Census Profile, 2016 Census
Alberta [Province] and Alberta [Province]

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The table shows total, male and female data grouped by geography (appearing as column headers) for selected characteristics (appearing as row headers).
Characteristic Alberta

[Province]
Alberta

[Province]
Data quality , Alberta [Province]  Map : Alberta [Province]
Change geography 1
Data quality : Alberta [Province]  Map : geography 2
Change geography 2
Total Male Female Total Male Female
Counts (unless otherwise specified)
Population and dwellings
Population, 2016Census data footnote 1 4,067,175 ... ... 4,067,175 ... ...
Population, 2011Census data footnote 1 3,645,257 ... ... 3,645,257 ... ...
Population percentage change, 2011 to 2016 11.6 ... ... 11.6 ... ...
Total private dwellingsCensus data footnote 2 1,654,129 ... ... 1,654,129 ... ...
Private dwellings occupied by usual residentsCensus data footnote 3 1,527,678 ... ... 1,527,678 ... ...
Population density per square kilometre 6.4 ... ... 6.4 ... ...
Land area in square kilometres 640,330.46 ... ... 640,330.46 ... ...
Age characteristics
Total - Age groups and average age of the population - 100% dataCensus data footnote 4 4,067,175 2,039,410 2,027,765 4,067,175 2,039,410 2,027,765
0 to 14 years 779,155 399,570 379,580 779,155 399,570 379,580
0 to 4 years 266,515 136,520 129,995 266,515 136,520 129,995
5 to 9 years 270,715 138,990 131,725 270,715 138,990 131,725
10 to 14 years 241,920 124,060 117,860 241,920 124,060 117,860
15 to 64 years 2,787,805 1,408,150 1,379,655 2,787,805 1,408,150 1,379,655
15 to 19 years 240,035 123,625 116,410 240,035 123,625 116,410
20 to 24 years 261,830 133,990 127,840 261,830 133,990 127,840
25 to 29 years 310,940 156,715 154,225 310,940 156,715 154,225
30 to 34 years 333,175 167,555 165,620 333,175 167,555 165,620
35 to 39 years 305,505 153,655 151,850 305,505 153,655 151,850
40 to 44 years 281,205 142,545 138,660 281,205 142,545 138,660
45 to 49 years 269,030 135,855 133,180 269,030 135,855 133,180
50 to 54 years 284,310 142,205 142,100 284,310 142,205 142,100
55 to 59 years 275,540 138,565 136,970 275,540 138,565 136,970
60 to 64 years 226,230 113,440 112,790 226,230 113,440 112,790
65 years and over 500,215 231,690 268,530 500,215 231,690 268,530
65 to 69 years 173,680 85,500 88,180 173,680 85,500 88,180
70 to 74 years 117,035 56,430 60,610 117,035 56,430 60,610
75 to 79 years 83,955 39,105 44,845 83,955 39,105 44,845
80 to 84 years 62,165 27,590 34,575 62,165 27,590 34,575
85 years and over 63,385 23,065 40,320 63,385 23,065 40,320
85 to 89 years 39,965 16,050 23,915 39,965 16,050 23,915
90 to 94 years 18,025 5,755 12,275 18,025 5,755 12,275
95 to 99 years 4,735 1,145 3,595 4,735 1,145 3,595
100 years and over 650 115 535 650 115 535
Total - Distribution (%) of the population by broad age groups - 100% data 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0
0 to 14 years 19.2 19.6 18.7 19.2 19.6 18.7
15 to 64 years 68.5 69.0 68.0 68.5 69.0 68.0
65 years and over 12.3 11.4 13.2 12.3 11.4 13.2
85 years and over 1.6 1.1 2.0 1.6 1.1 2.0
Average age of the population 37.8 37.2 38.4 37.8 37.2 38.4
Median age of the population 36.7 36.2 37.2 36.7 36.2 37.2
Household and dwelling characteristics
Total - Occupied private dwellings by structural type of dwelling - 100% dataCensus data footnote 5 1,527,675 ... ... 1,527,675 ... ...
Single-detached house 946,225 ... ... 946,225 ... ...
Apartment in a building that has five or more storeys 62,395 ... ... 62,395 ... ...
Other attached dwellingCensus data footnote 6 471,090 ... ... 471,090 ... ...
Semi-detached house 86,765 ... ... 86,765 ... ...
Row house 116,625 ... ... 116,625 ... ...
Apartment or flat in a duplex 43,090 ... ... 43,090 ... ...
Apartment in a building that has fewer than five storeys 223,360 ... ... 223,360 ... ...
Other single-attached house 1,245 ... ... 1,245 ... ...
Movable dwellingCensus data footnote 7 47,970 ... ... 47,970 ... ...
Total - Private households by household size - 100% dataCensus data footnote 8 1,527,675 ... ... 1,527,675 ... ...
1 person 366,080 ... ... 366,080 ... ...
2 persons 524,415 ... ... 524,415 ... ...
3 persons 245,075 ... ... 245,075 ... ...
4 persons 233,770 ... ... 233,770 ... ...
5 or more persons 158,335 ... ... 158,335 ... ...
Number of persons in private households 3,978,145 ... ... 3,978,145 ... ...
Average household size 2.6 ... ... 2.6 ... ...
Marital status
Total - Marital status for the population aged 15 years and over - 100% dataCensus data footnote 9 3,288,020 1,639,835 1,648,185 3,288,020 1,639,835 1,648,185
Married or living common law 1,969,300 988,410 980,895 1,969,300 988,410 980,895
Married 1,648,945 828,155 820,790 1,648,945 828,155 820,790
Living common law 320,350 160,250 160,100 320,350 160,250 160,100
Not married and not living common law 1,318,720 651,430 667,290 1,318,720 651,430 667,290
Never married 905,700 505,310 400,390 905,700 505,310 400,390
Separated 76,150 34,000 42,150 76,150 34,000 42,150
Divorced 195,850 82,040 113,815 195,850 82,040 113,815
Widowed 141,020 30,080 110,940 141,020 30,080 110,940
Family characteristics
Total - Census families in private households by family size - 100% dataCensus data footnote 10 1,114,585 ... ... 1,114,585 ... ...
2 persons 540,850 ... ... 540,850 ... ...
3 persons 235,245 ... ... 235,245 ... ...
4 persons 227,165 ... ... 227,165 ... ...
5 or more persons 111,330 ... ... 111,330 ... ...
Average size of census families 3.0 ... ... 3.0 ... ...
Total number of census families in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 11 1,114,585 ... ... 1,114,585 ... ...
Total couple families 953,325 ... ... 953,325 ... ...
Married couples 793,195 ... ... 793,195 ... ...
Common-law couples 160,130 ... ... 160,130 ... ...
Total lone-parent families by sex of parent 161,260 ... ... 161,260 ... ...
Female parent 123,490 ... ... 123,490 ... ...
Male parent 37,770 ... ... 37,770 ... ...
Total - Couple census families in private households - 100% data 953,325 ... ... 953,325 ... ...
Couples without children 443,665 ... ... 443,665 ... ...
Couples with children 509,655 ... ... 509,655 ... ...
1 child 190,010 ... ... 190,010 ... ...
2 children 213,910 ... ... 213,910 ... ...
3 or more children 105,735 ... ... 105,735 ... ...
Total - Lone-parent census families in private households - 100% data 161,260 ... ... 161,260 ... ...
1 child 97,180 ... ... 97,180 ... ...
2 children 45,235 ... ... 45,235 ... ...
3 or more children 18,845 ... ... 18,845 ... ...
Total - Persons not in census families in private households - 100% data 678,535 356,875 321,655 678,535 356,875 321,655
Household type
Total - Private households by household type - 100% dataCensus data footnote 12 1,527,675 ... ... 1,527,675 ... ...
One-census-family households 1,039,985 ... ... 1,039,985 ... ...
Without children in a census familyCensus data footnote 13 414,570 ... ... 414,570 ... ...
With children in a census familyCensus data footnote 14 625,415 ... ... 625,415 ... ...
Multiple-census-family households 36,120 ... ... 36,120 ... ...
Non-census-family households 451,570 ... ... 451,570 ... ...
One-person households 366,080 ... ... 366,080 ... ...
Two-or-more person non-census-family households 85,490 ... ... 85,490 ... ...
Knowledge of official languagesThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Knowledge of official languages for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 15 4,026,650 2,020,510 2,006,140 4,026,650 2,020,510 2,006,140
English only 3,698,765 1,869,670 1,829,095 3,698,765 1,869,670 1,829,095
French only 3,895 1,725 2,165 3,895 1,725 2,165
English and French 264,720 124,400 140,315 264,720 124,400 140,315
Neither English nor French 59,280 24,715 34,565 59,280 24,715 34,565
First official language spokenThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - First official language spoken for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 16 4,026,650 2,020,510 2,006,140 4,026,650 2,020,510 2,006,140
English 3,880,685 1,950,980 1,929,705 3,880,685 1,950,980 1,929,705
French 71,535 37,205 34,330 71,535 37,205 34,330
English and French 16,605 8,350 8,255 16,605 8,350 8,255
Neither English nor French 57,830 23,970 33,860 57,830 23,970 33,860
Official language minority (number)Census data footnote 17 79,840 41,380 38,455 79,840 41,380 38,455
Official language minority (percentage)Census data footnote 17 2.0 2.0 1.9 2.0 2.0 1.9
Mother tongueThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Mother tongue for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 18 4,026,650 2,020,510 2,006,140 4,026,650 2,020,510 2,006,140
Single responses 3,934,580 1,975,615 1,958,970 3,934,580 1,975,615 1,958,970
Official languages 3,063,640 1,552,475 1,511,165 3,063,640 1,552,475 1,511,165
English 2,991,485 1,515,025 1,476,460 2,991,485 1,515,025 1,476,460
French 72,150 37,450 34,705 72,150 37,450 34,705
Non-official languages 870,940 423,140 447,805 870,940 423,140 447,805
Aboriginal languages 23,835 11,290 12,550 23,835 11,290 12,550
Algonquian languages 18,295 8,665 9,630 18,295 8,665 9,630
Blackfoot 2,750 1,305 1,445 2,750 1,305 1,445
Cree-Montagnais languages 14,960 7,105 7,850 14,960 7,105 7,850
Atikamekw 0 0 0 0 0 0
Montagnais (Innu) 0 5 0 0 5 0
Moose Cree 10 0 5 10 0 5
Naskapi 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern East Cree 50 15 35 50 15 35
Plains Cree 720 280 435 720 280 435
Southern East Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Swampy Cree 50 20 35 50 20 35
Woods Cree 910 430 480 910 430 480
Cree, n.o.s. 13,220 6,355 6,865 13,220 6,355 6,865
Eastern Algonquian languages 30 15 15 30 15 15
Malecite 0 5 0 0 5 0
Mi'kmaq 35 20 15 35 20 15
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 550 235 315 550 235 315
Algonquin 5 0 5 5 0 5
Ojibway 525 230 300 525 230 300
Oji-Cree 15 5 15 15 5 15
Ottawa (Odawa) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 5 0 0 5
Athabaskan languages 1,865 865 1,000 1,865 865 1,000
Northern Athabaskan languages 1,855 860 990 1,855 860 990
Babine (Wetsuwet'en) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Beaver 35 15 15 35 15 15
Carrier 15 0 15 15 0 15
Chilcotin 5 0 0 5 0 0
Dene 1,470 710 760 1,470 710 760
Dogrib (Tlicho) 40 10 30 40 10 30
Gwich'in 15 5 10 15 5 10
Sarsi (Sarcee) 70 20 45 70 20 45
Sekani 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey-Hare languages 200 90 115 200 90 115
North Slavey (Hare) 10 5 10 10 5 10
South Slavey 155 70 80 155 70 80
Slavey, n.o.s. 35 15 25 35 15 25
Tahltan languages 5 0 5 5 0 5
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tutchone languages 5 0 0 5 0 0
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 10 0 10 10 0 10
Haida 0 0 0 0 0 0
Inuit languages 120 35 85 120 35 85
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 25 5 10 25 5 10
Inuktitut 60 20 45 60 20 45
Inuit languages, n.i.e. 35 10 30 35 10 30
Iroquoian languages 10 10 5 10 10 5
Cayuga 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mohawk 5 5 5 5 5 5
Oneida 0 5 0 0 5 0
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 5 0 0 5
Kutenai 5 0 0 5 0 0
Michif 80 45 35 80 45 35
Salish languages 15 5 10 15 5 10
Comox 0 0 0 0 0 0
Halkomelem 0 0 0 0 0 0
Lillooet 0 0 0 0 0 0
Okanagan 0 5 5 0 5 5
Shuswap (Secwepemctsin) 5 0 0 5 0 0
Squamish 5 0 0 5 0 0
Straits 0 0 0 0 0 0
Thompson (Ntlakapamux) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Salish languages, n.i.e. 5 0 5 5 0 5
Siouan languages 3,370 1,630 1,745 3,370 1,630 1,745
Dakota 350 165 185 350 165 185
Stoney 3,020 1,460 1,555 3,020 1,460 1,555
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 5 0 0 5 0 0
Tlingit 5 0 0 5 0 0
Tsimshian languages 15 5 5 15 5 5
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Nisga'a 10 5 5 10 5 5
Tsimshian 0 0 0 0 0 0
Wakashan languages 5 5 5 5 5 5
Haisla 0 0 0 0 0 0
Heiltsuk 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kwakiutl (Kwak'wala) 0 0 5 0 0 5
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0 5 0 0 5 0
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Aboriginal languages, n.o.s. 55 30 25 55 30 25
Non-Aboriginal languages 847,105 411,850 435,255 847,105 411,850 435,255
Afro-Asiatic languages 68,415 36,215 32,200 68,415 36,215 32,200
Berber languages 340 190 145 340 190 145
Kabyle 165 90 75 165 90 75
Berber languages, n.i.e. 175 100 75 175 100 75
Cushitic languages 12,525 6,495 6,030 12,525 6,495 6,030
Bilen 315 185 130 315 185 130
Oromo 2,650 1,375 1,275 2,650 1,375 1,275
Somali 9,520 4,915 4,605 9,520 4,915 4,605
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 40 20 20 40 20 20
Semitic languages 55,425 29,450 25,980 55,425 29,450 25,980
Amharic 7,320 3,605 3,720 7,320 3,605 3,720
Arabic 40,540 21,840 18,705 40,540 21,840 18,705
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 400 210 190 400 210 190
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 145 80 65 145 80 65
Harari 260 135 120 260 135 120
Hebrew 960 505 460 960 505 460
Maltese 75 30 40 75 30 40
Tigrigna 5,415 2,880 2,535 5,415 2,880 2,535
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 305 155 145 305 155 145
Afro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 130 80 50 130 80 50
Austro-Asiatic languages 25,295 11,760 13,535 25,295 11,760 13,535
Khmer (Cambodian) 1,925 910 1,010 1,925 910 1,010
Vietnamese 23,350 10,840 12,505 23,350 10,840 12,505
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e 25 10 15 25 10 15
Austronesian languages 115,405 50,190 65,210 115,405 50,190 65,210
Bikol 425 205 225 425 205 225
Cebuano 5,135 2,155 2,980 5,135 2,155 2,980
Fijian 125 75 50 125 75 50
Hiligaynon 1,500 640 855 1,500 640 855
Ilocano 5,350 2,310 3,040 5,350 2,310 3,040
Malagasy 35 10 25 35 10 25
Malay 1,460 615 845 1,460 615 845
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 765 370 390 765 370 390
Pangasinan 290 115 175 290 115 175
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 99,035 43,120 55,920 99,035 43,120 55,920
Waray-Waray 305 145 160 305 145 160
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 980 430 550 980 430 550
Creole languages 1,895 990 910 1,895 990 910
Haitian Creole 95 45 50 95 45 50
Creole, n.o.s. 1,175 640 540 1,175 640 540
Creole languages, n.i.e. 625 305 325 625 305 325
Dravidian languages 13,490 7,075 6,415 13,490 7,075 6,415
Kannada 535 270 265 535 270 265
Malayalam 6,345 3,285 3,060 6,345 3,285 3,060
Tamil 4,430 2,360 2,070 4,430 2,360 2,070
Telugu 2,130 1,135 995 2,130 1,135 995
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 50 25 25 50 25 25
Hmong-Mien languages 105 55 45 105 55 45
Indo-European languages 442,685 220,330 222,355 442,685 220,330 222,355
Albanian 2,345 1,270 1,075 2,345 1,270 1,075
Armenian 500 250 245 500 250 245
Balto-Slavic languages 80,330 37,750 42,580 80,330 37,750 42,580
Baltic languages 1,010 475 535 1,010 475 535
Latvian 415 195 220 415 195 220
Lithuanian 600 285 315 600 285 315
Slavic languages 79,325 37,275 42,050 79,325 37,275 42,050
Belarusan 65 30 30 65 30 30
Bosnian 1,835 915 920 1,835 915 920
Bulgarian 1,545 790 755 1,545 790 755
Croatian 4,655 2,340 2,320 4,655 2,340 2,320
Czech 3,000 1,430 1,575 3,000 1,430 1,575
Macedonian 360 185 175 360 185 175
Polish 20,130 9,425 10,705 20,130 9,425 10,705
Russian 17,810 8,150 9,665 17,810 8,150 9,665
Serbian 4,020 2,035 1,985 4,020 2,035 1,985
Serbo-Croatian 970 480 485 970 480 485
Slovak 2,185 1,070 1,115 2,185 1,070 1,115
Slovene (Slovenian) 695 320 370 695 320 370
Ukrainian 21,835 9,985 11,850 21,835 9,985 11,850
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 215 120 100 215 120 100
Celtic languages 370 200 170 370 200 170
Scottish Gaelic 135 70 65 135 70 65
Welsh 175 85 80 175 85 80
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 65 40 25 65 40 25
Germanic languages 104,260 51,525 52,735 104,260 51,525 52,735
Afrikaans 3,010 1,475 1,535 3,010 1,475 1,535
Danish 2,380 1,245 1,135 2,380 1,245 1,135
Dutch 16,135 8,095 8,045 16,135 8,095 8,045
Frisian 360 200 160 360 200 160
German 80,050 39,435 40,615 80,050 39,435 40,615
Icelandic 115 55 60 115 55 60
Norwegian 815 370 445 815 370 445
Swedish 875 405 470 875 405 470
Vlaams (Flemish) 320 150 170 320 150 170
Yiddish 140 70 70 140 70 70
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 55 30 25 55 30 25
Greek 3,130 1,655 1,475 3,130 1,655 1,475
Indo-Iranian languages 166,805 85,250 81,560 166,805 85,250 81,560
Indo-Aryan languages 145,900 74,320 71,580 145,900 74,320 71,580
Bengali 7,000 3,630 3,370 7,000 3,630 3,370
Gujarati 13,140 6,785 6,355 13,140 6,785 6,355
Hindi 17,055 8,675 8,385 17,055 8,675 8,385
Kashmiri 105 60 50 105 60 50
Konkani 370 190 185 370 190 185
Marathi 1,510 775 730 1,510 775 730
Nepali 5,175 2,690 2,490 5,175 2,690 2,490
Oriya (Odia) 190 100 90 190 100 90
Punjabi (Panjabi) 68,695 34,935 33,760 68,695 34,935 33,760
Sindhi 2,770 1,300 1,475 2,770 1,300 1,475
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 2,590 1,320 1,265 2,590 1,320 1,265
Urdu 27,295 13,865 13,430 27,295 13,865 13,430
Iranian languages 19,600 10,235 9,365 19,600 10,235 9,365
Kurdish 1,550 845 705 1,550 845 705
Pashto 2,560 1,320 1,235 2,560 1,320 1,235
Persian (Farsi) 15,490 8,070 7,425 15,490 8,070 7,425
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 1,310 695 615 1,310 695 615
Italic (Romance) languages 84,940 42,425 42,515 84,940 42,425 42,515
Catalan 75 30 45 75 30 45
Italian 11,375 5,760 5,615 11,375 5,760 5,615
Portuguese 9,050 4,380 4,670 9,050 4,380 4,670
Romanian 8,035 4,080 3,955 8,035 4,080 3,955
Spanish 56,370 28,160 28,205 56,370 28,160 28,205
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 35 20 15 35 20 15
Japanese 4,875 1,715 3,160 4,875 1,715 3,160
Kartvelian languages 230 130 105 230 130 105
Georgian 230 130 100 230 130 100
Korean 17,920 8,485 9,435 17,920 8,485 9,435
Mongolic languages 545 255 290 545 255 290
Mongolian 540 255 290 540 255 290
Niger-Congo languages 15,360 7,870 7,495 15,360 7,870 7,495
Akan (Twi) 1,755 915 835 1,755 915 835
Bamanankan 35 20 15 35 20 15
Edo 275 155 120 275 155 120
Ewe 245 145 100 245 145 100
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 230 120 100 230 120 100
Ga 145 80 65 145 80 65
Ganda 280 145 135 280 145 135
Igbo 1,165 625 540 1,165 625 540
Lingala 270 130 140 270 130 140
Rundi (Kirundi) 605 305 295 605 305 295
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 805 405 400 805 405 400
Shona 1,100 545 555 1,100 545 555
Swahili 2,380 1,160 1,215 2,380 1,160 1,215
Wolof 280 165 110 280 165 110
Yoruba 2,435 1,305 1,125 2,435 1,305 1,125
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 3,370 1,640 1,735 3,370 1,640 1,735
Nilo-Saharan languages 2,720 1,395 1,330 2,720 1,395 1,330
Dinka 1,345 705 640 1,345 705 640
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 1,375 685 690 1,375 685 690
Sign languages 830 440 390 830 440 390
American Sign Language 335 165 165 335 165 165
Quebec Sign Language 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sign languages, n.i.e 495 275 225 495 275 225
Sino-Tibetan languages 122,450 57,740 64,705 122,450 57,740 64,705
Chinese languages 120,375 56,675 63,700 120,375 56,675 63,700
Cantonese 59,145 27,755 31,385 59,145 27,755 31,385
Hakka 990 465 530 990 465 530
Mandarin 50,660 23,940 26,720 50,660 23,940 26,720
Min Dong 115 50 65 115 50 65
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 3,060 1,375 1,695 3,060 1,375 1,695
Wu (Shanghainese) 630 305 330 630 305 330
Chinese, n.o.s. 5,725 2,770 2,955 5,725 2,770 2,955
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 40 15 25 40 15 25
Tibeto-Burman languages 2,075 1,065 1,005 2,075 1,065 1,005
Burmese 430 230 200 430 230 200
Karenic languages 795 415 380 795 415 380
Tibetan 575 295 275 575 295 275
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 275 130 140 275 130 140
Tai-Kadai languages 2,670 955 1,710 2,670 955 1,710
Lao 1,020 485 535 1,020 485 535
Thai 1,630 465 1,165 1,630 465 1,165
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e 20 10 15 20 10 15
Turkic languages 4,050 2,250 1,800 4,050 2,250 1,800
Azerbaijani 365 215 155 365 215 155
Turkish 3,140 1,760 1,375 3,140 1,760 1,375
Uyghur 130 70 60 130 70 60
Uzbek 205 115 90 205 115 90
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 215 95 120 215 95 120
Uralic languages 7,470 3,600 3,870 7,470 3,600 3,870
Estonian 190 90 105 190 90 105
Finnish 810 330 480 810 330 480
Hungarian 6,470 3,185 3,285 6,470 3,185 3,285
Uralic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Other languages, n.i.e. 690 415 280 690 415 280
Multiple responses 92,070 44,900 47,175 92,070 44,900 47,175
English and French 10,230 4,950 5,280 10,230 4,950 5,280
English and non-official language 77,520 37,815 39,705 77,520 37,815 39,705
French and non-official language 2,685 1,375 1,305 2,685 1,375 1,305
English, French and non-official language 1,640 760 880 1,640 760 880
Language spoken most often at homeThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Language spoken most often at home for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 19 4,026,655 2,020,510 2,006,145 4,026,655 2,020,510 2,006,145
Single responses 3,837,615 1,928,230 1,909,385 3,837,615 1,928,230 1,909,385
Official languages 3,354,885 1,690,490 1,664,395 3,354,885 1,690,490 1,664,395
English 3,327,255 1,676,360 1,650,895 3,327,255 1,676,360 1,650,895
French 27,630 14,130 13,500 27,630 14,130 13,500
Non-official languages 482,725 237,740 244,990 482,725 237,740 244,990
Aboriginal languages 9,970 4,940 5,020 9,970 4,940 5,020
Algonquian languages 7,175 3,575 3,605 7,175 3,575 3,605
Blackfoot 1,110 555 555 1,110 555 555
Cree-Montagnais languages 5,875 2,925 2,945 5,875 2,925 2,945
Atikamekw 0 0 0 0 0 0
Montagnais (Innu) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Moose Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Naskapi 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern East Cree 20 10 10 20 10 10
Plains Cree 125 60 60 125 60 60
Southern East Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Swampy Cree 5 0 5 5 0 5
Woods Cree 600 300 295 600 300 295
Cree, n.o.s. 5,120 2,540 2,575 5,120 2,540 2,575
Eastern Algonquian languages 5 5 5 5 5 5
Malecite 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mi'kmaq 5 5 0 5 5 0
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 190 95 95 190 95 95
Algonquin 0 0 0 0 0 0
Ojibway 185 90 95 185 90 95
Oji-Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Ottawa (Odawa) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages 620 320 300 620 320 300
Northern Athabaskan languages 620 325 300 620 325 300
Babine (Wetsuwet'en) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Beaver 10 5 0 10 5 0
Carrier 0 0 0 0 0 0
Chilcotin 0 0 0 0 0 0
Dene 540 280 260 540 280 260
Dogrib (Tlicho) 5 0 0 5 0 0
Gwich'in 5 0 5 5 0 5
Sarsi (Sarcee) 5 5 0 5 5 0
Sekani 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey-Hare languages 60 35 30 60 35 30
North Slavey (Hare) 0 0 0 0 0 0
South Slavey 55 30 25 55 30 25
Slavey, n.o.s. 5 5 5 5 5 5
Tahltan languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tutchone languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Haida 0 0 0 0 0 0
Inuit languages 10 0 10 10 0 10
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 5 0 0 5 0 0
Inuktitut 0 0 0 0 0 0
Inuit languages, n.i.e. 5 0 5 5 0 5
Iroquoian languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Cayuga 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mohawk 0 0 0 0 0 0
Oneida 0 0 0 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 5 0 5 5 0 5
Kutenai 0 0 0 0 0 0
Michif 10 5 5 10 5 5
Salish languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Comox 0 0 0 0 0 0
Halkomelem 0 0 0 0 0 0
Lillooet 0 0 0 0 0 0
Okanagan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Shuswap (Secwepemctsin) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Squamish 0 0 0 0 0 0
Straits 0 0 0 0 0 0
Thompson (Ntlakapamux) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Salish languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Siouan languages 2,125 1,025 1,095 2,125 1,025 1,095
Dakota 175 85 85 175 85 85
Stoney 1,945 935 1,010 1,945 935 1,010
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tlingit 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tsimshian languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Nisga'a 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tsimshian 0 0 0 0 0 0
Wakashan languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Haisla 0 0 0 0 0 0
Heiltsuk 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kwakiutl (Kwak'wala) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Aboriginal languages, n.o.s. 25 15 10 25 15 10
Non-Aboriginal languages 472,760 232,800 239,965 472,760 232,800 239,965
Afro-Asiatic languages 43,770 22,535 21,235 43,770 22,535 21,235
Berber languages 200 105 95 200 105 95
Kabyle 90 45 40 90 45 40
Berber languages, n.i.e. 105 60 45 105 60 45
Cushitic languages 9,220 4,750 4,470 9,220 4,750 4,470
Bilen 280 160 115 280 160 115
Oromo 2,075 1,060 1,015 2,075 1,060 1,015
Somali 6,850 3,520 3,325 6,850 3,520 3,325
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 15 5 10 15 5 10
Semitic languages 34,310 17,660 16,655 34,310 17,660 16,655
Amharic 4,915 2,390 2,530 4,915 2,390 2,530
Arabic 24,230 12,555 11,675 24,230 12,555 11,675
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 260 130 130 260 130 130
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 95 50 40 95 50 40
Harari 165 80 85 165 80 85
Hebrew 460 235 225 460 235 225
Maltese 15 10 10 15 10 10
Tigrigna 3,955 2,095 1,860 3,955 2,095 1,860
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 210 110 100 210 110 100
Afro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 45 20 20 45 20 20
Austro-Asiatic languages 16,355 7,635 8,715 16,355 7,635 8,715
Khmer (Cambodian) 960 460 500 960 460 500
Vietnamese 15,380 7,175 8,205 15,380 7,175 8,205
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e 15 0 10 15 0 10
Austronesian languages 60,860 28,765 32,100 60,860 28,765 32,100
Bikol 70 40 35 70 40 35
Cebuano 2,110 1,015 1,090 2,110 1,015 1,090
Fijian 45 25 20 45 25 20
Hiligaynon 470 215 255 470 215 255
Ilocano 1,975 935 1,035 1,975 935 1,035
Malagasy 20 10 10 20 10 10
Malay 405 205 195 405 205 195
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 220 110 110 220 110 110
Pangasinan 45 20 30 45 20 30
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 55,105 26,005 29,100 55,105 26,005 29,100
Waray-Waray 125 60 60 125 60 60
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 280 120 155 280 120 155
Creole languages 970 495 475 970 495 475
Haitian Creole 50 25 25 50 25 25
Creole, n.o.s. 655 345 310 655 345 310
Creole languages, n.i.e. 270 125 140 270 125 140
Dravidian languages 8,460 4,335 4,125 8,460 4,335 4,125
Kannada 210 105 105 210 105 105
Malayalam 4,060 2,070 1,990 4,060 2,070 1,990
Tamil 2,915 1,515 1,395 2,915 1,515 1,395
Telugu 1,245 635 615 1,245 635 615
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 30 10 15 30 10 15
Hmong-Mien languages 70 35 35 70 35 35
Indo-European languages 230,270 115,280 114,995 230,270 115,280 114,995
Albanian 1,060 570 485 1,060 570 485
Armenian 215 115 105 215 115 105
Balto-Slavic languages 30,220 14,820 15,400 30,220 14,820 15,400
Baltic languages 410 210 200 410 210 200
Latvian 165 85 80 165 85 80
Lithuanian 250 125 120 250 125 120
Slavic languages 29,815 14,610 15,205 29,815 14,610 15,205
Belarusan 15 10 5 15 10 5
Bosnian 785 400 385 785 400 385
Bulgarian 825 415 405 825 415 405
Croatian 1,800 905 895 1,800 905 895
Czech 875 440 430 875 440 430
Macedonian 175 90 85 175 90 85
Polish 7,705 3,675 4,030 7,705 3,675 4,030
Russian 10,145 4,965 5,175 10,145 4,965 5,175
Serbian 2,100 1,045 1,055 2,100 1,045 1,055
Serbo-Croatian 315 160 155 315 160 155
Slovak 710 345 365 710 345 365
Slovene (Slovenian) 150 70 75 150 70 75
Ukrainian 4,180 2,060 2,110 4,180 2,060 2,110
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 55 30 25 55 30 25
Celtic languages 40 25 15 40 25 15
Scottish Gaelic 15 15 5 15 15 5
Welsh 15 5 5 15 5 5
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 10 5 0 10 5 0
Germanic languages 40,915 20,280 20,625 40,915 20,280 20,625
Afrikaans 1,705 835 875 1,705 835 875
Danish 150 75 75 150 75 75
Dutch 1,980 985 1,000 1,980 985 1,000
Frisian 60 30 30 60 30 30
German 36,295 18,010 18,290 36,295 18,010 18,290
Icelandic 30 15 15 30 15 15
Norwegian 60 20 35 60 20 35
Swedish 145 65 80 145 65 80
Vlaams (Flemish) 60 30 25 60 30 25
Yiddish 15 5 5 15 5 5
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 425 215 210 425 215 210
Greek 1,015 490 525 1,015 490 525
Indo-Iranian languages 111,975 56,535 55,445 111,975 56,535 55,445
Indo-Aryan languages 98,610 49,790 48,815 98,610 49,790 48,815
Bengali 4,530 2,300 2,225 4,530 2,300 2,225
Gujarati 8,025 4,085 3,935 8,025 4,085 3,935
Hindi 9,945 5,115 4,825 9,945 5,115 4,825
Kashmiri 50 20 25 50 20 25
Konkani 75 40 40 75 40 40
Marathi 845 440 405 845 440 405
Nepali 3,710 1,905 1,805 3,710 1,905 1,805
Oriya (Odia) 95 50 45 95 50 45
Punjabi (Panjabi) 51,010 25,720 25,295 51,010 25,720 25,295
Sindhi 1,240 575 665 1,240 575 665
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 1,480 750 730 1,480 750 730
Urdu 17,600 8,795 8,810 17,600 8,795 8,810
Iranian languages 12,720 6,415 6,305 12,720 6,415 6,305
Kurdish 850 440 410 850 440 410
Pashto 1,640 845 795 1,640 845 795
Persian (Farsi) 10,230 5,135 5,100 10,230 5,135 5,100
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 650 325 325 650 325 325
Italic (Romance) languages 44,830 22,445 22,385 44,830 22,445 22,385
Catalan 35 10 20 35 10 20
Italian 2,840 1,275 1,560 2,840 1,275 1,560
Portuguese 3,905 1,875 2,030 3,905 1,875 2,030
Romanian 4,135 2,115 2,020 4,135 2,115 2,020
Spanish 33,910 17,160 16,755 33,910 17,160 16,755
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 10 5 5 10 5 5
Japanese 2,245 945 1,300 2,245 945 1,300
Kartvelian languages 160 85 70 160 85 70
Georgian 160 85 70 160 85 70
Korean 12,775 6,205 6,570 12,775 6,205 6,570
Mongolic languages 335 160 175 335 160 175
Mongolian 335 155 175 335 155 175
Niger-Congo languages 5,600 2,725 2,875 5,600 2,725 2,875
Akan (Twi) 845 415 430 845 415 430
Bamanankan 10 10 0 10 10 0
Edo 70 35 35 70 35 35
Ewe 80 45 35 80 45 35
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 105 55 45 105 55 45
Ga 40 20 20 40 20 20
Ganda 95 50 50 95 50 50
Igbo 265 125 145 265 125 145
Lingala 85 35 45 85 35 45
Rundi (Kirundi) 280 135 145 280 135 145
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 350 175 170 350 175 170
Shona 410 190 225 410 190 225
Swahili 1,090 530 565 1,090 530 565
Wolof 170 95 75 170 95 75
Yoruba 690 340 350 690 340 350
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 1,015 485 535 1,015 485 535
Nilo-Saharan languages 1,525 765 755 1,525 765 755
Dinka 800 420 380 800 420 380
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 725 350 375 725 350 375
Sign languages 1,095 630 465 1,095 630 465
American Sign Language 325 170 155 325 170 155
Quebec Sign Language 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sign languages, n.i.e 765 455 310 765 455 310
Sino-Tibetan languages 82,380 39,230 43,155 82,380 39,230 43,155
Chinese languages 80,880 38,455 42,420 80,880 38,455 42,420
Cantonese 38,275 17,810 20,460 38,275 17,810 20,460
Hakka 315 135 185 315 135 185
Mandarin 37,125 18,030 19,095 37,125 18,030 19,095
Min Dong 20 5 10 20 5 10
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 1,245 540 705 1,245 540 705
Wu (Shanghainese) 340 175 165 340 175 165
Chinese, n.o.s. 3,550 1,760 1,785 3,550 1,760 1,785
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 10 5 5 10 5 5
Tibeto-Burman languages 1,500 770 730 1,500 770 730
Burmese 280 145 130 280 145 130
Karenic languages 665 340 320 665 340 320
Tibetan 420 220 200 420 220 200
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 140 65 75 140 65 75
Tai-Kadai languages 1,130 505 625 1,130 505 625
Lao 465 215 245 465 215 245
Thai 655 285 370 655 285 370
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e 10 5 10 10 5 10
Turkic languages 2,390 1,270 1,120 2,390 1,270 1,120
Azerbaijani 155 90 75 155 90 75
Turkish 1,945 1,030 915 1,945 1,030 915
Uyghur 80 45 40 80 45 40
Uzbek 135 70 65 135 70 65
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 70 35 25 70 35 25
Uralic languages 2,130 1,040 1,085 2,130 1,040 1,085
Estonian 25 10 15 25 10 15
Finnish 105 50 50 105 50 50
Hungarian 1,995 980 1,015 1,995 980 1,015
Uralic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Other languages, n.i.e. 240 140 95 240 140 95
Multiple responses 189,040 92,280 96,760 189,040 92,280 96,760
English and French 6,885 3,410 3,475 6,885 3,410 3,475
English and non-official language 178,070 86,895 91,170 178,070 86,895 91,170
French and non-official language 1,125 540 580 1,125 540 580
English, French and non-official language 2,965 1,430 1,530 2,965 1,430 1,530
Other language spoken regularly at homeThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Other language(s) spoken regularly at home for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 20 4,026,650 2,020,510 2,006,140 4,026,650 2,020,510 2,006,140
None 3,492,295 1,760,240 1,732,055 3,492,295 1,760,240 1,732,055
English 221,305 110,655 110,650 221,305 110,655 110,650
French 41,840 19,470 22,375 41,840 19,470 22,375
Non-official language 262,255 125,640 136,615 262,255 125,640 136,615
Aboriginal 17,430 8,325 9,105 17,430 8,325 9,105
Non-Aboriginal 244,825 117,315 127,510 244,825 117,315 127,510
English and French 1,535 775 760 1,535 775 760
English and non-official language 4,545 2,345 2,195 4,545 2,345 2,195
French and non-official language 2,795 1,340 1,455 2,795 1,340 1,455
English, French and non-official language 85 50 40 85 50 40
Income of individuals in 2015
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 21 3,206,050 1,602,690 1,603,360 3,206,050 1,602,690 1,603,360
Number of total income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 3,053,470 1,528,275 1,525,190 3,053,470 1,528,275 1,525,190
Median total income in 2015 among recipients ($) 42,717 54,891 33,213 42,717 54,891 33,213
Number of after-tax income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 3,054,135 1,528,420 1,525,715 3,054,135 1,528,420 1,525,715
Median after-tax income in 2015 among recipients ($) 38,067 47,131 30,478 38,067 47,131 30,478
Number of market income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 2,839,590 1,458,560 1,381,030 2,839,590 1,458,560 1,381,030
Median market income in 2015 among recipients ($) 42,330 54,528 32,099 42,330 54,528 32,099
Number of government transfers recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 1,785,065 711,210 1,073,855 1,785,065 711,210 1,073,855
Median government transfers in 2015 among recipients ($) 4,093 3,834 4,185 4,093 3,834 4,185
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 2,473,665 1,301,630 1,172,030 2,473,665 1,301,630 1,172,030
Median employment income in 2015 among recipients ($) 42,679 54,361 32,982 42,679 54,361 32,982
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 22 3,206,045 1,602,810 1,603,235 3,206,045 1,602,810 1,603,235
Number of total income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 3,054,555 1,528,100 1,526,455 3,054,555 1,528,100 1,526,455
Average total income in 2015 among recipients ($) 62,778 80,001 45,535 62,778 80,001 45,535
Number of after-tax income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 3,055,230 1,528,240 1,526,995 3,055,230 1,528,240 1,526,995
Average after-tax income in 2015 among recipients ($) 50,683 62,938 38,417 50,683 62,938 38,417
Number of market income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 2,840,675 1,458,210 1,382,465 2,840,675 1,458,210 1,382,465
Average market income in 2015 among recipients ($) 62,997 80,282 44,766 62,997 80,282 44,766
Number of government transfers recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 1,784,345 710,105 1,074,240 1,784,345 710,105 1,074,240
Average government transfers in 2015 among recipients ($) 7,175 7,298 7,093 7,175 7,298 7,093
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 2,473,665 1,299,805 1,173,855 2,473,665 1,299,805 1,173,855
Average employment income in 2015 among recipients ($) 59,343 74,073 43,031 59,343 74,073 43,031
Total - Employment income statistics for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 23 3,206,050 1,602,810 1,603,240 3,206,050 1,602,810 1,603,240
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households who worked full year full time in 2015 - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 24 1,152,385 669,770 482,615 1,152,385 669,770 482,615
Median employment income in 2015 for full-year full-time workers ($)Census data footnote 25 64,090 73,781 53,836 64,090 73,781 53,836
Average employment income in 2015 for full-year full-time workers ($)Census data footnote 26 81,586 94,822 63,218 81,586 94,822 63,218
Composition of total income in 2015 of the population aged 15 years and over in private households (%) - 100% dataCensus data footnote 27 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0
Market income (%)Census data footnote 28 93.3 95.8 89.1 93.3 95.8 89.1
Employment income (%)Census data footnote 29 76.5 78.9 72.3 76.5 78.9 72.3
Government transfers (%)Census data footnote 30 6.7 4.2 10.9 6.7 4.2 10.9
Total - Total income groups in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 31 3,206,050 1,602,690 1,603,360 3,206,050 1,602,690 1,603,360
Without total income 152,585 74,410 78,170 152,585 74,410 78,170
With total income 3,053,470 1,528,280 1,525,190 3,053,470 1,528,280 1,525,190
Percentage with total income 95.2 95.4 95.1 95.2 95.4 95.1
Under $10,000 (including loss) 389,580 146,450 243,130 389,580 146,450 243,130
$10,000 to $19,999 385,235 147,125 238,110 385,235 147,125 238,110
$20,000 to $29,999 364,915 142,810 222,105 364,915 142,810 222,105
$30,000 to $39,999 305,680 131,185 174,490 305,680 131,185 174,490
$40,000 to $49,999 286,615 133,715 152,900 286,615 133,715 152,900
$50,000 to $59,999 247,830 124,720 123,115 247,830 124,720 123,115
$60,000 to $69,999 205,840 114,405 91,430 205,840 114,405 91,430
$70,000 to $79,999 165,640 99,645 65,995 165,640 99,645 65,995
$80,000 to $89,999 132,720 82,700 50,020 132,720 82,700 50,020
$90,000 to $99,999 114,010 70,655 43,350 114,010 70,655 43,350
$100,000 and over 455,410 334,865 120,550 455,410 334,865 120,550
$100,000 to $149,999 274,185 191,710 82,475 274,185 191,710 82,475
$150,000 and over 181,225 143,150 38,075 181,225 143,150 38,075
Total - After-tax income groups in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 32 3,206,050 1,602,690 1,603,365 3,206,050 1,602,690 1,603,365
Without after-tax income 151,915 74,270 77,645 151,915 74,270 77,645
With after-tax income 3,054,135 1,528,420 1,525,715 3,054,135 1,528,420 1,525,715
Percentage with after-tax income 95.3 95.4 95.2 95.3 95.4 95.2
Under $10,000 (including loss) 399,005 149,280 249,725 399,005 149,280 249,725
$10,000 to $19,999 402,780 154,330 248,450 402,780 154,330 248,450
$20,000 to $29,999 420,955 166,650 254,300 420,955 166,650 254,300
$30,000 to $39,999 377,590 169,665 207,925 377,590 169,665 207,925
$40,000 to $49,999 347,960 172,595 175,365 347,960 172,595 175,365
$50,000 to $59,999 276,970 153,985 122,985 276,970 153,985 122,985
$60,000 to $69,999 208,265 127,045 81,220 208,265 127,045 81,220
$70,000 to $79,999 160,580 100,970 59,610 160,580 100,970 59,610
$80,000 and over 460,030 333,895 126,140 460,030 333,895 126,140
$80,000 to $89,999 121,015 78,400 42,620 121,015 78,400 42,620
$90,000 to $99,999 82,020 57,375 24,645 82,020 57,375 24,645
$100,000 and over 257,000 198,120 58,875 257,000 198,120 58,875
Total - Employment income groups in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 33 3,206,050 1,602,690 1,603,360 3,206,050 1,602,690 1,603,360
Without employment income 732,385 301,060 431,330 732,385 301,060 431,330
With employment income 2,473,665 1,301,630 1,172,035 2,473,665 1,301,630 1,172,035
Percentage with employment income 77.2 81.2 73.1 77.2 81.2 73.1
Under $5,000 (including loss) 273,835 122,830 151,005 273,835 122,830 151,005
$5,000 to $9,999 164,095 68,100 95,990 164,095 68,100 95,990
$10,000 to $19,999 274,105 113,680 160,430 274,105 113,680 160,430
$20,000 to $29,999 235,620 96,855 138,760 235,620 96,855 138,760
$30,000 to $39,999 227,450 100,650 126,805 227,450 100,650 126,805
$40,000 to $49,999 219,155 103,680 115,475 219,155 103,680 115,475
$50,000 to $59,999 195,145 99,285 95,860 195,145 99,285 95,860
$60,000 to $69,999 163,465 92,950 70,515 163,465 92,950 70,515
$70,000 to $79,999 135,150 83,240 51,910 135,150 83,240 51,910
$80,000 and over 585,640 420,365 165,280 585,640 420,365 165,280
$80,000 to $89,999 111,045 71,210 39,835 111,045 71,210 39,835
$90,000 to $99,999 99,785 62,305 37,480 99,785 62,305 37,480
$100,000 and over 374,815 286,855 87,960 374,815 286,855 87,960
Income of households in 2015
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for private households by household size - 100% dataCensus data footnote 34 1,527,680 ... ... 1,527,680 ... ...
Median total income of households in 2015 ($) 93,835 ... ... 93,835 ... ...
Median after-tax income of households in 2015 ($) 80,300 ... ... 80,300 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for one-person private households - 100% data 366,080 ... ... 366,080 ... ...
Median total income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 47,948 ... ... 47,948 ... ...
Median after-tax income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 41,502 ... ... 41,502 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for two-or-more-person private households - 100% data 1,161,600 ... ... 1,161,600 ... ...
Median total income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 111,435 ... ... 111,435 ... ...
Median after-tax income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 94,830 ... ... 94,830 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for private households by household size - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 35 1,527,675 ... ... 1,527,675 ... ...
Average total income of households in 2015 ($) 125,522 ... ... 125,522 ... ...
Average after-tax income of households in 2015 ($) 101,361 ... ... 101,361 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for one-person private households - 25% sample data 365,000 ... ... 365,000 ... ...
Average total income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 64,341 ... ... 64,341 ... ...
Average after-tax income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 52,116 ... ... 52,116 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for two-or-more-person private households - 25% sample data 1,162,675 ... ... 1,162,675 ... ...
Average total income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 144,729 ... ... 144,729 ... ...
Average after-tax income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 116,821 ... ... 116,821 ... ...
Total - Household total income groups in 2015 for private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 36 1,527,680 ... ... 1,527,680 ... ...
Under $5,000 21,660 ... ... 21,660 ... ...
$5,000 to $9,999 13,555 ... ... 13,555 ... ...
$10,000 to $14,999 18,070 ... ... 18,070 ... ...
$15,000 to $19,999 33,045 ... ... 33,045 ... ...
$20,000 to $24,999 51,505 ... ... 51,505 ... ...
$25,000 to $29,999 38,615 ... ... 38,615 ... ...
$30,000 to $34,999 42,580 ... ... 42,580 ... ...
$35,000 to $39,999 46,630 ... ... 46,630 ... ...
$40,000 to $44,999 46,520 ... ... 46,520 ... ...
$45,000 to $49,999 46,825 ... ... 46,825 ... ...
$50,000 to $59,999 95,425 ... ... 95,425 ... ...
$60,000 to $69,999 95,340 ... ... 95,340 ... ...
$70,000 to $79,999 92,345 ... ... 92,345 ... ...
$80,000 to $89,999 88,775 ... ... 88,775 ... ...
$90,000 to $99,999 84,570 ... ... 84,570 ... ...
$100,000 and over 712,215 ... ... 712,215 ... ...
$100,000 to $124,999 184,595 ... ... 184,595 ... ...
$125,000 to $149,999 142,910 ... ... 142,910 ... ...
$150,000 to $199,999 181,960 ... ... 181,960 ... ...
$200,000 and over 202,745 ... ... 202,745 ... ...
Total - Household after-tax income groups in 2015 for private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 32 1,527,680 ... ... 1,527,680 ... ...
Under $5,000 23,395 ... ... 23,395 ... ...
$5,000 to $9,999 13,860 ... ... 13,860 ... ...
$10,000 to $14,999 18,600 ... ... 18,600 ... ...
$15,000 to $19,999 34,540 ... ... 34,540 ... ...
$20,000 to $24,999 55,010 ... ... 55,010 ... ...
$25,000 to $29,999 44,170 ... ... 44,170 ... ...
$30,000 to $34,999 50,280 ... ... 50,280 ... ...
$35,000 to $39,999 55,645 ... ... 55,645 ... ...
$40,000 to $44,999 57,695 ... ... 57,695 ... ...
$45,000 to $49,999 59,195 ... ... 59,195 ... ...
$50,000 to $59,999 119,200 ... ... 119,200 ... ...
$60,000 to $69,999 116,250 ... ... 116,250 ... ...
$70,000 to $79,999 112,675 ... ... 112,675 ... ...
$80,000 to $89,999 106,235 ... ... 106,235 ... ...
$90,000 to $99,999 95,600 ... ... 95,600 ... ...
$100,000 and over 565,335 ... ... 565,335 ... ...
$100,000 to $124,999 192,795 ... ... 192,795 ... ...
$125,000 to $149,999 132,240 ... ... 132,240 ... ...
$150,000 and over 240,305 ... ... 240,305 ... ...
Income of economic families in 2015
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for economic families in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 37 1,099,900 ... ... 1,099,900 ... ...
Median total income of economic families in 2015 ($) 109,997 ... ... 109,997 ... ...
Median after-tax income of economic families in 2015 ($) 93,588 ... ... 93,588 ... ...
Average family size of economic families 3.1 ... ... 3.1 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families without children or other relatives in private households - 100% data 407,300 ... ... 407,300 ... ...
Median total income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 101,283 ... ... 101,283 ... ...
Median after-tax income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 86,043 ... ... 86,043 ... ...
Average family size of couple economic families without children or other relatives 2.0 ... ... 2.0 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families with children in private households - 100% data 511,375 ... ... 511,375 ... ...
Median total income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 133,186 ... ... 133,186 ... ...
Median after-tax income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 111,951 ... ... 111,951 ... ...
Average family size of couple economic families with children 4.1 ... ... 4.1 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for lone-parent economic families in private households - 100% data 146,045 ... ... 146,045 ... ...
Median total income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 62,909 ... ... 62,909 ... ...
Median after-tax income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 57,079 ... ... 57,079 ... ...
Average family size of lone-parent economic families 2.7 ... ... 2.7 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for economic families in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 38 1,101,485 ... ... 1,101,485 ... ...
Average total income of economic families in 2015 ($) 144,493 ... ... 144,493 ... ...
Average after-tax income of economic families in 2015 ($) 116,343 ... ... 116,343 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families without children or other relatives in private households - 25% sample data 408,625 ... ... 408,625 ... ...
Average total income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 137,805 ... ... 137,805 ... ...
Average after-tax income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 110,236 ... ... 110,236 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families with children in private households - 25% sample data 512,615 ... ... 512,615 ... ...
Average total income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 169,354 ... ... 169,354 ... ...
Average after-tax income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 135,623 ... ... 135,623 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for lone-parent economic families in private households - 25% sample data 145,115 ... ... 145,115 ... ...
Average total income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 80,406 ... ... 80,406 ... ...
Average after-tax income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 68,470 ... ... 68,470 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 21 577,475 308,835 268,640 577,475 308,835 268,640
Median total income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 39 42,598 47,903 37,344 42,598 47,903 37,344
Median after-tax income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 39 37,648 41,340 33,785 37,648 41,340 33,785
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 40 573,385 306,195 267,190 573,385 306,195 267,190
Average total income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 41 56,856 63,468 49,280 56,856 63,468 49,280
Average after-tax income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 41 46,559 50,990 41,481 46,559 50,990 41,481
Total - Economic family income decile group for the population in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 42 3,978,150 1,998,500 1,979,650 3,978,150 1,998,500 1,979,650
In the bottom half of the distribution 1,527,695 739,210 788,485 1,527,695 739,210 788,485
In the bottom decile 293,490 143,880 149,605 293,490 143,880 149,605
In the second decile 278,635 128,055 150,575 278,635 128,055 150,575
In the third decile 297,695 142,090 155,605 297,695 142,090 155,605
In the fourth decile 315,570 154,815 160,760 315,570 154,815 160,760
In the fifth decile 342,305 170,375 171,935 342,305 170,375 171,935
In the top half of the distribution 2,450,450 1,259,285 1,191,160 2,450,450 1,259,285 1,191,160
In the sixth decile 366,250 183,860 182,390 366,250 183,860 182,390
In the seventh decile 397,275 201,465 195,810 397,275 201,465 195,810
In the eighth decile 443,585 227,385 216,200 443,585 227,385 216,200
In the ninth decile 522,545 268,995 253,555 522,545 268,995 253,555
In the top decile 720,795 377,585 343,215 720,795 377,585 343,215
Low income in 2015
Total - Low-income status in 2015 for the population in private households to whom low-income concepts are applicable - 100% dataCensus data footnote 43 3,925,220 1,971,735 1,953,485 3,925,220 1,971,735 1,953,485
0 to 17 years 893,255 458,330 434,925 893,255 458,330 434,925
0 to 5 years 310,080 158,825 151,260 310,080 158,825 151,260
18 to 64 years 2,580,730 1,298,440 1,282,295 2,580,730 1,298,440 1,282,295
65 years and over 451,235 214,965 236,265 451,235 214,965 236,265
In low income based on the Low-income measure, after tax (LIM-AT) 363,890 171,945 191,940 363,890 171,945 191,940
0 to 17 years 114,215 58,665 55,555 114,215 58,665 55,555
0 to 5 years 41,755 21,350 20,400 41,755 21,350 20,400
18 to 64 years 210,870 98,415 112,455 210,870 98,415 112,455
65 years and over 38,800 14,875 23,925 38,800 14,875 23,925
Prevalence of low income based on the Low-income measure, after tax (LIM-AT) (%) 9.3 8.7 9.8 9.3 8.7 9.8
0 to 17 years (%) 12.8 12.8 12.8 12.8 12.8 12.8
0 to 5 years (%) 13.5 13.4 13.5 13.5 13.4 13.5
18 to 64 years (%) 8.2 7.6 8.8 8.2 7.6 8.8
65 years and over (%) 8.6 6.9 10.1 8.6 6.9 10.1
In low income based on the Low-income cut-offs, after tax (LICO-AT) 273,515 134,180 139,335 273,515 134,180 139,335
0 to 17 years 76,930 39,385 37,550 76,930 39,385 37,550
0 to 5 years 28,190 14,420 13,770 28,190 14,420 13,770
18 to 64 years 181,805 88,715 93,095 181,805 88,715 93,095
65 years and over 14,780 6,085 8,695 14,780 6,085 8,695
Prevalence of low income based on the Low-income cut-offs, after tax (LICO-AT) (%) 7.0 6.8 7.1 7.0 6.8 7.1
0 to 17 years (%) 8.6 8.6 8.6 8.6 8.6 8.6
0 to 5 years (%) 9.1 9.1 9.1 9.1 9.1 9.1
18 to 64 years (%) 7.0 6.8 7.3 7.0 6.8 7.3
65 years and over (%) 3.3 2.8 3.7 3.3 2.8 3.7
Knowledge of languagesThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Knowledge of languages for the population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 44 3,978,145 1,998,500 1,979,645 3,978,145 1,998,500 1,979,645
Official languages 3,920,530 1,974,435 1,946,095 3,920,530 1,974,435 1,946,095
English 3,916,805 1,972,800 1,944,005 3,916,805 1,972,800 1,944,005
French 264,600 123,940 140,660 264,600 123,940 140,660
Non-official languages 1,082,425 527,770 554,655 1,082,425 527,770 554,655
Aboriginal languages 36,465 17,415 19,045 36,465 17,415 19,045
Algonquian languages 29,675 14,120 15,555 29,675 14,120 15,555
Blackfoot 5,575 2,665 2,905 5,575 2,665 2,905
Cree-Montagnais languages 23,465 11,155 12,310 23,465 11,155 12,310
Atikamekw 0 0 0 0 0 0
Montagnais (Innu) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Moose Cree 25 0 15 25 0 15
Naskapi 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern East Cree 90 20 70 90 20 70
Plains Cree 1,580 620 965 1,580 620 965
Southern East Cree 10 10 0 10 10 0
Swampy Cree 45 25 25 45 25 25
Woods Cree 1,135 525 610 1,135 525 610
Cree, n.o.s. 20,665 9,990 10,675 20,665 9,990 10,675
Eastern Algonquian languages 35 15 15 35 15 15
Malecite 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mi'kmaq 35 15 15 35 15 15
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 955 425 530 955 425 530
Algonquin 10 10 0 10 10 0
Ojibway 925 415 505 925 415 505
Oji-Cree 20 10 15 20 10 15
Ottawa (Odawa) 0 0 10 0 0 10
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 10 10 0 10 10 0
Athabaskan languages 2,640 1,255 1,385 2,640 1,255 1,385
Northern Athabaskan languages 2,630 1,250 1,380 2,630 1,250 1,380
Babine (Wetsuwet'en) 0 10 0 0 10 0
Beaver 85 50 35 85 50 35
Carrier 45 10 35 45 10 35
Chilcotin 20 15 10 20 15 10
Dene 2,010 975 1,035 2,010 975 1,035
Dogrib (Tlicho) 75 30 45 75 30 45
Gwich'in 10 0 10 10 0 10
Sarsi (Sarcee) 150 65 85 150 65 85
Sekani 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey-Hare languages 285 140 145 285 140 145
North Slavey (Hare) 25 15 10 25 15 10
South Slavey 190 90 100 190 90 100
Slavey, n.o.s. 75 35 45 75 35 45
Tahltan languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tutchone languages 0 0 10 0 0 10
Northern Tutchone 10 0 10 10 0 10
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 10 0 10 10 0 10
Haida 10 0 10 10 0 10
Inuit languages 135 50 80 135 50 80
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 35 10 25 35 10 25
Inuktitut 60 20 35 60 20 35
Inuit languages, n.i.e. 40 25 20 40 25 20
Iroquoian languages 40 25 10 40 25 10
Cayuga 0 10 0 0 10 0
Mohawk 35 25 0 35 25 0
Oneida 0 0 0 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 0 10 10 0 10 10
Kutenai 0 0 0 0 0 0
Michif 145 75 70 145 75 70
Salish languages 50 25 25 50 25 25
Comox 0 0 0 0 0 0
Halkomelem 10 0 0 10 0 0
Lillooet 0 0 0 0 0 0
Okanagan 15 10 10 15 10 10
Shuswap (Secwepemctsin) 10 0 10 10 0 10
Squamish 0 0 0 0 0 0
Straits 10 0 0 10 0 0
Thompson (Ntlakapamux) 10 0 10 10 0 10
Salish languages, n.i.e. 10 0 0 10 0 0
Siouan languages 4,050 2,005 2,045 4,050 2,005 2,045
Dakota 530 285 245 530 285 245
Stoney 3,650 1,790 1,855 3,650 1,790 1,855
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 10 0 10 10 0 10
Tlingit 10 0 0 10 0 0
Tsimshian languages 35 15 15 35 15 15
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 20 10 10 20 10 10
Nisga'a 15 0 0 15 0 0
Tsimshian 0 0 0 0 0 0
Wakashan languages 10 10 0 10 10 0
Haisla 0 0 0 0 0 0
Heiltsuk 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kwakiutl (Kwak'wala) 10 10 0 10 10 0
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Aboriginal languages, n.o.s. 30 15 15 30 15 15
Non-Aboriginal languages 1,046,245 510,495 535,750 1,046,245 510,495 535,750
Afro-Asiatic languages 96,210 50,675 45,535 96,210 50,675 45,535
Berber languages 540 335 205 540 335 205
Kabyle 225 125 90 225 125 90
Berber languages, n.i.e. 315 210 110 315 210 110
Cushitic languages 15,445 8,055 7,385 15,445 8,055 7,385
Bilen 370 235 135 370 235 135
Oromo 3,125 1,625 1,500 3,125 1,625 1,500
Somali 12,030 6,240 5,795 12,030 6,240 5,795
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 55 20 40 55 20 40
Semitic languages 82,200 43,405 38,800 82,200 43,405 38,800
Amharic 10,870 5,595 5,275 10,870 5,595 5,275
Arabic 62,730 33,365 29,370 62,730 33,365 29,370
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 430 225 210 430 225 210
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 150 70 75 150 70 75
Harari 340 150 185 340 150 185
Hebrew 3,250 1,650 1,600 3,250 1,650 1,600
Maltese 145 85 55 145 85 55
Tigrigna 7,315 3,915 3,400 7,315 3,915 3,400
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 450 250 205 450 250 205
Afro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 375 225 145 375 225 145
Austro-Asiatic languages 32,730 15,440 17,290 32,730 15,440 17,290
Khmer (Cambodian) 2,700 1,375 1,330 2,700 1,375 1,330
Vietnamese 30,150 14,130 16,015 30,150 14,130 16,015
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 15 0 10 15 0 10
Austronesian languages 145,745 63,615 82,130 145,745 63,615 82,130
Bikol 330 150 180 330 150 180
Cebuano 6,690 2,940 3,750 6,690 2,940 3,750
Fijian 340 195 145 340 195 145
Hiligaynon 1,760 745 1,020 1,760 745 1,020
Ilocano 7,370 3,160 4,215 7,370 3,160 4,215
Malagasy 80 40 40 80 40 40
Malay 3,040 1,435 1,610 3,040 1,435 1,610
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 1,185 565 625 1,185 565 625
Pangasinan 445 190 250 445 190 250
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 138,440 60,115 78,325 138,440 60,115 78,325
Waray-Waray 420 170 245 420 170 245
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 1,160 505 650 1,160 505 650
Creole languages 4,585 2,390 2,195 4,585 2,390 2,195
Haitian Creole 255 140 115 255 140 115
Creole, n.o.s. 2,675 1,425 1,250 2,675 1,425 1,250
Creole languages, n.i.e. 1,680 840 850 1,680 840 850
Dravidian languages 18,190 9,660 8,525 18,190 9,660 8,525
Kannada 1,035 520 515 1,035 520 515
Malayalam 8,150 4,255 3,900 8,150 4,255 3,900
Tamil 7,195 3,900 3,295 7,195 3,900 3,295
Telugu 2,910 1,560 1,345 2,910 1,560 1,345
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 150 80 70 150 80 70
Hmong-Mien languages 115 55 55 115 55 55
Indo-European languages 550,490 274,510 275,980 550,490 274,510 275,980
Albanian 2,880 1,550 1,325 2,880 1,550 1,325
Armenian 530 255 275 530 255 275
Balto-Slavic languages 93,150 44,750 48,395 93,150 44,750 48,395
Baltic languages 1,360 660 705 1,360 660 705
Latvian 590 300 290 590 300 290
Lithuanian 775 360 415 775 360 415
Slavic languages 92,300 44,340 47,960 92,300 44,340 47,960
Belarusan 200 95 105 200 95 105
Bosnian 2,880 1,450 1,435 2,880 1,450 1,435
Bulgarian 1,795 945 850 1,795 945 850
Croatian 6,280 3,260 3,025 6,280 3,260 3,025
Czech 3,590 1,650 1,940 3,590 1,650 1,940
Macedonian 535 270 265 535 270 265
Polish 23,650 11,455 12,195 23,650 11,455 12,195
Russian 27,375 13,195 14,175 27,375 13,195 14,175
Serbian 5,355 2,630 2,730 5,355 2,630 2,730
Serbo-Croatian 1,095 550 540 1,095 550 540
Slovak 2,780 1,495 1,285 2,780 1,495 1,285
Slovene (Slovenian) 735 360 375 735 360 375
Ukrainian 26,600 11,980 14,620 26,600 11,980 14,620
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 250 120 130 250 120 130
Celtic languages 1,180 615 560 1,180 615 560
Scottish Gaelic 440 215 225 440 215 225
Welsh 315 180 130 315 180 130
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 450 220 225 450 220 225
Germanic languages 112,670 56,325 56,345 112,670 56,325 56,345
Afrikaans 5,165 2,655 2,515 5,165 2,655 2,515
Danish 2,800 1,360 1,440 2,800 1,360 1,440
Dutch 19,480 9,595 9,890 19,480 9,595 9,890
Frisian 475 275 205 475 275 205
German 83,010 41,905 41,105 83,010 41,905 41,105
Icelandic 160 70 95 160 70 95
Norwegian 1,450 635 810 1,450 635 810
Swedish 1,635 800 835 1,635 800 835
Vlaams (Flemish) 380 170 215 380 170 215
Yiddish 250 130 115 250 130 115
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 2,115 1,095 1,015 2,115 1,095 1,015
Greek 4,935 2,535 2,400 4,935 2,535 2,400
Indo-Iranian languages 206,725 106,045 100,675 206,725 106,045 100,675
Indo-Aryan languages 186,005 95,045 90,960 186,005 95,045 90,960
Bengali 8,530 4,385 4,140 8,530 4,385 4,140
Gujarati 18,005 8,945 9,055 18,005 8,945 9,055
Hindi 61,290 31,900 29,385 61,290 31,900 29,385
Kashmiri 125 80 45 125 80 45
Konkani 625 300 320 625 300 320
Marathi 2,575 1,385 1,195 2,575 1,385 1,195
Nepali 5,510 3,000 2,510 5,510 3,000 2,510
Oriya (Odia) 255 135 120 255 135 120
Punjabi (Panjabi) 90,485 46,350 44,135 90,485 46,350 44,135
Sindhi 4,595 2,065 2,530 4,595 2,065 2,530
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 3,800 1,925 1,875 3,800 1,925 1,875
Urdu 41,235 21,245 20,000 41,235 21,245 20,000
Iranian languages 22,140 11,665 10,475 22,140 11,665 10,475
Kurdish 1,930 1,100 825 1,930 1,100 825
Pashto 3,330 1,795 1,530 3,330 1,795 1,530
Persian (Farsi) 17,600 9,220 8,375 17,600 9,220 8,375
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 1,760 960 805 1,760 960 805
Italic (Romance) languages 142,340 69,885 72,450 142,340 69,885 72,450
Catalan 170 95 80 170 95 80
Italian 19,900 9,875 10,020 19,900 9,875 10,020
Portuguese 12,670 6,255 6,415 12,670 6,255 6,415
Romanian 9,915 5,185 4,735 9,915 5,185 4,735
Spanish 104,445 50,960 53,490 104,445 50,960 53,490
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 250 130 125 250 130 125
Japanese 9,215 4,115 5,100 9,215 4,115 5,100
Kartvelian languages 225 130 100 225 130 100
Georgian 230 130 100 230 130 100
Korean 19,950 9,405 10,545 19,950 9,405 10,545
Mongolic languages 800 375 430 800 375 430
Mongolian 800 370 430 800 370 430
Niger-Congo languages 29,430 14,980 14,450 29,430 14,980 14,450
Akan (Twi) 2,925 1,505 1,420 2,925 1,505 1,420
Bamanankan 60 30 30 60 30 30
Edo 620 325 290 620 325 290
Ewe 335 170 165 335 170 165
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 300 165 135 300 165 135
Ga 345 190 155 345 190 155
Ganda 610 305 305 610 305 305
Igbo 2,550 1,345 1,210 2,550 1,345 1,210
Lingala 1,240 640 605 1,240 640 605
Rundi (Kirundi) 830 420 410 830 420 410
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 1,155 605 550 1,155 605 550
Shona 1,810 850 960 1,810 850 960
Swahili 6,700 3,470 3,235 6,700 3,470 3,235
Wolof 600 365 235 600 365 235
Yoruba 5,930 3,035 2,890 5,930 3,035 2,890
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 6,585 3,265 3,320 6,585 3,265 3,320
Nilo-Saharan languages 3,070 1,495 1,575 3,070 1,495 1,575
Dinka 1,655 825 825 1,655 825 825
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 1,425 675 750 1,425 675 750
Sign languages 5,910 2,350 3,555 5,910 2,350 3,555
American Sign Language 3,085 1,130 1,955 3,085 1,130 1,955
Quebec Sign Language 0 0 10 0 0 10
Sign languages, n.i.e. 2,855 1,230 1,625 2,855 1,230 1,625
Sino-Tibetan languages 141,860 67,945 73,915 141,860 67,945 73,915
Chinese languages 139,385 66,700 72,685 139,385 66,700 72,685
Cantonese 74,770 35,490 39,280 74,770 35,490 39,280
Hakka 1,180 515 660 1,180 515 660
Mandarin 70,510 33,310 37,195 70,510 33,310 37,195
Min Dong 85 50 40 85 50 40
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 4,140 1,765 2,380 4,140 1,765 2,380
Wu (Shanghainese) 855 380 470 855 380 470
Chinese, n.o.s. 6,335 3,160 3,175 6,335 3,160 3,175
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 55 25 35 55 25 35
Tibeto-Burman languages 2,590 1,290 1,300 2,590 1,290 1,300
Burmese 605 305 295 605 305 295
Karenic languages 805 415 390 805 415 390
Tibetan 860 430 430 860 430 430
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 445 215 235 445 215 235
Tai-Kadai languages 3,705 1,510 2,195 3,705 1,510 2,195
Lao 1,520 730 795 1,520 730 795
Thai 2,400 850 1,545 2,400 850 1,545
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e. 45 25 25 45 25 25
Turkic languages 5,795 3,180 2,625 5,795 3,180 2,625
Azerbaijani 630 325 300 630 325 300
Turkish 4,255 2,420 1,835 4,255 2,420 1,835
Uyghur 290 135 155 290 135 155
Uzbek 425 200 225 425 200 225
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 355 170 180 355 170 180
Uralic languages 8,895 4,315 4,575 8,895 4,315 4,575
Estonian 185 85 105 185 85 105
Finnish 1,045 455 590 1,045 455 590
Hungarian 7,660 3,770 3,890 7,660 3,770 3,890
Uralic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Other languages, n.i.e. 1,820 1,025 790 1,820 1,025 790
Citizenship
Total - Citizenship for the population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 45 3,978,145 1,998,495 1,979,645 3,978,145 1,998,495 1,979,645
Canadian citizensCensus data footnote 46 3,622,740 1,825,135 1,797,600 3,622,740 1,825,135 1,797,600
Canadian citizens aged under 18 854,815 439,065 415,755 854,815 439,065 415,755
Canadian citizens aged 18 and over 2,767,920 1,386,070 1,381,850 2,767,920 1,386,070 1,381,850
Not Canadian citizensCensus data footnote 47 355,410 173,365 182,045 355,410 173,365 182,045
Immigrant status and period of immigration
Total - Immigrant status and period of immigration for the population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 48 3,978,145 1,998,495 1,979,650 3,978,145 1,998,495 1,979,650
Non-immigrantsCensus data footnote 49 3,062,775 1,550,445 1,512,335 3,062,775 1,550,445 1,512,335
ImmigrantsCensus data footnote 50 845,220 412,320 432,895 845,220 412,320 432,895
Before 1981 163,460 81,620 81,840 163,460 81,620 81,840
1981 to 1990 86,350 41,690 44,660 86,350 41,690 44,660
1991 to 2000 131,560 62,930 68,630 131,560 62,930 68,630
2001 to 2010 256,055 125,235 130,820 256,055 125,235 130,820
2001 to 2005 109,145 53,425 55,720 109,145 53,425 55,720
2006 to 2010 146,910 71,810 75,100 146,910 71,810 75,100
2011 to 2016Census data footnote 51 207,790 100,845 106,945 207,790 100,845 106,945
Non-permanent residentsCensus data footnote 52 70,155 35,735 34,420 70,155 35,735 34,420
Age at immigration
Total - Age at immigration for the immigrant population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 53 845,220 412,320 432,895 845,220 412,320 432,895
Under 5 years 82,175 42,200 39,975 82,175 42,200 39,975
5 to 14 years 149,815 77,820 71,995 149,815 77,820 71,995
15 to 24 years 168,965 78,215 90,755 168,965 78,215 90,755
25 to 44 years 372,805 180,265 192,535 372,805 180,265 192,535
45 years and over 71,450 33,820 37,630 71,450 33,820 37,630
Immigrants by selected place of birthThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census immigration data
Total - Selected places of birth for the immigrant population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 54 845,215 412,325 432,895 845,215 412,325 432,895
Americas 103,540 49,345 54,190 103,540 49,345 54,190
Brazil 2,545 1,100 1,440 2,545 1,100 1,440
Colombia 9,535 4,570 4,960 9,535 4,570 4,960
El Salvador 7,255 3,725 3,530 7,255 3,725 3,530
Guyana 2,555 1,200 1,355 2,555 1,200 1,355
Haiti 1,270 675 600 1,270 675 600
Jamaica 6,845 3,170 3,680 6,845 3,170 3,680
Mexico 15,665 7,860 7,805 15,665 7,860 7,805
Peru 1,920 780 1,140 1,920 780 1,140
Trinidad and Tobago 3,415 1,670 1,750 3,415 1,670 1,750
United StatesCensus data footnote 55 30,460 13,675 16,785 30,460 13,675 16,785
Other places of birth in Americas 22,075 10,925 11,150 22,075 10,925 11,150
Europe 189,770 95,355 94,415 189,770 95,355 94,415
Bosnia and Herzegovina 4,555 2,325 2,230 4,555 2,325 2,230
Croatia 3,080 1,615 1,465 3,080 1,615 1,465
France 2,535 1,215 1,320 2,535 1,215 1,320
Germany 19,205 9,485 9,715 19,205 9,485 9,715
Greece 2,005 1,115 890 2,005 1,115 890
Hungary 3,665 1,880 1,785 3,665 1,880 1,785
IrelandCensus data footnote 56 3,935 2,100 1,835 3,935 2,100 1,835
Italy 8,110 4,370 3,745 8,110 4,370 3,745
Netherlands 14,035 7,420 6,610 14,035 7,420 6,610
Poland 16,925 8,045 8,880 16,925 8,045 8,880
Portugal 4,050 1,985 2,070 4,050 1,985 2,070
Romania 7,725 3,930 3,795 7,725 3,930 3,795
Russian Federation 7,260 3,135 4,125 7,260 3,135 4,125
SerbiaCensus data footnote 57 2,255 1,080 1,170 2,255 1,080 1,170
Ukraine 8,150 3,700 4,455 8,150 3,700 4,455
United KingdomCensus data footnote 58 59,215 30,280 28,935 59,215 30,280 28,935
Other places of birth in Europe 23,060 11,670 11,390 23,060 11,670 11,390
Africa 89,740 46,705 43,030 89,740 46,705 43,030
Algeria 1,340 715 625 1,340 715 625
Egypt 5,320 2,940 2,375 5,320 2,940 2,375
Ethiopia 10,570 5,355 5,215 10,570 5,355 5,215
Kenya 5,120 2,555 2,565 5,120 2,555 2,565
Morocco 1,695 1,005 695 1,695 1,005 695
Nigeria 12,405 6,520 5,880 12,405 6,520 5,880
Somalia 7,060 3,665 3,395 7,060 3,665 3,395
South Africa, Republic of 7,355 3,670 3,685 7,355 3,670 3,685
Other places of birth in Africa 38,865 20,275 18,590 38,865 20,275 18,590
Asia 452,225 215,955 236,265 452,225 215,955 236,265
Afghanistan 5,190 2,765 2,430 5,190 2,765 2,430
Bangladesh 5,085 2,590 2,500 5,085 2,590 2,500
ChinaCensus data footnote 59 57,690 26,510 31,185 57,690 26,510 31,185
Hong KongCensus data footnote 60 19,110 9,265 9,850 19,110 9,265 9,850
India 91,660 46,625 45,035 91,660 46,625 45,035
IranCensus data footnote 61 8,910 4,655 4,250 8,910 4,655 4,250
Iraq 5,935 3,205 2,730 5,935 3,205 2,730
Japan 3,065 905 2,160 3,065 905 2,160
Korea, SouthCensus data footnote 62 13,850 6,530 7,320 13,850 6,530 7,320
Lebanon 10,395 5,640 4,750 10,395 5,640 4,750
Pakistan 28,075 14,630 13,445 28,075 14,630 13,445
Philippines 123,830 54,075 69,755 123,830 54,075 69,755
Sri Lanka 4,835 2,475 2,365 4,835 2,475 2,365
SyriaCensus data footnote 63 4,800 2,515 2,280 4,800 2,515 2,280
Taiwan 3,455 1,460 2,000 3,455 1,460 2,000
Viet Nam 27,080 12,645 14,435 27,080 12,645 14,435
Other places of birth in Asia 39,250 19,485 19,765 39,250 19,485 19,765
Oceania and other places of birthCensus data footnote 64 9,940 4,950 4,990 9,940 4,950 4,990
Recent immigrants by selected places of birth
Total - Selected places of birth for the recent immigrant population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 54 207,790 100,845 106,945 207,790 100,845 106,945
Americas 20,060 9,660 10,400 20,060 9,660 10,400
Brazil 860 370 490 860 370 490
Colombia 2,295 1,020 1,275 2,295 1,020 1,275
Cuba 465 215 255 465 215 255
Haiti 385 240 150 385 240 150
Jamaica 1,660 765 895 1,660 765 895
Mexico 4,405 2,250 2,150 4,405 2,250 2,150
United StatesCensus data footnote 55 4,645 2,130 2,515 4,645 2,130 2,515
VenezuelaCensus data footnote 65 1,570 745 820 1,570 745 820
Other places of birth in Americas 3,785 1,930 1,855 3,785 1,930 1,855
Europe 20,870 10,830 10,045 20,870 10,830 10,045
France 425 240 180 425 240 180
Germany 1,370 710 655 1,370 710 655
IrelandCensus data footnote 56 1,355 835 520 1,355 835 520
MoldovaCensus data footnote 66 715 365 350 715 365 350
Romania 1,100 545 555