Census Profile, 2021 Census of Population
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Topic:
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Age
Age characteristics
Commuting
Select all: Commuting
Commuting destination
Commuting duration
Main mode of commuting
Place of work status
Time leaving for work
Education
Select all: Education
Highest certificate, diploma or degree
Location of study compared with province or territory of residence
Major field of study - Classification of Instructional Programs (CIP) 2021
Secondary (high) school diploma or equivalency certificate
Ethnocultural and religious diversity
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Ethnic or cultural origin
Religion
Visible minority
Families, households, and marital status
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Family characteristics
Household type
Marital status
Housing
Household characteristics
Immigration, place of birth, and citizenship
Select all: Immigration, place of birth, and citizenship
Admission category and applicant type
Age at immigration
Citizenship
Generation status
Immigrant status and period of immigration
Pre-admission experience
Selected places of birth for the immigrant population
Selected places of birth for the recent immigrant population
Income
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Income of economic families in 2020
Income of households in 2020
Income of individuals in 2019
Income of individuals in 2020
Low income and income inequality in 2020
Indigenous peoples
Select all: Indigenous peoples
Indigenous ancestry
Indigenous population
Instruction in the minority official language
Select all: Instruction in the minority official language
Children eligible for instruction in the minority official language
Eligibility and instruction in the minority official language for school-aged children
Labour
Select all: Labour
Class of worker including job permanency
Industry - Sectors - North American Industry Classification System (NAICS) 2017
Labour force status
Occupation - Broad category - National Occupational Classification (NOC) 2021
Work activity during the reference year
Language
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All languages spoken at home
First official language spoken
Knowledge of languages
Knowledge of official languages
Language spoken most often at home
Mother tongue
Other language spoken regularly at home
Language of work
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All languages used at work
Language used most often at work
Other language(s) used regularly at work
Mobility and migration
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Mobility status 1 year ago
Mobility status 5 years ago
Population and dwelling counts
Population and dwellings
Type of dwelling
Household and dwelling characteristics
GenderMore information:


Statistic:
Characteristic Brandon, City (CY)More information:
Manitoba
[Census subdivision]
Counts
Total Men+ Women+
Population and dwellings
Population, 20211 51,313 ... ...
Population, 20161 48,883r ... ...
Population percentage change, 2016 to 2021 5.0 ... ...
Total private dwellings2 22,526 ... ...
Private dwellings occupied by usual residents3 21,203 ... ...
Population density per square kilometre 649.2 ... ...
Land area in square kilometres 79.04 ... ...
Age characteristics
Total - Age groups of the population - 100% data 51,315 25,150 26,160
0 to 14 years 9,395 4,870 4,525
0 to 4 years 2,975 1,525 1,445
5 to 9 years 3,345 1,735 1,610
10 to 14 years 3,080 1,605 1,470
15 to 64 years 33,505 16,720 16,785
15 to 19 years 3,160 1,600 1,560
20 to 24 years 3,950 2,015 1,930
25 to 29 years 3,755 1,955 1,805
30 to 34 years 3,850 1,905 1,950
35 to 39 years 3,810 1,935 1,875
40 to 44 years 3,535 1,755 1,780
45 to 49 years 3,100 1,570 1,535
50 to 54 years 2,665 1,325 1,345
55 to 59 years 2,925 1,380 1,545
60 to 64 years 2,755 1,300 1,460
65 years and over 8,410 3,560 4,850
65 to 69 years 2,410 1,150 1,260
70 to 74 years 2,095 910 1,190
75 to 79 years 1,400 575 830
80 to 84 years 1,205 485 720
85 years and over 1,290 440 850
85 to 89 years 750 270 475
90 to 94 years 420 140 280
95 to 99 years 105 20 80
100 years and over 20 0 15
Total - Distribution (%) of the population by broad age groups - 100% data 100.0 100.0 100.0
0 to 14 years 18.3 19.4 17.3
15 to 64 years 65.3 66.5 64.2
65 years and over 16.4 14.2 18.5
85 years and over 2.5 1.7 3.2
Average age of the population 39.0 37.5 40.5
Median age of the population 36.8 35.6 38.4
Household and dwelling characteristics
Total - Occupied private dwellings by structural type of dwelling - 100% data 21,205 ... ...
Single-detached house 11,045 ... ...
Semi-detached house 915 ... ...
Row house 1,600 ... ...
Apartment or flat in a duplex 530 ... ...
Apartment in a building that has fewer than five storeys 5,220 ... ...
Apartment in a building that has five or more storeys 725 ... ...
Other single-attached house 30 ... ...
Movable dwelling4 1,135 ... ...
Total - Private households by household size - 100% data 21,200 ... ...
1 person 6,595 ... ...
2 persons 7,235 ... ...
3 persons 3,095 ... ...
4 persons 2,715 ... ...
5 or more persons 1,560 ... ...
Number of persons in private households 49,840 24,440 25,395
Average household size 2.4 ... ...
Marital status
Total - Marital status for the total population aged 15 years and over - 100% data 41,915 20,280 21,630
Married or living common-law 22,860 11,465 11,390
Married 18,620 9,355 9,265
Living common-law 4,240 2,115 2,125
Living common law - Never married 3,260 1,655 1,610
Living common law - Separated 140 70 70
Living common law - Divorced 765 360 400
Living common law - Widowed 70 25 45
Not married and not living common-law 19,055 8,810 10,245
Not married and not living common law - Never married 13,030 7,030 6,000
Not married and not living common law - Separated 955 380 575
Not married and not living common law - Divorced 2,645 955 1,690
Not married and not living common law - Widowed 2,420 445 1,970
Family characteristics
Total - Census families in private households by family size - 100% data5 13,515 ... ...
2 persons 6,930 ... ...
3 persons 2,850 ... ...
4 persons 2,555 ... ...
5 or more persons 1,190 ... ...
Average size of census families 2.9 ... ...
Average number of children in census families with children6 1.8 ... ...
Total number of census families in private households - 100% data 13,515 ... ...
Total couple families 11,055 ... ...
Married couples 8,930 ... ...
With children6 4,675 ... ...
Without children 4,260 ... ...
Common-law couples 2,120 ... ...
With children6 850 ... ...
Without children 1,270 ... ...
Total one-parent families 2,465 ... ...
in which the parent is a woman+ 1,960 ... ...
in which the parent is a man+ 500 ... ...
Total - Persons in private households - 100% data 49,840 24,440 25,395
Total - Persons in census families 38,975 19,185 19,790
Married spouses or common-law partners 22,105 11,045 11,060
Parents in one-parent families 2,465 505 1,965
Children6 14,410 7,635 6,770
In a two-parent family 10,305 5,400 4,910
In a one-parent family 4,100 2,240 1,860
Total - Persons not in census families in private households - 100% data 10,865 5,255 5,610
Living alone 6,595 2,885 3,705
Living with other relatives7 1,345 670 675
Living with non-relatives only 2,925 1,700 1,225
Household type
Total - Household type - 100% data 21,205 ... ...
One-census-family households without additional persons 12,180 ... ...
Couple-family households 10,190 ... ...
With children6 5,070 ... ...
Without children 5,120 ... ...
One-parent-family households 1,985 ... ...
Multigenerational households8 335 ... ...
Multiple-census-family households9 85 ... ...
One-census-family households with additional persons9 620 ... ...
Two-or-more-person non-census-family households 1,380 ... ...
One-person households 6,595 ... ...
Income of individuals in 2020
Total - Income statistics in 2020 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data10 40,450 19,575 20,870
Number of total income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2020 - 100% data 39,135 18,910 20,225
Median total income in 2020 among recipients ($) 41,200 47,200 36,800
Number of after-tax income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2020 - 100% data 39,165 18,925 20,240
Median after-tax income in 2020 among recipients ($) 36,400 40,800 32,800
Number of market income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2020 - 100% data 35,540 17,500 18,040
Median market income in 2020 among recipients ($) 35,200 43,200 27,800
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2020 - 100% data 29,425 15,040 14,385
Median employment income in 2020 among recipients ($) 37,200 44,400 30,000
Number of government transfers recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2020 - 100% data 35,970 17,070 18,895
Median government transfers in 2020 among recipients ($) 7,650 4,600 9,700
Number of employment insurance benefits recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2020 - 100% data 4,505 1,990 2,515
Median employment insurance benefits in 2020 among recipients ($) 5,160 5,440 5,000
Number of COVID-19 emergency and recovery benefits recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2020 - 100% data 10,255 4,675 5,585
Median COVID-19 emergency and recovery benefits in 2020 among recipients ($) 7,500 7,000 8,000
Total - Income statistics in 2020 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data11 40,445 19,575 20,875
Number of total income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2020 - 25% sample data 39,285 19,005 20,275
Average total income in 2020 among recipients ($) 49,120 55,550 43,080
Number of after-tax income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2020 - 25% sample data 39,320 19,020 20,300
Average after-tax income in 2020 among recipients ($) 40,600 44,800 36,640
Number of market income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2020 - 25% sample data 35,590 17,495 18,095
Average market income in 2020 among recipients ($) 44,160 52,200 36,360
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2020 - 25% sample data 29,430 15,145 14,280
Average employment income in 2020 among recipients ($) 44,160 50,960 36,920
Number of government transfers recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2020 - 25% sample data 36,100 17,130 18,975
Average government transfers in 2020 among recipients ($) 9,920 8,290 11,390
Number of employment insurance benefits recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2020 - 25% sample data 4,615 2,010 2,605
Average employment insurance benefits in 2020 among recipients ($) 6,250 6,260 6,240
Number of COVID-19 emergency and recovery benefits recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2020 - 25% sample data 10,480 4,740 5,740
Average COVID-19 emergency and recovery benefits in 2020 among recipients ($) 8,090 7,840 8,290
Total - Employment income statistics in 2020 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data12 40,450 19,575 20,875
Number of employment income recipients in 2020 who worked full-year full-time in 2020 - 25% sample data13 14,210 8,150 6,065
Median employment income in 2020 for full-year full-time workers in 2020 ($)14 57,200 62,400 50,800
Average employment income in 2020 for full-year full-time workers in 2020 ($)15 64,800 70,200 57,550
Number of employment income recipients in 2020 who worked part-year or part-time in 2020 - 25% sample data16 11,890 5,405 6,485
Median employment income in 2020 of those who worked part-year or part-time in 2020 ($) 17,000 18,400 16,400
Average employment income in 2020 of those who worked part-year or part-time in 2020 ($) 25,760 29,520 22,620
Composition of total income in 2020 of the population aged 15 years and over in private households (%) - 25% sample data17 100.0 100.0 100.0
Market income (%)18 81.4 86.6 75.2
Employment income (%)19 67.4 73.2 60.3
Government transfers (%)20 18.6 13.4 24.7
Employment insurance benefits (%) 1.5 1.2 1.9
COVID-19 - Government income support and benefits (%) 5.6 4.3 7.1
COVID-19 - Emergency and recovery benefits (%) 4.4 3.5 5.4
Total - Total income groups in 2020 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data21 40,445 19,575 20,870
Without total income 1,310 670 645
With total income 39,135 18,910 20,230
Under $10,000 (including loss) 3,130 1,440 1,695
$10,000 to $19,999 4,370 1,710 2,660
$20,000 to $29,999 5,985 2,385 3,595
$30,000 to $39,999 5,455 2,230 3,225
$40,000 to $49,999 5,080 2,280 2,795
$50,000 to $59,999 4,110 2,115 1,990
$60,000 to $69,999 2,980 1,710 1,270
$70,000 to $79,999 2,150 1,325 825
$80,000 to $89,999 1,675 985 690
$90,000 to $99,999 1,345 760 590
$100,000 and over 2,850 1,970 880
$100,000 to $149,999 2,070 1,400 665
$150,000 and over 785 570 210
Total - After-tax income groups in 2020 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data22 40,445 19,575 20,870
Without after-tax income 1,280 650 630
With after-tax income 39,170 18,925 20,245
Under $10,000 (including loss) 3,315 1,495 1,825
$10,000 to $19,999 4,790 1,885 2,900
$20,000 to $29,999 7,175 2,920 4,255
$30,000 to $39,999 6,800 2,955 3,845
$40,000 to $49,999 5,815 2,905 2,915
$50,000 to $59,999 3,980 2,265 1,710
$60,000 to $69,999 2,735 1,610 1,120
$70,000 to $79,999 1,885 1,070 815
$80,000 to $89,999 980 605 370
$90,000 to $99,999 580 400 175
$100,000 and over 1,120 810 310
$100,000 to $124,999 590 425 165
$125,000 and over 525 380 145
Total - Employment income groups in 2020 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data19 40,445 19,575 20,870
Without employment income 11,020 4,530 6,485
With employment income 29,430 15,045 14,385
Under $5,000 (including loss) 3,470 1,495 1,970
$5,000 to $9,999 2,340 945 1,395
$10,000 to $19,999 3,720 1,605 2,110
$20,000 to $29,999 3,030 1,320 1,710
$30,000 to $39,999 3,155 1,490 1,665
$40,000 to $49,999 3,155 1,525 1,630
$50,000 to $59,999 2,580 1,480 1,100
$60,000 to $69,999 1,925 1,225 695
$70,000 to $79,999 1,585 1,015 570
$80,000 to $89,999 1,355 825 535
$90,000 to $99,999 1,010 560 455
$100,000 and over 2,115 1,570 550
$100,000 to $124,999 1,100 765 335
$125,000 and over 1,015 805 210
Income of individuals in 2019
Total - Income statistics in 2019 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data23 40,450 19,575 20,870
Number of total income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2019 - 100% data 37,980 18,335 19,645
Median total income in 2019 among recipients ($) 38,800 45,600 34,000
Number of after-tax income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2019 - 100% data 38,000 18,335 19,660
Median after-tax income in 2019 among recipients ($) 34,400 39,200 30,400
Number of market income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2019 - 100% data 34,880 17,095 17,785
Median market income in 2019 among recipients ($) 35,600 43,200 28,800
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2019 - 100% data 29,355 14,910 14,445
Median employment income in 2019 among recipients ($) 36,800 43,600 30,600
Number of government transfers recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2019 - 100% data 33,095 15,770 17,330
Median government transfers in 2019 among recipients ($) 2,740 1,230 5,800
Number of employment insurance benefits recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2019 -100% data 3,285 1,570 1,715
Median employment insurance benefits in 2019 among recipients ($) 5,440 5,480 5,320
Total - Income statistics in 2019 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data24 40,445 19,575 20,875
Number of total income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2019 - 25% sample data 38,120 18,445 19,675
Average total income in 2019 among recipients ($) 46,400 52,900 40,320
Number of after-tax income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2019 - 25% sample data 38,145 18,450 19,695
Average after-tax income in 2019 among recipients ($) 38,320 42,800 34,120
Number of market income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2019 - 25% sample data 35,015 17,115 17,900
Average market income in 2019 among recipients ($) 43,880 51,750 36,360
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2019 - 25% sample data 29,520 15,075 14,450
Average employment income in 2019 among recipients ($) 43,560 50,280 36,560
Number of government transfers recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2019 - 25% sample data 33,240 15,870 17,370
Average government transfers in 2019 among recipients ($) 6,990 5,650 8,210
Number of employment insurance benefits recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2019 - 25% sample data 3,375 1,695 1,680
Average employment insurance benefits in 2019 among recipients ($) 7,200 6,820 7,590
Total - Employment income statistics in 2019 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data25 40,450 19,575 20,875
Number of employment income recipients in 2019 who worked full-year full-time in 2020 - 25% sample data13 14,105 8,105 6,000
Median employment income in 2019 for full-year full-time workers in 2020 ($)14 53,200 58,000 47,200
Average employment income in 2019 for full-year full-time workers in 2020 ($)15 60,800 66,000 53,750
Number of employment income recipients in 2019 who worked part-year or part-time in 2020 - 25% sample data16 11,115 4,990 6,130
Median employment income in 2019 of those who worked part-year or part-time in 2020 ($) 22,600 25,400 20,600
Average employment income in 2019 of those who worked part-year or part-time in 2020 ($) 30,480 35,080 26,720
Composition of total income in 2019 of the population aged 15 years and over in private households (%) - 25% sample data 100.0 100.0 100.0
Market income (%) 86.8 90.8 82.0
Employment income (%) 72.8 77.8 66.6
Government transfers (%) 13.1 9.2 18.0
Employment insurance benefits (%) 1.4 1.2 1.6
Income of households in 2020
Total - Income statistics for private households - 100% data26 21,200 ... ...
Median total income of household in 2020 ($) 76,000 ... ...
Median after-tax income of household in 2020 ($) 66,000 ... ...
Total - Income statistics for one-person private households - 100% data 6,595 ... ...
Median total income of one-person households in 2020 ($) 41,200 ... ...
Median after-tax income of one-person households in 2020 ($) 36,000 ... ...
Total - Income statistics for two-or-more-persons private households - 100% data 14,610 ... ...
Median total income of two-or-more-person households in 2020 ($) 97,000 ... ...
Median after-tax income of two-or-more-person households in 2020 ($) 83,000 ... ...
Total - Income statistics for private households - 25% sample data27 21,205 ... ...
Average total income of household in 2020 ($) 91,000 ... ...
Average after-tax income of household in 2020 ($) 75,300 ... ...
Total - Income statistics for one-person private households - 25% sample data 6,600 ... ...
Average total income of one-person households in 2020 ($) 48,960 ... ...
Average after-tax income of one-person households in 2020 ($) 40,800 ... ...
Total - Income statistics for two-or-more-persons private households - 25% sample data 14,605 ... ...
Average total income of two-or-more-person households in 2020 ($) 110,000 ... ...
Average after-tax income of two-or-more-person households in 2020 ($) 90,800 ... ...
Total - Household total income groups in 2020 for private households - 100% data21 21,200 ... ...
Under $5,000 205 ... ...
$5,000 to $9,999 195 ... ...
$10,000 to $14,999 365 ... ...
$15,000 to $19,999 355 ... ...
$20,000 to $24,999 805 ... ...
$25,000 to $29,999 835 ... ...
$30,000 to $34,999 755 ... ...
$35,000 to $39,999 870 ... ...
$40,000 to $44,999 985 ... ...
$45,000 to $49,999 880 ... ...
$50,000 to $59,999 1,735 ... ...
$60,000 to $69,999 1,690 ... ...
$70,000 to $79,999 1,485 ... ...
$80,000 to $89,999 1,405 ... ...
$90,000 to $99,999 1,285 ... ...
$100,000 and over 7,350 ... ...
$100,000 to $124,999 2,600 ... ...
$125,000 to $149,999 1,765 ... ...
$150,000 to $199,999 1,820 ... ...
$200,000 and over 1,165 ... ...
Total - Household after-tax income groups in 2020 for private households - 100% data22 21,200 ... ...
Under $5,000 230 ... ...
$5,000 to $9,999 200 ... ...
$10,000 to $14,999 375 ... ...
$15,000 to $19,999 395 ... ...
$20,000 to $24,999 910 ... ...
$25,000 to $29,999 1,010 ... ...
$30,000 to $34,999 935 ... ...
$35,000 to $39,999 1,115 ... ...
$40,000 to $44,999 1,100 ... ...
$45,000 to $49,999 1,065 ... ...
$50,000 to $59,999 2,090 ... ...
$60,000 to $69,999 1,980 ... ...
$70,000 to $79,999 1,765 ... ...
$80,000 to $89,999 1,525 ... ...
$90,000 to $99,999 1,365 ... ...
$100,000 and over 5,145 ... ...
$100,000 to $124,999 2,380 ... ...
$125,000 to $149,999 1,315 ... ...
$150,000 and over 1,440 ... ...
Income of economic families in 2020
Total - Income statistics for economic families in private households - 100% data28 13,585 ... ...
Median total income of economic family in 2020 ($) 97,000 ... ...
Median after-tax income of economic family in 2020 ($) 83,000 ... ...
Average family size of economic families 3.0 ... ...
Total - Income statistics for couple-only economic families in private households - 100% data 5,240 ... ...
Median total income of couple-only economic families in 2020 ($) 90,000 ... ...
Median after-tax income of couple-only economic families in 2020 ($) 76,500 ... ...
Average family size of couple-only economic families 2.0 ... ...
Total - Income statistics for couple-with-children economic families in private households - 100% data 5,555 ... ...
Median total income of couple-with-children economic families in 2020 ($) 123,000 ... ...
Median after-tax income of couple-with-children economic families in 2020 ($) 104,000 ... ...
Average family size of couple-with-children economic families 4.0 ... ...
Total - Income statistics for one-parent economic families in private households - 100% data 2,305 ... ...
Median total income of one-parent economic families in 2020 ($) 59,200 ... ...
Median after-tax income of one-parent economic families in 2020 ($) 54,400 ... ...
Average family size of one-parent economic families 2.8 ... ...
Total - Income statistics for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families in private households - 100% data29 9,520 4,585 4,935
Median total income in 2020 ($)30 37,200 40,400 35,600
Median after-tax income in 2020 ($)30 33,200 35,200 32,400
Total - Income statistics for economic families in private households - 25% sample data31 13,560 ... ...
Average total income of economic family in 2020 ($) 110,800 ... ...
Average after-tax income of economic family in 2020 ($) 91,200 ... ...
Total - Income statistics for couple-only economic families in private households - 25% sample data 5,225 ... ...
Average total income of couple-only economic families in 2020 ($) 101,800 ... ...
Average after-tax income of couple-only economic families in 2020 ($) 83,300 ... ...
Total - Income statistics for couple-with-children economic families in private households - 25% sample data 5,585 ... ...
Average total income of couple-with-children economic families in 2020 ($) 135,400 ... ...
Average after-tax income of couple-with-children economic families in 2020 ($) 110,500 ... ...
Total - Income statistics for one-parent economic families in private households - 25% sample data 2,245 ... ...
Average total income of one-parent economic families in 2020 ($) 74,000 ... ...
Average after-tax income of one-parent economic families in 2020 ($) 63,900 ... ...
Total - Income statistics for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families in private households - 25% sample data32 9,515 4,545 4,970
Average total income in 2020 ($)30 44,880 47,040 42,920
Average after-tax income in 2020 ($)30 37,800 39,120 36,600
Low income and income inequality in 2020
Total - LIM low-income status in 2020 for the population in private households - 100% data33 49,840 24,440 25,400
0 to 17 years 11,185 5,765 5,420
0 to 5 years 3,610 1,840 1,770
18 to 64 years 31,105 15,350 15,755
65 years and over 7,545 3,325 4,225
In low income based on the Low-income measure, after tax (LIM-AT) 6,705 3,000 3,710
0 to 17 years 2,035 1,030 1,005
0 to 5 years 715 375 340
18 to 64 years 3,690 1,655 2,035
65 years and over 980 310 665
Prevalence of low income based on the Low-income measure, after tax (LIM-AT) (%) 13.5 12.3 14.6
0 to 17 years (%) 18.2 17.8 18.6
0 to 5 years (%) 19.8 20.4 19.2
18 to 64 years (%) 11.9 10.8 12.9
65 years and over (%) 13.0 9.4 15.8
Total - LICO low-income status in 2020 for the population in private households to whom the low-income concept is applicable - 100% data33 49,840 24,440 25,395
0 to 17 years 11,185 5,770 5,420
0 to 5 years 3,605 1,845 1,765
18 to 64 years 31,105 15,350 15,755
65 years and over 7,550 3,320 4,225
In low income based on the Low-income cut-offs, after tax (LICO-AT) 2,775 1,395 1,385
0 to 17 years 615 325 290
0 to 5 years 205 110 95
18 to 64 years 2,025 1,010 1,015
65 years and over 135 65 75
Prevalence of low income based on the Low-income cut-offs, after tax (LICO-AT) (%) 5.6 5.7 5.4
0 to 17 years (%) 5.5 5.6 5.4
0 to 5 years (%) 5.6 6.0 5.3
18 to 64 years (%) 6.5 6.6 6.4
65 years and over (%) 1.8 1.9 1.8
Total - Adjusted after-tax economic family income decile group for the population in private households - 100% data34The letter 'c' in a yellow triangle indicates a correction notice. 49,840 24,440 25,400
In bottom half of the distribution 29,645 14,100 15,545
In bottom decile 6,160 2,880 3,285
In second decile 6,285 2,835 3,455
In third decile 5,755 2,725 3,030
In fourth decile 5,795 2,860 2,935
In fifth decile 5,645 2,800 2,845
In top half of the distribution 20,200 10,340 9,850
In sixth decile 5,045 2,620 2,425
In seventh decile 4,960 2,510 2,450
In eighth decile 4,320 2,180 2,140
In ninth decile 3,495 1,790 1,705
In top decile 2,375 1,240 1,140
Total - Inequality measures for the population in private households - 100% data35 49,840 ... ...
Gini index on adjusted household total income 0.314 ... ...
Gini index on adjusted household market income 0.424 ... ...
Gini index on adjusted household after-tax income 0.274 ... ...
P90/P10 ratio on adjusted household after-tax income 3.4 ... ...
Knowledge of official languages
Total - Knowledge of official languages for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% data36 50,255 24,600 25,655
English only 46,705 22,965 23,735
French only 15 10 5
English and French 2,440 1,135 1,305
Neither English nor French 1,095 485 610
First official language spoken
Total - First official language spoken for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% data37 50,255 24,600 25,655
English 48,600 23,835 24,765
French 450 220 225
English and French 135 70 65
Neither English nor French 1,070 475 595
Mother tongue
Total - Mother tongue for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% data38 50,255 24,600 25,655
Single responses 48,580 23,765 24,815
Official languages 39,505 19,255 20,250
English 39,020 19,015 20,005
French 485 235 250
Non-official languages 9,080 4,515 4,565
Indigenous languages39 225 95 125
Algonquian languages 165 70 95
Blackfoot 0 0 0
Cree-Innu languages 100 45 55
Atikamekw 0 0 0
Cree languages 100 45 55
Ililimowin (Moose Cree) 0 0 0
Inu Ayimun (Southern East Cree) 0 0 0
Iyiyiw-Ayimiwin (Northern East Cree) 0 0 0
Nehinawewin (Swampy Cree) 40 15 25
Nehiyawewin (Plains Cree) 0 0 0
Nihithawiwin (Woods Cree) 0 0 0
Cree, n.o.s. 50 30 25
Innu (Montagnais) 0 0 0
Naskapi 0 0 0
Eastern Algonquian languages 0 0 0
Mi'kmaq 0 0 0
Wolastoqewi (Malecite) 0 0 0
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 65 30 40
Anicinabemowin (Algonquin) 0 0 0
Oji-Cree 10 0 5
Ojibway languages 60 25 35
Anishinaabemowin (Chippewa) 5 5 0
Daawaamwin (Odawa) 0 0 0
Saulteau (Western Ojibway) 15 5 15
Ojibway, n.o.s. 35 20 15
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages 0 0 0
Northern Athabaskan languages 0 0 0
Dakelh (Carrier) 0 0 0
Dane-zaa (Beaver) 0 0 0
Dene, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Gwich'in 0 0 0
Slavey-Hare languages 0 0 0
Deh Gah Ghotie Zhatie (South Slavey) 0 0 0
Satuotine Yati (North Slavey) 0 0 0
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Tahltan languages 0 0 0
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0
Tahltan 0 0 0
Tlicho (Dogrib) 0 0 0
Tse'khene (Sekani) 0 0 0
Tsilhqot'in (Chilcotin) 0 0 0
Tsuu T'ina (Sarsi) 0 0 0
Tutchone languages 0 0 0
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0
Tutchone, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Wetsuwet'en-Babine 0 0 0
Tlingit 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Haida 0 0 0
Inuktut (Inuit) languages 0 0 5
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 0 0 0
Inuinnaqtun 0 0 0
Inuvialuktun 0 0 0
Inuktitut 0 0 5
Inuktut (Inuit) languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages 0 0 0
Cayuga 0 0 0
Mohawk 0 0 0
Oneida 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Ktunaxa (Kutenai) 0 0 0
Michif 5 5 0
Salish languages 0 0 0
Halkomelem 0 0 0
Lillooet 0 0 0
Ntlakapamux (Thompson) 0 0 0
Secwepemctsin (Shuswap) 0 0 0
Squamish 0 0 0
Straits 0 0 0
Syilx (Okanagan) 0 0 0
Salish languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Siouan languages 40 20 25
Assiniboine 0 0 0
Dakota 40 20 25
Stoney 0 0 0
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Tsimshian languages 0 0 0
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 0 0 0
Nisga'a 0 0 0
Tsimshian 0 0 0
Wakashan languages 0 0 0
Haisla 0 0 0
Heiltsuk 0 0 0
Kwak'wala (Kwakiutl) 0 0 0
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0 0 0
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Indigenous languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Indigenous languages, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Non-Indigenous languages 8,860 4,420 4,440
Afro-Asiatic languages 775 415 355
Berber languages 0 0 0
Kabyle 0 0 0
Tamazight 0 0 0
Berber languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Chadic languages 5 0 0
Hausa 5 0 0
Mina 0 0 0
Coptic 5 0 0
Cushitic languages 135 70 65
Bilen 50 35 20
Oromo 15 10 5
Somali 70 25 45
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Semitic languages 635 345 290
Amharic 305 155 145
Arabic 150 75 65
Aramaic languages 0 0 0
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 0 0 0
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 0 0 0
Aramaic, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Harari 0 0 0
Hebrew 0 0 0
Maltese 0 0 0
Tigrigna 180 105 70
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Austro-Asiatic languages 50 25 25
Khmer (Cambodian) 0 0 0
Vietnamese 45 20 25
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e 0 0 0
Austronesian languages 565 275 295
Bikol 0 0 0
Bisaya, n.o.s. 10 5 5
Cebuano 45 15 25
Fijian 0 0 0
Hiligaynon 20 5 10
Ilocano 10 10 0
Indonesian 0 0 0
Kankanaey 0 0 0
Kinaray-a 0 0 0
Malagasy languages 0 0 0
Merina 0 0 0
Malagasy, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Malay 0 0 0
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 5 5 5
Pangasinan 0 0 0
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 470 230 245
Waray-Waray 5 5 0
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 5 0 5
Creole languages 80 45 35
Haitian Creole 0 0 0
Jamaican English Creole 0 0 0
Krio 0 0 0
Morisyen 55 30 25
Sango 0 0 0
Creole, n.o.s. 20 5 10
Creole languages, n.i.e. 5 0 0
Dravidian languages 105 55 55
Kannada 0 0 0
Malayalam 75 40 35
Tamil 20 10 10
Telugu 5 0 5
Tulu 0 0 0
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Georgian 0 0 0
Hmong-Mien languages 0 0 0
Indo-European languages 5,420 2,720 2,695
Albanian 0 0 0
Armenian 0 0 0
Balto-Slavic languages 750 345 400
Baltic languages 5 0 5
Latvian 0 0 0
Lithuanian 0 0 0
Slavic languages 745 345 400
Belarusian 0 0 0
Bulgarian 5 5 0
Czech 0 0 5
Macedonian 0 0 0
Polish 55 15 35
Russian 165 85 85
Rusyn 0 0 0
Serbo-Croatian 10 0 5
Bosnian 10 0 5
Croatian 5 0 0
Serbian 0 0 0
Serbo-Croatian, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Slovak 0 0 0
Slovene (Slovenian) 0 0 0
Ukrainian 505 240 270
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Celtic languages 5 5 5
Irish 0 0 0
Scottish Gaelic 0 0 0
Welsh 5 0 0
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Germanic languages 580 295 285
Frisian 0 0 0
High German languages 335 175 165
German 335 170 160
Pennsylvania German 0 0 0
Swiss German 0 0 0
Yiddish 0 0 0
Low Saxon-Low Franconian languages 220 110 105
Afrikaans 85 45 40
Dutch 55 25 25
Low German, n.o.s. 20 5 5
Low Saxon 0 0 0
Plautdietsch 60 30 30
Vlaams (Flemish) 0 0 0
Scandinavian languages 15 10 10
Danish 10 5 5
Icelandic 5 0 5
Norwegian 0 0 0
Swedish 5 0 5
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 10 5 5
Greek 25 15 15
Indo-Iranian languages 1,985 1,040 950
Indo-Aryan languages 1,940 1,015 930
Assamese 0 0 0
Bengali 30 20 10
Gujarati 1,240 665 575
Hindi 85 50 35
Kacchi 0 0 0
Kashmiri 0 0 0
Konkani 0 0 0
Marathi 0 0 0
Nepali 5 5 0
Oriya languages 0 0 0
Odia 0 0 0
Oriya, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Punjabi (Panjabi) 455 215 240
Rohingya 0 0 0
Sindhi 0 0 0
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 15 5 5
Urdu 110 55 60
Indo-Aryan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Iranian languages 45 25 25
Baluchi 0 0 0
Kurdish 5 5 5
Parsi 0 0 0
Pashto 15 10 5
Persian languages 25 15 15
Dari 0 0 0
Iranian Persian 25 15 15
Persian (Farsi), n.o.s. 0 0 0
Iranian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Italic (Romance) languages 2,070 1,025 1,045
Catalan 0 0 0
Italian 20 15 15
Portuguese 65 25 40
Romanian 15 5 10
Spanish 1,970 985 985
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Indo-European languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Japanese 15 0 10
Korean 140 75 65
Mongolian 5 0 5
Niger-Congo languages 275 135 135
Akan (Twi) 10 10 0
Bamanankan 0 0 0
Edo 0 0 0
Éwé 0 0 0
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 0 0 0
Ga 0 0 0
Ganda 0 0 0
Gikuyu 0 0 0
Igbo 30 20 15
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 5 0 5
Lingala 0 0 0
Luba-Kasai 0 0 0
Mòoré 0 0 0
Mwani 5 0 0
Ndebele 0 0 0
Rundi (Kirundi) 0 0 0
Shona 0 0 0
Soninke 0 0 0
Sotho-Tswana languages 0 0 0
Swahili 35 15 25
Wojenaka 0 0 0
Wolof 0 0 0
Yoruba 155 80 75
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 20 10 10
Nilo-Saharan languages 15 5 10
Dinka 5 0 5
Nuer 0 0 0
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 10 5 10
African, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Sign languages 5 5 5
American Sign Language 5 5 5
Quebec Sign Language 0 0 0
Sign languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Sino-Tibetan languages 1,390 660 725
Chinese languages 1,385 660 725
Hakka 0 0 0
Mandarin 990 470 525
Min Dong 0 0 0
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 10 5 5
Wu (Shanghainese) 5 5 0
Yue (Cantonese) 355 170 185
Chinese, n.o.s. 30 15 10
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Tibeto-Burman languages 0 0 0
Burmese 0 0 0
Kuki-Chin languages 0 0 0
Karenic languages 0 0 0
S'gaw Karen 0 0 0
Karenic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Tibetan 0 0 0
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Sino-Tibetan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Tai-Kadai languages 15 5 5
Lao 10 5 5
Thai 5 0 5
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Turkic languages 5 10 0
Azerbaijani 0 0 0
Kazakh 0 0 0
Turkish 10 5 0
Uyghur 0 0 0
Uzbek 0 0 0
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Uralic languages 10 5 5
Estonian 0 0 0
Finnish 5 0 5
Hungarian 5 0 0
Other languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Multiple responses 1,675 835 840
English and French 185 95 90
English and non-official language(s) 1,300 650 655
French and non-official language(s) 40 15 25
English, French and non-official language(s) 15 10 10
Multiple non-official languages 125 65 60
All languages spoken at home
Total - All languages spoken at home for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% data40 50,255 24,600 25,655
English 40,055 19,530 20,520
French 60 30 30
Non-official language 3,300 1,625 1,670
Indigenous39 25 15 15
Non-Indigenous 3,270 1,610 1,660
English and French 375 175 195
English and non-official language(s) 5,940 2,975 2,965
French and non-official language(s) 15 10 5
English, French and non-official language(s) 150 65 85
Multiple non-official languages 370 190 180
Language spoken most often at home
Total - Language spoken most often at home for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% data41 50,255 24,600 25,655
Single responses 48,770 23,835 24,940
Official languages 42,555 20,750 21,800
English 42,455 20,700 21,755
French 95 50 50
Non-official languages 6,220 3,085 3,135
Indigenous languages39 45 20 25
Algonquian languages 30 10 15
Blackfoot 0 0 0
Cree-Innu languages 25 10 15
Atikamekw 0 0 0
Cree languages 25 10 15
Ililimowin (Moose Cree) 0 0 0
Inu Ayimun (Southern East Cree) 0 0 0
Iyiyiw-Ayimiwin (Northern East Cree) 0 0 0
Nehinawewin (Swampy Cree) 5 0 5
Nehiyawewin (Plains Cree) 0 0 0
Nihithawiwin (Woods Cree) 0 0 0
Cree, n.o.s. 15 5 10
Innu (Montagnais) 0 0 0
Naskapi 0 0 0
Eastern Algonquian languages 0 0 0
Mi'kmaq 0 0 0
Wolastoqewi (Malecite) 0 0 0
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 10 5 10
Anicinabemowin (Algonquin) 0 0 0
Oji-Cree 0 0 0
Ojibway languages 10 5 10
Anishinaabemowin (Chippewa) 0 0 0
Daawaamwin (Odawa) 0 0 0
Saulteau (Western Ojibway) 0 0 0
Ojibway, n.o.s. 5 5 5
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages 0 0 0
Northern Athabaskan languages 0 0 0
Dakelh (Carrier) 0 0 0
Dane-zaa (Beaver) 0 0 0
Dene, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Gwich'in 0 0 0
Slavey-Hare languages 0 0 0
Deh Gah Ghotie Zhatie (South Slavey) 0 0 0
Satuotine Yati (North Slavey) 0 0 0
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Tahltan languages 0 0 0
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0
Tahltan 0 0 0
Tlicho (Dogrib) 0 0 0
Tse'khene (Sekani) 0 0 0
Tsilhqot'in (Chilcotin) 0 0 0
Tsuu T'ina (Sarsi) 0 0 0
Tutchone languages 0 0 0
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0
Tutchone, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Wetsuwet'en-Babine 0 0 0
Tlingit 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Haida 0 0 0
Inuktut (Inuit) languages 0 0 0
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 0 0 0
Inuinnaqtun 0 0 0
Inuvialuktun 0 0 0
Inuktitut 0 0 0
Inuktut (Inuit) languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages 0 0 0
Cayuga 0 0 0
Mohawk 0 0 0
Oneida 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Ktunaxa (Kutenai) 0 0 0
Michif 0 0 0
Salish languages 0 0 0
Halkomelem 0 0 0
Lillooet 0 0 0
Ntlakapamux (Thompson) 0 0 0
Secwepemctsin (Shuswap) 0 0 0
Squamish 0 0 0
Straits 0 0 0
Syilx (Okanagan) 0 0 0
Salish languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Siouan languages 10 5 5
Assiniboine 0 0 0
Dakota 10 10 5
Stoney 0 0 0
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Tsimshian languages 0 0 0
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 0 0 0
Nisga'a 0 0 0
Tsimshian 0 0 0
Wakashan languages 0 0 0
Haisla 0 0 0
Heiltsuk 0 0 0
Kwak'wala (Kwakiutl) 0 0 0
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0 0 0
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Indigenous languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Indigenous languages, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Non-Indigenous languages 6,175 3,065 3,115
Afro-Asiatic languages 560 295 265
Berber languages 0 0 0
Kabyle 0 0 0
Tamazight 0 0 0
Berber languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Chadic languages 0 0 0
Hausa 0 0 0
Mina 0 0 0
Coptic 5 0 0
Cushitic languages 105 50 55
Bilen 45 30 15
Oromo 0 0 0
Somali 55 15 40
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Semitic languages 455 245 210
Amharic 215 110 100
Arabic 95 50 45
Aramaic languages 0 0 0
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 0 0 0
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 0 0 0
Aramaic, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Harari 0 0 0
Hebrew 0 0 0
Maltese 0 0 0
Tigrigna 145 80 60
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Austro-Asiatic languages 35 15 20
Khmer (Cambodian) 0 0 0
Vietnamese 35 15 20
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e 0 0 0
Austronesian languages 320 155 160
Bikol 0 0 0
Bisaya, n.o.s. 5 5 5
Cebuano 25 15 15
Fijian 0 0 0
Hiligaynon 5 0 5
Ilocano 0 0 0
Indonesian 0 0 0
Kankanaey 0 0 0
Kinaray-a 0 0 0
Malagasy languages 0 0 0
Merina 0 0 0
Malagasy, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Malay 0 0 0
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 5 5 5
Pangasinan 0 0 0
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 260 130 135
Waray-Waray 0 0 0
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 5 5 0
Creole languages 55 25 30
Haitian Creole 0 0 0
Jamaican English Creole 0 0 0
Krio 0 0 0
Morisyen 45 25 20
Sango 0 0 0
Creole, n.o.s. 15 5 10
Creole languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Dravidian languages 75 40 35
Kannada 0 0 0
Malayalam 50 30 20
Tamil 10 5 10
Telugu 10 5 5
Tulu 0 0 0
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Georgian 0 0 0
Hmong-Mien languages 0 0 0
Indo-European languages 3,735 1,865 1,865
Albanian 0 0 0
Armenian 0 0 0
Balto-Slavic languages 375 190 180
Baltic languages 0 0 0
Latvian 0 0 0
Lithuanian 0 0 0
Slavic languages 375 190 180
Belarusian 0 0 0
Bulgarian 0 0 0
Czech 0 0 0
Macedonian 0 0 0
Polish 5 0 0
Russian 135 65 65
Rusyn 0 0 0
Serbo-Croatian 0 0 0
Bosnian 0 0 0
Croatian 0 0 0
Serbian 0 0 0
Serbo-Croatian, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Slovak 0 0 0
Slovene (Slovenian) 0 0 0
Ukrainian 235 125 110
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Celtic languages 0 0 0
Irish 0 0 0
Scottish Gaelic 0 0 0
Welsh 0 0 0
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Germanic languages 90 45 45
Frisian 0 0 0
High German languages 30 15 10
German 30 15 10
Pennsylvania German 0 0 0
Swiss German 0 0 0
Yiddish 0 0 0
Low Saxon-Low Franconian languages 60 30 30
Afrikaans 55 25 30
Dutch 5 0 0
Low German, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Low Saxon 0 0 0
Plautdietsch 0 0 0
Vlaams (Flemish) 0 0 0
Scandinavian languages 0 0 0
Danish 0 0 0
Icelandic 0 0 0
Norwegian 0 0 0
Swedish 0 0 0
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Greek 15 5 10
Indo-Iranian languages 1,695 860 835
Indo-Aryan languages 1,665 840 815
Assamese 0 0 0
Bengali 5 0 0
Gujarati 1,110 575 530
Hindi 65 35 30
Kacchi 0 0 0
Kashmiri 0 0 0
Konkani 0 0 0
Marathi 0 0 0
Nepali 0 0 0
Oriya languages 0 0 0
Odia 0 0 0
Oriya, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Punjabi (Panjabi) 395 190 205
Rohingya 0 0 0
Sindhi 0 0 0
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 10 0 5
Urdu 80 35 40
Indo-Aryan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Iranian languages 30 15 15
Baluchi 0 0 0
Kurdish 0 0 0
Parsi 0 0 0
Pashto 10 5 5
Persian languages 15 5 10
Dari 0 0 0
Iranian Persian 15 5 10
Persian (Farsi), n.o.s. 0 0 0
Iranian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Italic (Romance) languages 1,560 760 800
Catalan 0 0 0
Italian 5 0 5
Portuguese 30 15 10
Romanian 0 0 0
Spanish 1,520 740 780
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Indo-European languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Japanese 0 0 0
Korean 105 50 50
Mongolian 0 0 0
Niger-Congo languages 100 45 50
Akan (Twi) 0 0 0
Bamanankan 0 0 0
Edo 0 0 0
Éwé 0 0 0
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 0 0 0
Ga 0 0 0
Ganda 0 0 0
Gikuyu 0 0 0
Igbo 0 0 0
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 0 0 0
Lingala 0 0 0
Luba-Kasai 0 0 0
Mòoré 0 0 0
Mwani 0 0 0
Ndebele 0 0 0
Rundi (Kirundi) 0 0 0
Shona 0 0 0
Soninke 0 0 0
Sotho-Tswana languages 0 0 0
Swahili 35 15 25
Wojenaka 0 0 0
Wolof 0 0 0
Yoruba 55 30 25
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 0 5 0
Nilo-Saharan languages 5 0 10
Dinka 0 0 0
Nuer 0 0 0
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 5 0 10
African, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Sign languages 20 10 10
American Sign Language 15 5 10
Quebec Sign Language 0 0 0
Sign languages, n.i.e. 5 0 0
Sino-Tibetan languages 1,145 550 600
Chinese languages 1,145 550 600
Hakka 0 0 0
Mandarin 815 385 435
Min Dong 0 0 0
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 5 5 0
Wu (Shanghainese) 0 0 0
Yue (Cantonese) 305 145 155
Chinese, n.o.s. 20 15 10
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Tibeto-Burman languages 0 0 0
Burmese 0 0 0
Kuki-Chin languages 0 0 0
Karenic languages 0 0 0
S'gaw Karen 0 0 0
Karenic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Tibetan 0 0 0
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Sino-Tibetan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Tai-Kadai languages 0 0 0
Lao 0 0 0
Thai 0 0 0
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Turkic languages 0 0 0
Azerbaijani 0 0 0
Kazakh 0 0 0
Turkish 0 0 0
Uyghur 0 0 0
Uzbek 0 0 0
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Uralic languages 0 0 0
Estonian 0 0 0
Finnish 0 0 0
Hungarian 0 0 0
Other languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Multiple responses 1,485 765 715
English and French 75 30 45
English and non-official language(s) 1,360 710 650
French and non-official language(s) 5 0 0
English, French and non-official language(s) 10 5 10
Multiple non-official languages 25 15 15
Other language spoken regularly at home
Total - Other language(s) spoken regularly at home for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% data42 50,255 24,600 25,655
None 44,635 21,805 22,830
English 2,100 1,050 1,055
French 290 140 150
Non-official language 2,375 1,180 1,200
Indigenous39 200 85 115
Non-Indigenous 2,175 1,095 1,080
English and French 35 15 25
English and non-official language(s) 470 230 240
French and non-official language(s) 75 40 40
English, French and non-official language(s) 5 0 0
Multiple non-official languages 270 150 120
Knowledge of languagesThe letter 'c' in a yellow triangle indicates a correction notice.
Total - Knowledge of languages for the population in private households - 25% sample data43 49,840 24,440 25,400
Official languages 48,795 23,970 24,825
English 48,780 23,960 24,825
French 2,400 1,120 1,280
Non-official languages 11,935 5,960 5,975
Indigenous languages39 470 195 275
Algonquian languages 330 145 185
Blackfoot 0 0 0
Cree-Innu languages 160 75 90
Atikamekw 0 0 0
Cree languages 160 75 90
Ililimowin (Moose Cree) 0 0 0
Inu Ayimun (Southern East Cree) 0 0 0
Iyiyiw-Ayimiwin (Northern East Cree) 0 0 0
Nehinawewin (Swampy Cree) 50 15 30
Nehiyawewin (Plains Cree) 0 0 0
Nihithawiwin (Woods Cree) 0 0 0
Cree, n.o.s. 105 50 55
Innu (Montagnais) 0 0 0
Naskapi 0 0 0
Eastern Algonquian languages 0 0 0
Mi'kmaq 0 0 0
Wolastoqewi (Malecite) 0 0 0
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 175 75 100
Anicinabemowin (Algonquin) 0 0 0
Oji-Cree 0 0 0
Ojibway languages 165 75 90
Anishinaabemowin (Chippewa) 20 20 0
Daawaamwin (Odawa) 0 0 0
Saulteau (Western Ojibway) 25 10 15
Ojibway, n.o.s. 120 45 75
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages 0 0 0
Northern Athabaskan languages 0 0 0
Dakelh (Carrier) 0 0 0
Dane-zaa (Beaver) 0 0 0
Dene, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Gwich'in 0 0 0
Slavey-Hare languages 0 0 0
Deh Gah Ghotie Zhatie (South Slavey) 0 0 0
Satuotine Yati (North Slavey) 0 0 0
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Tahltan languages 0 0 0
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0
Tahltan 0 0 0
Tlicho (Dogrib) 0 0 0
Tse'khene (Sekani) 0 0 0
Tsilhqot'in (Chilcotin) 0 0 0
Tsuu T'ina (Sarsi) 0 0 0
Tutchone languages 0 0 0
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0
Tutchone, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Wetsuwet'en-Babine 0 0 0
Tlingit 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Haida 0 0 0
Inuktut (Inuit) languages 0 0 0
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 0 0 0
Inuinnaqtun 0 0 0
Inuvialuktun 0 0 0
Inuktitut 0 0 0
Inuktut (Inuit) languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages 0 0 0
Cayuga 0 0 0
Mohawk 0 0 0
Oneida 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Ktunaxa (Kutenai) 0 0 0
Michif 10 10 0
Salish languages 0 0 0
Halkomelem 0 0 0
Lillooet 0 0 0
Ntlakapamux (Thompson) 0 0 0
Secwepemctsin (Shuswap) 0 0 0
Squamish 0 0 0
Straits 0 0 0
Syilx (Okanagan) 0 0 0
Salish languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Siouan languages 155 55 105
Assiniboine 0 0 0
Dakota 150 50 100
Stoney 0 0 0
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Tsimshian languages 0 0 0
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 0 0 0
Nisga'a 0 0 0
Tsimshian 0 0 0
Wakashan languages 0 0 0
Haisla 0 0 0
Heiltsuk 0 0 0
Kwak'wala (Kwakiutl) 0 0 0
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0 0 0
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Indigenous languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Indigenous languages, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Non-Indigenous languages 11,470 5,770 5,705
Afro-Asiatic languages 1,180 590 580
Berber languages 0 0 0
Kabyle 0 0 0
Tamazight 0 0 0
Berber languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Chadic languages 15 15 0
Hausa 15 15 0
Mina 0 0 0
Coptic 0 0 0
Cushitic languages 165 80 80
Bilen 55 35 20
Oromo 15 15 0
Somali 90 30 65
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Semitic languages 1,025 520 510
Amharic 630 320 305
Arabic 220 100 120
Aramaic languages 0 0 0
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 0 0 0
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 0 0 0
Aramaic, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Harari 0 0 0
Hebrew 10 10 0
Maltese 0 0 0
Tigrigna 340 175 170
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 15 10 0
Austro-Asiatic languages 65 35 35
Khmer (Cambodian) 0 0 0
Vietnamese 65 35 35
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e 0 0 0
Austronesian languages 780 415 365
Bikol 0 0 0
Bisaya, n.o.s. 15 15 10
Cebuano 80 50 30
Fijian 0 0 0
Hiligaynon 40 20 20
Ilocano 40 25 15
Indonesian 0 0 0
Kankanaey 0 0 0
Kinaray-a 0 0 0
Malagasy languages 0 0 0
Merina 0 0 0
Malagasy, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Malay 0 0 0
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 0 0 0
Pangasinan 0 0 0
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 745 400 350
Waray-Waray 0 0 0
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 35 15 20
Creole languages 200 95 100
Haitian Creole 0 0 0
Jamaican English Creole 0 0 0
Krio 0 0 0
Morisyen 100 50 55
Sango 0 0 0
Creole, n.o.s. 70 35 30
Creole languages, n.i.e. 30 10 20
Dravidian languages 160 90 65
Kannada 15 10 10
Malayalam 120 70 50
Tamil 55 35 15
Telugu 20 15 0
Tulu 0 0 0
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Georgian 0 0 0
Hmong-Mien languages 0 0 0
Indo-European languages 6,755 3,405 3,345
Albanian 0 0 0
Armenian 0 0 0
Balto-Slavic languages 985 420 570
Baltic languages 10 0 10
Latvian 10 0 10
Lithuanian 0 0 0
Slavic languages 985 420 570
Belarusian 0 0 0
Bulgarian 0 0 0
Czech 10 0 0
Macedonian 0 0 0
Polish 140 45 95
Russian 385 195 195
Rusyn 0 0 0
Serbo-Croatian 25 10 15
Bosnian 15 0 15
Croatian 0 0 0
Serbian 0 0 0
Serbo-Croatian, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Slovak 0 0 0
Slovene (Slovenian) 0 0 0
Ukrainian 705 310 395
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Celtic languages 0 0 0
Irish 0 0 0
Scottish Gaelic 0 0 0
Welsh 0 0 0
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Germanic languages 855 395 460
Frisian 0 0 0
High German languages 510 240 270
German 505 240 265
Pennsylvania German 0 0 0
Swiss German 0 0 0
Yiddish 0 0 0
Low Saxon-Low Franconian languages 350 155 195
Afrikaans 180 95 85
Dutch 75 20 55
Low German, n.o.s. 20 0 20
Low Saxon 0 0 0
Plautdietsch 80 35 40
Vlaams (Flemish) 15 15 0
Scandinavian languages 40 15 25
Danish 35 15 20
Icelandic 0 0 0
Norwegian 0 0 0
Swedish 0 0 0
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 10 10 0
Greek 25 20 0
Indo-Iranian languages 2,375 1,295 1,080
Indo-Aryan languages 2,345 1,270 1,070
Assamese 0 0 0
Bengali 0 0 0
Gujarati 1,465 815 650
Hindi 1,310 750 560
Kacchi 0 0 0
Kashmiri 0 0 0
Konkani 0 0 0
Marathi 30 25 0
Nepali 10 10 0
Oriya languages 0 0 0
Odia 0 0 0
Oriya, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Punjabi (Panjabi) 590 300 290
Rohingya 0 0 0
Sindhi 0 0 0
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 0 0 0
Urdu 170 85 85
Indo-Aryan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Iranian languages 30 15 15
Baluchi 0 0 0
Kurdish 0 0 0
Parsi 0 0 0
Pashto 0 0 0
Persian languages 30 15 10
Dari 0 0 0
Iranian Persian 30 15 10
Persian (Farsi), n.o.s. 0 0 0
Iranian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Italic (Romance) languages 2,560 1,305 1,260
Catalan 0 0 0
Italian 40 15 25
Portuguese 65 30 40
Romanian 15 10 0
Spanish 2,470 1,265 1,205
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Indo-European languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Japanese 45 10 35
Korean 95 45 50
Mongolian 15 0 15
Niger-Congo languages 865 470 390
Akan (Twi) 30 20 10
Bamanankan 0 0 0
Edo 20 15 0
Éwé 0 0 0
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 0 0 0
Ga 10 10 0
Ganda 0 0 0
Gikuyu 0 0 0
Igbo 140 90 55
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 0 0 0
Lingala 10 10 0
Luba-Kasai 0 0 0
Mòoré 0 0 0
Mwani 0 0 0
Ndebele 0 0 0
Rundi (Kirundi) 0 0 0
Shona 0 0 0
Soninke 0 0 0
Sotho-Tswana languages 0 0 0
Swahili 130 75 60
Wojenaka 0 0 0
Wolof 0 0 0
Yoruba 510 255 255
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 80 55 30
Nilo-Saharan languages 0 0 0
Dinka 0 0 0
Nuer 0 0 0
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
African, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Sign languages 85 40 50
American Sign Language 70 25 45
Quebec Sign Language 0 0 0
Sign languages, n.i.e. 10 10 0
Sino-Tibetan languages 1,455 685 775
Chinese languages 1,455 685 765
Hakka 0 0 0
Mandarin 1,145 510 625
Min Dong 0 0 0
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 40 0 40
Wu (Shanghainese) 10 0 0
Yue (Cantonese) 485 240 245
Chinese, n.o.s. 20 20 0
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Tibeto-Burman languages 0 0 0
Burmese 0 0 0
Kuki-Chin languages 0 0 0
Karenic languages 0 0 0
S'gaw Karen 0 0 0
Karenic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Tibetan 0 0 0
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Sino-Tibetan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Tai-Kadai languages 25 15 15
Lao 25 15 10
Thai 0 0 0
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Turkic languages 0 0 0
Azerbaijani 0 0 0
Kazakh 0 0 0
Turkish 0 0 0
Uyghur 0 0 0
Uzbek 0 0 0
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Uralic languages 15 15 0
Estonian 0 0 0
Finnish 0 0 0
Hungarian 15 10 0
Other languages, n.i.e. 15 10 0
Indigenous population
Total - Indigenous identity for the population in private households - 25% sample data44 49,840 24,440 25,400
Indigenous identity45 7,075 3,235 3,845
Single Indigenous responses46 6,855 3,150 3,700
First Nations (North American Indian) 3,925 1,755 2,170
Métis 2,910 1,390 1,520
Inuk (Inuit) 15 0 10
Multiple Indigenous responses47 160 60 105
Indigenous responses not included elsewhere48 60 25 40
Non-Indigenous identity 42,765 21,210 21,555
Total - Registered or Treaty Indian status for the population in private households - 25% sample data44 49,840 24,440 25,400
Registered or Treaty Indian49 3,655 1,595 2,060
Not a Registered or Treaty Indian 46,180 22,845 23,340
Household characteristics
Total - Private households by tenure - 25% sample data50 21,200 ... ...
Owner 12,900 ... ...
Renter 8,300 ... ...
Dwelling provided by the local government, First Nation or Indian band 0 ... ...
Total - Occupied private dwellings by condominium status - 25% sample data51 21,200 ... ...
Condominium 2,680 ... ...
Not condominium 18,525 ... ...
Total - Occupied private dwellings by number of bedrooms - 25% sample data52 21,200 ... ...
No bedrooms 235 ... ...
1 bedroom 2,185 ... ...
2 bedrooms 6,440 ... ...
3 bedrooms 6,910 ... ...
4 or more bedrooms 5,435 ... ...
Total - Occupied private dwellings by number of rooms - 25% sample data53 21,200 ... ...
1 to 4 rooms 6,450 ... ...
5 rooms 3,700 ... ...
6 rooms 2,985 ... ...
7 rooms 2,570 ... ...
8 or more rooms 5,505 ... ...
Average number of rooms per dwelling 6.0 ... ...
Total - Private households by number of persons per room - 25% sample data54 21,200 ... ...
One person or fewer per room 20,615 ... ...
More than one person per room 590 ... ...
Total - Private households by housing suitability - 25% sample data55 21,200 ... ...
Suitable 20,030 ... ...
Not suitable 1,175 ... ...
Total - Occupied private dwellings by period of construction - 25% sample data56 21,200 ... ...
1960 or before 5,100 ... ...
1961 to 1980 6,725 ... ...
1981 to 1990 2,215 ... ...
1991 to 2000 1,835 ... ...
2001 to 2005 1,165 ... ...
2006 to 2010 1,385 ... ...
2011 to 2015 1,530 ... ...
2016 to 202157 1,245 ... ...
Total - Occupied private dwellings by dwelling condition - 25% sample data58 21,200 ... ...
Only regular maintenance and minor repairs needed 20,010 ... ...
Major repairs needed 1,195 ... ...
Total - Private households by number of household maintainers - 25% sample data59 21,200 ... ...
One-maintainer household 11,190 ... ...
Two-maintainer household 9,260 ... ...
Three-or-more-maintainer household 755 ... ...
Total - Private households by age of primary household maintainers - 25% sample data60 21,200 ... ...
15 to 24 years 1,340 ... ...
25 to 34 years 3,785 ... ...
35 to 44 years 4,200 ... ...
45 to 54 years 3,310 ... ...
55 to 64 years 3,510 ... ...
65 to 74 years 2,790 ... ...
75 to 84 years 1,675 ... ...
85 years and over 595 ... ...
Total - Owner and tenant households with household total income greater than zero, in non-farm, non-reserve private dwellings by shelter-cost-to-income ratio - 25% sample data61 21,155 ... ...
Spending less than 30% of income on shelter costs 17,700 ... ...
Spending 30% or more of income on shelter costs 3,450 ... ...
30% to less than 100% 3,070 ... ...
Total - Occupied private dwellings by housing indicators - 25% sample data62 21,200 ... ...
Total - Households 'spending 30% or more of income on shelter costs' or 'not suitable' or 'major repairs needed' 5,380 ... ...
Spending 30% or more of income on shelter costs only 3,125 ... ...
Not suitable only 945 ... ...
Major repairs needed only 880 ... ...
'Spending 30% or more of income on shelter costs' and 'not suitable' 125 ... ...
'Spending 30% or more of income on shelter costs' and 'major repairs needed' 205 ... ...
'Not suitable' and 'major repairs needed' 105 ... ...
'Spending 30% or more of income on shelter costs' and 'not suitable' and 'major repairs needed' 0 ... ...
Acceptable housing 15,820 ... ...
Total - Owner and tenant households with household total income greater than zero and shelter-cost-to-income ratio less than 100%, in non-farm, non-reserve private dwellings - 25% sample data63 20,770 ... ...
In core need 1,400 ... ...
Not in core need 19,370 ... ...
Total - Owner households in non-farm, non-reserve private dwellings - 25% sample data 12,895 ... ...
% of owner households with a mortgage64 63.0 ... ...
% of owner households spending 30% or more of its income on shelter costs61 8.1 ... ...
% in core housing need63 2.0 ... ...
Median monthly shelter costs for owned dwellings ($)65 1,110 ... ...
Average monthly shelter costs for owned dwellings ($)65 1,191 ... ...
Median value of dwellings ($)66 290,000 ... ...
Average value of dwellings ($)66 303,200 ... ...
Total - Tenant households in non-farm, non-reserve private dwellings - 25% sample data 8,305 ... ...
% of tenant households in subsidized housing67 16.7 ... ...
% of tenant households spending 30% or more of its income on shelter costs61 29.1 ... ...
% in core housing need63 14.3 ... ...
Median monthly shelter costs for rented dwellings ($)65 950 ... ...
Average monthly shelter costs for rented dwellings ($)65 977 ... ...
Total - Households living in a dwelling provided by the local government, First Nation or Indian band in non-farm private dwellings - 25% sample data 0 ... ...
% of households living in a dwelling provided by the local government, First Nation or Indian band spending more than 30% on shelter costs61 ... ... ...
Median monthly shelter costs for dwellings provided by local government, First Nation or Indian band ($)65 ... ... ...
Average monthly shelter costs for dwellings provided by local government, First Nation or Indian band ($)65 ... ... ...
Indigenous ancestry
Total - Indigenous ancestry for the population in private households - 25% sample data68 49,840 24,440 25,400
Indigenous ancestry (only)69 3,940 1,710 2,230
Single Indigenous ancestry (only)70 3,865 1,670 2,195
First Nations (North American Indian) single ancestry 3,150 1,390 1,760
Métis single ancestry 710 275 440
Inuit single ancestry 0 0 0
Multiple Indigenous ancestries (only)71 80 40 40
First Nations (North American Indian) and Métis ancestry only 75 40 30
First Nations (North American Indian) and Inuit ancestry only 0 0 0
Métis and Inuit ancestry only 0 0 0
First Nations (North American Indian) and Métis and Inuit ancestry only 0 0 0
Indigenous and non-Indigenous ancestries72 3,255 1,665 1,595
Single Indigenous and non-Indigenous ancestries73 3,060 1,570 1,495
First Nations (North American Indian) and non-Indigenous ancestry only 1,355 700 650
Métis and non-Indigenous ancestry only 1,675 860 820
Inuit and non-Indigenous ancestry only 30 0 25
Multiple Indigenous and non-Indigenous ancestries74 195 95 100
First Nations (North American Indian) and Métis and non-Indigenous ancestry only 190 90 100
First Nations (North American Indian) and Inuit and non-Indigenous ancestry only 0 0 0
Métis and Inuit and non-Indigenous ancestry only 0 0 0
First Nations (North American Indian) and Métis and Inuit and non-Indigenous ancestry only 0 0 0
Non-Indigenous ancestry only75 42,640 21,060 21,575
Citizenship
Total - Citizenship for the population in private households - 25% sample data76 49,840 24,445 25,400
Canadian citizens77 43,495 21,205 22,290
Canadian citizens aged under 18 10,050 5,175 4,875
Canadian citizens aged 18 and over 33,445 16,030 17,410
Not Canadian citizens78 6,345 3,235 3,110
Immigrant status and period of immigration
Total - Immigrant status and period of immigration for the population in private households - 25% sample data79 49,840 24,445 25,400
Non-immigrants80 39,660 19,300 20,365
Immigrants81 9,035 4,470 4,560
Before 1980 560 270 295
1980 to 1990 285 160 130
1991 to 2000 355 165 190
2001 to 2010 2,950 1,435 1,510
2011 to 202182 4,880 2,450 2,440
2011 to 2015 2,125 1,100 1,020
2016 to 2021 2,760 1,345 1,415
Non-permanent residents83 1,145 670 475
Age at immigration
Total - Age at immigration for the immigrant population in private households - 25% sample data84 9,030 4,475 4,560
Under 5 years 840 460 380
5 to 14 years 1,710 850 855
15 to 24 years 1,220 545 675
25 to 44 years 4,710 2,330 2,380
45 years and over 550 285 265
Selected places of birth for the immigrant population
Total - Place of birth for the immigrant population in private households - 25% sample data85 9,030 4,475 4,560
Americas 2,095 1,020 1,080
Brazil 25 10 15
Colombia 250 105 145
El Salvador 970 505 460
Guyana 0 0 0
Haiti 0 0 0
Jamaica 90 30 60
Mexico 85 35 50
Peru 15 0 10
Trinidad and Tobago 10 0 10
United States of America 190 90 95
Other places of birth in Americas 465 235 230
Europe 1,365 645 725
Bosnia and Herzegovina 20 0 20
Croatia 0 0 0
France 15 0 10
Germany 190 125 60
Greece 10 10 0
Hungary 0 0 0
Italy 0 0 0
Netherlands 65 20 40
Poland 60 20 40
Portugal 15 0 10
Romania 0 0 0
Russian Federation 70 40 30
Serbia86 0 0 0
Ukraine 340 165 175
United Kingdom87 485 195 285
Other places of birth in Europe 80 45 35
Africa 1,910 970 935
Algeria 0 0 0
Congo, Democratic Republic of the 35 20 15
Egypt 10 10 0
Eritrea 245 135 105
Ethiopia 405 215 190
Morocco 0 0 0
Nigeria 580 305 275
Somalia 80 25 55
South Africa, Republic of 160 90 70
Other places of birth in Africa 395 175 220
Asia 3,640 1,825 1,810
Afghanistan 0 0 0
Iran88 20 10 10
Iraq 0 0 0
Lebanon 0 0 0
Syria89 30 15 10
Turkey 0 0 0
China90 1,020 480 540
Hong Kong91 0 0 0
Korea, South92 70 30 35
Taiwan 10 0 10
Philippines 680 335 345
Viet Nam 25 10 15
Bangladesh 0 0 0
India 1,535 805 735
Pakistan 115 65 55
Sri Lanka 15 10 0
Other places of birth in Asia 120 60 60
Oceania and other places of birth93 15 10 10
Selected places of birth for the recent immigrant population
Total - Place of birth for the recent immigrant population in private households - 25% sample data94 2,755 1,345 1,415
Americas 325 160 160
Brazil 25 10 15
Colombia 0 0 0
Haiti 0 0 0
Jamaica 65 20 45
Mexico 0 0 0
United States of America 40 25 10
Venezuela95 0 0 0
Other places of birth in Americas 190 110 85
Europe 125 85 45
France 0 0 0
Germany 0 0 0
Ireland96 10 10 0
Italy 0 0 0
Russian Federation 25 20 10
Ukraine 50 30 25
United Kingdom87 25 20 0
Other places of birth in Europe 10 0 10
Africa 1,015 480 535
Algeria 0 0 0
Burundi 0 0 0
Cameroon 0 0 0
Congo, Democratic Republic of the 25 15 10
Côte d'Ivoire 0 0 0
Egypt 0 0 0
Eritrea 170 85 85
Ethiopia 130 55 75
Morocco 0 0 0
Nigeria 430 215 210
Somalia 70 15 55
South Africa, Republic of 55 25 25
Sudan97 45 30 15
Tunisia 0 0 0
Other places of birth in Africa 95 35 60
Asia 1,280 620 665
Afghanistan 0 0 0
Bangladesh 0 0 0
China90 170 75 90
Hong Kong91 0 0 0
India 830 390 440
Iran88 0 0 0
Iraq 0 0 0
Israel 0 0 0
Japan 0 0 0
Jordan 0 0 0
Korea, South92 0 0 0
Lebanon 0 0 0
Nepal 0 0 0
Pakistan 20 10 10
Philippines 205 105 100
Saudi Arabia 0 0 0
Sri Lanka 0 0 0
Syria89 25 15 15
Turkey 0 0 0
United Arab Emirates 0 0 0
Viet Nam 10 0 0
Other places of birth in Asia 0 0 0
Oceania and other93 10 0 10
Australia 10 0 10
Other places of birth98 0 0 0
Generation status
Total - Generation status for the population in private households - 25% sample data99 49,840 24,440 25,400
First generation100 10,455 5,275 5,180
Second generation101 5,590 2,755 2,835
Third generation or more102 33,795 16,405 17,385
Admission category and applicant type
Total - Admission category and applicant type for the immigrant population in private households who were admitted between 1980 and 2021 - 25% sample data103 8,470 4,210 4,265
Economic immigrants104 6,150 3,190 2,960
Principal applicants105 2,450 1,705 745
Secondary applicants106 3,695 1,480 2,215
Immigrants sponsored by family107 1,400 535 865
Refugees108 900 480 430
Other immigrants109 20 0 10
Pre-admission experience
Total - Pre-admission experience for the immigrant population in private households who were admitted between 1980 and 2021 - 25% sample data110 8,470 4,210 4,265
Asylum claim before admission111 40 25 15
Work permits only before admission112 1,355 890 465
Study permits only before admission113 170 60 115
Work and study permits before admission114 390 250 145
Other permits before admission115 10 0 0
No pre-admission experience116 6,500 2,985 3,525
Visible minority
Total - Visible minority for the population in private households - 25% sample data117 49,840 24,440 25,400
Total visible minority population118 10,650 5,540 5,105
South Asian 2,570 1,390 1,180
Chinese 1,500 730 770
Black 2,855 1,495 1,360
Filipino 870 450 415
Arab 105 45 55
Latin American 2,095 1,090 1,010
Southeast Asian 210 125 85
West Asian 30 20 15
Korean 95 50 45
Japanese 40 15 25
Visible minority, n.i.e.119 35 15 20
Multiple visible minorities 240 115 130
Not a visible minority120 39,190 18,900 20,290
Ethnic or cultural origin
Total - Ethnic or cultural origin for the population in private households - 25% sample data121 49,840 24,445 25,400
Canadian 4,515 2,250 2,265
English 12,595 5,915 6,685
Irish 7,925 3,710 4,215
Scottish 11,025 5,460 5,565
French, n.o.s.122 3,585 1,845 1,745
German 6,090 2,995 3,095
Chinese 1,570 785 785
Italian 405 230 175
Indian (India) 1,685 885 805
Ukrainian 6,590 3,205 3,390
Dutch 1,465 665 800
Polish 2,990 1,430 1,555
Québécois 25 10 10
British Isles, n.o.s.123 1,060 535 530
Filipino 905 495 405
French Canadian 240 130 110
Caucasian (White), n.o.s.124 765 430 340
First Nations (North American Indian), n.o.s.125 1,755 895 855
Métis 2,660 1,270 1,390
European, n.o.s.126 460 205 250
Russian 1,085 565 520
Norwegian 1,000 460 540
Welsh 1,035 490 545
Portuguese 95 35 55
American 250 125 135
Spanish 280 160 120
Swedish 835 390 440
Hungarian 340 155 185
Acadian 40 15 25
Pakistani 95 40 55
African, n.o.s.127 400 210 190
Jewish 110 45 65
Punjabi 185 125 60
Vietnamese 70 40 35
Arab, n.o.s.128 90 25 70
Greek 85 50 40
Jamaican 210 105 105
Asian, n.o.s.129 195 110 85
Cree, n.o.s.130 915 410 510
Korean 100 65 45
Romanian 260 110 145
Lebanese 25 0 20
Iranian 30 25 10
Christian, n.i.e.131 305 170 140
Danish 405 185 220
North American Indigenous, n.o.s.132 670 345 325
Sikh 75 35 35
Austrian 355 180 180
Belgian 1,065 480 585
Haitian 0 0 0
Hindu 540 315 225
Mexican 145 75 70
Mennonite 640 275 360
Swiss 240 125 115
Finnish 140 50 90
Sri Lankan 10 0 0
Croatian 60 35 25
Japanese 50 25 30
South Asian, n.o.s.133 30 10 25
Mi'kmaq, n.o.s.134 55 35 20
Northern European, n.o.s.135 200 70 125
Muslim 55 20 35
Egyptian 35 15 20
Latin, Central or South American, n.o.s.136 395 190 200
Tamil 0 0 0
Icelandic 750 365 390
Colombian 295 120 170
Moroccan 0 0 0
Czech 125 70 55
Syrian 25 15 10
Guyanese 0 0 0
Afghan 0 0 0
Black, n.o.s.137 100 50 50
Serbian 15 10 10
Ojibway 730 300 425
Newfoundlander 30 20 10
Hong Konger 0 0 0
Ontarian 20 0 15
Persian 0 0 0
Trinidadian/Tobagonian 15 10 10
Turkish 15 15 0
Inuit, n.o.s.138 45 10 30
Bangladeshi 0 0 0
Algerian 0 0 0
Brazilian 10 10 0
Nigerian 465 235 235
Armenian 45 20 30
Slovak 70 45 2