Dictionary, Census of Population, 2016
Institutional resident

Release date: May 3, 2017


Person who lives in an institutional collective dwelling, such as a hospital, a nursing home or a prison. This includes residents under care or custody (e.g., patients or inmates) or employee residents and family members living with them, if any.

Statistical unit(s)

Not applicable


Not applicable

Reported in

2016,Note 1 2011,Note 1 2006,Note 1 2001, 1996, 1991, 1986, 1981, 1976, 1971

Reported for

Total population

Question number(s)

Not applicable


Not applicable


The population excluding institutional residents may also be referred to as the non-institutional population. This was the applicable population for most topics based on sample data in the census from 1981 to 2006. Most sample data in the 1971 and 1976 censuses were based on the total population, that is, including institutional residents.

In 2011 and 2016, only short-form data were collected for the population living in collective dwellings. Therefore, any tabulations containing sample data will not include these persons. Population in private households is the applicable population for all topics based on sample data from the 2011 National Household Survey and the 2016 Census long-form questionnaire.

Institutional collective dwellings are hospitals, nursing homes and facilities that are a mix of both a nursing home and a residence for senior citizens, residential care facilities, such as group homes for persons with disabilities or addictions, shelters, correctional and custodial facilities.


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