Census Profile, 2021 Census of Population
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Topic:
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Age
Age characteristics
Commuting
Select all: Commuting
Commuting destination
Commuting duration
Main mode of commuting
Place of work status
Time leaving for work
Education
Select all: Education
Highest certificate, diploma or degree
Location of study compared with province or territory of residence
Major field of study - Classification of Instructional Programs (CIP) 2021
Secondary (high) school diploma or equivalency certificate
Ethnocultural and religious diversity
Select all: Ethnocultural and religious diversity
Ethnic or cultural origin
Religion
Visible minority
Families, households, and marital status
Select all: Families, households, and marital status
Family characteristics
Household type
Marital status
Housing
Household characteristics
Immigration, place of birth, and citizenship
Select all: Immigration, place of birth, and citizenship
Admission category and applicant type
Age at immigration
Citizenship
Generation status
Immigrant status and period of immigration
Pre-admission experience
Selected places of birth for the immigrant population
Selected places of birth for the recent immigrant population
Income
Select all: Income
Income of economic families in 2020
Income of households in 2020
Income of individuals in 2019
Income of individuals in 2020
Low income and income inequality in 2020
Indigenous peoples
Select all: Indigenous peoples
Indigenous ancestry
Indigenous population
Instruction in the minority official language
Select all: Instruction in the minority official language
Children eligible for instruction in the minority official language
Eligibility and instruction in the minority official language for school-aged children
Labour
Select all: Labour
Class of worker including job permanency
Industry - Sectors - North American Industry Classification System (NAICS) 2017
Labour force status
Occupation - Broad category - National Occupational Classification (NOC) 2021
Work activity during the reference year
Language
Select all: Language
All languages spoken at home
First official language spoken
Knowledge of languages
Knowledge of official languages
Language spoken most often at home
Mother tongue
Other language spoken regularly at home
Language of work
Select all: Language of work
All languages used at work
Language used most often at work
Other language(s) used regularly at work
Mobility and migration
Select all: Mobility and migration
Mobility status 1 year ago
Mobility status 5 years ago
Population and dwelling counts
Population and dwellings
Type of dwelling
Household and dwelling characteristics
GenderMore information:


Statistic:
Characteristic Winnipeg, City (CY)More information:
Manitoba
[Census subdivision]
Counts
Total
Population and dwellings
Population, 20211 749,607
Population, 20161 705,244
Population percentage change, 2016 to 2021 6.3
Total private dwellings2 315,465
Private dwellings occupied by usual residents3 300,431
Population density per square kilometre 1,623.3
Land area in square kilometres 461.78
Age characteristics
Total - Age groups of the population - 100% data 749,605
0 to 14 years 124,345
0 to 4 years 39,810
5 to 9 years 42,130
10 to 14 years 42,410
15 to 64 years 497,940
15 to 19 years 42,490
20 to 24 years 56,365
25 to 29 years 55,040
30 to 34 years 54,930
35 to 39 years 53,845
40 to 44 years 50,115
45 to 49 years 46,635
50 to 54 years 44,555
55 to 59 years 48,230
60 to 64 years 45,735
65 years and over 127,320
65 to 69 years 39,550
70 to 74 years 33,270
75 to 79 years 22,025
80 to 84 years 15,050
85 years and over 17,430
85 to 89 years 10,155
90 to 94 years 5,425
95 to 99 years 1,585
100 years and over 260
Total - Distribution (%) of the population by broad age groups - 100% data 100.0
0 to 14 years 16.6
15 to 64 years 66.4
65 years and over 17.0
85 years and over 2.3
Average age of the population 40.3
Median age of the population 38.8
Household and dwelling characteristics
Total - Occupied private dwellings by structural type of dwelling - 100% data 300,430
Single-detached house 172,765
Semi-detached house 12,015
Row house 11,700
Apartment or flat in a duplex 5,515
Apartment in a building that has fewer than five storeys 56,430
Apartment in a building that has five or more storeys 41,055
Other single-attached house 285
Movable dwelling4 665
Total - Private households by household size - 100% data 300,435
1 person 90,705
2 persons 96,125
3 persons 45,425
4 persons 40,895
5 or more persons 27,285
Number of persons in private households 736,660
Average household size 2.5
Marital status
Total - Marital status for the total population aged 15 years and over - 100% data 625,260
Married or living common-law 336,075
Married 280,110
Living common-law 55,970
Living common law - Never married 42,285
Living common law - Separated 2,135
Living common law - Divorced 10,455
Living common law - Widowed 1,085
Not married and not living common-law 289,185
Not married and not living common law - Never married 203,765
Not married and not living common law - Separated 14,415
Not married and not living common law - Divorced 37,040
Not married and not living common law - Widowed 33,965
Family characteristics
Total - Census families in private households by family size - 100% data5 199,010
2 persons 97,475
3 persons 43,835
4 persons 39,505
5 or more persons 18,195
Average size of census families 2.9
Average number of children in census families with children6 1.8
Total number of census families in private households - 100% data 199,005
Total couple families 163,295
Married couples 135,310
With children6 77,570
Without children 57,740
Common-law couples 27,980
With children6 9,945
Without children 18,035
Total one-parent families 35,715
in which the parent is a woman+ 28,085
in which the parent is a man+ 7,630
Total - Persons in private households - 100% data 736,660
Total - Persons in census families 582,730
Married spouses or common-law partners 326,585
Parents in one-parent families 35,715
Children6 220,425
In a two-parent family 163,700
In a one-parent family 56,730
Total - Persons not in census families in private households - 100% data 153,935
Living alone 90,710
Living with other relatives7 26,280
Living with non-relatives only 36,945
Household type
Total - Household type - 100% data 300,430
One-census-family households without additional persons 171,950
Couple-family households 144,435
With children6 76,710
Without children 67,720
One-parent-family households 27,515
Multigenerational households8 8,070
Multiple-census-family households9 1,755
One-census-family households with additional persons9 10,830
Two-or-more-person non-census-family households 17,120
One-person households 90,710
Income of individuals in 2020
Total - Income statistics in 2020 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data10 612,550
Number of total income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2020 - 100% data 591,230
Median total income in 2020 among recipients ($) 39,600
Number of after-tax income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2020 - 100% data 591,420
Median after-tax income in 2020 among recipients ($) 35,200
Number of market income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2020 - 100% data 526,990
Median market income in 2020 among recipients ($) 34,400
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2020 - 100% data 432,160
Median employment income in 2020 among recipients ($) 36,400
Number of government transfers recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2020 - 100% data 544,345
Median government transfers in 2020 among recipients ($) 7,600
Number of employment insurance benefits recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2020 - 100% data 66,835
Median employment insurance benefits in 2020 among recipients ($) 5,200
Number of COVID-19 emergency and recovery benefits recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2020 - 100% data 160,780
Median COVID-19 emergency and recovery benefits in 2020 among recipients ($) 8,000
Total - Income statistics in 2020 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data11 612,550
Number of total income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2020 - 25% sample data 591,650
Average total income in 2020 among recipients ($) 50,120
Number of after-tax income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2020 - 25% sample data 591,805
Average after-tax income in 2020 among recipients ($) 41,200
Number of market income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2020 - 25% sample data 527,445
Average market income in 2020 among recipients ($) 46,040
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2020 - 25% sample data 432,160
Average employment income in 2020 among recipients ($) 46,400
Number of government transfers recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2020 - 25% sample data 545,050
Average government transfers in 2020 among recipients ($) 9,840
Number of employment insurance benefits recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2020 - 25% sample data 66,315
Average employment insurance benefits in 2020 among recipients ($) 6,115
Number of COVID-19 emergency and recovery benefits recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2020 - 25% sample data 159,805
Average COVID-19 emergency and recovery benefits in 2020 among recipients ($) 8,740
Total - Employment income statistics in 2020 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data12 612,550
Number of employment income recipients in 2020 who worked full-year full-time in 2020 - 25% sample data13 213,275
Median employment income in 2020 for full-year full-time workers in 2020 ($)14 58,000
Average employment income in 2020 for full-year full-time workers in 2020 ($)15 68,700
Number of employment income recipients in 2020 who worked part-year or part-time in 2020 - 25% sample data16 170,365
Median employment income in 2020 of those who worked part-year or part-time in 2020 ($) 17,600
Average employment income in 2020 of those who worked part-year or part-time in 2020 ($) 26,280
Composition of total income in 2020 of the population aged 15 years and over in private households (%) - 25% sample data17 100.0
Market income (%)18 82.0
Employment income (%)19 67.6
Government transfers (%)20 18.1
Employment insurance benefits (%) 1.4
COVID-19 - Government income support and benefits (%) 5.8
COVID-19 - Emergency and recovery benefits (%) 4.7
Total - Total income groups in 2020 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data21 612,555
Without total income 21,320
With total income 591,230
Under $10,000 (including loss) 56,360
$10,000 to $19,999 64,895
$20,000 to $29,999 94,155
$30,000 to $39,999 81,775
$40,000 to $49,999 73,305
$50,000 to $59,999 57,035
$60,000 to $69,999 43,130
$70,000 to $79,999 31,605
$80,000 to $89,999 23,710
$90,000 to $99,999 18,465
$100,000 and over 46,795
$100,000 to $149,999 32,650
$150,000 and over 14,145
Total - After-tax income groups in 2020 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data22 612,555
Without after-tax income 21,135
With after-tax income 591,415
Under $10,000 (including loss) 58,750
$10,000 to $19,999 70,515
$20,000 to $29,999 112,575
$30,000 to $39,999 100,235
$40,000 to $49,999 81,705
$50,000 to $59,999 57,850
$60,000 to $69,999 38,490
$70,000 to $79,999 27,055
$80,000 to $89,999 15,350
$90,000 to $99,999 9,025
$100,000 and over 19,860
$100,000 to $124,999 10,075
$125,000 and over 9,790
Total - Employment income groups in 2020 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data19 612,555
Without employment income 180,390
With employment income 432,160
Under $5,000 (including loss) 52,755
$5,000 to $9,999 35,240
$10,000 to $19,999 53,585
$20,000 to $29,999 45,970
$30,000 to $39,999 45,340
$40,000 to $49,999 43,980
$50,000 to $59,999 35,610
$60,000 to $69,999 28,925
$70,000 to $79,999 22,305
$80,000 to $89,999 18,325
$90,000 to $99,999 14,875
$100,000 and over 35,245
$100,000 to $124,999 18,000
$125,000 and over 17,245
Income of individuals in 2019
Total - Income statistics in 2019 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data23 612,550
Number of total income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2019 - 100% data 572,340
Median total income in 2019 among recipients ($) 37,600
Number of after-tax income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2019 - 100% data 572,530
Median after-tax income in 2019 among recipients ($) 33,200
Number of market income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2019 - 100% data 518,390
Median market income in 2019 among recipients ($) 35,200
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2019 - 100% data 431,875
Median employment income in 2019 among recipients ($) 36,800
Number of government transfers recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2019 - 100% data 499,100
Median government transfers in 2019 among recipients ($) 2,020
Number of employment insurance benefits recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2019 -100% data 42,415
Median employment insurance benefits in 2019 among recipients ($) 5,640
Total - Income statistics in 2019 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data24 612,550
Number of total income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2019 - 25% sample data 572,520
Average total income in 2019 among recipients ($) 47,880
Number of after-tax income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2019 - 25% sample data 572,705
Average after-tax income in 2019 among recipients ($) 39,080
Number of market income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2019 - 25% sample data 518,240
Average market income in 2019 among recipients ($) 46,480
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2019 - 25% sample data 431,370
Average employment income in 2019 among recipients ($) 46,400
Number of government transfers recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2019 - 25% sample data 498,905
Average government transfers in 2019 among recipients ($) 6,670
Number of employment insurance benefits recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2019 - 25% sample data 42,495
Average employment insurance benefits in 2019 among recipients ($) 7,130
Total - Employment income statistics in 2019 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data25 612,550
Number of employment income recipients in 2019 who worked full-year full-time in 2020 - 25% sample data13 211,690
Median employment income in 2019 for full-year full-time workers in 2020 ($)14 54,400
Average employment income in 2019 for full-year full-time workers in 2020 ($)15 64,500
Number of employment income recipients in 2019 who worked part-year or part-time in 2020 - 25% sample data16 159,045
Median employment income in 2019 of those who worked part-year or part-time in 2020 ($) 23,000
Average employment income in 2019 of those who worked part-year or part-time in 2020 ($) 31,680
Composition of total income in 2019 of the population aged 15 years and over in private households (%) - 25% sample data 100.0
Market income (%) 87.8
Employment income (%) 73.0
Government transfers (%) 12.1
Employment insurance benefits (%) 1.1
Income of households in 2020
Total - Income statistics for private households - 100% data26 300,435
Median total income of household in 2020 ($) 80,000
Median after-tax income of household in 2020 ($) 69,500
Total - Income statistics for one-person private households - 100% data 90,710
Median total income of one-person households in 2020 ($) 42,400
Median after-tax income of one-person households in 2020 ($) 37,200
Total - Income statistics for two-or-more-persons private households - 100% data 209,720
Median total income of two-or-more-person households in 2020 ($) 101,000
Median after-tax income of two-or-more-person households in 2020 ($) 86,000
Total - Income statistics for private households - 25% sample data27 300,430
Average total income of household in 2020 ($) 98,700
Average after-tax income of household in 2020 ($) 81,200
Total - Income statistics for one-person private households - 25% sample data 90,825
Average total income of one-person households in 2020 ($) 51,650
Average after-tax income of one-person households in 2020 ($) 42,560
Total - Income statistics for two-or-more-persons private households - 25% sample data 209,605
Average total income of two-or-more-person households in 2020 ($) 119,100
Average after-tax income of two-or-more-person households in 2020 ($) 97,900
Total - Household total income groups in 2020 for private households - 100% data21 300,430
Under $5,000 3,870
$5,000 to $9,999 2,585
$10,000 to $14,999 4,825
$15,000 to $19,999 4,475
$20,000 to $24,999 11,165
$25,000 to $29,999 11,090
$30,000 to $34,999 10,205
$35,000 to $39,999 11,170
$40,000 to $44,999 12,070
$45,000 to $49,999 11,865
$50,000 to $59,999 23,360
$60,000 to $69,999 22,375
$70,000 to $79,999 21,205
$80,000 to $89,999 19,380
$90,000 to $99,999 18,225
$100,000 and over 112,560
$100,000 to $124,999 36,495
$125,000 to $149,999 25,530
$150,000 to $199,999 28,730
$200,000 and over 21,805
Total - Household after-tax income groups in 2020 for private households - 100% data22 300,430
Under $5,000 4,185
$5,000 to $9,999 2,655
$10,000 to $14,999 4,930
$15,000 to $19,999 4,985
$20,000 to $24,999 12,465
$25,000 to $29,999 13,245
$30,000 to $34,999 12,675
$35,000 to $39,999 14,175
$40,000 to $44,999 14,510
$45,000 to $49,999 14,200
$50,000 to $59,999 27,845
$60,000 to $69,999 26,255
$70,000 to $79,999 24,665
$80,000 to $89,999 21,740
$90,000 to $99,999 18,915
$100,000 and over 82,990
$100,000 to $124,999 34,720
$125,000 to $149,999 21,050
$150,000 and over 27,220
Income of economic families in 2020
Total - Income statistics for economic families in private households - 100% data28 198,275
Median total income of economic family in 2020 ($) 101,000
Median after-tax income of economic family in 2020 ($) 87,000
Average family size of economic families 3.1
Total - Income statistics for couple-only economic families in private households - 100% data 69,340
Median total income of couple-only economic families in 2020 ($) 92,000
Median after-tax income of couple-only economic families in 2020 ($) 78,000
Average family size of couple-only economic families 2.0
Total - Income statistics for couple-with-children economic families in private households - 100% data 87,715
Median total income of couple-with-children economic families in 2020 ($) 126,000
Median after-tax income of couple-with-children economic families in 2020 ($) 107,000
Average family size of couple-with-children economic families 4.1
Total - Income statistics for one-parent economic families in private households - 100% data 32,775
Median total income of one-parent economic families in 2020 ($) 67,000
Median after-tax income of one-parent economic families in 2020 ($) 60,800
Average family size of one-parent economic families 2.8
Total - Income statistics for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families in private households - 100% data29 127,650
Median total income in 2020 ($)30 37,200
Median after-tax income in 2020 ($)30 33,600
Total - Income statistics for economic families in private households - 25% sample data31 198,185
Average total income of economic family in 2020 ($) 119,900
Average after-tax income of economic family in 2020 ($) 98,200
Total - Income statistics for couple-only economic families in private households - 25% sample data 69,100
Average total income of couple-only economic families in 2020 ($) 111,700
Average after-tax income of couple-only economic families in 2020 ($) 90,000
Total - Income statistics for couple-with-children economic families in private households - 25% sample data 87,995
Average total income of couple-with-children economic families in 2020 ($) 144,800
Average after-tax income of couple-with-children economic families in 2020 ($) 118,000
Total - Income statistics for one-parent economic families in private households - 25% sample data 32,575
Average total income of one-parent economic families in 2020 ($) 76,400
Average after-tax income of one-parent economic families in 2020 ($) 66,800
Total - Income statistics for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families in private households - 25% sample data32 127,655
Average total income in 2020 ($)30 46,160
Average after-tax income in 2020 ($)30 38,560
Low income and income inequality in 2020
Total - LIM low-income status in 2020 for the population in private households - 100% data33 736,660
0 to 17 years 148,750
0 to 5 years 48,080
18 to 64 years 469,065
65 years and over 118,845
In low income based on the Low-income measure, after tax (LIM-AT) 95,370
0 to 17 years 26,315
0 to 5 years 9,615
18 to 64 years 54,255
65 years and over 14,800
Prevalence of low income based on the Low-income measure, after tax (LIM-AT) (%) 12.9
0 to 17 years (%) 17.7
0 to 5 years (%) 20.0
18 to 64 years (%) 11.6
65 years and over (%) 12.5
Total - LICO low-income status in 2020 for the population in private households to whom the low-income concept is applicable - 100% data33 736,660
0 to 17 years 148,750
0 to 5 years 48,085
18 to 64 years 469,070
65 years and over 118,840
In low income based on the Low-income cut-offs, after tax (LICO-AT) 61,700
0 to 17 years 14,220
0 to 5 years 5,135
18 to 64 years 42,665
65 years and over 4,815
Prevalence of low income based on the Low-income cut-offs, after tax (LICO-AT) (%) 8.4
0 to 17 years (%) 9.6
0 to 5 years (%) 10.7
18 to 64 years (%) 9.1
65 years and over (%) 4.1
Total - Adjusted after-tax economic family income decile group for the population in private households - 100% data34The letter 'c' in a yellow triangle indicates a correction notice. 736,660
In bottom half of the distribution 410,185
In bottom decile 88,735
In second decile 80,825
In third decile 81,590
In fourth decile 80,190
In fifth decile 78,850
In top half of the distribution 326,470
In sixth decile 77,220
In seventh decile 73,440
In eighth decile 69,335
In ninth decile 59,395
In top decile 47,080
Total - Inequality measures for the population in private households - 100% data35 736,660
Gini index on adjusted household total income 0.333
Gini index on adjusted household market income 0.443
Gini index on adjusted household after-tax income 0.290
P90/P10 ratio on adjusted household after-tax income 3.6
Knowledge of official languages
Total - Knowledge of official languages for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% data36 742,360
English only 656,970
French only 1,260
English and French 71,705
Neither English nor French 12,435
First official language spoken
Total - First official language spoken for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% data37 742,360
English 706,105
French 20,820
English and French 3,465
Neither English nor French 11,960
Mother tongue
Total - Mother tongue for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% data38 742,360
Single responses 702,865
Official languages 504,910
English 484,365
French 20,540
Non-official languages 197,955
Indigenous languages39 3,100
Algonquian languages 2,870
Blackfoot 0
Cree-Innu languages 1,040
Atikamekw 0
Cree languages 1,040
Ililimowin (Moose Cree) 0
Inu Ayimun (Southern East Cree) 0
Iyiyiw-Ayimiwin (Northern East Cree) 20
Nehinawewin (Swampy Cree) 360
Nehiyawewin (Plains Cree) 40
Nihithawiwin (Woods Cree) 25
Cree, n.o.s. 600
Innu (Montagnais) 0
Naskapi 0
Eastern Algonquian languages 5
Mi'kmaq 5
Wolastoqewi (Malecite) 0
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 1,830
Anicinabemowin (Algonquin) 0
Oji-Cree 635
Ojibway languages 1,190
Anishinaabemowin (Chippewa) 55
Daawaamwin (Odawa) 0
Saulteau (Western Ojibway) 240
Ojibway, n.o.s. 890
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 0
Athabaskan languages 65
Northern Athabaskan languages 60
Dakelh (Carrier) 0
Dane-zaa (Beaver) 0
Dene, n.o.s. 60
Gwich'in 0
Slavey-Hare languages 0
Deh Gah Ghotie Zhatie (South Slavey) 0
Satuotine Yati (North Slavey) 0
Slavey, n.o.s. 0
Tahltan languages 0
Kaska (Nahani) 0
Tahltan 0
Tlicho (Dogrib) 0
Tse'khene (Sekani) 0
Tsilhqot'in (Chilcotin) 0
Tsuu T'ina (Sarsi) 0
Tutchone languages 0
Northern Tutchone 0
Southern Tutchone 0
Tutchone, n.o.s. 0
Wetsuwet'en-Babine 0
Tlingit 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0
Haida 0
Inuktut (Inuit) languages 90
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 0
Inuinnaqtun 0
Inuvialuktun 0
Inuktitut 90
Inuktut (Inuit) languages, n.i.e. 0
Iroquoian languages 0
Cayuga 0
Mohawk 0
Oneida 0
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 0
Ktunaxa (Kutenai) 0
Michif 40
Salish languages 0
Halkomelem 0
Lillooet 0
Ntlakapamux (Thompson) 0
Secwepemctsin (Shuswap) 0
Squamish 0
Straits 0
Syilx (Okanagan) 0
Salish languages, n.i.e. 0
Siouan languages 35
Assiniboine 0
Dakota 35
Stoney 0
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 0
Tsimshian languages 0
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 0
Nisga'a 0
Tsimshian 0
Wakashan languages 0
Haisla 0
Heiltsuk 0
Kwak'wala (Kwakiutl) 0
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0
Indigenous languages, n.i.e. 0
Indigenous languages, n.o.s. 0
Non-Indigenous languages 194,855
Afro-Asiatic languages 12,655
Berber languages 80
Kabyle 60
Tamazight 0
Berber languages, n.i.e. 10
Chadic languages 75
Hausa 65
Mina 10
Coptic 85
Cushitic languages 1,675
Bilen 180
Oromo 315
Somali 1,175
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 15
Semitic languages 10,740
Amharic 1,680
Arabic 5,845
Aramaic languages 5
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 5
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 0
Aramaic, n.o.s. 0
Harari 5
Hebrew 505
Maltese 15
Tigrigna 2,660
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 20
Austro-Asiatic languages 4,720
Khmer (Cambodian) 245
Vietnamese 4,465
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e 20
Austronesian languages 49,130
Bikol 145
Bisaya, n.o.s. 365
Cebuano 770
Fijian 5
Hiligaynon 395
Ilocano 1,320
Indonesian 135
Kankanaey 10
Kinaray-a 30
Malagasy languages 5
Merina 5
Malagasy, n.o.s. 0
Malay 10
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 900
Pangasinan 175
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 44,670
Waray-Waray 65
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 130
Creole languages 405
Haitian Creole 60
Jamaican English Creole 20
Krio 145
Morisyen 40
Sango 30
Creole, n.o.s. 75
Creole languages, n.i.e. 40
Dravidian languages 1,690
Kannada 100
Malayalam 860
Tamil 455
Telugu 260
Tulu 10
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 10
Georgian 10
Hmong-Mien languages 0
Indo-European languages 97,015
Albanian 310
Armenian 55
Balto-Slavic languages 18,635
Baltic languages 80
Latvian 20
Lithuanian 55
Slavic languages 18,550
Belarusian 40
Bulgarian 130
Czech 355
Macedonian 125
Polish 4,050
Russian 5,620
Rusyn 10
Serbo-Croatian 1,980
Bosnian 580
Croatian 745
Serbian 625
Serbo-Croatian, n.i.e. 35
Slovak 250
Slovene (Slovenian) 185
Ukrainian 5,805
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 10
Celtic languages 45
Irish 10
Scottish Gaelic 15
Welsh 15
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 10
Germanic languages 12,180
Frisian 15
High German languages 8,995
German 8,780
Pennsylvania German 0
Swiss German 45
Yiddish 165
Low Saxon-Low Franconian languages 2,835
Afrikaans 160
Dutch 1,000
Low German, n.o.s. 205
Low Saxon 50
Plautdietsch 1,345
Vlaams (Flemish) 70
Scandinavian languages 325
Danish 115
Icelandic 75
Norwegian 50
Swedish 85
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 15
Greek 1,055
Indo-Iranian languages 47,215
Indo-Aryan languages 44,090
Assamese 5
Bengali 2,000
Gujarati 3,160
Hindi 3,050
Kacchi 20
Kashmiri 10
Konkani 30
Marathi 145
Nepali 695
Oriya languages 10
Odia 10
Oriya, n.o.s. 5
Punjabi (Panjabi) 30,575
Rohingya 35
Sindhi 45
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 765
Urdu 3,515
Indo-Aryan languages, n.i.e. 30
Iranian languages 3,120
Baluchi 10
Kurdish 835
Parsi 0
Pashto 230
Persian languages 2,040
Dari 580
Iranian Persian 1,280
Persian (Farsi), n.o.s. 180
Iranian languages, n.i.e. 10
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 10
Italic (Romance) languages 17,525
Catalan 10
Italian 2,805
Portuguese 6,300
Romanian 445
Spanish 7,945
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 20
Indo-European languages, n.i.e. 0
Japanese 455
Korean 3,040
Mongolian 15
Niger-Congo languages 4,425
Akan (Twi) 175
Bamanankan 45
Edo 55
Éwé 30
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 65
Ga 20
Ganda 45
Gikuyu 25
Igbo 405
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 255
Lingala 65
Luba-Kasai 20
Mòoré 0
Mwani 30
Ndebele 20
Rundi (Kirundi) 180
Shona 120
Soninke 5
Sotho-Tswana languages 10
Swahili 915
Wojenaka 0
Wolof 90
Yoruba 1,425
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 440
Nilo-Saharan languages 365
Dinka 170
Nuer 25
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 140
African, n.o.s. 25
Sign languages 265
American Sign Language 250
Quebec Sign Language 0
Sign languages, n.i.e. 20
Sino-Tibetan languages 18,475
Chinese languages 17,935
Hakka 50
Mandarin 11,185
Min Dong 0
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 250
Wu (Shanghainese) 80
Yue (Cantonese) 6,165
Chinese, n.o.s. 190
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 10
Tibeto-Burman languages 510
Burmese 65
Kuki-Chin languages 45
Karenic languages 390
S'gaw Karen 355
Karenic languages, n.i.e. 35
Tibetan 10
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 5
Sino-Tibetan languages, n.i.e. 20
Tai-Kadai languages 905
Lao 685
Thai 215
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e. 5
Turkic languages 400
Azerbaijani 40
Kazakh 5
Turkish 270
Uyghur 10
Uzbek 35
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 35
Uralic languages 840
Estonian 20
Finnish 115
Hungarian 710
Other languages, n.i.e. 60
Multiple responses 39,490
English and French 4,605
English and non-official language(s) 30,695
French and non-official language(s) 810
English, French and non-official language(s) 600
Multiple non-official languages 2,780
All languages spoken at home
Total - All languages spoken at home for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% data40 742,360
English 510,595
French 5,310
Non-official language 56,540
Indigenous39 495
Non-Indigenous 56,050
English and French 13,370
English and non-official language(s) 145,805
French and non-official language(s) 775
English, French and non-official language(s) 4,440
Multiple non-official languages 5,530
Language spoken most often at home
Total - Language spoken most often at home for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% data41 742,360
Single responses 703,180
Official languages 580,205
English 571,855
French 8,355
Non-official languages 122,975
Indigenous languages39 835
Algonquian languages 795
Blackfoot 0
Cree-Innu languages 225
Atikamekw 0
Cree languages 225
Ililimowin (Moose Cree) 0
Inu Ayimun (Southern East Cree) 0
Iyiyiw-Ayimiwin (Northern East Cree) 0
Nehinawewin (Swampy Cree) 50
Nehiyawewin (Plains Cree) 5
Nihithawiwin (Woods Cree) 0
Cree, n.o.s. 165
Innu (Montagnais) 0
Naskapi 0
Eastern Algonquian languages 0
Mi'kmaq 0
Wolastoqewi (Malecite) 0
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 565
Anicinabemowin (Algonquin) 0
Oji-Cree 255
Ojibway languages 315
Anishinaabemowin (Chippewa) 10
Daawaamwin (Odawa) 0
Saulteau (Western Ojibway) 50
Ojibway, n.o.s. 250
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 0
Athabaskan languages 10
Northern Athabaskan languages 10
Dakelh (Carrier) 0
Dane-zaa (Beaver) 0
Dene, n.o.s. 5
Gwich'in 0
Slavey-Hare languages 0
Deh Gah Ghotie Zhatie (South Slavey) 0
Satuotine Yati (North Slavey) 0
Slavey, n.o.s. 0
Tahltan languages 0
Kaska (Nahani) 0
Tahltan 0
Tlicho (Dogrib) 0
Tse'khene (Sekani) 0
Tsilhqot'in (Chilcotin) 0
Tsuu T'ina (Sarsi) 0
Tutchone languages 0
Northern Tutchone 0
Southern Tutchone 0
Tutchone, n.o.s. 0
Wetsuwet'en-Babine 0
Tlingit 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0
Haida 0
Inuktut (Inuit) languages 15
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 0
Inuinnaqtun 0
Inuvialuktun 0
Inuktitut 15
Inuktut (Inuit) languages, n.i.e. 0
Iroquoian languages 0
Cayuga 0
Mohawk 0
Oneida 0
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 0
Ktunaxa (Kutenai) 0
Michif 5
Salish languages 0
Halkomelem 0
Lillooet 0
Ntlakapamux (Thompson) 0
Secwepemctsin (Shuswap) 0
Squamish 0
Straits 0
Syilx (Okanagan) 0
Salish languages, n.i.e. 0
Siouan languages 0
Assiniboine 0
Dakota 0
Stoney 0
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 0
Tsimshian languages 0
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 0
Nisga'a 0
Tsimshian 0
Wakashan languages 0
Haisla 0
Heiltsuk 0
Kwak'wala (Kwakiutl) 0
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0
Indigenous languages, n.i.e. 0
Indigenous languages, n.o.s. 0
Non-Indigenous languages 122,135
Afro-Asiatic languages 8,250
Berber languages 50
Kabyle 40
Tamazight 0
Berber languages, n.i.e. 0
Chadic languages 10
Hausa 10
Mina 0
Coptic 40
Cushitic languages 1,105
Bilen 140
Oromo 155
Somali 810
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 0
Semitic languages 7,040
Amharic 920
Arabic 3,905
Aramaic languages 5
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 5
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 0
Aramaic, n.o.s. 5
Harari 5
Hebrew 360
Maltese 0
Tigrigna 1,825
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 5
Austro-Asiatic languages 3,415
Khmer (Cambodian) 110
Vietnamese 3,290
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e 20
Austronesian languages 31,895
Bikol 55
Bisaya, n.o.s. 200
Cebuano 415
Fijian 0
Hiligaynon 220
Ilocano 645
Indonesian 55
Kankanaey 5
Kinaray-a 15
Malagasy languages 0
Merina 0
Malagasy, n.o.s. 0
Malay 0
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 550
Pangasinan 70
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 29,615
Waray-Waray 15
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 50
Creole languages 195
Haitian Creole 45
Jamaican English Creole 10
Krio 65
Morisyen 15
Sango 20
Creole, n.o.s. 25
Creole languages, n.i.e. 10
Dravidian languages 1,045
Kannada 40
Malayalam 565
Tamil 275
Telugu 155
Tulu 0
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 10
Georgian 5
Hmong-Mien languages 0
Indo-European languages 57,225
Albanian 175
Armenian 30
Balto-Slavic languages 8,015
Baltic languages 10
Latvian 0
Lithuanian 10
Slavic languages 8,000
Belarusian 0
Bulgarian 60
Czech 90
Macedonian 80
Polish 1,455
Russian 3,855
Rusyn 0
Serbo-Croatian 870
Bosnian 280
Croatian 255
Serbian 325
Serbo-Croatian, n.i.e. 10
Slovak 45
Slovene (Slovenian) 25
Ukrainian 1,515
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 0
Celtic languages 10
Irish 0
Scottish Gaelic 5
Welsh 5
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 0
Germanic languages 1,140
Frisian 0
High German languages 865
German 855
Pennsylvania German 0
Swiss German 5
Yiddish 5
Low Saxon-Low Franconian languages 250
Afrikaans 55
Dutch 55
Low German, n.o.s. 10
Low Saxon 5
Plautdietsch 120
Vlaams (Flemish) 0
Scandinavian languages 25
Danish 5
Icelandic 10
Norwegian 5
Swedish 10
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 0
Greek 430
Indo-Iranian languages 38,750
Indo-Aryan languages 36,550
Assamese 0
Bengali 1,245
Gujarati 2,385
Hindi 2,120
Kacchi 5
Kashmiri 0
Konkani 10
Marathi 75
Nepali 520
Oriya languages 0
Odia 0
Oriya, n.o.s. 0
Punjabi (Panjabi) 27,145
Rohingya 25
Sindhi 30
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 485
Urdu 2,470
Indo-Aryan languages, n.i.e. 30
Iranian languages 2,195
Baluchi 5
Kurdish 660
Parsi 0
Pashto 155
Persian languages 1,375
Dari 380
Iranian Persian 880
Persian (Farsi), n.o.s. 115
Iranian languages, n.i.e. 0
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 5
Italic (Romance) languages 8,680
Catalan 0
Italian 735
Portuguese 3,370
Romanian 165
Spanish 4,405
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 5
Indo-European languages, n.i.e. 0
Japanese 185
Korean 2,355
Mongolian 5
Niger-Congo languages 1,960
Akan (Twi) 95
Bamanankan 15
Edo 5
Éwé 10
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 50
Ga 0
Ganda 5
Gikuyu 5
Igbo 150
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 125
Lingala 40
Luba-Kasai 10
Mòoré 0
Mwani 5
Ndebele 0
Rundi (Kirundi) 105
Shona 10
Soninke 0
Sotho-Tswana languages 0
Swahili 515
Wojenaka 0
Wolof 70
Yoruba 615
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 105
Nilo-Saharan languages 160
Dinka 75
Nuer 20
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 55
African, n.o.s. 5
Sign languages 420
American Sign Language 365
Quebec Sign Language 5
Sign languages, n.i.e. 50
Sino-Tibetan languages 14,100
Chinese languages 13,675
Hakka 10
Mandarin 9,010
Min Dong 0
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 125
Wu (Shanghainese) 55
Yue (Cantonese) 4,350
Chinese, n.o.s. 125
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 0
Tibeto-Burman languages 415
Burmese 45
Kuki-Chin languages 30
Karenic languages 335
S'gaw Karen 310
Karenic languages, n.i.e. 30
Tibetan 5
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 5
Sino-Tibetan languages, n.i.e. 10
Tai-Kadai languages 525
Lao 415
Thai 105
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e. 0
Turkic languages 185
Azerbaijani 10
Kazakh 0
Turkish 125
Uyghur 5
Uzbek 20
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 20
Uralic languages 205
Estonian 0
Finnish 20
Hungarian 180
Other languages, n.i.e. 20
Multiple responses 39,180
English and French 2,665
English and non-official language(s) 34,860
French and non-official language(s) 375
English, French and non-official language(s) 485
Multiple non-official languages 795
Other language spoken regularly at home
Total - Other language(s) spoken regularly at home for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% data42 742,360
None 604,755
English 53,905
French 9,325
Non-official language 56,170
Indigenous39 2,255
Non-Indigenous 53,915
English and French 635
English and non-official language(s) 9,650
French and non-official language(s) 1,905
English, French and non-official language(s) 145
Multiple non-official languages 5,865
Knowledge of languagesThe letter 'c' in a yellow triangle indicates a correction notice.
Total - Knowledge of languages for the population in private households - 25% sample data43 736,660
Official languages 724,310
English 723,085
French 72,665
Non-official languages 261,030
Indigenous languages39 5,175
Algonquian languages 4,835
Blackfoot 0
Cree-Innu languages 1,755
Atikamekw 0
Cree languages 1,755
Ililimowin (Moose Cree) 0
Inu Ayimun (Southern East Cree) 0
Iyiyiw-Ayimiwin (Northern East Cree) 45
Nehinawewin (Swampy Cree) 610
Nehiyawewin (Plains Cree) 105
Nihithawiwin (Woods Cree) 70
Cree, n.o.s. 945
Innu (Montagnais) 10
Naskapi 0
Eastern Algonquian languages 35
Mi'kmaq 35
Wolastoqewi (Malecite) 0
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 3,185
Anicinabemowin (Algonquin) 15
Oji-Cree 985
Ojibway languages 2,245
Anishinaabemowin (Chippewa) 155
Daawaamwin (Odawa) 0
Saulteau (Western Ojibway) 370
Ojibway, n.o.s. 1,755
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 0
Athabaskan languages 80
Northern Athabaskan languages 70
Dakelh (Carrier) 0
Dane-zaa (Beaver) 0
Dene, n.o.s. 70
Gwich'in 0
Slavey-Hare languages 0
Deh Gah Ghotie Zhatie (South Slavey) 0
Satuotine Yati (North Slavey) 0
Slavey, n.o.s. 0
Tahltan languages 0
Kaska (Nahani) 0
Tahltan 0
Tlicho (Dogrib) 0
Tse'khene (Sekani) 0
Tsilhqot'in (Chilcotin) 0
Tsuu T'ina (Sarsi) 0
Tutchone languages 0
Northern Tutchone 0
Southern Tutchone 0
Tutchone, n.o.s. 0
Wetsuwet'en-Babine 0
Tlingit 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 10
Haida 0
Inuktut (Inuit) languages 115
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 0
Inuinnaqtun 0
Inuvialuktun 0
Inuktitut 115
Inuktut (Inuit) languages, n.i.e. 0
Iroquoian languages 0
Cayuga 0
Mohawk 0
Oneida 0
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 0
Ktunaxa (Kutenai) 0
Michif 85
Salish languages 0
Halkomelem 0
Lillooet 0
Ntlakapamux (Thompson) 0
Secwepemctsin (Shuswap) 0
Squamish 0
Straits 0
Syilx (Okanagan) 0
Salish languages, n.i.e. 0
Siouan languages 65
Assiniboine 0
Dakota 65
Stoney 0
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 0
Tsimshian languages 0
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 0
Nisga'a 0
Tsimshian 0
Wakashan languages 10
Haisla 0
Heiltsuk 0
Kwak'wala (Kwakiutl) 0
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0
Indigenous languages, n.i.e. 10
Indigenous languages, n.o.s. 20
Non-Indigenous languages 255,980
Afro-Asiatic languages 20,350
Berber languages 175
Kabyle 120
Tamazight 40
Berber languages, n.i.e. 10
Chadic languages 310
Hausa 290
Mina 20
Coptic 170
Cushitic languages 2,230
Bilen 240
Oromo 380
Somali 1,585
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 50
Semitic languages 18,310
Amharic 3,355
Arabic 9,335
Aramaic languages 0
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 0
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 0
Aramaic, n.o.s. 0
Harari 0
Hebrew 3,640
Maltese 15
Tigrigna 4,095
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 135
Austro-Asiatic languages 6,300
Khmer (Cambodian) 345
Vietnamese 5,935
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e 45
Austronesian languages 65,485
Bikol 210
Bisaya, n.o.s. 585
Cebuano 1,355
Fijian 0
Hiligaynon 685
Ilocano 3,000
Indonesian 225
Kankanaey 20
Kinaray-a 15
Malagasy languages 10
Merina 0
Malagasy, n.o.s. 10
Malay 225
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 1,625
Pangasinan 320
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 64,325
Waray-Waray 155
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 845
Creole languages 1,205
Haitian Creole 195
Jamaican English Creole 90
Krio 385
Morisyen 105
Sango 50
Creole, n.o.s. 220
Creole languages, n.i.e. 170
Dravidian languages 2,505
Kannada 290
Malayalam 1,090
Tamil 980
Telugu 510
Tulu 35
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 10
Georgian 20
Hmong-Mien languages 0
Indo-European languages 124,645
Albanian 455
Armenian 90
Balto-Slavic languages 22,770
Baltic languages 125
Latvian 65
Lithuanian 60
Slavic languages 22,710
Belarusian 70
Bulgarian 200
Czech 420
Macedonian 165
Polish 5,310
Russian 8,645
Rusyn 0
Serbo-Croatian 2,465
Bosnian 830
Croatian 1,255
Serbian 1,050
Serbo-Croatian, n.i.e. 40
Slovak 295
Slovene (Slovenian) 270
Ukrainian 8,620
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 25
Celtic languages 155
Irish 85
Scottish Gaelic 30
Welsh 35
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 10
Germanic languages 16,220
Frisian 50
High German languages 12,850
German 12,425
Pennsylvania German 0
Swiss German 40
Yiddish 405
Low Saxon-Low Franconian languages 3,640
Afrikaans 370
Dutch 1,360
Low German, n.o.s. 245
Low Saxon 50
Plautdietsch 1,625
Vlaams (Flemish) 55
Scandinavian languages 585
Danish 160
Icelandic 130
Norwegian 150
Swedish 165
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 25
Greek 1,450
Indo-Iranian languages 59,015
Indo-Aryan languages 55,360
Assamese 20
Bengali 2,655
Gujarati 4,200
Hindi 23,320
Kacchi 30
Kashmiri 10
Konkani 115
Marathi 340
Nepali 765
Oriya languages 25
Odia 0
Oriya, n.o.s. 20
Punjabi (Panjabi) 39,215
Rohingya 0
Sindhi 85
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 1,160
Urdu 6,160
Indo-Aryan languages, n.i.e. 195
Iranian languages 3,955
Baluchi 25
Kurdish 1,165
Parsi 0
Pashto 440
Persian languages 2,500
Dari 855
Iranian Persian 1,500
Persian (Farsi), n.o.s. 225
Iranian languages, n.i.e. 20
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 30
Italic (Romance) languages 27,580
Catalan 35
Italian 4,570
Portuguese 7,865
Romanian 545
Spanish 15,660
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 70
Indo-European languages, n.i.e. 30
Japanese 1,275
Korean 3,860
Mongolian 25
Niger-Congo languages 12,495
Akan (Twi) 335
Bamanankan 170
Edo 205
Éwé 55
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 145
Ga 50
Ganda 150
Gikuyu 85
Igbo 1,365
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 450
Lingala 490
Luba-Kasai 65
Mòoré 10
Mwani 45
Ndebele 60
Rundi (Kirundi) 395
Shona 295
Soninke 0
Sotho-Tswana languages 30
Swahili 2,760
Wojenaka 70
Wolof 320
Yoruba 5,300
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 1,535
Nilo-Saharan languages 530
Dinka 255
Nuer 30
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 245
African, n.o.s. 70
Sign languages 1,600
American Sign Language 1,475
Quebec Sign Language 0
Sign languages, n.i.e. 140
Sino-Tibetan languages 21,550
Chinese languages 20,965
Hakka 70
Mandarin 15,160
Min Dong 15
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 425
Wu (Shanghainese) 80
Yue (Cantonese) 8,060
Chinese, n.o.s. 160
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 25
Tibeto-Burman languages 600
Burmese 135
Kuki-Chin languages 45
Karenic languages 415
S'gaw Karen 385
Karenic languages, n.i.e. 30
Tibetan 0
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 40
Sino-Tibetan languages, n.i.e. 10
Tai-Kadai languages 1,420
Lao 1,100
Thai 515
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e. 10
Turkic languages 690
Azerbaijani 115
Kazakh 0
Turkish 605
Uyghur 0
Uzbek 10
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 40
Uralic languages 1,120
Estonian 35
Finnish 155
Hungarian 935
Other languages, n.i.e. 235
Indigenous population
Total - Indigenous identity for the population in private households - 25% sample data44 736,660
Indigenous identity45 90,995
Single Indigenous responses46 88,655
First Nations (North American Indian) 40,290
Métis 47,915
Inuk (Inuit) 455
Multiple Indigenous responses47 1,600
Indigenous responses not included elsewhere48 740
Non-Indigenous identity 645,665
Total - Registered or Treaty Indian status for the population in private households - 25% sample data44 736,660
Registered or Treaty Indian49 36,690
Not a Registered or Treaty Indian 699,970
Household characteristics
Total - Private households by tenure - 25% sample data50 300,430
Owner 189,575
Renter 110,855
Dwelling provided by the local government, First Nation or Indian band 0
Total - Occupied private dwellings by condominium status - 25% sample data51 300,430
Condominium 30,160
Not condominium 270,270
Total - Occupied private dwellings by number of bedrooms - 25% sample data52 300,430
No bedrooms 4,000
1 bedroom 50,935
2 bedrooms 79,835
3 bedrooms 101,020
4 or more bedrooms 64,640
Total - Occupied private dwellings by number of rooms - 25% sample data53 300,430
1 to 4 rooms 106,380
5 rooms 49,255
6 rooms 44,165
7 rooms 34,735
8 or more rooms 65,905
Average number of rooms per dwelling 5.7
Total - Private households by number of persons per room - 25% sample data54 300,430
One person or fewer per room 288,735
More than one person per room 11,695
Total - Private households by housing suitability - 25% sample data55 300,430
Suitable 276,300
Not suitable 24,130
Total - Occupied private dwellings by period of construction - 25% sample data56 300,430
1960 or before 94,010
1961 to 1980 92,410
1981 to 1990 36,600
1991 to 2000 19,030
2001 to 2005 9,695
2006 to 2010 12,055
2011 to 2015 15,490
2016 to 202157 21,140
Total - Occupied private dwellings by dwelling condition - 25% sample data58 300,430
Only regular maintenance and minor repairs needed 280,850
Major repairs needed 19,580
Total - Private households by number of household maintainers - 25% sample data59 300,430
One-maintainer household 154,495
Two-maintainer household 130,400
Three-or-more-maintainer household 15,540
Total - Private households by age of primary household maintainers - 25% sample data60 300,430
15 to 24 years 11,615
25 to 34 years 46,285
35 to 44 years 55,860
45 to 54 years 51,940
55 to 64 years 56,510
65 to 74 years 44,825
75 to 84 years 23,965
85 years and over 9,440
Total - Owner and tenant households with household total income greater than zero, in non-farm, non-reserve private dwellings by shelter-cost-to-income ratio - 25% sample data61 299,745
Spending less than 30% of income on shelter costs 239,255
Spending 30% or more of income on shelter costs 60,490
30% to less than 100% 53,280
Total - Occupied private dwellings by housing indicators - 25% sample data62 300,430
Total - Households 'spending 30% or more of income on shelter costs' or 'not suitable' or 'major repairs needed' 94,430
Spending 30% or more of income on shelter costs only 52,455
Not suitable only 18,635
Major repairs needed only 13,810
'Spending 30% or more of income on shelter costs' and 'not suitable' 3,760
'Spending 30% or more of income on shelter costs' and 'major repairs needed' 4,030
'Not suitable' and 'major repairs needed' 1,490
'Spending 30% or more of income on shelter costs' and 'not suitable' and 'major repairs needed' 240
Acceptable housing 206,000
Total - Owner and tenant households with household total income greater than zero and shelter-cost-to-income ratio less than 100%, in non-farm, non-reserve private dwellings - 25% sample data63 292,540
In core need 34,425
Not in core need 258,120
Total - Owner households in non-farm, non-reserve private dwellings - 25% sample data 189,560
% of owner households with a mortgage64 63.9
% of owner households spending 30% or more of its income on shelter costs61 11.0
% in core housing need63 4.7
Median monthly shelter costs for owned dwellings ($)65 1,240
Average monthly shelter costs for owned dwellings ($)65 1,326
Median value of dwellings ($)66 340,000
Average value of dwellings ($)66 364,000
Total - Tenant households in non-farm, non-reserve private dwellings - 25% sample data 110,855
% of tenant households in subsidized housing67 15.8
% of tenant households spending 30% or more of its income on shelter costs61 36.0
% in core housing need63 24.2
Median monthly shelter costs for rented dwellings ($)65 1,100
Average monthly shelter costs for rented dwellings ($)65 1,137
Total - Households living in a dwelling provided by the local government, First Nation or Indian band in non-farm private dwellings - 25% sample data 0
% of households living in a dwelling provided by the local government, First Nation or Indian band spending more than 30% on shelter costs61 ...
Median monthly shelter costs for dwellings provided by local government, First Nation or Indian band ($)65 ...
Average monthly shelter costs for dwellings provided by local government, First Nation or Indian band ($)65 ...
Indigenous ancestry
Total - Indigenous ancestry for the population in private households - 25% sample data68 736,660
Indigenous ancestry (only)69 42,460
Single Indigenous ancestry (only)70 41,075
First Nations (North American Indian) single ancestry 29,575
Métis single ancestry 11,270
Inuit single ancestry 230
Multiple Indigenous ancestries (only)71 1,390
First Nations (North American Indian) and Métis ancestry only 1,340
First Nations (North American Indian) and Inuit ancestry only 15
Métis and Inuit ancestry only 25
First Nations (North American Indian) and Métis and Inuit ancestry only 0
Indigenous and non-Indigenous ancestries72 50,730
Single Indigenous and non-Indigenous ancestries73 48,430
First Nations (North American Indian) and non-Indigenous ancestry only 18,690
Métis and non-Indigenous ancestry only 29,470
Inuit and non-Indigenous ancestry only 275
Multiple Indigenous and non-Indigenous ancestries74 2,300
First Nations (North American Indian) and Métis and non-Indigenous ancestry only 2,215
First Nations (North American Indian) and Inuit and non-Indigenous ancestry only 50
Métis and Inuit and non-Indigenous ancestry only 35
First Nations (North American Indian) and Métis and Inuit and non-Indigenous ancestry only 0
Non-Indigenous ancestry only75 643,465
Citizenship
Total - Citizenship for the population in private households - 25% sample data76 736,660
Canadian citizens77 634,515
Canadian citizens aged under 18 132,535
Canadian citizens aged 18 and over 501,980
Not Canadian citizens78 102,145
Immigrant status and period of immigration
Total - Immigrant status and period of immigration for the population in private households - 25% sample data79 736,660
Non-immigrants80 505,525
Immigrants81 201,040
Before 1980 29,080
1980 to 1990 17,290
1991 to 2000 17,060
2001 to 2010 48,280
2011 to 202182 89,330
2011 to 2015 43,430
2016 to 2021 45,900
Non-permanent residents83 30,095
Age at immigration
Total - Age at immigration for the immigrant population in private households - 25% sample data84 201,040
Under 5 years 19,145
5 to 14 years 37,070
15 to 24 years 35,750
25 to 44 years 91,925
45 years and over 17,155
Selected places of birth for the immigrant population
Total - Place of birth for the immigrant population in private households - 25% sample data85 201,040
Americas 17,800
Brazil 1,555
Colombia 795
El Salvador 1,465
Guyana 1,105
Haiti 150
Jamaica 1,820
Mexico 950
Peru 205
Trinidad and Tobago 1,505
United States of America 3,875
Other places of birth in Americas 4,380
Europe 33,300
Bosnia and Herzegovina 825
Croatia 640
France 655
Germany 3,010
Greece 705
Hungary 470
Italy 2,265
Netherlands 1,045
Poland 3,465
Portugal 3,430
Romania 510
Russian Federation 1,945
Serbia86 360
Ukraine 3,895
United Kingdom87 6,455
Other places of birth in Europe 3,615
Africa 23,455
Algeria 340
Congo, Democratic Republic of the 1,325
Egypt 1,165
Eritrea 2,615
Ethiopia 2,445
Morocco 440
Nigeria 7,440
Somalia 785
South Africa, Republic of 660
Other places of birth in Africa 6,250
Asia 125,980
Afghanistan 795
Iran88 1,030
Iraq 1,220
Lebanon 285
Syria89 1,670
Turkey 245
China90 8,900
Hong Kong91 1,165
Korea, South92 2,655
Taiwan 265
Philippines 62,100
Viet Nam 4,340
Bangladesh 1,245
India 27,605
Pakistan 3,735
Sri Lanka 1,065
Other places of birth in Asia 7,650
Oceania and other places of birth93 515
Selected places of birth for the recent immigrant population
Total - Place of birth for the recent immigrant population in private households - 25% sample data94 45,900
Americas 3,505
Brazil 1,265
Colombia 275
Haiti 50
Jamaica 335
Mexico 215
United States of America 590
Venezuela95 30
Other places of birth in Americas 750
Europe 2,770
France 130
Germany 35
Ireland96 80
Italy 130
Russian Federation 425
Ukraine 920
United Kingdom87 245
Other places of birth in Europe 800
Africa 9,410
Algeria 250
Burundi 90
Cameroon 80
Congo, Democratic Republic of the 395
Côte d'Ivoire 75
Egypt 255
Eritrea 1,230
Ethiopia 540
Morocco 210
Nigeria 4,350
Somalia 300
South Africa, Republic of 130
Sudan97 340
Tunisia 95
Other places of birth in Africa 1,075
Asia 30,145
Afghanistan 135
Bangladesh 570
China90 3,350
Hong Kong91 185
India 11,030
Iran88 255
Iraq 645
Israel 470
Japan 75
Jordan 145
Korea, South92 750
Lebanon 140
Nepal 85
Pakistan 1,090
Philippines 7,945
Saudi Arabia 115
Sri Lanka 175
Syria89 1,380
Turkey 120
United Arab Emirates 155
Viet Nam 530
Other places of birth in Asia 795
Oceania and other93 80
Australia 60
Other places of birth98 15
Generation status
Total - Generation status for the population in private households - 25% sample data99 736,660
First generation100 236,410
Second generation101 131,455
Third generation or more102 368,795
Admission category and applicant type
Total - Admission category and applicant type for the immigrant population in private households who were admitted between 1980 and 2021 - 25% sample data103 171,965
Economic immigrants104 113,765
Principal applicants105 46,180
Secondary applicants106 67,580
Immigrants sponsored by family107 35,860
Refugees108 21,840
Other immigrants109 500
Pre-admission experience
Total - Pre-admission experience for the immigrant population in private households who were admitted between 1980 and 2021 - 25% sample data110 171,965
Asylum claim before admission111 1,900
Work permits only before admission112 9,430
Study permits only before admission113 3,080
Work and study permits before admission114 9,760
Other permits before admission115 685
No pre-admission experience116 147,110
Visible minority
Total - Visible minority for the population in private households - 25% sample data117 736,660
Total visible minority population118 253,630
South Asian 62,460
Chinese 22,745
Black 40,085
Filipino 83,305
Arab 7,035
Latin American 8,910
Southeast Asian 10,285
West Asian 3,280
Korean 3,825
Japanese 1,520
Visible minority, n.i.e.119 2,800
Multiple visible minorities 7,380
Not a visible minority120 483,030
Ethnic or cultural origin
Total - Ethnic or cultural origin for the population in private households - 25% sample data121 736,660
Canadian 51,625
English 107,395
Irish 77,850
Scottish 99,465
French, n.o.s.122 66,405
German 84,850
Chinese 26,290
Italian 16,915
Indian (India) 33,570
Ukrainian 90,380
Dutch 20,605
Polish 45,295
Québécois 765
British Isles, n.o.s.123 16,525
Filipino 80,110
French Canadian 7,525
Caucasian (White), n.o.s.124 8,225
First Nations (North American Indian), n.o.s.125 21,030
Métis 44,360
European, n.o.s.126 7,835
Russian 21,260
Norwegian 9,620
Welsh 9,555
Portuguese 10,280
American 4,305
Spanish 8,450
Swedish 11,545
Hungarian 6,200
Acadian 880
Pakistani 4,510
African, n.o.s.127 7,195
Jewish 10,270
Punjabi 12,640
Vietnamese 6,790
Arab, n.o.s.128 2,925
Greek 3,040
Jamaican 3,550
Asian, n.o.s.129 8,345
Cree, n.o.s.130 9,470
Korean 3,715
Romanian 3,385
Lebanese 1,095
Iranian 1,330
Christian, n.i.e.131 2,025
Danish 4,145
North American Indigenous, n.o.s.132 8,225
Sikh 8,390
Austrian 6,505
Belgian 9,305
Haitian 305
Hindu 3,470
Mexican 1,795
Mennonite 15,125
Swiss 2,485
Finnish 2,475
Sri Lankan 1,075
Croatian 2,330
Japanese 2,205
South Asian, n.o.s.133 1,545
Mi'kmaq, n.o.s.134 620
Northern European, n.o.s.135 2,265
Muslim 1,660
Egyptian 1,380
Latin, Central or South American, n.o.s.136 1,870
Tamil 325
Icelandic 15,870
Colombian 975
Moroccan 485
Czech 2,655
Syrian 1,265
Guyanese 1,270
Afghan 1,195
Black, n.o.s.137 1,885
Serbian 1,105
Ojibway 8,225
Newfoundlander 365
Hong Konger 990
Ontarian 305
Persian 495
Trinidadian/Tobagonian 2,060
Turkish 775
Inuit, n.o.s.138 635
Bangladeshi 1,830
Algerian 285
Brazilian 1,800
Nigerian 4,700
Armenian 305
Slovak 1,205
Eastern European, n.o.s.139 1,945
Somali 1,355
Taiwanese 385
Iraqi 680
Salvadorean 1,600
African Caribbean 700
East or Southeast Asian, n.o.s.140 1,770
West or Central Asian or Middle Eastern, n.o.s.141 595
Caribbean, n.o.s.142 1,075
Algonquin 245
West Indian, n.o.s.143 1,035
Lithuanian 855
South African 570
Australian 575
Palestinian 530
Chilean 1,345
Congolese 1,295
Nova Scotian 210
Ethiopian 2,480
Hispanic, n.o.s.144 905
Peruvian 290
Yoruba 4,320
Cambodian (Khmer) 740
Berber 235
Albanian 440
Maltese 255
Macedonian 240
Slovenian 775
Western European, n.o.s.145 465
New Brunswicker 100
Gujarati 855
Eritrean 3,055
African Canadian 525
Israeli 1,250
Mohawk 340
Czechoslovakian, n.o.s.146 840
Bulgarian 270
Albertan 75
Ghanaian 445
Barbadian 470
African American 660
Yugoslavian, n.o.s.147 605
Tunisian 140
Slavic, n.o.s.148 820
Cuban 205
Bosnian 920
Venezuelan 130
Innu/Montagnais, n.o.s.149 50
Latvian 810
Bengali 470
Cameroonian 195
Guatemalan 470
Indonesian 495
Laotian 1,620
Ilocano 1,080
Northern Irish 365
Celtic, n.o.s.150 395
British Columbian 80
Ecuadorian 250
Franco Ontarian 40
Argentinian 530
Estonian 225
Kurdish 590
Fijian 15
Jatt 1,145
North American, n.o.s.151 240
Coptic 560
Thai 630
Dominican 220
Nepali 590
Kabyle 60
Assyrian 15
Igbo 1,440
Byelorussian 595
Dene, n.o.s.152 355
Blackfoot, n.o.s.153 265
Abenaki 0
Moldovan 165
Iroquois (Haudenosaunee), n.o.s.154 75
New Zealander 120
Sudanese 315
Breton 130
Pennsylvania Dutch 145
Malaysian 285
Plains Cree 55
North African, n.o.s.155 190
Huron (Wendat) 75
Saskatchewanian 175
Buddhist 400
Gaspesian 0
Norman 75
Southern or East African, n.o.s.156 345
Ivorian 110
Saulteaux 1,380
Anishinaabe, n.o.s.157 1,830
Burundian 350
Tigrinya 1,225
Nicaraguan 345
Mauritian 145
Kenyan 445
Oji-Cree 1,415
Vincentian 120
Jordanian 145
Manitoban 3,215
Cape Bretoner 30
Rwandan 335
Grenadian 85
Malayali 230
Chaldean 0
Sinhalese 600
Mayan 390
Honduran 90
Cherokee 115
Qalipu Mi'kmaq 15
Indo-Caribbean 215
Flemish 430
United Empire Loyalist 115
Senegalese 100
Azerbaijani 115
Sicilian 305
Pashtun 70
Malay 445
Goan 60
Bantu, n.o.s.158 300
Tibetan 10
Zimbabwean 205
Burmese 240
Mongolian 135
Azorean 165
Atikamekw 0
Bamileke 0
Indo-Guyanese 130
Ugandan 155
Oromo 435
Tanzanian 95
Yemeni 150
Central African 190
Libyan 190
Basque 60
Uruguayan 25
Akan, n.o.s.159 110
Central or West African, n.o.s.160 225
Igorot 175
Fulani 200
Woodland Cree 25
Guinean 60
St. Lucian 45
Prince Edward Islander 0
Maliseet 15
Beninese 105
Telugu 90
Roma 80
Costa Rican 60
African Nova Scotian 40
Malagasy 50
Kashmiri 65
Singaporean 35
Karen 460
Edo 365
Tajik 35
Amhara 340
Paraguayan 690
Religion
Total - Religion for the population in private households - 25% sample data161 736,660
Buddhist 6,860
Christian 371,345
Christian, n.o.s.162 65,290
Anabaptist 9,285
Anglican 19,790
Baptist 7,015
Catholic 177,020
Christian Orthodox 12,390
Jehovah's Witness 2,670
Latter Day Saints 1,020
Lutheran 13,420
Methodist and Wesleyan (Holiness) 1,055
Pentecostal and other Charismatic 10,775
Presbyterian 2,890
Reformed 975
United Church 29,530
Other Christian and Christian-related traditions 18,200
Hindu 14,745
Jewish 10,835
Muslim 24,170
Sikh 32,510
Traditional (North American Indigenous) spirituality 2,805
Other religions and spiritual traditions 5,440
No religion and secular perspectives 267,945
Mobility status 1 year ago
Total - Mobility status 1 year ago - 25% sample data163 728,830
Non-movers 628,490
Movers 100,335
Non-migrants 78,555
Migrants 21,780
Internal migrants 14,360
Intraprovincial migrants 5,325
Interprovincial migrants 9,035
External migrants 7,425
Mobility status 5 years ago
Total - Mobility status 5 years ago - 25% sample data164 696,950
Non-movers 410,540
Movers 286,405
Non-migrants 187,720
Migrants 98,690
Internal migrants 41,775
Intraprovincial migrants 24,630
Interprovincial migrants 17,145
External migrants 56,915
Secondary (high) school diploma or equivalency certificate
Total - Secondary (high) school diploma or equivalency certificate for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data165 612,550
No high school diploma or equivalency certificate 98,815
With high school diploma or equivalency certificate166 513,735
Total - Secondary (high) school diploma or equivalency certificate for the population aged 25 to 64 years in private households - 25% sample data165 395,650
No high school diploma or equivalency certificate 39,215
With high school diploma or equivalency certificate166 356,435
Highest certificate, diploma or degree
Total - Highest certificate, diploma or degree for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data165 612,550
No certificate, diploma or degree 89,430
High (secondary) school diploma or equivalency certificate167 182,910
Postsecondary certificate, diploma or degree 340,215
Postsecondary certificate or diploma below bachelor level 161,460
Apprenticeship or trades certificate or diploma 34,885
Non-apprenticeship trades certificate or diploma168 18,160
Apprenticeship certificate169 16,725
College, CEGEP or other non-university certificate or diploma170 107,675
University certificate or diploma below bachelor level 18,910
Bachelor's degree or higher 178,745
Bachelor's degree 124,190
University certificate or diploma above bachelor level 13,490
Degree in medicine, dentistry, veterinary medicine or optometry 4,860
Master's degree 30,770
Earned doctorate171 5,435
Total - Highest certificate, diploma or degree for the population aged 25 to 64 years in private households - 25% sample data165 395,650
No certificate, diploma or degree 34,465
High (secondary) school diploma or equivalency certificate167 102,120
Postsecondary certificate, diploma or degree 259,070
Postsecondary certificate or diploma below bachelor level 114,410
Apprenticeship or trades certificate or diploma 23,625
Non-apprenticeship trades certificate or diploma168 12,145
Apprenticeship certificate169 11,480
College, CEGEP or other non-university certificate or diploma170 77,885
University certificate or diploma below bachelor level 12,895
Bachelor's degree or higher 144,655
Bachelor's degree 101,005
University certificate or diploma above bachelor level 10,095
Degree in medicine, dentistry, veterinary medicine or optometry 4,000
Master's degree 25,575
Earned doctorate171 3,990
Major field of study - Classification of Instructional Programs (CIP) 2021
Total - Major field of study - Classification of Instructional Programs (CIP) 2021 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data172 612,555
No postsecondary certificate, diploma or degree173 272,340
Education 26,245
13. Education 26,245
Visual and performing arts, and communications technologies 10,120
10. Communications technologies/technicians and support services 1,045
50. Visual and performing arts 9,075
Humanities 18,355
16. Indigenous and foreign languages, literatures, and linguistics 1,575
23. English language and literature/letters 3,510
24. Liberal arts and sciences, general studies and humanities 6,445
30A Interdisciplinary humanities174 405
38. Philosophy and religious studies 1,120
39. Theology and religious vocations 2,235
54. History 2,335
55. French language and literature/lettersCAN 740
Social and behavioural sciences and law 39,170
05. Area, ethnic, cultural, gender, and group studies 795
09. Communication, journalism and related programs 3,790
19. Family and consumer sciences/human sciences 6,965
22. Legal professions and studies 5,715
30B Interdisciplinary social and behavioural sciences175 1,060
42. Psychology 7,015
45. Social sciences 13,820
Business, management and public administration 74,940
30.16 Accounting and computer science 180
44. Public administration and social service professions 5,420
52. Business, management, marketing and related support services 69,340
Physical and life sciences and technologies 14,030
26. Biological and biomedical sciences 5,955
30.01 Biological and physical sciences 4,190
30C Other interdisciplinary physical and life sciences176 505
40. Physical sciences 2,740
41. Science technologies/technicians 630
Mathematics, computer and information sciences 19,165
11. Computer and information sciences and support services 16,180
25. Library science 865
27. Mathematics and statistics 1,895
30D Interdisciplinary mathematics, computer and information sciences177 220
Architecture, engineering, and related trades 59,740
04. Architecture and related services 2,495
14. Engineering 16,535
15. Engineering/engineering-related technologies/technicians 13,910
30.12 Historic preservation and conservation 10
46. Construction trades 10,445
47. Mechanic and repair technologies/technicians 10,850
48. Precision production 5,500
Agriculture, natural resources and conservation 6,510
01. Agricultural and veterinary sciences/services/operations and related fields178 4,580
03. Natural resources and conservation 1,930
Health and related fields 56,510
30.37 Design for human health 0
31. Parks, recreation, leisure, fitness, and kinesiology 3,040
51. Health professions and related programs178 51,715
60. Health professions residency/fellowship programs 110
61. Medical residency/fellowship programs 1,635
Personal, protective and transportation services 15,385
12. Culinary, entertainment, and personal services 9,810
28. Military science, leadership and operational art 90
29. Military technologies and applied sciences 100
43. Security and protective services 2,560
49. Transportation and materials moving 2,820
Other179 50
Total - Major field of study - Classification of Instructional Programs (CIP) 2021 for the population aged 25 to 64 years in private households - 25% sample data172 395,655
No postsecondary certificate, diploma or degree173 136,585
Education 17,925
13. Education 17,925
Visual and performing arts, and communications technologies 7,835
10. Communications technologies/technicians and support services 705
50. Visual and performing arts 7,135
Humanities 13,190
16. Indigenous and foreign languages, literatures, and linguistics 1,350
23. English language and literature/letters 2,690
24. Liberal arts and sciences, general studies and humanities 4,685
30A Interdisciplinary humanities174 260
38. Philosophy and religious studies 845
39. Theology and religious vocations 1,420
54. History 1,465
55. French language and literature/lettersCAN 475
Social and behavioural sciences and law 30,995
05. Area, ethnic, cultural, gender, and group studies 685
09. Communication, journalism and related programs 3,260
19. Family and consumer sciences/human sciences 5,415
22. Legal professions and studies 4,730
30B Interdisciplinary social and behavioural sciences175 895
42. Psychology 5,235
45. Social sciences 10,775
Business, management and public administration 57,130
30.16 Accounting and computer science 145
44. Public administration and social service professions 4,000
52. Business, management, marketing and related support services 52,990
Physical and life sciences and technologies 10,440
26. Biological and biomedical sciences 4,525
30.01 Biological and physical sciences 3,030
30C Other interdisciplinary physical and life sciences176 440
40. Physical sciences 2,050
41. Science technologies/technicians 395
Mathematics, computer and information sciences 15,645
11. Computer and information sciences and support services 13,410
25. Library science 550
27. Mathematics and statistics 1,510
30D Interdisciplinary mathematics, computer and information sciences177 180
Architecture, engineering, and related trades 45,295
04. Architecture and related services 2,010
14. Engineering 14,185
15. Engineering/engineering-related technologies/technicians 10,105
30.12 Historic preservation and conservation 10
46. Construction trades 7,595
47. Mechanic and repair technologies/technicians 7,560
48. Precision production 3,825
Agriculture, natural resources and conservation 5,090
01. Agricultural and veterinary sciences/services/operations and related fields178 3,505
03. Natural resources and conservation 1,585
Health and related fields 44,245
30.37 Design for human health 0
31. Parks, recreation, leisure, fitness, and kinesiology 2,350
51. Health professions and related programs178 40,505
60. Health professions residency/fellowship programs 85
61. Medical residency/fellowship programs 1,305
Personal, protective and transportation services 11,240
12. Culinary, entertainment, and personal services 6,970
28. Military science, leadership and operational art 75
29. Military technologies and applied sciences 55
43. Security and protective services 2,105
49. Transportation and materials moving 2,040
Other179 30
Location of study compared with province or territory of residence
Total - Location of study compared with province or territory of residence for the population aged 25 to 64 years in private households - 25% sample data180 395,655
No postsecondary certificate, diploma or degree 136,585
Postsecondary certificate, diploma or degree181 259,065
Location of study inside Canada 188,395
Same as province or territory of residence 165,815
Different than province or territory of residence 22,575
Location of study outside Canada182 70,675
Americas 7,865
United States of America 4,365
Mexico 300
Cuba 70
Haiti 20
Jamaica 265
Brazil 1,205
Colombia 435
Peru 80
Venezuela95 55
Other locations of study in Americas 1,065
Europe 6,995
Belgium 80
France 370
Germany 345
Netherlands 100
Switzerland 80
Hungary 45
Moldova183 95
Poland 410
Romania 80
Russian Federation 785
Ukraine 1,600
Ireland96 150
United Kingdom87 1,765
Bosnia and Herzegovina 120
Italy 145
Serbia86 75
Other locations of study in Europe 765
Africa 6,150
Nigeria 3,200
Algeria 145
Morocco 170
Tunisia 75
Egypt 590
South Africa, Republic of 265
Other locations of study in Africa 1,695
Asia 49,070
Iran88 415
Iraq 155
Israel 720
Lebanon 40
Syria89 125
Turkey 150
China90 3,605
Taiwan 130
Hong Kong91 420
Japan 210
Korea, South92 1,080
Philippines 24,470
Viet Nam 545
Bangladesh 570
Sri Lanka 295
India 13,665
Pakistan 1,365
Other locations of study in Asia 1,125
Oceania 590
Australia 535
New Zealand 55
Other locations of study in Oceania 0
Labour force status
Total - Population aged 15 years and over by labour force status - 25% sample data184 612,550
In the labour force 402,365
Employed 366,595
Unemployed 35,770
Not in the labour force 210,185
Participation rate 65.7
Employment rate 59.8
Unemployment rate 8.9
Work activity during the reference year
Total - Population aged 15 years and over by work activity during the reference year - 25% sample data185 612,555
Did not work186 214,675
Worked 397,870
Worked full year full time187 218,230
Worked part year and/or part time188 179,640
Average weeks worked in reference year 41.7
Class of worker including job permanency
Total - Labour force aged 15 years and over by class of worker including job permanency - 25% sample data189 402,365
Class of worker - not applicable190 9,690
All classes of workers191 392,680
Employee 352,710
Permanent position 297,890
Temporary position 54,820
Fixed term (1 year or more) 17,825
Casual, seasonal or short-term position (less than 1 year) 36,995
Self-employed192 39,970
Occupation - Broad category - National Occupational Classification (NOC) 2021
Total - Labour force aged 15 years and over by occupation - Broad category - National Occupational Classification (NOC) 2021 - 25% sample data193 402,365
Occupation - not applicable190 9,690
All occupations191 392,680
0 Legislative and senior management occupations 3,615
1 Business, finance and administration occupations 69,570
2 Natural and applied sciences and related occupations 28,430
3 Health occupations 35,390
4 Occupations in education, law and social, community and government services 53,890
5 Occupations in art, culture, recreation and sport 11,125
6 Sales and service occupations 102,610
7 Trades, transport and equipment operators and related occupations 64,295
8 Natural resources, agriculture and related production occupations 4,325
9 Occupations in manufacturing and utilities 19,425
Industry - Sectors - North American Industry Classification System (NAICS) 2017
Total - Labour force aged 15 years and over by industry - Sectors - North American Industry Classification System (NAICS) 2017 - 25% sample data194 402,365
Industry - not applicable190 9,690
All industries191 392,680
11 Agriculture, forestry, fishing and hunting 2,340
21 Mining, quarrying, and oil and gas extraction 665
22 Utilities 3,435
23 Construction 25,400
31-33 Manufacturing 34,390
41 Wholesale trade 11,145
44-45 Retail trade 43,970
48-49 Transportation and warehousing 27,430
51 Information and cultural industries 7,370
52 Finance and insurance 18,545
53 Real estate and rental and leasing 5,850
54 Professional, scientific and technical services 23,690
55 Management of companies and enterprises 775
56 Administrative and support, waste management and remediation services 18,665
61 Educational services 32,785
62 Health care and social assistance 60,445
71 Arts, entertainment and recreation 7,945
72 Accommodation and food services 24,925
81 Other services (except public administration) 16,855
91 Public administration 26,050
All languages used at work
Total - All languages used at work for the population in private households aged 15 years and over who worked since January 1, 2020 - 25% sample data195 426,270
English 397,295
French 2,255
Non-official language 2,395
Indigenous39 15
Non-Indigenous 2,385
English and French 9,485
English and non-official language(s) 14,345
French and non-official language(s) 35
English, French and non-official language(s) 325
Multiple non-official languages 145
Language used most often at work
Total - Language used most often at work for the population aged 15 years and over who worked since January 1, 2020, in private households, 2021 Census - 25% sample data196 426,270
Single responses 421,975
Official languages 417,115
English 412,870
French 4,245
Non-official languages 4,860
Indigenous languages39 105
Algonquian languages 85
Blackfoot 0
Cree-Innu languages 25
Atikamekw 0
Cree languages 25
Ililimowin (Moose Cree) 0
Inu Ayimun (Southern East Cree) 0
Iyiyiw-Ayimiwin (Northern East Cree) 0
Nehinawewin (Swampy Cree) 15
Nehiyawewin (Plains Cree) 0
Nihithawiwin (Woods Cree) 0
Cree, n.o.s. 10
Innu (Montagnais) 0
Naskapi 0
Eastern Algonquian languages 0
Mi'kmaq 0
Wolastoqewi (Malecite) 0
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 60
Anicinabemowin (Algonquin) 0
Oji-Cree 35
Ojibway languages 25
Anishinaabemowin (Chippewa) 0
Daawaamwin (Odawa) 0
Saulteau (Western Ojibway) 0
Ojibway, n.o.s. 20
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 0
Athabaskan languages 0
Northern Athabaskan languages 0
Dakelh (Carrier) 0
Dane-zaa (Beaver) 0
Dene, n.o.s. 0
Gwich'in 0
Slavey-Hare languages 0
Deh Gah Ghotie Zhatie (South Slavey) 0
Satuotine Yati (North Slavey) 0
Slavey, n.o.s. 0
Tahltan languages 0
Tlicho (Dogrib) 0
Tse'khene (Sekani) 0
Tsilhqot'in (Chilcotin) 0
Tsuu T'ina (Sarsi) 0
Tutchone languages 0
Northern Tutchone 0
Southern Tutchone 0
Tutchone, n.o.s. 0
Wetsuwet'en-Babine 0
Tlingit 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0
Haida 0
Inuktut (Inuit) languages 0
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 0
Inuinnaqtun 0
Inuvialuktun 0
Inuktitut 0
Inuktut (Inuit) languages, n.i.e. 0
Iroquoian languages 0
Mohawk 0
Oneida 0
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 0
Ktunaxa (Kutenai) 0
Michif 0
Salish languages 0
Halkomelem 0
Lillooet 0
Ntlakapamux (Thompson) 0
Secwepemctsin (Shuswap) 0
Squamish 0
Straits 0
Syilx (Okanagan) 0
Salish languages, n.i.e. 0
Siouan languages 0
Assiniboine 0
Dakota 0
Stoney 0
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 0
Tsimshian languages 0
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 0
Nisga'a 0
Tsimshian 0
Wakashan languages 0
Haisla 0
Heiltsuk 0
Kwak'wala (Kwakiutl) 0
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0
Indigenous languages, n.i.e. 0
Indigenous languages, n.o.s. 0
Non-Indigenous languages 4,760
Afro-Asiatic languages 160
Berber languages 0
Kabyle 0
Tamazight 0
Berber languages, n.i.e. 0
Chadic languages 0
Coptic 0
Cushitic languages 20
Bilen 0
Oromo 0
Somali 20
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 0
Semitic languages 135
Amharic 15
Arabic 60
Aramaic languages 0
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 0
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 0
Aramaic, n.o.s. 0
Hebrew 30
Tigrigna 35
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 0
Austro-Asiatic languages 215
Khmer (Cambodian) 0
Vietnamese 215
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 0
Austronesian languages 585
Bikol 0
Bisaya, n.o.s. 0
Cebuano 0
Hiligaynon 0
Ilocano 0
Indonesian 0
Kankanaey 0
Malagasy languages 0
Malay 0
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 0
Pangasinan 0
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 575
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 0
Creole languages 0
Haitian Creole 0
Jamaican English Creole 0
Morisyen 0
Creole, n.o.s. 0
Creole languages, n.i.e. 0
Dravidian languages 10
Kannada 0
Malayalam 0
Tamil 0
Telugu 0
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 0
Georgian 0
Indo-European languages 2,120
Albanian 0
Armenian 0
Balto-Slavic languages 205
Baltic languages 0
Latvian 0
Lithuanian 0
Slavic languages 200
Bulgarian 0
Czech 0
Macedonian 0
Polish 35
Russian 80
Serbo-Croatian 10
Bosnian 0
Croatian 0
Serbian 10
Serbo-Croatian, n.i.e. 0
Slovak 0
Slovene (Slovenian) 0
Ukrainian 65
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 0
Celtic languages 0
Scottish Gaelic 0
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 0
Germanic languages 60
Frisian 0
High German languages 45
German 45
Pennsylvania German 0
Swiss German 0
Yiddish 0
Low Saxon-Low Franconian languages 10
Afrikaans 0
Dutch 0
Low German, n.o.s. 0
Low Saxon 0
Plautdietsch 0
Vlaams (Flemish) 0
Scandinavian languages 0
Danish 0
Icelandic 0
Norwegian 0
Swedish 0
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 0
Greek 15
Indo-Iranian languages 1,530
Indo-Aryan languages 1,490
Bengali 40
Gujarati 15
Hindi 50
Kacchi 0
Marathi 0
Nepali 0
Punjabi (Panjabi) 1,360
Sindhi 0
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 0
Urdu 25
Indo-Aryan languages, n.i.e. 0
Iranian languages 40
Kurdish 0
Pashto 0
Persian languages 35
Dari 0
Iranian Persian 30
Persian (Farsi), n.o.s. 0
Iranian languages, n.i.e. 0
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 0
Italic (Romance) languages 310
Catalan 0
Italian 10
Portuguese 90
Romanian 0
Spanish 210
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 0
Indo-European languages, n.i.e. 0
Japanese 20
Korean 160
Mongolian 0
Niger-Congo languages 25
Akan (Twi) 0
Edo 0
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 0
Ga 0
Ganda 0
Igbo 0
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 0
Lingala 0
Rundi (Kirundi) 0
Shona 0
Swahili 10
Wolof 0
Yoruba 0
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 0
Nilo-Saharan languages 0
Dinka 0
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 0
Sign languages 100
American Sign Language 100
Quebec Sign Language 0
Sign languages, n.i.e. 0
Sino-Tibetan languages 1,345
Chinese languages 1,345
Hakka 0
Mandarin 810
Min Dong 0
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 0
Wu (Shanghainese) 0
Yue (Cantonese) 530
Chinese, n.o.s. 0
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 0
Tibeto-Burman languages 0
Burmese 0
Karenic languages 0
S'gaw Karen 0
Karenic languages, n.i.e. 0
Tibetan 0
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 0
Sino-Tibetan languages, n.i.e. 0
Tai-Kadai languages 15
Lao 0
Thai 0
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e. 0
Turkic languages 10
Azerbaijani 0
Turkish 10
Uyghur 0
Uzbek 0
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 0
Uralic languages 0
Estonian 0
Finnish 0
Hungarian 0
Other languages, n.i.e. 0
Multiple responses 4,300
English and French 1,435
English and non-official language(s) 2,795
French and non-official language(s) 20
English, French and non-official language(s) 10
Multiple non-official languages 40
Other language(s) used regularly at work
Total - Other language(s) used regularly at work for the population in private households aged 15 years and over who worked since January 1, 2020 - 25% sample data197 426,270
None 405,855
English 4,130
French 6,180
Non-official language 8,600
Indigenous39 285
Non-Indigenous 8,320
English and French 0
English and non-official language(s) 200
French and non-official language(s) 200
English, French and non-official language(s) 0
Multiple non-official languages 1,095
Place of work status
Total - Place of work status for the employed labour force aged 15 years and over - 25% sample data198 366,595
Worked at home 68,960
Worked outside Canada 865
No fixed workplace address 41,355
Usual place of work 255,420
Commuting destination
Total - Commuting destination for the employed labour force aged 15 years and over with a usual place of work - 25% sample data199 255,420
Commute within census subdivision (CSD) of residence 236,720
Commute to a different census subdivision (CSD) within census division (CD) of residence 1,530
Commute to a different census subdivision (CSD) and census division (CD) within province or territory of residence 16,010
Commute to a different province or territory 1,165
Main mode of commuting
Total - Main mode of commuting for the employed labour force aged 15 years and over with a usual place of work or no fixed workplace address - 25% sample data200 296,775
Car, truck or van 245,055
Car, truck or van - as a driver 217,750
Car, truck or van - as a passenger 27,305
Public transit 27,710
Walked 14,090
Bicycle 3,880
Other method 6,050
Commuting duration
Total - Commuting duration for the employed labour force aged 15 years and over with a usual place of work or no fixed workplace address - 25% sample data201 296,775
Less than 15 minutes 80,145
15 to 29 minutes 135,335
30 to 44 minutes 58,480
45 to 59 minutes 12,270
60 minutes and over 10,540
Time leaving for work
Total - Time leaving for work for the employed labour force aged 15 years and over with a usual place of work or no fixed workplace address - 25% sample data202 296,775
Between 5 a.m. and 5:59 a.m. 13,930
Between 6 a.m. and 6:59 a.m. 48,035
Between 7 a.m. and 7:59 a.m. 80,580
Between 8 a.m. and 8:59 a.m. 61,385
Between 9 a.m. and 11:59 a.m. 37,505
Between 12 p.m. and 4:59 a.m. 55,335
Children eligible for instruction in the minority official language
Total - Eligibility for instruction in the minority official language for the population in private households born in 2003 or later - 100% data203 151,665
Children eligible for instruction in the minority official language 18,465
Children not eligible for instruction in the minority official language 133,205
Eligibility and instruction in the minority official language for school-aged children
Total - Eligibility and instruction in the minority official language, for the population in private households born between 2003 and 2015 (inclusive) - 100% data204 109,055
Children eligible for instruction in the minority official language 14,065
Eligible children who have been instructed in the minority official language at the primary or secondary level in Canada 9,475
Eligible children who have not been instructed in the minority official language at the primary or secondary level in Canada 4,595
Children not eligible for instruction in the minority official language 94,990

Symbol legend

Source

Source: Statistics Canada, 2021 Census of Population.

How to cite

How to cite: Statistics Canada. 2022. (table). Census Profile. 2021 Census of Population. Statistics Canada Catalogue no. 98-316-X2021001. Ottawa. Released December 15, 2022.
https://www12.statcan.gc.ca/census-recensement/2021/dp-pd/prof/index.cfm?Lang=E (accessed February 6, 2023).

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