Dictionary, Census of Population, 2016
Labour force status (based on 1971 concepts)

Release date: May 3, 2017


'Labour force status' refers to whether a person was employed, unemployed or not in the labour force during the week of Sunday May 1 to Saturday May 7, 2016, according to 1971 labour force status concepts.

Early enumeration was conducted in remote, isolated parts of the provinces and territories in February, March and April 2016. When enumeration has taken place before May 2016, the reference date used is the date on which the household was enumerated.

Statistical unit(s)

Person 15 years or over


Not applicable

Reported in

2016 (25% sample); 2011Note 1 (30% sample); 2006, 2001, 1996, 1991, 1986 and 1981 (20% sample). For availability prior to 1981, please refer to Appendix 2.0.

Reported for

Population aged 15 years and over in private households

Question number(s)

Derived variable: Questions 30 to 35


The categories for the historical labour force status variable are:


The population aged 15 years and over are classified according to 1971 labour force status concepts as follows:



Not in the labour force

Persons aged 15 years and over who are not employed or unemployed are considered 'Not in the Labour Force.' According to 1971 labour force status concepts this category also includes:


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