Census Profile, 2016 Census
Bowmanville [Population centre], Ontario and Manitoba [Province]

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The table shows total, male and female data grouped by geography (appearing as column headers) for selected characteristics (appearing as row headers).
Characteristic Bowmanville
Ontario
[Population centre]
Manitoba

[Province]
Data quality , Bowmanville [Population centre], Ontario  Map : Bowmanville [Population centre], Ontario Data quality : Manitoba [Province]  Map : geography 2
Change geography 1 Change geography 2
Total Male Female Total Male Female
Population and dwellings
Population, 2016Census data footnote 1 39,371  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 1,278,365  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Population, 2011Census data footnote 1 35,168 revised. The 2011 count for this area has been revised. r  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 1,208,268  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Population percentage change, 2011 to 2016 12.0  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 5.8  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total private dwellingsCensus data footnote 2 14,263  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 539,748  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Private dwellings occupied by usual residentsCensus data footnote 3 14,070  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 489,050  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Population density per square kilometre 1,814.0  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 2.3  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Land area in square kilometres 21.70  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 552,370.99  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Age characteristics
Total - Age groups and average age of the population - 100% dataCensus data footnote 4 39,375 19,130 20,245 1,278,365 631,400 646,970
0 to 14 years 8,130 4,170 3,960 243,820 125,110 118,710
0 to 4 years 2,750 1,405 1,345 81,065 41,710 39,355
5 to 9 years 2,835 1,455 1,375 83,375 42,565 40,805
10 to 14 years 2,545 1,310 1,230 79,380 40,835 38,545
15 to 64 years 26,680 12,970 13,710 835,580 417,260 418,320
15 to 19 years 2,660 1,330 1,335 82,440 42,555 39,890
20 to 24 years 2,395 1,220 1,170 86,760 44,465 42,295
25 to 29 years 2,665 1,275 1,400 86,695 43,570 43,125
30 to 34 years 3,110 1,505 1,605 85,185 42,210 42,975
35 to 39 years 3,055 1,485 1,565 81,105 39,885 41,215
40 to 44 years 2,835 1,380 1,450 79,325 39,530 39,795
45 to 49 years 2,750 1,290 1,455 79,350 39,220 40,130
50 to 54 years 2,965 1,425 1,540 89,840 44,485 45,355
55 to 59 years 2,380 1,195 1,180 87,765 43,555 44,210
60 to 64 years 1,880 875 1,005 77,110 37,780 39,325
65 years and over 4,565 1,985 2,580 198,965 89,025 109,945
65 to 69 years 1,495 700 795 64,905 31,280 33,625
70 to 74 years 1,110 525 585 45,980 21,940 24,040
75 to 79 years 760 325 430 33,555 15,250 18,305
80 to 84 years 580 250 330 25,315 10,740 14,575
85 years and over 625 180 445 29,210 9,810 19,395
85 to 89 years 380 115 265 17,335 6,460 10,875
90 to 94 years 175 50 130 8,945 2,710 6,230
95 to 99 years 55 10 50 2,520 580 1,940
100 years and over 10 0 5 415 60 350
Total - Distribution (%) of the population by broad age groups - 100% data 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0
0 to 14 years 20.6 21.8 19.6 19.1 19.8 18.3
15 to 64 years 67.8 67.8 67.7 65.4 66.1 64.7
65 years and over 11.6 10.4 12.7 15.6 14.1 17.0
85 years and over 1.6 0.9 2.2 2.3 1.6 3.0
Average age of the population 36.9 35.9 37.9 39.2 38.2 40.2
Median age of the population 36.1 35.2 37.0 38.3 37.2 39.4
Household and dwelling characteristics
Total - Occupied private dwellings by structural type of dwelling - 100% dataCensus data footnote 5 14,070  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 489,050  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Single-detached house 9,570  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 331,420  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Apartment in a building that has five or more storeys 265  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 39,080  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Other attached dwellingCensus data footnote 6 4,210  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 108,120  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Semi-detached house 895  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 15,865  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Row house 1,625  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 17,225  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Apartment or flat in a duplex 410  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 7,065  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Apartment in a building that has fewer than five storeys 1,265  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 67,205  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Other single-attached house 20  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 755  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Movable dwellingCensus data footnote 7 15  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 10,435  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Private households by household size - 100% dataCensus data footnote 8 14,070  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 489,050  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
1 person 2,735  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 135,500  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
2 persons 4,335  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 164,880  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
3 persons 2,590  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 71,065  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
4 persons 2,930  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 66,675  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
5 or more persons 1,485  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 50,930  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Number of persons in private households 38,845  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 1,240,700  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average household size 2.8  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 2.5  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Marital status
Total - Marital status for the population aged 15 years and over - 100% dataCensus data footnote 9 31,245 14,955 16,290 1,034,545 506,280 528,260
Married or living common law 18,845 9,395 9,450 593,615 297,280 296,335
Married 15,315 7,635 7,680 503,390 252,210 251,175
Living common law 3,530 1,765 1,770 90,230 45,075 45,155
Not married and not living common law 12,400 5,555 6,840 440,925 209,000 231,930
Never married 8,075 4,215 3,860 300,415 162,440 137,980
Separated 1,110 415 695 24,845 11,080 13,765
Divorced 1,740 650 1,090 54,860 22,780 32,080
Widowed 1,470 280 1,195 60,805 12,700 48,100
Family characteristics
Total - Census families in private households by family size - 100% dataCensus data footnote 10 11,350  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 346,160  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
2 persons 4,755  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 171,435  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
3 persons 2,635  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 71,630  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
4 persons 2,865  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 65,500  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
5 or more persons 1,095  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 37,600  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average size of census families 3.0  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 3.0  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total number of census families in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 11 11,345  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 346,160  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total couple families 9,320  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 287,200  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Married couples 7,555  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 242,100  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Common-law couples 1,765  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 45,100  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total lone-parent families by sex of parent 2,035  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 58,960  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Female parent 1,615  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 45,930  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Male parent 415  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 13,025  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Couple census families in private households - 100% data 9,315  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 287,205  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Couples without children 3,585  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 137,135  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Couples with children 5,730  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 150,070  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
1 child 2,015  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 55,730  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
2 children 2,680  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 59,965  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
3 or more children 1,040  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 34,375  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Lone-parent census families in private households - 100% data 2,035  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 58,960  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
1 child 1,170  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 34,305  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
2 children 620  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 15,895  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
3 or more children 240  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 8,765  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Persons not in census families in private households - 100% data 4,265 1,965 2,300 212,415 104,435 107,980
Household type
Total - Private households by household type - 100% dataCensus data footnote 12 14,070  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 489,050  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
One-census-family households 10,695  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 323,125  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Without children in a census familyCensus data footnote 13 3,340  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 130,475  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
With children in a census familyCensus data footnote 14 7,360  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 192,650  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Multiple-census-family households 325  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 11,110  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Non-census-family households 3,050  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 154,815  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
One-person households 2,730  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 135,495  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Two-or-more person non-census-family households 315  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 19,315  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Knowledge of official languagesThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Knowledge of official languages for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 15 38,875 18,960 19,915 1,261,620 624,095 637,520
English only 35,965 17,750 18,215 1,135,395 566,980 568,410
French only 10 5 5 1,485 680 800
English and French 2,820 1,170 1,650 108,460 49,205 59,255
Neither English nor French 85 35 50 16,285 7,235 9,050
First official language spokenThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - First official language spoken for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 16 38,880 18,965 19,920 1,261,620 624,100 637,520
English 38,170 18,645 19,520 1,203,025 596,475 606,550
French 580 260 315 39,200 18,880 20,325
English and French 50 25 30 3,545 1,755 1,790
Neither English nor French 80 30 50 15,840 6,985 8,860
Official language minority (number)Census data footnote 17 605 275 335 40,975 19,760 21,215
Official language minority (percentage)Census data footnote 17 1.6 1.5 1.7 3.2 3.2 3.3
Mother tongueThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Mother tongue for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 18 38,880 18,960 19,915 1,261,620 624,095 637,520
Single responses 38,550 18,820 19,735 1,230,115 608,820 621,300
Official languages 36,475 17,815 18,655 941,130 468,430 472,705
English 35,860 17,535 18,325 900,610 448,960 451,645
French 610 285 330 40,520 19,465 21,055
Non-official languages 2,080 1,000 1,080 288,985 140,395 148,590
Aboriginal languages 0 0 0 29,710 14,265 15,440
Algonquian languages 0 0 0 28,070 13,505 14,565
Blackfoot 0 0 0 5 0 5
Cree-Montagnais languages 0 0 0 14,820 7,085 7,740
Atikamekw 0 0 0 0 0 0
Montagnais (Innu) 0 0 0 5 0 0
Moose Cree 0 0 0 0 0 5
Naskapi 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern East Cree 0 0 0 30 5 20
Plains Cree 0 0 0 70 25 40
Southern East Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Swampy Cree 0 0 0 745 305 440
Woods Cree 0 0 0 65 20 40
Cree, n.o.s. 0 0 0 13,915 6,725 7,195
Eastern Algonquian languages 0 0 0 10 5 5
Malecite 0 0 0 0 5 0
Mi'kmaq 0 0 0 10 5 0
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 0 0 0 13,235 6,410 6,825
Algonquin 0 0 0 0 0 0
Ojibway 0 0 0 6,730 3,180 3,550
Oji-Cree 0 0 0 6,505 3,235 3,265
Ottawa (Odawa) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 815 375 445
Northern Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 815 380 440
Babine (Wetsuwet'en) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Beaver 0 0 0 0 0 0
Carrier 0 0 0 0 0 0
Chilcotin 0 0 0 0 0 0
Dene 0 0 0 810 375 435
Dogrib (Tlicho) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Gwich'in 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sarsi (Sarcee) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sekani 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey-Hare languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
North Slavey (Hare) 0 0 0 0 0 0
South Slavey 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0 5 0 0
Tahltan languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tutchone languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 0 5
Haida 0 0 0 0 0 0
Inuit languages 0 0 0 80 20 60
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 0 0 0 5 0 0
Inuktitut 0 0 0 65 20 45
Inuit languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 15 5 10
Iroquoian languages 0 0 0 0 0 5
Cayuga 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mohawk 0 0 0 5 0 0
Oneida 0 0 0 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kutenai 0 0 0 0 0 0
Michif 0 0 0 80 40 40
Salish languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Comox 0 0 0 0 0 0
Halkomelem 0 0 0 0 0 0
Lillooet 0 0 0 0 0 0
Okanagan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Shuswap (Secwepemctsin) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Squamish 0 0 0 0 0 0
Straits 0 0 0 0 0 5
Thompson (Ntlakapamux) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Salish languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Siouan languages 0 0 0 630 305 330
Dakota 0 0 0 630 305 325
Stoney 0 0 0 0 0 0
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 0 0
Tlingit 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tsimshian languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Nisga'a 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tsimshian 0 0 0 0 0 0
Wakashan languages 0 0 0 5 0 0
Haisla 0 0 0 0 0 0
Heiltsuk 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kwakiutl (Kwak'wala) 0 0 0 5 5 0
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Aboriginal languages, n.o.s. 0 0 0 15 10 5
Non-Aboriginal languages 2,080 1,000 1,075 259,280 126,130 133,155
Afro-Asiatic languages 95 55 45 10,700 5,580 5,120
Berber languages 0 0 0 40 25 15
Kabyle 0 0 0 35 15 10
Berber languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 10 5
Cushitic languages 5 5 0 1,750 875 875
Bilen 0 0 0 155 85 70
Oromo 0 0 0 345 175 170
Somali 5 0 0 1,245 610 640
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 10 0
Semitic languages 85 50 40 8,840 4,640 4,200
Amharic 0 0 0 1,770 885 885
Arabic 70 35 30 4,695 2,500 2,190
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 10 5 5 0 0 0
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 0 0 0 0 0 0
Harari 0 0 0 0 0 0
Hebrew 0 0 0 545 320 225
Maltese 5 5 5 40 20 25
Tigrigna 0 0 0 1,770 905 865
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 5 5
Afro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 65 35 30
Austro-Asiatic languages 55 20 35 4,180 1,970 2,205
Khmer (Cambodian) 0 0 0 280 135 145
Vietnamese 55 20 35 3,895 1,840 2,060
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e 0 0 0 5 0 0
Austronesian languages 95 35 65 52,905 24,685 28,220
Bikol 0 0 0 175 80 95
Cebuano 5 0 0 1,245 565 675
Fijian 0 0 0 35 15 15
Hiligaynon 0 0 0 390 170 220
Ilocano 0 0 0 1,365 630 730
Malagasy 0 0 0 0 0 5
Malay 0 5 0 175 65 105
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 0 0 0 655 315 340
Pangasinan 0 0 0 135 65 70
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 90 35 55 48,530 22,670 25,855
Waray-Waray 0 0 0 50 30 25
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 150 70 85
Creole languages 10 5 5 570 275 305
Haitian Creole 5 0 5 20 10 10
Creole, n.o.s. 0 5 5 290 140 145
Creole languages, n.i.e. 5 5 0 265 120 145
Dravidian languages 85 40 45 1,565 825 735
Kannada 0 0 0 95 50 40
Malayalam 5 5 5 790 410 380
Tamil 75 35 40 480 255 230
Telugu 0 0 0 195 115 80
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 0 5
Hmong-Mien languages 0 0 0 5 0 0
Indo-European languages 1,485 730 760 158,350 77,605 80,750
Albanian 0 0 0 350 170 180
Armenian 0 0 0 65 35 30
Balto-Slavic languages 330 155 175 34,450 15,845 18,605
Baltic languages 5 5 0 165 65 95
Latvian 5 5 0 80 35 45
Lithuanian 0 0 0 85 35 45
Slavic languages 320 150 175 34,280 15,775 18,510
Belarusan 0 0 0 40 20 25
Bosnian 0 0 0 575 285 290
Bulgarian 0 0 0 140 70 65
Croatian 10 5 5 1,030 505 530
Czech 10 0 5 615 310 310
Macedonian 30 15 20 145 70 75
Polish 155 65 85 6,455 2,905 3,545
Russian 40 20 20 9,130 4,495 4,640
Serbian 20 10 10 655 335 320
Serbo-Croatian 5 5 5 240 110 130
Slovak 0 0 0 405 175 225
Slovene (Slovenian) 5 5 0 270 130 140
Ukrainian 35 15 20 14,505 6,325 8,180
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 5 0 0 75 40 30
Celtic languages 0 0 5 115 60 55
Scottish Gaelic 0 0 0 50 25 20
Welsh 0 0 0 60 30 30
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 10 0
Germanic languages 395 175 220 68,670 33,310 35,360
Afrikaans 5 0 5 420 220 205
Danish 5 0 5 280 145 135
Dutch 215 95 115 2,675 1,335 1,335
Frisian 20 10 10 55 30 25
German 145 65 80 63,825 30,940 32,890
Icelandic 0 0 0 475 210 260
Norwegian 5 0 0 115 45 65
Swedish 0 0 5 135 70 70
Vlaams (Flemish) 0 0 0 310 125 180
Yiddish 0 0 0 355 175 180
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 25 10 10
Greek 75 35 35 1,285 665 615
Indo-Iranian languages 230 120 110 32,325 17,135 15,195
Indo-Aryan languages 155 80 70 29,520 15,700 13,820
Bengali 20 10 5 1,170 675 495
Gujarati 15 5 5 3,115 1,660 1,455
Hindi 35 15 15 2,270 1,215 1,060
Kashmiri 0 0 0 5 5 5
Konkani 5 0 0 35 20 15
Marathi 0 0 0 135 80 50
Nepali 0 0 0 720 355 365
Oriya (Odia) 0 0 0 10 5 5
Punjabi (Panjabi) 35 20 15 18,320 9,650 8,670
Sindhi 5 5 0 60 30 30
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 5 5 5 670 345 320
Urdu 40 20 20 3,015 1,655 1,355
Iranian languages 75 40 35 2,705 1,365 1,335
Kurdish 0 0 0 415 210 200
Pashto 0 0 0 275 130 150
Persian (Farsi) 75 35 40 2,020 1,030 990
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 100 60 40
Italic (Romance) languages 460 235 225 21,100 10,385 10,710
Catalan 0 0 0 0 0 5
Italian 140 85 55 3,840 1,910 1,930
Portuguese 125 60 60 6,585 3,190 3,390
Romanian 30 15 15 645 310 335
Spanish 165 80 90 10,005 4,965 5,040
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 15 5 10
Japanese 0 0 5 540 185 350
Kartvelian languages 0 0 0 15 10 10
Georgian 0 0 0 15 5 5
Korean 35 15 20 3,760 1,810 1,950
Mongolic languages 0 0 0 20 5 15
Mongolian 0 0 0 20 5 15
Niger-Congo languages 30 15 10 3,895 1,965 1,930
Akan (Twi) 10 5 0 150 90 65
Bamanankan 0 0 0 75 25 45
Edo 0 0 0 40 20 15
Ewe 0 0 0 30 20 10
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 0 0 0 65 35 30
Ga 0 0 0 15 10 5
Ganda 0 0 0 50 20 30
Igbo 0 5 0 280 155 130
Lingala 5 0 5 75 30 40
Rundi (Kirundi) 0 0 0 135 60 65
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 5 5 0 250 125 120
Shona 0 0 0 110 50 60
Swahili 0 0 0 870 420 455
Wolof 0 0 0 75 50 25
Yoruba 5 5 0 1,030 525 505
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 5 5 5 640 315 325
Nilo-Saharan languages 0 5 0 395 215 180
Dinka 0 0 0 175 90 80
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 5 5 0 225 125 100
Sign languages 10 10 5 440 230 210
American Sign Language 5 0 5 240 125 115
Quebec Sign Language 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sign languages, n.i.e 5 5 0 195 100 95
Sino-Tibetan languages 90 40 55 18,880 9,320 9,565
Chinese languages 85 35 50 18,305 9,025 9,280
Cantonese 50 25 25 6,625 3,140 3,485
Hakka 0 0 0 55 30 25
Mandarin 35 15 20 10,170 5,110 5,060
Min Dong 0 0 0 5 5 0
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 0 0 0 325 150 165
Wu (Shanghainese) 0 0 0 110 55 50
Chinese, n.o.s. 5 5 0 1,010 530 475
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 5 5
Tibeto-Burman languages 0 5 0 575 295 285
Burmese 0 0 0 85 50 30
Karenic languages 0 0 0 430 215 220
Tibetan 5 0 0 10 5 5
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 55 20 35
Tai-Kadai languages 5 0 0 1,120 525 595
Lao 5 0 0 875 445 430
Thai 0 0 0 240 85 165
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e 0 0 0 5 0 0
Turkic languages 5 0 5 340 190 150
Azerbaijani 0 0 0 30 20 15
Turkish 5 5 5 210 120 95
Uyghur 0 0 0 10 5 10
Uzbek 0 0 0 40 25 15
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 40 25 20
Uralic languages 75 35 45 1,440 655 790
Estonian 0 0 0 30 10 15
Finnish 10 10 5 225 85 135
Hungarian 60 25 35 1,185 550 635
Uralic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Other languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 155 85 70
Multiple responses 325 140 185 31,505 15,280 16,220
English and French 110 45 60 4,365 2,140 2,230
English and non-official language 205 90 105 25,965 12,530 13,440
French and non-official language 10 0 5 695 380 315
English, French and non-official language 5 5 5 470 230 245
Language spoken most often at homeThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Language spoken most often at home for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 19 38,880 18,960 19,920 1,261,620 624,100 637,520
Single responses 38,400 18,745 19,655 1,197,145 593,020 604,120
Official languages 37,755 18,435 19,325 1,052,345 521,280 531,065
English 37,590 18,355 19,240 1,035,475 513,465 522,010
French 170 85 85 16,865 7,815 9,055
Non-official languages 640 315 335 144,800 71,740 73,060
Aboriginal languages 0 0 0 15,770 8,020 7,750
Algonquian languages 0 0 0 15,070 7,675 7,390
Blackfoot 0 0 0 0 0 0
Cree-Montagnais languages 0 0 0 7,570 3,860 3,715
Atikamekw 0 0 0 0 0 0
Montagnais (Innu) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Moose Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Naskapi 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern East Cree 0 0 0 10 5 0
Plains Cree 0 0 0 10 5 5
Southern East Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Swampy Cree 0 0 0 120 45 75
Woods Cree 0 0 0 15 10 5
Cree, n.o.s. 0 0 0 7,415 3,790 3,620
Eastern Algonquian languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Malecite 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mi'kmaq 0 0 0 0 0 0
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 0 0 0 7,495 3,820 3,675
Algonquin 0 0 0 0 0 0
Ojibway 0 0 0 2,505 1,280 1,225
Oji-Cree 0 0 0 4,990 2,545 2,455
Ottawa (Odawa) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 635 305 330
Northern Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 635 305 330
Babine (Wetsuwet'en) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Beaver 0 0 0 0 0 0
Carrier 0 0 0 0 0 0
Chilcotin 0 0 0 0 0 0
Dene 0 0 0 630 305 330
Dogrib (Tlicho) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Gwich'in 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sarsi (Sarcee) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sekani 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey-Hare languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
North Slavey (Hare) 0 0 0 0 0 0
South Slavey 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tutchone languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Haida 0 0 0 0 0 0
Inuit languages 0 0 0 15 5 10
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Inuktitut 0 0 0 10 5 0
Inuit languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 5 5
Iroquoian languages 0 0 0 5 0 0
Cayuga 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mohawk 0 0 0 0 0 0
Oneida 0 0 0 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 5
Kutenai 0 0 0 0 0 0
Michif 0 0 0 10 5 10
Salish languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Comox 0 0 0 0 0 0
Halkomelem 0 0 0 0 0 0
Lillooet 0 0 0 0 0 0
Okanagan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Shuswap (Secwepemctsin) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Squamish 0 0 0 0 0 0
Straits 0 0 0 0 0 0
Thompson (Ntlakapamux) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Salish languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Siouan languages 0 0 0 35 25 10
Dakota 0 0 0 35 25 10
Stoney 0 0 0 0 0 0
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tlingit 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tsimshian languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Nisga'a 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tsimshian 0 0 0 0 0 0
Wakashan languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Haisla 0 0 0 0 0 0
Heiltsuk 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kwakiutl (Kwak'wala) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Aboriginal languages, n.o.s. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Non-Aboriginal languages 640 315 330 129,035 63,725 65,310
Afro-Asiatic languages 35 20 20 6,875 3,475 3,400
Berber languages 0 0 0 20 15 5
Kabyle 0 0 0 15 10 0
Berber languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 5 5
Cushitic languages 0 0 0 1,185 550 630
Bilen 0 0 0 120 65 55
Oromo 0 0 0 210 95 115
Somali 0 0 0 845 385 460
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 10 0
Semitic languages 35 20 20 5,650 2,895 2,750
Amharic 0 0 0 1,045 520 525
Arabic 30 10 15 3,105 1,600 1,505
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 5 5 5 5 0 5
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 0 0 0 0 0 0
Harari 0 0 0 0 0 0
Hebrew 0 0 0 355 195 160
Maltese 0 0 5 10 5 5
Tigrigna 0 0 0 1,135 580 555
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Afro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 25 15 10
Austro-Asiatic languages 35 15 20 2,900 1,370 1,530
Khmer (Cambodian) 0 0 0 125 55 70
Vietnamese 40 20 20 2,775 1,315 1,460
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e 0 0 0 0 0 0
Austronesian languages 30 10 15 27,215 13,065 14,155
Bikol 0 0 0 30 15 15
Cebuano 0 0 0 495 250 245
Fijian 0 0 0 15 5 10
Hiligaynon 0 0 0 125 55 75
Ilocano 0 0 0 390 190 200
Malagasy 0 0 0 0 0 0
Malay 0 0 5 55 25 30
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 0 0 0 245 120 130
Pangasinan 0 0 0 30 15 15
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 30 10 15 25,790 12,375 13,420
Waray-Waray 0 0 0 10 5 5
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 30 15 15
Creole languages 0 5 5 290 120 165
Haitian Creole 0 0 0 10 5 5
Creole, n.o.s. 0 0 0 165 75 85
Creole languages, n.i.e. 5 5 5 115 45 75
Dravidian languages 55 30 30 800 400 400
Kannada 0 0 0 45 25 25
Malayalam 5 0 0 405 195 205
Tamil 55 25 25 240 120 120
Telugu 0 0 0 110 60 50
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Hmong-Mien languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Indo-European languages 365 180 185 70,820 35,325 35,495
Albanian 0 0 0 155 80 75
Armenian 0 0 0 20 10 5
Balto-Slavic languages 85 45 40 11,685 5,670 6,015
Baltic languages 5 0 5 25 10 15
Latvian 0 0 0 15 5 5
Lithuanian 0 0 0 10 5 5
Slavic languages 80 45 35 11,660 5,660 6,000
Belarusan 0 0 0 0 5 0
Bosnian 0 0 0 285 145 140
Bulgarian 0 5 0 65 30 30
Croatian 0 5 5 320 145 180
Czech 5 5 0 115 55 60
Macedonian 10 10 5 85 35 45
Polish 25 15 15 2,010 910 1,105
Russian 15 10 10 5,530 2,780 2,745
Serbian 15 10 5 335 170 170
Serbo-Croatian 5 5 5 90 40 50
Slovak 0 0 0 70 35 35
Slovene (Slovenian) 0 0 0 55 20 30
Ukrainian 0 0 0 2,690 1,285 1,405
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 5 5
Celtic languages 0 0 0 20 15 10
Scottish Gaelic 0 0 0 5 5 0
Welsh 0 0 0 10 5 5
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Germanic languages 20 10 10 25,825 12,700 13,125
Afrikaans 5 0 5 200 100 100
Danish 0 0 0 10 5 5
Dutch 5 0 5 270 135 130
Frisian 0 0 0 10 5 5
German 15 5 10 24,795 12,185 12,615
Icelandic 0 0 0 35 15 20
Norwegian 0 0 0 10 5 5
Swedish 0 0 0 10 5 5
Vlaams (Flemish) 0 0 0 15 5 10
Yiddish 0 0 0 10 5 5
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 465 240 225
Greek 15 5 5 535 255 280
Indo-Iranian languages 125 65 60 22,810 11,920 10,890
Indo-Aryan languages 85 50 40 21,010 11,055 9,950
Bengali 15 10 5 690 390 305
Gujarati 5 5 5 2,100 1,095 1,005
Hindi 15 5 10 1,335 715 620
Kashmiri 0 0 0 0 0 0
Konkani 0 0 0 10 5 5
Marathi 0 0 0 40 25 20
Nepali 0 0 0 540 265 280
Oriya (Odia) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Punjabi (Panjabi) 25 15 15 14,000 7,330 6,670
Sindhi 5 5 5 30 10 15
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 5 0 0 360 190 170
Urdu 20 10 10 1,895 1,035 860
Iranian languages 35 15 20 1,755 835 920
Kurdish 0 0 0 275 135 140
Pashto 0 0 0 165 70 95
Persian (Farsi) 35 15 20 1,315 635 685
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 50 25 20
Italic (Romance) languages 125 55 65 9,765 4,670 5,090
Catalan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Italian 15 5 10 1,035 450 590
Portuguese 30 15 15 2,800 1,305 1,500
Romanian 15 5 5 235 110 125
Spanish 60 30 30 5,695 2,810 2,885
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Japanese 0 0 0 175 75 105
Kartvelian languages 0 0 0 10 5 0
Georgian 0 0 0 10 5 5
Korean 25 15 15 2,915 1,430 1,490
Mongolic languages 0 0 0 5 0 5
Mongolian 0 0 0 5 5 5
Niger-Congo languages 10 5 5 1,410 695 720
Akan (Twi) 5 5 0 45 30 20
Bamanankan 0 0 0 15 5 5
Edo 0 0 0 5 5 0
Ewe 0 0 0 5 5 5
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 0 0 0 35 15 15
Ga 0 0 0 5 0 0
Ganda 0 0 0 5 0 0
Igbo 0 0 0 75 40 35
Lingala 0 0 0 40 20 20
Rundi (Kirundi) 0 0 0 65 35 35
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 0 0 0 105 55 50
Shona 0 0 0 10 5 10
Swahili 5 0 0 500 240 265
Wolof 0 0 0 25 20 10
Yoruba 0 0 0 345 175 170
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 125 50 75
Nilo-Saharan languages 0 0 0 130 60 70
Dinka 0 0 0 80 35 45
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 55 30 25
Sign languages 20 10 5 560 310 255
American Sign Language 10 5 0 255 135 120
Quebec Sign Language 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sign languages, n.i.e 10 5 5 305 170 135
Sino-Tibetan languages 45 20 20 13,910 6,920 6,985
Chinese languages 40 20 25 13,445 6,685 6,765
Cantonese 15 10 10 4,455 2,105 2,350
Hakka 0 0 0 25 10 15
Mandarin 30 15 15 8,080 4,105 3,975
Min Dong 0 0 0 5 0 0
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 0 0 0 135 65 70
Wu (Shanghainese) 0 0 0 65 30 35
Chinese, n.o.s. 0 0 0 675 365 315
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 5 0
Tibeto-Burman languages 5 0 0 465 235 225
Burmese 0 0 0 55 30 25
Karenic languages 0 0 0 370 190 180
Tibetan 5 0 5 5 0 5
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 40 15 20
Tai-Kadai languages 0 5 0 535 250 280
Lao 0 0 0 430 210 220
Thai 0 0 0 105 40 65
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e 0 0 0 0 0 0
Turkic languages 0 0 0 135 70 65
Azerbaijani 0 0 0 10 5 10
Turkish 5 0 0 65 35 35
Uyghur 0 0 0 0 0 0
Uzbek 0 0 0 35 20 15
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 25 10 15
Uralic languages 15 0 5 305 140 165
Estonian 0 0 0 0 0 0
Finnish 5 0 0 35 15 15
Hungarian 10 5 5 270 125 145
Uralic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Other languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 40 25 20
Multiple responses 475 215 265 64,475 31,080 33,400
English and French 70 25 45 3,090 1,440 1,645
English and non-official language 395 185 210 60,090 28,995 31,090
French and non-official language 0 0 0 415 215 205
English, French and non-official language 10 0 10 885 420 455
Other language spoken regularly at homeThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Other language(s) spoken regularly at home for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 20 38,880 18,965 19,915 1,261,615 624,095 637,520
None 37,165 18,175 18,985 1,079,050 535,990 543,065
English 425 210 210 76,350 37,795 38,550
French 535 215 320 20,200 9,130 11,075
Non-official language 735 355 385 83,315 39,860 43,455
Aboriginal 0 0 0 16,105 7,590 8,515
Non-Aboriginal 735 350 385 67,215 32,275 34,940
English and French 0 0 0 305 150 150
English and non-official language 0 0 5 1,610 815 790
French and non-official language 15 5 10 770 345 420
English, French and non-official language 5 5 0 20 5 10
Income of individuals in 2015
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 21 30,730 14,780 15,955 1,001,305 491,590 509,715
Number of total income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 29,205 14,085 15,125 954,035 467,790 486,250
Median total income in 2015 among recipients ($) 41,133 51,587 32,445 34,188 40,379 29,220
Number of after-tax income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 29,230 14,085 15,140 954,205 467,820 486,390
Median after-tax income in 2015 among recipients ($) 36,491 44,430 29,530 30,465 35,150 26,561
Number of market income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 27,030 13,345 13,685 859,545 431,145 428,400
Median market income in 2015 among recipients ($) 39,340 50,868 30,231 32,592 39,229 26,692
Number of government transfers recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 20,130 8,460 11,670 701,840 309,530 392,310
Median government transfers in 2015 among recipients ($) 3,712 1,539 4,780 4,268 1,890 5,434
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 23,835 12,180 11,655 722,785 374,850 347,935
Median employment income in 2015 among recipients ($) 40,223 51,104 32,873 33,677 39,365 28,679
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 22 30,820 14,845 15,980 1,001,305 491,580 509,725
Number of total income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 29,280 14,220 15,055 953,960 467,575 486,385
Average total income in 2015 among recipients ($) 48,515 59,012 38,603 43,767 51,068 36,747
Number of after-tax income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 29,295 14,220 15,075 954,175 467,605 486,565
Average after-tax income in 2015 among recipients ($) 40,465 48,076 33,284 35,957 41,013 31,097
Number of market income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 27,085 13,530 13,555 859,575 431,035 428,540
Average market income in 2015 among recipients ($) 47,337 58,294 36,399 42,776 50,803 34,704
Number of government transfers recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 20,315 8,515 11,800 701,830 308,940 392,890
Average government transfers in 2015 among recipients ($) 6,803 5,904 7,451 7,099 6,411 7,640
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 23,915 12,330 11,585 722,785 374,535 348,250
Average employment income in 2015 among recipients ($) 47,223 55,885 38,000 42,551 49,417 35,168
Total - Employment income statistics for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 23 30,820 14,845 15,980 1,001,310 491,580 509,725
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households who worked full year full time in 2015 - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 24 12,770 7,230 5,535 350,580 201,335 149,245
Median employment income in 2015 for full-year full-time workers ($)Census data footnote 25 59,687 68,267 51,557 50,026 54,580 44,818
Average employment income in 2015 for full-year full-time workers ($)Census data footnote 26 65,830 74,095 55,029 59,523 65,410 51,581
Composition of total income in 2015 of the population aged 15 years and over in private households (%) - 100% dataCensus data footnote 27 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0
Market income (%)Census data footnote 28 90.4 93.9 85.5 88.0 91.7 83.1
Employment income (%)Census data footnote 29 78.7 81.4 74.9 73.6 77.4 68.6
Government transfers (%)Census data footnote 30 9.6 6.1 14.6 12.0 8.3 16.9
Total - Total income groups in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 31 30,730 14,780 15,955 1,001,310 491,585 509,720
Without total income 1,525 695 830 47,270 23,800 23,470
With total income 29,205 14,080 15,125 954,040 467,790 486,245
Percentage with total income 95.0 95.3 94.8 95.3 95.2 95.4
Under $10,000 (including loss) 3,810 1,430 2,380 137,700 62,550 75,150
$10,000 to $19,999 4,020 1,405 2,615 150,320 58,320 91,995
$20,000 to $29,999 3,240 1,140 2,100 136,510 54,950 81,560
$30,000 to $39,999 3,170 1,345 1,825 123,685 55,805 67,885
$40,000 to $49,999 3,230 1,510 1,715 109,710 54,650 55,060
$50,000 to $59,999 2,700 1,380 1,325 80,625 45,170 35,460
$60,000 to $69,999 2,115 1,210 900 58,785 35,250 23,535
$70,000 to $79,999 1,760 1,090 670 43,365 26,465 16,895
$80,000 to $89,999 1,410 870 540 34,000 20,100 13,905
$90,000 to $99,999 1,180 695 485 21,980 13,545 8,440
$100,000 and over 2,580 2,010 570 57,355 40,985 16,370
$100,000 to $149,999 2,005 1,530 475 40,870 28,585 12,285
$150,000 and over 580 485 95 16,490 12,395 4,090
Total - After-tax income groups in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 32 30,735 14,780 15,955 1,001,305 491,585 509,720
Without after-tax income 1,505 690 815 47,100 23,770 23,330
With after-tax income 29,230 14,085 15,140 954,205 467,820 486,390
Percentage with after-tax income 95.1 95.3 94.9 95.3 95.2 95.4
Under $10,000 (including loss) 3,945 1,455 2,490 142,035 63,525 78,510
$10,000 to $19,999 4,180 1,465 2,720 161,865 63,410 98,460
$20,000 to $29,999 3,950 1,480 2,475 165,880 68,985 96,895
$30,000 to $39,999 3,980 1,790 2,190 153,680 73,335 80,350
$40,000 to $49,999 3,820 1,890 1,935 116,415 63,755 52,660
$50,000 to $59,999 2,880 1,645 1,235 78,105 46,940 31,160
$60,000 to $69,999 2,200 1,390 810 53,870 32,165 21,705
$70,000 to $79,999 1,700 1,030 670 31,690 19,680 12,010
$80,000 and over 2,560 1,945 615 50,655 36,025 14,630
$80,000 to $89,999 1,085 750 330 18,025 12,260 5,760
$90,000 to $99,999 550 425 130 10,325 7,305 3,015
$100,000 and over 925 770 160 22,305 16,460 5,850
Total - Employment income groups in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 33 30,730 14,775 15,955 1,001,305 491,590 509,720
Without employment income 6,900 2,595 4,305 278,525 116,740 161,775
With employment income 23,830 12,180 11,655 722,785 374,845 347,940
Percentage with employment income 77.5 82.4 73.0 72.2 76.3 68.3
Under $5,000 (including loss) 3,155 1,590 1,560 90,045 42,675 47,375
$5,000 to $9,999 1,630 615 1,015 54,560 23,875 30,690
$10,000 to $19,999 2,615 1,005 1,610 94,460 41,920 52,535
$20,000 to $29,999 2,065 845 1,225 89,540 39,650 49,895
$30,000 to $39,999 2,385 930 1,455 88,340 41,905 46,440
$40,000 to $49,999 2,210 985 1,225 77,755 40,205 37,550
$50,000 to $59,999 2,050 1,085 960 58,900 34,355 24,550
$60,000 to $69,999 1,640 945 690 44,085 27,115 16,970
$70,000 to $79,999 1,520 955 560 34,450 21,375 13,075
$80,000 and over 4,560 3,225 1,335 90,650 61,780 28,865
$80,000 to $89,999 1,270 785 485 28,365 16,860 11,505
$90,000 to $99,999 1,070 640 435 17,635 11,355 6,275
$100,000 and over 2,220 1,800 420 44,650 33,560 11,095
Income of households in 2015
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for private households by household size - 100% dataCensus data footnote 34 14,070  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 489,050  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median total income of households in 2015 ($) 91,193  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 68,147  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median after-tax income of households in 2015 ($) 78,031  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 59,093  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for one-person private households - 100% data 2,735  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 135,495  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median total income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 46,720  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 35,846  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median after-tax income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 40,438  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 31,538  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for two-or-more-person private households - 100% data 11,335  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 353,550  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median total income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 102,809  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 84,532  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median after-tax income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 87,483  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 72,688  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for private households by household size - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 35 14,095  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 489,050  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average total income of households in 2015 ($) 100,758  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 85,373  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average after-tax income of households in 2015 ($) 84,097  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 70,154  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for one-person private households - 25% sample data 2,730  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 135,440  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average total income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 54,598  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 44,208  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average after-tax income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 45,243  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 36,503  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for two-or-more-person private households - 25% sample data 11,365  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 353,605  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average total income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 111,849  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 101,140  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average after-tax income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 93,432  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 83,044  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Household total income groups in 2015 for private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 36 14,070  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 489,050  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Under $5,000 75  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 9,250  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$5,000 to $9,999 65  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 8,175  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$10,000 to $14,999 160  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 11,450  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$15,000 to $19,999 250  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 18,260  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$20,000 to $24,999 340  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 21,395  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$25,000 to $29,999 340  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 19,035  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$30,000 to $34,999 400  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 21,090  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$35,000 to $39,999 395  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 21,745  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$40,000 to $44,999 475  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 21,605  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$45,000 to $49,999 480  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 21,225  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$50,000 to $59,999 990  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 40,240  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$60,000 to $69,999 965  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 37,910  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$70,000 to $79,999 975  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 34,275  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$80,000 to $89,999 1,015  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 31,555  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$90,000 to $99,999 980  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 27,215  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$100,000 and over 6,170  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 144,620  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$100,000 to $124,999 2,095  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 52,495  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$125,000 to $149,999 1,550  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 34,595  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$150,000 to $199,999 1,675  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 34,670  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$200,000 and over 850  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 22,865  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Household after-tax income groups in 2015 for private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 32 14,070  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 489,050  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Under $5,000 80  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 9,725  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$5,000 to $9,999 70  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 8,315  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$10,000 to $14,999 175  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 11,860  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$15,000 to $19,999 260  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 19,325  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$20,000 to $24,999 375  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 24,370  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$25,000 to $29,999 395  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 22,665  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$30,000 to $34,999 455  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 25,915  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$35,000 to $39,999 530  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 26,725  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$40,000 to $44,999 595  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 25,965  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$45,000 to $49,999 585  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 25,290  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$50,000 to $59,999 1,275  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 48,610  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$60,000 to $69,999 1,215  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 44,280  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$70,000 to $79,999 1,280  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 38,890  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$80,000 to $89,999 1,225  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 32,370  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$90,000 to $99,999 1,090  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 26,890  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$100,000 and over 4,465  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 97,850  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$100,000 to $124,999 2,095  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 46,355  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$125,000 to $149,999 1,230  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 24,795  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$150,000 and over 1,140  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 26,705  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Income of economic families in 2015
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for economic families in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 37 11,130  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 341,205  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median total income of economic families in 2015 ($) 102,164  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 84,441  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median after-tax income of economic families in 2015 ($) 86,891  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 72,563  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average family size of economic families 3.2  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 3.1  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families without children or other relatives in private households - 100% data 3,255  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 127,580  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median total income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 86,906  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 79,103  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median after-tax income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 74,980  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 67,596  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average family size of couple economic families without children or other relatives 2.0  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 2.0  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families with children in private households - 100% data 5,780  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 150,585  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median total income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 122,340  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 104,902  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median after-tax income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 103,283  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 89,307  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average family size of couple economic families with children 4.0  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 4.2  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for lone-parent economic families in private households - 100% data 1,875  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 52,215  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median total income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 63,472  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 49,922  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median after-tax income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 56,732  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 46,048  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average family size of lone-parent economic families 2.7  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 2.9  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for economic families in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 38 11,165  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 341,235  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average total income of economic families in 2015 ($) 111,431  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 101,410  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average after-tax income of economic families in 2015 ($) 93,033  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 83,132  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families without children or other relatives in private households - 25% sample data 3,250  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 127,710  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average total income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 98,979  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 95,583  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average after-tax income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 82,538  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 77,743  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families with children in private households - 25% sample data 5,795  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 150,695  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average total income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 131,185  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 122,176  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average after-tax income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 108,706  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 99,399  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for lone-parent economic families in private households - 25% sample data 1,860  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 52,130  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average total income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 70,056  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 60,006  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average after-tax income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 60,963  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 52,307  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 21 3,550 1,695 1,860 175,270 86,935 88,335
Median total income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 39 43,573 50,475 37,478 32,927 35,568 30,818
Median after-tax income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 39 37,869 42,795 33,824 29,429 31,130 28,062
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 40 3,460 1,695 1,765 174,945 86,380 88,565
Average total income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 41 50,868 59,282 42,797 40,853 43,332 38,434
Average after-tax income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 41 42,364 48,233 36,734 33,961 35,291 32,663
Total - Economic family income decile group for the population in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 42 38,845 18,940 19,910 1,240,700 614,440 626,260
In the bottom half of the distribution 15,140 7,025 8,110 687,930 332,640 355,290
In the bottom decile 1,905 840 1,070 151,750 74,825 76,930
In the second decile 2,335 995 1,335 135,485 62,035 73,450
In the third decile 2,995 1,345 1,645 135,395 64,805 70,590
In the fourth decile 3,570 1,720 1,855 132,755 65,185 67,575
In the fifth decile 4,340 2,125 2,210 132,540 65,790 66,750
In the top half of the distribution 23,705 11,910 11,795 552,770 281,805 270,965
In the sixth decile 4,695 2,325 2,375 127,575 64,305 63,265
In the seventh decile 5,375 2,670 2,705 123,505 62,770 60,735
In the eighth decile 5,540 2,785 2,750 116,805 59,460 57,350
In the ninth decile 4,910 2,480 2,440 104,820 53,835 50,980
In the top decile 3,185 1,655 1,530 80,070 41,435 38,640
Low income in 2015
Total - Low-income status in 2015 for the population in private households to whom low-income concepts are applicable - 100% dataCensus data footnote 43 38,845 18,940 19,905 1,175,720 581,585 594,135
0 to 17 years 9,700 4,930 4,770 260,905 134,075 126,830
0 to 5 years 3,310 1,695 1,620 85,935 44,240 41,695
18 to 64 years 24,955 12,125 12,830 737,035 365,965 371,070
65 years and over 4,195 1,885 2,305 177,780 81,540 96,235
In low income based on the Low-income measure, after tax (LIM-AT) 2,925 1,250 1,675 180,880 85,185 95,690
0 to 17 years 945 465 480 57,185 29,390 27,790
0 to 5 years 305 150 150 21,325 10,970 10,355
18 to 64 years 1,635 680 955 98,920 46,630 52,285
65 years and over 350 105 245 24,785 9,165 15,615
Prevalence of low income based on the Low-income measure, after tax (LIM-AT) (%) 7.5 6.6 8.4 15.4 14.6 16.1
0 to 17 years (%) 9.7 9.4 10.1 21.9 21.9 21.9
0 to 5 years (%) 9.2 8.8 9.3 24.8 24.8 24.8
18 to 64 years (%) 6.6 5.6 7.4 13.4 12.7 14.1
65 years and over (%) 8.3 5.6 10.6 13.9 11.2 16.2
In low income based on the Low-income cut-offs, after tax (LICO-AT) 1,425 630 795 115,965 56,255 59,705
0 to 17 years 415 195 225 33,260 17,040 16,220
0 to 5 years 125 60 65 12,310 6,325 5,985
18 to 64 years 930 410 520 73,655 35,895 37,760
65 years and over 75 25 50 9,045 3,325 5,725
Prevalence of low income based on the Low-income cut-offs, after tax (LICO-AT) (%) 3.7 3.3 4.0 9.9 9.7 10.0
0 to 17 years (%) 4.3 4.0 4.7 12.7 12.7 12.8
0 to 5 years (%) 3.8 3.5 4.0 14.3 14.3 14.4
18 to 64 years (%) 3.7 3.4 4.1 10.0 9.8 10.2
65 years and over (%) 1.8 1.3 2.2 5.1 4.1 5.9
Knowledge of languagesThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Knowledge of languages for the population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 44 38,970 19,000 19,965 1,240,700 614,440 626,260
Official languages 38,900 18,970 19,935 1,224,985 607,375 617,605
English 38,895 18,970 19,930 1,223,665 606,760 616,905
French 2,820 1,205 1,610 108,560 49,435 59,130
Non-official languages 2,915 1,400 1,515 340,250 165,150 175,100
Aboriginal languages 0 0 0 40,465 19,410 21,050
Algonquian languages 0 0 0 38,305 18,375 19,930
Blackfoot 0 0 0 10 0 10
Cree-Montagnais languages 0 0 0 20,975 10,025 10,955
Atikamekw 0 0 0 0 0 0
Montagnais (Innu) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Moose Cree 0 0 0 0 0 10
Naskapi 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern East Cree 0 0 0 85 25 55
Plains Cree 0 0 0 190 90 100
Southern East Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Swampy Cree 0 0 0 1,140 505 640
Woods Cree 0 0 0 130 65 65
Cree, n.o.s. 0 0 0 19,435 9,340 10,095
Eastern Algonquian languages 0 0 0 10 10 0
Malecite 0 0 0 10 10 0
Mi'kmaq 0 0 0 10 0 0
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 0 0 0 17,710 8,520 9,185
Algonquin 0 0 0 10 0 0
Ojibway 0 0 0 9,685 4,560 5,125
Oji-Cree 0 0 0 8,045 3,975 4,070
Ottawa (Odawa) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 1,120 525 595
Northern Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 1,110 520 590
Babine (Wetsuwet'en) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Beaver 0 0 0 0 0 0
Carrier 0 0 0 0 0 0
Chilcotin 0 0 0 0 0 0
Dene 0 0 0 1,110 520 595
Dogrib (Tlicho) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Gwich'in 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sarsi (Sarcee) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sekani 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey-Hare languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
North Slavey (Hare) 0 0 0 0 0 0
South Slavey 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tutchone languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 10 0
Haida 0 0 0 0 0 0
Inuit languages 0 0 0 110 55 55
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 0 0 0 10 10 0
Inuktitut 0 0 0 80 35 45
Inuit languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 20 15 10
Iroquoian languages 0 0 0 15 10 10
Cayuga 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mohawk 0 0 0 15 10 10
Oneida 0 0 0 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 10
Kutenai 0 0 0 0 0 0
Michif 0 0 0 210 115 95
Salish languages 0 0 0 0 0 10
Comox 0 0 0 0 0 0
Halkomelem 0 0 0 10 0 10
Lillooet 0 0 0 0 0 0
Okanagan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Shuswap (Secwepemctsin) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Squamish 0 0 0 0 0 0
Straits 0 0 0 0 0 0
Thompson (Ntlakapamux) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Salish languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Siouan languages 0 0 0 760 365 395
Dakota 0 0 0 760 360 400
Stoney 0 0 0 0 0 0
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 10 0
Tlingit 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tsimshian languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Nisga'a 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tsimshian 0 0 0 0 0 0
Wakashan languages 0 0 0 10 0 10
Haisla 0 0 0 0 0 0
Heiltsuk 0 0 0 10 0 0
Kwakiutl (Kwak'wala) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0 0 0 10 0 10
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Aboriginal languages, n.o.s. 0 0 0 35 15 20
Non-Aboriginal languages 2,915 1,405 1,515 299,900 145,795 154,110
Afro-Asiatic languages 185 85 100 15,730 8,320 7,410
Berber languages 0 0 0 85 50 40
Kabyle 0 0 0 45 25 20
Berber languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 50 35 10
Cushitic languages 30 15 15 2,300 1,195 1,105
Bilen 0 0 0 210 120 85
Oromo 0 0 0 535 275 260
Somali 30 15 15 1,550 790 760
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 15 15 10
Semitic languages 155 70 80 13,685 7,300 6,390
Amharic 0 0 0 2,475 1,370 1,105
Arabic 145 75 75 6,650 3,590 3,055
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 0 0 0 15 0 10
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 0 0 0 10 0 0
Harari 0 0 0 0 10 0
Hebrew 10 0 0 3,370 1,735 1,635
Maltese 10 0 10 65 30 35
Tigrigna 0 0 0 2,225 1,175 1,050
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 15 10 0
Afro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 155 80 80
Austro-Asiatic languages 110 55 55 5,230 2,545 2,685
Khmer (Cambodian) 0 0 0 335 185 150
Vietnamese 110 50 55 4,905 2,370 2,535
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Austronesian languages 170 60 110 65,305 30,220 35,090
Bikol 0 0 0 225 100 125
Cebuano 10 0 10 1,615 805 810
Fijian 0 0 0 65 35 30
Hiligaynon 0 0 0 425 180 245
Ilocano 0 0 0 1,875 880 990
Malagasy 0 0 0 0 0 0
Malay 30 10 20 375 180 195
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 0 0 0 945 415 530
Pangasinan 0 0 0 205 100 110
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 135 50 85 64,165 29,640 34,520
Waray-Waray 0 0 0 115 55 55
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 200 80 120
Creole languages 30 15 20 1,310 605 705
Haitian Creole 0 0 0 25 10 15
Creole, n.o.s. 15 10 10 635 310 315
Creole languages, n.i.e. 10 0 10 680 305 375
Dravidian languages 130 70 55 1,840 945 895
Kannada 0 0 0 175 95 80
Malayalam 15 10 15 830 400 430
Tamil 115 70 50 655 330 325
Telugu 0 0 0 255 150 110
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 15 10 10
Hmong-Mien languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Indo-European languages 1,945 995 950 175,950 86,435 89,510
Albanian 0 0 0 390 195 195
Armenian 0 0 0 65 50 15
Balto-Slavic languages 400 195 205 39,530 18,780 20,745
Baltic languages 10 0 0 230 90 140
Latvian 0 10 0 115 45 70
Lithuanian 0 0 0 120 50 65
Slavic languages 400 195 210 39,360 18,720 20,640
Belarusan 0 0 0 65 25 45
Bosnian 0 0 0 835 405 430
Bulgarian 0 0 0 155 95 60
Croatian 10 10 0 1,595 765 825
Czech 0 0 0 735 335 395
Macedonian 60 25 30 140 75 60
Polish 205 95 105 7,655 3,625 4,035
Russian 45 25 20 13,455 6,715 6,740
Serbian 10 10 10 870 470 400
Serbo-Croatian 0 0 0 190 75 115
Slovak 10 0 10 480 215 260
Slovene (Slovenian) 0 0 0 275 100 175
Ukrainian 55 25 25 17,095 7,795 9,305
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 70 35 30
Celtic languages 10 0 10 225 125 100
Scottish Gaelic 0 0 0 90 65 25
Welsh 0 0 0 90 45 45
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 10 10 0 45 15 25
Germanic languages 460 220 240 68,285 33,250 35,035
Afrikaans 0 0 0 715 330 385
Danish 0 0 0 270 120 150
Dutch 210 110 100 3,120 1,555 1,565
Frisian 15 10 10 90 65 30
German 225 100 125 61,760 30,170 31,600
Icelandic 0 0 0 560 225 335
Norwegian 10 10 0 290 115 175
Swedish 10 0 0 270 125 150
Vlaams (Flemish) 0 10 0 270 120 155
Yiddish 0 0 0 545 235 315
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 2,490 1,285 1,205
Greek 75 35 45 2,010 1,015 1,000
Indo-Iranian languages 340 175 160 38,760 20,480 18,280
Indo-Aryan languages 195 110 90 35,830 18,990 16,835
Bengali 10 0 10 1,520 885 635
Gujarati 0 0 0 3,905 2,065 1,840
Hindi 50 25 25 12,900 6,900 6,000
Kashmiri 0 0 0 20 15 10
Konkani 10 0 10 40 30 10
Marathi 10 0 0 275 170 105
Nepali 0 0 0 600 285 315
Oriya (Odia) 0 0 0 15 10 10
Punjabi (Panjabi) 60 30 25 22,900 12,035 10,865
Sindhi 0 0 0 150 85 65
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 0 0 0 920 500 420
Urdu 95 55 40 4,600 2,540 2,060
Iranian languages 165 75 80 3,035 1,525 1,515
Kurdish 15 10 0 600 295 305
Pashto 0 0 0 290 135 150
Persian (Farsi) 155 75 80 2,295 1,175 1,120
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 230 125 105
Italic (Romance) languages 690 375 315 34,360 16,630 17,735
Catalan 0 0 0 15 10 10
Italian 160 100 60 5,350 2,610 2,735
Portuguese 140 70 70 8,460 4,125 4,335
Romanian 50 30 15 785 395 390
Spanish 340 175 165 20,605 9,910 10,695
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 10 0 0 60 45 15
Japanese 0 0 10 1,160 550 605
Kartvelian languages 0 0 0 10 0 15
Georgian 0 0 0 15 0 15
Korean 40 30 10 4,240 2,100 2,145
Mongolic languages 0 0 0 55 20 35
Mongolian 0 0 0 55 20 30
Niger-Congo languages 80 40 35 7,970 4,125 3,845
Akan (Twi) 35 20 15 260 165 95
Bamanankan 0 0 0 160 95 65
Edo 0 0 0 95 60 30
Ewe 10 10 0 50 30 20
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 0 0 0 50 25 25
Ga 0 0 0 30 10 15
Ganda 0 0 0 230 110 120
Igbo 0 0 0 665 345 325
Lingala 10 10 10 655 315 345
Rundi (Kirundi) 0 0 0 205 105 105
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 0 0 0 305 155 155
Shona 0 0 0 250 110 140
Swahili 20 10 10 1,930 1,020 905
Wolof 0 0 0 150 85 70
Yoruba 10 0 0 2,630 1,330 1,295
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 1,440 765 680
Nilo-Saharan languages 0 0 0 410 225 185
Dinka 0 0 0 180 105 75
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 225 120 105
Sign languages 90 20 70 2,670 985 1,685
American Sign Language 70 15 55 1,710 625 1,090
Quebec Sign Language 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sign languages, n.i.e. 20 0 10 975 365 610
Sino-Tibetan languages 85 25 60 21,130 10,490 10,650
Chinese languages 85 25 55 20,475 10,185 10,285
Cantonese 50 15 35 8,310 3,920 4,390
Hakka 0 0 0 50 30 20
Mandarin 35 10 25 12,825 6,460 6,365
Min Dong 0 0 0 0 0 0
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 0 0 0 480 230 250
Wu (Shanghainese) 0 0 0 185 95 85
Chinese, n.o.s. 10 0 10 1,115 600 510
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tibeto-Burman languages 0 0 0 675 310 370
Burmese 0 0 0 185 115 70
Karenic languages 0 0 0 465 200 265
Tibetan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 145 60 80
Tai-Kadai languages 0 10 0 1,565 730 835
Lao 0 0 0 1,120 520 600
Thai 10 10 0 575 270 305
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 10 0
Turkic languages 10 0 0 510 250 265
Azerbaijani 0 0 0 50 25 30
Turkish 10 0 0 365 180 185
Uyghur 0 0 0 30 15 10
Uzbek 0 0 0 40 20 15
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 45 15 30
Uralic languages 75 30 50 1,550 730 815
Estonian 0 10 0 45 20 25
Finnish 10 0 10 265 105 160
Hungarian 65 25 40 1,235 600 635
Uralic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Other languages, n.i.e. 20 10 10 445 290 150
Citizenship
Total - Citizenship for the population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 45 38,970 19,000 19,965 1,240,700 614,440 626,260
Canadian citizensCensus data footnote 46 38,285 18,690 19,595 1,133,080 560,165 572,920
Canadian citizens aged under 18 9,685 4,840 4,845 266,225 136,640 129,585
Canadian citizens aged 18 and over 28,600 13,850 14,745 866,855 423,520 443,335
Not Canadian citizensCensus data footnote 47 685 310 375 107,620 54,280 53,340
Immigrant status and period of immigration
Total - Immigrant status and period of immigration for the population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 48 38,970 19,000 19,970 1,240,700 614,445 626,255
Non-immigrantsCensus data footnote 49 34,960 17,115 17,840 996,860 494,285 502,570
ImmigrantsCensus data footnote 50 3,960 1,865 2,100 227,465 111,095 116,365
Before 1981 1,955 930 1,025 50,025 23,340 26,680
1981 to 1990 580 275 305 20,205 10,190 10,010
1991 to 2000 560 250 305 23,040 11,165 11,875
2001 to 2010 725 325 395 70,985 35,305 35,680
2001 to 2005 345 145 200 22,570 11,195 11,370
2006 to 2010 385 180 200 48,415 24,110 24,305
2011 to 2016Census data footnote 51 145 75 70 63,210 31,095 32,120
Non-permanent residentsCensus data footnote 52 45 20 25 16,375 9,055 7,320
Age at immigration
Total - Age at immigration for the immigrant population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 53 3,960 1,860 2,100 227,470 111,100 116,370
Under 5 years 675 350 325 25,595 12,975 12,625
5 to 14 years 925 455 470 45,570 23,305 22,265
15 to 24 years 885 355 535 44,585 20,820 23,770
25 to 44 years 1,355 655 695 93,700 45,160 48,540
45 years and over 120 45 75 18,010 8,845 9,170
Immigrants by selected place of birthThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census immigration data
Total - Selected places of birth for the immigrant population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 54 3,965 1,860 2,105 227,465 111,095 116,365
Americas 835 415 420 31,980 15,285 16,700
Brazil 0 0 0 435 170 265
Colombia 20 15 10 1,050 510 545
El Salvador 15 10 10 2,480 1,325 1,155
Guyana 140 60 85 1,135 515 620
Haiti 10 10 0 155 75 80
Jamaica 220 115 110 1,810 835 970
Mexico 40 20 15 6,655 3,330 3,320
Peru 10 0 10 235 85 150
Trinidad and Tobago 70 40 25 1,505 785 720
United StatesCensus data footnote 55 150 80 70 7,100 3,100 4,000
Other places of birth in Americas 165 75 90 9,425 4,550 4,875
Europe 2,140 985 1,150 56,705 27,815 28,890
Bosnia and Herzegovina 0 0 0 1,055 530 525
Croatia 0 0 0 975 445 535
France 15 10 0 795 425 365
Germany 115 20 90 10,390 5,215 5,175
Greece 20 0 15 820 445 375
Hungary 40 25 15 815 435 375
IrelandCensus data footnote 56 60 30 30 650 310 340
Italy 75 50 20 2,755 1,405 1,350
Netherlands 220 105 115 2,250 1,185 1,060
Poland 120 40 80 5,280 2,455 2,820
Portugal 60 35 25 4,380 2,170 2,210
Romania 50 30 20 720 345 375
Russian Federation 15 10 0 4,245 2,035 2,210
SerbiaCensus data footnote 57 15 10 0 355 175 175
Ukraine 10 10 0 4,765 2,250 2,515
United KingdomCensus data footnote 58 1,230 585 640 11,665 5,655 6,015
Other places of birth in Europe 105 40 65 4,790 2,325 2,470
Africa 215 105 110 17,975 9,495 8,485
Algeria 0 0 0 115 60 55
Egypt 15 10 10 980 525 455
Ethiopia 15 10 0 2,525 1,360 1,165
Kenya 25 10 15 935 470 465
Morocco 0 0 0 250 140 110
Nigeria 10 0 10 3,820 2,070 1,750
Somalia 0 0 0 755 350 415
South Africa, Republic of 35 20 20 975 465 505
Other places of birth in Africa 115 55 60 7,630 4,055 3,570
Asia 740 345 400 120,230 58,215 62,015
Afghanistan 55 30 25 615 285 330
Bangladesh 0 0 0 880 475 400
ChinaCensus data footnote 59 40 10 30 9,250 4,460 4,790
Hong KongCensus data footnote 60 15 0 20 1,460 715 735
India 90 40 55 21,990 11,395 10,595
IranCensus data footnote 61 20 10 10 1,180