Census Profile, 2021 Census of Population
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Age
Age characteristics
Commuting
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Commuting destination
Commuting duration
Main mode of commuting
Place of work status
Time leaving for work
Education
Select all: Education
Highest certificate, diploma or degree
Location of study compared with province or territory of residence
Major field of study - Classification of Instructional Programs (CIP) 2021
Secondary (high) school diploma or equivalency certificate
Ethnocultural and religious diversity
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Ethnic or cultural origin
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Visible minority
Families, households, and marital status
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Family characteristics
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Housing
Household characteristics
Immigration, place of birth, and citizenship
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Age at immigration
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Immigrant status and period of immigration
Pre-admission experience
Selected places of birth for the immigrant population
Selected places of birth for the recent immigrant population
Income
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Income of economic families in 2020
Income of households in 2020
Income of individuals in 2019
Income of individuals in 2020
Low income and income inequality in 2020
Indigenous peoples
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Instruction in the minority official language
Select all: Instruction in the minority official language
Children eligible for instruction in the minority official language
Eligibility and instruction in the minority official language for school-aged children
Labour
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Industry - Sectors - North American Industry Classification System (NAICS) 2017
Labour force status
Occupation - Broad category - National Occupational Classification (NOC) 2021
Work activity during the reference year
Language
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Mobility and migration
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Population and dwelling counts
Population and dwellings
Type of dwelling
Household and dwelling characteristics
GenderMore information:


Statistic:
Characteristic AlbertaMore information:

[Province]
Counts Rates
Total Men+ Women+ Total Men+ Women+
Population and dwellings
Population, 20211 4,262,635 ... ... ... ... ...
Population, 20161 4,067,175 ... ... ... ... ...
Population percentage change, 2016 to 2021 4.8 ... ... 4.8 ... ...
Total private dwellings2 1,772,670 ... ... ... ... ...
Private dwellings occupied by usual residents3 1,633,220 ... ... ... ... ...
Population density per square kilometre 6.7 ... ... 6.7 ... ...
Land area in square kilometres 634,658.27 ... ... ... ... ...
Age characteristics
Total - Age groups of the population - 100% data 4,262,635 2,127,935 2,134,700 100.0 100.0 100.0
0 to 14 years 809,640 415,870 393,770 19.0 19.5 18.4
0 to 4 years 250,250 128,560 121,690 5.9 6.0 5.7
5 to 9 years 278,810 142,850 135,955 6.5 6.7 6.4
10 to 14 years 280,585 144,460 136,120 6.6 6.8 6.4
15 to 64 years 2,823,770 1,416,910 1,406,865 66.2 66.6 65.9
15 to 19 years 249,765 128,745 121,015 5.9 6.1 5.7
20 to 24 years 248,740 128,595 120,150 5.8 6.0 5.6
25 to 29 years 275,465 138,510 136,955 6.5 6.5 6.4
30 to 34 years 323,260 160,175 163,085 7.6 7.5 7.6
35 to 39 years 338,945 168,390 170,560 8.0 7.9 8.0
40 to 44 years 307,665 153,715 153,955 7.2 7.2 7.2
45 to 49 years 277,770 139,705 138,065 6.5 6.6 6.5
50 to 54 years 262,770 131,650 131,120 6.2 6.2 6.1
55 to 59 years 274,150 135,825 138,325 6.4 6.4 6.5
60 to 64 years 265,240 131,600 133,640 6.2 6.2 6.3
65 years and over 629,220 295,155 334,070 14.8 13.9 15.6
65 to 69 years 217,270 106,975 110,295 5.1 5.0 5.2
70 to 74 years 163,890 79,150 84,735 3.8 3.7 4.0
75 to 79 years 105,520 49,860 55,660 2.5 2.3 2.6
80 to 84 years 70,160 31,510 38,650 1.6 1.5 1.8
85 years and over 72,375 27,660 44,720 1.7 1.3 2.1
85 to 89 years 44,670 18,540 26,130 1.0 0.9 1.2
90 to 94 years 21,430 7,545 13,890 0.5 0.4 0.7
95 to 99 years 5,480 1,405 4,075 0.1 0.1 0.2
100 years and over 795 170 625 0.0 0.0 0.0
Total - Distribution (%) of the population by broad age groups - 100% data 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0
0 to 14 years 19.0 19.5 18.4 19.0 19.5 18.4
15 to 64 years 66.2 66.6 65.9 66.2 66.6 65.9
65 years and over 14.8 13.9 15.6 14.8 13.9 15.6
85 years and over 1.7 1.3 2.1 1.7 1.3 2.1
Average age of the population 39.0 38.4 39.7 39.0 38.4 39.7
Median age of the population 38.4 37.6 38.8 38.4 37.6 38.8
Household and dwelling characteristics
Total - Occupied private dwellings by structural type of dwelling - 100% data 1,633,220 ... ... 100.0 ... ...
Single-detached house 994,565 ... ... 60.9 ... ...
Semi-detached house 98,740 ... ... 6.0 ... ...
Row house 127,735 ... ... 7.8 ... ...
Apartment or flat in a duplex 43,730 ... ... 2.7 ... ...
Apartment in a building that has fewer than five storeys 247,030 ... ... 15.1 ... ...
Apartment in a building that has five or more storeys 74,880 ... ... 4.6 ... ...
Other single-attached house 1,215 ... ... 0.1 ... ...
Movable dwelling4 45,325 ... ... 2.8 ... ...
Total - Private households by household size - 100% data 1,633,220 ... ... 100.0 ... ...
1 person 424,055 ... ... 26.0 ... ...
2 persons 551,420 ... ... 33.8 ... ...
3 persons 249,135 ... ... 15.3 ... ...
4 persons 243,400 ... ... 14.9 ... ...
5 or more persons 165,215 ... ... 10.1 ... ...
Number of persons in private households 4,177,715 2,088,185 2,089,530 100.0 100.0 100.0
Average household size 2.6 ... ... 2.6 ... ...
Marital status
Total - Marital status for the total population aged 15 years and over - 100% data 3,452,995 1,712,065 1,740,925 100.0 100.0 100.0
Married or living common-law 2,033,945 1,018,425 1,015,520 58.9 59.5 58.3
Married 1,703,285 852,950 850,335 49.3 49.8 48.8
Living common-law 330,655 165,475 165,180 9.6 9.7 9.5
Living common law - Never married 245,650 123,625 122,030 7.1 7.2 7.0
Living common law - Separated 12,835 6,745 6,090 0.4 0.4 0.3
Living common law - Divorced 65,955 32,580 33,375 1.9 1.9 1.9
Living common law - Widowed 6,210 2,520 3,690 0.2 0.1 0.2
Not married and not living common-law 1,419,050 693,640 725,410 41.1 40.5 41.7
Not married and not living common law - Never married 969,780 535,715 434,065 28.1 31.3 24.9
Not married and not living common law - Separated 83,350 36,440 46,910 2.4 2.1 2.7
Not married and not living common law - Divorced 214,460 87,950 126,505 6.2 5.1 7.3
Not married and not living common law - Widowed 151,455 33,530 117,925 4.4 2.0 6.8
Family characteristics
Total - Census families in private households by family size - 100% data5 1,164,655 ... ... 100.0 ... ...
2 persons 565,900 ... ... 48.6 ... ...
3 persons 240,980 ... ... 20.7 ... ...
4 persons 238,600 ... ... 20.5 ... ...
5 or more persons 119,170 ... ... 10.2 ... ...
Average size of census families 3.0 ... ... 3.0 ... ...
Average number of children in census families with children6 1.9 ... ... 1.9 ... ...
Total number of census families in private households - 100% data 1,164,650 ... ... 100.0 ... ...
Total couple families 987,465 ... ... 84.8 ... ...
Married couples 822,175 ... ... 70.6 ... ...
With children6 464,975 ... ... 39.9 ... ...
Without children 357,200 ... ... 30.7 ... ...
Common-law couples 165,290 ... ... 14.2 ... ...
With children6 60,705 ... ... 5.2 ... ...
Without children 104,580 ... ... 9.0 ... ...
Total one-parent families 177,190 ... ... 15.2 ... ...
in which the parent is a woman+ 135,065 ... ... 11.6 ... ...
in which the parent is a man+ 42,125 ... ... 3.6 ... ...
Total - Persons in private households - 100% data 4,177,715 2,088,185 2,089,530 100.0 100.0 100.0
Total - Persons in census families 3,456,645 1,720,145 1,736,505 82.7 82.4 83.1
Married spouses or common-law partners 1,974,930 986,995 987,935 47.3 47.3 47.3
Parents in one-parent families 177,185 42,120 135,060 4.2 2.0 6.5
Children6 1,304,525 691,020 613,500 31.2 33.1 29.4
In a two-parent family 1,022,235 538,215 484,020 24.5 25.8 23.2
In a one-parent family 282,290 152,810 129,485 6.8 7.3 6.2
Total - Persons not in census families in private households - 100% data 721,070 368,045 353,030 17.3 17.6 16.9
Living alone 424,055 207,075 216,980 10.2 9.9 10.4
Living with other relatives7 108,100 49,205 58,900 2.6 2.4 2.8
Living with non-relatives only 188,915 111,760 77,155 4.5 5.4 3.7
Household type
Total - Household type - 100% data 1,633,220 ... ... 100.0 ... ...
One-census-family households without additional persons 1,008,210 ... ... 61.7 ... ...
Couple-family households 876,085 ... ... 53.6 ... ...
With children6 465,405 ... ... 28.5 ... ...
Without children 410,680 ... ... 25.1 ... ...
One-parent-family households 132,125 ... ... 8.1 ... ...
Multigenerational households8 47,450 ... ... 2.9 ... ...
Multiple-census-family households9 10,575 ... ... 0.6 ... ...
One-census-family households with additional persons9 60,780 ... ... 3.7 ... ...
Two-or-more-person non-census-family households 82,150 ... ... 5.0 ... ...
One-person households 424,055 ... ... 26.0 ... ...
Income of individuals in 2020
Total - Income statistics in 2020 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data10 3,375,110 1,675,960 1,699,150 100.0 100.0 100.0
Number of total income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2020 - 100% data 3,213,495 1,597,075 1,616,420 95.2 95.3 95.1
Median total income in 2020 among recipients ($) 44,800 53,200 38,400 44,800 53,200 38,400
Number of after-tax income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2020 - 100% data 3,215,290 1,598,045 1,617,250 95.3 95.4 95.2
Median after-tax income in 2020 among recipients ($) 40,400 46,800 35,200 40,400 46,800 35,200
Number of market income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2020 - 100% data 2,899,265 1,472,130 1,427,140 85.9 87.8 84.0
Median market income in 2020 among recipients ($) 40,000 50,400 31,200 40,000 50,400 31,200
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2020 - 100% data 2,426,900 1,262,555 1,164,345 71.9 75.3 68.5
Median employment income in 2020 among recipients ($) 41,600 51,600 33,600 41,600 51,600 33,600
Number of government transfers recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2020 - 100% data 2,818,115 1,377,385 1,440,730 83.5 82.2 84.8
Median government transfers in 2020 among recipients ($) 8,300 6,120 9,700 8,300 6,120 9,700
Number of employment insurance benefits recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2020 - 100% data 373,185 184,280 188,900 11.1 11.0 11.1
Median employment insurance benefits in 2020 among recipients ($) 5,800 5,760 5,880 5,800 5,760 5,880
Number of COVID-19 emergency and recovery benefits recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2020 - 100% data 978,925 473,610 505,320 29.0 28.3 29.7
Median COVID-19 emergency and recovery benefits in 2020 among recipients ($) 8,000 8,000 8,500 8,000 8,000 8,500
Total - Income statistics in 2020 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data11 3,375,130 1,675,855 1,699,275 100.0 100.0 100.0
Number of total income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2020 - 25% sample data 3,212,650 1,596,250 1,616,400 95.2 95.2 95.1
Average total income in 2020 among recipients ($) 60,850 72,700 49,160 60,850 72,700 49,160
Number of after-tax income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2020 - 25% sample data 3,214,490 1,597,255 1,617,235 95.2 95.3 95.2
Average after-tax income in 2020 among recipients ($) 50,200 58,400 42,120 50,200 58,400 42,120
Number of market income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2020 - 25% sample data 2,900,200 1,472,350 1,427,850 85.9 87.9 84.0
Average market income in 2020 among recipients ($) 57,300 70,100 44,040 57,300 70,100 44,040
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2020 - 25% sample data 2,426,940 1,262,995 1,163,950 71.9 75.4 68.5
Average employment income in 2020 among recipients ($) 56,350 67,800 43,920 56,350 67,800 43,920
Number of government transfers recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2020 - 25% sample data 2,817,280 1,376,575 1,440,710 83.5 82.1 84.8
Average government transfers in 2020 among recipients ($) 10,440 9,300 11,520 10,440 9,300 11,520
Number of employment insurance benefits recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2020 - 25% sample data 371,975 183,715 188,265 11.0 11.0 11.1
Average employment insurance benefits in 2020 among recipients ($) 7,090 6,720 7,450 7,090 6,720 7,450
Number of COVID-19 emergency and recovery benefits recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2020 - 25% sample data 972,130 470,475 501,650 28.8 28.1 29.5
Average COVID-19 emergency and recovery benefits in 2020 among recipients ($) 9,170 9,030 9,290 9,170 9,030 9,290
Total - Employment income statistics in 2020 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data12 3,375,130 1,675,855 1,699,275 100.0 100.0 100.0
Number of employment income recipients in 2020 who worked full-year full-time in 2020 - 25% sample data13 1,120,075 641,305 478,775 33.2 38.3 28.2
Median employment income in 2020 for full-year full-time workers in 2020 ($)14 70,500 78,500 62,000 70,500 78,500 62,000
Average employment income in 2020 for full-year full-time workers in 2020 ($)15 85,200 96,300 70,400 85,200 96,300 70,400
Number of employment income recipients in 2020 who worked part-year or part-time in 2020 - 25% sample data16 993,770 466,385 527,385 29.4 27.8 31.0
Median employment income in 2020 of those who worked part-year or part-time in 2020 ($) 21,600 26,200 18,400 21,600 26,200 18,400
Average employment income in 2020 of those who worked part-year or part-time in 2020 ($) 34,280 42,280 27,160 34,280 42,280 27,160
Composition of total income in 2020 of the population aged 15 years and over in private households (%) - 25% sample data17 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0
Market income (%)18 85.0 89.0 79.2 85.0 89.0 79.2
Employment income (%)19 70.0 73.8 64.4 70.0 73.8 64.4
Government transfers (%)20 15.0 11.0 20.9 15.0 11.0 20.9
Employment insurance benefits (%) 1.4 1.1 1.8 1.4 1.1 1.8
COVID-19 - Government income support and benefits (%) 5.1 4.0 6.7 5.1 4.0 6.7
COVID-19 - Emergency and recovery benefits (%) 4.6 3.7 5.9 4.6 3.7 5.9
Total - Total income groups in 2020 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data21 3,375,110 1,675,960 1,699,150 100.0 100.0 100.0
Without total income 161,620 78,885 82,730 4.8 4.7 4.9
With total income 3,213,490 1,597,075 1,616,415 95.2 95.3 95.1
Under $10,000 (including loss) 271,260 111,180 160,085 8.4 7.0 9.9
$10,000 to $19,999 307,390 122,515 184,880 9.6 7.7 11.4
$20,000 to $29,999 483,175 210,085 273,090 15.0 13.2 16.9
$30,000 to $39,999 384,115 161,270 222,840 12.0 10.1 13.8
$40,000 to $49,999 332,120 148,870 183,245 10.3 9.3 11.3
$50,000 to $59,999 277,960 132,620 145,340 8.6 8.3 9.0
$60,000 to $69,999 232,840 119,260 113,580 7.2 7.5 7.0
$70,000 to $79,999 187,305 105,100 82,205 5.8 6.6 5.1
$80,000 to $89,999 146,920 87,190 59,725 4.6 5.5 3.7
$90,000 to $99,999 124,520 73,960 50,560 3.9 4.6 3.1
$100,000 and over 465,885 325,025 140,860 14.5 20.4 8.7
$100,000 to $149,999 291,955 191,190 100,765 9.1 12.0 6.2
$150,000 and over 173,935 133,835 40,100 5.4 8.4 2.5
Total - After-tax income groups in 2020 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data22 3,375,110 1,675,960 1,699,150 100.0 100.0 100.0
Without after-tax income 159,820 77,915 81,900 4.7 4.6 4.8
With after-tax income 3,215,295 1,598,045 1,617,245 95.3 95.4 95.2
Under $10,000 (including loss) 282,760 115,430 167,325 8.8 7.2 10.3
$10,000 to $19,999 320,525 128,425 192,100 10.0 8.0 11.9
$20,000 to $29,999 545,450 237,370 308,080 17.0 14.9 19.0
$30,000 to $39,999 449,440 194,945 254,500 14.0 12.2 15.7
$40,000 to $49,999 388,170 182,160 206,010 12.1 11.4 12.7
$50,000 to $59,999 314,650 160,140 154,510 9.8 10.0 9.6
$60,000 to $69,999 240,015 135,075 104,940 7.5 8.5 6.5
$70,000 to $79,999 178,580 106,080 72,495 5.6 6.6 4.5
$80,000 to $89,999 138,170 82,415 55,755 4.3 5.2 3.4
$90,000 to $99,999 92,045 59,450 32,595 2.9 3.7 2.0
$100,000 and over 265,490 196,560 68,930 8.3 12.3 4.3
$100,000 to $124,999 121,505 85,805 35,705 3.8 5.4 2.2
$125,000 and over 143,985 110,760 33,225 4.5 6.9 2.1
Total - Employment income groups in 2020 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data19 3,375,110 1,675,960 1,699,150 100.0 100.0 100.0
Without employment income 948,210 413,405 534,805 28.1 24.7 31.5
With employment income 2,426,900 1,262,555 1,164,345 71.9 75.3 68.5
Under $5,000 (including loss) 305,715 142,525 163,185 12.6 11.3 14.0
$5,000 to $9,999 186,575 78,780 107,795 7.7 6.2 9.3
$10,000 to $19,999 270,795 116,950 153,845 11.2 9.3 13.2
$20,000 to $29,999 212,530 93,955 118,575 8.8 7.4 10.2
$30,000 to $39,999 202,095 92,015 110,080 8.3 7.3 9.5
$40,000 to $49,999 193,315 92,690 100,625 8.0 7.3 8.6
$50,000 to $59,999 181,745 89,815 91,930 7.5 7.1 7.9
$60,000 to $69,999 161,830 85,450 76,375 6.7 6.8 6.6
$70,000 to $79,999 133,940 78,540 55,400 5.5 6.2 4.8
$80,000 to $89,999 110,580 67,335 43,240 4.6 5.3 3.7
$90,000 to $99,999 101,430 59,855 41,575 4.2 4.7 3.6
$100,000 and over 366,350 264,635 101,720 15.1 21.0 8.7
$100,000 to $124,999 158,925 103,055 55,870 6.5 8.2 4.8
$125,000 and over 207,430 161,580 45,850 8.5 12.8 3.9
Income of individuals in 2019
Total - Income statistics in 2019 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data23 3,375,110 1,675,960 1,699,150 100.0 100.0 100.0
Number of total income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2019 - 100% data 3,147,180 1,561,420 1,585,760 93.2 93.2 93.3
Median total income in 2019 among recipients ($) 44,400 54,800 36,400 44,400 54,800 36,400
Number of after-tax income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2019 - 100% data 3,148,375 1,561,645 1,586,735 93.3 93.2 93.4
Median after-tax income in 2019 among recipients ($) 39,600 47,600 33,600 39,600 47,600 33,600
Number of market income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2019 - 100% data 2,869,935 1,456,690 1,413,250 85.0 86.9 83.2
Median market income in 2019 among recipients ($) 43,200 54,000 34,400 43,200 54,000 34,400
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2019 - 100% data 2,438,175 1,267,255 1,170,925 72.2 75.6 68.9
Median employment income in 2019 among recipients ($) 44,400 55,200 36,000 44,400 55,200 36,000
Number of government transfers recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2019 - 100% data 2,675,790 1,312,270 1,363,520 79.3 78.3 80.2
Median government transfers in 2019 among recipients ($) 1,620 1,010 4,080 1,620 1,010 4,080
Number of employment insurance benefits recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2019 -100% data 245,140 118,390 126,750 7.3 7.1 7.5
Median employment insurance benefits in 2019 among recipients ($) 6,240 5,640 7,050 6,240 5,640 7,050
Total - Income statistics in 2019 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data24 3,375,130 1,675,855 1,699,275 100.0 100.0 100.0
Number of total income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2019 - 25% sample data 3,146,890 1,560,995 1,585,890 93.2 93.1 93.3
Average total income in 2019 among recipients ($) 60,750 74,200 47,560 60,750 74,200 47,560
Number of after-tax income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2019 - 25% sample data 3,147,975 1,561,230 1,586,750 93.3 93.2 93.4
Average after-tax income in 2019 among recipients ($) 49,720 59,050 40,520 49,720 59,050 40,520
Number of market income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2019 - 25% sample data 2,871,550 1,456,805 1,414,740 85.1 86.9 83.3
Average market income in 2019 among recipients ($) 60,350 74,400 45,840 60,350 74,400 45,840
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2019 - 25% sample data 2,438,445 1,267,615 1,170,835 72.2 75.6 68.9
Average employment income in 2019 among recipients ($) 59,450 72,000 45,800 59,450 72,000 45,800
Number of government transfers recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2019 - 25% sample data 2,676,295 1,312,765 1,363,530 79.3 78.3 80.2
Average government transfers in 2019 among recipients ($) 6,720 5,635 7,770 6,720 5,635 7,770
Number of employment insurance benefits recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2019 - 25% sample data 244,330 117,410 126,920 7.2 7.0 7.5
Average employment insurance benefits in 2019 among recipients ($) 7,990 7,020 8,900 7,990 7,020 8,900
Total - Employment income statistics in 2019 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data25 3,375,130 1,675,855 1,699,275 100.0 100.0 100.0
Number of employment income recipients in 2019 who worked full-year full-time in 2020 - 25% sample data13 1,111,760 636,785 474,975 32.9 38.0 28.0
Median employment income in 2019 for full-year full-time workers in 2020 ($)14 68,500 77,500 58,800 68,500 77,500 58,800
Average employment income in 2019 for full-year full-time workers in 2020 ($)15 83,800 95,700 67,800 83,800 95,700 67,800
Number of employment income recipients in 2019 who worked part-year or part-time in 2020 - 25% sample data16 941,295 443,225 498,070 27.9 26.4 29.3
Median employment income in 2019 of those who worked part-year or part-time in 2020 ($) 30,000 37,200 25,400 30,000 37,200 25,400
Average employment income in 2019 of those who worked part-year or part-time in 2020 ($) 43,280 54,050 33,720 43,280 54,050 33,720
Composition of total income in 2019 of the population aged 15 years and over in private households (%) - 25% sample data 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0
Market income (%) 90.6 93.6 86.0 90.6 93.6 86.0
Employment income (%) 75.8 78.8 71.0 75.8 78.8 71.0
Government transfers (%) 9.4 6.4 14.0 9.4 6.4 14.0
Employment insurance benefits (%) 1.0 0.7 1.5 1.0 0.7 1.5
Income of households in 2020
Total - Income statistics for private households - 100% data26 1,633,220 ... ... ... ... ...
Median total income of household in 2020 ($) 96,000 ... ... 96,000 ... ...
Median after-tax income of household in 2020 ($) 83,000 ... ... 83,000 ... ...
Total - Income statistics for one-person private households - 100% data 424,055 ... ... ... ... ...
Median total income of one-person households in 2020 ($) 48,000 ... ... 48,000 ... ...
Median after-tax income of one-person households in 2020 ($) 42,400 ... ... 42,400 ... ...
Total - Income statistics for two-or-more-persons private households - 100% data 1,209,165 ... ... ... ... ...
Median total income of two-or-more-person households in 2020 ($) 115,000 ... ... 115,000 ... ...
Median after-tax income of two-or-more-person households in 2020 ($) 100,000 ... ... 100,000 ... ...
Total - Income statistics for private households - 25% sample data27 1,633,220 ... ... ... ... ...
Average total income of household in 2020 ($) 119,700 ... ... 119,700 ... ...
Average after-tax income of household in 2020 ($) 98,800 ... ... 98,800 ... ...
Total - Income statistics for one-person private households - 25% sample data 424,120 ... ... ... ... ...
Average total income of one-person households in 2020 ($) 62,050 ... ... 62,050 ... ...
Average after-tax income of one-person households in 2020 ($) 51,400 ... ... 51,400 ... ...
Total - Income statistics for two-or-more-persons private households - 25% sample data 1,209,100 ... ... ... ... ...
Average total income of two-or-more-person households in 2020 ($) 140,000 ... ... 140,000 ... ...
Average after-tax income of two-or-more-person households in 2020 ($) 115,500 ... ... 115,500 ... ...
Total - Household total income groups in 2020 for private households - 100% data21 1,633,220 ... ... 100.0 ... ...
Under $5,000 16,810 ... ... 1.0 ... ...
$5,000 to $9,999 8,310 ... ... 0.5 ... ...
$10,000 to $14,999 12,525 ... ... 0.8 ... ...
$15,000 to $19,999 17,725 ... ... 1.1 ... ...
$20,000 to $24,999 49,050 ... ... 3.0 ... ...
$25,000 to $29,999 52,025 ... ... 3.2 ... ...
$30,000 to $34,999 41,490 ... ... 2.5 ... ...
$35,000 to $39,999 48,190 ... ... 3.0 ... ...
$40,000 to $44,999 52,710 ... ... 3.2 ... ...
$45,000 to $49,999 51,200 ... ... 3.1 ... ...
$50,000 to $59,999 104,130 ... ... 6.4 ... ...
$60,000 to $69,999 106,340 ... ... 6.5 ... ...
$70,000 to $79,999 104,230 ... ... 6.4 ... ...
$80,000 to $89,999 98,820 ... ... 6.1 ... ...
$90,000 to $99,999 93,990 ... ... 5.8 ... ...
$100,000 and over 775,675 ... ... 47.5 ... ...
$100,000 to $124,999 204,960 ... ... 12.5 ... ...
$125,000 to $149,999 156,945 ... ... 9.6 ... ...
$150,000 to $199,999 200,675 ... ... 12.3 ... ...
$200,000 and over 213,100 ... ... 13.0 ... ...
Total - Household after-tax income groups in 2020 for private households - 100% data22 1,633,220 ... ... 100.0 ... ...
Under $5,000 18,920 ... ... 1.2 ... ...
$5,000 to $9,999 8,620 ... ... 0.5 ... ...
$10,000 to $14,999 12,950 ... ... 0.8 ... ...
$15,000 to $19,999 18,925 ... ... 1.2 ... ...
$20,000 to $24,999 52,455 ... ... 3.2 ... ...
$25,000 to $29,999 58,000 ... ... 3.6 ... ...
$30,000 to $34,999 48,620 ... ... 3.0 ... ...
$35,000 to $39,999 56,195 ... ... 3.4 ... ...
$40,000 to $44,999 62,115 ... ... 3.8 ... ...
$45,000 to $49,999 60,880 ... ... 3.7 ... ...
$50,000 to $59,999 126,900 ... ... 7.8 ... ...
$60,000 to $69,999 127,780 ... ... 7.8 ... ...
$70,000 to $79,999 122,795 ... ... 7.5 ... ...
$80,000 to $89,999 117,335 ... ... 7.2 ... ...
$90,000 to $99,999 106,445 ... ... 6.5 ... ...
$100,000 and over 634,290 ... ... 38.8 ... ...
$100,000 to $124,999 214,810 ... ... 13.2 ... ...
$125,000 to $149,999 149,640 ... ... 9.2 ... ...
$150,000 and over 269,845 ... ... 16.5 ... ...
Income of economic families in 2020
Total - Income statistics for economic families in private households - 100% data28 1,150,150 ... ... ... ... ...
Median total income of economic family in 2020 ($) 115,000 ... ... 115,000 ... ...
Median after-tax income of economic family in 2020 ($) 99,000 ... ... 99,000 ... ...
Average family size of economic families 3.1 ... ... 3.1 ... ...
Total - Income statistics for couple-only economic families in private households - 100% data 423,245 ... ... ... ... ...
Median total income of couple-only economic families in 2020 ($) 103,000 ... ... 103,000 ... ...
Median after-tax income of couple-only economic families in 2020 ($) 89,000 ... ... 89,000 ... ...
Average family size of couple-only economic families 2.0 ... ... 2.0 ... ...
Total - Income statistics for couple-with-children economic families in private households - 100% data 527,475 ... ... ... ... ...
Median total income of couple-with-children economic families in 2020 ($) 141,000 ... ... 141,000 ... ...
Median after-tax income of couple-with-children economic families in 2020 ($) 120,000 ... ... 120,000 ... ...
Average family size of couple-with-children economic families 4.1 ... ... 4.1 ... ...
Total - Income statistics for one-parent economic families in private households - 100% data 162,425 ... ... ... ... ...
Median total income of one-parent economic families in 2020 ($) 72,000 ... ... 72,000 ... ...
Median after-tax income of one-parent economic families in 2020 ($) 66,000 ... ... 66,000 ... ...
Average family size of one-parent economic families 2.7 ... ... 2.7 ... ...
Total - Income statistics for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families in private households - 100% data29 612,970 318,840 294,130 ... ... ...
Median total income in 2020 ($)30 43,600 46,400 40,800 43,600 46,400 40,800
Median after-tax income in 2020 ($)30 39,200 41,200 37,200 39,200 41,200 37,200
Total - Income statistics for economic families in private households - 25% sample data31 1,149,555 ... ... ... ... ...
Average total income of economic family in 2020 ($) 140,000 ... ... 140,000 ... ...
Average after-tax income of economic family in 2020 ($) 115,100 ... ... 115,100 ... ...
Total - Income statistics for couple-only economic families in private households - 25% sample data 423,255 ... ... ... ... ...
Average total income of couple-only economic families in 2020 ($) 128,400 ... ... 128,400 ... ...
Average after-tax income of couple-only economic families in 2020 ($) 105,000 ... ... 105,000 ... ...
Total - Income statistics for couple-with-children economic families in private households - 25% sample data 528,270 ... ... ... ... ...
Average total income of couple-with-children economic families in 2020 ($) 167,000 ... ... 167,000 ... ...
Average after-tax income of couple-with-children economic families in 2020 ($) 136,200 ... ... 136,200 ... ...
Total - Income statistics for one-parent economic families in private households - 25% sample data 161,495 ... ... ... ... ...
Average total income of one-parent economic families in 2020 ($) 85,100 ... ... 85,100 ... ...
Average after-tax income of one-parent economic families in 2020 ($) 74,800 ... ... 74,800 ... ...
Total - Income statistics for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families in private households - 25% sample data32 612,950 318,115 294,835 ... ... ...
Average total income in 2020 ($)30 56,550 60,100 52,750 56,550 60,100 52,750
Average after-tax income in 2020 ($)30 47,360 49,600 44,960 47,360 49,600 44,960
Low income and income inequality in 2020
Total - LIM low-income status in 2020 for the population in private households - 100% data33 4,177,715 2,088,185 2,089,535 100.0 100.0 100.0
0 to 17 years 953,865 490,345 463,520 22.8 23.5 22.2
0 to 5 years 302,980 155,160 147,820 7.3 7.4 7.1
18 to 64 years 2,638,940 1,317,995 1,320,945 63.2 63.1 63.2
65 years and over 584,915 279,845 305,065 14.0 13.4 14.6
In low income based on the Low-income measure, after tax (LIM-AT) 382,820 182,970 199,855 ... ... ...
0 to 17 years 107,130 54,765 52,370 ... ... ...
0 to 5 years 36,250 18,465 17,790 ... ... ...
18 to 64 years 213,795 103,030 110,765 ... ... ...
65 years and over 61,890 25,180 36,720 ... ... ...
Prevalence of low income based on the Low-income measure, after tax (LIM-AT) (%) 9.2 8.8 9.6 9.2 8.8 9.6
0 to 17 years (%) 11.2 11.2 11.3 11.2 11.2 11.3
0 to 5 years (%) 12.0 11.9 12.0 12.0 11.9 12.0
18 to 64 years (%) 8.1 7.8 8.4 8.1 7.8 8.4
65 years and over (%) 10.6 9.0 12.0 10.6 9.0 12.0
Total - LICO low-income status in 2020 for the population in private households to whom the low-income concept is applicable - 100% data33 4,132,995 2,065,555 2,067,435 100.0 100.0 100.0
0 to 17 years 936,965 481,700 455,265 22.7 23.3 22.0
0 to 5 years 298,005 152,625 145,380 7.2 7.4 7.0
18 to 64 years 2,614,300 1,305,610 1,308,690 63.3 63.2 63.3
65 years and over 581,730 278,250 303,475 14.1 13.5 14.7
In low income based on the Low-income cut-offs, after tax (LICO-AT) 187,885 96,630 91,255 ... ... ...
0 to 17 years 43,110 21,925 21,180 ... ... ...
0 to 5 years 13,945 7,045 6,900 ... ... ...
18 to 64 years 130,620 68,100 62,525 ... ... ...
65 years and over 14,155 6,605 7,550 ... ... ...
Prevalence of low income based on the Low-income cut-offs, after tax (LICO-AT) (%) 4.6 4.7 4.4 4.6 4.7 4.4
0 to 17 years (%) 4.6 4.6 4.7 4.6 4.6 4.7
0 to 5 years (%) 4.7 4.6 4.8 4.7 4.6 4.8
18 to 64 years (%) 5.0 5.2 4.8 5.0 5.2 4.8
65 years and over (%) 2.4 2.4 2.5 2.4 2.4 2.5
Total - Adjusted after-tax economic family income decile group for the population in private households - 100% data34The letter 'c' in a yellow triangle indicates a correction notice. 4,177,715 2,088,185 2,089,530 100.0 100.0 100.0
In bottom half of the distribution 1,894,410 924,245 970,165 45.3 44.3 46.4
In bottom decile 345,410 172,330 173,080 8.3 8.3 8.3
In second decile 385,215 179,975 205,240 9.2 8.6 9.8
In third decile 380,170 184,770 195,400 9.1 8.8 9.4
In fourth decile 386,560 190,330 196,235 9.3 9.1 9.4
In fifth decile 397,055 196,830 200,215 9.5 9.4 9.6
In top half of the distribution 2,283,310 1,163,940 1,119,365 54.7 55.7 53.6
In sixth decile 406,615 204,040 202,575 9.7 9.8 9.7
In seventh decile 420,810 212,460 208,350 10.1 10.2 10.0
In eighth decile 440,225 223,690 216,535 10.5 10.7 10.4
In ninth decile 470,850 240,765 230,085 11.3 11.5 11.0
In top decile 544,810 282,985 261,825 13.0 13.6 12.5
Total - Inequality measures for the population in private households - 100% data35 4,177,720 ... ... 4,177,720 ... ...
Gini index on adjusted household total income 0.350 ... ... 0.350 ... ...
Gini index on adjusted household market income 0.450 ... ... 0.450 ... ...
Gini index on adjusted household after-tax income 0.307 ... ... 0.307 ... ...
P90/P10 ratio on adjusted household after-tax income 3.9 ... ... 3.9 ... ...
Knowledge of official languages
Total - Knowledge of official languages for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% data36 4,221,835 2,108,780 2,113,050 100.0 100.0 100.0
English only 3,894,690 1,960,785 1,933,905 92.3 93.0 91.5
French only 3,105 1,330 1,780 0.1 0.1 0.1
English and French 258,330 119,725 138,605 6.1 5.7 6.6
Neither English nor French 65,705 26,945 38,760 1.6 1.3 1.8
First official language spoken
Total - First official language spoken for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% data37 4,221,835 2,108,780 2,113,050 100.0 100.0 100.0
English 4,078,135 2,042,220 2,035,915 96.6 96.8 96.3
French 64,440 32,960 31,485 1.5 1.6 1.5
English and French 15,525 7,680 7,840 0.4 0.4 0.4
Neither English nor French 63,735 25,925 37,810 1.5 1.2 1.8
Mother tongue
Total - Mother tongue for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% data38 4,221,835 2,108,780 2,113,050 100.0 100.0 100.0
Single responses 4,055,375 2,028,210 2,027,165 96.1 96.2 95.9
Official languages 3,148,690 1,591,780 1,556,910 74.6 75.5 73.7
English 3,083,840 1,558,570 1,525,265 73.0 73.9 72.2
French 64,855 33,210 31,645 1.5 1.6 1.5
Non-official languages 906,680 436,430 470,250 21.5 20.7 22.3
Indigenous languages39 17,200 8,165 9,035 0.4 0.4 0.4
Algonquian languages 15,155 7,265 7,890 0.4 0.3 0.4
Blackfoot 2,470 1,160 1,315 0.1 0.1 0.1
Cree-Innu languages 12,290 5,920 6,370 0.3 0.3 0.3
Atikamekw 0 0 0 0.0 0.0 0.0
Cree languages 12,290 5,920 6,365 0.3 0.3 0.3
Ililimowin (Moose Cree) 5 0 5 0.0 0.0 0.0
Inu Ayimun (Southern East Cree) 0 0 0 0.0 0.0 0.0
Iyiyiw-Ayimiwin (Northern East Cree) 65 35 30 0.0 0.0 0.0
Nehinawewin (Swampy Cree) 65 25 40 0.0 0.0 0.0
Nehiyawewin (Plains Cree) 1,590 705 890 0.0 0.0 0.0
Nihithawiwin (Woods Cree) 1,305 650 655 0.0 0.0 0.0
Cree, n.o.s. 9,255 4,495 4,760 0.2 0.2 0.2
Innu (Montagnais) 5 0 5 0.0 0.0 0.0
Naskapi 0 0 0 0.0 0.0 0.0
Eastern Algonquian languages 10 5 5 0.0 0.0 0.0
Mi'kmaq 10 5 5 0.0 0.0 0.0
Wolastoqewi (Malecite) 0 0 0 0.0 0.0 0.0
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 385 180 205 0.0 0.0 0.0
Anicinabemowin (Algonquin) 5 0 0 0.0 0.0 0.0
Oji-Cree 20 5 10 0.0 0.0 0.0
Ojibway languages 355 170 185 0.0 0.0 0.0
Anishinaabemowin (Chippewa) 20 10 10 0.0 0.0 0.0
Daawaamwin (Odawa) 0 0 0 0.0 0.0 0.0
Saulteau (Western Ojibway) 235 110 125 0.0 0.0 0.0
Ojibway, n.o.s. 100 50 50 0.0 0.0 0.0
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0.0 0.0 0.0
Athabaskan languages 1,345 610 735 0.0 0.0 0.0
Northern Athabaskan languages 1,335 605 725 0.0 0.0 0.0
Dakelh (Carrier) 5 5 5 0.0 0.0 0.0
Dane-zaa (Beaver) 25 10 15 0.0 0.0 0.0
Dene, n.o.s. 1,075 495 585 0.0 0.0 0.0
Gwich'in 10 0 5 0.0 0.0 0.0
Slavey-Hare languages 150 65 85 0.0 0.0 0.0
Deh Gah Ghotie Zhatie (South Slavey) 105 45 55 0.0 0.0 0.0
Satuotine Yati (North Slavey) 20 10 10 0.0 0.0 0.0
Slavey, n.o.s. 30 10 20 0.0 0.0 0.0
Tahltan languages 0 0 0 0.0 0.0 0.0
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0 0.0 0.0 0.0
Tahltan 0 0 0 0.0 0.0 0.0
Tlicho (Dogrib) 35 10 20 0.0 0.0 0.0
Tse'khene (Sekani) 0 0 0 0.0 0.0 0.0
Tsilhqot'in (Chilcotin) 0 0 5 0.0 0.0 0.0
Tsuu T'ina (Sarsi) 20 15 10 0.0 0.0 0.0
Tutchone languages 0 0 0 0.0 0.0 0.0
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0 0.0 0.0 0.0
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0 0.0 0.0 0.0
Tutchone, n.o.s. 0 0 0 0.0 0.0 0.0
Wetsuwet'en-Babine 5 0 0 0.0 0.0 0.0
Tlingit 0 0 0 0.0 0.0 0.0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 15 5 10 0.0 0.0 0.0
Haida 0 0 0 0.0 0.0 0.0
Inuktut (Inuit) languages 145 40 100 0.0 0.0 0.0
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 25 5 20 0.0 0.0 0.0
Inuinnaqtun 5 0 5 0.0 0.0 0.0
Inuvialuktun 20 5 15 0.0 0.0 0.0
Inuktitut 115 35 80 0.0 0.0 0.0
Inuktut (Inuit) languages, n.i.e. 5 0 5 0.0 0.0 0.0
Iroquoian languages 10 5 5 0.0 0.0 0.0
Cayuga 0 0 0 0.0 0.0 0.0
Mohawk 10 5 5 0.0 0.0 0.0
Oneida 0 0 0 0.0 0.0 0.0
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0.0 0.0 0.0
Ktunaxa (Kutenai) 0 0 0 0.0 0.0 0.0
Michif 60 25 40 0.0 0.0 0.0
Salish languages 10 0 5 0.0 0.0 0.0
Halkomelem 0 0 0 0.0 0.0 0.0
Lillooet 0 0 0 0.0 0.0 0.0
Ntlakapamux (Thompson) 0 0 0 0.0 0.0 0.0
Secwepemctsin (Shuswap) 0 0 0 0.0 0.0 0.0
Squamish 0 0 0 0.0 0.0 0.0
Straits 0 0 0 0.0 0.0 0.0
Syilx (Okanagan) 5 0 0 0.0 0.0 0.0
Salish languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0.0 0.0 0.0
Siouan languages 445 205 235 0.0 0.0 0.0
Assiniboine 10 0 5 0.0 0.0 0.0
Dakota 65 25 40 0.0 0.0 0.0
Stoney 360 175 180 0.0 0.0 0.0
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 10 5 10 0.0 0.0 0.0
Tsimshian languages 10 5 5 0.0 0.0 0.0
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 5 5 5 0.0 0.0 0.0
Nisga'a 0 0 0 0.0 0.0 0.0
Tsimshian 0 0 0 0.0 0.0 0.0
Wakashan languages 5 0 5 0.0 0.0 0.0
Haisla 0 0 0 0.0 0.0 0.0
Heiltsuk 0 0 0 0.0 0.0 0.0
Kwak'wala (Kwakiutl) 0 0 0 0.0 0.0 0.0
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0 0 0 0.0 0.0 0.0
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0.0 0.0 0.0
Indigenous languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0.0 0.0 0.0
Indigenous languages, n.o.s. 15 10 5 0.0 0.0 0.0
Non-Indigenous languages 889,485 428,270 461,215 21.1 20.3 21.8
Afro-Asiatic languages 82,270 42,330 39,935 1.9 2.0 1.9
Berber languages 335 185 150 0.0 0.0 0.0
Kabyle 220 110 115 0.0 0.0 0.0
Tamazight 95 60 30 0.0 0.0 0.0
Berber languages, n.i.e. 25 10 15 0.0 0.0 0.0
Chadic languages 160 85 75 0.0 0.0 0.0
Hausa 145 80 65 0.0 0.0 0.0
Mina 10 5 10 0.0 0.0 0.0
Coptic 55 25 30 0.0 0.0 0.0
Cushitic languages 14,995 7,485 7,515 0.4 0.4 0.4
Bilen 650 345 300 0.0 0.0 0.0
Oromo 3,485 1,780 1,705 0.1 0.1 0.1
Somali 10,750 5,280 5,470 0.3 0.3 0.3
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 115 70 45 0.0 0.0 0.0
Semitic languages 66,720 34,555 32,165 1.6 1.6 1.5
Amharic 8,165 3,925 4,245 0.2 0.2 0.2
Arabic 46,425 24,385 22,045 1.1 1.2 1.0
Aramaic languages 835 405 430 0.0 0.0 0.0
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 445 225 220 0.0 0.0 0.0
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 265 125 140 0.0 0.0 0.0
Aramaic, n.o.s. 130 55 70 0.0 0.0 0.0
Harari 215 105 110 0.0 0.0 0.0
Hebrew 885 455 425 0.0 0.0 0.0
Maltese 55 25 25 0.0 0.0 0.0
Tigrigna 10,065 5,210 4,855 0.2 0.2 0.2
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 80 50 35 0.0 0.0 0.0
Austro-Asiatic languages 25,655 11,520 14,135 0.6 0.5 0.7
Khmer (Cambodian) 1,775 800 975 0.0 0.0 0.0
Vietnamese 23,705 10,615 13,090 0.6 0.5 0.6
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e 175 100 75 0.0 0.0 0.0
Austronesian languages 131,755 58,110 73,640 3.1 2.8 3.5
Bikol 535 235 295 0.0 0.0 0.0
Bisaya, n.o.s. 2,265 985 1,285 0.1 0.0 0.1
Cebuano 5,210 2,300 2,910 0.1 0.1 0.1
Fijian 120 65 55 0.0 0.0 0.0
Hiligaynon 2,370 1,005 1,370 0.1 0.0 0.1
Ilocano 7,440 3,325 4,110 0.2 0.2 0.2
Indonesian 1,275 510 765 0.0 0.0 0.0
Kankanaey 370 155 220 0.0 0.0 0.0
Kinaray-a 165 80 90 0.0 0.0 0.0
Malagasy languages 50 20 30 0.0 0.0 0.0
Merina 5 0 5 0.0 0.0 0.0
Malagasy, n.o.s. 45 20 30 0.0 0.0 0.0
Malay 270 115 155 0.0 0.0 0.0
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 1,275 620 650 0.0 0.0 0.0
Pangasinan 515 235 280 0.0 0.0 0.0
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 108,395 47,810 60,590 2.6 2.3 2.9
Waray-Waray 415 195 225 0.0 0.0 0.0
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 1,075 475 605 0.0 0.0 0.0
Creole languages 1,745 875 875 0.0 0.0 0.0
Haitian Creole 455 230 225 0.0 0.0 0.0
Jamaican English Creole 60 35 30 0.0 0.0 0.0
Krio 270 130 140 0.0 0.0 0.0
Morisyen 325 165 160 0.0 0.0 0.0
Sango 5 0 5 0.0 0.0 0.0
Creole, n.o.s. 420 215 210 0.0 0.0 0.0
Creole languages, n.i.e. 215 110 105 0.0 0.0 0.0
Dravidian languages 17,170 8,845 8,330 0.4 0.4 0.4
Kannada 585 295 295 0.0 0.0 0.0
Malayalam 8,785 4,450 4,330 0.2 0.2 0.2
Tamil 4,950 2,610 2,340 0.1 0.1 0.1
Telugu 2,715 1,425 1,295 0.1 0.1 0.1
Tulu 75 35 40 0.0 0.0 0.0
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 60 25 30 0.0 0.0 0.0
Georgian 200 110 90 0.0 0.0 0.0
Hmong-Mien languages 0 0 0 0.0 0.0 0.0
Indo-European languages 454,815 224,310 230,505 10.8 10.6 10.9
Albanian 2,345 1,250 1,100 0.1 0.1 0.1
Armenian 490 240 245 0.0 0.0 0.0
Balto-Slavic languages 70,185 32,420 37,760 1.7 1.5 1.8
Baltic languages 885 405 475 0.0 0.0 0.0
Latvian 365 165 205 0.0 0.0 0.0
Lithuanian 515 240 275 0.0 0.0 0.0
Slavic languages 69,305 32,020 37,285 1.6 1.5 1.8
Belarusian 65 30 40 0.0 0.0 0.0
Bulgarian 1,300 640 660 0.0 0.0 0.0
Czech 2,700 1,265 1,435 0.1 0.1 0.1
Macedonian 365 185 185 0.0 0.0 0.0
Polish 17,540 8,130 9,410 0.4 0.4 0.4
Russian 17,735 7,850 9,890 0.4 0.4 0.5
Rusyn 30 20 10 0.0 0.0 0.0
Serbo-Croatian 10,350 5,085 5,270 0.2 0.2 0.2
Bosnian 1,860 905 960 0.0 0.0 0.0
Croatian 4,260 2,105 2,155 0.1 0.1 0.1
Serbian 4,040 1,975 2,065 0.1 0.1 0.1
Serbo-Croatian, n.i.e. 190 100 90 0.0 0.0 0.0
Slovak 1,865 910 950 0.0 0.0 0.0
Slovene (Slovenian) 555 245 305 0.0 0.0 0.0
Ukrainian 16,750 7,630 9,125 0.4 0.4 0.4
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 40 20 15 0.0 0.0 0.0
Celtic languages 295 165 130 0.0 0.0 0.0
Irish 75 45 25 0.0 0.0 0.0
Scottish Gaelic 50 20 20 0.0 0.0 0.0
Welsh 145 75 65 0.0 0.0 0.0
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 30 20 15 0.0 0.0 0.0
Germanic languages 93,145 45,830 47,320 2.2 2.2 2.2
Frisian 250 145 105 0.0 0.0 0.0
High German languages 60,990 29,660 31,325 1.4 1.4 1.5
German 59,835 29,055 30,775 1.4 1.4 1.5
Pennsylvania German 20 10 10 0.0 0.0 0.0
Swiss German 1,045 550 495 0.0 0.0 0.0
Yiddish 90 50 45 0.0 0.0 0.0
Low Saxon-Low Franconian languages 28,670 14,425 14,245 0.7 0.7 0.7
Afrikaans 3,150 1,555 1,595 0.1 0.1 0.1
Dutch 13,140 6,605 6,535 0.3 0.3 0.3
Low German, n.o.s. 3,060 1,545 1,510 0.1 0.1 0.1
Low Saxon 260 145 120 0.0 0.0 0.0
Plautdietsch 8,815 4,455 4,355 0.2 0.2 0.2
Vlaams (Flemish) 245 120 125 0.0 0.0 0.0
Scandinavian languages 3,155 1,540 1,615 0.1 0.1 0.1
Danish 1,850 945 910 0.0 0.0 0.0
Icelandic 95 45 55 0.0 0.0 0.0
Norwegian 525 245 285 0.0 0.0 0.0
Swedish 680 310 370 0.0 0.0 0.0
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 85 50 30 0.0 0.0 0.0
Greek 2,820 1,430 1,385 0.1 0.1 0.1
Indo-Iranian languages 197,415 100,095 97,320 4.7 4.7 4.6
Indo-Aryan languages 176,130 89,315 86,820 4.2 4.2 4.1
Assamese 85 45 40 0.0 0.0 0.0
Bengali 7,735 3,900 3,835 0.2 0.2 0.2
Gujarati 15,330 7,920 7,415 0.4 0.4 0.4
Hindi 18,815 9,525 9,285 0.4 0.5 0.4
Kacchi 1,625 720 905 0.0 0.0 0.0
Kashmiri 125 65 60 0.0 0.0 0.0
Konkani 345 170 180 0.0 0.0 0.0
Marathi 1,910 970 935 0.0 0.0 0.0
Nepali 5,900 3,035 2,865 0.1 0.1 0.1
Oriya languages 185 100 90 0.0 0.0 0.0
Odia 130 70 60 0.0 0.0 0.0
Oriya, n.o.s. 60 30 30 0.0 0.0 0.0
Punjabi (Panjabi) 91,070 46,205 44,870 2.2 2.2 2.1
Rohingya 30 20 15 0.0 0.0 0.0
Sindhi 685 345 340 0.0 0.0 0.0
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 2,700 1,380 1,325 0.1 0.1 0.1
Urdu 28,635 14,425 14,210 0.7 0.7 0.7
Indo-Aryan languages, n.i.e. 945 495 445 0.0 0.0 0.0
Iranian languages 21,225 10,750 10,470 0.5 0.5 0.5
Baluchi 65 40 25 0.0 0.0 0.0
Kurdish 2,010 1,035 975 0.0 0.0 0.0
Parsi 25 15 10 0.0 0.0 0.0
Pashto 2,960 1,505 1,460 0.1 0.1 0.1
Persian languages 16,065 8,115 7,955 0.4 0.4 0.4
Dari 5,005 2,490 2,515 0.1 0.1 0.1
Iranian Persian 9,030 4,585 4,445 0.2 0.2 0.2
Persian (Farsi), n.o.s. 2,035 1,040 995 0.0 0.0 0.0
Iranian languages, n.i.e. 90 45 45 0.0 0.0 0.0
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 60 30 30 0.0 0.0 0.0
Italic (Romance) languages 88,045 42,845 45,205 2.1 2.0 2.1
Catalan 70 30 45 0.0 0.0 0.0
Italian 9,505 4,745 4,755 0.2 0.2 0.2
Portuguese 9,910 4,750 5,165 0.2 0.2 0.2
Romanian 7,425 3,635 3,790 0.2 0.2 0.2
Spanish 61,090 29,655 31,435 1.4 1.4 1.5
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 45 25 20 0.0 0.0 0.0
Indo-European languages, n.i.e. 75 35 40 0.0 0.0 0.0
Japanese 4,575 1,550 3,025 0.1 0.1 0.1
Korean 19,240 8,935 10,305 0.5 0.4 0.5
Mongolian 565 255 310 0.0 0.0 0.0
Niger-Congo languages 16,500 8,265 8,235 0.4 0.4 0.4
Akan (Twi) 1,660 855 800 0.0 0.0 0.0
Bamanankan 30 20 10 0.0 0.0 0.0
Edo 245 125 115 0.0 0.0 0.0
Éwé 225 125 95 0.0 0.0 0.0
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 190 100 95 0.0 0.0 0.0
Ga 125 60 60 0.0 0.0 0.0
Ganda 315 160 160 0.0 0.0 0.0
Gikuyu 160 75 85 0.0 0.0 0.0
Igbo 1,380 725 650 0.0 0.0 0.0
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 1,135 550 585 0.0 0.0 0.0
Lingala 205 110 100 0.0 0.0 0.0
Luba-Kasai 55 30 30 0.0 0.0 0.0
Mòoré 40 20 20 0.0 0.0 0.0
Mwani 200 100 95 0.0 0.0 0.0
Ndebele 390 190 205 0.0 0.0 0.0
Rundi (Kirundi) 655 305 350 0.0 0.0 0.0
Shona 1,105 530 580 0.0 0.0 0.0
Soninke 25 10 10 0.0 0.0 0.0
Sotho-Tswana languages 150 50 100 0.0 0.0 0.0
Swahili 2,455 1,165 1,290 0.1 0.1 0.1
Wojenaka 25 10 15 0.0 0.0 0.0
Wolof 265 145 115 0.0 0.0 0.0
Yoruba 3,205 1,710 1,490 0.1 0.1 0.1
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 2,265 1,090 1,170 0.1 0.1 0.1
Nilo-Saharan languages 2,450 1,275 1,175 0.1 0.1 0.1
Dinka 1,040 575 470 0.0 0.0 0.0
Nuer 625 290 335 0.0 0.0 0.0
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 650 340 310 0.0 0.0 0.0
African, n.o.s. 130 70 60 0.0 0.0 0.0
Sign languages 840 440 400 0.0 0.0 0.0
American Sign Language 695 370 330 0.0 0.0 0.0
Quebec Sign Language 0 0 0 0.0 0.0 0.0
Sign languages, n.i.e. 140 70 70 0.0 0.0 0.0
Sino-Tibetan languages 118,025 54,995 63,030 2.8 2.6 3.0
Chinese languages 115,870 53,935 61,940 2.7 2.6 2.9
Hakka 880 405 470 0.0 0.0 0.0
Mandarin 54,135 25,165 28,970 1.3 1.2 1.4
Min Dong 55 25 30 0.0 0.0 0.0
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 2,400 1,040 1,360 0.1 0.0 0.1
Wu (Shanghainese) 440 215 225 0.0 0.0 0.0
Yue (Cantonese) 56,280 26,280 30,005 1.3 1.2 1.4
Chinese, n.o.s. 1,605 760 845 0.0 0.0 0.0
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 75 40 35 0.0 0.0 0.0
Tibeto-Burman languages 2,055 1,015 1,040 0.0 0.0 0.0
Burmese 415 205 215 0.0 0.0 0.0
Kuki-Chin languages 130 60 70 0.0 0.0 0.0
Karenic languages 725 365 355 0.0 0.0 0.0
S'gaw Karen 585 290 290 0.0 0.0 0.0
Karenic languages, n.i.e. 140 75 65 0.0 0.0 0.0
Tibetan 670 335 335 0.0 0.0 0.0
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 120 55 60 0.0 0.0 0.0
Sino-Tibetan languages, n.i.e. 100 45 55 0.0 0.0 0.0
Tai-Kadai languages 3,040 1,110 1,935 0.1 0.1 0.1
Lao 950 460 490 0.0 0.0 0.0
Thai 2,010 620 1,390 0.0 0.0 0.1
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e. 85 35 55 0.0 0.0 0.0
Turkic languages 4,335 2,360 1,975 0.1 0.1 0.1
Azerbaijani 440 235 200 0.0 0.0 0.0
Kazakh 90 35 55 0.0 0.0 0.0
Turkish 3,290 1,825 1,460 0.1 0.1 0.1
Uyghur 130 60 70 0.0 0.0 0.0
Uzbek 240 130 110 0.0 0.0 0.0
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 145 65 75 0.0 0.0 0.0
Uralic languages 6,120 2,890 3,230 0.1 0.1 0.2
Estonian 165 75 90 0.0 0.0 0.0
Finnish 700 285 415 0.0 0.0 0.0
Hungarian 5,255 2,530 2,725 0.1 0.1 0.1
Other languages, n.i.e. 170 85 80 0.0 0.0 0.0
Multiple responses 166,455 80,575 85,890 3.9 3.8 4.1
English and French 17,600 8,520 9,085 0.4 0.4 0.4
English and non-official language(s) 131,195 63,735 67,465 3.1 3.0 3.2
French and non-official language(s) 3,125 1,535 1,590 0.1 0.1 0.1
English, French and non-official language(s) 2,425 1,160 1,270 0.1 0.1 0.1
Multiple non-official languages 12,105 5,625 6,480 0.3 0.3 0.3
All languages spoken at home
Total - All languages spoken at home for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% data40 4,221,835 2,108,780 2,113,050 100.0 100.0 100.0
English 3,183,975 1,606,395 1,577,580 75.4 76.2 74.7
French 15,490 7,660 7,835 0.4 0.4 0.4
Non-official language 272,985 131,515 141,475 6.5 6.2 6.7
Indigenous39 3,700 1,890 1,805 0.1 0.1 0.1
Non-Indigenous 269,280 129,620 139,665 6.4 6.1 6.6
English and French 41,100 19,580 21,515 1.0 0.9 1.0
English and non-official language(s) 664,935 323,185 341,750 15.7 15.3 16.2
French and non-official language(s) 1,590 725 865 0.0 0.0 0.0
English, French and non-official language(s) 17,280 8,175 9,105 0.4 0.4 0.4
Multiple non-official languages 24,475 11,545 12,930 0.6 0.5 0.6
Language spoken most often at home
Total - Language spoken most often at home for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% data41 4,221,835 2,108,780 2,113,050 100.0 100.0 100.0
Single responses 4,054,960 2,027,555 2,027,400 96.0 96.1 95.9
Official languages 3,504,300 1,758,870 1,745,425 83.0 83.4 82.6
English 3,481,545 1,747,645 1,733,895 82.5 82.9 82.1
French 22,755 11,225 11,530 0.5 0.5 0.5
Non-official languages 550,665 268,690 281,975 13.0 12.7 13.3
Indigenous languages39 7,175 3,615 3,565 0.2 0.2 0.2
Algonquian languages 6,355 3,210 3,140 0.2 0.2 0.1
Blackfoot 965 490 475 0.0 0.0 0.0
Cree-Innu languages 5,290 2,670 2,615 0.1 0.1 0.1
Atikamekw 0 0 0 0.0 0.0 0.0
Cree languages 5,290 2,670 2,615 0.1 0.1 0.1
Ililimowin (Moose Cree) 0 0 0 0.0 0.0 0.0
Inu Ayimun (Southern East Cree) 0 0 0 0.0 0.0 0.0
Iyiyiw-Ayimiwin (Northern East Cree) 5 5 5 0.0 0.0 0.0
Nehinawewin (Swampy Cree) 5 0 0 0.0 0.0 0.0
Nehiyawewin (Plains Cree) 475 235 240 0.0 0.0 0.0
Nihithawiwin (Woods Cree) 290 150 145 0.0 0.0 0.0
Cree, n.o.s. 4,510 2,275 2,230 0.1 0.1 0.1
Innu (Montagnais) 0 0 0 0.0 0.0 0.0
Naskapi 0 0 0 0.0 0.0 0.0
Eastern Algonquian languages 5 5 5 0.0 0.0 0.0
Mi'kmaq 5 0 0 0.0 0.0 0.0
Wolastoqewi (Malecite) 0 0 0 0.0 0.0 0.0
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 95 45 45 0.0 0.0 0.0
Anicinabemowin (Algonquin) 0 0 0 0.0 0.0 0.0
Oji-Cree 5 0 0 0.0 0.0 0.0
Ojibway languages 90 45 45 0.0 0.0 0.0
Anishinaabemowin (Chippewa) 10 5 5 0.0 0.0 0.0
Daawaamwin (Odawa) 0 0 0 0.0 0.0 0.0
Saulteau (Western Ojibway) 60 30 30 0.0 0.0 0.0
Ojibway, n.o.s. 25 5 15 0.0 0.0 0.0
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0.0 0.0 0.0
Athabaskan languages 685 345 340 0.0 0.0 0.0
Northern Athabaskan languages 680 340 340 0.0 0.0 0.0
Dakelh (Carrier) 5 0 5 0.0 0.0 0.0
Dane-zaa (Beaver) 10 0 10 0.0 0.0 0.0
Dene, n.o.s. 585 300 290 0.0 0.0 0.0
Gwich'in 0 0 0 0.0 0.0 0.0
Slavey-Hare languages 70 40 35 0.0 0.0 0.0
Deh Gah Ghotie Zhatie (South Slavey) 60 30 30 0.0 0.0 0.0
Satuotine Yati (North Slavey) 5 5 0 0.0 0.0 0.0
Slavey, n.o.s. 10 0 5 0.0 0.0 0.0
Tahltan languages 0 0 0 0.0 0.0 0.0
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0 0.0 0.0 0.0
Tahltan 0 0 0 0.0 0.0 0.0
Tlicho (Dogrib) 0 0 0 0.0 0.0 0.0
Tse'khene (Sekani) 0 0 0 0.0 0.0 0.0
Tsilhqot'in (Chilcotin) 0 0 0 0.0 0.0 0.0
Tsuu T'ina (Sarsi) 0 0 0 0.0 0.0 0.0
Tutchone languages 0 0 0 0.0 0.0 0.0
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0 0.0 0.0 0.0
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0 0.0 0.0 0.0
Tutchone, n.o.s. 0 0 0 0.0 0.0 0.0
Wetsuwet'en-Babine 0 0 0 0.0 0.0 0.0
Tlingit 0 0 0 0.0 0.0 0.0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0.0 0.0 0.0
Haida 0 0 0 0.0 0.0 0.0
Inuktut (Inuit) languages 15 5 10 0.0 0.0 0.0
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 0 0 0 0.0 0.0 0.0
Inuinnaqtun 0 0 0 0.0 0.0 0.0
Inuvialuktun 0 0 0 0.0 0.0 0.0
Inuktitut 15 5 10 0.0 0.0 0.0
Inuktut (Inuit) languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0.0 0.0 0.0
Iroquoian languages 0 0 0 0.0 0.0 0.0
Cayuga 0 0 0 0.0 0.0 0.0
Mohawk 0 0 0 0.0 0.0 0.0
Oneida 0 0 0 0.0 0.0 0.0
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0.0 0.0 0.0
Ktunaxa (Kutenai) 0 0 0 0.0 0.0 0.0
Michif 15 10 10 0.0 0.0 0.0
Salish languages 5 5 0 0.0 0.0 0.0
Halkomelem 0 0 0 0.0 0.0 0.0
Lillooet 0 0 0 0.0 0.0 0.0
Ntlakapamux (Thompson) 0 0 0 0.0 0.0 0.0
Secwepemctsin (Shuswap) 0 0 0 0.0 0.0 0.0
Squamish 0 0 0 0.0 0.0 0.0
Straits 0 0 0 0.0 0.0 0.0
Syilx (Okanagan) 0 0 0 0.0 0.0 0.0
Salish languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0.0 0.0 0.0
Siouan languages 100 45 55 0.0 0.0 0.0
Assiniboine 0 0 0 0.0 0.0 0.0
Dakota 10 5 5 0.0 0.0 0.0
Stoney 85 35 45 0.0 0.0 0.0
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 5 5 0 0.0 0.0 0.0
Tsimshian languages 0 0 0 0.0 0.0 0.0
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 0 0 0 0.0 0.0 0.0
Nisga'a 0 0 0 0.0 0.0 0.0
Tsimshian 0 0 0 0.0 0.0 0.0
Wakashan languages 0 0 0 0.0 0.0 0.0
Haisla 0 0 0 0.0 0.0 0.0
Heiltsuk 0 0 0 0.0 0.0 0.0
Kwak'wala (Kwakiutl) 0 0 0 0.0 0.0 0.0
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0 0 0 0.0 0.0 0.0
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0.0 0.0 0.0
Indigenous languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0.0 0.0 0.0
Indigenous languages, n.o.s. 0 0 0 0.0 0.0 0.0
Non-Indigenous languages 543,490 265,075 278,415 12.9 12.6 13.2
Afro-Asiatic languages 52,375 26,290 26,085 1.2 1.2 1.2
Berber languages 165 85 80 0.0 0.0 0.0
Kabyle 95 50 45 0.0 0.0 0.0
Tamazight 55 30 25 0.0 0.0 0.0
Berber languages, n.i.e. 10 5 5 0.0 0.0 0.0
Chadic languages 105 60 45 0.0 0.0 0.0
Hausa 105 60 45 0.0 0.0 0.0
Mina 0 0 0 0.0 0.0 0.0
Coptic 15 5 5 0.0 0.0 0.0
Cushitic languages 10,170 5,010 5,155 0.2 0.2 0.2
Bilen 490 255 240 0.0 0.0 0.0
Oromo 2,580 1,305 1,270 0.1 0.1 0.1
Somali 7,045 3,425 3,620 0.2 0.2 0.2
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 50 25 25 0.0 0.0 0.0
Semitic languages 41,920 21,120 20,800 1.0 1.0 1.0
Amharic 5,025 2,385 2,635 0.1 0.1 0.1
Arabic 28,040 14,195 13,840 0.7 0.7 0.7
Aramaic languages 630 310 325 0.0 0.0 0.0
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 310 155 160 0.0 0.0 0.0
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 190 90 95 0.0 0.0 0.0
Aramaic, n.o.s. 135 65 65 0.0 0.0 0.0
Harari 140 70 70 0.0 0.0 0.0
Hebrew 415 215 200 0.0 0.0 0.0
Maltese 10 5 5 0.0 0.0 0.0
Tigrigna 7,600 3,905 3,700 0.2 0.2 0.2
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 60 35 20 0.0 0.0 0.0
Austro-Asiatic languages 17,075 7,795 9,285 0.4 0.4 0.4
Khmer (Cambodian) 975 430 545 0.0 0.0 0.0
Vietnamese 15,945 7,280 8,670 0.4 0.3 0.4
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e 155 90 65 0.0 0.0 0.0
Austronesian languages 82,190 38,845 43,345 1.9 1.8 2.1
Bikol 200 100 100 0.0 0.0 0.0
Bisaya, n.o.s. 1,250 595 660 0.0 0.0 0.0
Cebuano 2,990 1,435 1,555 0.1 0.1 0.1
Fijian 25 15 10 0.0 0.0 0.0
Hiligaynon 1,290 610 680 0.0 0.0 0.0
Ilocano 4,450 2,075 2,375 0.1 0.1 0.1
Indonesian 435 215 220 0.0 0.0 0.0
Kankanaey 210 95 120 0.0 0.0 0.0
Kinaray-a 85 40 45 0.0 0.0 0.0
Malagasy languages 20 10 10 0.0 0.0 0.0
Merina 0 0 0 0.0 0.0 0.0
Malagasy, n.o.s. 20 10 10 0.0 0.0 0.0
Malay 65 30 30 0.0 0.0 0.0
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 700 330 370 0.0 0.0 0.0
Pangasinan 180 85 95 0.0 0.0 0.0
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 69,570 32,865 36,705 1.6 1.6 1.7
Waray-Waray 205 100 110 0.0 0.0 0.0
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 500 245 255 0.0 0.0 0.0
Creole languages 1,010 485 525 0.0 0.0 0.0
Haitian Creole 295 140 155 0.0 0.0 0.0
Jamaican English Creole 45 15 25 0.0 0.0 0.0
Krio 120 55 60 0.0 0.0 0.0
Morisyen 235 115 115 0.0 0.0 0.0
Sango 0 0 0 0.0 0.0 0.0
Creole, n.o.s. 205 105 100 0.0 0.0 0.0
Creole languages, n.i.e. 110 45 65 0.0 0.0 0.0
Dravidian languages 11,840 5,985 5,855 0.3 0.3 0.3
Kannada 305 150 160 0.0 0.0 0.0
Malayalam 6,270 3,150 3,120 0.1 0.1 0.1
Tamil 3,480 1,790 1,690 0.1 0.1 0.1
Telugu 1,705 860 845 0.0 0.0 0.0
Tulu 45 20 20 0.0 0.0 0.0
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 35 15 20 0.0 0.0 0.0
Georgian 130 75 60 0.0 0.0 0.0
Hmong-Mien languages 0 0 0 0.0 0.0 0.0
Indo-European languages 265,460 131,850 133,610 6.3 6.3 6.3
Albanian 1,040 550 490 0.0 0.0 0.0
Armenian 245 115 125 0.0 0.0 0.0
Balto-Slavic languages 28,760 13,815 14,945 0.7 0.7 0.7
Baltic languages 345 175 170 0.0 0.0 0.0
Latvian 140 75 65 0.0 0.0 0.0
Lithuanian 205 105 105 0.0 0.0 0.0
Slavic languages 28,415 13,640 14,775 0.7 0.6 0.7
Belarusian 20 10 10 0.0 0.0 0.0
Bulgarian 595 290 305 0.0 0.0 0.0
Czech 765 365 400 0.0 0.0 0.0
Macedonian 180 95 90 0.0 0.0 0.0
Polish 6,810 3,230 3,575 0.2 0.2 0.2
Russian 10,885 5,205 5,680 0.3 0.2 0.3
Rusyn 10 10 5 0.0 0.0 0.0
Serbo-Croatian 4,370 2,105 2,265 0.1 0.1 0.1
Bosnian 750 360 395 0.0 0.0 0.0
Croatian 1,525 740 785 0.0 0.0 0.0
Serbian 2,055 990 1,065 0.0 0.0 0.1
Serbo-Croatian, n.i.e. 35 20 20 0.0 0.0 0.0
Slovak 585 285 295 0.0 0.0 0.0
Slovene (Slovenian) 105 50 50 0.0 0.0 0.0
Ukrainian 4,080 1,990 2,090 0.1 0.1 0.1
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 15 5 5 0.0 0.0 0.0
Celtic languages 50 25 25 0.0 0.0 0.0
Irish 15 5 5 0.0 0.0 0.0
Scottish Gaelic 20 10 15 0.0 0.0 0.0
Welsh 10 5 5 0.0 0.0 0.0
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 10 5 5 0.0 0.0 0.0
Germanic languages 40,925 20,195 20,730 1.0 1.0 1.0
Frisian 40 25 20 0.0 0.0 0.0
High German languages 29,275 14,360 14,920 0.7 0.7 0.7
German 29,025 14,235 14,790 0.7 0.7 0.7
Pennsylvania German 5 0 0 0.0 0.0 0.0
Swiss German 240 115 125 0.0 0.0 0.0
Yiddish 10 5 5 0.0 0.0 0.0
Low Saxon-Low Franconian languages 11,310 5,675 5,630 0.3 0.3 0.3
Afrikaans 1,720 850 870 0.0 0.0 0.0
Dutch 1,520 725 800 0.0 0.0 0.0
Low German, n.o.s. 2,280 1,170 1,115 0.1 0.1 0.1
Low Saxon 135 65 65 0.0 0.0 0.0
Plautdietsch 5,620 2,850 2,770 0.1 0.1 0.1
Vlaams (Flemish) 35 15 20 0.0 0.0 0.0
Scandinavian languages 280 130 150 0.0 0.0 0.0
Danish 100 50 50 0.0 0.0 0.0
Icelandic 25 10 10 0.0 0.0 0.0
Norwegian 35 15 20 0.0 0.0 0.0
Swedish 130 55 75 0.0 0.0 0.0
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 15 10 5 0.0 0.0 0.0
Greek 935 430 505 0.0 0.0 0.0
Indo-Iranian languages 146,225 73,640 72,580 3.5 3.5 3.4
Indo-Aryan languages 132,370 66,780 65,590 3.1 3.2 3.1
Assamese 40 20 20 0.0 0.0 0.0
Bengali 5,085 2,505 2,580 0.1 0.1 0.1
Gujarati 10,620 5,435 5,185 0.3 0.3 0.2
Hindi 12,295 6,225 6,075 0.3 0.3 0.3
Kacchi 830 345 480 0.0 0.0 0.0
Kashmiri 70 35 40 0.0 0.0 0.0
Konkani 130 65 70 0.0 0.0 0.0
Marathi 1,145 570 570 0.0 0.0 0.0
Nepali 4,280 2,200 2,080 0.1 0.1 0.1
Oriya languages 75 40 35 0.0 0.0 0.0
Odia 55 30 25 0.0 0.0 0.0
Oriya, n.o.s. 20 15 10 0.0 0.0 0.0
Punjabi (Panjabi) 75,180 38,085 37,090 1.8 1.8 1.8
Rohingya 15 10 10 0.0 0.0 0.0
Sindhi 405 205 200 0.0 0.0 0.0
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 1,595 790 805 0.0 0.0 0.0
Urdu 20,080 9,990 10,085 0.5 0.5 0.5
Indo-Aryan languages, n.i.e. 520 255 265 0.0 0.0 0.0
Iranian languages 13,835 6,850 6,980 0.3 0.3 0.3
Baluchi 35 20 15 0.0 0.0 0.0
Kurdish 1,310 655 660 0.0 0.0 0.0
Parsi 15 5 10 0.0 0.0 0.0
Pashto 1,920 960 960 0.0 0.0 0.0
Persian languages 10,495 5,190 5,310 0.2 0.2 0.3
Dari 2,990 1,435 1,560 0.1 0.1 0.1
Iranian Persian 6,150 3,065 3,080 0.1 0.1 0.1
Persian (Farsi), n.o.s. 1,360 690 670 0.0 0.0 0.0
Iranian languages, n.i.e. 50 20 30 0.0 0.0 0.0
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 25 15 10 0.0 0.0 0.0
Italic (Romance) languages 47,235 23,055 24,180 1.1 1.1 1.1
Catalan 45 20 25 0.0 0.0 0.0
Italian 2,140 915 1,220 0.1 0.0 0.1
Portuguese 4,585 2,230 2,355 0.1 0.1 0.1
Romanian 3,525 1,745 1,775 0.1 0.1 0.1
Spanish 36,925 18,135 18,790 0.9 0.9 0.9
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 25 10 10 0.0 0.0 0.0
Indo-European languages, n.i.e. 50 20 25 0.0 0.0 0.0
Japanese 2,195 920 1,275 0.1 0.0 0.1
Korean 14,510 6,915 7,590 0.3 0.3 0.4
Mongolian 360 165 200 0.0 0.0 0.0
Niger-Congo languages 6,470 3,055 3,415 0.2 0.1 0.2
Akan (Twi) 750 370 380 0.0 0.0 0.0
Bamanankan 15 10 5 0.0 0.0 0.0
Edo 40 25 20 0.0 0.0 0.0
Éwé 50 30 25 0.0 0.0 0.0
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 145 70 75 0.0 0.0 0.0
Ga 30 15 20 0.0 0.0 0.0
Ganda 110 50 60 0.0 0.0 0.0
Gikuyu 20 10 10 0.0 0.0 0.0
Igbo 445 215 225 0.0 0.0 0.0
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 565 255 315 0.0 0.0 0.0
Lingala 140 60 80 0.0 0.0 0.0
Luba-Kasai 20 10 15 0.0 0.0 0.0
Mòoré 20 10 10 0.0 0.0 0.0
Mwani 50 30 25 0.0 0.0 0.0
Ndebele 140 65 80 0.0 0.0 0.0
Rundi (Kirundi) 330 160 175 0.0 0.0 0.0
Shona 375 180 195 0.0 0.0 0.0
Soninke 15 5 5 0.0 0.0 0.0
Sotho-Tswana languages 55 20 35 0.0 0.0 0.0
Swahili 1,100 505 595 0.0 0.0 0.0
Wojenaka 5 5 5 0.0 0.0 0.0
Wolof 175 100 80 0.0 0.0 0.0
Yoruba 1,175 565 610 0.0 0.0 0.0
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 670 300