Census Profile, 2021 Census of Population
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Topic:
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Age
Age characteristics
Commuting
Select all: Commuting
Commuting destination
Commuting duration
Main mode of commuting
Place of work status
Time leaving for work
Education
Select all: Education
Highest certificate, diploma or degree
Location of study compared with province or territory of residence
Major field of study - Classification of Instructional Programs (CIP) 2021
Secondary (high) school diploma or equivalency certificate
Ethnocultural and religious diversity
Select all: Ethnocultural and religious diversity
Ethnic or cultural origin
Religion
Visible minority
Families, households, and marital status
Select all: Families, households, and marital status
Family characteristics
Household type
Marital status
Housing
Household characteristics
Immigration, place of birth, and citizenship
Select all: Immigration, place of birth, and citizenship
Admission category and applicant type
Age at immigration
Citizenship
Generation status
Immigrant status and period of immigration
Pre-admission experience
Selected places of birth for the immigrant population
Selected places of birth for the recent immigrant population
Income
Select all: Income
Income of economic families in 2020
Income of households in 2020
Income of individuals in 2019
Income of individuals in 2020
Low income and income inequality in 2020
Indigenous peoples
Select all: Indigenous peoples
Indigenous ancestry
Indigenous population
Instruction in the minority official language
Select all: Instruction in the minority official language
Children eligible for instruction in the minority official language
Eligibility and instruction in the minority official language for school-aged children
Labour
Select all: Labour
Class of worker including job permanency
Industry - Sectors - North American Industry Classification System (NAICS) 2017
Labour force status
Occupation - Broad category - National Occupational Classification (NOC) 2021
Work activity during the reference year
Language
Select all: Language
All languages spoken at home
First official language spoken
Knowledge of languages
Knowledge of official languages
Language spoken most often at home
Mother tongue
Other language spoken regularly at home
Language of work
Select all: Language of work
All languages used at work
Language used most often at work
Other language(s) used regularly at work
Mobility and migration
Select all: Mobility and migration
Mobility status 1 year ago
Mobility status 5 years ago
Population and dwelling counts
Population and dwellings
Type of dwelling
Household and dwelling characteristics
GenderMore information:


Statistic:
Characteristic WillowdaleMore information:
Ontario
[Federal electoral district (2013 Representation Order)]
Counts
Total Women+
Population and dwellings
Population, 20211 118,218 ...
Population, 20161 118,801 ...
Population percentage change, 2016 to 2021 - 0.5 ...
Total private dwellings2 54,386 ...
Private dwellings occupied by usual residents3 50,560 ...
Population density per square kilometre 5,984.4 ...
Land area in square kilometres 19.75 ...
Age characteristics
Total - Age groups of the population - 100% data 118,220 62,280
0 to 14 years 13,355 6,455
0 to 4 years 4,575 2,250
5 to 9 years 4,465 2,110
10 to 14 years 4,315 2,090
15 to 64 years 83,605 43,670
15 to 19 years 5,025 2,445
20 to 24 years 8,115 4,005
25 to 29 years 11,525 6,030
30 to 34 years 12,090 6,040
35 to 39 years 9,500 4,725
40 to 44 years 7,830 4,230
45 to 49 years 7,350 4,065
50 to 54 years 7,630 4,190
55 to 59 years 7,655 4,145
60 to 64 years 6,885 3,790
65 years and over 21,260 12,155
65 to 69 years 6,020 3,330
70 to 74 years 5,190 2,855
75 to 79 years 3,545 2,000
80 to 84 years 2,960 1,745
85 years and over 3,550 2,225
85 to 89 years 2,050 1,270
90 to 94 years 1,180 730
95 to 99 years 270 195
100 years and over 40 30
Total - Distribution (%) of the population by broad age groups - 100% data 100.0 100.0
0 to 14 years 11.3 10.4
15 to 64 years 70.7 70.1
65 years and over 18.0 19.5
85 years and over 3.0 3.6
Average age of the population 42.4 43.6
Median age of the population 39.6 41.6
Household and dwelling characteristics
Total - Occupied private dwellings by structural type of dwelling - 100% data 50,560 ...
Single-detached house 12,425 ...
Semi-detached house 880 ...
Row house 1,745 ...
Apartment or flat in a duplex 1,510 ...
Apartment in a building that has fewer than five storeys 3,265 ...
Apartment in a building that has five or more storeys 30,715 ...
Other single-attached house 15 ...
Movable dwelling4 0 ...
Total - Private households by household size - 100% data 50,560 ...
1 person 16,010 ...
2 persons 16,865 ...
3 persons 8,650 ...
4 persons 5,925 ...
5 or more persons 3,110 ...
Number of persons in private households 116,945 61,380
Average household size 2.3 ...
Marital status
Total - Marital status for the total population aged 15 years and over - 100% data 104,865 55,825
Married or living common-law 55,945 28,240
Married 49,790 25,210
Living common-law 6,160 3,030
Living common law - Never married 5,020 2,495
Living common law - Separated 170 60
Living common law - Divorced 880 435
Living common law - Widowed 90 45
Not married and not living common-law 48,920 27,585
Not married and not living common law - Never married 35,040 17,590
Not married and not living common law - Separated 2,375 1,485
Not married and not living common law - Divorced 6,300 4,170
Not married and not living common law - Widowed 5,205 4,335
Family characteristics
Total - Census families in private households by family size - 100% data5 32,070 ...
2 persons 16,815 ...
3 persons 8,300 ...
4 persons 5,535 ...
5 or more persons 1,420 ...
Average size of census families 2.8 ...
Average number of children in census families with children6 1.6 ...
Total number of census families in private households - 100% data 32,075 ...
Total couple families 26,445 ...
Married couples 23,375 ...
With children6 12,960 ...
Without children 10,410 ...
Common-law couples 3,075 ...
With children6 535 ...
Without children 2,540 ...
Total one-parent families 5,625 ...
in which the parent is a woman+ 4,780 ...
in which the parent is a man+ 845 ...
Total - Persons in private households - 100% data 116,945 61,385
Total - Persons in census families 88,115 45,335
Married spouses or common-law partners 52,895 26,395
Parents in one-parent families 5,625 4,785
Children6 29,590 14,160
In a two-parent family 21,735 10,380
In a one-parent family 7,860 3,780
Total - Persons not in census families in private households - 100% data 28,835 16,050
Living alone 16,010 9,295
Living with other relatives7 4,190 2,570
Living with non-relatives only 8,630 4,180
Household type
Total - Household type - 100% data 50,560 ...
One-census-family households without additional persons 27,040 ...
Couple-family households 22,680 ...
With children6 11,680 ...
Without children 11,000 ...
One-parent-family households 4,360 ...
Multigenerational households8 1,340 ...
Multiple-census-family households9 490 ...
One-census-family households with additional persons9 1,900 ...
Two-or-more-person non-census-family households 3,780 ...
One-person households 16,005 ...
Income of individuals in 2020
Total - Income statistics in 2020 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data10 103,610 54,935
Number of total income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2020 - 100% data 97,655 51,895
Median total income in 2020 among recipients ($) 37,200 34,800
Number of after-tax income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2020 - 100% data 97,700 51,920
Median after-tax income in 2020 among recipients ($) 34,000 32,400
Number of market income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2020 - 100% data 86,020 45,055
Median market income in 2020 among recipients ($) 33,600 29,400
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2020 - 100% data 68,170 34,545
Median employment income in 2020 among recipients ($) 37,600 33,200
Number of government transfers recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2020 - 100% data 88,995 47,705
Median government transfers in 2020 among recipients ($) 6,200 7,650
Number of employment insurance benefits recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2020 - 100% data 6,915 4,170
Median employment insurance benefits in 2020 among recipients ($) 5,520 5,640
Number of COVID-19 emergency and recovery benefits recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2020 - 100% data 30,680 16,005
Median COVID-19 emergency and recovery benefits in 2020 among recipients ($) 10,000 10,000
Total - Income statistics in 2020 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data11 103,695 55,025
Number of total income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2020 - 25% sample data 97,630 51,970
Average total income in 2020 among recipients ($) 55,050 48,680
Number of after-tax income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2020 - 25% sample data 97,685 52,005
Average after-tax income in 2020 among recipients ($) 44,920 41,040
Number of market income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2020 - 25% sample data 85,805 45,295
Average market income in 2020 among recipients ($) 53,100 45,360
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2020 - 25% sample data 68,285 34,960
Average employment income in 2020 among recipients ($) 54,150 46,240
Number of government transfers recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2020 - 25% sample data 88,850 47,760
Average government transfers in 2020 among recipients ($) 9,200 9,940
Number of employment insurance benefits recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2020 - 25% sample data 6,630 4,005
Average employment insurance benefits in 2020 among recipients ($) 6,500 7,090
Number of COVID-19 emergency and recovery benefits recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2020 - 25% sample data 30,615 15,935
Average COVID-19 emergency and recovery benefits in 2020 among recipients ($) 10,330 10,390
Total - Employment income statistics in 2020 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data12 103,695 55,025
Number of employment income recipients in 2020 who worked full-year full-time in 2020 - 25% sample data13 32,280 15,445
Median employment income in 2020 for full-year full-time workers in 2020 ($)14 71,500 66,000
Average employment income in 2020 for full-year full-time workers in 2020 ($)15 86,600 76,200
Number of employment income recipients in 2020 who worked part-year or part-time in 2020 - 25% sample data16 25,690 14,060
Median employment income in 2020 of those who worked part-year or part-time in 2020 ($) 15,400 14,600
Average employment income in 2020 of those who worked part-year or part-time in 2020 ($) 27,840 24,660
Composition of total income in 2020 of the population aged 15 years and over in private households (%) - 25% sample data17 100.0 100.0
Market income (%)18 84.8 81.2
Employment income (%)19 68.8 63.9
Government transfers (%)20 15.2 18.8
Employment insurance benefits (%) 0.8 1.1
COVID-19 - Government income support and benefits (%) 6.5 7.3
COVID-19 - Emergency and recovery benefits (%) 5.9 6.5
Total - Total income groups in 2020 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data21 103,605 54,935
Without total income 5,950 3,035
With total income 97,655 51,900
Under $10,000 (including loss) 12,695 7,045
$10,000 to $19,999 12,530 6,950
$20,000 to $29,999 15,725 8,850
$30,000 to $39,999 10,830 6,125
$40,000 to $49,999 8,540 4,870
$50,000 to $59,999 6,835 3,800
$60,000 to $69,999 5,570 2,980
$70,000 to $79,999 4,445 2,355
$80,000 to $89,999 4,100 1,955
$90,000 to $99,999 3,275 1,645
$100,000 and over 13,125 5,325
$100,000 to $149,999 8,295 3,640
$150,000 and over 4,830 1,685
Total - After-tax income groups in 2020 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data22 103,605 54,935
Without after-tax income 5,910 3,015
With after-tax income 97,695 51,920
Under $10,000 (including loss) 13,090 7,260
$10,000 to $19,999 13,110 7,230
$20,000 to $29,999 17,145 9,680
$30,000 to $39,999 12,430 6,995
$40,000 to $49,999 9,745 5,470
$50,000 to $59,999 7,625 4,060
$60,000 to $69,999 6,095 3,185
$70,000 to $79,999 4,760 2,305
$80,000 to $89,999 3,920 1,900
$90,000 to $99,999 2,585 1,150
$100,000 and over 7,205 2,685
$100,000 to $124,999 3,455 1,415
$125,000 and over 3,750 1,275
Total - Employment income groups in 2020 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data19 103,605 54,935
Without employment income 35,440 20,385
With employment income 68,165 34,550
Under $5,000 (including loss) 10,210 5,575
$5,000 to $9,999 7,000 3,860
$10,000 to $19,999 7,630 4,165
$20,000 to $29,999 5,175 2,760
$30,000 to $39,999 5,225 2,775
$40,000 to $49,999 4,910 2,640
$50,000 to $59,999 4,580 2,450
$60,000 to $69,999 3,880 1,945
$70,000 to $79,999 3,435 1,780
$80,000 to $89,999 3,260 1,455
$90,000 to $99,999 2,650 1,300
$100,000 and over 10,215 3,850
$100,000 to $124,999 4,500 1,925
$125,000 and over 5,715 1,920
Income of individuals in 2019
Total - Income statistics in 2019 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data23 103,610 54,935
Number of total income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2019 - 100% data 94,700 50,445
Median total income in 2019 among recipients ($) 33,200 30,600
Number of after-tax income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2019 - 100% data 94,720 50,455
Median after-tax income in 2019 among recipients ($) 31,000 29,000
Number of market income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2019 - 100% data 83,565 43,880
Median market income in 2019 among recipients ($) 35,200 31,400
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2019 - 100% data 66,705 33,925
Median employment income in 2019 among recipients ($) 37,600 34,400
Number of government transfers recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2019 - 100% data 83,470 44,760
Median government transfers in 2019 among recipients ($) 1,000 1,390
Number of employment insurance benefits recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2019 -100% data 3,330 2,135
Median employment insurance benefits in 2019 among recipients ($) 6,040 6,280
Total - Income statistics in 2019 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data24 103,695 55,025
Number of total income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2019 - 25% sample data 94,765 50,595
Average total income in 2019 among recipients ($) 51,350 44,760
Number of after-tax income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2019 - 25% sample data 94,775 50,600
Average after-tax income in 2019 among recipients ($) 41,760 37,600
Number of market income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2019 - 25% sample data 83,290 43,995
Average market income in 2019 among recipients ($) 53,300 45,480
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2019 - 25% sample data 66,715 34,195
Average employment income in 2019 among recipients ($) 53,450 46,240
Number of government transfers recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2019 - 25% sample data 83,535 44,805
Average government transfers in 2019 among recipients ($) 5,112 5,875
Number of employment insurance benefits recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2019 - 25% sample data 3,300 2,140
Average employment insurance benefits in 2019 among recipients ($) 7,620 8,240
Total - Employment income statistics in 2019 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data25 103,695 55,025
Number of employment income recipients in 2019 who worked full-year full-time in 2020 - 25% sample data13 31,675 15,180
Median employment income in 2019 for full-year full-time workers in 2020 ($)14 64,000 59,600
Average employment income in 2019 for full-year full-time workers in 2020 ($)15 79,300 69,600
Number of employment income recipients in 2019 who worked part-year or part-time in 2020 - 25% sample data16 23,205 12,700
Median employment income in 2019 of those who worked part-year or part-time in 2020 ($) 22,200 21,200
Average employment income in 2019 of those who worked part-year or part-time in 2020 ($) 33,720 30,080
Composition of total income in 2019 of the population aged 15 years and over in private households (%) - 25% sample data 100.0 100.0
Market income (%) 91.2 88.4
Employment income (%) 73.2 69.8
Government transfers (%) 8.8 11.6
Employment insurance benefits (%) 0.5 0.8
Income of households in 2020
Total - Income statistics for private households - 100% data26 50,560 ...
Median total income of household in 2020 ($) 81,000 ...
Median after-tax income of household in 2020 ($) 71,000 ...
Total - Income statistics for one-person private households - 100% data 16,005 ...
Median total income of one-person households in 2020 ($) 47,200 ...
Median after-tax income of one-person households in 2020 ($) 42,400 ...
Total - Income statistics for two-or-more-persons private households - 100% data 34,555 ...
Median total income of two-or-more-person households in 2020 ($) 100,000 ...
Median after-tax income of two-or-more-person households in 2020 ($) 88,000 ...
Total - Income statistics for private households - 25% sample data27 50,555 ...
Average total income of household in 2020 ($) 106,300 ...
Average after-tax income of household in 2020 ($) 86,800 ...
Total - Income statistics for one-person private households - 25% sample data 15,965 ...
Average total income of one-person households in 2020 ($) 63,050 ...
Average after-tax income of one-person households in 2020 ($) 51,000 ...
Total - Income statistics for two-or-more-persons private households - 25% sample data 34,585 ...
Average total income of two-or-more-person households in 2020 ($) 126,300 ...
Average after-tax income of two-or-more-person households in 2020 ($) 103,300 ...
Total - Household total income groups in 2020 for private households - 100% data21 50,560 ...
Under $5,000 2,090 ...
$5,000 to $9,999 770 ...
$10,000 to $14,999 780 ...
$15,000 to $19,999 1,105 ...
$20,000 to $24,999 2,350 ...
$25,000 to $29,999 1,660 ...
$30,000 to $34,999 1,700 ...
$35,000 to $39,999 1,780 ...
$40,000 to $44,999 1,595 ...
$45,000 to $49,999 1,595 ...
$50,000 to $59,999 3,280 ...
$60,000 to $69,999 3,170 ...
$70,000 to $79,999 3,045 ...
$80,000 to $89,999 3,045 ...
$90,000 to $99,999 2,710 ...
$100,000 and over 19,885 ...
$100,000 to $124,999 5,635 ...
$125,000 to $149,999 3,900 ...
$150,000 to $199,999 4,675 ...
$200,000 and over 5,675 ...
Total - Household after-tax income groups in 2020 for private households - 100% data22 50,560 ...
Under $5,000 2,195 ...
$5,000 to $9,999 775 ...
$10,000 to $14,999 800 ...
$15,000 to $19,999 1,175 ...
$20,000 to $24,999 2,490 ...
$25,000 to $29,999 1,755 ...
$30,000 to $34,999 1,905 ...
$35,000 to $39,999 2,060 ...
$40,000 to $44,999 1,870 ...
$45,000 to $49,999 1,990 ...
$50,000 to $59,999 3,965 ...
$60,000 to $69,999 3,870 ...
$70,000 to $79,999 3,620 ...
$80,000 to $89,999 3,465 ...
$90,000 to $99,999 2,910 ...
$100,000 and over 15,710 ...
$100,000 to $124,999 5,295 ...
$125,000 to $149,999 3,550 ...
$150,000 and over 6,855 ...
Income of economic families in 2020
Total - Income statistics for economic families in private households - 100% data28 32,095 ...
Median total income of economic family in 2020 ($) 98,000 ...
Median after-tax income of economic family in 2020 ($) 87,000 ...
Average family size of economic families 2.9 ...
Total - Income statistics for couple-only economic families in private households - 100% data 11,585 ...
Median total income of couple-only economic families in 2020 ($) 92,000 ...
Median after-tax income of couple-only economic families in 2020 ($) 80,000 ...
Average family size of couple-only economic families 2.0 ...
Total - Income statistics for couple-with-children economic families in private households - 100% data 13,530 ...
Median total income of couple-with-children economic families in 2020 ($) 120,000 ...
Median after-tax income of couple-with-children economic families in 2020 ($) 105,000 ...
Average family size of couple-with-children economic families 3.8 ...
Total - Income statistics for one-parent economic families in private households - 100% data 5,180 ...
Median total income of one-parent economic families in 2020 ($) 67,000 ...
Median after-tax income of one-parent economic families in 2020 ($) 62,000 ...
Average family size of one-parent economic families 2.5 ...
Total - Income statistics for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families in private households - 100% data29 24,640 13,475
Median total income in 2020 ($)30 38,400 38,800
Median after-tax income in 2020 ($)30 35,600 35,600
Total - Income statistics for economic families in private households - 25% sample data31 32,030 ...
Average total income of economic family in 2020 ($) 126,800 ...
Average after-tax income of economic family in 2020 ($) 103,200 ...
Total - Income statistics for couple-only economic families in private households - 25% sample data 11,505 ...
Average total income of couple-only economic families in 2020 ($) 115,400 ...
Average after-tax income of couple-only economic families in 2020 ($) 93,700 ...
Total - Income statistics for couple-with-children economic families in private households - 25% sample data 13,650 ...
Average total income of couple-with-children economic families in 2020 ($) 155,600 ...
Average after-tax income of couple-with-children economic families in 2020 ($) 124,700 ...
Total - Income statistics for one-parent economic families in private households - 25% sample data 5,145 ...
Average total income of one-parent economic families in 2020 ($) 82,600 ...
Average after-tax income of one-parent economic families in 2020 ($) 71,800 ...
Total - Income statistics for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families in private households - 25% sample data32 24,765 13,515
Average total income in 2020 ($)30 53,050 51,040
Average after-tax income in 2020 ($)30 43,680 42,880
Low income and income inequality in 2020
Total - LIM low-income status in 2020 for the population in private households - 100% data33 116,945 61,385
0 to 17 years 16,075 7,805
0 to 5 years 5,440 2,655
18 to 64 years 80,690 42,200
65 years and over 20,185 11,375
In low income based on the Low-income measure, after tax (LIM-AT) 20,875 11,165
0 to 17 years 2,795 1,310
0 to 5 years 875 410
18 to 64 years 13,570 7,170
65 years and over 4,515 2,680
Prevalence of low income based on the Low-income measure, after tax (LIM-AT) (%) 17.9 18.2
0 to 17 years (%) 17.4 16.8
0 to 5 years (%) 16.0 15.4
18 to 64 years (%) 16.8 17.0
65 years and over (%) 22.4 23.6
Total - LICO low-income status in 2020 for the population in private households to whom the low-income concept is applicable - 100% data33 116,945 61,385
0 to 17 years 16,075 7,805
0 to 5 years 5,435 2,655
18 to 64 years 80,690 42,200
65 years and over 20,180 11,375
In low income based on the Low-income cut-offs, after tax (LICO-AT) 15,325 7,830
0 to 17 years 1,910 915
0 to 5 years 560 290
18 to 64 years 11,635 5,915
65 years and over 1,780 1,000
Prevalence of low income based on the Low-income cut-offs, after tax (LICO-AT) (%) 13.1 12.8
0 to 17 years (%) 11.9 11.7
0 to 5 years (%) 10.3 10.8
18 to 64 years (%) 14.4 14.0
65 years and over (%) 8.8 8.8
Total - Adjusted after-tax economic family income decile group for the population in private households - 100% data34The letter 'c' in a yellow triangle indicates a correction notice. 116,945 61,385
In bottom half of the distribution 61,655 32,870
In bottom decile 20,325 10,680
In second decile 11,665 6,320
In third decile 10,345 5,535
In fourth decile 9,800 5,245
In fifth decile 9,525 5,085
In top half of the distribution 55,285 28,510
In sixth decile 9,020 4,700
In seventh decile 9,340 4,945
In eighth decile 9,975 5,235
In ninth decile 11,105 5,680
In top decile 15,845 7,950
Total - Inequality measures for the population in private households - 100% data35 116,945 ...
Gini index on adjusted household total income 0.417 ...
Gini index on adjusted household market income 0.520 ...
Gini index on adjusted household after-tax income 0.366 ...
P90/P10 ratio on adjusted household after-tax income 5.6 ...
Knowledge of official languages
Total - Knowledge of official languages for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% data36 117,390 61,655
English only 102,905 53,200
French only 100 55
English and French 7,585 4,265
Neither English nor French 6,800 4,145
First official language spoken
Total - First official language spoken for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% data37 117,390 61,655
English 108,240 56,220
French 1,040 555
English and French 1,420 810
Neither English nor French 6,685 4,070
Mother tongue
Total - Mother tongue for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% data38 117,390 61,655
Single responses 109,260 57,405
Official languages 35,330 17,170
English 34,490 16,720
French 845 445
Non-official languages 73,925 40,240
Indigenous languages39 5 5
Algonquian languages 5 5
Blackfoot 0 0
Cree-Innu languages 0 0
Atikamekw 0 0
Cree languages 0 0
Ililimowin (Moose Cree) 0 0
Inu Ayimun (Southern East Cree) 0 0
Iyiyiw-Ayimiwin (Northern East Cree) 0 0
Nehinawewin (Swampy Cree) 0 0
Nehiyawewin (Plains Cree) 0 0
Nihithawiwin (Woods Cree) 0 0
Cree, n.o.s. 0 0
Innu (Montagnais) 0 0
Naskapi 0 0
Eastern Algonquian languages 0 0
Mi'kmaq 0 0
Wolastoqewi (Malecite) 0 0
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 5 0
Anicinabemowin (Algonquin) 0 0
Oji-Cree 0 0
Ojibway languages 5 0
Anishinaabemowin (Chippewa) 0 0
Daawaamwin (Odawa) 0 0
Saulteau (Western Ojibway) 0 0
Ojibway, n.o.s. 5 0
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 0 0
Athabaskan languages 0 0
Northern Athabaskan languages 0 0
Dakelh (Carrier) 0 0
Dane-zaa (Beaver) 0 0
Dene, n.o.s. 0 0
Gwich'in 0 0
Slavey-Hare languages 0 0
Deh Gah Ghotie Zhatie (South Slavey) 0 0
Satuotine Yati (North Slavey) 0 0
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0
Tahltan languages 0 0
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0
Tahltan 0 0
Tlicho (Dogrib) 0 0
Tse'khene (Sekani) 0 0
Tsilhqot'in (Chilcotin) 0 0
Tsuu T'ina (Sarsi) 0 0
Tutchone languages 0 0
Northern Tutchone 0 0
Southern Tutchone 0 0
Tutchone, n.o.s. 0 0
Wetsuwet'en-Babine 0 0
Tlingit 0 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0 0
Haida 0 0
Inuktut (Inuit) languages 0 0
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 0 0
Inuinnaqtun 0 0
Inuvialuktun 0 0
Inuktitut 0 0
Inuktut (Inuit) languages, n.i.e. 0 0
Iroquoian languages 0 0
Cayuga 0 0
Mohawk 0 0
Oneida 0 0
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 0 0
Ktunaxa (Kutenai) 0 0
Michif 0 0
Salish languages 0 0
Halkomelem 0 0
Lillooet 0 0
Ntlakapamux (Thompson) 0 0
Secwepemctsin (Shuswap) 0 0
Squamish 0 0
Straits 0 0
Syilx (Okanagan) 0 0
Salish languages, n.i.e. 0 0
Siouan languages 0 0
Assiniboine 0 0
Dakota 0 0
Stoney 0 0
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 0 0
Tsimshian languages 0 0
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 0 0
Nisga'a 0 0
Tsimshian 0 0
Wakashan languages 0 0
Haisla 0 0
Heiltsuk 0 0
Kwak'wala (Kwakiutl) 0 0
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0 0
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0
Indigenous languages, n.i.e. 0 0
Indigenous languages, n.o.s. 0 0
Non-Indigenous languages 73,920 40,235
Afro-Asiatic languages 2,090 1,055
Berber languages 5 5
Kabyle 5 5
Tamazight 0 0
Berber languages, n.i.e. 0 0
Chadic languages 10 0
Hausa 5 0
Mina 0 0
Coptic 0 0
Cushitic languages 45 30
Bilen 0 0
Oromo 10 5
Somali 35 20
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0
Semitic languages 2,025 1,015
Amharic 30 10
Arabic 1,485 745
Aramaic languages 35 20
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 30 15
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 0 0
Aramaic, n.o.s. 5 5
Harari 0 0
Hebrew 430 220
Maltese 10 5
Tigrigna 30 15
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0
Austro-Asiatic languages 630 345
Khmer (Cambodian) 10 5
Vietnamese 615 335
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e 0 0
Austronesian languages 4,930 2,990
Bikol 10 0
Bisaya, n.o.s. 65 40
Cebuano 155 105
Fijian 0 0
Hiligaynon 130 75
Ilocano 545 340
Indonesian 210 125
Kankanaey 5 5
Kinaray-a 5 5
Malagasy languages 0 0
Merina 0 0
Malagasy, n.o.s. 0 0
Malay 5 0
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 25 15
Pangasinan 20 10
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 3,720 2,240
Waray-Waray 10 5
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 25 15
Creole languages 45 30
Haitian Creole 0 0
Jamaican English Creole 0 0
Krio 0 0
Morisyen 30 20
Sango 0 0
Creole, n.o.s. 10 5
Creole languages, n.i.e. 0 0
Dravidian languages 1,175 535
Kannada 75 30
Malayalam 270 120
Tamil 505 250
Telugu 310 130
Tulu 10 10
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 5 5
Georgian 245 115
Hmong-Mien languages 0 0
Indo-European languages 28,795 15,060
Albanian 110 55
Armenian 325 175
Balto-Slavic languages 6,450 3,490
Baltic languages 80 45
Latvian 50 30
Lithuanian 25 15
Slavic languages 6,370 3,445
Belarusian 10 10
Bulgarian 155 80
Czech 60 25
Macedonian 135 65
Polish 360 210
Russian 4,730 2,585
Rusyn 0 0
Serbo-Croatian 460 230
Bosnian 15 10
Croatian 90 45
Serbian 345 170
Serbo-Croatian, n.i.e. 10 5
Slovak 55 35
Slovene (Slovenian) 40 25
Ukrainian 365 190
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 0 0
Celtic languages 5 5
Irish 5 5
Scottish Gaelic 0 0
Welsh 0 0
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 0 0
Germanic languages 650 355
Frisian 5 0
High German languages 475 265
German 330 175
Pennsylvania German 0 0
Swiss German 15 10
Yiddish 135 85
Low Saxon-Low Franconian languages 120 65
Afrikaans 20 10
Dutch 95 50
Low German, n.o.s. 0 0
Low Saxon 0 0
Plautdietsch 0 0
Vlaams (Flemish) 0 0
Scandinavian languages 50 25
Danish 20 10
Icelandic 5 0
Norwegian 10 0
Swedish 15 10
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 5 5
Greek 470 265
Indo-Iranian languages 15,840 8,060
Indo-Aryan languages 3,420 1,645
Assamese 15 5
Bengali 615 295
Gujarati 400 175
Hindi 1,200 575
Kacchi 25 20
Kashmiri 0 0
Konkani 25 20
Marathi 195 95
Nepali 100 55
Oriya languages 40 20
Odia 30 15
Oriya, n.o.s. 10 5
Punjabi (Panjabi) 225 110
Rohingya 0 0
Sindhi 30 15
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 40 15
Urdu 490 235
Indo-Aryan languages, n.i.e. 15 5
Iranian languages 12,420 6,410
Baluchi 0 0
Kurdish 160 65
Parsi 20 5
Pashto 25 10
Persian languages 12,190 6,310
Dari 195 95
Iranian Persian 10,805 5,580
Persian (Farsi), n.o.s. 1,195 635
Iranian languages, n.i.e. 25 10
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 0 0
Italic (Romance) languages 4,925 2,660
Catalan 0 0
Italian 1,325 730
Portuguese 865 445
Romanian 615 345
Spanish 2,105 1,130
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 10 0
Indo-European languages, n.i.e. 10 5
Japanese 805 480
Korean 9,795 5,265
Mongolian 30 15
Niger-Congo languages 160 85
Akan (Twi) 15 10
Bamanankan 0 0
Edo 5 0
Éwé 0 0
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 5 0
Ga 0 0
Ganda 5 5
Gikuyu 0 0
Igbo 25 10
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 5 0
Lingala 0 0
Luba-Kasai 0 0
Mòoré 0 0
Mwani 0 0
Ndebele 0 0
Rundi (Kirundi) 0 0
Shona 10 5
Soninke 0 0
Sotho-Tswana languages 0 0
Swahili 35 15
Wojenaka 0 0
Wolof 0 0
Yoruba 25 15
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 25 15
Nilo-Saharan languages 5 0
Dinka 0 0
Nuer 0 0
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 5 0
African, n.o.s. 0 0
Sign languages 5 0
American Sign Language 10 5
Quebec Sign Language 0 0
Sign languages, n.i.e. 0 0
Sino-Tibetan languages 23,605 13,480
Chinese languages 23,550 13,450
Hakka 125 70
Mandarin 14,495 8,295
Min Dong 20 15
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 570 320
Wu (Shanghainese) 205 110
Yue (Cantonese) 7,860 4,495
Chinese, n.o.s. 260 140
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 10 5
Tibeto-Burman languages 50 25
Burmese 10 5
Kuki-Chin languages 0 0
Karenic languages 0 0
S'gaw Karen 0 0
Karenic languages, n.i.e. 0 0
Tibetan 30 10
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 0 0
Sino-Tibetan languages, n.i.e. 5 5
Tai-Kadai languages 75 55
Lao 10 10
Thai 55 45
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e. 5 5
Turkic languages 980 435
Azerbaijani 295 130
Kazakh 10 5
Turkish 620 270
Uyghur 15 10
Uzbek 25 10
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 15 5
Uralic languages 545 300
Estonian 70 40
Finnish 60 30
Hungarian 415 225
Other languages, n.i.e. 5 5
Multiple responses 8,130 4,255
English and French 330 145
English and non-official language(s) 6,705 3,475
French and non-official language(s) 140 85
English, French and non-official language(s) 145 75
Multiple non-official languages 810 465
All languages spoken at home
Total - All languages spoken at home for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% data40 117,390 61,655
English 39,840 19,705
French 195 110
Non-official language 27,310 15,075
Indigenous39 0 0
Non-Indigenous 27,310 15,075
English and French 785 405
English and non-official language(s) 45,895 24,470
French and non-official language(s) 85 50
English, French and non-official language(s) 1,230 705
Multiple non-official languages 2,045 1,135
Language spoken most often at home
Total - Language spoken most often at home for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% data41 117,390 61,655
Single responses 107,330 56,275
Official languages 56,465 28,575
English 56,100 28,375
French 370 200
Non-official languages 50,860 27,705
Indigenous languages39 0 0
Algonquian languages 0 0
Blackfoot 0 0
Cree-Innu languages 0 0
Atikamekw 0 0
Cree languages 0 0
Ililimowin (Moose Cree) 0 0
Inu Ayimun (Southern East Cree) 0 0
Iyiyiw-Ayimiwin (Northern East Cree) 0 0
Nehinawewin (Swampy Cree) 0 0
Nehiyawewin (Plains Cree) 0 0
Nihithawiwin (Woods Cree) 0 0
Cree, n.o.s. 0 0
Innu (Montagnais) 0 0
Naskapi 0 0
Eastern Algonquian languages 0 0
Mi'kmaq 0 0
Wolastoqewi (Malecite) 0 0
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 0 0
Anicinabemowin (Algonquin) 0 0
Oji-Cree 0 0
Ojibway languages 0 0
Anishinaabemowin (Chippewa) 0 0
Daawaamwin (Odawa) 0 0
Saulteau (Western Ojibway) 0 0
Ojibway, n.o.s. 0 0
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 0 0
Athabaskan languages 0 0
Northern Athabaskan languages 0 0
Dakelh (Carrier) 0 0
Dane-zaa (Beaver) 0 0
Dene, n.o.s. 0 0
Gwich'in 0 0
Slavey-Hare languages 0 0
Deh Gah Ghotie Zhatie (South Slavey) 0 0
Satuotine Yati (North Slavey) 0 0
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0
Tahltan languages 0 0
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0
Tahltan 0 0
Tlicho (Dogrib) 0 0
Tse'khene (Sekani) 0 0
Tsilhqot'in (Chilcotin) 0 0
Tsuu T'ina (Sarsi) 0 0
Tutchone languages 0 0
Northern Tutchone 0 0
Southern Tutchone 0 0
Tutchone, n.o.s. 0 0
Wetsuwet'en-Babine 0 0
Tlingit 0 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0 0
Haida 0 0
Inuktut (Inuit) languages 0 0
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 0 0
Inuinnaqtun 0 0
Inuvialuktun 0 0
Inuktitut 0 0
Inuktut (Inuit) languages, n.i.e. 0 0
Iroquoian languages 0 0
Cayuga 0 0
Mohawk 0 0
Oneida 0 0
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 0 0
Ktunaxa (Kutenai) 0 0
Michif 0 0
Salish languages 0 0
Halkomelem 0 0
Lillooet 0 0
Ntlakapamux (Thompson) 0 0
Secwepemctsin (Shuswap) 0 0
Squamish 0 0
Straits 0 0
Syilx (Okanagan) 0 0
Salish languages, n.i.e. 0 0
Siouan languages 0 0
Assiniboine 0 0
Dakota 0 0
Stoney 0 0
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 0 0
Tsimshian languages 0 0
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 0 0
Nisga'a 0 0
Tsimshian 0 0
Wakashan languages 0 0
Haisla 0 0
Heiltsuk 0 0
Kwak'wala (Kwakiutl) 0 0
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0 0
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0
Indigenous languages, n.i.e. 0 0
Indigenous languages, n.o.s. 0 0
Non-Indigenous languages 50,860 27,705
Afro-Asiatic languages 1,055 550
Berber languages 10 0
Kabyle 10 0
Tamazight 0 0
Berber languages, n.i.e. 0 0
Chadic languages 5 0
Hausa 5 0
Mina 0 0
Coptic 0 0
Cushitic languages 25 15
Bilen 0 0
Oromo 10 5
Somali 10 10
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0
Semitic languages 1,020 530
Amharic 15 5
Arabic 755 395
Aramaic languages 10 5
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 10 5
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 0 0
Aramaic, n.o.s. 0 0
Harari 0 0
Hebrew 215 115
Maltese 0 0
Tigrigna 20 10
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0
Austro-Asiatic languages 310 160
Khmer (Cambodian) 5 0
Vietnamese 305 160
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e 0 0
Austronesian languages 3,490 2,040
Bikol 0 0
Bisaya, n.o.s. 55 40
Cebuano 85 55
Fijian 0 0
Hiligaynon 60 30
Ilocano 405 230
Indonesian 95 55
Kankanaey 5 0
Kinaray-a 0 0
Malagasy languages 0 0
Merina 0 0
Malagasy, n.o.s. 0 0
Malay 0 0
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 10 10
Pangasinan 0 0
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 2,730 1,600
Waray-Waray 10 5
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 20 15
Creole languages 30 15
Haitian Creole 0 0
Jamaican English Creole 0 0
Krio 0 0
Morisyen 25 15
Sango 0 0
Creole, n.o.s. 0 0
Creole languages, n.i.e. 0 0
Dravidian languages 735 345
Kannada 30 15
Malayalam 145 65
Tamil 350 175
Telugu 210 90
Tulu 0 0
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 0 0
Georgian 190 90
Hmong-Mien languages 0 0
Indo-European languages 18,535 9,790
Albanian 40 20
Armenian 190 105
Balto-Slavic languages 4,000 2,205
Baltic languages 30 20
Latvian 20 10
Lithuanian 10 5
Slavic languages 3,975 2,185
Belarusian 0 0
Bulgarian 80 40
Czech 20 10
Macedonian 40 20
Polish 115 70
Russian 3,330 1,845
Rusyn 0 0
Serbo-Croatian 220 115
Bosnian 5 0
Croatian 30 15
Serbian 185 95
Serbo-Croatian, n.i.e. 5 5
Slovak 10 5
Slovene (Slovenian) 10 5
Ukrainian 145 70
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 0 0
Celtic languages 5 0
Irish 5 0
Scottish Gaelic 0 0
Welsh 0 0
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 0 0
Germanic languages 55 30
Frisian 0 0
High German languages 35 20
German 25 15
Pennsylvania German 0 0
Swiss German 0 0
Yiddish 5 5
Low Saxon-Low Franconian languages 10 5
Afrikaans 0 5
Dutch 10 5
Low German, n.o.s. 0 0
Low Saxon 0 0
Plautdietsch 0 0
Vlaams (Flemish) 0 0
Scandinavian languages 15 5
Danish 0 0
Icelandic 0 0
Norwegian 5 0
Swedish 0 0
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 0 0
Greek 160 95
Indo-Iranian languages 11,525 5,975
Indo-Aryan languages 1,860 895
Assamese 10 5
Bengali 355 175
Gujarati 210 85
Hindi 690 325
Kacchi 5 5
Kashmiri 0 0
Konkani 5 5
Marathi 105 55
Nepali 60 30
Oriya languages 10 5
Odia 10 0
Oriya, n.o.s. 0 0
Punjabi (Panjabi) 110 60
Rohingya 0 0
Sindhi 5 5
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 15 5
Urdu 270 130
Indo-Aryan languages, n.i.e. 0 0
Iranian languages 9,665 5,075
Baluchi 0 0
Kurdish 85 40
Parsi 15 10
Pashto 20 10
Persian languages 9,525 5,005
Dari 130 65
Iranian Persian 8,475 4,455
Persian (Farsi), n.o.s. 915 490
Iranian languages, n.i.e. 20 10
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 0 0
Italic (Romance) languages 2,550 1,365
Catalan 0 0
Italian 380 235
Portuguese 560 280
Romanian 305 175
Spanish 1,305 680
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 0 0
Indo-European languages, n.i.e. 0 0
Japanese 515 280
Korean 7,820 4,205
Mongolian 15 5
Niger-Congo languages 35 25
Akan (Twi) 10 10
Bamanankan 0 0
Edo 0 0
Éwé 0 0
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 0 0
Ga 0 0
Ganda 0 0
Gikuyu 0 0
Igbo 0 0
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 0 0
Lingala 0 0
Luba-Kasai 0 0
Mòoré 0 0
Mwani 0 0
Ndebele 0 0
Rundi (Kirundi) 0 0
Shona 0 0
Soninke 0 0
Sotho-Tswana languages 0 0
Swahili 5 5
Wojenaka 0 0
Wolof 0 0
Yoruba 5 5
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 0 0
Nilo-Saharan languages 10 5
Dinka 0 0
Nuer 0 0
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 5 5
African, n.o.s. 0 0
Sign languages 20 5
American Sign Language 10 5
Quebec Sign Language 0 0
Sign languages, n.i.e. 5 5
Sino-Tibetan languages 17,330 9,815
Chinese languages 17,295 9,800
Hakka 20 10
Mandarin 11,425 6,400
Min Dong 5 0
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 320 185
Wu (Shanghainese) 135 80
Yue (Cantonese) 5,225 3,045
Chinese, n.o.s. 165 85
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 10 5
Tibeto-Burman languages 35 15
Burmese 5 5
Kuki-Chin languages 0 0
Karenic languages 0 0
S'gaw Karen 0 0
Karenic languages, n.i.e. 0 0
Tibetan 30 15
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 0 0
Sino-Tibetan languages, n.i.e. 0 0
Tai-Kadai languages 30 20
Lao 0 0
Thai 30 20
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e. 0 0
Turkic languages 575 265
Azerbaijani 185 85
Kazakh 0 0
Turkish 360 170
Uyghur 10 5
Uzbek 20 5
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 0 0
Uralic languages 170 90
Estonian 15 5
Finnish 10 5
Hungarian 140 80
Other languages, n.i.e. 0 0
Multiple responses 10,060 5,375
English and French 205 120
English and non-official language(s) 9,475 5,035
French and non-official language(s) 25 20
English, French and non-official language(s) 95 50
Multiple non-official languages 250 150
Other language spoken regularly at home
Total - Other language(s) spoken regularly at home for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% data42 117,390 61,660
None 75,635 39,310
English 18,950 10,115
French 750 390
Non-official language 16,435 8,830
Indigenous39 5 5
Non-Indigenous 16,430 8,830
English and French 245 140
English and non-official language(s) 2,625 1,415
French and non-official language(s) 555 315
English, French and non-official language(s) 45 30
Multiple non-official languages 2,145 1,105
Knowledge of languagesThe letter 'c' in a yellow triangle indicates a correction notice.
Total - Knowledge of languages for the population in private households - 25% sample data43 117,125 61,635
Official languages 110,255 57,520
English 110,170 57,485
French 7,560 4,300
Non-official languages 88,590 47,785
Indigenous languages39 0 0
Algonquian languages 0 0
Blackfoot 0 0
Cree-Innu languages 0 0
Atikamekw 0 0
Cree languages 0 0
Ililimowin (Moose Cree) 0 0
Inu Ayimun (Southern East Cree) 0 0
Iyiyiw-Ayimiwin (Northern East Cree) 0 0
Nehinawewin (Swampy Cree) 0 0
Nehiyawewin (Plains Cree) 0 0
Nihithawiwin (Woods Cree) 0 0
Cree, n.o.s. 0 0
Innu (Montagnais) 0 0
Naskapi 0 0
Eastern Algonquian languages 0 0
Mi'kmaq 0 0
Wolastoqewi (Malecite) 0 0
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 0 0
Anicinabemowin (Algonquin) 0 0
Oji-Cree 0 0
Ojibway languages 0 0
Anishinaabemowin (Chippewa) 0 0
Daawaamwin (Odawa) 0 0
Saulteau (Western Ojibway) 0 0
Ojibway, n.o.s. 0 0
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 0 0
Athabaskan languages 0 0
Northern Athabaskan languages 0 0
Dakelh (Carrier) 0 0
Dane-zaa (Beaver) 0 0
Dene, n.o.s. 0 0
Gwich'in 0 0
Slavey-Hare languages 0 0
Deh Gah Ghotie Zhatie (South Slavey) 0 0
Satuotine Yati (North Slavey) 0 0
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0
Tahltan languages 0 0
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0
Tahltan 0 0
Tlicho (Dogrib) 0 0
Tse'khene (Sekani) 0 0
Tsilhqot'in (Chilcotin) 0 0
Tsuu T'ina (Sarsi) 0 0
Tutchone languages 0 0
Northern Tutchone 0 0
Southern Tutchone 0 0
Tutchone, n.o.s. 0 0
Wetsuwet'en-Babine 0 0
Tlingit 0 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0 0
Haida 0 0
Inuktut (Inuit) languages 0 0
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 0 0
Inuinnaqtun 0 0
Inuvialuktun 0 0
Inuktitut 0 0
Inuktut (Inuit) languages, n.i.e. 0 0
Iroquoian languages 0 0
Cayuga 0 0
Mohawk 0 0
Oneida 0 0
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 0 0
Ktunaxa (Kutenai) 0 0
Michif 0 0
Salish languages 0 0
Halkomelem 0 0
Lillooet 0 0
Ntlakapamux (Thompson) 0 0
Secwepemctsin (Shuswap) 0 0
Squamish 0 0
Straits 0 0
Syilx (Okanagan) 0 0
Salish languages, n.i.e. 0 0
Siouan languages 0 0
Assiniboine 0 0
Dakota 0 0
Stoney 0 0
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 0 0
Tsimshian languages 0 0
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 0 0
Nisga'a 0 0
Tsimshian 0 0
Wakashan languages 0 0
Haisla 0 0
Heiltsuk 0 0
Kwak'wala (Kwakiutl) 0 0
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0 0
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0
Indigenous languages, n.i.e. 0 0
Indigenous languages, n.o.s. 0 0
Non-Indigenous languages 88,590 47,785
Afro-Asiatic languages 4,010 2,020
Berber languages 0 0
Kabyle 0 0
Tamazight 0 0
Berber languages, n.i.e. 0 0
Chadic languages 15 15
Hausa 10 10
Mina 0 0
Coptic 30 10
Cushitic languages 85 40
Bilen 0 0
Oromo 40 15
Somali 45 25
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0
Semitic languages 3,905 1,965
Amharic 65 30
Arabic 2,215 1,095
Aramaic languages 25 10
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 0 0
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 0 0
Aramaic, n.o.s. 15 0
Harari 0 0
Hebrew 1,645 860
Maltese 0 0
Tigrigna 40 30
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0
Austro-Asiatic languages 860 450
Khmer (Cambodian) 30 20
Vietnamese 830 435
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e 0 0
Austronesian languages 7,040 4,295
Bikol 20 10
Bisaya, n.o.s. 85 50
Cebuano 285 185
Fijian 0 0
Hiligaynon 195 105
Ilocano 1,345 805
Indonesian 300 155
Kankanaey 0 0
Kinaray-a 0 0
Malagasy languages 0 0
Merina 0 0
Malagasy, n.o.s. 0 0
Malay 100 65
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 55 30
Pangasinan 30 20
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 6,465 3,965
Waray-Waray 15 15
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 160 85
Creole languages 135 80
Haitian Creole 10 0
Jamaican English Creole 0 0
Krio 0 0
Morisyen 75 35
Sango 0 0
Creole, n.o.s. 45 30
Creole languages, n.i.e. 15 15
Dravidian languages 1,815 860
Kannada 230 120
Malayalam 455 225
Tamil 935 430
Telugu 530 230
Tulu 20 10
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 0 0
Georgian 300 155
Hmong-Mien languages 0 0
Indo-European languages 37,160 19,025
Albanian 210 105
Armenian 355 175
Balto-Slavic languages 8,165 4,415
Baltic languages 110 65
Latvian 70 40
Lithuanian 40 25
Slavic languages 8,115 4,380
Belarusian 50 25
Bulgarian 185 85
Czech 80 60
Macedonian 180 90
Polish 450 260
Russian 6,560 3,565
Rusyn 0 0
Serbo-Croatian 605 315
Bosnian 60 35
Croatian 175 85
Serbian 485 270
Serbo-Croatian, n.i.e. 40 20
Slovak 135 80
Slovene (Slovenian) 45 20
Ukrainian 850 480
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 0 0
Celtic languages 30 10
Irish 30 10
Scottish Gaelic 0 0
Welsh 0 0
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 0 0
Germanic languages 1,495 790
Frisian 0 0
High German languages 1,155 600
German 885 430
Pennsylvania German 0 0
Swiss German 10 10
Yiddish 270 170
Low Saxon-Low Franconian languages 260 140
Afrikaans 105 55
Dutch 145 80
Low German, n.o.s. 0 0
Low Saxon 0 0
Plautdietsch 0 0
Vlaams (Flemish) 10 0
Scandinavian languages 105 55
Danish 30 15
Icelandic 0 0
Norwegian 40 10
Swedish 45 25
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 0 0
Greek 800 435
Indo-Iranian languages 19,950 9,830
Indo-Aryan languages 6,035 2,970
Assamese 0 0
Bengali 920 470
Gujarati 830 380
Hindi 3,925 1,890
Kacchi 75 45
Kashmiri 0 0
Konkani 70 35
Marathi 475 230
Nepali 160 85
Oriya languages 100 55
Odia 70 35
Oriya, n.o.s. 30 20
Punjabi (Panjabi) 660 300
Rohingya 0 0
Sindhi 80 30
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 90 35
Urdu 1,145 555
Indo-Aryan languages, n.i.e. 25 20
Iranian languages 14,005 6,905
Baluchi 0 0
Kurdish 235 90
Parsi 40 10
Pashto 80 25
Persian languages 13,805 6,850
Dari 240 115
Iranian Persian 12,535 6,250
Persian (Farsi), n.o.s. 1,070 495
Iranian languages, n.i.e. 45 20
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 15 0
Italic (Romance) languages 7,570 3,995
Catalan 10 0
Italian 2,080 1,125
Portuguese 1,215 655
Romanian 825 495
Spanish 4,050 2,060
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 25 10
Indo-European languages, n.i.e. 0 0
Japanese 1,400 750
Korean 11,095 5,935
Mongolian 45 35
Niger-Congo languages 515 280
Akan (Twi) 30 15
Bamanankan 0 0
Edo 25 15
Éwé 15 10
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 0 0
Ga 10 0
Ganda 0 0
Gikuyu 0 0
Igbo 40 15
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 0 0
Lingala 20 20
Luba-Kasai 0 0
Mòoré 0 0
Mwani 0 0
Ndebele 0 0
Rundi (Kirundi) 15 10
Shona 15 10
Soninke 0 0
Sotho-Tswana languages 10 10
Swahili 170 75
Wojenaka 0 0
Wolof 0 0
Yoruba 135 80
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 65 30
Nilo-Saharan languages 15 0
Dinka 0 0
Nuer 0 0
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 15 0
African, n.o.s. 0 0
Sign languages 50 35
American Sign Language 40 30
Quebec Sign Language 0 0
Sign languages, n.i.e. 10 10
Sino-Tibetan languages 27,310 15,490
Chinese languages 27,230 15,455
Hakka 170 60
Mandarin 19,540 11,260
Min Dong 10 10
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 1,135 645
Wu (Shanghainese) 320 175
Yue (Cantonese) 10,445 6,010
Chinese, n.o.s. 300 160
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 30 20
Tibeto-Burman languages 105 55
Burmese 20 10
Kuki-Chin languages 0 0
Karenic languages 0 0
S'gaw Karen 0 0
Karenic languages, n.i.e. 0 0
Tibetan 75 40
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 10 0
Sino-Tibetan languages, n.i.e. 0 0
Tai-Kadai languages 80 40
Lao 20 10
Thai 65 35
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e. 0 0
Turkic languages 1,790 800
Azerbaijani 600 275
Kazakh 45 20
Turkish 1,325 585
Uyghur 15 10
Uzbek 50 30
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 35 25
Uralic languages 730 385
Estonian 120 70
Finnish 80 55
Hungarian 535 275
Other languages, n.i.e. 15 10
Indigenous population
Total - Indigenous identity for the population in private households - 25% sample data44 117,125 61,635
Indigenous identity45 305 135
Single Indigenous responses46 285 125
First Nations (North American Indian) 225 85
Métis 60 35
Inuk (Inuit) 0 0
Multiple Indigenous responses47 0 0
Indigenous responses not included elsewhere48 25 10
Non-Indigenous identity 116,820 61,500
Total - Registered or Treaty Indian status for the population in private households - 25% sample data44 117,125 61,635
Registered or Treaty Indian49 160 60
Not a Registered or Treaty Indian 116,965 61,580
Household characteristics
Total - Private households by tenure - 25% sample data50 50,555 ...
Owner 29,340 ...
Renter 21,210 ...
Dwelling provided by the local government, First Nation or Indian band 0 ...
Total - Occupied private dwellings by condominium status - 25% sample data51 50,555 ...
Condominium 27,650 ...
Not condominium 22,900 ...
Total - Occupied private dwellings by number of bedrooms - 25% sample data52 50,555 ...
No bedrooms 645 ...
1 bedroom 14,095 ...
2 bedrooms 18,440 ...
3 bedrooms 8,400 ...
4 or more bedrooms 8,965 ...
Total - Occupied private dwellings by number of rooms - 25% sample data53 50,555 ...
1 to 4 rooms 30,370 ...
5 rooms 6,115 ...
6 rooms 3,905 ...
7 rooms 3,060 ...
8 or more rooms 7,100 ...
Average number of rooms per dwelling 4.7 ...
Total - Private households by number of persons per room - 25% sample data54 50,555 ...
One person or fewer per room 47,715 ...
More than one person per room 2,835 ...
Total - Private households by housing suitability - 25% sample data55 50,555 ...
Suitable 44,370 ...
Not suitable 6,180 ...
Total - Occupied private dwellings by period of construction - 25% sample data56 50,555 ...
1960 or before 6,375 ...
1961 to 1980 9,240 ...
1981 to 1990 5,105 ...
1991 to 2000 7,180 ...
2001 to 2005 7,940 ...
2006 to 2010 6,410 ...
2011 to 2015 5,640 ...
2016 to 202157 2,675 ...
Total - Occupied private dwellings by dwelling condition - 25% sample data58 50,555 ...
Only regular maintenance and minor repairs needed 48,320 ...
Major repairs needed 2,230 ...
Total - Private households by number of household maintainers - 25% sample data59 50,555 ...
One-maintainer household 27,255 ...
Two-maintainer household 19,665 ...
Three-or-more-maintainer household 3,630 ...
Total - Private households by age of primary household maintainers - 25% sample data60 50,555 ...
15 to 24 years 2,100 ...
25 to 34 years 9,915 ...
35 to 44 years 9,000 ...
45 to 54 years 8,530 ...
55 to 64 years 8,390 ...
65 to 74 years 6,625 ...
75 to 84 years 4,065 ...
85 years and over 1,920 ...
Total - Owner and tenant households with household total income greater than zero, in non-farm, non-reserve private dwellings by shelter-cost-to-income ratio - 25% sample data61 49,845 ...
Spending less than 30% of income on shelter costs 28,675 ...
Spending 30% or more of income on shelter costs 21,175 ...
30% to less than 100% 16,180 ...
Total - Occupied private dwellings by housing indicators - 25% sample data62 50,550 ...
Total - Households 'spending 30% or more of income on shelter costs' or 'not suitable' or 'major repairs needed' 26,080 ...
Spending 30% or more of income on shelter costs only 17,965 ...
Not suitable only 3,635 ...
Major repairs needed only 1,100 ...
'Spending 30% or more of income on shelter costs' and 'not suitable' 2,255 ...
'Spending 30% or more of income on shelter costs' and 'major repairs needed' 840 ...
'Not suitable' and 'major repairs needed' 170 ...
'Spending 30% or more of income on shelter costs' and 'not suitable' and 'major repairs needed' 120 ...
Acceptable housing 24,470 ...
Total - Owner and tenant households with household total income greater than zero and shelter-cost-to-income ratio less than 100%, in non-farm, non-reserve private dwellings - 25% sample data63 44,855 ...
In core need 9,295 ...
Not in core need 35,555 ...
Total - Owner households in non-farm, non-reserve private dwellings - 25% sample data 29,340 ...
% of owner households with a mortgage64 54.8 ...
% of owner households spending 30% or more of its income on shelter costs61 37.6 ...
% in core housing need63 15.7 ...
Median monthly shelter costs for owned dwellings ($)65 1,720 ...
Average monthly shelter costs for owned dwellings ($)65 2,202 ...
Median value of dwellings ($)66 850,000 ...
Average value of dwellings ($)66 1,187,000 ...
Total - Tenant households in non-farm, non-reserve private dwellings - 25% sample data 21,215 ...
% of tenant households in subsidized housing67 8.0 ...
% of tenant households spending 30% or more of its income on shelter costs61 49.3 ...
% in core housing need63 28.0 ...
Median monthly shelter costs for rented dwellings ($)65 1,860 ...
Average monthly shelter costs for rented dwellings ($)65 1,880 ...
Total - Households living in a dwelling provided by the local government, First Nation or Indian band in non-farm private dwellings - 25% sample data 0 ...
% of households living in a dwelling provided by the local government, First Nation or Indian band spending more than 30% on shelter costs61 ... ...
Median monthly shelter costs for dwellings provided by local government, First Nation or Indian band ($)65 ... ...
Average monthly shelter costs for dwellings provided by local government, First Nation or Indian band ($)65 ... ...
Indigenous ancestry
Total - Indigenous ancestry for the population in private households - 25% sample data68 117,125 61,640
Indigenous ancestry (only)69 80 35
Single Indigenous ancestry (only)70 80 35
First Nations (North American Indian) single ancestry 80 35
Métis single ancestry 0 0
Inuit single ancestry 0 0
Multiple Indigenous ancestries (only)71 0 0
First Nations (North American Indian) and Métis ancestry only 0 0
First Nations (North American Indian) and Inuit ancestry only 0 0
Métis and Inuit ancestry only 0 0
First Nations (North American Indian) and Métis and Inuit ancestry only 0 0
Indigenous and non-Indigenous ancestries72 340 170
Single Indigenous and non-Indigenous ancestries73 335 165
First Nations (North American Indian) and non-Indigenous ancestry only 275 135
Métis and non-Indigenous ancestry only 50 25
Inuit and non-Indigenous ancestry only 0 0
Multiple Indigenous and non-Indigenous ancestries74 0 0
First Nations (North American Indian) and Métis and non-Indigenous ancestry only 0 0
First Nations (North American Indian) and Inuit and non-Indigenous ancestry only 0 0
Métis and Inuit and non-Indigenous ancestry only 0 0
First Nations (North American Indian) and Métis and Inuit and non-Indigenous ancestry only 0 0
Non-Indigenous ancestry only75 116,710 61,430
Citizenship
Total - Citizenship for the population in private households - 25% sample data76 117,125 61,640
Canadian citizens77 83,475 43,805
Canadian citizens aged under 18 13,015 6,365
Canadian citizens aged 18 and over 70,460 37,440
Not Canadian citizens78 33,655 17,830
Immigrant status and period of immigration
Total - Immigrant status and period of immigration for the population in private households - 25% sample data79 117,125 61,640
Non-immigrants80 35,140 17,265
Immigrants81 70,535 38,620
Before 1980 7,725 4,375
1980 to 1990 6,540 3,650
1991 to 2000 14,165 7,670
2001 to 2010 17,960 9,745
2011 to 202182 24,145 13,175
2011 to 2015 10,285 5,645
2016 to 2021 13,860 7,535
Non-permanent residents83 11,455 5,755
Age at immigration
Total - Age at immigration for the immigrant population in private households - 25% sample data84 70,535 38,615
Under 5 years 4,180 2,285
5 to 14 years 10,555 5,195
15 to 24 years 11,205 5,855
25 to 44 years 34,145 19,535
45 years and over 10,445 5,745
Selected places of birth for the immigrant population
Total - Place of birth for the immigrant population in private households - 25% sample data85 70,535 38,615
Americas 4,145 2,180
Brazil 340 170
Colombia 280 165
El Salvador 115 40
Guyana 285 145
Haiti 10 0
Jamaica 435 255
Mexico 365 175
Peru 115 50
Trinidad and Tobago 355 195
United States of America 810 400
Other places of birth in Americas 1,035 580
Europe 9,905 5,485
Bosnia and Herzegovina 85 45
Croatia 90 35
France 105 55
Germany 280 120
Greece 400 230
Hungary 305 165
Italy 860 455
Netherlands 85 40
Poland 335 175
Portugal 180 100
Romania 715 425
Russian Federation 2,135 1,250
Serbia86 235 145
Ukraine 1,315 765
United Kingdom87 915 485
Other places of birth in Europe 1,870 990
Africa 2,090 1,050
Algeria 10 0
Congo, Democratic Republic of the 25 20
Egypt 575 240
Eritrea 25 20
Ethiopia 85 35
Morocco 100 60
Nigeria 230 105
Somalia 15 15
South Africa, Republic of 345 160
Other places of birth in Africa 680 390
Asia 54,270 29,835
Afghanistan 180 80
Iran88 10,700 5,420
Iraq 195 90
Lebanon 300 160
Syria89 195 100
Turkey 285 140
China90 12,305 7,170
Hong Kong91 4,300 2,530
Korea, South92 7,930 4,190
Taiwan 1,660 995
Philippines 6,340 3,890
Viet Nam 645 370
Bangladesh 440 240
India 3,850 1,875
Pakistan 655 310
Sri Lanka 230 125
Other places of birth in Asia 4,050 2,150
Oceania and other places of birth93 120 70
Selected places of birth for the recent immigrant population
Total - Place of birth for the recent immigrant population in private households - 25% sample data94 13,855 7,535
Americas 815 430
Brazil 175 95
Colombia 30 0
Haiti 0 0
Jamaica 25 15
Mexico 90 30
United States of America 230 135
Venezuela95 105 50
Other places of birth in Americas 165 110
Europe 865 475
France 15 10
Germany 10 10
Ireland96 30 15
Italy 30 15
Russian Federation 320 195
Ukraine 145 70
United Kingdom87 40 20
Other places of birth in Europe 275 145
Africa 495 240
Algeria 0 0
Burundi 0 0
Cameroon 0 0
Congo, Democratic Republic of the 0 0
Côte d'Ivoire 40 30
Egypt 110 55
Eritrea 10 10
Ethiopia 30 10
Morocco 0 0
Nigeria 155 70
Somalia 0 0
South Africa, Republic of 50 25
Sudan97 10 0
Tunisia 0 0
Other places of birth in Africa 65 35
Asia 11,655 6,370
Afghanistan 40 10
Bangladesh 145 75
China90 3,045 1,865
Hong Kong91 120 90
India 2,275 1,110
Iran88 1,765 880
Iraq 20 0
Israel 30 10
Japan 75 45
Jordan 15 0
Korea, South92 860 490
Lebanon 60 30
Nepal 35 15
Pakistan 190 85
Philippines 1,910 1,065
Saudi Arabia 70 25
Sri Lanka 0 0
Syria89 55 30
Turkey 105 50
United Arab Emirates 70 35
Viet Nam 135 95
Other places of birth in Asia 630 360
Oceania and other93 25 15
Australia 20 15
Other places of birth98 10 0
Generation status
Total - Generation status for the population in private households - 25% sample data99 117,125 61,635
First generation100 83,140 44,950
Second generation101 23,220 11,410
Third generation or more102 10,760 5,285
Admission category and applicant type
Total - Admission category and applicant type for the immigrant population in private households who were admitted between 1980 and 2021 - 25% sample data103 62,805 34,240
Economic immigrants104 46,220 24,625
Principal applicants105 19,605 9,185
Secondary applicants106 26,620 15,435
Immigrants sponsored by family107 11,545 7,065
Refugees108 4,305 2,120
Other immigrants109 730 430
Pre-admission experience
Total - Pre-admission experience for the immigrant population in private households who were admitted between 1980 and 2021 - 25% sample data110 62,805 34,240
Asylum claim before admission111 2,925 1,495
Work permits only before admission112 4,925 3,265
Study permits only before admission113 2,950 1,390
Work and study permits before admission114 6,115 3,690
Other permits before admission115 150 90
No pre-admission experience116 45,740 24,315
Visible minority
Total - Visible minority for the population in private households - 25% sample data117 117,125 61,635
Total visible minority population118 83,215 44,315
South Asian 8,865 4,400
Chinese 29,655 16,485
Black 2,865 1,535
Filipino 7,590 4,440
Arab 1,690 820
Latin American 2,285 1,105
Southeast Asian 1,540 830
West Asian 12,865 6,405
Korean 11,555 6,100
Japanese 900 515
Visible minority, n.i.e.119 815 385
Multiple visible minorities 2,590 1,295
Not a visible minority120 33,910 17,320
Ethnic or cultural origin
Total - Ethnic or cultural origin for the population in private households - 25% sample data121 117,125 61,635
Canadian 3,745 1,800
English 4,625 2,410
Irish 3,940 2,030
Scottish 3,510 1,790
French, n.o.s.122 1,350 670
German 2,390 1,150
Chinese 26,835 14,860
Italian 4,145 2,125
Indian (India) 5,625 2,730
Ukrainian 2,240 1,185
Dutch 755 445
Polish 2,325 1,175
Québécois 65 25
British Isles, n.o.s.123 1,415 735
Filipino 6,905 3,980
French Canadian 355 175
Caucasian (White), n.o.s.124 955 470
First Nations (North American Indian), n.o.s.125 145 80
Métis 55 30
European, n.o.s.126 860 440
Russian 4,450 2,465
Norwegian 160 70
Welsh 530 285
Portuguese 910 465
American 350 195
Spanish 1,350 750
Swedish 235 125
Hungarian 915 440
Acadian 45 25
Pakistani 835 415
African, n.o.s.127 605 325
Jewish 3,790 1,960
Punjabi 160 75
Vietnamese 1,040 540
Arab, n.o.s.128 725 350
Greek 1,215 585
Jamaican 810 405
Asian, n.o.s.129 2,990 1,660
Cree, n.o.s.130 15 10
Korean 11,055 5,800
Romanian 1,015 530
Lebanese 400 200
Iranian 10,370 5,135
Christian, n.i.e.131 585 325
Danish 120 80
North American Indigenous, n.o.s.132 55 40
Sikh 60 25
Austrian 400 190
Belgian 90 40
Haitian 40 25
Hindu 725 340
Mexican 570 300
Mennonite 0 0
Swiss 125 60
Finnish 295 190
Sri Lankan 285 140
Croatian 195 105
Japanese 1,130 605
South Asian, n.o.s.133 705 355
Mi'kmaq, n.o.s.134 10 0
Northern European, n.o.s.135 120 50
Muslim 550 250
Egyptian 740 355
Latin, Central or South American, n.o.s.136 370 170
Tamil 250 135
Icelandic 35 0
Colombian 365 200
Moroccan 205 110
Czech 190 110
Syrian 160 75
Guyanese 325 140
Afghan 295 145
Black, n.o.s.137 180 105
Serbian 425 200
Ojibway 55 0
Newfoundlander 40 30
Hong Konger 1,705 995
Ontarian 130 60
Persian 3,695 1,810
Trinidadian/Tobagonian 320 125
Turkish 700 320
Inuit, n.o.s.138 0 0
Bangladeshi 435 240
Algerian 30 15
Brazilian 515 265
Nigerian 255 120
Armenian 495 235
Slovak 140 90
Eastern European, n.o.s.139 475 275
Somali 60 30
Taiwanese 1,665 935
Iraqi 135 55
Salvadorean 135 65
African Caribbean 170 90
East or Southeast Asian, n.o.s.140 1,070 575
West or Central Asian or Middle Eastern, n.o.s.141 535 290
Caribbean, n.o.s.142 170 85
Algonquin 0 0
West Indian, n.o.s.143 115 65
Lithuanian 270 140
South African 190 90
Australian 60 25
Palestinian 250 145
Chilean 75 35
Congolese 50 30
Nova Scotian 10 10
Ethiopian 110 60
Hispanic, n.o.s.144 135 50
Peruvian 115 55
Yoruba 125 55
Cambodian (Khmer) 85 60
Berber 0 0
Albanian 225 120
Maltese 60 25
Macedonian 265 125
Slovenian 130 60
Western European, n.o.s.145 35 15
New Brunswicker 0 0
Gujarati 155 75
Eritrean 20 15
African Canadian 25 15
Israeli 435 230
Mohawk 0 0
Czechoslovakian, n.o.s.146 60 25
Bulgarian 205 100
Albertan 0 0
Ghanaian 45 30
Barbadian 100 45
African American 90 50
Yugoslavian, n.o.s.147 40 20
Tunisian 15 10
Slavic, n.o.s.148 275 130
Cuban 75 30
Bosnian 55 40
Venezuelan 240 130
Innu/Montagnais, n.o.s.149 0 0
Latvian 140 65
Bengali 220 110
Cameroonian 20 10
Guatemalan 25 20
Indonesian 285 170
Laotian 30 10
Ilocano 560 330
Northern Irish 40 10
Celtic, n.o.s.150 40 25
British Columbian 0 0
Ecuadorian 130 75
Franco Ontarian 10 0
Argentinian 145 60
Estonian 190 115
Kurdish 255 90
Fijian 15 0
Jatt 0 0
North American, n.o.s.151 20 10
Coptic 145 65
Thai 45 20
Dominican 75 40
Nepali 135 85
Kabyle 0 0
Assyrian 15 0
Igbo 60 25
Byelorussian 190 70
Dene, n.o.s.152 0 0
Blackfoot, n.o.s.153 0 0
Abenaki 0 0
Moldovan 185 100
Iroquois (Haudenosaunee), n.o.s.154 10 0
New Zealander 15 10
Sudanese 45 20
Breton 0 0
Pennsylvania Dutch 0 0
Malaysian 245 160
Plains Cree 0 0
North African, n.o.s.155 45 30
Huron (Wendat) 0 0
Saskatchewanian 0 0
Buddhist 105 55
Gaspesian 0 0
Norman 30 10
Southern or East African, n.o.s.156 60 40
Ivorian 40 30
Saulteaux 0 0
Anishinaabe, n.o.s.157 10 0
Burundian 0 0
Tigrinya 0 0
Nicaraguan 0 0
Mauritian 40 15
Kenyan 120 50
Oji-Cree 0 0
Vincentian 40 25
Jordanian 75 30
Manitoban 0 0
Cape Bretoner 0 0
Rwandan 0 0
Grenadian 35 10
Malayali 125 50
Chaldean 0 0
Sinhalese 25 15
Mayan 10 10
Honduran 10 10
Cherokee 0 0
Qalipu Mi'kmaq 0 0
Indo-Caribbean 15 0
Flemish 15 0
United Empire Loyalist 15 10
Senegalese 0 0
Azerbaijani 465 240
Sicilian 0 0
Pashtun 40 15
Malay 95 35
Goan 75 35
Bantu, n.o.s.158 0 0
Tibetan 70 30
Zimbabwean 0 0
Burmese 50 20
Mongolian 75 55
Azorean 0 0
Atikamekw 0 0
Bamileke 0 0
Indo-Guyanese 35 20
Ugandan 45 20
Oromo 0 0
Tanzanian 40 25
Yemeni 45 25
Central African 0 0
Libyan 40 25
Basque 0 0
Uruguayan 65 35
Akan, n.o.s.159 0 0
Central or West African, n.o.s.160 40 15
Igorot 85 55
Fulani 0 0
Woodland Cree 0 0
Guinean 0 0
St. Lucian 20 10
Prince Edward Islander 15 0
Maliseet 0 0
Beninese 0 0
Telugu 35 20
Roma 10 10
Costa Rican 25 15
African Nova Scotian 0 0
Malagasy 0 0
Kashmiri 45 25
Singaporean 80 50
Karen 0 0
Edo 30 10
Tajik 25 0
Amhara 10 0
Paraguayan 0 0
Religion
Total - Religion for the population in private households - 25% sample data161 117,125 61,635
Buddhist 2,920 1,665
Christian 45,135 24,960
Christian, n.o.s.162 10,635 5,925
Anabaptist 25 15
Anglican 1,540 915
Baptist 945 530
Catholic 20,545 11,305
Christian Orthodox 4,555 2,465
Jehovah's Witness 155 100
Latter Day Saints 60 30
Lutheran 455 225
Methodist and Wesleyan (Holiness) 205 110
Pentecostal and other Charismatic 820 420
Presbyterian 2,355 1,235
Reformed 75 55
United Church 1,185 730
Other Christian and Christian-related traditions 1,575 895
Hindu 4,630 2,310
Jewish 5,290 2,890
Muslim 12,720 6,455
Sikh 280 150
Traditional (North American Indigenous) spirituality 25 15
Other religions and spiritual traditions 930 490
No religion and secular perspectives 45,195 22,700
Mobility status 1 year ago
Total - Mobility status 1 year ago - 25% sample data163 116,210 61,155
Non-movers 95,595 50,650
Movers 20,620 10,505
Non-migrants 13,840 7,105
Migrants 6,780 3,405
Internal migrants 3,220 1,630
Intraprovincial migrants 2,630 1,320
Interprovincial migrants 590 310
External migrants 3,560 1,775
Mobility status 5 years ago
Total - Mobility status 5 years ago - 25% sample data164 112,600 59,330
Non-movers 61,285 33,030
Movers 51,315 26,300
Non-migrants 23,095 11,890
Migrants 28,215 14,405
Internal migrants 10,860 5,630
Intraprovincial migrants 8,660 4,470
Interprovincial migrants 2,200 1,160
External migrants 17,355 8,775
Secondary (high) school diploma or equivalency certificate
Total - Secondary (high) school diploma or equivalency certificate for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data165 103,695 55,025
No high school diploma or equivalency certificate 8,370 4,435
With high school diploma or equivalency certificate166 95,320 50,590
Total - Secondary (high) school diploma or equivalency certificate for the population aged 25 to 64 years in private households - 25% sample data165 70,425 37,205
No high school diploma or equivalency certificate 2,330 1,080
With high school diploma or equivalency certificate166 68,095 36,125
Highest certificate, diploma or degree
Total - Highest certificate, diploma or degree for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data165 103,695 55,030
No certificate, diploma or degree 7,870 4,205
High (secondary) school diploma or equivalency certificate167 20,435 10,475
Postsecondary certificate, diploma or degree 75,390 40,350
Postsecondary certificate or diploma below bachelor level 18,360 10,290
Apprenticeship or trades certificate or diploma 2,270 985
Non-apprenticeship trades certificate or diploma168 1,310 655
Apprenticeship certificate169 955 335
College, CEGEP or other non-university certificate or diploma170 12,645 7,305
University certificate or diploma below bachelor level 3,450 2,000
Bachelor's degree or higher 57,030 30,060
Bachelor's degree 35,035 19,055
University certificate or diploma above bachelor level 3,285 1,820
Degree in medicine, dentistry, veterinary medicine or optometry 1,880 920
Master's degree 14,510 7,335
Earned doctorate171 2,315 935
Total - Highest certificate, diploma or degree for the population aged 25 to 64 years in private households - 25% sample data165 70,425 37,205
No certificate, diploma or degree 2,125 980
High (secondary) school diploma or equivalency certificate167 9,315 4,465
Postsecondary certificate, diploma or degree 58,980 31,765
Postsecondary certificate or diploma below bachelor level 12,620 6,995
Apprenticeship or trades certificate or diploma 1,285 530
Non-apprenticeship trades certificate or diploma168 735 340
Apprenticeship certificate169 545 185
College, CEGEP or other non-university certificate or diploma170 8,930 5,035
University certificate or diploma below bachelor level 2,410 1,430
Bachelor's degree or higher 46,365 24,765
Bachelor's degree 27,945 15,250
University certificate or diploma above bachelor level 2,475 1,405
Degree in medicine, dentistry, veterinary medicine or optometry 1,465 785
Master's degree 12,690 6,530
Earned doctorate171 1,790 795
Major field of study - Classification of Instructional Programs (CIP) 2021
Total - Major field of study - Classification of Instructional Programs (CIP) 2021 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data172 103,695 55,030
No postsecondary certificate, diploma or degree173 28,300 14,680
Education 3,220 2,695
13. Education 3,220 2,695
Visual and performing arts, and communications technologies 3,400 2,325
10. Communications technologies/technicians and support services 250 105
50. Visual and performing arts 3,155 2,225
Humanities 4,490 3,070
16. Indigenous and foreign languages, literatures, and linguistics 945 745
23. English language and literature/letters 1,280 945
24. Liberal arts and sciences, general studies and humanities 985 735
30A Interdisciplinary humanities174 85 55
38. Philosophy and religious studies 250 95
39. Theology and religious vocations 335 130
54. History 450 240
55. French language and literature/lettersCAN 150 130
Social and behavioural sciences and law 9,850 6,150
05. Area, ethnic, cultural, gender, and group studies 145 120
09. Communication, journalism and related programs 1,030 650
19. Family and consumer sciences/human sciences 1,005 880
22. Legal professions and studies 1,520 835
30B Interdisciplinary social and behavioural sciences175 200 115
42. Psychology 1,350 1,050
45. Social sciences 4,600 2,495
Business, management and public administration 19,195 10,680
30.16 Accounting and computer science 10 10
44. Public administration and social service professions 735 545
52. Business, management, marketing and related support services 18,450 10,120
Physical and life sciences and technologies 4,195 2,245
26. Biological and biomedical sciences 1,880 1,155
30.01 Biological and physical sciences 835 450
30C Other interdisciplinary physical and life sciences176 125 85
40. Physical sciences 1,250 500
41. Science technologies/technicians 100 55
Mathematics, computer and information sciences 6,815 2,730
11. Computer and information sciences and support services 4,970 1,770
25. Library science 180 150
27. Mathematics and statistics 1,395 680
30D Interdisciplinary mathematics, computer and information sciences177 280 130
Architecture, engineering, and related trades 13,215 3,140
04. Architecture and related services 1,055 465
14. Engineering 9,035 2,305
15. Engineering/engineering-related technologies/technicians 1,640 320
30.12 Historic preservation and conservation 0 0
46. Construction trades 640 10
47. Mechanic and repair technologies/technicians 615 15
48. Precision production 220 25
Agriculture, natural resources and conservation 885 520
01. Agricultural and veterinary sciences/services/operations and related fields178 560 315
03. Natural resources and conservation 325 210
Health and related fields 8,340 5,900
30.37 Design for human health 0 0
31. Parks, recreation, leisure, fitness, and kinesiology 470 215
51. Health professions and related programs178 7,360 5,430
60. Health professions residency/fellowship programs 25 15
61. Medical residency/fellowship programs 480 240
Personal, protective and transportation services 1,775 865
12. Culinary, entertainment, and personal services 1,220 735
28. Military science, leadership and operational art 10 0
29. Military technologies and applied sciences 25 0
43. Security and protective services 235 60
49. Transportation and materials moving 285 65
Other179 15 15
Total - Major field of study - Classification of Instructional Programs (CIP) 2021 for the population aged 25 to 64 years in private households - 25% sample data172 70,420 37,210
No postsecondary certificate, diploma or degree173 11,445 5,440
Education 2,075 1,690
13. Education 2,075 1,690
Visual and performing arts, and communications technologies 2,695 1,845
10. Communications technologies/technicians and support services 175 90
50. Visual and performing arts 2,520 1,750
Humanities 3,270 2,255
16. Indigenous and foreign languages, literatures, and linguistics 705 590
23. English language and literature/letters 890 670
24. Liberal arts and sciences, general studies and humanities 760 550
30A Interdisciplinary humanities174 50 40
38. Philosophy and religious studies 185 50
39. Theology and religious vocations 250 85
54. History 345 200
55. French language and literature/lettersCAN 90 70
Social and behavioural sciences and law 7,675 4,825
05. Area, ethnic, cultural, gender, and group studies 115 105
09. Communication, journalism and related programs 855 540
19. Family and consumer sciences/human sciences 735 660
22. Legal professions and studies 1,220 715
30B Interdisciplinary social and behavioural sciences175 145 80
42. Psychology 1,060 805
45. Social sciences 3,535 1,920
Business, management and public administration 15,840 8,940
30.16 Accounting and computer science 10 10
44. Public administration and social service professions 555 410
52. Business, management, marketing and related support services 15,280 8,515
Physical and life sciences and technologies 2,965 1,595
26. Biological and biomedical sciences 1,455 865
30.01 Biological and physical sciences 535 290
30C Other interdisciplinary physical and life sciences176 105 70
40. Physical sciences 835 355
41. Science technologies/technicians 35 15
Mathematics, computer and information sciences 5,945 2,350
11. Computer and information sciences and support services 4,525 1,600
25. Library science 120 100
27. Mathematics and statistics 1,075 550
30D Interdisciplinary mathematics, computer and information sciences177 225 105
Architecture, engineering, and related trades 10,150 2,655
04. Architecture and related services 825 420
14. Engineering 7,195 1,980
15. Engineering/engineering-related technologies/technicians 1,165 220
30.12 Historic preservation and conservation 0 0
46. Construction trades 445 10
47. Mechanic and repair technologies/technicians 395 10
48. Precision production 115 10
Agriculture, natural resources and conservation 685 420
01. Agricultural and veterinary sciences/services/operations and related fields178 405 225
03. Natural resources and conservation 280 195
Health and related fields 6,385 4,570
30.37 Design for human health 0 0
31. Parks, recreation, leisure, fitness, and kinesiology 330 160
51. Health professions and related programs178 5,665 4,200
60. Health professions residency/fellowship programs 20 15
61. Medical residency/fellowship programs 365 200
Personal, protective and transportation services 1,280 605
12. Culinary, entertainment, and personal services 915 535
28. Military science, leadership and operational art 0 0
29. Military technologies and applied sciences 20 0
43. Security and protective services 155 35
49. Transportation and materials moving 190 40
Other179 15 15
Location of study compared with province or territory of residence
Total - Location of study compared with province or territory of residence for the population aged 25 to 64 years in private households - 25% sample data180 70,420 37,210
No postsecondary certificate, diploma or degree 11,445 5,440
Postsecondary certificate, diploma or degree181 58,985 31,765
Location of study inside Canada 32,550 16,990
Same as province or territory of residence 30,080 15,695
Different than province or territory of residence 2,465 1,295
Location of study outside Canada182 26,430 14,775
Americas 3,200 1,470
United States of America 2,090 880
Mexico 195 110
Cuba 15 0
Haiti 0 0
Jamaica 35 20
Brazil 405 200
Colombia 155 80
Peru 30 15
Venezuela95 100 65
Other locations of study in Americas 175 100
Europe 3,830 2,045
Belgium 0 0
France 150 75
Germany 40 20
Netherlands 15 0
Switzerland 30 15
Hungary 50 15
Moldova183 85 50
Poland 55 30
Romania 255 140
Russian Federation 915 555
Ukraine 515 295
Ireland96 60 35
United Kingdom87 1,100 540
Bosnia and Herzegovina 25 20
Italy 35 25
Serbia86 50 30
Other locations of study in Europe 445 215
Africa 540 285
Nigeria 90 55
Algeria 0 0
Morocco 20 10
Tunisia 10 0
Egypt 210 105
South Africa, Republic of 80 35
Other locations of study in Africa 130 70
Asia 18,620 10,865
Iran88 4,515 2,500
Iraq 35 10
Israel 125 65
Lebanon 115 65
Syria89 65 35
Turkey 215 90
China90 2,995 1,750
Taiwan 320 225
Hong Kong91 360 240
Japan 345 225
Korea, South92 2,520 1,560
Philippines 2,975 2,000
Viet Nam 60 40
Bangladesh 125 80
Sri Lanka 45 25
India 2,660 1,310
Pakistan 205 120
Other locations of study in Asia 960 520
Oceania 235 105
Australia 195 85
New Zealand 40 25
Other locations of study in Oceania 0 0
Labour force status
Total - Population aged 15 years and over by labour force status - 25% sample data184 103,695 55,030
In the labour force 64,835 32,480
Employed 56,595 28,100
Unemployed 8,240 4,380
Not in the labour force 38,860 22,550
Participation rate 62.5 59.0
Employment rate 54.6 51.1
Unemployment rate 12.7 13.5
Work activity during the reference year
Total - Population aged 15 years and over by work activity during the reference year - 25% sample data185 103,695 55,030
Did not work186 41,485 23,650
Worked 62,210 31,380
Worked full year full time187 33,870 16,070
Worked part year and/or part time188 28,340 15,310
Average weeks worked in reference year 40.2 39.4
Class of worker including job permanency
Total - Labour force aged 15 years and over by class of worker including job permanency - 25% sample data189 64,835 32,480
Class of worker - not applicable190 2,440 1,290
All classes of workers191 62,390 31,190
Employee 50,765 26,635
Permanent position 41,665 21,535
Temporary position 9,100 5,105
Fixed term (1 year or more) 4,095 2,285
Casual, seasonal or short-term position (less than 1 year) 5,005 2,820
Self-employed192 11,625 4,550
Occupation - Broad category - National Occupational Classification (NOC) 2021
Total - Labour force aged 15 years and over by occupation - Broad category - National Occupational Classification (NOC) 2021 - 25% sample data193 64,835 32,480
Occupation - not applicable190 2,440 1,290
All occupations191 62,390 31,190
0 Legislative and senior management occupations 935 250
1 Business, finance and administration occupations 15,055 9,490
2 Natural and applied sciences and related occupations 10,825 3,345
3 Health occupations 4,860 3,455
4 Occupations in education, law and social, community and government services 6,970 4,440
5 Occupations in art, culture, recreation and sport 2,715 1,390
6 Sales and service occupations 13,970 7,685
7 Trades, transport and equipment operators and related occupations 5,320 595
8 Natural resources, agriculture and related production occupations 215 55
9 Occupations in manufacturing and utilities 1,540 480
Industry - Sectors - North American Industry Classification System (NAICS) 2017
Total - Labour force aged 15 years and over by industry - Sectors - North American Industry Classification System (NAICS) 2017 - 25% sample data194 64,835 32,480
Industry - not applicable190 2,440 1,290
All industries191 62,390 31,190
11 Agriculture, forestry, fishing and hunting 120 55
21 Mining, quarrying, and oil and gas extraction 70 10
22 Utilities 270 110
23 Construction 2,910 550
31-33 Manufacturing 3,525 1,300
41 Wholesale trade 2,095 875
44-45 Retail trade 5,675 3,240
48-49 Transportation and warehousing 2,235 605
51 Information and cultural industries 2,035 810
52 Finance and insurance 7,040 3,555
53 Real estate and rental and leasing 2,245 1,070
54 Professional, scientific and technical services 10,920 4,700
55 Management of companies and enterprises 490 230
56 Administrative and support, waste management and remediation services 2,260 1,105
61 Educational services 4,500 2,950
62 Health care and social assistance 6,830 5,030
71 Arts, entertainment and recreation 1,070 495
72 Accommodation and food services 3,485 1,820
81 Other services (except public administration) 2,305 1,470
91 Public administration 2,325 1,210
All languages used at work
Total - All languages used at work for the population in private households aged 15 years and over who worked since January 1, 2020 - 25% sample data195 68,390 34,505
English 57,730 28,860
French 90 70
Non-official language 2,000 970
Indigenous39 0 0
Non-Indigenous 2,000 970
English and French 895 550
English and non-official language(s) 7,445 3,930
French and non-official language(s) 0 0
English, French and non-official language(s) 145 100
Multiple non-official languages 80 30
Language used most often at work
Total - Language used most often at work for the population aged 15 years and over who worked since January 1, 2020, in private households, 2021 Census - 25% sample data196 68,390 34,505
Single responses 66,690 33,655
Official languages 62,845 31,720
English 62,605 31,540
French 245 180
Non-official languages 3,840 1,935
Indigenous languages39 0 0
Algonquian languages 0 0
Blackfoot 0 0
Cree-Innu languages 0 0
Atikamekw 0 0
Cree languages 0 0
Ililimowin (Moose Cree) 0 0
Inu Ayimun (Southern East Cree) 0 0
Iyiyiw-Ayimiwin (Northern East Cree) 0 0
Nehinawewin (Swampy Cree) 0 0
Nehiyawewin (Plains Cree) 0 0
Nihithawiwin (Woods Cree) 0 0
Cree, n.o.s. 0 0
Innu (Montagnais) 0 0
Naskapi 0 0
Eastern Algonquian languages 0 0
Mi'kmaq 0 0
Wolastoqewi (Malecite) 0 0
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 0 0
Anicinabemowin (Algonquin) 0 0
Oji-Cree 0 0
Ojibway languages 0 0
Anishinaabemowin (Chippewa) 0 0
Daawaamwin (Odawa) 0 0
Saulteau (Western Ojibway) 0 0
Ojibway, n.o.s. 0 0
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 0 0
Athabaskan languages 0 0
Northern Athabaskan languages 0 0
Dakelh (Carrier) 0 0
Dane-zaa (Beaver) 0 0
Dene, n.o.s. 0 0
Gwich'in 0 0
Slavey-Hare languages 0 0
Deh Gah Ghotie Zhatie (South Slavey) 0 0
Satuotine Yati (North Slavey) 0 0
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0
Tahltan languages 0 0
Tlicho (Dogrib) 0 0
Tse'khene (Sekani) 0 0
Tsilhqot'in (Chilcotin) 0 0
Tsuu T'ina (Sarsi) 0 0
Tutchone languages 0 0
Northern Tutchone 0 0
Southern Tutchone 0 0
Tutchone, n.o.s. 0 0
Wetsuwet'en-Babine 0 0
Tlingit 0 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0 0
Haida 0 0
Inuktut (Inuit) languages 0 0
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 0 0
Inuinnaqtun 0 0
Inuvialuktun 0 0
Inuktitut 0 0
Inuktut (Inuit) languages, n.i.e. 0 0
Iroquoian languages 0 0
Mohawk 0 0
Oneida 0 0
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 0 0
Ktunaxa (Kutenai) 0 0
Michif 0 0
Salish languages 0 0
Halkomelem 0 0
Lillooet 0 0
Ntlakapamux (Thompson) 0 0
Secwepemctsin (Shuswap) 0 0
Squamish 0 0
Straits 0 0
Syilx (Okanagan) 0 0
Salish languages, n.i.e. 0 0
Siouan languages 0 0
Assiniboine 0 0
Dakota 0 0
Stoney 0 0
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 0 0
Tsimshian languages 0 0
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 0 0
Nisga'a 0 0
Tsimshian 0 0
Wakashan languages 0 0
Haisla 0 0
Heiltsuk 0 0
Kwak'wala (Kwakiutl) 0 0
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0 0
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0
Indigenous languages, n.i.e. 0 0
Indigenous languages, n.o.s. 0 0
Non-Indigenous languages 3,840 1,935
Afro-Asiatic languages 35 10
Berber languages 0 0
Kabyle 0 0
Tamazight 0 0
Berber languages, n.i.e. 0 0
Chadic languages 0 0
Coptic 0 0
Cushitic languages 0 0
Bilen 0 0
Oromo 0 0
Somali 0 0
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0
Semitic languages 35 10
Amharic 0 0
Arabic 20 10
Aramaic languages 0 0
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 0 0
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 0 0
Aramaic, n.o.s. 0 0
Hebrew 15 0
Tigrigna 0 0
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0
Austro-Asiatic languages 15 10
Khmer (Cambodian) 0 0
Vietnamese 15 10
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 0 0
Austronesian languages 50 20
Bikol 0 0
Bisaya, n.o.s. 0 0
Cebuano 0 0
Hiligaynon 0 0
Ilocano 0 0
Indonesian 0 0
Kankanaey 0 0
Malagasy languages 0 0
Malay 0 0
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 0 0
Pangasinan 0 0
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 50 20
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 0 0
Creole languages 0 0
Haitian Creole 0 0
Jamaican English Creole 0 0
Morisyen 0 0
Creole, n.o.s. 0 0
Creole languages, n.i.e. 0 0
Dravidian languages 15 0
Kannada 0 0
Malayalam 0 0
Tamil 15 0
Telugu<