Census Profile, 2021 Census of Population
Profile table

Add a geography

Add a geography

You can add up to five (5) geographies to the table. For comparison of more than five geographies, please refer to the comprehensive download files.

Add or remove data

Add or remove data

Topic:
Select all topics
Age
Age characteristics
Commuting
Select all: Commuting
Commuting destination
Commuting duration
Main mode of commuting
Place of work status
Time leaving for work
Education
Select all: Education
Highest certificate, diploma or degree
Location of study compared with province or territory of residence
Major field of study - Classification of Instructional Programs (CIP) 2021
Secondary (high) school diploma or equivalency certificate
Ethnocultural and religious diversity
Select all: Ethnocultural and religious diversity
Ethnic or cultural origin
Religion
Visible minority
Families, households, and marital status
Select all: Families, households, and marital status
Family characteristics
Household type
Marital status
Housing
Household characteristics
Immigration, place of birth, and citizenship
Select all: Immigration, place of birth, and citizenship
Admission category and applicant type
Age at immigration
Citizenship
Generation status
Immigrant status and period of immigration
Pre-admission experience
Selected places of birth for the immigrant population
Selected places of birth for the recent immigrant population
Income
Select all: Income
Income of economic families in 2020
Income of households in 2020
Income of individuals in 2019
Income of individuals in 2020
Low income and income inequality in 2020
Indigenous peoples
Select all: Indigenous peoples
Indigenous ancestry
Indigenous population
Instruction in the minority official language
Select all: Instruction in the minority official language
Children eligible for instruction in the minority official language
Eligibility and instruction in the minority official language for school-aged children
Labour
Select all: Labour
Class of worker including job permanency
Industry - Sectors - North American Industry Classification System (NAICS) 2017
Labour force status
Occupation - Broad category - National Occupational Classification (NOC) 2021
Work activity during the reference year
Language
Select all: Language
All languages spoken at home
First official language spoken
Knowledge of languages
Knowledge of official languages
Language spoken most often at home
Mother tongue
Other language spoken regularly at home
Language of work
Select all: Language of work
All languages used at work
Language used most often at work
Other language(s) used regularly at work
Mobility and migration
Select all: Mobility and migration
Mobility status 1 year ago
Mobility status 5 years ago
Population and dwelling counts
Population and dwellings
Type of dwelling
Household and dwelling characteristics
GenderMore information:


Statistic:
Characteristic Waterloo, Regional municipality (RM)More information:
Ontario
[Census division]
Counts
Total
Population and dwellings
Population, 20211 587,165
Population, 20161 535,154
Population percentage change, 2016 to 2021 9.7
Total private dwellings2 233,253
Private dwellings occupied by usual residents3 222,426
Population density per square kilometre 428.6
Land area in square kilometres 1,370.07
Age characteristics
Total - Age groups of the population - 100% data 587,165
0 to 14 years 101,370
0 to 4 years 31,580
5 to 9 years 34,215
10 to 14 years 35,575
15 to 64 years 394,500
15 to 19 years 35,700
20 to 24 years 42,630
25 to 29 years 45,960
30 to 34 years 43,680
35 to 39 years 41,465
40 to 44 years 38,015
45 to 49 years 37,015
50 to 54 years 37,140
55 to 59 years 38,645
60 to 64 years 34,250
65 years and over 91,295
65 to 69 years 28,280
70 to 74 years 23,690
75 to 79 years 16,380
80 to 84 years 11,250
85 years and over 11,695
85 to 89 years 7,025
90 to 94 years 3,540
95 to 99 years 1,020
100 years and over 115
Total - Distribution (%) of the population by broad age groups - 100% data 100.0
0 to 14 years 17.3
15 to 64 years 67.2
65 years and over 15.5
85 years and over 2.0
Average age of the population 39.4
Median age of the population 38.0
Household and dwelling characteristics
Total - Occupied private dwellings by structural type of dwelling - 100% data 222,425
Single-detached house 118,890
Semi-detached house 13,235
Row house 25,630
Apartment or flat in a duplex 6,275
Apartment in a building that has fewer than five storeys 29,150
Apartment in a building that has five or more storeys 28,680
Other single-attached house 305
Movable dwelling4 260
Total - Private households by household size - 100% data 222,425
1 person 54,845
2 persons 73,200
3 persons 36,150
4 persons 35,775
5 or more persons 22,455
Number of persons in private households 579,380
Average household size 2.6
Marital status
Total - Marital status for the total population aged 15 years and over - 100% data 485,795
Married or living common-law 278,045
Married 234,230
Living common-law 43,810
Living common law - Never married 31,860
Living common law - Separated 2,395
Living common law - Divorced 8,675
Living common law - Widowed 885
Not married and not living common-law 207,755
Not married and not living common law - Never married 145,320
Not married and not living common law - Separated 13,570
Not married and not living common law - Divorced 25,940
Not married and not living common law - Widowed 22,925
Family characteristics
Total - Census families in private households by family size - 100% data5 161,260
2 persons 76,600
3 persons 34,985
4 persons 34,125
5 or more persons 15,555
Average size of census families 3.0
Average number of children in census families with children6 1.8
Total number of census families in private households - 100% data 161,265
Total couple families 135,685
Married couples 113,790
With children6 66,030
Without children 47,765
Common-law couples 21,895
With children6 8,015
Without children 13,885
Total one-parent families 25,575
in which the parent is a woman+ 20,165
in which the parent is a man+ 5,410
Total - Persons in private households - 100% data 579,380
Total - Persons in census families 479,495
Married spouses or common-law partners 271,370
Parents in one-parent families 25,575
Children6 182,545
In a two-parent family 142,175
In a one-parent family 40,375
Total - Persons not in census families in private households - 100% data 99,890
Living alone 54,845
Living with other relatives7 14,310
Living with non-relatives only 30,735
Household type
Total - Household type - 100% data 222,430
One-census-family households without additional persons 139,560
Couple-family households 119,870
With children6 65,765
Without children 54,105
One-parent-family households 19,690
Multigenerational households8 7,470
Multiple-census-family households9 1,495
One-census-family households with additional persons9 7,180
Two-or-more-person non-census-family households 11,875
One-person households 54,845
Income of individuals in 2020
Total - Income statistics in 2020 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data10 478,145
Number of total income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2020 - 100% data 457,230
Median total income in 2020 among recipients ($) 42,400
Number of after-tax income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2020 - 100% data 457,445
Median after-tax income in 2020 among recipients ($) 38,400
Number of market income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2020 - 100% data 411,950
Median market income in 2020 among recipients ($) 38,000
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2020 - 100% data 345,310
Median employment income in 2020 among recipients ($) 40,000
Number of government transfers recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2020 - 100% data 410,285
Median government transfers in 2020 among recipients ($) 7,250
Number of employment insurance benefits recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2020 - 100% data 41,225
Median employment insurance benefits in 2020 among recipients ($) 5,480
Number of COVID-19 emergency and recovery benefits recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2020 - 100% data 131,085
Median COVID-19 emergency and recovery benefits in 2020 among recipients ($) 8,000
Total - Income statistics in 2020 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data11 478,140
Number of total income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2020 - 25% sample data 457,090
Average total income in 2020 among recipients ($) 54,750
Number of after-tax income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2020 - 25% sample data 457,315
Average after-tax income in 2020 among recipients ($) 45,600
Number of market income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2020 - 25% sample data 411,745
Average market income in 2020 among recipients ($) 51,040
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2020 - 25% sample data 345,315
Average employment income in 2020 among recipients ($) 51,200
Number of government transfers recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2020 - 25% sample data 410,335
Average government transfers in 2020 among recipients ($) 9,770
Number of employment insurance benefits recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2020 - 25% sample data 40,905
Average employment insurance benefits in 2020 among recipients ($) 6,520
Number of COVID-19 emergency and recovery benefits recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2020 - 25% sample data 131,300
Average COVID-19 emergency and recovery benefits in 2020 among recipients ($) 8,410
Total - Employment income statistics in 2020 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data12 478,140
Number of employment income recipients in 2020 who worked full-year full-time in 2020 - 25% sample data13 171,065
Median employment income in 2020 for full-year full-time workers in 2020 ($)14 65,000
Average employment income in 2020 for full-year full-time workers in 2020 ($)15 77,700
Number of employment income recipients in 2020 who worked part-year or part-time in 2020 - 25% sample data16 133,560
Median employment income in 2020 of those who worked part-year or part-time in 2020 ($) 18,400
Average employment income in 2020 of those who worked part-year or part-time in 2020 ($) 27,560
Composition of total income in 2020 of the population aged 15 years and over in private households (%) - 25% sample data17 100.0
Market income (%)18 84.0
Employment income (%)19 70.6
Government transfers (%)20 16.0
Employment insurance benefits (%) 1.1
COVID-19 - Government income support and benefits (%) 5.1
COVID-19 - Emergency and recovery benefits (%) 4.4
Total - Total income groups in 2020 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data21 478,140
Without total income 20,910
With total income 457,230
Under $10,000 (including loss) 38,745
$10,000 to $19,999 53,085
$20,000 to $29,999 67,290
$30,000 to $39,999 56,395
$40,000 to $49,999 50,835
$50,000 to $59,999 43,830
$60,000 to $69,999 34,310
$70,000 to $79,999 26,085
$80,000 to $89,999 19,565
$90,000 to $99,999 15,530
$100,000 and over 51,575
$100,000 to $149,999 35,345
$150,000 and over 16,235
Total - After-tax income groups in 2020 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data22 478,140
Without after-tax income 20,695
With after-tax income 457,445
Under $10,000 (including loss) 40,325
$10,000 to $19,999 55,260
$20,000 to $29,999 76,150
$30,000 to $39,999 67,555
$40,000 to $49,999 60,630
$50,000 to $59,999 46,970
$60,000 to $69,999 32,935
$70,000 to $79,999 23,275
$80,000 to $89,999 18,370
$90,000 to $99,999 10,845
$100,000 and over 25,130
$100,000 to $124,999 12,785
$125,000 and over 12,340
Total - Employment income groups in 2020 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data19 478,140
Without employment income 132,830
With employment income 345,315
Under $5,000 (including loss) 43,980
$5,000 to $9,999 26,640
$10,000 to $19,999 40,025
$20,000 to $29,999 30,375
$30,000 to $39,999 30,880
$40,000 to $49,999 32,025
$50,000 to $59,999 29,070
$60,000 to $69,999 24,020
$70,000 to $79,999 18,870
$80,000 to $89,999 15,195
$90,000 to $99,999 13,240
$100,000 and over 40,995
$100,000 to $124,999 20,285
$125,000 and over 20,710
Income of individuals in 2019
Total - Income statistics in 2019 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data23 478,145
Number of total income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2019 - 100% data 447,055
Median total income in 2019 among recipients ($) 40,400
Number of after-tax income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2019 - 100% data 447,145
Median after-tax income in 2019 among recipients ($) 36,400
Number of market income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2019 - 100% data 405,690
Median market income in 2019 among recipients ($) 38,800
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2019 - 100% data 343,965
Median employment income in 2019 among recipients ($) 40,400
Number of government transfers recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2019 - 100% data 384,170
Median government transfers in 2019 among recipients ($) 1,640
Number of employment insurance benefits recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2019 -100% data 30,230
Median employment insurance benefits in 2019 among recipients ($) 5,520
Total - Income statistics in 2019 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data24 478,140
Number of total income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2019 - 25% sample data 447,300
Average total income in 2019 among recipients ($) 52,100
Number of after-tax income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2019 - 25% sample data 447,395
Average after-tax income in 2019 among recipients ($) 43,240
Number of market income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2019 - 25% sample data 405,845
Average market income in 2019 among recipients ($) 51,040
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2019 - 25% sample data 344,300
Average employment income in 2019 among recipients ($) 51,040
Number of government transfers recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2019 - 25% sample data 384,265
Average government transfers in 2019 among recipients ($) 6,700
Number of employment insurance benefits recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2019 - 25% sample data 30,280
Average employment insurance benefits in 2019 among recipients ($) 7,460
Total - Employment income statistics in 2019 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data25 478,140
Number of employment income recipients in 2019 who worked full-year full-time in 2020 - 25% sample data13 169,810
Median employment income in 2019 for full-year full-time workers in 2020 ($)14 61,200
Average employment income in 2019 for full-year full-time workers in 2020 ($)15 72,900
Number of employment income recipients in 2019 who worked part-year or part-time in 2020 - 25% sample data16 124,885
Median employment income in 2019 of those who worked part-year or part-time in 2020 ($) 23,800
Average employment income in 2019 of those who worked part-year or part-time in 2020 ($) 32,920
Composition of total income in 2019 of the population aged 15 years and over in private households (%) - 25% sample data 100.0
Market income (%) 89.0
Employment income (%) 75.4
Government transfers (%) 11.1
Employment insurance benefits (%) 1.0
Income of households in 2020
Total - Income statistics for private households - 100% data26 222,425
Median total income of household in 2020 ($) 92,000
Median after-tax income of household in 2020 ($) 81,000
Total - Income statistics for one-person private households - 100% data 54,845
Median total income of one-person households in 2020 ($) 44,800
Median after-tax income of one-person households in 2020 ($) 40,000
Total - Income statistics for two-or-more-persons private households - 100% data 167,585
Median total income of two-or-more-person households in 2020 ($) 111,000
Median after-tax income of two-or-more-person households in 2020 ($) 97,000
Total - Income statistics for private households - 25% sample data27 222,425
Average total income of household in 2020 ($) 112,500
Average after-tax income of household in 2020 ($) 93,700
Total - Income statistics for one-person private households - 25% sample data 54,820
Average total income of one-person households in 2020 ($) 55,800
Average after-tax income of one-person households in 2020 ($) 46,800
Total - Income statistics for two-or-more-persons private households - 25% sample data 167,605
Average total income of two-or-more-person households in 2020 ($) 131,200
Average after-tax income of two-or-more-person households in 2020 ($) 109,100
Total - Household total income groups in 2020 for private households - 100% data21 222,425
Under $5,000 2,495
$5,000 to $9,999 1,060
$10,000 to $14,999 2,195
$15,000 to $19,999 3,455
$20,000 to $24,999 6,145
$25,000 to $29,999 6,435
$30,000 to $34,999 5,925
$35,000 to $39,999 6,830
$40,000 to $44,999 7,300
$45,000 to $49,999 7,635
$50,000 to $59,999 15,115
$60,000 to $69,999 15,065
$70,000 to $79,999 14,515
$80,000 to $89,999 13,790
$90,000 to $99,999 13,265
$100,000 and over 101,205
$100,000 to $124,999 28,660
$125,000 to $149,999 21,715
$150,000 to $199,999 26,510
$200,000 and over 24,315
Total - Household after-tax income groups in 2020 for private households - 100% data22 222,425
Under $5,000 2,760
$5,000 to $9,999 1,105
$10,000 to $14,999 2,250
$15,000 to $19,999 3,620
$20,000 to $24,999 6,570
$25,000 to $29,999 7,315
$30,000 to $34,999 7,115
$35,000 to $39,999 7,980
$40,000 to $44,999 8,875
$45,000 to $49,999 9,030
$50,000 to $59,999 17,860
$60,000 to $69,999 17,960
$70,000 to $79,999 16,980
$80,000 to $89,999 16,295
$90,000 to $99,999 14,850
$100,000 and over 81,875
$100,000 to $124,999 29,845
$125,000 to $149,999 20,115
$150,000 and over 31,915
Income of economic families in 2020
Total - Income statistics for economic families in private households - 100% data28 158,635
Median total income of economic family in 2020 ($) 111,000
Median after-tax income of economic family in 2020 ($) 97,000
Average family size of economic families 3.1
Total - Income statistics for couple-only economic families in private households - 100% data 55,670
Median total income of couple-only economic families in 2020 ($) 96,000
Median after-tax income of couple-only economic families in 2020 ($) 84,000
Average family size of couple-only economic families 2.0
Total - Income statistics for couple-with-children economic families in private households - 100% data 74,425
Median total income of couple-with-children economic families in 2020 ($) 139,000
Median after-tax income of couple-with-children economic families in 2020 ($) 119,000
Average family size of couple-with-children economic families 4.1
Total - Income statistics for one-parent economic families in private households - 100% data 23,415
Median total income of one-parent economic families in 2020 ($) 72,500
Median after-tax income of one-parent economic families in 2020 ($) 66,500
Average family size of one-parent economic families 2.7
Total - Income statistics for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families in private households - 100% data29 85,575
Median total income in 2020 ($)30 38,400
Median after-tax income in 2020 ($)30 34,800
Total - Income statistics for economic families in private households - 25% sample data31 158,595
Average total income of economic family in 2020 ($) 131,800
Average after-tax income of economic family in 2020 ($) 109,300
Total - Income statistics for couple-only economic families in private households - 25% sample data 55,615
Average total income of couple-only economic families in 2020 ($) 114,200
Average after-tax income of couple-only economic families in 2020 ($) 94,500
Total - Income statistics for couple-with-children economic families in private households - 25% sample data 74,565
Average total income of couple-with-children economic families in 2020 ($) 161,200
Average after-tax income of couple-with-children economic families in 2020 ($) 132,200
Total - Income statistics for one-parent economic families in private households - 25% sample data 23,275
Average total income of one-parent economic families in 2020 ($) 83,400
Average after-tax income of one-parent economic families in 2020 ($) 73,500
Total - Income statistics for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families in private households - 25% sample data32 85,435
Average total income in 2020 ($)30 48,160
Average after-tax income in 2020 ($)30 41,080
Low income and income inequality in 2020
Total - LIM low-income status in 2020 for the population in private households - 100% data33 579,385
0 to 17 years 122,190
0 to 5 years 38,300
18 to 64 years 370,980
65 years and over 86,210
In low income based on the Low-income measure, after tax (LIM-AT) 53,710
0 to 17 years 13,145
0 to 5 years 4,480
18 to 64 years 31,285
65 years and over 9,285
Prevalence of low income based on the Low-income measure, after tax (LIM-AT) (%) 9.3
0 to 17 years (%) 10.8
0 to 5 years (%) 11.7
18 to 64 years (%) 8.4
65 years and over (%) 10.8
Total - LICO low-income status in 2020 for the population in private households to whom the low-income concept is applicable - 100% data33 579,380
0 to 17 years 122,190
0 to 5 years 38,295
18 to 64 years 370,980
65 years and over 86,210
In low income based on the Low-income cut-offs, after tax (LICO-AT) 35,690
0 to 17 years 6,455
0 to 5 years 2,120
18 to 64 years 26,695
65 years and over 2,535
Prevalence of low income based on the Low-income cut-offs, after tax (LICO-AT) (%) 6.2
0 to 17 years (%) 5.3
0 to 5 years (%) 5.5
18 to 64 years (%) 7.2
65 years and over (%) 2.9
Total - Adjusted after-tax economic family income decile group for the population in private households - 100% data34The letter 'c' in a yellow triangle indicates a correction notice. 579,385
In bottom half of the distribution 271,515
In bottom decile 52,450
In second decile 52,050
In third decile 53,865
In fourth decile 54,950
In fifth decile 58,210
In top half of the distribution 307,865
In sixth decile 59,880
In seventh decile 61,840
In eighth decile 63,460
In ninth decile 63,970
In top decile 58,715
Total - Inequality measures for the population in private households - 100% data35 579,380
Gini index on adjusted household total income 0.329
Gini index on adjusted household market income 0.431
Gini index on adjusted household after-tax income 0.287
P90/P10 ratio on adjusted household after-tax income 3.6
Knowledge of official languages
Total - Knowledge of official languages for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% data36 582,210
English only 534,055
French only 260
English and French 36,705
Neither English nor French 11,185
First official language spoken
Total - First official language spoken for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% data37 582,210
English 562,960
French 5,630
English and French 2,705
Neither English nor French 10,915
Mother tongue
Total - Mother tongue for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% data38 582,210
Single responses 559,980
Official languages 408,650
English 403,060
French 5,590
Non-official languages 151,325
Indigenous languages39 25
Algonquian languages 20
Blackfoot 0
Cree-Innu languages 5
Atikamekw 0
Cree languages 5
Ililimowin (Moose Cree) 0
Inu Ayimun (Southern East Cree) 0
Iyiyiw-Ayimiwin (Northern East Cree) 0
Nehinawewin (Swampy Cree) 0
Nehiyawewin (Plains Cree) 0
Nihithawiwin (Woods Cree) 0
Cree, n.o.s. 5
Innu (Montagnais) 0
Naskapi 0
Eastern Algonquian languages 0
Mi'kmaq 0
Wolastoqewi (Malecite) 0
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 10
Anicinabemowin (Algonquin) 0
Oji-Cree 0
Ojibway languages 10
Anishinaabemowin (Chippewa) 0
Daawaamwin (Odawa) 0
Saulteau (Western Ojibway) 0
Ojibway, n.o.s. 10
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 0
Athabaskan languages 0
Northern Athabaskan languages 0
Dakelh (Carrier) 0
Dane-zaa (Beaver) 0
Dene, n.o.s. 0
Gwich'in 0
Slavey-Hare languages 0
Deh Gah Ghotie Zhatie (South Slavey) 0
Satuotine Yati (North Slavey) 0
Slavey, n.o.s. 0
Tahltan languages 0
Kaska (Nahani) 0
Tahltan 0
Tlicho (Dogrib) 0
Tse'khene (Sekani) 0
Tsilhqot'in (Chilcotin) 0
Tsuu T'ina (Sarsi) 0
Tutchone languages 0
Northern Tutchone 0
Southern Tutchone 0
Tutchone, n.o.s. 0
Wetsuwet'en-Babine 0
Tlingit 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0
Haida 0
Inuktut (Inuit) languages 5
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 0
Inuinnaqtun 0
Inuvialuktun 0
Inuktitut 5
Inuktut (Inuit) languages, n.i.e. 0
Iroquoian languages 5
Cayuga 0
Mohawk 5
Oneida 0
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 0
Ktunaxa (Kutenai) 0
Michif 0
Salish languages 0
Halkomelem 0
Lillooet 0
Ntlakapamux (Thompson) 0
Secwepemctsin (Shuswap) 0
Squamish 0
Straits 0
Syilx (Okanagan) 0
Salish languages, n.i.e. 0
Siouan languages 0
Assiniboine 0
Dakota 0
Stoney 0
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 0
Tsimshian languages 0
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 0
Nisga'a 0
Tsimshian 0
Wakashan languages 0
Haisla 0
Heiltsuk 0
Kwak'wala (Kwakiutl) 0
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0
Indigenous languages, n.i.e. 0
Indigenous languages, n.o.s. 0
Non-Indigenous languages 151,300
Afro-Asiatic languages 16,235
Berber languages 10
Kabyle 10
Tamazight 0
Berber languages, n.i.e. 0
Chadic languages 15
Hausa 15
Mina 0
Coptic 20
Cushitic languages 2,230
Bilen 570
Oromo 135
Somali 1,405
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 120
Semitic languages 13,965
Amharic 1,070
Arabic 9,535
Aramaic languages 510
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 315
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 100
Aramaic, n.o.s. 105
Harari 30
Hebrew 150
Maltese 55
Tigrigna 2,605
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 10
Austro-Asiatic languages 4,080
Khmer (Cambodian) 255
Vietnamese 3,805
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e 20
Austronesian languages 3,420
Bikol 10
Bisaya, n.o.s. 100
Cebuano 140
Fijian 0
Hiligaynon 70
Ilocano 145
Indonesian 200
Kankanaey 0
Kinaray-a 10
Malagasy languages 0
Merina 0
Malagasy, n.o.s. 0
Malay 35
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 15
Pangasinan 15
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 2,595
Waray-Waray 20
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 60
Creole languages 280
Haitian Creole 50
Jamaican English Creole 10
Krio 15
Morisyen 55
Sango 0
Creole, n.o.s. 90
Creole languages, n.i.e. 60
Dravidian languages 4,770
Kannada 195
Malayalam 2,030
Tamil 1,390
Telugu 1,115
Tulu 15
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 25
Georgian 15
Hmong-Mien languages 430
Indo-European languages 98,925
Albanian 1,085
Armenian 655
Balto-Slavic languages 18,065
Baltic languages 155
Latvian 75
Lithuanian 85
Slavic languages 17,905
Belarusian 20
Bulgarian 180
Czech 590
Macedonian 245
Polish 4,915
Russian 2,295
Rusyn 140
Serbo-Croatian 7,875
Bosnian 650
Croatian 1,930
Serbian 5,175
Serbo-Croatian, n.i.e. 115
Slovak 500
Slovene (Slovenian) 230
Ukrainian 920
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 5
Celtic languages 25
Irish 5
Scottish Gaelic 10
Welsh 10
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 5
Germanic languages 14,885
Frisian 25
High German languages 12,150
German 9,275
Pennsylvania German 2,785
Swiss German 90
Yiddish 10
Low Saxon-Low Franconian languages 2,490
Afrikaans 115
Dutch 1,755
Low German, n.o.s. 130
Low Saxon 30
Plautdietsch 410
Vlaams (Flemish) 50
Scandinavian languages 205
Danish 135
Icelandic 5
Norwegian 15
Swedish 50
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 10
Greek 1,265
Indo-Iranian languages 36,180
Indo-Aryan languages 29,875
Assamese 10
Bengali 1,345
Gujarati 5,670
Hindi 4,120
Kacchi 130
Kashmiri 0
Konkani 55
Marathi 380
Nepali 910
Oriya languages 25
Odia 15
Oriya, n.o.s. 5
Punjabi (Panjabi) 10,625
Rohingya 240
Sindhi 145
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 375
Urdu 5,755
Indo-Aryan languages, n.i.e. 80
Iranian languages 6,295
Baluchi 20
Kurdish 755
Parsi 10
Pashto 1,120
Persian languages 4,355
Dari 1,595
Iranian Persian 2,260
Persian (Farsi), n.o.s. 505
Iranian languages, n.i.e. 35
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 10
Italic (Romance) languages 26,755
Catalan 5
Italian 1,655
Portuguese 9,955
Romanian 4,975
Spanish 10,155
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 15
Indo-European languages, n.i.e. 10
Japanese 475
Korean 2,680
Mongolian 10
Niger-Congo languages 1,160
Akan (Twi) 145
Bamanankan 0
Edo 15
Éwé 15
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 0
Ga 5
Ganda 20
Gikuyu 5
Igbo 80
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 60
Lingala 10
Luba-Kasai 0
Mòoré 0
Mwani 10
Ndebele 25
Rundi (Kirundi) 40
Shona 120
Soninke 0
Sotho-Tswana languages 10
Swahili 190
Wojenaka 0
Wolof 15
Yoruba 245
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 140
Nilo-Saharan languages 320
Dinka 10
Nuer 115
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 185
African, n.o.s. 5
Sign languages 130
American Sign Language 115
Quebec Sign Language 0
Sign languages, n.i.e. 20
Sino-Tibetan languages 13,750
Chinese languages 13,255
Hakka 40
Mandarin 10,415
Min Dong 10
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 200
Wu (Shanghainese) 60
Yue (Cantonese) 2,305
Chinese, n.o.s. 220
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 5
Tibeto-Burman languages 480
Burmese 115
Kuki-Chin languages 205
Karenic languages 110
S'gaw Karen 95
Karenic languages, n.i.e. 15
Tibetan 15
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 40
Sino-Tibetan languages, n.i.e. 15
Tai-Kadai languages 1,010
Lao 885
Thai 125
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e. 0
Turkic languages 1,890
Azerbaijani 100
Kazakh 5
Turkish 1,700
Uyghur 35
Uzbek 20
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 30
Uralic languages 1,680
Estonian 75
Finnish 110
Hungarian 1,500
Other languages, n.i.e. 40
Multiple responses 22,230
English and French 2,145
English and non-official language(s) 17,500
French and non-official language(s) 320
English, French and non-official language(s) 420
Multiple non-official languages 1,845
All languages spoken at home
Total - All languages spoken at home for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% data40 582,210
English 421,735
French 990
Non-official language 44,740
Indigenous39 0
Non-Indigenous 44,740
English and French 4,975
English and non-official language(s) 103,235
French and non-official language(s) 155
English, French and non-official language(s) 2,905
Multiple non-official languages 3,470
Language spoken most often at home
Total - Language spoken most often at home for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% data41 582,210
Single responses 557,380
Official languages 469,090
English 467,460
French 1,630
Non-official languages 88,290
Indigenous languages39 10
Algonquian languages 0
Blackfoot 0
Cree-Innu languages 0
Atikamekw 0
Cree languages 0
Ililimowin (Moose Cree) 0
Inu Ayimun (Southern East Cree) 0
Iyiyiw-Ayimiwin (Northern East Cree) 0
Nehinawewin (Swampy Cree) 0
Nehiyawewin (Plains Cree) 0
Nihithawiwin (Woods Cree) 0
Cree, n.o.s. 0
Innu (Montagnais) 0
Naskapi 0
Eastern Algonquian languages 0
Mi'kmaq 0
Wolastoqewi (Malecite) 0
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 0
Anicinabemowin (Algonquin) 0
Oji-Cree 0
Ojibway languages 0
Anishinaabemowin (Chippewa) 0
Daawaamwin (Odawa) 0
Saulteau (Western Ojibway) 0
Ojibway, n.o.s. 0
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 0
Athabaskan languages 5
Northern Athabaskan languages 5
Dakelh (Carrier) 0
Dane-zaa (Beaver) 0
Dene, n.o.s. 0
Gwich'in 0
Slavey-Hare languages 0
Deh Gah Ghotie Zhatie (South Slavey) 0
Satuotine Yati (North Slavey) 0
Slavey, n.o.s. 0
Tahltan languages 0
Kaska (Nahani) 0
Tahltan 0
Tlicho (Dogrib) 0
Tse'khene (Sekani) 0
Tsilhqot'in (Chilcotin) 0
Tsuu T'ina (Sarsi) 0
Tutchone languages 0
Northern Tutchone 0
Southern Tutchone 0
Tutchone, n.o.s. 0
Wetsuwet'en-Babine 0
Tlingit 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0
Haida 0
Inuktut (Inuit) languages 0
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 0
Inuinnaqtun 0
Inuvialuktun 0
Inuktitut 0
Inuktut (Inuit) languages, n.i.e. 0
Iroquoian languages 0
Cayuga 0
Mohawk 0
Oneida 0
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 0
Ktunaxa (Kutenai) 0
Michif 0
Salish languages 0
Halkomelem 0
Lillooet 0
Ntlakapamux (Thompson) 0
Secwepemctsin (Shuswap) 0
Squamish 0
Straits 0
Syilx (Okanagan) 0
Salish languages, n.i.e. 0
Siouan languages 0
Assiniboine 0
Dakota 0
Stoney 0
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 0
Tsimshian languages 0
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 0
Nisga'a 0
Tsimshian 0
Wakashan languages 0
Haisla 0
Heiltsuk 0
Kwak'wala (Kwakiutl) 0
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0
Indigenous languages, n.i.e. 0
Indigenous languages, n.o.s. 0
Non-Indigenous languages 88,280
Afro-Asiatic languages 11,060
Berber languages 15
Kabyle 10
Tamazight 0
Berber languages, n.i.e. 0
Chadic languages 10
Hausa 10
Mina 0
Coptic 15
Cushitic languages 1,550
Bilen 525
Oromo 80
Somali 875
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 65
Semitic languages 9,480
Amharic 640
Arabic 6,290
Aramaic languages 375
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 215
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 75
Aramaic, n.o.s. 75
Harari 25
Hebrew 65
Maltese 5
Tigrigna 2,080
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 5
Austro-Asiatic languages 2,725
Khmer (Cambodian) 140
Vietnamese 2,570
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e 10
Austronesian languages 1,750
Bikol 0
Bisaya, n.o.s. 65
Cebuano 60
Fijian 0
Hiligaynon 40
Ilocano 75
Indonesian 65
Kankanaey 0
Kinaray-a 0
Malagasy languages 0
Merina 0
Malagasy, n.o.s. 0
Malay 15
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 5
Pangasinan 0
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 1,380
Waray-Waray 0
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 25
Creole languages 125
Haitian Creole 20
Jamaican English Creole 10
Krio 15
Morisyen 20
Sango 0
Creole, n.o.s. 45
Creole languages, n.i.e. 25
Dravidian languages 3,010
Kannada 80
Malayalam 1,400
Tamil 805
Telugu 700
Tulu 5
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 10
Georgian 0
Hmong-Mien languages 180
Indo-European languages 54,590
Albanian 655
Armenian 440
Balto-Slavic languages 9,155
Baltic languages 15
Latvian 5
Lithuanian 5
Slavic languages 9,145
Belarusian 10
Bulgarian 70
Czech 175
Macedonian 120
Polish 2,120
Russian 1,370
Rusyn 85
Serbo-Croatian 4,550
Bosnian 365
Croatian 765
Serbian 3,385
Serbo-Croatian, n.i.e. 40
Slovak 140
Slovene (Slovenian) 30
Ukrainian 475
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 0
Celtic languages 5
Irish 0
Scottish Gaelic 0
Welsh 5
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 0
Germanic languages 5,800
Frisian 5
High German languages 5,010
German 2,715
Pennsylvania German 2,270
Swiss German 25
Yiddish 0
Low Saxon-Low Franconian languages 760
Afrikaans 55
Dutch 370
Low German, n.o.s. 105
Low Saxon 5
Plautdietsch 225
Vlaams (Flemish) 0
Scandinavian languages 20
Danish 15
Icelandic 0
Norwegian 0
Swedish 5
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 5
Greek 450
Indo-Iranian languages 24,850
Indo-Aryan languages 20,540
Assamese 5
Bengali 785
Gujarati 3,755
Hindi 2,620
Kacchi 45
Kashmiri 0
Konkani 20
Marathi 180
Nepali 735
Oriya languages 5
Odia 0
Oriya, n.o.s. 5
Punjabi (Panjabi) 8,130
Rohingya 185
Sindhi 95
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 195
Urdu 3,760
Indo-Aryan languages, n.i.e. 35
Iranian languages 4,310
Baluchi 15
Kurdish 435
Parsi 5
Pashto 810
Persian languages 3,020
Dari 1,045
Iranian Persian 1,585
Persian (Farsi), n.o.s. 390
Iranian languages, n.i.e. 25
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 5
Italic (Romance) languages 13,230
Catalan 0
Italian 335
Portuguese 4,645
Romanian 2,400
Spanish 5,835
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 5
Indo-European languages, n.i.e. 0
Japanese 240
Korean 2,035
Mongolian 5
Niger-Congo languages 405
Akan (Twi) 55
Bamanankan 0
Edo 0
Éwé 5
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 0
Ga 0
Ganda 0
Gikuyu 0
Igbo 15
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 20
Lingala 10
Luba-Kasai 0
Mòoré 0
Mwani 0
Ndebele 15
Rundi (Kirundi) 20
Shona 45
Soninke 0
Sotho-Tswana languages 0
Swahili 85
Wojenaka 0
Wolof 0
Yoruba 70
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 55
Nilo-Saharan languages 145
Dinka 0
Nuer 65
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 80
African, n.o.s. 0
Sign languages 215
American Sign Language 190
Quebec Sign Language 0
Sign languages, n.i.e. 25
Sino-Tibetan languages 9,460
Chinese languages 9,085
Hakka 15
Mandarin 7,635
Min Dong 0
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 75
Wu (Shanghainese) 40
Yue (Cantonese) 1,170
Chinese, n.o.s. 140
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 0
Tibeto-Burman languages 365
Burmese 95
Kuki-Chin languages 150
Karenic languages 100
S'gaw Karen 85
Karenic languages, n.i.e. 10
Tibetan 5
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 15
Sino-Tibetan languages, n.i.e. 10
Tai-Kadai languages 500
Lao 455
Thai 45
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e. 5
Turkic languages 1,285
Azerbaijani 50
Kazakh 5
Turkish 1,200
Uyghur 20
Uzbek 5
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 10
Uralic languages 510
Estonian 0
Finnish 5
Hungarian 505
Other languages, n.i.e. 20
Multiple responses 24,825
English and French 900
English and non-official language(s) 23,160
French and non-official language(s) 90
English, French and non-official language(s) 245
Multiple non-official languages 435
Other language spoken regularly at home
Total - Other language(s) spoken regularly at home for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% data42 582,205
None 487,540
English 34,855
French 4,285
Non-official language 43,105
Indigenous39 60
Non-Indigenous 43,050
English and French 425
English and non-official language(s) 5,715
French and non-official language(s) 1,365
English, French and non-official language(s) 90
Multiple non-official languages 4,825
Knowledge of languagesThe letter 'c' in a yellow triangle indicates a correction notice.
Total - Knowledge of languages for the population in private households - 25% sample data43 579,385
Official languages 568,185
English 567,990
French 36,570
Non-official languages 194,930
Indigenous languages39 140
Algonquian languages 105
Blackfoot 0
Cree-Innu languages 20
Atikamekw 0
Cree languages 20
Ililimowin (Moose Cree) 0
Inu Ayimun (Southern East Cree) 0
Iyiyiw-Ayimiwin (Northern East Cree) 0
Nehinawewin (Swampy Cree) 0
Nehiyawewin (Plains Cree) 0
Nihithawiwin (Woods Cree) 0
Cree, n.o.s. 15
Innu (Montagnais) 0
Naskapi 0
Eastern Algonquian languages 20
Mi'kmaq 0
Wolastoqewi (Malecite) 0
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 60
Anicinabemowin (Algonquin) 0
Oji-Cree 0
Ojibway languages 60
Anishinaabemowin (Chippewa) 20
Daawaamwin (Odawa) 0
Saulteau (Western Ojibway) 0
Ojibway, n.o.s. 40
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 0
Athabaskan languages 0
Northern Athabaskan languages 0
Dakelh (Carrier) 0
Dane-zaa (Beaver) 0
Dene, n.o.s. 0
Gwich'in 0
Slavey-Hare languages 0
Deh Gah Ghotie Zhatie (South Slavey) 0
Satuotine Yati (North Slavey) 0
Slavey, n.o.s. 0
Tahltan languages 0
Kaska (Nahani) 0
Tahltan 0
Tlicho (Dogrib) 0
Tse'khene (Sekani) 0
Tsilhqot'in (Chilcotin) 0
Tsuu T'ina (Sarsi) 0
Tutchone languages 0
Northern Tutchone 0
Southern Tutchone 0
Tutchone, n.o.s. 0
Wetsuwet'en-Babine 0
Tlingit 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0
Haida 0
Inuktut (Inuit) languages 0
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 0
Inuinnaqtun 0
Inuvialuktun 0
Inuktitut 0
Inuktut (Inuit) languages, n.i.e. 0
Iroquoian languages 25
Cayuga 0
Mohawk 20
Oneida 0
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 0
Ktunaxa (Kutenai) 0
Michif 0
Salish languages 0
Halkomelem 0
Lillooet 0
Ntlakapamux (Thompson) 0
Secwepemctsin (Shuswap) 0
Squamish 0
Straits 0
Syilx (Okanagan) 0
Salish languages, n.i.e. 0
Siouan languages 0
Assiniboine 0
Dakota 0
Stoney 0
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 0
Tsimshian languages 0
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 0
Nisga'a 0
Tsimshian 0
Wakashan languages 0
Haisla 0
Heiltsuk 0
Kwak'wala (Kwakiutl) 0
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0
Indigenous languages, n.i.e. 0
Indigenous languages, n.o.s. 0
Non-Indigenous languages 194,830
Afro-Asiatic languages 22,445
Berber languages 45
Kabyle 35
Tamazight 0
Berber languages, n.i.e. 0
Chadic languages 70
Hausa 70
Mina 0
Coptic 75
Cushitic languages 2,930
Bilen 785
Oromo 250
Somali 1,715
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 225
Semitic languages 20,275
Amharic 2,165
Arabic 14,700
Aramaic languages 750
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 565
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 90
Aramaic, n.o.s. 110
Harari 55
Hebrew 685
Maltese 60
Tigrigna 3,960
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 95
Austro-Asiatic languages 5,485
Khmer (Cambodian) 360
Vietnamese 5,090
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e 45
Austronesian languages 4,945
Bikol 20
Bisaya, n.o.s. 125
Cebuano 300
Fijian 10
Hiligaynon 145
Ilocano 220
Indonesian 295
Kankanaey 0
Kinaray-a 0
Malagasy languages 30
Merina 0
Malagasy, n.o.s. 0
Malay 110
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 40
Pangasinan 0
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 4,210
Waray-Waray 55
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 190
Creole languages 1,030
Haitian Creole 205
Jamaican English Creole 95
Krio 60
Morisyen 205
Sango 0
Creole, n.o.s. 325
Creole languages, n.i.e. 215
Dravidian languages 6,815
Kannada 415
Malayalam 2,875
Tamil 2,705
Telugu 1,695
Tulu 10
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 25
Georgian 30
Hmong-Mien languages 425
Indo-European languages 130,760
Albanian 1,265
Armenian 810
Balto-Slavic languages 22,110
Baltic languages 240
Latvian 120
Lithuanian 125
Slavic languages 21,910
Belarusian 95
Bulgarian 310
Czech 770
Macedonian 355
Polish 5,885
Russian 3,800
Rusyn 135
Serbo-Croatian 10,055
Bosnian 1,100
Croatian 3,435
Serbian 7,015
Serbo-Croatian, n.i.e. 150
Slovak 680
Slovene (Slovenian) 315
Ukrainian 1,615
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 10
Celtic languages 125
Irish 40
Scottish Gaelic 30
Welsh 45
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 0
Germanic languages 20,125
Frisian 30
High German languages 16,870
German 13,955
Pennsylvania German 3,020
Swiss German 170
Yiddish 55
Low Saxon-Low Franconian languages 3,865
Afrikaans 285
Dutch 2,915
Low German, n.o.s. 50
Low Saxon 55
Plautdietsch 525
Vlaams (Flemish) 55
Scandinavian languages 485
Danish 245
Icelandic 10
Norwegian 80
Swedish 160
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 0
Greek 1,950
Indo-Iranian languages 49,170
Indo-Aryan languages 42,590
Assamese 20
Bengali 1,925
Gujarati 7,870
Hindi 19,095
Kacchi 280
Kashmiri 0
Konkani 125
Marathi 840
Nepali 990
Oriya languages 45
Odia 20
Oriya, n.o.s. 25
Punjabi (Panjabi) 16,175
Rohingya 310
Sindhi 180
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 585
Urdu 10,680
Indo-Aryan languages, n.i.e. 185
Iranian languages 7,625
Baluchi 0
Kurdish 1,105
Parsi 0
Pashto 1,475
Persian languages 5,415
Dari 1,925
Iranian Persian 3,030
Persian (Farsi), n.o.s. 555
Iranian languages, n.i.e. 65
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 35
Italic (Romance) languages 38,675
Catalan 35
Italian 3,495
Portuguese 13,065
Romanian 6,235
Spanish 17,295
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 55
Indo-European languages, n.i.e. 45
Japanese 1,275
Korean 2,905
Mongolian 0
Niger-Congo languages 3,040
Akan (Twi) 315
Bamanankan 0
Edo 60
Éwé 45
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 10
Ga 75
Ganda 25
Gikuyu 10
Igbo 410
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 40
Lingala 80
Luba-Kasai 25
Mòoré 0
Mwani 0
Ndebele 90
Rundi (Kirundi) 25
Shona 225
Soninke 0
Sotho-Tswana languages 15
Swahili 655
Wojenaka 10
Wolof 45
Yoruba 880
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 480
Nilo-Saharan languages 550
Dinka 0
Nuer 245
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 295
African, n.o.s. 30
Sign languages 990
American Sign Language 865
Quebec Sign Language 0
Sign languages, n.i.e. 140
Sino-Tibetan languages 15,990
Chinese languages 15,460
Hakka 40
Mandarin 12,735
Min Dong 0
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 430
Wu (Shanghainese) 100
Yue (Cantonese) 3,585
Chinese, n.o.s. 230
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 0
Tibeto-Burman languages 535
Burmese 300
Kuki-Chin languages 250
Karenic languages 65
S'gaw Karen 60
Karenic languages, n.i.e. 0
Tibetan 0
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 45
Sino-Tibetan languages, n.i.e. 60
Tai-Kadai languages 1,485
Lao 1,325
Thai 300
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e. 0
Turkic languages 2,775
Azerbaijani 270
Kazakh 25
Turkish 2,470
Uyghur 50
Uzbek 35
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 55
Uralic languages 2,100
Estonian 110
Finnish 105
Hungarian 1,880
Other languages, n.i.e. 125
Indigenous population
Total - Indigenous identity for the population in private households - 25% sample data44 579,380
Indigenous identity45 9,960
Single Indigenous responses46 9,315
First Nations (North American Indian) 5,750
Métis 3,380
Inuk (Inuit) 185
Multiple Indigenous responses47 360
Indigenous responses not included elsewhere48 285
Non-Indigenous identity 569,425
Total - Registered or Treaty Indian status for the population in private households - 25% sample data44 579,380
Registered or Treaty Indian49 2,615
Not a Registered or Treaty Indian 576,765
Household characteristics
Total - Private households by tenure - 25% sample data50 222,425
Owner 144,515
Renter 77,910
Dwelling provided by the local government, First Nation or Indian band 0
Total - Occupied private dwellings by condominium status - 25% sample data51 222,425
Condominium 30,500
Not condominium 191,925
Total - Occupied private dwellings by number of bedrooms - 25% sample data52 222,425
No bedrooms 1,005
1 bedroom 26,190
2 bedrooms 48,570
3 bedrooms 91,120
4 or more bedrooms 55,540
Total - Occupied private dwellings by number of rooms - 25% sample data53 222,425
1 to 4 rooms 57,935
5 rooms 32,445
6 rooms 35,105
7 rooms 29,150
8 or more rooms 67,790
Average number of rooms per dwelling 6.4
Total - Private households by number of persons per room - 25% sample data54 222,425
One person or fewer per room 216,430
More than one person per room 5,995
Total - Private households by housing suitability - 25% sample data55 222,425
Suitable 209,150
Not suitable 13,275
Total - Occupied private dwellings by period of construction - 25% sample data56 222,425
1960 or before 40,845
1961 to 1980 58,570
1981 to 1990 30,460
1991 to 2000 28,485
2001 to 2005 18,555
2006 to 2010 14,935
2011 to 2015 13,030
2016 to 202157 17,550
Total - Occupied private dwellings by dwelling condition - 25% sample data58 222,425
Only regular maintenance and minor repairs needed 212,425
Major repairs needed 10,000
Total - Private households by number of household maintainers - 25% sample data59 222,425
One-maintainer household 102,745
Two-maintainer household 107,080
Three-or-more-maintainer household 12,605
Total - Private households by age of primary household maintainers - 25% sample data60 222,425
15 to 24 years 7,980
25 to 34 years 36,370
35 to 44 years 41,490
45 to 54 years 41,700
55 to 64 years 42,160
65 to 74 years 30,055
75 to 84 years 16,695
85 years and over 5,975
Total - Owner and tenant households with household total income greater than zero, in non-farm, non-reserve private dwellings by shelter-cost-to-income ratio - 25% sample data61 220,640
Spending less than 30% of income on shelter costs 172,450
Spending 30% or more of income on shelter costs 48,190
30% to less than 100% 43,455
Total - Occupied private dwellings by housing indicators - 25% sample data62 222,425
Total - Households 'spending 30% or more of income on shelter costs' or 'not suitable' or 'major repairs needed' 65,520
Spending 30% or more of income on shelter costs only 43,125
Not suitable only 9,975
Major repairs needed only 6,625
'Spending 30% or more of income on shelter costs' and 'not suitable' 2,410
'Spending 30% or more of income on shelter costs' and 'major repairs needed' 2,490
'Not suitable' and 'major repairs needed' 730
'Spending 30% or more of income on shelter costs' and 'not suitable' and 'major repairs needed' 155
Acceptable housing 156,910
Total - Owner and tenant households with household total income greater than zero and shelter-cost-to-income ratio less than 100%, in non-farm, non-reserve private dwellings - 25% sample data63 215,910
In core need 19,355
Not in core need 196,550
Total - Owner households in non-farm, non-reserve private dwellings - 25% sample data 143,655
% of owner households with a mortgage64 62.8
% of owner households spending 30% or more of its income on shelter costs61 13.8
% in core housing need63 3.7
Median monthly shelter costs for owned dwellings ($)65 1,530
Average monthly shelter costs for owned dwellings ($)65 1,610
Median value of dwellings ($)66 700,000
Average value of dwellings ($)66 733,000
Total - Tenant households in non-farm, non-reserve private dwellings - 25% sample data 77,875
% of tenant households in subsidized housing67 10.4
% of tenant households spending 30% or more of its income on shelter costs61 36.7
% in core housing need63 18.9
Median monthly shelter costs for rented dwellings ($)65 1,300
Average monthly shelter costs for rented dwellings ($)65 1,350
Total - Households living in a dwelling provided by the local government, First Nation or Indian band in non-farm private dwellings - 25% sample data 0
% of households living in a dwelling provided by the local government, First Nation or Indian band spending more than 30% on shelter costs61 ...
Median monthly shelter costs for dwellings provided by local government, First Nation or Indian band ($)65 ...
Average monthly shelter costs for dwellings provided by local government, First Nation or Indian band ($)65 ...
Indigenous ancestry
Total - Indigenous ancestry for the population in private households - 25% sample data68 579,380
Indigenous ancestry (only)69 2,625
Single Indigenous ancestry (only)70 2,515
First Nations (North American Indian) single ancestry 1,855
Métis single ancestry 560
Inuit single ancestry 100
Multiple Indigenous ancestries (only)71 110
First Nations (North American Indian) and Métis ancestry only 75
First Nations (North American Indian) and Inuit ancestry only 0
Métis and Inuit ancestry only 0
First Nations (North American Indian) and Métis and Inuit ancestry only 0
Indigenous and non-Indigenous ancestries72 11,935
Single Indigenous and non-Indigenous ancestries73 11,665
First Nations (North American Indian) and non-Indigenous ancestry only 8,800
Métis and non-Indigenous ancestry only 2,650
Inuit and non-Indigenous ancestry only 210
Multiple Indigenous and non-Indigenous ancestries74 275
First Nations (North American Indian) and Métis and non-Indigenous ancestry only 215
First Nations (North American Indian) and Inuit and non-Indigenous ancestry only 30
Métis and Inuit and non-Indigenous ancestry only 30
First Nations (North American Indian) and Métis and Inuit and non-Indigenous ancestry only 0
Non-Indigenous ancestry only75 564,820
Citizenship
Total - Citizenship for the population in private households - 25% sample data76 579,385
Canadian citizens77 513,965
Canadian citizens aged under 18 113,465
Canadian citizens aged 18 and over 400,505
Not Canadian citizens78 65,415
Immigrant status and period of immigration
Total - Immigrant status and period of immigration for the population in private households - 25% sample data79 579,385
Non-immigrants80 409,920
Immigrants81 147,190
Before 1980 28,875
1980 to 1990 16,935
1991 to 2000 25,085
2001 to 2010 31,590
2011 to 202182 44,705
2011 to 2015 16,865
2016 to 2021 27,840
Non-permanent residents83 22,270
Age at immigration
Total - Age at immigration for the immigrant population in private households - 25% sample data84 147,190
Under 5 years 15,520
5 to 14 years 27,935
15 to 24 years 28,680
25 to 44 years 63,825
45 years and over 11,230
Selected places of birth for the immigrant population
Total - Place of birth for the immigrant population in private households - 25% sample data85 147,190
Americas 20,975
Brazil 1,220
Colombia 2,120
El Salvador 2,070
Guyana 2,405
Haiti 145
Jamaica 2,335
Mexico 1,060
Peru 155
Trinidad and Tobago 885
United States of America 4,420
Other places of birth in Americas 4,165
Europe 47,965
Bosnia and Herzegovina 2,890
Croatia 2,015
France 425
Germany 3,845
Greece 555
Hungary 675
Italy 1,155
Netherlands 1,345
Poland 4,025
Portugal 6,590
Romania 4,720
Russian Federation 990
Serbia86 2,420
Ukraine 1,015
United Kingdom87 10,235
Other places of birth in Europe 5,080
Africa 13,795
Algeria 60
Congo, Democratic Republic of the 215
Egypt 1,335
Eritrea 3,125
Ethiopia 1,665
Morocco 55
Nigeria 1,465
Somalia 930
South Africa, Republic of 755
Other places of birth in Africa 4,190
Asia 63,975
Afghanistan 1,430
Iran88 2,240
Iraq 2,325
Lebanon 910
Syria89 3,525
Turkey 1,210
China90 7,120
Hong Kong91 860
Korea, South92 1,650
Taiwan 475
Philippines 4,170
Viet Nam 3,525
Bangladesh 1,000
India 18,280
Pakistan 6,140
Sri Lanka 870
Other places of birth in Asia 8,250
Oceania and other places of birth93 480
Selected places of birth for the recent immigrant population
Total - Place of birth for the recent immigrant population in private households - 25% sample data94 27,840
Americas 2,805
Brazil 695
Colombia 260
Haiti 20
Jamaica 310
Mexico 115
United States of America 595
Venezuela95 200
Other places of birth in Americas 610
Europe 2,005
France 55
Germany 175
Ireland96 45
Italy 30
Russian Federation 210
Ukraine 325
United Kingdom87 235
Other places of birth in Europe 925
Africa 5,525
Algeria 0
Burundi 10
Cameroon 65
Congo, Democratic Republic of the 95
Côte d'Ivoire 15
Egypt 220
Eritrea 2,215
Ethiopia 480
Morocco 10
Nigeria 945
Somalia 260
South Africa, Republic of 200
Sudan97 325
Tunisia 30
Other places of birth in Africa 660
Asia 17,410
Afghanistan 285
Bangladesh 195
China90 1,440
Hong Kong91 45
India 6,580
Iran88 400
Iraq 545
Israel 295
Japan 85
Jordan 220
Korea, South92 280
Lebanon 180
Nepal 45
Pakistan 1,000
Philippines 1,015
Saudi Arabia 320
Sri Lanka 95
Syria89 2,500
Turkey 755
United Arab Emirates 245
Viet Nam 300
Other places of birth in Asia 575
Oceania and other93 100
Australia 75
Other places of birth98 25
Generation status
Total - Generation status for the population in private households - 25% sample data99 579,385
First generation100 174,480
Second generation101 120,375
Third generation or more102 284,530
Admission category and applicant type
Total - Admission category and applicant type for the immigrant population in private households who were admitted between 1980 and 2021 - 25% sample data103 118,320
Economic immigrants104 52,915
Principal applicants105 21,550
Secondary applicants106 31,370
Immigrants sponsored by family107 31,640
Refugees108 32,725
Other immigrants109 1,035
Pre-admission experience
Total - Pre-admission experience for the immigrant population in private households who were admitted between 1980 and 2021 - 25% sample data110 118,320
Asylum claim before admission111 6,735
Work permits only before admission112 9,110
Study permits only before admission113 2,955
Work and study permits before admission114 6,825
Other permits before admission115 535
No pre-admission experience116 92,155
Visible minority
Total - Visible minority for the population in private households - 25% sample data117 579,380
Total visible minority population118 159,060
South Asian 55,380
Chinese 17,235
Black 26,590
Filipino 5,990
Arab 10,960
Latin American 12,810
Southeast Asian 10,535
West Asian 6,040
Korean 3,155
Japanese 1,245
Visible minority, n.i.e.119 4,065
Multiple visible minorities 5,070
Not a visible minority120 420,325
Ethnic or cultural origin
Total - Ethnic or cultural origin for the population in private households - 25% sample data121 579,385
Canadian 74,710
English 105,330
Irish 86,040
Scottish 86,380
French, n.o.s.122 36,810
German 102,780
Chinese 18,290
Italian 19,730
Indian (India) 31,080
Ukrainian 12,735
Dutch 23,815
Polish 23,490
Québécois 905
British Isles, n.o.s.123 21,955
Filipino 6,010
French Canadian 6,005
Caucasian (White), n.o.s.124 9,370
First Nations (North American Indian), n.o.s.125 4,595
Métis 3,570
European, n.o.s.126 8,600
Russian 6,230
Norwegian 2,285
Welsh 8,355
Portuguese 19,995
American 5,960
Spanish 5,400
Swedish 2,325
Hungarian 8,325
Acadian 1,360
Pakistani 8,035
African, n.o.s.127 4,760
Jewish 2,040
Punjabi 4,620
Vietnamese 6,005
Arab, n.o.s.128 4,745
Greek 3,710
Jamaican 5,155
Asian, n.o.s.129 2,995
Cree, n.o.s.130 445
Korean 3,050
Romanian 9,145
Lebanese 1,845
Iranian 2,775
Christian, n.i.e.131 3,475
Danish 2,330
North American Indigenous, n.o.s.132 2,000
Sikh 2,805
Austrian 4,085
Belgian 2,455
Haitian 195
Hindu 4,065
Mexican 2,040
Mennonite 5,840
Swiss 8,130
Finnish 1,855
Sri Lankan 970
Croatian 5,030
Japanese 1,535
South Asian, n.o.s.133 2,315
Mi'kmaq, n.o.s.134 1,395
Northern European, n.o.s.135 1,315
Muslim 3,045
Egyptian 1,760
Latin, Central or South American, n.o.s.136 2,660
Tamil 910
Icelandic 555
Colombian 2,305
Moroccan 95
Czech 2,240
Syrian 2,525
Guyanese 3,025
Afghan 2,360
Black, n.o.s.137 1,410
Serbian 6,820
Ojibway 870
Newfoundlander 2,875
Hong Konger 470
Ontarian 3,070
Persian 1,320
Trinidadian/Tobagonian 1,465
Turkish 2,380
Inuit, n.o.s.138 405
Bangladeshi 1,195
Algerian 70
Brazilian 1,940
Nigerian 1,340
Armenian 1,335
Slovak 1,800
Eastern European, n.o.s.139 1,325
Somali 1,795
Taiwanese 585
Iraqi 1,680
Salvadorean 2,250
African Caribbean 665
East or Southeast Asian, n.o.s.140 1,035
West or Central Asian or Middle Eastern, n.o.s.141 1,505
Caribbean, n.o.s.142 805
Algonquin 345
West Indian, n.o.s.143 1,005
Lithuanian 960
South African 740
Australian 635
Palestinian 1,220
Chilean 510
Congolese 350
Nova Scotian 505
Ethiopian 1,585
Hispanic, n.o.s.144 1,005
Peruvian 305
Yoruba 825
Cambodian (Khmer) 600
Berber 155
Albanian 1,135
Maltese 790
Macedonian 730
Slovenian 1,120
Western European, n.o.s.145 615
New Brunswicker 295
Gujarati 1,785
Eritrean 3,240
African Canadian 465
Israeli 360
Mohawk 445
Czechoslovakian, n.o.s.146 560
Bulgarian 635
Albertan 55
Ghanaian 495
Barbadian 585
African American 290
Yugoslavian, n.o.s.147 1,145
Tunisian 55
Slavic, n.o.s.148 655
Cuban 550
Bosnian 1,485
Venezuelan 370
Innu/Montagnais, n.o.s.149 25
Latvian 550
Bengali 445
Cameroonian 120
Guatemalan 840
Indonesian 355
Laotian 1,970
Ilocano 160
Northern Irish 625
Celtic, n.o.s.150 300
British Columbian 50
Ecuadorian 275
Franco Ontarian 245
Argentinian 365
Estonian 555
Kurdish 910
Fijian 30
Jatt 335
North American, n.o.s.151 375
Coptic 420
Thai 465
Dominican 375
Nepali 555
Kabyle 25
Assyrian 375
Igbo 240
Byelorussian 320
Dene, n.o.s.152 0
Blackfoot, n.o.s.153 105
Abenaki 40
Moldovan 290
Iroquois (Haudenosaunee), n.o.s.154 100
New Zealander 240
Sudanese 810
Breton 25
Pennsylvania Dutch 1,900
Malaysian 205
Plains Cree 10
North African, n.o.s.155 105
Huron (Wendat) 50
Saskatchewanian 45
Buddhist 350
Gaspesian 35
Norman 75
Southern or East African, n.o.s.156 355
Ivorian 20
Saulteaux 15
Anishinaabe, n.o.s.157 155
Burundian 35
Tigrinya 1,095
Nicaraguan 835
Mauritian 135
Kenyan 265
Oji-Cree 10
Vincentian 160
Jordanian 365
Manitoban 55
Cape Bretoner 220
Rwandan 65
Grenadian 140
Malayali 450
Chaldean 130
Sinhalese 190
Mayan 285
Honduran 230
Cherokee 95
Qalipu Mi'kmaq 110
Indo-Caribbean 270
Flemish 155
United Empire Loyalist 245
Senegalese 20
Azerbaijani 200
Sicilian 175
Pashtun 445
Malay 85
Goan 140
Bantu, n.o.s.158 50
Tibetan 25
Zimbabwean 245
Burmese 480
Mongolian 75
Azorean 575
Atikamekw 0
Bamileke 0
Indo-Guyanese 270
Ugandan 100
Oromo 305
Tanzanian 135
Yemeni 130
Central African 30
Libyan 375
Basque 50
Uruguayan 115
Akan, n.o.s.159 140
Central or West African, n.o.s.160 135
Igorot 65
Fulani 0
Woodland Cree 15
Guinean 40
St. Lucian 125
Prince Edward Islander 75
Maliseet 15
Beninese 0
Telugu 140
Roma 135
Costa Rican 140
African Nova Scotian 45
Malagasy 0
Kashmiri 70
Singaporean 80
Karen 65
Edo 115
Tajik 185
Amhara 285
Paraguayan 70
Religion
Total - Religion for the population in private households - 25% sample data161 579,380
Buddhist 5,600
Christian 307,540
Christian, n.o.s.162 50,360
Anabaptist 12,540
Anglican 17,280
Baptist 8,360
Catholic 131,270
Christian Orthodox 16,220
Jehovah's Witness 1,975
Latter Day Saints 865
Lutheran 16,740
Methodist and Wesleyan (Holiness) 1,840
Pentecostal and other Charismatic 8,070
Presbyterian 9,980
Reformed 1,775
United Church 17,810
Other Christian and Christian-related traditions 12,445
Hindu 19,595
Jewish 1,490
Muslim 38,675
Sikh 12,310
Traditional (North American Indigenous) spirituality 125
Other religions and spiritual traditions 4,460
No religion and secular perspectives 189,585
Mobility status 1 year ago
Total - Mobility status 1 year ago - 25% sample data163 573,405
Non-movers 496,640
Movers 76,765
Non-migrants 40,145
Migrants 36,620
Internal migrants 30,890
Intraprovincial migrants 28,865
Interprovincial migrants 2,020
External migrants 5,735
Mobility status 5 years ago
Total - Mobility status 5 years ago - 25% sample data164 547,965
Non-movers 321,625
Movers 226,330
Non-migrants 79,560
Migrants 146,775
Internal migrants 107,635
Intraprovincial migrants 98,235
Interprovincial migrants 9,400
External migrants 39,140
Secondary (high) school diploma or equivalency certificate
Total - Secondary (high) school diploma or equivalency certificate for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data165 478,140
No high school diploma or equivalency certificate 85,125
With high school diploma or equivalency certificate166 393,015
Total - Secondary (high) school diploma or equivalency certificate for the population aged 25 to 64 years in private households - 25% sample data165 314,490
No high school diploma or equivalency certificate 34,285
With high school diploma or equivalency certificate166 280,205
Highest certificate, diploma or degree
Total - Highest certificate, diploma or degree for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data165 478,145
No certificate, diploma or degree 78,015
High (secondary) school diploma or equivalency certificate167 132,725
Postsecondary certificate, diploma or degree 267,400
Postsecondary certificate or diploma below bachelor level 130,665
Apprenticeship or trades certificate or diploma 24,750
Non-apprenticeship trades certificate or diploma168 11,200
Apprenticeship certificate169 13,550
College, CEGEP or other non-university certificate or diploma170 96,815
University certificate or diploma below bachelor level 9,105
Bachelor's degree or higher 136,735
Bachelor's degree 89,560
University certificate or diploma above bachelor level 7,805
Degree in medicine, dentistry, veterinary medicine or optometry 2,750
Master's degree 30,315
Earned doctorate171 6,305
Total - Highest certificate, diploma or degree for the population aged 25 to 64 years in private households - 25% sample data165 314,490
No certificate, diploma or degree 30,300
High (secondary) school diploma or equivalency certificate167 74,935
Postsecondary certificate, diploma or degree 209,260
Postsecondary certificate or diploma below bachelor level 98,655
Apprenticeship or trades certificate or diploma 16,940
Non-apprenticeship trades certificate or diploma168 7,450
Apprenticeship certificate169 9,485
College, CEGEP or other non-university certificate or diploma170 75,305
University certificate or diploma below bachelor level 6,410
Bachelor's degree or higher 110,600
Bachelor's degree 70,740
University certificate or diploma above bachelor level 6,270
Degree in medicine, dentistry, veterinary medicine or optometry 2,285
Master's degree 26,110
Earned doctorate171 5,200
Major field of study - Classification of Instructional Programs (CIP) 2021
Total - Major field of study - Classification of Instructional Programs (CIP) 2021 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data172 478,145
No postsecondary certificate, diploma or degree173 210,740
Education 13,185
13. Education 13,185
Visual and performing arts, and communications technologies 8,370
10. Communications technologies/technicians and support services 780
50. Visual and performing arts 7,590
Humanities 17,395
16. Indigenous and foreign languages, literatures, and linguistics 1,230
23. English language and literature/letters 4,450
24. Liberal arts and sciences, general studies and humanities 4,680
30A Interdisciplinary humanities174 430
38. Philosophy and religious studies 1,355
39. Theology and religious vocations 2,080
54. History 2,330
55. French language and literature/lettersCAN 845
Social and behavioural sciences and law 32,845
05. Area, ethnic, cultural, gender, and group studies 405
09. Communication, journalism and related programs 4,185
19. Family and consumer sciences/human sciences 5,925
22. Legal professions and studies 3,970
30B Interdisciplinary social and behavioural sciences175 940
42. Psychology 5,590
45. Social sciences 11,830
Business, management and public administration 52,805
30.16 Accounting and computer science 100
44. Public administration and social service professions 4,630
52. Business, management, marketing and related support services 48,075
Physical and life sciences and technologies 12,105
26. Biological and biomedical sciences 4,815
30.01 Biological and physical sciences 2,840
30C Other interdisciplinary physical and life sciences176 195
40. Physical sciences 3,770
41. Science technologies/technicians 490
Mathematics, computer and information sciences 18,440
11. Computer and information sciences and support services 13,345
25. Library science 705
27. Mathematics and statistics 3,795
30D Interdisciplinary mathematics, computer and information sciences177 595
Architecture, engineering, and related trades 58,055
04. Architecture and related services 1,865
14. Engineering 19,595
15. Engineering/engineering-related technologies/technicians 13,600
30.12 Historic preservation and conservation 0
46. Construction trades 7,665
47. Mechanic and repair technologies/technicians 8,260
48. Precision production 7,070
Agriculture, natural resources and conservation 5,600
01. Agricultural and veterinary sciences/services/operations and related fields178 3,475
03. Natural resources and conservation 2,120
Health and related fields 34,285
30.37 Design for human health 0
31. Parks, recreation, leisure, fitness, and kinesiology 4,075
51. Health professions and related programs178 29,510
60. Health professions residency/fellowship programs 105
61. Medical residency/fellowship programs 595
Personal, protective and transportation services 13,970
12. Culinary, entertainment, and personal services 7,430
28. Military science, leadership and operational art 15
29. Military technologies and applied sciences 70
43. Security and protective services 4,460
49. Transportation and materials moving 2,000
Other179 360
Total - Major field of study - Classification of Instructional Programs (CIP) 2021 for the population aged 25 to 64 years in private households - 25% sample data172 314,490
No postsecondary certificate, diploma or degree173 105,235
Education 9,600
13. Education 9,600
Visual and performing arts, and communications technologies 6,640
10. Communications technologies/technicians and support services 555
50. Visual and performing arts 6,080
Humanities 13,020
16. Indigenous and foreign languages, literatures, and linguistics 925
23. English language and literature/letters 3,445
24. Liberal arts and sciences, general studies and humanities 3,410
30A Interdisciplinary humanities174 310
38. Philosophy and religious studies 980
39. Theology and religious vocations 1,495
54. History 1,845
55. French language and literature/lettersCAN 605
Social and behavioural sciences and law 26,045
05. Area, ethnic, cultural, gender, and group studies 345
09. Communication, journalism and related programs 3,540
19. Family and consumer sciences/human sciences 4,740
22. Legal professions and studies 3,240
30B Interdisciplinary social and behavioural sciences175 755
42. Psychology 4,075
45. Social sciences 9,350
Business, management and public administration 42,205
30.16 Accounting and computer science 75
44. Public administration and social service professions 3,755
52. Business, management, marketing and related support services 38,375
Physical and life sciences and technologies 9,360
26. Biological and biomedical sciences 3,810
30.01 Biological and physical sciences 2,105
30C Other interdisciplinary physical and life sciences176 165
40. Physical sciences 2,935
41. Science technologies/technicians 340
Mathematics, computer and information sciences 15,360
11. Computer and information sciences and support services 11,580
25. Library science 500
27. Mathematics and statistics 2,815
30D Interdisciplinary mathematics, computer and information sciences177 455
Architecture, engineering, and related trades 44,970
04. Architecture and related services 1,560
14. Engineering 16,220
15. Engineering/engineering-related technologies/technicians 10,795
30.12 Historic preservation and conservation 10
46. Construction trades 5,430
47. Mechanic and repair technologies/technicians 5,960
48. Precision production 5,000
Agriculture, natural resources and conservation 4,455
01. Agricultural and veterinary sciences/services/operations and related fields178 2,680
03. Natural resources and conservation 1,775
Health and related fields 26,320
30.37 Design for human health 0
31. Parks, recreation, leisure, fitness, and kinesiology 3,225
51. Health professions and related programs178 22,535
60. Health professions residency/fellowship programs 100
61. Medical residency/fellowship programs 460
Personal, protective and transportation services 11,005
12. Culinary, entertainment, and personal services 5,685
28. Military science, leadership and operational art 0
29. Military technologies and applied sciences 30
43. Security and protective services 3,750
49. Transportation and materials moving 1,535
Other179 285
Location of study compared with province or territory of residence
Total - Location of study compared with province or territory of residence for the population aged 25 to 64 years in private households - 25% sample data180 314,490
No postsecondary certificate, diploma or degree 105,235
Postsecondary certificate, diploma or degree181 209,255
Location of study inside Canada 164,165
Same as province or territory of residence 155,615
Different than province or territory of residence 8,560
Location of study outside Canada182 45,090
Americas 8,970
United States of America 5,170
Mexico 380
Cuba 160
Haiti 10
Jamaica 245
Brazil 1,065
Colombia 865
Peru 40
Venezuela95 130
Other locations of study in Americas 900
Europe 9,295
Belgium 25
France 280
Germany 460
Netherlands 170
Switzerland 75
Hungary 145
Moldova183 100
Poland 700
Romania 1,525
Russian Federation 445
Ukraine 500
Ireland96 155
United Kingdom87 2,485
Bosnia and Herzegovina 450
Italy 105
Serbia86 505
Other locations of study in Europe 1,170
Africa 2,670
Nigeria 640
Algeria 30
Morocco 40
Tunisia 25
Egypt 585
South Africa, Republic of 245
Other locations of study in Africa 1,105
Asia 23,320
Iran88 720
Iraq 485
Israel 105
Lebanon 180
Syria89 485
Turkey 420
China90 2,395
Taiwan 105
Hong Kong91 110
Japan 245
Korea, South92 940
Philippines 2,030
Viet Nam 230
Bangladesh 315
Sri Lanka 195
India 11,350
Pakistan 1,840
Other locations of study in Asia 1,165
Oceania 835
Australia 730
New Zealand 105
Other locations of study in Oceania 0
Labour force status
Total - Population aged 15 years and over by labour force status - 25% sample data184 478,145
In the labour force 317,990
Employed 283,810
Unemployed 34,175
Not in the labour force 160,155
Participation rate 66.5
Employment rate 59.4
Unemployment rate 10.7
Work activity during the reference year
Total - Population aged 15 years and over by work activity during the reference year - 25% sample data185 478,145
Did not work186 160,700
Worked 317,445
Worked full year full time187 176,075
Worked part year and/or part time188 141,370
Average weeks worked in reference year 41.8
Class of worker including job permanency
Total - Labour force aged 15 years and over by class of worker including job permanency - 25% sample data189 317,990
Class of worker - not applicable190 7,635
All classes of workers191 310,350
Employee 271,655
Permanent position 233,765
Temporary position 37,895
Fixed term (1 year or more) 12,735
Casual, seasonal or short-term position (less than 1 year) 25,160
Self-employed192 38,695
Occupation - Broad category - National Occupational Classification (NOC) 2021
Total - Labour force aged 15 years and over by occupation - Broad category - National Occupational Classification (NOC) 2021 - 25% sample data193 317,990
Occupation - not applicable190 7,635
All occupations191 310,350
0 Legislative and senior management occupations 3,655
1 Business, finance and administration occupations 51,635
2 Natural and applied sciences and related occupations 35,725
3 Health occupations 19,660
4 Occupations in education, law and social, community and government services 34,830
5 Occupations in art, culture, recreation and sport 8,115
6 Sales and service occupations 71,920
7 Trades, transport and equipment operators and related occupations 51,655
8 Natural resources, agriculture and related production occupations 5,975
9 Occupations in manufacturing and utilities 27,180
Industry - Sectors - North American Industry Classification System (NAICS) 2017
Total - Labour force aged 15 years and over by industry - Sectors - North American Industry Classification System (NAICS) 2017 - 25% sample data194 317,990
Industry - not applicable190 7,635
All industries191 310,350
11 Agriculture, forestry, fishing and hunting 4,440
21 Mining, quarrying, and oil and gas extraction 370
22 Utilities 1,495
23 Construction 22,600
31-33 Manufacturing 47,950
41 Wholesale trade 11,415
44-45 Retail trade 33,030
48-49 Transportation and warehousing 15,035
51 Information and cultural industries 8,385
52 Finance and insurance 18,065
53 Real estate and rental and leasing 4,865
54 Professional, scientific and technical services 29,350
55 Management of companies and enterprises 1,140
56 Administrative and support, waste management and remediation services 13,110
61 Educational services 27,060
62 Health care and social assistance 31,820
71 Arts, entertainment and recreation 4,025
72 Accommodation and food services 15,400
81 Other services (except public administration) 10,790
91 Public administration 10,005
All languages used at work
Total - All languages used at work for the population in private households aged 15 years and over who worked since January 1, 2020 - 25% sample data195 339,565
English 324,190
French 525
Non-official language 2,710
Indigenous39 0
Non-Indigenous 2,710
English and French 3,605
English and non-official language(s) 8,260
French and non-official language(s) 0
English, French and non-official language(s) 210
Multiple non-official languages 65
Language used most often at work
Total - Language used most often at work for the population aged 15 years and over who worked since January 1, 2020, in private households, 2021 Census - 25% sample data196 339,565
Single responses 337,660
Official languages 333,330
English 332,285
French 1,050
Non-official languages 4,330
Indigenous languages39 0
Algonquian languages 0
Blackfoot 0
Cree-Innu languages 0
Atikamekw 0
Cree languages 0
Ililimowin (Moose Cree) 0
Inu Ayimun (Southern East Cree) 0
Iyiyiw-Ayimiwin (Northern East Cree) 0
Nehinawewin (Swampy Cree) 0
Nehiyawewin (Plains Cree) 0
Nihithawiwin (Woods Cree) 0
Cree, n.o.s. 0
Innu (Montagnais) 0
Naskapi 0
Eastern Algonquian languages 0
Mi'kmaq 0
Wolastoqewi (Malecite) 0
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 0
Anicinabemowin (Algonquin) 0
Oji-Cree 0
Ojibway languages 0
Anishinaabemowin (Chippewa) 0
Daawaamwin (Odawa) 0
Saulteau (Western Ojibway) 0
Ojibway, n.o.s. 0
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 0
Athabaskan languages 0
Northern Athabaskan languages 0
Dakelh (Carrier) 0
Dane-zaa (Beaver) 0
Dene, n.o.s. 0
Gwich'in 0
Slavey-Hare languages 0
Deh Gah Ghotie Zhatie (South Slavey) 0
Satuotine Yati (North Slavey) 0
Slavey, n.o.s. 0
Tahltan languages 0
Tlicho (Dogrib) 0
Tse'khene (Sekani) 0
Tsilhqot'in (Chilcotin) 0
Tsuu T'ina (Sarsi) 0
Tutchone languages 0
Northern Tutchone 0
Southern Tutchone 0
Tutchone, n.o.s. 0
Wetsuwet'en-Babine 0
Tlingit 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0
Haida 0
Inuktut (Inuit) languages 0
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 0
Inuinnaqtun 0
Inuvialuktun 0
Inuktitut 0
Inuktut (Inuit) languages, n.i.e. 0
Iroquoian languages 0
Mohawk 0
Oneida 0
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 0
Ktunaxa (Kutenai) 0
Michif 0
Salish languages 0
Halkomelem 0
Lillooet 0
Ntlakapamux (Thompson) 0
Secwepemctsin (Shuswap) 0
Squamish 0
Straits 0
Syilx (Okanagan) 0
Salish languages, n.i.e. 0
Siouan languages 0
Assiniboine 0
Dakota 0
Stoney 0
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 0
Tsimshian languages 0
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 0
Nisga'a 0
Tsimshian 0
Wakashan languages 0
Haisla 0
Heiltsuk 0
Kwak'wala (Kwakiutl) 0
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0
Indigenous languages, n.i.e. 0
Indigenous languages, n.o.s. 0
Non-Indigenous languages 4,330
Afro-Asiatic languages 295
Berber languages 0
Kabyle 0
Tamazight 0
Berber languages, n.i.e. 0
Chadic languages 0
Coptic 0
Cushitic languages 15
Bilen 0
Oromo 0
Somali 10
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 0
Semitic languages 280
Amharic 0
Arabic 235
Aramaic languages 0
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 0
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 0
Aramaic, n.o.s. 0
Hebrew 0
Tigrigna 35
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 0
Austro-Asiatic languages 150
Khmer (Cambodian) 0
Vietnamese 150
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 0
Austronesian languages 40
Bikol 0
Bisaya, n.o.s. 0
Cebuano 0
Hiligaynon 0
Ilocano 0
Indonesian 0
Kankanaey 0
Malagasy languages 0
Malay 0
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 0
Pangasinan 0
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 30
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 0
Creole languages 0
Haitian Creole 0
Jamaican English Creole 0
Morisyen 0
Creole, n.o.s. 0
Creole languages, n.i.e. 0
Dravidian languages 20
Kannada 0
Malayalam 0
Tamil 10
Telugu 0
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 0
Georgian 0
Indo-European languages 2,830
Albanian 25
Armenian 10
Balto-Slavic languages 260
Baltic languages 0
Latvian 0
Lithuanian 0
Slavic languages 255
Bulgarian 0
Czech 0
Macedonian 0
Polish 50
Russian 60
Serbo-Croatian 85
Bosnian 10
Croatian 10
Serbian 65
Serbo-Croatian, n.i.e. 0
Slovak 0
Slovene (Slovenian) 0
Ukrainian 50
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 0
Celtic languages 0
Scottish Gaelic 0
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 0
Germanic languages 1,620
Frisian 0
High German languages 1,530
German 680
Pennsylvania German 835
Swiss German 0
Yiddish 0
Low Saxon-Low Franconian languages 85
Afrikaans 0
Dutch 85
Low German, n.o.s. 0
Low Saxon 0
Plautdietsch 10
Vlaams (Flemish) 0
Scandinavian languages 0
Danish 0
Icelandic 0
Norwegian 0
Swedish 0
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 0
Greek 0
Indo-Iranian languages 420
Indo-Aryan languages 370
Bengali 0
Gujarati 30
Hindi 55
Kacchi 0
Marathi 0
Nepali 10
Punjabi (Panjabi) 245
Sindhi 0
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 0
Urdu 25
Indo-Aryan languages, n.i.e. 0
Iranian languages 55
Kurdish 0
Pashto 0
Persian languages 40
Dari 0
Iranian Persian 40
Persian (Farsi), n.o.s. 0
Iranian languages, n.i.e. 0
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 0
Italic (Romance) languages 500
Catalan 0
Italian 0
Portuguese 160
Romanian 70
Spanish 275
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 0
Indo-European languages, n.i.e. 0
Japanese 35
Korean 90
Mongolian 0
Niger-Congo languages 0
Akan (Twi) 0
Edo 0
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 0
Ga 0
Ganda 0
Igbo 0
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 0
Lingala 0
Rundi (Kirundi) 0
Shona 0
Swahili 0
Wolof 0
Yoruba 0
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 0
Nilo-Saharan languages 0
Dinka 0
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 0
Sign languages 60
American Sign Language 55
Quebec Sign Language 0
Sign languages, n.i.e. 0
Sino-Tibetan languages 775
Chinese languages 775
Hakka 0
Mandarin 690
Min Dong 0
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 15
Wu (Shanghainese) 0
Yue (Cantonese) 70
Chinese, n.o.s. 0
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 0
Tibeto-Burman languages 0
Burmese 0
Karenic languages 0
S'gaw Karen 0
Karenic languages, n.i.e. 0
Tibetan 0
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 0
Sino-Tibetan languages, n.i.e. 0
Tai-Kadai languages 0
Lao 0
Thai 0
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e. 0
Turkic languages 25
Azerbaijani 0
Turkish 25
Uyghur 0
Uzbek 0
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 0
Uralic languages 0
Estonian 0
Finnish 0
Hungarian 0
Other languages, n.i.e. 0
Multiple responses 1,895
English and French 515
English and non-official language(s) 1,365
French and non-official language(s) 0
English, French and non-official language(s) 15
Multiple non-official languages 15
Other language(s) used regularly at work
Total - Other language(s) used regularly at work for the population in private households aged 15 years and over who worked since January 1, 2020 - 25% sample data197 339,565
None 329,105
English 1,990
French 2,595
Non-official language 4,890
Indigenous39 20
Non-Indigenous 4,870
English and French 10
English and non-official language(s) 90
French and non-official language(s) 160
English, French and non-official language(s) 0
Multiple non-official languages 725
Place of work status
Total - Place of work status for the employed labour force aged 15 years and over - 25% sample data198 283,815
Worked at home 82,225
Worked outside Canada 995
No fixed workplace address 29,020
Usual place of work 171,575
Commuting destination
Total - Commuting destination for the employed labour force aged 15 years and over with a usual place of work - 25% sample data199 171,575
Commute within census subdivision (CSD) of residence 81,150
Commute to a different census subdivision (CSD) within census division (CD) of residence 58,690
Commute to a different census subdivision (CSD) and census division (CD) within province or territory of residence 31,430
Commute to a different province or territory 305
Main mode of commuting
Total - Main mode of commuting for the employed labour force aged 15 years and over with a usual place of work or no fixed workplace address - 25% sample data200 200,590
Car, truck or van 178,625
Car, truck or van - as a driver 163,280
Car, truck or van - as a passenger 15,345
Public transit 9,110
Walked 7,365
Bicycle 1,420
Other method 4,065
Commuting duration
Total - Commuting duration for the employed labour force aged 15 years and over with a usual place of work or no fixed workplace address - 25% sample data201 200,590
Less than 15 minutes 64,350
15 to 29 minutes 83,390
30 to 44 minutes 30,100
45 to 59 minutes 9,890
60 minutes and over 12,860
Time leaving for work
Total - Time leaving for work for the employed labour force aged 15 years and over with a usual place of work or no fixed workplace address - 25% sample data202 200,590
Between 5 a.m. and 5:59 a.m. 17,645
Between 6 a.m. and 6:59 a.m. 38,690
Between 7 a.m. and 7:59 a.m. 45,045
Between 8 a.m. and 8:59 a.m. 38,500
Between 9 a.m. and 11:59 a.m. 23,650
Between 12 p.m. and 4:59 a.m. 37,060
Children eligible for instruction in the minority official language
Total - Eligibility for instruction in the minority official language for the population in private households born in 2003 or later - 100% data203 124,585
Children eligible for instruction in the minority official language 8,880
Children not eligible for instruction in the minority official language 115,705
Eligibility and instruction in the minority official language for school-aged children
Total - Eligibility and instruction in the minority official language, for the population in private households born between 2003 and 2015 (inclusive) - 100% data204 90,680
Children eligible for instruction in the minority official language 6,820
Eligible children who have been instructed in the minority official language at the primary or secondary level in Canada 4,125
Eligible children who have not been instructed in the minority official language at the primary or secondary level in Canada 2,695
Children not eligible for instruction in the minority official language 83,865

Symbol legend

Source

Source: Statistics Canada, 2021 Census of Population.

How to cite

How to cite: Statistics Canada. 2023. (table). Census Profile. 2021 Census of Population. Statistics Canada Catalogue no. 98-316-X2021001. Ottawa. Released November 15, 2023.
https://www12.statcan.gc.ca/census-recensement/2021/dp-pd/prof/index.cfm?Lang=E (accessed April 22, 2024).

Note(s):

Date modified: