Census Profile, 2021 Census of Population
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Topic:
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Age
Age characteristics
Commuting
Select all: Commuting
Commuting destination
Commuting duration
Main mode of commuting
Place of work status
Time leaving for work
Education
Select all: Education
Highest certificate, diploma or degree
Location of study compared with province or territory of residence
Major field of study - Classification of Instructional Programs (CIP) 2021
Secondary (high) school diploma or equivalency certificate
Ethnocultural and religious diversity
Select all: Ethnocultural and religious diversity
Ethnic or cultural origin
Religion
Visible minority
Families, households, and marital status
Select all: Families, households, and marital status
Family characteristics
Household type
Marital status
Housing
Household characteristics
Immigration, place of birth, and citizenship
Select all: Immigration, place of birth, and citizenship
Admission category and applicant type
Age at immigration
Citizenship
Generation status
Immigrant status and period of immigration
Pre-admission experience
Selected places of birth for the immigrant population
Selected places of birth for the recent immigrant population
Income
Select all: Income
Income of economic families in 2020
Income of households in 2020
Income of individuals in 2019
Income of individuals in 2020
Low income and income inequality in 2020
Indigenous peoples
Select all: Indigenous peoples
Indigenous ancestry
Indigenous population
Instruction in the minority official language
Select all: Instruction in the minority official language
Children eligible for instruction in the minority official language
Eligibility and instruction in the minority official language for school-aged children
Labour
Select all: Labour
Class of worker including job permanency
Industry - Sectors - North American Industry Classification System (NAICS) 2017
Labour force status
Occupation - Broad category - National Occupational Classification (NOC) 2021
Work activity during the reference year
Language
Select all: Language
All languages spoken at home
First official language spoken
Knowledge of languages
Knowledge of official languages
Language spoken most often at home
Mother tongue
Other language spoken regularly at home
Language of work
Select all: Language of work
All languages used at work
Language used most often at work
Other language(s) used regularly at work
Mobility and migration
Select all: Mobility and migration
Mobility status 1 year ago
Mobility status 5 years ago
Population and dwelling counts
Population and dwellings
Type of dwelling
Household and dwelling characteristics
GenderMore information:


Statistic:
Characteristic CanadaMore information:

[Country]
Counts
Total
Population and dwellings
Population, 20211 36,991,981
Population, 20161 35,151,728
Population percentage change, 2016 to 2021 5.2
Total private dwellings2 16,284,235
Private dwellings occupied by usual residents3 14,978,941
Population density per square kilometre 4.2
Land area in square kilometres 8,788,702.80
Age characteristics
Total - Age groups of the population - 100% data 36,991,980
0 to 14 years 6,012,795
0 to 4 years 1,831,195
5 to 9 years 2,054,900
10 to 14 years 2,126,705
15 to 64 years 23,957,760
15 to 19 years 2,012,975
20 to 24 years 2,202,255
25 to 29 years 2,421,510
30 to 34 years 2,518,835
35 to 39 years 2,511,345
40 to 44 years 2,399,405
45 to 49 years 2,304,170
50 to 54 years 2,368,350
55 to 59 years 2,647,330
60 to 64 years 2,571,580
65 years and over 7,021,430
65 to 69 years 2,210,970
70 to 74 years 1,847,585
75 to 79 years 1,260,930
80 to 84 years 840,545
85 years and over 861,395
85 to 89 years 525,445
90 to 94 years 258,035
95 to 99 years 68,380
100 years and over 9,535
Total - Distribution (%) of the population by broad age groups - 100% data 100.0
0 to 14 years 16.3
15 to 64 years 64.8
65 years and over 19.0
85 years and over 2.3
Average age of the population 41.9
Median age of the population 41.6
Household and dwelling characteristics
Total - Occupied private dwellings by structural type of dwelling - 100% data 14,978,940
Single-detached house 7,872,310
Semi-detached house 746,560
Row house 980,110
Apartment or flat in a duplex 821,490
Apartment in a building that has fewer than five storeys 2,738,020
Apartment in a building that has five or more storeys 1,596,155
Other single-attached house 34,880
Movable dwelling4 189,420
Total - Private households by household size - 100% data 14,978,940
1 person 4,396,015
2 persons 5,124,800
3 persons 2,194,825
4 persons 2,002,455
5 or more persons 1,260,850
Number of persons in private households 36,328,475
Average household size 2.4
Marital status
Total - Marital status for the total population aged 15 years and over - 100% data 30,979,185
Married or living common-law 17,626,005
Married 13,725,625
Living common-law 3,900,375
Living common law - Never married 2,967,665
Living common law - Separated 123,830
Living common law - Divorced 721,715
Living common law - Widowed 87,165
Not married and not living common-law 13,353,180
Not married and not living common law - Never married 9,025,865
Not married and not living common law - Separated 741,135
Not married and not living common law - Divorced 1,921,880
Not married and not living common law - Widowed 1,664,295
Family characteristics
Total - Census families in private households by family size - 100% data5 10,262,925
2 persons 5,306,105
3 persons 2,147,825
4 persons 1,953,035
5 or more persons 855,960
Average size of census families 2.9
Average number of children in census families with children6 1.8
Total number of census families in private households - 100% data 10,262,925
Total couple families 8,576,585
Married couples 6,627,310
With children6 3,481,775
Without children 3,145,535
Common-law couples 1,949,275
With children6 808,645
Without children 1,140,630
Total one-parent families 1,686,340
in which the parent is a woman+ 1,302,670
in which the parent is a man+ 383,670
Total - Persons in private households - 100% data 36,328,475
Total - Persons in census families 29,478,475
Married spouses or common-law partners 17,153,165
Parents in one-parent families 1,686,340
Children6 10,638,965
In a two-parent family 8,024,590
In a one-parent family 2,614,375
Total - Persons not in census families in private households - 100% data 6,850,005
Living alone 4,396,015
Living with other relatives7 927,345
Living with non-relatives only 1,526,645
Household type
Total - Household type - 100% data 14,978,945
One-census-family households without additional persons 8,932,695
Couple-family households 7,627,195
With children6 3,789,795
Without children 3,837,400
One-parent-family households 1,305,500
Multigenerational households8 441,745
Multiple-census-family households9 94,235
One-census-family households with additional persons9 450,415
Two-or-more-person non-census-family households 663,835
One-person households 4,396,015
Income of individuals in 2020
Total - Income statistics in 2020 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data10 30,336,135
Number of total income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2020 - 100% data 29,241,810
Median total income in 2020 among recipients ($) 41,200
Number of after-tax income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2020 - 100% data 29,256,180
Median after-tax income in 2020 among recipients ($) 36,800
Number of market income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2020 - 100% data 26,045,500
Median market income in 2020 among recipients ($) 35,200
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2020 - 100% data 21,127,615
Median employment income in 2020 among recipients ($) 37,200
Number of government transfers recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2020 - 100% data 25,401,740
Median government transfers in 2020 among recipients ($) 9,800
Number of employment insurance benefits recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2020 - 100% data 3,185,840
Median employment insurance benefits in 2020 among recipients ($) 5,720
Number of COVID-19 emergency and recovery benefits recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2020 - 100% data 8,373,550
Median COVID-19 emergency and recovery benefits in 2020 among recipients ($) 8,000
Total - Income statistics in 2020 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data11 30,335,920
Number of total income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2020 - 25% sample data 29,242,935
Average total income in 2020 among recipients ($) 54,450
Number of after-tax income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2020 - 25% sample data 29,257,325
Average after-tax income in 2020 among recipients ($) 44,920
Number of market income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2020 - 25% sample data 26,047,020
Average market income in 2020 among recipients ($) 50,240
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2020 - 25% sample data 21,127,690
Average employment income in 2020 among recipients ($) 50,280
Number of government transfers recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2020 - 25% sample data 25,397,565
Average government transfers in 2020 among recipients ($) 11,170
Number of employment insurance benefits recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2020 - 25% sample data 3,179,395
Average employment insurance benefits in 2020 among recipients ($) 7,050
Number of COVID-19 emergency and recovery benefits recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2020 - 25% sample data 8,346,145
Average COVID-19 emergency and recovery benefits in 2020 among recipients ($) 8,920
Total - Employment income statistics in 2020 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data12 30,335,920
Number of employment income recipients in 2020 who worked full-year full-time in 2020 - 25% sample data13 9,912,810
Median employment income in 2020 for full-year full-time workers in 2020 ($)14 63,600
Average employment income in 2020 for full-year full-time workers in 2020 ($)15 77,200
Number of employment income recipients in 2020 who worked part-year or part-time in 2020 - 25% sample data16 8,426,645
Median employment income in 2020 of those who worked part-year or part-time in 2020 ($) 18,400
Average employment income in 2020 of those who worked part-year or part-time in 2020 ($) 29,160
Composition of total income in 2020 of the population aged 15 years and over in private households (%) - 25% sample data17 100.0
Market income (%)18 82.2
Employment income (%)19 66.8
Government transfers (%)20 17.8
Employment insurance benefits (%) 1.4
COVID-19 - Government income support and benefits (%) 5.4
COVID-19 - Emergency and recovery benefits (%) 4.7
Total - Total income groups in 2020 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data21 30,336,130
Without total income 1,094,320
With total income 29,241,815
Under $10,000 (including loss) 2,434,730
$10,000 to $19,999 3,448,185
$20,000 to $29,999 4,635,650
$30,000 to $39,999 3,723,680
$40,000 to $49,999 3,290,715
$50,000 to $59,999 2,677,465
$60,000 to $69,999 2,073,335
$70,000 to $79,999 1,592,465
$80,000 to $89,999 1,239,395
$90,000 to $99,999 965,950
$100,000 and over 3,160,245
$100,000 to $149,999 2,102,630
$150,000 and over 1,057,615
Total - After-tax income groups in 2020 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data22 30,336,130
Without after-tax income 1,079,955
With after-tax income 29,256,180
Under $10,000 (including loss) 2,561,695
$10,000 to $19,999 3,608,250
$20,000 to $29,999 5,294,505
$30,000 to $39,999 4,442,970
$40,000 to $49,999 3,798,710
$50,000 to $59,999 2,833,120
$60,000 to $69,999 2,020,895
$70,000 to $79,999 1,428,520
$80,000 to $89,999 1,027,015
$90,000 to $99,999 643,700
$100,000 and over 1,596,790
$100,000 to $124,999 792,455
$125,000 and over 804,335
Total - Employment income groups in 2020 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data19 30,336,130
Without employment income 9,208,520
With employment income 21,127,615
Under $5,000 (including loss) 2,951,135
$5,000 to $9,999 1,739,570
$10,000 to $19,999 2,498,120
$20,000 to $29,999 1,960,665
$30,000 to $39,999 1,903,100
$40,000 to $49,999 1,859,845
$50,000 to $59,999 1,640,805
$60,000 to $69,999 1,367,510
$70,000 to $79,999 1,099,625
$80,000 to $89,999 929,490
$90,000 to $99,999 760,035
$100,000 and over 2,417,710
$100,000 to $124,999 1,129,445
$125,000 and over 1,288,265
Income of individuals in 2019
Total - Income statistics in 2019 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data23 30,336,135
Number of total income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2019 - 100% data 28,598,395
Median total income in 2019 among recipients ($) 39,200
Number of after-tax income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2019 - 100% data 28,617,610
Median after-tax income in 2019 among recipients ($) 35,200
Number of market income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2019 - 100% data 25,708,470
Median market income in 2019 among recipients ($) 36,800
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2019 - 100% data 21,241,445
Median employment income in 2019 among recipients ($) 38,000
Number of government transfers recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2019 - 100% data 23,196,815
Median government transfers in 2019 among recipients ($) 4,240
Number of employment insurance benefits recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2019 -100% data 2,428,800
Median employment insurance benefits in 2019 among recipients ($) 5,720
Total - Income statistics in 2019 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data24 30,335,920
Number of total income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2019 - 25% sample data 28,599,665
Average total income in 2019 among recipients ($) 52,350
Number of after-tax income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2019 - 25% sample data 28,618,280
Average after-tax income in 2019 among recipients ($) 42,920
Number of market income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2019 - 25% sample data 25,709,140
Average market income in 2019 among recipients ($) 51,040
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2019 - 25% sample data 21,242,575
Average employment income in 2019 among recipients ($) 50,560
Number of government transfers recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2019 - 25% sample data 23,191,860
Average government transfers in 2019 among recipients ($) 7,950
Number of employment insurance benefits recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2019 - 25% sample data 2,430,165
Average employment insurance benefits in 2019 among recipients ($) 7,560
Total - Employment income statistics in 2019 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data25 30,335,920
Number of employment income recipients in 2019 who worked full-year full-time in 2020 - 25% sample data13 9,831,805
Median employment income in 2019 for full-year full-time workers in 2020 ($)14 60,000
Average employment income in 2019 for full-year full-time workers in 2020 ($)15 73,200
Number of employment income recipients in 2019 who worked part-year or part-time in 2020 - 25% sample data16 7,934,985
Median employment income in 2019 of those who worked part-year or part-time in 2020 ($) 24,200
Average employment income in 2019 of those who worked part-year or part-time in 2020 ($) 35,200
Composition of total income in 2019 of the population aged 15 years and over in private households (%) - 25% sample data 100.0
Market income (%) 87.6
Employment income (%) 71.8
Government transfers (%) 12.3
Employment insurance benefits (%) 1.2
Income of households in 2020
Total - Income statistics for private households - 100% data26 14,978,940
Median total income of household in 2020 ($) 84,000
Median after-tax income of household in 2020 ($) 73,000
Total - Income statistics for one-person private households - 100% data 4,396,015
Median total income of one-person households in 2020 ($) 41,600
Median after-tax income of one-person households in 2020 ($) 37,200
Total - Income statistics for two-or-more-persons private households - 100% data 10,582,930
Median total income of two-or-more-person households in 2020 ($) 105,000
Median after-tax income of two-or-more-person households in 2020 ($) 91,000
Total - Income statistics for private households - 25% sample data27 14,978,940
Average total income of household in 2020 ($) 106,300
Average after-tax income of household in 2020 ($) 87,700
Total - Income statistics for one-person private households - 25% sample data 4,394,500
Average total income of one-person households in 2020 ($) 53,350
Average after-tax income of one-person households in 2020 ($) 44,360
Total - Income statistics for two-or-more-persons private households - 25% sample data 10,584,445
Average total income of two-or-more-person households in 2020 ($) 128,200
Average after-tax income of two-or-more-person households in 2020 ($) 105,700
Total - Household total income groups in 2020 for private households - 100% data21 14,978,940
Under $5,000 165,175
$5,000 to $9,999 91,750
$10,000 to $14,999 178,475
$15,000 to $19,999 274,140
$20,000 to $24,999 637,695
$25,000 to $29,999 505,875
$30,000 to $34,999 488,735
$35,000 to $39,999 560,950
$40,000 to $44,999 572,650
$45,000 to $49,999 559,155
$50,000 to $59,999 1,093,185
$60,000 to $69,999 1,044,715
$70,000 to $79,999 986,460
$80,000 to $89,999 921,205
$90,000 to $99,999 844,835
$100,000 and over 6,053,945
$100,000 to $124,999 1,753,485
$125,000 to $149,999 1,283,445
$150,000 to $199,999 1,545,935
$200,000 and over 1,471,075
Total - Household after-tax income groups in 2020 for private households - 100% data22 14,978,940
Under $5,000 186,735
$5,000 to $9,999 95,195
$10,000 to $14,999 183,430
$15,000 to $19,999 289,545
$20,000 to $24,999 681,900
$25,000 to $29,999 589,110
$30,000 to $34,999 582,275
$35,000 to $39,999 666,675
$40,000 to $44,999 676,995
$45,000 to $49,999 655,100
$50,000 to $59,999 1,285,425
$60,000 to $69,999 1,223,830
$70,000 to $79,999 1,137,840
$80,000 to $89,999 1,039,375
$90,000 to $99,999 911,515
$100,000 and over 4,773,995
$100,000 to $124,999 1,757,035
$125,000 to $149,999 1,152,855
$150,000 and over 1,864,100
Income of economic families in 2020
Total - Income statistics for economic families in private households - 100% data28 10,117,305
Median total income of economic family in 2020 ($) 105,000
Median after-tax income of economic family in 2020 ($) 91,000
Average family size of economic families 3.0
Total - Income statistics for couple-only economic families in private households - 100% data 3,929,500
Median total income of couple-only economic families in 2020 ($) 91,000
Median after-tax income of couple-only economic families in 2020 ($) 79,000
Average family size of couple-only economic families 2.0
Total - Income statistics for couple-with-children economic families in private households - 100% data 4,311,315
Median total income of couple-with-children economic families in 2020 ($) 136,000
Median after-tax income of couple-with-children economic families in 2020 ($) 116,000
Average family size of couple-with-children economic families 4.1
Total - Income statistics for one-parent economic families in private households - 100% data 1,547,920
Median total income of one-parent economic families in 2020 ($) 70,000
Median after-tax income of one-parent economic families in 2020 ($) 64,000
Average family size of one-parent economic families 2.7
Total - Income statistics for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families in private households - 100% data29 5,922,660
Median total income in 2020 ($)30 38,400
Median after-tax income in 2020 ($)30 34,800
Total - Income statistics for economic families in private households - 25% sample data31 10,113,100
Average total income of economic family in 2020 ($) 128,600
Average after-tax income of economic family in 2020 ($) 105,600
Total - Income statistics for couple-only economic families in private households - 25% sample data 3,926,040
Average total income of couple-only economic families in 2020 ($) 112,500
Average after-tax income of couple-only economic families in 2020 ($) 92,000
Total - Income statistics for couple-with-children economic families in private households - 25% sample data 4,318,755
Average total income of couple-with-children economic families in 2020 ($) 160,600
Average after-tax income of couple-with-children economic families in 2020 ($) 130,600
Total - Income statistics for one-parent economic families in private households - 25% sample data 1,539,580
Average total income of one-parent economic families in 2020 ($) 82,300
Average after-tax income of one-parent economic families in 2020 ($) 71,800
Total - Income statistics for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families in private households - 25% sample data32 5,916,895
Average total income in 2020 ($)30 49,440
Average after-tax income in 2020 ($)30 41,560
Low income and income inequality in 2020
Total - LIM low-income status in 2020 for the population in private households - 100% data33 36,328,475
0 to 17 years 7,196,545
0 to 5 years 2,225,085
18 to 64 years 22,545,065
65 years and over 6,586,865
In low income based on the Low-income measure, after tax (LIM-AT) 4,016,065
0 to 17 years 854,565
0 to 5 years 282,315
18 to 64 years 2,175,755
65 years and over 985,745
Prevalence of low income based on the Low-income measure, after tax (LIM-AT) (%) 11.1
0 to 17 years (%) 11.9
0 to 5 years (%) 12.7
18 to 64 years (%) 9.7
65 years and over (%) 15.0
Total - LICO low-income status in 2020 for the population in private households to whom the low-income concept is applicable - 100% data33 35,837,970
0 to 17 years 7,043,545
0 to 5 years 2,175,935
18 to 64 years 22,262,940
65 years and over 6,531,490
In low income based on the Low-income cut-offs, after tax (LICO-AT) 1,863,335
0 to 17 years 319,545
0 to 5 years 99,435
18 to 64 years 1,344,640
65 years and over 199,155
Prevalence of low income based on the Low-income cut-offs, after tax (LICO-AT) (%) 5.2
0 to 17 years (%) 4.5
0 to 5 years (%) 4.6
18 to 64 years (%) 6.0
65 years and over (%) 3.1
Total - Adjusted after-tax economic family income decile group for the population in private households - 100% data34The letter 'c' in a yellow triangle indicates a correction notice. 36,328,475
In bottom half of the distribution 18,164,550
In bottom decile 3,632,735
In second decile 3,632,975
In third decile 3,632,895
In fourth decile 3,632,745
In fifth decile 3,633,205
In top half of the distribution 18,163,925
In sixth decile 3,632,910
In seventh decile 3,632,765
In eighth decile 3,632,555
In ninth decile 3,632,930
In top decile 3,632,765
Total - Inequality measures for the population in private households - 100% data35 36,328,475
Gini index on adjusted household total income 0.347
Gini index on adjusted household market income 0.462
Gini index on adjusted household after-tax income 0.302
P90/P10 ratio on adjusted household after-tax income 3.8
Knowledge of official languages
Total - Knowledge of official languages for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% data36 36,620,955
English only 25,261,655
French only 4,087,895
English and French 6,581,680
Neither English nor French 689,725
First official language spoken
Total - First official language spoken for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% data37 36,620,955
English 27,643,140
French 7,828,545
English and French 476,175
Neither English nor French 673,100
Mother tongue
Total - Mother tongue for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% data38 36,620,955
Single responses 35,145,265
Official languages 27,296,445
English 20,107,200
French 7,189,245
Non-official languages 7,848,820
Indigenous languages39 148,895
Algonquian languages 97,125
Blackfoot 2,520
Cree-Innu languages 67,665
Atikamekw 5,500
Cree languages 53,070
Ililimowin (Moose Cree) 155
Inu Ayimun (Southern East Cree) 580
Iyiyiw-Ayimiwin (Northern East Cree) 3,460
Nehinawewin (Swampy Cree) 2,475
Nehiyawewin (Plains Cree) 5,025
Nihithawiwin (Woods Cree) 2,850
Cree, n.o.s. 38,535
Innu (Montagnais) 8,465
Naskapi 625
Eastern Algonquian languages 5,155
Mi'kmaq 4,910
Wolastoqewi (Malecite) 245
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 21,775
Anicinabemowin (Algonquin) 865
Oji-Cree 9,310
Ojibway languages 11,605
Anishinaabemowin (Chippewa) 470
Daawaamwin (Odawa) 65
Saulteau (Western Ojibway) 1,880
Ojibway, n.o.s. 9,185
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 10
Athabaskan languages 12,885
Northern Athabaskan languages 12,785
Dakelh (Carrier) 625
Dane-zaa (Beaver) 120
Dene, n.o.s. 8,060
Gwich'in 175
Slavey-Hare languages 1,505
Deh Gah Ghotie Zhatie (South Slavey) 400
Satuotine Yati (North Slavey) 270
Slavey, n.o.s. 840
Tahltan languages 150
Kaska (Nahani) 65
Tahltan 80
Tlicho (Dogrib) 1,390
Tse'khene (Sekani) 35
Tsilhqot'in (Chilcotin) 465
Tsuu T'ina (Sarsi) 25
Tutchone languages 120
Northern Tutchone 70
Southern Tutchone 25
Tutchone, n.o.s. 25
Wetsuwet'en-Babine 120
Tlingit 50
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 45
Haida 45
Inuktut (Inuit) languages 33,790
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 560
Inuinnaqtun 335
Inuvialuktun 225
Inuktitut 33,200
Inuktut (Inuit) languages, n.i.e. 30
Iroquoian languages 355
Cayuga 35
Mohawk 275
Oneida 45
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 10
Ktunaxa (Kutenai) 30
Michif 485
Salish languages 1,095
Halkomelem 185
Lillooet 100
Ntlakapamux (Thompson) 180
Secwepemctsin (Shuswap) 265
Squamish 25
Straits 95
Syilx (Okanagan) 185
Salish languages, n.i.e. 55
Siouan languages 1,040
Assiniboine 70
Dakota 560
Stoney 365
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 45
Tsimshian languages 1,035
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 590
Nisga'a 325
Tsimshian 120
Wakashan languages 770
Haisla 85
Heiltsuk 300
Kwak'wala (Kwakiutl) 150
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 220
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 20
Indigenous languages, n.i.e. 60
Indigenous languages, n.o.s. 180
Non-Indigenous languages 7,699,925
Afro-Asiatic languages 698,355
Berber languages 27,490
Kabyle 24,760
Tamazight 2,340
Berber languages, n.i.e. 395
Chadic languages 1,985
Hausa 1,315
Mina 675
Coptic 1,015
Cushitic languages 49,410
Bilen 2,020
Oromo 5,905
Somali 40,730
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 755
Semitic languages 618,450
Amharic 25,685
Arabic 508,410
Aramaic languages 27,690
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 17,220
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 8,860
Aramaic, n.o.s. 1,600
Harari 1,220
Hebrew 19,495
Maltese 4,425
Tigrigna 31,075
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 450
Austro-Asiatic languages 192,985
Khmer (Cambodian) 19,525
Vietnamese 173,000
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e 460
Austronesian languages 565,375
Bikol 2,115
Bisaya, n.o.s. 8,215
Cebuano 18,945
Fijian 605
Hiligaynon 9,690
Ilocano 33,520
Indonesian 11,910
Kankanaey 1,100
Kinaray-a 670
Malagasy languages 2,085
Merina 1,245
Malagasy, n.o.s. 835
Malay 1,330
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 5,615
Pangasinan 2,050
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 461,150
Waray-Waray 1,625
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 4,740
Creole languages 78,235
Haitian Creole 52,435
Jamaican English Creole 600
Krio 795
Morisyen 6,125
Sango 580
Creole, n.o.s. 15,550
Creole languages, n.i.e. 2,135
Dravidian languages 244,165
Kannada 6,240
Malayalam 54,050
Tamil 152,850
Telugu 30,045
Tulu 615
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 370
Georgian 2,180
Hmong-Mien languages 565
Indo-European languages 4,124,860
Albanian 29,265
Armenian 33,720
Balto-Slavic languages 648,810
Baltic languages 10,560
Latvian 4,430
Lithuanian 6,130
Slavic languages 638,250
Belarusian 720
Bulgarian 19,035
Czech 20,025
Macedonian 14,795
Polish 160,170
Russian 197,905
Rusyn 500
Serbo-Croatian 116,735
Bosnian 13,820
Croatian 43,500
Serbian 57,425
Serbo-Croatian, n.i.e. 1,995
Slovak 15,255
Slovene (Slovenian) 7,965
Ukrainian 84,705
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 440
Celtic languages 2,150
Irish 665
Scottish Gaelic 425
Welsh 825
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 230
Germanic languages 463,400
Frisian 1,570
High German languages 301,570
German 272,865
Pennsylvania German 9,065
Swiss German 7,575
Yiddish 12,060
Low Saxon-Low Franconian languages 138,655
Afrikaans 12,270
Dutch 80,315
Low German, n.o.s. 8,670
Low Saxon 1,270
Plautdietsch 33,200
Vlaams (Flemish) 2,935
Scandinavian languages 20,275
Danish 9,945
Icelandic 905
Norwegian 3,535
Swedish 5,890
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 1,330
Greek 93,335
Indo-Iranian languages 1,659,505
Indo-Aryan languages 1,358,645
Assamese 545
Bengali 87,580
Gujarati 138,985
Hindi 152,825
Kacchi 6,930
Kashmiri 745
Konkani 3,425
Marathi 14,145
Nepali 23,425
Oriya languages 1,775
Odia 1,125
Oriya, n.o.s. 645
Punjabi (Panjabi) 666,585
Rohingya 545
Sindhi 3,985
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 18,000
Urdu 235,290
Indo-Aryan languages, n.i.e. 3,865
Iranian languages 300,555
Baluchi 555
Kurdish 16,485
Parsi 555
Pashto 19,520
Persian languages 262,625
Dari 57,220
Iranian Persian 179,425
Persian (Farsi), n.o.s. 25,975
Iranian languages, n.i.e. 815
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 305
Italic (Romance) languages 1,194,290
Catalan 905
Italian 319,505
Portuguese 240,680
Romanian 93,160
Spanish 538,870
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 1,165
Indo-European languages, n.i.e. 385
Japanese 43,850
Korean 170,400
Mongolian 1,850
Niger-Congo languages 108,295
Akan (Twi) 13,120
Bamanankan 1,855
Edo 1,685
Éwé 1,955
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 3,520
Ga 815
Ganda 1,890
Gikuyu 760
Igbo 5,175
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 7,380
Lingala 4,260
Luba-Kasai 520
Mòoré 515
Mwani 695
Ndebele 920
Rundi (Kirundi) 8,660
Shona 3,605
Soninke 505
Sotho-Tswana languages 520
Swahili 16,000
Wojenaka 1,030
Wolof 4,890
Yoruba 15,015
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 13,000
Nilo-Saharan languages 6,920
Dinka 1,865
Nuer 1,090
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 3,395
African, n.o.s. 575
Sign languages 6,955
American Sign Language 4,965
Quebec Sign Language 990
Sign languages, n.i.e. 1,005
Sino-Tibetan languages 1,309,825
Chinese languages 1,292,640
Hakka 9,765
Mandarin 679,255
Min Dong 1,310
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 27,805
Wu (Shanghainese) 8,880
Yue (Cantonese) 553,380
Chinese, n.o.s. 11,610
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 630
Tibeto-Burman languages 16,600
Burmese 3,305
Kuki-Chin languages 870
Karenic languages 4,520
S'gaw Karen 3,900
Karenic languages, n.i.e. 615
Tibetan 7,025
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 890
Sino-Tibetan languages, n.i.e. 585
Tai-Kadai languages 22,350
Lao 11,485
Thai 10,455
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e. 410
Turkic languages 53,520
Azerbaijani 4,490
Kazakh 540
Turkish 44,190
Uyghur 1,355
Uzbek 1,805
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 1,150
Uralic languages 68,180
Estonian 4,485
Finnish 12,200
Hungarian 51,500
Other languages, n.i.e. 1,060
Multiple responses 1,475,690
English and French 291,325
English and non-official language(s) 921,480
French and non-official language(s) 117,910
English, French and non-official language(s) 52,880
Multiple non-official languages 92,095
All languages spoken at home
Total - All languages spoken at home for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% data40 36,620,955
English 20,920,835
French 6,456,960
Non-official language 2,402,180
Indigenous39 50,460
Non-Indigenous 2,351,720
English and French 953,760
English and non-official language(s) 4,835,815
French and non-official language(s) 395,320
English, French and non-official language(s) 455,760
Multiple non-official languages 200,320
Language spoken most often at home
Total - Language spoken most often at home for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% data41 36,620,955
Single responses 35,057,615
Official languages 30,421,050
English 23,376,200
French 7,044,855
Non-official languages 4,636,560
Indigenous languages39 85,835
Algonquian languages 50,135
Blackfoot 980
Cree-Innu languages 38,255
Atikamekw 4,345
Cree languages 26,700
Ililimowin (Moose Cree) 50
Inu Ayimun (Southern East Cree) 560
Iyiyiw-Ayimiwin (Northern East Cree) 2,545
Nehinawewin (Swampy Cree) 665
Nehiyawewin (Plains Cree) 1,455
Nihithawiwin (Woods Cree) 830
Cree, n.o.s. 20,585
Innu (Montagnais) 6,710
Naskapi 505
Eastern Algonquian languages 2,650
Mi'kmaq 2,595
Wolastoqewi (Malecite) 55
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 8,250
Anicinabemowin (Algonquin) 230
Oji-Cree 4,540
Ojibway languages 3,480
Anishinaabemowin (Chippewa) 145
Daawaamwin (Odawa) 25
Saulteau (Western Ojibway) 390
Ojibway, n.o.s. 2,925
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 0
Athabaskan languages 7,260
Northern Athabaskan languages 7,230
Dakelh (Carrier) 220
Dane-zaa (Beaver) 30
Dene, n.o.s. 5,255
Gwich'in 35
Slavey-Hare languages 705
Deh Gah Ghotie Zhatie (South Slavey) 200
Satuotine Yati (North Slavey) 115
Slavey, n.o.s. 395
Tahltan languages 10
Kaska (Nahani) 5
Tahltan 5
Tlicho (Dogrib) 755
Tse'khene (Sekani) 0
Tsilhqot'in (Chilcotin) 165
Tsuu T'ina (Sarsi) 0
Tutchone languages 10
Northern Tutchone 5
Southern Tutchone 0
Tutchone, n.o.s. 0
Wetsuwet'en-Babine 40
Tlingit 10
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 15
Haida 10
Inuktut (Inuit) languages 27,295
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 145
Inuinnaqtun 95
Inuvialuktun 50
Inuktitut 27,140
Inuktut (Inuit) languages, n.i.e. 10
Iroquoian languages 100
Cayuga 15
Mohawk 65
Oneida 15
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 5
Ktunaxa (Kutenai) 5
Michif 150
Salish languages 260
Halkomelem 50
Lillooet 35
Ntlakapamux (Thompson) 35
Secwepemctsin (Shuswap) 85
Squamish 5
Straits 30
Syilx (Okanagan) 15
Salish languages, n.i.e. 5
Siouan languages 240
Assiniboine 10
Dakota 120
Stoney 90
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 15
Tsimshian languages 220
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 120
Nisga'a 85
Tsimshian 10
Wakashan languages 70
Haisla 10
Heiltsuk 5
Kwak'wala (Kwakiutl) 20
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 25
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 5
Indigenous languages, n.i.e. 15
Indigenous languages, n.o.s. 85
Non-Indigenous languages 4,550,725
Afro-Asiatic languages 395,840
Berber languages 11,295
Kabyle 10,180
Tamazight 840
Berber languages, n.i.e. 280
Chadic languages 835
Hausa 635
Mina 200
Coptic 545
Cushitic languages 30,375
Bilen 1,645
Oromo 3,890
Somali 24,410
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 425
Semitic languages 352,790
Amharic 14,030
Arabic 285,915
Aramaic languages 20,740
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 12,935
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 6,585
Aramaic, n.o.s. 1,220
Harari 680
Hebrew 8,515
Maltese 795
Tigrigna 21,860
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 250
Austro-Asiatic languages 127,730
Khmer (Cambodian) 10,650
Vietnamese 116,785
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e 300
Austronesian languages 326,245
Bikol 760
Bisaya, n.o.s. 4,125
Cebuano 10,195
Fijian 200
Hiligaynon 5,015
Ilocano 18,350
Indonesian 4,150
Kankanaey 585
Kinaray-a 320
Malagasy languages 725
Merina 330
Malagasy, n.o.s. 390
Malay 280
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 3,030
Pangasinan 680
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 275,045
Waray-Waray 680
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 2,100
Creole languages 35,195
Haitian Creole 22,610
Jamaican English Creole 300
Krio 360
Morisyen 3,640
Sango 295
Creole, n.o.s. 7,120
Creole languages, n.i.e. 870
Dravidian languages 169,705
Kannada 3,060
Malayalam 35,390
Tamil 112,335
Telugu 18,470
Tulu 240
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 205
Georgian 1,335
Hmong-Mien languages 215
Indo-European languages 2,264,155
Albanian 14,110
Armenian 21,970
Balto-Slavic languages 303,480
Baltic languages 2,495
Latvian 880
Lithuanian 1,615
Slavic languages 300,985
Belarusian 215
Bulgarian 10,315
Czech 5,680
Macedonian 6,105
Polish 65,140
Russian 125,780
Rusyn 290
Serbo-Croatian 53,150
Bosnian 6,480
Croatian 14,925
Serbian 31,110
Serbo-Croatian, n.i.e. 640
Slovak 5,015
Slovene (Slovenian) 1,375
Ukrainian 27,825
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 95
Celtic languages 555
Irish 310
Scottish Gaelic 105
Welsh 100
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 40
Germanic languages 140,450
Frisian 270
High German languages 103,780
German 86,820
Pennsylvania German 7,270
Swiss German 1,750
Yiddish 7,950
Low Saxon-Low Franconian languages 33,710
Afrikaans 6,095
Dutch 8,100
Low German, n.o.s. 4,965
Low Saxon 490
Plautdietsch 13,845
Vlaams (Flemish) 220
Scandinavian languages 1,940
Danish 615
Icelandic 175
Norwegian 260
Swedish 890
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 740
Greek 38,300
Indo-Iranian languages 1,167,370
Indo-Aryan languages 962,820
Assamese 215
Bengali 56,750
Gujarati 92,005
Hindi 91,930
Kacchi 3,055
Kashmiri 270
Konkani 880
Marathi 7,460
Nepali 16,835
Oriya languages 795
Odia 525
Oriya, n.o.s. 270
Punjabi (Panjabi) 520,390
Rohingya 410
Sindhi 2,110
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 9,665
Urdu 158,040
Indo-Aryan languages, n.i.e. 2,015
Iranian languages 204,420
Baluchi 330
Kurdish 10,380
Parsi 280
Pashto 13,215
Persian languages 179,745
Dari 36,190
Iranian Persian 125,840
Persian (Farsi), n.o.s. 17,715
Iranian languages, n.i.e. 475
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 125
Italic (Romance) languages 577,735
Catalan 370
Italian 92,755
Portuguese 118,730
Romanian 48,090
Spanish 317,365
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 425
Indo-European languages, n.i.e. 190
Japanese 20,055
Korean 125,525
Mongolian 1,050
Niger-Congo languages 38,600
Akan (Twi) 6,000
Bamanankan 560
Edo 365
Éwé 470
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 1,315
Ga 260
Ganda 555
Gikuyu 105
Igbo 1,530
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 2,720
Lingala 1,520
Luba-Kasai 90
Mòoré 70
Mwani 160
Ndebele 295
Rundi (Kirundi) 3,780
Shona 1,035
Soninke 235
Sotho-Tswana languages 130
Swahili 7,055
Wojenaka 290
Wolof 1,945
Yoruba 5,395
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 2,720
Nilo-Saharan languages 3,155
Dinka 900
Nuer 645
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 1,465
African, n.o.s. 140
Sign languages 12,160
American Sign Language 8,175
Quebec Sign Language 1,475
Sign languages, n.i.e. 2,520
Sino-Tibetan languages 967,965
Chinese languages 955,685
Hakka 3,625
Mandarin 530,945
Min Dong 775
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 13,945
Wu (Shanghainese) 5,750
Yue (Cantonese) 393,430
Chinese, n.o.s. 6,985
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 225
Tibeto-Burman languages 11,990
Burmese 2,075
Kuki-Chin languages 660
Karenic languages 3,400
S'gaw Karen 2,960
Karenic languages, n.i.e. 440
Tibetan 5,395
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 465
Sino-Tibetan languages, n.i.e. 290
Tai-Kadai languages 10,120
Lao 5,955
Thai 3,955
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e. 210
Turkic languages 32,490
Azerbaijani 2,200
Kazakh 105
Turkish 27,970
Uyghur 850
Uzbek 950
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 410
Uralic languages 18,790
Estonian 615
Finnish 1,880
Hungarian 16,295
Other languages, n.i.e. 390
Multiple responses 1,563,345
English and French 230,955
English and non-official language(s) 1,123,355
French and non-official language(s) 125,525
English, French and non-official language(s) 56,805
Multiple non-official languages 26,705
Other language spoken regularly at home
Total - Other language(s) spoken regularly at home for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% data42 36,620,955
None 31,053,450
English 1,956,965
French 571,040
Non-official language 2,248,130
Indigenous39 63,565
Non-Indigenous 2,184,565
English and French 86,185
English and non-official language(s) 323,845
French and non-official language(s) 134,565
English, French and non-official language(s) 11,870
Multiple non-official languages 234,905
Knowledge of languagesThe letter 'c' in a yellow triangle indicates a correction notice.
Total - Knowledge of languages for the population in private households - 25% sample data43 36,328,480
Official languages 35,644,660
English 31,628,570
French 10,563,235
Non-official languages 10,724,700
Indigenous languages39 243,155
Algonquian languages 163,815
Blackfoot 6,680
Cree-Innu languages 105,850
Atikamekw 6,815
Cree languages 87,875
Ililimowin (Moose Cree) 420
Inu Ayimun (Southern East Cree) 895
Iyiyiw-Ayimiwin (Northern East Cree) 4,880
Nehinawewin (Swampy Cree) 4,675
Nehiyawewin (Plains Cree) 12,005
Nihithawiwin (Woods Cree) 5,110
Cree, n.o.s. 61,000
Innu (Montagnais) 10,745
Naskapi 1,035
Eastern Algonquian languages 10,035
Mi'kmaq 9,245
Wolastoqewi (Malecite) 820
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 42,865
Anicinabemowin (Algonquin) 1,950
Oji-Cree 15,305
Ojibway languages 26,160
Anishinaabemowin (Chippewa) 2,035
Daawaamwin (Odawa) 215
Saulteau (Western Ojibway) 3,625
Ojibway, n.o.s. 20,720
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 165
Athabaskan languages 20,390
Northern Athabaskan languages 20,135
Dakelh (Carrier) 1,550
Dane-zaa (Beaver) 270
Dene, n.o.s. 11,560
Gwich'in 295
Slavey-Hare languages 2,330
Deh Gah Ghotie Zhatie (South Slavey) 775
Satuotine Yati (North Slavey) 415
Slavey, n.o.s. 1,210
Tahltan languages 480
Kaska (Nahani) 245
Tahltan 235
Tlicho (Dogrib) 2,140
Tse'khene (Sekani) 135
Tsilhqot'in (Chilcotin) 870
Tsuu T'ina (Sarsi) 175
Tutchone languages 320
Northern Tutchone 135
Southern Tutchone 140
Tutchone, n.o.s. 50
Wetsuwet'en-Babine 290
Tlingit 150
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 110
Haida 245
Inuktut (Inuit) languages 42,795
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 1,140
Inuinnaqtun 795
Inuvialuktun 350
Inuktitut 41,680
Inuktut (Inuit) languages, n.i.e. 70
Iroquoian languages 2,055
Cayuga 230
Mohawk 1,605
Oneida 210
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 65
Ktunaxa (Kutenai) 215
Michif 1,905
Salish languages 5,305
Halkomelem 1,415
Lillooet 600
Ntlakapamux (Thompson) 510
Secwepemctsin (Shuswap) 1,090
Squamish 350
Straits 325
Syilx (Okanagan) 705
Salish languages, n.i.e. 360
Siouan languages 2,965
Assiniboine 370
Dakota 1,530
Stoney 925
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 325
Tsimshian languages 2,665
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 1,135
Nisga'a 1,110
Tsimshian 465
Wakashan languages 2,205
Haisla 295
Heiltsuk 335
Kwak'wala (Kwakiutl) 820
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 700
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 55
Indigenous languages, n.i.e. 645
Indigenous languages, n.o.s. 855
Non-Indigenous languages 10,485,595
Afro-Asiatic languages 1,100,035
Berber languages 42,835
Kabyle 37,415
Tamazight 4,735
Berber languages, n.i.e. 1,330
Chadic languages 7,090
Hausa 5,080
Mina 2,010
Coptic 3,690
Cushitic languages 71,930
Bilen 2,745
Oromo 9,635
Somali 59,005
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 1,400
Semitic languages 1,015,485
Amharic 48,305
Arabic 838,045
Aramaic languages 39,655
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 23,865
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 13,285
Aramaic, n.o.s. 3,195
Harari 2,000
Hebrew 83,205
Maltese 6,535
Tigrigna 45,970
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 1,760
Austro-Asiatic languages 260,030
Khmer (Cambodian) 28,390
Vietnamese 232,800
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e 910
Austronesian languages 793,275
Bikol 4,260
Bisaya, n.o.s. 10,990
Cebuano 33,045
Fijian 1,765
Hiligaynon 16,385
Ilocano 61,680
Indonesian 19,815
Kankanaey 1,950
Kinaray-a 860
Malagasy languages 3,885
Merina 2,355
Malagasy, n.o.s. 1,565
Malay 10,770
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 10,555
Pangasinan 4,455
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 737,565
Waray-Waray 4,520
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 20,140
Creole languages 184,840
Haitian Creole 134,895
Jamaican English Creole 4,875
Krio 1,955
Morisyen 15,345
Sango 1,535
Creole, n.o.s. 31,220
Creole languages, n.i.e. 9,585
Dravidian languages 359,485
Kannada 18,420
Malayalam 77,910
Tamil 237,890
Telugu 54,685
Tulu 1,765
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 970
Georgian 3,015
Hmong-Mien languages 720
Indo-European languages 5,849,775
Albanian 38,345
Armenian 44,500
Balto-Slavic languages 820,305
Baltic languages 13,890
Latvian 6,020
Lithuanian 7,895
Slavic languages 809,985
Belarusian 2,825
Bulgarian 24,210
Czech 28,625
Macedonian 23,015
Polish 204,460
Russian 309,235
Rusyn 680
Serbo-Croatian 155,775
Bosnian 25,380
Croatian 73,845
Serbian 83,735
Serbo-Croatian, n.i.e. 3,085
Slovak 20,905
Slovene (Slovenian) 10,650
Ukrainian 131,655
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 770
Celtic languages 10,485
Irish 5,360
Scottish Gaelic 2,170
Welsh 2,170
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 910
Germanic languages 658,705
Frisian 2,835
High German languages 453,995
German 419,195
Pennsylvania German 10,565
Swiss German 10,465
Yiddish 20,155
Low Saxon-Low Franconian languages 191,840
Afrikaans 29,670
Dutch 107,985
Low German, n.o.s. 10,555
Low Saxon 1,310
Plautdietsch 41,165
Vlaams (Flemish) 3,985
Scandinavian languages 37,500
Danish 14,700
Icelandic 1,475
Norwegian 8,860
Swedish 14,620
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 1,275
Greek 145,060
Indo-Iranian languages 2,263,825
Indo-Aryan languages 1,918,570
Assamese 1,155
Bengali 120,605
Gujarati 209,415
Hindi 761,425
Kacchi 15,085
Kashmiri 1,830
Konkani 8,950
Marathi 35,230
Nepali 30,660
Oriya languages 3,235
Odia 1,710
Oriya, n.o.s. 1,550
Punjabi (Panjabi) 942,170
Rohingya 765
Sindhi 8,385
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 33,050
Urdu 414,870
Indo-Aryan languages, n.i.e. 11,320
Iranian languages 370,520
Baluchi 985
Kurdish 24,035
Parsi 1,000
Pashto 31,695
Persian languages 326,285
Dari 78,220
Iranian Persian 222,160
Persian (Farsi), n.o.s. 30,345
Iranian languages, n.i.e. 1,830
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 2,135
Italic (Romance) languages 2,054,885
Catalan 2,855
Italian 547,655
Portuguese 336,865
Romanian 116,520
Spanish 1,171,450
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 4,890
Indo-European languages, n.i.e. 1,965
Japanese 98,070
Korean 203,885
Mongolian 2,545
Niger-Congo languages 267,520
Akan (Twi) 26,240
Bamanankan 4,950
Edo 4,945
Éwé 4,645
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 7,840
Ga 3,255
Ganda 4,650
Gikuyu 1,850
Igbo 18,365
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 13,515
Lingala 25,720
Luba-Kasai 2,695
Mòoré 2,085
Mwani 1,080
Ndebele 2,425
Rundi (Kirundi) 14,825
Shona 7,280
Soninke 1,010
Sotho-Tswana languages 1,305
Swahili 57,295
Wojenaka 2,820
Wolof 12,940
Yoruba 50,935
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 43,625
Nilo-Saharan languages 11,090
Dinka 2,815
Nuer 1,490
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 6,815
African, n.o.s. 2,760
Sign languages 49,535
American Sign Language 37,620
Quebec Sign Language 6,195
Sign languages, n.i.e. 7,450
Sino-Tibetan languages 1,550,930
Chinese languages 1,528,860
Hakka 14,830
Mandarin 987,300
Min Dong 1,825
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 51,755
Wu (Shanghainese) 13,660
Yue (Cantonese) 724,925
Chinese, n.o.s. 11,720
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 1,185
Tibeto-Burman languages 22,300
Burmese 5,935
Kuki-Chin languages 1,140
Karenic languages 5,705
S'gaw Karen 5,030
Karenic languages, n.i.e. 845
Tibetan 9,160
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 1,940
Sino-Tibetan languages, n.i.e. 1,220
Tai-Kadai languages 33,705
Lao 17,630
Thai 18,575
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e. 800
Turkic languages 91,375
Azerbaijani 9,875
Kazakh 1,415
Turkish 78,500
Uyghur 1,660
Uzbek 3,290
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 2,150
Uralic languages 85,055
Estonian 5,315
Finnish 15,325
Hungarian 64,625
Other languages, n.i.e. 5,545
Indigenous population
Total - Indigenous identity for the population in private households - 25% sample data44 36,328,480
Indigenous identity45 1,807,250
Single Indigenous responses46 1,743,165
First Nations (North American Indian) 1,048,405
Métis 624,220
Inuk (Inuit) 70,540
Multiple Indigenous responses47 28,855
Indigenous responses not included elsewhere48 35,225
Non-Indigenous identity 34,521,230
Total - Registered or Treaty Indian status for the population in private households - 25% sample data44 36,328,480
Registered or Treaty Indian49 831,720
Not a Registered or Treaty Indian 35,496,755
Household characteristics
Total - Private households by tenure - 25% sample data50 14,978,940
Owner 9,955,975
Renter 4,953,840
Dwelling provided by the local government, First Nation or Indian band 69,130
Total - Occupied private dwellings by condominium status - 25% sample data51 14,978,940
Condominium 2,248,280
Not condominium 12,730,660
Total - Occupied private dwellings by number of bedrooms - 25% sample data52 14,978,940
No bedrooms 132,060
1 bedroom 2,124,485
2 bedrooms 3,829,965
3 bedrooms 4,982,900
4 or more bedrooms 3,909,525
Total - Occupied private dwellings by number of rooms - 25% sample data53 14,978,940
1 to 4 rooms 4,662,125
5 rooms 2,323,910
6 rooms 2,037,185
7 rooms 1,796,855
8 or more rooms 4,158,855
Average number of rooms per dwelling 6.1
Total - Private households by number of persons per room - 25% sample data54 14,978,940
One person or fewer per room 14,625,230
More than one person per room 353,715
Total - Private households by housing suitability - 25% sample data55 14,978,940
Suitable 14,173,290
Not suitable 805,650
Total - Occupied private dwellings by period of construction - 25% sample data56 14,978,940
1960 or before 3,027,045
1961 to 1980 4,171,840
1981 to 1990 1,982,515
1991 to 2000 1,805,985
2001 to 2005 959,860
2006 to 2010 1,034,925
2011 to 2015 967,540
2016 to 202157 1,029,220
Total - Occupied private dwellings by dwelling condition - 25% sample data58 14,978,940
Only regular maintenance and minor repairs needed 14,059,395
Major repairs needed 919,545
Total - Private households by number of household maintainers - 25% sample data59 14,978,940
One-maintainer household 7,659,700
Two-maintainer household 6,631,755
Three-or-more-maintainer household 687,485
Total - Private households by age of primary household maintainers - 25% sample data60 14,978,940
15 to 24 years 424,695
25 to 34 years 2,077,895
35 to 44 years 2,600,000
45 to 54 years 2,646,945
55 to 64 years 3,046,560
65 to 74 years 2,432,140
75 to 84 years 1,292,805
85 years and over 457,900
Total - Owner and tenant households with household total income greater than zero, in non-farm, non-reserve private dwellings by shelter-cost-to-income ratio - 25% sample data61 14,687,350
Spending less than 30% of income on shelter costs 11,612,640
Spending 30% or more of income on shelter costs 3,074,715
30% to less than 100% 2,742,920
Total - Occupied private dwellings by housing indicators - 25% sample data62 14,978,940
Total - Households 'spending 30% or more of income on shelter costs' or 'not suitable' or 'major repairs needed' 4,379,420
Spending 30% or more of income on shelter costs only 2,728,995
Not suitable only 595,110
Major repairs needed only 645,465
'Spending 30% or more of income on shelter costs' and 'not suitable' 135,770
'Spending 30% or more of income on shelter costs' and 'major repairs needed' 199,355
'Not suitable' and 'major repairs needed' 64,095
'Spending 30% or more of income on shelter costs' and 'not suitable' and 'major repairs needed' 10,630
Acceptable housing 10,599,520
Total - Owner and tenant households with household total income greater than zero and shelter-cost-to-income ratio less than 100%, in non-farm, non-reserve private dwellings - 25% sample data63 14,355,555
In core need 1,451,025
Not in core need 12,904,530
Total - Owner households in non-farm, non-reserve private dwellings - 25% sample data 9,807,720
% of owner households with a mortgage64 60.0
% of owner households spending 30% or more of its income on shelter costs61 14.8
% in core housing need63 5.3
Median monthly shelter costs for owned dwellings ($)65 1,240
Average monthly shelter costs for owned dwellings ($)65 1,498
Median value of dwellings ($)66 472,000
Average value of dwellings ($)66 618,500
Total - Tenant households in non-farm, non-reserve private dwellings - 25% sample data 4,936,850
% of tenant households in subsidized housing67 11.7
% of tenant households spending 30% or more of its income on shelter costs61 33.2
% in core housing need63 20.0
Median monthly shelter costs for rented dwellings ($)65 1,070
Average monthly shelter costs for rented dwellings ($)65 1,209
Total - Households living in a dwelling provided by the local government, First Nation or Indian band in non-farm private dwellings - 25% sample data 69,130
% of households living in a dwelling provided by the local government, First Nation or Indian band spending more than 30% on shelter costs61 5.9
Median monthly shelter costs for dwellings provided by local government, First Nation or Indian band ($)65 284
Average monthly shelter costs for dwellings provided by local government, First Nation or Indian band ($)65 327
Indigenous ancestry
Total - Indigenous ancestry for the population in private households - 25% sample data68 36,328,475
Indigenous ancestry (only)69 985,200
Single Indigenous ancestry (only)70 963,705
First Nations (North American Indian) single ancestry 763,230
Métis single ancestry 146,010
Inuit single ancestry 54,475
Multiple Indigenous ancestries (only)71 21,490
First Nations (North American Indian) and Métis ancestry only 17,665
First Nations (North American Indian) and Inuit ancestry only 2,430
Métis and Inuit ancestry only 1,070
First Nations (North American Indian) and Métis and Inuit ancestry only 320
Indigenous and non-Indigenous ancestries72 1,219,285
Single Indigenous and non-Indigenous ancestries73 1,183,350
First Nations (North American Indian) and non-Indigenous ancestry only 801,630
Métis and non-Indigenous ancestry only 362,130
Inuit and non-Indigenous ancestry only 19,595
Multiple Indigenous and non-Indigenous ancestries74 35,930
First Nations (North American Indian) and Métis and non-Indigenous ancestry only 31,815
First Nations (North American Indian) and Inuit and non-Indigenous ancestry only 2,785
Métis and Inuit and non-Indigenous ancestry only 1,005
First Nations (North American Indian) and Métis and Inuit and non-Indigenous ancestry only 330
Non-Indigenous ancestry only75 34,124,000
Citizenship
Total - Citizenship for the population in private households - 25% sample data76 36,328,475
Canadian citizens77 33,143,225
Canadian citizens aged under 18 6,784,875
Canadian citizens aged 18 and over 26,358,355
Not Canadian citizens78 3,185,250
Immigrant status and period of immigration
Total - Immigrant status and period of immigration for the population in private households - 25% sample data79 36,328,475
Non-immigrants80 27,042,120
Immigrants81 8,361,505
Before 1980 1,540,610
1980 to 1990 924,320
1991 to 2000 1,511,475
2001 to 2010 1,930,525
2011 to 202182 2,454,570
2011 to 2015 1,126,330
2016 to 2021 1,328,240
Non-permanent residents83 924,850
Age at immigration
Total - Age at immigration for the immigrant population in private households - 25% sample data84 8,361,505
Under 5 years 748,265
5 to 14 years 1,438,440
15 to 24 years 1,594,290
25 to 44 years 3,783,335
45 years and over 797,180
Selected places of birth for the immigrant population
Total - Place of birth for the immigrant population in private households - 25% sample data85 8,361,505
Americas 1,203,180
Brazil 48,450
Colombia 80,570
El Salvador 49,450
Guyana 85,530
Haiti 99,945
Jamaica 145,360
Mexico 90,585
Peru 31,420
Trinidad and Tobago 65,035
United States of America 256,090
Other places of birth in Americas 250,760
Europe 1,967,620
Bosnia and Herzegovina 35,925
Croatia 36,675
France 121,525
Germany 126,470
Greece 54,715
Hungary 31,050
Italy 204,065
Netherlands 75,830
Poland 135,030
Portugal 128,795
Romania 86,770
Russian Federation 81,840
Serbia86 31,925
Ukraine 81,135
United Kingdom87 464,135
Other places of birth in Europe 271,725
Africa 821,735
Algeria 79,660
Congo, Democratic Republic of the 33,110
Egypt 73,710
Eritrea 31,385
Ethiopia 41,715
Morocco 81,775
Nigeria 81,290
Somalia 32,500
South Africa, Republic of 51,590
Other places of birth in Africa 314,995
Asia 4,307,000
Afghanistan 62,450
Iran88 182,940
Iraq 84,130
Lebanon 95,725
Syria89 97,590
Turkey 35,270
China90 715,835
Hong Kong91 213,855
Korea, South92 138,355
Taiwan 65,365
Philippines 719,580
Viet Nam 182,095
Bangladesh 70,090
India 898,050
Pakistan 234,105
Sri Lanka 136,240
Other places of birth in Asia 375,340
Oceania and other places of birth93 61,965
Selected places of birth for the recent immigrant population
Total - Place of birth for the recent immigrant population in private households - 25% sample data94 1,328,240
Americas 154,490
Brazil 19,895
Colombia 11,455
Haiti 10,550
Jamaica 15,155
Mexico 17,150
United States of America 39,875
Venezuela95 7,060
Other places of birth in Americas 33,350
Europe 134,425
France 27,175
Germany 5,365
Ireland96 6,355
Italy 4,240
Russian Federation 10,905
Ukraine 14,515
United Kingdom87 22,755
Other places of birth in Europe 43,120
Africa 206,965
Algeria 15,745
Burundi 4,935
Cameroon 11,795
Congo, Democratic Republic of the 8,915
Côte d'Ivoire 7,915
Egypt 12,120
Eritrea 16,330
Ethiopia 9,385
Morocco 12,835
Nigeria 40,360
Somalia 6,315
South Africa, Republic of 8,510
Sudan97 4,690
Tunisia 8,155
Other places of birth in Africa 38,960
Asia 823,205
Afghanistan 12,730
Bangladesh 13,185
China90 118,035
Hong Kong91 6,495
India 246,995
Iran88 25,650
Iraq 17,715
Israel 4,850
Japan 4,445
Jordan 4,635
Korea, South92 20,985
Lebanon 9,980
Nepal 4,890
Pakistan 36,255
Philippines 151,490
Saudi Arabia 9,560
Sri Lanka 8,480
Syria89 63,130
Turkey 10,150
United Arab Emirates 8,405
Viet Nam 14,725
Other places of birth in Asia 30,410
Oceania and other93 9,160
Australia 6,535
Other places of birth98 2,625
Generation status
Total - Generation status for the population in private households - 25% sample data99 36,328,480
First generation100 9,606,595
Second generation101 6,393,310
Third generation or more102 20,328,565
Admission category and applicant type
Total - Admission category and applicant type for the immigrant population in private households who were admitted between 1980 and 2021 - 25% sample data103 6,820,895
Economic immigrants104 3,673,705
Principal applicants105 1,556,675
Secondary applicants106 2,117,030
Immigrants sponsored by family107 2,016,010
Refugees108 1,039,275
Other immigrants109 91,900
Pre-admission experience
Total - Pre-admission experience for the immigrant population in private households who were admitted between 1980 and 2021 - 25% sample data110 6,820,895
Asylum claim before admission111 416,105
Work permits only before admission112 705,405
Study permits only before admission113 183,250
Work and study permits before admission114 377,130
Other permits before admission115 39,540
No pre-admission experience116 5,099,470
Visible minority
Total - Visible minority for the population in private households - 25% sample data117 36,328,480
Total visible minority population118 9,639,205
South Asian 2,571,400
Chinese 1,715,770
Black 1,547,870
Filipino 957,355
Arab 694,015
Latin American 580,235
Southeast Asian 390,340
West Asian 360,495
Korean 218,140
Japanese 98,890
Visible minority, n.i.e.119 172,885
Multiple visible minorities 331,805
Not a visible minority120 26,689,275
Ethnic or cultural origin
Total - Ethnic or cultural origin for the population in private households - 25% sample data121 36,328,475
Canadian 5,677,205
English 5,322,830
Irish 4,413,120
Scottish 4,392,200
French, n.o.s.122 3,985,945
German 2,955,695
Chinese 1,713,870
Italian 1,546,390
Indian (India) 1,347,715
Ukrainian 1,258,635
Dutch 988,585
Polish 982,820
Québécois 981,635
British Isles, n.o.s.123 938,950
Filipino 925,490
French Canadian 906,315
Caucasian (White), n.o.s.124 691,260
First Nations (North American Indian), n.o.s.125 632,340
Métis 560,335
European, n.o.s.126 551,910
Russian 548,140
Norwegian 466,500
Welsh 455,720
Portuguese 448,305
American 353,495
Spanish 342,040
Swedish 334,505
Hungarian 320,150
Acadian 305,170
Pakistani 303,260
African, n.o.s.127 301,955
Jewish 282,015
Punjabi 279,950
Vietnamese 275,530
Arab, n.o.s.128 263,710
Greek 262,140
Jamaican 249,070
Asian, n.o.s.129 226,220
Cree, n.o.s.130 219,855
Korean 217,650
Romanian 215,885
Lebanese 210,605
Iranian 200,465
Christian, n.i.e.131 200,340
Danish 196,945
North American Indigenous, n.o.s.132 194,840
Sikh 194,640
Austrian 189,535
Belgian 182,175
Haitian 178,990
Hindu 166,160
Mexican 155,495
Mennonite 155,095
Swiss 145,570
Finnish 144,055
Sri Lankan 132,410
Croatian 130,820
Japanese 129,425
South Asian, n.o.s.133 120,125
Mi'kmaq, n.o.s.134 111,605
Northern European, n.o.s.135 110,735
Muslim 105,620
Egyptian 105,245
Latin, Central or South American, n.o.s.136 104,765
Tamil 102,170
Icelandic 101,990
Colombian 100,555
Moroccan 99,980
Czech 98,925
Syrian 98,250
Guyanese 97,210
Afghan 96,810
Black, n.o.s.137 94,585
Serbian 93,360
Ojibway 92,220
Newfoundlander 91,670
Hong Konger 81,680
Ontarian 80,555
Persian 80,340
Trinidadian/Tobagonian 77,405
Turkish 76,745
Inuit, n.o.s.138 76,675
Bangladeshi 75,425
Algerian 73,770
Brazilian 71,755
Nigerian 69,540
Armenian 68,850
Slovak 68,210
Eastern European, n.o.s.139 66,780
Somali 65,555
Taiwanese 64,020
Iraqi 59,300
Salvadorean 59,280
African Caribbean 59,050
East or Southeast Asian, n.o.s.140 58,870
West or Central Asian or Middle Eastern, n.o.s.141 58,840
Caribbean, n.o.s.142 57,195
Algonquin 56,070
West Indian, n.o.s.143 52,085
Lithuanian 52,040
South African 49,840
Australian 46,765
Palestinian 45,905
Chilean 45,685
Congolese 45,260
Nova Scotian 44,720
Ethiopian 42,545
Hispanic, n.o.s.144 42,405
Peruvian 42,295
Yoruba 42,075
Cambodian (Khmer) 41,950
Berber 41,700
Albanian 41,620
Maltese 40,670
Macedonian 39,440
Slovenian 38,595
Western European, n.o.s.145 38,520
New Brunswicker 37,670
Gujarati 36,970
Eritrean 36,290
African Canadian 35,395
Israeli 35,345
Mohawk 33,330
Czechoslovakian, n.o.s.146 33,135
Bulgarian 33,085
Albertan 32,575
Ghanaian 31,720
Barbadian 31,440
African American 31,430
Yugoslavian, n.o.s.147 30,565
Tunisian 30,465
Slavic, n.o.s.148 30,220
Cuban 30,065
Bosnian 28,490
Venezuelan 28,395
Innu/Montagnais, n.o.s.149 28,225
Latvian 28,140
Bengali 26,675
Cameroonian 26,535
Guatemalan 26,460
Indonesian 26,330
Laotian 25,875
Ilocano 25,575
Northern Irish 25,200
Celtic, n.o.s.150 24,420
British Columbian 24,325
Ecuadorian 24,255
Franco Ontarian 24,110
Argentinian 23,500
Estonian 23,455
Kurdish 23,130
Fijian 23,020
Jatt 22,785
North American, n.o.s.151 22,785
Coptic 22,570
Thai 22,275
Dominican 22,125
Nepali 21,975
Kabyle 20,565
Assyrian 19,685
Igbo 19,305
Byelorussian 18,850
Dene, n.o.s.152 18,745
Blackfoot, n.o.s.153 18,545
Abenaki 18,420
Moldovan 18,190
Iroquois (Haudenosaunee), n.o.s.154 17,955
New Zealander 17,755
Sudanese 17,485
Breton 17,465
Pennsylvania Dutch 17,315
Malaysian 17,050
Plains Cree 16,570
North African, n.o.s.155 16,315
Huron (Wendat) 15,910
Saskatchewanian 15,780
Buddhist 15,660
Gaspesian 15,650
Norman 15,340
Southern or East African, n.o.s.156 15,055
Ivorian 15,010
Saulteaux 14,265
Anishinaabe, n.o.s.157 14,260
Burundian 14,110
Tigrinya 13,910
Nicaraguan 13,840
Mauritian 13,755
Kenyan 13,565
Oji-Cree 13,525
Vincentian 13,245
Jordanian 13,225
Manitoban 13,095
Cape Bretoner 13,065
Rwandan 12,890
Grenadian 12,890
Malayali 12,490
Chaldean 12,115
Sinhalese 12,080
Mayan 11,710
Honduran 10,920
Cherokee 10,825
Qalipu Mi'kmaq 10,750
Indo-Caribbean 10,490
Flemish 10,275
United Empire Loyalist 10,015
Senegalese 9,955
Azerbaijani 9,915
Sicilian 9,835
Pashtun 9,825
Malay 9,795
Goan 9,700
Bantu, n.o.s.158 9,455
Tibetan 9,350
Zimbabwean 9,165
Burmese 9,150
Mongolian 9,090
Azorean 8,970
Atikamekw 8,400
Bamileke 8,315
Indo-Guyanese 8,310
Ugandan 8,285
Oromo 8,255
Tanzanian 8,140
Yemeni 8,115
Central African 8,080
Libyan 7,945
Basque 7,745
Uruguayan 7,660
Akan, n.o.s.159 7,640
Central or West African, n.o.s.160 7,635
Igorot 7,535
Fulani 7,480
Woodland Cree 7,415
Guinean 7,390
St. Lucian 7,285
Prince Edward Islander 7,225
Maliseet 7,220
Beninese 6,810
Telugu 6,670
Roma 6,545
Costa Rican 6,500
African Nova Scotian 6,480
Malagasy 6,255
Kashmiri 6,165
Singaporean 6,060
Karen 6,050
Edo 5,985
Tajik 5,980
Amhara 5,945
Paraguayan 5,925
Religion
Total - Religion for the population in private households - 25% sample data161 36,328,480
Buddhist 356,975
Christian 19,373,325
Christian, n.o.s.162 2,760,760
Anabaptist 144,145
Anglican 1,134,315
Baptist 436,940
Catholic 10,880,360
Christian Orthodox 623,010
Jehovah's Witness 137,255
Latter Day Saints 87,725
Lutheran 328,045
Methodist and Wesleyan (Holiness) 100,655
Pentecostal and other Charismatic 399,025
Presbyterian 301,400
Reformed 79,870
United Church 1,214,185
Other Christian and Christian-related traditions 745,650
Hindu 828,195
Jewish 335,295
Muslim 1,775,715
Sikh 771,790
Traditional (North American Indigenous) spirituality 80,685
Other religions and spiritual traditions 229,015
No religion and secular perspectives 12,577,475
Mobility status 1 year ago
Total - Mobility status 1 year ago - 25% sample data163 35,986,480
Non-movers 31,600,930
Movers 4,385,555
Non-migrants 2,572,400
Migrants 1,813,155
Internal migrants 1,519,200
Intraprovincial migrants 1,250,235
Interprovincial migrants 268,965
External migrants 293,955
Mobility status 5 years ago
Total - Mobility status 5 years ago - 25% sample data164 34,504,330
Non-movers 21,061,090
Movers 13,443,240
Non-migrants 5,773,890
Migrants 7,669,355
Internal migrants 5,976,960
Intraprovincial migrants 5,055,615
Interprovincial migrants 921,345
External migrants 1,692,390
Secondary (high) school diploma or equivalency certificate
Total - Secondary (high) school diploma or equivalency certificate for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data165 30,335,920
No high school diploma or equivalency certificate 5,474,175
With high school diploma or equivalency certificate166 24,861,745
Total - Secondary (high) school diploma or equivalency certificate for the population aged 25 to 64 years in private households - 25% sample data165 19,568,265
No high school diploma or equivalency certificate 2,271,360
With high school diploma or equivalency certificate166 17,296,905
Highest certificate, diploma or degree
Total - Highest certificate, diploma or degree for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data165 30,335,915
No certificate, diploma or degree 4,899,580
High (secondary) school diploma or equivalency certificate167 8,097,295
Postsecondary certificate, diploma or degree 17,339,045
Postsecondary certificate or diploma below bachelor level 9,252,800
Apprenticeship or trades certificate or diploma 2,641,555
Non-apprenticeship trades certificate or diploma168 1,458,160
Apprenticeship certificate169 1,183,395
College, CEGEP or other non-university certificate or diploma170 5,714,490
University certificate or diploma below bachelor level 896,755
Bachelor's degree or higher 8,086,245
Bachelor's degree 5,295,360
University certificate or diploma above bachelor level 556,510
Degree in medicine, dentistry, veterinary medicine or optometry 214,105
Master's degree 1,740,605
Earned doctorate171 279,660
Total - Highest certificate, diploma or degree for the population aged 25 to 64 years in private households - 25% sample data165 19,568,260
No certificate, diploma or degree 1,931,855
High (secondary) school diploma or equivalency certificate167 4,501,365
Postsecondary certificate, diploma or degree 13,135,045
Postsecondary certificate or diploma below bachelor level 6,703,100
Apprenticeship or trades certificate or diploma 1,886,510
Non-apprenticeship trades certificate or diploma168 1,050,285
Apprenticeship certificate169 836,220
College, CEGEP or other non-university certificate or diploma170 4,193,505
University certificate or diploma below bachelor level 623,090
Bachelor's degree or higher 6,431,940
Bachelor's degree 4,177,455
University certificate or diploma above bachelor level 430,875
Degree in medicine, dentistry, veterinary medicine or optometry 167,730
Master's degree 1,446,435
Earned doctorate171 209,445
Major field of study - Classification of Instructional Programs (CIP) 2021
Total - Major field of study - Classification of Instructional Programs (CIP) 2021 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data172 30,335,920
No postsecondary certificate, diploma or degree173 12,996,870
Education 1,113,015
13. Education 1,113,015
Visual and performing arts, and communications technologies 631,255
10. Communications technologies/technicians and support services 74,785
50. Visual and performing arts 556,470
Humanities 926,560
16. Indigenous and foreign languages, literatures, and linguistics 106,345
23. English language and literature/letters 184,600
24. Liberal arts and sciences, general studies and humanities 316,050
30A Interdisciplinary humanities174 18,935
38. Philosophy and religious studies 57,745
39. Theology and religious vocations 77,510
54. History 108,935
55. French language and literature/lettersCAN 56,440
Social and behavioural sciences and law 2,016,125
05. Area, ethnic, cultural, gender, and group studies 29,430
09. Communication, journalism and related programs 233,400
19. Family and consumer sciences/human sciences 344,150
22. Legal professions and studies 325,785
30B Interdisciplinary social and behavioural sciences175 49,855
42. Psychology 327,965
45. Social sciences 705,540
Business, management and public administration 3,758,250
30.16 Accounting and computer science 5,335
44. Public administration and social service professions 272,240
52. Business, management, marketing and related support services 3,480,675
Physical and life sciences and technologies 719,715
26. Biological and biomedical sciences 297,055
30.01 Biological and physical sciences 155,955
30C Other interdisciplinary physical and life sciences176 35,380
40. Physical sciences 196,620
41. Science technologies/technicians 34,710
Mathematics, computer and information sciences 804,230
11. Computer and information sciences and support services 643,145
25. Library science 43,085
27. Mathematics and statistics 99,360
30D Interdisciplinary mathematics, computer and information sciences177 18,640
Architecture, engineering, and related trades 3,506,120
04. Architecture and related services 135,020
14. Engineering 900,475
15. Engineering/engineering-related technologies/technicians 726,155
30.12 Historic preservation and conservation 580
46. Construction trades 703,905
47. Mechanic and repair technologies/technicians 659,480
48. Precision production 380,505
Agriculture, natural resources and conservation 407,545
01. Agricultural and veterinary sciences/services/operations and related fields178 262,580
03. Natural resources and conservation 144,960
Health and related fields 2,444,500
30.37 Design for human health 40
31. Parks, recreation, leisure, fitness, and kinesiology 180,785
51. Health professions and related programs178 2,194,395
60. Health professions residency/fellowship programs 5,255
61. Medical residency/fellowship programs 64,030
Personal, protective and transportation services 1,006,425
12. Culinary, entertainment, and personal services 548,520
28. Military science, leadership and operational art 3,965
29. Military technologies and applied sciences 6,900
43. Security and protective services 227,835
49. Transportation and materials moving 219,205
Other179 5,305
Total - Major field of study - Classification of Instructional Programs (CIP) 2021 for the population aged 25 to 64 years in private households - 25% sample data172 19,568,260
No postsecondary certificate, diploma or degree173 6,433,215
Education 742,175
13. Education 742,175
Visual and performing arts, and communications technologies 490,455
10. Communications technologies/technicians and support services 54,645
50. Visual and performing arts 435,815
Humanities 649,695
16. Indigenous and foreign languages, literatures, and linguistics 79,235
23. English language and literature/letters 134,815
24. Liberal arts and sciences, general studies and humanities 216,725
30A Interdisciplinary humanities174 12,910
38. Philosophy and religious studies 41,640
39. Theology and religious vocations 48,920
54. History 78,415
55. French language and literature/lettersCAN 37,045
Social and behavioural sciences and law 1,588,720
05. Area, ethnic, cultural, gender, and group studies 23,895
09. Communication, journalism and related programs 196,475
19. Family and consumer sciences/human sciences 270,970
22. Legal professions and studies 261,265
30B Interdisciplinary social and behavioural sciences175 37,830
42. Psychology 249,205
45. Social sciences 549,090
Business, management and public administration 2,941,315
30.16 Accounting and computer science 3,995
44. Public administration and social service professions 213,140
52. Business, management, marketing and related support services 2,724,175
Physical and life sciences and technologies 513,555
26. Biological and biomedical sciences 227,460
30.01 Biological and physical sciences 108,350
30C Other interdisciplinary physical and life sciences176 14,270
40. Physical sciences 140,510
41. Science technologies/technicians 22,960
Mathematics, computer and information sciences 667,305
11. Computer and information sciences and support services 554,185
25. Library science 27,610
27. Mathematics and statistics 70,940
30D Interdisciplinary mathematics, computer and information sciences177 14,565
Architecture, engineering, and related trades 2,611,205
04. Architecture and related services 105,845
14. Engineering 724,235
15. Engineering/engineering-related technologies/technicians 536,600
30.12 Historic preservation and conservation 510
46. Construction trades 510,105
47. Mechanic and repair technologies/technicians 467,225
48. Precision production 266,690
Agriculture, natural resources and conservation 314,120
01. Agricultural and veterinary sciences/services/operations and related fields178 199,335
03. Natural resources and conservation 114,780
Health and related fields 1,839,975
30.37 Design for human health 30
31. Parks, recreation, leisure, fitness, and kinesiology 139,280
51. Health professions and related programs178 1,648,120
60. Health professions residency/fellowship programs 4,430
61. Medical residency/fellowship programs 48,115
Personal, protective and transportation services 772,450
12. Culinary, entertainment, and personal services 414,520
28. Military science, leadership and operational art 2,955
29. Military technologies and applied sciences 3,850
43. Security and protective services 183,025
49. Transportation and materials moving 168,105
Other179 4,075
Location of study compared with province or territory of residence
Total - Location of study compared with province or territory of residence for the population aged 25 to 64 years in private households - 25% sample data180 19,568,260
No postsecondary certificate, diploma or degree 6,433,215
Postsecondary certificate, diploma or degree181 13,135,040
Location of study inside Canada 10,490,520
Same as province or territory of residence 9,251,025
Different than province or territory of residence 1,239,495
Location of study outside Canada182 2,644,520
Americas 483,810
United States of America 279,005
Mexico 36,400
Cuba 8,345
Haiti 10,620
Jamaica 12,780
Brazil 40,050
Colombia 31,165
Peru 7,780
Venezuela95 12,655
Other locations of study in Americas 45,000
Europe 543,725
Belgium 7,795
France 97,770
Germany 22,450
Netherlands 10,825
Switzerland 8,470
Hungary 5,160
Moldova183 9,055
Poland 25,215
Romania 32,250
Russian Federation 36,095
Ukraine 36,405
Ireland96 16,040
United Kingdom87 151,900
Bosnia and Herzegovina 6,030
Italy 8,895
Serbia86 8,745
Other locations of study in Europe 60,615
Africa 216,815
Nigeria 33,280
Algeria 33,230
Morocco 23,640
Tunisia 12,655
Egypt 30,255
South Africa, Republic of 19,060
Other locations of study in Africa 64,700
Asia 1,352,215
Iran88 66,630
Iraq 16,515
Israel 11,355
Lebanon 19,565
Syria89 16,405
Turkey 11,855
China90 201,100
Taiwan 14,520
Hong Kong91 18,325
Japan 18,605
Korea, South92 53,575
Philippines 305,795
Viet Nam 12,500
Bangladesh 25,000
Sri Lanka 15,085
India 405,850
Pakistan 75,155
Other locations of study in Asia 64,385
Oceania 47,960
Australia 38,525
New Zealand 7,785
Other locations of study in Oceania 1,655
Labour force status
Total - Population aged 15 years and over by labour force status - 25% sample data184 30,335,915
In the labour force 19,310,345
Employed 17,321,695
Unemployed 1,988,645
Not in the labour force 11,025,575
Participation rate 63.7
Employment rate 57.1
Unemployment rate 10.3
Work activity during the reference year
Total - Population aged 15 years and over by work activity during the reference year - 25% sample data185 30,335,920
Did not work186 11,140,775
Worked 19,195,145
Worked full year full time187 10,215,385
Worked part year and/or part time188 8,979,760
Average weeks worked in reference year 41.0
Class of worker including job permanency
Total - Labour force aged 15 years and over by class of worker including job permanency - 25% sample data189 19,310,340
Class of worker - not applicable190 486,865
All classes of workers191 18,823,480
Employee 16,103,455
Permanent position 13,431,685
Temporary position 2,671,765
Fixed term (1 year or more) 867,740
Casual, seasonal or short-term position (less than 1 year) 1,804,030
Self-employed192 2,720,025
Occupation - Broad category - National Occupational Classification (NOC) 2021
Total - Labour force aged 15 years and over by occupation - Broad category - National Occupational Classification (NOC) 2021 - 25% sample data193 19,310,340
Occupation - not applicable190 486,865
All occupations191 18,823,480
0 Legislative and senior management occupations 254,760
1 Business, finance and administration occupations 3,303,180
2 Natural and applied sciences and related occupations 1,587,980
3 Health occupations 1,504,100
4 Occupations in education, law and social, community and government services 2,322,345
5 Occupations in art, culture, recreation and sport 596,785
6 Sales and service occupations 4,616,050
7 Trades, transport and equipment operators and related occupations 3,239,500
8 Natural resources, agriculture and related production occupations 541,235
9 Occupations in manufacturing and utilities 857,540
Industry - Sectors - North American Industry Classification System (NAICS) 2017
Total - Labour force aged 15 years and over by industry - Sectors - North American Industry Classification System (NAICS) 2017 - 25% sample data194 19,310,340
Industry - not applicable190 486,865
All industries191 18,823,480
11 Agriculture, forestry, fishing and hunting 434,800
21 Mining, quarrying, and oil and gas extraction 239,030
22 Utilities 147,750
23 Construction 1,469,085
31-33 Manufacturing 1,540,490
41 Wholesale trade 610,295
44-45 Retail trade 2,149,640
48-49 Transportation and warehousing 981,030
51 Information and cultural industries 400,460
52 Finance and insurance 815,225
53 Real estate and rental and leasing 343,940
54 Professional, scientific and technical services 1,571,160
55 Management of companies and enterprises 45,455
56 Administrative and support, waste management and remediation services 792,600
61 Educational services 1,413,320
62 Health care and social assistance 2,446,370
71 Arts, entertainment and recreation 350,710
72 Accommodation and food services 1,085,270
81 Other services (except public administration) 797,935
91 Public administration 1,188,915
All languages used at work
Total - All languages used at work for the population in private households aged 15 years and over who worked since January 1, 2020 - 25% sample data195 20,630,520
English 14,942,170
French 3,164,890
Non-official language 169,205
Indigenous39 6,935
Non-Indigenous 162,265
English and French 1,682,510
English and non-official language(s) 570,220
French and non-official language(s) 20,935
English, French and non-official language(s) 69,340
Multiple non-official languages 11,265
Language used most often at work
Total - Language used most often at work for the population aged 15 years and over who worked since January 1, 2020, in private households, 2021 Census - 25% sample data196 20,630,520
Single responses 20,176,640
Official languages 19,866,180
English 15,879,850
French 3,986,330
Non-official languages 310,455
Indigenous languages39 19,435
Algonquian languages 11,600
Blackfoot 60
Cree-Innu languages 9,115
Atikamekw 1,015
Cree languages 5,985
Ililimowin (Moose Cree) 0
Inu Ayimun (Southern East Cree) 110
Iyiyiw-Ayimiwin (Northern East Cree) 765
Nehinawewin (Swampy Cree) 80
Nehiyawewin (Plains Cree) 190
Nihithawiwin (Woods Cree) 140
Cree, n.o.s. 4,695
Innu (Montagnais) 1,955
Naskapi 155
Eastern Algonquian languages 835
Mi'kmaq 825
Wolastoqewi (Malecite) 10
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 1,585
Anicinabemowin (Algonquin) 20
Oji-Cree 875
Ojibway languages 695
Anishinaabemowin (Chippewa) 40
Daawaamwin (Odawa) 0
Saulteau (Western Ojibway) 40
Ojibway, n.o.s. 610
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 0
Athabaskan languages 895
Northern Athabaskan languages 890
Dakelh (Carrier) 20
Dane-zaa (Beaver) 0
Dene, n.o.s. 535
Gwich'in 0
Slavey-Hare languages 155
Deh Gah Ghotie Zhatie (South Slavey) 35
Satuotine Yati (North Slavey) 25
Slavey, n.o.s. 100
Tahltan languages 10
Tlicho (Dogrib) 130
Tse'khene (Sekani) 0
Tsilhqot'in (Chilcotin) 30
Tsuu T'ina (Sarsi) 0
Tutchone languages 0
Northern Tutchone 0
Southern Tutchone 0
Tutchone, n.o.s. 0
Wetsuwet'en-Babine 0
Tlingit 10
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0
Haida 0
Inuktut (Inuit) languages 6,630
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 20
Inuinnaqtun 15
Inuvialuktun 10
Inuktitut 6,605
Inuktut (Inuit) languages, n.i.e. 0
Iroquoian languages 30
Mohawk 30
Oneida 0
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 0
Ktunaxa (Kutenai) 10
Michif 25
Salish languages 125
Halkomelem 35
Lillooet 0
Ntlakapamux (Thompson) 0
Secwepemctsin (Shuswap) 30
Squamish 10
Straits 0
Syilx (Okanagan) 20
Salish languages, n.i.e. 15
Siouan languages 30
Assiniboine 0
Dakota 10
Stoney 15
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 0
Tsimshian languages 40
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 20
Nisga'a 10
Tsimshian 15
Wakashan languages 40
Haisla 0
Heiltsuk 10
Kwak'wala (Kwakiutl) 15
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 15
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0
Indigenous languages, n.i.e. 10
Indigenous languages, n.o.s. 10
Non-Indigenous languages 291,025
Afro-Asiatic languages 9,265
Berber languages 45
Kabyle 30
Tamazight 0
Berber languages, n.i.e. 0
Chadic languages 10
Coptic 0
Cushitic languages 415
Bilen 10
Oromo 40
Somali 365
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 0
Semitic languages 8,785
Amharic 215
Arabic 7,190
Aramaic languages 460
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 330
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 90
Aramaic, n.o.s. 40
Hebrew 585
Tigrigna 325
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 20
Austro-Asiatic languages 9,770
Khmer (Cambodian) 495
Vietnamese 9,260
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 15
Austronesian languages 4,760
Bikol 0
Bisaya, n.o.s. 45
Cebuano 95
Hiligaynon 15
Ilocano 165
Indonesian 170
Kankanaey 0
Malagasy languages 0
Malay 0
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 15
Pangasinan 0
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 4,205
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 50
Creole languages 390
Haitian Creole 375
Jamaican English Creole 0
Morisyen 0
Creole, n.o.s. 0
Creole languages, n.i.e. 10
Dravidian languages 3,010
Kannada 10
Malayalam 250
Tamil 2,685
Telugu 70
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 0
Georgian 80
Indo-European languages 112,395
Albanian 315
Armenian 530
Balto-Slavic languages 10,085
Baltic languages 95
Latvian 50
Lithuanian 45
Slavic languages 9,995
Bulgarian 145
Czech 105
Macedonian 75
Polish 2,265
Russian 5,240
Serbo-Croatian 835
Bosnian 120
Croatian 155
Serbian 555
Serbo-Croatian, n.i.e. 0
Slovak 40
Slovene (Slovenian) 10
Ukrainian 1,265
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 15
Celtic languages 60
Scottish Gaelic 55
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 0
Germanic languages 14,250
Frisian 15
High German languages 10,480
German 6,615
Pennsylvania German 2,560
Swiss German 255
Yiddish 1,050
Low Saxon-Low Franconian languages 3,540
Afrikaans 65
Dutch 965
Low German, n.o.s. 560
Low Saxon 0
Plautdietsch 1,940
Vlaams (Flemish) 10
Scandinavian languages 190
Danish 25
Icelandic 25
Norwegian 55
Swedish 90
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 25
Greek 875
Indo-Iranian languages 55,455
Indo-Aryan languages 48,020
Bengali 645
Gujarati 1,115
Hindi 2,235
Kacchi 15
Marathi 20
Nepali 275
Punjabi (Panjabi) 40,840
Sindhi 25
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 105
Urdu 2,725
Indo-Aryan languages, n.i.e. 20
Iranian languages 7,430
Kurdish 175
Pashto 130
Persian languages 7,110
Dari 800
Iranian Persian 5,715
Persian (Farsi), n.o.s. 595
Iranian languages, n.i.e. 10
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 10
Italic (Romance) languages 30,795
Catalan 15
Italian 1,625
Portuguese 6,970
Romanian 680
Spanish 21,455
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 45
Indo-European languages, n.i.e. 35
Japanese 3,560
Korean 14,345
Mongolian 25
Niger-Congo languages 410
Akan (Twi) 30
Edo 0
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 25
Ga 0
Ganda 0
Igbo 30
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 20
Lingala 20
Rundi (Kirundi) 25
Shona 0
Swahili 150
Wolof 0
Yoruba 65
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 35
Nilo-Saharan languages 15
Dinka 0
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 15
Sign languages 2,010
American Sign Language 1,590
Quebec Sign Language 285
Sign languages, n.i.e. 135
Sino-Tibetan languages 128,375
Chinese languages 128,045
Hakka 45
Mandarin 76,040
Min Dong 35
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 485
Wu (Shanghainese) 20
Yue (Cantonese) 50,950
Chinese, n.o.s. 460
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 0
Tibeto-Burman languages 295
Burmese 60
Karenic languages 135
S'gaw Karen 120
Karenic languages, n.i.e. 15
Tibetan 90
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 0
Sino-Tibetan languages, n.i.e. 30
Tai-Kadai languages 765
Lao 80
Thai 670
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e. 15
Turkic languages 1,345
Azerbaijani 35
Turkish 1,270
Uyghur 30
Uzbek 0
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 10
Uralic languages 485
Estonian 70
Finnish 90
Hungarian 330
Other languages, n.i.e. 20
Multiple responses 453,880
English and French 321,975
English and non-official language(s) 115,955
French and non-official language(s) 6,280
English, French and non-official language(s) 7,405
Multiple non-official languages 2,265
Other language(s) used regularly at work
Total - Other language(s) used regularly at work for the population in private households aged 15 years and over who worked since January 1, 2020 - 25% sample data197 20,630,520
None 18,696,980
English 902,625
French 589,755
Non-official language 331,375
Indigenous39 18,190
Non-Indigenous 313,185
English and French 2,940
English and non-official language(s) 33,125
French and non-official language(s) 22,615
English, French and non-official language(s) 360
Multiple non-official languages 50,740
Place of work status
Total - Place of work status for the employed labour force aged 15 years and over - 25% sample data198 17,321,700
Worked at home 4,214,860
Worked outside Canada 58,335
No fixed workplace address 2,201,745
Usual place of work 10,846,770
Commuting destination
Total - Commuting destination for the employed labour force aged 15 years and over with a usual place of work - 25% sample data199 10,846,770
Commute within census subdivision (CSD) of residence 6,397,120
Commute to a different census subdivision (CSD) within census division (CD) of residence 2,343,640
Commute to a different census subdivision (CSD) and census division (CD) within province or territory of residence 2,007,950
Commute to a different province or territory 98,060
Main mode of commuting
Total - Main mode of commuting for the employed labour force aged 15 years and over with a usual place of work or no fixed workplace address - 25% sample data200 13,048,510
Car, truck or van 10,950,750
Car, truck or van - as a driver 10,106,595
Car, truck or van - as a passenger 844,155
Public transit 1,000,510
Walked 672,815
Bicycle 138,615
Other method 285,820
Commuting duration
Total - Commuting duration for the employed labour force aged 15 years and over with a usual place of work or no fixed workplace address - 25% sample data201 13,048,510
Less than 15 minutes 4,178,570
15 to 29 minutes 4,546,195
30 to 44 minutes 2,487,010
45 to 59 minutes 910,610
60 minutes and over 926,120
Time leaving for work
Total - Time leaving for work for the employed labour force aged 15 years and over with a usual place of work or no fixed workplace address - 25% sample data202 13,048,510
Between 5 a.m. and 5:59 a.m. 938,820
Between 6 a.m. and 6:59 a.m. 2,274,845
Between 7 a.m. and 7:59 a.m. 3,435,740
Between 8 a.m. and 8:59 a.m. 2,711,355
Between 9 a.m. and 11:59 a.m. 1,661,340
Between 12 p.m. and 4:59 a.m. 2,026,405
Children eligible for instruction in the minority official language
Total - Eligibility for instruction in the minority official language for the population in private households born in 2003 or later - 100% data203 7,335,800
Children eligible for instruction in the minority official language 897,205
Children not eligible for instruction in the minority official language 6,438,595
Eligibility and instruction in the minority official language for school-aged children
Total - Eligibility and instruction in the minority official language, for the population in private households born between 2003 and 2015 (inclusive) - 100% data204 5,372,330
Children eligible for instruction in the minority official language 682,190
Eligible children who have been instructed in the minority official language at the primary or secondary level in Canada 467,685
Eligible children who have not been instructed in the minority official language at the primary or secondary level in Canada 214,500
Children not eligible for instruction in the minority official language 4,690,140

Source

Source: Statistics Canada, 2021 Census of Population.

How to cite

How to cite: Statistics Canada. 2023. (table). Census Profile. 2021 Census of Population. Statistics Canada Catalogue no. 98-316-X2021001. Ottawa. Released November 15, 2023.
https://www12.statcan.gc.ca/census-recensement/2021/dp-pd/prof/index.cfm?Lang=E (accessed April 18, 2024).

Note(s):

Date modified: