Census Profile, 2016 Census
Alberta [Province] and Northwest Territories [Territory]

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The table shows total, male and female data grouped by geography (appearing as column headers) for selected characteristics (appearing as row headers).
Characteristic Alberta

[Province]
Northwest Territories

[Territory]
Data quality , Alberta [Province]  Map : Alberta [Province]
Change geography 1
Data quality : Northwest Territories [Territory]  Map : geography 2
Change geography 2
Total Male Female Total Male Female
Counts (unless otherwise specified)
Population and dwellings
Population, 2016Census data footnote 1 4,067,175 ... ... 41,786 ... ...
Population, 2011Census data footnote 1 3,645,257 ... ... 41,462 ... ...
Population percentage change, 2011 to 2016 11.6 ... ... 0.8 ... ...
Total private dwellingsCensus data footnote 2 1,654,129 ... ... 17,666 ... ...
Private dwellings occupied by usual residentsCensus data footnote 3 1,527,678 ... ... 14,981 ... ...
Population density per square kilometre 6.4 ... ... 0.0 ... ...
Land area in square kilometres 640,330.46 ... ... 1,143,793.86 ... ...
Age characteristics
Total - Age groups and average age of the population - 100% dataCensus data footnote 4 4,067,175 2,039,410 2,027,765 41,785 21,280 20,510
0 to 14 years 779,155 399,570 379,580 8,875 4,475 4,395
0 to 4 years 266,515 136,520 129,995 3,120 1,605 1,515
5 to 9 years 270,715 138,990 131,725 3,015 1,520 1,495
10 to 14 years 241,920 124,060 117,860 2,740 1,350 1,385
15 to 64 years 2,787,805 1,408,150 1,379,655 29,690 15,090 14,600
15 to 19 years 240,035 123,625 116,410 2,715 1,405 1,310
20 to 24 years 261,830 133,990 127,840 3,065 1,635 1,430
25 to 29 years 310,940 156,715 154,225 3,465 1,755 1,710
30 to 34 years 333,175 167,555 165,620 3,385 1,670 1,720
35 to 39 years 305,505 153,655 151,850 3,215 1,565 1,650
40 to 44 years 281,205 142,545 138,660 2,825 1,365 1,460
45 to 49 years 269,030 135,855 133,180 2,880 1,485 1,400
50 to 54 years 284,310 142,205 142,100 3,200 1,620 1,575
55 to 59 years 275,540 138,565 136,970 2,825 1,480 1,345
60 to 64 years 226,230 113,440 112,790 2,105 1,110 1,000
65 years and over 500,215 231,690 268,530 3,220 1,715 1,510
65 to 69 years 173,680 85,500 88,180 1,410 785 630
70 to 74 years 117,035 56,430 60,610 820 450 370
75 to 79 years 83,955 39,105 44,845 465 230 235
80 to 84 years 62,165 27,590 34,575 300 155 145
85 years and over 63,385 23,065 40,320 225 95 130
85 to 89 years 39,965 16,050 23,915 150 65 80
90 to 94 years 18,025 5,755 12,275 55 25 35
95 to 99 years 4,735 1,145 3,595 20 5 10
100 years and over 650 115 535 0 0 5
Total - Distribution (%) of the population by broad age groups - 100% data 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0
0 to 14 years 19.2 19.6 18.7 21.2 21.0 21.4
15 to 64 years 68.5 69.0 68.0 71.1 70.9 71.2
65 years and over 12.3 11.4 13.2 7.7 8.1 7.4
85 years and over 1.6 1.1 2.0 0.5 0.4 0.6
Average age of the population 37.8 37.2 38.4 34.9 35.1 34.8
Median age of the population 36.7 36.2 37.2 34.0 34.0 34.1
Household and dwelling characteristics
Total - Occupied private dwellings by structural type of dwelling - 100% dataCensus data footnote 5 1,527,675 ... ... 14,980 ... ...
Single-detached house 946,225 ... ... 8,625 ... ...
Apartment in a building that has five or more storeys 62,395 ... ... 450 ... ...
Other attached dwellingCensus data footnote 6 471,090 ... ... 5,400 ... ...
Semi-detached house 86,765 ... ... 975 ... ...
Row house 116,625 ... ... 1,595 ... ...
Apartment or flat in a duplex 43,090 ... ... 385 ... ...
Apartment in a building that has fewer than five storeys 223,360 ... ... 2,375 ... ...
Other single-attached house 1,245 ... ... 60 ... ...
Movable dwellingCensus data footnote 7 47,970 ... ... 505 ... ...
Total - Private households by household size - 100% dataCensus data footnote 8 1,527,675 ... ... 14,980 ... ...
1 person 366,080 ... ... 3,640 ... ...
2 persons 524,415 ... ... 4,305 ... ...
3 persons 245,075 ... ... 2,680 ... ...
4 persons 233,770 ... ... 2,425 ... ...
5 or more persons 158,335 ... ... 1,935 ... ...
Number of persons in private households 3,978,145 ... ... 41,135 ... ...
Average household size 2.6 ... ... 2.7 ... ...
Marital status
Total - Marital status for the population aged 15 years and over - 100% dataCensus data footnote 9 3,288,020 1,639,835 1,648,185 32,910 16,800 16,110
Married or living common law 1,969,300 988,410 980,895 17,955 9,010 8,945
Married 1,648,945 828,155 820,790 11,585 5,840 5,735
Living common law 320,350 160,250 160,100 6,375 3,165 3,205
Not married and not living common law 1,318,720 651,430 667,290 14,955 7,790 7,165
Never married 905,700 505,310 400,390 11,840 6,570 5,270
Separated 76,150 34,000 42,150 800 365 435
Divorced 195,850 82,040 113,815 1,315 575 735
Widowed 141,020 30,080 110,940 1,010 280 730
Family characteristics
Total - Census families in private households by family size - 100% dataCensus data footnote 10 1,114,585 ... ... 11,105 ... ...
2 persons 540,850 ... ... 4,835 ... ...
3 persons 235,245 ... ... 2,730 ... ...
4 persons 227,165 ... ... 2,230 ... ...
5 or more persons 111,330 ... ... 1,305 ... ...
Average size of census families 3.0 ... ... 3.1 ... ...
Total number of census families in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 11 1,114,585 ... ... 11,110 ... ...
Total couple families 953,325 ... ... 8,695 ... ...
Married couples 793,195 ... ... 5,510 ... ...
Common-law couples 160,130 ... ... 3,185 ... ...
Total lone-parent families by sex of parent 161,260 ... ... 2,410 ... ...
Female parent 123,490 ... ... 1,790 ... ...
Male parent 37,770 ... ... 620 ... ...
Total - Couple census families in private households - 100% data 953,325 ... ... 8,700 ... ...
Couples without children 443,665 ... ... 3,395 ... ...
Couples with children 509,655 ... ... 5,300 ... ...
1 child 190,010 ... ... 2,105 ... ...
2 children 213,910 ... ... 1,990 ... ...
3 or more children 105,735 ... ... 1,205 ... ...
Total - Lone-parent census families in private households - 100% data 161,260 ... ... 2,410 ... ...
1 child 97,180 ... ... 1,440 ... ...
2 children 45,235 ... ... 625 ... ...
3 or more children 18,845 ... ... 345 ... ...
Total - Persons not in census families in private households - 100% data 678,535 356,875 321,655 7,125 3,975 3,150
Household type
Total - Private households by household type - 100% dataCensus data footnote 12 1,527,675 ... ... 14,980 ... ...
One-census-family households 1,039,985 ... ... 9,930 ... ...
Without children in a census familyCensus data footnote 13 414,570 ... ... 3,080 ... ...
With children in a census familyCensus data footnote 14 625,415 ... ... 6,850 ... ...
Multiple-census-family households 36,120 ... ... 565 ... ...
Non-census-family households 451,570 ... ... 4,480 ... ...
One-person households 366,080 ... ... 3,640 ... ...
Two-or-more person non-census-family households 85,490 ... ... 840 ... ...
Knowledge of official languagesThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Knowledge of official languages for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 15 4,026,650 2,020,510 2,006,140 41,375 21,055 20,325
English only 3,698,765 1,869,670 1,829,095 36,845 18,945 17,900
French only 3,895 1,725 2,165 60 30 30
English and French 264,720 124,400 140,315 4,275 1,985 2,295
Neither English nor French 59,280 24,715 34,565 195 90 105
First official language spokenThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - First official language spoken for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 16 4,026,650 2,020,510 2,006,140 41,375 21,050 20,325
English 3,880,685 1,950,980 1,929,705 39,875 20,255 19,620
French 71,535 37,205 34,330 1,165 625 540
English and French 16,605 8,350 8,255 150 85 65
Neither English nor French 57,830 23,970 33,860 195 90 100
Official language minority (number)Census data footnote 17 79,840 41,380 38,455 1,240 665 570
Official language minority (percentage)Census data footnote 17 2.0 2.0 1.9 3.0 3.2 2.8
Mother tongueThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Mother tongue for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 18 4,026,650 2,020,510 2,006,140 41,380 21,050 20,330
Single responses 3,934,580 1,975,615 1,958,970 40,565 20,675 19,890
Official languages 3,063,640 1,552,475 1,511,165 32,940 16,920 16,020
English 2,991,485 1,515,025 1,476,460 31,765 16,290 15,470
French 72,150 37,450 34,705 1,175 630 550
Non-official languages 870,940 423,140 447,805 7,625 3,755 3,875
Aboriginal languages 23,835 11,290 12,550 4,635 2,270 2,360
Algonquian languages 18,295 8,665 9,630 145 65 80
Blackfoot 2,750 1,305 1,445 5 0 0
Cree-Montagnais languages 14,960 7,105 7,850 130 60 70
Atikamekw 0 0 0 0 0 0
Montagnais (Innu) 0 5 0 0 0 0
Moose Cree 10 0 5 0 0 0
Naskapi 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern East Cree 50 15 35 0 0 0
Plains Cree 720 280 435 5 0 5
Southern East Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Swampy Cree 50 20 35 5 0 0
Woods Cree 910 430 480 0 0 0
Cree, n.o.s. 13,220 6,355 6,865 120 55 65
Eastern Algonquian languages 30 15 15 5 0 0
Malecite 0 5 0 0 0 0
Mi'kmaq 35 20 15 0 0 0
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 550 235 315 15 5 5
Algonquin 5 0 5 0 0 0
Ojibway 525 230 300 15 5 5
Oji-Cree 15 5 15 0 0 0
Ottawa (Odawa) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 5 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages 1,865 865 1,000 3,875 1,950 1,930
Northern Athabaskan languages 1,855 860 990 3,875 1,945 1,930
Babine (Wetsuwet'en) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Beaver 35 15 15 0 0 0
Carrier 15 0 15 0 0 0
Chilcotin 5 0 0 0 0 0
Dene 1,470 710 760 440 250 190
Dogrib (Tlicho) 40 10 30 1,600 820 775
Gwich'in 15 5 10 140 60 90
Sarsi (Sarcee) 70 20 45 0 0 0
Sekani 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey-Hare languages 200 90 115 1,690 820 870
North Slavey (Hare) 10 5 10 745 365 380
South Slavey 155 70 80 775 375 395
Slavey, n.o.s. 35 15 25 175 80 90
Tahltan languages 5 0 5 0 0 0
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tutchone languages 5 0 0 0 0 0
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 10 0 10 0 0 0
Haida 0 0 0 0 0 0
Inuit languages 120 35 85 600 250 350
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 25 5 10 470 210 265
Inuktitut 60 20 45 110 30 80
Inuit languages, n.i.e. 35 10 30 20 10 5
Iroquoian languages 10 10 5 0 5 0
Cayuga 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mohawk 5 5 5 5 0 5
Oneida 0 5 0 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 5 0 0 0
Kutenai 5 0 0 0 0 0
Michif 80 45 35 5 5 0
Salish languages 15 5 10 0 5 0
Comox 0 0 0 0 0 0
Halkomelem 0 0 0 0 0 0
Lillooet 0 0 0 0 0 0
Okanagan 0 5 5 0 0 0
Shuswap (Secwepemctsin) 5 0 0 0 0 0
Squamish 5 0 0 0 0 0
Straits 0 0 0 0 0 0
Thompson (Ntlakapamux) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Salish languages, n.i.e. 5 0 5 0 0 0
Siouan languages 3,370 1,630 1,745 0 0 0
Dakota 350 165 185 0 0 0
Stoney 3,020 1,460 1,555 0 0 0
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 5 0 0 0 0 0
Tlingit 5 0 0 0 0 0
Tsimshian languages 15 5 5 0 0 0
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Nisga'a 10 5 5 0 0 0
Tsimshian 0 0 0 0 0 0
Wakashan languages 5 5 5 0 0 0
Haisla 0 0 0 0 0 0
Heiltsuk 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kwakiutl (Kwak'wala) 0 0 5 0 0 0
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0 5 0 0 0 0
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Aboriginal languages, n.o.s. 55 30 25 5 0 5
Non-Aboriginal languages 847,105 411,850 435,255 2,990 1,480 1,510
Afro-Asiatic languages 68,415 36,215 32,200 215 140 70
Berber languages 340 190 145 5 0 0
Kabyle 165 90 75 0 0 0
Berber languages, n.i.e. 175 100 75 5 0 0
Cushitic languages 12,525 6,495 6,030 50 40 10
Bilen 315 185 130 0 0 0
Oromo 2,650 1,375 1,275 0 0 0
Somali 9,520 4,915 4,605 45 40 10
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 40 20 20 0 0 0
Semitic languages 55,425 29,450 25,980 160 105 60
Amharic 7,320 3,605 3,720 20 10 10
Arabic 40,540 21,840 18,705 120 75 50
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 400 210 190 0 0 0
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 145 80 65 0 0 0
Harari 260 135 120 0 5 0
Hebrew 960 505 460 0 5 0
Maltese 75 30 40 0 0 0
Tigrigna 5,415 2,880 2,535 20 15 5
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 305 155 145 0 0 0
Afro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 130 80 50 0 0 0
Austro-Asiatic languages 25,295 11,760 13,535 165 75 90
Khmer (Cambodian) 1,925 910 1,010 0 0 0
Vietnamese 23,350 10,840 12,505 160 75 85
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e 25 10 15 0 0 0
Austronesian languages 115,405 50,190 65,210 910 380 525
Bikol 425 205 225 5 0 5
Cebuano 5,135 2,155 2,980 60 25 35
Fijian 125 75 50 0 0 0
Hiligaynon 1,500 640 855 15 10 10
Ilocano 5,350 2,310 3,040 70 25 45
Malagasy 35 10 25 0 0 0
Malay 1,460 615 845 0 0 0
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 765 370 390 5 0 0
Pangasinan 290 115 175 5 0 0
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 99,035 43,120 55,920 745 320 430
Waray-Waray 305 145 160 0 0 5
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 980 430 550 5 5 0
Creole languages 1,895 990 910 40 25 15
Haitian Creole 95 45 50 5 5 5
Creole, n.o.s. 1,175 640 540 25 15 10
Creole languages, n.i.e. 625 305 325 15 10 5
Dravidian languages 13,490 7,075 6,415 60 40 25
Kannada 535 270 265 0 0 0
Malayalam 6,345 3,285 3,060 25 15 5
Tamil 4,430 2,360 2,070 20 10 5
Telugu 2,130 1,135 995 15 10 10
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 50 25 25 0 0 0
Hmong-Mien languages 105 55 45 0 0 0
Indo-European languages 442,685 220,330 222,355 1,045 540 500
Albanian 2,345 1,270 1,075 10 5 0
Armenian 500 250 245 45 25 25
Balto-Slavic languages 80,330 37,750 42,580 220 120 100
Baltic languages 1,010 475 535 0 0 5
Latvian 415 195 220 0 0 0
Lithuanian 600 285 315 0 0 5
Slavic languages 79,325 37,275 42,050 220 125 100
Belarusan 65 30 30 5 0 0
Bosnian 1,835 915 920 5 0 0
Bulgarian 1,545 790 755 10 5 5
Croatian 4,655 2,340 2,320 15 10 5
Czech 3,000 1,430 1,575 15 5 10
Macedonian 360 185 175 5 5 5
Polish 20,130 9,425 10,705 45 30 20
Russian 17,810 8,150 9,665 40 20 20
Serbian 4,020 2,035 1,985 15 10 5
Serbo-Croatian 970 480 485 0 0 0
Slovak 2,185 1,070 1,115 25 10 10
Slovene (Slovenian) 695 320 370 10 5 5
Ukrainian 21,835 9,985 11,850 35 15 15
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 215 120 100 0 0 0
Celtic languages 370 200 170 10 5 5
Scottish Gaelic 135 70 65 0 0 0
Welsh 175 85 80 5 5 5
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 65 40 25 0 0 0
Germanic languages 104,260 51,525 52,735 270 125 145
Afrikaans 3,010 1,475 1,535 20 5 15
Danish 2,380 1,245 1,135 5 5 0
Dutch 16,135 8,095 8,045 55 25 30
Frisian 360 200 160 0 0 0
German 80,050 39,435 40,615 170 80 90
Icelandic 115 55 60 5 0 5
Norwegian 815 370 445 0 0 0
Swedish 875 405 470 10 5 5
Vlaams (Flemish) 320 150 170 0 0 0
Yiddish 140 70 70 0 0 0
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 55 30 25 0 0 0
Greek 3,130 1,655 1,475 20 10 10
Indo-Iranian languages 166,805 85,250 81,560 285 155 125
Indo-Aryan languages 145,900 74,320 71,580 245 140 110
Bengali 7,000 3,630 3,370 70 40 30
Gujarati 13,140 6,785 6,355 15 10 5
Hindi 17,055 8,675 8,385 40 20 20
Kashmiri 105 60 50 0 0 0
Konkani 370 190 185 0 0 0
Marathi 1,510 775 730 5 0 0
Nepali 5,175 2,690 2,490 20 10 10
Oriya (Odia) 190 100 90 0 0 0
Punjabi (Panjabi) 68,695 34,935 33,760 50 30 20
Sindhi 2,770 1,300 1,475 0 0 0
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 2,590 1,320 1,265 10 0 0
Urdu 27,295 13,865 13,430 45 20 25
Iranian languages 19,600 10,235 9,365 35 15 20
Kurdish 1,550 845 705 0 0 0
Pashto 2,560 1,320 1,235 5 0 0
Persian (Farsi) 15,490 8,070 7,425 30 10 15
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 1,310 695 615 5 5 0
Italic (Romance) languages 84,940 42,425 42,515 190 95 95
Catalan 75 30 45 0 0 0
Italian 11,375 5,760 5,615 50 35 15
Portuguese 9,050 4,380 4,670 25 10 15
Romanian 8,035 4,080 3,955 10 5 5
Spanish 56,370 28,160 28,205 105 50 60
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 35 20 15 0 0 0
Japanese 4,875 1,715 3,160 60 20 45
Kartvelian languages 230 130 105 0 0 0
Georgian 230 130 100 0 0 0
Korean 17,920 8,485 9,435 40 20 20
Mongolic languages 545 255 290 0 0 0
Mongolian 540 255 290 5 0 0
Niger-Congo languages 15,360 7,870 7,495 135 80 60
Akan (Twi) 1,755 915 835 15 10 10
Bamanankan 35 20 15 0 0 0
Edo 275 155 120 0 0 0
Ewe 245 145 100 0 5 0
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 230 120 100 0 0 0
Ga 145 80 65 0 0 0
Ganda 280 145 135 10 10 0
Igbo 1,165 625 540 5 5 0
Lingala 270 130 140 5 5 0
Rundi (Kirundi) 605 305 295 0 0 0
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 805 405 400 5 5 0
Shona 1,100 545 555 40 20 15
Swahili 2,380 1,160 1,215 5 0 0
Wolof 280 165 110 0 0 0
Yoruba 2,435 1,305 1,125 5 0 0
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 3,370 1,640 1,735 50 25 30
Nilo-Saharan languages 2,720 1,395 1,330 5 5 0
Dinka 1,345 705 640 0 0 0
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 1,375 685 690 5 0 0
Sign languages 830 440 390 5 5 0
American Sign Language 335 165 165 0 0 0
Quebec Sign Language 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sign languages, n.i.e 495 275 225 5 5 0
Sino-Tibetan languages 122,450 57,740 64,705 250 120 130
Chinese languages 120,375 56,675 63,700 250 120 125
Cantonese 59,145 27,755 31,385 110 55 55
Hakka 990 465 530 0 0 5
Mandarin 50,660 23,940 26,720 60 30 30
Min Dong 115 50 65 0 0 0
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 3,060 1,375 1,695 0 0 0
Wu (Shanghainese) 630 305 330 0 0 0
Chinese, n.o.s. 5,725 2,770 2,955 75 40 35
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 40 15 25 0 0 0
Tibeto-Burman languages 2,075 1,065 1,005 0 0 0
Burmese 430 230 200 0 0 0
Karenic languages 795 415 380 0 0 0
Tibetan 575 295 275 0 0 0
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 275 130 140 0 0 0
Tai-Kadai languages 2,670 955 1,710 10 0 5
Lao 1,020 485 535 5 0 0
Thai 1,630 465 1,165 5 0 0
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e 20 10 15 0 0 0
Turkic languages 4,050 2,250 1,800 5 5 5
Azerbaijani 365 215 155 0 0 0
Turkish 3,140 1,760 1,375 5 5 0
Uyghur 130 70 60 0 0 0
Uzbek 205 115 90 5 5 0
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 215 95 120 0 0 0
Uralic languages 7,470 3,600 3,870 30 20 10
Estonian 190 90 105 5 0 0
Finnish 810 330 480 10 5 5
Hungarian 6,470 3,185 3,285 20 15 5
Uralic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Other languages, n.i.e. 690 415 280 5 0 5
Multiple responses 92,070 44,900 47,175 815 375 440
English and French 10,230 4,950 5,280 145 65 75
English and non-official language 77,520 37,815 39,705 630 285 345
French and non-official language 2,685 1,375 1,305 35 20 15
English, French and non-official language 1,640 760 880 5 0 5
Language spoken most often at homeThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Language spoken most often at home for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 19 4,026,655 2,020,510 2,006,145 41,380 21,055 20,325
Single responses 3,837,615 1,928,230 1,909,385 40,290 20,550 19,740
Official languages 3,354,885 1,690,490 1,664,395 36,905 18,780 18,125
English 3,327,255 1,676,360 1,650,895 36,270 18,465 17,810
French 27,630 14,130 13,500 635 315 315
Non-official languages 482,725 237,740 244,990 3,385 1,765 1,620
Aboriginal languages 9,970 4,940 5,020 2,045 1,080 965
Algonquian languages 7,175 3,575 3,605 20 5 5
Blackfoot 1,110 555 555 0 0 0
Cree-Montagnais languages 5,875 2,925 2,945 15 10 5
Atikamekw 0 0 0 0 0 0
Montagnais (Innu) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Moose Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Naskapi 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern East Cree 20 10 10 0 0 0
Plains Cree 125 60 60 0 0 0
Southern East Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Swampy Cree 5 0 5 0 0 0
Woods Cree 600 300 295 0 0 0
Cree, n.o.s. 5,120 2,540 2,575 15 5 5
Eastern Algonquian languages 5 5 5 0 0 0
Malecite 0 0 0 0 5 5
Mi'kmaq 5 5 0 0 0 0
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 190 95 95 5 0 0
Algonquin 0 0 0 0 0 0
Ojibway 185 90 95 0 0 0
Oji-Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Ottawa (Odawa) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages 620 320 300 1,950 1,040 915
Northern Athabaskan languages 620 325 300 1,950 1,035 915
Babine (Wetsuwet'en) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Beaver 10 5 0 0 0 0
Carrier 0 0 0 0 0 0
Chilcotin 0 0 0 0 0 0
Dene 540 280 260 160 85 70
Dogrib (Tlicho) 5 0 0 1,020 550 470
Gwich'in 5 0 5 20 10 10
Sarsi (Sarcee) 5 5 0 0 0 0
Sekani 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey-Hare languages 60 35 30 745 385 360
North Slavey (Hare) 0 0 0 340 185 160
South Slavey 55 30 25 320 160 160
Slavey, n.o.s. 5 5 5 90 45 45
Tahltan languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tutchone languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 5 0
Haida 0 0 0 0 0 0
Inuit languages 10 0 10 70 30 40
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 5 0 0 55 20 30
Inuktitut 0 0 0 10 5 10
Inuit languages, n.i.e. 5 0 5 5 0 0
Iroquoian languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Cayuga 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mohawk 0 0 0 5 0 0
Oneida 0 0 0 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 5 0 5 0 0 0
Kutenai 0 0 0 0 0 0
Michif 10 5 5 5 0 0
Salish languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Comox 0 0 0 0 0 0
Halkomelem 0 0 0 0 0 0
Lillooet 0 0 0 0 0 0
Okanagan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Shuswap (Secwepemctsin) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Squamish 0 0 0 0 0 0
Straits 0 0 0 0 0 0
Thompson (Ntlakapamux) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Salish languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Siouan languages 2,125 1,025 1,095 0 0 0
Dakota 175 85 85 0 0 0
Stoney 1,945 935 1,010 0 0 0
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tlingit 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tsimshian languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Nisga'a 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tsimshian 0 0 0 0 0 0
Wakashan languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Haisla 0 0 0 0 0 0
Heiltsuk 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kwakiutl (Kwak'wala) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Aboriginal languages, n.o.s. 25 15 10 5 0 5
Non-Aboriginal languages 472,760 232,800 239,965 1,340 685 655
Afro-Asiatic languages 43,770 22,535 21,235 130 90 40
Berber languages 200 105 95 0 0 0
Kabyle 90 45 40 0 0 0
Berber languages, n.i.e. 105 60 45 0 0 0
Cushitic languages 9,220 4,750 4,470 35 30 0
Bilen 280 160 115 0 0 0
Oromo 2,075 1,060 1,015 0 0 0
Somali 6,850 3,520 3,325 35 35 0
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 15 5 10 0 0 0
Semitic languages 34,310 17,660 16,655 95 60 35
Amharic 4,915 2,390 2,530 10 5 5
Arabic 24,230 12,555 11,675 75 45 25
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 260 130 130 0 0 0
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 95 50 40 0 0 0
Harari 165 80 85 0 0 0
Hebrew 460 235 225 0 0 0
Maltese 15 10 10 0 0 0
Tigrigna 3,955 2,095 1,860 15 5 5
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 210 110 100 0 0 0
Afro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 45 20 20 0 0 0
Austro-Asiatic languages 16,355 7,635 8,715 105 50 55
Khmer (Cambodian) 960 460 500 0 0 0
Vietnamese 15,380 7,175 8,205 105 50 55
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e 15 0 10 0 0 0
Austronesian languages 60,860 28,765 32,100 455 215 235
Bikol 70 40 35 0 0 0
Cebuano 2,110 1,015 1,090 20 10 15
Fijian 45 25 20 0 0 0
Hiligaynon 470 215 255 15 10 5
Ilocano 1,975 935 1,035 20 5 10
Malagasy 20 10 10 0 0 0
Malay 405 205 195 0 0 0
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 220 110 110 0 0 0
Pangasinan 45 20 30 0 0 0
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 55,105 26,005 29,100 400 190 215
Waray-Waray 125 60 60 0 0 0
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 280 120 155 0 0 0
Creole languages 970 495 475 15 10 5
Haitian Creole 50 25 25 5 0 0
Creole, n.o.s. 655 345 310 5 5 0
Creole languages, n.i.e. 270 125 140 5 5 5
Dravidian languages 8,460 4,335 4,125 30 15 15
Kannada 210 105 105 0 0 0
Malayalam 4,060 2,070 1,990 15 10 5
Tamil 2,915 1,515 1,395 5 5 5
Telugu 1,245 635 615 10 0 0
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 30 10 15 0 0 0
Hmong-Mien languages 70 35 35 0 0 0
Indo-European languages 230,270 115,280 114,995 350 170 175
Albanian 1,060 570 485 0 0 0
Armenian 215 115 105 25 10 15
Balto-Slavic languages 30,220 14,820 15,400 55 25 30
Baltic languages 410 210 200 0 0 0
Latvian 165 85 80 0 0 0
Lithuanian 250 125 120 0 0 0
Slavic languages 29,815 14,610 15,205 55 25 30
Belarusan 15 10 5 0 0 0
Bosnian 785 400 385 5 5 0
Bulgarian 825 415 405 0 0 0
Croatian 1,800 905 895 0 0 0
Czech 875 440 430 5 0 5
Macedonian 175 90 85 0 0 0
Polish 7,705 3,675 4,030 10 5 5
Russian 10,145 4,965 5,175 20 10 10
Serbian 2,100 1,045 1,055 5 5 0
Serbo-Croatian 315 160 155 0 0 0
Slovak 710 345 365 5 0 5
Slovene (Slovenian) 150 70 75 0 0 0
Ukrainian 4,180 2,060 2,110 0 0 0
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 55 30 25 0 0 0
Celtic languages 40 25 15 0 0 0
Scottish Gaelic 15 15 5 0 0 0
Welsh 15 5 5 0 0 0
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 10 5 0 0 0 0
Germanic languages 40,915 20,280 20,625 45 20 20
Afrikaans 1,705 835 875 10 0 5
Danish 150 75 75 0 0 0
Dutch 1,980 985 1,000 5 0 5
Frisian 60 30 30 0 0 0
German 36,295 18,010 18,290 25 15 15
Icelandic 30 15 15 0 0 5
Norwegian 60 20 35 0 0 0
Swedish 145 65 80 0 0 0
Vlaams (Flemish) 60 30 25 0 0 0
Yiddish 15 5 5 0 0 0
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 425 215 210 0 0 0
Greek 1,015 490 525 5 5 0
Indo-Iranian languages 111,975 56,535 55,445 170 90 80
Indo-Aryan languages 98,610 49,790 48,815 155 85 70
Bengali 4,530 2,300 2,225 40 25 20
Gujarati 8,025 4,085 3,935 10 5 5
Hindi 9,945 5,115 4,825 15 10 5
Kashmiri 50 20 25 0 0 0
Konkani 75 40 40 0 0 0
Marathi 845 440 405 0 0 0
Nepali 3,710 1,905 1,805 20 10 10
Oriya (Odia) 95 50 45 0 0 0
Punjabi (Panjabi) 51,010 25,720 25,295 40 25 15
Sindhi 1,240 575 665 0 0 0
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 1,480 750 730 5 0 0
Urdu 17,600 8,795 8,810 35 20 15
Iranian languages 12,720 6,415 6,305 20 5 10
Kurdish 850 440 410 0 0 0
Pashto 1,640 845 795 0 0 0
Persian (Farsi) 10,230 5,135 5,100 20 10 10
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 650 325 325 0 0 0
Italic (Romance) languages 44,830 22,445 22,385 45 25 30
Catalan 35 10 20 0 0 0
Italian 2,840 1,275 1,560 5 5 5
Portuguese 3,905 1,875 2,030 5 0 5
Romanian 4,135 2,115 2,020 5 5 0
Spanish 33,910 17,160 16,755 30 15 20
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 10 5 5 0 0 0
Japanese 2,245 945 1,300 50 20 25
Kartvelian languages 160 85 70 0 0 0
Georgian 160 85 70 0 0 0
Korean 12,775 6,205 6,570 20 10 10
Mongolic languages 335 160 175 0 0 0
Mongolian 335 155 175 0 0 0
Niger-Congo languages 5,600 2,725 2,875 40 20 20
Akan (Twi) 845 415 430 5 0 0
Bamanankan 10 10 0 0 0 0
Edo 70 35 35 0 0 0
Ewe 80 45 35 0 0 0
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 105 55 45 0 0 0
Ga 40 20 20 0 0 0
Ganda 95 50 50 5 0 0
Igbo 265 125 145 0 0 5
Lingala 85 35 45 0 0 0
Rundi (Kirundi) 280 135 145 0 0 0
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 350 175 170 0 0 0
Shona 410 190 225 15 5 10
Swahili 1,090 530 565 0 0 0
Wolof 170 95 75 0 0 0
Yoruba 690 340 350 0 0 0
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 1,015 485 535 10 10 5
Nilo-Saharan languages 1,525 765 755 0 0 0
Dinka 800 420 380 0 0 0
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 725 350 375 0 0 0
Sign languages 1,095 630 465 5 5 5
American Sign Language 325 170 155 0 0 5
Quebec Sign Language 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sign languages, n.i.e 765 455 310 5 5 0
Sino-Tibetan languages 82,380 39,230 43,155 135 70 65
Chinese languages 80,880 38,455 42,420 135 70 65
Cantonese 38,275 17,810 20,460 55 30 25
Hakka 315 135 185 0 0 0
Mandarin 37,125 18,030 19,095 35 15 20
Min Dong 20 5 10 0 0 0
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 1,245 540 705 0 0 5
Wu (Shanghainese) 340 175 165 0 0 0
Chinese, n.o.s. 3,550 1,760 1,785 45 25 20
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 10 5 5 0 0 0
Tibeto-Burman languages 1,500 770 730 5 0 0
Burmese 280 145 130 0 0 0
Karenic languages 665 340 320 0 0 0
Tibetan 420 220 200 0 0 0
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 140 65 75 0 0 0
Tai-Kadai languages 1,130 505 625 5 0 0
Lao 465 215 245 5 0 0
Thai 655 285 370 0 0 0
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e 10 5 10 0 0 0
Turkic languages 2,390 1,270 1,120 0 0 0
Azerbaijani 155 90 75 0 0 0
Turkish 1,945 1,030 915 0 0 0
Uyghur 80 45 40 0 0 0
Uzbek 135 70 65 0 0 0
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 70 35 25 0 0 0
Uralic languages 2,130 1,040 1,085 0 0 0
Estonian 25 10 15 0 0 0
Finnish 105 50 50 0 0 0
Hungarian 1,995 980 1,015 0 0 0
Uralic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Other languages, n.i.e. 240 140 95 0 0 0
Multiple responses 189,040 92,280 96,760 1,090 500 585
English and French 6,885 3,410 3,475 125 55 70
English and non-official language 178,070 86,895 91,170 930 430 495
French and non-official language 1,125 540 580 15 5 5
English, French and non-official language 2,965 1,430 1,530 25 10 15
Other language spoken regularly at homeThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Other language(s) spoken regularly at home for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 20 4,026,650 2,020,510 2,006,140 41,375 21,050 20,325
None 3,492,295 1,760,240 1,732,055 34,235 17,535 16,700
English 221,305 110,655 110,650 2,180 1,145 1,030
French 41,840 19,470 22,375 785 365 425
Non-official language 262,255 125,640 136,615 4,105 1,970 2,135
Aboriginal 17,430 8,325 9,105 2,995 1,440 1,555
Non-Aboriginal 244,825 117,315 127,510 1,110 530 580
English and French 1,535 775 760 15 5 5
English and non-official language 4,545 2,345 2,195 15 10 10
French and non-official language 2,795 1,340 1,455 45 25 25
English, French and non-official language 85 50 40 0 0 0
Income of individuals in 2015
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 21 3,206,050 1,602,690 1,603,360 32,330 16,470 15,855
Number of total income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 3,053,470 1,528,275 1,525,190 31,290 15,980 15,315
Median total income in 2015 among recipients ($) 42,717 54,891 33,213 50,618 54,924 46,322
Number of after-tax income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 3,054,135 1,528,420 1,525,715 31,295 15,980 15,310
Median after-tax income in 2015 among recipients ($) 38,067 47,131 30,478 45,254 48,505 41,935
Number of market income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 2,839,590 1,458,560 1,381,030 28,515 14,760 13,750
Median market income in 2015 among recipients ($) 42,330 54,528 32,099 53,324 58,388 49,104
Number of government transfers recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 1,785,065 711,210 1,073,855 30,555 15,590 14,965
Median government transfers in 2015 among recipients ($) 4,093 3,834 4,185 948 943 1,794
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 2,473,665 1,301,630 1,172,030 27,150 14,125 13,030
Median employment income in 2015 among recipients ($) 42,679 54,361 32,982 53,161 57,762 48,970
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 22 3,206,045 1,602,810 1,603,235 32,325 16,470 15,855
Number of total income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 3,054,555 1,528,100 1,526,455 31,265 15,995 15,275
Average total income in 2015 among recipients ($) 62,778 80,001 45,535 64,586 70,000 58,918
Number of after-tax income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 3,055,230 1,528,240 1,526,995 31,270 15,995 15,275
Average after-tax income in 2015 among recipients ($) 50,683 62,938 38,417 53,344 56,951 49,567
Number of market income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 2,840,675 1,458,210 1,382,465 28,545 14,780 13,770
Average market income in 2015 among recipients ($) 62,997 80,282 44,766 65,472 71,244 59,277
Number of government transfers recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 1,784,345 710,105 1,074,240 30,535 15,630 14,900
Average government transfers in 2015 among recipients ($) 7,175 7,298 7,093 4,924 4,259 5,622
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 2,473,665 1,299,805 1,173,855 27,155 14,110 13,040
Average employment income in 2015 among recipients ($) 59,343 74,073 43,031 63,796 69,117 58,040
Total - Employment income statistics for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 23 3,206,050 1,602,810 1,603,240 32,325 16,475 15,855
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households who worked full year full time in 2015 - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 24 1,152,385 669,770 482,615 13,570 7,190 6,375
Median employment income in 2015 for full-year full-time workers ($)Census data footnote 25 64,090 73,781 53,836 86,780 91,659 81,218
Average employment income in 2015 for full-year full-time workers ($)Census data footnote 26 81,586 94,822 63,218 91,177 96,979 84,636
Composition of total income in 2015 of the population aged 15 years and over in private households (%) - 100% dataCensus data footnote 27 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0
Market income (%)Census data footnote 28 93.3 95.8 89.1 92.6 94.2 90.5
Employment income (%)Census data footnote 29 76.5 78.9 72.3 85.3 86.5 83.9
Government transfers (%)Census data footnote 30 6.7 4.2 10.9 7.4 5.8 9.5
Total - Total income groups in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 31 3,206,050 1,602,690 1,603,360 32,325 16,470 15,855
Without total income 152,585 74,410 78,170 1,035 495 540
With total income 3,053,470 1,528,280 1,525,190 31,290 15,980 15,310
Percentage with total income 95.2 95.4 95.1 96.8 97.0 96.6
Under $10,000 (including loss) 389,580 146,450 243,130 4,455 2,335 2,120
$10,000 to $19,999 385,235 147,125 238,110 3,655 1,750 1,910
$20,000 to $29,999 364,915 142,810 222,105 3,100 1,430 1,670
$30,000 to $39,999 305,680 131,185 174,490 2,290 1,065 1,220
$40,000 to $49,999 286,615 133,715 152,900 2,025 930 1,095
$50,000 to $59,999 247,830 124,720 123,115 1,830 895 935
$60,000 to $69,999 205,840 114,405 91,430 1,730 855 875
$70,000 to $79,999 165,640 99,645 65,995 1,620 750 870
$80,000 to $89,999 132,720 82,700 50,020 1,560 690 870
$90,000 to $99,999 114,010 70,655 43,350 1,495 735 760
$100,000 and over 455,410 334,865 120,550 7,520 4,535 2,980
$100,000 to $149,999 274,185 191,710 82,475 5,685 3,250 2,435
$150,000 and over 181,225 143,150 38,075 1,835 1,290 550
Total - After-tax income groups in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 32 3,206,050 1,602,690 1,603,365 32,330 16,470 15,855
Without after-tax income 151,915 74,270 77,645 1,040 490 540
With after-tax income 3,054,135 1,528,420 1,525,715 31,290 15,980 15,310
Percentage with after-tax income 95.3 95.4 95.2 96.8 97.0 96.6
Under $10,000 (including loss) 399,005 149,280 249,725 4,495 2,350 2,145
$10,000 to $19,999 402,780 154,330 248,450 3,755 1,805 1,950
$20,000 to $29,999 420,955 166,650 254,300 3,395 1,580 1,815
$30,000 to $39,999 377,590 169,665 207,925 2,710 1,245 1,465
$40,000 to $49,999 347,960 172,595 175,365 2,455 1,195 1,260
$50,000 to $59,999 276,970 153,985 122,985 2,285 1,145 1,140
$60,000 to $69,999 208,265 127,045 81,220 2,130 940 1,195
$70,000 to $79,999 160,580 100,970 59,610 2,090 1,020 1,075
$80,000 and over 460,030 333,895 126,140 7,965 4,700 3,265
$80,000 to $89,999 121,015 78,400 42,620 2,060 1,030 1,035
$90,000 to $99,999 82,020 57,375 24,645 1,930 1,080 850
$100,000 and over 257,000 198,120 58,875 3,970 2,595 1,380
Total - Employment income groups in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 33 3,206,050 1,602,690 1,603,360 32,325 16,470 15,855
Without employment income 732,385 301,060 431,330 5,180 2,350 2,830
With employment income 2,473,665 1,301,630 1,172,035 27,155 14,125 13,025
Percentage with employment income 77.2 81.2 73.1 84.0 85.8 82.2
Under $5,000 (including loss) 273,835 122,830 151,005 3,295 1,675 1,615
$5,000 to $9,999 164,095 68,100 95,990 1,825 945 880
$10,000 to $19,999 274,105 113,680 160,430 2,625 1,255 1,370
$20,000 to $29,999 235,620 96,855 138,760 1,940 965 975
$30,000 to $39,999 227,450 100,650 126,805 1,765 850 920
$40,000 to $49,999 219,155 103,680 115,475 1,650 795 855
$50,000 to $59,999 195,145 99,285 95,860 1,520 765 755
$60,000 to $69,999 163,465 92,950 70,515 1,480 705 775
$70,000 to $79,999 135,150 83,240 51,910 1,505 685 825
$80,000 and over 585,640 420,365 165,280 9,545 5,495 4,050
$80,000 to $89,999 111,045 71,210 39,835 1,470 655 815
$90,000 to $99,999 99,785 62,305 37,480 1,385 715 670
$100,000 and over 374,815 286,855 87,960 6,685 4,120 2,565
Income of households in 2015
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for private households by household size - 100% dataCensus data footnote 34 1,527,680 ... ... 14,980 ... ...
Median total income of households in 2015 ($) 93,835 ... ... 117,688 ... ...
Median after-tax income of households in 2015 ($) 80,300 ... ... 99,664 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for one-person private households - 100% data 366,080 ... ... 3,640 ... ...
Median total income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 47,948 ... ... 62,098 ... ...
Median after-tax income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 41,502 ... ... 53,862 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for two-or-more-person private households - 100% data 1,161,600 ... ... 11,340 ... ...
Median total income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 111,435 ... ... 141,399 ... ...
Median after-tax income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 94,830 ... ... 119,496 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for private households by household size - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 35 1,527,675 ... ... 14,980 ... ...
Average total income of households in 2015 ($) 125,522 ... ... 134,794 ... ...
Average after-tax income of households in 2015 ($) 101,361 ... ... 111,332 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for one-person private households - 25% sample data 365,000 ... ... 3,640 ... ...
Average total income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 64,341 ... ... 73,309 ... ...
Average after-tax income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 52,116 ... ... 60,172 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for two-or-more-person private households - 25% sample data 1,162,675 ... ... 11,340 ... ...
Average total income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 144,729 ... ... 154,528 ... ...
Average after-tax income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 116,821 ... ... 127,752 ... ...
Total - Household total income groups in 2015 for private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 36 1,527,680 ... ... 14,980 ... ...
Under $5,000 21,660 ... ... 145 ... ...
$5,000 to $9,999 13,555 ... ... 220 ... ...
$10,000 to $14,999 18,070 ... ... 285 ... ...
$15,000 to $19,999 33,045 ... ... 405 ... ...
$20,000 to $24,999 51,505 ... ... 485 ... ...
$25,000 to $29,999 38,615 ... ... 390 ... ...
$30,000 to $34,999 42,580 ... ... 335 ... ...
$35,000 to $39,999 46,630 ... ... 385 ... ...
$40,000 to $44,999 46,520 ... ... 320 ... ...
$45,000 to $49,999 46,825 ... ... 295 ... ...
$50,000 to $59,999 95,425 ... ... 615 ... ...
$60,000 to $69,999 95,340 ... ... 590 ... ...
$70,000 to $79,999 92,345 ... ... 580 ... ...
$80,000 to $89,999 88,775 ... ... 680 ... ...
$90,000 to $99,999 84,570 ... ... 590 ... ...
$100,000 and over 712,215 ... ... 8,660 ... ...
$100,000 to $124,999 184,595 ... ... 1,635 ... ...
$125,000 to $149,999 142,910 ... ... 1,525 ... ...
$150,000 to $199,999 181,960 ... ... 2,260 ... ...
$200,000 and over 202,745 ... ... 3,240 ... ...
Total - Household after-tax income groups in 2015 for private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 32 1,527,680 ... ... 14,980 ... ...
Under $5,000 23,395 ... ... 150 ... ...
$5,000 to $9,999 13,860 ... ... 220 ... ...
$10,000 to $14,999 18,600 ... ... 290 ... ...
$15,000 to $19,999 34,540 ... ... 410 ... ...
$20,000 to $24,999 55,010 ... ... 510 ... ...
$25,000 to $29,999 44,170 ... ... 390 ... ...
$30,000 to $34,999 50,280 ... ... 385 ... ...
$35,000 to $39,999 55,645 ... ... 415 ... ...
$40,000 to $44,999 57,695 ... ... 370 ... ...
$45,000 to $49,999 59,195 ... ... 345 ... ...
$50,000 to $59,999 119,200 ... ... 760 ... ...
$60,000 to $69,999 116,250 ... ... 725 ... ...
$70,000 to $79,999 112,675 ... ... 855 ... ...
$80,000 to $89,999 106,235 ... ... 855 ... ...
$90,000 to $99,999 95,600 ... ... 830 ... ...
$100,000 and over 565,335 ... ... 7,465 ... ...
$100,000 to $124,999 192,795 ... ... 1,970 ... ...
$125,000 to $149,999 132,240 ... ... 1,540 ... ...
$150,000 and over 240,305 ... ... 3,955 ... ...
Income of economic families in 2015
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for economic families in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 37 1,099,900 ... ... 10,770 ... ...
Median total income of economic families in 2015 ($) 109,997 ... ... 138,515 ... ...
Median after-tax income of economic families in 2015 ($) 93,588 ... ... 117,120 ... ...
Average family size of economic families 3.1 ... ... 3.3 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families without children or other relatives in private households - 100% data 407,300 ... ... 2,990 ... ...
Median total income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 101,283 ... ... 140,928 ... ...
Median after-tax income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 86,043 ... ... 118,323 ... ...
Average family size of couple economic families without children or other relatives 2.0 ... ... 2.0 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families with children in private households - 100% data 511,375 ... ... 5,330 ... ...
Median total income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 133,186 ... ... 166,071 ... ...
Median after-tax income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 111,951 ... ... 139,235 ... ...
Average family size of couple economic families with children 4.1 ... ... 4.2 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for lone-parent economic families in private households - 100% data 146,045 ... ... 2,015 ... ...
Median total income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 62,909 ... ... 71,680 ... ...
Median after-tax income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 57,079 ... ... 64,939 ... ...
Average family size of lone-parent economic families 2.7 ... ... 2.9 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for economic families in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 38 1,101,485 ... ... 10,750 ... ...
Average total income of economic families in 2015 ($) 144,493 ... ... 151,967 ... ...
Average after-tax income of economic families in 2015 ($) 116,343 ... ... 125,470 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families without children or other relatives in private households - 25% sample data 408,625 ... ... 2,960 ... ...
Average total income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 137,805 ... ... 156,606 ... ...
Average after-tax income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 110,236 ... ... 126,428 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families with children in private households - 25% sample data 512,615 ... ... 5,325 ... ...
Average total income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 169,354 ... ... 175,858 ... ...
Average after-tax income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 135,623 ... ... 145,333 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for lone-parent economic families in private households - 25% sample data 145,115 ... ... 2,005 ... ...
Average total income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 80,406 ... ... 83,886 ... ...
Average after-tax income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 68,470 ... ... 72,465 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 21 577,475 308,835 268,640 5,695 3,240 2,460
Median total income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 39 42,598 47,903 37,344 55,744 53,959 57,808
Median after-tax income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 39 37,648 41,340 33,785 48,923 47,588 50,611
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 40 573,385 306,195 267,190 5,695 3,325 2,375
Average total income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 41 56,856 63,468 49,280 67,699 66,575 69,271
Average after-tax income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 41 46,559 50,990 41,481 56,001 54,960 57,458
Total - Economic family income decile group for the population in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 42 3,978,150 1,998,500 1,979,650 41,135 20,905 20,230
In the bottom half of the distribution 1,527,695 739,210 788,485 13,210 6,735 6,475
In the bottom decile 293,490 143,880 149,605 3,475 1,785 1,695
In the second decile 278,635 128,055 150,575 2,810 1,420 1,385
In the third decile 297,695 142,090 155,605 2,275 1,175 1,095
In the fourth decile 315,570 154,815 160,760 2,225 1,145 1,085
In the fifth decile 342,305 170,375 171,935 2,430 1,210 1,220
In the top half of the distribution 2,450,450 1,259,285 1,191,160 27,925 14,170 13,755
In the sixth decile 366,250 183,860 182,390 2,355 1,205 1,155
In the seventh decile 397,275 201,465 195,810 3,090 1,550 1,540
In the eighth decile 443,585 227,385 216,200 3,990 2,000 1,990
In the ninth decile 522,545 268,995 253,555 6,545 3,270 3,280
In the top decile 720,795 377,585 343,215 11,940 6,145 5,790
Low income in 2015
Total - Low-income status in 2015 for the population in private households to whom low-income concepts are applicable - 100% dataCensus data footnote 43 3,925,220 1,971,735 1,953,485 0 0 0
0 to 17 years 893,255 458,330 434,925 0 0 0
0 to 5 years 310,080 158,825 151,260 0 0 0
18 to 64 years 2,580,730 1,298,440 1,282,295 0 0 0
65 years and over 451,235 214,965 236,265 0 0 0
In low income based on the Low-income measure, after tax (LIM-AT) 363,890 171,945 191,940 0 0 0
0 to 17 years 114,215 58,665 55,555 0 0 0
0 to 5 years 41,755 21,350 20,400 0 0 0
18 to 64 years 210,870 98,415 112,455 0 0 0
65 years and over 38,800 14,875 23,925 0 0 0
Prevalence of low income based on the Low-income measure, after tax (LIM-AT) (%) 9.3 8.7 9.8 ... ... ...
0 to 17 years (%) 12.8 12.8 12.8 ... ... ...
0 to 5 years (%) 13.5 13.4 13.5 ... ... ...
18 to 64 years (%) 8.2 7.6 8.8 ... ... ...
65 years and over (%) 8.6 6.9 10.1 ... ... ...
In low income based on the Low-income cut-offs, after tax (LICO-AT) 273,515 134,180 139,335 0 0 0
0 to 17 years 76,930 39,385 37,550 0 0 0
0 to 5 years 28,190 14,420 13,770 0 0 0
18 to 64 years 181,805 88,715 93,095 0 0 0
65 years and over 14,780 6,085 8,695 0 0 0
Prevalence of low income based on the Low-income cut-offs, after tax (LICO-AT) (%) 7.0 6.8 7.1 ... ... ...
0 to 17 years (%) 8.6 8.6 8.6 ... ... ...
0 to 5 years (%) 9.1 9.1 9.1 ... ... ...
18 to 64 years (%) 7.0 6.8 7.3 ... ... ...
65 years and over (%) 3.3 2.8 3.7 ... ... ...
Knowledge of languagesThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Knowledge of languages for the population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 44 3,978,145 1,998,500 1,979,645 41,135 20,905 20,230
Official languages 3,920,530 1,974,435 1,946,095 40,865 20,780 20,085
English 3,916,805 1,972,800 1,944,005 40,815 20,765 20,055
French 264,600 123,940 140,660 4,265 1,910 2,350
Non-official languages 1,082,425 527,770 554,655 10,750 5,305 5,445
Aboriginal languages 36,465 17,415 19,045 6,535 3,235 3,295
Algonquian languages 29,675 14,120 15,555 250 125 115
Blackfoot 5,575 2,665 2,905 10 0 0
Cree-Montagnais languages 23,465 11,155 12,310 210 110 95
Atikamekw 0 0 0 0 0 0
Montagnais (Innu) 0 0 0 10 0 0
Moose Cree 25 0 15 0 0 0
Naskapi 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern East Cree 90 20 70 0 0 0
Plains Cree 1,580 620 965 10 0 0
Southern East Cree 10 10 0 0 0 0
Swampy Cree 45 25 25 0 0 0
Woods Cree 1,135 525 610 0 0 0
Cree, n.o.s. 20,665 9,990 10,675 210 110 95
Eastern Algonquian languages 35 15 15 0 0 0
Malecite 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mi'kmaq 35 15 15 0 0 0
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 955 425 530 30 10 20
Algonquin 10 10 0 10 0 0
Ojibway 925 415 505 30 15 20
Oji-Cree 20 10 15 0 0 0
Ottawa (Odawa) 0 0 10 0 0 0
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 10 10 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages 2,640 1,255 1,385 5,405 2,720 2,690
Northern Athabaskan languages 2,630 1,250 1,380 5,400 2,720 2,685
Babine (Wetsuwet'en) 0 10 0 0 0 0
Beaver 85 50 35 0 0 0
Carrier 45 10 35 0 0 0
Chilcotin 20 15 10 0 0 0
Dene 2,010 975 1,035 630 340 285
Dogrib (Tlicho) 75 30 45 2,285 1,175 1,110
Gwich'in 10 0 10 250 115 135
Sarsi (Sarcee) 150 65 85 0 0 0
Sekani 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey-Hare languages 285 140 145 2,365 1,130 1,230
North Slavey (Hare) 25 15 10 970 455 510
South Slavey 190 90 100 1,140 550 585
Slavey, n.o.s. 75 35 45 475 230 240
Tahltan languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0 10 0 0
Tahltan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tutchone languages 0 0 10 0 0 0
Northern Tutchone 10 0 10 0 0 0
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 10 0 10 0 0 10
Haida 10 0 10 0 0 0
Inuit languages 135 50 80 900 400 500
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 35 10 25 740 340 400
Inuktitut 60 20 35 135 50 85
Inuit languages, n.i.e. 40 25 20 25 15 15
Iroquoian languages 40 25 10 0 0 0
Cayuga 0 10 0 0 0 0
Mohawk 35 25 0 10 0 10
Oneida 0 0 0 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 0 10 10 0 0 0
Kutenai 0 0 0 0 0 0
Michif 145 75 70 10 10 0
Salish languages 50 25 25 0 0 0
Comox 0 0 0 0 0 0
Halkomelem 10 0 0 0 0 0
Lillooet 0 0 0 0 0 0
Okanagan 15 10 10 0 0 0
Shuswap (Secwepemctsin) 10 0 10 0 0 0
Squamish 0 0 0 0 0 0
Straits 10 0 0 0 0 0
Thompson (Ntlakapamux) 10 0 10 0 0 0
Salish languages, n.i.e. 10 0 0 0 0 10
Siouan languages 4,050 2,005 2,045 0 0 0
Dakota 530 285 245 0 0 0
Stoney 3,650 1,790 1,855 0 0 0
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 10 0 10 0 0 0
Tlingit 10 0 0 0 0 0
Tsimshian languages 35 15 15 0 0 0
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 20 10 10 0 0 0
Nisga'a 15 0 0 0 0 0
Tsimshian 0 0 0 0 0 0
Wakashan languages 10 10 0 0 0 0
Haisla 0 0 0 0 0 0
Heiltsuk 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kwakiutl (Kwak'wala) 10 10 0 0 0 0
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Aboriginal languages, n.o.s. 30 15 15 0 0 0
Non-Aboriginal languages 1,046,245 510,495 535,750 4,245 2,090 2,160
Afro-Asiatic languages 96,210 50,675 45,535 285 180 105
Berber languages 540 335 205 0 0 0
Kabyle 225 125 90 0 0 0
Berber languages, n.i.e. 315 210 110 0 10 0
Cushitic languages 15,445 8,055 7,385 30 25 15
Bilen 370 235 135 0 0 0
Oromo 3,125 1,625 1,500 0 0 0
Somali 12,030 6,240 5,795 30 20 10
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 55 20 40 0 0 0
Semitic languages 82,200 43,405 38,800 245 150 95
Amharic 10,870 5,595 5,275 25 10 15
Arabic 62,730 33,365 29,370 195 125 65
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 430 225 210 0 0 0
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 150 70 75 0 0 0
Harari 340 150 185 0 0 0
Hebrew 3,250 1,650 1,600 10 0 0
Maltese 145 85 55 0 0 0
Tigrigna 7,315 3,915 3,400 15 10 10
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 450 250 205 0 0 0
Afro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 375 225 145 0 0 0
Austro-Asiatic languages 32,730 15,440 17,290 215 100 120
Khmer (Cambodian) 2,700 1,375 1,330 0 0 0
Vietnamese 30,150 14,130 16,015 215 95 120
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 15 0 10 0 0 0
Austronesian languages 145,745 63,615 82,130 1,120 490 630
Bikol 330 150 180 10 0 0
Cebuano 6,690 2,940 3,750 55 20 35
Fijian 340 195 145 0 0 0
Hiligaynon 1,760 745 1,020 10 10 0
Ilocano 7,370 3,160 4,215 120 45 75
Malagasy 80 40 40 0 0 0
Malay 3,040 1,435 1,610 0 0 0
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 1,185 565 625 10 0 0
Pangasinan 445 190 250 0 0 0
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 138,440 60,115 78,325 1,075 470 605
Waray-Waray 420 170 245 10 0 10
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 1,160 505 650 0 0 0
Creole languages 4,585 2,390 2,195 95 45 50
Haitian Creole 255 140 115 10 0 0
Creole, n.o.s. 2,675 1,425 1,250 60 25 30
Creole languages, n.i.e. 1,680 840 850 35 15 20
Dravidian languages 18,190 9,660 8,525 65 40 20
Kannada 1,035 520 515 0 0 0
Malayalam 8,150 4,255 3,900 45 30 15
Tamil 7,195 3,900 3,295 0 10 0
Telugu 2,910 1,560 1,345 15 10 0
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 150 80 70 0 0 0
Hmong-Mien languages 115 55 55 0 0 0
Indo-European languages 550,490 274,510 275,980 1,760 920 845
Albanian 2,880 1,550 1,325 0 0 0
Armenian 530 255 275 15 10 10
Balto-Slavic languages 93,150 44,750 48,395 245 140 110
Baltic languages 1,360 660 705 10 0 0
Latvian 590 300 290 0 0 0
Lithuanian 775 360 415 0 0 10
Slavic languages 92,300 44,340 47,960 245 135 105
Belarusan 200 95 105 0 0 0
Bosnian 2,880 1,450 1,435 0 0 0
Bulgarian 1,795 945 850 0 0 10
Croatian 6,280 3,260 3,025 20 10 10
Czech 3,590 1,650 1,940 15 15 0
Macedonian 535 270 265 20 10 10
Polish 23,650 11,455 12,195 55 35 20
Russian 27,375 13,195 14,175 70 35 30
Serbian 5,355 2,630 2,730 10 0 0
Serbo-Croatian 1,095 550 540 0 0 0
Slovak 2,780 1,495 1,285 35 15 15
Slovene (Slovenian) 735 360 375 10 0 0
Ukrainian 26,600 11,980 14,620 25 15 10
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 250 120 130 0 0 0
Celtic languages 1,180 615 560 0 10 0
Scottish Gaelic 440 215 225 10 10 0
Welsh 315 180 130 0 0 0
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 450 220 225 0 0 0
Germanic languages 112,670 56,325 56,345 475 245 230
Afrikaans 5,165 2,655 2,515 15 0 10
Danish 2,800 1,360 1,440 10 10 0
Dutch 19,480 9,595 9,890 60 35 25
Frisian 475 275 205 0 10 0
German 83,010 41,905 41,105 390 200 195
Icelandic 160 70 95 0 0 0
Norwegian 1,450 635 810 0 0 0
Swedish 1,635 800 835 15 0 10
Vlaams (Flemish) 380 170 215 0 0 0
Yiddish 250 130 115 0 0 0
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 2,115 1,095 1,015 0 0 0
Greek 4,935 2,535 2,400 10 0 0
Indo-Iranian languages 206,725 106,045 100,675 470 260 205
Indo-Aryan languages 186,005 95,045 90,960 415 240 175
Bengali 8,530 4,385 4,140 140 75 65
Gujarati 18,005 8,945 9,055 15 20 0
Hindi 61,290 31,900 29,385 130 75 55
Kashmiri 125 80 45 0 0 0
Konkani 625 300 320 0 0 0
Marathi 2,575 1,385 1,195 0 0 0
Nepali 5,510 3,000 2,510 20 10 10
Oriya (Odia) 255 135 120 0 0 0
Punjabi (Panjabi) 90,485 46,350 44,135 105 60 45
Sindhi 4,595 2,065 2,530 10 0 0
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 3,800 1,925 1,875 10 10 0
Urdu 41,235 21,245 20,000 120 70 55
Iranian languages 22,140 11,665 10,475 55 20 30
Kurdish 1,930 1,100 825 0 0 0
Pashto 3,330 1,795 1,530 0 0 0
Persian (Farsi) 17,600 9,220 8,375 55 20 30
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 1,760 960 805 0 0 0
Italic (Romance) languages 142,340 69,885 72,450 625 300 320
Catalan 170 95 80 0 0 0
Italian 19,900 9,875 10,020 95 55 35
Portuguese 12,670 6,255 6,415 55 35 20
Romanian 9,915 5,185 4,735 0 0 10
Spanish 104,445 50,960 53,490 505 230 270
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 250 130 125 10 0 0
Japanese 9,215 4,115 5,100 125 30 95
Kartvelian languages 225 130 100 0 0 0
Georgian 230 130 100 0 0 10
Korean 19,950 9,405 10,545 100 45 50
Mongolic languages 800 375 430 10 0 0
Mongolian 800 370 430 0 0 0
Niger-Congo languages 29,430 14,980 14,450 225 130 95
Akan (Twi) 2,925 1,505 1,420 30 15 15
Bamanankan 60 30 30 0 0 0
Edo 620 325 290 0 0 0
Ewe 335 170 165 10 0 0
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 300 165 135 0 0 0
Ga 345 190 155 0 0 0
Ganda 610 305 305 30 30 0
Igbo 2,550 1,345 1,210 15 15 10
Lingala 1,240 640 605 0 0 0
Rundi (Kirundi) 830 420 410 0 0 0
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 1,155 605 550 0 0 0
Shona 1,810 850 960 65 30 30
Swahili 6,700 3,470 3,235 10 10 0
Wolof 600 365 235 0 0 0
Yoruba 5,930 3,035 2,890 15 10 0
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 6,585 3,265 3,320 55 25 35
Nilo-Saharan languages 3,070 1,495 1,575 0 0 0
Dinka 1,655 825 825 0 0 0
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 1,425 675 750 0 0 0
Sign languages 5,910 2,350 3,555 40 20 20
American Sign Language 3,085 1,130 1,955 30 15 15
Quebec Sign Language 0 0 10 0 0 0
Sign languages, n.i.e. 2,855 1,230 1,625 15 10 10
Sino-Tibetan languages 141,860 67,945 73,915 240 95 145
Chinese languages 139,385 66,700 72,685 235 95 140
Cantonese 74,770 35,490 39,280 100 45 55
Hakka 1,180 515 660 10 0 0
Mandarin 70,510 33,310 37,195 80 35 45
Min Dong 85 50 40 0 0 0
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 4,140 1,765 2,380 15 0 10
Wu (Shanghainese) 855 380 470 0 0 0
Chinese, n.o.s. 6,335 3,160 3,175 60 20 40
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 55 25 35 0 0 0
Tibeto-Burman languages 2,590 1,290 1,300 0 0 0
Burmese 605 305 295 0 0 0
Karenic languages 805 415 390 0 0 0
Tibetan 860 430 430 0 0 0
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 445 215 235 0 0 0
Tai-Kadai languages 3,705 1,510 2,195 10 0 10
Lao 1,520 730 795 10 10 0
Thai 2,400 850 1,545 10 10 0
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e. 45 25 25 0 0 0
Turkic languages 5,795 3,180 2,625 15 0 0
Azerbaijani 630 325 300 0 0 0
Turkish 4,255 2,420 1,835 10 0 10
Uyghur 290 135 155 0 0 0
Uzbek 425 200 225 10 0 0
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 355 170 180 0 0 0
Uralic languages 8,895 4,315 4,575 30 20 10
Estonian 185 85 105 0 0 0
Finnish 1,045 455 590 10 10 0
Hungarian 7,660 3,770 3,890 20 10 10
Uralic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Other languages, n.i.e. 1,820 1,025 790 10 10 0
Citizenship
Total - Citizenship for the population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 45 3,978,145 1,998,495 1,979,645 41,135 20,905 20,230
Canadian citizensCensus data footnote 46 3,622,740 1,825,135 1,797,600 39,585 20,145 19,435
Canadian citizens aged under 18 854,815 439,065 415,755 10,235 5,130 5,105
Canadian citizens aged 18 and over 2,767,920 1,386,070 1,381,850 29,345 15,020 14,335
Not Canadian citizensCensus data footnote 47 355,410 173,365 182,045 1,555 755 790
Immigrant status and period of immigration
Total - Immigrant status and period of immigration for the population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 48 3,978,145 1,998,495 1,979,650 41,135 20,905 20,230
Non-immigrantsCensus data footnote 49 3,062,775 1,550,445 1,512,335 37,140 18,865 18,275
ImmigrantsCensus data footnote 50 845,220 412,320 432,895 3,690 1,875 1,815
Before 1981 163,460 81,620 81,840 705 390 315
1981 to 1990 86,350 41,690 44,660 410 205 205
1991 to 2000 131,560 62,930 68,630 620 355 265
2001 to 2010 256,055 125,235 130,820 1,135 530 610
2001 to 2005 109,145 53,425 55,720 510 260 255
2006 to 2010 146,910 71,810 75,100 625 270 355
2011 to 2016Census data footnote 51 207,790 100,845 106,945 815 400 420
Non-permanent residentsCensus data footnote 52 70,155 35,735 34,420 310 170 145
Age at immigration
Total - Age at immigration for the immigrant population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 53 845,220 412,320 432,895 3,690 1,875 1,815
Under 5 years 82,175 42,200 39,975 370 195 175
5 to 14 years 149,815 77,820 71,995 660 385 275
15 to 24 years 168,965 78,215 90,755 730 385 345
25 to 44 years 372,805 180,265 192,535 1,600 740 860
45 years and over 71,450 33,820 37,630 335 175 160
Immigrants by selected place of birthThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census immigration data
Total - Selected places of birth for the immigrant population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 54 845,215 412,325 432,895 3,685 1,875 1,815
Americas 103,540 49,345 54,190 450 205 245
Brazil 2,545 1,100 1,440 10 10 10
Colombia 9,535 4,570 4,960 15 10 10
El Salvador 7,255 3,725 3,530 25 10 10
Guyana 2,555 1,200 1,355 10 0 0
Haiti 1,270 675 600 10 0 0
Jamaica 6,845 3,170 3,680 80 35 45
Mexico 15,665 7,860 7,805 20 10 15
Peru 1,920 780 1,140 10 10 0
Trinidad and Tobago 3,415 1,670 1,750 10 10 0
United StatesCensus data footnote 55 30,460 13,675 16,785 220 110 110
Other places of birth in Americas 22,075 10,925 11,150 60 25 30
Europe 189,770 95,355 94,415 770 455 315
Bosnia and Herzegovina 4,555 2,325 2,230 0 0 0
Croatia 3,080 1,615 1,465 15 15 0
France 2,535 1,215 1,320 35 30 10
Germany 19,205 9,485 9,715 130 75 55
Greece 2,005 1,115 890 10 10 0
Hungary 3,665 1,880 1,785 10 10 0
IrelandCensus data footnote 56 3,935 2,100 1,835 15 15 0
Italy 8,110 4,370 3,745 40 35 10
Netherlands 14,035 7,420 6,610 35 25 10
Poland 16,925 8,045 8,880 20 15 0
Portugal 4,050 1,985 2,070 0 10 0
Romania 7,725 3,930 3,795 10 0 0
Russian Federation 7,260 3,135 4,125 15 10 10
SerbiaCensus data footnote 57 2,255 1,080 1,170 10 0 0
Ukraine 8,150 3,700 4,455 0 0 0
United KingdomCensus data footnote 58 59,215 30,280 28,935 320 155 165
Other places of birth in Europe 23,060 11,670 11,390 100 55 45
Africa 89,740 46,705 43,030 480 280 205
Algeria 1,340 715 625 10 10 10
Egypt 5,320 2,940 2,375 10 0 0
Ethiopia 10,570 5,355 5,215 30 20 15
Kenya 5,120 2,555 2,565 10 0 0
Morocco 1,695 1,005 695 25 15 15
Nigeria 12,405 6,520 5,880 35 25 10
Somalia 7,060 3,665 3,395 25 20 0
South Africa, Republic of 7,355 3,670 3,685 40 20 20
Other places of birth in Africa 38,865 20,275 18,590 305 170 130
Asia 452,225 215,955 236,265 1,955 920 1,035
Afghanistan 5,190 2,765 2,430 10 0 0
Bangladesh 5,085 2,590 2,500 95 55 45
ChinaCensus data footnote 59 57,690 26,510 31,185 105 55 55
Hong KongCensus data footnote 60 19,110 9,265 9,850 35 20 15
India 91,660 46,625 45,035 185 120 60
IranCensus data footnote 61 8,910 4,655 4,250 35 15 20
Iraq 5,935 3,205 2,730 0 0 0
Japan 3,065 905 2,160 65 15 55
Korea, SouthCensus data footnote 62 13,850 6,530 7,320 75 35 35
Lebanon 10,395 5,640 4,750 0 0 0
Pakistan 28,075 14,630 13,445 70 35 35
Philippines 123,830 54,075 69,755 955 420 535
Sri Lanka 4,835 2,475 2,365 10 10 10
SyriaCensus data footnote 63 4,800 2,515 2,280 0 0 0
Taiwan 3,455 1,460 2,000 10 0 10
Viet Nam 27,080 12,645 14,435 175 75 95
Other places of birth in Asia 39,250 19,485 19,765 120 50 70
Oceania and other places of birthCensus data footnote 64 9,940 4,950 4,990 40 20 20
Recent immigrants by selected places of birth
Total - Selected places of birth for the recent immigrant population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 54 207,790 100,845 106,945 820 395 420
Americas 20,060 9,660 10,400 70 25 45
Brazil 860 370 490 0 0 0
Colombia 2,295 1,020 1,275 0 0 0
Cuba 465 215 255 0 0 0
Haiti 385 240 150 0 0 0
Jamaica 1,660 765 895 40 15 25
Mexico 4,405 2,250 2,150 0 0 0
United StatesCensus data footnote 55 4,645 2,130 2,515 15 10 10
VenezuelaCensus data footnote 65 1,570 745 820 0 0 0
Other places of birth in Americas 3,785 1,930 1,855 10 0 10
Europe 20,870 10,830 10,045 70 45 25
France 425 240 180 10 10 0
Germany 1,370 710 655 0 0 0
IrelandCensus data footnote 56 1,355 835 520 0 0 0
MoldovaCensus data footnote 66 715 365 350 0