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 10 5 5 40 20 20
Tibeto-Burman languages 1,500 770 730 215 115 100
Burmese 280 145 130 35 15 20
Karenic languages 665 340 320 65 40 30
Tibetan 420 220 200 70 45 30
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 140 65 75 40 20 20
Tai-Kadai languages 1,130 505 625 2,375 1,145 1,230
Lao 465 215 245 2,150 1,055 1,100
Thai 655 285 370 225 90 135
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e 10 5 10 0 0 0
Turkic languages 2,390 1,270 1,120 5,120 2,540 2,575
Azerbaijani 155 90 75 100 50 55
Turkish 1,945 1,030 915 4,715 2,340 2,370
Uyghur 80 45 40 140 75 70
Uzbek 135 70 65 105 50 55
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 70 35 25 65 30 35
Uralic languages 2,130 1,040 1,085 2,025 895 1,130
Estonian 25 10 15 30 10 20
Finnish 105 50 50 50 20 30
Hungarian 1,995 980 1,015 1,945 860 1,085
Uralic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Other languages, n.i.e. 240 140 95 150 90 60
Multiple responses 189,040 92,280 96,760 322,820 157,960 164,860
English and French 6,885 3,410 3,475 86,715 43,820 42,890
English and non-official language 178,070 86,895 91,170 54,400 26,255 28,140
French and non-official language 1,125 540 580 139,385 66,610 72,775
English, French and non-official language 2,965 1,430 1,530 42,320 21,270 21,045
Other language spoken regularly at homeThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Other language(s) spoken regularly at home for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 20 4,026,650 2,020,510 2,006,140 8,066,555 3,977,275 4,089,285
None 3,492,295 1,760,240 1,732,055 6,825,240 3,356,340 3,468,900
English 221,305 110,655 110,650 513,410 263,670 249,735
French 41,840 19,470 22,375 320,370 158,340 162,030
Non-official language 262,255 125,640 136,615 317,790 154,450 163,340
Aboriginal 17,430 8,325 9,105 5,700 2,645 3,060
Non-Aboriginal 244,825 117,315 127,510 312,085 151,810 160,280
English and French 1,535 775 760 36,235 18,285 17,955
English and non-official language 4,545 2,345 2,195 28,630 14,075 14,555
French and non-official language 2,795 1,340 1,455 23,470 11,365 12,095
English, French and non-official language 85 50 40 1,420 740 680
Income of individuals in 2015
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 21 3,206,050 1,602,690 1,603,360 6,634,295 3,260,155 3,374,145
Number of total income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 3,053,470 1,528,275 1,525,190 6,417,615 3,160,595 3,257,020
Median total income in 2015 among recipients ($) 42,717 54,891 33,213 32,975 37,842 28,522
Number of after-tax income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 3,054,135 1,528,420 1,525,715 6,419,175 3,160,780 3,258,400
Median after-tax income in 2015 among recipients ($) 38,067 47,131 30,478 29,535 33,110 26,119
Number of market income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 2,839,590 1,458,560 1,381,030 5,685,690 2,866,470 2,819,220
Median market income in 2015 among recipients ($) 42,330 54,528 32,099 30,067 35,597 25,012
Number of government transfers recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 1,785,065 711,210 1,073,855 4,973,245 2,300,800 2,672,445
Median government transfers in 2015 among recipients ($) 4,093 3,834 4,185 7,307 5,851 8,246
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 2,473,665 1,301,630 1,172,030 4,627,795 2,408,420 2,219,370
Median employment income in 2015 among recipients ($) 42,679 54,361 32,982 31,263 35,627 27,219
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 22 3,206,045 1,602,810 1,603,235 6,634,280 3,260,040 3,374,245
Number of total income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 3,054,555 1,528,100 1,526,455 6,417,010 3,159,415 3,257,595
Average total income in 2015 among recipients ($) 62,778 80,001 45,535 42,546 49,087 36,203
Number of after-tax income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 3,055,230 1,528,240 1,526,995 6,418,440 3,159,550 3,258,890
Average after-tax income in 2015 among recipients ($) 50,683 62,938 38,417 34,887 39,292 30,616
Number of market income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 2,840,675 1,458,210 1,382,465 5,685,905 2,866,415 2,819,485
Average market income in 2015 among recipients ($) 62,997 80,282 44,766 40,505 47,810 33,079
Number of government transfers recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 1,784,345 710,105 1,074,240 4,972,650 2,299,595 2,673,050
Average government transfers in 2015 among recipients ($) 7,175 7,298 7,093 8,590 7,846 9,229
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 2,473,665 1,299,805 1,173,855 4,627,775 2,408,655 2,219,120
Average employment income in 2015 among recipients ($) 59,343 74,073 43,031 40,382 45,974 34,313
Total - Employment income statistics for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 23 3,206,050 1,602,810 1,603,240 6,634,280 3,260,040 3,374,240
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households who worked full year full time in 2015 - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 24 1,152,385 669,770 482,615 2,036,965 1,114,940 922,025
Median employment income in 2015 for full-year full-time workers ($)Census data footnote 25 64,090 73,781 53,836 47,111 51,622 42,433
Average employment income in 2015 for full-year full-time workers ($)Census data footnote 26 81,586 94,822 63,218 56,564 62,750 49,085
Composition of total income in 2015 of the population aged 15 years and over in private households (%) - 100% dataCensus data footnote 27 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0
Market income (%)Census data footnote 28 93.3 95.8 89.1 84.4 88.3 79.1
Employment income (%)Census data footnote 29 76.5 78.9 72.3 68.4 71.4 64.6
Government transfers (%)Census data footnote 30 6.7 4.2 10.9 15.6 11.7 20.9
Total - Total income groups in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 31 3,206,050 1,602,690 1,603,360 6,634,295 3,260,155 3,374,140
Without total income 152,585 74,410 78,170 216,685 99,555 117,125
With total income 3,053,470 1,528,280 1,525,190 6,417,615 3,160,595 3,257,020
Percentage with total income 95.2 95.4 95.1 96.7 96.9 96.5
Under $10,000 (including loss) 389,580 146,450 243,130 789,595 351,935 437,660
$10,000 to $19,999 385,235 147,125 238,110 1,188,135 476,630 711,500
$20,000 to $29,999 364,915 142,810 222,105 976,210 428,390 547,830
$30,000 to $39,999 305,680 131,185 174,490 852,735 414,105 438,625
$40,000 to $49,999 286,615 133,715 152,900 747,995 378,215 369,780
$50,000 to $59,999 247,830 124,720 123,115 540,265 292,110 248,150
$60,000 to $69,999 205,840 114,405 91,430 375,935 214,805 161,130
$70,000 to $79,999 165,640 99,645 65,995 286,025 164,240 121,790
$80,000 to $89,999 132,720 82,700 50,020 189,350 113,715 75,635
$90,000 to $99,999 114,010 70,655 43,350 122,750 80,090 42,660
$100,000 and over 455,410 334,865 120,550 348,620 246,360 102,255
$100,000 to $149,999 274,185 191,710 82,475 236,515 164,145 72,370
$150,000 and over 181,225 143,150 38,075 112,105 82,215 29,885
Total - After-tax income groups in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 32 3,206,050 1,602,690 1,603,365 6,634,295 3,260,150 3,374,140
Without after-tax income 151,915 74,270 77,645 215,120 99,375 115,750
With after-tax income 3,054,135 1,528,420 1,525,715 6,419,175 3,160,780 3,258,395
Percentage with after-tax income 95.3 95.4 95.2 96.8 97.0 96.6
Under $10,000 (including loss) 399,005 149,280 249,725 822,725 359,045 463,675
$10,000 to $19,999 402,780 154,330 248,450 1,246,480 505,165 741,315
$20,000 to $29,999 420,955 166,650 254,300 1,192,885 541,080 651,810
$30,000 to $39,999 377,590 169,665 207,925 1,096,510 553,200 543,315
$40,000 to $49,999 347,960 172,595 175,365 793,150 425,040 368,115
$50,000 to $59,999 276,970 153,985 122,985 498,475 283,130 215,345
$60,000 to $69,999 208,265 127,045 81,220 309,415 180,470 128,945
$70,000 to $79,999 160,580 100,970 59,610 167,895 108,500 59,395
$80,000 and over 460,030 333,895 126,140 291,635 205,155 86,485
$80,000 to $89,999 121,015 78,400 42,620 95,010 64,670 30,335
$90,000 to $99,999 82,020 57,375 24,645 55,980 39,080 16,905
$100,000 and over 257,000 198,120 58,875 140,645 101,405 39,240
Total - Employment income groups in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 33 3,206,050 1,602,690 1,603,360 6,634,295 3,260,155 3,374,145
Without employment income 732,385 301,060 431,330 2,006,505 851,730 1,154,775
With employment income 2,473,665 1,301,630 1,172,035 4,627,790 2,408,420 2,219,375
Percentage with employment income 77.2 81.2 73.1 69.8 73.9 65.8
Under $5,000 (including loss) 273,835 122,830 151,005 606,300 311,780 294,520
$5,000 to $9,999 164,095 68,100 95,990 367,030 162,150 204,885
$10,000 to $19,999 274,105 113,680 160,430 681,920 305,995 375,920
$20,000 to $29,999 235,620 96,855 138,760 586,140 269,950 316,195
$30,000 to $39,999 227,450 100,650 126,805 565,425 277,135 288,285
$40,000 to $49,999 219,155 103,680 115,475 476,665 247,105 229,560
$50,000 to $59,999 195,145 99,285 95,860 359,180 203,580 155,600
$60,000 to $69,999 163,465 92,950 70,515 266,650 156,255 110,395
$70,000 to $79,999 135,150 83,240 51,910 224,040 129,890 94,150
$80,000 and over 585,640 420,365 165,280 494,440 344,585 149,855
$80,000 to $89,999 111,045 71,210 39,835 139,830 90,295 49,540
$90,000 to $99,999 99,785 62,305 37,480 93,860 64,160 29,700
$100,000 and over 374,815 286,855 87,960 260,745 190,125 70,620
Income of households in 2015
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for private households by household size - 100% dataCensus data footnote 34 1,527,680 ... ... 3,531,665 ... ...
Median total income of households in 2015 ($) 93,835 ... ... 59,822 ... ...
Median after-tax income of households in 2015 ($) 80,300 ... ... 52,207 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for one-person private households - 100% data 366,080 ... ... 1,175,230 ... ...
Median total income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 47,948 ... ... 31,574 ... ...
Median after-tax income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 41,502 ... ... 28,469 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for two-or-more-person private households - 100% data 1,161,600 ... ... 2,356,430 ... ...
Median total income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 111,435 ... ... 78,645 ... ...
Median after-tax income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 94,830 ... ... 67,665 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for private households by household size - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 35 1,527,675 ... ... 3,531,665 ... ...
Average total income of households in 2015 ($) 125,522 ... ... 77,306 ... ...
Average after-tax income of households in 2015 ($) 101,361 ... ... 63,404 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for one-person private households - 25% sample data 365,000 ... ... 1,174,695 ... ...
Average total income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 64,341 ... ... 40,042 ... ...
Average after-tax income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 52,116 ... ... 33,262 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for two-or-more-person private households - 25% sample data 1,162,675 ... ... 2,356,970 ... ...
Average total income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 144,729 ... ... 95,878 ... ...
Average after-tax income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 116,821 ... ... 78,426 ... ...
Total - Household total income groups in 2015 for private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 36 1,527,680 ... ... 3,531,665 ... ...
Under $5,000 21,660 ... ... 47,170 ... ...
$5,000 to $9,999 13,555 ... ... 56,315 ... ...
$10,000 to $14,999 18,070 ... ... 119,570 ... ...
$15,000 to $19,999 33,045 ... ... 180,865 ... ...
$20,000 to $24,999 51,505 ... ... 179,690 ... ...
$25,000 to $29,999 38,615 ... ... 154,150 ... ...
$30,000 to $34,999 42,580 ... ... 185,000 ... ...
$35,000 to $39,999 46,630 ... ... 184,435 ... ...
$40,000 to $44,999 46,520 ... ... 179,855 ... ...
$45,000 to $49,999 46,825 ... ... 170,445 ... ...
$50,000 to $59,999 95,425 ... ... 313,600 ... ...
$60,000 to $69,999 95,340 ... ... 273,620 ... ...
$70,000 to $79,999 92,345 ... ... 241,940 ... ...
$80,000 to $89,999 88,775 ... ... 208,620 ... ...
$90,000 to $99,999 84,570 ... ... 176,355 ... ...
$100,000 and over 712,215 ... ... 860,030 ... ...
$100,000 to $124,999 184,595 ... ... 327,435 ... ...
$125,000 to $149,999 142,910 ... ... 204,105 ... ...
$150,000 to $199,999 181,960 ... ... 192,155 ... ...
$200,000 and over 202,745 ... ... 136,335 ... ...
Total - Household after-tax income groups in 2015 for private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 32 1,527,680 ... ... 3,531,660 ... ...
Under $5,000 23,395 ... ... 50,445 ... ...
$5,000 to $9,999 13,860 ... ... 57,335 ... ...
$10,000 to $14,999 18,600 ... ... 120,860 ... ...
$15,000 to $19,999 34,540 ... ... 190,300 ... ...
$20,000 to $24,999 55,010 ... ... 202,905 ... ...
$25,000 to $29,999 44,170 ... ... 187,365 ... ...
$30,000 to $34,999 50,280 ... ... 231,765 ... ...
$35,000 to $39,999 55,645 ... ... 225,695 ... ...
$40,000 to $44,999 57,695 ... ... 211,990 ... ...
$45,000 to $49,999 59,195 ... ... 202,760 ... ...
$50,000 to $59,999 119,200 ... ... 363,775 ... ...
$60,000 to $69,999 116,250 ... ... 309,825 ... ...
$70,000 to $79,999 112,675 ... ... 256,150 ... ...
$80,000 to $89,999 106,235 ... ... 208,765 ... ...
$90,000 to $99,999 95,600 ... ... 166,295 ... ...
$100,000 and over 565,335 ... ... 545,440 ... ...
$100,000 to $124,999 192,795 ... ... 269,170 ... ...
$125,000 to $149,999 132,240 ... ... 130,225 ... ...
$150,000 and over 240,305 ... ... 146,045 ... ...
Income of economic families in 2015
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for economic families in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 37 1,099,900 ... ... 2,261,890 ... ...
Median total income of economic families in 2015 ($) 109,997 ... ... 79,378 ... ...
Median after-tax income of economic families in 2015 ($) 93,588 ... ... 68,152 ... ...
Average family size of economic families 3.1 ... ... 2.9 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families without children or other relatives in private households - 100% data 407,300 ... ... 930,195 ... ...
Median total income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 101,283 ... ... 70,075 ... ...
Median after-tax income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 86,043 ... ... 60,224 ... ...
Average family size of couple economic families without children or other relatives 2.0 ... ... 2.0 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families with children in private households - 100% data 511,375 ... ... 911,980 ... ...
Median total income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 133,186 ... ... 105,246 ... ...
Median after-tax income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 111,951 ... ... 88,844 ... ...
Average family size of couple economic families with children 4.1 ... ... 3.9 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for lone-parent economic families in private households - 100% data 146,045 ... ... 364,085 ... ...
Median total income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 62,909 ... ... 52,708 ... ...
Median after-tax income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 57,079 ... ... 47,805 ... ...
Average family size of lone-parent economic families 2.7 ... ... 2.6 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for economic families in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 38 1,101,485 ... ... 2,262,045 ... ...
Average total income of economic families in 2015 ($) 144,493 ... ... 96,863 ... ...
Average after-tax income of economic families in 2015 ($) 116,343 ... ... 79,060 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families without children or other relatives in private households - 25% sample data 408,625 ... ... 929,645 ... ...
Average total income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 137,805 ... ... 86,304 ... ...
Average after-tax income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 110,236 ... ... 70,167 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families with children in private households - 25% sample data 512,615 ... ... 912,560 ... ...
Average total income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 169,354 ... ... 122,835 ... ...
Average after-tax income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 135,623 ... ... 99,279 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for lone-parent economic families in private households - 25% sample data 145,115 ... ... 363,610 ... ...
Average total income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 80,406 ... ... 61,753 ... ...
Average after-tax income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 68,470 ... ... 53,052 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 21 577,475 308,835 268,640 1,433,210 711,180 722,030
Median total income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 39 42,598 47,903 37,344 29,195 31,526 27,210
Median after-tax income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 39 37,648 41,340 33,785 26,706 28,214 25,434
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 40 573,385 306,195 267,190 1,430,625 708,225 722,405
Average total income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 41 56,856 63,468 49,280 37,684 39,840 35,571
Average after-tax income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 41 46,559 50,990 41,481 31,513 32,729 30,321
Total - Economic family income decile group for the population in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 42 3,978,150 1,998,500 1,979,650 7,965,455 3,941,475 4,023,970
In the bottom half of the distribution 1,527,695 739,210 788,485 4,577,885 2,216,770 2,361,115
In the bottom decile 293,490 143,880 149,605 747,785 368,385 379,395
In the second decile 278,635 128,055 150,575 898,605 408,705 489,900
In the third decile 297,695 142,090 155,605 997,185 481,975 515,210
In the fourth decile 315,570 154,815 160,760 996,230 490,275 505,960
In the fifth decile 342,305 170,375 171,935 938,080 467,425 470,655
In the top half of the distribution 2,450,450 1,259,285 1,191,160 3,387,565 1,724,710 1,662,855
In the sixth decile 366,250 183,860 182,390 881,640 444,865 436,775
In the seventh decile 397,275 201,465 195,810 806,685 409,470 397,220
In the eighth decile 443,585 227,385 216,200 700,450 357,000 343,455
In the ninth decile 522,545 268,995 253,555 557,160 286,195 270,960
In the top decile 720,795 377,585 343,215 441,630 227,185 214,445
Low income in 2015
Total - Low-income status in 2015 for the population in private households to whom low-income concepts are applicable - 100% dataCensus data footnote 43 3,925,220 1,971,735 1,953,485 7,921,505 3,919,560 4,001,945
0 to 17 years 893,255 458,330 434,925 1,564,410 800,455 763,960
0 to 5 years 310,080 158,825 151,260 532,410 272,790 259,625
18 to 64 years 2,580,730 1,298,440 1,282,295 5,021,875 2,498,900 2,522,980
65 years and over 451,235 214,965 236,265 1,335,220 620,210 715,010
In low income based on the Low-income measure, after tax (LIM-AT) 363,890 171,945 191,940 1,160,190 542,405 617,785
0 to 17 years 114,215 58,665 55,555 222,955 114,410 108,540
0 to 5 years 41,755 21,350 20,400 75,270 38,595 36,670
18 to 64 years 210,870 98,415 112,455 688,130 334,825 353,305
65 years and over 38,800 14,875 23,925 249,110 93,170 155,930
Prevalence of low income based on the Low-income measure, after tax (LIM-AT) (%) 9.3 8.7 9.8 14.6 13.8 15.4
0 to 17 years (%) 12.8 12.8 12.8 14.3 14.3 14.2
0 to 5 years (%) 13.5 13.4 13.5 14.1 14.1 14.1
18 to 64 years (%) 8.2 7.6 8.8 13.7 13.4 14.0
65 years and over (%) 8.6 6.9 10.1 18.7 15.0 21.8
In low income based on the Low-income cut-offs, after tax (LICO-AT) 273,515 134,180 139,335 731,340 358,085 373,260
0 to 17 years 76,930 39,385 37,550 129,325 66,400 62,925
0 to 5 years 28,190 14,420 13,770 44,375 22,705 21,675
18 to 64 years 181,805 88,715 93,095 514,540 261,485 253,060
65 years and over 14,780 6,085 8,695 87,475 30,205 57,270
Prevalence of low income based on the Low-income cut-offs, after tax (LICO-AT) (%) 7.0 6.8 7.1 9.2 9.1 9.3
0 to 17 years (%) 8.6 8.6 8.6 8.3 8.3 8.2
0 to 5 years (%) 9.1 9.1 9.1 8.3 8.3 8.3
18 to 64 years (%) 7.0 6.8 7.3 10.2 10.5 10.0
65 years and over (%) 3.3 2.8 3.7 6.6 4.9 8.0
Knowledge of languagesThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Knowledge of languages for the population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 44 3,978,145 1,998,500 1,979,645 7,965,450 3,941,440 4,024,015
Official languages 3,920,530 1,974,435 1,946,095 7,891,110 3,911,220 3,979,890
English 3,916,805 1,972,800 1,944,005 3,930,690 2,058,470 1,872,225
French 264,600 123,940 140,660 7,522,350 3,725,145 3,797,200
Non-official languages 1,082,425 527,770 554,655 1,610,980 776,265 834,720
Aboriginal languages 36,465 17,415 19,045 50,890 25,190 25,700
Algonquian languages 29,675 14,120 15,555 37,515 18,545 18,965
Blackfoot 5,575 2,665 2,905 0 0 0
Cree-Montagnais languages 23,465 11,155 12,310 34,415 17,050 17,370
Atikamekw 0 0 0 6,640 3,335 3,305
Montagnais (Innu) 0 0 0 9,850 4,735 5,115
Moose Cree 25 0 15 0 10 0
Naskapi 0 0 0 775 385 385
Northern East Cree 90 20 70 260 130 130
Plains Cree 1,580 620 965 10 0 0
Southern East Cree 10 10 0 35 25 10
Swampy Cree 45 25 25 15 0 10
Woods Cree 1,135 525 610 10 10 0
Cree, n.o.s. 20,665 9,990 10,675 17,175 8,600 8,575
Eastern Algonquian languages 35 15 15 885 460 420
Malecite 0 0 0 10 0 0
Mi'kmaq 35 15 15 880 460 425
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 955 425 530 2,340 1,105 1,235
Algonquin 10 10 0 2,240 1,055 1,185
Ojibway 925 415 505 105 50 50
Oji-Cree 20 10 15 10 0 0
Ottawa (Odawa) 0 0 10 0 0 0
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 10 10 0 35 20 10
Athabaskan languages 2,640 1,255 1,385 20 10 10
Northern Athabaskan languages 2,630 1,250 1,380 20 15 10
Babine (Wetsuwet'en) 0 10 0 0 0 0
Beaver 85 50 35 0 0 0
Carrier 45 10 35 0 0 0
Chilcotin 20 15 10 0 0 0
Dene 2,010 975 1,035 10 0 10
Dogrib (Tlicho) 75 30 45 0 0 10
Gwich'in 10 0 10 0 0 0
Sarsi (Sarcee) 150 65 85 0 0 0
Sekani 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey-Hare languages 285 140 145 10 0 0
North Slavey (Hare) 25 15 10 0 0 0
South Slavey 190 90 100 10 10 0
Slavey, n.o.s. 75 35 45 0 10 0
Tahltan languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tutchone languages 0 0 10 0 0 0
Northern Tutchone 10 0 10 0 0 0
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 10 0 10 0 0 0
Haida 10 0 10 0 0 0
Inuit languages 135 50 80 12,595 6,270 6,330
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 35 10 25 0 0 0
Inuktitut 60 20 35 12,485 6,210 6,270
Inuit languages, n.i.e. 40 25 20 115 60 60
Iroquoian languages 40 25 10 740 360 375
Cayuga 0 10 0 0 0 0
Mohawk 35 25 0 690 350 335
Oneida 0 0 0 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 0 10 10 50 15 35
Kutenai 0 0 0 0 0 0
Michif 145 75 70 30 15 10
Salish languages 50 25 25 0 0 0
Comox 0 0 0 0 0 0
Halkomelem 10 0 0 0 0 0
Lillooet 0 0 0 0 0 0
Okanagan 15 10 10 0 0 0
Shuswap (Secwepemctsin) 10 0 10 0 0 0
Squamish 0 0 0 0 0 0
Straits 10 0 0 0 0 0
Thompson (Ntlakapamux) 10 0 10 0 0 0
Salish languages, n.i.e. 10 0 0 0 0 0
Siouan languages 4,050 2,005 2,045 0 0 0
Dakota 530 285 245 10 0 0
Stoney 3,650 1,790 1,855 0 0 0
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 10 0 10 0 0 0
Tlingit 10 0 0 0 0 0
Tsimshian languages 35 15 15 0 0 10
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 20 10 10 0 0 0
Nisga'a 15 0 0 0 0 0
Tsimshian 0 0 0 0 0 0
Wakashan languages 10 10 0 0 0 0
Haisla 0 0 0 0 0 0
Heiltsuk 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kwakiutl (Kwak'wala) 10 10 0 0 0 0
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Aboriginal languages, n.o.s. 30 15 15 90 40 55
Non-Aboriginal languages 1,046,245 510,495 535,750 1,560,375 751,215 809,160
Afro-Asiatic languages 96,210 50,675 45,535 301,035 157,545 143,490
Berber languages 540 335 205 27,595 14,650 12,945
Kabyle 225 125 90 16,170 8,580 7,590
Berber languages, n.i.e. 315 210 110 11,580 6,150 5,425
Cushitic languages 15,445 8,055 7,385 1,550 745 805
Bilen 370 235 135 35 20 10
Oromo 3,125 1,625 1,500 45 30 10
Somali 12,030 6,240 5,795 1,460 680 780
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 55 20 40 10 10 0
Semitic languages 82,200 43,405 38,800 286,625 149,970 136,660
Amharic 10,870 5,595 5,275 1,145 540 600
Arabic 62,730 33,365 29,370 267,965 140,280 127,685
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 430 225 210 195 95 95
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 150 70 75 10 0 0
Harari 340 150 185 0 0 0
Hebrew 3,250 1,650 1,600 18,035 9,490 8,540
Maltese 145 85 55 40 10 25
Tigrigna 7,315 3,915 3,400 420 195 225
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 450 250 205 180 85 95
Afro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 375 225 145 810 430 380
Austro-Asiatic languages 32,730 15,440 17,290 46,050 21,955 24,095
Khmer (Cambodian) 2,700 1,375 1,330 11,840 5,620 6,220
Vietnamese 30,150 14,130 16,015 34,580 16,520 18,060
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 15 0 10 40 25 15
Austronesian languages 145,745 63,615 82,130 31,230 11,820 19,410
Bikol 330 150 180 105 45 60
Cebuano 6,690 2,940 3,750 1,105 360 750
Fijian 340 195 145 15 0 10
Hiligaynon 1,760 745 1,020 540 195 350
Ilocano 7,370 3,160 4,215 2,500 890 1,610
Malagasy 80 40 40 1,980 940 1,040
Malay 3,040 1,435 1,610 1,210 525 690
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 1,185 565 625 195 95 100
Pangasinan 445 190 250 60 20 40
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 138,440 60,115 78,325 26,705 9,785 16,915
Waray-Waray 420 170 245 55 10 45
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 1,160 505 650 540 270 275
Creole languages 4,585 2,390 2,195 115,445 51,970 63,475
Haitian Creole 255 140 115 4,910 2,285 2,620
Creole, n.o.s. 2,675 1,425 1,250 108,315 48,615 59,705
Creole languages, n.i.e. 1,680 840 850 2,835 1,390 1,445
Dravidian languages 18,190 9,660 8,525 18,710 9,495 9,210
Kannada 1,035 520 515 415 210 205
Malayalam 8,150 4,255 3,900 510 285 220
Tamil 7,195 3,900 3,295 17,245 8,680 8,565
Telugu 2,910 1,560 1,345 930 540 390
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 150 80 70 15 10 0
Hmong-Mien languages 115 55 55 35 15 25
Indo-European languages 550,490 274,510 275,980 912,945 435,785 477,155
Albanian 2,880 1,550 1,325 3,375 1,730 1,645
Armenian 530 255 275 20,290 9,790 10,500
Balto-Slavic languages 93,150 44,750 48,395 88,425 41,725 46,700
Baltic languages 1,360 660 705 1,080 500 585
Latvian 590 300 290 335 150 185
Lithuanian 775 360 415 755 350 410
Slavic languages 92,300 44,340 47,960 87,520 41,315 46,205
Belarusan 200 95 105 365 150 215
Bosnian 2,880 1,450 1,435 1,975 990 985
Bulgarian 1,795 945 850 7,345 3,595 3,750
Croatian 6,280 3,260 3,025 3,580 1,760 1,820
Czech 3,590 1,650 1,940 2,070 975 1,095
Macedonian 535 270 265 285 140 145
Polish 23,650 11,455 12,195 17,760 8,090 9,665
Russian 27,375 13,195 14,175 46,665 22,265 24,400
Serbian 5,355 2,630 2,730 4,050 1,980 2,070
Serbo-Croatian 1,095 550 540 2,385 1,140 1,245
Slovak 2,780 1,495 1,285 1,520 705 820
Slovene (Slovenian) 735 360 375 970 490 480
Ukrainian 26,600 11,980 14,620 9,015 3,885 5,135
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 250 120 130 150 75 75
Celtic languages 1,180 615 560 495 305 195
Scottish Gaelic 440 215 225 155 95 65
Welsh 315 180 130 85 45 40
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 450 220 225 265 175 95
Germanic languages 112,670 56,325 56,345 63,370 31,835 31,530
Afrikaans 5,165 2,655 2,515 415 260 150
Danish 2,800 1,360 1,440 835 410 420
Dutch 19,480 9,595 9,890 5,060 2,665 2,395
Frisian 475 275 205 15 10 0
German 83,010 41,905 41,105 43,475 21,950 21,530
Icelandic 160 70 95 140 80 60
Norwegian 1,450 635 810 510 255 255
Swedish 1,635 800 835 1,580 785 795
Vlaams (Flemish) 380 170 215 760 265 495
Yiddish 250 130 115 12,375 6,225 6,155
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 2,115 1,095 1,015 270 125 140
Greek 4,935 2,535 2,400 51,060 25,520 25,540
Indo-Iranian languages 206,725 106,045 100,675 93,655 48,040 45,615
Indo-Aryan languages 186,005 95,045 90,960 59,570 30,870 28,700
Bengali 8,530 4,385 4,140 12,870 6,610 6,260
Gujarati 18,005 8,945 9,055 7,950 3,860 4,090
Hindi 61,290 31,900 29,385 15,570 8,285 7,280
Kashmiri 125 80 45 45 35 15
Konkani 625 300 320 150 70 75
Marathi 2,575 1,385 1,195 475 240 230
Nepali 5,510 3,000 2,510 1,445 725 720
Oriya (Odia) 255 135 120 55 35 20
Punjabi (Panjabi) 90,485 46,350 44,135 17,860 9,690 8,165
Sindhi 4,595 2,065 2,530 500 240 255
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 3,800 1,925 1,875 1,335 625 710
Urdu 41,235 21,245 20,000 16,545 8,655 7,890
Iranian languages 22,140 11,665 10,475 35,420 17,830 17,585
Kurdish 1,930 1,100 825 1,255 665 590
Pashto 3,330 1,795 1,530 1,825 1,005 825
Persian (Farsi) 17,600 9,220 8,375 32,965 16,560 16,405
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 1,760 960 805 845 425 420
Italic (Romance) languages 142,340 69,885 72,450 627,545 293,620 333,920
Catalan 170 95 80 890 525 365
Italian 19,900 9,875 10,020 173,710 84,430 89,275
Portuguese 12,670 6,255 6,415 55,100 27,620 27,475
Romanian 9,915 5,185 4,735 42,655 20,550 22,110
Spanish 104,445 50,960 53,490 390,355 177,610 212,745
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 250 130 125 490 345 145
Japanese 9,215 4,115 5,100 7,040 3,340 3,695
Kartvelian languages 225 130 100 220 110 110
Georgian 230 130 100 215 105 110
Korean 19,950 9,405 10,545 6,260 2,825 3,430
Mongolic languages 800 375 430 270 135 130
Mongolian 800 370 430 265 135 130
Niger-Congo languages 29,430 14,980 14,450 52,840 26,665 26,175
Akan (Twi) 2,925 1,505 1,420 1,800 945 855
Bamanankan 60 30 30 2,385 1,240 1,145
Edo 620 325 290 190 95 95
Ewe 335 170 165 1,410 865 545
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 300 165 135 3,400 1,785 1,620
Ga 345 190 155 315 155 160
Ganda 610 305 305 90 40 55
Igbo 2,550 1,345 1,210 275 190 90
Lingala 1,240 640 605 9,630 4,430 5,200
Rundi (Kirundi) 830 420 410 4,490 2,210 2,285
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 1,155 605 550 3,535 1,640 1,895
Shona 1,810 850 960 150 75 80
Swahili 6,700 3,470 3,235 8,015 4,080 3,935
Wolof 600 365 235 6,555 3,545 3,015
Yoruba 5,930 3,035 2,890 885 485 395
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 6,585 3,265 3,320 17,720 9,125 8,595
Nilo-Saharan languages 3,070 1,495 1,575 695 345 350
Dinka 1,655 825 825 0 0 0
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 1,425 675 750 695 345 350
Sign languages 5,910 2,350 3,555 7,775 3,095 4,675
American Sign Language 3,085 1,130 1,955 675 245 435
Quebec Sign Language 0 0 10 4,405 1,590 2,815
Sign languages, n.i.e. 2,855 1,230 1,625 2,960 1,350 1,605
Sino-Tibetan languages 141,860 67,945 73,915 90,460 42,695 47,770
Chinese languages 139,385 66,700 72,685 90,060 42,480 47,580
Cantonese 74,770 35,490 39,280 31,885 14,900 16,980
Hakka 1,180 515 660 545 240 310
Mandarin 70,510 33,310 37,195 59,240 27,560 31,685
Min Dong 85 50 40 15 10 10
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 4,140 1,765 2,380 4,215 1,860 2,350
Wu (Shanghainese) 855 380 470 1,230 535 690
Chinese, n.o.s. 6,335 3,160 3,175 4,800 2,380 2,425
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 55 25 35 90 40 55
Tibeto-Burman languages 2,590 1,290 1,300 430 235 195
Burmese 605 305 295 140 75 60
Karenic languages 805 415 390 105 55 45
Tibetan 860 430 430 65 50 10
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 445 215 235 140 65 80
Tai-Kadai languages 3,705 1,510 2,195 7,280 3,400 3,880
Lao 1,520 730 795 5,785 2,850 2,935
Thai 2,400 850 1,545 2,255 875 1,375
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e. 45 25 25 15 10 10
Turkic languages 5,795 3,180 2,625 12,475 6,265 6,210
Azerbaijani 630 325 300 510 275 235
Turkish 4,255 2,420 1,835 11,415 5,755 5,665
Uyghur 290 135 155 230 110 120
Uzbek 425 200 225 230 105 125
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 355 170 180 235 115 120
Uralic languages 8,895 4,315 4,575 7,870 3,710 4,160
Estonian 185 85 105 150 55 95
Finnish 1,045 455 590 500 195 305
Hungarian 7,660 3,770 3,890 7,215 3,450 3,765
Uralic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Other languages, n.i.e. 1,820 1,025 790 2,140 1,170 970
Citizenship
Total - Citizenship for the population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 45 3,978,145 1,998,495 1,979,645 7,965,450 3,941,440 4,024,015
Canadian citizensCensus data footnote 46 3,622,740 1,825,135 1,797,600 7,585,545 3,753,190 3,832,350
Canadian citizens aged under 18 854,815 439,065 415,755 1,521,230 779,620 741,610
Canadian citizens aged 18 and over 2,767,920 1,386,070 1,381,850 6,064,310 2,973,575 3,090,740
Not Canadian citizensCensus data footnote 47 355,410 173,365 182,045 379,910 188,245 191,665
Immigrant status and period of immigration
Total - Immigrant status and period of immigration for the population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 48 3,978,145 1,998,495 1,979,650 7,965,450 3,941,440 4,024,015
Non-immigrantsCensus data footnote 49 3,062,775 1,550,445 1,512,335 6,788,085 3,365,345 3,422,735
ImmigrantsCensus data footnote 50 845,220 412,320 432,895 1,091,310 530,325 560,980
Before 1981 163,460 81,620 81,840 238,655 117,080 121,575
1981 to 1990 86,350 41,690 44,660 127,340 63,150 64,190
1991 to 2000 131,560 62,930 68,630 187,860 89,210 98,650
2001 to 2010 256,055 125,235 130,820 322,280 155,785 166,495
2001 to 2005 109,145 53,425 55,720 140,170 67,835 72,335
2006 to 2010 146,910 71,810 75,100 182,115 87,945 94,165
2011 to 2016Census data footnote 51 207,790 100,845 106,945 215,170 105,105 110,065
Non-permanent residentsCensus data footnote 52 70,155 35,735 34,420 86,065 45,765 40,295
Age at immigration
Total - Age at immigration for the immigrant population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 53 845,220 412,320 432,895 1,091,305 530,325 560,980
Under 5 years 82,175 42,200 39,975 112,930 54,600 58,330
5 to 14 years 149,815 77,820 71,995 174,020 87,165 86,855
15 to 24 years 168,965 78,215 90,755 215,350 98,880 116,475
25 to 44 years 372,805 180,265 192,535 515,770 256,095 259,675
45 years and over 71,450 33,820 37,630 73,230 33,590 39,640
Immigrants by selected place of birthThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census immigration data
Total - Selected places of birth for the immigrant population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 54 845,215 412,325 432,895 1,091,305 530,330 560,980
Americas 103,540 49,345 54,190 247,505 113,190 134,315
Brazil 2,545 1,100 1,440 7,345 3,515 3,830
Colombia 9,535 4,570 4,960 25,580 11,645 13,935
El Salvador 7,255 3,725 3,530 11,120 5,500 5,615
Guyana 2,555 1,200 1,355 2,490 1,085 1,410
Haiti 1,270 675 600 80,965 35,375 45,585
Jamaica 6,845 3,170 3,680 4,665 2,040 2,625
Mexico 15,665 7,860 7,805 15,820 7,090 8,730
Peru 1,920 780 1,140 13,265 5,945 7,325
Trinidad and Tobago 3,415 1,670 1,750 4,075 1,840 2,240
United StatesCensus data footnote 55 30,460 13,675 16,785 25,955 12,800 13,155
Other places of birth in Americas 22,075 10,925 11,150 56,235 26,370 29,870
Europe 189,770 95,355 94,415 311,090 154,910 156,185
Bosnia and Herzegovina 4,555 2,325 2,230 3,785 1,890 1,895
Croatia 3,080 1,615 1,465 2,140 1,085 1,050
France 2,535 1,215 1,320 81,225 43,490 37,735
Germany 19,205 9,485 9,715 9,750 4,365 5,390
Greece 2,005 1,115 890 18,420 9,135 9,285
Hungary 3,665 1,880 1,785 3,325 1,620 1,700
IrelandCensus data footnote 56 3,935 2,100 1,835 820 485 330
Italy 8,110 4,370 3,745 51,025 25,370 25,655
Netherlands 14,035 7,420 6,610 1,990 1,035 955
Poland 16,925 8,045 8,880 10,735 4,675 6,060
Portugal 4,050 1,985 2,070 18,985 9,185 9,800
Romania 7,725 3,930 3,795 28,695 13,695 15,005
Russian Federation 7,260 3,135 4,125 11,355 4,975 6,375
SerbiaCensus data footnote 57 2,255 1,080 1,170 1,790 830 960
Ukraine 8,150 3,700 4,455 8,670 3,800 4,870
United KingdomCensus data footnote 58 59,215 30,280 28,935 12,905 6,645 6,260
Other places of birth in Europe 23,060 11,670 11,390 45,500 22,630 22,870
Africa 89,740 46,705 43,030 241,410 125,250 116,165
Algeria 1,340 715 625 59,465 31,180 28,280
Egypt 5,320 2,940 2,375 19,490 10,290 9,200
Ethiopia 10,570 5,355 5,215 995 495 495
Kenya 5,120 2,555 2,565 785 355 430
Morocco 1,695 1,005 695 60,700 31,435 29,270
Nigeria 12,405 6,520 5,880 1,340 740 600
Somalia 7,060 3,665 3,395 580 270 310
South Africa, Republic of 7,355 3,670 3,685 865 475 385
Other places of birth in Africa 38,865 20,275 18,590 97,200 50,005 47,190
Asia 452,225 215,955 236,265 289,825 136,175 153,655
Afghanistan 5,190 2,765 2,430 7,280 3,640 3,640
Bangladesh 5,085 2,590 2,500 7,940 3,990 3,950
ChinaCensus data footnote 59 57,690 26,510 31,185 49,555 19,905 29,655
Hong KongCensus data footnote 60 19,110 9,265 9,850 4,730 2,290 2,435
India 91,660 46,625 45,035 17,865 9,195 8,670
IranCensus data footnote 61 8,910 4,655 4,250 17,760 8,880 8,885
Iraq 5,935 3,205 2,730 3,735 1,960 1,775
Japan 3,065 905 2,160 1,725 395 1,330
Korea, SouthCensus data footnote 62 13,850 6,530 7,320 4,230 1,995 2,230
Lebanon 10,395 5,640 4,750 39,135 20,800 18,340
Pakistan 28,075 14,630 13,445 10,010 5,260 4,750
Philippines 123,830 54,075 69,755 24,410 9,040 15,370
Sri Lanka 4,835 2,475 2,365 10,715 5,335 5,380
SyriaCensus data footnote 63 4,800 2,515 2,280 17,775 8,800 8,980
Taiwan 3,455 1,460 2,000 2,735 1,100 1,635
Viet Nam 27,080 12,645 14,435 25,440 11,765 13,675
Other places of birth in Asia 39,250 19,485 19,765 44,795 21,840 22,950
Oceania and other places of birthCensus data footnote 64 9,940 4,950 4,990 1,480 805 670
Recent immigrants by selected places of birth
Total - Selected places of birth for the recent immigrant population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 54 207,790 100,845 106,945 215,170 105,105 110,065
Americas 20,060 9,660 10,400 47,710 22,625 25,085
Brazil 860 370 490 3,010 1,495 1,520
Colombia 2,295 1,020 1,275 7,540 3,465 4,075
Cuba 465 215 255 2,565 1,260 1,315
Haiti 385 240 150 16,880 7,690 9,190
Jamaica 1,660 765 895 190 140 55
Mexico 4,405 2,250 2,150 4,210 1,955 2,255
United StatesCensus data footnote 55 4,645 2,130 2,515 3,990 2,265 1,720
VenezuelaCensus data footnote 65 1,570 745 820 1,955 935 1,020
Other places of birth in Americas 3,785 1,930 1,855 7,365 3,425 3,935
Europe 20,870 10,830 10,045 39,320 20,085 19,235
France 425 240 180 20,030 10,855 9,175
Germany 1,370 710 655 580 250 330
IrelandCensus data footnote 56 1,355 835 520 135 105 35
MoldovaCensus data footnote 66 715 365 350 3,750 1,695 2,055
Romania 1,100 545 555