Census Profile, 2021 Census of Population
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Topic:
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Age
Age characteristics
Commuting
Select all: Commuting
Commuting destination
Commuting duration
Main mode of commuting
Place of work status
Time leaving for work
Education
Select all: Education
Highest certificate, diploma or degree
Location of study compared with province or territory of residence
Major field of study - Classification of Instructional Programs (CIP) 2021
Secondary (high) school diploma or equivalency certificate
Ethnocultural and religious diversity
Select all: Ethnocultural and religious diversity
Ethnic or cultural origin
Religion
Visible minority
Families, households, and marital status
Select all: Families, households, and marital status
Family characteristics
Household type
Marital status
Housing
Household characteristics
Immigration, place of birth, and citizenship
Select all: Immigration, place of birth, and citizenship
Admission category and applicant type
Age at immigration
Citizenship
Generation status
Immigrant status and period of immigration
Pre-admission experience
Selected places of birth for the immigrant population
Selected places of birth for the recent immigrant population
Income
Select all: Income
Income of economic families in 2020
Income of households in 2020
Income of individuals in 2019
Income of individuals in 2020
Low income and income inequality in 2020
Indigenous peoples
Select all: Indigenous peoples
Indigenous ancestry
Indigenous population
Instruction in the minority official language
Select all: Instruction in the minority official language
Children eligible for instruction in the minority official language
Eligibility and instruction in the minority official language for school-aged children
Labour
Select all: Labour
Class of worker including job permanency
Industry - Sectors - North American Industry Classification System (NAICS) 2017
Labour force status
Occupation - Broad category - National Occupational Classification (NOC) 2021
Work activity during the reference year
Language
Select all: Language
All languages spoken at home
First official language spoken
Knowledge of languages
Knowledge of official languages
Language spoken most often at home
Mother tongue
Other language spoken regularly at home
Language of work
Select all: Language of work
All languages used at work
Language used most often at work
Other language(s) used regularly at work
Mobility and migration
Select all: Mobility and migration
Mobility status 1 year ago
Mobility status 5 years ago
Population and dwelling counts
Population and dwellings
Type of dwelling
Household and dwelling characteristics
GenderMore information:


Statistic:
Characteristic AlbertaMore information:

[Province]
Counts
Total
Population and dwellings
Population, 20211 4,262,635
Population, 20161 4,067,175
Population percentage change, 2016 to 2021 4.8
Total private dwellings2 1,772,670
Private dwellings occupied by usual residents3 1,633,220
Population density per square kilometre 6.7
Land area in square kilometres 634,658.27
Age characteristics
Total - Age groups of the population - 100% data 4,262,635
0 to 14 years 809,640
0 to 4 years 250,250
5 to 9 years 278,810
10 to 14 years 280,585
15 to 64 years 2,823,770
15 to 19 years 249,765
20 to 24 years 248,740
25 to 29 years 275,465
30 to 34 years 323,260
35 to 39 years 338,945
40 to 44 years 307,665
45 to 49 years 277,770
50 to 54 years 262,770
55 to 59 years 274,150
60 to 64 years 265,240
65 years and over 629,220
65 to 69 years 217,270
70 to 74 years 163,890
75 to 79 years 105,520
80 to 84 years 70,160
85 years and over 72,375
85 to 89 years 44,670
90 to 94 years 21,430
95 to 99 years 5,480
100 years and over 795
Total - Distribution (%) of the population by broad age groups - 100% data 100.0
0 to 14 years 19.0
15 to 64 years 66.2
65 years and over 14.8
85 years and over 1.7
Average age of the population 39.0
Median age of the population 38.4
Household and dwelling characteristics
Total - Occupied private dwellings by structural type of dwelling - 100% data 1,633,220
Single-detached house 994,565
Semi-detached house 98,740
Row house 127,735
Apartment or flat in a duplex 43,730
Apartment in a building that has fewer than five storeys 247,030
Apartment in a building that has five or more storeys 74,880
Other single-attached house 1,215
Movable dwelling4 45,325
Total - Private households by household size - 100% data 1,633,220
1 person 424,055
2 persons 551,420
3 persons 249,135
4 persons 243,400
5 or more persons 165,215
Number of persons in private households 4,177,715
Average household size 2.6
Marital status
Total - Marital status for the total population aged 15 years and over - 100% data 3,452,995
Married or living common-law 2,033,945
Married 1,703,285
Living common-law 330,655
Living common law - Never married 245,650
Living common law - Separated 12,835
Living common law - Divorced 65,955
Living common law - Widowed 6,210
Not married and not living common-law 1,419,050
Not married and not living common law - Never married 969,780
Not married and not living common law - Separated 83,350
Not married and not living common law - Divorced 214,460
Not married and not living common law - Widowed 151,455
Family characteristics
Total - Census families in private households by family size - 100% data5 1,164,655
2 persons 565,900
3 persons 240,980
4 persons 238,600
5 or more persons 119,170
Average size of census families 3.0
Average number of children in census families with children6 1.9
Total number of census families in private households - 100% data 1,164,650
Total couple families 987,465
Married couples 822,175
With children6 464,975
Without children 357,200
Common-law couples 165,290
With children6 60,705
Without children 104,580
Total one-parent families 177,190
in which the parent is a woman+ 135,065
in which the parent is a man+ 42,125
Total - Persons in private households - 100% data 4,177,715
Total - Persons in census families 3,456,645
Married spouses or common-law partners 1,974,930
Parents in one-parent families 177,185
Children6 1,304,525
In a two-parent family 1,022,235
In a one-parent family 282,290
Total - Persons not in census families in private households - 100% data 721,070
Living alone 424,055
Living with other relatives7 108,100
Living with non-relatives only 188,915
Household type
Total - Household type - 100% data 1,633,220
One-census-family households without additional persons 1,008,210
Couple-family households 876,085
With children6 465,405
Without children 410,680
One-parent-family households 132,125
Multigenerational households8 47,450
Multiple-census-family households9 10,575
One-census-family households with additional persons9 60,780
Two-or-more-person non-census-family households 82,150
One-person households 424,055
Income of individuals in 2020
Total - Income statistics in 2020 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data10 3,375,110
Number of total income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2020 - 100% data 3,213,495
Median total income in 2020 among recipients ($) 44,800
Number of after-tax income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2020 - 100% data 3,215,290
Median after-tax income in 2020 among recipients ($) 40,400
Number of market income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2020 - 100% data 2,899,265
Median market income in 2020 among recipients ($) 40,000
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2020 - 100% data 2,426,900
Median employment income in 2020 among recipients ($) 41,600
Number of government transfers recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2020 - 100% data 2,818,115
Median government transfers in 2020 among recipients ($) 8,300
Number of employment insurance benefits recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2020 - 100% data 373,185
Median employment insurance benefits in 2020 among recipients ($) 5,800
Number of COVID-19 emergency and recovery benefits recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2020 - 100% data 978,925
Median COVID-19 emergency and recovery benefits in 2020 among recipients ($) 8,000
Total - Income statistics in 2020 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data11 3,375,130
Number of total income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2020 - 25% sample data 3,212,650
Average total income in 2020 among recipients ($) 60,850
Number of after-tax income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2020 - 25% sample data 3,214,490
Average after-tax income in 2020 among recipients ($) 50,200
Number of market income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2020 - 25% sample data 2,900,200
Average market income in 2020 among recipients ($) 57,300
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2020 - 25% sample data 2,426,940
Average employment income in 2020 among recipients ($) 56,350
Number of government transfers recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2020 - 25% sample data 2,817,280
Average government transfers in 2020 among recipients ($) 10,440
Number of employment insurance benefits recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2020 - 25% sample data 371,975
Average employment insurance benefits in 2020 among recipients ($) 7,090
Number of COVID-19 emergency and recovery benefits recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2020 - 25% sample data 972,130
Average COVID-19 emergency and recovery benefits in 2020 among recipients ($) 9,170
Total - Employment income statistics in 2020 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data12 3,375,130
Number of employment income recipients in 2020 who worked full-year full-time in 2020 - 25% sample data13 1,120,075
Median employment income in 2020 for full-year full-time workers in 2020 ($)14 70,500
Average employment income in 2020 for full-year full-time workers in 2020 ($)15 85,200
Number of employment income recipients in 2020 who worked part-year or part-time in 2020 - 25% sample data16 993,770
Median employment income in 2020 of those who worked part-year or part-time in 2020 ($) 21,600
Average employment income in 2020 of those who worked part-year or part-time in 2020 ($) 34,280
Composition of total income in 2020 of the population aged 15 years and over in private households (%) - 25% sample data17 100.0
Market income (%)18 85.0
Employment income (%)19 70.0
Government transfers (%)20 15.0
Employment insurance benefits (%) 1.4
COVID-19 - Government income support and benefits (%) 5.1
COVID-19 - Emergency and recovery benefits (%) 4.6
Total - Total income groups in 2020 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data21 3,375,110
Without total income 161,620
With total income 3,213,490
Under $10,000 (including loss) 271,260
$10,000 to $19,999 307,390
$20,000 to $29,999 483,175
$30,000 to $39,999 384,115
$40,000 to $49,999 332,120
$50,000 to $59,999 277,960
$60,000 to $69,999 232,840
$70,000 to $79,999 187,305
$80,000 to $89,999 146,920
$90,000 to $99,999 124,520
$100,000 and over 465,885
$100,000 to $149,999 291,955
$150,000 and over 173,935
Total - After-tax income groups in 2020 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data22 3,375,110
Without after-tax income 159,820
With after-tax income 3,215,295
Under $10,000 (including loss) 282,760
$10,000 to $19,999 320,525
$20,000 to $29,999 545,450
$30,000 to $39,999 449,440
$40,000 to $49,999 388,170
$50,000 to $59,999 314,650
$60,000 to $69,999 240,015
$70,000 to $79,999 178,580
$80,000 to $89,999 138,170
$90,000 to $99,999 92,045
$100,000 and over 265,490
$100,000 to $124,999 121,505
$125,000 and over 143,985
Total - Employment income groups in 2020 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data19 3,375,110
Without employment income 948,210
With employment income 2,426,900
Under $5,000 (including loss) 305,715
$5,000 to $9,999 186,575
$10,000 to $19,999 270,795
$20,000 to $29,999 212,530
$30,000 to $39,999 202,095
$40,000 to $49,999 193,315
$50,000 to $59,999 181,745
$60,000 to $69,999 161,830
$70,000 to $79,999 133,940
$80,000 to $89,999 110,580
$90,000 to $99,999 101,430
$100,000 and over 366,350
$100,000 to $124,999 158,925
$125,000 and over 207,430
Income of individuals in 2019
Total - Income statistics in 2019 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data23 3,375,110
Number of total income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2019 - 100% data 3,147,180
Median total income in 2019 among recipients ($) 44,400
Number of after-tax income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2019 - 100% data 3,148,375
Median after-tax income in 2019 among recipients ($) 39,600
Number of market income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2019 - 100% data 2,869,935
Median market income in 2019 among recipients ($) 43,200
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2019 - 100% data 2,438,175
Median employment income in 2019 among recipients ($) 44,400
Number of government transfers recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2019 - 100% data 2,675,790
Median government transfers in 2019 among recipients ($) 1,620
Number of employment insurance benefits recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2019 -100% data 245,140
Median employment insurance benefits in 2019 among recipients ($) 6,240
Total - Income statistics in 2019 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data24 3,375,130
Number of total income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2019 - 25% sample data 3,146,890
Average total income in 2019 among recipients ($) 60,750
Number of after-tax income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2019 - 25% sample data 3,147,975
Average after-tax income in 2019 among recipients ($) 49,720
Number of market income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2019 - 25% sample data 2,871,550
Average market income in 2019 among recipients ($) 60,350
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2019 - 25% sample data 2,438,445
Average employment income in 2019 among recipients ($) 59,450
Number of government transfers recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2019 - 25% sample data 2,676,295
Average government transfers in 2019 among recipients ($) 6,720
Number of employment insurance benefits recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2019 - 25% sample data 244,330
Average employment insurance benefits in 2019 among recipients ($) 7,990
Total - Employment income statistics in 2019 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data25 3,375,130
Number of employment income recipients in 2019 who worked full-year full-time in 2020 - 25% sample data13 1,111,760
Median employment income in 2019 for full-year full-time workers in 2020 ($)14 68,500
Average employment income in 2019 for full-year full-time workers in 2020 ($)15 83,800
Number of employment income recipients in 2019 who worked part-year or part-time in 2020 - 25% sample data16 941,295
Median employment income in 2019 of those who worked part-year or part-time in 2020 ($) 30,000
Average employment income in 2019 of those who worked part-year or part-time in 2020 ($) 43,280
Composition of total income in 2019 of the population aged 15 years and over in private households (%) - 25% sample data 100.0
Market income (%) 90.6
Employment income (%) 75.8
Government transfers (%) 9.4
Employment insurance benefits (%) 1.0
Income of households in 2020
Total - Income statistics for private households - 100% data26 1,633,220
Median total income of household in 2020 ($) 96,000
Median after-tax income of household in 2020 ($) 83,000
Total - Income statistics for one-person private households - 100% data 424,055
Median total income of one-person households in 2020 ($) 48,000
Median after-tax income of one-person households in 2020 ($) 42,400
Total - Income statistics for two-or-more-persons private households - 100% data 1,209,165
Median total income of two-or-more-person households in 2020 ($) 115,000
Median after-tax income of two-or-more-person households in 2020 ($) 100,000
Total - Income statistics for private households - 25% sample data27 1,633,220
Average total income of household in 2020 ($) 119,700
Average after-tax income of household in 2020 ($) 98,800
Total - Income statistics for one-person private households - 25% sample data 424,120
Average total income of one-person households in 2020 ($) 62,050
Average after-tax income of one-person households in 2020 ($) 51,400
Total - Income statistics for two-or-more-persons private households - 25% sample data 1,209,100
Average total income of two-or-more-person households in 2020 ($) 140,000
Average after-tax income of two-or-more-person households in 2020 ($) 115,500
Total - Household total income groups in 2020 for private households - 100% data21 1,633,220
Under $5,000 16,810
$5,000 to $9,999 8,310
$10,000 to $14,999 12,525
$15,000 to $19,999 17,725
$20,000 to $24,999 49,050
$25,000 to $29,999 52,025
$30,000 to $34,999 41,490
$35,000 to $39,999 48,190
$40,000 to $44,999 52,710
$45,000 to $49,999 51,200
$50,000 to $59,999 104,130
$60,000 to $69,999 106,340
$70,000 to $79,999 104,230
$80,000 to $89,999 98,820
$90,000 to $99,999 93,990
$100,000 and over 775,675
$100,000 to $124,999 204,960
$125,000 to $149,999 156,945
$150,000 to $199,999 200,675
$200,000 and over 213,100
Total - Household after-tax income groups in 2020 for private households - 100% data22 1,633,220
Under $5,000 18,920
$5,000 to $9,999 8,620
$10,000 to $14,999 12,950
$15,000 to $19,999 18,925
$20,000 to $24,999 52,455
$25,000 to $29,999 58,000
$30,000 to $34,999 48,620
$35,000 to $39,999 56,195
$40,000 to $44,999 62,115
$45,000 to $49,999 60,880
$50,000 to $59,999 126,900
$60,000 to $69,999 127,780
$70,000 to $79,999 122,795
$80,000 to $89,999 117,335
$90,000 to $99,999 106,445
$100,000 and over 634,290
$100,000 to $124,999 214,810
$125,000 to $149,999 149,640
$150,000 and over 269,845
Income of economic families in 2020
Total - Income statistics for economic families in private households - 100% data28 1,150,150
Median total income of economic family in 2020 ($) 115,000
Median after-tax income of economic family in 2020 ($) 99,000
Average family size of economic families 3.1
Total - Income statistics for couple-only economic families in private households - 100% data 423,245
Median total income of couple-only economic families in 2020 ($) 103,000
Median after-tax income of couple-only economic families in 2020 ($) 89,000
Average family size of couple-only economic families 2.0
Total - Income statistics for couple-with-children economic families in private households - 100% data 527,475
Median total income of couple-with-children economic families in 2020 ($) 141,000
Median after-tax income of couple-with-children economic families in 2020 ($) 120,000
Average family size of couple-with-children economic families 4.1
Total - Income statistics for one-parent economic families in private households - 100% data 162,425
Median total income of one-parent economic families in 2020 ($) 72,000
Median after-tax income of one-parent economic families in 2020 ($) 66,000
Average family size of one-parent economic families 2.7
Total - Income statistics for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families in private households - 100% data29 612,970
Median total income in 2020 ($)30 43,600
Median after-tax income in 2020 ($)30 39,200
Total - Income statistics for economic families in private households - 25% sample data31 1,149,555
Average total income of economic family in 2020 ($) 140,000
Average after-tax income of economic family in 2020 ($) 115,100
Total - Income statistics for couple-only economic families in private households - 25% sample data 423,255
Average total income of couple-only economic families in 2020 ($) 128,400
Average after-tax income of couple-only economic families in 2020 ($) 105,000
Total - Income statistics for couple-with-children economic families in private households - 25% sample data 528,270
Average total income of couple-with-children economic families in 2020 ($) 167,000
Average after-tax income of couple-with-children economic families in 2020 ($) 136,200
Total - Income statistics for one-parent economic families in private households - 25% sample data 161,495
Average total income of one-parent economic families in 2020 ($) 85,100
Average after-tax income of one-parent economic families in 2020 ($) 74,800
Total - Income statistics for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families in private households - 25% sample data32 612,950
Average total income in 2020 ($)30 56,550
Average after-tax income in 2020 ($)30 47,360
Low income and income inequality in 2020
Total - LIM low-income status in 2020 for the population in private households - 100% data33 4,177,715
0 to 17 years 953,865
0 to 5 years 302,980
18 to 64 years 2,638,940
65 years and over 584,915
In low income based on the Low-income measure, after tax (LIM-AT) 382,820
0 to 17 years 107,130
0 to 5 years 36,250
18 to 64 years 213,795
65 years and over 61,890
Prevalence of low income based on the Low-income measure, after tax (LIM-AT) (%) 9.2
0 to 17 years (%) 11.2
0 to 5 years (%) 12.0
18 to 64 years (%) 8.1
65 years and over (%) 10.6
Total - LICO low-income status in 2020 for the population in private households to whom the low-income concept is applicable - 100% data33 4,132,995
0 to 17 years 936,965
0 to 5 years 298,005
18 to 64 years 2,614,300
65 years and over 581,730
In low income based on the Low-income cut-offs, after tax (LICO-AT) 187,885
0 to 17 years 43,110
0 to 5 years 13,945
18 to 64 years 130,620
65 years and over 14,155
Prevalence of low income based on the Low-income cut-offs, after tax (LICO-AT) (%) 4.6
0 to 17 years (%) 4.6
0 to 5 years (%) 4.7
18 to 64 years (%) 5.0
65 years and over (%) 2.4
Total - Adjusted after-tax economic family income decile group for the population in private households - 100% data34The letter 'c' in a yellow triangle indicates a correction notice. 4,177,715
In bottom half of the distribution 1,894,410
In bottom decile 345,410
In second decile 385,215
In third decile 380,170
In fourth decile 386,560
In fifth decile 397,055
In top half of the distribution 2,283,310
In sixth decile 406,615
In seventh decile 420,810
In eighth decile 440,225
In ninth decile 470,850
In top decile 544,810
Total - Inequality measures for the population in private households - 100% data35 4,177,720
Gini index on adjusted household total income 0.350
Gini index on adjusted household market income 0.450
Gini index on adjusted household after-tax income 0.307
P90/P10 ratio on adjusted household after-tax income 3.9
Knowledge of official languages
Total - Knowledge of official languages for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% data36 4,221,835
English only 3,894,690
French only 3,105
English and French 258,330
Neither English nor French 65,705
First official language spoken
Total - First official language spoken for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% data37 4,221,835
English 4,078,135
French 64,440
English and French 15,525
Neither English nor French 63,735
Mother tongue
Total - Mother tongue for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% data38 4,221,835
Single responses 4,055,375
Official languages 3,148,690
English 3,083,840
French 64,855
Non-official languages 906,680
Indigenous languages39 17,200
Algonquian languages 15,155
Blackfoot 2,470
Cree-Innu languages 12,290
Atikamekw 0
Cree languages 12,290
Ililimowin (Moose Cree) 5
Inu Ayimun (Southern East Cree) 0
Iyiyiw-Ayimiwin (Northern East Cree) 65
Nehinawewin (Swampy Cree) 65
Nehiyawewin (Plains Cree) 1,590
Nihithawiwin (Woods Cree) 1,305
Cree, n.o.s. 9,255
Innu (Montagnais) 5
Naskapi 0
Eastern Algonquian languages 10
Mi'kmaq 10
Wolastoqewi (Malecite) 0
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 385
Anicinabemowin (Algonquin) 5
Oji-Cree 20
Ojibway languages 355
Anishinaabemowin (Chippewa) 20
Daawaamwin (Odawa) 0
Saulteau (Western Ojibway) 235
Ojibway, n.o.s. 100
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 0
Athabaskan languages 1,345
Northern Athabaskan languages 1,335
Dakelh (Carrier) 5
Dane-zaa (Beaver) 25
Dene, n.o.s. 1,075
Gwich'in 10
Slavey-Hare languages 150
Deh Gah Ghotie Zhatie (South Slavey) 105
Satuotine Yati (North Slavey) 20
Slavey, n.o.s. 30
Tahltan languages 0
Kaska (Nahani) 0
Tahltan 0
Tlicho (Dogrib) 35
Tse'khene (Sekani) 0
Tsilhqot'in (Chilcotin) 0
Tsuu T'ina (Sarsi) 20
Tutchone languages 0
Northern Tutchone 0
Southern Tutchone 0
Tutchone, n.o.s. 0
Wetsuwet'en-Babine 5
Tlingit 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 15
Haida 0
Inuktut (Inuit) languages 145
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 25
Inuinnaqtun 5
Inuvialuktun 20
Inuktitut 115
Inuktut (Inuit) languages, n.i.e. 5
Iroquoian languages 10
Cayuga 0
Mohawk 10
Oneida 0
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 0
Ktunaxa (Kutenai) 0
Michif 60
Salish languages 10
Halkomelem 0
Lillooet 0
Ntlakapamux (Thompson) 0
Secwepemctsin (Shuswap) 0
Squamish 0
Straits 0
Syilx (Okanagan) 5
Salish languages, n.i.e. 0
Siouan languages 445
Assiniboine 10
Dakota 65
Stoney 360
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 10
Tsimshian languages 10
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 5
Nisga'a 0
Tsimshian 0
Wakashan languages 5
Haisla 0
Heiltsuk 0
Kwak'wala (Kwakiutl) 0
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0
Indigenous languages, n.i.e. 0
Indigenous languages, n.o.s. 15
Non-Indigenous languages 889,485
Afro-Asiatic languages 82,270
Berber languages 335
Kabyle 220
Tamazight 95
Berber languages, n.i.e. 25
Chadic languages 160
Hausa 145
Mina 10
Coptic 55
Cushitic languages 14,995
Bilen 650
Oromo 3,485
Somali 10,750
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 115
Semitic languages 66,720
Amharic 8,165
Arabic 46,425
Aramaic languages 835
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 445
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 265
Aramaic, n.o.s. 130
Harari 215
Hebrew 885
Maltese 55
Tigrigna 10,065
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 80
Austro-Asiatic languages 25,655
Khmer (Cambodian) 1,775
Vietnamese 23,705
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e 175
Austronesian languages 131,755
Bikol 535
Bisaya, n.o.s. 2,265
Cebuano 5,210
Fijian 120
Hiligaynon 2,370
Ilocano 7,440
Indonesian 1,275
Kankanaey 370
Kinaray-a 165
Malagasy languages 50
Merina 5
Malagasy, n.o.s. 45
Malay 270
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 1,275
Pangasinan 515
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 108,395
Waray-Waray 415
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 1,075
Creole languages 1,745
Haitian Creole 455
Jamaican English Creole 60
Krio 270
Morisyen 325
Sango 5
Creole, n.o.s. 420
Creole languages, n.i.e. 215
Dravidian languages 17,170
Kannada 585
Malayalam 8,785
Tamil 4,950
Telugu 2,715
Tulu 75
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 60
Georgian 200
Hmong-Mien languages 0
Indo-European languages 454,815
Albanian 2,345
Armenian 490
Balto-Slavic languages 70,185
Baltic languages 885
Latvian 365
Lithuanian 515
Slavic languages 69,305
Belarusian 65
Bulgarian 1,300
Czech 2,700
Macedonian 365
Polish 17,540
Russian 17,735
Rusyn 30
Serbo-Croatian 10,350
Bosnian 1,860
Croatian 4,260
Serbian 4,040
Serbo-Croatian, n.i.e. 190
Slovak 1,865
Slovene (Slovenian) 555
Ukrainian 16,750
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 40
Celtic languages 295
Irish 75
Scottish Gaelic 50
Welsh 145
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 30
Germanic languages 93,145
Frisian 250
High German languages 60,990
German 59,835
Pennsylvania German 20
Swiss German 1,045
Yiddish 90
Low Saxon-Low Franconian languages 28,670
Afrikaans 3,150
Dutch 13,140
Low German, n.o.s. 3,060
Low Saxon 260
Plautdietsch 8,815
Vlaams (Flemish) 245
Scandinavian languages 3,155
Danish 1,850
Icelandic 95
Norwegian 525
Swedish 680
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 85
Greek 2,820
Indo-Iranian languages 197,415
Indo-Aryan languages 176,130
Assamese 85
Bengali 7,735
Gujarati 15,330
Hindi 18,815
Kacchi 1,625
Kashmiri 125
Konkani 345
Marathi 1,910
Nepali 5,900
Oriya languages 185
Odia 130
Oriya, n.o.s. 60
Punjabi (Panjabi) 91,070
Rohingya 30
Sindhi 685
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 2,700
Urdu 28,635
Indo-Aryan languages, n.i.e. 945
Iranian languages 21,225
Baluchi 65
Kurdish 2,010
Parsi 25
Pashto 2,960
Persian languages 16,065
Dari 5,005
Iranian Persian 9,030
Persian (Farsi), n.o.s. 2,035
Iranian languages, n.i.e. 90
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 60
Italic (Romance) languages 88,045
Catalan 70
Italian 9,505
Portuguese 9,910
Romanian 7,425
Spanish 61,090
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 45
Indo-European languages, n.i.e. 75
Japanese 4,575
Korean 19,240
Mongolian 565
Niger-Congo languages 16,500
Akan (Twi) 1,660
Bamanankan 30
Edo 245
Éwé 225
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 190
Ga 125
Ganda 315
Gikuyu 160
Igbo 1,380
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 1,135
Lingala 205
Luba-Kasai 55
Mòoré 40
Mwani 200
Ndebele 390
Rundi (Kirundi) 655
Shona 1,105
Soninke 25
Sotho-Tswana languages 150
Swahili 2,455
Wojenaka 25
Wolof 265
Yoruba 3,205
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 2,265
Nilo-Saharan languages 2,450
Dinka 1,040
Nuer 625
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 650
African, n.o.s. 130
Sign languages 840
American Sign Language 695
Quebec Sign Language 0
Sign languages, n.i.e. 140
Sino-Tibetan languages 118,025
Chinese languages 115,870
Hakka 880
Mandarin 54,135
Min Dong 55
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 2,400
Wu (Shanghainese) 440
Yue (Cantonese) 56,280
Chinese, n.o.s. 1,605
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 75
Tibeto-Burman languages 2,055
Burmese 415
Kuki-Chin languages 130
Karenic languages 725
S'gaw Karen 585
Karenic languages, n.i.e. 140
Tibetan 670
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 120
Sino-Tibetan languages, n.i.e. 100
Tai-Kadai languages 3,040
Lao 950
Thai 2,010
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e. 85
Turkic languages 4,335
Azerbaijani 440
Kazakh 90
Turkish 3,290
Uyghur 130
Uzbek 240
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 145
Uralic languages 6,120
Estonian 165
Finnish 700
Hungarian 5,255
Other languages, n.i.e. 170
Multiple responses 166,455
English and French 17,600
English and non-official language(s) 131,195
French and non-official language(s) 3,125
English, French and non-official language(s) 2,425
Multiple non-official languages 12,105
All languages spoken at home
Total - All languages spoken at home for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% data40 4,221,835
English 3,183,975
French 15,490
Non-official language 272,985
Indigenous39 3,700
Non-Indigenous 269,280
English and French 41,100
English and non-official language(s) 664,935
French and non-official language(s) 1,590
English, French and non-official language(s) 17,280
Multiple non-official languages 24,475
Language spoken most often at home
Total - Language spoken most often at home for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% data41 4,221,835
Single responses 4,054,960
Official languages 3,504,300
English 3,481,545
French 22,755
Non-official languages 550,665
Indigenous languages39 7,175
Algonquian languages 6,355
Blackfoot 965
Cree-Innu languages 5,290
Atikamekw 0
Cree languages 5,290
Ililimowin (Moose Cree) 0
Inu Ayimun (Southern East Cree) 0
Iyiyiw-Ayimiwin (Northern East Cree) 5
Nehinawewin (Swampy Cree) 5
Nehiyawewin (Plains Cree) 475
Nihithawiwin (Woods Cree) 290
Cree, n.o.s. 4,510
Innu (Montagnais) 0
Naskapi 0
Eastern Algonquian languages 5
Mi'kmaq 5
Wolastoqewi (Malecite) 0
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 95
Anicinabemowin (Algonquin) 0
Oji-Cree 5
Ojibway languages 90
Anishinaabemowin (Chippewa) 10
Daawaamwin (Odawa) 0
Saulteau (Western Ojibway) 60
Ojibway, n.o.s. 25
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 0
Athabaskan languages 685
Northern Athabaskan languages 680
Dakelh (Carrier) 5
Dane-zaa (Beaver) 10
Dene, n.o.s. 585
Gwich'in 0
Slavey-Hare languages 70
Deh Gah Ghotie Zhatie (South Slavey) 60
Satuotine Yati (North Slavey) 5
Slavey, n.o.s. 10
Tahltan languages 0
Kaska (Nahani) 0
Tahltan 0
Tlicho (Dogrib) 0
Tse'khene (Sekani) 0
Tsilhqot'in (Chilcotin) 0
Tsuu T'ina (Sarsi) 0
Tutchone languages 0
Northern Tutchone 0
Southern Tutchone 0
Tutchone, n.o.s. 0
Wetsuwet'en-Babine 0
Tlingit 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0
Haida 0
Inuktut (Inuit) languages 15
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 0
Inuinnaqtun 0
Inuvialuktun 0
Inuktitut 15
Inuktut (Inuit) languages, n.i.e. 0
Iroquoian languages 0
Cayuga 0
Mohawk 0
Oneida 0
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 0
Ktunaxa (Kutenai) 0
Michif 15
Salish languages 5
Halkomelem 0
Lillooet 0
Ntlakapamux (Thompson) 0
Secwepemctsin (Shuswap) 0
Squamish 0
Straits 0
Syilx (Okanagan) 0
Salish languages, n.i.e. 0
Siouan languages 100
Assiniboine 0
Dakota 10
Stoney 85
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 5
Tsimshian languages 0
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 0
Nisga'a 0
Tsimshian 0
Wakashan languages 0
Haisla 0
Heiltsuk 0
Kwak'wala (Kwakiutl) 0
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0
Indigenous languages, n.i.e. 0
Indigenous languages, n.o.s. 0
Non-Indigenous languages 543,490
Afro-Asiatic languages 52,375
Berber languages 165
Kabyle 95
Tamazight 55
Berber languages, n.i.e. 10
Chadic languages 105
Hausa 105
Mina 0
Coptic 15
Cushitic languages 10,170
Bilen 490
Oromo 2,580
Somali 7,045
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 50
Semitic languages 41,920
Amharic 5,025
Arabic 28,040
Aramaic languages 630
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 310
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 190
Aramaic, n.o.s. 135
Harari 140
Hebrew 415
Maltese 10
Tigrigna 7,600
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 60
Austro-Asiatic languages 17,075
Khmer (Cambodian) 975
Vietnamese 15,945
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e 155
Austronesian languages 82,190
Bikol 200
Bisaya, n.o.s. 1,250
Cebuano 2,990
Fijian 25
Hiligaynon 1,290
Ilocano 4,450
Indonesian 435
Kankanaey 210
Kinaray-a 85
Malagasy languages 20
Merina 0
Malagasy, n.o.s. 20
Malay 65
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 700
Pangasinan 180
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 69,570
Waray-Waray 205
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 500
Creole languages 1,010
Haitian Creole 295
Jamaican English Creole 45
Krio 120
Morisyen 235
Sango 0
Creole, n.o.s. 205
Creole languages, n.i.e. 110
Dravidian languages 11,840
Kannada 305
Malayalam 6,270
Tamil 3,480
Telugu 1,705
Tulu 45
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 35
Georgian 130
Hmong-Mien languages 0
Indo-European languages 265,460
Albanian 1,040
Armenian 245
Balto-Slavic languages 28,760
Baltic languages 345
Latvian 140
Lithuanian 205
Slavic languages 28,415
Belarusian 20
Bulgarian 595
Czech 765
Macedonian 180
Polish 6,810
Russian 10,885
Rusyn 10
Serbo-Croatian 4,370
Bosnian 750
Croatian 1,525
Serbian 2,055
Serbo-Croatian, n.i.e. 35
Slovak 585
Slovene (Slovenian) 105
Ukrainian 4,080
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 15
Celtic languages 50
Irish 15
Scottish Gaelic 20
Welsh 10
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 10
Germanic languages 40,925
Frisian 40
High German languages 29,275
German 29,025
Pennsylvania German 5
Swiss German 240
Yiddish 10
Low Saxon-Low Franconian languages 11,310
Afrikaans 1,720
Dutch 1,520
Low German, n.o.s. 2,280
Low Saxon 135
Plautdietsch 5,620
Vlaams (Flemish) 35
Scandinavian languages 280
Danish 100
Icelandic 25
Norwegian 35
Swedish 130
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 15
Greek 935
Indo-Iranian languages 146,225
Indo-Aryan languages 132,370
Assamese 40
Bengali 5,085
Gujarati 10,620
Hindi 12,295
Kacchi 830
Kashmiri 70
Konkani 130
Marathi 1,145
Nepali 4,280
Oriya languages 75
Odia 55
Oriya, n.o.s. 20
Punjabi (Panjabi) 75,180
Rohingya 15
Sindhi 405
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 1,595
Urdu 20,080
Indo-Aryan languages, n.i.e. 520
Iranian languages 13,835
Baluchi 35
Kurdish 1,310
Parsi 15
Pashto 1,920
Persian languages 10,495
Dari 2,990
Iranian Persian 6,150
Persian (Farsi), n.o.s. 1,360
Iranian languages, n.i.e. 50
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 25
Italic (Romance) languages 47,235
Catalan 45
Italian 2,140
Portuguese 4,585
Romanian 3,525
Spanish 36,925
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 25
Indo-European languages, n.i.e. 50
Japanese 2,195
Korean 14,510
Mongolian 360
Niger-Congo languages 6,470
Akan (Twi) 750
Bamanankan 15
Edo 40
Éwé 50
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 145
Ga 30
Ganda 110
Gikuyu 20
Igbo 445
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 565
Lingala 140
Luba-Kasai 20
Mòoré 20
Mwani 50
Ndebele 140
Rundi (Kirundi) 330
Shona 375
Soninke 15
Sotho-Tswana languages 55
Swahili 1,100
Wojenaka 5
Wolof 175
Yoruba 1,175
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 670
Nilo-Saharan languages 1,265
Dinka 560
Nuer 400
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 280
African, n.o.s. 20
Sign languages 1,325
American Sign Language 1,065
Quebec Sign Language 5
Sign languages, n.i.e. 255
Sino-Tibetan languages 81,325
Chinese languages 79,775
Hakka 310
Mandarin 40,005
Min Dong 20
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 985
Wu (Shanghainese) 265
Yue (Cantonese) 37,205
Chinese, n.o.s. 965
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 25
Tibeto-Burman languages 1,505
Burmese 250
Kuki-Chin languages 120
Karenic languages 565
S'gaw Karen 460
Karenic languages, n.i.e. 105
Tibetan 510
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 60
Sino-Tibetan languages, n.i.e. 50
Tai-Kadai languages 1,410
Lao 430
Thai 930
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e. 50
Turkic languages 2,685
Azerbaijani 235
Kazakh 25
Turkish 2,180
Uyghur 80
Uzbek 125
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 45
Uralic languages 1,805
Estonian 25
Finnish 110
Hungarian 1,675
Other languages, n.i.e. 70
Multiple responses 166,875
English and French 8,010
English and non-official language(s) 152,980
French and non-official language(s) 770
English, French and non-official language(s) 1,755
Multiple non-official languages 3,355
Other language spoken regularly at home
Total - Other language(s) spoken regularly at home for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% data42 4,221,835
None 3,610,710
English 224,860
French 30,900
Non-official language 279,795
Indigenous39 10,470
Non-Indigenous 269,325
English and French 2,825
English and non-official language(s) 34,750
French and non-official language(s) 7,875
English, French and non-official language(s) 565
Multiple non-official languages 29,550
Knowledge of languagesThe letter 'c' in a yellow triangle indicates a correction notice.
Total - Knowledge of languages for the population in private households - 25% sample data43 4,177,720
Official languages 4,113,035
English 4,109,720
French 260,415
Non-official languages 1,215,795
Indigenous languages39 32,910
Algonquian languages 29,220
Blackfoot 6,605
Cree-Innu languages 22,000
Atikamekw 0
Cree languages 21,980
Ililimowin (Moose Cree) 10
Inu Ayimun (Southern East Cree) 15
Iyiyiw-Ayimiwin (Northern East Cree) 190
Nehinawewin (Swampy Cree) 150
Nehiyawewin (Plains Cree) 4,265
Nihithawiwin (Woods Cree) 2,155
Cree, n.o.s. 15,405
Innu (Montagnais) 20
Naskapi 0
Eastern Algonquian languages 50
Mi'kmaq 50
Wolastoqewi (Malecite) 0
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 1,050
Anicinabemowin (Algonquin) 10
Oji-Cree 40
Ojibway languages 1,020
Anishinaabemowin (Chippewa) 70
Daawaamwin (Odawa) 0
Saulteau (Western Ojibway) 635
Ojibway, n.o.s. 320
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 0
Athabaskan languages 2,510
Northern Athabaskan languages 2,490
Dakelh (Carrier) 20
Dane-zaa (Beaver) 60
Dene, n.o.s. 1,760
Gwich'in 20
Slavey-Hare languages 395
Deh Gah Ghotie Zhatie (South Slavey) 285
Satuotine Yati (North Slavey) 25
Slavey, n.o.s. 125
Tahltan languages 20
Kaska (Nahani) 0
Tahltan 15
Tlicho (Dogrib) 80
Tse'khene (Sekani) 0
Tsilhqot'in (Chilcotin) 0
Tsuu T'ina (Sarsi) 170
Tutchone languages 0
Northern Tutchone 0
Southern Tutchone 0
Tutchone, n.o.s. 0
Wetsuwet'en-Babine 10
Tlingit 15
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 10
Haida 15
Inuktut (Inuit) languages 180
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 20
Inuinnaqtun 0
Inuvialuktun 20
Inuktitut 160
Inuktut (Inuit) languages, n.i.e. 0
Iroquoian languages 40
Cayuga 0
Mohawk 40
Oneida 0
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 0
Ktunaxa (Kutenai) 20
Michif 235
Salish languages 20
Halkomelem 0
Lillooet 0
Ntlakapamux (Thompson) 15
Secwepemctsin (Shuswap) 0
Squamish 0
Straits 0
Syilx (Okanagan) 0
Salish languages, n.i.e. 0
Siouan languages 1,155
Assiniboine 130
Dakota 200
Stoney 890
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 90
Tsimshian languages 15
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 0
Nisga'a 0
Tsimshian 10
Wakashan languages 30
Haisla 0
Heiltsuk 0
Kwak'wala (Kwakiutl) 15
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0
Indigenous languages, n.i.e. 25
Indigenous languages, n.o.s. 105
Non-Indigenous languages 1,183,510
Afro-Asiatic languages 123,440
Berber languages 630
Kabyle 425
Tamazight 180
Berber languages, n.i.e. 55
Chadic languages 845
Hausa 810
Mina 35
Coptic 135
Cushitic languages 20,915
Bilen 810
Oromo 5,390
Somali 14,865
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 170
Semitic languages 105,580
Amharic 15,775
Arabic 76,760
Aramaic languages 1,125
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 470
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 435
Aramaic, n.o.s. 235
Harari 365
Hebrew 3,710
Maltese 80
Tigrigna 15,380
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 420
Austro-Asiatic languages 35,940
Khmer (Cambodian) 2,685
Vietnamese 33,020
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e 390
Austronesian languages 181,630
Bikol 1,140
Bisaya, n.o.s. 3,010
Cebuano 8,560
Fijian 330
Hiligaynon 3,750
Ilocano 13,710
Indonesian 2,410
Kankanaey 615
Kinaray-a 175
Malagasy languages 80
Merina 0
Malagasy, n.o.s. 70
Malay 1,705
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 2,670
Pangasinan 1,215
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 172,625
Waray-Waray 1,015
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 5,045
Creole languages 5,360
Haitian Creole 1,435
Jamaican English Creole 480
Krio 530
Morisyen 855
Sango 30
Creole, n.o.s. 1,250
Creole languages, n.i.e. 1,160
Dravidian languages 25,790
Kannada 1,785
Malayalam 12,090
Tamil 10,105
Telugu 5,040
Tulu 160
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 105
Georgian 315
Hmong-Mien languages 0
Indo-European languages 607,625
Albanian 3,130
Armenian 795
Balto-Slavic languages 88,305
Baltic languages 975
Latvian 330
Lithuanian 650
Slavic languages 87,775
Belarusian 280
Bulgarian 1,680
Czech 3,880
Macedonian 635
Polish 22,385
Russian 29,760
Rusyn 40
Serbo-Croatian 13,860
Bosnian 3,470
Croatian 6,945
Serbian 6,415
Serbo-Croatian, n.i.e. 260
Slovak 2,540
Slovene (Slovenian) 770
Ukrainian 23,340
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 55
Celtic languages 1,175
Irish 535
Scottish Gaelic 240
Welsh 335
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 70
Germanic languages 107,065
Frisian 385
High German languages 66,405
German 65,370
Pennsylvania German 30
Swiss German 1,585
Yiddish 215
Low Saxon-Low Franconian languages 38,720
Afrikaans 5,940
Dutch 17,170
Low German, n.o.s. 4,055
Low Saxon 290
Plautdietsch 11,395
Vlaams (Flemish) 370
Scandinavian languages 5,305
Danish 2,525
Icelandic 135
Norwegian 1,235
Swedish 1,620
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 105
Greek 4,645
Indo-Iranian languages 266,095
Indo-Aryan languages 242,500
Assamese 190
Bengali 10,675
Gujarati 24,780
Hindi 94,015
Kacchi 3,495
Kashmiri 335
Konkani 860
Marathi 4,030
Nepali 6,995
Oriya languages 245
Odia 80
Oriya, n.o.s. 170
Punjabi (Panjabi) 126,385
Rohingya 0
Sindhi 1,380
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 3,960
Urdu 51,540
Indo-Aryan languages, n.i.e. 2,125
Iranian languages 27,205
Baluchi 95
Kurdish 2,510
Parsi 35
Pashto 4,550
Persian languages 20,940
Dari 7,385
Iranian Persian 11,130
Persian (Farsi), n.o.s. 2,710
Iranian languages, n.i.e. 205
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 315
Italic (Romance) languages 154,035
Catalan 155
Italian 19,480
Portuguese 14,645
Romanian 9,765
Spanish 116,070
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 455
Indo-European languages, n.i.e. 300
Japanese 10,925
Korean 23,030
Mongolian 790
Niger-Congo languages 41,335
Akan (Twi) 3,555
Bamanankan 130
Edo 735
Éwé 490
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 475
Ga 515
Ganda 730
Gikuyu 420
Igbo 4,685
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 1,955
Lingala 1,555
Luba-Kasai 205
Mòoré 110
Mwani 330
Ndebele 950
Rundi (Kirundi) 1,305
Shona 2,160
Soninke 125
Sotho-Tswana languages 320
Swahili 9,495
Wojenaka 145
Wolof 730
Yoruba 10,490
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 6,385
Nilo-Saharan languages 3,615
Dinka 1,595
Nuer 745
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 1,285
African, n.o.s. 440
Sign languages 6,525
American Sign Language 5,685
Quebec Sign Language 30
Sign languages, n.i.e. 970
Sino-Tibetan languages 144,545
Chinese languages 141,465
Hakka 1,450
Mandarin 82,095
Min Dong 55
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 4,250
Wu (Shanghainese) 615
Yue (Cantonese) 74,960
Chinese, n.o.s. 1,795
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 105
Tibeto-Burman languages 3,035
Burmese 895
Kuki-Chin languages 160
Karenic languages 1,095
S'gaw Karen 970
Karenic languages, n.i.e. 170
Tibetan 825
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 325
Sino-Tibetan languages, n.i.e. 240
Tai-Kadai languages 4,335
Lao 1,515
Thai 3,030
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e. 220
Turkic languages 7,450
Azerbaijani 950
Kazakh 235
Turkish 5,830
Uyghur 205
Uzbek 435
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 260
Uralic languages 7,950
Estonian 245
Finnish 1,020
Hungarian 6,700
Other languages, n.i.e. 1,135
Indigenous population
Total - Indigenous identity for the population in private households - 25% sample data44 4,177,715
Indigenous identity45 284,470
Single Indigenous responses46 276,060
First Nations (North American Indian) 145,640
Métis 127,470
Inuk (Inuit) 2,945
Multiple Indigenous responses47 4,785
Indigenous responses not included elsewhere48 3,620
Non-Indigenous identity 3,893,245
Total - Registered or Treaty Indian status for the population in private households - 25% sample data44 4,177,715
Registered or Treaty Indian49 126,530
Not a Registered or Treaty Indian 4,051,185
Household characteristics
Total - Private households by tenure - 25% sample data50 1,633,220
Owner 1,157,495
Renter 465,220
Dwelling provided by the local government, First Nation or Indian band 10,505
Total - Occupied private dwellings by condominium status - 25% sample data51 1,633,220
Condominium 294,875
Not condominium 1,338,345
Total - Occupied private dwellings by number of bedrooms - 25% sample data52 1,633,220
No bedrooms 9,160
1 bedroom 158,300
2 bedrooms 350,400
3 bedrooms 566,750
4 or more bedrooms 548,610
Total - Occupied private dwellings by number of rooms - 25% sample data53 1,633,220
1 to 4 rooms 427,120
5 rooms 258,680
6 rooms 235,145
7 rooms 206,130
8 or more rooms 506,150
Average number of rooms per dwelling 6.4
Total - Private households by number of persons per room - 25% sample data54 1,633,220
One person or fewer per room 1,589,600
More than one person per room 43,620
Total - Private households by housing suitability - 25% sample data55 1,633,220
Suitable 1,556,960
Not suitable 76,260
Total - Occupied private dwellings by period of construction - 25% sample data56 1,633,220
1960 or before 168,925
1961 to 1980 428,655
1981 to 1990 188,550
1991 to 2000 224,315
2001 to 2005 152,840
2006 to 2010 168,905
2011 to 2015 161,095
2016 to 202157 139,935
Total - Occupied private dwellings by dwelling condition - 25% sample data58 1,633,220
Only regular maintenance and minor repairs needed 1,543,795
Major repairs needed 89,420
Total - Private households by number of household maintainers - 25% sample data59 1,633,220
One-maintainer household 802,915
Two-maintainer household 745,175
Three-or-more-maintainer household 85,130
Total - Private households by age of primary household maintainers - 25% sample data60 1,633,220
15 to 24 years 51,475
25 to 34 years 260,820
35 to 44 years 341,390
45 to 54 years 304,080
55 to 64 years 311,335
65 to 74 years 222,825
75 to 84 years 105,505
85 years and over 35,775
Total - Owner and tenant households with household total income greater than zero, in non-farm, non-reserve private dwellings by shelter-cost-to-income ratio - 25% sample data61 1,588,960
Spending less than 30% of income on shelter costs 1,251,370
Spending 30% or more of income on shelter costs 337,585
30% to less than 100% 306,355
Total - Occupied private dwellings by housing indicators - 25% sample data62 1,633,220
Total - Households 'spending 30% or more of income on shelter costs' or 'not suitable' or 'major repairs needed' 463,775
Spending 30% or more of income on shelter costs only 304,300
Not suitable only 58,970
Major repairs needed only 61,750
'Spending 30% or more of income on shelter costs' and 'not suitable' 11,080
'Spending 30% or more of income on shelter costs' and 'major repairs needed' 21,460
'Not suitable' and 'major repairs needed' 5,470
'Spending 30% or more of income on shelter costs' and 'not suitable' and 'major repairs needed' 740
Acceptable housing 1,169,450
Total - Owner and tenant households with household total income greater than zero and shelter-cost-to-income ratio less than 100%, in non-farm, non-reserve private dwellings - 25% sample data63 1,557,725
In core need 154,230
Not in core need 1,403,495
Total - Owner households in non-farm, non-reserve private dwellings - 25% sample data 1,131,995
% of owner households with a mortgage64 64.2
% of owner households spending 30% or more of its income on shelter costs61 16.0
% in core housing need63 5.6
Median monthly shelter costs for owned dwellings ($)65 1,600
Average monthly shelter costs for owned dwellings ($)65 1,678
Median value of dwellings ($)66 400,000
Average value of dwellings ($)66 448,800
Total - Tenant households in non-farm, non-reserve private dwellings - 25% sample data 463,570
% of tenant households in subsidized housing67 9.1
% of tenant households spending 30% or more of its income on shelter costs61 34.0
% in core housing need63 20.7
Median monthly shelter costs for rented dwellings ($)65 1,280
Average monthly shelter costs for rented dwellings ($)65 1,332
Total - Households living in a dwelling provided by the local government, First Nation or Indian band in non-farm private dwellings - 25% sample data 10,505
% of households living in a dwelling provided by the local government, First Nation or Indian band spending more than 30% on shelter costs61 5.5
Median monthly shelter costs for dwellings provided by local government, First Nation or Indian band ($)65 302
Average monthly shelter costs for dwellings provided by local government, First Nation or Indian band ($)65 350
Indigenous ancestry
Total - Indigenous ancestry for the population in private households - 25% sample data68 4,177,715
Indigenous ancestry (only)69 135,650
Single Indigenous ancestry (only)70 131,200
First Nations (North American Indian) single ancestry 101,455
Métis single ancestry 28,695
Inuit single ancestry 1,050
Multiple Indigenous ancestries (only)71 4,455
First Nations (North American Indian) and Métis ancestry only 4,090
First Nations (North American Indian) and Inuit ancestry only 160
Métis and Inuit ancestry only 160
First Nations (North American Indian) and Métis and Inuit ancestry only 50
Indigenous and non-Indigenous ancestries72 187,365
Single Indigenous and non-Indigenous ancestries73 180,640
First Nations (North American Indian) and non-Indigenous ancestry only 102,335
Métis and non-Indigenous ancestry only 76,055
Inuit and non-Indigenous ancestry only 2,255
Multiple Indigenous and non-Indigenous ancestries74 6,720
First Nations (North American Indian) and Métis and non-Indigenous ancestry only 6,150
First Nations (North American Indian) and Inuit and non-Indigenous ancestry only 315
Métis and Inuit and non-Indigenous ancestry only 205
First Nations (North American Indian) and Métis and Inuit and non-Indigenous ancestry only 50
Non-Indigenous ancestry only75 3,854,695
Citizenship
Total - Citizenship for the population in private households - 25% sample data76 4,177,720
Canadian citizens77 3,792,705
Canadian citizens aged under 18 900,670
Canadian citizens aged 18 and over 2,892,035
Not Canadian citizens78 385,010
Immigrant status and period of immigration
Total - Immigrant status and period of immigration for the population in private households - 25% sample data79 4,177,720
Non-immigrants80 3,141,915
Immigrants81 970,970
Before 1980 127,275
1980 to 1990 91,320
1991 to 2000 126,605
2001 to 2010 239,260
2011 to 202182 386,510
2011 to 2015 193,335
2016 to 2021 193,175
Non-permanent residents83 64,830
Age at immigration
Total - Age at immigration for the immigrant population in private households - 25% sample data84 970,975
Under 5 years 85,135
5 to 14 years 169,075
15 to 24 years 175,855
25 to 44 years 450,070
45 years and over 90,845
Selected places of birth for the immigrant population
Total - Place of birth for the immigrant population in private households - 25% sample data85 970,975
Americas 110,855
Brazil 3,800
Colombia 10,385
El Salvador 6,940
Guyana 2,375
Haiti 1,370
Jamaica 8,695
Mexico 17,990
Peru 1,905
Trinidad and Tobago 3,360
United States of America 30,540
Other places of birth in Americas 23,500
Europe 180,590
Bosnia and Herzegovina 4,335
Croatia 3,405
France 2,720
Germany 16,635
Greece 1,895
Hungary 3,080
Italy 6,990
Netherlands 12,730
Poland 15,595
Portugal 3,730
Romania 7,190
Russian Federation 7,470
Serbia86 2,220
Ukraine 8,915
United Kingdom87 56,675
Other places of birth in Europe 26,990
Africa 119,295
Algeria 1,220
Congo, Democratic Republic of the 3,215
Egypt 6,760
Eritrea 9,720
Ethiopia 14,420
Morocco 2,130
Nigeria 21,065
Somalia 8,545
South Africa, Republic of 8,960
Other places of birth in Africa 43,250
Asia 549,965
Afghanistan 6,585
Iran88 8,865
Iraq 6,220
Lebanon 9,960
Syria89 9,975
Turkey 2,830
China90 61,390
Hong Kong91 18,725
Korea, South92 16,180
Taiwan 3,395
Philippines 167,735
Viet Nam 27,880
Bangladesh 6,035
India 122,150
Pakistan 30,810
Sri Lanka 4,930
Other places of birth in Asia 46,305
Oceania and other places of birth93 10,275
Selected places of birth for the recent immigrant population
Total - Place of birth for the recent immigrant population in private households - 25% sample data94 193,170
Americas 19,300
Brazil 1,365
Colombia 1,310
Haiti 220
Jamaica 2,130
Mexico 4,165
United States of America 5,175
Venezuela95 1,220
Other places of birth in Americas 3,715
Europe 15,750
France 405
Germany 750
Ireland96 1,060
Italy 470
Russian Federation 1,090
Ukraine 2,045
United Kingdom87 3,800
Other places of birth in Europe 6,135
Africa 34,320
Algeria 155
Burundi 450
Cameroon 905
Congo, Democratic Republic of the 920
Côte d'Ivoire 265
Egypt 1,190
Eritrea 5,120
Ethiopia 3,960
Morocco 510
Nigeria 9,840
Somalia 1,960
South Africa, Republic of 1,950
Sudan97 1,135
Tunisia 250
Other places of birth in Africa 5,725
Asia 122,360
Afghanistan 1,350
Bangladesh 1,135
China90 9,495
Hong Kong91 730
India 31,815
Iran88 1,420
Iraq 1,305
Israel 660
Japan 335
Jordan 455
Korea, South92 3,425
Lebanon 955
Nepal 1,365
Pakistan 4,085
Philippines 47,605
Saudi Arabia 690
Sri Lanka 740
Syria89 7,295
Turkey 845
United Arab Emirates 690
Viet Nam 1,760
Other places of birth in Asia 4,205
Oceania and other93 1,445
Australia 940
Other places of birth98 500
Generation status
Total - Generation status for the population in private households - 25% sample data99 4,177,715
First generation100 1,074,140
Second generation101 777,505
Third generation or more102 2,326,075
Admission category and applicant type
Total - Admission category and applicant type for the immigrant population in private households who were admitted between 1980 and 2021 - 25% sample data103 843,700
Economic immigrants104 471,325
Principal applicants105 192,785
Secondary applicants106 278,535
Immigrants sponsored by family107 240,090
Refugees108 123,970
Other immigrants109 8,315
Pre-admission experience
Total - Pre-admission experience for the immigrant population in private households who were admitted between 1980 and 2021 - 25% sample data110 843,700
Asylum claim before admission111 29,815
Work permits only before admission112 126,640
Study permits only before admission113 24,340
Work and study permits before admission114 47,540
Other permits before admission115 3,740
No pre-admission experience116 611,625
Visible minority
Total - Visible minority for the population in private households - 25% sample data117 4,177,715
Total visible minority population118 1,161,420
South Asian 297,650
Chinese 164,235
Black 177,940
Filipino 216,710
Arab 69,505
Latin American 66,520
Southeast Asian 54,005
West Asian 25,075
Korean 24,365
Japanese 13,560
Visible minority, n.i.e.119 12,100
Multiple visible minorities 39,745
Not a visible minority120 3,016,295
Ethnic or cultural origin
Total - Ethnic or cultural origin for the population in private households - 25% sample data121 4,177,720
Canadian 484,655
English 766,070
Irish 561,915
Scottish 631,015
French, n.o.s.122 340,900
German 641,025
Chinese 177,990
Italian 98,730
Indian (India) 155,700
Ukrainian 343,640
Dutch 174,625
Polish 169,925
Québécois 5,380
British Isles, n.o.s.123 124,835
Filipino 203,955
French Canadian 32,365
Caucasian (White), n.o.s.124 73,475
First Nations (North American Indian), n.o.s.125 73,355
Métis 115,455
European, n.o.s.126 70,790
Russian 97,890
Norwegian 154,535
Welsh 76,810
Portuguese 21,415
American 66,100
Spanish 40,165
Swedish 92,975
Hungarian 51,360
Acadian 10,110
Pakistani 39,535
African, n.o.s.127 34,225
Jewish 14,405
Punjabi 37,585
Vietnamese 39,395
Arab, n.o.s.128 23,860
Greek 13,980
Jamaican 15,620
Asian, n.o.s.129 31,255
Cree, n.o.s.130 62,465
Korean 24,170
Romanian 31,530
Lebanese 28,480
Iranian 10,550
Christian, n.i.e.131 14,380
Danish 56,190
North American Indigenous, n.o.s.132 26,435
Sikh 28,860
Austrian 36,220
Belgian 21,985
Haitian 2,460
Hindu 20,535
Mexican 25,450
Mennonite 31,565
Swiss 22,450
Finnish 18,705
Sri Lankan 5,140
Croatian 13,720
Japanese 18,605
South Asian, n.o.s.133 8,945
Mi'kmaq, n.o.s.134 8,305
Northern European, n.o.s.135 25,800
Muslim 12,420
Egyptian 9,585
Latin, Central or South American, n.o.s.136 12,105
Tamil 3,160
Icelandic 19,720
Colombian 11,115
Moroccan 2,620
Czech 19,730
Syrian 9,520
Guyanese 3,370
Afghan 10,380
Black, n.o.s.137 6,880
Serbian 7,410
Ojibway 4,680
Newfoundlander 8,615
Hong Konger 6,715
Ontarian 3,155
Persian 4,640
Trinidadian/Tobagonian 4,595
Turkish 6,670
Inuit, n.o.s.138 3,935
Bangladeshi 6,525
Algerian 1,300
Brazilian 5,000
Nigerian 14,600
Armenian 1,870
Slovak 10,525
Eastern European, n.o.s.139 7,430
Somali 16,310
Taiwanese 3,630
Iraqi 4,725
Salvadorean 7,055
African Caribbean 2,290
East or Southeast Asian, n.o.s.140 7,445
West or Central Asian or Middle Eastern, n.o.s.141 5,800
Caribbean, n.o.s.142 3,670
Algonquin 1,680
West Indian, n.o.s.143 2,215
Lithuanian 5,670
South African 8,400
Australian 8,395
Palestinian 4,425
Chilean 7,350
Congolese 3,540
Nova Scotian 2,590
Ethiopian 13,505
Hispanic, n.o.s.144 5,735
Peruvian 2,670
Yoruba 8,895
Cambodian (Khmer) 4,535
Berber 995
Albanian 3,240
Maltese 1,535
Macedonian 925
Slovenian 3,860
Western European, n.o.s.145 5,220
New Brunswicker 1,545
Gujarati 4,210
Eritrean 11,010
African Canadian 2,605
Israeli 1,920
Mohawk 1,965
Czechoslovakian, n.o.s.146 8,235
Bulgarian 2,490
Albertan 26,600
Ghanaian 4,015
Barbadian 1,725
African American 3,250
Yugoslavian, n.o.s.147 4,085
Tunisian 855
Slavic, n.o.s.148 3,640
Cuban 2,125
Bosnian 4,170
Venezuelan 4,240
Innu/Montagnais, n.o.s.149 250
Latvian 2,920
Bengali 2,190
Cameroonian 2,205
Guatemalan 2,395
Indonesian 3,640
Laotian 2,460
Ilocano 6,045
Northern Irish 2,525
Celtic, n.o.s.150 2,405
British Columbian 1,940
Ecuadorian 980
Franco Ontarian 320
Argentinian 2,030
Estonian 2,640
Kurdish 2,290
Fijian 4,155
Jatt 2,875
North American, n.o.s.151 2,195
Coptic 1,285
Thai 3,535
Dominican 1,005
Nepali 5,140
Kabyle 225
Assyrian 690
Igbo 5,245
Byelorussian 2,310
Dene, n.o.s.152 4,220
Blackfoot, n.o.s.153 11,115
Abenaki 135
Moldovan 2,070
Iroquois (Haudenosaunee), n.o.s.154 1,360
New Zealander 3,175
Sudanese 5,225
Breton 320
Pennsylvania Dutch 1,950
Malaysian 2,640
Plains Cree 5,360
North African, n.o.s.155 965
Huron (Wendat) 240
Saskatchewanian 4,150
Buddhist 2,200
Gaspesian 80
Norman 495
Southern or East African, n.o.s.156 2,715
Ivorian 685
Saulteaux 1,990
Anishinaabe, n.o.s.157 550
Burundian 1,155
Tigrinya 5,075
Nicaraguan 1,780
Mauritian 985
Kenyan 2,710
Oji-Cree 135
Vincentian 445
Jordanian 1,175
Manitoban 1,595
Cape Bretoner 665
Rwandan 1,605
Grenadian 600
Malayali 1,705
Chaldean 255
Sinhalese 1,220
Mayan 1,405
Honduran 905
Cherokee 2,075
Qalipu Mi'kmaq 910
Indo-Caribbean 310
Flemish 1,530
United Empire Loyalist 520
Senegalese 380
Azerbaijani 975
Sicilian 345
Pashtun 1,370
Malay 1,785
Goan 565
Bantu, n.o.s.158 865
Tibetan 850
Zimbabwean 2,825
Burmese 1,115
Mongolian 1,690
Azorean 230
Atikamekw 30
Bamileke 340
Indo-Guyanese 250
Ugandan 1,595
Oromo 3,745
Tanzanian 1,500
Yemeni 1,160
Central African 320
Libyan 1,010
Basque 475
Uruguayan 285
Akan, n.o.s.159 840
Central or West African, n.o.s.160 735
Igorot 2,535
Fulani 370
Woodland Cree 2,295
Guinean 370
St. Lucian 535
Prince Edward Islander 585
Maliseet 110
Beninese 320
Telugu 580
Roma 655
Costa Rican 595
African Nova Scotian 225
Malagasy 125
Kashmiri 1,195
Singaporean 780
Karen 1,120
Edo 1,145
Tajik 370
Amhara 1,755
Paraguayan 310
Religion
Total - Religion for the population in private households - 25% sample data161 4,177,715
Buddhist 42,830
Christian 2,009,820
Christian, n.o.s.162 429,375
Anabaptist 20,035
Anglican 95,560
Baptist 44,605
Catholic 833,025
Christian Orthodox 63,775
Jehovah's Witness 18,185
Latter Day Saints 47,125
Lutheran 78,925
Methodist and Wesleyan (Holiness) 9,640
Pentecostal and other Charismatic 53,900
Presbyterian 22,850
Reformed 14,735
United Church 153,820
Other Christian and Christian-related traditions 124,265
Hindu 78,520
Jewish 11,390
Muslim 202,535
Sikh 103,600
Traditional (North American Indigenous) spirituality 19,755
Other religions and spiritual traditions 33,220
No religion and secular perspectives 1,676,045
Mobility status 1 year ago
Total - Mobility status 1 year ago - 25% sample data163 4,131,540
Non-movers 3,583,005
Movers 548,535
Non-migrants 367,325
Migrants 181,205
Internal migrants 152,655
Intraprovincial migrants 107,180
Interprovincial migrants 45,475
External migrants 28,555
Mobility status 5 years ago
Total - Mobility status 5 years ago - 25% sample data164 3,930,000
Non-movers 2,314,250
Movers 1,615,755
Non-migrants 854,765
Migrants 760,990
Internal migrants 596,980
Intraprovincial migrants 431,785
Interprovincial migrants 165,195
External migrants 164,015
Secondary (high) school diploma or equivalency certificate
Total - Secondary (high) school diploma or equivalency certificate for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data165 3,375,130
No high school diploma or equivalency certificate 595,665
With high school diploma or equivalency certificate166 2,779,465
Total - Secondary (high) school diploma or equivalency certificate for the population aged 25 to 64 years in private households - 25% sample data165 2,298,165
No high school diploma or equivalency certificate 274,480
With high school diploma or equivalency certificate166 2,023,680
Highest certificate, diploma or degree
Total - Highest certificate, diploma or degree for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data165 3,375,135
No certificate, diploma or degree 522,835
High (secondary) school diploma or equivalency certificate167 972,110
Postsecondary certificate, diploma or degree 1,880,185
Postsecondary certificate or diploma below bachelor level 1,014,810
Apprenticeship or trades certificate or diploma 295,285
Non-apprenticeship trades certificate or diploma168 87,195
Apprenticeship certificate169 208,090
College, CEGEP or other non-university certificate or diploma170 612,690
University certificate or diploma below bachelor level 106,840
Bachelor's degree or higher 865,370
Bachelor's degree 605,025
University certificate or diploma above bachelor level 44,915
Degree in medicine, dentistry, veterinary medicine or optometry 23,880
Master's degree 164,245
Earned doctorate171 27,315
Total - Highest certificate, diploma or degree for the population aged 25 to 64 years in private households - 25% sample data165 2,298,160
No certificate, diploma or degree 227,880
High (secondary) school diploma or equivalency certificate167 581,820
Postsecondary certificate, diploma or degree 1,488,465
Postsecondary certificate or diploma below bachelor level 774,420
Apprenticeship or trades certificate or diploma 220,930
Non-apprenticeship trades certificate or diploma168 61,815
Apprenticeship certificate169 159,110
College, CEGEP or other non-university certificate or diploma170 472,155
University certificate or diploma below bachelor level 81,335
Bachelor's degree or higher 714,040
Bachelor's degree 497,885
University certificate or diploma above bachelor level 35,125
Degree in medicine, dentistry, veterinary medicine or optometry 20,045
Master's degree 139,935
Earned doctorate171 21,050
Major field of study - Classification of Instructional Programs (CIP) 2021
Total - Major field of study - Classification of Instructional Programs (CIP) 2021 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data172 3,375,130
No postsecondary certificate, diploma or degree173 1,494,945
Education 129,710
13. Education 129,710
Visual and performing arts, and communications technologies 49,820
10. Communications technologies/technicians and support services 5,805
50. Visual and performing arts 44,015
Humanities 75,030
16. Indigenous and foreign languages, literatures, and linguistics 7,385
23. English language and literature/letters 15,425
24. Liberal arts and sciences, general studies and humanities 24,015
30A Interdisciplinary humanities174 1,165
38. Philosophy and religious studies 5,555
39. Theology and religious vocations 11,680
54. History 8,065
55. French language and literature/lettersCAN 1,735
Social and behavioural sciences and law 177,435
05. Area, ethnic, cultural, gender, and group studies 2,750
09. Communication, journalism and related programs 21,730
19. Family and consumer sciences/human sciences 29,220
22. Legal professions and studies 31,215
30B Interdisciplinary social and behavioural sciences175 3,045
42. Psychology 31,925
45. Social sciences 57,565
Business, management and public administration 390,110
30.16 Accounting and computer science 615
44. Public administration and social service professions 23,375
52. Business, management, marketing and related support services 366,120
Physical and life sciences and technologies 80,425
26. Biological and biomedical sciences 29,505
30.01 Biological and physical sciences 18,630
30C Other interdisciplinary physical and life sciences176 1,115
40. Physical sciences 26,315
41. Science technologies/technicians 4,860
Mathematics, computer and information sciences 71,380
11. Computer and information sciences and support services 58,030
25. Library science 4,400
27. Mathematics and statistics 7,770
30D Interdisciplinary mathematics, computer and information sciences177 1,190
Architecture, engineering, and related trades 461,075
04. Architecture and related services 12,095
14. Engineering 114,735
15. Engineering/engineering-related technologies/technicians 106,575
30.12 Historic preservation and conservation 50
46. Construction trades 95,890
47. Mechanic and repair technologies/technicians 82,805
48. Precision production 48,925
Agriculture, natural resources and conservation 51,710
01. Agricultural and veterinary sciences/services/operations and related fields178 35,010
03. Natural resources and conservation 16,700
Health and related fields 295,415
30.37 Design for human health 0
31. Parks, recreation, leisure, fitness, and kinesiology 20,505
51. Health professions and related programs178 267,750
60. Health professions residency/fellowship programs 475
61. Medical residency/fellowship programs 6,680
Personal, protective and transportation services 97,660
12. Culinary, entertainment, and personal services 57,430
28. Military science, leadership and operational art 365
29. Military technologies and applied sciences 705
43. Security and protective services 19,025
49. Transportation and materials moving 20,125
Other179 420
Total - Major field of study - Classification of Instructional Programs (CIP) 2021 for the population aged 25 to 64 years in private households - 25% sample data172 2,298,165
No postsecondary certificate, diploma or degree173 809,700
Education 92,240
13. Education 92,240
Visual and performing arts, and communications technologies 39,730
10. Communications technologies/technicians and support services 4,065
50. Visual and performing arts 35,665
Humanities 58,200
16. Indigenous and foreign languages, literatures, and linguistics 5,945
23. English language and literature/letters 12,145
24. Liberal arts and sciences, general studies and humanities 19,305
30A Interdisciplinary humanities174 890
38. Philosophy and religious studies 4,385
39. Theology and religious vocations 8,135
54. History 6,205
55. French language and literature/lettersCAN 1,190
Social and behavioural sciences and law 146,530
05. Area, ethnic, cultural, gender, and group studies 2,315
09. Communication, journalism and related programs 18,890
19. Family and consumer sciences/human sciences 23,325
22. Legal professions and studies 25,940
30B Interdisciplinary social and behavioural sciences175 2,545
42. Psychology 25,775
45. Social sciences 47,735
Business, management and public administration 317,125
30.16 Accounting and computer science 450
44. Public administration and social service professions 18,680
52. Business, management, marketing and related support services 297,995
Physical and life sciences and technologies 61,555
26. Biological and biomedical sciences 23,290
30.01 Biological and physical sciences 14,260
30C Other interdisciplinary physical and life sciences176 900
40. Physical sciences 19,655
41. Science technologies/technicians 3,445
Mathematics, computer and information sciences 61,125
11. Computer and information sciences and support services 51,435
25. Library science 2,945
27. Mathematics and statistics 5,775
30D Interdisciplinary mathematics, computer and information sciences177 965
Architecture, engineering, and related trades 362,315
04. Architecture and related services 9,600
14. Engineering 95,200
15. Engineering/engineering-related technologies/technicians 84,485
30.12 Historic preservation and conservation 40
46. Construction trades 73,955
47. Mechanic and repair technologies/technicians 61,780
48. Precision production 37,260
Agriculture, natural resources and conservation 40,085
01. Agricultural and veterinary sciences/services/operations and related fields178 26,160
03. Natural resources and conservation 13,925
Health and related fields 232,820
30.37 Design for human health 0
31. Parks, recreation, leisure, fitness, and kinesiology 16,345
51. Health professions and related programs178 210,650
60. Health professions residency/fellowship programs 400
61. Medical residency/fellowship programs 5,430
Personal, protective and transportation services 76,410
12. Culinary, entertainment, and personal services 43,535
28. Military science, leadership and operational art 300
29. Military technologies and applied sciences 445
43. Security and protective services 15,885
49. Transportation and materials moving 16,245
Other179 350
Location of study compared with province or territory of residence
Total - Location of study compared with province or territory of residence for the population aged 25 to 64 years in private households - 25% sample data180 2,298,165
No postsecondary certificate, diploma or degree 809,700
Postsecondary certificate, diploma or degree181 1,488,465
Location of study inside Canada 1,157,790
Same as province or territory of residence 886,080
Different than province or territory of residence 271,710
Location of study outside Canada182 330,675
Americas 54,515
United States of America 34,460
Mexico 4,820
Cuba 625
Haiti 190
Jamaica 1,470
Brazil 2,480
Colombia 3,200
Peru 640
Venezuela95 2,395
Other locations of study in Americas 4,235
Europe 54,920
Belgium 510
France 2,005
Germany 3,195
Netherlands 2,110
Switzerland 945
Hungary 645
Moldova183 980
Poland 3,150
Romania 2,790
Russian Federation 3,450
Ukraine 4,305
Ireland96 1,865
United Kingdom87 20,280
Bosnia and Herzegovina 730
Italy 660
Serbia86 755
Other locations of study in Europe 6,550
Africa 26,775
Nigeria 7,795
Algeria 670
Morocco 1,085
Tunisia 505
Egypt 3,230
South Africa, Republic of 3,660
Other locations of study in Africa 9,830
Asia 188,060
Iran88 3,440
Iraq 1,435
Israel 655
Lebanon 1,500
Syria89 1,370
Turkey 895
China90 17,320
Taiwan 960
Hong Kong91 1,245
Japan 1,935
Korea, South92 6,990
Philippines 74,205
Viet Nam 1,500
Bangladesh 2,470
Sri Lanka 1,280
India 52,120
Pakistan 10,355
Other locations of study in Asia 8,390
Oceania 6,410
Australia 4,880
New Zealand 1,105
Other locations of study in Oceania 425
Labour force status
Total - Population aged 15 years and over by labour force status - 25% sample data184 3,375,135
In the labour force 2,295,380
Employed 2,030,730
Unemployed 264,650
Not in the labour force 1,079,750
Participation rate 68.0
Employment rate 60.2
Unemployment rate 11.5
Work activity during the reference year
Total - Population aged 15 years and over by work activity during the reference year - 25% sample data185 3,375,130
Did not work186 1,140,745
Worked 2,234,385
Worked full year full time187 1,164,455
Worked part year and/or part time188 1,069,930
Average weeks worked in reference year 40.8
Class of worker including job permanency
Total - Labour force aged 15 years and over by class of worker including job permanency - 25% sample data189 2,295,380
Class of worker - not applicable190 70,455
All classes of workers191 2,224,920
Employee 1,876,950
Permanent position 1,560,435
Temporary position 316,520
Fixed term (1 year or more) 97,610
Casual, seasonal or short-term position (less than 1 year) 218,905
Self-employed192 347,975
Occupation - Broad category - National Occupational Classification (NOC) 2021
Total - Labour force aged 15 years and over by occupation - Broad category - National Occupational Classification (NOC) 2021 - 25% sample data193 2,295,380
Occupation - not applicable190 70,455
All occupations191 2,224,920
0 Legislative and senior management occupations 23,120
1 Business, finance and administration occupations 373,795
2 Natural and applied sciences and related occupations 182,880
3 Health occupations 182,480
4 Occupations in education, law and social, community and government services 246,625
5 Occupations in art, culture, recreation and sport 51,815
6 Sales and service occupations 538,930
7 Trades, transport and equipment operators and related occupations 441,955
8 Natural resources, agriculture and related production occupations 99,430
9 Occupations in manufacturing and utilities 83,895
Industry - Sectors - North American Industry Classification System (NAICS) 2017
Total - Labour force aged 15 years and over by industry - Sectors - North American Industry Classification System (NAICS) 2017 - 25% sample data194 2,295,380
Industry - not applicable190 70,455
All industries191 2,224,920
11 Agriculture, forestry, fishing and hunting 63,965
21 Mining, quarrying, and oil and gas extraction 112,890
22 Utilities 22,630
23 Construction 210,350
31-33 Manufacturing 118,890
41 Wholesale trade 71,580
44-45 Retail trade 253,030
48-49 Transportation and warehousing 128,410
51 Information and cultural industries 28,680
52 Finance and insurance 68,355
53 Real estate and rental and leasing 39,400
54 Professional, scientific and technical services 177,895
55 Management of companies and enterprises 4,420
56 Administrative and support, waste management and remediation services 91,750
61 Educational services 149,170
62 Health care and social assistance 285,090
71 Arts, entertainment and recreation 42,685
72 Accommodation and food services 132,930
81 Other services (except public administration) 104,530
91 Public administration 118,270
All languages used at work
Total - All languages used at work for the population in private households aged 15 years and over who worked since January 1, 2020 - 25% sample data195 2,422,110
English 2,319,940
French 3,840
Non-official language 14,015
Indigenous39 245
Non-Indigenous 13,770
English and French 20,015
English and non-official language(s) 61,830
French and non-official language(s) 45
English, French and non-official language(s) 1,550
Multiple non-official languages 885
Language used most often at work
Total - Language used most often at work for the population aged 15 years and over who worked since January 1, 2020, in private households, 2021 Census - 25% sample data196 2,422,110
Single responses 2,407,485
Official languages 2,381,515
English 2,374,615
French 6,900
Non-official languages 25,965
Indigenous languages39 765
Algonquian languages 695
Blackfoot 60
Cree-Innu languages 630
Atikamekw 0
Cree languages 630
Ililimowin (Moose Cree) 0
Inu Ayimun (Southern East Cree) 0
Iyiyiw-Ayimiwin (Northern East Cree) 0
Nehinawewin (Swampy Cree) 0
Nehiyawewin (Plains Cree) 55
Nihithawiwin (Woods Cree) 55
Cree, n.o.s. 520
Innu (Montagnais) 0
Naskapi 0
Eastern Algonquian languages 0
Mi'kmaq 0
Wolastoqewi (Malecite) 0
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 10
Anicinabemowin (Algonquin) 0
Oji-Cree 0
Ojibway languages 10
Anishinaabemowin (Chippewa) 0
Daawaamwin (Odawa) 0
Saulteau (Western Ojibway) 10
Ojibway, n.o.s. 0
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 0
Athabaskan languages 45
Northern Athabaskan languages 45
Dakelh (Carrier) 0
Dane-zaa (Beaver) 0
Dene, n.o.s. 40
Gwich'in 0
Slavey-Hare languages 10
Deh Gah Ghotie Zhatie (South Slavey) 10
Satuotine Yati (North Slavey) 0
Slavey, n.o.s. 10
Tahltan languages 0
Tlicho (Dogrib) 0
Tse'khene (Sekani) 0
Tsilhqot'in (Chilcotin) 0
Tsuu T'ina (Sarsi) 0
Tutchone languages 0
Northern Tutchone 0
Southern Tutchone 0
Tutchone, n.o.s. 0
Wetsuwet'en-Babine 0
Tlingit 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0
Haida 0
Inuktut (Inuit) languages 10
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 0
Inuinnaqtun 0
Inuvialuktun 0
Inuktitut 10
Inuktut (Inuit) languages, n.i.e. 0
Iroquoian languages 0
Mohawk 0
Oneida 0
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 0
Ktunaxa (Kutenai) 0
Michif 0
Salish languages 0
Halkomelem 0
Lillooet 0
Ntlakapamux (Thompson) 0
Secwepemctsin (Shuswap) 0
Squamish 0
Straits 0
Syilx (Okanagan) 0
Salish languages, n.i.e. 0
Siouan languages 15
Assiniboine 0
Dakota 0
Stoney 15
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 0
Tsimshian languages 0
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 0
Nisga'a 0
Tsimshian 0
Wakashan languages 0
Haisla 0
Heiltsuk 0
Kwak'wala (Kwakiutl) 0
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0
Indigenous languages, n.i.e. 0
Indigenous languages, n.o.s. 0
Non-Indigenous languages 25,200
Afro-Asiatic languages 1,025
Berber languages 0
Kabyle 0
Tamazight 0
Berber languages, n.i.e. 0
Chadic languages 0
Coptic 0
Cushitic languages 165
Bilen 0
Oromo 30
Somali 135
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 0
Semitic languages 850
Amharic 100
Arabic 600
Aramaic languages 0
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 0
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 0
Aramaic, n.o.s. 0
Hebrew 10
Tigrigna 125
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 0
Austro-Asiatic languages 1,305
Khmer (Cambodian) 20
Vietnamese 1,275
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 15
Austronesian languages 1,160
Bikol 0
Bisaya, n.o.s. 15
Cebuano 0
Hiligaynon 0
Ilocano 70
Indonesian 10
Kankanaey 0
Malagasy languages 0
Malay 0
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 0
Pangasinan 0
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 1,065
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 0
Creole languages 0
Haitian Creole 0
Jamaican English Creole 0
Morisyen 0
Creole, n.o.s. 0
Creole languages, n.i.e. 0
Dravidian languages 90
Kannada 0
Malayalam 40
Tamil 30
Telugu 15
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 0
Georgian 0
Indo-European languages 12,180
Albanian 0
Armenian 0
Balto-Slavic languages 780
Baltic languages 0
Latvian 0
Lithuanian 0
Slavic languages 780
Bulgarian 20
Czech 15
Macedonian 0
Polish 225
Russian 305
Serbo-Croatian 90
Bosnian 25
Croatian 10
Serbian 55
Serbo-Croatian, n.i.e. 0
Slovak 10
Slovene (Slovenian) 0
Ukrainian 115
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 0
Celtic languages 0
Scottish Gaelic 0
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 0
Germanic languages 3,025
Frisian 0
High German languages 1,555
German 1,540
Pennsylvania German 0
Swiss German 10
Yiddish 0
Low Saxon-Low Franconian languages 1,445
Afrikaans 10
Dutch 85
Low German, n.o.s. 330
Low Saxon 0
Plautdietsch 1,025
Vlaams (Flemish) 0
Scandinavian languages 15
Danish 0
Icelandic 0
Norwegian 0
Swedish 0
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 0
Greek 15
Indo-Iranian languages 5,660
Indo-Aryan languages 5,435
Bengali 10
Gujarati 135
Hindi 280
Kacchi 0
Marathi 0
Nepali 70
Punjabi (Panjabi) 4,630
Sindhi 15
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 0
Urdu 285
Indo-Aryan languages, n.i.e. 0
Iranian languages 220
Kurdish 0
Pashto 10
Persian languages 210
Dari 70
Iranian Persian 115
Persian (Farsi), n.o.s. 25
Iranian languages, n.i.e. 0
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 0
Italic (Romance) languages 2,660
Catalan 0
Italian 45
Portuguese 125
Romanian 75
Spanish 2,420
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 0
Indo-European languages, n.i.e. 20
Japanese 205
Korean 1,250
Mongolian 15
Niger-Congo languages 65
Akan (Twi) 0
Edo 0
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 15
Ga 0
Ganda 0
Igbo 10
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 0
Lingala 0
Rundi (Kirundi) 0
Shona 0
Swahili 10
Wolof 0
Yoruba 10
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 0
Nilo-Saharan languages 0
Dinka 0
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 0
Sign languages 200
American Sign Language 170
Quebec Sign Language 0
Sign languages, n.i.e. 35
Sino-Tibetan languages 7,340
Chinese languages 7,295
Hakka 0
Mandarin 3,105
Min Dong 0
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 0
Wu (Shanghainese) 0
Yue (Cantonese) 4,145
Chinese, n.o.s. 40
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 0
Tibeto-Burman languages 40
Burmese 10
Karenic languages 25
S'gaw Karen 0
Karenic languages, n.i.e. 0
Tibetan 0
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 0
Sino-Tibetan languages, n.i.e. 0
Tai-Kadai languages 170
Lao 15
Thai 150
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e. 0
Turkic languages 145
Azerbaijani 0
Turkish 145
Uyghur 0
Uzbek 0
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 0
Uralic languages 50
Estonian 0
Finnish 0
Hungarian 45
Other languages, n.i.e. 0
Multiple responses 14,630
English and French 2,560
English and non-official language(s) 11,695
French and non-official language(s) 45
English, French and non-official language(s) 145
Multiple non-official languages 190
Other language(s) used regularly at work
Total - Other language(s) used regularly at work for the population in private households aged 15 years and over who worked since January 1, 2020 - 25% sample data197 2,422,110
None 2,350,940
English 13,200
French 14,630
Non-official language 36,335
Indigenous39 2,125
Non-Indigenous 34,210
English and French 35
English and non-official language(s) 1,080
French and non-official language(s) 1,125
English, French and non-official language(s) 10
Multiple non-official languages 4,760
Place of work status
Total - Place of work status for the employed labour force aged 15 years and over - 25% sample data198 2,030,730
Worked at home 446,315
Worked outside Canada 5,430
No fixed workplace address 319,675
Usual place of work 1,259,305
Commuting destination
Total - Commuting destination for the employed labour force aged 15 years and over with a usual place of work - 25% sample data199 1,259,305
Commute within census subdivision (CSD) of residence 902,040
Commute to a different census subdivision (CSD) within census division (CD) of residence 292,360
Commute to a different census subdivision (CSD) and census division (CD) within province or territory of residence 52,590
Commute to a different province or territory 12,315
Main mode of commuting
Total - Main mode of commuting for the employed labour force aged 15 years and over with a usual place of work or no fixed workplace address - 25% sample data200 1,578,980
Car, truck or van 1,378,685
Car, truck or van - as a driver 1,287,940
Car, truck or van - as a passenger 90,740
Public transit 88,255
Walked 62,810
Bicycle 11,370
Other method 37,865
Commuting duration
Total - Commuting duration for the employed labour force aged 15 years and over with a usual place of work or no fixed workplace address - 25% sample data201 1,578,980
Less than 15 minutes 487,710
15 to 29 minutes 610,485
30 to 44 minutes 302,735
45 to 59 minutes 87,230
60 minutes and over 90,815
Time leaving for work
Total - Time leaving for work for the employed labour force aged 15 years and over with a usual place of work or no fixed workplace address - 25% sample data202 1,578,980
Between 5 a.m. and 5:59 a.m. 116,400
Between 6 a.m. and 6:59 a.m. 296,930
Between 7 a.m. and 7:59 a.m. 424,170
Between 8 a.m. and 8:59 a.m. 299,145
Between 9 a.m. and 11:59 a.m. 195,835
Between 12 p.m. and 4:59 a.m. 246,495
Children eligible for instruction in the minority official language
Total - Eligibility for instruction in the minority official language for the population in private households born in 2003 or later - 100% data203 971,390
Children eligible for instruction in the minority official language 67,140
Children not eligible for instruction in the minority official language 904,245
Eligibility and instruction in the minority official language for school-aged children
Total - Eligibility and instruction in the minority official language, for the population in private households born between 2003 and 2015 (inclusive) - 100% data204 704,490
Children eligible for instruction in the minority official language 49,735
Eligible children who have been instructed in the minority official language at the primary or secondary level in Canada 24,675
Eligible children who have not been instructed in the minority official language at the primary or secondary level in Canada 25,055
Children not eligible for instruction in the minority official language 654,755

Source

Source: Statistics Canada, 2021 Census of Population.

How to cite

How to cite: Statistics Canada. 2023. (table). Census Profile. 2021 Census of Population. Statistics Canada Catalogue no. 98-316-X2021001. Ottawa. Released November 15, 2023.
https://www12.statcan.gc.ca/census-recensement/2021/dp-pd/prof/index.cfm?Lang=E (accessed June 23, 2024).

Note(s):

Date modified: