Census Profile, 2016 Census
Alberta [Province] and Ontario [Province]

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The table shows total, male and female data grouped by geography (appearing as column headers) for selected characteristics (appearing as row headers).
Characteristic Alberta

[Province]
Ontario

[Province]
Data quality , Alberta [Province]  Map : Alberta [Province]
Change geography 1
Data quality : Ontario [Province]  Map : geography 2
Change geography 2
Total Male Female Total Male Female
Counts (unless otherwise specified)
Population and dwellings
Population, 2016Census data footnote 1 4,067,175 ... ... 13,448,494 ... ...
Population, 2011Census data footnote 1 3,645,257 ... ... 12,851,821 ... ...
Population percentage change, 2011 to 2016 11.6 ... ... 4.6 ... ...
Total private dwellingsCensus data footnote 2 1,654,129 ... ... 5,598,391 ... ...
Private dwellings occupied by usual residentsCensus data footnote 3 1,527,678 ... ... 5,169,174 ... ...
Population density per square kilometre 6.4 ... ... 14.8 ... ...
Land area in square kilometres 640,330.46 ... ... 908,699.33 ... ...
Age characteristics
Total - Age groups and average age of the population - 100% dataCensus data footnote 4 4,067,175 2,039,410 2,027,765 13,448,495 6,559,390 6,889,105
0 to 14 years 779,155 399,570 379,580 2,207,970 1,131,615 1,076,350
0 to 4 years 266,515 136,520 129,995 697,360 357,300 340,055
5 to 9 years 270,715 138,990 131,725 756,085 387,320 368,765
10 to 14 years 241,920 124,060 117,860 754,530 387,000 367,530
15 to 64 years 2,787,805 1,408,150 1,379,655 8,988,865 4,412,115 4,576,750
15 to 19 years 240,035 123,625 116,410 811,670 416,730 394,945
20 to 24 years 261,830 133,990 127,840 894,390 457,815 436,570
25 to 29 years 310,940 156,715 154,225 874,350 436,345 438,010
30 to 34 years 333,175 167,555 165,620 864,765 420,800 443,965
35 to 39 years 305,505 153,655 151,850 842,485 402,900 439,585
40 to 44 years 281,205 142,545 138,660 871,875 418,465 453,415
45 to 49 years 269,030 135,855 133,180 937,385 453,105 484,275
50 to 54 years 284,310 142,205 142,100 1,056,345 517,170 539,175
55 to 59 years 275,540 138,565 136,970 989,460 482,280 507,180
60 to 64 years 226,230 113,440 112,790 846,145 406,505 439,640
65 years and over 500,215 231,690 268,530 2,251,655 1,015,655 1,236,000
65 to 69 years 173,680 85,500 88,180 737,745 352,475 385,270
70 to 74 years 117,035 56,430 60,610 528,645 250,455 278,185
75 to 79 years 83,955 39,105 44,845 393,010 179,810 213,195
80 to 84 years 62,165 27,590 34,575 291,185 126,825 164,360
85 years and over 63,385 23,065 40,320 301,075 106,090 194,985
85 to 89 years 39,965 16,050 23,915 188,470 73,045 115,425
90 to 94 years 18,025 5,755 12,275 88,390 27,400 60,990
95 to 99 years 4,735 1,145 3,595 21,210 5,150 16,060
100 years and over 650 115 535 3,005 495 2,520
Total - Distribution (%) of the population by broad age groups - 100% data 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0
0 to 14 years 19.2 19.6 18.7 16.4 17.3 15.6
15 to 64 years 68.5 69.0 68.0 66.8 67.3 66.4
65 years and over 12.3 11.4 13.2 16.7 15.5 17.9
85 years and over 1.6 1.1 2.0 2.2 1.6 2.8
Average age of the population 37.8 37.2 38.4 41.0 40.0 41.9
Median age of the population 36.7 36.2 37.2 41.3 40.2 42.4
Household and dwelling characteristics
Total - Occupied private dwellings by structural type of dwelling - 100% dataCensus data footnote 5 1,527,675 ... ... 5,169,175 ... ...
Single-detached house 946,225 ... ... 2,807,380 ... ...
Apartment in a building that has five or more storeys 62,395 ... ... 886,705 ... ...
Other attached dwellingCensus data footnote 6 471,090 ... ... 1,460,200 ... ...
Semi-detached house 86,765 ... ... 289,975 ... ...
Row house 116,625 ... ... 460,425 ... ...
Apartment or flat in a duplex 43,090 ... ... 176,080 ... ...
Apartment in a building that has fewer than five storeys 223,360 ... ... 522,810 ... ...
Other single-attached house 1,245 ... ... 10,910 ... ...
Movable dwellingCensus data footnote 7 47,970 ... ... 14,890 ... ...
Total - Private households by household size - 100% dataCensus data footnote 8 1,527,675 ... ... 5,169,170 ... ...
1 person 366,080 ... ... 1,341,300 ... ...
2 persons 524,415 ... ... 1,693,525 ... ...
3 persons 245,075 ... ... 834,260 ... ...
4 persons 233,770 ... ... 796,320 ... ...
5 or more persons 158,335 ... ... 503,775 ... ...
Number of persons in private households 3,978,145 ... ... 13,242,160 ... ...
Average household size 2.6 ... ... 2.6 ... ...
Marital status
Total - Marital status for the population aged 15 years and over - 100% dataCensus data footnote 9 3,288,020 1,639,835 1,648,185 11,240,525 5,427,775 5,812,750
Married or living common law 1,969,300 988,410 980,895 6,438,085 3,219,290 3,218,795
Married 1,648,945 828,155 820,790 5,531,930 2,764,275 2,767,655
Living common law 320,350 160,250 160,100 906,155 455,015 451,145
Not married and not living common law 1,318,720 651,430 667,290 4,802,440 2,208,485 2,593,955
Never married 905,700 505,310 400,390 3,182,785 1,689,180 1,493,605
Separated 76,150 34,000 42,150 328,675 138,140 190,535
Divorced 195,850 82,040 113,815 653,835 252,900 400,935
Widowed 141,020 30,080 110,940 637,150 128,265 508,880
Family characteristics
Total - Census families in private households by family size - 100% dataCensus data footnote 10 1,114,585 ... ... 3,782,540 ... ...
2 persons 540,850 ... ... 1,815,000 ... ...
3 persons 235,245 ... ... 844,545 ... ...
4 persons 227,165 ... ... 792,435 ... ...
5 or more persons 111,330 ... ... 330,560 ... ...
Average size of census families 3.0 ... ... 2.9 ... ...
Total number of census families in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 11 1,114,585 ... ... 3,782,545 ... ...
Total couple families 953,325 ... ... 3,137,570 ... ...
Married couples 793,195 ... ... 2,684,735 ... ...
Common-law couples 160,130 ... ... 452,840 ... ...
Total lone-parent families by sex of parent 161,260 ... ... 644,975 ... ...
Female parent 123,490 ... ... 518,480 ... ...
Male parent 37,770 ... ... 126,495 ... ...
Total - Couple census families in private households - 100% data 953,325 ... ... 3,137,565 ... ...
Couples without children 443,665 ... ... 1,428,575 ... ...
Couples with children 509,655 ... ... 1,708,995 ... ...
1 child 190,010 ... ... 658,305 ... ...
2 children 213,910 ... ... 738,710 ... ...
3 or more children 105,735 ... ... 311,975 ... ...
Total - Lone-parent census families in private households - 100% data 161,260 ... ... 644,975 ... ...
1 child 97,180 ... ... 386,425 ... ...
2 children 45,235 ... ... 186,240 ... ...
3 or more children 18,845 ... ... 72,310 ... ...
Total - Persons not in census families in private households - 100% data 678,535 356,875 321,655 2,139,825 990,525 1,149,300
Household type
Total - Private households by household type - 100% dataCensus data footnote 12 1,527,675 ... ... 5,169,175 ... ...
One-census-family households 1,039,985 ... ... 3,481,885 ... ...
Without children in a census familyCensus data footnote 13 414,570 ... ... 1,311,575 ... ...
With children in a census familyCensus data footnote 14 625,415 ... ... 2,170,315 ... ...
Multiple-census-family households 36,120 ... ... 145,615 ... ...
Non-census-family households 451,570 ... ... 1,541,665 ... ...
One-person households 366,080 ... ... 1,341,305 ... ...
Two-or-more person non-census-family households 85,490 ... ... 200,365 ... ...
Knowledge of official languagesThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Knowledge of official languages for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 15 4,026,650 2,020,510 2,006,140 13,312,865 6,503,875 6,808,990
English only 3,698,765 1,869,670 1,829,095 11,455,500 5,689,830 5,765,665
French only 3,895 1,725 2,165 40,040 17,340 22,705
English and French 264,720 124,400 140,315 1,490,390 665,850 824,540
Neither English nor French 59,280 24,715 34,565 326,935 130,850 196,085
First official language spokenThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - First official language spoken for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 16 4,026,650 2,020,510 2,006,140 13,312,865 6,503,880 6,808,995
English 3,880,685 1,950,980 1,929,705 12,394,325 6,095,970 6,298,355
French 71,535 37,205 34,330 504,130 236,875 267,250
English and French 16,605 8,350 8,255 92,940 42,910 50,030
Neither English nor French 57,830 23,970 33,860 321,480 128,125 193,355
Official language minority (number)Census data footnote 17 79,840 41,380 38,455 550,600 258,330 292,270
Official language minority (percentage)Census data footnote 17 2.0 2.0 1.9 4.1 4.0 4.3
Mother tongueThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Mother tongue for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 18 4,026,650 2,020,510 2,006,140 13,312,870 6,503,875 6,808,990
Single responses 3,934,580 1,975,615 1,958,970 12,946,960 6,327,630 6,619,330
Official languages 3,063,640 1,552,475 1,511,165 9,393,040 4,637,520 4,755,520
English 2,991,485 1,515,025 1,476,460 8,902,320 4,406,210 4,496,110
French 72,150 37,450 34,705 490,715 231,310 259,410
Non-official languages 870,940 423,140 447,805 3,553,920 1,690,110 1,863,810
Aboriginal languages 23,835 11,290 12,550 22,765 10,815 11,950
Algonquian languages 18,295 8,665 9,630 21,235 10,175 11,060
Blackfoot 2,750 1,305 1,445 10 5 5
Cree-Montagnais languages 14,960 7,105 7,850 5,080 2,485 2,595
Atikamekw 0 0 0 5 0 0
Montagnais (Innu) 0 5 0 5 5 5
Moose Cree 10 0 5 85 40 45
Naskapi 0 0 0 10 5 5
Northern East Cree 50 15 35 55 25 30
Plains Cree 720 280 435 35 5 30
Southern East Cree 0 0 0 5 0 0
Swampy Cree 50 20 35 355 135 225
Woods Cree 910 430 480 15 10 5
Cree, n.o.s. 13,220 6,355 6,865 4,500 2,255 2,245
Eastern Algonquian languages 30 15 15 90 40 50
Malecite 0 5 0 10 5 0
Mi'kmaq 35 20 15 85 35 50
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 550 235 315 16,025 7,620 8,400
Algonquin 5 0 5 65 30 35
Ojibway 525 230 300 9,505 4,515 4,985
Oji-Cree 15 5 15 6,310 3,015 3,300
Ottawa (Odawa) 0 0 0 145 65 80
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 5 30 20 10
Athabaskan languages 1,865 865 1,000 60 20 40
Northern Athabaskan languages 1,855 860 990 55 20 35
Babine (Wetsuwet'en) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Beaver 35 15 15 0 0 0
Carrier 15 0 15 5 0 5
Chilcotin 5 0 0 5 0 5
Dene 1,470 710 760 20 10 10
Dogrib (Tlicho) 40 10 30 5 5 5
Gwich'in 15 5 10 0 0 0
Sarsi (Sarcee) 70 20 45 10 0 5
Sekani 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey-Hare languages 200 90 115 5 5 0
North Slavey (Hare) 10 5 10 0 0 0
South Slavey 155 70 80 0 0 0
Slavey, n.o.s. 35 15 25 0 0 5
Tahltan languages 5 0 5 0 0 0
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tutchone languages 5 0 0 0 0 5
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 10 0 10 5 0 5
Haida 0 0 0 0 5 0
Inuit languages 120 35 85 475 165 305
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 25 5 10 5 5 5
Inuktitut 60 20 45 425 145 280
Inuit languages, n.i.e. 35 10 30 45 20 25
Iroquoian languages 10 10 5 710 300 410
Cayuga 0 0 0 40 20 20
Mohawk 5 5 5 590 255 335
Oneida 0 5 0 55 15 40
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 5 20 5 15
Kutenai 5 0 0 0 0 0
Michif 80 45 35 25 15 15
Salish languages 15 5 10 5 0 5
Comox 0 0 0 0 0 0
Halkomelem 0 0 0 0 0 0
Lillooet 0 0 0 0 0 0
Okanagan 0 5 5 0 0 0
Shuswap (Secwepemctsin) 5 0 0 5 0 0
Squamish 5 0 0 0 0 0
Straits 0 0 0 0 0 0
Thompson (Ntlakapamux) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Salish languages, n.i.e. 5 0 5 0 0 0
Siouan languages 3,370 1,630 1,745 10 5 5
Dakota 350 165 185 5 5 5
Stoney 3,020 1,460 1,555 0 0 0
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 5 0 0 10 5 5
Tlingit 5 0 0 0 0 0
Tsimshian languages 15 5 5 5 5 0
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 0 0 0 0 0 5
Nisga'a 10 5 5 5 0 0
Tsimshian 0 0 0 0 5 0
Wakashan languages 5 5 5 0 0 5
Haisla 0 0 0 0 0 0
Heiltsuk 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kwakiutl (Kwak'wala) 0 0 5 0 0 0
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0 5 0 5 5 0
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Aboriginal languages, n.o.s. 55 30 25 235 130 105
Non-Aboriginal languages 847,105 411,850 435,255 3,531,160 1,679,300 1,851,865
Afro-Asiatic languages 68,415 36,215 32,200 253,830 127,720 126,110
Berber languages 340 190 145 725 405 320
Kabyle 165 90 75 425 225 200
Berber languages, n.i.e. 175 100 75 305 180 120
Cushitic languages 12,525 6,495 6,030 24,605 10,730 13,870
Bilen 315 185 130 250 140 110
Oromo 2,650 1,375 1,275 1,445 720 730
Somali 9,520 4,915 4,605 22,680 9,755 12,925
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 40 20 20 225 115 110
Semitic languages 55,425 29,450 25,980 227,985 116,320 111,665
Amharic 7,320 3,605 3,720 10,720 4,960 5,760
Arabic 40,540 21,840 18,705 171,370 88,400 82,965
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 400 210 190 14,555 7,135 7,420
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 145 80 65 4,795 2,365 2,425
Harari 260 135 120 1,030 485 545
Hebrew 960 505 460 11,575 6,220 5,350
Maltese 75 30 40 5,175 2,575 2,600
Tigrigna 5,415 2,880 2,535 7,345 3,470 3,870
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 305 155 145 1,435 705 730
Afro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 130 80 50 520 265 250
Austro-Asiatic languages 25,295 11,760 13,535 78,125 35,880 42,240
Khmer (Cambodian) 1,925 910 1,010 7,355 3,330 4,020
Vietnamese 23,350 10,840 12,505 70,690 32,520 38,165
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e 25 10 15 85 30 50
Austronesian languages 115,405 50,190 65,210 194,380 76,060 118,315
Bikol 425 205 225 595 260 330
Cebuano 5,135 2,155 2,980 6,545 2,500 4,045
Fijian 125 75 50 80 45 40
Hiligaynon 1,500 640 855 2,750 1,030 1,725
Ilocano 5,350 2,310 3,040 11,285 4,430 6,860
Malagasy 35 10 25 100 45 55
Malay 1,460 615 845 5,760 2,520 3,240
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 765 370 390 1,505 670 840
Pangasinan 290 115 175 535 215 315
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 99,035 43,120 55,920 163,415 63,665 99,755
Waray-Waray 305 145 160 405 140 270
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 980 430 550 1,400 550 850
Creole languages 1,895 990 910 11,255 5,095 6,165
Haitian Creole 95 45 50 630 290 340
Creole, n.o.s. 1,175 640 540 8,025 3,580 4,440
Creole languages, n.i.e. 625 305 325 2,605 1,225 1,380
Dravidian languages 13,490 7,075 6,415 148,605 73,530 75,075
Kannada 535 270 265 2,670 1,365 1,305
Malayalam 6,345 3,285 3,060 17,140 8,795 8,350
Tamil 4,430 2,360 2,070 117,630 57,310 60,320
Telugu 2,130 1,135 995 10,820 5,895 4,925
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 50 25 25 340 165 175
Hmong-Mien languages 105 55 45 525 250 270
Indo-European languages 442,685 220,330 222,355 2,024,365 980,200 1,044,165
Albanian 2,345 1,270 1,075 19,045 9,535 9,510
Armenian 500 250 245 15,070 7,305 7,765
Balto-Slavic languages 80,330 37,750 42,580 410,725 188,695 222,025
Baltic languages 1,010 475 535 9,080 3,785 5,295
Latvian 415 195 220 3,910 1,650 2,260
Lithuanian 600 285 315 5,175 2,135 3,035
Slavic languages 79,325 37,275 42,050 401,645 184,915 216,730
Belarusan 65 30 30 515 230 280
Bosnian 1,835 915 920 6,370 3,125 3,245
Bulgarian 1,545 790 755 9,095 4,355 4,740
Croatian 4,655 2,340 2,320 31,875 15,460 16,410
Czech 3,000 1,430 1,575 10,670 4,930 5,740
Macedonian 360 185 175 15,635 7,470 8,165
Polish 20,130 9,425 10,705 121,075 54,675 66,405
Russian 17,810 8,150 9,665 101,100 45,630 55,470
Serbian 4,020 2,035 1,985 41,740 20,585 21,150
Serbo-Croatian 970 480 485 4,875 2,310 2,570
Slovak 2,185 1,070 1,115 10,280 4,710 5,565
Slovene (Slovenian) 695 320 370 6,740 2,995 3,745
Ukrainian 21,835 9,985 11,850 40,375 17,760 22,610
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 215 120 100 1,310 670 635
Celtic languages 370 200 170 1,110 505 605
Scottish Gaelic 135 70 65 450 210 240
Welsh 175 85 80 435 180 260
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 65 40 25 225 120 110
Germanic languages 104,260 51,525 52,735 200,640 94,475 106,165
Afrikaans 3,010 1,475 1,535 2,295 1,125 1,170
Danish 2,380 1,245 1,135 4,265 2,010 2,250
Dutch 16,135 8,095 8,045 51,720 24,875 26,840
Frisian 360 200 160 1,240 630 620
German 80,050 39,435 40,615 131,525 61,520 70,005
Icelandic 115 55 60 210 100 110
Norwegian 815 370 445 940 405 540
Swedish 875 405 470 2,395 1,040 1,350
Vlaams (Flemish) 320 150 170 2,150 925 1,225
Yiddish 140 70 70 3,735 1,765 1,970
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 55 30 25 170 80 85
Greek 3,130 1,655 1,475 55,415 27,305 28,110
Indo-Iranian languages 166,805 85,250 81,560 707,845 357,350 350,495
Indo-Aryan languages 145,900 74,320 71,580 565,600 285,720 279,875
Bengali 7,000 3,630 3,370 46,810 23,615 23,195
Gujarati 13,140 6,785 6,355 76,675 38,740 37,940
Hindi 17,055 8,675 8,385 58,735 29,805 28,930
Kashmiri 105 60 50 345 170 175
Konkani 370 190 185 2,510 1,195 1,315
Marathi 1,510 775 730 5,490 2,805 2,685
Nepali 5,175 2,690 2,490 7,870 3,915 3,960
Oriya (Odia) 190 100 90 715 380 335
Punjabi (Panjabi) 68,695 34,935 33,760 197,060 100,160 96,895
Sindhi 2,770 1,300 1,475 6,840 3,225 3,615
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 2,590 1,320 1,265 10,165 4,925 5,235
Urdu 27,295 13,865 13,430 152,385 76,795 75,595
Iranian languages 19,600 10,235 9,365 139,675 70,270 69,405
Kurdish 1,550 845 705 6,665 3,615 3,050
Pashto 2,560 1,320 1,235 10,950 5,630 5,315
Persian (Farsi) 15,490 8,070 7,425 122,070 61,025 61,040
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 1,310 695 615 2,565 1,350 1,215
Italic (Romance) languages 84,940 42,425 42,515 614,525 295,030 319,490
Catalan 75 30 45 285 150 135
Italian 11,375 5,760 5,615 231,040 112,440 118,600
Portuguese 9,050 4,380 4,670 150,000 72,280 77,715
Romanian 8,035 4,080 3,955 41,755 19,565 22,190
Spanish 56,370 28,160 28,205 191,025 90,390 100,630
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 35 20 15 420 200 215
Japanese 4,875 1,715 3,160 13,260 4,590 8,670
Kartvelian languages 230 130 105 1,200 635 565
Georgian 230 130 100 1,200 635 565
Korean 17,920 8,485 9,435 69,775 32,035 37,740
Mongolic languages 545 255 290 405 180 220
Mongolian 540 255 290 405 180 225
Niger-Congo languages 15,360 7,870 7,495 35,760 16,705 19,050
Akan (Twi) 1,755 915 835 9,695 4,510 5,190
Bamanankan 35 20 15 140 60 80
Edo 275 155 120 1,140 475 670
Ewe 245 145 100 560 270 295
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 230 120 100 365 180 185
Ga 145 80 65 600 275 325
Ganda 280 145 135 760 360 400
Igbo 1,165 625 540 2,090 1,080 1,010
Lingala 270 130 140 850 365 485
Rundi (Kirundi) 605 305 295 1,430 640 785
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 805 405 400 1,330 545 785
Shona 1,100 545 555 1,455 660 790
Swahili 2,380 1,160 1,215 5,525 2,540 2,985
Wolof 280 165 110 290 145 150
Yoruba 2,435 1,305 1,125 4,365 2,260 2,105
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 3,370 1,640 1,735 5,155 2,345 2,810
Nilo-Saharan languages 2,720 1,395 1,330 1,610 810 800
Dinka 1,345 705 640 345 170 175
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 1,375 685 690 1,260 635 625
Sign languages 830 440 390 3,030 1,570 1,455
American Sign Language 335 165 165 1,305 640 670
Quebec Sign Language 0 0 0 20 10 15
Sign languages, n.i.e 495 275 225 1,700 925 780
Sino-Tibetan languages 122,450 57,740 64,705 611,795 284,865 326,935
Chinese languages 120,375 56,675 63,700 602,610 280,340 322,270
Cantonese 59,145 27,755 31,385 275,315 128,090 147,220
Hakka 990 465 530 6,985 3,140 3,840
Mandarin 50,660 23,940 26,720 283,735 132,275 151,460
Min Dong 115 50 65 855 405 450
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 3,060 1,375 1,695 13,545 6,240 7,300
Wu (Shanghainese) 630 305 330 6,300 2,825 3,470
Chinese, n.o.s. 5,725 2,770 2,955 15,645 7,235 8,410
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 40 15 25 240 120 120
Tibeto-Burman languages 2,075 1,065 1,005 9,185 4,520 4,660
Burmese 430 230 200 1,640 775 865
Karenic languages 795 415 380 1,730 865 860
Tibetan 575 295 275 5,115 2,530 2,585
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 275 130 140 700 345 350
Tai-Kadai languages 2,670 955 1,710 8,485 3,535 4,945
Lao 1,020 485 535 5,190 2,480 2,710
Thai 1,630 465 1,165 3,270 1,045 2,220
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e 20 10 15 25 10 15
Turkic languages 4,050 2,250 1,800 22,615 11,745 10,870
Azerbaijani 365 215 155 1,990 1,070 920
Turkish 3,140 1,760 1,375 18,415 9,610 8,810
Uyghur 130 70 60 515 255 260
Uzbek 205 115 90 1,055 515 545
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 215 95 120 640 295 345
Uralic languages 7,470 3,600 3,870 50,670 23,095 27,570
Estonian 190 90 105 4,205 1,810 2,400
Finnish 810 330 480 9,720 4,140 5,580
Hungarian 6,470 3,185 3,285 36,740 17,150 19,590
Uralic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Other languages, n.i.e. 690 415 280 1,475 780 690
Multiple responses 92,070 44,900 47,175 365,910 176,250 189,660
English and French 10,230 4,950 5,280 54,045 25,165 28,880
English and non-official language 77,520 37,815 39,705 288,285 140,345 147,940
French and non-official language 2,685 1,375 1,305 12,565 5,735 6,830
English, French and non-official language 1,640 760 880 11,010 5,000 6,005
Language spoken most often at homeThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Language spoken most often at home for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 19 4,026,655 2,020,510 2,006,145 13,312,865 6,503,875 6,808,990
Single responses 3,837,615 1,928,230 1,909,385 12,522,045 6,123,955 6,398,085
Official languages 3,354,885 1,690,490 1,664,395 10,605,725 5,214,425 5,391,300
English 3,327,255 1,676,360 1,650,895 10,328,680 5,084,885 5,243,800
French 27,630 14,130 13,500 277,045 129,540 147,500
Non-official languages 482,725 237,740 244,990 1,916,315 909,530 1,006,780
Aboriginal languages 9,970 4,940 5,020 9,210 4,600 4,610
Algonquian languages 7,175 3,575 3,605 8,685 4,370 4,320
Blackfoot 1,110 555 555 0 0 0
Cree-Montagnais languages 5,875 2,925 2,945 2,370 1,205 1,165
Atikamekw 0 0 0 0 0 0
Montagnais (Innu) 0 0 0 5 5 5
Moose Cree 0 0 0 10 10 5
Naskapi 0 0 0 10 5 5
Northern East Cree 20 10 10 20 10 15
Plains Cree 125 60 60 0 0 0
Southern East Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Swampy Cree 5 0 5 105 50 55
Woods Cree 600 300 295 5 5 0
Cree, n.o.s. 5,120 2,540 2,575 2,220 1,135 1,085
Eastern Algonquian languages 5 5 5 5 5 5
Malecite 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mi'kmaq 5 5 0 5 5 0
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 190 95 95 6,305 3,155 3,145
Algonquin 0 0 0 5 0 0
Ojibway 185 90 95 3,315 1,695 1,620
Oji-Cree 0 0 0 2,905 1,420 1,490
Ottawa (Odawa) 0 0 0 75 40 35
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 0 0
Athabaskan languages 620 320 300 20 10 10
Northern Athabaskan languages 620 325 300 15 10 10
Babine (Wetsuwet'en) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Beaver 10 5 0 0 0 0
Carrier 0 0 0 0 5 0
Chilcotin 0 0 0 0 0 0
Dene 540 280 260 5 0 5
Dogrib (Tlicho) 5 0 0 0 0 5
Gwich'in 5 0 5 5 0 0
Sarsi (Sarcee) 5 5 0 5 5 0
Sekani 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey-Hare languages 60 35 30 0 0 0
North Slavey (Hare) 0 0 0 0 0 0
South Slavey 55 30 25 0 0 0
Slavey, n.o.s. 5 5 5 0 0 0
Tahltan languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tutchone languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 5 0
Haida 0 0 0 0 0 0
Inuit languages 10 0 10 160 60 90
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 5 0 0 0 0 5
Inuktitut 0 0 0 140 60 80
Inuit languages, n.i.e. 5 0 5 15 5 10
Iroquoian languages 0 0 0 210 90 120
Cayuga 0 0 0 5 5 5
Mohawk 0 0 0 185 80 100
Oneida 0 0 0 20 5 10
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 5 0 5 0 0 0
Kutenai 0 0 0 0 0 0
Michif 10 5 5 5 5 0
Salish languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Comox 0 0 0 0 0 0
Halkomelem 0 0 0 0 0 0
Lillooet 0 0 0 0 0 0
Okanagan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Shuswap (Secwepemctsin) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Squamish 0 0 0 0 0 0
Straits 0 0 0 0 0 0
Thompson (Ntlakapamux) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Salish languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Siouan languages 2,125 1,025 1,095 5 0 5
Dakota 175 85 85 5 5 0
Stoney 1,945 935 1,010 0 0 0
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 5
Tlingit 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tsimshian languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Nisga'a 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tsimshian 0 0 0 0 0 0
Wakashan languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Haisla 0 0 0 0 0 0
Heiltsuk 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kwakiutl (Kwak'wala) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0 0 0 5 0 0
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Aboriginal languages, n.o.s. 25 15 10 120 55 65
Non-Aboriginal languages 472,760 232,800 239,965 1,907,105 904,930 1,002,170
Afro-Asiatic languages 43,770 22,535 21,235 138,460 66,865 71,590
Berber languages 200 105 95 345 175 170
Kabyle 90 45 40 255 125 130
Berber languages, n.i.e. 105 60 45 90 50 45
Cushitic languages 9,220 4,750 4,470 14,460 6,100 8,360
Bilen 280 160 115 170 80 85
Oromo 2,075 1,060 1,015 805 380 425
Somali 6,850 3,520 3,325 13,370 5,590 7,780
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 15 5 10 110 50 65
Semitic languages 34,310 17,660 16,655 123,410 60,475 62,940
Amharic 4,915 2,390 2,530 5,625 2,540 3,085
Arabic 24,230 12,555 11,675 94,195 46,505 47,695
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 260 130 130 9,515 4,595 4,920
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 95 50 40 2,915 1,410 1,500
Harari 165 80 85 555 250 305
Hebrew 460 235 225 4,850 2,505 2,345
Maltese 15 10 10 1,090 505 580
Tigrigna 3,955 2,095 1,860 3,920 1,805 2,115
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 210 110 100 755 360 395
Afro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 45 20 20 245 115 125
Austro-Asiatic languages 16,355 7,635 8,715 50,245 23,105 27,140
Khmer (Cambodian) 960 460 500 3,770 1,650 2,120
Vietnamese 15,380 7,175 8,205 46,435 21,435 25,000
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e 15 0 10 40 20 20
Austronesian languages 60,860 28,765 32,100 85,370 36,525 48,845
Bikol 70 40 35 90 35 55
Cebuano 2,110 1,015 1,090 2,325 1,020 1,315
Fijian 45 25 20 15 10 10
Hiligaynon 470 215 255 910 385 530
Ilocano 1,975 935 1,035 4,100 1,780 2,320
Malagasy 20 10 10 35 15 20
Malay 405 205 195 1,810 860 945
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 220 110 110 445 200 250
Pangasinan 45 20 30 90 40 50
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 55,105 26,005 29,100 75,070 31,965 43,105
Waray-Waray 125 60 60 90 35 55
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 280 120 155 380 175 200
Creole languages 970 495 475 5,325 2,355 2,970
Haitian Creole 50 25 25 355 165 190
Creole, n.o.s. 655 345 310 3,995 1,735 2,255
Creole languages, n.i.e. 270 125 140 975 455 520
Dravidian languages 8,460 4,335 4,125 96,250 46,575 49,680
Kannada 210 105 105 1,060 540 520
Malayalam 4,060 2,070 1,990 8,760 4,460 4,295
Tamil 2,915 1,515 1,395 80,600 38,460 42,140
Telugu 1,245 635 615 5,705 3,050 2,655
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 30 10 15 125 55 70
Hmong-Mien languages 70 35 35 200 95 105
Indo-European languages 230,270 115,280 114,995 978,300 469,640 508,670
Albanian 1,060 570 485 9,190 4,580 4,605
Armenian 215 115 105 8,630 4,065 4,560
Balto-Slavic languages 30,220 14,820 15,400 192,945 90,585 102,365
Baltic languages 410 210 200 2,305 950 1,355
Latvian 165 85 80 860 350 515
Lithuanian 250 125 120 1,440 600 840
Slavic languages 29,815 14,610 15,205 190,645 89,635 101,005
Belarusan 15 10 5 175 80 90
Bosnian 785 400 385 3,220 1,595 1,620
Bulgarian 825 415 405 4,830 2,350 2,480
Croatian 1,800 905 895 11,125 5,275 5,855
Czech 875 440 430 3,070 1,480 1,595
Macedonian 175 90 85 6,255 2,965 3,285
Polish 7,705 3,675 4,030 52,555 24,510 28,045
Russian 10,145 4,965 5,175 63,570 29,655 33,920
Serbian 2,100 1,045 1,055 23,175 11,335 11,840
Serbo-Croatian 315 160 155 1,925 920 1,010
Slovak 710 345 365 3,520 1,680 1,845
Slovene (Slovenian) 150 70 75 1,465 645 815
Ukrainian 4,180 2,060 2,110 15,415 6,995 8,420
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 55 30 25 355 160 190
Celtic languages 40 25 15 120 65 55
Scottish Gaelic 15 15 5 60 30 25
Welsh 15 5 5 30 10 15
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 10 5 0 35 20 15
Germanic languages 40,915 20,280 20,625 44,515 21,630 22,880
Afrikaans 1,705 835 875 755 365 390
Danish 150 75 75 280 135 150
Dutch 1,980 985 1,000 4,450 2,145 2,305
Frisian 60 30 30 90 45 45
German 36,295 18,010 18,290 37,255 18,140 19,120
Icelandic 30 15 15 45 20 30
Norwegian 60 20 35 70 30 40
Swedish 145 65 80 385 190 190
Vlaams (Flemish) 60 30 25 145 60 85
Yiddish 15 5 5 370 190 185
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 425 215 210 655 315 340
Greek 1,015 490 525 21,700 10,160 11,535
Indo-Iranian languages 111,975 56,535 55,445 435,835 215,755 220,080
Indo-Aryan languages 98,610 49,790 48,815 344,050 171,125 172,920
Bengali 4,530 2,300 2,225 29,590 14,595 14,995
Gujarati 8,025 4,085 3,935 45,445 22,410 23,035
Hindi 9,945 5,115 4,825 28,960 14,485 14,475
Kashmiri 50 20 25 65 30 35
Konkani 75 40 40 540 260 280
Marathi 845 440 405 2,420 1,230 1,190
Nepali 3,710 1,905 1,805 5,640 2,815 2,820
Oriya (Odia) 95 50 45 325 160 165
Punjabi (Panjabi) 51,010 25,720 25,295 132,135 66,410 65,725
Sindhi 1,240 575 665 2,880 1,320 1,560
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 1,480 750 730 4,595 2,250 2,345
Urdu 17,600 8,795 8,810 91,450 45,160 46,295
Iranian languages 12,720 6,415 6,305 90,730 44,090 46,640
Kurdish 850 440 410 3,675 1,900 1,770
Pashto 1,640 845 795 6,750 3,360 3,395
Persian (Farsi) 10,230 5,135 5,100 80,305 38,830 41,475
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 650 325 325 1,050 540 515
Italic (Romance) languages 44,830 22,445 22,385 265,375 122,790 142,585
Catalan 35 10 20 135 60 75
Italian 2,840 1,275 1,560 72,960 31,195 41,770
Portuguese 3,905 1,875 2,030 67,415 32,065 35,355
Romanian 4,135 2,115 2,020 19,920 9,380 10,535
Spanish 33,910 17,160 16,755 104,820 50,035 54,785
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 10 5 5 110 50 60
Japanese 2,245 945 1,300 6,040 2,590 3,450
Kartvelian languages 160 85 70 770 420 355
Georgian 160 85 70 775 420 355
Korean 12,775 6,205 6,570 48,540 22,685 25,855
Mongolic languages 335 160 175 225 115 110
Mongolian 335 155 175 230 120 110
Niger-Congo languages 5,600 2,725 2,875 12,120 5,400 6,725
Akan (Twi) 845 415 430 4,415 1,915 2,495
Bamanankan 10 10 0 25 15 15
Edo 70 35 35 305 120 180
Ewe 80 45 35 135 60 80
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 105 55 45 110 55 55
Ga 40 20 20 175 80 100
Ganda 95 50 50 195 85 110
Igbo 265 125 145 540 265 275
Lingala 85 35 45 225 100 130
Rundi (Kirundi) 280 135 145 475 230 240
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 350 175 170 420 160 260
Shona 410 190 225 455 210 245
Swahili 1,090 530 565 2,085 925 1,160
Wolof 170 95 75 130 65 65
Yoruba 690 340 350 1,300 625 675
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 1,015 485 535 1,120 500 625
Nilo-Saharan languages 1,525 765 755 550 260 290
Dinka 800 420 380 120 60 65
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 725 350 375 425 195 225
Sign languages 1,095 630 465 4,425 2,485 1,940
American Sign Language 325 170 155 1,605 830 770
Quebec Sign Language 0 0 0 25 15 15
Sign languages, n.i.e 765 455 310 2,795 1,640 1,150
Sino-Tibetan languages 82,380 39,230 43,155 448,200 210,560 237,640
Chinese languages 80,880 38,455 42,420 441,615 207,305 234,310
Cantonese 38,275 17,810 20,460 198,745 91,545 107,200
Hakka 315 135 185 2,870 1,305 1,575
Mandarin 37,125 18,030 19,095 220,535 105,360 115,175
Min Dong 20 5 10 265 115 145
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 1,245 540 705 5,775 2,635 3,140
Wu (Shanghainese) 340 175 165 3,690 1,735 1,955
Chinese, n.o.s. 3,550 1,760 1,785 9,630 4,565 5,070
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 10 5 5 100 45 55
Tibeto-Burman languages 1,500 770 730 6,580 3,250 3,330
Burmese 280 145 130 1,010 480 530
Karenic languages 665 340 320 1,360 685 675
Tibetan 420 220 200 3,875 1,925 1,945
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 140 65 75 335 165 170
Tai-Kadai languages 1,130 505 625 3,865 1,845 2,020
Lao 465 215 245 2,535 1,220 1,315
Thai 655 285 370 1,315 615 695
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e 10 5 10 10 5 10
Turkic languages 2,390 1,270 1,120 12,435 6,200 6,230
Azerbaijani 155 90 75 770 385 380
Turkish 1,945 1,030 915 10,545 5,245 5,300
Uyghur 80 45 40 290 150 140
Uzbek 135 70 65 585 290 295
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 70 35 25 250 130 120
Uralic languages 2,130 1,040 1,085 15,330 6,990 8,340
Estonian 25 10 15 790 290 500
Finnish 105 50 50 1,835 780 1,050
Hungarian 1,995 980 1,015 12,700 5,915 6,790
Uralic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Other languages, n.i.e. 240 140 95 465 245 225
Multiple responses 189,040 92,280 96,760 790,825 379,925 410,905
English and French 6,885 3,410 3,475 45,655 20,895 24,755
English and non-official language 178,070 86,895 91,170 719,595 347,730 371,865
French and non-official language 1,125 540 580 6,725 2,930 3,795
English, French and non-official language 2,965 1,430 1,530 18,855 8,365 10,490
Other language spoken regularly at homeThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Other language(s) spoken regularly at home for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 20 4,026,650 2,020,510 2,006,140 13,312,865 6,503,875 6,808,990
None 3,492,295 1,760,240 1,732,055 11,071,665 5,436,665 5,635,000
English 221,305 110,655 110,650 896,170 437,015 459,155
French 41,840 19,470 22,375 243,970 108,390 135,580
Non-official language 262,255 125,640 136,615 1,056,960 501,315 555,645
Aboriginal 17,430 8,325 9,105 14,315 6,580 7,735
Non-Aboriginal 244,825 117,315 127,510 1,042,645 494,735 547,910
English and French 1,535 775 760 8,150 3,755 4,395
English and non-official language 4,545 2,345 2,195 19,105 9,370 9,735
French and non-official language 2,795 1,340 1,455 16,435 7,165 9,270
English, French and non-official language 85 50 40 415 205 215
Income of individuals in 2015
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 21 3,206,050 1,602,690 1,603,360 11,038,440 5,342,850 5,695,590
Number of total income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 3,053,470 1,528,275 1,525,190 10,556,935 5,115,460 5,441,475
Median total income in 2015 among recipients ($) 42,717 54,891 33,213 33,539 39,889 28,676
Number of after-tax income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 3,054,135 1,528,420 1,525,715 10,559,805 5,115,825 5,443,975
Median after-tax income in 2015 among recipients ($) 38,067 47,131 30,478 30,641 35,753 26,585
Number of market income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 2,839,590 1,458,560 1,381,030 9,391,800 4,650,130 4,741,675
Median market income in 2015 among recipients ($) 42,330 54,528 32,099 32,871 39,831 27,012
Number of government transfers recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 1,785,065 711,210 1,073,855 7,632,575 3,402,810 4,229,770
Median government transfers in 2015 among recipients ($) 4,093 3,834 4,185 4,206 2,034 5,463
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 2,473,665 1,301,630 1,172,030 7,790,680 3,998,335 3,792,350
Median employment income in 2015 among recipients ($) 42,679 54,361 32,982 33,946 39,490 29,413
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 22 3,206,045 1,602,810 1,603,235 11,038,440 5,342,755 5,695,685
Number of total income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 3,054,555 1,528,100 1,526,455 10,556,925 5,114,340 5,442,580
Average total income in 2015 among recipients ($) 62,778 80,001 45,535 47,915 56,780 39,585
Number of after-tax income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 3,055,230 1,528,240 1,526,995 10,559,935 5,114,725 5,445,210
Average after-tax income in 2015 among recipients ($) 50,683 62,938 38,417 39,318 45,443 33,564
Number of market income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 2,840,675 1,458,210 1,382,465 9,391,645 4,649,230 4,742,415
Average market income in 2015 among recipients ($) 62,997 80,282 44,766 47,890 57,511 38,459
Number of government transfers recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 1,784,345 710,105 1,074,240 7,632,220 3,402,745 4,229,475
Average government transfers in 2015 among recipients ($) 7,175 7,298 7,093 7,346 6,763 7,815
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 2,473,665 1,299,805 1,173,855 7,790,680 3,995,700 3,794,985
Average employment income in 2015 among recipients ($) 59,343 74,073 43,031 47,369 55,263 39,057
Total - Employment income statistics for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 23 3,206,050 1,602,810 1,603,240 11,038,440 5,342,755 5,695,685
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households who worked full year full time in 2015 - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 24 1,152,385 669,770 482,615 3,737,385 2,082,480 1,654,900
Median employment income in 2015 for full-year full-time workers ($)Census data footnote 25 64,090 73,781 53,836 55,121 60,345 49,713
Average employment income in 2015 for full-year full-time workers ($)Census data footnote 26 81,586 94,822 63,218 68,628 76,536 58,676
Composition of total income in 2015 of the population aged 15 years and over in private households (%) - 100% dataCensus data footnote 27 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0
Market income (%)Census data footnote 28 93.3 95.8 89.1 88.9 92.1 84.7
Employment income (%)Census data footnote 29 76.5 78.9 72.3 72.9 76.0 68.7
Government transfers (%)Census data footnote 30 6.7 4.2 10.9 11.1 7.9 15.3
Total - Total income groups in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 31 3,206,050 1,602,690 1,603,360 11,038,440 5,342,850 5,695,590
Without total income 152,585 74,410 78,170 481,500 227,390 254,115
With total income 3,053,470 1,528,280 1,525,190 10,556,940 5,115,460 5,441,475
Percentage with total income 95.2 95.4 95.1 95.6 95.7 95.5
Under $10,000 (including loss) 389,580 146,450 243,130 1,615,790 711,105 904,685
$10,000 to $19,999 385,235 147,125 238,110 1,829,355 742,710 1,086,645
$20,000 to $29,999 364,915 142,810 222,105 1,410,760 589,975 820,785
$30,000 to $39,999 305,680 131,185 174,490 1,147,510 519,550 627,955
$40,000 to $49,999 286,615 133,715 152,900 1,021,880 489,595 532,285
$50,000 to $59,999 247,830 124,720 123,115 809,115 415,950 393,165
$60,000 to $69,999 205,840 114,405 91,430 630,635 348,525 282,110
$70,000 to $79,999 165,640 99,645 65,995 479,890 277,725 202,165
$80,000 to $89,999 132,720 82,700 50,020 378,185 222,095 156,095
$90,000 to $99,999 114,010 70,655 43,350 324,810 181,815 142,995
$100,000 and over 455,410 334,865 120,550 909,005 616,420 292,585
$100,000 to $149,999 274,185 191,710 82,475 600,995 394,410 206,590
$150,000 and over 181,225 143,150 38,075 308,010 222,010 86,000
Total - After-tax income groups in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 32 3,206,050 1,602,690 1,603,365 11,038,440 5,342,850 5,695,590
Without after-tax income 151,915 74,270 77,645 478,635 227,025 251,610
With after-tax income 3,054,135 1,528,420 1,525,715 10,559,805 5,115,825 5,443,980
Percentage with after-tax income 95.3 95.4 95.2 95.7 95.8 95.6
Under $10,000 (including loss) 399,005 149,280 249,725 1,659,280 722,040 937,235
$10,000 to $19,999 402,780 154,330 248,450 1,906,875 777,330 1,129,540
$20,000 to $29,999 420,955 166,650 254,300 1,623,230 690,290 932,940
$30,000 to $39,999 377,590 169,665 207,925 1,377,100 642,645 734,450
$40,000 to $49,999 347,960 172,595 175,365 1,166,040 585,490 580,555
$50,000 to $59,999 276,970 153,985 122,985 845,305 464,610 380,700
$60,000 to $69,999 208,265 127,045 81,220 604,005 354,015 249,985
$70,000 to $79,999 160,580 100,970 59,610 465,485 268,140 197,345
$80,000 and over 460,030 333,895 126,140 912,490 611,260 301,230
$80,000 to $89,999 121,015 78,400 42,620 299,315 183,410 115,905
$90,000 to $99,999 82,020 57,375 24,645 174,110 116,330 57,785
$100,000 and over 257,000 198,120 58,875 439,070 311,525 127,540
Total - Employment income groups in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 33 3,206,050 1,602,690 1,603,360 11,038,440 5,342,850 5,695,590
Without employment income 732,385 301,060 431,330 3,247,760 1,344,515 1,903,245
With employment income 2,473,665 1,301,630 1,172,035 7,790,680 3,998,335 3,792,350
Percentage with employment income 77.2 81.2 73.1 70.6 74.8 66.6
Under $5,000 (including loss) 273,835 122,830 151,005 1,094,860 546,920 547,940
$5,000 to $9,999 164,095 68,100 95,990 635,305 281,135 354,165
$10,000 to $19,999 274,105 113,680 160,430 1,027,910 464,445 563,465
$20,000 to $29,999 235,620 96,855 138,760 827,805 372,185 455,625
$30,000 to $39,999 227,450 100,650 126,805 767,840 351,925 415,910
$40,000 to $49,999 219,155 103,680 115,475 709,775 341,320 368,450
$50,000 to $59,999 195,145 99,285 95,860 588,220 310,155 278,065
$60,000 to $69,999 163,465 92,950 70,515 465,670 263,430 202,240
$70,000 to $79,999 135,150 83,240 51,910 369,085 218,570 150,515
$80,000 and over 585,640 420,365 165,280 1,304,210 848,245 455,970
$80,000 to $89,999 111,045 71,210 39,835 307,660 182,660 125,005
$90,000 to $99,999 99,785 62,305 37,480 280,530 156,440 124,090
$100,000 and over 374,815 286,855 87,960 716,015 509,140 206,875
Income of households in 2015
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for private households by household size - 100% dataCensus data footnote 34 1,527,680 ... ... 5,169,175 ... ...
Median total income of households in 2015 ($) 93,835 ... ... 74,287 ... ...
Median after-tax income of households in 2015 ($) 80,300 ... ... 65,285 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for one-person private households - 100% data 366,080 ... ... 1,341,300 ... ...
Median total income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 47,948 ... ... 36,900 ... ...
Median after-tax income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 41,502 ... ... 33,219 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for two-or-more-person private households - 100% data 1,161,600 ... ... 3,827,875 ... ...
Median total income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 111,435 ... ... 90,967 ... ...
Median after-tax income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 94,830 ... ... 79,528 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for private households by household size - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 35 1,527,675 ... ... 5,169,175 ... ...
Average total income of households in 2015 ($) 125,522 ... ... 97,856 ... ...
Average after-tax income of households in 2015 ($) 101,361 ... ... 80,322 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for one-person private households - 25% sample data 365,000 ... ... 1,341,115 ... ...
Average total income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 64,341 ... ... 49,571 ... ...
Average after-tax income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 52,116 ... ... 40,830 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for two-or-more-person private households - 25% sample data 1,162,675 ... ... 3,828,060 ... ...
Average total income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 144,729 ... ... 114,773 ... ...
Average after-tax income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 116,821 ... ... 94,157 ... ...
Total - Household total income groups in 2015 for private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 36 1,527,680 ... ... 5,169,175 ... ...
Under $5,000 21,660 ... ... 86,720 ... ...
$5,000 to $9,999 13,555 ... ... 70,245 ... ...
$10,000 to $14,999 18,070 ... ... 134,395 ... ...
$15,000 to $19,999 33,045 ... ... 185,245 ... ...
$20,000 to $24,999 51,505 ... ... 200,770 ... ...
$25,000 to $29,999 38,615 ... ... 189,450 ... ...
$30,000 to $34,999 42,580 ... ... 202,580 ... ...
$35,000 to $39,999 46,630 ... ... 207,180 ... ...
$40,000 to $44,999 46,520 ... ... 206,605 ... ...
$45,000 to $49,999 46,825 ... ... 202,015 ... ...
$50,000 to $59,999 95,425 ... ... 388,820 ... ...
$60,000 to $69,999 95,340 ... ... 363,580 ... ...
$70,000 to $79,999 92,345 ... ... 335,770 ... ...
$80,000 to $89,999 88,775 ... ... 309,105 ... ...
$90,000 to $99,999 84,570 ... ... 282,740 ... ...
$100,000 and over 712,215 ... ... 1,803,955 ... ...
$100,000 to $124,999 184,595 ... ... 560,090 ... ...
$125,000 to $149,999 142,910 ... ... 394,570 ... ...
$150,000 to $199,999 181,960 ... ... 449,885 ... ...
$200,000 and over 202,745 ... ... 399,410 ... ...
Total - Household after-tax income groups in 2015 for private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 32 1,527,680 ... ... 5,169,175 ... ...
Under $5,000 23,395 ... ... 92,220 ... ...
$5,000 to $9,999 13,860 ... ... 71,480 ... ...
$10,000 to $14,999 18,600 ... ... 136,550 ... ...
$15,000 to $19,999 34,540 ... ... 192,920 ... ...
$20,000 to $24,999 55,010 ... ... 222,605 ... ...
$25,000 to $29,999 44,170 ... ... 211,440 ... ...
$30,000 to $34,999 50,280 ... ... 232,755 ... ...
$35,000 to $39,999 55,645 ... ... 244,335 ... ...
$40,000 to $44,999 57,695 ... ... 247,645 ... ...
$45,000 to $49,999 59,195 ... ... 241,965 ... ...
$50,000 to $59,999 119,200 ... ... 463,170 ... ...
$60,000 to $69,999 116,250 ... ... 422,695 ... ...
$70,000 to $79,999 112,675 ... ... 388,720 ... ...
$80,000 to $89,999 106,235 ... ... 342,330 ... ...
$90,000 to $99,999 95,600 ... ... 290,720 ... ...
$100,000 and over 565,335 ... ... 1,367,630 ... ...
$100,000 to $124,999 192,795 ... ... 539,915 ... ...
$125,000 to $149,999 132,240 ... ... 334,420 ... ...
$150,000 and over 240,305 ... ... 493,295 ... ...
Income of economic families in 2015
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for economic families in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 37 1,099,900 ... ... 3,689,580 ... ...
Median total income of economic families in 2015 ($) 109,997 ... ... 91,089 ... ...
Median after-tax income of economic families in 2015 ($) 93,588 ... ... 79,531 ... ...
Average family size of economic families 3.1 ... ... 3.1 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families without children or other relatives in private households - 100% data 407,300 ... ... 1,280,890 ... ...
Median total income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 101,283 ... ... 81,459 ... ...
Median after-tax income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 86,043 ... ... 71,237 ... ...
Average family size of couple economic families without children or other relatives 2.0 ... ... 2.0 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families with children in private households - 100% data 511,375 ... ... 1,716,115 ... ...
Median total income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 133,186 ... ... 115,381 ... ...
Median after-tax income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 111,951 ... ... 99,205 ... ...
Average family size of couple economic families with children 4.1 ... ... 4.1 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for lone-parent economic families in private households - 100% data 146,045 ... ... 584,180 ... ...
Median total income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 62,909 ... ... 54,363 ... ...
Median after-tax income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 57,079 ... ... 50,317 ... ...
Average family size of lone-parent economic families 2.7 ... ... 2.7 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for economic families in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 38 1,101,485 ... ... 3,689,080 ... ...
Average total income of economic families in 2015 ($) 144,493 ... ... 115,328 ... ...
Average after-tax income of economic families in 2015 ($) 116,343 ... ... 94,410 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families without children or other relatives in private households - 25% sample data 408,625 ... ... 1,280,580 ... ...
Average total income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 137,805 ... ... 104,425 ... ...
Average after-tax income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 110,236 ... ... 84,952 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families with children in private households - 25% sample data 512,615 ... ... 1,717,295 ... ...
Average total income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 169,354 ... ... 140,590 ... ...
Average after-tax income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 135,623 ... ... 114,144 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for lone-parent economic families in private households - 25% sample data 145,115 ... ... 581,945 ... ...
Average total income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 80,406 ... ... 67,748 ... ...
Average after-tax income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 68,470 ... ... 58,742 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 21 577,475 308,835 268,640 1,818,815 867,175 951,640
Median total income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 39 42,598 47,903 37,344 32,097 33,925 30,753
Median after-tax income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 39 37,648 41,340 33,785 29,417 30,678 28,442
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 40 573,385 306,195 267,190 1,814,575 864,020 950,555
Average total income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 41 56,856 63,468 49,280 44,298 46,765 42,057
Average after-tax income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 41 46,559 50,990 41,481 36,874 38,228 35,644
Total - Economic family income decile group for the population in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 42 3,978,150 1,998,500 1,979,650 13,242,160 6,472,205 6,769,955
In the bottom half of the distribution 1,527,695 739,210 788,485 6,335,170 3,016,275 3,318,895
In the bottom decile 293,490 143,880 149,605 1,346,645 651,310 695,335
In the second decile 278,635 128,055 150,575 1,280,675 581,380 699,290
In the third decile 297,695 142,090 155,605 1,237,415 583,840 653,575
In the fourth decile 315,570 154,815 160,760 1,223,510 589,740 633,770
In the fifth decile 342,305 170,375 171,935 1,246,925 610,000 636,930
In the top half of the distribution 2,450,450 1,259,285 1,191,160 6,906,990 3,455,930 3,451,060
In the sixth decile 366,250 183,860 182,390 1,279,095 629,635 649,465
In the seventh decile 397,275 201,465 195,810 1,321,220 655,840 665,375
In the eighth decile 443,585 227,385 216,200 1,382,795 691,630 691,165
In the ninth decile 522,545 268,995 253,555 1,464,415 736,030 728,385
In the top decile 720,795 377,585 343,215 1,459,465 742,795 716,670
Low income in 2015
Total - Low-income status in 2015 for the population in private households to whom low-income concepts are applicable - 100% dataCensus data footnote 43 3,925,220 1,971,735 1,953,485 13,184,055 6,442,930 6,741,130
0 to 17 years 893,255 458,330 434,925 2,656,535 1,361,905 1,294,630
0 to 5 years 310,080 158,825 151,260 835,000 428,025 406,975
18 to 64 years 2,580,730 1,298,440 1,282,295 8,418,960 4,110,615 4,308,345
65 years and over 451,235 214,965 236,265 2,108,560 970,405 1,138,155
In low income based on the Low-income measure, after tax (LIM-AT) 363,890 171,945 191,940 1,898,975 886,530 1,012,445
0 to 17 years 114,215 58,665 55,555 489,905 251,830 238,080
0 to 5 years 41,755 21,350 20,400 165,140 84,825 80,310
18 to 64 years 210,870 98,415 112,455 1,155,315 538,535 616,780
65 years and over 38,800 14,875 23,925 253,755 96,170 157,585
Prevalence of low income based on the Low-income measure, after tax (LIM-AT) (%) 9.3 8.7 9.8 14.4 13.8 15.0
0 to 17 years (%) 12.8 12.8 12.8 18.4 18.5 18.4
0 to 5 years (%) 13.5 13.4 13.5 19.8 19.8 19.7
18 to 64 years (%) 8.2 7.6 8.8 13.7 13.1 14.3
65 years and over (%) 8.6 6.9 10.1 12.0 9.9 13.8
In low income based on the Low-income cut-offs, after tax (LICO-AT) 273,515 134,180 139,335 1,298,590 627,935 670,650
0 to 17 years 76,930 39,385 37,550 304,390 156,575 147,815
0 to 5 years 28,190 14,420 13,770 102,750 52,810 49,935
18 to 64 years 181,805 88,715 93,095 887,640 430,545 457,095
65 years and over 14,780 6,085 8,695 106,555 40,815 65,740
Prevalence of low income based on the Low-income cut-offs, after tax (LICO-AT) (%) 7.0 6.8 7.1 9.8 9.7 9.9
0 to 17 years (%) 8.6 8.6 8.6 11.5 11.5 11.4
0 to 5 years (%) 9.1 9.1 9.1 12.3 12.3 12.3
18 to 64 years (%) 7.0 6.8 7.3 10.5 10.5 10.6
65 years and over (%) 3.3 2.8 3.7 5.1 4.2 5.8
Knowledge of languagesThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Knowledge of languages for the population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 44 3,978,145 1,998,500 1,979,645 13,242,160 6,472,240 6,769,925
Official languages 3,920,530 1,974,435 1,946,095 12,918,075 6,342,930 6,575,145
English 3,916,805 1,972,800 1,944,005 12,879,045 6,326,225 6,552,825
French 264,600 123,940 140,660 1,521,020 677,505 843,510
Non-official languages 1,082,425 527,770 554,655 4,431,270 2,115,510 2,315,760
Aboriginal languages 36,465 17,415 19,045 33,855 15,815 18,035
Algonquian languages 29,675 14,120 15,555 30,630 14,505 16,125
Blackfoot 5,575 2,665 2,905 15 15 0
Cree-Montagnais languages 23,465 11,155 12,310 6,560 3,160 3,395
Atikamekw 0 0 0 10 0 0
Montagnais (Innu) 0 0 0 10 0 10
Moose Cree 25 0 15 145 70 75
Naskapi 0 0 0 25 10 10
Northern East Cree 90 20 70 65 25 45
Plains Cree 1,580 620 965 105 50 50
Southern East Cree 10 10 0 0 0 0
Swampy Cree 45 25 25 605 255 350
Woods Cree 1,135 525 610 45 25 25
Cree, n.o.s. 20,665 9,990 10,675 5,620 2,760 2,865
Eastern Algonquian languages 35 15 15 180 95 85
Malecite 0 0 0 20 20 0
Mi'kmaq 35 15 15 160 75 85
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 955 425 530 23,980 11,285 12,690
Algonquin 10 10 0 205 95 105
Ojibway 925 415 505 16,220 7,600 8,630
Oji-Cree 20 10 15 7,515 3,585 3,935
Ottawa (Odawa) 0 0 10 200 105 100
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 10 10 0 85 40 50
Athabaskan languages 2,640 1,255 1,385 85 25 65
Northern Athabaskan languages 2,630 1,250 1,380 80 25 55
Babine (Wetsuwet'en) 0 10 0 10 0 0
Beaver 85 50 35 0 0 0
Carrier 45 10 35 10 0 10
Chilcotin 20 15 10 10 0 10
Dene 2,010 975 1,035 45 20 30
Dogrib (Tlicho) 75 30 45 10 0 10
Gwich'in 10 0 10 10 0 10
Sarsi (Sarcee) 150 65 85 0 0 0
Sekani 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey-Hare languages 285 140 145 10 0 0
North Slavey (Hare) 25 15 10 0 0 0
South Slavey 190 90 100 0 0 10
Slavey, n.o.s. 75 35 45 0 0 0
Tahltan languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tutchone languages 0 0 10 10 0 0
Northern Tutchone 10 0 10 0 0 0
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 10 0 10 0 0 0
Haida 10 0 10 0 0 0
Inuit languages 135 50 80 840 320 525
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 35 10 25 10 0 10
Inuktitut 60 20 35 730 285 445
Inuit languages, n.i.e. 40 25 20 105 35 70
Iroquoian languages 40 25 10 1,940 810 1,125
Cayuga 0 10 0 120 35 85
Mohawk 35 25 0 1,625 710 915
Oneida 0 0 0 180 55 125
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 0 10 10 50 25 25
Kutenai 0 0 0 0 0 0
Michif 145 75 70 180 65 110
Salish languages 50 25 25 10 0 10
Comox 0 0 0 0 0 0
Halkomelem 10 0 0 0 0 0
Lillooet 0 0 0 0 0 0
Okanagan 15 10 10 0 10 0
Shuswap (Secwepemctsin) 10 0 10 0 0 0
Squamish 0 0 0 0 0 0
Straits 10 0 0 0 0 0
Thompson (Ntlakapamux) 10 0 10 0 0 0
Salish languages, n.i.e. 10 0 0 10 0 10
Siouan languages 4,050 2,005 2,045 40 10 30
Dakota 530 285 245 20 10 10
Stoney 3,650 1,790 1,855 0 0 0
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 10 0 10 20 0 15
Tlingit 10 0 0 0 0 0
Tsimshian languages 35 15 15 10 0 10
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 20 10 10 10 0 10
Nisga'a 15 0 0 0 0 0
Tsimshian 0 0 0 10 0 10
Wakashan languages 10 10 0 10 10 0
Haisla 0 0 0 0 0 0
Heiltsuk 0 0 0 0 0 10
Kwakiutl (Kwak'wala) 10 10 0 10 0 0
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Aboriginal languages, n.o.s. 30 15 15 210 100 110
Non-Aboriginal languages 1,046,245 510,495 535,750 4,397,690 2,099,820 2,297,865
Afro-Asiatic languages 96,210 50,675 45,535 362,645 183,050 179,595
Berber languages 540 335 205 925 505 415
Kabyle 225 125 90 530 280 255
Berber languages, n.i.e. 315 210 110 390 225 165
Cushitic languages 15,445 8,055 7,385 34,160 15,155 19,000
Bilen 370 235 135 355 200 160
Oromo 3,125 1,625 1,500 2,075 905 1,175
Somali 12,030 6,240 5,795 31,535 13,925 17,610
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 55 20 40 370 170 205
Semitic languages 82,200 43,405 38,800 330,315 168,750 161,570
Amharic 10,870 5,595 5,275 16,010 7,565 8,445
Arabic 62,730 33,365 29,370 246,015 127,015 119,000
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 430 225 210 17,825 8,775 9,050
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 150 70 75 6,185 3,045 3,140
Harari 340 150 185 1,310 660 645
Hebrew 3,250 1,650 1,600 43,255 22,165 21,090
Maltese 145 85 55 7,020 3,455 3,570
Tigrigna 7,315 3,915 3,400 9,385 4,320 5,065
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 450 250 205 1,985 1,010 975
Afro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 375 225 145 1,125 535 590
Austro-Asiatic languages 32,730 15,440 17,290 99,830 46,210 53,620
Khmer (Cambodian) 2,700 1,375 1,330 10,045 4,490 5,550
Vietnamese 30,150 14,130 16,015 90,265 41,965 48,300
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 15 0 10 60 10 50
Austronesian languages 145,745 63,615 82,130 249,435 98,295 151,150
Bikol 330 150 180 755 340 425
Cebuano 6,690 2,940 3,750 9,475 3,650 5,830
Fijian 340 195 145 110 40 65
Hiligaynon 1,760 745 1,020 3,110 1,205 1,910
Ilocano 7,370 3,160 4,215 15,235 5,940 9,295
Malagasy 80 40 40 215 115 100
Malay 3,040 1,435 1,610 9,780 4,500 5,280
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 1,185 565 625 1,935 855 1,080
Pangasinan 445 190 250 565 245 320
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 138,440 60,115 78,325 232,935 91,110 141,820
Waray-Waray 420 170 245 410 125 285
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 1,160 505 650 1,785 755 1,030
Creole languages 4,585 2,390 2,195 30,260 13,525 16,735
Haitian Creole 255 140 115 1,430 605 830
Creole, n.o.s. 2,675 1,425 1,250 19,375 8,480 10,895
Creole languages, n.i.e. 1,680 840 850 9,685 4,525 5,155
Dravidian languages 18,190 9,660 8,525 196,315 97,975 98,335
Kannada 1,035 520 515 5,775 2,930 2,845
Malayalam 8,150 4,255 3,900 22,880 11,535 11,345
Tamil 7,195 3,900 3,295 157,700 77,975 79,730
Telugu 2,910 1,560 1,345 16,315 8,925 7,390
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 150 80 70 495 250 240
Hmong-Mien languages 115 55 55 545 265 280
Indo-European languages 550,490 274,510 275,980 2,608,060 1,265,535 1,342,525
Albanian 2,880 1,550 1,325 22,375 11,180 11,195
Armenian 530 255 275 18,435 8,860 9,575
Balto-Slavic languages 93,150 44,750 48,395 473,565 221,450 252,120
Baltic languages 1,360 660 705 10,545 4,495 6,050
Latvian 590 300 290 4,675 2,070 2,610
Lithuanian 775 360 415 5,875 2,430 3,445
Slavic languages 92,300 44,340 47,960 465,170 217,885 247,285
Belarusan 200 95 105 1,360 680 680
Bosnian 2,880 1,450 1,435 9,915 4,905 5,010
Bulgarian 1,795 945 850 10,410 5,060 5,350
Croatian 6,280 3,260 3,025 46,580 22,880 23,700
Czech 3,590 1,650 1,940 14,045 6,615 7,430
Macedonian 535 270 265 21,505 10,365 11,140
Polish 23,650 11,455 12,195 142,985 65,415 77,575
Russian 27,375 13,195 14,175 138,735 64,355 74,380
Serbian 5,355 2,630 2,730 53,250 26,725 26,525
Serbo-Croatian 1,095 550 540 5,815 2,845 2,965
Slovak 2,780 1,495 1,285 12,035 5,550 6,490
Slovene (Slovenian) 735 360 375 7,935 3,550 4,390
Ukrainian 26,600 11,980 14,620 54,615 24,125 30,490
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 250 120 130 1,750 935 815
Celtic languages 1,180 615 560 3,800 1,880 1,920
Scottish Gaelic 440 215 225 1,480 720 765
Welsh 315 180 130 685 300 390
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 450 220 225 1,650 870 785
Germanic languages 112,670 56,325 56,345 274,305 130,610 143,700
Afrikaans 5,165 2,655 2,515 7,360 3,625 3,735
Danish 2,800 1,360 1,440 5,440 2,455 2,980
Dutch 19,480 9,595 9,890 63,410 29,875 33,535
Frisian 475 275 205 1,655 820 835
German 83,010 41,905 41,105 189,035 90,730 98,305
Icelandic 160 70 95 285 130 155
Norwegian 1,450 635 810 2,140 975 1,165
Swedish 1,635 800 835 5,125 2,345 2,785
Vlaams (Flemish) 380 170 215 2,275 1,050 1,225
Yiddish 250 130 115 7,175 3,535 3,640
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 2,115 1,095 1,015 3,290 1,645 1,645
Greek 4,935 2,535 2,400 80,690 40,105 40,590
Indo-Iranian languages 206,725 106,045 100,675 915,765 463,175 452,585
Indo-Aryan languages 186,005 95,045 90,960 759,390 384,940 374,450
Bengali 8,530 4,385 4,140 59,685 30,420 29,265
Gujarati 18,005 8,945 9,055 103,890 52,380 51,510
Hindi 61,290 31,900 29,385 250,095 127,765 122,335
Kashmiri 125 80 45 600 300 300
Konkani 625 300 320 5,490 2,515 2,975
Marathi 2,575 1,385 1,195 10,360 5,380 4,980
Nepali 5,510 3,000 2,510 10,245 5,115 5,135
Oriya (Odia) 255 135 120 1,090 515 570
Punjabi (Panjabi) 90,485 46,350 44,135 282,065 145,050 137,015
Sindhi 4,595 2,065 2,530 11,515 5,385 6,130
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 3,800 1,925 1,875 18,555 9,230 9,330
Urdu 41,235 21,245 20,000 231,500 117,305 114,190
Iranian languages 22,140 11,665 10,475 163,490 81,710 81,785
Kurdish 1,930 1,100 825 8,795 4,755 4,040
Pashto 3,330 1,795 1,530 15,315 8,145 7,170
Persian (Farsi) 17,600 9,220 8,375 145,465 72,275 73,190
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 1,760 960 805 4,665 2,495 2,175
Italic (Romance) languages 142,340 69,885 72,450 880,330 418,225 462,105
Catalan 170 95 80 515 275 240
Italian 19,900 9,875 10,020 333,645 161,190 172,455
Portuguese 12,670 6,255 6,415 193,520 93,885 99,635
Romanian 9,915 5,185 4,735 49,635 23,205 26,430
Spanish 104,445 50,960 53,490 337,615 156,040 181,580
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 250 130 125 1,355 745 605
Japanese 9,215 4,115 5,100 25,675 11,535 14,140
Kartvelian languages 225 130 100 1,555 775 780
Georgian 230 130 100 1,555 770 785
Korean 19,950 9,405 10,545 79,175 36,930 42,245
Mongolic languages 800 375 430 515 225 285
Mongolian 800 370 430 515 225 285
Niger-Congo languages 29,430 14,980 14,450 70,570 33,620 36,945
Akan (Twi) 2,925 1,505 1,420 15,950 7,520 8,435
Bamanankan 60 30 30 385 195 185
Edo 620 325 290 2,130 930 1,195
Ewe 335 170 165 880 435 445
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 300 165 135 700 320 375
Ga 345 190 155 1,340 645 695
Ganda 610 305 305 1,225 550 675
Igbo 2,550 1,345 1,210 4,025 2,105 1,920
Lingala 1,240 640 605 4,885 2,165 2,720
Rundi (Kirundi) 830 420 410 2,555 1,080 1,475
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 1,155 605 550 2,220 885 1,330
Shona 1,810 850 960 2,350 1,055 1,300
Swahili 6,700 3,470 3,235 16,750 8,110 8,640
Wolof 600 365 235 730 355 375
Yoruba 5,930 3,035 2,890 10,495 5,345 5,150
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 6,585 3,265 3,320 11,210 5,255 5,950
Nilo-Saharan languages 3,070 1,495 1,575 2,025 1,020 1,010
Dinka 1,655 825 825 415 220 200
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 1,425 675 750 1,615 805 810
Sign languages 5,910 2,350 3,555 18,865 7,645 11,220
American Sign Language 3,085 1,130 1,955 10,220 3,695 6,525
Quebec Sign Language 0 0 10 235 60 180
Sign languages, n.i.e. 2,855 1,230 1,625 8,690 4,005 4,680
Sino-Tibetan languages 141,860 67,945 73,915 689,145 324,575 364,565
Chinese languages 139,385 66,700 72,685 679,170 319,635 359,530
Cantonese 74,770 35,490 39,280 341,875 159,280 182,600
Hakka 1,180 515 660 7,865 3,445 4,420
Mandarin 70,510 33,310 37,195 385,395 179,890 205,510
Min Dong 85 50 40 810 330 480
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 4,140 1,765 2,380 16,980 7,650 9,330
Wu (Shanghainese) 855 380 470 8,305 3,860 4,440
Chinese, n.o.s. 6,335 3,160 3,175 16,455 7,710 8,745
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 55 25 35 185 95 90
Tibeto-Burman languages 2,590 1,290 1,300 10,460 5,200 5,260
Burmese 605 305 295 2,215 1,055 1,165
Karenic languages 805 415 390 1,820 905 920
Tibetan 860 430 430 5,695 2,845 2,850
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 445 215 235 1,245 645 605
Tai-Kadai languages 3,705 1,510 2,195 11,120 4,945 6,180
Lao 1,520 730 795 6,740 3,215 3,520
Thai 2,400 850 1,545 5,195 2,065 3,135
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e. 45 25 25 30 10 20
Turkic languages 5,795 3,180 2,625 33,335 17,310 16,025
Azerbaijani 630 325 300 3,260 1,710 1,550
Turkish 4,255 2,420 1,835 27,850 14,510 13,340
Uyghur 290 135 155 700 350 345
Uzbek 425 200 225 1,405 700 705
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 355 170 180 915 450 465
Uralic languages 8,895 4,315 4,575 58,370 27,060 31,310
Estonian 185 85 105 4,785 2,155 2,625
Finnish 1,045 455 590 11,145 4,865 6,280
Hungarian 7,660 3,770 3,890 42,545 20,070 22,480
Uralic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Other languages, n.i.e. 1,820 1,025 790 3,675 1,950 1,725
Citizenship
Total - Citizenship for the population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 45 3,978,145 1,998,495 1,979,645 13,242,160 6,472,240 6,769,920
Canadian citizensCensus data footnote 46 3,622,740 1,825,135 1,797,600 12,223,065 5,987,360 6,235,705
Canadian citizens aged under 18 854,815 439,065 415,755 2,546,075 1,305,820 1,240,255
Canadian citizens aged 18 and over 2,767,920 1,386,070 1,381,850 9,676,990 4,681,540 4,995,445
Not Canadian citizensCensus data footnote 47 355,410 173,365 182,045 1,019,095 484,880 534,215
Immigrant status and period of immigration
Total - Immigrant status and period of immigration for the population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 48 3,978,145 1,998,495 1,979,650 13,242,160 6,472,240 6,769,920
Non-immigrantsCensus data footnote 49 3,062,775 1,550,445 1,512,335 9,188,815 4,555,270 4,633,545
ImmigrantsCensus data footnote 50 845,220 412,320 432,895 3,852,145 1,814,665 2,037,480
Before 1981 163,460 81,620 81,840 1,077,745 507,500 570,240
1981 to 1990 86,350 41,690 44,660 513,995 246,235 267,755
1991 to 2000 131,560 62,930 68,630 834,510 390,315 444,195
2001 to 2010 256,055 125,235 130,820 953,730 446,895 506,835
2001 to 2005 109,145 53,425 55,720 490,560 230,950 259,610
2006 to 2010 146,910 71,810 75,100 463,170 215,945 247,225
2011 to 2016Census data footnote 51 207,790 100,845 106,945 472,170 223,715 248,450
Non-permanent residentsCensus data footnote 52 70,155 35,735 34,420 201,200 102,305 98,895
Age at immigration
Total - Age at immigration for the immigrant population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 53 845,220 412,320 432,895 3,852,145 1,814,665 2,037,485
Under 5 years 82,175 42,200 39,975 369,955 184,255 185,705
5 to 14 years 149,815 77,820 71,995 685,085 345,865 339,225
15 to 24 years 168,965 78,215 90,755 855,475 381,025 474,450
25 to 44 years 372,805 180,265 192,535 1,579,500 741,340 838,160
45 years and over 71,450 33,820 37,630 362,130 162,180 199,945
Immigrants by selected place of birthThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census immigration data
Total - Selected places of birth for the immigrant population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 54 845,215 412,325 432,895 3,852,145 1,814,665 2,037,480
Americas 103,540 49,345 54,190 598,950 265,930 333,025
Brazil 2,545 1,100 1,440 14,705 6,700 8,010
Colombia 9,535 4,570 4,960 28,815 13,085 15,730
El Salvador 7,255 3,725 3,530 20,920 10,165 10,750
Guyana 2,555 1,200 1,355 79,745 35,325 44,420
Haiti 1,270 675 600 10,195 4,410 5,785
Jamaica 6,845 3,170 3,680 119,840 51,320 68,525
Mexico 15,665 7,860 7,805 30,075 13,895 16,185
Peru 1,920 780 1,140 10,550 4,660 5,895
Trinidad and Tobago 3,415 1,670 1,750 52,810 23,515 29,300
United StatesCensus data footnote 55 30,460 13,675 16,785 109,005 47,170 61,830
Other places of birth in Americas 22,075 10,925 11,150 122,280 55,685 66,600
Europe 189,770 95,355 94,415 1,144,295 546,250 598,050
Bosnia and Herzegovina 4,555 2,325 2,230 21,300 10,655 10,645
Croatia 3,080 1,615 1,465 27,330 13,495 13,835
France 2,535 1,215 1,320 13,385 6,310 7,070
Germany 19,205 9,485 9,715 63,460 29,685 33,775
Greece 2,005 1,115 890 36,575 18,225 18,350
Hungary 3,665 1,880 1,785 22,085 10,495 11,590
IrelandCensus data footnote 56 3,935 2,100 1,835 15,275 7,415 7,860
Italy 8,110 4,370 3,745 157,815 78,510 79,305
Netherlands 14,035 7,420 6,610 47,400 23,910 23,490
Poland 16,925 8,045 8,880 96,000 43,155 52,845
Portugal 4,050 1,985 2,070 103,025 50,240 52,785
Romania 7,725 3,930 3,795 42,720 19,720 23,000
Russian Federation 7,260 3,135 4,125 42,980 18,540 24,440
SerbiaCensus data footnote 57 2,255 1,080 1,170 23,695 11,610 12,085
Ukraine 8,150 3,700 4,455 39,945 18,150 21,795
United KingdomCensus data footnote 58 59,215 30,280 28,935 264,125 125,730 138,390
Other places of birth in Europe 23,060 11,670 11,390 127,190 60,395 66,790
Africa 89,740 46,705 43,030 226,770 109,585 117,185
Algeria 1,340 715 625 2,925 1,480 1,450
Egypt 5,320 2,940 2,375 34,510 18,000 16,510
Ethiopia 10,570 5,355 5,215 15,570 7,230 8,340
Kenya 5,120 2,555 2,565 14,940 6,910 8,025
Morocco 1,695 1,005 695 5,485 2,690 2,795
Nigeria 12,405 6,520 5,880 20,630 10,285 10,345
Somalia 7,060 3,665 3,395 16,970 6,845 10,125
South Africa, Republic of 7,355 3,670 3,685 19,390 9,545 9,840
Other places of birth in Africa 38,865 20,275 18,590 96,355 46,610 49,745
Asia 452,225 215,955 236,265 1,869,805 886,570 983,240
Afghanistan 5,190 2,765 2,430 33,145 16,490 16,655
Bangladesh 5,085 2,590 2,500 39,410 19,970 19,440
ChinaCensus data footnote 59 57,690 26,510 31,185 317,225 143,705 173,515
Hong KongCensus data footnote 60 19,110 9,265 9,850 108,030 50,945 57,090
India 91,660 46,625 45,035 360,540 179,950 180,590
IranCensus data footnote 61 8,910 4,655 4,250 86,810 43,445 43,360
Iraq 5,935 3,205 2,730 50,390 25,280 25,115
Japan 3,065 905 2,160 8,145 2,550 5,585
Korea, SouthCensus data footnote 62 13,850 6,530 7,320 57,085 26,660 30,425
Lebanon 10,395 5,640 4,750 34,545 18,145 16,405
Pakistan 28,075 14,630 13,445 142,265 71,925 70,345
Philippines 123,830 54,075 69,755 231,760 93,730 138,030
Sri Lanka 4,835 2,475 2,365 109,855 53,640 56,215
SyriaCensus data footnote 63 4,800 2,515 2,280 22,680 11,405 11,270
Taiwan 3,455 1,460 2,000 17,840 7,775 10,065
Viet Nam 27,080 12,645 14,435 80,525 36,545 43,985
Other places of birth in Asia 39,250 19,485 19,765 169,555 84,400 85,160
Oceania and other places of birthCensus data footnote 64 9,940 4,950 4,990 12,330 6,330 5,990
Recent immigrants by selected places of birth
Total - Selected places of birth for the recent immigrant population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 54 207,790 100,845 106,945 472,170 223,720 248,450
Americas 20,060 9,660 10,400 60,700 29,005 31,700
Brazil 860 370 490 3,180 1,505 1,675
Colombia 2,295 1,020 1,275 4,520 2,005 2,520
Cuba 465 215 255 1,950 910 1,045
Haiti 385 240 150 2,575 1,140 1,435
Jamaica 1,660 765 895 8,935 4,840 4,090
Mexico 4,405 2,250 2,150 5,670 2,745 2,925
United StatesCensus data footnote 55 4,645 2,130 2,515 14,635 7,225 7,405
VenezuelaCensus data footnote 65 1,570 745 820 2,460 1,120 1,340
Other places of birth in Americas 3,785 1,930 1,855 16,775 7,510 9,265
Europe 20,870 10,830 10,045 45,295 22,250 23,045
France 425 240 180 2,010 1,025 985
Germany 1,370 710 655 1,695 885 805
IrelandCensus data footnote 56 1,355 835 520 1,900 1,185 715
MoldovaCensus data footnote 66 715 365 350 880 400 480