Census Profile, 2021 Census of Population
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Topic:
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Age
Age characteristics
Commuting
Select all: Commuting
Commuting destination
Commuting duration
Main mode of commuting
Place of work status
Time leaving for work
Education
Select all: Education
Highest certificate, diploma or degree
Location of study compared with province or territory of residence
Major field of study - Classification of Instructional Programs (CIP) 2021
Secondary (high) school diploma or equivalency certificate
Ethnocultural and religious diversity
Select all: Ethnocultural and religious diversity
Ethnic or cultural origin
Religion
Visible minority
Families, households, and marital status
Select all: Families, households, and marital status
Family characteristics
Household type
Marital status
Housing
Household characteristics
Immigration, place of birth, and citizenship
Select all: Immigration, place of birth, and citizenship
Admission category and applicant type
Age at immigration
Citizenship
Generation status
Immigrant status and period of immigration
Pre-admission experience
Selected places of birth for the immigrant population
Selected places of birth for the recent immigrant population
Income
Select all: Income
Income of economic families in 2020
Income of households in 2020
Income of individuals in 2019
Income of individuals in 2020
Low income and income inequality in 2020
Indigenous peoples
Select all: Indigenous peoples
Indigenous ancestry
Indigenous population
Instruction in the minority official language
Select all: Instruction in the minority official language
Children eligible for instruction in the minority official language
Eligibility and instruction in the minority official language for school-aged children
Labour
Select all: Labour
Class of worker including job permanency
Industry - Sectors - North American Industry Classification System (NAICS) 2017
Labour force status
Occupation - Broad category - National Occupational Classification (NOC) 2021
Work activity during the reference year
Language
Select all: Language
All languages spoken at home
First official language spoken
Knowledge of languages
Knowledge of official languages
Language spoken most often at home
Mother tongue
Other language spoken regularly at home
Language of work
Select all: Language of work
All languages used at work
Language used most often at work
Other language(s) used regularly at work
Mobility and migration
Select all: Mobility and migration
Mobility status 1 year ago
Mobility status 5 years ago
Population and dwelling counts
Population and dwellings
Type of dwelling
Household and dwelling characteristics
GenderMore information:


Statistic:
Characteristic Mississauga, City (CY)More information:
Ontario
[Census subdivision]
Counts
Total
Population and dwellings
Population, 20211 717,961
Population, 20161 721,599
Population percentage change, 2016 to 2021 - 0.5
Total private dwellings2 254,089
Private dwellings occupied by usual residents3 244,575
Population density per square kilometre 2,452.5
Land area in square kilometres 292.74
Age characteristics
Total - Age groups of the population - 100% data 717,960
0 to 14 years 109,320
0 to 4 years 31,595
5 to 9 years 36,740
10 to 14 years 40,980
15 to 64 years 489,245
15 to 19 years 44,665
20 to 24 years 51,660
25 to 29 years 51,740
30 to 34 years 48,420
35 to 39 years 46,900
40 to 44 years 44,290
45 to 49 years 46,350
50 to 54 years 51,670
55 to 59 years 55,175
60 to 64 years 48,360
65 years and over 119,400
65 to 69 years 37,880
70 to 74 years 30,975
75 to 79 years 21,165
80 to 84 years 14,710
85 years and over 14,670
85 to 89 years 9,115
90 to 94 years 4,285
95 to 99 years 1,125
100 years and over 155
Total - Distribution (%) of the population by broad age groups - 100% data 100.0
0 to 14 years 15.2
15 to 64 years 68.1
65 years and over 16.6
85 years and over 2.0
Average age of the population 41.1
Median age of the population 40.8
Household and dwelling characteristics
Total - Occupied private dwellings by structural type of dwelling - 100% data 244,575
Single-detached house 90,660
Semi-detached house 26,855
Row house 34,455
Apartment or flat in a duplex 7,895
Apartment in a building that has fewer than five storeys 17,545
Apartment in a building that has five or more storeys 66,830
Other single-attached house 80
Movable dwelling4 255
Total - Private households by household size - 100% data 244,575
1 person 47,335
2 persons 67,705
3 persons 47,360
4 persons 47,210
5 or more persons 34,965
Number of persons in private households 712,825
Average household size 2.9
Marital status
Total - Marital status for the total population aged 15 years and over - 100% data 608,645
Married or living common-law 342,985
Married 316,235
Living common-law 26,750
Living common law - Never married 18,380
Living common law - Separated 1,320
Living common law - Divorced 6,410
Living common law - Widowed 645
Not married and not living common-law 265,660
Not married and not living common law - Never married 190,760
Not married and not living common law - Separated 14,180
Not married and not living common law - Divorced 30,475
Not married and not living common law - Widowed 30,240
Family characteristics
Total - Census families in private households by family size - 100% data5 200,800
2 persons 81,180
3 persons 50,845
4 persons 48,155
5 or more persons 20,620
Average size of census families 3.1
Average number of children in census families with children6 1.8
Total number of census families in private households - 100% data 200,800
Total couple families 165,710
Married couples 152,350
With children6 100,340
Without children 52,010
Common-law couples 13,355
With children6 5,330
Without children 8,025
Total one-parent families 35,090
in which the parent is a woman+ 28,715
in which the parent is a man+ 6,380
Total - Persons in private households - 100% data 712,825
Total - Persons in census families 617,560
Married spouses or common-law partners 331,415
Parents in one-parent families 35,095
Children6 251,055
In a two-parent family 196,690
In a one-parent family 54,365
Total - Persons not in census families in private households - 100% data 95,265
Living alone 47,335
Living with other relatives7 23,355
Living with non-relatives only 24,575
Household type
Total - Household type - 100% data 244,575
One-census-family households without additional persons 158,795
Couple-family households 133,805
With children6 87,100
Without children 46,705
One-parent-family households 24,990
Multigenerational households8 15,945
Multiple-census-family households9 3,305
One-census-family households with additional persons9 9,850
Two-or-more-person non-census-family households 9,350
One-person households 47,335
Income of individuals in 2020
Total - Income statistics in 2020 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data10 603,590
Number of total income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2020 - 100% data 571,335
Median total income in 2020 among recipients ($) 39,200
Number of after-tax income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2020 - 100% data 571,620
Median after-tax income in 2020 among recipients ($) 35,600
Number of market income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2020 - 100% data 502,730
Median market income in 2020 among recipients ($) 34,800
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2020 - 100% data 416,025
Median employment income in 2020 among recipients ($) 38,800
Number of government transfers recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2020 - 100% data 518,755
Median government transfers in 2020 among recipients ($) 7,800
Number of employment insurance benefits recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2020 - 100% data 53,615
Median employment insurance benefits in 2020 among recipients ($) 5,480
Number of COVID-19 emergency and recovery benefits recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2020 - 100% data 188,245
Median COVID-19 emergency and recovery benefits in 2020 among recipients ($) 9,000
Total - Income statistics in 2020 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data11 603,595
Number of total income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2020 - 25% sample data 571,305
Average total income in 2020 among recipients ($) 54,150
Number of after-tax income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2020 - 25% sample data 571,595
Average after-tax income in 2020 among recipients ($) 44,640
Number of market income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2020 - 25% sample data 502,720
Average market income in 2020 among recipients ($) 51,120
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2020 - 25% sample data 416,030
Average employment income in 2020 among recipients ($) 52,450
Number of government transfers recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2020 - 25% sample data 519,055
Average government transfers in 2020 among recipients ($) 10,110
Number of employment insurance benefits recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2020 - 25% sample data 53,365
Average employment insurance benefits in 2020 among recipients ($) 6,300
Number of COVID-19 emergency and recovery benefits recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2020 - 25% sample data 187,375
Average COVID-19 emergency and recovery benefits in 2020 among recipients ($) 9,660
Total - Employment income statistics in 2020 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data12 603,590
Number of employment income recipients in 2020 who worked full-year full-time in 2020 - 25% sample data13 200,090
Median employment income in 2020 for full-year full-time workers in 2020 ($)14 66,500
Average employment income in 2020 for full-year full-time workers in 2020 ($)15 82,300
Number of employment income recipients in 2020 who worked part-year or part-time in 2020 - 25% sample data16 156,125
Median employment income in 2020 of those who worked part-year or part-time in 2020 ($) 16,600
Average employment income in 2020 of those who worked part-year or part-time in 2020 ($) 27,320
Composition of total income in 2020 of the population aged 15 years and over in private households (%) - 25% sample data17 100.0
Market income (%)18 83.0
Employment income (%)19 70.6
Government transfers (%)20 17.0
Employment insurance benefits (%) 1.1
COVID-19 - Government income support and benefits (%) 6.5
COVID-19 - Emergency and recovery benefits (%) 5.9
Total - Total income groups in 2020 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data21 603,590
Without total income 32,255
With total income 571,340
Under $10,000 (including loss) 59,240
$10,000 to $19,999 72,465
$20,000 to $29,999 91,495
$30,000 to $39,999 68,405
$40,000 to $49,999 56,785
$50,000 to $59,999 47,345
$60,000 to $69,999 37,410
$70,000 to $79,999 29,075
$80,000 to $89,999 23,260
$90,000 to $99,999 18,555
$100,000 and over 67,295
$100,000 to $149,999 45,390
$150,000 and over 21,910
Total - After-tax income groups in 2020 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data22 603,590
Without after-tax income 31,970
With after-tax income 571,625
Under $10,000 (including loss) 61,165
$10,000 to $19,999 75,560
$20,000 to $29,999 101,790
$30,000 to $39,999 79,410
$40,000 to $49,999 66,680
$50,000 to $59,999 51,360
$60,000 to $69,999 37,625
$70,000 to $79,999 27,845
$80,000 to $89,999 22,560
$90,000 to $99,999 13,935
$100,000 and over 33,685
$100,000 to $124,999 17,235
$125,000 and over 16,455
Total - Employment income groups in 2020 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data19 603,590
Without employment income 187,565
With employment income 416,030
Under $5,000 (including loss) 59,875
$5,000 to $9,999 37,860
$10,000 to $19,999 47,080
$20,000 to $29,999 34,425
$30,000 to $39,999 33,370
$40,000 to $49,999 34,265
$50,000 to $59,999 32,040
$60,000 to $69,999 27,140
$70,000 to $79,999 21,620
$80,000 to $89,999 18,350
$90,000 to $99,999 15,430
$100,000 and over 54,580
$100,000 to $124,999 26,110
$125,000 and over 28,470
Income of individuals in 2019
Total - Income statistics in 2019 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data23 603,590
Number of total income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2019 - 100% data 555,325
Median total income in 2019 among recipients ($) 36,800
Number of after-tax income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2019 - 100% data 555,470
Median after-tax income in 2019 among recipients ($) 33,600
Number of market income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2019 - 100% data 493,325
Median market income in 2019 among recipients ($) 36,400
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2019 - 100% data 414,210
Median employment income in 2019 among recipients ($) 39,600
Number of government transfers recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2019 - 100% data 485,020
Median government transfers in 2019 among recipients ($) 1,360
Number of employment insurance benefits recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2019 -100% data 29,645
Median employment insurance benefits in 2019 among recipients ($) 5,800
Total - Income statistics in 2019 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data24 603,595
Number of total income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2019 - 25% sample data 555,320
Average total income in 2019 among recipients ($) 51,200
Number of after-tax income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2019 - 25% sample data 555,460
Average after-tax income in 2019 among recipients ($) 42,000
Number of market income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2019 - 25% sample data 493,010
Average market income in 2019 among recipients ($) 51,650
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2019 - 25% sample data 414,475
Average employment income in 2019 among recipients ($) 52,550
Number of government transfers recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2019 - 25% sample data 485,385
Average government transfers in 2019 among recipients ($) 6,125
Number of employment insurance benefits recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2019 - 25% sample data 29,625
Average employment insurance benefits in 2019 among recipients ($) 7,500
Total - Employment income statistics in 2019 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data25 603,590
Number of employment income recipients in 2019 who worked full-year full-time in 2020 - 25% sample data13 197,530
Median employment income in 2019 for full-year full-time workers in 2020 ($)14 62,000
Average employment income in 2019 for full-year full-time workers in 2020 ($)15 77,000
Number of employment income recipients in 2019 who worked part-year or part-time in 2020 - 25% sample data16 145,220
Median employment income in 2019 of those who worked part-year or part-time in 2020 ($) 23,600
Average employment income in 2019 of those who worked part-year or part-time in 2020 ($) 33,920
Composition of total income in 2019 of the population aged 15 years and over in private households (%) - 25% sample data 100.0
Market income (%) 89.6
Employment income (%) 76.6
Government transfers (%) 10.5
Employment insurance benefits (%) 0.8
Income of households in 2020
Total - Income statistics for private households - 100% data26 244,575
Median total income of household in 2020 ($) 102,000
Median after-tax income of household in 2020 ($) 89,000
Total - Income statistics for one-person private households - 100% data 47,335
Median total income of one-person households in 2020 ($) 46,800
Median after-tax income of one-person households in 2020 ($) 41,200
Total - Income statistics for two-or-more-persons private households - 100% data 197,235
Median total income of two-or-more-person households in 2020 ($) 118,000
Median after-tax income of two-or-more-person households in 2020 ($) 103,000
Total - Income statistics for private households - 25% sample data27 244,575
Average total income of household in 2020 ($) 126,500
Average after-tax income of household in 2020 ($) 104,300
Total - Income statistics for one-person private households - 25% sample data 47,355
Average total income of one-person households in 2020 ($) 58,650
Average after-tax income of one-person households in 2020 ($) 48,200
Total - Income statistics for two-or-more-persons private households - 25% sample data 197,220
Average total income of two-or-more-person households in 2020 ($) 142,800
Average after-tax income of two-or-more-person households in 2020 ($) 117,800
Total - Household total income groups in 2020 for private households - 100% data21 244,575
Under $5,000 3,095
$5,000 to $9,999 1,215
$10,000 to $14,999 2,050
$15,000 to $19,999 2,945
$20,000 to $24,999 6,680
$25,000 to $29,999 5,605
$30,000 to $34,999 5,840
$35,000 to $39,999 6,465
$40,000 to $44,999 6,580
$45,000 to $49,999 6,690
$50,000 to $59,999 14,570
$60,000 to $69,999 14,810
$70,000 to $79,999 14,860
$80,000 to $89,999 14,345
$90,000 to $99,999 13,790
$100,000 and over 125,035
$100,000 to $124,999 31,045
$125,000 to $149,999 24,255
$150,000 to $199,999 33,085
$200,000 and over 36,655
Total - Household after-tax income groups in 2020 for private households - 100% data22 244,575
Under $5,000 3,450
$5,000 to $9,999 1,275
$10,000 to $14,999 2,090
$15,000 to $19,999 3,165
$20,000 to $24,999 7,100
$25,000 to $29,999 6,270
$30,000 to $34,999 6,615
$35,000 to $39,999 7,375
$40,000 to $44,999 7,860
$45,000 to $49,999 8,230
$50,000 to $59,999 17,505
$60,000 to $69,999 17,755
$70,000 to $79,999 17,855
$80,000 to $89,999 17,180
$90,000 to $99,999 15,815
$100,000 and over 105,040
$100,000 to $124,999 32,890
$125,000 to $149,999 24,375
$150,000 and over 47,775
Income of economic families in 2020
Total - Income statistics for economic families in private households - 100% data28 192,130
Median total income of economic family in 2020 ($) 116,000
Median after-tax income of economic family in 2020 ($) 102,000
Average family size of economic families 3.3
Total - Income statistics for couple-only economic families in private households - 100% data 48,770
Median total income of couple-only economic families in 2020 ($) 94,000
Median after-tax income of couple-only economic families in 2020 ($) 81,000
Average family size of couple-only economic families 2.0
Total - Income statistics for couple-with-children economic families in private households - 100% data 105,670
Median total income of couple-with-children economic families in 2020 ($) 141,000
Median after-tax income of couple-with-children economic families in 2020 ($) 122,000
Average family size of couple-with-children economic families 4.1
Total - Income statistics for one-parent economic families in private households - 100% data 30,410
Median total income of one-parent economic families in 2020 ($) 81,000
Median after-tax income of one-parent economic families in 2020 ($) 73,500
Average family size of one-parent economic families 2.8
Total - Income statistics for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families in private households - 100% data29 71,910
Median total income in 2020 ($)30 39,600
Median after-tax income in 2020 ($)30 36,000
Total - Income statistics for economic families in private households - 25% sample data31 191,900
Average total income of economic family in 2020 ($) 142,200
Average after-tax income of economic family in 2020 ($) 117,000
Total - Income statistics for couple-only economic families in private households - 25% sample data 48,565
Average total income of couple-only economic families in 2020 ($) 117,700
Average after-tax income of couple-only economic families in 2020 ($) 95,600
Total - Income statistics for couple-with-children economic families in private households - 25% sample data 105,835
Average total income of couple-with-children economic families in 2020 ($) 166,400
Average after-tax income of couple-with-children economic families in 2020 ($) 136,200
Total - Income statistics for one-parent economic families in private households - 25% sample data 30,225
Average total income of one-parent economic families in 2020 ($) 94,000
Average after-tax income of one-parent economic families in 2020 ($) 81,800
Total - Income statistics for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families in private households - 25% sample data32 71,855
Average total income in 2020 ($)30 51,120
Average after-tax income in 2020 ($)30 42,680
Low income and income inequality in 2020
Total - LIM low-income status in 2020 for the population in private households - 100% data33 712,825
0 to 17 years 135,865
0 to 5 years 38,655
18 to 64 years 461,865
65 years and over 115,095
In low income based on the Low-income measure, after tax (LIM-AT) 66,740
0 to 17 years 16,105
0 to 5 years 4,885
18 to 64 years 37,080
65 years and over 13,560
Prevalence of low income based on the Low-income measure, after tax (LIM-AT) (%) 9.4
0 to 17 years (%) 11.9
0 to 5 years (%) 12.6
18 to 64 years (%) 8.0
65 years and over (%) 11.8
Total - LICO low-income status in 2020 for the population in private households to whom the low-income concept is applicable - 100% data33 712,825
0 to 17 years 135,865
0 to 5 years 38,655
18 to 64 years 461,865
65 years and over 115,100
In low income based on the Low-income cut-offs, after tax (LICO-AT) 41,965
0 to 17 years 8,615
0 to 5 years 2,640
18 to 64 years 28,650
65 years and over 4,700
Prevalence of low income based on the Low-income cut-offs, after tax (LICO-AT) (%) 5.9
0 to 17 years (%) 6.3
0 to 5 years (%) 6.8
18 to 64 years (%) 6.2
65 years and over (%) 4.1
Total - Adjusted after-tax economic family income decile group for the population in private households - 100% data34The letter 'c' in a yellow triangle indicates a correction notice. 712,825
In bottom half of the distribution 313,175
In bottom decile 61,650
In second decile 59,710
In third decile 61,960
In fourth decile 63,455
In fifth decile 66,405
In top half of the distribution 399,650
In sixth decile 70,015
In seventh decile 73,495
In eighth decile 78,265
In ninth decile 86,475
In top decile 91,405
Total - Inequality measures for the population in private households - 100% data35 712,825
Gini index on adjusted household total income 0.343
Gini index on adjusted household market income 0.450
Gini index on adjusted household after-tax income 0.297
P90/P10 ratio on adjusted household after-tax income 3.8
Knowledge of official languages
Total - Knowledge of official languages for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% data36 714,840
English only 641,785
French only 535
English and French 47,965
Neither English nor French 24,550
First official language spoken
Total - First official language spoken for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% data37 714,840
English 676,630
French 7,395
English and French 6,705
Neither English nor French 24,110
Mother tongue
Total - Mother tongue for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% data38 714,840
Single responses 654,950
Official languages 326,820
English 320,640
French 6,180
Non-official languages 328,130
Indigenous languages39 10
Algonquian languages 5
Blackfoot 0
Cree-Innu languages 0
Atikamekw 0
Cree languages 0
Ililimowin (Moose Cree) 0
Inu Ayimun (Southern East Cree) 0
Iyiyiw-Ayimiwin (Northern East Cree) 0
Nehinawewin (Swampy Cree) 0
Nehiyawewin (Plains Cree) 0
Nihithawiwin (Woods Cree) 0
Cree, n.o.s. 0
Innu (Montagnais) 0
Naskapi 0
Eastern Algonquian languages 0
Mi'kmaq 0
Wolastoqewi (Malecite) 0
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 0
Anicinabemowin (Algonquin) 0
Oji-Cree 0
Ojibway languages 0
Anishinaabemowin (Chippewa) 0
Daawaamwin (Odawa) 0
Saulteau (Western Ojibway) 0
Ojibway, n.o.s. 0
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 0
Athabaskan languages 0
Northern Athabaskan languages 0
Dakelh (Carrier) 0
Dane-zaa (Beaver) 0
Dene, n.o.s. 0
Gwich'in 0
Slavey-Hare languages 0
Deh Gah Ghotie Zhatie (South Slavey) 0
Satuotine Yati (North Slavey) 0
Slavey, n.o.s. 0
Tahltan languages 0
Kaska (Nahani) 0
Tahltan 0
Tlicho (Dogrib) 0
Tse'khene (Sekani) 0
Tsilhqot'in (Chilcotin) 0
Tsuu T'ina (Sarsi) 0
Tutchone languages 0
Northern Tutchone 0
Southern Tutchone 0
Tutchone, n.o.s. 0
Wetsuwet'en-Babine 0
Tlingit 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0
Haida 0
Inuktut (Inuit) languages 0
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 0
Inuinnaqtun 0
Inuvialuktun 0
Inuktitut 0
Inuktut (Inuit) languages, n.i.e. 0
Iroquoian languages 5
Cayuga 0
Mohawk 0
Oneida 0
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 0
Ktunaxa (Kutenai) 0
Michif 0
Salish languages 0
Halkomelem 0
Lillooet 0
Ntlakapamux (Thompson) 0
Secwepemctsin (Shuswap) 0
Squamish 0
Straits 0
Syilx (Okanagan) 0
Salish languages, n.i.e. 0
Siouan languages 0
Assiniboine 0
Dakota 0
Stoney 0
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 0
Tsimshian languages 0
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 0
Nisga'a 0
Tsimshian 0
Wakashan languages 0
Haisla 0
Heiltsuk 0
Kwak'wala (Kwakiutl) 0
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0
Indigenous languages, n.i.e. 0
Indigenous languages, n.o.s. 0
Non-Indigenous languages 328,120
Afro-Asiatic languages 37,470
Berber languages 50
Kabyle 20
Tamazight 15
Berber languages, n.i.e. 15
Chadic languages 40
Hausa 35
Mina 0
Coptic 155
Cushitic languages 1,070
Bilen 10
Oromo 20
Somali 1,025
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 15
Semitic languages 36,160
Amharic 360
Arabic 33,265
Aramaic languages 1,505
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 1,030
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 375
Aramaic, n.o.s. 100
Harari 40
Hebrew 50
Maltese 685
Tigrigna 235
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 10
Austro-Asiatic languages 10,440
Khmer (Cambodian) 75
Vietnamese 10,355
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e 10
Austronesian languages 21,720
Bikol 95
Bisaya, n.o.s. 190
Cebuano 515
Fijian 5
Hiligaynon 295
Ilocano 755
Indonesian 920
Kankanaey 15
Kinaray-a 10
Malagasy languages 5
Merina 0
Malagasy, n.o.s. 5
Malay 45
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 285
Pangasinan 55
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 18,325
Waray-Waray 65
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 145
Creole languages 695
Haitian Creole 50
Jamaican English Creole 20
Krio 10
Morisyen 370
Sango 0
Creole, n.o.s. 125
Creole languages, n.i.e. 125
Dravidian languages 17,630
Kannada 800
Malayalam 3,480
Tamil 10,275
Telugu 2,940
Tulu 95
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 45
Georgian 50
Hmong-Mien languages 0
Indo-European languages 189,030
Albanian 2,485
Armenian 525
Balto-Slavic languages 46,030
Baltic languages 540
Latvian 95
Lithuanian 450
Slavic languages 45,490
Belarusian 30
Bulgarian 990
Czech 530
Macedonian 1,060
Polish 22,070
Russian 4,615
Rusyn 10
Serbo-Croatian 8,955
Bosnian 1,125
Croatian 4,075
Serbian 3,645
Serbo-Croatian, n.i.e. 110
Slovak 590
Slovene (Slovenian) 670
Ukrainian 5,960
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 10
Celtic languages 15
Irish 5
Scottish Gaelic 5
Welsh 5
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 5
Germanic languages 3,070
Frisian 5
High German languages 2,215
German 2,170
Pennsylvania German 0
Swiss German 45
Yiddish 0
Low Saxon-Low Franconian languages 610
Afrikaans 95
Dutch 490
Low German, n.o.s. 0
Low Saxon 0
Plautdietsch 10
Vlaams (Flemish) 15
Scandinavian languages 240
Danish 125
Icelandic 0
Norwegian 20
Swedish 95
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 5
Greek 2,065
Indo-Iranian languages 92,180
Indo-Aryan languages 85,835
Assamese 45
Bengali 4,020
Gujarati 7,260
Hindi 11,685
Kacchi 280
Kashmiri 75
Konkani 715
Marathi 1,990
Nepali 895
Oriya languages 235
Odia 155
Oriya, n.o.s. 80
Punjabi (Panjabi) 20,690
Rohingya 0
Sindhi 595
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 1,105
Urdu 35,995
Indo-Aryan languages, n.i.e. 245
Iranian languages 6,325
Baluchi 30
Kurdish 250
Parsi 5
Pashto 1,170
Persian languages 4,875
Dari 2,220
Iranian Persian 2,230
Persian (Farsi), n.o.s. 420
Iranian languages, n.i.e. 5
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 20
Italic (Romance) languages 42,635
Catalan 15
Italian 10,260
Portuguese 14,050
Romanian 2,530
Spanish 15,765
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 15
Indo-European languages, n.i.e. 20
Japanese 750
Korean 4,370
Mongolian 35
Niger-Congo languages 2,090
Akan (Twi) 630
Bamanankan 5
Edo 70
Éwé 50
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 20
Ga 50
Ganda 45
Gikuyu 45
Igbo 190
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 25
Lingala 20
Luba-Kasai 0
Mòoré 0
Mwani 20
Ndebele 10
Rundi (Kirundi) 35
Shona 50
Soninke 0
Sotho-Tswana languages 15
Swahili 255
Wojenaka 0
Wolof 15
Yoruba 385
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 165
Nilo-Saharan languages 55
Dinka 5
Nuer 20
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 30
African, n.o.s. 0
Sign languages 130
American Sign Language 110
Quebec Sign Language 0
Sign languages, n.i.e. 25
Sino-Tibetan languages 40,325
Chinese languages 39,910
Hakka 250
Mandarin 23,180
Min Dong 45
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 885
Wu (Shanghainese) 280
Yue (Cantonese) 14,830
Chinese, n.o.s. 410
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 35
Tibeto-Burman languages 400
Burmese 110
Kuki-Chin languages 0
Karenic languages 0
S'gaw Karen 0
Karenic languages, n.i.e. 0
Tibetan 265
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 25
Sino-Tibetan languages, n.i.e. 15
Tai-Kadai languages 305
Lao 145
Thai 155
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e. 5
Turkic languages 1,435
Azerbaijani 45
Kazakh 5
Turkish 1,235
Uyghur 80
Uzbek 45
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 20
Uralic languages 1,570
Estonian 105
Finnish 105
Hungarian 1,360
Other languages, n.i.e. 15
Multiple responses 59,890
English and French 2,500
English and non-official language(s) 50,705
French and non-official language(s) 960
English, French and non-official language(s) 1,400
Multiple non-official languages 4,325
All languages spoken at home
Total - All languages spoken at home for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% data40 714,840
English 339,600
French 1,660
Non-official language 92,650
Indigenous39 0
Non-Indigenous 92,645
English and French 6,065
English and non-official language(s) 257,535
French and non-official language(s) 500
English, French and non-official language(s) 8,490
Multiple non-official languages 8,335
Language spoken most often at home
Total - Language spoken most often at home for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% data41 714,840
Single responses 642,395
Official languages 445,105
English 442,265
French 2,840
Non-official languages 197,295
Indigenous languages39 0
Algonquian languages 0
Blackfoot 0
Cree-Innu languages 0
Atikamekw 0
Cree languages 0
Ililimowin (Moose Cree) 0
Inu Ayimun (Southern East Cree) 0
Iyiyiw-Ayimiwin (Northern East Cree) 0
Nehinawewin (Swampy Cree) 0
Nehiyawewin (Plains Cree) 0
Nihithawiwin (Woods Cree) 0
Cree, n.o.s. 0
Innu (Montagnais) 0
Naskapi 0
Eastern Algonquian languages 0
Mi'kmaq 0
Wolastoqewi (Malecite) 0
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 0
Anicinabemowin (Algonquin) 0
Oji-Cree 0
Ojibway languages 0
Anishinaabemowin (Chippewa) 0
Daawaamwin (Odawa) 0
Saulteau (Western Ojibway) 0
Ojibway, n.o.s. 0
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 0
Athabaskan languages 0
Northern Athabaskan languages 0
Dakelh (Carrier) 0
Dane-zaa (Beaver) 0
Dene, n.o.s. 0
Gwich'in 0
Slavey-Hare languages 0
Deh Gah Ghotie Zhatie (South Slavey) 0
Satuotine Yati (North Slavey) 0
Slavey, n.o.s. 0
Tahltan languages 0
Kaska (Nahani) 0
Tahltan 0
Tlicho (Dogrib) 0
Tse'khene (Sekani) 0
Tsilhqot'in (Chilcotin) 0
Tsuu T'ina (Sarsi) 0
Tutchone languages 0
Northern Tutchone 0
Southern Tutchone 0
Tutchone, n.o.s. 0
Wetsuwet'en-Babine 0
Tlingit 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0
Haida 0
Inuktut (Inuit) languages 0
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 0
Inuinnaqtun 0
Inuvialuktun 0
Inuktitut 0
Inuktut (Inuit) languages, n.i.e. 0
Iroquoian languages 0
Cayuga 0
Mohawk 0
Oneida 0
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 0
Ktunaxa (Kutenai) 0
Michif 0
Salish languages 0
Halkomelem 0
Lillooet 0
Ntlakapamux (Thompson) 0
Secwepemctsin (Shuswap) 0
Squamish 0
Straits 0
Syilx (Okanagan) 0
Salish languages, n.i.e. 0
Siouan languages 0
Assiniboine 0
Dakota 0
Stoney 0
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 0
Tsimshian languages 0
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 0
Nisga'a 0
Tsimshian 0
Wakashan languages 0
Haisla 0
Heiltsuk 0
Kwak'wala (Kwakiutl) 0
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0
Indigenous languages, n.i.e. 0
Indigenous languages, n.o.s. 0
Non-Indigenous languages 197,290
Afro-Asiatic languages 22,565
Berber languages 25
Kabyle 0
Tamazight 15
Berber languages, n.i.e. 0
Chadic languages 25
Hausa 25
Mina 0
Coptic 90
Cushitic languages 505
Bilen 5
Oromo 10
Somali 485
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 0
Semitic languages 21,920
Amharic 135
Arabic 20,380
Aramaic languages 1,095
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 730
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 270
Aramaic, n.o.s. 100
Harari 20
Hebrew 15
Maltese 165
Tigrigna 95
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 0
Austro-Asiatic languages 7,495
Khmer (Cambodian) 15
Vietnamese 7,475
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e 0
Austronesian languages 11,880
Bikol 25
Bisaya, n.o.s. 95
Cebuano 265
Fijian 0
Hiligaynon 160
Ilocano 350
Indonesian 385
Kankanaey 0
Kinaray-a 0
Malagasy languages 0
Merina 0
Malagasy, n.o.s. 0
Malay 5
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 155
Pangasinan 10
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 10,335
Waray-Waray 20
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 55
Creole languages 430
Haitian Creole 25
Jamaican English Creole 15
Krio 5
Morisyen 295
Sango 0
Creole, n.o.s. 65
Creole languages, n.i.e. 30
Dravidian languages 11,535
Kannada 440
Malayalam 2,075
Tamil 7,195
Telugu 1,765
Tulu 40
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 15
Georgian 15
Hmong-Mien languages 0
Indo-European languages 107,145
Albanian 1,240
Armenian 275
Balto-Slavic languages 25,395
Baltic languages 190
Latvian 15
Lithuanian 175
Slavic languages 25,205
Belarusian 10
Bulgarian 560
Czech 160
Macedonian 535
Polish 12,460
Russian 3,060
Rusyn 10
Serbo-Croatian 4,535
Bosnian 580
Croatian 1,765
Serbian 2,150
Serbo-Croatian, n.i.e. 40
Slovak 225
Slovene (Slovenian) 130
Ukrainian 3,520
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 5
Celtic languages 5
Irish 5
Scottish Gaelic 0
Welsh 5
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 0
Germanic languages 265
Frisian 0
High German languages 185
German 180
Pennsylvania German 0
Swiss German 0
Yiddish 0
Low Saxon-Low Franconian languages 60
Afrikaans 25
Dutch 30
Low German, n.o.s. 0
Low Saxon 0
Plautdietsch 0
Vlaams (Flemish) 0
Scandinavian languages 25
Danish 5
Icelandic 0
Norwegian 0
Swedish 15
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 0
Greek 705
Indo-Iranian languages 59,885
Indo-Aryan languages 56,140
Assamese 35
Bengali 2,540
Gujarati 4,335
Hindi 6,860
Kacchi 130
Kashmiri 30
Konkani 140
Marathi 1,175
Nepali 575
Oriya languages 120
Odia 75
Oriya, n.o.s. 50
Punjabi (Panjabi) 14,860
Rohingya 0
Sindhi 315
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 560
Urdu 24,310
Indo-Aryan languages, n.i.e. 145
Iranian languages 3,740
Baluchi 15
Kurdish 150
Parsi 5
Pashto 695
Persian languages 2,880
Dari 1,300
Iranian Persian 1,315
Persian (Farsi), n.o.s. 270
Iranian languages, n.i.e. 0
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 5
Italic (Romance) languages 19,370
Catalan 5
Italian 2,825
Portuguese 5,925
Romanian 1,245
Spanish 9,365
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 5
Indo-European languages, n.i.e. 0
Japanese 440
Korean 3,145
Mongolian 20
Niger-Congo languages 760
Akan (Twi) 295
Bamanankan 0
Edo 10
Éwé 15
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 10
Ga 20
Ganda 15
Gikuyu 5
Igbo 65
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 5
Lingala 25
Luba-Kasai 0
Mòoré 0
Mwani 10
Ndebele 5
Rundi (Kirundi) 5
Shona 15
Soninke 0
Sotho-Tswana languages 0
Swahili 80
Wojenaka 0
Wolof 0
Yoruba 135
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 45
Nilo-Saharan languages 35
Dinka 0
Nuer 15
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 15
African, n.o.s. 0
Sign languages 280
American Sign Language 210
Quebec Sign Language 0
Sign languages, n.i.e. 75
Sino-Tibetan languages 30,050
Chinese languages 29,760
Hakka 65
Mandarin 18,070
Min Dong 30
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 415
Wu (Shanghainese) 205
Yue (Cantonese) 10,705
Chinese, n.o.s. 255
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 10
Tibeto-Burman languages 295
Burmese 80
Kuki-Chin languages 0
Karenic languages 0
S'gaw Karen 0
Karenic languages, n.i.e. 0
Tibetan 210
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 5
Sino-Tibetan languages, n.i.e. 5
Tai-Kadai languages 135
Lao 70
Thai 65
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e. 0
Turkic languages 840
Azerbaijani 20
Kazakh 0
Turkish 735
Uyghur 65
Uzbek 20
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 5
Uralic languages 505
Estonian 10
Finnish 15
Hungarian 485
Other languages, n.i.e. 10
Multiple responses 72,440
English and French 1,525
English and non-official language(s) 68,355
French and non-official language(s) 325
English, French and non-official language(s) 885
Multiple non-official languages 1,340
Other language spoken regularly at home
Total - Other language(s) spoken regularly at home for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% data42 714,840
None 492,280
English 84,240
French 6,000
Non-official language 101,055
Indigenous39 15
Non-Indigenous 101,040
English and French 1,250
English and non-official language(s) 12,975
French and non-official language(s) 3,690
English, French and non-official language(s) 195
Multiple non-official languages 13,150
Knowledge of languagesThe letter 'c' in a yellow triangle indicates a correction notice.
Total - Knowledge of languages for the population in private households - 25% sample data43 712,825
Official languages 688,520
English 688,000
French 48,150
Non-official languages 438,795
Indigenous languages39 55
Algonquian languages 40
Blackfoot 0
Cree-Innu languages 10
Atikamekw 0
Cree languages 10
Ililimowin (Moose Cree) 0
Inu Ayimun (Southern East Cree) 0
Iyiyiw-Ayimiwin (Northern East Cree) 0
Nehinawewin (Swampy Cree) 0
Nehiyawewin (Plains Cree) 0
Nihithawiwin (Woods Cree) 0
Cree, n.o.s. 10
Innu (Montagnais) 0
Naskapi 0
Eastern Algonquian languages 0
Mi'kmaq 0
Wolastoqewi (Malecite) 0
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 15
Anicinabemowin (Algonquin) 0
Oji-Cree 0
Ojibway languages 15
Anishinaabemowin (Chippewa) 15
Daawaamwin (Odawa) 0
Saulteau (Western Ojibway) 0
Ojibway, n.o.s. 0
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 0
Athabaskan languages 0
Northern Athabaskan languages 0
Dakelh (Carrier) 0
Dane-zaa (Beaver) 0
Dene, n.o.s. 0
Gwich'in 0
Slavey-Hare languages 0
Deh Gah Ghotie Zhatie (South Slavey) 0
Satuotine Yati (North Slavey) 0
Slavey, n.o.s. 0
Tahltan languages 0
Kaska (Nahani) 0
Tahltan 0
Tlicho (Dogrib) 0
Tse'khene (Sekani) 0
Tsilhqot'in (Chilcotin) 0
Tsuu T'ina (Sarsi) 0
Tutchone languages 0
Northern Tutchone 0
Southern Tutchone 0
Tutchone, n.o.s. 0
Wetsuwet'en-Babine 0
Tlingit 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0
Haida 0
Inuktut (Inuit) languages 0
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 0
Inuinnaqtun 0
Inuvialuktun 0
Inuktitut 0
Inuktut (Inuit) languages, n.i.e. 0
Iroquoian languages 0
Cayuga 0
Mohawk 0
Oneida 0
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 0
Ktunaxa (Kutenai) 0
Michif 0
Salish languages 0
Halkomelem 0
Lillooet 0
Ntlakapamux (Thompson) 0
Secwepemctsin (Shuswap) 0
Squamish 0
Straits 0
Syilx (Okanagan) 0
Salish languages, n.i.e. 0
Siouan languages 0
Assiniboine 0
Dakota 0
Stoney 0
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 0
Tsimshian languages 0
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 0
Nisga'a 0
Tsimshian 0
Wakashan languages 0
Haisla 0
Heiltsuk 0
Kwak'wala (Kwakiutl) 0
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0
Indigenous languages, n.i.e. 0
Indigenous languages, n.o.s. 0
Non-Indigenous languages 438,745
Afro-Asiatic languages 54,370
Berber languages 100
Kabyle 25
Tamazight 35
Berber languages, n.i.e. 40
Chadic languages 125
Hausa 100
Mina 25
Coptic 700
Cushitic languages 1,785
Bilen 15
Oromo 60
Somali 1,705
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 0
Semitic languages 52,455
Amharic 600
Arabic 49,495
Aramaic languages 2,205
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 1,375
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 585
Aramaic, n.o.s. 265
Harari 35
Hebrew 505
Maltese 1,005
Tigrigna 435
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 35
Austro-Asiatic languages 13,870
Khmer (Cambodian) 160
Vietnamese 13,745
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e 10
Austronesian languages 30,380
Bikol 145
Bisaya, n.o.s. 225
Cebuano 1,070
Fijian 15
Hiligaynon 515
Ilocano 1,400
Indonesian 1,220
Kankanaey 20
Kinaray-a 50
Malagasy languages 40
Merina 0
Malagasy, n.o.s. 30
Malay 350
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 410
Pangasinan 70
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 28,240
Waray-Waray 165
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 520
Creole languages 2,370
Haitian Creole 205
Jamaican English Creole 280
Krio 10
Morisyen 1,035
Sango 0
Creole, n.o.s. 745
Creole languages, n.i.e. 265
Dravidian languages 27,955
Kannada 2,555
Malayalam 5,875
Tamil 17,180
Telugu 5,570
Tulu 390
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 135
Georgian 130
Hmong-Mien languages 0
Indo-European languages 263,220
Albanian 3,590
Armenian 760
Balto-Slavic languages 55,720
Baltic languages 560
Latvian 105
Lithuanian 455
Slavic languages 55,330
Belarusian 175
Bulgarian 1,350
Czech 845
Macedonian 1,690
Polish 27,810
Russian 9,165
Rusyn 30
Serbo-Croatian 11,745
Bosnian 2,100
Croatian 6,735
Serbian 4,950
Serbo-Croatian, n.i.e. 185
Slovak 645
Slovene (Slovenian) 995
Ukrainian 8,620
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 15
Celtic languages 80
Irish 55
Scottish Gaelic 0
Welsh 15
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 0
Germanic languages 6,755
Frisian 10
High German languages 5,230
German 5,190
Pennsylvania German 0
Swiss German 55
Yiddish 15
Low Saxon-Low Franconian languages 1,190
Afrikaans 385
Dutch 745
Low German, n.o.s. 0
Low Saxon 0
Plautdietsch 55
Vlaams (Flemish) 25
Scandinavian languages 525
Danish 225
Icelandic 0
Norwegian 65
Swedish 265
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 20
Greek 3,320
Indo-Iranian languages 139,200
Indo-Aryan languages 132,170
Assamese 100
Bengali 6,400
Gujarati 12,330
Hindi 54,740
Kacchi 605
Kashmiri 240
Konkani 1,975
Marathi 5,100
Nepali 1,260
Oriya languages 435
Odia 225
Oriya, n.o.s. 215
Punjabi (Panjabi) 37,835
Rohingya 0
Sindhi 1,355
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 2,005
Urdu 55,765
Indo-Aryan languages, n.i.e. 920
Iranian languages 8,635
Baluchi 30
Kurdish 490
Parsi 10
Pashto 2,055
Persian languages 6,505
Dari 3,085
Iranian Persian 3,105
Persian (Farsi), n.o.s. 480
Iranian languages, n.i.e. 15
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 150
Italic (Romance) languages 59,405
Catalan 15
Italian 16,055
Portuguese 18,895
Romanian 3,120
Spanish 24,075
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 85
Indo-European languages, n.i.e. 110
Japanese 1,775
Korean 5,260
Mongolian 55
Niger-Congo languages 6,195
Akan (Twi) 1,225
Bamanankan 20
Edo 315
Éwé 100
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 95
Ga 195
Ganda 50
Gikuyu 110
Igbo 500
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 100
Lingala 190
Luba-Kasai 10
Mòoré 0
Mwani 45
Ndebele 40
Rundi (Kirundi) 75
Shona 130
Soninke 0
Sotho-Tswana languages 30
Swahili 1,550
Wojenaka 15
Wolof 65
Yoruba 1,455
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 685
Nilo-Saharan languages 65
Dinka 0
Nuer 0
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 60
African, n.o.s. 35
Sign languages 675
American Sign Language 585
Quebec Sign Language 0
Sign languages, n.i.e. 125
Sino-Tibetan languages 47,480
Chinese languages 47,005
Hakka 400
Mandarin 31,700
Min Dong 40
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 1,660
Wu (Shanghainese) 465
Yue (Cantonese) 19,900
Chinese, n.o.s. 435
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 40
Tibeto-Burman languages 455
Burmese 115
Kuki-Chin languages 0
Karenic languages 0
S'gaw Karen 0
Karenic languages, n.i.e. 0
Tibetan 290
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 55
Sino-Tibetan languages, n.i.e. 45
Tai-Kadai languages 440
Lao 210
Thai 290
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e. 0
Turkic languages 2,440
Azerbaijani 105
Kazakh 10
Turkish 2,245
Uyghur 45
Uzbek 55
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 45
Uralic languages 1,835
Estonian 140
Finnish 145
Hungarian 1,560
Other languages, n.i.e. 135
Indigenous population
Total - Indigenous identity for the population in private households - 25% sample data44 712,825
Indigenous identity45 3,555
Single Indigenous responses46 3,375
First Nations (North American Indian) 1,950
Métis 1,395
Inuk (Inuit) 25
Multiple Indigenous responses47 55
Indigenous responses not included elsewhere48 125
Non-Indigenous identity 709,270
Total - Registered or Treaty Indian status for the population in private households - 25% sample data44 712,825
Registered or Treaty Indian49 1,005
Not a Registered or Treaty Indian 711,820
Household characteristics
Total - Private households by tenure - 25% sample data50 244,575
Owner 172,225
Renter 72,355
Dwelling provided by the local government, First Nation or Indian band 0
Total - Occupied private dwellings by condominium status - 25% sample data51 244,575
Condominium 69,070
Not condominium 175,510
Total - Occupied private dwellings by number of bedrooms - 25% sample data52 244,575
No bedrooms 1,275
1 bedroom 31,240
2 bedrooms 49,850
3 bedrooms 79,885
4 or more bedrooms 82,320
Total - Occupied private dwellings by number of rooms - 25% sample data53 244,575
1 to 4 rooms 78,710
5 rooms 36,265
6 rooms 35,265
7 rooms 28,750
8 or more rooms 65,590
Average number of rooms per dwelling 6.0
Total - Private households by number of persons per room - 25% sample data54 244,575
One person or fewer per room 229,855
More than one person per room 14,720
Total - Private households by housing suitability - 25% sample data55 244,575
Suitable 216,910
Not suitable 27,660
Total - Occupied private dwellings by period of construction - 25% sample data56 244,575
1960 or before 17,730
1961 to 1980 75,015
1981 to 1990 47,955
1991 to 2000 46,745
2001 to 2005 23,530
2006 to 2010 15,745
2011 to 2015 9,550
2016 to 202157 8,300
Total - Occupied private dwellings by dwelling condition - 25% sample data58 244,575
Only regular maintenance and minor repairs needed 232,950
Major repairs needed 11,625
Total - Private households by number of household maintainers - 25% sample data59 244,575
One-maintainer household 110,565
Two-maintainer household 112,395
Three-or-more-maintainer household 21,620
Total - Private households by age of primary household maintainers - 25% sample data60 244,575
15 to 24 years 3,595
25 to 34 years 24,745
35 to 44 years 40,875
45 to 54 years 51,605
55 to 64 years 58,260
65 to 74 years 38,545
75 to 84 years 19,955
85 years and over 6,995
Total - Owner and tenant households with household total income greater than zero, in non-farm, non-reserve private dwellings by shelter-cost-to-income ratio - 25% sample data61 243,100
Spending less than 30% of income on shelter costs 174,940
Spending 30% or more of income on shelter costs 68,155
30% to less than 100% 60,495
Total - Occupied private dwellings by housing indicators - 25% sample data62 244,575
Total - Households 'spending 30% or more of income on shelter costs' or 'not suitable' or 'major repairs needed' 95,180
Spending 30% or more of income on shelter costs only 57,695
Not suitable only 19,345
Major repairs needed only 6,285
'Spending 30% or more of income on shelter costs' and 'not suitable' 6,515
'Spending 30% or more of income on shelter costs' and 'major repairs needed' 3,535
'Not suitable' and 'major repairs needed' 1,390
'Spending 30% or more of income on shelter costs' and 'not suitable' and 'major repairs needed' 415
Acceptable housing 149,400
Total - Owner and tenant households with household total income greater than zero and shelter-cost-to-income ratio less than 100%, in non-farm, non-reserve private dwellings - 25% sample data63 235,435
In core need 35,085
Not in core need 200,350
Total - Owner households in non-farm, non-reserve private dwellings - 25% sample data 172,220
% of owner households with a mortgage64 60.3
% of owner households spending 30% or more of its income on shelter costs61 23.5
% in core housing need63 9.6
Median monthly shelter costs for owned dwellings ($)65 1,800
Average monthly shelter costs for owned dwellings ($)65 1,974
Median value of dwellings ($)66 900,000
Average value of dwellings ($)66 999,000
Total - Tenant households in non-farm, non-reserve private dwellings - 25% sample data 72,350
% of tenant households in subsidized housing67 12.9
% of tenant households spending 30% or more of its income on shelter costs61 39.1
% in core housing need63 28.0
Median monthly shelter costs for rented dwellings ($)65 1,600
Average monthly shelter costs for rented dwellings ($)65 1,650
Total - Households living in a dwelling provided by the local government, First Nation or Indian band in non-farm private dwellings - 25% sample data 0
% of households living in a dwelling provided by the local government, First Nation or Indian band spending more than 30% on shelter costs61 ...
Median monthly shelter costs for dwellings provided by local government, First Nation or Indian band ($)65 ...
Average monthly shelter costs for dwellings provided by local government, First Nation or Indian band ($)65 ...
Indigenous ancestry
Total - Indigenous ancestry for the population in private households - 25% sample data68 712,825
Indigenous ancestry (only)69 755
Single Indigenous ancestry (only)70 750
First Nations (North American Indian) single ancestry 490
Métis single ancestry 255
Inuit single ancestry 0
Multiple Indigenous ancestries (only)71 0
First Nations (North American Indian) and Métis ancestry only 0
First Nations (North American Indian) and Inuit ancestry only 0
Métis and Inuit ancestry only 0
First Nations (North American Indian) and Métis and Inuit ancestry only 0
Indigenous and non-Indigenous ancestries72 4,295
Single Indigenous and non-Indigenous ancestries73 4,200
First Nations (North American Indian) and non-Indigenous ancestry only 3,050
Métis and non-Indigenous ancestry only 1,135
Inuit and non-Indigenous ancestry only 15
Multiple Indigenous and non-Indigenous ancestries74 90
First Nations (North American Indian) and Métis and non-Indigenous ancestry only 70
First Nations (North American Indian) and Inuit and non-Indigenous ancestry only 25
Métis and Inuit and non-Indigenous ancestry only 0
First Nations (North American Indian) and Métis and Inuit and non-Indigenous ancestry only 0
Non-Indigenous ancestry only75 707,780
Citizenship
Total - Citizenship for the population in private households - 25% sample data76 712,825
Canadian citizens77 600,215
Canadian citizens aged under 18 118,190
Canadian citizens aged 18 and over 482,020
Not Canadian citizens78 112,610
Immigrant status and period of immigration
Total - Immigrant status and period of immigration for the population in private households - 25% sample data79 712,825
Non-immigrants80 306,375
Immigrants81 379,425
Before 1980 58,680
1980 to 1990 47,340
1991 to 2000 83,110
2001 to 2010 95,400
2011 to 202182 94,895
2011 to 2015 42,390
2016 to 2021 52,500
Non-permanent residents83 27,030
Age at immigration
Total - Age at immigration for the immigrant population in private households - 25% sample data84 379,420
Under 5 years 32,680
5 to 14 years 63,840
15 to 24 years 70,345
25 to 44 years 173,645
45 years and over 38,915
Selected places of birth for the immigrant population
Total - Place of birth for the immigrant population in private households - 25% sample data85 379,420
Americas 46,530
Brazil 1,275
Colombia 3,385
El Salvador 815
Guyana 6,240
Haiti 155
Jamaica 11,015
Mexico 1,390
Peru 1,335
Trinidad and Tobago 5,760
United States of America 5,580
Other places of birth in Americas 9,565
Europe 77,850
Bosnia and Herzegovina 2,385
Croatia 3,035
France 625
Germany 2,115
Greece 1,385
Hungary 690
Italy 6,805
Netherlands 475
Poland 19,025
Portugal 10,415
Romania 2,645
Russian Federation 1,985
Serbia86 1,835
Ukraine 4,675
United Kingdom87 9,225
Other places of birth in Europe 10,525
Africa 25,430
Algeria 340
Congo, Democratic Republic of the 265
Egypt 8,975
Eritrea 255
Ethiopia 480
Morocco 460
Nigeria 2,920
Somalia 905
South Africa, Republic of 1,170
Other places of birth in Africa 9,660
Asia 228,910
Afghanistan 2,470
Iran88 2,675
Iraq 8,415
Lebanon 3,315
Syria89 6,705
Turkey 985
China90 22,830
Hong Kong91 6,655
Korea, South92 4,125
Taiwan 1,685
Philippines 28,670
Viet Nam 10,950
Bangladesh 3,065
India 61,255
Pakistan 33,805
Sri Lanka 7,785
Other places of birth in Asia 23,530
Oceania and other places of birth93 700
Selected places of birth for the recent immigrant population
Total - Place of birth for the recent immigrant population in private households - 25% sample data94 52,505
Americas 3,975
Brazil 275
Colombia 310
Haiti 15
Jamaica 705
Mexico 270
United States of America 1,260
Venezuela95 195
Other places of birth in Americas 945
Europe 3,120
France 80
Germany 55
Ireland96 105
Italy 45
Russian Federation 185
Ukraine 610
United Kingdom87 260
Other places of birth in Europe 1,775
Africa 4,550
Algeria 70
Burundi 0
Cameroon 45
Congo, Democratic Republic of the 0
Côte d'Ivoire 105
Egypt 1,555
Eritrea 40
Ethiopia 65
Morocco 135
Nigeria 1,275
Somalia 105
South Africa, Republic of 165
Sudan97 140
Tunisia 65
Other places of birth in Africa 770
Asia 40,800
Afghanistan 355
Bangladesh 455
China90 2,680
Hong Kong91 95
India 16,580
Iran88 260
Iraq 2,045
Israel 50
Japan 60
Jordan 315
Korea, South92 285
Lebanon 495
Nepal 225
Pakistan 4,305
Philippines 3,065
Saudi Arabia 1,030
Sri Lanka 400
Syria89 4,375
Turkey 290
United Arab Emirates 1,265
Viet Nam 745
Other places of birth in Asia 1,420
Oceania and other93 65
Australia 45
Other places of birth98 15
Generation status
Total - Generation status for the population in private households - 25% sample data99 712,825
First generation100 412,535
Second generation101 192,000
Third generation or more102 108,295
Admission category and applicant type
Total - Admission category and applicant type for the immigrant population in private households who were admitted between 1980 and 2021 - 25% sample data103 320,745
Economic immigrants104 179,000
Principal applicants105 69,680
Secondary applicants106 109,320
Immigrants sponsored by family107 89,420
Refugees108 48,575
Other immigrants109 3,755
Pre-admission experience
Total - Pre-admission experience for the immigrant population in private households who were admitted between 1980 and 2021 - 25% sample data110 320,745
Asylum claim before admission111 18,860
Work permits only before admission112 21,710
Study permits only before admission113 5,400
Work and study permits before admission114 11,195
Other permits before admission115 1,775
No pre-admission experience116 261,805
Visible minority
Total - Visible minority for the population in private households - 25% sample data117 712,825
Total visible minority population118 441,480
South Asian 180,800
Chinese 52,095
Black 49,220
Filipino 38,335
Arab 42,805
Latin American 17,325
Southeast Asian 17,165
West Asian 8,510
Korean 5,825
Japanese 2,115
Visible minority, n.i.e.119 10,890
Multiple visible minorities 16,410
Not a visible minority120 271,345
Ethnic or cultural origin
Total - Ethnic or cultural origin for the population in private households - 25% sample data121 712,825
Canadian 42,315
English 46,415
Irish 39,785
Scottish 36,800
French, n.o.s.122 15,425
German 19,285
Chinese 55,350
Italian 38,075
Indian (India) 90,560
Ukrainian 17,350
Dutch 6,125
Polish 36,095
Québécois 445
British Isles, n.o.s.123 12,325
Filipino 37,325
French Canadian 3,120
Caucasian (White), n.o.s.124 4,980
First Nations (North American Indian), n.o.s.125 1,615
Métis 1,460
European, n.o.s.126 6,500
Russian 6,265
Norwegian 1,235
Welsh 3,880
Portuguese 27,845
American 3,425
Spanish 9,865
Swedish 1,420
Hungarian 3,945
Acadian 600
Pakistani 41,025
African, n.o.s.127 9,710
Jewish 2,065
Punjabi 10,725
Vietnamese 15,010
Arab, n.o.s.128 16,645
Greek 5,890
Jamaican 15,860
Asian, n.o.s.129 9,685
Cree, n.o.s.130 100
Korean 6,025
Romanian 3,755
Lebanese 4,645
Iranian 3,165
Christian, n.i.e.131 6,110
Danish 990
North American Indigenous, n.o.s.132 540
Sikh 6,110
Austrian 1,940
Belgian 665
Haitian 300
Hindu 11,545
Mexican 2,350
Mennonite 200
Swiss 980
Finnish 995
Sri Lankan 7,370
Croatian 7,955
Japanese 2,875
South Asian, n.o.s.133 10,410
Mi'kmaq, n.o.s.134 415
Northern European, n.o.s.135 725
Muslim 10,055
Egyptian 9,950
Latin, Central or South American, n.o.s.136 3,455
Tamil 6,505
Icelandic 200
Colombian 3,820
Moroccan 530
Czech 1,485
Syrian 6,385
Guyanese 6,165
Afghan 4,085
Black, n.o.s.137 4,015
Serbian 4,680
Ojibway 300
Newfoundlander 750
Hong Konger 2,595
Ontarian 1,060
Persian 1,685
Trinidadian/Tobagonian 5,460
Turkish 3,150
Inuit, n.o.s.138 45
Bangladeshi 2,740
Algerian 355
Brazilian 1,630
Nigerian 2,470
Armenian 1,295
Slovak 1,385
Eastern European, n.o.s.139 1,275
Somali 2,165
Taiwanese 1,415
Iraqi 5,695
Salvadorean 940
African Caribbean 3,695
East or Southeast Asian, n.o.s.140 3,210
West or Central Asian or Middle Eastern, n.o.s.141 4,730
Caribbean, n.o.s.142 3,050
Algonquin 85
West Indian, n.o.s.143 4,120
Lithuanian 1,160
South African 1,030
Australian 475
Palestinian 6,080
Chilean 1,225
Congolese 285
Nova Scotian 365
Ethiopian 740
Hispanic, n.o.s.144 1,565
Peruvian 1,580
Yoruba 1,220
Cambodian (Khmer) 295
Berber 180
Albanian 3,830
Maltese 2,985
Macedonian 2,070
Slovenian 2,470
Western European, n.o.s.145 300
New Brunswicker 105
Gujarati 2,210
Eritrean 490
African Canadian 1,315
Israeli 360
Mohawk 180
Czechoslovakian, n.o.s.146 320
Bulgarian 1,395
Albertan 25
Ghanaian 1,540
Barbadian 1,380
African American 780
Yugoslavian, n.o.s.147 750
Tunisian 155
Slavic, n.o.s.148 1,540
Cuban 965
Bosnian 2,125
Venezuelan 930
Innu/Montagnais, n.o.s.149 0
Latvian 440
Bengali 1,560
Cameroonian 75
Guatemalan 565
Indonesian 1,180
Laotian 380
Ilocano 755
Northern Irish 545
Celtic, n.o.s.150 240
British Columbian 20
Ecuadorian 1,305
Franco Ontarian 90
Argentinian 790
Estonian 385
Kurdish 490
Fijian 220
Jatt 690
North American, n.o.s.151 185
Coptic 3,860
Thai 300
Dominican 560
Nepali 1,005
Kabyle 25
Assyrian 1,120
Igbo 465
Byelorussian 535
Dene, n.o.s.152 0
Blackfoot, n.o.s.153 30
Abenaki 0
Moldovan 220
Iroquois (Haudenosaunee), n.o.s.154 80
New Zealander 85
Sudanese 945
Breton 0
Pennsylvania Dutch 165
Malaysian 605
Plains Cree 40
North African, n.o.s.155 290
Huron (Wendat) 55
Saskatchewanian 35
Buddhist 705
Gaspesian 35
Norman 10
Southern or East African, n.o.s.156 720
Ivorian 245
Saulteaux 0
Anishinaabe, n.o.s.157 10
Burundian 35
Tigrinya 25
Nicaraguan 340
Mauritian 805
Kenyan 515
Oji-Cree 0
Vincentian 580
Jordanian 1,360
Manitoban 45
Cape Bretoner 50
Rwandan 100
Grenadian 665
Malayali 965
Chaldean 725
Sinhalese 840
Mayan 190
Honduran 195
Cherokee 35
Qalipu Mi'kmaq 65
Indo-Caribbean 840
Flemish 75
United Empire Loyalist 125
Senegalese 40
Azerbaijani 110
Sicilian 175
Pashtun 1,205
Malay 510
Goan 2,125
Bantu, n.o.s.158 135
Tibetan 310
Zimbabwean 195
Burmese 230
Mongolian 275
Azorean 640
Atikamekw 0
Bamileke 0
Indo-Guyanese 620
Ugandan 170
Oromo 70
Tanzanian 370
Yemeni 490
Central African 45
Libyan 265
Basque 90
Uruguayan 475
Akan, n.o.s.159 350
Central or West African, n.o.s.160 145
Igorot 95
Fulani 85
Woodland Cree 0
Guinean 60
St. Lucian 235
Prince Edward Islander 55
Maliseet 0
Beninese 125
Telugu 740
Roma 160
Costa Rican 165
African Nova Scotian 145
Malagasy 55
Kashmiri 630
Singaporean 180
Karen 0
Edo 330
Tajik 330
Amhara 50
Paraguayan 0
Religion
Total - Religion for the population in private households - 25% sample data161 712,825
Buddhist 14,300
Christian 355,735
Christian, n.o.s.162 51,655
Anabaptist 325
Anglican 14,605
Baptist 5,865
Catholic 216,650
Christian Orthodox 25,625
Jehovah's Witness 1,905
Latter Day Saints 370
Lutheran 2,235
Methodist and Wesleyan (Holiness) 955
Pentecostal and other Charismatic 8,315
Presbyterian 5,900
Reformed 385
United Church 10,595
Other Christian and Christian-related traditions 10,350
Hindu 62,520
Jewish 1,380
Muslim 120,965
Sikh 24,505
Traditional (North American Indigenous) spirituality 20
Other religions and spiritual traditions 4,465
No religion and secular perspectives 128,940
Mobility status 1 year ago
Total - Mobility status 1 year ago - 25% sample data163 707,075
Non-movers 633,415
Movers 73,665
Non-migrants 40,870
Migrants 32,795
Internal migrants 20,565
Intraprovincial migrants 18,310
Interprovincial migrants 2,255
External migrants 12,230
Mobility status 5 years ago
Total - Mobility status 5 years ago - 25% sample data164 681,500
Non-movers 456,750
Movers 224,750
Non-migrants 95,470
Migrants 129,280
Internal migrants 66,180
Intraprovincial migrants 58,050
Interprovincial migrants 8,130
External migrants 63,100
Secondary (high) school diploma or equivalency certificate
Total - Secondary (high) school diploma or equivalency certificate for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data165 603,590
No high school diploma or equivalency certificate 85,715
With high school diploma or equivalency certificate166 517,875
Total - Secondary (high) school diploma or equivalency certificate for the population aged 25 to 64 years in private households - 25% sample data165 392,425
No high school diploma or equivalency certificate 31,170
With high school diploma or equivalency certificate166 361,255
Highest certificate, diploma or degree
Total - Highest certificate, diploma or degree for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data165 603,595
No certificate, diploma or degree 80,295
High (secondary) school diploma or equivalency certificate167 152,265
Postsecondary certificate, diploma or degree 371,030
Postsecondary certificate or diploma below bachelor level 140,395
Apprenticeship or trades certificate or diploma 22,470
Non-apprenticeship trades certificate or diploma168 12,560
Apprenticeship certificate169 9,915
College, CEGEP or other non-university certificate or diploma170 99,290
University certificate or diploma below bachelor level 18,635
Bachelor's degree or higher 230,635
Bachelor's degree 150,240
University certificate or diploma above bachelor level 14,805
Degree in medicine, dentistry, veterinary medicine or optometry 6,385
Master's degree 53,970
Earned doctorate171 5,235
Total - Highest certificate, diploma or degree for the population aged 25 to 64 years in private households - 25% sample data165 392,425
No certificate, diploma or degree 28,030
High (secondary) school diploma or equivalency certificate167 78,470
Postsecondary certificate, diploma or degree 285,925
Postsecondary certificate or diploma below bachelor level 100,800
Apprenticeship or trades certificate or diploma 14,275
Non-apprenticeship trades certificate or diploma168 7,945
Apprenticeship certificate169 6,335
College, CEGEP or other non-university certificate or diploma170 73,650
University certificate or diploma below bachelor level 12,870
Bachelor's degree or higher 185,125
Bachelor's degree 117,405
University certificate or diploma above bachelor level 11,615
Degree in medicine, dentistry, veterinary medicine or optometry 5,270
Master's degree 46,915
Earned doctorate171 3,925
Major field of study - Classification of Instructional Programs (CIP) 2021
Total - Major field of study - Classification of Instructional Programs (CIP) 2021 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data172 603,595
No postsecondary certificate, diploma or degree173 232,560
Education 16,285
13. Education 16,285
Visual and performing arts, and communications technologies 11,500
10. Communications technologies/technicians and support services 1,255
50. Visual and performing arts 10,245
Humanities 20,955
16. Indigenous and foreign languages, literatures, and linguistics 2,275
23. English language and literature/letters 5,070
24. Liberal arts and sciences, general studies and humanities 8,405
30A Interdisciplinary humanities174 415
38. Philosophy and religious studies 1,165
39. Theology and religious vocations 875
54. History 2,110
55. French language and literature/lettersCAN 650
Social and behavioural sciences and law 45,905
05. Area, ethnic, cultural, gender, and group studies 460
09. Communication, journalism and related programs 5,165
19. Family and consumer sciences/human sciences 6,885
22. Legal professions and studies 7,270
30B Interdisciplinary social and behavioural sciences175 945
42. Psychology 6,385
45. Social sciences 18,800
Business, management and public administration 96,290
30.16 Accounting and computer science 120
44. Public administration and social service professions 4,050
52. Business, management, marketing and related support services 92,115
Physical and life sciences and technologies 20,495
26. Biological and biomedical sciences 8,070
30.01 Biological and physical sciences 5,710
30C Other interdisciplinary physical and life sciences176 485
40. Physical sciences 5,500
41. Science technologies/technicians 725
Mathematics, computer and information sciences 27,715
11. Computer and information sciences and support services 22,495
25. Library science 555
27. Mathematics and statistics 3,920
30D Interdisciplinary mathematics, computer and information sciences177 750
Architecture, engineering, and related trades 71,895
04. Architecture and related services 3,545
14. Engineering 36,150
15. Engineering/engineering-related technologies/technicians 13,540
30.12 Historic preservation and conservation 15
46. Construction trades 7,195
47. Mechanic and repair technologies/technicians 7,525
48. Precision production 3,925
Agriculture, natural resources and conservation 4,515
01. Agricultural and veterinary sciences/services/operations and related fields178 3,035
03. Natural resources and conservation 1,475
Health and related fields 42,145
30.37 Design for human health 0
31. Parks, recreation, leisure, fitness, and kinesiology 3,210
51. Health professions and related programs178 37,475
60. Health professions residency/fellowship programs 85
61. Medical residency/fellowship programs 1,370
Personal, protective and transportation services 13,215
12. Culinary, entertainment, and personal services 7,370
28. Military science, leadership and operational art 45
29. Military technologies and applied sciences 80
43. Security and protective services 3,740
49. Transportation and materials moving 1,975
Other179 115
Total - Major field of study - Classification of Instructional Programs (CIP) 2021 for the population aged 25 to 64 years in private households - 25% sample data172 392,425
No postsecondary certificate, diploma or degree173 106,500
Education 11,560
13. Education 11,560
Visual and performing arts, and communications technologies 8,915
10. Communications technologies/technicians and support services 885
50. Visual and performing arts 8,035
Humanities 15,740
16. Indigenous and foreign languages, literatures, and linguistics 1,635
23. English language and literature/letters 3,930
24. Liberal arts and sciences, general studies and humanities 6,355
30A Interdisciplinary humanities174 295
38. Philosophy and religious studies 875
39. Theology and religious vocations 600
54. History 1,580
55. French language and literature/lettersCAN 475
Social and behavioural sciences and law 35,395
05. Area, ethnic, cultural, gender, and group studies 360
09. Communication, journalism and related programs 4,080
19. Family and consumer sciences/human sciences 5,075
22. Legal professions and studies 5,945
30B Interdisciplinary social and behavioural sciences175 690
42. Psychology 4,965
45. Social sciences 14,285
Business, management and public administration 77,165
30.16 Accounting and computer science 100
44. Public administration and social service professions 3,250
52. Business, management, marketing and related support services 73,815
Physical and life sciences and technologies 14,800
26. Biological and biomedical sciences 5,935
30.01 Biological and physical sciences 4,130
30C Other interdisciplinary physical and life sciences176 395
40. Physical sciences 3,820
41. Science technologies/technicians 520
Mathematics, computer and information sciences 23,755
11. Computer and information sciences and support services 19,785
25. Library science 365
27. Mathematics and statistics 2,945
30D Interdisciplinary mathematics, computer and information sciences177 665
Architecture, engineering, and related trades 52,980
04. Architecture and related services 2,735
14. Engineering 28,390
15. Engineering/engineering-related technologies/technicians 9,660
30.12 Historic preservation and conservation 15
46. Construction trades 4,845
47. Mechanic and repair technologies/technicians 4,905
48. Precision production 2,430
Agriculture, natural resources and conservation 3,300
01. Agricultural and veterinary sciences/services/operations and related fields178 2,120
03. Natural resources and conservation 1,180
Health and related fields 32,480
30.37 Design for human health 0
31. Parks, recreation, leisure, fitness, and kinesiology 2,185
51. Health professions and related programs178 29,165
60. Health professions residency/fellowship programs 80
61. Medical residency/fellowship programs 1,040
Personal, protective and transportation services 9,740
12. Culinary, entertainment, and personal services 5,475
28. Military science, leadership and operational art 20
29. Military technologies and applied sciences 35
43. Security and protective services 2,810
49. Transportation and materials moving 1,395
Other179 85
Location of study compared with province or territory of residence
Total - Location of study compared with province or territory of residence for the population aged 25 to 64 years in private households - 25% sample data180 392,425
No postsecondary certificate, diploma or degree 106,500
Postsecondary certificate, diploma or degree181 285,925
Location of study inside Canada 165,130
Same as province or territory of residence 154,900
Different than province or territory of residence 10,235
Location of study outside Canada182 120,795
Americas 14,140
United States of America 7,865
Mexico 725
Cuba 335
Haiti 10
Jamaica 705
Brazil 715
Colombia 1,285
Peru 305
Venezuela95 430
Other locations of study in Americas 1,760
Europe 19,045
Belgium 100
France 445
Germany 310
Netherlands 160
Switzerland 130
Hungary 140
Moldova183 140
Poland 4,260
Romania 1,195
Russian Federation 945
Ukraine 2,345
Ireland96 300
United Kingdom87 4,830
Bosnia and Herzegovina 350
Italy 160
Serbia86 510
Other locations of study in Europe 2,710
Africa 7,200
Nigeria 1,080
Algeria 135
Morocco 135
Tunisia 60
Egypt 4,010
South Africa, Republic of 345
Other locations of study in Africa 1,445
Asia 79,475
Iran88 675
Iraq 2,420
Israel 115
Lebanon 965
Syria89 1,630
Turkey 345
China90 7,260
Taiwan 290
Hong Kong91 585
Japan 385
Korea, South92 1,295
Philippines 10,950
Viet Nam 635
Bangladesh 1,020
Sri Lanka 1,070
India 33,070
Pakistan 12,165
Other locations of study in Asia 4,600
Oceania 930
Australia 825
New Zealand 85
Other locations of study in Oceania 25
Labour force status
Total - Population aged 15 years and over by labour force status - 25% sample data184 603,595
In the labour force 385,915
Employed 332,000
Unemployed 53,920
Not in the labour force 217,670
Participation rate 63.9
Employment rate 55.0
Unemployment rate 14.0
Work activity during the reference year
Total - Population aged 15 years and over by work activity during the reference year - 25% sample data185 603,595
Did not work186 228,605
Worked 374,990
Worked full year full time187 206,735
Worked part year and/or part time188 168,250
Average weeks worked in reference year 40.4
Class of worker including job permanency
Total - Labour force aged 15 years and over by class of worker including job permanency - 25% sample data189 385,915
Class of worker - not applicable190 14,625
All classes of workers191 371,295
Employee 315,540
Permanent position 265,785
Temporary position 49,760
Fixed term (1 year or more) 17,885
Casual, seasonal or short-term position (less than 1 year) 31,870
Self-employed192 55,755
Occupation - Broad category - National Occupational Classification (NOC) 2021
Total - Labour force aged 15 years and over by occupation - Broad category - National Occupational Classification (NOC) 2021 - 25% sample data193 385,915
Occupation - not applicable190 14,625
All occupations191 371,295
0 Legislative and senior management occupations 4,955
1 Business, finance and administration occupations 82,165
2 Natural and applied sciences and related occupations 48,950
3 Health occupations 23,720
4 Occupations in education, law and social, community and government services 34,620
5 Occupations in art, culture, recreation and sport 9,330
6 Sales and service occupations 90,300
7 Trades, transport and equipment operators and related occupations 56,875
8 Natural resources, agriculture and related production occupations 2,295
9 Occupations in manufacturing and utilities 18,080
Industry - Sectors - North American Industry Classification System (NAICS) 2017
Total - Labour force aged 15 years and over by industry - Sectors - North American Industry Classification System (NAICS) 2017 - 25% sample data194 385,915
Industry - not applicable190 14,625
All industries191 371,295
11 Agriculture, forestry, fishing and hunting 690
21 Mining, quarrying, and oil and gas extraction 545
22 Utilities 1,805
23 Construction 23,065
31-33 Manufacturing 34,185
41 Wholesale trade 19,520
44-45 Retail trade 42,635
48-49 Transportation and warehousing 28,765
51 Information and cultural industries 9,985
52 Finance and insurance 28,545
53 Real estate and rental and leasing 8,800
54 Professional, scientific and technical services 46,330
55 Management of companies and enterprises 2,070
56 Administrative and support, waste management and remediation services 17,160
61 Educational services 23,330
62 Health care and social assistance 36,230
71 Arts, entertainment and recreation 4,520
72 Accommodation and food services 17,960
81 Other services (except public administration) 12,585
91 Public administration 12,565
All languages used at work
Total - All languages used at work for the population in private households aged 15 years and over who worked since January 1, 2020 - 25% sample data195 407,720
English 372,730
French 625
Non-official language 4,415
Indigenous39 0
Non-Indigenous 4,415
English and French 5,885
English and non-official language(s) 23,060
French and non-official language(s) 10
English, French and non-official language(s) 695
Multiple non-official languages 290
Language used most often at work
Total - Language used most often at work for the population aged 15 years and over who worked since January 1, 2020, in private households, 2021 Census - 25% sample data196 407,720
Single responses 402,080
Official languages 393,335
English 391,975
French 1,360
Non-official languages 8,750
Indigenous languages39 0
Algonquian languages 0
Blackfoot 0
Cree-Innu languages 0
Atikamekw 0
Cree languages 0
Ililimowin (Moose Cree) 0
Inu Ayimun (Southern East Cree) 0
Iyiyiw-Ayimiwin (Northern East Cree) 0
Nehinawewin (Swampy Cree) 0
Nehiyawewin (Plains Cree) 0
Nihithawiwin (Woods Cree) 0
Cree, n.o.s. 0
Innu (Montagnais) 0
Naskapi 0
Eastern Algonquian languages 0
Mi'kmaq 0
Wolastoqewi (Malecite) 0
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 0
Anicinabemowin (Algonquin) 0
Oji-Cree 0
Ojibway languages 0
Anishinaabemowin (Chippewa) 0
Daawaamwin (Odawa) 0
Saulteau (Western Ojibway) 0
Ojibway, n.o.s. 0
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 0
Athabaskan languages 0
Northern Athabaskan languages 0
Dakelh (Carrier) 0
Dane-zaa (Beaver) 0
Dene, n.o.s. 0
Gwich'in 0
Slavey-Hare languages 0
Deh Gah Ghotie Zhatie (South Slavey) 0
Satuotine Yati (North Slavey) 0
Slavey, n.o.s. 0
Tahltan languages 0
Tlicho (Dogrib) 0
Tse'khene (Sekani) 0
Tsilhqot'in (Chilcotin) 0
Tsuu T'ina (Sarsi) 0
Tutchone languages 0
Northern Tutchone 0
Southern Tutchone 0
Tutchone, n.o.s. 0
Wetsuwet'en-Babine 0
Tlingit 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0
Haida 0
Inuktut (Inuit) languages 0
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 0
Inuinnaqtun 0
Inuvialuktun 0
Inuktitut 0
Inuktut (Inuit) languages, n.i.e. 0
Iroquoian languages 0
Mohawk 0
Oneida 0
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 0
Ktunaxa (Kutenai) 0
Michif 0
Salish languages 0
Halkomelem 0
Lillooet 0
Ntlakapamux (Thompson) 0
Secwepemctsin (Shuswap) 0
Squamish 0
Straits 0
Syilx (Okanagan) 0
Salish languages, n.i.e. 0
Siouan languages 0
Assiniboine 0
Dakota 0
Stoney 0
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 0
Tsimshian languages 0
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 0
Nisga'a 0
Tsimshian 0
Wakashan languages 0
Haisla 0
Heiltsuk 0
Kwak'wala (Kwakiutl) 0
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0
Indigenous languages, n.i.e. 0
Indigenous languages, n.o.s. 0
Non-Indigenous languages 8,750
Afro-Asiatic languages 775
Berber languages 0
Kabyle 0
Tamazight 0
Berber languages, n.i.e. 0
Chadic languages 0
Coptic 0
Cushitic languages 10
Bilen 0
Oromo 0
Somali 10
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 0
Semitic languages 760
Amharic 0
Arabic 730
Aramaic languages 20
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 15
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 0
Aramaic, n.o.s. 0
Hebrew 0
Tigrigna 0
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 0
Austro-Asiatic languages 555
Khmer (Cambodian) 0
Vietnamese 555
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 0
Austronesian languages 150
Bikol 0
Bisaya, n.o.s. 0
Cebuano 0
Hiligaynon 0
Ilocano 0
Indonesian 0
Kankanaey 0
Malagasy languages 0
Malay 0
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 0
Pangasinan 0
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 140
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 0
Creole languages 0
Haitian Creole 0
Jamaican English Creole 0
Morisyen 0
Creole, n.o.s. 0
Creole languages, n.i.e. 0
Dravidian languages 165
Kannada 0
Malayalam 15
Tamil 130
Telugu 20
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 0
Georgian 25
Indo-European languages 3,850
Albanian 45
Armenian 0
Balto-Slavic languages 1,270
Baltic languages 0
Latvian 0
Lithuanian 0
Slavic languages 1,265
Bulgarian 15
Czech 0
Macedonian 10
Polish 690
Russian 165
Serbo-Croatian 100
Bosnian 25
Croatian 25
Serbian 45
Serbo-Croatian, n.i.e. 0
Slovak 0
Slovene (Slovenian) 0
Ukrainian 280
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 0
Celtic languages 0
Scottish Gaelic 0
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 0
Germanic languages 30
Frisian 0
High German languages 30
German 30
Pennsylvania German 0
Swiss German 0
Yiddish 0
Low Saxon-Low Franconian languages 0
Afrikaans 0
Dutch 0
Low German, n.o.s. 0
Low Saxon 0
Plautdietsch 0
Vlaams (Flemish) 0
Scandinavian languages 0
Danish 0
Icelandic 0
Norwegian 0
Swedish 0
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 0
Greek 10
Indo-Iranian languages 1,600
Indo-Aryan languages 1,550
Bengali 20
Gujarati 50
Hindi 155
Kacchi 0
Marathi 0
Nepali 20
Punjabi (Panjabi) 790
Sindhi 0
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 0
Urdu 510
Indo-Aryan languages, n.i.e. 0
Iranian languages 50
Kurdish 0
Pashto 0
Persian languages 45
Dari 25
Iranian Persian 15
Persian (Farsi), n.o.s. 10
Iranian languages, n.i.e. 0
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 0
Italic (Romance) languages 890
Catalan 0
Italian 30
Portuguese 335
Romanian 35
Spanish 480
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 0
Indo-European languages, n.i.e. 0
Japanese 35
Korean 280
Mongolian 0
Niger-Congo languages 0
Akan (Twi) 0
Edo 0
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 0
Ga 0
Ganda 0
Igbo 0
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 0
Lingala 0
Rundi (Kirundi) 0
Shona 0
Swahili 0
Wolof 0
Yoruba 0
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 0
Nilo-Saharan languages 0
Dinka 0
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 0
Sign languages 45
American Sign Language 45
Quebec Sign Language 0
Sign languages, n.i.e. 0
Sino-Tibetan languages 2,810
Chinese languages 2,810
Hakka 0
Mandarin 2,085
Min Dong 0
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 0
Wu (Shanghainese) 0
Yue (Cantonese) 705
Chinese, n.o.s. 20
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 0
Tibeto-Burman languages 0
Burmese 0
Karenic languages 0
S'gaw Karen 0
Karenic languages, n.i.e. 0
Tibetan 0
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 0
Sino-Tibetan languages, n.i.e. 0
Tai-Kadai languages 0
Lao 0
Thai 0
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e. 0
Turkic languages 50
Azerbaijani 0
Turkish 50
Uyghur 0
Uzbek 0
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 0
Uralic languages 0
Estonian 0
Finnish 0
Hungarian 0
Other languages, n.i.e. 0
Multiple responses 5,635
English and French 1,205
English and non-official language(s) 4,275
French and non-official language(s) 0
English, French and non-official language(s) 75
Multiple non-official languages 80
Other language(s) used regularly at work
Total - Other language(s) used regularly at work for the population in private households aged 15 years and over who worked since January 1, 2020 - 25% sample data197 407,720
None 382,635
English 4,345
French 4,090
Non-official language 13,100
Indigenous39 0
Non-Indigenous 13,100
English and French 10
English and non-official language(s) 475
French and non-official language(s) 465
English, French and non-official language(s) 10
Multiple non-official languages 2,590
Place of work status
Total - Place of work status for the employed labour force aged 15 years and over - 25% sample data198 331,995
Worked at home 111,685
Worked outside Canada 1,970
No fixed workplace address 37,480
Usual place of work 180,870
Commuting destination
Total - Commuting destination for the employed labour force aged 15 years and over with a usual place of work - 25% sample data199 180,870
Commute within census subdivision (CSD) of residence 106,490
Commute to a different census subdivision (CSD) within census division (CD) of residence 13,235
Commute to a different census subdivision (CSD) and census division (CD) within province or territory of residence 60,820
Commute to a different province or territory 325
Main mode of commuting
Total - Main mode of commuting for the employed labour force aged 15 years and over with a usual place of work or no fixed workplace address - 25% sample data200 218,345
Car, truck or van 180,545
Car, truck or van - as a driver 162,185
Car, truck or van - as a passenger 18,365
Public transit 24,890
Walked 6,350
Bicycle 715
Other method 5,845
Commuting duration
Total - Commuting duration for the employed labour force aged 15 years and over with a usual place of work or no fixed workplace address - 25% sample data201 218,345
Less than 15 minutes 41,835
15 to 29 minutes 83,990
30 to 44 minutes 53,060
45 to 59 minutes 18,620
60 minutes and over 20,845
Time leaving for work
Total - Time leaving for work for the employed labour force aged 15 years and over with a usual place of work or no fixed workplace address - 25% sample data202 218,345
Between 5 a.m. and 5:59 a.m. 14,260
Between 6 a.m. and 6:59 a.m. 33,810
Between 7 a.m. and 7:59 a.m. 48,570
Between 8 a.m. and 8:59 a.m. 47,655
Between 9 a.m. and 11:59 a.m. 36,895
Between 12 p.m. and 4:59 a.m. 37,155
Children eligible for instruction in the minority official language
Total - Eligibility for instruction in the minority official language for the population in private households born in 2003 or later - 100% data203 138,965
Children eligible for instruction in the minority official language 11,435
Children not eligible for instruction in the minority official language 127,535
Eligibility and instruction in the minority official language for school-aged children
Total - Eligibility and instruction in the minority official language, for the population in private households born between 2003 and 2015 (inclusive) - 100% data204 104,945
Children eligible for instruction in the minority official language 9,225
Eligible children who have been instructed in the minority official language at the primary or secondary level in Canada 5,965
Eligible children who have not been instructed in the minority official language at the primary or secondary level in Canada 3,260
Children not eligible for instruction in the minority official language 95,720

Symbol legend

Source

Source: Statistics Canada, 2021 Census of Population.

How to cite

How to cite: Statistics Canada. 2023. (table). Census Profile. 2021 Census of Population. Statistics Canada Catalogue no. 98-316-X2021001. Ottawa. Released November 15, 2023.
https://www12.statcan.gc.ca/census-recensement/2021/dp-pd/prof/index.cfm?Lang=E (accessed April 12, 2024).

Note(s):

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