Dictionary, Census of Population, 2016
Registered or Treaty Indian status

Release date: May 3, 2017 Updated on: October 25, 2017


'Registered or Treaty Indian status' refers to whether or not a person is a Registered or Treaty Indian. Registered Indians are persons who are registered under the Indian Act of Canada. Treaty Indians are persons who belong to a First Nation or Indian band that signed a treaty with the Crown. Registered or Treaty Indians are sometimes also called Status Indians.

Statistical unit(s)



Registered or Treaty Indian status

Reported in

2016 (25% sample); 2011Note 1 (30% sample); 2006, 2001, 1996 and 1991 (20% sample).

Reported for

Population in private households

Question number(s)

Direct variable: Question 20


Respondents could reply 'No' or 'Yes, Status Indian (Registered or Treaty)' by checking off the appropriate mark-in circle in Question 20.


The 2016 Census of Population Registered or Treaty Indian status question asked: "Is this person a Status Indian (Registered or Treaty Indian as defined by the Indian Act of Canada)?"

As well, additional instructions were provided to respondents in the 2016 Census of Population Long-form Guide:

Mark "Yes, Status Indian (Registered or Treaty)" for persons who:

All other persons should mark "No" including persons who may be entitled to register under provisions of the Indian Act, but for some reason have not.

Users should be aware that the estimates associated with this variable are more affected than most by the incomplete enumeration of certain Indian reserves and Indian settlements in the Census of Population.

For additional information on the collection and dissemination of Aboriginal data, including incompletely enumerated Indian reserves and Indian settlements, refer to Aboriginal Peoples Reference Guide, Census of Population, 2016 and to Aboriginal Peoples Technical Report, Census of Population, 2016.


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