Census Profile, 2016 Census
Alberta [Province] and Manitoba [Province]

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The table shows total, male and female data grouped by geography (appearing as column headers) for selected characteristics (appearing as row headers).
Characteristic Alberta

[Province]
Manitoba

[Province]
Data quality , Alberta [Province]  Map : Alberta [Province]
Change geography 1
Data quality : Manitoba [Province]  Map : geography 2
Change geography 2
Total Male Female Total Male Female
Counts (unless otherwise specified)
Population and dwellings
Population, 2016Census data footnote 1 4,067,175 ... ... 1,278,365 ... ...
Population, 2011Census data footnote 1 3,645,257 ... ... 1,208,268 ... ...
Population percentage change, 2011 to 2016 11.6 ... ... 5.8 ... ...
Total private dwellingsCensus data footnote 2 1,654,129 ... ... 539,748 ... ...
Private dwellings occupied by usual residentsCensus data footnote 3 1,527,678 ... ... 489,050 ... ...
Population density per square kilometre 6.4 ... ... 2.3 ... ...
Land area in square kilometres 640,330.46 ... ... 552,370.99 ... ...
Age characteristics
Total - Age groups and average age of the population - 100% dataCensus data footnote 4 4,067,175 2,039,410 2,027,765 1,278,365 631,400 646,970
0 to 14 years 779,155 399,570 379,580 243,820 125,110 118,710
0 to 4 years 266,515 136,520 129,995 81,065 41,710 39,355
5 to 9 years 270,715 138,990 131,725 83,375 42,565 40,805
10 to 14 years 241,920 124,060 117,860 79,380 40,835 38,545
15 to 64 years 2,787,805 1,408,150 1,379,655 835,580 417,260 418,320
15 to 19 years 240,035 123,625 116,410 82,440 42,555 39,890
20 to 24 years 261,830 133,990 127,840 86,760 44,465 42,295
25 to 29 years 310,940 156,715 154,225 86,695 43,570 43,125
30 to 34 years 333,175 167,555 165,620 85,185 42,210 42,975
35 to 39 years 305,505 153,655 151,850 81,105 39,885 41,215
40 to 44 years 281,205 142,545 138,660 79,325 39,530 39,795
45 to 49 years 269,030 135,855 133,180 79,350 39,220 40,130
50 to 54 years 284,310 142,205 142,100 89,840 44,485 45,355
55 to 59 years 275,540 138,565 136,970 87,765 43,555 44,210
60 to 64 years 226,230 113,440 112,790 77,110 37,780 39,325
65 years and over 500,215 231,690 268,530 198,965 89,025 109,945
65 to 69 years 173,680 85,500 88,180 64,905 31,280 33,625
70 to 74 years 117,035 56,430 60,610 45,980 21,940 24,040
75 to 79 years 83,955 39,105 44,845 33,555 15,250 18,305
80 to 84 years 62,165 27,590 34,575 25,315 10,740 14,575
85 years and over 63,385 23,065 40,320 29,210 9,810 19,395
85 to 89 years 39,965 16,050 23,915 17,335 6,460 10,875
90 to 94 years 18,025 5,755 12,275 8,945 2,710 6,230
95 to 99 years 4,735 1,145 3,595 2,520 580 1,940
100 years and over 650 115 535 415 60 350
Total - Distribution (%) of the population by broad age groups - 100% data 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0
0 to 14 years 19.2 19.6 18.7 19.1 19.8 18.3
15 to 64 years 68.5 69.0 68.0 65.4 66.1 64.7
65 years and over 12.3 11.4 13.2 15.6 14.1 17.0
85 years and over 1.6 1.1 2.0 2.3 1.6 3.0
Average age of the population 37.8 37.2 38.4 39.2 38.2 40.2
Median age of the population 36.7 36.2 37.2 38.3 37.2 39.4
Household and dwelling characteristics
Total - Occupied private dwellings by structural type of dwelling - 100% dataCensus data footnote 5 1,527,675 ... ... 489,050 ... ...
Single-detached house 946,225 ... ... 331,420 ... ...
Apartment in a building that has five or more storeys 62,395 ... ... 39,080 ... ...
Other attached dwellingCensus data footnote 6 471,090 ... ... 108,120 ... ...
Semi-detached house 86,765 ... ... 15,865 ... ...
Row house 116,625 ... ... 17,225 ... ...
Apartment or flat in a duplex 43,090 ... ... 7,065 ... ...
Apartment in a building that has fewer than five storeys 223,360 ... ... 67,205 ... ...
Other single-attached house 1,245 ... ... 755 ... ...
Movable dwellingCensus data footnote 7 47,970 ... ... 10,435 ... ...
Total - Private households by household size - 100% dataCensus data footnote 8 1,527,675 ... ... 489,050 ... ...
1 person 366,080 ... ... 135,500 ... ...
2 persons 524,415 ... ... 164,880 ... ...
3 persons 245,075 ... ... 71,065 ... ...
4 persons 233,770 ... ... 66,675 ... ...
5 or more persons 158,335 ... ... 50,930 ... ...
Number of persons in private households 3,978,145 ... ... 1,240,700 ... ...
Average household size 2.6 ... ... 2.5 ... ...
Marital status
Total - Marital status for the population aged 15 years and over - 100% dataCensus data footnote 9 3,288,020 1,639,835 1,648,185 1,034,545 506,280 528,260
Married or living common law 1,969,300 988,410 980,895 593,615 297,280 296,335
Married 1,648,945 828,155 820,790 503,390 252,210 251,175
Living common law 320,350 160,250 160,100 90,230 45,075 45,155
Not married and not living common law 1,318,720 651,430 667,290 440,925 209,000 231,930
Never married 905,700 505,310 400,390 300,415 162,440 137,980
Separated 76,150 34,000 42,150 24,845 11,080 13,765
Divorced 195,850 82,040 113,815 54,860 22,780 32,080
Widowed 141,020 30,080 110,940 60,805 12,700 48,100
Family characteristics
Total - Census families in private households by family size - 100% dataCensus data footnote 10 1,114,585 ... ... 346,160 ... ...
2 persons 540,850 ... ... 171,435 ... ...
3 persons 235,245 ... ... 71,630 ... ...
4 persons 227,165 ... ... 65,500 ... ...
5 or more persons 111,330 ... ... 37,600 ... ...
Average size of census families 3.0 ... ... 3.0 ... ...
Total number of census families in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 11 1,114,585 ... ... 346,160 ... ...
Total couple families 953,325 ... ... 287,200 ... ...
Married couples 793,195 ... ... 242,100 ... ...
Common-law couples 160,130 ... ... 45,100 ... ...
Total lone-parent families by sex of parent 161,260 ... ... 58,960 ... ...
Female parent 123,490 ... ... 45,930 ... ...
Male parent 37,770 ... ... 13,025 ... ...
Total - Couple census families in private households - 100% data 953,325 ... ... 287,205 ... ...
Couples without children 443,665 ... ... 137,135 ... ...
Couples with children 509,655 ... ... 150,070 ... ...
1 child 190,010 ... ... 55,730 ... ...
2 children 213,910 ... ... 59,965 ... ...
3 or more children 105,735 ... ... 34,375 ... ...
Total - Lone-parent census families in private households - 100% data 161,260 ... ... 58,960 ... ...
1 child 97,180 ... ... 34,305 ... ...
2 children 45,235 ... ... 15,895 ... ...
3 or more children 18,845 ... ... 8,765 ... ...
Total - Persons not in census families in private households - 100% data 678,535 356,875 321,655 212,415 104,435 107,980
Household type
Total - Private households by household type - 100% dataCensus data footnote 12 1,527,675 ... ... 489,050 ... ...
One-census-family households 1,039,985 ... ... 323,125 ... ...
Without children in a census familyCensus data footnote 13 414,570 ... ... 130,475 ... ...
With children in a census familyCensus data footnote 14 625,415 ... ... 192,650 ... ...
Multiple-census-family households 36,120 ... ... 11,110 ... ...
Non-census-family households 451,570 ... ... 154,815 ... ...
One-person households 366,080 ... ... 135,495 ... ...
Two-or-more person non-census-family households 85,490 ... ... 19,315 ... ...
Knowledge of official languagesThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Knowledge of official languages for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 15 4,026,650 2,020,510 2,006,140 1,261,620 624,095 637,520
English only 3,698,765 1,869,670 1,829,095 1,135,395 566,980 568,410
French only 3,895 1,725 2,165 1,485 680 800
English and French 264,720 124,400 140,315 108,460 49,205 59,255
Neither English nor French 59,280 24,715 34,565 16,285 7,235 9,050
First official language spokenThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - First official language spoken for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 16 4,026,650 2,020,510 2,006,140 1,261,620 624,100 637,520
English 3,880,685 1,950,980 1,929,705 1,203,025 596,475 606,550
French 71,535 37,205 34,330 39,200 18,880 20,325
English and French 16,605 8,350 8,255 3,545 1,755 1,790
Neither English nor French 57,830 23,970 33,860 15,840 6,985 8,860
Official language minority (number)Census data footnote 17 79,840 41,380 38,455 40,975 19,760 21,215
Official language minority (percentage)Census data footnote 17 2.0 2.0 1.9 3.2 3.2 3.3
Mother tongueThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Mother tongue for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 18 4,026,650 2,020,510 2,006,140 1,261,620 624,095 637,520
Single responses 3,934,580 1,975,615 1,958,970 1,230,115 608,820 621,300
Official languages 3,063,640 1,552,475 1,511,165 941,130 468,430 472,705
English 2,991,485 1,515,025 1,476,460 900,610 448,960 451,645
French 72,150 37,450 34,705 40,520 19,465 21,055
Non-official languages 870,940 423,140 447,805 288,985 140,395 148,590
Aboriginal languages 23,835 11,290 12,550 29,710 14,265 15,440
Algonquian languages 18,295 8,665 9,630 28,070 13,505 14,565
Blackfoot 2,750 1,305 1,445 5 0 5
Cree-Montagnais languages 14,960 7,105 7,850 14,820 7,085 7,740
Atikamekw 0 0 0 0 0 0
Montagnais (Innu) 0 5 0 5 0 0
Moose Cree 10 0 5 0 0 5
Naskapi 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern East Cree 50 15 35 30 5 20
Plains Cree 720 280 435 70 25 40
Southern East Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Swampy Cree 50 20 35 745 305 440
Woods Cree 910 430 480 65 20 40
Cree, n.o.s. 13,220 6,355 6,865 13,915 6,725 7,195
Eastern Algonquian languages 30 15 15 10 5 5
Malecite 0 5 0 0 5 0
Mi'kmaq 35 20 15 10 5 0
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 550 235 315 13,235 6,410 6,825
Algonquin 5 0 5 0 0 0
Ojibway 525 230 300 6,730 3,180 3,550
Oji-Cree 15 5 15 6,505 3,235 3,265
Ottawa (Odawa) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 5 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages 1,865 865 1,000 815 375 445
Northern Athabaskan languages 1,855 860 990 815 380 440
Babine (Wetsuwet'en) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Beaver 35 15 15 0 0 0
Carrier 15 0 15 0 0 0
Chilcotin 5 0 0 0 0 0
Dene 1,470 710 760 810 375 435
Dogrib (Tlicho) 40 10 30 0 0 0
Gwich'in 15 5 10 0 0 0
Sarsi (Sarcee) 70 20 45 0 0 0
Sekani 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey-Hare languages 200 90 115 0 0 0
North Slavey (Hare) 10 5 10 0 0 0
South Slavey 155 70 80 0 0 0
Slavey, n.o.s. 35 15 25 5 0 0
Tahltan languages 5 0 5 0 0 0
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tutchone languages 5 0 0 0 0 0
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 10 0 10 5 0 5
Haida 0 0 0 0 0 0
Inuit languages 120 35 85 80 20 60
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 25 5 10 5 0 0
Inuktitut 60 20 45 65 20 45
Inuit languages, n.i.e. 35 10 30 15 5 10
Iroquoian languages 10 10 5 0 0 5
Cayuga 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mohawk 5 5 5 5 0 0
Oneida 0 5 0 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 5 0 0 0
Kutenai 5 0 0 0 0 0
Michif 80 45 35 80 40 40
Salish languages 15 5 10 0 0 0
Comox 0 0 0 0 0 0
Halkomelem 0 0 0 0 0 0
Lillooet 0 0 0 0 0 0
Okanagan 0 5 5 0 0 0
Shuswap (Secwepemctsin) 5 0 0 0 0 0
Squamish 5 0 0 0 0 0
Straits 0 0 0 0 0 5
Thompson (Ntlakapamux) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Salish languages, n.i.e. 5 0 5 0 0 0
Siouan languages 3,370 1,630 1,745 630 305 330
Dakota 350 165 185 630 305 325
Stoney 3,020 1,460 1,555 0 0 0
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 5 0 0 5 0 0
Tlingit 5 0 0 0 0 0
Tsimshian languages 15 5 5 0 0 0
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Nisga'a 10 5 5 0 0 0
Tsimshian 0 0 0 0 0 0
Wakashan languages 5 5 5 5 0 0
Haisla 0 0 0 0 0 0
Heiltsuk 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kwakiutl (Kwak'wala) 0 0 5 5 5 0
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0 5 0 0 0 0
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Aboriginal languages, n.o.s. 55 30 25 15 10 5
Non-Aboriginal languages 847,105 411,850 435,255 259,280 126,130 133,155
Afro-Asiatic languages 68,415 36,215 32,200 10,700 5,580 5,120
Berber languages 340 190 145 40 25 15
Kabyle 165 90 75 35 15 10
Berber languages, n.i.e. 175 100 75 10 10 5
Cushitic languages 12,525 6,495 6,030 1,750 875 875
Bilen 315 185 130 155 85 70
Oromo 2,650 1,375 1,275 345 175 170
Somali 9,520 4,915 4,605 1,245 610 640
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 40 20 20 10 10 0
Semitic languages 55,425 29,450 25,980 8,840 4,640 4,200
Amharic 7,320 3,605 3,720 1,770 885 885
Arabic 40,540 21,840 18,705 4,695 2,500 2,190
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 400 210 190 0 0 0
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 145 80 65 0 0 0
Harari 260 135 120 0 0 0
Hebrew 960 505 460 545 320 225
Maltese 75 30 40 40 20 25
Tigrigna 5,415 2,880 2,535 1,770 905 865
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 305 155 145 10 5 5
Afro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 130 80 50 65 35 30
Austro-Asiatic languages 25,295 11,760 13,535 4,180 1,970 2,205
Khmer (Cambodian) 1,925 910 1,010 280 135 145
Vietnamese 23,350 10,840 12,505 3,895 1,840 2,060
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e 25 10 15 5 0 0
Austronesian languages 115,405 50,190 65,210 52,905 24,685 28,220
Bikol 425 205 225 175 80 95
Cebuano 5,135 2,155 2,980 1,245 565 675
Fijian 125 75 50 35 15 15
Hiligaynon 1,500 640 855 390 170 220
Ilocano 5,350 2,310 3,040 1,365 630 730
Malagasy 35 10 25 0 0 5
Malay 1,460 615 845 175 65 105
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 765 370 390 655 315 340
Pangasinan 290 115 175 135 65 70
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 99,035 43,120 55,920 48,530 22,670 25,855
Waray-Waray 305 145 160 50 30 25
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 980 430 550 150 70 85
Creole languages 1,895 990 910 570 275 305
Haitian Creole 95 45 50 20 10 10
Creole, n.o.s. 1,175 640 540 290 140 145
Creole languages, n.i.e. 625 305 325 265 120 145
Dravidian languages 13,490 7,075 6,415 1,565 825 735
Kannada 535 270 265 95 50 40
Malayalam 6,345 3,285 3,060 790 410 380
Tamil 4,430 2,360 2,070 480 255 230
Telugu 2,130 1,135 995 195 115 80
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 50 25 25 10 0 5
Hmong-Mien languages 105 55 45 5 0 0
Indo-European languages 442,685 220,330 222,355 158,350 77,605 80,750
Albanian 2,345 1,270 1,075 350 170 180
Armenian 500 250 245 65 35 30
Balto-Slavic languages 80,330 37,750 42,580 34,450 15,845 18,605
Baltic languages 1,010 475 535 165 65 95
Latvian 415 195 220 80 35 45
Lithuanian 600 285 315 85 35 45
Slavic languages 79,325 37,275 42,050 34,280 15,775 18,510
Belarusan 65 30 30 40 20 25
Bosnian 1,835 915 920 575 285 290
Bulgarian 1,545 790 755 140 70 65
Croatian 4,655 2,340 2,320 1,030 505 530
Czech 3,000 1,430 1,575 615 310 310
Macedonian 360 185 175 145 70 75
Polish 20,130 9,425 10,705 6,455 2,905 3,545
Russian 17,810 8,150 9,665 9,130 4,495 4,640
Serbian 4,020 2,035 1,985 655 335 320
Serbo-Croatian 970 480 485 240 110 130
Slovak 2,185 1,070 1,115 405 175 225
Slovene (Slovenian) 695 320 370 270 130 140
Ukrainian 21,835 9,985 11,850 14,505 6,325 8,180
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 215 120 100 75 40 30
Celtic languages 370 200 170 115 60 55
Scottish Gaelic 135 70 65 50 25 20
Welsh 175 85 80 60 30 30
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 65 40 25 10 10 0
Germanic languages 104,260 51,525 52,735 68,670 33,310 35,360
Afrikaans 3,010 1,475 1,535 420 220 205
Danish 2,380 1,245 1,135 280 145 135
Dutch 16,135 8,095 8,045 2,675 1,335 1,335
Frisian 360 200 160 55 30 25
German 80,050 39,435 40,615 63,825 30,940 32,890
Icelandic 115 55 60 475 210 260
Norwegian 815 370 445 115 45 65
Swedish 875 405 470 135 70 70
Vlaams (Flemish) 320 150 170 310 125 180
Yiddish 140 70 70 355 175 180
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 55 30 25 25 10 10
Greek 3,130 1,655 1,475 1,285 665 615
Indo-Iranian languages 166,805 85,250 81,560 32,325 17,135 15,195
Indo-Aryan languages 145,900 74,320 71,580 29,520 15,700 13,820
Bengali 7,000 3,630 3,370 1,170 675 495
Gujarati 13,140 6,785 6,355 3,115 1,660 1,455
Hindi 17,055 8,675 8,385 2,270 1,215 1,060
Kashmiri 105 60 50 5 5 5
Konkani 370 190 185 35 20 15
Marathi 1,510 775 730 135 80 50
Nepali 5,175 2,690 2,490 720 355 365
Oriya (Odia) 190 100 90 10 5 5
Punjabi (Panjabi) 68,695 34,935 33,760 18,320 9,650 8,670
Sindhi 2,770 1,300 1,475 60 30 30
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 2,590 1,320 1,265 670 345 320
Urdu 27,295 13,865 13,430 3,015 1,655 1,355
Iranian languages 19,600 10,235 9,365 2,705 1,365 1,335
Kurdish 1,550 845 705 415 210 200
Pashto 2,560 1,320 1,235 275 130 150
Persian (Farsi) 15,490 8,070 7,425 2,020 1,030 990
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 1,310 695 615 100 60 40
Italic (Romance) languages 84,940 42,425 42,515 21,100 10,385 10,710
Catalan 75 30 45 0 0 5
Italian 11,375 5,760 5,615 3,840 1,910 1,930
Portuguese 9,050 4,380 4,670 6,585 3,190 3,390
Romanian 8,035 4,080 3,955 645 310 335
Spanish 56,370 28,160 28,205 10,005 4,965 5,040
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 35 20 15 15 5 10
Japanese 4,875 1,715 3,160 540 185 350
Kartvelian languages 230 130 105 15 10 10
Georgian 230 130 100 15 5 5
Korean 17,920 8,485 9,435 3,760 1,810 1,950
Mongolic languages 545 255 290 20 5 15
Mongolian 540 255 290 20 5 15
Niger-Congo languages 15,360 7,870 7,495 3,895 1,965 1,930
Akan (Twi) 1,755 915 835 150 90 65
Bamanankan 35 20 15 75 25 45
Edo 275 155 120 40 20 15
Ewe 245 145 100 30 20 10
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 230 120 100 65 35 30
Ga 145 80 65 15 10 5
Ganda 280 145 135 50 20 30
Igbo 1,165 625 540 280 155 130
Lingala 270 130 140 75 30 40
Rundi (Kirundi) 605 305 295 135 60 65
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 805 405 400 250 125 120
Shona 1,100 545 555 110 50 60
Swahili 2,380 1,160 1,215 870 420 455
Wolof 280 165 110 75 50 25
Yoruba 2,435 1,305 1,125 1,030 525 505
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 3,370 1,640 1,735 640 315 325
Nilo-Saharan languages 2,720 1,395 1,330 395 215 180
Dinka 1,345 705 640 175 90 80
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 1,375 685 690 225 125 100
Sign languages 830 440 390 440 230 210
American Sign Language 335 165 165 240 125 115
Quebec Sign Language 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sign languages, n.i.e 495 275 225 195 100 95
Sino-Tibetan languages 122,450 57,740 64,705 18,880 9,320 9,565
Chinese languages 120,375 56,675 63,700 18,305 9,025 9,280
Cantonese 59,145 27,755 31,385 6,625 3,140 3,485
Hakka 990 465 530 55 30 25
Mandarin 50,660 23,940 26,720 10,170 5,110 5,060
Min Dong 115 50 65 5 5 0
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 3,060 1,375 1,695 325 150 165
Wu (Shanghainese) 630 305 330 110 55 50
Chinese, n.o.s. 5,725 2,770 2,955 1,010 530 475
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 40 15 25 5 5 5
Tibeto-Burman languages 2,075 1,065 1,005 575 295 285
Burmese 430 230 200 85 50 30
Karenic languages 795 415 380 430 215 220
Tibetan 575 295 275 10 5 5
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 275 130 140 55 20 35
Tai-Kadai languages 2,670 955 1,710 1,120 525 595
Lao 1,020 485 535 875 445 430
Thai 1,630 465 1,165 240 85 165
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e 20 10 15 5 0 0
Turkic languages 4,050 2,250 1,800 340 190 150
Azerbaijani 365 215 155 30 20 15
Turkish 3,140 1,760 1,375 210 120 95
Uyghur 130 70 60 10 5 10
Uzbek 205 115 90 40 25 15
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 215 95 120 40 25 20
Uralic languages 7,470 3,600 3,870 1,440 655 790
Estonian 190 90 105 30 10 15
Finnish 810 330 480 225 85 135
Hungarian 6,470 3,185 3,285 1,185 550 635
Uralic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Other languages, n.i.e. 690 415 280 155 85 70
Multiple responses 92,070 44,900 47,175 31,505 15,280 16,220
English and French 10,230 4,950 5,280 4,365 2,140 2,230
English and non-official language 77,520 37,815 39,705 25,965 12,530 13,440
French and non-official language 2,685 1,375 1,305 695 380 315
English, French and non-official language 1,640 760 880 470 230 245
Language spoken most often at homeThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Language spoken most often at home for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 19 4,026,655 2,020,510 2,006,145 1,261,620 624,100 637,520
Single responses 3,837,615 1,928,230 1,909,385 1,197,145 593,020 604,120
Official languages 3,354,885 1,690,490 1,664,395 1,052,345 521,280 531,065
English 3,327,255 1,676,360 1,650,895 1,035,475 513,465 522,010
French 27,630 14,130 13,500 16,865 7,815 9,055
Non-official languages 482,725 237,740 244,990 144,800 71,740 73,060
Aboriginal languages 9,970 4,940 5,020 15,770 8,020 7,750
Algonquian languages 7,175 3,575 3,605 15,070 7,675 7,390
Blackfoot 1,110 555 555 0 0 0
Cree-Montagnais languages 5,875 2,925 2,945 7,570 3,860 3,715
Atikamekw 0 0 0 0 0 0
Montagnais (Innu) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Moose Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Naskapi 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern East Cree 20 10 10 10 5 0
Plains Cree 125 60 60 10 5 5
Southern East Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Swampy Cree 5 0 5 120 45 75
Woods Cree 600 300 295 15 10 5
Cree, n.o.s. 5,120 2,540 2,575 7,415 3,790 3,620
Eastern Algonquian languages 5 5 5 0 0 0
Malecite 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mi'kmaq 5 5 0 0 0 0
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 190 95 95 7,495 3,820 3,675
Algonquin 0 0 0 0 0 0
Ojibway 185 90 95 2,505 1,280 1,225
Oji-Cree 0 0 0 4,990 2,545 2,455
Ottawa (Odawa) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages 620 320 300 635 305 330
Northern Athabaskan languages 620 325 300 635 305 330
Babine (Wetsuwet'en) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Beaver 10 5 0 0 0 0
Carrier 0 0 0 0 0 0
Chilcotin 0 0 0 0 0 0
Dene 540 280 260 630 305 330
Dogrib (Tlicho) 5 0 0 0 0 0
Gwich'in 5 0 5 0 0 0
Sarsi (Sarcee) 5 5 0 0 0 0
Sekani 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey-Hare languages 60 35 30 0 0 0
North Slavey (Hare) 0 0 0 0 0 0
South Slavey 55 30 25 0 0 0
Slavey, n.o.s. 5 5 5 0 0 0
Tahltan languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tutchone languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Haida 0 0 0 0 0 0
Inuit languages 10 0 10 15 5 10
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 5 0 0 0 0 0
Inuktitut 0 0 0 10 5 0
Inuit languages, n.i.e. 5 0 5 10 5 5
Iroquoian languages 0 0 0 5 0 0
Cayuga 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mohawk 0 0 0 0 0 0
Oneida 0 0 0 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 5 0 5 0 0 5
Kutenai 0 0 0 0 0 0
Michif 10 5 5 10 5 10
Salish languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Comox 0 0 0 0 0 0
Halkomelem 0 0 0 0 0 0
Lillooet 0 0 0 0 0 0
Okanagan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Shuswap (Secwepemctsin) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Squamish 0 0 0 0 0 0
Straits 0 0 0 0 0 0
Thompson (Ntlakapamux) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Salish languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Siouan languages 2,125 1,025 1,095 35 25 10
Dakota 175 85 85 35 25 10
Stoney 1,945 935 1,010 0 0 0
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tlingit 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tsimshian languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Nisga'a 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tsimshian 0 0 0 0 0 0
Wakashan languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Haisla 0 0 0 0 0 0
Heiltsuk 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kwakiutl (Kwak'wala) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Aboriginal languages, n.o.s. 25 15 10 0 0 0
Non-Aboriginal languages 472,760 232,800 239,965 129,035 63,725 65,310
Afro-Asiatic languages 43,770 22,535 21,235 6,875 3,475 3,400
Berber languages 200 105 95 20 15 5
Kabyle 90 45 40 15 10 0
Berber languages, n.i.e. 105 60 45 0 5 5
Cushitic languages 9,220 4,750 4,470 1,185 550 630
Bilen 280 160 115 120 65 55
Oromo 2,075 1,060 1,015 210 95 115
Somali 6,850 3,520 3,325 845 385 460
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 15 5 10 5 10 0
Semitic languages 34,310 17,660 16,655 5,650 2,895 2,750
Amharic 4,915 2,390 2,530 1,045 520 525
Arabic 24,230 12,555 11,675 3,105 1,600 1,505
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 260 130 130 5 0 5
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 95 50 40 0 0 0
Harari 165 80 85 0 0 0
Hebrew 460 235 225 355 195 160
Maltese 15 10 10 10 5 5
Tigrigna 3,955 2,095 1,860 1,135 580 555
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 210 110 100 0 0 0
Afro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 45 20 20 25 15 10
Austro-Asiatic languages 16,355 7,635 8,715 2,900 1,370 1,530
Khmer (Cambodian) 960 460 500 125 55 70
Vietnamese 15,380 7,175 8,205 2,775 1,315 1,460
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e 15 0 10 0 0 0
Austronesian languages 60,860 28,765 32,100 27,215 13,065 14,155
Bikol 70 40 35 30 15 15
Cebuano 2,110 1,015 1,090 495 250 245
Fijian 45 25 20 15 5 10
Hiligaynon 470 215 255 125 55 75
Ilocano 1,975 935 1,035 390 190 200
Malagasy 20 10 10 0 0 0
Malay 405 205 195 55 25 30
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 220 110 110 245 120 130
Pangasinan 45 20 30 30 15 15
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 55,105 26,005 29,100 25,790 12,375 13,420
Waray-Waray 125 60 60 10 5 5
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 280 120 155 30 15 15
Creole languages 970 495 475 290 120 165
Haitian Creole 50 25 25 10 5 5
Creole, n.o.s. 655 345 310 165 75 85
Creole languages, n.i.e. 270 125 140 115 45 75
Dravidian languages 8,460 4,335 4,125 800 400 400
Kannada 210 105 105 45 25 25
Malayalam 4,060 2,070 1,990 405 195 205
Tamil 2,915 1,515 1,395 240 120 120
Telugu 1,245 635 615 110 60 50
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 30 10 15 0 0 0
Hmong-Mien languages 70 35 35 0 0 0
Indo-European languages 230,270 115,280 114,995 70,820 35,325 35,495
Albanian 1,060 570 485 155 80 75
Armenian 215 115 105 20 10 5
Balto-Slavic languages 30,220 14,820 15,400 11,685 5,670 6,015
Baltic languages 410 210 200 25 10 15
Latvian 165 85 80 15 5 5
Lithuanian 250 125 120 10 5 5
Slavic languages 29,815 14,610 15,205 11,660 5,660 6,000
Belarusan 15 10 5 0 5 0
Bosnian 785 400 385 285 145 140
Bulgarian 825 415 405 65 30 30
Croatian 1,800 905 895 320 145 180
Czech 875 440 430 115 55 60
Macedonian 175 90 85 85 35 45
Polish 7,705 3,675 4,030 2,010 910 1,105
Russian 10,145 4,965 5,175 5,530 2,780 2,745
Serbian 2,100 1,045 1,055 335 170 170
Serbo-Croatian 315 160 155 90 40 50
Slovak 710 345 365 70 35 35
Slovene (Slovenian) 150 70 75 55 20 30
Ukrainian 4,180 2,060 2,110 2,690 1,285 1,405
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 55 30 25 10 5 5
Celtic languages 40 25 15 20 15 10
Scottish Gaelic 15 15 5 5 5 0
Welsh 15 5 5 10 5 5
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 10 5 0 0 0 0
Germanic languages 40,915 20,280 20,625 25,825 12,700 13,125
Afrikaans 1,705 835 875 200 100 100
Danish 150 75 75 10 5 5
Dutch 1,980 985 1,000 270 135 130
Frisian 60 30 30 10 5 5
German 36,295 18,010 18,290 24,795 12,185 12,615
Icelandic 30 15 15 35 15 20
Norwegian 60 20 35 10 5 5
Swedish 145 65 80 10 5 5
Vlaams (Flemish) 60 30 25 15 5 10
Yiddish 15 5 5 10 5 5
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 425 215 210 465 240 225
Greek 1,015 490 525 535 255 280
Indo-Iranian languages 111,975 56,535 55,445 22,810 11,920 10,890
Indo-Aryan languages 98,610 49,790 48,815 21,010 11,055 9,950
Bengali 4,530 2,300 2,225 690 390 305
Gujarati 8,025 4,085 3,935 2,100 1,095 1,005
Hindi 9,945 5,115 4,825 1,335 715 620
Kashmiri 50 20 25 0 0 0
Konkani 75 40 40 10 5 5
Marathi 845 440 405 40 25 20
Nepali 3,710 1,905 1,805 540 265 280
Oriya (Odia) 95 50 45 0 0 0
Punjabi (Panjabi) 51,010 25,720 25,295 14,000 7,330 6,670
Sindhi 1,240 575 665 30 10 15
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 1,480 750 730 360 190 170
Urdu 17,600 8,795 8,810 1,895 1,035 860
Iranian languages 12,720 6,415 6,305 1,755 835 920
Kurdish 850 440 410 275 135 140
Pashto 1,640 845 795 165 70 95
Persian (Farsi) 10,230 5,135 5,100 1,315 635 685
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 650 325 325 50 25 20
Italic (Romance) languages 44,830 22,445 22,385 9,765 4,670 5,090
Catalan 35 10 20 0 0 0
Italian 2,840 1,275 1,560 1,035 450 590
Portuguese 3,905 1,875 2,030 2,800 1,305 1,500
Romanian 4,135 2,115 2,020 235 110 125
Spanish 33,910 17,160 16,755 5,695 2,810 2,885
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 10 5 5 0 0 0
Japanese 2,245 945 1,300 175 75 105
Kartvelian languages 160 85 70 10 5 0
Georgian 160 85 70 10 5 5
Korean 12,775 6,205 6,570 2,915 1,430 1,490
Mongolic languages 335 160 175 5 0 5
Mongolian 335 155 175 5 5 5
Niger-Congo languages 5,600 2,725 2,875 1,410 695 720
Akan (Twi) 845 415 430 45 30 20
Bamanankan 10 10 0 15 5 5
Edo 70 35 35 5 5 0
Ewe 80 45 35 5 5 5
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 105 55 45 35 15 15
Ga 40 20 20 5 0 0
Ganda 95 50 50 5 0 0
Igbo 265 125 145 75 40 35
Lingala 85 35 45 40 20 20
Rundi (Kirundi) 280 135 145 65 35 35
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 350 175 170 105 55 50
Shona 410 190 225 10 5 10
Swahili 1,090 530 565 500 240 265
Wolof 170 95 75 25 20 10
Yoruba 690 340 350 345 175 170
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 1,015 485 535 125 50 75
Nilo-Saharan languages 1,525 765 755 130 60 70
Dinka 800 420 380 80 35 45
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 725 350 375 55 30 25
Sign languages 1,095 630 465 560 310 255
American Sign Language 325 170 155 255 135 120
Quebec Sign Language 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sign languages, n.i.e 765 455 310 305 170 135
Sino-Tibetan languages 82,380 39,230 43,155 13,910 6,920 6,985
Chinese languages 80,880 38,455 42,420 13,445 6,685 6,765
Cantonese 38,275 17,810 20,460 4,455 2,105 2,350
Hakka 315 135 185 25 10 15
Mandarin 37,125 18,030 19,095 8,080 4,105 3,975
Min Dong 20 5 10 5 0 0
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 1,245 540 705 135 65 70
Wu (Shanghainese) 340 175 165 65 30 35
Chinese, n.o.s. 3,550 1,760 1,785 675 365 315
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 10 5 5 5 5 0
Tibeto-Burman languages 1,500 770 730 465 235 225
Burmese 280 145 130 55 30 25
Karenic languages 665 340 320 370 190 180
Tibetan 420 220 200 5 0 5
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 140 65 75 40 15 20
Tai-Kadai languages 1,130 505 625 535 250 280
Lao 465 215 245 430 210 220
Thai 655 285 370 105 40 65
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e 10 5 10 0 0 0
Turkic languages 2,390 1,270 1,120 135 70 65
Azerbaijani 155 90 75 10 5 10
Turkish 1,945 1,030 915 65 35 35
Uyghur 80 45 40 0 0 0
Uzbek 135 70 65 35 20 15
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 70 35 25 25 10 15
Uralic languages 2,130 1,040 1,085 305 140 165
Estonian 25 10 15 0 0 0
Finnish 105 50 50 35 15 15
Hungarian 1,995 980 1,015 270 125 145
Uralic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Other languages, n.i.e. 240 140 95 40 25 20
Multiple responses 189,040 92,280 96,760 64,475 31,080 33,400
English and French 6,885 3,410 3,475 3,090 1,440 1,645
English and non-official language 178,070 86,895 91,170 60,090 28,995 31,090
French and non-official language 1,125 540 580 415 215 205
English, French and non-official language 2,965 1,430 1,530 885 420 455
Other language spoken regularly at homeThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Other language(s) spoken regularly at home for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 20 4,026,650 2,020,510 2,006,140 1,261,615 624,095 637,520
None 3,492,295 1,760,240 1,732,055 1,079,050 535,990 543,065
English 221,305 110,655 110,650 76,350 37,795 38,550
French 41,840 19,470 22,375 20,200 9,130 11,075
Non-official language 262,255 125,640 136,615 83,315 39,860 43,455
Aboriginal 17,430 8,325 9,105 16,105 7,590 8,515
Non-Aboriginal 244,825 117,315 127,510 67,215 32,275 34,940
English and French 1,535 775 760 305 150 150
English and non-official language 4,545 2,345 2,195 1,610 815 790
French and non-official language 2,795 1,340 1,455 770 345 420
English, French and non-official language 85 50 40 20 5 10
Income of individuals in 2015
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 21 3,206,050 1,602,690 1,603,360 1,001,305 491,590 509,715
Number of total income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 3,053,470 1,528,275 1,525,190 954,035 467,790 486,250
Median total income in 2015 among recipients ($) 42,717 54,891 33,213 34,188 40,379 29,220
Number of after-tax income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 3,054,135 1,528,420 1,525,715 954,205 467,820 486,390
Median after-tax income in 2015 among recipients ($) 38,067 47,131 30,478 30,465 35,150 26,561
Number of market income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 2,839,590 1,458,560 1,381,030 859,545 431,145 428,400
Median market income in 2015 among recipients ($) 42,330 54,528 32,099 32,592 39,229 26,692
Number of government transfers recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 1,785,065 711,210 1,073,855 701,840 309,530 392,310
Median government transfers in 2015 among recipients ($) 4,093 3,834 4,185 4,268 1,890 5,434
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 2,473,665 1,301,630 1,172,030 722,785 374,850 347,935
Median employment income in 2015 among recipients ($) 42,679 54,361 32,982 33,677 39,365 28,679
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 22 3,206,045 1,602,810 1,603,235 1,001,305 491,580 509,725
Number of total income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 3,054,555 1,528,100 1,526,455 953,960 467,575 486,385
Average total income in 2015 among recipients ($) 62,778 80,001 45,535 43,767 51,068 36,747
Number of after-tax income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 3,055,230 1,528,240 1,526,995 954,175 467,605 486,565
Average after-tax income in 2015 among recipients ($) 50,683 62,938 38,417 35,957 41,013 31,097
Number of market income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 2,840,675 1,458,210 1,382,465 859,575 431,035 428,540
Average market income in 2015 among recipients ($) 62,997 80,282 44,766 42,776 50,803 34,704
Number of government transfers recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 1,784,345 710,105 1,074,240 701,830 308,940 392,890
Average government transfers in 2015 among recipients ($) 7,175 7,298 7,093 7,099 6,411 7,640
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 2,473,665 1,299,805 1,173,855 722,785 374,535 348,250
Average employment income in 2015 among recipients ($) 59,343 74,073 43,031 42,551 49,417 35,168
Total - Employment income statistics for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 23 3,206,050 1,602,810 1,603,240 1,001,310 491,580 509,725
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households who worked full year full time in 2015 - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 24 1,152,385 669,770 482,615 350,580 201,335 149,245
Median employment income in 2015 for full-year full-time workers ($)Census data footnote 25 64,090 73,781 53,836 50,026 54,580 44,818
Average employment income in 2015 for full-year full-time workers ($)Census data footnote 26 81,586 94,822 63,218 59,523 65,410 51,581
Composition of total income in 2015 of the population aged 15 years and over in private households (%) - 100% dataCensus data footnote 27 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0
Market income (%)Census data footnote 28 93.3 95.8 89.1 88.0 91.7 83.1
Employment income (%)Census data footnote 29 76.5 78.9 72.3 73.6 77.4 68.6
Government transfers (%)Census data footnote 30 6.7 4.2 10.9 12.0 8.3 16.9
Total - Total income groups in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 31 3,206,050 1,602,690 1,603,360 1,001,310 491,585 509,720
Without total income 152,585 74,410 78,170 47,270 23,800 23,470
With total income 3,053,470 1,528,280 1,525,190 954,040 467,790 486,245
Percentage with total income 95.2 95.4 95.1 95.3 95.2 95.4
Under $10,000 (including loss) 389,580 146,450 243,130 137,700 62,550 75,150
$10,000 to $19,999 385,235 147,125 238,110 150,320 58,320 91,995
$20,000 to $29,999 364,915 142,810 222,105 136,510 54,950 81,560
$30,000 to $39,999 305,680 131,185 174,490 123,685 55,805 67,885
$40,000 to $49,999 286,615 133,715 152,900 109,710 54,650 55,060
$50,000 to $59,999 247,830 124,720 123,115 80,625 45,170 35,460
$60,000 to $69,999 205,840 114,405 91,430 58,785 35,250 23,535
$70,000 to $79,999 165,640 99,645 65,995 43,365 26,465 16,895
$80,000 to $89,999 132,720 82,700 50,020 34,000 20,100 13,905
$90,000 to $99,999 114,010 70,655 43,350 21,980 13,545 8,440
$100,000 and over 455,410 334,865 120,550 57,355 40,985 16,370
$100,000 to $149,999 274,185 191,710 82,475 40,870 28,585 12,285
$150,000 and over 181,225 143,150 38,075 16,490 12,395 4,090
Total - After-tax income groups in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 32 3,206,050 1,602,690 1,603,365 1,001,305 491,585 509,720
Without after-tax income 151,915 74,270 77,645 47,100 23,770 23,330
With after-tax income 3,054,135 1,528,420 1,525,715 954,205 467,820 486,390
Percentage with after-tax income 95.3 95.4 95.2 95.3 95.2 95.4
Under $10,000 (including loss) 399,005 149,280 249,725 142,035 63,525 78,510
$10,000 to $19,999 402,780 154,330 248,450 161,865 63,410 98,460
$20,000 to $29,999 420,955 166,650 254,300 165,880 68,985 96,895
$30,000 to $39,999 377,590 169,665 207,925 153,680 73,335 80,350
$40,000 to $49,999 347,960 172,595 175,365 116,415 63,755 52,660
$50,000 to $59,999 276,970 153,985 122,985 78,105 46,940 31,160
$60,000 to $69,999 208,265 127,045 81,220 53,870 32,165 21,705
$70,000 to $79,999 160,580 100,970 59,610 31,690 19,680 12,010
$80,000 and over 460,030 333,895 126,140 50,655 36,025 14,630
$80,000 to $89,999 121,015 78,400 42,620 18,025 12,260 5,760
$90,000 to $99,999 82,020 57,375 24,645 10,325 7,305 3,015
$100,000 and over 257,000 198,120 58,875 22,305 16,460 5,850
Total - Employment income groups in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 33 3,206,050 1,602,690 1,603,360 1,001,305 491,590 509,720
Without employment income 732,385 301,060 431,330 278,525 116,740 161,775
With employment income 2,473,665 1,301,630 1,172,035 722,785 374,845 347,940
Percentage with employment income 77.2 81.2 73.1 72.2 76.3 68.3
Under $5,000 (including loss) 273,835 122,830 151,005 90,045 42,675 47,375
$5,000 to $9,999 164,095 68,100 95,990 54,560 23,875 30,690
$10,000 to $19,999 274,105 113,680 160,430 94,460 41,920 52,535
$20,000 to $29,999 235,620 96,855 138,760 89,540 39,650 49,895
$30,000 to $39,999 227,450 100,650 126,805 88,340 41,905 46,440
$40,000 to $49,999 219,155 103,680 115,475 77,755 40,205 37,550
$50,000 to $59,999 195,145 99,285 95,860 58,900 34,355 24,550
$60,000 to $69,999 163,465 92,950 70,515 44,085 27,115 16,970
$70,000 to $79,999 135,150 83,240 51,910 34,450 21,375 13,075
$80,000 and over 585,640 420,365 165,280 90,650 61,780 28,865
$80,000 to $89,999 111,045 71,210 39,835 28,365 16,860 11,505
$90,000 to $99,999 99,785 62,305 37,480 17,635 11,355 6,275
$100,000 and over 374,815 286,855 87,960 44,650 33,560 11,095
Income of households in 2015
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for private households by household size - 100% dataCensus data footnote 34 1,527,680 ... ... 489,050 ... ...
Median total income of households in 2015 ($) 93,835 ... ... 68,147 ... ...
Median after-tax income of households in 2015 ($) 80,300 ... ... 59,093 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for one-person private households - 100% data 366,080 ... ... 135,495 ... ...
Median total income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 47,948 ... ... 35,846 ... ...
Median after-tax income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 41,502 ... ... 31,538 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for two-or-more-person private households - 100% data 1,161,600 ... ... 353,550 ... ...
Median total income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 111,435 ... ... 84,532 ... ...
Median after-tax income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 94,830 ... ... 72,688 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for private households by household size - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 35 1,527,675 ... ... 489,050 ... ...
Average total income of households in 2015 ($) 125,522 ... ... 85,373 ... ...
Average after-tax income of households in 2015 ($) 101,361 ... ... 70,154 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for one-person private households - 25% sample data 365,000 ... ... 135,440 ... ...
Average total income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 64,341 ... ... 44,208 ... ...
Average after-tax income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 52,116 ... ... 36,503 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for two-or-more-person private households - 25% sample data 1,162,675 ... ... 353,605 ... ...
Average total income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 144,729 ... ... 101,140 ... ...
Average after-tax income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 116,821 ... ... 83,044 ... ...
Total - Household total income groups in 2015 for private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 36 1,527,680 ... ... 489,050 ... ...
Under $5,000 21,660 ... ... 9,250 ... ...
$5,000 to $9,999 13,555 ... ... 8,175 ... ...
$10,000 to $14,999 18,070 ... ... 11,450 ... ...
$15,000 to $19,999 33,045 ... ... 18,260 ... ...
$20,000 to $24,999 51,505 ... ... 21,395 ... ...
$25,000 to $29,999 38,615 ... ... 19,035 ... ...
$30,000 to $34,999 42,580 ... ... 21,090 ... ...
$35,000 to $39,999 46,630 ... ... 21,745 ... ...
$40,000 to $44,999 46,520 ... ... 21,605 ... ...
$45,000 to $49,999 46,825 ... ... 21,225 ... ...
$50,000 to $59,999 95,425 ... ... 40,240 ... ...
$60,000 to $69,999 95,340 ... ... 37,910 ... ...
$70,000 to $79,999 92,345 ... ... 34,275 ... ...
$80,000 to $89,999 88,775 ... ... 31,555 ... ...
$90,000 to $99,999 84,570 ... ... 27,215 ... ...
$100,000 and over 712,215 ... ... 144,620 ... ...
$100,000 to $124,999 184,595 ... ... 52,495 ... ...
$125,000 to $149,999 142,910 ... ... 34,595 ... ...
$150,000 to $199,999 181,960 ... ... 34,670 ... ...
$200,000 and over 202,745 ... ... 22,865 ... ...
Total - Household after-tax income groups in 2015 for private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 32 1,527,680 ... ... 489,050 ... ...
Under $5,000 23,395 ... ... 9,725 ... ...
$5,000 to $9,999 13,860 ... ... 8,315 ... ...
$10,000 to $14,999 18,600 ... ... 11,860 ... ...
$15,000 to $19,999 34,540 ... ... 19,325 ... ...
$20,000 to $24,999 55,010 ... ... 24,370 ... ...
$25,000 to $29,999 44,170 ... ... 22,665 ... ...
$30,000 to $34,999 50,280 ... ... 25,915 ... ...
$35,000 to $39,999 55,645 ... ... 26,725 ... ...
$40,000 to $44,999 57,695 ... ... 25,965 ... ...
$45,000 to $49,999 59,195 ... ... 25,290 ... ...
$50,000 to $59,999 119,200 ... ... 48,610 ... ...
$60,000 to $69,999 116,250 ... ... 44,280 ... ...
$70,000 to $79,999 112,675 ... ... 38,890 ... ...
$80,000 to $89,999 106,235 ... ... 32,370 ... ...
$90,000 to $99,999 95,600 ... ... 26,890 ... ...
$100,000 and over 565,335 ... ... 97,850 ... ...
$100,000 to $124,999 192,795 ... ... 46,355 ... ...
$125,000 to $149,999 132,240 ... ... 24,795 ... ...
$150,000 and over 240,305 ... ... 26,705 ... ...
Income of economic families in 2015
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for economic families in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 37 1,099,900 ... ... 341,205 ... ...
Median total income of economic families in 2015 ($) 109,997 ... ... 84,441 ... ...
Median after-tax income of economic families in 2015 ($) 93,588 ... ... 72,563 ... ...
Average family size of economic families 3.1 ... ... 3.1 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families without children or other relatives in private households - 100% data 407,300 ... ... 127,580 ... ...
Median total income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 101,283 ... ... 79,103 ... ...
Median after-tax income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 86,043 ... ... 67,596 ... ...
Average family size of couple economic families without children or other relatives 2.0 ... ... 2.0 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families with children in private households - 100% data 511,375 ... ... 150,585 ... ...
Median total income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 133,186 ... ... 104,902 ... ...
Median after-tax income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 111,951 ... ... 89,307 ... ...
Average family size of couple economic families with children 4.1 ... ... 4.2 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for lone-parent economic families in private households - 100% data 146,045 ... ... 52,215 ... ...
Median total income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 62,909 ... ... 49,922 ... ...
Median after-tax income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 57,079 ... ... 46,048 ... ...
Average family size of lone-parent economic families 2.7 ... ... 2.9 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for economic families in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 38 1,101,485 ... ... 341,235 ... ...
Average total income of economic families in 2015 ($) 144,493 ... ... 101,410 ... ...
Average after-tax income of economic families in 2015 ($) 116,343 ... ... 83,132 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families without children or other relatives in private households - 25% sample data 408,625 ... ... 127,710 ... ...
Average total income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 137,805 ... ... 95,583 ... ...
Average after-tax income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 110,236 ... ... 77,743 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families with children in private households - 25% sample data 512,615 ... ... 150,695 ... ...
Average total income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 169,354 ... ... 122,176 ... ...
Average after-tax income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 135,623 ... ... 99,399 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for lone-parent economic families in private households - 25% sample data 145,115 ... ... 52,130 ... ...
Average total income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 80,406 ... ... 60,006 ... ...
Average after-tax income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 68,470 ... ... 52,307 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 21 577,475 308,835 268,640 175,270 86,935 88,335
Median total income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 39 42,598 47,903 37,344 32,927 35,568 30,818
Median after-tax income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 39 37,648 41,340 33,785 29,429 31,130 28,062
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 40 573,385 306,195 267,190 174,945 86,380 88,565
Average total income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 41 56,856 63,468 49,280 40,853 43,332 38,434
Average after-tax income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 41 46,559 50,990 41,481 33,961 35,291 32,663
Total - Economic family income decile group for the population in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 42 3,978,150 1,998,500 1,979,650 1,240,700 614,440 626,260
In the bottom half of the distribution 1,527,695 739,210 788,485 687,930 332,640 355,290
In the bottom decile 293,490 143,880 149,605 151,750 74,825 76,930
In the second decile 278,635 128,055 150,575 135,485 62,035 73,450
In the third decile 297,695 142,090 155,605 135,395 64,805 70,590
In the fourth decile 315,570 154,815 160,760 132,755 65,185 67,575
In the fifth decile 342,305 170,375 171,935 132,540 65,790 66,750
In the top half of the distribution 2,450,450 1,259,285 1,191,160 552,770 281,805 270,965
In the sixth decile 366,250 183,860 182,390 127,575 64,305 63,265
In the seventh decile 397,275 201,465 195,810 123,505 62,770 60,735
In the eighth decile 443,585 227,385 216,200 116,805 59,460 57,350
In the ninth decile 522,545 268,995 253,555 104,820 53,835 50,980
In the top decile 720,795 377,585 343,215 80,070 41,435 38,640
Low income in 2015
Total - Low-income status in 2015 for the population in private households to whom low-income concepts are applicable - 100% dataCensus data footnote 43 3,925,220 1,971,735 1,953,485 1,175,720 581,585 594,135
0 to 17 years 893,255 458,330 434,925 260,905 134,075 126,830
0 to 5 years 310,080 158,825 151,260 85,935 44,240 41,695
18 to 64 years 2,580,730 1,298,440 1,282,295 737,035 365,965 371,070
65 years and over 451,235 214,965 236,265 177,780 81,540 96,235
In low income based on the Low-income measure, after tax (LIM-AT) 363,890 171,945 191,940 180,880 85,185 95,690
0 to 17 years 114,215 58,665 55,555 57,185 29,390 27,790
0 to 5 years 41,755 21,350 20,400 21,325 10,970 10,355
18 to 64 years 210,870 98,415 112,455 98,920 46,630 52,285
65 years and over 38,800 14,875 23,925 24,785 9,165 15,615
Prevalence of low income based on the Low-income measure, after tax (LIM-AT) (%) 9.3 8.7 9.8 15.4 14.6 16.1
0 to 17 years (%) 12.8 12.8 12.8 21.9 21.9 21.9
0 to 5 years (%) 13.5 13.4 13.5 24.8 24.8 24.8
18 to 64 years (%) 8.2 7.6 8.8 13.4 12.7 14.1
65 years and over (%) 8.6 6.9 10.1 13.9 11.2 16.2
In low income based on the Low-income cut-offs, after tax (LICO-AT) 273,515 134,180 139,335 115,965 56,255 59,705
0 to 17 years 76,930 39,385 37,550 33,260 17,040 16,220
0 to 5 years 28,190 14,420 13,770 12,310 6,325 5,985
18 to 64 years 181,805 88,715 93,095 73,655 35,895 37,760
65 years and over 14,780 6,085 8,695 9,045 3,325 5,725
Prevalence of low income based on the Low-income cut-offs, after tax (LICO-AT) (%) 7.0 6.8 7.1 9.9 9.7 10.0
0 to 17 years (%) 8.6 8.6 8.6 12.7 12.7 12.8
0 to 5 years (%) 9.1 9.1 9.1 14.3 14.3 14.4
18 to 64 years (%) 7.0 6.8 7.3 10.0 9.8 10.2
65 years and over (%) 3.3 2.8 3.7 5.1 4.1 5.9
Knowledge of languagesThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Knowledge of languages for the population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 44 3,978,145 1,998,500 1,979,645 1,240,700 614,440 626,260
Official languages 3,920,530 1,974,435 1,946,095 1,224,985 607,375 617,605
English 3,916,805 1,972,800 1,944,005 1,223,665 606,760 616,905
French 264,600 123,940 140,660 108,560 49,435 59,130
Non-official languages 1,082,425 527,770 554,655 340,250 165,150 175,100
Aboriginal languages 36,465 17,415 19,045 40,465 19,410 21,050
Algonquian languages 29,675 14,120 15,555 38,305 18,375 19,930
Blackfoot 5,575 2,665 2,905 10 0 10
Cree-Montagnais languages 23,465 11,155 12,310 20,975 10,025 10,955
Atikamekw 0 0 0 0 0 0
Montagnais (Innu) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Moose Cree 25 0 15 0 0 10
Naskapi 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern East Cree 90 20 70 85 25 55
Plains Cree 1,580 620 965 190 90 100
Southern East Cree 10 10 0 0 0 0
Swampy Cree 45 25 25 1,140 505 640
Woods Cree 1,135 525 610 130 65 65
Cree, n.o.s. 20,665 9,990 10,675 19,435 9,340 10,095
Eastern Algonquian languages 35 15 15 10 10 0
Malecite 0 0 0 10 10 0
Mi'kmaq 35 15 15 10 0 0
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 955 425 530 17,710 8,520 9,185
Algonquin 10 10 0 10 0 0
Ojibway 925 415 505 9,685 4,560 5,125
Oji-Cree 20 10 15 8,045 3,975 4,070
Ottawa (Odawa) 0 0 10 0 0 0
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 10 10 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages 2,640 1,255 1,385 1,120 525 595
Northern Athabaskan languages 2,630 1,250 1,380 1,110 520 590
Babine (Wetsuwet'en) 0 10 0 0 0 0
Beaver 85 50 35 0 0 0
Carrier 45 10 35 0 0 0
Chilcotin 20 15 10 0 0 0
Dene 2,010 975 1,035 1,110 520 595
Dogrib (Tlicho) 75 30 45 0 0 0
Gwich'in 10 0 10 0 0 0
Sarsi (Sarcee) 150 65 85 0 0 0
Sekani 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey-Hare languages 285 140 145 0 0 0
North Slavey (Hare) 25 15 10 0 0 0
South Slavey 190 90 100 0 0 0
Slavey, n.o.s. 75 35 45 0 0 0
Tahltan languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tutchone languages 0 0 10 0 0 0
Northern Tutchone 10 0 10 0 0 0
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 10 0 10 10 10 0
Haida 10 0 10 0 0 0
Inuit languages 135 50 80 110 55 55
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 35 10 25 10 10 0
Inuktitut 60 20 35 80 35 45
Inuit languages, n.i.e. 40 25 20 20 15 10
Iroquoian languages 40 25 10 15 10 10
Cayuga 0 10 0 0 0 0
Mohawk 35 25 0 15 10 10
Oneida 0 0 0 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 0 10 10 0 0 10
Kutenai 0 0 0 0 0 0
Michif 145 75 70 210 115 95
Salish languages 50 25 25 0 0 10
Comox 0 0 0 0 0 0
Halkomelem 10 0 0 10 0 10
Lillooet 0 0 0 0 0 0
Okanagan 15 10 10 0 0 0
Shuswap (Secwepemctsin) 10 0 10 0 0 0
Squamish 0 0 0 0 0 0
Straits 10 0 0 0 0 0
Thompson (Ntlakapamux) 10 0 10 0 0 0
Salish languages, n.i.e. 10 0 0 0 0 0
Siouan languages 4,050 2,005 2,045 760 365 395
Dakota 530 285 245 760 360 400
Stoney 3,650 1,790 1,855 0 0 0
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 10 0 10 0 10 0
Tlingit 10 0 0 0 0 0
Tsimshian languages 35 15 15 0 0 0
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 20 10 10 0 0 0
Nisga'a 15 0 0 0 0 0
Tsimshian 0 0 0 0 0 0
Wakashan languages 10 10 0 10 0 10
Haisla 0 0 0 0 0 0
Heiltsuk 0 0 0 10 0 0
Kwakiutl (Kwak'wala) 10 10 0 0 0 0
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0 0 0 10 0 10
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Aboriginal languages, n.o.s. 30 15 15 35 15 20
Non-Aboriginal languages 1,046,245 510,495 535,750 299,900 145,795 154,110
Afro-Asiatic languages 96,210 50,675 45,535 15,730 8,320 7,410
Berber languages 540 335 205 85 50 40
Kabyle 225 125 90 45 25 20
Berber languages, n.i.e. 315 210 110 50 35 10
Cushitic languages 15,445 8,055 7,385 2,300 1,195 1,105
Bilen 370 235 135 210 120 85
Oromo 3,125 1,625 1,500 535 275 260
Somali 12,030 6,240 5,795 1,550 790 760
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 55 20 40 15 15 10
Semitic languages 82,200 43,405 38,800 13,685 7,300 6,390
Amharic 10,870 5,595 5,275 2,475 1,370 1,105
Arabic 62,730 33,365 29,370 6,650 3,590 3,055
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 430 225 210 15 0 10
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 150 70 75 10 0 0
Harari 340 150 185 0 10 0
Hebrew 3,250 1,650 1,600 3,370 1,735 1,635
Maltese 145 85 55 65 30 35
Tigrigna 7,315 3,915 3,400 2,225 1,175 1,050
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 450 250 205 15 10 0
Afro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 375 225 145 155 80 80
Austro-Asiatic languages 32,730 15,440 17,290 5,230 2,545 2,685
Khmer (Cambodian) 2,700 1,375 1,330 335 185 150
Vietnamese 30,150 14,130 16,015 4,905 2,370 2,535
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 15 0 10 0 0 0
Austronesian languages 145,745 63,615 82,130 65,305 30,220 35,090
Bikol 330 150 180 225 100 125
Cebuano 6,690 2,940 3,750 1,615 805 810
Fijian 340 195 145 65 35 30
Hiligaynon 1,760 745 1,020 425 180 245
Ilocano 7,370 3,160 4,215 1,875 880 990
Malagasy 80 40 40 0 0 0
Malay 3,040 1,435 1,610 375 180 195
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 1,185 565 625 945 415 530
Pangasinan 445 190 250 205 100 110
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 138,440 60,115 78,325 64,165 29,640 34,520
Waray-Waray 420 170 245 115 55 55
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 1,160 505 650 200 80 120
Creole languages 4,585 2,390 2,195 1,310 605 705
Haitian Creole 255 140 115 25 10 15
Creole, n.o.s. 2,675 1,425 1,250 635 310 315
Creole languages, n.i.e. 1,680 840 850 680 305 375
Dravidian languages 18,190 9,660 8,525 1,840 945 895
Kannada 1,035 520 515 175 95 80
Malayalam 8,150 4,255 3,900 830 400 430
Tamil 7,195 3,900 3,295 655 330 325
Telugu 2,910 1,560 1,345 255 150 110
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 150 80 70 15 10 10
Hmong-Mien languages 115 55 55 0 0 0
Indo-European languages 550,490 274,510 275,980 175,950 86,435 89,510
Albanian 2,880 1,550 1,325 390 195 195
Armenian 530 255 275 65 50 15
Balto-Slavic languages 93,150 44,750 48,395 39,530 18,780 20,745
Baltic languages 1,360 660 705 230 90 140
Latvian 590 300 290 115 45 70
Lithuanian 775 360 415 120 50 65
Slavic languages 92,300 44,340 47,960 39,360 18,720 20,640
Belarusan 200 95 105 65 25 45
Bosnian 2,880 1,450 1,435 835 405 430
Bulgarian 1,795 945 850 155 95 60
Croatian 6,280 3,260 3,025 1,595 765 825
Czech 3,590 1,650 1,940 735 335 395
Macedonian 535 270 265 140 75 60
Polish 23,650 11,455 12,195 7,655 3,625 4,035
Russian 27,375 13,195 14,175 13,455 6,715 6,740
Serbian 5,355 2,630 2,730 870 470 400
Serbo-Croatian 1,095 550 540 190 75 115
Slovak 2,780 1,495 1,285 480 215 260
Slovene (Slovenian) 735 360 375 275 100 175
Ukrainian 26,600 11,980 14,620 17,095 7,795 9,305
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 250 120 130 70 35 30
Celtic languages 1,180 615 560 225 125 100
Scottish Gaelic 440 215 225 90 65 25
Welsh 315 180 130 90 45 45
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 450 220 225 45 15 25
Germanic languages 112,670 56,325 56,345 68,285 33,250 35,035
Afrikaans 5,165 2,655 2,515 715 330 385
Danish 2,800 1,360 1,440 270 120 150
Dutch 19,480 9,595 9,890 3,120 1,555 1,565
Frisian 475 275 205 90 65 30
German 83,010 41,905 41,105 61,760 30,170 31,600
Icelandic 160 70 95 560 225 335
Norwegian 1,450 635 810 290 115 175
Swedish 1,635 800 835 270 125 150
Vlaams (Flemish) 380 170 215 270 120 155
Yiddish 250 130 115 545 235 315
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 2,115 1,095 1,015 2,490 1,285 1,205
Greek 4,935 2,535 2,400 2,010 1,015 1,000
Indo-Iranian languages 206,725 106,045 100,675 38,760 20,480 18,280
Indo-Aryan languages 186,005 95,045 90,960 35,830 18,990 16,835
Bengali 8,530 4,385 4,140 1,520 885 635
Gujarati 18,005 8,945 9,055 3,905 2,065 1,840
Hindi 61,290 31,900 29,385 12,900 6,900 6,000
Kashmiri 125 80 45 20 15 10
Konkani 625 300 320 40 30 10
Marathi 2,575 1,385 1,195 275 170 105
Nepali 5,510 3,000 2,510 600 285 315
Oriya (Odia) 255 135 120 15 10 10
Punjabi (Panjabi) 90,485 46,350 44,135 22,900 12,035 10,865
Sindhi 4,595 2,065 2,530 150 85 65
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 3,800 1,925 1,875 920 500 420
Urdu 41,235 21,245 20,000 4,600 2,540 2,060
Iranian languages 22,140 11,665 10,475 3,035 1,525 1,515
Kurdish 1,930 1,100 825 600 295 305
Pashto 3,330 1,795 1,530 290 135 150
Persian (Farsi) 17,600 9,220 8,375 2,295 1,175 1,120
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 1,760 960 805 230 125 105
Italic (Romance) languages 142,340 69,885 72,450 34,360 16,630 17,735
Catalan 170 95 80 15 10 10
Italian 19,900 9,875 10,020 5,350 2,610 2,735
Portuguese 12,670 6,255 6,415 8,460 4,125 4,335
Romanian 9,915 5,185 4,735 785 395 390
Spanish 104,445 50,960 53,490 20,605 9,910 10,695
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 250 130 125 60 45 15
Japanese 9,215 4,115 5,100 1,160 550 605
Kartvelian languages 225 130 100 10 0 15
Georgian 230 130 100 15 0 15
Korean 19,950 9,405 10,545 4,240 2,100 2,145
Mongolic languages 800 375 430 55 20 35
Mongolian 800 370 430 55 20 30
Niger-Congo languages 29,430 14,980 14,450 7,970 4,125 3,845
Akan (Twi) 2,925 1,505 1,420 260 165 95
Bamanankan 60 30 30 160 95 65
Edo 620 325 290 95 60 30
Ewe 335 170 165 50 30 20
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 300 165 135 50 25 25
Ga 345 190 155 30 10 15
Ganda 610 305 305 230 110 120
Igbo 2,550 1,345 1,210 665 345 325
Lingala 1,240 640 605 655 315 345
Rundi (Kirundi) 830 420 410 205 105 105
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 1,155 605 550 305 155 155
Shona 1,810 850 960 250 110 140
Swahili 6,700 3,470 3,235 1,930 1,020 905
Wolof 600 365 235 150 85 70
Yoruba 5,930 3,035 2,890 2,630 1,330 1,295
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 6,585 3,265 3,320 1,440 765 680
Nilo-Saharan languages 3,070 1,495 1,575 410 225 185
Dinka 1,655 825 825 180 105 75
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 1,425 675 750 225 120 105
Sign languages 5,910 2,350 3,555 2,670 985 1,685
American Sign Language 3,085 1,130 1,955 1,710 625 1,090
Quebec Sign Language 0 0 10 0 0 0
Sign languages, n.i.e. 2,855 1,230 1,625 975 365 610
Sino-Tibetan languages 141,860 67,945 73,915 21,130 10,490 10,650
Chinese languages 139,385 66,700 72,685 20,475 10,185 10,285
Cantonese 74,770 35,490 39,280 8,310 3,920 4,390
Hakka 1,180 515 660 50 30 20
Mandarin 70,510 33,310 37,195 12,825 6,460 6,365
Min Dong 85 50 40 0 0 0
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 4,140 1,765 2,380 480 230 250
Wu (Shanghainese) 855 380 470 185 95 85
Chinese, n.o.s. 6,335 3,160 3,175 1,115 600 510
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 55 25 35 0 0 0
Tibeto-Burman languages 2,590 1,290 1,300 675 310 370
Burmese 605 305 295 185 115 70
Karenic languages 805 415 390 465 200 265
Tibetan 860 430 430 0 0 0
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 445 215 235 145 60 80
Tai-Kadai languages 3,705 1,510 2,195 1,565 730 835
Lao 1,520 730 795 1,120 520 600
Thai 2,400 850 1,545 575 270 305
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e. 45 25 25 10 10 0
Turkic languages 5,795 3,180 2,625 510 250 265
Azerbaijani 630 325 300 50 25 30
Turkish 4,255 2,420 1,835 365 180 185
Uyghur 290 135 155 30 15 10
Uzbek 425 200 225 40 20 15
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 355 170 180 45 15 30
Uralic languages 8,895 4,315 4,575 1,550 730 815
Estonian 185 85 105 45 20 25
Finnish 1,045 455 590 265 105 160
Hungarian 7,660 3,770 3,890 1,235 600 635
Uralic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Other languages, n.i.e. 1,820 1,025 790 445 290 150
Citizenship
Total - Citizenship for the population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 45 3,978,145 1,998,495 1,979,645 1,240,700 614,440 626,260
Canadian citizensCensus data footnote 46 3,622,740 1,825,135 1,797,600 1,133,080 560,165 572,920
Canadian citizens aged under 18 854,815 439,065 415,755 266,225 136,640 129,585
Canadian citizens aged 18 and over 2,767,920 1,386,070 1,381,850 866,855 423,520 443,335
Not Canadian citizensCensus data footnote 47 355,410 173,365 182,045 107,620 54,280 53,340
Immigrant status and period of immigration
Total - Immigrant status and period of immigration for the population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 48 3,978,145 1,998,495 1,979,650 1,240,700 614,445 626,255
Non-immigrantsCensus data footnote 49 3,062,775 1,550,445 1,512,335 996,860 494,285 502,570
ImmigrantsCensus data footnote 50 845,220 412,320 432,895 227,465 111,095 116,365
Before 1981 163,460 81,620 81,840 50,025 23,340 26,680
1981 to 1990 86,350 41,690 44,660 20,205 10,190 10,010
1991 to 2000 131,560 62,930 68,630 23,040 11,165 11,875
2001 to 2010 256,055 125,235 130,820 70,985 35,305 35,680
2001 to 2005 109,145 53,425 55,720 22,570 11,195 11,370
2006 to 2010 146,910 71,810 75,100 48,415 24,110 24,305
2011 to 2016Census data footnote 51 207,790 100,845 106,945 63,210 31,095 32,120
Non-permanent residentsCensus data footnote 52 70,155 35,735 34,420 16,375 9,055 7,320
Age at immigration
Total - Age at immigration for the immigrant population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 53 845,220 412,320 432,895 227,470 111,100 116,370
Under 5 years 82,175 42,200 39,975 25,595 12,975 12,625
5 to 14 years 149,815 77,820 71,995 45,570 23,305 22,265
15 to 24 years 168,965 78,215 90,755 44,585 20,820 23,770
25 to 44 years 372,805 180,265 192,535 93,700 45,160 48,540
45 years and over 71,450 33,820 37,630 18,010 8,845 9,170
Immigrants by selected place of birthThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census immigration data
Total - Selected places of birth for the immigrant population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 54 845,215 412,325 432,895 227,465 111,095 116,365
Americas 103,540 49,345 54,190 31,980 15,285 16,700
Brazil 2,545 1,100 1,440 435 170 265
Colombia 9,535 4,570 4,960 1,050 510 545
El Salvador 7,255 3,725 3,530 2,480 1,325 1,155
Guyana 2,555 1,200 1,355 1,135 515 620
Haiti 1,270 675 600 155 75 80
Jamaica 6,845 3,170 3,680 1,810 835 970
Mexico 15,665 7,860 7,805 6,655 3,330 3,320
Peru 1,920 780 1,140 235 85 150
Trinidad and Tobago 3,415 1,670 1,750 1,505 785 720
United StatesCensus data footnote 55 30,460 13,675 16,785 7,100 3,100 4,000
Other places of birth in Americas 22,075 10,925 11,150 9,425 4,550 4,875
Europe 189,770 95,355 94,415 56,705 27,815 28,890
Bosnia and Herzegovina 4,555 2,325 2,230 1,055 530 525
Croatia 3,080 1,615 1,465 975 445 535
France 2,535 1,215 1,320 795 425 365
Germany 19,205 9,485 9,715 10,390 5,215 5,175
Greece 2,005 1,115 890 820 445 375
Hungary 3,665 1,880 1,785 815 435 375
IrelandCensus data footnote 56 3,935 2,100 1,835 650 310 340
Italy 8,110 4,370 3,745 2,755 1,405 1,350
Netherlands 14,035 7,420 6,610 2,250 1,185 1,060
Poland 16,925 8,045 8,880 5,280 2,455 2,820
Portugal 4,050 1,985 2,070 4,380 2,170 2,210
Romania 7,725 3,930 3,795 720 345 375
Russian Federation 7,260 3,135 4,125 4,245 2,035 2,210
SerbiaCensus data footnote 57 2,255 1,080 1,170 355 175 175
Ukraine 8,150 3,700 4,455 4,765 2,250 2,515
United KingdomCensus data footnote 58 59,215 30,280 28,935 11,665 5,655 6,015
Other places of birth in Europe 23,060 11,670 11,390 4,790 2,325 2,470
Africa 89,740 46,705 43,030 17,975 9,495 8,485
Algeria 1,340 715 625 115 60 55
Egypt 5,320 2,940 2,375 980 525 455
Ethiopia 10,570 5,355 5,215 2,525 1,360 1,165
Kenya 5,120 2,555 2,565 935 470 465
Morocco 1,695 1,005 695 250 140 110
Nigeria 12,405 6,520 5,880 3,820 2,070 1,750
Somalia 7,060 3,665 3,395 755 350 415
South Africa, Republic of 7,355 3,670 3,685 975 465 505
Other places of birth in Africa 38,865 20,275 18,590 7,630 4,055 3,570
Asia 452,225 215,955 236,265 120,230 58,215 62,015
Afghanistan 5,190 2,765 2,430 615 285 330
Bangladesh 5,085 2,590 2,500 880 475 400
ChinaCensus data footnote 59 57,690 26,510 31,185 9,250 4,460 4,790
Hong KongCensus data footnote 60 19,110 9,265 9,850 1,460 715 735
India 91,660 46,625 45,035 21,990 11,395 10,595
IranCensus data footnote 61 8,910 4,655 4,250 1,180 655 530
Iraq 5,935 3,205 2,730 860 460 400
Japan 3,065 905 2,160 225 70 150
Korea, SouthCensus data footnote 62 13,850 6,530 7,320 2,880 1,415 1,470
Lebanon 10,395 5,640 4,750 265 165 100
Pakistan 28,075 14,630 13,445 3,125 1,675 1,450
Philippines 123,830 54,075 69,755 61,950 28,800 33,150
Sri Lanka 4,835 2,475 2,365 1,015 515 505
SyriaCensus data footnote 63 4,800 2,515 2,280 805 390 410
Taiwan 3,455 1,460 2,000 215 110 110
Viet Nam 27,080 12,645 14,435 4,225 2,035 2,185
Other places of birth in Asia 39,250 19,485 19,765 9,285 4,590 4,695
Oceania and other places of birthCensus data footnote 64 9,940 4,950 4,990 575 290 280
Recent immigrants by selected places of birth
Total - Selected places of birth for the recent immigrant population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 54 207,790 100,845 106,945 63,210 31,095 32,115
Americas 20,060 9,660 10,400 4,130 1,840 2,290
Brazil 860 370 490 100 35 65
Colombia 2,295 1,020 1,275 185 70 120
Cuba 465 215 255 75 25 55
Haiti 385 240 150 15 10 0
Jamaica 1,660 765 895 340 175 165
Mexico 4,405 2,250 2,150 875 415 465
United StatesCensus data footnote 55 4,645 2,130 2,515 970 445 525
VenezuelaCensus data footnote 65 1,570 745 820 75 30 40
Other places of birth in Americas 3,785 1,930 1,855 1,490 640 850
Europe 20,870 10,830 10,045 5,155 2,650 2,505
France 425 240 180 135 70 75
Germany 1,370 710 655 580 310 265
IrelandCensus data footnote 56 1,355 835 520 135 80 60
MoldovaCensus data footnote 66 715 365 350 160 85 70
Romania 1,100 545 555 70 30 35
Russian Federation 1,235