Census Profile, 2021 Census of Population
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Topic:
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Age
Age characteristics
Commuting
Select all: Commuting
Commuting destination
Commuting duration
Main mode of commuting
Place of work status
Time leaving for work
Education
Select all: Education
Highest certificate, diploma or degree
Location of study compared with province or territory of residence
Major field of study - Classification of Instructional Programs (CIP) 2021
Secondary (high) school diploma or equivalency certificate
Ethnocultural and religious diversity
Select all: Ethnocultural and religious diversity
Ethnic or cultural origin
Religion
Visible minority
Families, households, and marital status
Select all: Families, households, and marital status
Family characteristics
Household type
Marital status
Housing
Household characteristics
Immigration, place of birth, and citizenship
Select all: Immigration, place of birth, and citizenship
Admission category and applicant type
Age at immigration
Citizenship
Generation status
Immigrant status and period of immigration
Pre-admission experience
Selected places of birth for the immigrant population
Selected places of birth for the recent immigrant population
Income
Select all: Income
Income of economic families in 2020
Income of households in 2020
Income of individuals in 2019
Income of individuals in 2020
Low income and income inequality in 2020
Indigenous peoples
Select all: Indigenous peoples
Indigenous ancestry
Indigenous population
Instruction in the minority official language
Select all: Instruction in the minority official language
Children eligible for instruction in the minority official language
Eligibility and instruction in the minority official language for school-aged children
Labour
Select all: Labour
Class of worker including job permanency
Industry - Sectors - North American Industry Classification System (NAICS) 2017
Labour force status
Occupation - Broad category - National Occupational Classification (NOC) 2021
Work activity during the reference year
Language
Select all: Language
All languages spoken at home
First official language spoken
Knowledge of languages
Knowledge of official languages
Language spoken most often at home
Mother tongue
Other language spoken regularly at home
Language of work
Select all: Language of work
All languages used at work
Language used most often at work
Other language(s) used regularly at work
Mobility and migration
Select all: Mobility and migration
Mobility status 1 year ago
Mobility status 5 years ago
Population and dwelling counts
Population and dwellings
Type of dwelling
Household and dwelling characteristics
GenderMore information:


Statistic:
Characteristic Calgary, City (CY)More information:
Alberta
[Census subdivision]
Counts
Total
Population and dwellings
Population, 20211 1,306,784
Population, 20161 1,239,220
Population percentage change, 2016 to 2021 5.5
Total private dwellings2 531,062
Private dwellings occupied by usual residents3 502,301
Population density per square kilometre 1,592.4
Land area in square kilometres 820.62
Age characteristics
Total - Age groups of the population - 100% data 1,306,780
0 to 14 years 235,855
0 to 4 years 73,840
5 to 9 years 80,585
10 to 14 years 81,425
15 to 64 years 893,525
15 to 19 years 73,490
20 to 24 years 78,365
25 to 29 years 88,385
30 to 34 years 105,960
35 to 39 years 110,765
40 to 44 years 100,080
45 to 49 years 91,385
50 to 54 years 84,725
55 to 59 years 82,570
60 to 64 years 77,790
65 years and over 177,405
65 to 69 years 62,120
70 to 74 years 46,495
75 to 79 years 28,965
80 to 84 years 19,405
85 years and over 20,420
85 to 89 years 12,620
90 to 94 years 6,225
95 to 99 years 1,375
100 years and over 195
Total - Distribution (%) of the population by broad age groups - 100% data 100.0
0 to 14 years 18.0
15 to 64 years 68.4
65 years and over 13.6
85 years and over 1.6
Average age of the population 38.8
Median age of the population 38.0
Household and dwelling characteristics
Total - Occupied private dwellings by structural type of dwelling - 100% data 502,300
Single-detached house 276,050
Semi-detached house 31,660
Row house 48,860
Apartment or flat in a duplex 21,165
Apartment in a building that has fewer than five storeys 81,870
Apartment in a building that has five or more storeys 40,700
Other single-attached house 200
Movable dwelling4 1,790
Total - Private households by household size - 100% data 502,305
1 person 132,695
2 persons 159,955
3 persons 80,020
4 persons 79,565
5 or more persons 50,070
Number of persons in private households 1,291,770
Average household size 2.6
Marital status
Total - Marital status for the total population aged 15 years and over - 100% data 1,070,930
Married or living common-law 624,845
Married 529,175
Living common-law 95,665
Living common law - Never married 73,555
Living common law - Separated 3,080
Living common law - Divorced 17,645
Living common law - Widowed 1,390
Not married and not living common-law 446,090
Not married and not living common law - Never married 313,900
Not married and not living common law - Separated 24,245
Not married and not living common law - Divorced 67,400
Not married and not living common law - Widowed 40,550
Family characteristics
Total - Census families in private households by family size - 100% data5 356,225
2 persons 164,970
3 persons 78,740
4 persons 79,565
5 or more persons 32,950
Average size of census families 3.0
Average number of children in census families with children6 1.8
Total number of census families in private households - 100% data 356,220
Total couple families 304,050
Married couples 256,225
With children6 155,795
Without children 100,430
Common-law couples 47,830
With children6 14,805
Without children 33,020
Total one-parent families 52,170
in which the parent is a woman+ 40,670
in which the parent is a man+ 11,505
Total - Persons in private households - 100% data 1,291,770
Total - Persons in census families 1,060,650
Married spouses or common-law partners 608,110
Parents in one-parent families 52,170
Children6 400,375
In a two-parent family 319,875
In a one-parent family 80,495
Total - Persons not in census families in private households - 100% data 231,120
Living alone 132,690
Living with other relatives7 34,850
Living with non-relatives only 63,575
Household type
Total - Household type - 100% data 502,300
One-census-family households without additional persons 302,280
Couple-family households 262,950
With children6 147,735
Without children 115,220
One-parent-family households 39,325
Multigenerational households8 17,040
Multiple-census-family households9 4,035
One-census-family households with additional persons9 18,975
Two-or-more-person non-census-family households 27,275
One-person households 132,690
Income of individuals in 2020
Total - Income statistics in 2020 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data10 1,056,225
Number of total income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2020 - 100% data 1,003,515
Median total income in 2020 among recipients ($) 44,400
Number of after-tax income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2020 - 100% data 1,004,015
Median after-tax income in 2020 among recipients ($) 40,000
Number of market income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2020 - 100% data 909,585
Median market income in 2020 among recipients ($) 40,400
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2020 - 100% data 761,365
Median employment income in 2020 among recipients ($) 42,400
Number of government transfers recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2020 - 100% data 880,900
Median government transfers in 2020 among recipients ($) 7,500
Number of employment insurance benefits recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2020 - 100% data 115,990
Median employment insurance benefits in 2020 among recipients ($) 5,800
Number of COVID-19 emergency and recovery benefits recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2020 - 100% data 326,795
Median COVID-19 emergency and recovery benefits in 2020 among recipients ($) 8,500
Total - Income statistics in 2020 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data11 1,056,230
Number of total income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2020 - 25% sample data 1,003,175
Average total income in 2020 among recipients ($) 64,600
Number of after-tax income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2020 - 25% sample data 1,003,685
Average after-tax income in 2020 among recipients ($) 52,500
Number of market income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2020 - 25% sample data 909,780
Average market income in 2020 among recipients ($) 61,600
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2020 - 25% sample data 761,230
Average employment income in 2020 among recipients ($) 60,450
Number of government transfers recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2020 - 25% sample data 879,935
Average government transfers in 2020 among recipients ($) 10,010
Number of employment insurance benefits recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2020 - 25% sample data 115,600
Average employment insurance benefits in 2020 among recipients ($) 7,060
Number of COVID-19 emergency and recovery benefits recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2020 - 25% sample data 325,765
Average COVID-19 emergency and recovery benefits in 2020 among recipients ($) 9,350
Total - Employment income statistics in 2020 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data12 1,056,230
Number of employment income recipients in 2020 who worked full-year full-time in 2020 - 25% sample data13 356,230
Median employment income in 2020 for full-year full-time workers in 2020 ($)14 72,500
Average employment income in 2020 for full-year full-time workers in 2020 ($)15 93,600
Number of employment income recipients in 2020 who worked part-year or part-time in 2020 - 25% sample data16 309,535
Median employment income in 2020 of those who worked part-year or part-time in 2020 ($) 20,400
Average employment income in 2020 of those who worked part-year or part-time in 2020 ($) 33,600
Composition of total income in 2020 of the population aged 15 years and over in private households (%) - 25% sample data17 100.0
Market income (%)18 86.4
Employment income (%)19 71.0
Government transfers (%)20 13.6
Employment insurance benefits (%) 1.3
COVID-19 - Government income support and benefits (%) 5.2
COVID-19 - Emergency and recovery benefits (%) 4.7
Total - Total income groups in 2020 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data21 1,056,220
Without total income 52,710
With total income 1,003,510
Under $10,000 (including loss) 88,650
$10,000 to $19,999 95,485
$20,000 to $29,999 150,395
$30,000 to $39,999 120,085
$40,000 to $49,999 102,800
$50,000 to $59,999 84,010
$60,000 to $69,999 69,945
$70,000 to $79,999 56,175
$80,000 to $89,999 43,630
$90,000 to $99,999 36,520
$100,000 and over 155,825
$100,000 to $149,999 90,875
$150,000 and over 64,950
Total - After-tax income groups in 2020 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data22 1,056,220
Without after-tax income 52,205
With after-tax income 1,004,020
Under $10,000 (including loss) 92,205
$10,000 to $19,999 99,660
$20,000 to $29,999 170,545
$30,000 to $39,999 139,800
$40,000 to $49,999 119,345
$50,000 to $59,999 94,265
$60,000 to $69,999 71,155
$70,000 to $79,999 52,530
$80,000 to $89,999 41,555
$90,000 to $99,999 28,220
$100,000 and over 94,730
$100,000 to $124,999 39,250
$125,000 and over 55,485
Total - Employment income groups in 2020 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data19 1,056,220
Without employment income 294,855
With employment income 761,365
Under $5,000 (including loss) 93,565
$5,000 to $9,999 61,265
$10,000 to $19,999 84,600
$20,000 to $29,999 65,430
$30,000 to $39,999 62,020
$40,000 to $49,999 60,110
$50,000 to $59,999 56,160
$60,000 to $69,999 50,010
$70,000 to $79,999 40,770
$80,000 to $89,999 33,160
$90,000 to $99,999 29,855
$100,000 and over 124,415
$100,000 to $124,999 49,530
$125,000 and over 74,880
Income of individuals in 2019
Total - Income statistics in 2019 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data23 1,056,225
Number of total income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2019 - 100% data 980,505
Median total income in 2019 among recipients ($) 43,600
Number of after-tax income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2019 - 100% data 980,815
Median after-tax income in 2019 among recipients ($) 39,200
Number of market income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2019 - 100% data 897,540
Median market income in 2019 among recipients ($) 43,200
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2019 - 100% data 762,840
Median employment income in 2019 among recipients ($) 44,400
Number of government transfers recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2019 - 100% data 833,025
Median government transfers in 2019 among recipients ($) 1,140
Number of employment insurance benefits recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2019 -100% data 70,610
Median employment insurance benefits in 2019 among recipients ($) 6,600
Total - Income statistics in 2019 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data24 1,056,230
Number of total income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2019 - 25% sample data 980,005
Average total income in 2019 among recipients ($) 64,200
Number of after-tax income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2019 - 25% sample data 980,295
Average after-tax income in 2019 among recipients ($) 51,800
Number of market income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2019 - 25% sample data 897,990
Average market income in 2019 among recipients ($) 64,500
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2019 - 25% sample data 762,865
Average employment income in 2019 among recipients ($) 63,450
Number of government transfers recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2019 - 25% sample data 833,205
Average government transfers in 2019 among recipients ($) 6,005
Number of employment insurance benefits recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2019 - 25% sample data 70,185
Average employment insurance benefits in 2019 among recipients ($) 8,230
Total - Employment income statistics in 2019 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data25 1,056,230
Number of employment income recipients in 2019 who worked full-year full-time in 2020 - 25% sample data13 352,800
Median employment income in 2019 for full-year full-time workers in 2020 ($)14 69,500
Average employment income in 2019 for full-year full-time workers in 2020 ($)15 91,200
Number of employment income recipients in 2019 who worked part-year or part-time in 2020 - 25% sample data16 292,225
Median employment income in 2019 of those who worked part-year or part-time in 2020 ($) 28,800
Average employment income in 2019 of those who worked part-year or part-time in 2020 ($) 43,240
Composition of total income in 2019 of the population aged 15 years and over in private households (%) - 25% sample data 100.0
Market income (%) 92.0
Employment income (%) 77.0
Government transfers (%) 7.9
Employment insurance benefits (%) 0.9
Income of households in 2020
Total - Income statistics for private households - 100% data26 502,305
Median total income of household in 2020 ($) 98,000
Median after-tax income of household in 2020 ($) 85,000
Total - Income statistics for one-person private households - 100% data 132,690
Median total income of one-person households in 2020 ($) 50,000
Median after-tax income of one-person households in 2020 ($) 44,000
Total - Income statistics for two-or-more-persons private households - 100% data 369,610
Median total income of two-or-more-person households in 2020 ($) 119,000
Median after-tax income of two-or-more-person households in 2020 ($) 103,000
Total - Income statistics for private households - 25% sample data27 502,305
Average total income of household in 2020 ($) 129,000
Average after-tax income of household in 2020 ($) 104,900
Total - Income statistics for one-person private households - 25% sample data 132,725
Average total income of one-person households in 2020 ($) 67,900
Average after-tax income of one-person households in 2020 ($) 55,300
Total - Income statistics for two-or-more-persons private households - 25% sample data 369,575
Average total income of two-or-more-person households in 2020 ($) 151,000
Average after-tax income of two-or-more-person households in 2020 ($) 122,700
Total - Household total income groups in 2020 for private households - 100% data21 502,305
Under $5,000 5,975
$5,000 to $9,999 2,895
$10,000 to $14,999 3,930
$15,000 to $19,999 5,410
$20,000 to $24,999 14,160
$25,000 to $29,999 14,505
$30,000 to $34,999 12,430
$35,000 to $39,999 14,120
$40,000 to $44,999 15,160
$45,000 to $49,999 15,195
$50,000 to $59,999 30,875
$60,000 to $69,999 31,950
$70,000 to $79,999 31,405
$80,000 to $89,999 29,885
$90,000 to $99,999 28,640
$100,000 and over 245,760
$100,000 to $124,999 61,565
$125,000 to $149,999 47,245
$150,000 to $199,999 61,440
$200,000 and over 75,515
Total - Household after-tax income groups in 2020 for private households - 100% data22 502,305
Under $5,000 6,665
$5,000 to $9,999 2,985
$10,000 to $14,999 4,035
$15,000 to $19,999 5,855
$20,000 to $24,999 15,290
$25,000 to $29,999 16,415
$30,000 to $34,999 14,475
$35,000 to $39,999 16,635
$40,000 to $44,999 18,230
$45,000 to $49,999 18,030
$50,000 to $59,999 37,875
$60,000 to $69,999 38,390
$70,000 to $79,999 36,910
$80,000 to $89,999 35,205
$90,000 to $99,999 31,690
$100,000 and over 203,605
$100,000 to $124,999 64,210
$125,000 to $149,999 45,680
$150,000 and over 93,720
Income of economic families in 2020
Total - Income statistics for economic families in private households - 100% data28 350,080
Median total income of economic family in 2020 ($) 118,000
Median after-tax income of economic family in 2020 ($) 102,000
Average family size of economic families 3.1
Total - Income statistics for couple-only economic families in private households - 100% data 119,715
Median total income of couple-only economic families in 2020 ($) 107,000
Median after-tax income of couple-only economic families in 2020 ($) 92,000
Average family size of couple-only economic families 2.0
Total - Income statistics for couple-with-children economic families in private households - 100% data 170,690
Median total income of couple-with-children economic families in 2020 ($) 142,000
Median after-tax income of couple-with-children economic families in 2020 ($) 122,000
Average family size of couple-with-children economic families 4.1
Total - Income statistics for one-parent economic families in private households - 100% data 47,790
Median total income of one-parent economic families in 2020 ($) 74,500
Median after-tax income of one-parent economic families in 2020 ($) 68,500
Average family size of one-parent economic families 2.7
Total - Income statistics for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families in private households - 100% data29 196,265
Median total income in 2020 ($)30 44,000
Median after-tax income in 2020 ($)30 39,600
Total - Income statistics for economic families in private households - 25% sample data31 350,020
Average total income of economic family in 2020 ($) 151,600
Average after-tax income of economic family in 2020 ($) 122,800
Total - Income statistics for couple-only economic families in private households - 25% sample data 119,860
Average total income of couple-only economic families in 2020 ($) 140,800
Average after-tax income of couple-only economic families in 2020 ($) 113,200
Total - Income statistics for couple-with-children economic families in private households - 25% sample data 170,590
Average total income of couple-with-children economic families in 2020 ($) 178,600
Average after-tax income of couple-with-children economic families in 2020 ($) 143,200
Total - Income statistics for one-parent economic families in private households - 25% sample data 47,630
Average total income of one-parent economic families in 2020 ($) 89,200
Average after-tax income of one-parent economic families in 2020 ($) 77,600
Total - Income statistics for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families in private households - 25% sample data32 196,265
Average total income in 2020 ($)30 59,850
Average after-tax income in 2020 ($)30 49,480
Low income and income inequality in 2020
Total - LIM low-income status in 2020 for the population in private households - 100% data33 1,291,770
0 to 17 years 279,980
0 to 5 years 90,035
18 to 64 years 844,490
65 years and over 167,305
In low income based on the Low-income measure, after tax (LIM-AT) 115,560
0 to 17 years 30,045
0 to 5 years 9,980
18 to 64 years 68,060
65 years and over 17,455
Prevalence of low income based on the Low-income measure, after tax (LIM-AT) (%) 9.0
0 to 17 years (%) 10.7
0 to 5 years (%) 11.1
18 to 64 years (%) 8.1
65 years and over (%) 10.4
Total - LICO low-income status in 2020 for the population in private households to whom the low-income concept is applicable - 100% data33 1,291,770
0 to 17 years 279,975
0 to 5 years 90,035
18 to 64 years 844,490
65 years and over 167,305
In low income based on the Low-income cut-offs, after tax (LICO-AT) 74,755
0 to 17 years 16,260
0 to 5 years 5,165
18 to 64 years 52,615
65 years and over 5,885
Prevalence of low income based on the Low-income cut-offs, after tax (LICO-AT) (%) 5.8
0 to 17 years (%) 5.8
0 to 5 years (%) 5.7
18 to 64 years (%) 6.2
65 years and over (%) 3.5
Total - Adjusted after-tax economic family income decile group for the population in private households - 100% data34The letter 'c' in a yellow triangle indicates a correction notice. 1,291,770
In bottom half of the distribution 567,165
In bottom decile 107,675
In second decile 113,610
In third decile 112,705
In fourth decile 115,075
In fifth decile 118,100
In top half of the distribution 724,605
In sixth decile 122,380
In seventh decile 125,895
In eighth decile 132,170
In ninth decile 145,410
In top decile 198,750
Total - Inequality measures for the population in private households - 100% data35 1,291,770
Gini index on adjusted household total income 0.376
Gini index on adjusted household market income 0.471
Gini index on adjusted household after-tax income 0.327
P90/P10 ratio on adjusted household after-tax income 4.1
Knowledge of official languages
Total - Knowledge of official languages for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% data36 1,296,120
English only 1,177,415
French only 825
English and French 85,355
Neither English nor French 32,520
First official language spoken
Total - First official language spoken for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% data37 1,296,120
English 1,240,980
French 16,810
English and French 6,620
Neither English nor French 31,705
Mother tongue
Total - Mother tongue for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% data38 1,296,120
Single responses 1,229,455
Official languages 846,405
English 830,305
French 16,100
Non-official languages 383,050
Indigenous languages39 580
Algonquian languages 415
Blackfoot 175
Cree-Innu languages 185
Atikamekw 0
Cree languages 185
Ililimowin (Moose Cree) 0
Inu Ayimun (Southern East Cree) 0
Iyiyiw-Ayimiwin (Northern East Cree) 5
Nehinawewin (Swampy Cree) 10
Nehiyawewin (Plains Cree) 50
Nihithawiwin (Woods Cree) 10
Cree, n.o.s. 125
Innu (Montagnais) 0
Naskapi 0
Eastern Algonquian languages 5
Mi'kmaq 5
Wolastoqewi (Malecite) 0
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 55
Anicinabemowin (Algonquin) 0
Oji-Cree 0
Ojibway languages 45
Anishinaabemowin (Chippewa) 0
Daawaamwin (Odawa) 0
Saulteau (Western Ojibway) 20
Ojibway, n.o.s. 30
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 0
Athabaskan languages 50
Northern Athabaskan languages 45
Dakelh (Carrier) 0
Dane-zaa (Beaver) 0
Dene, n.o.s. 10
Gwich'in 0
Slavey-Hare languages 10
Deh Gah Ghotie Zhatie (South Slavey) 0
Satuotine Yati (North Slavey) 0
Slavey, n.o.s. 5
Tahltan languages 0
Kaska (Nahani) 0
Tahltan 0
Tlicho (Dogrib) 0
Tse'khene (Sekani) 0
Tsilhqot'in (Chilcotin) 0
Tsuu T'ina (Sarsi) 20
Tutchone languages 0
Northern Tutchone 0
Southern Tutchone 0
Tutchone, n.o.s. 0
Wetsuwet'en-Babine 0
Tlingit 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 5
Haida 0
Inuktut (Inuit) languages 10
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 5
Inuinnaqtun 0
Inuvialuktun 0
Inuktitut 10
Inuktut (Inuit) languages, n.i.e. 0
Iroquoian languages 5
Cayuga 0
Mohawk 5
Oneida 0
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 0
Ktunaxa (Kutenai) 0
Michif 10
Salish languages 5
Halkomelem 0
Lillooet 0
Ntlakapamux (Thompson) 0
Secwepemctsin (Shuswap) 0
Squamish 0
Straits 0
Syilx (Okanagan) 0
Salish languages, n.i.e. 0
Siouan languages 80
Assiniboine 0
Dakota 15
Stoney 60
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 5
Tsimshian languages 5
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 5
Nisga'a 0
Tsimshian 0
Wakashan languages 0
Haisla 0
Heiltsuk 0
Kwak'wala (Kwakiutl) 0
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0
Indigenous languages, n.i.e. 0
Indigenous languages, n.o.s. 10
Non-Indigenous languages 382,470
Afro-Asiatic languages 34,290
Berber languages 125
Kabyle 90
Tamazight 30
Berber languages, n.i.e. 5
Chadic languages 40
Hausa 40
Mina 0
Coptic 30
Cushitic languages 3,165
Bilen 170
Oromo 1,370
Somali 1,600
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 25
Semitic languages 30,935
Amharic 4,460
Arabic 20,395
Aramaic languages 635
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 325
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 215
Aramaic, n.o.s. 95
Harari 40
Hebrew 455
Maltese 15
Tigrigna 4,890
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 35
Austro-Asiatic languages 13,755
Khmer (Cambodian) 795
Vietnamese 12,855
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e 110
Austronesian languages 51,040
Bikol 195
Bisaya, n.o.s. 865
Cebuano 1,840
Fijian 45
Hiligaynon 955
Ilocano 3,435
Indonesian 665
Kankanaey 190
Kinaray-a 85
Malagasy languages 30
Merina 5
Malagasy, n.o.s. 25
Malay 135
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 460
Pangasinan 195
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 41,375
Waray-Waray 155
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 420
Creole languages 560
Haitian Creole 165
Jamaican English Creole 15
Krio 55
Morisyen 95
Sango 0
Creole, n.o.s. 145
Creole languages, n.i.e. 80
Dravidian languages 6,430
Kannada 355
Malayalam 2,655
Tamil 2,095
Telugu 1,255
Tulu 50
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 20
Georgian 120
Hmong-Mien languages 0
Indo-European languages 182,725
Albanian 1,330
Armenian 260
Balto-Slavic languages 27,355
Baltic languages 435
Latvian 170
Lithuanian 270
Slavic languages 26,925
Belarusian 20
Bulgarian 785
Czech 1,190
Macedonian 135
Polish 6,845
Russian 9,460
Rusyn 0
Serbo-Croatian 4,440
Bosnian 780
Croatian 1,755
Serbian 1,830
Serbo-Croatian, n.i.e. 75
Slovak 940
Slovene (Slovenian) 195
Ukrainian 2,900
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 10
Celtic languages 100
Irish 30
Scottish Gaelic 20
Welsh 40
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 10
Germanic languages 12,360
Frisian 30
High German languages 7,370
German 7,100
Pennsylvania German 0
Swiss German 210
Yiddish 55
Low Saxon-Low Franconian languages 3,940
Afrikaans 905
Dutch 2,750
Low German, n.o.s. 20
Low Saxon 10
Plautdietsch 180
Vlaams (Flemish) 70
Scandinavian languages 1,000
Danish 560
Icelandic 40
Norwegian 165
Swedish 235
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 25
Greek 1,385
Indo-Iranian languages 98,325
Indo-Aryan languages 85,530
Assamese 45
Bengali 4,350
Gujarati 6,290
Hindi 7,905
Kacchi 1,030
Kashmiri 75
Konkani 160
Marathi 980
Nepali 2,195
Oriya languages 95
Odia 55
Oriya, n.o.s. 40
Punjabi (Panjabi) 43,685
Rohingya 25
Sindhi 285
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 960
Urdu 16,835
Indo-Aryan languages, n.i.e. 625
Iranian languages 12,760
Baluchi 50
Kurdish 1,055
Parsi 20
Pashto 1,960
Persian languages 9,625
Dari 2,800
Iranian Persian 5,565
Persian (Farsi), n.o.s. 1,255
Iranian languages, n.i.e. 55
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 30
Italic (Romance) languages 41,550
Catalan 45
Italian 4,100
Portuguese 4,065
Romanian 4,155
Spanish 29,175
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 15
Indo-European languages, n.i.e. 55
Japanese 2,195
Korean 10,205
Mongolian 450
Niger-Congo languages 5,870
Akan (Twi) 620
Bamanankan 10
Edo 90
Éwé 50
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 80
Ga 35
Ganda 60
Gikuyu 55
Igbo 730
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 190
Lingala 55
Luba-Kasai 25
Mòoré 0
Mwani 115
Ndebele 85
Rundi (Kirundi) 140
Shona 290
Soninke 10
Sotho-Tswana languages 35
Swahili 725
Wojenaka 5
Wolof 80
Yoruba 1,685
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 700
Nilo-Saharan languages 1,270
Dinka 535
Nuer 375
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 305
African, n.o.s. 55
Sign languages 230
American Sign Language 185
Quebec Sign Language 0
Sign languages, n.i.e. 45
Sino-Tibetan languages 67,255
Chinese languages 65,980
Hakka 280
Mandarin 31,270
Min Dong 30
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 1,205
Wu (Shanghainese) 250
Yue (Cantonese) 32,065
Chinese, n.o.s. 840
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 40
Tibeto-Burman languages 1,235
Burmese 255
Kuki-Chin languages 90
Karenic languages 220
S'gaw Karen 170
Karenic languages, n.i.e. 55
Tibetan 635
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 35
Sino-Tibetan languages, n.i.e. 45
Tai-Kadai languages 1,070
Lao 415
Thai 620
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e. 35
Turkic languages 1,870
Azerbaijani 240
Kazakh 55
Turkish 1,340
Uyghur 65
Uzbek 95
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 65
Uralic languages 3,070
Estonian 70
Finnish 240
Hungarian 2,765
Other languages, n.i.e. 60
Multiple responses 66,660
English and French 5,245
English and non-official language(s) 53,970
French and non-official language(s) 1,145
English, French and non-official language(s) 1,015
Multiple non-official languages 5,295
All languages spoken at home
Total - All languages spoken at home for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% data40 1,296,120
English 858,205
French 3,800
Non-official language 119,530
Indigenous39 45
Non-Indigenous 119,485
English and French 12,035
English and non-official language(s) 283,170
French and non-official language(s) 525
English, French and non-official language(s) 6,990
Multiple non-official languages 11,860
Language spoken most often at home
Total - Language spoken most often at home for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% data41 1,296,120
Single responses 1,226,245
Official languages 983,495
English 977,675
French 5,820
Non-official languages 242,750
Indigenous languages39 105
Algonquian languages 65
Blackfoot 35
Cree-Innu languages 25
Atikamekw 0
Cree languages 25
Ililimowin (Moose Cree) 0
Inu Ayimun (Southern East Cree) 0
Iyiyiw-Ayimiwin (Northern East Cree) 0
Nehinawewin (Swampy Cree) 0
Nehiyawewin (Plains Cree) 5
Nihithawiwin (Woods Cree) 5
Cree, n.o.s. 15
Innu (Montagnais) 0
Naskapi 0
Eastern Algonquian languages 0
Mi'kmaq 0
Wolastoqewi (Malecite) 0
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 10
Anicinabemowin (Algonquin) 0
Oji-Cree 0
Ojibway languages 10
Anishinaabemowin (Chippewa) 0
Daawaamwin (Odawa) 0
Saulteau (Western Ojibway) 0
Ojibway, n.o.s. 5
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 0
Athabaskan languages 10
Northern Athabaskan languages 10
Dakelh (Carrier) 0
Dane-zaa (Beaver) 0
Dene, n.o.s. 5
Gwich'in 0
Slavey-Hare languages 0
Deh Gah Ghotie Zhatie (South Slavey) 0
Satuotine Yati (North Slavey) 0
Slavey, n.o.s. 0
Tahltan languages 0
Kaska (Nahani) 0
Tahltan 0
Tlicho (Dogrib) 0
Tse'khene (Sekani) 0
Tsilhqot'in (Chilcotin) 0
Tsuu T'ina (Sarsi) 0
Tutchone languages 0
Northern Tutchone 0
Southern Tutchone 0
Tutchone, n.o.s. 0
Wetsuwet'en-Babine 0
Tlingit 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0
Haida 0
Inuktut (Inuit) languages 0
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 0
Inuinnaqtun 0
Inuvialuktun 0
Inuktitut 0
Inuktut (Inuit) languages, n.i.e. 0
Iroquoian languages 0
Cayuga 0
Mohawk 0
Oneida 0
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 0
Ktunaxa (Kutenai) 0
Michif 0
Salish languages 5
Halkomelem 0
Lillooet 0
Ntlakapamux (Thompson) 0
Secwepemctsin (Shuswap) 0
Squamish 0
Straits 0
Syilx (Okanagan) 0
Salish languages, n.i.e. 0
Siouan languages 20
Assiniboine 0
Dakota 0
Stoney 20
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 0
Tsimshian languages 0
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 0
Nisga'a 0
Tsimshian 0
Wakashan languages 0
Haisla 0
Heiltsuk 0
Kwak'wala (Kwakiutl) 0
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0
Indigenous languages, n.i.e. 0
Indigenous languages, n.o.s. 0
Non-Indigenous languages 242,650
Afro-Asiatic languages 21,960
Berber languages 45
Kabyle 35
Tamazight 5
Berber languages, n.i.e. 5
Chadic languages 25
Hausa 25
Mina 0
Coptic 15
Cushitic languages 2,135
Bilen 130
Oromo 995
Somali 1,010
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 0
Semitic languages 19,740
Amharic 2,800
Arabic 12,395
Aramaic languages 485
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 250
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 150
Aramaic, n.o.s. 85
Harari 25
Hebrew 235
Maltese 5
Tigrigna 3,765
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 25
Austro-Asiatic languages 9,355
Khmer (Cambodian) 430
Vietnamese 8,840
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e 80
Austronesian languages 32,480
Bikol 75
Bisaya, n.o.s. 470
Cebuano 1,090
Fijian 10
Hiligaynon 520
Ilocano 2,135
Indonesian 225
Kankanaey 110
Kinaray-a 50
Malagasy languages 15
Merina 0
Malagasy, n.o.s. 15
Malay 40
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 240
Pangasinan 50
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 27,210
Waray-Waray 70
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 180
Creole languages 325
Haitian Creole 115
Jamaican English Creole 10
Krio 20
Morisyen 70
Sango 0
Creole, n.o.s. 70
Creole languages, n.i.e. 35
Dravidian languages 4,160
Kannada 190
Malayalam 1,785
Tamil 1,395
Telugu 760
Tulu 30
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 10
Georgian 75
Hmong-Mien languages 0
Indo-European languages 112,245
Albanian 610
Armenian 140
Balto-Slavic languages 12,980
Baltic languages 195
Latvian 70
Lithuanian 120
Slavic languages 12,790
Belarusian 10
Bulgarian 360
Czech 345
Macedonian 70
Polish 2,795
Russian 6,055
Rusyn 0
Serbo-Croatian 1,860
Bosnian 315
Croatian 650
Serbian 895
Serbo-Croatian, n.i.e. 10
Slovak 350
Slovene (Slovenian) 35
Ukrainian 905
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 0
Celtic languages 15
Irish 5
Scottish Gaelic 0
Welsh 5
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 5
Germanic languages 1,535
Frisian 5
High German languages 665
German 640
Pennsylvania German 0
Swiss German 20
Yiddish 10
Low Saxon-Low Franconian languages 725
Afrikaans 435
Dutch 275
Low German, n.o.s. 0
Low Saxon 0
Plautdietsch 0
Vlaams (Flemish) 20
Scandinavian languages 130
Danish 40
Icelandic 10
Norwegian 15
Swedish 70
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 0
Greek 430
Indo-Iranian languages 73,220
Indo-Aryan languages 64,720
Assamese 20
Bengali 2,905
Gujarati 4,045
Hindi 5,165
Kacchi 565
Kashmiri 50
Konkani 70
Marathi 565
Nepali 1,565
Oriya languages 40
Odia 25
Oriya, n.o.s. 15
Punjabi (Panjabi) 36,445
Rohingya 10
Sindhi 165
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 520
Urdu 12,250
Indo-Aryan languages, n.i.e. 340
Iranian languages 8,490
Baluchi 30
Kurdish 735
Parsi 10
Pashto 1,215
Persian languages 6,470
Dari 1,710
Iranian Persian 3,900
Persian (Farsi), n.o.s. 860
Iranian languages, n.i.e. 25
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 15
Italic (Romance) languages 23,265
Catalan 25
Italian 945
Portuguese 2,220
Romanian 1,980
Spanish 18,095
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 5
Indo-European languages, n.i.e. 40
Japanese 1,075
Korean 7,740
Mongolian 305
Niger-Congo languages 2,045
Akan (Twi) 315
Bamanankan 0
Edo 5
Éwé 10
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 45
Ga 15
Ganda 15
Gikuyu 10
Igbo 195
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 80
Lingala 35
Luba-Kasai 10
Mòoré 0
Mwani 20
Ndebele 40
Rundi (Kirundi) 55
Shona 85
Soninke 10
Sotho-Tswana languages 5
Swahili 275
Wojenaka 0
Wolof 50
Yoruba 615
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 150
Nilo-Saharan languages 700
Dinka 325
Nuer 255
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 120
African, n.o.s. 5
Sign languages 380
American Sign Language 295
Quebec Sign Language 0
Sign languages, n.i.e. 80
Sino-Tibetan languages 47,145
Chinese languages 46,220
Hakka 80
Mandarin 23,495
Min Dong 5
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 460
Wu (Shanghainese) 150
Yue (Cantonese) 21,510
Chinese, n.o.s. 500
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 15
Tibeto-Burman languages 910
Burmese 160
Kuki-Chin languages 85
Karenic languages 165
S'gaw Karen 125
Karenic languages, n.i.e. 40
Tibetan 485
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 10
Sino-Tibetan languages, n.i.e. 10
Tai-Kadai languages 435
Lao 175
Thai 240
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e. 25
Turkic languages 1,135
Azerbaijani 120
Kazakh 15
Turkish 910
Uyghur 35
Uzbek 40
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 25
Uralic languages 1,065
Estonian 5
Finnish 35
Hungarian 1,025
Other languages, n.i.e. 25
Multiple responses 69,870
English and French 2,485
English and non-official language(s) 64,950
French and non-official language(s) 240
English, French and non-official language(s) 640
Multiple non-official languages 1,550
Other language spoken regularly at home
Total - Other language(s) spoken regularly at home for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% data42 1,296,115
None 1,038,845
English 97,335
French 9,450
Non-official language 116,850
Indigenous39 600
Non-Indigenous 116,250
English and French 1,235
English and non-official language(s) 15,885
French and non-official language(s) 3,285
English, French and non-official language(s) 190
Multiple non-official languages 13,040
Knowledge of languagesThe letter 'c' in a yellow triangle indicates a correction notice.
Total - Knowledge of languages for the population in private households - 25% sample data43 1,291,770
Official languages 1,259,370
English 1,258,480
French 86,135
Non-official languages 518,025
Indigenous languages39 1,600
Algonquian languages 1,045
Blackfoot 460
Cree-Innu languages 520
Atikamekw 0
Cree languages 520
Ililimowin (Moose Cree) 0
Inu Ayimun (Southern East Cree) 0
Iyiyiw-Ayimiwin (Northern East Cree) 0
Nehinawewin (Swampy Cree) 25
Nehiyawewin (Plains Cree) 220
Nihithawiwin (Woods Cree) 25
Cree, n.o.s. 235
Innu (Montagnais) 0
Naskapi 0
Eastern Algonquian languages 25
Mi'kmaq 25
Wolastoqewi (Malecite) 0
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 120
Anicinabemowin (Algonquin) 0
Oji-Cree 0
Ojibway languages 120
Anishinaabemowin (Chippewa) 15
Daawaamwin (Odawa) 0
Saulteau (Western Ojibway) 55
Ojibway, n.o.s. 50
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 0
Athabaskan languages 225
Northern Athabaskan languages 215
Dakelh (Carrier) 0
Dane-zaa (Beaver) 0
Dene, n.o.s. 25
Gwich'in 0
Slavey-Hare languages 10
Deh Gah Ghotie Zhatie (South Slavey) 10
Satuotine Yati (North Slavey) 0
Slavey, n.o.s. 0
Tahltan languages 0
Kaska (Nahani) 0
Tahltan 0
Tlicho (Dogrib) 0
Tse'khene (Sekani) 0
Tsilhqot'in (Chilcotin) 0
Tsuu T'ina (Sarsi) 170
Tutchone languages 0
Northern Tutchone 0
Southern Tutchone 0
Tutchone, n.o.s. 0
Wetsuwet'en-Babine 0
Tlingit 10
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0
Haida 0
Inuktut (Inuit) languages 35
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 0
Inuinnaqtun 0
Inuvialuktun 0
Inuktitut 35
Inuktut (Inuit) languages, n.i.e. 0
Iroquoian languages 15
Cayuga 0
Mohawk 15
Oneida 0
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 0
Ktunaxa (Kutenai) 0
Michif 30
Salish languages 20
Halkomelem 0
Lillooet 0
Ntlakapamux (Thompson) 0
Secwepemctsin (Shuswap) 0
Squamish 0
Straits 0
Syilx (Okanagan) 0
Salish languages, n.i.e. 0
Siouan languages 215
Assiniboine 15
Dakota 20
Stoney 170
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 35
Tsimshian languages 0
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 0
Nisga'a 0
Tsimshian 0
Wakashan languages 15
Haisla 0
Heiltsuk 0
Kwak'wala (Kwakiutl) 0
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0
Indigenous languages, n.i.e. 0
Indigenous languages, n.o.s. 20
Non-Indigenous languages 516,570
Afro-Asiatic languages 52,310
Berber languages 275
Kabyle 165
Tamazight 80
Berber languages, n.i.e. 25
Chadic languages 350
Hausa 340
Mina 0
Coptic 85
Cushitic languages 4,685
Bilen 235
Oromo 2,085
Somali 2,420
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 15
Semitic languages 48,400
Amharic 8,360
Arabic 33,325
Aramaic languages 820
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 345
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 370
Aramaic, n.o.s. 120
Harari 80
Hebrew 1,975
Maltese 30
Tigrigna 7,570
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 125
Austro-Asiatic languages 19,430
Khmer (Cambodian) 1,135
Vietnamese 18,090
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e 270
Austronesian languages 70,310
Bikol 505
Bisaya, n.o.s. 1,065
Cebuano 3,285
Fijian 90
Hiligaynon 1,265
Ilocano 6,395
Indonesian 1,175
Kankanaey 250
Kinaray-a 85
Malagasy languages 40
Merina 0
Malagasy, n.o.s. 30
Malay 780
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 1,130
Pangasinan 460
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 66,715
Waray-Waray 390
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 1,700
Creole languages 1,915
Haitian Creole 540
Jamaican English Creole 135
Krio 125
Morisyen 355
Sango 0
Creole, n.o.s. 475
Creole languages, n.i.e. 470
Dravidian languages 10,080
Kannada 1,075
Malayalam 3,775
Tamil 4,200
Telugu 2,335
Tulu 70
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 25
Georgian 220
Hmong-Mien languages 0
Indo-European languages 257,340
Albanian 1,825
Armenian 460
Balto-Slavic languages 34,205
Baltic languages 485
Latvian 155
Lithuanian 330
Slavic languages 33,920
Belarusian 85
Bulgarian 985
Czech 1,940
Macedonian 290
Polish 8,485
Russian 14,155
Rusyn 0
Serbo-Croatian 6,010
Bosnian 1,560
Croatian 3,010
Serbian 2,905
Serbo-Croatian, n.i.e. 120
Slovak 1,295
Slovene (Slovenian) 280
Ukrainian 4,265
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 0
Celtic languages 435
Irish 205
Scottish Gaelic 85
Welsh 135
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 15
Germanic languages 21,235
Frisian 55
High German languages 14,220
German 13,950
Pennsylvania German 10
Swiss German 350
Yiddish 110
Low Saxon-Low Franconian languages 5,870
Afrikaans 1,785
Dutch 3,780
Low German, n.o.s. 40
Low Saxon 0
Plautdietsch 230
Vlaams (Flemish) 125
Scandinavian languages 1,920
Danish 940
Icelandic 50
Norwegian 380
Swedish 630
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 15
Greek 2,155
Indo-Iranian languages 132,795
Indo-Aryan languages 118,560
Assamese 80
Bengali 6,005
Gujarati 10,800
Hindi 42,160
Kacchi 2,245
Kashmiri 190
Konkani 425
Marathi 2,245
Nepali 2,880
Oriya languages 105
Odia 15
Oriya, n.o.s. 85
Punjabi (Panjabi) 61,205
Rohingya 0
Sindhi 630
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 1,330
Urdu 29,980
Indo-Aryan languages, n.i.e. 1,355
Iranian languages 16,480
Baluchi 65
Kurdish 1,360
Parsi 10
Pashto 2,930
Persian languages 12,595
Dari 4,430
Iranian Persian 6,735
Persian (Farsi), n.o.s. 1,605
Iranian languages, n.i.e. 160
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 165
Italic (Romance) languages 71,550
Catalan 100
Italian 8,730
Portuguese 6,170
Romanian 5,390
Spanish 54,235
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 120
Indo-European languages, n.i.e. 145
Japanese 4,845
Korean 11,695
Mongolian 640
Niger-Congo languages 16,975
Akan (Twi) 1,270
Bamanankan 35
Edo 310
Éwé 100
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 170
Ga 275
Ganda 110
Gikuyu 155
Igbo 2,800
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 295
Lingala 395
Luba-Kasai 75
Mòoré 15
Mwani 255
Ndebele 125
Rundi (Kirundi) 145
Shona 580
Soninke 20
Sotho-Tswana languages 120
Swahili 3,220
Wojenaka 35
Wolof 230
Yoruba 5,915
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 2,355
Nilo-Saharan languages 1,815
Dinka 815
Nuer 440
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 575
African, n.o.s. 170
Sign languages 1,775
American Sign Language 1,495
Quebec Sign Language 0
Sign languages, n.i.e. 335
Sino-Tibetan languages 81,025
Chinese languages 79,265
Hakka 390
Mandarin 45,330
Min Dong 35
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 2,295
Wu (Shanghainese) 335
Yue (Cantonese) 42,090
Chinese, n.o.s. 840
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 40
Tibeto-Burman languages 1,785
Burmese 495
Kuki-Chin languages 120
Karenic languages 365
S'gaw Karen 295
Karenic languages, n.i.e. 85
Tibetan 765
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 155
Sino-Tibetan languages, n.i.e. 105
Tai-Kadai languages 1,640
Lao 595
Thai 1,160
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e. 60
Turkic languages 3,420
Azerbaijani 550
Kazakh 170
Turkish 2,530
Uyghur 110
Uzbek 180
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 105
Uralic languages 3,760
Estonian 125
Finnish 360
Hungarian 3,290
Other languages, n.i.e. 485
Indigenous population
Total - Indigenous identity for the population in private households - 25% sample data44 1,291,770
Indigenous identity45 41,350
Single Indigenous responses46 39,720
First Nations (North American Indian) 18,440
Métis 20,855
Inuk (Inuit) 430
Multiple Indigenous responses47 865
Indigenous responses not included elsewhere48 765
Non-Indigenous identity 1,250,420
Total - Registered or Treaty Indian status for the population in private households - 25% sample data44 1,291,770
Registered or Treaty Indian49 14,405
Not a Registered or Treaty Indian 1,277,370
Household characteristics
Total - Private households by tenure - 25% sample data50 502,305
Owner 345,690
Renter 156,615
Dwelling provided by the local government, First Nation or Indian band 0
Total - Occupied private dwellings by condominium status - 25% sample data51 502,305
Condominium 124,190
Not condominium 378,115
Total - Occupied private dwellings by number of bedrooms - 25% sample data52 502,305
No bedrooms 2,920
1 bedroom 59,385
2 bedrooms 116,625
3 bedrooms 167,895
4 or more bedrooms 155,480
Total - Occupied private dwellings by number of rooms - 25% sample data53 502,305
1 to 4 rooms 153,485
5 rooms 78,585
6 rooms 69,385
7 rooms 59,530
8 or more rooms 141,320
Average number of rooms per dwelling 6.1
Total - Private households by number of persons per room - 25% sample data54 502,305
One person or fewer per room 486,420
More than one person per room 15,885
Total - Private households by housing suitability - 25% sample data55 502,305
Suitable 476,790
Not suitable 25,515
Total - Occupied private dwellings by period of construction - 25% sample data56 502,305
1960 or before 43,855
1961 to 1980 133,035
1981 to 1990 59,780
1991 to 2000 75,685
2001 to 2005 50,390
2006 to 2010 47,665
2011 to 2015 45,850
2016 to 202157 46,045
Total - Occupied private dwellings by dwelling condition - 25% sample data58 502,305
Only regular maintenance and minor repairs needed 479,525
Major repairs needed 22,780
Total - Private households by number of household maintainers - 25% sample data59 502,305
One-maintainer household 242,815
Two-maintainer household 228,860
Three-or-more-maintainer household 30,630
Total - Private households by age of primary household maintainers - 25% sample data60 502,305
15 to 24 years 13,825
25 to 34 years 83,280
35 to 44 years 110,705
45 to 54 years 100,130
55 to 64 years 93,305
65 to 74 years 62,865
75 to 84 years 27,860
85 years and over 10,340
Total - Owner and tenant households with household total income greater than zero, in non-farm, non-reserve private dwellings by shelter-cost-to-income ratio - 25% sample data61 499,855
Spending less than 30% of income on shelter costs 385,380
Spending 30% or more of income on shelter costs 114,470
30% to less than 100% 102,665
Total - Occupied private dwellings by housing indicators - 25% sample data62 502,305
Total - Households 'spending 30% or more of income on shelter costs' or 'not suitable' or 'major repairs needed' 150,520
Spending 30% or more of income on shelter costs only 103,650
Not suitable only 19,875
Major repairs needed only 14,995
'Spending 30% or more of income on shelter costs' and 'not suitable' 4,215
'Spending 30% or more of income on shelter costs' and 'major repairs needed' 6,360
'Not suitable' and 'major repairs needed' 1,170
'Spending 30% or more of income on shelter costs' and 'not suitable' and 'major repairs needed' 250
Acceptable housing 351,785
Total - Owner and tenant households with household total income greater than zero and shelter-cost-to-income ratio less than 100%, in non-farm, non-reserve private dwellings - 25% sample data63 488,040
In core need 49,860
Not in core need 438,185
Total - Owner households in non-farm, non-reserve private dwellings - 25% sample data 345,680
% of owner households with a mortgage64 65.2
% of owner households spending 30% or more of its income on shelter costs61 17.7
% in core housing need63 5.6
Median monthly shelter costs for owned dwellings ($)65 1,720
Average monthly shelter costs for owned dwellings ($)65 1,774
Median value of dwellings ($)66 456,000
Average value of dwellings ($)66 519,500
Total - Tenant households in non-farm, non-reserve private dwellings - 25% sample data 156,615
% of tenant households in subsidized housing67 9.0
% of tenant households spending 30% or more of its income on shelter costs61 34.4
% in core housing need63 20.6
Median monthly shelter costs for rented dwellings ($)65 1,350
Average monthly shelter costs for rented dwellings ($)65 1,404
Total - Households living in a dwelling provided by the local government, First Nation or Indian band in non-farm private dwellings - 25% sample data 0
% of households living in a dwelling provided by the local government, First Nation or Indian band spending more than 30% on shelter costs61 ...
Median monthly shelter costs for dwellings provided by local government, First Nation or Indian band ($)65 ...
Average monthly shelter costs for dwellings provided by local government, First Nation or Indian band ($)65 ...
Indigenous ancestry
Total - Indigenous ancestry for the population in private households - 25% sample data68 1,291,770
Indigenous ancestry (only)69 14,495
Single Indigenous ancestry (only)70 14,125
First Nations (North American Indian) single ancestry 10,035
Métis single ancestry 3,975
Inuit single ancestry 115
Multiple Indigenous ancestries (only)71 370
First Nations (North American Indian) and Métis ancestry only 355
First Nations (North American Indian) and Inuit ancestry only 0
Métis and Inuit ancestry only 15
First Nations (North American Indian) and Métis and Inuit ancestry only 0
Indigenous and non-Indigenous ancestries72 34,850
Single Indigenous and non-Indigenous ancestries73 33,825
First Nations (North American Indian) and non-Indigenous ancestry only 19,015
Métis and non-Indigenous ancestry only 14,490
Inuit and non-Indigenous ancestry only 320
Multiple Indigenous and non-Indigenous ancestries74 1,030
First Nations (North American Indian) and Métis and non-Indigenous ancestry only 935
First Nations (North American Indian) and Inuit and non-Indigenous ancestry only 60
Métis and Inuit and non-Indigenous ancestry only 30
First Nations (North American Indian) and Métis and Inuit and non-Indigenous ancestry only 0
Non-Indigenous ancestry only75 1,242,425
Citizenship
Total - Citizenship for the population in private households - 25% sample data76 1,291,770
Canadian citizens77 1,131,540
Canadian citizens aged under 18 257,900
Canadian citizens aged 18 and over 873,645
Not Canadian citizens78 160,225
Immigrant status and period of immigration
Total - Immigrant status and period of immigration for the population in private households - 25% sample data79 1,291,770
Non-immigrants80 834,100
Immigrants81 430,640
Before 1980 48,430
1980 to 1990 40,330
1991 to 2000 61,465
2001 to 2010 117,055
2011 to 202182 163,365
2011 to 2015 82,050
2016 to 2021 81,315
Non-permanent residents83 27,025
Age at immigration
Total - Age at immigration for the immigrant population in private households - 25% sample data84 430,640
Under 5 years 37,050
5 to 14 years 71,460
15 to 24 years 74,550
25 to 44 years 204,525
45 years and over 43,060
Selected places of birth for the immigrant population
Total - Place of birth for the immigrant population in private households - 25% sample data85 430,640
Americas 44,125
Brazil 2,010
Colombia 5,865
El Salvador 2,425
Guyana 740
Haiti 510
Jamaica 3,135
Mexico 4,895
Peru 1,070
Trinidad and Tobago 1,315
United States of America 10,895
Other places of birth in Americas 11,260
Europe 68,740
Bosnia and Herzegovina 2,000
Croatia 1,330
France 1,265
Germany 4,685
Greece 865
Hungary 1,550
Italy 3,075
Netherlands 2,620
Poland 5,890
Portugal 990
Romania 4,025
Russian Federation 4,210
Serbia86 980
Ukraine 3,035
United Kingdom87 20,420
Other places of birth in Europe 11,795
Africa 51,610
Algeria 630
Congo, Democratic Republic of the 855
Egypt 3,320
Eritrea 4,720
Ethiopia 7,090
Morocco 870
Nigeria 12,450
Somalia 1,580
South Africa, Republic of 3,095
Other places of birth in Africa 17,005
Asia 262,700
Afghanistan 3,980
Iran88 5,515
Iraq 3,935
Lebanon 4,095
Syria89 4,340
Turkey 1,085
China90 36,245
Hong Kong91 10,775
Korea, South92 8,215
Taiwan 2,110
Philippines 65,430
Viet Nam 15,395
Bangladesh 3,510
India 56,510
Pakistan 18,375
Sri Lanka 1,820
Other places of birth in Asia 21,375
Oceania and other places of birth93 3,470
Selected places of birth for the recent immigrant population
Total - Place of birth for the recent immigrant population in private households - 25% sample data94 81,315
Americas 7,550
Brazil 840
Colombia 615
Haiti 105
Jamaica 475
Mexico 1,265
United States of America 2,130
Venezuela95 885
Other places of birth in Americas 1,245
Europe 6,505
France 200
Germany 225
Ireland96 470
Italy 260
Russian Federation 635
Ukraine 680
United Kingdom87 1,420
Other places of birth in Europe 2,615
Africa 15,065
Algeria 60
Burundi 40
Cameroon 380
Congo, Democratic Republic of the 155
Côte d'Ivoire 55
Egypt 595
Eritrea 2,525
Ethiopia 1,845
Morocco 210
Nigeria 5,885
Somalia 310
South Africa, Republic of 650
Sudan97 445
Tunisia 95
Other places of birth in Africa 1,815
Asia 51,570
Afghanistan 845
Bangladesh 630
China90 5,520
Hong Kong91 310
India 14,070
Iran88 865
Iraq 945
Israel 340
Japan 170
Jordan 165
Korea, South92 1,740
Lebanon 425
Nepal 460
Pakistan 2,315
Philippines 15,485
Saudi Arabia 265
Sri Lanka 145
Syria89 3,070
Turkey 405
United Arab Emirates 360
Viet Nam 955
Other places of birth in Asia 2,090
Oceania and other93 620
Australia 435
Other places of birth98 185
Generation status
Total - Generation status for the population in private households - 25% sample data99 1,291,770
First generation100 471,470
Second generation101 281,465
Third generation or more102 538,830
Admission category and applicant type
Total - Admission category and applicant type for the immigrant population in private households who were admitted between 1980 and 2021 - 25% sample data103 382,215
Economic immigrants104 215,420
Principal applicants105 88,050
Secondary applicants106 127,375
Immigrants sponsored by family107 107,140
Refugees108 55,735
Other immigrants109 3,920
Pre-admission experience
Total - Pre-admission experience for the immigrant population in private households who were admitted between 1980 and 2021 - 25% sample data110 382,215
Asylum claim before admission111 13,615
Work permits only before admission112 46,635
Study permits only before admission113 9,450
Work and study permits before admission114 22,045
Other permits before admission115 1,375
No pre-admission experience116 289,095
Visible minority
Total - Visible minority for the population in private households - 25% sample data117 1,291,770
Total visible minority population118 534,695
South Asian 141,660
Chinese 91,410
Black 70,680
Filipino 84,215
Arab 30,735
Latin American 31,855
Southeast Asian 26,395
West Asian 15,150
Korean 12,380
Japanese 5,825
Visible minority, n.i.e.119 5,445
Multiple visible minorities 18,955
Not a visible minority120 757,075
Ethnic or cultural origin
Total - Ethnic or cultural origin for the population in private households - 25% sample data121 1,291,770
Canadian 125,490
English 205,980
Irish 153,865
Scottish 177,490
French, n.o.s.122 79,635
German 146,970
Chinese 96,180
Italian 36,235
Indian (India) 71,115
Ukrainian 69,030
Dutch 38,505
Polish 42,735
Québécois 1,580
British Isles, n.o.s.123 41,520
Filipino 79,200
French Canadian 9,130
Caucasian (White), n.o.s.124 20,860
First Nations (North American Indian), n.o.s.125 12,415
Métis 19,805
European, n.o.s.126 22,790
Russian 28,470
Norwegian 32,675
Welsh 21,030
Portuguese 6,770
American 18,030
Spanish 17,085
Swedish 20,940
Hungarian 16,335
Acadian 2,935
Pakistani 22,800
African, n.o.s.127 13,470
Jewish 6,595
Punjabi 18,050
Vietnamese 21,145
Arab, n.o.s.128 10,585
Greek 5,540
Jamaican 5,860
Asian, n.o.s.129 14,510
Cree, n.o.s.130 5,915
Korean 12,445
Romanian 10,540
Lebanese 11,360
Iranian 6,105
Christian, n.i.e.131 4,815
Danish 14,575
North American Indigenous, n.o.s.132 4,225
Sikh 14,120
Austrian 10,255
Belgian 5,295
Haitian 930
Hindu 8,550
Mexican 7,685
Mennonite 3,750
Swiss 5,765
Finnish 5,250
Sri Lankan 1,865
Croatian 5,170
Japanese 7,785
South Asian, n.o.s.133 4,655
Mi'kmaq, n.o.s.134 1,330
Northern European, n.o.s.135 6,340
Muslim 6,060
Egyptian 4,610
Latin, Central or South American, n.o.s.136 5,960
Tamil 1,370
Icelandic 6,025
Colombian 6,420
Moroccan 880
Czech 6,295
Syrian 4,215
Guyanese 1,210
Afghan 6,465
Black, n.o.s.137 2,530
Serbian 3,125
Ojibway 1,165
Newfoundlander 1,500
Hong Konger 3,940
Ontarian 1,030
Persian 2,700
Trinidadian/Tobagonian 1,495
Turkish 2,610
Inuit, n.o.s.138 520
Bangladeshi 3,570
Algerian 645
Brazilian 2,555
Nigerian 8,120
Armenian 925
Slovak 3,520
Eastern European, n.o.s.139 2,620
Somali 2,830
Taiwanese 2,120
Iraqi 3,035
Salvadorean 2,325
African Caribbean 930
East or Southeast Asian, n.o.s.140 3,670
West or Central Asian or Middle Eastern, n.o.s.141 2,645
Caribbean, n.o.s.142 1,330
Algonquin 380
West Indian, n.o.s.143 835
Lithuanian 2,015
South African 2,915
Australian 3,060
Palestinian 1,675
Chilean 2,925
Congolese 1,045
Nova Scotian 850
Ethiopian 6,695
Hispanic, n.o.s.144 2,920
Peruvian 1,450
Yoruba 5,200
Cambodian (Khmer) 1,960
Berber 405
Albanian 1,870
Maltese 505
Macedonian 385
Slovenian 1,445
Western European, n.o.s.145 1,960
New Brunswicker 410
Gujarati 1,665
Eritrean 5,320
African Canadian 940
Israeli 1,095
Mohawk 500
Czechoslovakian, n.o.s.146 1,685
Bulgarian 1,305
Albertan 5,465
Ghanaian 1,405
Barbadian 640
African American 935
Yugoslavian, n.o.s.147 1,030
Tunisian 300
Slavic, n.o.s.148 1,305
Cuban 830
Bosnian 1,870
Venezuelan 3,025
Innu/Montagnais, n.o.s.149 30
Latvian 1,025
Bengali 1,200
Cameroonian 930
Guatemalan 1,200
Indonesian 1,555
Laotian 1,015
Ilocano 2,575
Northern Irish 920
Celtic, n.o.s.150 805
British Columbian 520
Ecuadorian 405
Franco Ontarian 125
Argentinian 1,050
Estonian 980
Kurdish 1,060
Fijian 1,145
Jatt 1,410
North American, n.o.s.151 645
Coptic 440
Thai 1,185
Dominican 405
Nepali 2,255
Kabyle 95
Assyrian 420
Igbo 3,150
Byelorussian 730
Dene, n.o.s.152 215
Blackfoot, n.o.s.153 1,580
Abenaki 50
Moldovan 990
Iroquois (Haudenosaunee), n.o.s.154 245
New Zealander 1,095
Sudanese 2,480
Breton 40
Pennsylvania Dutch 350
Malaysian 1,175
Plains Cree 200
North African, n.o.s.155 420
Huron (Wendat) 80
Saskatchewanian 1,150
Buddhist 1,010
Gaspesian 10
Norman 145
Southern or East African, n.o.s.156 1,270
Ivorian 210
Saulteaux 280
Anishinaabe, n.o.s.157 160
Burundian 150
Tigrinya 2,240
Nicaraguan 800
Mauritian 450
Kenyan 1,050
Oji-Cree 20
Vincentian 175
Jordanian 445
Manitoban 460
Cape Bretoner 175
Rwandan 280
Grenadian 225
Malayali 665
Chaldean 165
Sinhalese 555
Mayan 575
Honduran 340
Cherokee 545
Qalipu Mi'kmaq 110
Indo-Caribbean 140
Flemish 420
United Empire Loyalist 180
Senegalese 140
Azerbaijani 670
Sicilian 110
Pashtun 820
Malay 790
Goan 350
Bantu, n.o.s.158 330
Tibetan 790
Zimbabwean 660
Burmese 540
Mongolian 985
Azorean 70
Atikamekw 0
Bamileke 105
Indo-Guyanese 80
Ugandan 300
Oromo 1,560
Tanzanian 795
Yemeni 555
Central African 70
Libyan 445
Basque 175
Uruguayan 85
Akan, n.o.s.159 295
Central or West African, n.o.s.160 345
Igorot 1,195
Fulani 65
Woodland Cree 70
Guinean 155
St. Lucian 230
Prince Edward Islander 215
Maliseet 25
Beninese 145
Telugu 255
Roma 200
Costa Rican 180
African Nova Scotian 85
Malagasy 35
Kashmiri 820
Singaporean 325
Karen 390
Edo 605
Tajik 280
Amhara 810
Paraguayan 100
Religion
Total - Religion for the population in private households - 25% sample data161 1,291,770
Buddhist 20,855
Christian 575,250
Christian, n.o.s.162 121,585
Anabaptist 2,100
Anglican 27,005
Baptist 10,875
Catholic 262,720
Christian Orthodox 24,020
Jehovah's Witness 5,160
Latter Day Saints 9,895
Lutheran 14,005
Methodist and Wesleyan (Holiness) 2,570
Pentecostal and other Charismatic 14,690
Presbyterian 8,330
Reformed 1,250
United Church 37,055
Other Christian and Christian-related traditions 33,980
Hindu 33,450
Jewish 6,390
Muslim 95,925
Sikh 49,465
Traditional (North American Indigenous) spirituality 1,370
Other religions and spiritual traditions 9,695
No religion and secular perspectives 499,375
Mobility status 1 year ago
Total - Mobility status 1 year ago - 25% sample data163 1,277,835
Non-movers 1,101,965
Movers 175,865
Non-migrants 132,940
Migrants 42,925
Internal migrants 29,285
Intraprovincial migrants 13,780
Interprovincial migrants 15,505
External migrants 13,640
Mobility status 5 years ago
Total - Mobility status 5 years ago - 25% sample data164 1,217,975
Non-movers 707,190
Movers 510,785
Non-migrants 333,555
Migrants 177,230
Internal migrants 103,835
Intraprovincial migrants 52,115
Interprovincial migrants 51,725
External migrants 73,395
Secondary (high) school diploma or equivalency certificate
Total - Secondary (high) school diploma or equivalency certificate for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data165 1,056,230
No high school diploma or equivalency certificate 149,010
With high school diploma or equivalency certificate166 907,215
Total - Secondary (high) school diploma or equivalency certificate for the population aged 25 to 64 years in private households - 25% sample data165 737,750
No high school diploma or equivalency certificate 65,615
With high school diploma or equivalency certificate166 672,130
Highest certificate, diploma or degree
Total - Highest certificate, diploma or degree for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data165 1,056,230
No certificate, diploma or degree 134,565
High (secondary) school diploma or equivalency certificate167 273,135
Postsecondary certificate, diploma or degree 648,530
Postsecondary certificate or diploma below bachelor level 271,085
Apprenticeship or trades certificate or diploma 62,155
Non-apprenticeship trades certificate or diploma168 22,795
Apprenticeship certificate169 39,360
College, CEGEP or other non-university certificate or diploma170 172,905
University certificate or diploma below bachelor level 36,020
Bachelor's degree or higher 377,450
Bachelor's degree 258,985
University certificate or diploma above bachelor level 19,835
Degree in medicine, dentistry, veterinary medicine or optometry 9,365
Master's degree 77,600
Earned doctorate171 11,670
Total - Highest certificate, diploma or degree for the population aged 25 to 64 years in private households - 25% sample data165 737,750
No certificate, diploma or degree 56,150
High (secondary) school diploma or equivalency certificate167 158,090
Postsecondary certificate, diploma or degree 523,505
Postsecondary certificate or diploma below bachelor level 207,210
Apprenticeship or trades certificate or diploma 46,300
Non-apprenticeship trades certificate or diploma168 16,310
Apprenticeship certificate169 29,990
College, CEGEP or other non-university certificate or diploma170 132,925
University certificate or diploma below bachelor level 27,990
Bachelor's degree or higher 316,295
Bachelor's degree 215,545
University certificate or diploma above bachelor level 15,980
Degree in medicine, dentistry, veterinary medicine or optometry 8,070
Master's degree 67,610
Earned doctorate171 9,100
Major field of study - Classification of Instructional Programs (CIP) 2021
Total - Major field of study - Classification of Instructional Programs (CIP) 2021 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data172 1,056,230
No postsecondary certificate, diploma or degree173 407,695
Education 37,900
13. Education 37,900
Visual and performing arts, and communications technologies 20,300
10. Communications technologies/technicians and support services 2,095
50. Visual and performing arts 18,205
Humanities 29,295
16. Indigenous and foreign languages, literatures, and linguistics 3,420
23. English language and literature/letters 6,610
24. Liberal arts and sciences, general studies and humanities 10,070
30A Interdisciplinary humanities174 455
38. Philosophy and religious studies 1,925
39. Theology and religious vocations 2,775
54. History 3,320
55. French language and literature/lettersCAN 720
Social and behavioural sciences and law 72,710
05. Area, ethnic, cultural, gender, and group studies 1,020
09. Communication, journalism and related programs 9,885
19. Family and consumer sciences/human sciences 7,890
22. Legal professions and studies 13,435
30B Interdisciplinary social and behavioural sciences175 1,430
42. Psychology 11,935
45. Social sciences 27,130
Business, management and public administration 151,340
30.16 Accounting and computer science 145
44. Public administration and social service professions 7,190
52. Business, management, marketing and related support services 144,000
Physical and life sciences and technologies 35,280
26. Biological and biomedical sciences 11,915
30.01 Biological and physical sciences 7,125
30C Other interdisciplinary physical and life sciences176 560
40. Physical sciences 14,385
41. Science technologies/technicians 1,295
Mathematics, computer and information sciences 32,775
11. Computer and information sciences and support services 27,025
25. Library science 1,385
27. Mathematics and statistics 3,675
30D Interdisciplinary mathematics, computer and information sciences177 685
Architecture, engineering, and related trades 141,165
04. Architecture and related services 5,715
14. Engineering 60,975
15. Engineering/engineering-related technologies/technicians 30,160
30.12 Historic preservation and conservation 20
46. Construction trades 20,365
47. Mechanic and repair technologies/technicians 15,535
48. Precision production 8,400
Agriculture, natural resources and conservation 10,880
01. Agricultural and veterinary sciences/services/operations and related fields178 6,525
03. Natural resources and conservation 4,350
Health and related fields 91,710
30.37 Design for human health 0
31. Parks, recreation, leisure, fitness, and kinesiology 7,380
51. Health professions and related programs178 81,445
60. Health professions residency/fellowship programs 150
61. Medical residency/fellowship programs 2,740
Personal, protective and transportation services 24,990
12. Culinary, entertainment, and personal services 16,005
28. Military science, leadership and operational art 105
29. Military technologies and applied sciences 125
43. Security and protective services 4,485
49. Transportation and materials moving 4,270
Other179 180
Total - Major field of study - Classification of Instructional Programs (CIP) 2021 for the population aged 25 to 64 years in private households - 25% sample data172 737,745
No postsecondary certificate, diploma or degree173 214,245
Education 27,425
13. Education 27,425
Visual and performing arts, and communications technologies 16,520
10. Communications technologies/technicians and support services 1,595
50. Visual and performing arts 14,920
Humanities 23,385
16. Indigenous and foreign languages, literatures, and linguistics 2,795
23. English language and literature/letters 5,440
24. Liberal arts and sciences, general studies and humanities 8,205
30A Interdisciplinary humanities174 340
38. Philosophy and religious studies 1,575
39. Theology and religious vocations 1,930
54. History 2,585
55. French language and literature/lettersCAN 515
Social and behavioural sciences and law 60,535
05. Area, ethnic, cultural, gender, and group studies 870
09. Communication, journalism and related programs 8,695
19. Family and consumer sciences/human sciences 6,225
22. Legal professions and studies 11,170
30B Interdisciplinary social and behavioural sciences175 1,180
42. Psychology 9,685
45. Social sciences 22,700
Business, management and public administration 124,905
30.16 Accounting and computer science 105
44. Public administration and social service professions 5,835
52. Business, management, marketing and related support services 118,970
Physical and life sciences and technologies 27,230
26. Biological and biomedical sciences 9,575
30.01 Biological and physical sciences 5,600
30C Other interdisciplinary physical and life sciences176 465
40. Physical sciences 10,735
41. Science technologies/technicians 860
Mathematics, computer and information sciences 28,300
11. Computer and information sciences and support services 24,085
25. Library science 900
27. Mathematics and statistics 2,765
30D Interdisciplinary mathematics, computer and information sciences177 555
Architecture, engineering, and related trades 113,170
04. Architecture and related services 4,610
14. Engineering 51,005
15. Engineering/engineering-related technologies/technicians 24,030
30.12 Historic preservation and conservation 15
46. Construction trades 15,725
47. Mechanic and repair technologies/technicians 11,690
48. Precision production 6,095
Agriculture, natural resources and conservation 8,820
01. Agricultural and veterinary sciences/services/operations and related fields178 5,000
03. Natural resources and conservation 3,820
Health and related fields 73,600
30.37 Design for human health 0
31. Parks, recreation, leisure, fitness, and kinesiology 5,910
51. Health professions and related programs178 65,330
60. Health professions residency/fellowship programs 130
61. Medical residency/fellowship programs 2,240
Personal, protective and transportation services 19,480
12. Culinary, entertainment, and personal services 12,230
28. Military science, leadership and operational art 80
29. Military technologies and applied sciences 50
43. Security and protective services 3,695
49. Transportation and materials moving 3,425
Other179 140
Location of study compared with province or territory of residence
Total - Location of study compared with province or territory of residence for the population aged 25 to 64 years in private households - 25% sample data180 737,745
No postsecondary certificate, diploma or degree 214,245
Postsecondary certificate, diploma or degree181 523,510
Location of study inside Canada 372,000
Same as province or territory of residence 267,640
Different than province or territory of residence 104,355
Location of study outside Canada182 151,510
Americas 24,755
United States of America 14,510
Mexico 2,085
Cuba 235
Haiti 75
Jamaica 400
Brazil 1,555
Colombia 2,015
Peru 365
Venezuela95 1,780
Other locations of study in Americas 1,735
Europe 25,250
Belgium 170
France 1,155
Germany 925
Netherlands 600
Switzerland 280
Hungary 330
Moldova183 570
Poland 1,375
Romania 1,725
Russian Federation 2,065
Ukraine 1,465
Ireland96 855
United Kingdom87 9,355
Bosnia and Herzegovina 280
Italy 315
Serbia86 360
Other locations of study in Europe 3,420
Africa 12,240
Nigeria 4,635
Algeria 330
Morocco 380
Tunisia 180
Egypt 1,610
South Africa, Republic of 1,315
Other locations of study in Africa 3,795
Asia 86,450
Iran88 2,105
Iraq 895
Israel 385
Lebanon 590
Syria89 730
Turkey 385
China90 10,965
Taiwan 565
Hong Kong91 790
Japan 995
Korea, South92 3,715
Philippines 28,045
Viet Nam 810
Bangladesh 1,360
Sri Lanka 455
India 23,485
Pakistan 6,015
Other locations of study in Asia 4,170
Oceania 2,815
Australia 2,225
New Zealand 480
Other locations of study in Oceania 105
Labour force status
Total - Population aged 15 years and over by labour force status - 25% sample data184 1,056,230
In the labour force 730,055
Employed 638,645
Unemployed 91,405
Not in the labour force 326,175
Participation rate 69.1
Employment rate 60.5
Unemployment rate 12.5
Work activity during the reference year
Total - Population aged 15 years and over by work activity during the reference year - 25% sample data185 1,056,230
Did not work186 350,820
Worked 705,410
Worked full year full time187 370,495
Worked part year and/or part time188 334,920
Average weeks worked in reference year 40.6
Class of worker including job permanency
Total - Labour force aged 15 years and over by class of worker including job permanency - 25% sample data189 730,050
Class of worker - not applicable190 25,210
All classes of workers191 704,840
Employee 596,075
Permanent position 498,865
Temporary position 97,210
Fixed term (1 year or more) 33,010
Casual, seasonal or short-term position (less than 1 year) 64,200
Self-employed192 108,770
Occupation - Broad category - National Occupational Classification (NOC) 2021
Total - Labour force aged 15 years and over by occupation - Broad category - National Occupational Classification (NOC) 2021 - 25% sample data193 730,050
Occupation - not applicable190 25,210
All occupations191 704,840
0 Legislative and senior management occupations 8,910
1 Business, finance and administration occupations 135,315
2 Natural and applied sciences and related occupations 83,405
3 Health occupations 58,670
4 Occupations in education, law and social, community and government services 77,125
5 Occupations in art, culture, recreation and sport 20,330
6 Sales and service occupations 175,295
7 Trades, transport and equipment operators and related occupations 115,655
8 Natural resources, agriculture and related production occupations 10,185
9 Occupations in manufacturing and utilities 19,960
Industry - Sectors - North American Industry Classification System (NAICS) 2017
Total - Labour force aged 15 years and over by industry - Sectors - North American Industry Classification System (NAICS) 2017 - 25% sample data194 730,050
Industry - not applicable190 25,210
All industries191 704,840
11 Agriculture, forestry, fishing and hunting 2,635
21 Mining, quarrying, and oil and gas extraction 32,410
22 Utilities 8,485
23 Construction 58,805
31-33 Manufacturing 33,130
41 Wholesale trade 22,295
44-45 Retail trade 80,115
48-49 Transportation and warehousing 46,840
51 Information and cultural industries 12,790
52 Finance and insurance 26,450
53 Real estate and rental and leasing 14,175
54 Professional, scientific and technical services 83,970
55 Management of companies and enterprises 2,240
56 Administrative and support, waste management and remediation services 31,495
61 Educational services 46,695
62 Health care and social assistance 90,910
71 Arts, entertainment and recreation 14,470
72 Accommodation and food services 42,785
81 Other services (except public administration) 29,975
91 Public administration 24,185
All languages used at work
Total - All languages used at work for the population in private households aged 15 years and over who worked since January 1, 2020 - 25% sample data195 764,085
English 720,920
French 1,020
Non-official language 6,605
Indigenous39 10
Non-Indigenous 6,600
English and French 6,415
English and non-official language(s) 27,865
French and non-official language(s) 20
English, French and non-official language(s) 665
Multiple non-official languages 570
Language used most often at work
Total - Language used most often at work for the population aged 15 years and over who worked since January 1, 2020, in private households, 2021 Census - 25% sample data196 764,085
Single responses 757,765
Official languages 745,365
English 743,325
French 2,040
Non-official languages 12,400
Indigenous languages39 10
Algonquian languages 0
Blackfoot 0
Cree-Innu languages 0
Atikamekw 0
Cree languages 0
Ililimowin (Moose Cree) 0
Inu Ayimun (Southern East Cree) 0
Iyiyiw-Ayimiwin (Northern East Cree) 0
Nehinawewin (Swampy Cree) 0
Nehiyawewin (Plains Cree) 0
Nihithawiwin (Woods Cree) 0
Cree, n.o.s. 0
Innu (Montagnais) 0
Naskapi 0
Eastern Algonquian languages 0
Mi'kmaq 0
Wolastoqewi (Malecite) 0
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 0
Anicinabemowin (Algonquin) 0
Oji-Cree 0
Ojibway languages 0
Anishinaabemowin (Chippewa) 0
Daawaamwin (Odawa) 0
Saulteau (Western Ojibway) 0
Ojibway, n.o.s. 0
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 0
Athabaskan languages 0
Northern Athabaskan languages 0
Dakelh (Carrier) 0
Dane-zaa (Beaver) 0
Dene, n.o.s. 0
Gwich'in 0
Slavey-Hare languages 0
Deh Gah Ghotie Zhatie (South Slavey) 0
Satuotine Yati (North Slavey) 0
Slavey, n.o.s. 0
Tahltan languages 0
Tlicho (Dogrib) 0
Tse'khene (Sekani) 0
Tsilhqot'in (Chilcotin) 0
Tsuu T'ina (Sarsi) 0
Tutchone languages 0
Northern Tutchone 0
Southern Tutchone 0
Tutchone, n.o.s. 0
Wetsuwet'en-Babine 0
Tlingit 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0
Haida 0
Inuktut (Inuit) languages 0
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 0
Inuinnaqtun 0
Inuvialuktun 0
Inuktitut 0
Inuktut (Inuit) languages, n.i.e. 0
Iroquoian languages 0
Mohawk 0
Oneida 0
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 0
Ktunaxa (Kutenai) 0
Michif 0
Salish languages 0
Halkomelem 0
Lillooet 0
Ntlakapamux (Thompson) 0
Secwepemctsin (Shuswap) 0
Squamish 0
Straits 0
Syilx (Okanagan) 0
Salish languages, n.i.e. 0
Siouan languages 10
Assiniboine 0
Dakota 0
Stoney 10
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 0
Tsimshian languages 0
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 0
Nisga'a 0
Tsimshian 0
Wakashan languages 0
Haisla 0
Heiltsuk 0
Kwak'wala (Kwakiutl) 0
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0
Indigenous languages, n.i.e. 0
Indigenous languages, n.o.s. 0
Non-Indigenous languages 12,390
Afro-Asiatic languages 450
Berber languages 0
Kabyle 0
Tamazight 0
Berber languages, n.i.e. 0
Chadic languages 0
Coptic 0
Cushitic languages 15
Bilen 0
Oromo 10
Somali 0
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 0
Semitic languages 430
Amharic 35
Arabic 315
Aramaic languages 0
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 0
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 0
Aramaic, n.o.s. 0
Hebrew 0
Tigrigna 70
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 0
Austro-Asiatic languages 800
Khmer (Cambodian) 10
Vietnamese 780
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 0
Austronesian languages 535
Bikol 0
Bisaya, n.o.s. 0
Cebuano 0
Hiligaynon 0
Ilocano 55
Indonesian 0
Kankanaey 0
Malagasy languages 0
Malay 0
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 0
Pangasinan 0
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 480
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 0
Creole languages 0
Haitian Creole 0
Jamaican English Creole 0
Morisyen 0
Creole, n.o.s. 0
Creole languages, n.i.e. 0
Dravidian languages 30
Kannada 0
Malayalam 10
Tamil 15
Telugu 0
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 0
Georgian 0
Indo-European languages 4,915
Albanian 0
Armenian 0
Balto-Slavic languages 425
Baltic languages 0
Latvian 0
Lithuanian 0
Slavic languages 425
Bulgarian 10
Czech 10
Macedonian 0
Polish 130
Russian 175
Serbo-Croatian 60
Bosnian 25
Croatian 0
Serbian 25
Serbo-Croatian, n.i.e. 0
Slovak 10
Slovene (Slovenian) 0
Ukrainian 30
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 0
Celtic languages 0
Scottish Gaelic 0
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 0
Germanic languages 95
Frisian 0
High German languages 70
German 70
Pennsylvania German 0
Swiss German 0
Yiddish 0
Low Saxon-Low Franconian languages 15
Afrikaans 0
Dutch 0
Low German, n.o.s. 0
Low Saxon 0
Plautdietsch 0
Vlaams (Flemish) 0
Scandinavian languages 0
Danish 0
Icelandic 0
Norwegian 0
Swedish 0
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 0
Greek 10
Indo-Iranian languages 3,090
Indo-Aryan languages 2,955
Bengali 0
Gujarati 70
Hindi 110
Kacchi 0
Marathi 0
Nepali 30
Punjabi (Panjabi) 2,505
Sindhi 0
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 0
Urdu 225
Indo-Aryan languages, n.i.e. 0
Iranian languages 135
Kurdish 0
Pashto 10
Persian languages 125
Dari 30
Iranian Persian 90
Persian (Farsi), n.o.s. 0
Iranian languages, n.i.e. 0
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 0
Italic (Romance) languages 1,285
Catalan 0
Italian 15
Portuguese 75
Romanian 40
Spanish 1,150
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 0
Indo-European languages, n.i.e. 10
Japanese 105
Korean 775
Mongolian 15
Niger-Congo languages 20
Akan (Twi) 0
Edo 0
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 0
Ga 0
Ganda 0
Igbo 0
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 0
Lingala 0
Rundi (Kirundi) 0
Shona 0
Swahili 0
Wolof 0
Yoruba 10
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 0
Nilo-Saharan languages 0
Dinka 0
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 0
Sign languages 35
American Sign Language 30
Quebec Sign Language 0
Sign languages, n.i.e. 10
Sino-Tibetan languages 4,560
Chinese languages 4,540
Hakka 0
Mandarin 1,910
Min Dong 0
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 0
Wu (Shanghainese) 0
Yue (Cantonese) 2,595
Chinese, n.o.s. 35
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 0
Tibeto-Burman languages 25
Burmese 10
Karenic languages 0
S'gaw Karen 0
Karenic languages, n.i.e. 0
Tibetan 0
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 0
Sino-Tibetan languages, n.i.e. 0
Tai-Kadai languages 50
Lao 15
Thai 35
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e. 0
Turkic languages 55
Azerbaijani 0
Turkish 55
Uyghur 0
Uzbek 0
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 0
Uralic languages 35
Estonian 0
Finnish 0
Hungarian 35
Other languages, n.i.e. 0
Multiple responses 6,320
English and French 805
English and non-official language(s) 5,280
French and non-official language(s) 30
English, French and non-official language(s) 75
Multiple non-official languages 130
Other language(s) used regularly at work
Total - Other language(s) used regularly at work for the population in private households aged 15 years and over who worked since January 1, 2020 - 25% sample data197 764,085
None 734,060
English 5,720
French 4,720
Non-official language 16,030
Indigenous39 90
Non-Indigenous 15,945
English and French 15
English and non-official language(s) 640
French and non-official language(s) 440
English, French and non-official language(s) 0
Multiple non-official languages 2,460
Place of work status
Total - Place of work status for the employed labour force aged 15 years and over - 25% sample data198 638,645
Worked at home 182,015
Worked outside Canada 2,460
No fixed workplace address 89,650
Usual place of work 364,515
Commuting destination
Total - Commuting destination for the employed labour force aged 15 years and over with a usual place of work - 25% sample data199 364,520
Commute within census subdivision (CSD) of residence 332,545
Commute to a different census subdivision (CSD) within census division (CD) of residence 22,900
Commute to a different census subdivision (CSD) and census division (CD) within province or territory of residence 5,875
Commute to a different province or territory 3,200
Main mode of commuting
Total - Main mode of commuting for the employed labour force aged 15 years and over with a usual place of work or no fixed workplace address - 25% sample data200 454,170
Car, truck or van 378,085
Car, truck or van - as a driver 350,765
Car, truck or van - as a passenger 27,315
Public transit 39,905
Walked 19,195
Bicycle 3,955
Other method 13,035
Commuting duration
Total - Commuting duration for the employed labour force aged 15 years and over with a usual place of work or no fixed workplace address - 25% sample data201 454,170
Less than 15 minutes 97,610
15 to 29 minutes 213,150
30 to 44 minutes 99,695
45 to 59 minutes 20,845
60 minutes and over 22,870
Time leaving for work
Total - Time leaving for work for the employed labour force aged 15 years and over with a usual place of work or no fixed workplace address - 25% sample data202 454,170
Between 5 a.m. and 5:59 a.m. 28,655
Between 6 a.m. and 6:59 a.m. 79,585
Between 7 a.m. and 7:59 a.m. 116,785
Between 8 a.m. and 8:59 a.m. 86,045
Between 9 a.m. and 11:59 a.m. 67,250
Between 12 p.m. and 4:59 a.m. 75,850
Children eligible for instruction in the minority official language
Total - Eligibility for instruction in the minority official language for the population in private households born in 2003 or later - 100% data203 285,180
Children eligible for instruction in the minority official language 20,385
Children not eligible for instruction in the minority official language 264,795
Eligibility and instruction in the minority official language for school-aged children
Total - Eligibility and instruction in the minority official language, for the population in private households born between 2003 and 2015 (inclusive) - 100% data204 205,680
Children eligible for instruction in the minority official language 15,120
Eligible children who have been instructed in the minority official language at the primary or secondary level in Canada 7,850
Eligible children who have not been instructed in the minority official language at the primary or secondary level in Canada 7,275
Children not eligible for instruction in the minority official language 190,560

Symbol legend

Source

Source: Statistics Canada, 2021 Census of Population.

How to cite

How to cite: Statistics Canada. 2023. (table). Census Profile. 2021 Census of Population. Statistics Canada Catalogue no. 98-316-X2021001. Ottawa. Released November 15, 2023.
https://www12.statcan.gc.ca/census-recensement/2021/dp-pd/prof/index.cfm?Lang=E (accessed February 25, 2024).

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