Dictionary, Census of Population, 2016
Description of Figure 3.3A
Figure 3.3A provides an overview of the Aboriginal languages component. The Aboriginal Languages category is broken down into 13 major branches, including: Algonquian, Athabaskan, Haida, Inuit, Iroquoian, Kutenai, Michif, Salish, Siouan, Tlingit, Tsimshian, Wakashan, and Aboriginal languages not otherwise specified. Haida, Kutenai, Michif, Tlingit, and Aboriginal languages not otherwise specified are not broken down further.
By contrast, Algonquian languages are broken down into: Blackfoot; Cree-Montagnais, which includes Atikamekw, Montagnais (Innu), Moose Cree, Naskapi, Northern East Cree, Plains Cree, Southern East Cree, Swampy Cree, Woods Cree, and Cree not otherwise specified; Eastern Algonquian, which includes Malecite and Mi'kmaq; Ojibway-Potawatomi, which includes Algonquin, Ojibway, Oji-Cree and Ottawa (Odawa); and lastly, Algonquian languages not included elsewhere.
Likewise, Athabaskan languages are broken down into Northern Athabaskan and Athabaskan languages not included elsewhere. In turn, Northern Athabaskan is divided into: Babine (Wetsuwet'en), Beaver, Carrier, Chilcotin, Dene, Dogrib (Tlicho), Gwich'in, Sarsi (Sarcee), Sekani, Slavey-Hare, Tahltan, and Tutchone. Further down the hierarchy, Slavey-Hare includes North Slavey (Hare), South Slavey, and Slavey not otherwise specified; Tahltan includes Kaska (Nahani) and Tahltan; meanwhile, Tutchone includes Northern Tutchone and Southern Tutchone.
Inuit languages, for their part, include: Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun), Inuktitut, and Inuit languages not included elsewhere.
Iroquoian languages include: Cayuga, Mohawk, Oneida, and Iroquoian languages not included elsewhere.
Salish languages include: Comox, Lillooet, Shuswap (Secwepemctsin), Straits, Halkomelem, Okanagan, Squamish, Thompson (Ntlakapamux), and Salish languages not included elsewhere.
Siouan languages include: Dakota, Stoney, and Siouan languages not included elsewhere.
Tsimshian languages include: Gitxsan (Gitksan), Nisga'a and Tsimshian.
Lastly, Wakashan languages include: Haisla, Heiltsuk, Kwakiutl (Kwak'wala), Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka), and Wakashan languages not included elsewhere.
Source: Statistics Canada, Census of Population, 2016.
- Date modified: