Dictionary, Census of Population, 2016
Knowledge of official languages

Release date: May 3, 2017 Updated on: August 2, 2017


'Knowledge of official languages' refers to whether the person can conduct a conversation in English only, French only, in both or in neither language. For a child who has not yet learned to speak, this includes languages that the child is learning to speak at home.

Statistical unit(s)



Knowledge of Official Languages

Reported in

2016 and 2011 (100% data); 2006, 2001, 1996, 1991, 1986 and 1981 (20% sample).

Reported for

Total population

Question number(s)

Direct variable: Question 7


English only; French only; Both English and French; Neither English nor French


For more information on language variables, including information on their classifications, the questions from which they are derived, data quality and their comparability with other sources of data, please refer to the Languages Reference Guide, Census of Population, 2016.

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