Dictionary, Census of Population, 2016
Knowledge of non-official languages

Release date: May 3, 2017 Updated on: October 25, 2017


'Knowledge of non-official languages' refers to whether the person can conduct a conversation in a language other than English or French. For a child who has not yet learned to speak, this includes languages that the child is learning to speak at home. The number of languages that can be reported may vary between surveys, depending on the objectives of the survey.

Statistical unit(s)



Non-official Language(s) 2016
Number of Non-official Languages

Reported in

2016 (25% sample); 2011Note 1 (30% sample); 2006, 2001, 1996 and 1991 (20% sample).

Reported for


Question number(s)

Direct variable: Question 16


See Figures 3.3, 3.3A, 3.3B, 3.3C and 3.3D.


For more information on language variables, including information on their classifications, the questions from which they are derived, data quality and their comparability with other sources of data, please refer to the Languages Reference Guide, Census of Population, 2016.


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