Census Profile, 2021 Census of Population
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Topic:
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Age
Age characteristics
Commuting
Select all: Commuting
Commuting destination
Commuting duration
Main mode of commuting
Place of work status
Time leaving for work
Education
Select all: Education
Highest certificate, diploma or degree
Location of study compared with province or territory of residence
Major field of study - Classification of Instructional Programs (CIP) 2021
Secondary (high) school diploma or equivalency certificate
Ethnocultural and religious diversity
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Ethnic or cultural origin
Religion
Visible minority
Families, households, and marital status
Select all: Families, households, and marital status
Family characteristics
Household type
Marital status
Housing
Household characteristics
Immigration, place of birth, and citizenship
Select all: Immigration, place of birth, and citizenship
Admission category and applicant type
Age at immigration
Citizenship
Generation status
Immigrant status and period of immigration
Pre-admission experience
Selected places of birth for the immigrant population
Selected places of birth for the recent immigrant population
Income
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Income of economic families in 2020
Income of households in 2020
Income of individuals in 2019
Income of individuals in 2020
Low income and income inequality in 2020
Indigenous peoples
Select all: Indigenous peoples
Indigenous ancestry
Indigenous population
Instruction in the minority official language
Select all: Instruction in the minority official language
Children eligible for instruction in the minority official language
Eligibility and instruction in the minority official language for school-aged children
Labour
Select all: Labour
Class of worker including job permanency
Industry - Sectors - North American Industry Classification System (NAICS) 2017
Labour force status
Occupation - Broad category - National Occupational Classification (NOC) 2021
Work activity during the reference year
Language
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All languages spoken at home
First official language spoken
Knowledge of languages
Knowledge of official languages
Language spoken most often at home
Mother tongue
Other language spoken regularly at home
Language of work
Select all: Language of work
All languages used at work
Language used most often at work
Other language(s) used regularly at work
Mobility and migration
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Mobility status 1 year ago
Mobility status 5 years ago
Population and dwelling counts
Population and dwellings
Type of dwelling
Household and dwelling characteristics
GenderMore information:


Statistic:
Characteristic West Vancouver, District municipality (DM)More information:
British Columbia
[Census subdivision]
Counts
Total Men+ Women+
Population and dwellings
Population, 20211 44,122 ... ...
Population, 20161 42,473 ... ...
Population percentage change, 2016 to 2021 3.9 ... ...
Total private dwellings2 18,795 ... ...
Private dwellings occupied by usual residents3 17,690 ... ...
Population density per square kilometre 506.1 ... ...
Land area in square kilometres 87.18 ... ...
Age characteristics
Total - Age groups of the population - 100% data 44,125 20,625 23,495
0 to 14 years 6,160 3,240 2,915
0 to 4 years 1,295 670 625
5 to 9 years 2,115 1,060 1,050
10 to 14 years 2,750 1,515 1,235
15 to 64 years 25,390 11,800 13,590
15 to 19 years 2,940 1,525 1,415
20 to 24 years 2,305 1,185 1,120
25 to 29 years 1,455 760 690
30 to 34 years 1,370 630 730
35 to 39 years 1,965 825 1,140
40 to 44 years 2,375 950 1,425
45 to 49 years 2,970 1,245 1,725
50 to 54 years 3,520 1,595 1,925
55 to 59 years 3,325 1,590 1,735
60 to 64 years 3,175 1,495 1,685
65 years and over 12,575 5,590 6,990
65 to 69 years 2,965 1,420 1,545
70 to 74 years 2,835 1,305 1,530
75 to 79 years 2,515 1,145 1,365
80 to 84 years 1,875 805 1,065
85 years and over 2,395 905 1,485
85 to 89 years 1,260 530 725
90 to 94 years 915 295 620
95 to 99 years 195 70 120
100 years and over 25 5 15
Total - Distribution (%) of the population by broad age groups - 100% data 100.0 100.0 100.0
0 to 14 years 14.0 15.7 12.4
15 to 64 years 57.5 57.2 57.8
65 years and over 28.5 27.1 29.8
85 years and over 5.4 4.4 6.3
Average age of the population 47.6 46.0 49.0
Median age of the population 50.8 50.0 51.6
Household and dwelling characteristics
Total - Occupied private dwellings by structural type of dwelling - 100% data 17,690 ... ...
Single-detached house 9,835 ... ...
Semi-detached house 520 ... ...
Row house 400 ... ...
Apartment or flat in a duplex 1,520 ... ...
Apartment in a building that has fewer than five storeys 1,600 ... ...
Apartment in a building that has five or more storeys 3,810 ... ...
Other single-attached house 5 ... ...
Movable dwelling4 10 ... ...
Total - Private households by household size - 100% data 17,690 ... ...
1 person 4,955 ... ...
2 persons 5,880 ... ...
3 persons 2,785 ... ...
4 persons 2,700 ... ...
5 or more persons 1,365 ... ...
Number of persons in private households 43,385 20,385 22,995
Average household size 2.5 ... ...
Marital status
Total - Marital status for the total population aged 15 years and over - 100% data 37,965 17,385 20,580
Married or living common-law 22,940 11,285 11,650
Married 21,165 10,380 10,785
Living common-law 1,770 905 865
Living common law - Never married 1,005 500 505
Living common law - Separated 75 45 30
Living common law - Divorced 615 325 295
Living common law - Widowed 75 40 35
Not married and not living common-law 15,030 6,100 8,930
Not married and not living common law - Never married 8,975 4,605 4,370
Not married and not living common law - Separated 790 245 550
Not married and not living common law - Divorced 2,590 775 1,810
Not married and not living common law - Widowed 2,675 470 2,205
Family characteristics
Total - Census families in private households by family size - 100% data5 12,800 ... ...
2 persons 6,375 ... ...
3 persons 2,890 ... ...
4 persons 2,725 ... ...
5 or more persons 815 ... ...
Average size of census families 2.9 ... ...
Average number of children in census families with children6 1.7 ... ...
Total number of census families in private households - 100% data 12,800 ... ...
Total couple families 10,875 ... ...
Married couples 9,990 ... ...
With children6 5,380 ... ...
Without children 4,605 ... ...
Common-law couples 885 ... ...
With children6 290 ... ...
Without children 595 ... ...
Total one-parent families 1,930 ... ...
in which the parent is a woman+ 1,585 ... ...
in which the parent is a man+ 340 ... ...
Total - Persons in private households - 100% data 43,385 20,385 22,995
Total - Persons in census families 36,550 18,025 18,525
Married spouses or common-law partners 21,745 10,910 10,840
Parents in one-parent families 1,925 340 1,590
Children6 12,875 6,775 6,100
In a two-parent family 10,005 5,290 4,710
In a one-parent family 2,870 1,490 1,385
Total - Persons not in census families in private households - 100% data 6,830 2,360 4,470
Living alone 4,955 1,615 3,340
Living with other relatives7 760 270 495
Living with non-relatives only 1,115 480 635
Household type
Total - Household type - 100% data 17,690 ... ...
One-census-family households without additional persons 11,170 ... ...
Couple-family households 9,620 ... ...
With children6 4,980 ... ...
Without children 4,635 ... ...
One-parent-family households 1,550 ... ...
Multigenerational households8 480 ... ...
Multiple-census-family households9 165 ... ...
One-census-family households with additional persons9 550 ... ...
Two-or-more-person non-census-family households 375 ... ...
One-person households 4,950 ... ...
Income of individuals in 2020
Total - Income statistics in 2020 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data10 37,225 17,150 20,075
Number of total income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2020 - 100% data 35,590 16,350 19,245
Median total income in 2020 among recipients ($) 44,400 53,600 39,200
Number of after-tax income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2020 - 100% data 35,625 16,365 19,260
Median after-tax income in 2020 among recipients ($) 39,600 46,800 35,600
Number of market income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2020 - 100% data 32,865 15,175 17,690
Median market income in 2020 among recipients ($) 39,600 50,800 32,400
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2020 - 100% data 20,990 10,475 10,515
Median employment income in 2020 among recipients ($) 31,400 42,000 25,000
Number of government transfers recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2020 - 100% data 27,240 11,770 15,470
Median government transfers in 2020 among recipients ($) 10,500 10,400 10,500
Number of employment insurance benefits recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2020 - 100% data 1,240 495 745
Median employment insurance benefits in 2020 among recipients ($) 5,480 5,200 5,480
Number of COVID-19 emergency and recovery benefits recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2020 - 100% data 8,580 3,960 4,620
Median COVID-19 emergency and recovery benefits in 2020 among recipients ($) 9,000 8,000 10,000
Total - Income statistics in 2020 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data11 37,225 17,150 20,075
Number of total income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2020 - 25% sample data 35,580 16,365 19,210
Average total income in 2020 among recipients ($) 105,700 146,800 70,600
Number of after-tax income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2020 - 25% sample data 35,600 16,380 19,225
Average after-tax income in 2020 among recipients ($) 72,000 95,200 52,300
Number of market income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2020 - 25% sample data 32,850 15,200 17,645
Average market income in 2020 among recipients ($) 105,300 149,800 66,900
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2020 - 25% sample data 20,990 10,675 10,315
Average employment income in 2020 among recipients ($) 93,000 131,200 53,400
Number of government transfers recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2020 - 25% sample data 27,205 11,760 15,440
Average government transfers in 2020 among recipients ($) 11,090 10,810 11,310
Number of employment insurance benefits recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2020 - 25% sample data 1,295 540 755
Average employment insurance benefits in 2020 among recipients ($) 5,950 5,920 5,970
Number of COVID-19 emergency and recovery benefits recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2020 - 25% sample data 8,595 3,970 4,625
Average COVID-19 emergency and recovery benefits in 2020 among recipients ($) 9,540 9,410 9,650
Total - Employment income statistics in 2020 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data12 37,225 17,150 20,080
Number of employment income recipients in 2020 who worked full-year full-time in 2020 - 25% sample data13 7,935 4,785 3,150
Median employment income in 2020 for full-year full-time workers in 2020 ($)14 82,000 94,000 71,000
Average employment income in 2020 for full-year full-time workers in 2020 ($)15 178,800 230,400 100,500
Number of employment income recipients in 2020 who worked part-year or part-time in 2020 - 25% sample data16 9,005 4,070 4,935
Median employment income in 2020 of those who worked part-year or part-time in 2020 ($) 16,200 17,800 15,200
Average employment income in 2020 of those who worked part-year or part-time in 2020 ($) 45,280 55,900 36,480
Composition of total income in 2020 of the population aged 15 years and over in private households (%) - 25% sample data17 100.0 100.0 100.0
Market income (%)18 92.0 94.8 87.2
Employment income (%)19 51.9 58.3 40.7
Government transfers (%)20 8.0 5.3 12.9
Employment insurance benefits (%) 0.2 0.1 0.3
COVID-19 - Government income support and benefits (%) 2.6 1.8 4.1
COVID-19 - Emergency and recovery benefits (%) 2.2 1.6 3.3
Total - Total income groups in 2020 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data21 37,230 17,145 20,080
Without total income 1,630 800 835
With total income 35,595 16,350 19,240
Under $10,000 (including loss) 4,640 2,015 2,625
$10,000 to $19,999 3,790 1,570 2,220
$20,000 to $29,999 4,695 1,885 2,810
$30,000 to $39,999 3,430 1,310 2,120
$40,000 to $49,999 2,695 1,040 1,655
$50,000 to $59,999 2,245 940 1,305
$60,000 to $69,999 1,875 775 1,100
$70,000 to $79,999 1,495 670 825
$80,000 to $89,999 1,355 660 695
$90,000 to $99,999 1,100 525 575
$100,000 and over 8,270 4,955 3,315
$100,000 to $149,999 3,265 1,655 1,610
$150,000 and over 5,005 3,300 1,705
Total - After-tax income groups in 2020 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data22 37,230 17,145 20,080
Without after-tax income 1,605 780 820
With after-tax income 35,620 16,365 19,255
Under $10,000 (including loss) 5,130 2,235 2,900
$10,000 to $19,999 3,950 1,635 2,315
$20,000 to $29,999 5,115 2,050 3,065
$30,000 to $39,999 3,760 1,450 2,315
$40,000 to $49,999 3,045 1,195 1,850
$50,000 to $59,999 2,425 1,030 1,390
$60,000 to $69,999 2,035 930 1,105
$70,000 to $79,999 1,600 750 850
$80,000 to $89,999 1,275 615 665
$90,000 to $99,999 1,035 545 495
$100,000 and over 6,240 3,940 2,300
$100,000 to $124,999 1,745 955 790
$125,000 and over 4,495 2,985 1,505
Total - Employment income groups in 2020 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data19 37,230 17,145 20,080
Without employment income 16,235 6,670 9,560
With employment income 20,990 10,480 10,515
Under $5,000 (including loss) 4,130 1,880 2,255
$5,000 to $9,999 1,975 865 1,105
$10,000 to $19,999 2,360 1,035 1,325
$20,000 to $29,999 1,725 730 990
$30,000 to $39,999 1,390 600 795
$40,000 to $49,999 1,175 515 655
$50,000 to $59,999 1,005 460 545
$60,000 to $69,999 905 415 490
$70,000 to $79,999 705 360 345
$80,000 to $89,999 650 320 325
$90,000 to $99,999 580 275 305
$100,000 and over 4,390 3,020 1,375
$100,000 to $124,999 1,040 595 440
$125,000 and over 3,355 2,425 930
Income of individuals in 2019
Total - Income statistics in 2019 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data23 37,225 17,150 20,075
Number of total income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2019 - 100% data 34,205 15,635 18,570
Median total income in 2019 among recipients ($) 44,400 55,200 38,400
Number of after-tax income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2019 - 100% data 34,300 15,650 18,645
Median after-tax income in 2019 among recipients ($) 39,200 47,600 34,000
Number of market income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2019 - 100% data 32,220 14,805 17,415
Median market income in 2019 among recipients ($) 41,600 53,600 34,400
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2019 - 100% data 21,585 10,630 10,950
Median employment income in 2019 among recipients ($) 31,000 41,200 24,800
Number of government transfers recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2019 - 100% data 22,145 9,215 12,930
Median government transfers in 2019 among recipients ($) 6,650 6,000 6,900
Number of employment insurance benefits recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2019 -100% data 590 230 360
Median employment insurance benefits in 2019 among recipients ($) 5,880 5,120 6,120
Total - Income statistics in 2019 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data24 37,225 17,150 20,075
Number of total income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2019 - 25% sample data 34,145 15,625 18,530
Average total income in 2019 among recipients ($) 114,500 164,400 72,400
Number of after-tax income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2019 - 25% sample data 34,255 15,635 18,620
Average after-tax income in 2019 among recipients ($) 82,600 115,500 55,000
Number of market income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2019 - 25% sample data 32,140 14,790 17,345
Average market income in 2019 among recipients ($) 115,900 168,600 71,100
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2019 - 25% sample data 21,585 10,790 10,790
Average employment income in 2019 among recipients ($) 89,700 124,300 55,000
Number of government transfers recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2019 - 25% sample data 22,050 9,165 12,880
Average government transfers in 2019 among recipients ($) 8,410 8,280 8,510
Number of employment insurance benefits recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2019 - 25% sample data 500 210 295
Average employment insurance benefits in 2019 among recipients ($) 7,400 6,160 8,200
Total - Employment income statistics in 2019 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data25 37,225 17,150 20,080
Number of employment income recipients in 2019 who worked full-year full-time in 2020 - 25% sample data13 7,760 4,660 3,100
Median employment income in 2019 for full-year full-time workers in 2020 ($)14 76,000 89,000 63,600
Average employment income in 2019 for full-year full-time workers in 2020 ($)15 169,200 216,800 97,900
Number of employment income recipients in 2019 who worked part-year or part-time in 2020 - 25% sample data16 8,410 3,800 4,615
Median employment income in 2019 of those who worked part-year or part-time in 2020 ($) 20,600 21,400 20,000
Average employment income in 2019 of those who worked part-year or part-time in 2020 ($) 55,700 64,200 48,680
Composition of total income in 2019 of the population aged 15 years and over in private households (%) - 25% sample data 100.0 100.0 100.0
Market income (%) 95.2 97.0 91.8
Employment income (%) 49.5 52.2 44.2
Government transfers (%) 4.7 3.0 8.2
Employment insurance benefits (%) 0.1 0.1 0.2
Income of households in 2020
Total - Income statistics for private households - 100% data26 17,690 ... ...
Median total income of household in 2020 ($) 104,000 ... ...
Median after-tax income of household in 2020 ($) 90,000 ... ...
Total - Income statistics for one-person private households - 100% data 4,950 ... ...
Median total income of one-person households in 2020 ($) 51,600 ... ...
Median after-tax income of one-person households in 2020 ($) 45,200 ... ...
Total - Income statistics for two-or-more-persons private households - 100% data 12,735 ... ...
Median total income of two-or-more-person households in 2020 ($) 136,000 ... ...
Median after-tax income of two-or-more-person households in 2020 ($) 116,000 ... ...
Total - Income statistics for private households - 25% sample data27 17,690 ... ...
Average total income of household in 2020 ($) 212,600 ... ...
Average after-tax income of household in 2020 ($) 145,000 ... ...
Total - Income statistics for one-person private households - 25% sample data 4,950 ... ...
Average total income of one-person households in 2020 ($) 92,700 ... ...
Average after-tax income of one-person households in 2020 ($) 70,000 ... ...
Total - Income statistics for two-or-more-persons private households - 25% sample data 12,740 ... ...
Average total income of two-or-more-person households in 2020 ($) 259,200 ... ...
Average after-tax income of two-or-more-person households in 2020 ($) 174,000 ... ...
Total - Household total income groups in 2020 for private households - 100% data21 17,690 ... ...
Under $5,000 415 ... ...
$5,000 to $9,999 170 ... ...
$10,000 to $14,999 210 ... ...
$15,000 to $19,999 305 ... ...
$20,000 to $24,999 645 ... ...
$25,000 to $29,999 525 ... ...
$30,000 to $34,999 465 ... ...
$35,000 to $39,999 535 ... ...
$40,000 to $44,999 520 ... ...
$45,000 to $49,999 510 ... ...
$50,000 to $59,999 1,020 ... ...
$60,000 to $69,999 920 ... ...
$70,000 to $79,999 820 ... ...
$80,000 to $89,999 780 ... ...
$90,000 to $99,999 690 ... ...
$100,000 and over 9,170 ... ...
$100,000 to $124,999 1,495 ... ...
$125,000 to $149,999 1,245 ... ...
$150,000 to $199,999 1,755 ... ...
$200,000 and over 4,675 ... ...
Total - Household after-tax income groups in 2020 for private households - 100% data22 17,690 ... ...
Under $5,000 615 ... ...
$5,000 to $9,999 175 ... ...
$10,000 to $14,999 215 ... ...
$15,000 to $19,999 320 ... ...
$20,000 to $24,999 685 ... ...
$25,000 to $29,999 560 ... ...
$30,000 to $34,999 540 ... ...
$35,000 to $39,999 610 ... ...
$40,000 to $44,999 640 ... ...
$45,000 to $49,999 615 ... ...
$50,000 to $59,999 1,065 ... ...
$60,000 to $69,999 1,075 ... ...
$70,000 to $79,999 925 ... ...
$80,000 to $89,999 845 ... ...
$90,000 to $99,999 755 ... ...
$100,000 and over 8,055 ... ...
$100,000 to $124,999 1,705 ... ...
$125,000 to $149,999 1,285 ... ...
$150,000 and over 5,070 ... ...
Income of economic families in 2020
Total - Income statistics for economic families in private households - 100% data28 12,560 ... ...
Median total income of economic family in 2020 ($) 135,000 ... ...
Median after-tax income of economic family in 2020 ($) 114,000 ... ...
Average family size of economic families 3.0 ... ...
Total - Income statistics for couple-only economic families in private households - 100% data 4,795 ... ...
Median total income of couple-only economic families in 2020 ($) 138,000 ... ...
Median after-tax income of couple-only economic families in 2020 ($) 116,000 ... ...
Average family size of couple-only economic families 2.0 ... ...
Total - Income statistics for couple-with-children economic families in private households - 100% data 5,685 ... ...
Median total income of couple-with-children economic families in 2020 ($) 164,000 ... ...
Median after-tax income of couple-with-children economic families in 2020 ($) 136,000 ... ...
Average family size of couple-with-children economic families 3.9 ... ...
Total - Income statistics for one-parent economic families in private households - 100% data 1,810 ... ...
Median total income of one-parent economic families in 2020 ($) 69,500 ... ...
Median after-tax income of one-parent economic families in 2020 ($) 63,200 ... ...
Average family size of one-parent economic families 2.6 ... ...
Total - Income statistics for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families in private households - 100% data29 6,070 2,090 3,975
Median total income in 2020 ($)30 46,800 49,200 46,000
Median after-tax income in 2020 ($)30 42,000 43,200 41,600
Total - Income statistics for economic families in private households - 25% sample data31 12,545 ... ...
Average total income of economic family in 2020 ($) 258,000 ... ...
Average after-tax income of economic family in 2020 ($) 172,800 ... ...
Total - Income statistics for couple-only economic families in private households - 25% sample data 4,785 ... ...
Average total income of couple-only economic families in 2020 ($) 280,000 ... ...
Average after-tax income of couple-only economic families in 2020 ($) 196,200 ... ...
Total - Income statistics for couple-with-children economic families in private households - 25% sample data 5,715 ... ...
Average total income of couple-with-children economic families in 2020 ($) 282,800 ... ...
Average after-tax income of couple-with-children economic families in 2020 ($) 180,000 ... ...
Total - Income statistics for one-parent economic families in private households - 25% sample data 1,775 ... ...
Average total income of one-parent economic families in 2020 ($) 136,000 ... ...
Average after-tax income of one-parent economic families in 2020 ($) 96,500 ... ...
Total - Income statistics for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families in private households - 25% sample data32 6,100 2,110 3,995
Average total income in 2020 ($)30 85,700 90,200 83,300
Average after-tax income in 2020 ($)30 65,000 67,800 63,450
Low income and income inequality in 2020
Total - LIM low-income status in 2020 for the population in private households - 100% data33 43,385 20,390 22,995
0 to 17 years 7,975 4,190 3,790
0 to 5 years 1,635 835 805
18 to 64 years 23,495 10,795 12,700
65 years and over 11,910 5,405 6,505
In low income based on the Low-income measure, after tax (LIM-AT) 6,660 2,970 3,695
0 to 17 years 1,660 855 805
0 to 5 years 345 170 180
18 to 64 years 3,660 1,605 2,055
65 years and over 1,340 505 830
Prevalence of low income based on the Low-income measure, after tax (LIM-AT) (%) 15.4 14.6 16.1
0 to 17 years (%) 20.8 20.4 21.3
0 to 5 years (%) 21.3 20.4 22.2
18 to 64 years (%) 15.6 14.9 16.2
65 years and over (%) 11.2 9.4 12.8
Total - LICO low-income status in 2020 for the population in private households to whom the low-income concept is applicable - 100% data33 43,380 20,385 22,995
0 to 17 years 7,980 4,190 3,790
0 to 5 years 1,640 835 800
18 to 64 years 23,495 10,795 12,700
65 years and over 11,910 5,405 6,505
In low income based on the Low-income cut-offs, after tax (LICO-AT) 4,750 2,155 2,590
0 to 17 years 1,255 655 600
0 to 5 years 255 130 125
18 to 64 years 2,825 1,240 1,590
65 years and over 665 260 405
Prevalence of low income based on the Low-income cut-offs, after tax (LICO-AT) (%) 10.9 10.6 11.3
0 to 17 years (%) 15.7 15.6 15.9
0 to 5 years (%) 15.8 15.6 15.8
18 to 64 years (%) 12.0 11.5 12.5
65 years and over (%) 5.6 4.8 6.2
Total - Adjusted after-tax economic family income decile group for the population in private households - 100% data34The letter 'c' in a yellow triangle indicates a correction notice. 43,385 20,390 22,995
In bottom half of the distribution 17,440 7,765 9,670
In bottom decile 6,275 2,805 3,470
In second decile 3,275 1,415 1,865
In third decile 2,785 1,245 1,540
In fourth decile 2,560 1,140 1,420
In fifth decile 2,540 1,165 1,375
In top half of the distribution 25,945 12,620 13,320
In sixth decile 2,660 1,230 1,435
In seventh decile 2,730 1,275 1,460
In eighth decile 3,010 1,430 1,580
In ninth decile 4,515 2,210 2,305
In top decile 13,030 6,480 6,550
Total - Inequality measures for the population in private households - 100% data35 43,380 ... ...
Gini index on adjusted household total income 0.574 ... ...
Gini index on adjusted household market income 0.631 ... ...
Gini index on adjusted household after-tax income 0.510 ... ...
P90/P10 ratio on adjusted household after-tax income 9.0 ... ...
Knowledge of official languages
Total - Knowledge of official languages for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% data36 43,570 20,450 23,120
English only 37,370 17,785 19,585
French only 10 5 5
English and French 4,555 1,945 2,610
Neither English nor French 1,630 710 915
First official language spoken
Total - First official language spoken for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% data37 43,570 20,450 23,120
English 41,070 19,385 21,680
French 465 185 275
English and French 445 185 265
Neither English nor French 1,585 685 895
Mother tongue
Total - Mother tongue for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% data38 43,570 20,450 23,120
Single responses 41,945 19,715 22,230
Official languages 24,875 12,090 12,790
English 24,445 11,910 12,530
French 430 175 255
Non-official languages 17,070 7,630 9,445
Indigenous languages39 5 0 5
Algonquian languages 0 0 0
Blackfoot 0 0 0
Cree-Innu languages 0 0 0
Atikamekw 0 0 0
Cree languages 0 0 0
Ililimowin (Moose Cree) 0 0 0
Inu Ayimun (Southern East Cree) 0 0 0
Iyiyiw-Ayimiwin (Northern East Cree) 0 0 0
Nehinawewin (Swampy Cree) 0 0 0
Nehiyawewin (Plains Cree) 0 0 0
Nihithawiwin (Woods Cree) 0 0 0
Cree, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Innu (Montagnais) 0 0 0
Naskapi 0 0 0
Eastern Algonquian languages 0 0 0
Mi'kmaq 0 0 0
Wolastoqewi (Malecite) 0 0 0
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 0 0 0
Anicinabemowin (Algonquin) 0 0 0
Oji-Cree 0 0 0
Ojibway languages 0 0 0
Anishinaabemowin (Chippewa) 0 0 0
Daawaamwin (Odawa) 0 0 0
Saulteau (Western Ojibway) 0 0 0
Ojibway, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages 0 0 0
Northern Athabaskan languages 0 0 0
Dakelh (Carrier) 0 0 0
Dane-zaa (Beaver) 0 0 0
Dene, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Gwich'in 0 0 0
Slavey-Hare languages 0 0 0
Deh Gah Ghotie Zhatie (South Slavey) 0 0 0
Satuotine Yati (North Slavey) 0 0 0
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Tahltan languages 0 0 0
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0
Tahltan 0 0 0
Tlicho (Dogrib) 0 0 0
Tse'khene (Sekani) 0 0 0
Tsilhqot'in (Chilcotin) 0 0 0
Tsuu T'ina (Sarsi) 0 0 0
Tutchone languages 0 0 0
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0
Tutchone, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Wetsuwet'en-Babine 0 0 0
Tlingit 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Haida 0 0 0
Inuktut (Inuit) languages 0 0 0
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 0 0 0
Inuinnaqtun 0 0 0
Inuvialuktun 0 0 0
Inuktitut 0 0 0
Inuktut (Inuit) languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages 0 0 0
Cayuga 0 0 0
Mohawk 0 0 0
Oneida 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Ktunaxa (Kutenai) 0 0 0
Michif 0 0 0
Salish languages 0 0 0
Halkomelem 0 0 0
Lillooet 0 0 0
Ntlakapamux (Thompson) 0 0 0
Secwepemctsin (Shuswap) 0 0 0
Squamish 0 0 0
Straits 0 0 0
Syilx (Okanagan) 0 0 0
Salish languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Siouan languages 0 0 0
Assiniboine 0 0 0
Dakota 0 0 0
Stoney 0 0 0
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Tsimshian languages 0 0 0
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 0 0 0
Nisga'a 0 0 0
Tsimshian 0 0 0
Wakashan languages 0 0 0
Haisla 0 0 0
Heiltsuk 0 0 0
Kwak'wala (Kwakiutl) 0 0 0
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0 0 0
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Indigenous languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Indigenous languages, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Non-Indigenous languages 17,065 7,630 9,440
Afro-Asiatic languages 215 120 95
Berber languages 0 0 0
Kabyle 0 0 0
Tamazight 0 0 0
Berber languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Chadic languages 0 0 0
Hausa 0 0 0
Mina 0 0 0
Coptic 0 0 0
Cushitic languages 0 0 0
Bilen 0 0 0
Oromo 0 0 0
Somali 0 0 0
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Semitic languages 215 120 95
Amharic 5 0 5
Arabic 180 100 85
Aramaic languages 0 0 0
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 0 0 0
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 0 0 0
Aramaic, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Harari 0 0 0
Hebrew 20 20 5
Maltese 5 0 0
Tigrigna 0 0 0
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Austro-Asiatic languages 45 5 40
Khmer (Cambodian) 0 0 0
Vietnamese 45 5 35
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e 0 0 0
Austronesian languages 310 50 255
Bikol 0 0 0
Bisaya, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Cebuano 15 5 15
Fijian 0 0 0
Hiligaynon 0 0 0
Ilocano 15 0 10
Indonesian 25 5 15
Kankanaey 0 0 0
Kinaray-a 0 0 0
Malagasy languages 0 0 0
Merina 0 0 0
Malagasy, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Malay 5 0 5
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 0 0 0
Pangasinan 0 0 0
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 245 35 210
Waray-Waray 0 0 0
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Creole languages 5 5 0
Haitian Creole 0 0 0
Jamaican English Creole 0 0 0
Krio 0 0 0
Morisyen 5 0 5
Sango 0 0 0
Creole, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Creole languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Dravidian languages 30 20 15
Kannada 0 0 0
Malayalam 10 5 0
Tamil 15 10 5
Telugu 10 5 5
Tulu 0 0 0
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Georgian 0 0 0
Hmong-Mien languages 0 0 0
Indo-European languages 8,400 3,895 4,510
Albanian 0 0 0
Armenian 40 20 25
Balto-Slavic languages 1,100 470 625
Baltic languages 20 5 15
Latvian 15 10 10
Lithuanian 5 0 5
Slavic languages 1,075 470 610
Belarusian 0 0 0
Bulgarian 25 15 15
Czech 115 60 55
Macedonian 0 0 0
Polish 200 80 125
Russian 415 170 240
Rusyn 0 0 0
Serbo-Croatian 155 75 75
Bosnian 15 10 10
Croatian 65 30 30
Serbian 75 35 35
Serbo-Croatian, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Slovak 75 25 45
Slovene (Slovenian) 10 0 10
Ukrainian 85 40 45
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Celtic languages 5 5 0
Irish 0 0 0
Scottish Gaelic 5 5 0
Welsh 0 0 0
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Germanic languages 1,060 465 590
Frisian 0 0 0
High German languages 640 280 360
German 615 270 345
Pennsylvania German 0 0 0
Swiss German 25 5 15
Yiddish 5 5 0
Low Saxon-Low Franconian languages 235 110 130
Afrikaans 60 30 25
Dutch 175 75 100
Low German, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Low Saxon 0 0 0
Plautdietsch 0 0 0
Vlaams (Flemish) 0 0 5
Scandinavian languages 175 80 95
Danish 90 40 50
Icelandic 0 0 0
Norwegian 40 15 20
Swedish 50 30 25
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Greek 55 30 20
Indo-Iranian languages 5,190 2,465 2,725
Indo-Aryan languages 375 165 210
Assamese 0 0 0
Bengali 15 5 5
Gujarati 125 50 75
Hindi 65 30 30
Kacchi 20 5 15
Kashmiri 0 0 0
Konkani 0 0 0
Marathi 5 5 5
Nepali 5 5 0
Oriya languages 0 0 0
Odia 0 0 0
Oriya, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Punjabi (Panjabi) 100 45 50
Rohingya 0 0 0
Sindhi 0 0 0
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 0 0 0
Urdu 40 20 25
Indo-Aryan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Iranian languages 4,820 2,300 2,520
Baluchi 0 0 0
Kurdish 20 15 10
Parsi 0 0 0
Pashto 0 0 0
Persian languages 4,790 2,285 2,505
Dari 30 10 20
Iranian Persian 4,400 2,100 2,295
Persian (Farsi), n.o.s. 365 170 190
Iranian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Italic (Romance) languages 950 435 520
Catalan 0 0 0
Italian 220 115 110
Portuguese 145 65 80
Romanian 70 30 35
Spanish 515 225 290
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Indo-European languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Japanese 250 70 180
Korean 630 260 375
Mongolian 15 5 10
Niger-Congo languages 20 10 10
Akan (Twi) 0 0 0
Bamanankan 0 0 0
Edo 0 0 0
Éwé 0 0 0
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 0 0 0
Ga 0 0 0
Ganda 10 0 10
Gikuyu 0 0 0
Igbo 0 0 0
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 0 0 0
Lingala 0 0 0
Luba-Kasai 0 0 0
Mòoré 0 0 0
Mwani 0 0 0
Ndebele 0 0 0
Rundi (Kirundi) 0 0 0
Shona 0 0 0
Soninke 0 0 0
Sotho-Tswana languages 0 0 0
Swahili 0 0 0
Wojenaka 0 0 0
Wolof 0 0 0
Yoruba 0 0 0
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 5 0 5
Nilo-Saharan languages 0 0 0
Dinka 0 0 0
Nuer 0 0 0
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
African, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Sign languages 0 5 0
American Sign Language 0 5 0
Quebec Sign Language 0 0 0
Sign languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Sino-Tibetan languages 6,835 3,045 3,790
Chinese languages 6,835 3,045 3,790
Hakka 10 5 0
Mandarin 5,675 2,530 3,145
Min Dong 0 0 0
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 115 55 60
Wu (Shanghainese) 55 25 30
Yue (Cantonese) 950 415 535
Chinese, n.o.s. 35 15 15
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Tibeto-Burman languages 0 0 0
Burmese 0 0 0
Kuki-Chin languages 0 0 0
Karenic languages 0 0 0
S'gaw Karen 0 0 0
Karenic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Tibetan 0 0 0
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Sino-Tibetan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Tai-Kadai languages 20 10 15
Lao 0 0 0
Thai 20 5 15
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Turkic languages 160 85 75
Azerbaijani 35 15 15
Kazakh 0 0 0
Turkish 125 65 55
Uyghur 0 0 0
Uzbek 0 0 0
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Uralic languages 130 55 75
Estonian 20 5 10
Finnish 35 10 25
Hungarian 80 35 45
Other languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Multiple responses 1,620 730 890
English and French 140 60 85
English and non-official language(s) 1,255 590 665
French and non-official language(s) 25 10 15
English, French and non-official language(s) 50 20 30
Multiple non-official languages 150 55 95
All languages spoken at home
Total - All languages spoken at home for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% data40 43,570 20,450 23,120
English 26,220 12,530 13,690
French 105 45 60
Non-official language 6,220 2,785 3,435
Indigenous39 0 0 0
Non-Indigenous 6,220 2,785 3,435
English and French 380 175 210
English and non-official language(s) 9,895 4,580 5,315
French and non-official language(s) 10 5 5
English, French and non-official language(s) 435 190 240
Multiple non-official languages 310 145 170
Language spoken most often at home
Total - Language spoken most often at home for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% data41 43,570 20,450 23,120
Single responses 41,595 19,515 22,075
Official languages 30,820 14,595 16,220
English 30,650 14,525 16,125
French 165 65 95
Non-official languages 10,775 4,925 5,855
Indigenous languages39 0 0 0
Algonquian languages 0 0 0
Blackfoot 0 0 0
Cree-Innu languages 0 0 0
Atikamekw 0 0 0
Cree languages 0 0 0
Ililimowin (Moose Cree) 0 0 0
Inu Ayimun (Southern East Cree) 0 0 0
Iyiyiw-Ayimiwin (Northern East Cree) 0 0 0
Nehinawewin (Swampy Cree) 0 0 0
Nehiyawewin (Plains Cree) 0 0 0
Nihithawiwin (Woods Cree) 0 0 0
Cree, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Innu (Montagnais) 0 0 0
Naskapi 0 0 0
Eastern Algonquian languages 0 0 0
Mi'kmaq 0 0 0
Wolastoqewi (Malecite) 0 0 0
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 0 0 0
Anicinabemowin (Algonquin) 0 0 0
Oji-Cree 0 0 0
Ojibway languages 0 0 0
Anishinaabemowin (Chippewa) 0 0 0
Daawaamwin (Odawa) 0 0 0
Saulteau (Western Ojibway) 0 0 0
Ojibway, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages 0 0 0
Northern Athabaskan languages 0 0 0
Dakelh (Carrier) 0 0 0
Dane-zaa (Beaver) 0 0 0
Dene, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Gwich'in 0 0 0
Slavey-Hare languages 0 0 0
Deh Gah Ghotie Zhatie (South Slavey) 0 0 0
Satuotine Yati (North Slavey) 0 0 0
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Tahltan languages 0 0 0
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0
Tahltan 0 0 0
Tlicho (Dogrib) 0 0 0
Tse'khene (Sekani) 0 0 0
Tsilhqot'in (Chilcotin) 0 0 0
Tsuu T'ina (Sarsi) 0 0 0
Tutchone languages 0 0 0
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0
Tutchone, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Wetsuwet'en-Babine 0 0 0
Tlingit 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Haida 0 0 0
Inuktut (Inuit) languages 0 0 0
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 0 0 0
Inuinnaqtun 0 0 0
Inuvialuktun 0 0 0
Inuktitut 0 0 0
Inuktut (Inuit) languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages 0 0 0
Cayuga 0 0 0
Mohawk 0 0 0
Oneida 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Ktunaxa (Kutenai) 0 0 0
Michif 0 0 0
Salish languages 0 0 0
Halkomelem 0 0 0
Lillooet 0 0 0
Ntlakapamux (Thompson) 0 0 0
Secwepemctsin (Shuswap) 0 0 0
Squamish 0 0 0
Straits 0 0 0
Syilx (Okanagan) 0 0 0
Salish languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Siouan languages 0 0 0
Assiniboine 0 0 0
Dakota 0 0 0
Stoney 0 0 0
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Tsimshian languages 0 0 0
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 0 0 0
Nisga'a 0 0 0
Tsimshian 0 0 0
Wakashan languages 0 0 0
Haisla 0 0 0
Heiltsuk 0 0 0
Kwak'wala (Kwakiutl) 0 0 0
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0 0 0
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Indigenous languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Indigenous languages, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Non-Indigenous languages 10,775 4,925 5,850
Afro-Asiatic languages 75 35 40
Berber languages 0 0 0
Kabyle 0 0 0
Tamazight 0 0 0
Berber languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Chadic languages 0 0 0
Hausa 0 0 0
Mina 0 0 0
Coptic 0 0 0
Cushitic languages 0 0 0
Bilen 0 0 0
Oromo 0 0 0
Somali 0 0 0
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Semitic languages 75 35 40
Amharic 0 0 0
Arabic 60 30 30
Aramaic languages 0 0 0
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 0 0 0
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 0 0 0
Aramaic, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Harari 0 0 0
Hebrew 10 5 5
Maltese 0 0 0
Tigrigna 0 0 0
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Austro-Asiatic languages 20 5 15
Khmer (Cambodian) 0 0 0
Vietnamese 20 5 15
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e 0 0 0
Austronesian languages 80 30 55
Bikol 0 0 0
Bisaya, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Cebuano 5 5 10
Fijian 0 0 0
Hiligaynon 0 0 0
Ilocano 0 0 0
Indonesian 5 5 5
Kankanaey 0 0 0
Kinaray-a 0 0 0
Malagasy languages 0 0 0
Merina 0 0 0
Malagasy, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Malay 0 0 0
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 5 5 5
Pangasinan 0 0 0
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 60 20 45
Waray-Waray 0 0 0
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Creole languages 0 5 5
Haitian Creole 0 0 0
Jamaican English Creole 0 0 0
Krio 0 0 0
Morisyen 0 5 5
Sango 0 0 0
Creole, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Creole languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Dravidian languages 10 5 5
Kannada 0 0 0
Malayalam 0 0 0
Tamil 0 0 0
Telugu 10 5 5
Tulu 0 0 0
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Georgian 0 0 0
Hmong-Mien languages 0 0 0
Indo-European languages 4,715 2,225 2,490
Albanian 0 0 0
Armenian 25 10 15
Balto-Slavic languages 450 220 230
Baltic languages 0 0 0
Latvian 0 0 0
Lithuanian 0 0 0
Slavic languages 450 220 230
Belarusian 0 0 0
Bulgarian 10 0 5
Czech 35 20 15
Macedonian 0 0 0
Polish 60 30 30
Russian 250 120 135
Rusyn 0 0 0
Serbo-Croatian 50 30 20
Bosnian 10 5 5
Croatian 15 5 5
Serbian 25 10 10
Serbo-Croatian, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Slovak 15 5 10
Slovene (Slovenian) 0 0 0
Ukrainian 30 15 15
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Celtic languages 0 0 0
Irish 0 0 0
Scottish Gaelic 0 0 0
Welsh 0 0 0
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Germanic languages 175 80 100
Frisian 0 0 0
High German languages 95 40 60
German 90 30 55
Pennsylvania German 0 0 0
Swiss German 5 5 5
Yiddish 0 0 0
Low Saxon-Low Franconian languages 50 25 25
Afrikaans 20 10 15
Dutch 20 10 10
Low German, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Low Saxon 0 0 0
Plautdietsch 0 0 0
Vlaams (Flemish) 0 0 0
Scandinavian languages 30 15 15
Danish 15 10 5
Icelandic 0 0 0
Norwegian 10 5 5
Swedish 10 5 5
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Greek 10 5 5
Indo-Iranian languages 3,620 1,720 1,895
Indo-Aryan languages 130 60 70
Assamese 0 0 0
Bengali 5 0 5
Gujarati 40 15 20
Hindi 25 15 10
Kacchi 10 5 10
Kashmiri 0 0 0
Konkani 0 0 0
Marathi 0 0 0
Nepali 0 0 0
Oriya languages 0 0 0
Odia 0 0 0
Oriya, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Punjabi (Panjabi) 25 15 10
Rohingya 0 0 0
Sindhi 0 0 0
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 0 0 0
Urdu 20 5 15
Indo-Aryan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Iranian languages 3,485 1,660 1,825
Baluchi 0 0 0
Kurdish 15 5 0
Parsi 5 0 0
Pashto 0 0 0
Persian languages 3,470 1,650 1,820
Dari 20 5 10
Iranian Persian 3,185 1,520 1,670
Persian (Farsi), n.o.s. 265 130 140
Iranian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Italic (Romance) languages 440 190 250
Catalan 0 0 0
Italian 40 15 30
Portuguese 80 35 40
Romanian 25 10 15
Spanish 295 130 165
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Indo-European languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Japanese 135 55 75
Korean 425 190 240
Mongolian 5 0 5
Niger-Congo languages 0 0 0
Akan (Twi) 0 0 0
Bamanankan 0 0 0
Edo 0 0 0
Éwé 0 0 0
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 0 0 0
Ga 0 0 0
Ganda 0 0 0
Gikuyu 0 0 0
Igbo 0 0 0
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 0 0 0
Lingala 0 0 0
Luba-Kasai 0 0 0
Mòoré 0 0 0
Mwani 0 0 0
Ndebele 0 0 0
Rundi (Kirundi) 0 0 0
Shona 0 0 0
Soninke 0 0 0
Sotho-Tswana languages 0 0 0
Swahili 0 0 0
Wojenaka 0 0 0
Wolof 0 0 0
Yoruba 0 0 0
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Nilo-Saharan languages 0 0 0
Dinka 0 0 0
Nuer 0 0 0
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
African, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Sign languages 5 5 0
American Sign Language 10 0 0
Quebec Sign Language 0 0 0
Sign languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Sino-Tibetan languages 5,200 2,330 2,875
Chinese languages 5,200 2,330 2,875
Hakka 0 0 0
Mandarin 4,580 2,045 2,530
Min Dong 0 0 0
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 35 15 20
Wu (Shanghainese) 35 20 15
Yue (Cantonese) 530 235 290
Chinese, n.o.s. 20 10 15
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Tibeto-Burman languages 0 0 0
Burmese 0 0 0
Kuki-Chin languages 0 0 0
Karenic languages 0 0 0
S'gaw Karen 0 0 0
Karenic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Tibetan 0 0 0
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Sino-Tibetan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Tai-Kadai languages 5 0 0
Lao 0 0 0
Thai 5 0 0
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Turkic languages 65 30 35
Azerbaijani 10 0 5
Kazakh 0 0 0
Turkish 55 25 35
Uyghur 0 0 0
Uzbek 0 0 0
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Uralic languages 20 10 10
Estonian 0 0 0
Finnish 5 0 0
Hungarian 15 5 10
Other languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Multiple responses 1,970 930 1,045
English and French 70 25 45
English and non-official language(s) 1,840 875 965
French and non-official language(s) 5 0 5
English, French and non-official language(s) 20 15 10
Multiple non-official languages 40 20 20
Other language spoken regularly at home
Total - Other language(s) spoken regularly at home for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% data42 43,570 20,445 23,120
None 34,245 16,160 18,085
English 3,960 1,865 2,100
French 340 160 180
Non-official language 4,060 1,840 2,220
Indigenous39 0 0 0
Non-Indigenous 4,055 1,840 2,220
English and French 80 35 45
English and non-official language(s) 295 140 160
French and non-official language(s) 235 105 135
English, French and non-official language(s) 5 0 5
Multiple non-official languages 345 145 200
Knowledge of languagesThe letter 'c' in a yellow triangle indicates a correction notice.
Total - Knowledge of languages for the population in private households - 25% sample data43 43,385 20,385 22,995
Official languages 41,745 19,645 22,100
English 41,740 19,645 22,095
French 4,680 1,975 2,700
Non-official languages 21,245 9,750 11,500
Indigenous languages39 0 0 0
Algonquian languages 0 0 0
Blackfoot 0 0 0
Cree-Innu languages 0 0 0
Atikamekw 0 0 0
Cree languages 0 0 0
Ililimowin (Moose Cree) 0 0 0
Inu Ayimun (Southern East Cree) 0 0 0
Iyiyiw-Ayimiwin (Northern East Cree) 0 0 0
Nehinawewin (Swampy Cree) 0 0 0
Nehiyawewin (Plains Cree) 0 0 0
Nihithawiwin (Woods Cree) 0 0 0
Cree, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Innu (Montagnais) 0 0 0
Naskapi 0 0 0
Eastern Algonquian languages 0 0 0
Mi'kmaq 0 0 0
Wolastoqewi (Malecite) 0 0 0
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 0 0 0
Anicinabemowin (Algonquin) 0 0 0
Oji-Cree 0 0 0
Ojibway languages 0 0 0
Anishinaabemowin (Chippewa) 0 0 0
Daawaamwin (Odawa) 0 0 0
Saulteau (Western Ojibway) 0 0 0
Ojibway, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages 0 0 0
Northern Athabaskan languages 0 0 0
Dakelh (Carrier) 0 0 0
Dane-zaa (Beaver) 0 0 0
Dene, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Gwich'in 0 0 0
Slavey-Hare languages 0 0 0
Deh Gah Ghotie Zhatie (South Slavey) 0 0 0
Satuotine Yati (North Slavey) 0 0 0
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Tahltan languages 0 0 0
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0
Tahltan 0 0 0
Tlicho (Dogrib) 0 0 0
Tse'khene (Sekani) 0 0 0
Tsilhqot'in (Chilcotin) 0 0 0
Tsuu T'ina (Sarsi) 0 0 0
Tutchone languages 0 0 0
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0
Tutchone, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Wetsuwet'en-Babine 0 0 0
Tlingit 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Haida 0 0 0
Inuktut (Inuit) languages 0 0 0
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 0 0 0
Inuinnaqtun 0 0 0
Inuvialuktun 0 0 0
Inuktitut 0 0 0
Inuktut (Inuit) languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages 0 0 0
Cayuga 0 0 0
Mohawk 0 0 0
Oneida 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Ktunaxa (Kutenai) 0 0 0
Michif 0 0 0
Salish languages 0 0 0
Halkomelem 0 0 0
Lillooet 0 0 0
Ntlakapamux (Thompson) 0 0 0
Secwepemctsin (Shuswap) 0 0 0
Squamish 0 0 0
Straits 0 0 0
Syilx (Okanagan) 0 0 0
Salish languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Siouan languages 0 0 0
Assiniboine 0 0 0
Dakota 0 0 0
Stoney 0 0 0
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Tsimshian languages 0 0 0
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 0 0 0
Nisga'a 0 0 0
Tsimshian 0 0 0
Wakashan languages 0 0 0
Haisla 0 0 0
Heiltsuk 0 0 0
Kwak'wala (Kwakiutl) 0 0 0
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0 0 0
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Indigenous languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Indigenous languages, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Non-Indigenous languages 21,245 9,750 11,495
Afro-Asiatic languages 520 235 285
Berber languages 0 0 0
Kabyle 0 0 0
Tamazight 0 0 0
Berber languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Chadic languages 0 0 0
Hausa 0 0 0
Mina 0 0 0
Coptic 0 0 0
Cushitic languages 0 0 0
Bilen 0 0 0
Oromo 0 0 0
Somali 0 0 0
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Semitic languages 520 235 285
Amharic 15 0 15
Arabic 405 200 205
Aramaic languages 0 0 0
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 0 0 0
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 0 0 0
Aramaic, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Harari 0 0 0
Hebrew 105 25 75
Maltese 0 0 0
Tigrigna 0 0 0
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Austro-Asiatic languages 80 15 60
Khmer (Cambodian) 0 0 0
Vietnamese 75 15 60
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e 0 0 0
Austronesian languages 495 100 390
Bikol 0 0 0
Bisaya, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Cebuano 35 0 25
Fijian 0 0 0
Hiligaynon 20 0 15
Ilocano 40 15 30
Indonesian 65 25 40
Kankanaey 0 0 0
Kinaray-a 0 0 0
Malagasy languages 0 0 0
Merina 0 0 0
Malagasy, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Malay 20 15 15
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 0 0 0
Pangasinan 0 0 0
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 385 65 325
Waray-Waray 0 0 0
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Creole languages 0 0 0
Haitian Creole 0 0 0
Jamaican English Creole 0 0 0
Krio 0 0 0
Morisyen 0 0 0
Sango 0 0 0
Creole, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Creole languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Dravidian languages 30 20 15
Kannada 0 0 0
Malayalam 15 10 0
Tamil 15 10 10
Telugu 0 0 0
Tulu 0 0 0
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Georgian 0 0 0
Hmong-Mien languages 0 0 0
Indo-European languages 11,250 5,365 5,885
Albanian 0 0 0
Armenian 35 15 20
Balto-Slavic languages 1,395 580 815
Baltic languages 35 15 20
Latvian 20 15 0
Lithuanian 15 0 15
Slavic languages 1,370 570 800
Belarusian 0 0 0
Bulgarian 25 10 15
Czech 140 80 60
Macedonian 0 0 0
Polish 245 80 170
Russian 575 225 350
Rusyn 0 0 0
Serbo-Croatian 285 125 155
Bosnian 60 25 35
Croatian 120 55 65
Serbian 135 65 70
Serbo-Croatian, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Slovak 115 45 70
Slovene (Slovenian) 20 15 10
Ukrainian 165 70 90
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Celtic languages 55 30 25
Irish 30 15 15
Scottish Gaelic 0 0 0
Welsh 0 0 0
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Germanic languages 1,850 775 1,070
Frisian 0 0 0
High German languages 1,295 555 735
German 1,265 545 720
Pennsylvania German 0 0 0
Swiss German 45 25 20
Yiddish 0 0 0
Low Saxon-Low Franconian languages 415 185 225
Afrikaans 190 85 100
Dutch 225 100 125
Low German, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Low Saxon 0 0 0
Plautdietsch 0 0 0
Vlaams (Flemish) 0 0 0
Scandinavian languages 240 95 145
Danish 95 45 50
Icelandic 0 0 0
Norwegian 70 30 35
Swedish 90 35 60
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Greek 90 50 35
Indo-Iranian languages 6,210 3,085 3,125
Indo-Aryan languages 705 365 340
Assamese 0 0 0
Bengali 30 20 10
Gujarati 270 125 145
Hindi 345 195 145
Kacchi 110 55 55
Kashmiri 0 0 0
Konkani 0 0 0
Marathi 10 0 0
Nepali 0 0 0
Oriya languages 0 0 0
Odia 0 0 0
Oriya, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Punjabi (Panjabi) 140 70 70
Rohingya 0 0 0
Sindhi 0 0 0
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 0 0 0
Urdu 80 45 35
Indo-Aryan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Iranian languages 5,510 2,725 2,785
Baluchi 0 0 0
Kurdish 70 30 40
Parsi 10 0 10
Pashto 0 0 0
Persian languages 5,480 2,705 2,775
Dari 20 10 15
Iranian Persian 5,095 2,520 2,575
Persian (Farsi), n.o.s. 400 205 195
Iranian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Italic (Romance) languages 2,280 1,105 1,175
Catalan 0 0 0
Italian 480 250 235
Portuguese 240 105 135
Romanian 55 20 35
Spanish 1,685 805 880
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Indo-European languages, n.i.e. 10 0 0
Japanese 510 225 290
Korean 730 345 380
Mongolian 25 0 10
Niger-Congo languages 95 45 50
Akan (Twi) 0 0 0
Bamanankan 0 0 0
Edo 0 0 0
Éwé 0 0 0
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 0 0 0
Ga 0 0 0
Ganda 0 0 0
Gikuyu 0 0 0
Igbo 0 0 0
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 0 0 0
Lingala 0 0 0
Luba-Kasai 0 0 0
Mòoré 0 0 0
Mwani 0 0 0
Ndebele 0 0 0
Rundi (Kirundi) 0 0 0
Shona 0 0 0
Soninke 0 0 0
Sotho-Tswana languages 0 0 0
Swahili 90 35 50
Wojenaka 0 0 0
Wolof 0 0 0
Yoruba 0 0 0
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Nilo-Saharan languages 10 0 0
Dinka 0 0 0
Nuer 0 0 0
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 10 0 0
African, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Sign languages 15 0 10
American Sign Language 15 0 10
Quebec Sign Language 0 0 0
Sign languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Sino-Tibetan languages 7,945 3,610 4,340
Chinese languages 7,945 3,610 4,340
Hakka 0 0 0
Mandarin 7,225 3,290 3,935
Min Dong 0 0 0
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 180 90 90
Wu (Shanghainese) 140 70 70
Yue (Cantonese) 1,245 545 700
Chinese, n.o.s. 30 10 15
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Tibeto-Burman languages 0 0 0
Burmese 0 0 0
Kuki-Chin languages 0 0 0
Karenic languages 0 0 0
S'gaw Karen 0 0 0
Karenic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Tibetan 0 0 0
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Sino-Tibetan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Tai-Kadai languages 25 10 15
Lao 0 0 0
Thai 20 0 15
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Turkic languages 355 175 180
Azerbaijani 130 80 50
Kazakh 0 0 0
Turkish 270 130 140
Uyghur 0 0 0
Uzbek 0 0 0
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Uralic languages 140 60 80
Estonian 20 10 10
Finnish 45 15 30
Hungarian 75 35 40
Other languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Indigenous population
Total - Indigenous identity for the population in private households - 25% sample data44 43,385 20,390 22,990
Indigenous identity45 425 160 265
Single Indigenous responses46 420 160 260
First Nations (North American Indian) 205 65 140
Métis 210 100 120
Inuk (Inuit) 0 0 0
Multiple Indigenous responses47 0 0 0
Indigenous responses not included elsewhere48 0 0 0
Non-Indigenous identity 42,955 20,225 22,730
Total - Registered or Treaty Indian status for the population in private households - 25% sample data44 43,385 20,390 22,990
Registered or Treaty Indian49 115 35 80
Not a Registered or Treaty Indian 43,265 20,355 22,910
Household characteristics
Total - Private households by tenure - 25% sample data50 17,690 ... ...
Owner 12,535 ... ...
Renter 5,155 ... ...
Dwelling provided by the local government, First Nation or Indian band 0 ... ...
Total - Occupied private dwellings by condominium status - 25% sample data51 17,690 ... ...
Condominium 3,805 ... ...
Not condominium 13,885 ... ...
Total - Occupied private dwellings by number of bedrooms - 25% sample data52 17,690 ... ...
No bedrooms 310 ... ...
1 bedroom 2,625 ... ...
2 bedrooms 3,710 ... ...
3 bedrooms 3,770 ... ...
4 or more bedrooms 7,275 ... ...
Total - Occupied private dwellings by number of rooms - 25% sample data53 17,690 ... ...
1 to 4 rooms 4,980 ... ...
5 rooms 2,195 ... ...
6 rooms 1,805 ... ...
7 rooms 1,955 ... ...
8 or more rooms 6,750 ... ...
Average number of rooms per dwelling 6.7 ... ...
Total - Private households by number of persons per room - 25% sample data54 17,690 ... ...
One person or fewer per room 17,305 ... ...
More than one person per room 385 ... ...
Total - Private households by housing suitability - 25% sample data55 17,690 ... ...
Suitable 16,955 ... ...
Not suitable 735 ... ...
Total - Occupied private dwellings by period of construction - 25% sample data56 17,690 ... ...
1960 or before 3,730 ... ...
1961 to 1980 5,795 ... ...
1981 to 1990 2,560 ... ...
1991 to 2000 2,015 ... ...
2001 to 2005 705 ... ...
2006 to 2010 1,015 ... ...
2011 to 2015 930 ... ...
2016 to 202157 940 ... ...
Total - Occupied private dwellings by dwelling condition - 25% sample data58 17,690 ... ...
Only regular maintenance and minor repairs needed 16,770 ... ...
Major repairs needed 920 ... ...
Total - Private households by number of household maintainers - 25% sample data59 17,690 ... ...
One-maintainer household 9,640 ... ...
Two-maintainer household 7,390 ... ...
Three-or-more-maintainer household 665 ... ...
Total - Private households by age of primary household maintainers - 25% sample data60 17,690 ... ...
15 to 24 years 130 ... ...
25 to 34 years 695 ... ...
35 to 44 years 1,970 ... ...
45 to 54 years 3,505 ... ...
55 to 64 years 3,610 ... ...
65 to 74 years 3,490 ... ...
75 to 84 years 2,795 ... ...
85 years and over 1,495 ... ...
Total - Owner and tenant households with household total income greater than zero, in non-farm, non-reserve private dwellings by shelter-cost-to-income ratio - 25% sample data61 17,590 ... ...
Spending less than 30% of income on shelter costs 10,620 ... ...
Spending 30% or more of income on shelter costs 6,970 ... ...
30% to less than 100% 4,940 ... ...
Total - Occupied private dwellings by housing indicators - 25% sample data62 17,690 ... ...
Total - Households 'spending 30% or more of income on shelter costs' or 'not suitable' or 'major repairs needed' 7,890 ... ...
Spending 30% or more of income on shelter costs only 6,290 ... ...
Not suitable only 415 ... ...
Major repairs needed only 465 ... ...
'Spending 30% or more of income on shelter costs' and 'not suitable' 260 ... ...
'Spending 30% or more of income on shelter costs' and 'major repairs needed' 400 ... ...
'Not suitable' and 'major repairs needed' 35 ... ...
'Spending 30% or more of income on shelter costs' and 'not suitable' and 'major repairs needed' 25 ... ...
Acceptable housing 9,800 ... ...
Total - Owner and tenant households with household total income greater than zero and shelter-cost-to-income ratio less than 100%, in non-farm, non-reserve private dwellings - 25% sample data63 15,560 ... ...
In core need 2,475 ... ...
Not in core need 13,085 ... ...
Total - Owner households in non-farm, non-reserve private dwellings - 25% sample data 12,540 ... ...
% of owner households with a mortgage64 44.2 ... ...
% of owner households spending 30% or more of its income on shelter costs61 32.9 ... ...
% in core housing need63 9.6 ... ...
Median monthly shelter costs for owned dwellings ($)65 1,800 ... ...
Average monthly shelter costs for owned dwellings ($)65 3,204 ... ...
Median value of dwellings ($)66 2,500,000 ... ...
Average value of dwellings ($)66 3,128,000 ... ...
Total - Tenant households in non-farm, non-reserve private dwellings - 25% sample data 5,150 ... ...
% of tenant households in subsidized housing67 10.1 ... ...
% of tenant households spending 30% or more of its income on shelter costs61 56.1 ... ...
% in core housing need63 31.3 ... ...
Median monthly shelter costs for rented dwellings ($)65 2,060 ... ...
Average monthly shelter costs for rented dwellings ($)65 2,792 ... ...
Total - Households living in a dwelling provided by the local government, First Nation or Indian band in non-farm private dwellings - 25% sample data 0 ... ...
% of households living in a dwelling provided by the local government, First Nation or Indian band spending more than 30% on shelter costs61 ... ... ...
Median monthly shelter costs for dwellings provided by local government, First Nation or Indian band ($)65 ... ... ...
Average monthly shelter costs for dwellings provided by local government, First Nation or Indian band ($)65 ... ... ...
Indigenous ancestry
Total - Indigenous ancestry for the population in private households - 25% sample data68 43,385 20,390 22,995
Indigenous ancestry (only)69 75 25 50
Single Indigenous ancestry (only)70 75 25 50
First Nations (North American Indian) single ancestry 50 20 30
Métis single ancestry 20 0 20
Inuit single ancestry 0 0 0
Multiple Indigenous ancestries (only)71 0 0 0
First Nations (North American Indian) and Métis ancestry only 0 0 0
First Nations (North American Indian) and Inuit ancestry only 0 0 0
Métis and Inuit ancestry only 0 0 0
First Nations (North American Indian) and Métis and Inuit ancestry only 0 0 0
Indigenous and non-Indigenous ancestries72 465 170 295
Single Indigenous and non-Indigenous ancestries73 455 170 285
First Nations (North American Indian) and non-Indigenous ancestry only 290 95 190
Métis and non-Indigenous ancestry only 165 75 90
Inuit and non-Indigenous ancestry only 0 0 0
Multiple Indigenous and non-Indigenous ancestries74 10 0 10
First Nations (North American Indian) and Métis and non-Indigenous ancestry only 10 0 10
First Nations (North American Indian) and Inuit and non-Indigenous ancestry only 0 0 0
Métis and Inuit and non-Indigenous ancestry only 0 0 0
First Nations (North American Indian) and Métis and Inuit and non-Indigenous ancestry only 0 0 0
Non-Indigenous ancestry only75 42,840 20,195 22,645
Citizenship
Total - Citizenship for the population in private households - 25% sample data76 43,380 20,390 22,995
Canadian citizens77 36,820 17,240 19,580
Canadian citizens aged under 18 6,725 3,535 3,190
Canadian citizens aged 18 and over 30,090 13,700 16,385
Not Canadian citizens78 6,565 3,150 3,415
Immigrant status and period of immigration
Total - Immigrant status and period of immigration for the population in private households - 25% sample data79 43,380 20,390 22,995
Non-immigrants80 22,040 10,745 11,295
Immigrants81 19,810 8,925 10,890
Before 1980 4,235 1,865 2,370
1980 to 1990 1,810 815 1,000
1991 to 2000 3,290 1,465 1,825
2001 to 2010 5,225 2,385 2,835
2011 to 202182 5,250 2,400 2,855
2011 to 2015 3,170 1,440 1,730
2016 to 2021 2,075 955 1,125
Non-permanent residents83 1,530 715 815
Age at immigration
Total - Age at immigration for the immigrant population in private households - 25% sample data84 19,815 8,925 10,885
Under 5 years 1,770 865 910
5 to 14 years 3,140 1,605 1,535
15 to 24 years 3,060 1,275 1,785
25 to 44 years 9,110 3,745 5,365
45 years and over 2,730 1,435 1,295
Selected places of birth for the immigrant population
Total - Place of birth for the immigrant population in private households - 25% sample data85 19,815 8,925 10,885
Americas 1,490 680 810
Brazil 55 25 35
Colombia 35 20 15
El Salvador 0 0 0
Guyana 20 0 15
Haiti 0 0 0
Jamaica 35 10 30
Mexico 175 70 110
Peru 50 20 35
Trinidad and Tobago 40 20 15
United States of America 880 420 460
Other places of birth in Americas 185 95 90
Europe 4,475 1,935 2,540
Bosnia and Herzegovina 55 15 35
Croatia 60 30 25
France 75 40 40
Germany 425 140 285
Greece 25 20 10
Hungary 65 35 35
Italy 115 80 35
Netherlands 145 70 80
Poland 195 65 135
Portugal 30 0 25
Romania 40 10 30
Russian Federation 170 55 120
Serbia86 65 30 35
Ukraine 125 60 65
United Kingdom87 2,105 960 1,140
Other places of birth in Europe 775 335 440
Africa 945 460 485
Algeria 25 10 10
Congo, Democratic Republic of the 10 0 0
Egypt 70 30 35
Eritrea 0 0 0
Ethiopia 15 0 15
Morocco 15 0 15
Nigeria 0 0 0
Somalia 0 0 0
South Africa, Republic of 380 185 195
Other places of birth in Africa 420 215 205
Asia 12,565 5,690 6,875
Afghanistan 10 0 0
Iran88 4,405 2,160 2,250
Iraq 35 20 20
Lebanon 10 10 0
Syria89 15 0 10
Turkey 60 30 35
China90 5,295 2,345 2,950
Hong Kong91 475 220 255
Korea, South92 500 220 275
Taiwan 315 145 170
Philippines 345 70 275
Viet Nam 60 15 45
Bangladesh 0 0 0
India 330 175 150
Pakistan 55 30 25
Sri Lanka 0 0 0
Other places of birth in Asia 640 235 405
Oceania and other places of birth93 340 165 180
Selected places of birth for the recent immigrant population
Total - Place of birth for the recent immigrant population in private households - 25% sample data94 2,080 955 1,125
Americas 295 150 140
Brazil 25 10 15
Colombia 0 0 0
Haiti 0 0 0
Jamaica 0 0 0
Mexico 15 0 10
United States of America 205 110 100
Venezuela95 0 0 0
Other places of birth in Americas 45 20 20
Europe 290 130 165
France 20 10 10
Germany 30 20 15
Ireland96 10 0 0
Italy 0 0 0
Russian Federation 50 25 30
Ukraine 40 10 25
United Kingdom87 105 40 65
Other places of birth in Europe 40 15 20
Africa 35 20 15
Algeria 0 0 0
Burundi 0 0 0
Cameroon 0 0 0
Congo, Democratic Republic of the 0 0 0
Côte d'Ivoire 0 0 0
Egypt 0 0 0
Eritrea 0 0 0
Ethiopia 0 0 0
Morocco 0 0 0
Nigeria 0 0 0
Somalia 0 0 0
South Africa, Republic of 15 10 10
Sudan97 0 0 0
Tunisia 0 0 0
Other places of birth in Africa 0 0 0
Asia 1,425 630 790
Afghanistan 0 0 0
Bangladesh 0 0 0
China90 815 360 455
Hong Kong91 35 10 20
India 65 45 15
Iran88 250 140 110
Iraq 0 0 0
Israel 0 0 0
Japan 45 0 40
Jordan 0 0 0
Korea, South92 40 20 25
Lebanon 0 0 0
Nepal 0 0 0
Pakistan 0 0 0
Philippines 75 25 55
Saudi Arabia 0 0 0
Sri Lanka 0 0 0
Syria89 0 0 0
Turkey 0 0 0
United Arab Emirates 0 0 0
Viet Nam 10 10 10
Other places of birth in Asia 65 20 45
Oceania and other93 40 25 15
Australia 30 20 10
Other places of birth98 0 0 0
Generation status
Total - Generation status for the population in private households - 25% sample data99 43,385 20,385 22,995
First generation100 22,520 10,255 12,265
Second generation101 9,480 4,700 4,780
Third generation or more102 11,390 5,440 5,950
Admission category and applicant type
Total - Admission category and applicant type for the immigrant population in private households who were admitted between 1980 and 2021 - 25% sample data103 15,585 7,065 8,520
Economic immigrants104 12,230 5,750 6,480
Principal applicants105 4,360 2,845 1,510
Secondary applicants106 7,870 2,905 4,965
Immigrants sponsored by family107 2,510 920 1,590
Refugees108 595 270 315
Other immigrants109 250 115 135
Pre-admission experience
Total - Pre-admission experience for the immigrant population in private households who were admitted between 1980 and 2021 - 25% sample data110 15,585 7,065 8,520
Asylum claim before admission111 280 125 155
Work permits only before admission112 1,410 635 780
Study permits only before admission113 675 330 345
Work and study permits before admission114 625 270 355
Other permits before admission115 95 35 65
No pre-admission experience116 12,495 5,670 6,820
Visible minority
Total - Visible minority for the population in private households - 25% sample data117 43,385 20,390 22,995
Total visible minority population118 18,765 8,680 10,080
South Asian 1,405 700 705
Chinese 8,780 4,050 4,730
Black 185 90 95
Filipino 465 100 365
Arab 280 125 155
Latin American 430 190 240
Southeast Asian 305 105 195
West Asian 5,030 2,485 2,540
Korean 745 350 390
Japanese 465 170 300
Visible minority, n.i.e.119 205 85 120
Multiple visible minorities 465 215 250
Not a visible minority120 24,620 11,710 12,910
Ethnic or cultural origin
Total - Ethnic or cultural origin for the population in private households - 25% sample data121 43,380 20,390 22,995
Canadian 2,525 1,245 1,280
English 8,550 3,950 4,605
Irish 4,935 2,300 2,635
Scottish 6,065 2,825 3,240
French, n.o.s.122 1,795 805 990
German 3,080 1,460 1,620
Chinese 8,095 3,710 4,380
Italian 1,355 665 685
Indian (India) 1,075 540 530
Ukrainian 1,260 560 695
Dutch 945 455 495
Polish 1,030 425 605
Québécois 30 10 25
British Isles, n.o.s.123 2,270 1,035 1,235
Filipino 505 115 395
French Canadian 280 135 145
Caucasian (White), n.o.s.124 765 380 390
First Nations (North American Indian), n.o.s.125 125 35 90
Métis 200 80 120
European, n.o.s.126 825 390 435
Russian 830 370 455
Norwegian 775 325 450
Welsh 965 460 505
Portuguese 200 90 115
American 745 350 390
Spanish 470 210 255
Swedish 715 350 370
Hungarian 335 160 175
Acadian 35 15 20
Pakistani 65 30 35
African, n.o.s.127 95 45 50
Jewish 555 290 265
Punjabi 50 25 25
Vietnamese 125 40 80
Arab, n.o.s.128 135 65 65
Greek 315 200 120
Jamaican 75 45 30
Asian, n.o.s.129 665 305 365
Cree, n.o.s.130 65 15 50
Korean 735 350 390
Romanian 170 60 115
Lebanese 120 60 60
Iranian 4,410 2,175 2,235
Christian, n.i.e.131 185 85 100
Danish 410 175 235
North American Indigenous, n.o.s.132 50 25 30
Sikh 30 20 10
Austrian 335 105 230
Belgian 110 55 55
Haitian 0 0 0
Hindu 90 55 35
Mexican 350 160 190
Mennonite 60 40 15
Swiss 305 160 145
Finnish 280 115 165
Sri Lankan 10 0 10
Croatian 240 95 140
Japanese 520 185 330
South Asian, n.o.s.133 110 40 65
Mi'kmaq, n.o.s.134 0 0 0
Northern European, n.o.s.135 235 125 110
Muslim 140 85 55
Egyptian 165 85 80
Latin, Central or South American, n.o.s.136 100 40 60
Tamil 0 0 0
Icelandic 190 85 105
Colombian 85 45 45
Moroccan 0 0 0
Czech 260 140 120
Syrian 35 15 20
Guyanese 45 25 20
Afghan 25 10 10
Black, n.o.s.137 35 10 25
Serbian 165 75 85
Ojibway 15 0 15
Newfoundlander 20 0 20
Hong Konger 100 50 50
Ontarian 15 0 15
Persian 1,570 830 740
Trinidadian/Tobagonian 35 15 25
Turkish 125 55 70
Inuit, n.o.s.138 0 0 0
Bangladeshi 0 0 0
Algerian 0 0 0
Brazilian 75 45 40
Nigerian 0 0 0
Armenian 70 25 40
Slovak 230 95</