Products and services, 2016 Census of population
Custom tabulations are available from the 100% short-form databases for census years 1971 to 2016, and from the census long-form sample databases for reference years 1971 to 2016. Custom tabulations from the National Household Survey (NHS) are available for 2011. They are produced to meet the needs of individual users, according to their exact requirements in terms of content, geography, format and output medium. This includes the derivation of new variables and the creation of custom geographies. The flexibility of this tabulation type allows for the handling of many demanding and complex requests. Experienced census consultants are available to advise clients on the tabulation that will best suit their needs.
Census semi-custom services
Semi-custom services allow users to replicate the data content of standard tabulations for custom geographies or a fixed profile for custom geographies or custom target groups. Semi-custom services comprise three types of tables: semi-custom profiles, target group profiles and semi-custom cross-tabulations.
Semi-custom profiles replicate a fixed profile for custom geographies. This format allows for easy comparison of characteristics between geographies. The semi-custom profile content pertains to individuals, families, households and dwellings. Additional costs apply for the creation of custom geographies. Semi-custom profiles are available for the 1971 Census, 1981 to 2011 censuses, 2011 NHS, and for the 2016 Census.
Target group profiles
Target group profiles (TGPs) replicate a fixed profile for a custom target group (such as a specific linguistic group). This format allows for easier analysis of the characteristics of a target group on its own. In addition to the target group, the desired geography can also be customized. The content of a target group profile pertains to the universe of individuals only (no family, household or dwelling data are available). Additional costs may apply for the creation of a target group profile and for the creation of any custom geography. Target group profiles are available for 1991 to 2011 censuses, 2011 NHS, and for the 2016 Census.
Semi-custom cross-tabulations enable users to replicate the content of published tabulations for the geographic area(s) and output medium of their choice. Some tabulations provide a simple overview of the country, while others consist of three or four cross-tabulated variables; and still others are of particular or analytic interest. Semi-custom cross-tabulations are available for the 1971 Census, 1981 to 2011 censuses, 2011 NHS, and for the 2016 Census.
Microdata files at the Research Data Centres (RDCs)
Census microdata files in RDCs are master files in flat file format. These files provide authorized researchers access to comprehensive social, demographic and economic data about Canada and its people, and they contain a wealth of characteristics on the population. These files enable analysis of individuals in relation to their census families, economic families and households. Microdata files from 1971 to 2011 censuses as well as the 2011 NHS are available in RDCs.
To access the microdata housed in the RDCs, researchers (applicants) must submit a project proposal to the Social Sciences and Humanities Research Council (SSHRC) and Statistics Canada. Each proposal is evaluated by SSHRC and then by a Statistics Canada subject-matter expert. The approval of proposals is based on:
- relevance of the methods to be applied—the data to be analyzed
- demonstrated need for access to detailed microdata
- expertise and ability of the researchers to carry out the proposed research, as illustrated in the curricula vitae and list of contributions.
For more information on the application process, refer to the following link: The Research Data Centres Program: Application process and guidelines.
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