Dictionary, Census of Population, 2016
'Aboriginal group' refers to whether the person is First Nations (North American Indian), Métis or Inuk (Inuit). These are the three groups defined as the Aboriginal peoples of Canada in the Constitution Act, 1982, Section 35 (2). A person may be in more than one of these three specific groups.
First Nations (North American Indian) includes Status and non-Status Indians.
Aboriginal group response
2016 (25% sample); 2011Note 1 (30% sample); 2006, 2001 and 1996 (20% sample).
Population in private households
Direct variable: Question 18
Respondents could reply 'Yes, First Nations (North American Indian),' 'Yes, Métis,' 'Yes, Inuk (Inuit)' or 'No, not an Aboriginal person' by checking off the appropriate mark-in circle in Question 18.
In the 2016 Census of Population, Question 18 asked 'Is this person an Aboriginal person, that is, First Nations (North American Indian), Métis or Inuk (Inuit)?'
A note accompanying the question stated that:
First Nations (North American Indian) includes Status and Non-Status Indians.
As well, additional instructions were provided to respondents in the 2016 Census of Population Long-form Guide:
- Answer this question regardless of whether or not this person is an Aboriginal person of North America.
- Aboriginal people are usually those with ancestors who resided in North America prior to European contact and who identify with one of the three Aboriginal groups listed on the questionnaire - First Nations (North American Indian), Métis and Inuit
- Persons who consider themselves to be East Indian or Asian Indian, or who have ethnic roots on the subcontinent of India, should respond 'No' to this question.
- Individuals who refer to themselves as Métis in the context of mixed ancestry, but who do not have North American Aboriginal ancestry, for example, those from Africa, the Caribbean and South America should respond 'No.'
Users should be aware that the estimates associated with this variable are more affected than most by the incomplete enumeration of certain Indian reserves and Indian settlements in the Census of Population.
For additional information on the collection and dissemination of Aboriginal data, including incompletely enumerated reserves and settlements, refer to the Aboriginal Peoples Reference Guide, Census of Population, 2016 and the Aboriginal Peoples Technical Report, Census of Population, 2016.