Census Profile, 2016 Census
Alberta [Province] and British Columbia [Province]

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The table shows total, male and female data grouped by geography (appearing as column headers) for selected characteristics (appearing as row headers).
Characteristic Alberta

[Province]
British Columbia

[Province]
Data quality , Alberta [Province]  Map : Alberta [Province]
Change geography 1
Data quality : British Columbia [Province]  Map : geography 2
Change geography 2
Total Male Female Total Male Female
Counts (unless otherwise specified)
Population and dwellings
Population, 2016Census data footnote 1 4,067,175 ... ... 4,648,055 ... ...
Population, 2011Census data footnote 1 3,645,257 ... ... 4,400,057 ... ...
Population percentage change, 2011 to 2016 11.6 ... ... 5.6 ... ...
Total private dwellingsCensus data footnote 2 1,654,129 ... ... 2,063,417 ... ...
Private dwellings occupied by usual residentsCensus data footnote 3 1,527,678 ... ... 1,881,969 ... ...
Population density per square kilometre 6.4 ... ... 5.0 ... ...
Land area in square kilometres 640,330.46 ... ... 922,503.01 ... ...
Age characteristics
Total - Age groups and average age of the population - 100% dataCensus data footnote 4 4,067,175 2,039,410 2,027,765 4,648,055 2,278,245 2,369,815
0 to 14 years 779,155 399,570 379,580 691,390 355,400 335,985
0 to 4 years 266,515 136,520 129,995 220,625 113,355 107,275
5 to 9 years 270,715 138,990 131,725 236,900 122,070 114,830
10 to 14 years 241,920 124,060 117,860 233,860 119,975 113,885
15 to 64 years 2,787,805 1,408,150 1,379,655 3,107,680 1,527,280 1,580,400
15 to 19 years 240,035 123,625 116,410 258,980 133,000 125,985
20 to 24 years 261,830 133,990 127,840 287,560 147,615 139,945
25 to 29 years 310,940 156,715 154,225 303,000 151,585 151,415
30 to 34 years 333,175 167,555 165,620 313,750 155,035 158,715
35 to 39 years 305,505 153,655 151,850 293,590 143,070 150,520
40 to 44 years 281,205 142,545 138,660 295,045 141,930 153,115
45 to 49 years 269,030 135,855 133,180 322,365 155,325 167,040
50 to 54 years 284,310 142,205 142,100 354,375 172,065 182,310
55 to 59 years 275,540 138,565 136,970 354,925 171,210 183,715
60 to 64 years 226,230 113,440 112,790 324,095 156,450 167,645
65 years and over 500,215 231,690 268,530 848,985 395,560 453,425
65 to 69 years 173,680 85,500 88,180 287,520 139,490 148,035
70 to 74 years 117,035 56,430 60,610 201,785 97,675 104,110
75 to 79 years 83,955 39,105 44,845 145,225 68,715 76,510
80 to 84 years 62,165 27,590 34,575 105,255 48,645 56,610
85 years and over 63,385 23,065 40,320 109,190 41,035 68,155
85 to 89 years 39,965 16,050 23,915 67,510 27,930 39,575
90 to 94 years 18,025 5,755 12,275 31,815 10,615 21,205
95 to 99 years 4,735 1,145 3,595 8,545 2,215 6,330
100 years and over 650 115 535 1,325 275 1,050
Total - Distribution (%) of the population by broad age groups - 100% data 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0
0 to 14 years 19.2 19.6 18.7 14.9 15.6 14.2
15 to 64 years 68.5 69.0 68.0 66.9 67.0 66.7
65 years and over 12.3 11.4 13.2 18.3 17.4 19.1
85 years and over 1.6 1.1 2.0 2.3 1.8 2.9
Average age of the population 37.8 37.2 38.4 42.3 41.5 43.1
Median age of the population 36.7 36.2 37.2 43.0 41.9 44.0
Household and dwelling characteristics
Total - Occupied private dwellings by structural type of dwelling - 100% dataCensus data footnote 5 1,527,675 ... ... 1,881,970 ... ...
Single-detached house 946,225 ... ... 830,660 ... ...
Apartment in a building that has five or more storeys 62,395 ... ... 177,830 ... ...
Other attached dwellingCensus data footnote 6 471,090 ... ... 824,190 ... ...
Semi-detached house 86,765 ... ... 57,395 ... ...
Row house 116,625 ... ... 147,830 ... ...
Apartment or flat in a duplex 43,090 ... ... 230,075 ... ...
Apartment in a building that has fewer than five storeys 223,360 ... ... 385,140 ... ...
Other single-attached house 1,245 ... ... 3,755 ... ...
Movable dwellingCensus data footnote 7 47,970 ... ... 49,290 ... ...
Total - Private households by household size - 100% dataCensus data footnote 8 1,527,675 ... ... 1,881,970 ... ...
1 person 366,080 ... ... 541,910 ... ...
2 persons 524,415 ... ... 663,770 ... ...
3 persons 245,075 ... ... 277,690 ... ...
4 persons 233,770 ... ... 243,125 ... ...
5 or more persons 158,335 ... ... 155,470 ... ...
Number of persons in private households 3,978,145 ... ... 4,560,240 ... ...
Average household size 2.6 ... ... 2.4 ... ...
Marital status
Total - Marital status for the population aged 15 years and over - 100% dataCensus data footnote 9 3,288,020 1,639,835 1,648,185 3,956,665 1,922,840 2,033,825
Married or living common law 1,969,300 988,410 980,895 2,297,325 1,146,175 1,151,150
Married 1,648,945 828,155 820,790 1,925,345 959,690 965,645
Living common law 320,350 160,250 160,100 371,985 186,485 185,505
Not married and not living common law 1,318,720 651,430 667,290 1,659,335 776,660 882,675
Never married 905,700 505,310 400,390 1,076,085 582,975 493,110
Separated 76,150 34,000 42,150 105,700 45,225 60,475
Divorced 195,850 82,040 113,815 263,870 103,475 160,395
Widowed 141,020 30,080 110,940 213,685 44,990 168,700
Family characteristics
Total - Census families in private households by family size - 100% dataCensus data footnote 10 1,114,585 ... ... 1,311,340 ... ...
2 persons 540,850 ... ... 703,685 ... ...
3 persons 235,245 ... ... 275,965 ... ...
4 persons 227,165 ... ... 243,960 ... ...
5 or more persons 111,330 ... ... 87,730 ... ...
Average size of census families 3.0 ... ... 2.8 ... ...
Total number of census families in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 11 1,114,585 ... ... 1,311,345 ... ...
Total couple families 953,325 ... ... 1,113,405 ... ...
Married couples 793,195 ... ... 927,440 ... ...
Common-law couples 160,130 ... ... 185,960 ... ...
Total lone-parent families by sex of parent 161,260 ... ... 197,940 ... ...
Female parent 123,490 ... ... 155,670 ... ...
Male parent 37,770 ... ... 42,265 ... ...
Total - Couple census families in private households - 100% data 953,325 ... ... 1,113,400 ... ...
Couples without children 443,665 ... ... 577,790 ... ...
Couples with children 509,655 ... ... 535,610 ... ...
1 child 190,010 ... ... 221,065 ... ...
2 children 213,910 ... ... 230,705 ... ...
3 or more children 105,735 ... ... 83,840 ... ...
Total - Lone-parent census families in private households - 100% data 161,260 ... ... 197,940 ... ...
1 child 97,180 ... ... 125,890 ... ...
2 children 45,235 ... ... 54,900 ... ...
3 or more children 18,845 ... ... 17,145 ... ...
Total - Persons not in census families in private households - 100% data 678,535 356,875 321,655 882,895 418,495 464,405
Household type
Total - Private households by household type - 100% dataCensus data footnote 12 1,527,675 ... ... 1,881,970 ... ...
One-census-family households 1,039,985 ... ... 1,195,735 ... ...
Without children in a census familyCensus data footnote 13 414,570 ... ... 527,700 ... ...
With children in a census familyCensus data footnote 14 625,415 ... ... 668,035 ... ...
Multiple-census-family households 36,120 ... ... 55,620 ... ...
Non-census-family households 451,570 ... ... 630,620 ... ...
One-person households 366,080 ... ... 541,915 ... ...
Two-or-more person non-census-family households 85,490 ... ... 88,705 ... ...
Knowledge of official languagesThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Knowledge of official languages for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 15 4,026,650 2,020,510 2,006,140 4,598,415 2,255,395 2,343,015
English only 3,698,765 1,869,670 1,829,095 4,127,770 2,050,130 2,077,645
French only 3,895 1,725 2,165 1,810 820 985
English and French 264,720 124,400 140,315 314,925 140,650 174,275
Neither English nor French 59,280 24,715 34,565 153,910 63,795 90,115
First official language spokenThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - First official language spoken for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 16 4,026,650 2,020,510 2,006,140 4,598,415 2,255,395 2,343,020
English 3,880,685 1,950,980 1,929,705 4,373,330 2,156,680 2,216,655
French 71,535 37,205 34,330 55,325 27,680 27,640
English and French 16,605 8,350 8,255 18,000 8,315 9,685
Neither English nor French 57,830 23,970 33,860 151,760 62,720 89,040
Official language minority (number)Census data footnote 17 79,840 41,380 38,455 64,325 31,840 32,480
Official language minority (percentage)Census data footnote 17 2.0 2.0 1.9 1.4 1.4 1.4
Mother tongueThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Mother tongue for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 18 4,026,650 2,020,510 2,006,140 4,598,415 2,255,400 2,343,015
Single responses 3,934,580 1,975,615 1,958,970 4,494,995 2,205,775 2,289,220
Official languages 3,063,640 1,552,475 1,511,165 3,227,535 1,614,375 1,613,160
English 2,991,485 1,515,025 1,476,460 3,170,110 1,585,760 1,584,355
French 72,150 37,450 34,705 57,425 28,615 28,810
Non-official languages 870,940 423,140 447,805 1,267,460 591,400 676,060
Aboriginal languages 23,835 11,290 12,550 8,435 3,940 4,490
Algonquian languages 18,295 8,665 9,630 1,050 445 605
Blackfoot 2,750 1,305 1,445 40 5 35
Cree-Montagnais languages 14,960 7,105 7,850 840 375 465
Atikamekw 0 0 0 0 0 0
Montagnais (Innu) 0 5 0 0 0 0
Moose Cree 10 0 5 5 5 0
Naskapi 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern East Cree 50 15 35 10 0 10
Plains Cree 720 280 435 150 60 85
Southern East Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Swampy Cree 50 20 35 25 15 10
Woods Cree 910 430 480 60 25 35
Cree, n.o.s. 13,220 6,355 6,865 585 270 320
Eastern Algonquian languages 30 15 15 10 5 10
Malecite 0 5 0 5 0 0
Mi'kmaq 35 20 15 10 5 5
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 550 235 315 155 55 105
Algonquin 5 0 5 5 5 0
Ojibway 525 230 300 135 50 90
Oji-Cree 15 5 15 10 0 10
Ottawa (Odawa) 0 0 0 5 0 5
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 5 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages 1,865 865 1,000 2,310 1,045 1,260
Northern Athabaskan languages 1,855 860 990 2,295 1,045 1,250
Babine (Wetsuwet'en) 0 0 0 110 55 55
Beaver 35 15 15 160 75 85
Carrier 15 0 15 1,005 460 550
Chilcotin 5 0 0 650 295 355
Dene 1,470 710 760 90 35 50
Dogrib (Tlicho) 40 10 30 5 0 0
Gwich'in 15 5 10 15 5 10
Sarsi (Sarcee) 70 20 45 0 0 5
Sekani 0 0 0 85 40 45
Slavey-Hare languages 200 90 115 75 30 45
North Slavey (Hare) 10 5 10 5 0 0
South Slavey 155 70 80 20 5 15
Slavey, n.o.s. 35 15 25 50 25 30
Tahltan languages 5 0 5 105 45 50
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0 15 10 5
Tahltan 0 0 0 90 40 50
Tutchone languages 5 0 0 5 0 5
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0 5 0 0
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0 5 0 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 10 0 10 15 5 10
Haida 0 0 0 70 30 40
Inuit languages 120 35 85 80 30 55
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 25 5 10 10 0 10
Inuktitut 60 20 45 50 20 30
Inuit languages, n.i.e. 35 10 30 20 10 10
Iroquoian languages 10 10 5 15 10 5
Cayuga 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mohawk 5 5 5 10 5 5
Oneida 0 5 0 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 5 0 0 0
Kutenai 5 0 0 100 55 50
Michif 80 45 35 35 20 10
Salish languages 15 5 10 2,270 1,115 1,155
Comox 0 0 0 80 45 40
Halkomelem 0 0 0 475 230 245
Lillooet 0 0 0 315 155 160
Okanagan 0 5 5 270 135 135
Shuswap (Secwepemctsin) 5 0 0 435 220 215
Squamish 5 0 0 35 20 20
Straits 0 0 0 80 40 40
Thompson (Ntlakapamux) 0 0 0 330 150 185
Salish languages, n.i.e. 5 0 5 250 130 120
Siouan languages 3,370 1,630 1,745 45 25 20
Dakota 350 165 185 30 15 20
Stoney 3,020 1,460 1,555 0 0 5
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 5 0 0 5 5 0
Tlingit 5 0 0 30 15 15
Tsimshian languages 15 5 5 1,460 715 740
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 0 0 0 875 435 445
Nisga'a 10 5 5 385 195 190
Tsimshian 0 0 0 195 90 110
Wakashan languages 5 5 5 795 365 435
Haisla 0 0 0 90 40 55
Heiltsuk 0 0 0 100 45 55
Kwakiutl (Kwak'wala) 0 0 5 320 140 180
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0 5 0 275 135 140
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 10 0
Aboriginal languages, n.o.s. 55 30 25 190 80 110
Non-Aboriginal languages 847,105 411,850 435,255 1,259,025 587,455 671,570
Afro-Asiatic languages 68,415 36,215 32,200 24,870 13,405 11,465
Berber languages 340 190 145 115 75 45
Kabyle 165 90 75 40 30 15
Berber languages, n.i.e. 175 100 75 80 45 30
Cushitic languages 12,525 6,495 6,030 1,505 765 740
Bilen 315 185 130 5 0 0
Oromo 2,650 1,375 1,275 205 115 95
Somali 9,520 4,915 4,605 1,270 640 640
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 40 20 20 20 10 15
Semitic languages 55,425 29,450 25,980 23,195 12,540 10,655
Amharic 7,320 3,605 3,720 1,370 670 700
Arabic 40,540 21,840 18,705 17,480 9,595 7,890
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 400 210 190 650 315 330
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 145 80 65 440 245 200
Harari 260 135 120 20 5 15
Hebrew 960 505 460 2,065 1,125 940
Maltese 75 30 40 215 100 115
Tigrigna 5,415 2,880 2,535 805 395 405
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 305 155 145 150 80 65
Afro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 130 80 50 55 30 25
Austro-Asiatic languages 25,295 11,760 13,535 28,740 13,170 15,575
Khmer (Cambodian) 1,925 910 1,010 1,560 710 850
Vietnamese 23,350 10,840 12,505 27,150 12,440 14,710
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e 25 10 15 30 15 15
Austronesian languages 115,405 50,190 65,210 96,535 38,765 57,770
Bikol 425 205 225 375 165 215
Cebuano 5,135 2,155 2,980 4,065 1,565 2,505
Fijian 125 75 50 470 240 230
Hiligaynon 1,500 640 855 1,470 550 920
Ilocano 5,350 2,310 3,040 5,240 2,055 3,190
Malagasy 35 10 25 20 10 15
Malay 1,460 615 845 3,895 1,675 2,220
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 765 370 390 700 320 380
Pangasinan 290 115 175 295 130 170
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 99,035 43,120 55,920 78,770 31,550 47,220
Waray-Waray 305 145 160 215 85 135
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 980 430 550 1,015 435 580
Creole languages 1,895 990 910 840 440 400
Haitian Creole 95 45 50 35 20 15
Creole, n.o.s. 1,175 640 540 500 255 245
Creole languages, n.i.e. 625 305 325 305 155 145
Dravidian languages 13,490 7,075 6,415 7,500 3,995 3,510
Kannada 535 270 265 280 150 135
Malayalam 6,345 3,285 3,060 2,385 1,260 1,130
Tamil 4,430 2,360 2,070 3,615 1,875 1,740
Telugu 2,130 1,135 995 1,175 695 480
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 50 25 25 45 20 25
Hmong-Mien languages 105 55 45 140 75 70
Indo-European languages 442,685 220,330 222,355 588,175 286,135 302,035
Albanian 2,345 1,270 1,075 1,465 765 705
Armenian 500 250 245 1,195 600 600
Balto-Slavic languages 80,330 37,750 42,580 83,110 38,595 44,515
Baltic languages 1,010 475 535 1,070 485 585
Latvian 415 195 220 565 255 300
Lithuanian 600 285 315 505 225 280
Slavic languages 79,325 37,275 42,050 82,040 38,110 43,930
Belarusan 65 30 30 95 45 50
Bosnian 1,835 915 920 1,360 675 685
Bulgarian 1,545 790 755 2,025 955 1,070
Croatian 4,655 2,340 2,320 7,475 3,655 3,820
Czech 3,000 1,430 1,575 5,920 2,850 3,070
Macedonian 360 185 175 325 160 165
Polish 20,130 9,425 10,705 16,910 7,875 9,035
Russian 17,810 8,150 9,665 25,955 11,640 14,310
Serbian 4,020 2,035 1,985 7,045 3,600 3,450
Serbo-Croatian 970 480 485 1,395 670 725
Slovak 2,185 1,070 1,115 3,400 1,525 1,870
Slovene (Slovenian) 695 320 370 1,160 545 615
Ukrainian 21,835 9,985 11,850 8,630 3,730 4,900
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 215 120 100 345 175 170
Celtic languages 370 200 170 615 325 290
Scottish Gaelic 135 70 65 240 130 110
Welsh 175 85 80 280 145 135
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 65 40 25 95 50 45
Germanic languages 104,260 51,525 52,735 101,725 48,350 53,380
Afrikaans 3,010 1,475 1,535 3,260 1,655 1,610
Danish 2,380 1,245 1,135 4,665 2,280 2,385
Dutch 16,135 8,095 8,045 21,020 10,130 10,895
Frisian 360 200 160 295 145 145
German 80,050 39,435 40,615 66,885 31,525 35,360
Icelandic 115 55 60 275 135 145
Norwegian 815 370 445 2,005 970 1,035
Swedish 875 405 470 2,520 1,100 1,420
Vlaams (Flemish) 320 150 170 445 220 225
Yiddish 140 70 70 290 150 140
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 55 30 25 65 45 25
Greek 3,130 1,655 1,475 6,115 3,245 2,870
Indo-Iranian languages 166,805 85,250 81,560 297,800 147,830 149,970
Indo-Aryan languages 145,900 74,320 71,580 251,000 124,260 126,740
Bengali 7,000 3,630 3,370 3,180 1,665 1,510
Gujarati 13,140 6,785 6,355 6,895 3,290 3,605
Hindi 17,055 8,675 8,385 26,720 12,910 13,810
Kashmiri 105 60 50 65 35 25
Konkani 370 190 185 255 130 125
Marathi 1,510 775 730 620 325 295
Nepali 5,175 2,690 2,490 1,155 620 540
Oriya (Odia) 190 100 90 70 35 35
Punjabi (Panjabi) 68,695 34,935 33,760 198,805 98,525 100,285
Sindhi 2,770 1,300 1,475 1,675 780 895
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 2,590 1,320 1,265 1,675 845 830
Urdu 27,295 13,865 13,430 9,885 5,090 4,795
Iranian languages 19,600 10,235 9,365 46,390 23,355 23,035
Kurdish 1,550 845 705 1,765 945 825
Pashto 2,560 1,320 1,235 1,155 615 535
Persian (Farsi) 15,490 8,070 7,425 43,470 21,795 21,675
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 1,310 695 615 410 220 195
Italic (Romance) languages 84,940 42,425 42,515 96,135 46,430 49,710
Catalan 75 30 45 160 85 75
Italian 11,375 5,760 5,615 22,680 11,445 11,230
Portuguese 9,050 4,380 4,670 17,450 8,240 9,210
Romanian 8,035 4,080 3,955 8,730 4,250 4,480
Spanish 56,370 28,160 28,205 47,010 22,335 24,675
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 35 20 15 105 65 40
Japanese 4,875 1,715 3,160 21,350 7,195 14,150
Kartvelian languages 230 130 105 85 50 35
Georgian 230 130 100 85 50 40
Korean 17,920 8,485 9,435 52,160 23,495 28,670
Mongolic languages 545 255 290 360 150 205
Mongolian 540 255 290 360 155 210
Niger-Congo languages 15,360 7,870 7,495 3,725 1,875 1,850
Akan (Twi) 1,755 915 835 495 275 220
Bamanankan 35 20 15 10 5 5
Edo 275 155 120 85 50 35
Ewe 245 145 100 85 45 35
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 230 120 100 45 25 20
Ga 145 80 65 45 20 25
Ganda 280 145 135 90 45 45
Igbo 1,165 625 540 245 145 105
Lingala 270 130 140 80 30 45
Rundi (Kirundi) 605 305 295 115 50 60
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 805 405 400 155 70 80
Shona 1,100 545 555 215 100 115
Swahili 2,380 1,160 1,215 805 400 405
Wolof 280 165 110 50 25 25
Yoruba 2,435 1,305 1,125 330 185 150
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 3,370 1,640 1,735 885 410 480
Nilo-Saharan languages 2,720 1,395 1,330 340 175 165
Dinka 1,345 705 640 105 60 45
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 1,375 685 690 240 115 125
Sign languages 830 440 390 1,155 610 545
American Sign Language 335 165 165 470 230 240
Quebec Sign Language 0 0 0 5 0 5
Sign languages, n.i.e 495 275 225 690 380 305
Sino-Tibetan languages 122,450 57,740 64,705 410,920 187,725 223,190
Chinese languages 120,375 56,675 63,700 408,415 186,455 221,960
Cantonese 59,145 27,755 31,385 193,530 89,325 104,210
Hakka 990 465 530 2,325 1,010 1,315
Mandarin 50,660 23,940 26,720 186,325 84,370 101,955
Min Dong 115 50 65 230 105 120
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 3,060 1,375 1,695 11,210 4,995 6,215
Wu (Shanghainese) 630 305 330 4,540 1,995 2,545
Chinese, n.o.s. 5,725 2,770 2,955 10,050 4,570 5,480
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 40 15 25 205 85 120
Tibeto-Burman languages 2,075 1,065 1,005 2,500 1,265 1,230
Burmese 430 230 200 1,125 580 545
Karenic languages 795 415 380 815 395 425
Tibetan 575 295 275 330 175 160
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 275 130 140 230 120 110
Tai-Kadai languages 2,670 955 1,710 3,985 1,335 2,650
Lao 1,020 485 535 1,100 550 550
Thai 1,630 465 1,165 2,865 775 2,090
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e 20 10 15 20 10 15
Turkic languages 4,050 2,250 1,800 4,140 2,295 1,845
Azerbaijani 365 215 155 530 290 235
Turkish 3,140 1,760 1,375 3,145 1,790 1,360
Uyghur 130 70 60 170 85 85
Uzbek 205 115 90 105 50 55
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 215 95 120 190 80 110
Uralic languages 7,470 3,600 3,870 13,490 6,285 7,205
Estonian 190 90 105 705 295 410
Finnish 810 330 480 3,760 1,555 2,200
Hungarian 6,470 3,185 3,285 9,025 4,435 4,590
Uralic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Other languages, n.i.e. 690 415 280 500 280 225
Multiple responses 92,070 44,900 47,175 103,415 49,625 53,795
English and French 10,230 4,950 5,280 10,065 4,815 5,250
English and non-official language 77,520 37,815 39,705 89,135 42,820 46,315
French and non-official language 2,685 1,375 1,305 2,100 1,040 1,065
English, French and non-official language 1,640 760 880 2,115 950 1,165
Language spoken most often at homeThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Language spoken most often at home for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 19 4,026,655 2,020,510 2,006,145 4,598,415 2,255,395 2,343,015
Single responses 3,837,615 1,928,230 1,909,385 4,365,875 2,145,020 2,220,855
Official languages 3,354,885 1,690,490 1,664,395 3,648,500 1,807,825 1,840,675
English 3,327,255 1,676,360 1,650,895 3,631,700 1,799,625 1,832,075
French 27,630 14,130 13,500 16,795 8,195 8,605
Non-official languages 482,725 237,740 244,990 717,375 337,200 380,180
Aboriginal languages 9,970 4,940 5,020 1,565 765 795
Algonquian languages 7,175 3,575 3,605 105 50 55
Blackfoot 1,110 555 555 0 5 0
Cree-Montagnais languages 5,875 2,925 2,945 85 40 45
Atikamekw 0 0 0 0 0 0
Montagnais (Innu) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Moose Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Naskapi 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern East Cree 20 10 10 0 0 0
Plains Cree 125 60 60 15 10 10
Southern East Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Swampy Cree 5 0 5 0 0 0
Woods Cree 600 300 295 0 0 5
Cree, n.o.s. 5,120 2,540 2,575 60 30 30
Eastern Algonquian languages 5 5 5 5 0 0
Malecite 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mi'kmaq 5 5 0 5 0 0
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 190 95 95 10 5 5
Algonquin 0 0 0 0 0 0
Ojibway 185 90 95 15 5 5
Oji-Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Ottawa (Odawa) 0 0 0 5 0 0
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages 620 320 300 610 290 320
Northern Athabaskan languages 620 325 300 605 290 315
Babine (Wetsuwet'en) 0 0 0 20 10 10
Beaver 10 5 0 40 20 20
Carrier 0 0 0 245 110 130
Chilcotin 0 0 0 260 125 130
Dene 540 280 260 15 5 10
Dogrib (Tlicho) 5 0 0 0 0 0
Gwich'in 5 0 5 0 0 0
Sarsi (Sarcee) 5 5 0 0 0 0
Sekani 0 0 0 15 10 5
Slavey-Hare languages 60 35 30 10 5 5
North Slavey (Hare) 0 0 0 0 0 0
South Slavey 55 30 25 0 0 0
Slavey, n.o.s. 5 5 5 10 5 5
Tahltan languages 0 0 0 5 0 5
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0 5 0 0
Tahltan 0 0 0 5 0 0
Tutchone languages 0 0 0 0 5 0
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Haida 0 0 0 10 5 5
Inuit languages 10 0 10 10 5 5
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 5 0 0 0 0 0
Inuktitut 0 0 0 10 0 5
Inuit languages, n.i.e. 5 0 5 0 0 5
Iroquoian languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Cayuga 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mohawk 0 0 0 0 0 0
Oneida 0 0 0 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 5 0 5 0 0 0
Kutenai 0 0 0 15 10 5
Michif 10 5 5 0 5 0
Salish languages 0 0 0 275 130 150
Comox 0 0 0 0 0 0
Halkomelem 0 0 0 50 20 30
Lillooet 0 0 0 25 15 15
Okanagan 0 0 0 85 35 45
Shuswap (Secwepemctsin) 0 0 0 50 30 20
Squamish 0 0 0 5 5 0
Straits 0 0 0 25 10 15
Thompson (Ntlakapamux) 0 0 0 20 10 10
Salish languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 20 10 10
Siouan languages 2,125 1,025 1,095 15 10 5
Dakota 175 85 85 10 10 5
Stoney 1,945 935 1,010 5 5 0
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tlingit 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tsimshian languages 0 0 0 405 215 195
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 0 0 0 310 155 155
Nisga'a 0 0 0 70 45 25
Tsimshian 0 0 0 25 15 10
Wakashan languages 0 0 0 75 40 35
Haisla 0 0 0 20 10 15
Heiltsuk 0 0 0 5 5 0
Kwakiutl (Kwak'wala) 0 0 0 25 10 10
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0 0 0 30 15 10
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Aboriginal languages, n.o.s. 25 15 10 45 15 25
Non-Aboriginal languages 472,760 232,800 239,965 715,815 336,435 379,380
Afro-Asiatic languages 43,770 22,535 21,235 13,990 7,065 6,920
Berber languages 200 105 95 45 25 20
Kabyle 90 45 40 20 10 15
Berber languages, n.i.e. 105 60 45 25 15 10
Cushitic languages 9,220 4,750 4,470 770 355 415
Bilen 280 160 115 0 0 0
Oromo 2,075 1,060 1,015 90 50 45
Somali 6,850 3,520 3,325 665 300 360
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 15 5 10 15 5 10
Semitic languages 34,310 17,660 16,655 13,155 6,680 6,475
Amharic 4,915 2,390 2,530 600 275 320
Arabic 24,230 12,555 11,675 10,415 5,335 5,080
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 260 130 130 405 195 210
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 95 50 40 310 165 145
Harari 165 80 85 10 5 5
Hebrew 460 235 225 900 465 440
Maltese 15 10 10 15 5 10
Tigrigna 3,955 2,095 1,860 410 190 225
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 210 110 100 95 45 50
Afro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 45 20 20 20 10 10
Austro-Asiatic languages 16,355 7,635 8,715 17,870 8,305 9,560
Khmer (Cambodian) 960 460 500 800 375 420
Vietnamese 15,380 7,175 8,205 17,055 7,920 9,130
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e 15 0 10 15 10 5
Austronesian languages 60,860 28,765 32,100 40,605 17,945 22,660
Bikol 70 40 35 75 30 35
Cebuano 2,110 1,015 1,090 1,305 585 715
Fijian 45 25 20 110 65 55
Hiligaynon 470 215 255 415 175 240
Ilocano 1,975 935 1,035 1,615 695 930
Malagasy 20 10 10 10 5 10
Malay 405 205 195 1,120 510 605
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 220 110 110 150 70 80
Pangasinan 45 20 30 55 25 30
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 55,105 26,005 29,100 35,375 15,600 19,770
Waray-Waray 125 60 60 55 25 35
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 280 120 155 310 150 160
Creole languages 970 495 475 335 150 180
Haitian Creole 50 25 25 0 0 5
Creole, n.o.s. 655 345 310 235 105 130
Creole languages, n.i.e. 270 125 140 95 50 45
Dravidian languages 8,460 4,335 4,125 3,940 1,995 1,940
Kannada 210 105 105 110 55 60
Malayalam 4,060 2,070 1,990 1,225 615 605
Tamil 2,915 1,515 1,395 2,055 1,025 1,030
Telugu 1,245 635 615 535 295 240
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 30 10 15 15 5 10
Hmong-Mien languages 70 35 35 55 25 30
Indo-European languages 230,270 115,280 114,995 282,090 137,135 144,955
Albanian 1,060 570 485 695 335 360
Armenian 215 115 105 545 240 305
Balto-Slavic languages 30,220 14,820 15,400 31,640 15,150 16,490
Baltic languages 410 210 200 210 90 115
Latvian 165 85 80 80 30 50
Lithuanian 250 125 120 125 60 65
Slavic languages 29,815 14,610 15,205 31,430 15,060 16,370
Belarusan 15 10 5 15 5 5
Bosnian 785 400 385 595 300 300
Bulgarian 825 415 405 1,035 485 550
Croatian 1,800 905 895 2,235 1,055 1,180
Czech 875 440 430 1,595 800 795
Macedonian 175 90 85 150 75 75
Polish 7,705 3,675 4,030 5,690 2,720 2,970
Russian 10,145 4,965 5,175 13,310 6,290 7,020
Serbian 2,100 1,045 1,055 3,695 1,870 1,825
Serbo-Croatian 315 160 155 500 235 265
Slovak 710 345 365 1,000 480 520
Slovene (Slovenian) 150 70 75 145 65 85
Ukrainian 4,180 2,060 2,110 1,430 665 765
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 55 30 25 40 20 20
Celtic languages 40 25 15 70 40 30
Scottish Gaelic 15 15 5 35 20 10
Welsh 15 5 5 25 10 10
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 10 5 0 5 5 5
Germanic languages 40,915 20,280 20,625 14,430 6,870 7,555
Afrikaans 1,705 835 875 1,475 715 760
Danish 150 75 75 305 145 160
Dutch 1,980 985 1,000 1,895 890 1,005
Frisian 60 30 30 10 5 5
German 36,295 18,010 18,290 10,085 4,795 5,295
Icelandic 30 15 15 75 35 35
Norwegian 60 20 35 140 60 80
Swedish 145 65 80 360 170 195
Vlaams (Flemish) 60 30 25 50 30 20
Yiddish 15 5 5 10 10 5
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 425 215 210 15 5 5
Greek 1,015 490 525 2,010 975 1,035
Indo-Iranian languages 111,975 56,535 55,445 194,590 95,380 99,215
Indo-Aryan languages 98,610 49,790 48,815 164,185 80,610 83,575
Bengali 4,530 2,300 2,225 1,815 895 920
Gujarati 8,025 4,085 3,935 2,970 1,320 1,645
Hindi 9,945 5,115 4,825 12,310 5,890 6,425
Kashmiri 50 20 25 10 5 5
Konkani 75 40 40 40 25 25
Marathi 845 440 405 270 140 130
Nepali 3,710 1,905 1,805 665 345 320
Oriya (Odia) 95 50 45 35 20 15
Punjabi (Panjabi) 51,010 25,720 25,295 139,080 68,565 70,515
Sindhi 1,240 575 665 615 270 345
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 1,480 750 730 675 330 340
Urdu 17,600 8,795 8,810 5,705 2,825 2,880
Iranian languages 12,720 6,415 6,305 30,205 14,665 15,540
Kurdish 850 440 410 1,080 540 535
Pashto 1,640 845 795 700 350 350
Persian (Farsi) 10,230 5,135 5,100 28,420 13,765 14,660
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 650 325 325 200 100 100
Italic (Romance) languages 44,830 22,445 22,385 38,110 18,145 19,970
Catalan 35 10 20 65 35 35
Italian 2,840 1,275 1,560 5,200 2,245 2,955
Portuguese 3,905 1,875 2,030 6,725 3,140 3,580
Romanian 4,135 2,115 2,020 3,800 1,830 1,970
Spanish 33,910 17,160 16,755 22,310 10,900 11,410
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 10 5 5 20 5 10
Japanese 2,245 945 1,300 9,860 4,070 5,790
Kartvelian languages 160 85 70 30 15 10
Georgian 160 85 70 30 15 15
Korean 12,775 6,205 6,570 38,605 17,785 20,820
Mongolic languages 335 160 175 170 80 90
Mongolian 335 155 175 165 80 85
Niger-Congo languages 5,600 2,725 2,875 960 430 530
Akan (Twi) 845 415 430 150 80 65
Bamanankan 10 10 0 5 5 5
Edo 70 35 35 15 10 10
Ewe 80 45 35 20 5 10
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 105 55 45 20 5 10
Ga 40 20 20 5 5 0
Ganda 95 50 50 10 5 5
Igbo 265 125 145 40 20 15
Lingala 85 35 45 35 15 20
Rundi (Kirundi) 280 135 145 55 20 40
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 350 175 170 60 25 35
Shona 410 190 225 65 25 40
Swahili 1,090 530 565 200 90 115
Wolof 170 95 75 20 10 10
Yoruba 690 340 350 60 30 35
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 1,015 485 535 200 85 120
Nilo-Saharan languages 1,525 765 755 140 60 75
Dinka 800 420 380 55 30 20
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 725 350 375 85 30 55
Sign languages 1,095 630 465 1,535 850 685
American Sign Language 325 170 155 455 230 225
Quebec Sign Language 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sign languages, n.i.e 765 455 310 1,080 615 460
Sino-Tibetan languages 82,380 39,230 43,155 299,420 137,555 161,865
Chinese languages 80,880 38,455 42,420 297,675 136,670 161,000
Cantonese 38,275 17,810 20,460 137,075 62,545 74,525
Hakka 315 135 185 700 295 410
Mandarin 37,125 18,030 19,095 146,435 67,695 78,740
Min Dong 20 5 10 65 25 35
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 1,245 540 705 4,820 2,185 2,630
Wu (Shanghainese) 340 175 165 2,595 1,195 1,400
Chinese, n.o.s. 3,550 1,760 1,785 5,885 2,680 3,205
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 10 5 5 105 45 55
Tibeto-Burman languages 1,500 770 730 1,745 885 865
Burmese 280 145 130 720 375 350
Karenic languages 665 340 320 725 355 370
Tibetan 420 220 200 205 110 90
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 140 65 75 90 45 45
Tai-Kadai languages 1,130 505 625 1,380 595 785
Lao 465 215 245 460 225 235
Thai 655 285 370 920 370 545
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e 10 5 10 10 5 5
Turkic languages 2,390 1,270 1,120 1,695 880 815
Azerbaijani 155 90 75 195 105 95
Turkish 1,945 1,030 915 1,310 685 630
Uyghur 80 45 40 95 50 50
Uzbek 135 70 65 45 25 20
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 70 35 25 40 20 25
Uralic languages 2,130 1,040 1,085 3,005 1,415 1,590
Estonian 25 10 15 95 40 55
Finnish 105 50 50 725 325 400
Hungarian 1,995 980 1,015 2,185 1,050 1,130
Uralic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Other languages, n.i.e. 240 140 95 145 70 75
Multiple responses 189,040 92,280 96,760 232,540 110,375 122,165
English and French 6,885 3,410 3,475 6,155 2,970 3,185
English and non-official language 178,070 86,895 91,170 222,670 105,750 116,920
French and non-official language 1,125 540 580 650 290 360
English, French and non-official language 2,965 1,430 1,530 3,065 1,365 1,700
Other language spoken regularly at homeThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Other language(s) spoken regularly at home for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 20 4,026,650 2,020,510 2,006,140 4,598,415 2,255,400 2,343,015
None 3,492,295 1,760,240 1,732,055 3,931,210 1,940,390 1,990,820
English 221,305 110,655 110,650 274,535 132,990 141,545
French 41,840 19,470 22,375 41,020 18,435 22,590
Non-official language 262,255 125,640 136,615 340,930 158,590 182,345
Aboriginal 17,430 8,325 9,105 7,985 3,765 4,215
Non-Aboriginal 244,825 117,315 127,510 332,945 154,820 178,125
English and French 1,535 775 760 1,195 545 650
English and non-official language 4,545 2,345 2,195 5,660 2,655 3,005
French and non-official language 2,795 1,340 1,455 3,765 1,745 2,020
English, French and non-official language 85 50 40 100 45 50
Income of individuals in 2015
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 21 3,206,050 1,602,690 1,603,360 3,870,330 1,882,865 1,987,460
Number of total income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 3,053,470 1,528,275 1,525,190 3,727,360 1,815,500 1,911,860
Median total income in 2015 among recipients ($) 42,717 54,891 33,213 33,012 40,370 27,543
Number of after-tax income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 3,054,135 1,528,420 1,525,715 3,731,980 1,819,375 1,912,600
Median after-tax income in 2015 among recipients ($) 38,067 47,131 30,478 29,783 35,383 25,659
Number of market income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 2,839,590 1,458,560 1,381,030 3,363,310 1,665,225 1,698,085
Median market income in 2015 among recipients ($) 42,330 54,528 32,099 31,585 39,557 25,304
Number of government transfers recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 1,785,065 711,210 1,073,855 2,628,215 1,140,195 1,488,025
Median government transfers in 2015 among recipients ($) 4,093 3,834 4,185 4,592 3,717 4,920
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 2,473,665 1,301,630 1,172,030 2,775,010 1,415,295 1,359,715
Median employment income in 2015 among recipients ($) 42,679 54,361 32,982 31,713 39,186 26,034
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 22 3,206,045 1,602,810 1,603,235 3,870,375 1,882,770 1,987,605
Number of total income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 3,054,555 1,528,100 1,526,455 3,727,715 1,815,380 1,912,335
Average total income in 2015 among recipients ($) 62,778 80,001 45,535 45,616 54,797 36,901
Number of after-tax income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 3,055,230 1,528,240 1,526,995 3,732,420 1,819,290 1,913,130
Average after-tax income in 2015 among recipients ($) 50,683 62,938 38,417 37,922 44,282 31,874
Number of market income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 2,840,675 1,458,210 1,382,465 3,362,835 1,664,850 1,697,985
Average market income in 2015 among recipients ($) 62,997 80,282 44,766 44,933 54,787 35,271
Number of government transfers recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 1,784,345 710,105 1,074,240 2,628,230 1,139,390 1,488,840
Average government transfers in 2015 among recipients ($) 7,175 7,298 7,093 7,207 7,255 7,171
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 2,473,665 1,299,805 1,173,855 2,775,010 1,415,100 1,359,910
Average employment income in 2015 among recipients ($) 59,343 74,073 43,031 43,339 52,171 34,149
Total - Employment income statistics for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 23 3,206,050 1,602,810 1,603,240 3,870,375 1,882,770 1,987,605
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households who worked full year full time in 2015 - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 24 1,152,385 669,770 482,615 1,147,070 652,115 494,950
Median employment income in 2015 for full-year full-time workers ($)Census data footnote 25 64,090 73,781 53,836 53,940 61,004 47,039
Average employment income in 2015 for full-year full-time workers ($)Census data footnote 26 81,586 94,822 63,218 64,625 72,840 53,801
Composition of total income in 2015 of the population aged 15 years and over in private households (%) - 100% dataCensus data footnote 27 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0
Market income (%)Census data footnote 28 93.3 95.8 89.1 88.9 91.7 84.9
Employment income (%)Census data footnote 29 76.5 78.9 72.3 70.8 74.4 65.8
Government transfers (%)Census data footnote 30 6.7 4.2 10.9 11.1 8.3 15.1
Total - Total income groups in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 31 3,206,050 1,602,690 1,603,360 3,870,330 1,882,865 1,987,460
Without total income 152,585 74,410 78,170 142,970 67,370 75,600
With total income 3,053,470 1,528,280 1,525,190 3,727,360 1,815,505 1,911,860
Percentage with total income 95.2 95.4 95.1 96.3 96.4 96.2
Under $10,000 (including loss) 389,580 146,450 243,130 573,315 240,120 333,195
$10,000 to $19,999 385,235 147,125 238,110 653,915 262,225 391,685
$20,000 to $29,999 364,915 142,810 222,105 503,290 209,095 294,195
$30,000 to $39,999 305,680 131,185 174,490 424,330 188,860 235,470
$40,000 to $49,999 286,615 133,715 152,900 366,220 173,020 193,200
$50,000 to $59,999 247,830 124,720 123,115 286,310 148,095 138,215
$60,000 to $69,999 205,840 114,405 91,430 222,975 129,400 93,580
$70,000 to $79,999 165,640 99,645 65,995 171,625 103,795 67,830
$80,000 to $89,999 132,720 82,700 50,020 134,090 83,100 50,990
$90,000 to $99,999 114,010 70,655 43,350 96,825 62,825 34,005
$100,000 and over 455,410 334,865 120,550 294,475 214,980 79,500
$100,000 to $149,999 274,185 191,710 82,475 198,355 142,260 56,095
$150,000 and over 181,225 143,150 38,075 96,115 72,715 23,405
Total - After-tax income groups in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 32 3,206,050 1,602,690 1,603,365 3,870,330 1,882,870 1,987,460
Without after-tax income 151,915 74,270 77,645 138,350 63,495 74,855
With after-tax income 3,054,135 1,528,420 1,525,715 3,731,980 1,819,375 1,912,605
Percentage with after-tax income 95.3 95.4 95.2 96.4 96.6 96.2
Under $10,000 (including loss) 399,005 149,280 249,725 597,310 253,480 343,835
$10,000 to $19,999 402,780 154,330 248,450 686,510 280,490 406,015
$20,000 to $29,999 420,955 166,650 254,300 593,490 252,075 341,415
$30,000 to $39,999 377,590 169,665 207,925 495,200 226,080 269,120
$40,000 to $49,999 347,960 172,595 175,365 402,535 200,565 201,965
$50,000 to $59,999 276,970 153,985 122,985 293,450 167,870 125,585
$60,000 to $69,999 208,265 127,045 81,220 210,085 128,000 82,080
$70,000 to $79,999 160,580 100,970 59,610 151,775 95,230 56,545
$80,000 and over 460,030 333,895 126,140 301,635 215,590 86,045
$80,000 to $89,999 121,015 78,400 42,620 94,700 64,330 30,370
$90,000 to $99,999 82,020 57,375 24,645 59,050 42,050 17,000
$100,000 and over 257,000 198,120 58,875 147,885 109,215 38,670
Total - Employment income groups in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 33 3,206,050 1,602,690 1,603,360 3,870,330 1,882,865 1,987,460
Without employment income 732,385 301,060 431,330 1,095,320 467,570 627,745
With employment income 2,473,665 1,301,630 1,172,035 2,775,010 1,415,295 1,359,715
Percentage with employment income 77.2 81.2 73.1 71.7 75.2 68.4
Under $5,000 (including loss) 273,835 122,830 151,005 441,080 204,275 236,810
$5,000 to $9,999 164,095 68,100 95,990 212,715 90,015 122,705
$10,000 to $19,999 274,105 113,680 160,430 371,875 160,350 211,525
$20,000 to $29,999 235,620 96,855 138,760 309,470 135,945 173,525
$30,000 to $39,999 227,450 100,650 126,805 282,045 126,870 155,180
$40,000 to $49,999 219,155 103,680 115,475 253,810 118,870 134,935
$50,000 to $59,999 195,145 99,285 95,860 203,885 107,605 96,280
$60,000 to $69,999 163,465 92,950 70,515 163,740 98,205 65,535
$70,000 to $79,999 135,150 83,240 51,910 132,340 82,120 50,220
$80,000 and over 585,640 420,365 165,280 404,040 291,050 112,990
$80,000 to $89,999 111,045 71,210 39,835 106,680 67,815 38,860
$90,000 to $99,999 99,785 62,305 37,480 76,470 51,990 24,480
$100,000 and over 374,815 286,855 87,960 220,890 171,245 49,645
Income of households in 2015
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for private households by household size - 100% dataCensus data footnote 34 1,527,680 ... ... 1,881,970 ... ...
Median total income of households in 2015 ($) 93,835 ... ... 69,995 ... ...
Median after-tax income of households in 2015 ($) 80,300 ... ... 61,280 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for one-person private households - 100% data 366,080 ... ... 541,915 ... ...
Median total income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 47,948 ... ... 35,701 ... ...
Median after-tax income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 41,502 ... ... 31,899 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for two-or-more-person private households - 100% data 1,161,600 ... ... 1,340,055 ... ...
Median total income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 111,435 ... ... 88,466 ... ...
Median after-tax income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 94,830 ... ... 77,108 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for private households by household size - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 35 1,527,675 ... ... 1,881,970 ... ...
Average total income of households in 2015 ($) 125,522 ... ... 90,354 ... ...
Average after-tax income of households in 2015 ($) 101,361 ... ... 75,209 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for one-person private households - 25% sample data 365,000 ... ... 541,925 ... ...
Average total income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 64,341 ... ... 46,696 ... ...
Average after-tax income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 52,116 ... ... 39,091 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for two-or-more-person private households - 25% sample data 1,162,675 ... ... 1,340,045 ... ...
Average total income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 144,729 ... ... 108,010 ... ...
Average after-tax income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 116,821 ... ... 89,816 ... ...
Total - Household total income groups in 2015 for private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 36 1,527,680 ... ... 1,881,965 ... ...
Under $5,000 21,660 ... ... 43,415 ... ...
$5,000 to $9,999 13,555 ... ... 27,140 ... ...
$10,000 to $14,999 18,070 ... ... 55,745 ... ...
$15,000 to $19,999 33,045 ... ... 77,565 ... ...
$20,000 to $24,999 51,505 ... ... 78,695 ... ...
$25,000 to $29,999 38,615 ... ... 72,985 ... ...
$30,000 to $34,999 42,580 ... ... 78,080 ... ...
$35,000 to $39,999 46,630 ... ... 78,395 ... ...
$40,000 to $44,999 46,520 ... ... 76,775 ... ...
$45,000 to $49,999 46,825 ... ... 75,860 ... ...
$50,000 to $59,999 95,425 ... ... 143,475 ... ...
$60,000 to $69,999 95,340 ... ... 132,845 ... ...
$70,000 to $79,999 92,345 ... ... 122,350 ... ...
$80,000 to $89,999 88,775 ... ... 111,350 ... ...
$90,000 to $99,999 84,570 ... ... 99,420 ... ...
$100,000 and over 712,215 ... ... 607,855 ... ...
$100,000 to $124,999 184,595 ... ... 198,140 ... ...
$125,000 to $149,999 142,910 ... ... 138,420 ... ...
$150,000 to $199,999 181,960 ... ... 149,210 ... ...
$200,000 and over 202,745 ... ... 122,080 ... ...
Total - Household after-tax income groups in 2015 for private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 32 1,527,680 ... ... 1,881,965 ... ...
Under $5,000 23,395 ... ... 46,350 ... ...
$5,000 to $9,999 13,860 ... ... 27,605 ... ...
$10,000 to $14,999 18,600 ... ... 56,780 ... ...
$15,000 to $19,999 34,540 ... ... 80,315 ... ...
$20,000 to $24,999 55,010 ... ... 89,795 ... ...
$25,000 to $29,999 44,170 ... ... 88,035 ... ...
$30,000 to $34,999 50,280 ... ... 93,640 ... ...
$35,000 to $39,999 55,645 ... ... 92,220 ... ...
$40,000 to $44,999 57,695 ... ... 91,635 ... ...
$45,000 to $49,999 59,195 ... ... 88,520 ... ...
$50,000 to $59,999 119,200 ... ... 165,685 ... ...
$60,000 to $69,999 116,250 ... ... 150,650 ... ...
$70,000 to $79,999 112,675 ... ... 136,430 ... ...
$80,000 to $89,999 106,235 ... ... 118,520 ... ...
$90,000 to $99,999 95,600 ... ... 101,185 ... ...
$100,000 and over 565,335 ... ... 454,595 ... ...
$100,000 to $124,999 192,795 ... ... 187,490 ... ...
$125,000 to $149,999 132,240 ... ... 111,260 ... ...
$150,000 and over 240,305 ... ... 155,845 ... ...
Income of economic families in 2015
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for economic families in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 37 1,099,900 ... ... 1,276,275 ... ...
Median total income of economic families in 2015 ($) 109,997 ... ... 88,451 ... ...
Median after-tax income of economic families in 2015 ($) 93,588 ... ... 77,002 ... ...
Average family size of economic families 3.1 ... ... 3.0 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families without children or other relatives in private households - 100% data 407,300 ... ... 519,030 ... ...
Median total income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 101,283 ... ... 80,788 ... ...
Median after-tax income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 86,043 ... ... 70,464 ... ...
Average family size of couple economic families without children or other relatives 2.0 ... ... 2.0 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families with children in private households - 100% data 511,375 ... ... 536,175 ... ...
Median total income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 133,186 ... ... 111,736 ... ...
Median after-tax income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 111,951 ... ... 96,176 ... ...
Average family size of couple economic families with children 4.1 ... ... 4.0 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for lone-parent economic families in private households - 100% data 146,045 ... ... 179,945 ... ...
Median total income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 62,909 ... ... 51,056 ... ...
Median after-tax income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 57,079 ... ... 46,668 ... ...
Average family size of lone-parent economic families 2.7 ... ... 2.6 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for economic families in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 38 1,101,485 ... ... 1,275,865 ... ...
Average total income of economic families in 2015 ($) 144,493 ... ... 108,241 ... ...
Average after-tax income of economic families in 2015 ($) 116,343 ... ... 89,792 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families without children or other relatives in private households - 25% sample data 408,625 ... ... 518,295 ... ...
Average total income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 137,805 ... ... 100,772 ... ...
Average after-tax income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 110,236 ... ... 83,021 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families with children in private households - 25% sample data 512,615 ... ... 536,580 ... ...
Average total income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 169,354 ... ... 131,213 ... ...
Average after-tax income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 135,623 ... ... 108,407 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for lone-parent economic families in private households - 25% sample data 145,115 ... ... 179,615 ... ...
Average total income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 80,406 ... ... 63,004 ... ...
Average after-tax income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 68,470 ... ... 54,655 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 21 577,475 308,835 268,640 768,855 373,390 395,465
Median total income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 39 42,598 47,903 37,344 31,255 33,342 29,674
Median after-tax income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 39 37,648 41,340 33,785 28,320 29,815 27,221
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 40 573,385 306,195 267,190 766,660 371,595 395,060
Average total income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 41 56,856 63,468 49,280 41,666 44,615 38,892
Average after-tax income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 41 46,559 50,990 41,481 35,191 37,100 33,395
Total - Economic family income decile group for the population in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 42 3,978,150 1,998,500 1,979,650 4,560,235 2,237,490 2,322,745
In the bottom half of the distribution 1,527,695 739,210 788,485 2,265,245 1,078,695 1,186,555
In the bottom decile 293,490 143,880 149,605 537,405 258,275 279,140
In the second decile 278,635 128,055 150,575 449,395 205,320 244,075
In the third decile 297,695 142,090 155,605 420,355 198,845 221,510
In the fourth decile 315,570 154,815 160,760 422,805 203,710 219,095
In the fifth decile 342,305 170,375 171,935 435,290 212,555 222,735
In the top half of the distribution 2,450,450 1,259,285 1,191,160 2,294,990 1,158,795 1,136,195
In the sixth decile 366,250 183,860 182,390 442,070 218,225 223,845
In the seventh decile 397,275 201,465 195,810 451,795 226,240 225,555
In the eighth decile 443,585 227,385 216,200 462,900 233,935 228,970
In the ninth decile 522,545 268,995 253,555 473,535 241,165 232,375
In the top decile 720,795 377,585 343,215 464,685 239,235 225,450
Low income in 2015
Total - Low-income status in 2015 for the population in private households to whom low-income concepts are applicable - 100% dataCensus data footnote 43 3,925,220 1,971,735 1,953,485 4,477,875 2,196,415 2,281,460
0 to 17 years 893,255 458,330 434,925 822,390 422,685 399,710
0 to 5 years 310,080 158,825 151,260 260,110 133,670 126,445
18 to 64 years 2,580,730 1,298,440 1,282,295 2,876,495 1,404,390 1,472,105
65 years and over 451,235 214,965 236,265 778,990 369,345 409,645
In low income based on the Low-income measure, after tax (LIM-AT) 363,890 171,945 191,940 694,960 325,015 369,940
0 to 17 years 114,215 58,665 55,555 151,880 78,110 73,770
0 to 5 years 41,755 21,350 20,400 46,920 24,035 22,885
18 to 64 years 210,870 98,415 112,455 427,085 198,475 228,615
65 years and over 38,800 14,875 23,925 115,990 48,430 67,560
Prevalence of low income based on the Low-income measure, after tax (LIM-AT) (%) 9.3 8.7 9.8 15.5 14.8 16.2
0 to 17 years (%) 12.8 12.8 12.8 18.5 18.5 18.5
0 to 5 years (%) 13.5 13.4 13.5 18.0 18.0 18.1
18 to 64 years (%) 8.2 7.6 8.8 14.8 14.1 15.5
65 years and over (%) 8.6 6.9 10.1 14.9 13.1 16.5
In low income based on the Low-income cut-offs, after tax (LICO-AT) 273,515 134,180 139,335 491,645 236,430 255,215
0 to 17 years 76,930 39,385 37,550 99,330 50,890 48,450
0 to 5 years 28,190 14,420 13,770 29,250 14,930 14,315
18 to 64 years 181,805 88,715 93,095 345,345 165,740 179,605
65 years and over 14,780 6,085 8,695 46,965 19,805 27,165
Prevalence of low income based on the Low-income cut-offs, after tax (LICO-AT) (%) 7.0 6.8 7.1 11.0 10.8 11.2
0 to 17 years (%) 8.6 8.6 8.6 12.1 12.0 12.1
0 to 5 years (%) 9.1 9.1 9.1 11.2 11.2 11.3
18 to 64 years (%) 7.0 6.8 7.3 12.0 11.8 12.2
65 years and over (%) 3.3 2.8 3.7 6.0 5.4 6.6
Knowledge of languagesThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Knowledge of languages for the population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 44 3,978,145 1,998,500 1,979,645 4,560,235 2,237,490 2,322,745
Official languages 3,920,530 1,974,435 1,946,095 4,407,125 2,173,840 2,233,285
English 3,916,805 1,972,800 1,944,005 4,405,380 2,173,040 2,232,340
French 264,600 123,940 140,660 314,225 140,085 174,140
Non-official languages 1,082,425 527,770 554,655 1,546,550 727,200 819,355
Aboriginal languages 36,465 17,415 19,045 17,190 8,115 9,075
Algonquian languages 29,675 14,120 15,555 1,950 905 1,045
Blackfoot 5,575 2,665 2,905 35 0 35
Cree-Montagnais languages 23,465 11,155 12,310 1,600 795 805
Atikamekw 0 0 0 0 0 0
Montagnais (Innu) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Moose Cree 25 0 15 15 0 10
Naskapi 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern East Cree 90 20 70 10 0 10
Plains Cree 1,580 620 965 345 160 180
Southern East Cree 10 10 0 0 0 0
Swampy Cree 45 25 25 55 25 30
Woods Cree 1,135 525 610 80 45 40
Cree, n.o.s. 20,665 9,990 10,675 1,090 560 525
Eastern Algonquian languages 35 15 15 30 20 10
Malecite 0 0 0 10 10 0
Mi'kmaq 35 15 15 25 15 0
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 955 425 530 310 100 205
Algonquin 10 10 0 20 0 15
Ojibway 925 415 505 275 95 180
Oji-Cree 20 10 15 15 0 15
Ottawa (Odawa) 0 0 10 0 0 0
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 10 10 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages 2,640 1,255 1,385 4,375 2,050 2,330
Northern Athabaskan languages 2,630 1,250 1,380 4,345 2,035 2,315
Babine (Wetsuwet'en) 0 10 0 200 100 95
Beaver 85 50 35 255 130 130
Carrier 45 10 35 2,045 940 1,110
Chilcotin 20 15 10 1,130 525 605
Dene 2,010 975 1,035 130 55 80
Dogrib (Tlicho) 75 30 45 0 0 0
Gwich'in 10 0 10 0 0 0
Sarsi (Sarcee) 150 65 85 0 0 0
Sekani 0 0 0 185 85 100
Slavey-Hare languages 285 140 145 125 60 75
North Slavey (Hare) 25 15 10 10 0 10
South Slavey 190 90 100 25 15 10
Slavey, n.o.s. 75 35 45 105 45 60
Tahltan languages 0 0 0 290 155 130
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0 35 20 15
Tahltan 0 0 0 250 135 120
Tutchone languages 0 0 10 10 0 10
Northern Tutchone 10 0 10 0 0 10
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0 10 0 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 10 0 10 30 15 10
Haida 10 0 10 455 195 255
Inuit languages 135 50 80 170 70 95
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 35 10 25 20 10 10
Inuktitut 60 20 35 120 50 70
Inuit languages, n.i.e. 40 25 20 35 15 25
Iroquoian languages 40 25 10 30 10 15
Cayuga 0 10 0 0 0 0
Mohawk 35 25 0 25 10 15
Oneida 0 0 0 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 0 10 10 0 10 0
Kutenai 0 0 0 170 95 80
Michif 145 75 70 110 50 60
Salish languages 50 25 25 5,660 2,690 2,970
Comox 0 0 0 185 75 105
Halkomelem 10 0 0 1,045 470 570
Lillooet 0 0 0 790 405 385
Okanagan 15 10 10 805 360 445
Shuswap (Secwepemctsin) 10 0 10 1,280 630 650
Squamish 0 0 0 280 125 155
Straits 10 0 0 360 160 200
Thompson (Ntlakapamux) 10 0 10 440 220 220
Salish languages, n.i.e. 10 0 0 540 280 260
Siouan languages 4,050 2,005 2,045 55 20 35
Dakota 530 285 245 30 15 15
Stoney 3,650 1,790 1,855 10 10 10
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 10 0 10 15 10 10
Tlingit 10 0 0 60 40 20
Tsimshian languages 35 15 15 2,685 1,330 1,350
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 20 10 10 1,275 635 645
Nisga'a 15 0 0 1,035 535 500
Tsimshian 0 0 0 405 180 230
Wakashan languages 10 10 0 1,460 670 795
Haisla 0 0 0 175 65 105
Heiltsuk 0 0 0 120 50 70
Kwakiutl (Kwak'wala) 10 10 0 590 275 315
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0 0 0 560 265 295
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 20 15 10
Aboriginal languages, n.o.s. 30 15 15 240 105 135
Non-Aboriginal languages 1,046,245 510,495 535,750 1,529,635 719,190 810,440
Afro-Asiatic languages 96,210 50,675 45,535 35,115 18,585 16,530
Berber languages 540 335 205 145 95 45
Kabyle 225 125 90 65 40 25
Berber languages, n.i.e. 315 210 110 80 60 20
Cushitic languages 15,445 8,055 7,385 2,070 955 1,120
Bilen 370 235 135 20 10 15
Oromo 3,125 1,625 1,500 245 140 110
Somali 12,030 6,240 5,795 1,800 815 985
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 55 20 40 10 0 10
Semitic languages 82,200 43,405 38,800 33,110 17,660 15,460
Amharic 10,870 5,595 5,275 2,095 1,050 1,045
Arabic 62,730 33,365 29,370 24,230 13,180 11,050
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 430 225 210 760 370 390
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 150 70 75 570 285 285
Harari 340 150 185 55 35 20
Hebrew 3,250 1,650 1,600 5,450 2,805 2,645
Maltese 145 85 55 315 155 155
Tigrigna 7,315 3,915 3,400 1,055 560 495
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 450 250 205 300 160 140
Afro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 375 225 145 170 85 85
Austro-Asiatic languages 32,730 15,440 17,290 35,915 17,130 18,785
Khmer (Cambodian) 2,700 1,375 1,330 1,875 850 1,020
Vietnamese 30,150 14,130 16,015 34,140 16,295 17,840
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 15 0 10 55 30 25
Austronesian languages 145,745 63,615 82,130 125,425 51,215 74,210
Bikol 330 150 180 530 215 310
Cebuano 6,690 2,940 3,750 5,365 2,000 3,370
Fijian 340 195 145 1,095 655 440
Hiligaynon 1,760 745 1,020 1,685 710 975
Ilocano 7,370 3,160 4,215 6,450 2,480 3,970
Malagasy 80 40 40 25 15 10
Malay 3,040 1,435 1,610 7,495 3,480 4,010
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 1,185 565 625 855 365 495
Pangasinan 445 190 250 480 205 275
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 138,440 60,115 78,325 113,265 45,455 67,805
Waray-Waray 420 170 245 320 130 195
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 1,160 505 650 1,515 740 775
Creole languages 4,585 2,390 2,195 2,485 1,320 1,165
Haitian Creole 255 140 115 135 55 75
Creole, n.o.s. 2,675 1,425 1,250 1,310 730 585
Creole languages, n.i.e. 1,680 840 850 1,055 540 515
Dravidian languages 18,190 9,660 8,525 10,390 5,485 4,905
Kannada 1,035 520 515 510 250 265
Malayalam 8,150 4,255 3,900 3,350 1,795 1,550
Tamil 7,195 3,900 3,295 5,445 2,830 2,610
Telugu 2,910 1,560 1,345 1,720 970 750
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 150 80 70 85 30 55
Hmong-Mien languages 115 55 55 165 85 80
Indo-European languages 550,490 274,510 275,980 764,815 371,760 393,060
Albanian 2,880 1,550 1,325 1,640 840 795
Armenian 530 255 275 1,680 845 835
Balto-Slavic languages 93,150 44,750 48,395 94,050 44,710 49,340
Baltic languages 1,360 660 705 1,030 515 520
Latvian 590 300 290 555 290 265
Lithuanian 775 360 415 475 220 250
Slavic languages 92,300 44,340 47,960 93,235 44,305 48,940
Belarusan 200 95 105 245 115 125
Bosnian 2,880 1,450 1,435 2,075 1,020 1,050
Bulgarian 1,795 945 850 2,430 1,105 1,325
Croatian 6,280 3,260 3,025 10,685 5,255 5,430
Czech 3,590 1,650 1,940 7,480 3,665 3,815
Macedonian 535 270 265 400 220 185
Polish 23,650 11,455 12,195 19,175 8,980 10,190
Russian 27,375 13,195 14,175 33,990 15,850 18,135
Serbian 5,355 2,630 2,730 9,110 4,625 4,485
Serbo-Croatian 1,095 550 540 1,525 770 750
Slovak 2,780 1,495 1,285 4,270 2,045 2,225
Slovene (Slovenian) 735 360 375 1,375 610 760
Ukrainian 26,600 11,980 14,620 10,740 4,835 5,905
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 250 120 130 420 215 205
Celtic languages 1,180 615 560 1,855 990 865
Scottish Gaelic 440 215 225 660 395 265
Welsh 315 180 130 345 145 195
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 450 220 225 860 450 410
Germanic languages 112,670 56,325 56,345 136,685 65,350 71,335
Afrikaans 5,165 2,655 2,515 7,670 3,875 3,800
Danish 2,800 1,360 1,440 5,510 2,490 3,020
Dutch 19,480 9,595 9,890 24,060 11,520 12,550
Frisian 475 275 205 465 230 240
German 83,010 41,905 41,105 95,005 45,840 49,165
Icelandic 160 70 95 405 210 195
Norwegian 1,450 635 810 2,845 1,425 1,415
Swedish 1,635 800 835 4,825 2,125 2,695
Vlaams (Flemish) 380 170 215 545 270 275
Yiddish 250 130 115 505 225 280
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 2,115 1,095 1,015 155 95 60
Greek 4,935 2,535 2,400 9,095 4,725 4,370
Indo-Iranian languages 206,725 106,045 100,675 363,205 181,340 181,865
Indo-Aryan languages 186,005 95,045 90,960 311,955 155,465 156,490
Bengali 8,530 4,385 4,140 3,670 1,885 1,785
Gujarati 18,005 8,945 9,055 11,500 5,455 6,050
Hindi 61,290 31,900 29,385 81,330 39,950 41,380
Kashmiri 125 80 45 60 30 25
Konkani 625 300 320 415 215 200
Marathi 2,575 1,385 1,195 1,475 780 695
Nepali 5,510 3,000 2,510 1,485 725 760
Oriya (Odia) 255 135 120 70 40 30
Punjabi (Panjabi) 90,485 46,350 44,135 244,485 122,450 122,035
Sindhi 4,595 2,065 2,530 3,300 1,415 1,885
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 3,800 1,925 1,875 2,430 1,265 1,170
Urdu 41,235 21,245 20,000 16,750 8,840 7,915
Iranian languages 22,140 11,665 10,475 52,300 26,435 25,870
Kurdish 1,930 1,100 825 2,225 1,185 1,040
Pashto 3,330 1,795 1,530 1,660 940 725
Persian (Farsi) 17,600 9,220 8,375 49,835 25,135 24,690
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 1,760 960 805 935 490 450
Italic (Romance) languages 142,340 69,885 72,450 177,685 83,505 94,185
Catalan 170 95 80 395 210 180
Italian 19,900 9,875 10,020 37,475 18,075 19,400
Portuguese 12,670 6,255 6,415 23,260 11,060 12,200
Romanian 9,915 5,185 4,735 10,045 4,945 5,105
Spanish 104,445 50,960 53,490 115,115 53,215 61,900
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 250 130 125 380 245 140
Japanese 9,215 4,115 5,100 36,990 15,955 21,040
Kartvelian languages 225 130 100 115 55 60
Georgian 230 130 100 115 55 55
Korean 19,950 9,405 10,545 57,490 26,310 31,180
Mongolic languages 800 375 430 370 170 200
Mongolian 800 370 430 370 165 195
Niger-Congo languages 29,430 14,980 14,450 8,025 4,130 3,895
Akan (Twi) 2,925 1,505 1,420 630 350 280
Bamanankan 60 30 30 30 20 15
Edo 620 325 290 145 80 60
Ewe 335 170 165 135 90 45
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 300 165 135 105 30 70
Ga 345 190 155 150 95 50
Ganda 610 305 305 165 80 85
Igbo 2,550 1,345 1,210 425 240 185
Lingala 1,240 640 605 280 125 150
Rundi (Kirundi) 830 420 410 125 45 75
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 1,155 605 550 290 125 165
Shona 1,810 850 960 415 220 195
Swahili 6,700 3,470 3,235 3,365 1,785 1,575
Wolof 600 365 235 50 25 30
Yoruba 5,930 3,035 2,890 885 455 435
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 6,585 3,265 3,320 1,835 840 1,000
Nilo-Saharan languages 3,070 1,495 1,575 405 210 200
Dinka 1,655 825 825 85 50 35
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 1,425 675 750 325 155 165
Sign languages 5,910 2,350 3,555 7,545 2,865 4,680
American Sign Language 3,085 1,130 1,955 3,860 1,280 2,575
Quebec Sign Language 0 0 10 10 0 0
Sign languages, n.i.e. 2,855 1,230 1,625 3,780 1,615 2,160
Sino-Tibetan languages 141,860 67,945 73,915 457,595 211,220 246,375
Chinese languages 139,385 66,700 72,685 454,885 209,850 245,030
Cantonese 74,770 35,490 39,280 234,445 108,485 125,960
Hakka 1,180 515 660 2,715 1,290 1,430
Mandarin 70,510 33,310 37,195 265,635 119,995 145,640
Min Dong 85 50 40 130 55 75
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 4,140 1,765 2,380 16,410 7,230 9,185
Wu (Shanghainese) 855 380 470 5,600 2,445 3,155
Chinese, n.o.s. 6,335 3,160 3,175 10,380 4,725 5,650
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 55 25 35 200 75 120
Tibeto-Burman languages 2,590 1,290 1,300 3,000 1,500 1,505
Burmese 605 305 295 1,490 730 755
Karenic languages 805 415 390 955 485 465
Tibetan 860 430 430 375 205 165
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 445 215 235 330 150 180
Tai-Kadai languages 3,705 1,510 2,195 5,635 2,190 3,450
Lao 1,520 730 795 1,630 735 890
Thai 2,400 850 1,545 4,275 1,535 2,740
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e. 45 25 25 10 10 0
Turkic languages 5,795 3,180 2,625 6,785 3,685 3,095
Azerbaijani 630 325 300 945 510 435
Turkish 4,255 2,420 1,835 5,585 3,025 2,555
Uyghur 290 135 155 115 60 55
Uzbek 425 200 225 170 95 75
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 355 170 180 275 140 130
Uralic languages 8,895 4,315 4,575 15,280 7,095 8,185
Estonian 185 85 105 780 350 425
Finnish 1,045 455 590 4,030 1,640 2,385
Hungarian 7,660 3,770 3,890 10,495 5,100 5,395
Uralic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 10 10
Other languages, n.i.e. 1,820 1,025 790 1,045 575 470
Citizenship
Total - Citizenship for the population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 45 3,978,145 1,998,495 1,979,645 4,560,235 2,237,485 2,322,750
Canadian citizensCensus data footnote 46 3,622,740 1,825,135 1,797,600 4,138,300 2,038,285 2,100,015
Canadian citizens aged under 18 854,815 439,065 415,755 790,485 406,970 383,510
Canadian citizens aged 18 and over 2,767,920 1,386,070 1,381,850 3,347,820 1,631,310 1,716,505
Not Canadian citizensCensus data footnote 47 355,410 173,365 182,045 421,935 199,205 222,735
Immigrant status and period of immigration
Total - Immigrant status and period of immigration for the population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 48 3,978,145 1,998,495 1,979,650 4,560,240 2,237,490 2,322,750
Non-immigrantsCensus data footnote 49 3,062,775 1,550,445 1,512,335 3,167,155 1,584,305 1,582,855
ImmigrantsCensus data footnote 50 845,220 412,320 432,895 1,292,675 603,800 688,875
Before 1981 163,460 81,620 81,840 356,155 171,330 184,825
1981 to 1990 86,350 41,690 44,660 152,220 70,475 81,750
1991 to 2000 131,560 62,930 68,630 287,505 132,190 155,315
2001 to 2010 256,055 125,235 130,820 321,240 147,250 173,985
2001 to 2005 109,145 53,425 55,720 147,735 67,425 80,305
2006 to 2010 146,910 71,810 75,100 173,505 79,825 93,680
2011 to 2016Census data footnote 51 207,790 100,845 106,945 175,555 82,555 92,995
Non-permanent residentsCensus data footnote 52 70,155 35,735 34,420 100,405 49,385 51,020
Age at immigration
Total - Age at immigration for the immigrant population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 53 845,220 412,320 432,895 1,292,670 603,800 688,875
Under 5 years 82,175 42,200 39,975 112,665 56,495 56,175
5 to 14 years 149,815 77,820 71,995 212,710 108,975 103,730
15 to 24 years 168,965 78,215 90,755 279,495 126,690 152,805
25 to 44 years 372,805 180,265 192,535 537,500 242,185 295,310
45 years and over 71,450 33,820 37,630 150,305 69,455 80,845
Immigrants by selected place of birthThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census immigration data
Total - Selected places of birth for the immigrant population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 54 845,215 412,325 432,895 1,292,675 603,800 688,875
Americas 103,540 49,345 54,190 110,850 50,515 60,330
Brazil 2,545 1,100 1,440 3,800 1,545 2,260
Colombia 9,535 4,570 4,960 3,915 1,720 2,195
El Salvador 7,255 3,725 3,530 5,425 2,710 2,715
Guyana 2,555 1,200 1,355 1,305 600 710
Haiti 1,270 675 600 570 250 315
Jamaica 6,845 3,170 3,680 3,505 1,770 1,735
Mexico 15,665 7,860 7,805 10,375 4,425 5,945
Peru 1,920 780 1,140 3,265 1,330 1,930
Trinidad and Tobago 3,415 1,670 1,750 2,620 1,205 1,415
United StatesCensus data footnote 55 30,460 13,675 16,785 57,780 26,425 31,355
Other places of birth in Americas 22,075 10,925 11,150 18,295 8,530 9,765
Europe 189,770 95,355 94,415 319,885 156,975 162,915
Bosnia and Herzegovina 4,555 2,325 2,230 4,570 2,230 2,345
Croatia 3,080 1,615 1,465 5,780 2,945 2,830
France 2,535 1,215 1,320 5,700 2,895 2,805
Germany 19,205 9,485 9,715 35,045 16,835 18,210
Greece 2,005 1,115 890 3,630 1,965 1,670
Hungary 3,665 1,880 1,785 6,175 3,145 3,030
IrelandCensus data footnote 56 3,935 2,100 1,835 5,890 3,090 2,795
Italy 8,110 4,370 3,745 15,405 8,050 7,355
Netherlands 14,035 7,420 6,610 18,225 9,365 8,855
Poland 16,925 8,045 8,880 15,115 6,965 8,145
Portugal 4,050 1,985 2,070 8,215 4,125 4,090
Romania 7,725 3,930 3,795 8,995 4,400 4,595
Russian Federation 7,260 3,135 4,125 10,920 4,700 6,215
SerbiaCensus data footnote 57 2,255 1,080 1,170 4,480 2,225 2,260
Ukraine 8,150 3,700 4,455 7,500 3,520 3,980
United KingdomCensus data footnote 58 59,215 30,280 28,935 123,810 60,975 62,835
Other places of birth in Europe 23,060 11,670 11,390 40,425 19,545 20,880
Africa 89,740 46,705 43,030 42,805 21,500 21,310
Algeria 1,340 715 625 485 310 175
Egypt 5,320 2,940 2,375 2,705 1,480 1,225
Ethiopia 10,570 5,355 5,215 2,070 1,015 1,060
Kenya 5,120 2,555 2,565 4,705 2,175 2,535
Morocco 1,695 1,005 695 985 535 455
Nigeria 12,405 6,520 5,880 1,740 925 815
Somalia 7,060 3,665 3,395 1,080 515 570
South Africa, Republic of 7,355 3,670 3,685 13,375 6,700 6,675
Other places of birth in Africa 38,865 20,275 18,590 15,645 7,840 7,800
Asia 452,225 215,955 236,265 788,055 359,835 428,220
Afghanistan 5,190 2,765 2,430 5,040 2,550 2,490
Bangladesh 5,085 2,590 2,500 2,125 1,080 1,040
ChinaCensus data footnote 59 57,690 26,510 31,185 199,990 89,145 110,845
Hong KongCensus data footnote 60 19,110 9,265 9,850 74,210 34,120 40,090
India 91,660 46,625 45,035 162,650 79,395 83,245
IranCensus data footnote 61 8,910 4,655 4,250 37,160 18,890 18,270
Iraq 5,935 3,205 2,730 5,550 2,855 2,690
Japan 3,065 905 2,160 13,365 3,840 9,520
Korea, SouthCensus data footnote 62 13,850 6,530 7,320 41,515 18,870 22,645
Lebanon 10,395 5,640 4,750 2,235 1,290 950
Pakistan 28,075 14,630 13,445 10,665 5,470 5,190
Philippines 123,830 54,075 69,755 112,100 45,890 66,210
Sri Lanka 4,835 2,475 2,365 4,585 2,360 2,230
SyriaCensus data footnote 63 4,800 2,515 2,280 2,845 1,450 1,400
Taiwan 3,455 1,460 2,000 38,900 17,450 21,450
Viet Nam 27,080 12,645 14,435 27,875 12,970 14,905
Other places of birth in Asia 39,250 19,485 19,765 47,255 22,215 25,045
Oceania and other places of birthCensus data footnote 64 9,940 4,950 4,990 31,075 14,975 16,100
Recent immigrants by selected places of birth
Total - Selected places of birth for the recent immigrant population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 54 207,790 100,845 106,945 175,555 82,555 92,995
Americas 20,060 9,660 10,400 14,550 7,160 7,385
Brazil 860 370 490 1,145 525 615
Colombia 2,295 1,020 1,275 580 250 325
Cuba 465 215 255 140 60 80
Haiti 385 240 150 35 35 10
Jamaica 1,660 765 895 625 355 265
Mexico 4,405 2,250 2,150 2,885 1,420 1,460
United StatesCensus data footnote 55 4,645 2,130 2,515 6,485 3,290 3,190
VenezuelaCensus data footnote 65 1,570 745 820 270 115 155
Other places of birth in Americas 3,785 1,930 1,855 2,380 1,105 1,275
Europe 20,870 10,830 10,045 19,735 10,260 9,475
France 425 240 180 970 510 460
Germany 1,370 710 655 1,450 775 675
IrelandCensus data footnote 56 1,355 835 520 1,430 900 530
MoldovaCensus data footnote 66 715 365 350 245 120 125
Romania 1,100 545 555