Census Profile, 2016 Census
Alberta [Province] and Saskatchewan [Province]

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The table shows total, male and female data grouped by geography (appearing as column headers) for selected characteristics (appearing as row headers).
Characteristic Alberta

[Province]
Saskatchewan

[Province]
Data quality , Alberta [Province]  Map : Alberta [Province]
Change geography 1
Data quality : Saskatchewan [Province]  Map : geography 2
Change geography 2
Total Male Female Total Male Female
Counts (unless otherwise specified)
Population and dwellings
Population, 2016Census data footnote 1 4,067,175 ... ... 1,098,352 ... ...
Population, 2011Census data footnote 1 3,645,257 ... ... 1,033,381 ... ...
Population percentage change, 2011 to 2016 11.6 ... ... 6.3 ... ...
Total private dwellingsCensus data footnote 2 1,654,129 ... ... 495,582 ... ...
Private dwellings occupied by usual residentsCensus data footnote 3 1,527,678 ... ... 432,622 ... ...
Population density per square kilometre 6.4 ... ... 1.9 ... ...
Land area in square kilometres 640,330.46 ... ... 588,243.54 ... ...
Age characteristics
Total - Age groups and average age of the population - 100% dataCensus data footnote 4 4,067,175 2,039,410 2,027,765 1,098,350 545,785 552,565
0 to 14 years 779,155 399,570 379,580 215,685 110,410 105,275
0 to 4 years 266,515 136,520 129,995 73,130 37,335 35,795
5 to 9 years 270,715 138,990 131,725 74,460 38,155 36,305
10 to 14 years 241,920 124,060 117,860 68,095 34,920 33,175
15 to 64 years 2,787,805 1,408,150 1,379,655 712,240 358,110 354,130
15 to 19 years 240,035 123,625 116,410 67,660 34,675 32,980
20 to 24 years 261,830 133,990 127,840 70,060 36,075 33,985
25 to 29 years 310,940 156,715 154,225 77,525 39,290 38,235
30 to 34 years 333,175 167,555 165,620 77,520 38,610 38,915
35 to 39 years 305,505 153,655 151,850 71,590 35,940 35,650
40 to 44 years 281,205 142,545 138,660 64,950 32,515 32,440
45 to 49 years 269,030 135,855 133,180 63,580 31,780 31,795
50 to 54 years 284,310 142,205 142,100 75,245 37,230 38,015
55 to 59 years 275,540 138,565 136,970 76,195 38,070 38,125
60 to 64 years 226,230 113,440 112,790 67,915 33,935 33,985
65 years and over 500,215 231,690 268,530 170,425 77,265 93,160
65 to 69 years 173,680 85,500 88,180 53,230 26,285 26,945
70 to 74 years 117,035 56,430 60,610 37,740 18,225 19,510
75 to 79 years 83,955 39,105 44,845 29,400 13,415 15,985
80 to 84 years 62,165 27,590 34,575 23,115 9,945 13,170
85 years and over 63,385 23,065 40,320 26,940 9,395 17,550
85 to 89 years 39,965 16,050 23,915 16,280 6,305 9,975
90 to 94 years 18,025 5,755 12,275 8,000 2,515 5,485
95 to 99 years 4,735 1,145 3,595 2,290 520 1,760
100 years and over 650 115 535 375 50 325
Total - Distribution (%) of the population by broad age groups - 100% data 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0
0 to 14 years 19.2 19.6 18.7 19.6 20.2 19.1
15 to 64 years 68.5 69.0 68.0 64.8 65.6 64.1
65 years and over 12.3 11.4 13.2 15.5 14.2 16.9
85 years and over 1.6 1.1 2.0 2.5 1.7 3.2
Average age of the population 37.8 37.2 38.4 39.1 38.2 40.0
Median age of the population 36.7 36.2 37.2 37.8 36.9 38.7
Household and dwelling characteristics
Total - Occupied private dwellings by structural type of dwelling - 100% dataCensus data footnote 5 1,527,675 ... ... 432,620 ... ...
Single-detached house 946,225 ... ... 314,340 ... ...
Apartment in a building that has five or more storeys 62,395 ... ... 10,520 ... ...
Other attached dwellingCensus data footnote 6 471,090 ... ... 98,435 ... ...
Semi-detached house 86,765 ... ... 12,705 ... ...
Row house 116,625 ... ... 18,535 ... ...
Apartment or flat in a duplex 43,090 ... ... 9,385 ... ...
Apartment in a building that has fewer than five storeys 223,360 ... ... 57,115 ... ...
Other single-attached house 1,245 ... ... 700 ... ...
Movable dwellingCensus data footnote 7 47,970 ... ... 9,325 ... ...
Total - Private households by household size - 100% dataCensus data footnote 8 1,527,675 ... ... 432,625 ... ...
1 person 366,080 ... ... 121,175 ... ...
2 persons 524,415 ... ... 153,610 ... ...
3 persons 245,075 ... ... 60,240 ... ...
4 persons 233,770 ... ... 56,080 ... ...
5 or more persons 158,335 ... ... 41,520 ... ...
Number of persons in private households 3,978,145 ... ... 1,070,560 ... ...
Average household size 2.6 ... ... 2.5 ... ...
Marital status
Total - Marital status for the population aged 15 years and over - 100% dataCensus data footnote 9 3,288,020 1,639,835 1,648,185 882,670 435,375 447,290
Married or living common law 1,969,300 988,410 980,895 520,430 261,075 259,355
Married 1,648,945 828,155 820,790 437,875 219,800 218,075
Living common law 320,350 160,250 160,100 82,550 41,270 41,280
Not married and not living common law 1,318,720 651,430 667,290 362,240 174,310 187,930
Never married 905,700 505,310 400,390 242,070 133,750 108,325
Separated 76,150 34,000 42,150 19,795 8,945 10,855
Divorced 195,850 82,040 113,815 47,180 20,985 26,200
Widowed 141,020 30,080 110,940 53,190 10,635 42,555
Family characteristics
Total - Census families in private households by family size - 100% dataCensus data footnote 10 1,114,585 ... ... 302,260 ... ...
2 persons 540,850 ... ... 157,195 ... ...
3 persons 235,245 ... ... 58,770 ... ...
4 persons 227,165 ... ... 54,125 ... ...
5 or more persons 111,330 ... ... 32,170 ... ...
Average size of census families 3.0 ... ... 2.9 ... ...
Total number of census families in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 11 1,114,585 ... ... 302,260 ... ...
Total couple families 953,325 ... ... 252,765 ... ...
Married couples 793,195 ... ... 211,500 ... ...
Common-law couples 160,130 ... ... 41,265 ... ...
Total lone-parent families by sex of parent 161,260 ... ... 49,495 ... ...
Female parent 123,490 ... ... 38,165 ... ...
Male parent 37,770 ... ... 11,330 ... ...
Total - Couple census families in private households - 100% data 953,325 ... ... 252,770 ... ...
Couples without children 443,665 ... ... 129,085 ... ...
Couples with children 509,655 ... ... 123,685 ... ...
1 child 190,010 ... ... 45,495 ... ...
2 children 213,910 ... ... 49,035 ... ...
3 or more children 105,735 ... ... 29,150 ... ...
Total - Lone-parent census families in private households - 100% data 161,260 ... ... 49,490 ... ...
1 child 97,180 ... ... 28,110 ... ...
2 children 45,235 ... ... 13,280 ... ...
3 or more children 18,845 ... ... 8,105 ... ...
Total - Persons not in census families in private households - 100% data 678,535 356,875 321,655 187,765 95,550 92,210
Household type
Total - Private households by household type - 100% dataCensus data footnote 12 1,527,675 ... ... 432,620 ... ...
One-census-family households 1,039,985 ... ... 285,675 ... ...
Without children in a census familyCensus data footnote 13 414,570 ... ... 124,620 ... ...
With children in a census familyCensus data footnote 14 625,415 ... ... 161,055 ... ...
Multiple-census-family households 36,120 ... ... 7,975 ... ...
Non-census-family households 451,570 ... ... 138,965 ... ...
One-person households 366,080 ... ... 121,175 ... ...
Two-or-more person non-census-family households 85,490 ... ... 17,795 ... ...
Knowledge of official languagesThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Knowledge of official languages for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 15 4,026,650 2,020,510 2,006,140 1,083,240 539,100 544,130
English only 3,698,765 1,869,670 1,829,095 1,023,400 511,940 511,460
French only 3,895 1,725 2,165 535 255 280
English and French 264,720 124,400 140,315 51,360 23,290 28,065
Neither English nor French 59,280 24,715 34,565 7,945 3,620 4,325
First official language spokenThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - First official language spoken for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 16 4,026,650 2,020,510 2,006,140 1,083,240 539,105 544,135
English 3,880,685 1,950,980 1,929,705 1,060,225 528,155 532,075
French 71,535 37,205 34,330 13,555 6,590 6,960
English and French 16,605 8,350 8,255 1,770 890 885
Neither English nor French 57,830 23,970 33,860 7,685 3,475 4,220
Official language minority (number)Census data footnote 17 79,840 41,380 38,455 14,435 7,035 7,405
Official language minority (percentage)Census data footnote 17 2.0 2.0 1.9 1.3 1.3 1.4
Mother tongueThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Mother tongue for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 18 4,026,650 2,020,510 2,006,140 1,083,240 539,105 544,135
Single responses 3,934,580 1,975,615 1,958,970 1,064,675 530,145 534,530
Official languages 3,063,640 1,552,475 1,511,165 907,715 452,955 454,760
English 2,991,485 1,515,025 1,476,460 892,615 445,635 446,985
French 72,150 37,450 34,705 15,100 7,320 7,775
Non-official languages 870,940 423,140 447,805 156,960 77,195 79,770
Aboriginal languages 23,835 11,290 12,550 28,340 13,685 14,660
Algonquian languages 18,295 8,665 9,630 19,965 9,640 10,325
Blackfoot 2,750 1,305 1,445 10 5 5
Cree-Montagnais languages 14,960 7,105 7,850 19,015 9,190 9,825
Atikamekw 0 0 0 0 0 0
Montagnais (Innu) 0 5 0 0 0 0
Moose Cree 10 0 5 5 0 0
Naskapi 0 0 0 5 0 0
Northern East Cree 50 15 35 30 15 10
Plains Cree 720 280 435 2,080 975 1,105
Southern East Cree 0 0 0 5 5 5
Swampy Cree 50 20 35 250 115 135
Woods Cree 910 430 480 780 370 410
Cree, n.o.s. 13,220 6,355 6,865 15,860 7,710 8,155
Eastern Algonquian languages 30 15 15 5 0 5
Malecite 0 5 0 0 0 0
Mi'kmaq 35 20 15 5 5 5
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 550 235 315 935 445 490
Algonquin 5 0 5 0 0 0
Ojibway 525 230 300 925 440 485
Oji-Cree 15 5 15 10 5 5
Ottawa (Odawa) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 5 5 0 0
Athabaskan languages 1,865 865 1,000 7,860 3,800 4,060
Northern Athabaskan languages 1,855 860 990 7,860 3,805 4,055
Babine (Wetsuwet'en) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Beaver 35 15 15 0 0 0
Carrier 15 0 15 0 0 0
Chilcotin 5 0 0 0 0 0
Dene 1,470 710 760 7,855 3,800 4,055
Dogrib (Tlicho) 40 10 30 0 0 0
Gwich'in 15 5 10 0 0 0
Sarsi (Sarcee) 70 20 45 0 0 0
Sekani 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey-Hare languages 200 90 115 0 0 0
North Slavey (Hare) 10 5 10 0 0 0
South Slavey 155 70 80 0 0 0
Slavey, n.o.s. 35 15 25 0 0 0
Tahltan languages 5 0 5 0 0 0
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tutchone languages 5 0 0 0 0 0
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 10 0 10 5 0 0
Haida 0 0 0 0 0 0
Inuit languages 120 35 85 35 10 20
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 25 5 10 5 5 0
Inuktitut 60 20 45 20 10 15
Inuit languages, n.i.e. 35 10 30 10 0 5
Iroquoian languages 10 10 5 5 0 5
Cayuga 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mohawk 5 5 5 0 0 5
Oneida 0 5 0 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 5 0 0 0
Kutenai 5 0 0 0 0 0
Michif 80 45 35 235 110 125
Salish languages 15 5 10 5 5 0
Comox 0 0 0 0 0 0
Halkomelem 0 0 0 0 0 0
Lillooet 0 0 0 0 0 0
Okanagan 0 5 5 0 5 0
Shuswap (Secwepemctsin) 5 0 0 5 0 0
Squamish 5 0 0 0 0 0
Straits 0 0 0 0 0 0
Thompson (Ntlakapamux) 0 0 0 0 5 0
Salish languages, n.i.e. 5 0 5 0 0 0
Siouan languages 3,370 1,630 1,745 230 110 120
Dakota 350 165 185 195 85 105
Stoney 3,020 1,460 1,555 5 0 0
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 5 0 0 35 20 15
Tlingit 5 0 0 0 0 0
Tsimshian languages 15 5 5 5 0 0
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Nisga'a 10 5 5 5 0 0
Tsimshian 0 0 0 5 5 0
Wakashan languages 5 5 5 0 0 0
Haisla 0 0 0 0 0 0
Heiltsuk 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kwakiutl (Kwak'wala) 0 0 5 0 0 0
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0 5 0 0 0 0
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Aboriginal languages, n.o.s. 55 30 25 10 5 5
Non-Aboriginal languages 847,105 411,850 435,255 128,620 63,510 65,110
Afro-Asiatic languages 68,415 36,215 32,200 6,770 3,560 3,215
Berber languages 340 190 145 10 5 0
Kabyle 165 90 75 5 0 0
Berber languages, n.i.e. 175 100 75 10 5 0
Cushitic languages 12,525 6,495 6,030 1,050 505 545
Bilen 315 185 130 55 25 30
Oromo 2,650 1,375 1,275 195 100 90
Somali 9,520 4,915 4,605 775 355 415
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 40 20 20 25 15 10
Semitic languages 55,425 29,450 25,980 5,685 3,035 2,650
Amharic 7,320 3,605 3,720 290 140 155
Arabic 40,540 21,840 18,705 4,040 2,200 1,840
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 400 210 190 305 160 145
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 145 80 65 150 75 75
Harari 260 135 120 5 0 0
Hebrew 960 505 460 75 45 30
Maltese 75 30 40 10 5 5
Tigrigna 5,415 2,880 2,535 680 340 340
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 305 155 145 130 65 60
Afro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 130 80 50 25 15 5
Austro-Asiatic languages 25,295 11,760 13,535 2,560 1,250 1,305
Khmer (Cambodian) 1,925 910 1,010 135 70 70
Vietnamese 23,350 10,840 12,505 2,420 1,180 1,235
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e 25 10 15 0 0 0
Austronesian languages 115,405 50,190 65,210 23,415 11,130 12,280
Bikol 425 205 225 85 40 40
Cebuano 5,135 2,155 2,980 1,545 685 855
Fijian 125 75 50 25 20 5
Hiligaynon 1,500 640 855 255 120 140
Ilocano 5,350 2,310 3,040 790 370 415
Malagasy 35 10 25 0 0 0
Malay 1,460 615 845 125 55 70
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 765 370 390 175 80 95
Pangasinan 290 115 175 40 15 25
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 99,035 43,120 55,920 20,045 9,590 10,455
Waray-Waray 305 145 160 60 30 35
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 980 430 550 265 125 140
Creole languages 1,895 990 910 220 105 120
Haitian Creole 95 45 50 5 0 5
Creole, n.o.s. 1,175 640 540 150 70 80
Creole languages, n.i.e. 625 305 325 65 30 35
Dravidian languages 13,490 7,075 6,415 1,560 865 700
Kannada 535 270 265 60 35 30
Malayalam 6,345 3,285 3,060 850 455 395
Tamil 4,430 2,360 2,070 350 200 150
Telugu 2,130 1,135 995 285 165 120
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 50 25 25 10 10 0
Hmong-Mien languages 105 55 45 0 0 0
Indo-European languages 442,685 220,330 222,355 73,170 36,230 36,930
Albanian 2,345 1,270 1,075 380 190 190
Armenian 500 250 245 70 40 30
Balto-Slavic languages 80,330 37,750 42,580 18,460 8,490 9,970
Baltic languages 1,010 475 535 175 85 90
Latvian 415 195 220 100 45 50
Lithuanian 600 285 315 75 40 35
Slavic languages 79,325 37,275 42,050 18,285 8,400 9,885
Belarusan 65 30 30 0 0 0
Bosnian 1,835 915 920 225 110 120
Bulgarian 1,545 790 755 65 35 30
Croatian 4,655 2,340 2,320 455 240 220
Czech 3,000 1,430 1,575 235 115 125
Macedonian 360 185 175 55 30 30
Polish 20,130 9,425 10,705 1,865 850 1,015
Russian 17,810 8,150 9,665 3,045 1,460 1,580
Serbian 4,020 2,035 1,985 465 235 225
Serbo-Croatian 970 480 485 120 60 65
Slovak 2,185 1,070 1,115 115 60 55
Slovene (Slovenian) 695 320 370 80 40 45
Ukrainian 21,835 9,985 11,850 11,270 5,035 6,230
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 215 120 100 290 145 145
Celtic languages 370 200 170 60 30 30
Scottish Gaelic 135 70 65 10 5 5
Welsh 175 85 80 30 10 15
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 65 40 25 25 10 5
Germanic languages 104,260 51,525 52,735 24,455 11,710 12,745
Afrikaans 3,010 1,475 1,535 880 450 430
Danish 2,380 1,245 1,135 255 145 110
Dutch 16,135 8,095 8,045 1,385 685 700
Frisian 360 200 160 30 20 10
German 80,050 39,435 40,615 21,320 10,150 11,170
Icelandic 115 55 60 55 20 25
Norwegian 815 370 445 310 140 165
Swedish 875 405 470 150 60 90
Vlaams (Flemish) 320 150 170 60 25 35
Yiddish 140 70 70 25 10 10
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 55 30 25 5 5 0
Greek 3,130 1,655 1,475 935 490 445
Indo-Iranian languages 166,805 85,250 81,560 22,335 12,065 10,270
Indo-Aryan languages 145,900 74,320 71,580 19,995 10,780 9,210
Bengali 7,000 3,630 3,370 2,795 1,495 1,300
Gujarati 13,140 6,785 6,355 2,510 1,420 1,090
Hindi 17,055 8,675 8,385 1,545 880 665
Kashmiri 105 60 50 20 10 10
Konkani 370 190 185 35 15 10
Marathi 1,510 775 730 140 80 55
Nepali 5,175 2,690 2,490 770 400 370
Oriya (Odia) 190 100 90 25 10 10
Punjabi (Panjabi) 68,695 34,935 33,760 5,250 2,890 2,360
Sindhi 2,770 1,300 1,475 120 65 55
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 2,590 1,320 1,265 270 130 135
Urdu 27,295 13,865 13,430 6,520 3,380 3,135
Iranian languages 19,600 10,235 9,365 2,065 1,130 940
Kurdish 1,550 845 705 145 80 65
Pashto 2,560 1,320 1,235 555 315 235
Persian (Farsi) 15,490 8,070 7,425 1,370 735 635
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 1,310 695 615 275 155 120
Italic (Romance) languages 84,940 42,425 42,515 6,470 3,225 3,250
Catalan 75 30 45 5 0 0
Italian 11,375 5,760 5,615 705 365 340
Portuguese 9,050 4,380 4,670 615 265 350
Romanian 8,035 4,080 3,955 850 425 430
Spanish 56,370 28,160 28,205 4,290 2,165 2,125
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 35 20 15 10 5 5
Japanese 4,875 1,715 3,160 320 100 220
Kartvelian languages 230 130 105 5 5 5
Georgian 230 130 100 5 0 5
Korean 17,920 8,485 9,435 1,670 800 865
Mongolic languages 545 255 290 40 20 25
Mongolian 540 255 290 40 20 25
Niger-Congo languages 15,360 7,870 7,495 2,310 1,235 1,075
Akan (Twi) 1,755 915 835 190 115 75
Bamanankan 35 20 15 0 0 5
Edo 275 155 120 35 20 15
Ewe 245 145 100 50 30 20
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 230 120 100 25 15 5
Ga 145 80 65 20 15 5
Ganda 280 145 135 35 15 20
Igbo 1,165 625 540 215 125 90
Lingala 270 130 140 30 20 15
Rundi (Kirundi) 605 305 295 145 85 65
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 805 405 400 115 55 60
Shona 1,100 545 555 90 55 40
Swahili 2,380 1,160 1,215 425 220 205
Wolof 280 165 110 20 10 10
Yoruba 2,435 1,305 1,125 465 240 220
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 3,370 1,640 1,735 430 220 215
Nilo-Saharan languages 2,720 1,395 1,330 335 195 140
Dinka 1,345 705 640 115 70 45
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 1,375 685 690 220 120 100
Sign languages 830 440 390 200 100 100
American Sign Language 335 165 165 65 35 35
Quebec Sign Language 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sign languages, n.i.e 495 275 225 135 70 65
Sino-Tibetan languages 122,450 57,740 64,705 13,500 6,700 6,795
Chinese languages 120,375 56,675 63,700 12,460 6,165 6,290
Cantonese 59,145 27,755 31,385 3,775 1,830 1,950
Hakka 990 465 530 35 20 15
Mandarin 50,660 23,940 26,720 7,230 3,600 3,630
Min Dong 115 50 65 5 0 0
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 3,060 1,375 1,695 210 110 100
Wu (Shanghainese) 630 305 330 60 35 25
Chinese, n.o.s. 5,725 2,770 2,955 1,135 570 565
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 40 15 25 5 0 0
Tibeto-Burman languages 2,075 1,065 1,005 1,040 530 505
Burmese 430 230 200 180 115 65
Karenic languages 795 415 380 810 395 415
Tibetan 575 295 275 15 5 10
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 275 130 140 35 20 20
Tai-Kadai languages 2,670 955 1,710 525 235 290
Lao 1,020 485 535 345 175 170
Thai 1,630 465 1,165 180 55 125
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e 20 10 15 0 0 0
Turkic languages 4,050 2,250 1,800 360 185 175
Azerbaijani 365 215 155 25 10 10
Turkish 3,140 1,760 1,375 290 155 130
Uyghur 130 70 60 5 0 5
Uzbek 205 115 90 30 5 15
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 215 95 120 15 10 10
Uralic languages 7,470 3,600 3,870 1,555 735 820
Estonian 190 90 105 20 10 10
Finnish 810 330 480 205 85 120
Hungarian 6,470 3,185 3,285 1,330 650 685
Uralic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Other languages, n.i.e. 690 415 280 100 55 45
Multiple responses 92,070 44,900 47,175 18,560 8,955 9,605
English and French 10,230 4,950 5,280 2,045 985 1,060
English and non-official language 77,520 37,815 39,705 15,925 7,675 8,245
French and non-official language 2,685 1,375 1,305 315 150 165
English, French and non-official language 1,640 760 880 280 145 135
Language spoken most often at homeThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Language spoken most often at home for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 19 4,026,655 2,020,510 2,006,145 1,083,240 539,100 544,130
Single responses 3,837,615 1,928,230 1,909,385 1,049,130 522,390 526,740
Official languages 3,354,885 1,690,490 1,664,395 968,625 481,845 486,780
English 3,327,255 1,676,360 1,650,895 964,640 479,915 484,730
French 27,630 14,130 13,500 3,985 1,930 2,050
Non-official languages 482,725 237,740 244,990 80,505 40,540 39,960
Aboriginal languages 9,970 4,940 5,020 16,605 8,355 8,245
Algonquian languages 7,175 3,575 3,605 10,145 5,185 4,960
Blackfoot 1,110 555 555 0 0 0
Cree-Montagnais languages 5,875 2,925 2,945 10,000 5,105 4,895
Atikamekw 0 0 0 0 0 0
Montagnais (Innu) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Moose Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Naskapi 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern East Cree 20 10 10 0 0 0
Plains Cree 125 60 60 1,195 580 610
Southern East Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Swampy Cree 5 0 5 95 40 55
Woods Cree 600 300 295 180 100 85
Cree, n.o.s. 5,120 2,540 2,575 8,525 4,380 4,145
Eastern Algonquian languages 5 5 5 0 0 0
Malecite 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mi'kmaq 5 5 0 0 0 0
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 190 95 95 140 75 65
Algonquin 0 0 0 0 0 0
Ojibway 185 90 95 145 80 70
Oji-Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Ottawa (Odawa) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages 620 320 300 6,360 3,130 3,235
Northern Athabaskan languages 620 325 300 6,365 3,130 3,230
Babine (Wetsuwet'en) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Beaver 10 5 0 0 0 0
Carrier 0 0 0 0 0 0
Chilcotin 0 0 0 0 0 0
Dene 540 280 260 6,360 3,130 3,230
Dogrib (Tlicho) 5 0 0 0 0 0
Gwich'in 5 0 5 0 0 0
Sarsi (Sarcee) 5 5 0 0 0 0
Sekani 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey-Hare languages 60 35 30 0 0 0
North Slavey (Hare) 0 0 0 0 0 0
South Slavey 55 30 25 0 0 0
Slavey, n.o.s. 5 5 5 0 0 0
Tahltan languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tutchone languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Haida 0 0 0 0 0 0
Inuit languages 10 0 10 5 0 5
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 5 0 0 0 0 0
Inuktitut 0 0 0 5 0 0
Inuit languages, n.i.e. 5 0 5 5 0 0
Iroquoian languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Cayuga 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mohawk 0 0 0 0 0 0
Oneida 0 0 0 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 5 0 5 0 0 0
Kutenai 0 0 0 0 0 0
Michif 10 5 5 45 20 25
Salish languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Comox 0 0 0 0 0 0
Halkomelem 0 0 0 0 0 0
Lillooet 0 0 0 0 0 0
Okanagan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Shuswap (Secwepemctsin) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Squamish 0 0 0 0 0 0
Straits 0 0 0 0 0 0
Thompson (Ntlakapamux) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Salish languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Siouan languages 2,125 1,025 1,095 50 25 20
Dakota 175 85 85 35 15 10
Stoney 1,945 935 1,010 0 0 0
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 15 5 10
Tlingit 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tsimshian languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Nisga'a 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tsimshian 0 0 0 0 0 0
Wakashan languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Haisla 0 0 0 0 0 0
Heiltsuk 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kwakiutl (Kwak'wala) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Aboriginal languages, n.o.s. 25 15 10 0 0 0
Non-Aboriginal languages 472,760 232,800 239,965 63,905 32,185 31,720
Afro-Asiatic languages 43,770 22,535 21,235 4,625 2,340 2,290
Berber languages 200 105 95 0 0 0
Kabyle 90 45 40 5 0 0
Berber languages, n.i.e. 105 60 45 0 0 0
Cushitic languages 9,220 4,750 4,470 720 335 380
Bilen 280 160 115 30 15 15
Oromo 2,075 1,060 1,015 140 75 70
Somali 6,850 3,520 3,325 530 245 290
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 15 5 10 15 5 5
Semitic languages 34,310 17,660 16,655 3,900 1,995 1,905
Amharic 4,915 2,390 2,530 150 75 70
Arabic 24,230 12,555 11,675 2,890 1,500 1,390
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 260 130 130 225 105 120
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 95 50 40 115 60 55
Harari 165 80 85 0 0 0
Hebrew 460 235 225 25 10 15
Maltese 15 10 10 0 0 0
Tigrigna 3,955 2,095 1,860 430 205 220
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 210 110 100 70 40 30
Afro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 45 20 20 5 0 0
Austro-Asiatic languages 16,355 7,635 8,715 1,740 850 895
Khmer (Cambodian) 960 460 500 40 20 25
Vietnamese 15,380 7,175 8,205 1,700 830 865
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e 15 0 10 0 0 0
Austronesian languages 60,860 28,765 32,100 12,515 6,210 6,300
Bikol 70 40 35 15 5 10
Cebuano 2,110 1,015 1,090 580 280 295
Fijian 45 25 20 0 0 0
Hiligaynon 470 215 255 110 60 50
Ilocano 1,975 935 1,035 240 115 120
Malagasy 20 10 10 0 0 0
Malay 405 205 195 35 20 15
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 220 110 110 70 35 35
Pangasinan 45 20 30 10 5 5
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 55,105 26,005 29,100 11,345 5,630 5,715
Waray-Waray 125 60 60 15 5 5
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 280 120 155 95 50 45
Creole languages 970 495 475 95 35 65
Haitian Creole 50 25 25 0 0 5
Creole, n.o.s. 655 345 310 65 25 40
Creole languages, n.i.e. 270 125 140 35 10 20
Dravidian languages 8,460 4,335 4,125 845 440 410
Kannada 210 105 105 20 10 10
Malayalam 4,060 2,070 1,990 525 265 260
Tamil 2,915 1,515 1,395 155 90 65
Telugu 1,245 635 615 145 75 70
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 30 10 15 0 0 0
Hmong-Mien languages 70 35 35 0 0 0
Indo-European languages 230,270 115,280 114,995 31,235 15,915 15,325
Albanian 1,060 570 485 205 100 100
Armenian 215 115 105 45 25 20
Balto-Slavic languages 30,220 14,820 15,400 5,170 2,560 2,610
Baltic languages 410 210 200 80 35 45
Latvian 165 85 80 40 20 20
Lithuanian 250 125 120 40 15 25
Slavic languages 29,815 14,610 15,205 5,090 2,525 2,560
Belarusan 15 10 5 0 0 0
Bosnian 785 400 385 85 45 40
Bulgarian 825 415 405 35 20 15
Croatian 1,800 905 895 170 85 85
Czech 875 440 430 30 20 15
Macedonian 175 90 85 35 15 15
Polish 7,705 3,675 4,030 480 220 255
Russian 10,145 4,965 5,175 1,725 875 840
Serbian 2,100 1,045 1,055 270 140 130
Serbo-Croatian 315 160 155 45 20 25
Slovak 710 345 365 30 15 15
Slovene (Slovenian) 150 70 75 5 5 0
Ukrainian 4,180 2,060 2,110 2,010 985 1,025
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 55 30 25 170 80 90
Celtic languages 40 25 15 10 5 5
Scottish Gaelic 15 15 5 5 0 5
Welsh 15 5 5 5 0 5
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 10 5 0 0 5 0
Germanic languages 40,915 20,280 20,625 8,110 3,990 4,120
Afrikaans 1,705 835 875 530 275 250
Danish 150 75 75 10 5 0
Dutch 1,980 985 1,000 200 110 95
Frisian 60 30 30 5 0 0
German 36,295 18,010 18,290 7,290 3,565 3,725
Icelandic 30 15 15 0 0 0
Norwegian 60 20 35 10 5 10
Swedish 145 65 80 10 5 10
Vlaams (Flemish) 60 30 25 0 0 5
Yiddish 15 5 5 5 0 5
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 425 215 210 45 25 20
Greek 1,015 490 525 395 190 205
Indo-Iranian languages 111,975 56,535 55,445 14,385 7,560 6,825
Indo-Aryan languages 98,610 49,790 48,815 12,960 6,820 6,140
Bengali 4,530 2,300 2,225 1,915 980 930
Gujarati 8,025 4,085 3,935 1,585 865 720
Hindi 9,945 5,115 4,825 880 490 390
Kashmiri 50 20 25 5 0 0
Konkani 75 40 40 10 5 5
Marathi 845 440 405 55 30 30
Nepali 3,710 1,905 1,805 570 290 275
Oriya (Odia) 95 50 45 0 0 0
Punjabi (Panjabi) 51,010 25,720 25,295 3,485 1,885 1,605
Sindhi 1,240 575 665 55 25 25
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 1,480 750 730 140 70 70
Urdu 17,600 8,795 8,810 4,265 2,180 2,080
Iranian languages 12,720 6,415 6,305 1,280 660 615
Kurdish 850 440 410 65 40 30
Pashto 1,640 845 795 345 185 160
Persian (Farsi) 10,230 5,135 5,100 865 435 430
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 650 325 325 150 80 65
Italic (Romance) languages 44,830 22,445 22,385 2,920 1,480 1,435
Catalan 35 10 20 0 0 0
Italian 2,840 1,275 1,560 155 80 75
Portuguese 3,905 1,875 2,030 220 100 115
Romanian 4,135 2,115 2,020 315 165 150
Spanish 33,910 17,160 16,755 2,220 1,130 1,085
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 10 5 5 10 0 5
Japanese 2,245 945 1,300 120 45 75
Kartvelian languages 160 85 70 0 0 0
Georgian 160 85 70 0 0 0
Korean 12,775 6,205 6,570 1,180 590 595
Mongolic languages 335 160 175 25 10 10
Mongolian 335 155 175 25 10 10
Niger-Congo languages 5,600 2,725 2,875 735 350 380
Akan (Twi) 845 415 430 55 30 25
Bamanankan 10 10 0 0 0 0
Edo 70 35 35 10 0 5
Ewe 80 45 35 5 5 5
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 105 55 45 20 10 10
Ga 40 20 20 0 0 0
Ganda 95 50 50 10 5 5
Igbo 265 125 145 40 15 20
Lingala 85 35 45 15 10 10
Rundi (Kirundi) 280 135 145 85 45 40
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 350 175 170 35 15 25
Shona 410 190 225 35 25 15
Swahili 1,090 530 565 200 90 110
Wolof 170 95 75 0 5 0
Yoruba 690 340 350 115 55 55
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 1,015 485 535 100 45 55
Nilo-Saharan languages 1,525 765 755 135 65 70
Dinka 800 420 380 65 30 30
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 725 350 375 70 35 40
Sign languages 1,095 630 465 285 175 105
American Sign Language 325 170 155 50 30 20
Quebec Sign Language 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sign languages, n.i.e 765 455 310 230 150 85
Sino-Tibetan languages 82,380 39,230 43,155 9,700 4,835 4,865
Chinese languages 80,880 38,455 42,420 8,925 4,450 4,475
Cantonese 38,275 17,810 20,460 2,400 1,140 1,265
Hakka 315 135 185 5 0 0
Mandarin 37,125 18,030 19,095 5,645 2,865 2,780
Min Dong 20 5 10 0 0 0
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 1,245 540 705 80 45 35
Wu (Shanghainese) 340 175 165 30 15 15
Chinese, n.o.s. 3,550 1,760 1,785 760 385 380
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 10 5 5 0 0 5
Tibeto-Burman languages 1,500 770 730 775 380 395
Burmese 280 145 130 115 65 55
Karenic languages 665 340 320 640 310 335
Tibetan 420 220 200 10 0 5
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 140 65 75 5 5 5
Tai-Kadai languages 1,130 505 625 190 85 105
Lao 465 215 245 125 60 60
Thai 655 285 370 70 25 45
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e 10 5 10 0 0 0
Turkic languages 2,390 1,270 1,120 195 100 95
Azerbaijani 155 90 75 5 5 5
Turkish 1,945 1,030 915 170 90 85
Uyghur 80 45 40 0 0 0
Uzbek 135 70 65 10 5 10
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 70 35 25 5 0 5
Uralic languages 2,130 1,040 1,085 240 125 120
Estonian 25 10 15 10 0 5
Finnish 105 50 50 15 10 5
Hungarian 1,995 980 1,015 215 110 105
Uralic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Other languages, n.i.e. 240 140 95 45 25 20
Multiple responses 189,040 92,280 96,760 34,110 16,720 17,395
English and French 6,885 3,410 3,475 1,210 575 635
English and non-official language 178,070 86,895 91,170 32,250 15,810 16,435
French and non-official language 1,125 540 580 150 85 70
English, French and non-official language 2,965 1,430 1,530 495 250 250
Other language spoken regularly at homeThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Other language(s) spoken regularly at home for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 20 4,026,650 2,020,510 2,006,140 1,083,235 539,100 544,130
None 3,492,295 1,760,240 1,732,055 983,935 490,490 493,450
English 221,305 110,655 110,650 41,920 21,045 20,875
French 41,840 19,470 22,375 9,340 4,085 5,255
Non-official language 262,255 125,640 136,615 46,495 22,705 23,785
Aboriginal 17,430 8,325 9,105 13,490 6,445 7,050
Non-Aboriginal 244,825 117,315 127,510 33,005 16,265 16,740
English and French 1,535 775 760 170 85 85
English and non-official language 4,545 2,345 2,195 860 440 420
French and non-official language 2,795 1,340 1,455 495 245 255
English, French and non-official language 85 50 40 20 5 10
Income of individuals in 2015
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 21 3,206,050 1,602,690 1,603,360 857,270 424,245 433,025
Number of total income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 3,053,470 1,528,275 1,525,190 822,620 407,715 414,905
Median total income in 2015 among recipients ($) 42,717 54,891 33,213 38,299 46,117 31,978
Number of after-tax income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 3,054,135 1,528,420 1,525,715 822,745 407,730 415,015
Median after-tax income in 2015 among recipients ($) 38,067 47,131 30,478 34,570 40,492 29,564
Number of market income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 2,839,590 1,458,560 1,381,030 750,515 378,290 372,225
Median market income in 2015 among recipients ($) 42,330 54,528 32,099 36,883 45,587 29,314
Number of government transfers recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 1,785,065 711,210 1,073,855 550,165 236,760 313,405
Median government transfers in 2015 among recipients ($) 4,093 3,834 4,185 5,340 4,200 5,870
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 2,473,665 1,301,630 1,172,030 636,955 331,975 304,970
Median employment income in 2015 among recipients ($) 42,679 54,361 32,982 36,612 44,551 30,027
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 22 3,206,045 1,602,810 1,603,235 857,300 424,265 433,030
Number of total income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 3,054,555 1,528,100 1,526,455 822,545 407,840 414,705
Average total income in 2015 among recipients ($) 62,778 80,001 45,535 49,409 58,791 40,184
Number of after-tax income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 3,055,230 1,528,240 1,526,995 822,655 407,855 414,800
Average after-tax income in 2015 among recipients ($) 50,683 62,938 38,417 40,933 47,453 34,523
Number of market income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 2,840,675 1,458,210 1,382,465 750,475 378,445 372,035
Average market income in 2015 among recipients ($) 62,997 80,282 44,766 48,491 58,779 38,026
Number of government transfers recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 1,784,345 710,105 1,074,240 549,500 236,590 312,910
Average government transfers in 2015 among recipients ($) 7,175 7,298 7,093 7,734 7,322 8,045
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 2,473,665 1,299,805 1,173,855 636,950 331,745 305,205
Average employment income in 2015 among recipients ($) 59,343 74,073 43,031 46,853 55,728 37,207
Total - Employment income statistics for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 23 3,206,050 1,602,810 1,603,240 857,295 424,260 433,030
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households who worked full year full time in 2015 - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 24 1,152,385 669,770 482,615 302,780 173,250 129,525
Median employment income in 2015 for full-year full-time workers ($)Census data footnote 25 64,090 73,781 53,836 55,368 62,070 48,579
Average employment income in 2015 for full-year full-time workers ($)Census data footnote 26 81,586 94,822 63,218 64,855 72,366 54,808
Composition of total income in 2015 of the population aged 15 years and over in private households (%) - 100% dataCensus data footnote 27 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0
Market income (%)Census data footnote 28 93.3 95.8 89.1 89.5 92.8 84.8
Employment income (%)Census data footnote 29 76.5 78.9 72.3 73.2 76.8 68.0
Government transfers (%)Census data footnote 30 6.7 4.2 10.9 10.5 7.2 15.2
Total - Total income groups in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 31 3,206,050 1,602,690 1,603,360 857,270 424,245 433,025
Without total income 152,585 74,410 78,170 34,645 16,530 18,120
With total income 3,053,470 1,528,280 1,525,190 822,620 407,715 414,905
Percentage with total income 95.2 95.4 95.1 96.0 96.1 95.8
Under $10,000 (including loss) 389,580 146,450 243,130 105,780 47,325 58,455
$10,000 to $19,999 385,235 147,125 238,110 118,380 46,195 72,180
$20,000 to $29,999 364,915 142,810 222,105 107,890 42,345 65,545
$30,000 to $39,999 305,680 131,185 174,490 95,605 41,315 54,295
$40,000 to $49,999 286,615 133,715 152,900 89,285 42,260 47,025
$50,000 to $59,999 247,830 124,720 123,115 70,395 36,950 33,450
$60,000 to $69,999 205,840 114,405 91,430 53,855 31,055 22,795
$70,000 to $79,999 165,640 99,645 65,995 41,930 25,290 16,645
$80,000 to $89,999 132,720 82,700 50,020 34,305 20,750 13,560
$90,000 to $99,999 114,010 70,655 43,350 26,165 16,100 10,060
$100,000 and over 455,410 334,865 120,550 79,030 58,125 20,905
$100,000 to $149,999 274,185 191,710 82,475 56,160 40,025 16,140
$150,000 and over 181,225 143,150 38,075 22,870 18,100 4,770
Total - After-tax income groups in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 32 3,206,050 1,602,690 1,603,365 857,270 424,245 433,025
Without after-tax income 151,915 74,270 77,645 34,520 16,515 18,010
With after-tax income 3,054,135 1,528,420 1,525,715 822,745 407,730 415,015
Percentage with after-tax income 95.3 95.4 95.2 96.0 96.1 95.8
Under $10,000 (including loss) 399,005 149,280 249,725 108,310 48,150 60,160
$10,000 to $19,999 402,780 154,330 248,450 123,690 48,420 75,275
$20,000 to $29,999 420,955 166,650 254,300 125,285 50,160 75,125
$30,000 to $39,999 377,590 169,665 207,925 119,460 54,365 65,100
$40,000 to $49,999 347,960 172,595 175,365 103,250 52,900 50,350
$50,000 to $59,999 276,970 153,985 122,985 73,855 42,315 31,540
$60,000 to $69,999 208,265 127,045 81,220 53,925 32,645 21,280
$70,000 to $79,999 160,580 100,970 59,610 38,615 23,385 15,235
$80,000 and over 460,030 333,895 126,140 76,345 55,395 20,950
$80,000 to $89,999 121,015 78,400 42,620 24,935 16,370 8,560
$90,000 to $99,999 82,020 57,375 24,645 16,260 11,815 4,445
$100,000 and over 257,000 198,120 58,875 35,155 27,210 7,945
Total - Employment income groups in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 33 3,206,050 1,602,690 1,603,360 857,270 424,245 433,025
Without employment income 732,385 301,060 431,330 220,320 92,270 128,055
With employment income 2,473,665 1,301,630 1,172,035 636,950 331,980 304,970
Percentage with employment income 77.2 81.2 73.1 74.3 78.3 70.4
Under $5,000 (including loss) 273,835 122,830 151,005 82,210 38,805 43,410
$5,000 to $9,999 164,095 68,100 95,990 46,620 20,310 26,310
$10,000 to $19,999 274,105 113,680 160,430 77,480 33,900 43,575
$20,000 to $29,999 235,620 96,855 138,760 68,175 29,285 38,885
$30,000 to $39,999 227,450 100,650 126,805 66,120 29,825 36,295
$40,000 to $49,999 219,155 103,680 115,475 61,800 29,930 31,870
$50,000 to $59,999 195,145 99,285 95,860 51,075 27,565 23,510
$60,000 to $69,999 163,465 92,950 70,515 39,805 23,605 16,195
$70,000 to $79,999 135,150 83,240 51,910 32,265 20,015 12,255
$80,000 and over 585,640 420,365 165,280 111,405 78,745 32,665
$80,000 to $89,999 111,045 71,210 39,835 28,240 17,220 11,020
$90,000 to $99,999 99,785 62,305 37,480 21,415 13,645 7,770
$100,000 and over 374,815 286,855 87,960 61,750 47,885 13,870
Income of households in 2015
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for private households by household size - 100% dataCensus data footnote 34 1,527,680 ... ... 432,625 ... ...
Median total income of households in 2015 ($) 93,835 ... ... 75,412 ... ...
Median after-tax income of households in 2015 ($) 80,300 ... ... 65,784 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for one-person private households - 100% data 366,080 ... ... 121,175 ... ...
Median total income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 47,948 ... ... 38,188 ... ...
Median after-tax income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 41,502 ... ... 34,099 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for two-or-more-person private households - 100% data 1,161,600 ... ... 311,450 ... ...
Median total income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 111,435 ... ... 94,530 ... ...
Median after-tax income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 94,830 ... ... 81,696 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for private households by household size - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 35 1,527,675 ... ... 432,620 ... ...
Average total income of households in 2015 ($) 125,522 ... ... 93,942 ... ...
Average after-tax income of households in 2015 ($) 101,361 ... ... 77,837 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for one-person private households - 25% sample data 365,000 ... ... 121,040 ... ...
Average total income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 64,341 ... ... 48,880 ... ...
Average after-tax income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 52,116 ... ... 40,555 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for two-or-more-person private households - 25% sample data 1,162,675 ... ... 311,580 ... ...
Average total income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 144,729 ... ... 111,447 ... ...
Average after-tax income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 116,821 ... ... 92,320 ... ...
Total - Household total income groups in 2015 for private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 36 1,527,680 ... ... 432,625 ... ...
Under $5,000 21,660 ... ... 6,930 ... ...
$5,000 to $9,999 13,555 ... ... 4,575 ... ...
$10,000 to $14,999 18,070 ... ... 7,675 ... ...
$15,000 to $19,999 33,045 ... ... 18,025 ... ...
$20,000 to $24,999 51,505 ... ... 18,845 ... ...
$25,000 to $29,999 38,615 ... ... 14,875 ... ...
$30,000 to $34,999 42,580 ... ... 17,700 ... ...
$35,000 to $39,999 46,630 ... ... 17,410 ... ...
$40,000 to $44,999 46,520 ... ... 17,345 ... ...
$45,000 to $49,999 46,825 ... ... 16,525 ... ...
$50,000 to $59,999 95,425 ... ... 31,595 ... ...
$60,000 to $69,999 95,340 ... ... 29,700 ... ...
$70,000 to $79,999 92,345 ... ... 27,605 ... ...
$80,000 to $89,999 88,775 ... ... 25,810 ... ...
$90,000 to $99,999 84,570 ... ... 23,280 ... ...
$100,000 and over 712,215 ... ... 154,720 ... ...
$100,000 to $124,999 184,595 ... ... 48,375 ... ...
$125,000 to $149,999 142,910 ... ... 35,320 ... ...
$150,000 to $199,999 181,960 ... ... 40,875 ... ...
$200,000 and over 202,745 ... ... 30,160 ... ...
Total - Household after-tax income groups in 2015 for private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 32 1,527,680 ... ... 432,625 ... ...
Under $5,000 23,395 ... ... 7,355 ... ...
$5,000 to $9,999 13,860 ... ... 4,680 ... ...
$10,000 to $14,999 18,600 ... ... 7,860 ... ...
$15,000 to $19,999 34,540 ... ... 18,625 ... ...
$20,000 to $24,999 55,010 ... ... 20,275 ... ...
$25,000 to $29,999 44,170 ... ... 17,325 ... ...
$30,000 to $34,999 50,280 ... ... 20,700 ... ...
$35,000 to $39,999 55,645 ... ... 20,990 ... ...
$40,000 to $44,999 57,695 ... ... 20,395 ... ...
$45,000 to $49,999 59,195 ... ... 19,790 ... ...
$50,000 to $59,999 119,200 ... ... 37,680 ... ...
$60,000 to $69,999 116,250 ... ... 35,255 ... ...
$70,000 to $79,999 112,675 ... ... 32,575 ... ...
$80,000 to $89,999 106,235 ... ... 28,995 ... ...
$90,000 to $99,999 95,600 ... ... 25,545 ... ...
$100,000 and over 565,335 ... ... 114,570 ... ...
$100,000 to $124,999 192,795 ... ... 47,890 ... ...
$125,000 to $149,999 132,240 ... ... 29,680 ... ...
$150,000 and over 240,305 ... ... 36,995 ... ...
Income of economic families in 2015
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for economic families in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 37 1,099,900 ... ... 299,345 ... ...
Median total income of economic families in 2015 ($) 109,997 ... ... 93,747 ... ...
Median after-tax income of economic families in 2015 ($) 93,588 ... ... 81,065 ... ...
Average family size of economic families 3.1 ... ... 3.0 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families without children or other relatives in private households - 100% data 407,300 ... ... 122,845 ... ...
Median total income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 101,283 ... ... 87,865 ... ...
Median after-tax income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 86,043 ... ... 75,765 ... ...
Average family size of couple economic families without children or other relatives 2.0 ... ... 2.0 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families with children in private households - 100% data 511,375 ... ... 124,285 ... ...
Median total income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 133,186 ... ... 119,530 ... ...
Median after-tax income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 111,951 ... ... 101,656 ... ...
Average family size of couple economic families with children 4.1 ... ... 4.1 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for lone-parent economic families in private households - 100% data 146,045 ... ... 44,110 ... ...
Median total income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 62,909 ... ... 50,749 ... ...
Median after-tax income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 57,079 ... ... 47,776 ... ...
Average family size of lone-parent economic families 2.7 ... ... 2.9 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for economic families in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 38 1,101,485 ... ... 299,455 ... ...
Average total income of economic families in 2015 ($) 144,493 ... ... 111,031 ... ...
Average after-tax income of economic families in 2015 ($) 116,343 ... ... 91,825 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families without children or other relatives in private households - 25% sample data 408,625 ... ... 123,045 ... ...
Average total income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 137,805 ... ... 104,889 ... ...
Average after-tax income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 110,236 ... ... 86,074 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families with children in private households - 25% sample data 512,615 ... ... 124,275 ... ...
Average total income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 169,354 ... ... 135,718 ... ...
Average after-tax income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 135,623 ... ... 111,601 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for lone-parent economic families in private households - 25% sample data 145,115 ... ... 44,125 ... ...
Average total income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 80,406 ... ... 62,208 ... ...
Average after-tax income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 68,470 ... ... 54,678 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 21 577,475 308,835 268,640 161,805 82,400 79,405
Median total income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 39 42,598 47,903 37,344 35,875 40,000 32,247
Median after-tax income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 39 37,648 41,340 33,785 32,415 35,306 29,777
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 40 573,385 306,195 267,190 161,560 82,510 79,050
Average total income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 41 56,856 63,468 49,280 45,756 49,739 41,598
Average after-tax income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 41 46,559 50,990 41,481 38,229 40,766 35,581
Total - Economic family income decile group for the population in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 42 3,978,150 1,998,500 1,979,650 1,070,555 533,385 537,175
In the bottom half of the distribution 1,527,695 739,210 788,485 506,055 243,040 263,010
In the bottom decile 293,490 143,880 149,605 111,770 55,530 56,245
In the second decile 278,635 128,055 150,575 104,900 46,610 58,285
In the third decile 297,695 142,090 155,605 94,035 44,535 49,500
In the fourth decile 315,570 154,815 160,760 96,045 47,015 49,030
In the fifth decile 342,305 170,375 171,935 99,300 49,350 49,950
In the top half of the distribution 2,450,450 1,259,285 1,191,160 564,505 290,345 274,160
In the sixth decile 366,250 183,860 182,390 104,200 52,705 51,495
In the seventh decile 397,275 201,465 195,810 109,400 55,670 53,725
In the eighth decile 443,585 227,385 216,200 115,215 59,255 55,965
In the ninth decile 522,545 268,995 253,555 121,965 62,875 59,085
In the top decile 720,795 377,585 343,215 113,730 59,840 53,885
Low income in 2015
Total - Low-income status in 2015 for the population in private households to whom low-income concepts are applicable - 100% dataCensus data footnote 43 3,925,220 1,971,735 1,953,485 1,014,605 505,225 509,380
0 to 17 years 893,255 458,330 434,925 230,205 117,925 112,275
0 to 5 years 310,080 158,825 151,260 79,345 40,700 38,645
18 to 64 years 2,580,730 1,298,440 1,282,295 631,280 316,125 315,155
65 years and over 451,235 214,965 236,265 153,120 71,180 81,950
In low income based on the Low-income measure, after tax (LIM-AT) 363,890 171,945 191,940 130,220 60,375 69,845
0 to 17 years 114,215 58,665 55,555 41,010 20,960 20,050
0 to 5 years 41,755 21,350 20,400 15,420 7,850 7,575
18 to 64 years 210,870 98,415 112,455 67,080 31,315 35,765
65 years and over 38,800 14,875 23,925 22,130 8,100 14,025
Prevalence of low income based on the Low-income measure, after tax (LIM-AT) (%) 9.3 8.7 9.8 12.8 12.0 13.7
0 to 17 years (%) 12.8 12.8 12.8 17.8 17.8 17.9
0 to 5 years (%) 13.5 13.4 13.5 19.4 19.3 19.6
18 to 64 years (%) 8.2 7.6 8.8 10.6 9.9 11.3
65 years and over (%) 8.6 6.9 10.1 14.5 11.4 17.1
In low income based on the Low-income cut-offs, after tax (LICO-AT) 273,515 134,180 139,335 59,440 29,890 29,545
0 to 17 years 76,930 39,385 37,550 17,870 9,140 8,735
0 to 5 years 28,190 14,420 13,770 7,005 3,540 3,465
18 to 64 years 181,805 88,715 93,095 38,775 19,470 19,305
65 years and over 14,780 6,085 8,695 2,795 1,280 1,510
Prevalence of low income based on the Low-income cut-offs, after tax (LICO-AT) (%) 7.0 6.8 7.1 5.9 5.9 5.8
0 to 17 years (%) 8.6 8.6 8.6 7.8 7.8 7.8
0 to 5 years (%) 9.1 9.1 9.1 8.8 8.7 9.0
18 to 64 years (%) 7.0 6.8 7.3 6.1 6.2 6.1
65 years and over (%) 3.3 2.8 3.7 1.8 1.8 1.8
Knowledge of languagesThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Knowledge of languages for the population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 44 3,978,145 1,998,500 1,979,645 1,070,560 533,385 537,175
Official languages 3,920,530 1,974,435 1,946,095 1,062,885 529,920 532,965
English 3,916,805 1,972,800 1,944,005 1,062,275 529,630 532,645
French 264,600 123,940 140,660 51,325 23,600 27,725
Non-official languages 1,082,425 527,770 554,655 187,450 91,805 95,645
Aboriginal languages 36,465 17,415 19,045 38,110 18,390 19,720
Algonquian languages 29,675 14,120 15,555 28,270 13,675 14,590
Blackfoot 5,575 2,665 2,905 10 10 0
Cree-Montagnais languages 23,465 11,155 12,310 27,065 13,115 13,950
Atikamekw 0 0 0 0 0 0
Montagnais (Innu) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Moose Cree 25 0 15 0 0 0
Naskapi 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern East Cree 90 20 70 40 30 15
Plains Cree 1,580 620 965 3,665 1,770 1,900
Southern East Cree 10 10 0 0 0 0
Swampy Cree 45 25 25 470 185 285
Woods Cree 1,135 525 610 1,260 570 695
Cree, n.o.s. 20,665 9,990 10,675 21,870 10,695 11,175
Eastern Algonquian languages 35 15 15 0 0 0
Malecite 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mi'kmaq 35 15 15 0 0 0
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 955 425 530 1,310 620 695
Algonquin 10 10 0 0 0 0
Ojibway 925 415 505 1,300 610 690
Oji-Cree 20 10 15 10 0 0
Ottawa (Odawa) 0 0 10 0 0 0
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 10 10 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages 2,640 1,255 1,385 9,120 4,350 4,770
Northern Athabaskan languages 2,630 1,250 1,380 9,105 4,345 4,760
Babine (Wetsuwet'en) 0 10 0 0 0 0
Beaver 85 50 35 0 0 0
Carrier 45 10 35 0 0 0
Chilcotin 20 15 10 0 0 0
Dene 2,010 975 1,035 9,105 4,350 4,755
Dogrib (Tlicho) 75 30 45 0 0 0
Gwich'in 10 0 10 10 0 0
Sarsi (Sarcee) 150 65 85 0 0 0
Sekani 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey-Hare languages 285 140 145 0 0 0
North Slavey (Hare) 25 15 10 0 0 0
South Slavey 190 90 100 0 0 0
Slavey, n.o.s. 75 35 45 0 0 0
Tahltan languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tutchone languages 0 0 10 0 0 0
Northern Tutchone 10 0 10 0 0 0
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 10 0 10 10 0 10
Haida 10 0 10 10 0 10
Inuit languages 135 50 80 10 0 0
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 35 10 25 0 0 0
Inuktitut 60 20 35 0 0 0
Inuit languages, n.i.e. 40 25 20 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages 40 25 10 10 10 10
Cayuga 0 10 0 0 0 0
Mohawk 35 25 0 10 0 10
Oneida 0 0 0 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 0 10 10 0 0 0
Kutenai 0 0 0 0 0 0
Michif 145 75 70 505 240 260
Salish languages 50 25 25 0 0 0
Comox 0 0 0 0 0 0
Halkomelem 10 0 0 0 0 0
Lillooet 0 0 0 0 0 0
Okanagan 15 10 10 0 0 0
Shuswap (Secwepemctsin) 10 0 10 0 0 0
Squamish 0 0 0 0 0 0
Straits 10 0 0 0 0 0
Thompson (Ntlakapamux) 10 0 10 0 0 0
Salish languages, n.i.e. 10 0 0 0 0 0
Siouan languages 4,050 2,005 2,045 510 255 250
Dakota 530 285 245 415 205 210
Stoney 3,650 1,790 1,855 10 10 0
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 10 0 10 90 50 45
Tlingit 10 0 0 0 0 0
Tsimshian languages 35 15 15 0 0 0
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 20 10 10 0 0 0
Nisga'a 15 0 0 0 0 0
Tsimshian 0 0 0 0 0 0
Wakashan languages 10 10 0 0 0 0
Haisla 0 0 0 0 0 0
Heiltsuk 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kwakiutl (Kwak'wala) 10 10 0 0 0 0
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Aboriginal languages, n.o.s. 30 15 15 30 15 20
Non-Aboriginal languages 1,046,245 510,495 535,750 149,475 73,470 76,000
Afro-Asiatic languages 96,210 50,675 45,535 8,595 4,585 4,015
Berber languages 540 335 205 40 35 0
Kabyle 225 125 90 10 10 0
Berber languages, n.i.e. 315 210 110 30 25 0
Cushitic languages 15,445 8,055 7,385 1,305 620 690
Bilen 370 235 135 85 40 45
Oromo 3,125 1,625 1,500 160 70 90
Somali 12,030 6,240 5,795 1,090 520 570
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 55 20 40 0 0 0
Semitic languages 82,200 43,405 38,800 7,500 4,075 3,425
Amharic 10,870 5,595 5,275 545 255 290
Arabic 62,730 33,365 29,370 5,605 3,165 2,435
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 430 225 210 505 240 265
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 150 70 75 195 95 100
Harari 340 150 185 0 0 0
Hebrew 3,250 1,650 1,600 470 245 230
Maltese 145 85 55 0 0 0
Tigrigna 7,315 3,915 3,400 705 350 355
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 450 250 205 245 120 125
Afro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 375 225 145 70 35 30
Austro-Asiatic languages 32,730 15,440 17,290 3,315 1,685 1,635
Khmer (Cambodian) 2,700 1,375 1,330 210 105 105
Vietnamese 30,150 14,130 16,015 3,105 1,580 1,525
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 15 0 10 0 0 0
Austronesian languages 145,745 63,615 82,130 29,705 14,065 15,640
Bikol 330 150 180 90 30 55
Cebuano 6,690 2,940 3,750 2,115 945 1,170
Fijian 340 195 145 20 10 10
Hiligaynon 1,760 745 1,020 285 130 150
Ilocano 7,370 3,160 4,215 785 365 415
Malagasy 80 40 40 10 0 0
Malay 3,040 1,435 1,610 215 95 115
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 1,185 565 625 265 130 135
Pangasinan 445 190 250 45 25 20
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 138,440 60,115 78,325 28,655 13,575 15,080
Waray-Waray 420 170 245 35 25 10
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 1,160 505 650 300 145 155
Creole languages 4,585 2,390 2,195 495 230 270
Haitian Creole 255 140 115 10 0 0
Creole, n.o.s. 2,675 1,425 1,250 240 95 145
Creole languages, n.i.e. 1,680 840 850 250 125 120
Dravidian languages 18,190 9,660 8,525 2,190 1,205 980
Kannada 1,035 520 515 115 65 55
Malayalam 8,150 4,255 3,900 1,170 625 540
Tamil 7,195 3,900 3,295 635 345 290
Telugu 2,910 1,560 1,345 435 270 165
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 150 80 70 15 0 15
Hmong-Mien languages 115 55 55 0 0 0
Indo-European languages 550,490 274,510 275,980 81,985 40,685 41,300
Albanian 2,880 1,550 1,325 560 275 285
Armenian 530 255 275 115 65 45
Balto-Slavic languages 93,150 44,750 48,395 20,395 9,470 10,925
Baltic languages 1,360 660 705 225 120 110
Latvian 590 300 290 135 60 70
Lithuanian 775 360 415 95 60 35
Slavic languages 92,300 44,340 47,960 20,265 9,400 10,860
Belarusan 200 95 105 20 0 15
Bosnian 2,880 1,450 1,435 325 155 165
Bulgarian 1,795 945 850 75 40 35
Croatian 6,280 3,260 3,025 605 355 250
Czech 3,590 1,650 1,940 300 155 150
Macedonian 535 270 265 65 35 35
Polish 23,650 11,455 12,195 2,185 1,040 1,145
Russian 27,375 13,195 14,175 5,275 2,585 2,690
Serbian 5,355 2,630 2,730 790 410 385
Serbo-Croatian 1,095 550 540 80 30 50
Slovak 2,780 1,495 1,285 125 85 40
Slovene (Slovenian) 735 360 375 105 50 50
Ukrainian 26,600 11,980 14,620 13,090 5,770 7,325
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 250 120 130 345 205 140
Celtic languages 1,180 615 560 165 105 65
Scottish Gaelic 440 215 225 55 35 25
Welsh 315 180 130 50 30 20
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 450 220 225 70 45 20
Germanic languages 112,670 56,325 56,345 21,275 10,435 10,840
Afrikaans 5,165 2,655 2,515 1,455 750 705
Danish 2,800 1,360 1,440 320 195 125
Dutch 19,480 9,595 9,890 1,510 720 790
Frisian 475 275 205 25 15 15
German 83,010 41,905 41,105 17,390 8,525 8,870
Icelandic 160 70 95 70 40 30
Norwegian 1,450 635 810 415 180 235
Swedish 1,635 800 835 230 95 130
Vlaams (Flemish) 380 170 215 80 25 50
Yiddish 250 130 115 75 35 30
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 2,115 1,095 1,015 265 135 125
Greek 4,935 2,535 2,400 1,470 725 745
Indo-Iranian languages 206,725 106,045 100,675 27,395 14,650 12,740
Indo-Aryan languages 186,005 95,045 90,960 25,355 13,530 11,825
Bengali 8,530 4,385 4,140 3,520 1,895 1,620
Gujarati 18,005 8,945 9,055 3,320 1,760 1,555
Hindi 61,290 31,900 29,385 8,040 4,480 3,560
Kashmiri 125 80 45 40 25 20
Konkani 625 300 320 40 30 15
Marathi 2,575 1,385 1,195 185 120 70
Nepali 5,510 3,000 2,510 835 435 400
Oriya (Odia) 255 135 120 25 15 10
Punjabi (Panjabi) 90,485 46,350 44,135 8,300 4,635 3,665
Sindhi 4,595 2,065 2,530 180 105 75
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 3,800 1,925 1,875 355 205 150
Urdu 41,235 21,245 20,000 9,455 4,815 4,635
Iranian languages 22,140 11,665 10,475 2,285 1,240 1,040
Kurdish 1,930 1,100 825 145 90 60
Pashto 3,330 1,795 1,530 555 315 240
Persian (Farsi) 17,600 9,220 8,375 1,630 870 760
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 1,760 960 805 275 135 140
Italic (Romance) languages 142,340 69,885 72,450 12,660 6,085 6,570
Catalan 170 95 80 0 10 0
Italian 19,900 9,875 10,020 1,360 670 690
Portuguese 12,670 6,255 6,415 885 380 505
Romanian 9,915 5,185 4,735 1,105 525 575
Spanish 104,445 50,960 53,490 9,605 4,635 4,965
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 250 130 125 40 30 10
Japanese 9,215 4,115 5,100 1,205 540 665
Kartvelian languages 225 130 100 15 0 15
Georgian 230 130 100 15 0 10
Korean 19,950 9,405 10,545 1,930 850 1,080
Mongolic languages 800 375 430 55 20 30
Mongolian 800 370 430 60 25 30
Niger-Congo languages 29,430 14,980 14,450 4,125 2,245 1,885
Akan (Twi) 2,925 1,505 1,420 355 185 170
Bamanankan 60 30 30 0 0 10
Edo 620 325 290 20 0 20
Ewe 335 170 165 100 45 55
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 300 165 135 60 45 15
Ga 345 190 155 45 25 15
Ganda 610 305 305 20 10 10
Igbo 2,550 1,345 1,210 625 325 300
Lingala 1,240 640 605 140 70 65
Rundi (Kirundi) 830 420 410 280 150 130
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 1,155 605 550 125 65 55
Shona 1,810 850 960 150 90 55
Swahili 6,700 3,470 3,235 950 570 380
Wolof 600 365 235 40 25 15
Yoruba 5,930 3,035 2,890 965 470 495
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 6,585 3,265 3,320 815 480 335
Nilo-Saharan languages 3,070 1,495 1,575 300 150 145
Dinka 1,655 825 825 100 65 40
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 1,425 675 750 195 90 105
Sign languages 5,910 2,350 3,555 1,565 585 985
American Sign Language 3,085 1,130 1,955 650 215 435
Quebec Sign Language 0 0 10 0 0 0
Sign languages, n.i.e. 2,855 1,230 1,625 915 365 545
Sino-Tibetan languages 141,860 67,945 73,915 14,580 7,115 7,470
Chinese languages 139,385 66,700 72,685 13,630 6,625 7,005
Cantonese 74,770 35,490 39,280 4,675 2,245 2,435
Hakka 1,180 515 660 30 10 20
Mandarin 70,510 33,310 37,195 8,995 4,335 4,660
Min Dong 85 50 40 0 0 0
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 4,140 1,765 2,380 260 125 135
Wu (Shanghainese) 855 380 470 45 20 30
Chinese, n.o.s. 6,335 3,160 3,175 1,245 620 630
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 55 25 35 10 0 10
Tibeto-Burman languages 2,590 1,290 1,300 960 495 460
Burmese 605 305 295 315 185 130
Karenic languages 805 415 390 635 310 325
Tibetan 860 430 430 30 15 10
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 445 215 235 70 25 40
Tai-Kadai languages 3,705 1,510 2,195 635 245 385
Lao 1,520 730 795 410 170 240
Thai 2,400 850 1,545 275 105 170
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e. 45 25 25 0 0 0
Turkic languages 5,795 3,180 2,625 640 365 285
Azerbaijani 630 325 300 25 20 10
Turkish 4,255 2,420 1,835 530 310 220
Uyghur 290 135 155 0 0 0
Uzbek 425 200 225 60 25 35
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 355 170 180 25 10 15
Uralic languages 8,895 4,315 4,575 1,765 850 915
Estonian 185 85 105 20 15 10
Finnish 1,045 455 590 360 170 190
Hungarian 7,660 3,770 3,890 1,385 670 715
Uralic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Other languages, n.i.e. 1,820 1,025 790 340 210 135
Citizenship
Total - Citizenship for the population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 45 3,978,145 1,998,495 1,979,645 1,070,555 533,385 537,175
Canadian citizensCensus data footnote 46 3,622,740 1,825,135 1,797,600 998,035 496,635 501,395
Canadian citizens aged under 18 854,815 439,065 415,755 237,720 121,535 116,185
Canadian citizens aged 18 and over 2,767,920 1,386,070 1,381,850 760,310 375,105 385,210
Not Canadian citizensCensus data footnote 47 355,410 173,365 182,045 72,525 36,750 35,780
Immigrant status and period of immigration
Total - Immigrant status and period of immigration for the population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 48 3,978,145 1,998,495 1,979,650 1,070,560 533,385 537,170
Non-immigrantsCensus data footnote 49 3,062,775 1,550,445 1,512,335 945,810 470,790 475,025
ImmigrantsCensus data footnote 50 845,220 412,320 432,895 112,490 55,800 56,690
Before 1981 163,460 81,620 81,840 16,650 8,190 8,465
1981 to 1990 86,350 41,690 44,660 5,545 2,670 2,875
1991 to 2000 131,560 62,930 68,630 9,315 4,645 4,665
2001 to 2010 256,055 125,235 130,820 33,045 16,410 16,635
2001 to 2005 109,145 53,425 55,720 8,670 4,165 4,505
2006 to 2010 146,910 71,810 75,100 24,370 12,245 12,130
2011 to 2016Census data footnote 51 207,790 100,845 106,945 47,935 23,880 24,055
Non-permanent residentsCensus data footnote 52 70,155 35,735 34,420 12,255 6,800 5,455
Age at immigration
Total - Age at immigration for the immigrant population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 53 845,220 412,320 432,895 112,495 55,795 56,695
Under 5 years 82,175 42,200 39,975 12,060 6,100 5,965
5 to 14 years 149,815 77,820 71,995 21,295 11,015 10,280
15 to 24 years 168,965 78,215 90,755 19,295 8,990 10,305
25 to 44 years 372,805 180,265 192,535 50,945 25,060 25,890
45 years and over 71,450 33,820 37,630 8,895 4,635 4,260
Immigrants by selected place of birthThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census immigration data
Total - Selected places of birth for the immigrant population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 54 845,215 412,325 432,895 112,490 55,800 56,690
Americas 103,540 49,345 54,190 10,765 5,010 5,760
Brazil 2,545 1,100 1,440 185 65 120
Colombia 9,535 4,570 4,960 555 275 280
El Salvador 7,255 3,725 3,530 630 290 340
Guyana 2,555 1,200 1,355 155 75 85
Haiti 1,270 675 600 65 45 20
Jamaica 6,845 3,170 3,680 815 425 395
Mexico 15,665 7,860 7,805 1,330 665 665
Peru 1,920 780 1,140 165 60 100
Trinidad and Tobago 3,415 1,670 1,750 210 105 110
United StatesCensus data footnote 55 30,460 13,675 16,785 4,845 2,045 2,800
Other places of birth in Americas 22,075 10,925 11,150 1,805 955 845
Europe 189,770 95,355 94,415 23,640 11,900 11,740
Bosnia and Herzegovina 4,555 2,325 2,230 455 215 245
Croatia 3,080 1,615 1,465 445 280 165
France 2,535 1,215 1,320 215 90 125
Germany 19,205 9,485 9,715 2,575 1,280 1,295
Greece 2,005 1,115 890 605 325 280
Hungary 3,665 1,880 1,785 395 215 180
IrelandCensus data footnote 56 3,935 2,100 1,835 845 490 355
Italy 8,110 4,370 3,745 570 305 265
Netherlands 14,035 7,420 6,610 1,220 585 635
Poland 16,925 8,045 8,880 1,395 690 705
Portugal 4,050 1,985 2,070 220 105 120
Romania 7,725 3,930 3,795 695 335 360
Russian Federation 7,260 3,135 4,125 805 345 460
SerbiaCensus data footnote 57 2,255 1,080 1,170 585 305 280
Ukraine 8,150 3,700 4,455 3,280 1,630 1,650
United KingdomCensus data footnote 58 59,215 30,280 28,935 7,020 3,520 3,505
Other places of birth in Europe 23,060 11,670 11,390 2,320 1,195 1,125
Africa 89,740 46,705 43,030 10,285 5,360 4,925
Algeria 1,340 715 625 50 35 15
Egypt 5,320 2,940 2,375 435 230 205
Ethiopia 10,570 5,355 5,215 635 285 355
Kenya 5,120 2,555 2,565 425 225 200
Morocco 1,695 1,005 695 180 95 80
Nigeria 12,405 6,520 5,880 1,695 845 855
Somalia 7,060 3,665 3,395 635 335 300
South Africa, Republic of 7,355 3,670 3,685 1,775 920 855
Other places of birth in Africa 38,865 20,275 18,590 4,455 2,390 2,065
Asia 452,225 215,955 236,265 67,120 33,175 33,945
Afghanistan 5,190 2,765 2,430 515 230 285
Bangladesh 5,085 2,590 2,500 2,575 1,365 1,210
ChinaCensus data footnote 59 57,690 26,510 31,185 7,485 3,445 4,035
Hong KongCensus data footnote 60 19,110 9,265 9,850 765 370 400
India 91,660 46,625 45,035 9,630 5,190 4,435
IranCensus data footnote 61 8,910 4,655 4,250 785 465 325
Iraq 5,935 3,205 2,730 1,175 625 550
Japan 3,065 905 2,160 265 65 200
Korea, SouthCensus data footnote 62 13,850 6,530 7,320 1,120 475 645
Lebanon 10,395 5,640 4,750 255 160 90
Pakistan 28,075 14,630 13,445 6,860 3,575 3,280
Philippines 123,830 54,075 69,755 26,860 12,655 14,210
Sri Lanka 4,835 2,475 2,365 440 235 205
SyriaCensus data footnote 63 4,800 2,515 2,280 1,155 610 550
Taiwan 3,455 1,460 2,000 180 80 100
Viet Nam 27,080 12,645 14,435 2,615 1,340 1,280
Other places of birth in Asia 39,250 19,485 19,765 4,425 2,290 2,140
Oceania and other places of birthCensus data footnote 64 9,940 4,950 4,990 675 350 325
Recent immigrants by selected places of birth
Total - Selected places of birth for the recent immigrant population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 54 207,790 100,845 106,945 47,935 23,880 24,055
Americas 20,060 9,660 10,400 2,320 1,090 1,230
Brazil 860 370 490 45 10 35
Colombia 2,295 1,020 1,275 115 55 65
Cuba 465 215 255 35 20 15
Haiti 385 240 150 10 10 0
Jamaica 1,660 765 895 405 230 180
Mexico 4,405 2,250 2,150 435 215 225
United StatesCensus data footnote 55 4,645 2,130 2,515 745 330 420
VenezuelaCensus data footnote 65 1,570 745 820 35 10 30
Other places of birth in Americas 3,785 1,930 1,855 490 220 270
Europe 20,870 10,830 10,045 4,855 2,405 2,455
France 425 240 180 50 15 45
Germany 1,370 710 655 190 105 80
IrelandCensus data footnote 56 1,355 835 520 525 315 205
MoldovaCensus data footnote 66 715 365 350 100 50 50
Romania 1,100 545 555 95 35 60
Russian Federation 1,235 430