Dictionary, Census of Population, 2016
Residence on or off reserve

Release date: May 3, 2017 Updated on: October 25, 2017


'Residence on or off reserve' refers to whether the person's usual place of residence is in a census subdivision (CSD) that is defined as 'on reserve' or 'off reserve'.

On reserve includes six census subdivision (CSD) types legally affiliated with First Nations or Indian bands, i.e., Indian reserve (IRI), Indian settlement (S-É) (except for the four Indian settlements of Champagne Landing 10, Klukshu, Two Mile and Two and One-Half Mile Village, and Kloo Lake located in Yukon), Indian government district (IGD), terres réservées aux Cris (TC), terres réservées aux Naskapis (TK) and Nisga'a land (NL).

Off reserve includes all CSDs in Canada not defined as on reserve.

Statistical unit(s)



Residence on or off reserve

Reported in

Not applicable

Reported for

Not applicable

Question number(s)

Not applicable


Not applicable


For additional information on the collection and dissemination of Aboriginal data, including incompletely enumerated reserves and settlements, refer to the Aboriginal Peoples Reference Guide, Census of Population, 2016 and the Aboriginal Peoples Technical Report, Census of Population, 2016.

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