Census Profile, 2021 Census of Population
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Topic:
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Age
Age characteristics
Commuting
Select all: Commuting
Commuting destination
Commuting duration
Main mode of commuting
Place of work status
Time leaving for work
Education
Select all: Education
Highest certificate, diploma or degree
Location of study compared with province or territory of residence
Major field of study - Classification of Instructional Programs (CIP) 2021
Secondary (high) school diploma or equivalency certificate
Ethnocultural and religious diversity
Select all: Ethnocultural and religious diversity
Ethnic or cultural origin
Religion
Visible minority
Families, households, and marital status
Select all: Families, households, and marital status
Family characteristics
Household type
Marital status
Housing
Household characteristics
Immigration, place of birth, and citizenship
Select all: Immigration, place of birth, and citizenship
Admission category and applicant type
Age at immigration
Citizenship
Generation status
Immigrant status and period of immigration
Pre-admission experience
Selected places of birth for the immigrant population
Selected places of birth for the recent immigrant population
Income
Select all: Income
Income of economic families in 2020
Income of households in 2020
Income of individuals in 2019
Income of individuals in 2020
Low income and income inequality in 2020
Indigenous peoples
Select all: Indigenous peoples
Indigenous ancestry
Indigenous population
Instruction in the minority official language
Select all: Instruction in the minority official language
Children eligible for instruction in the minority official language
Eligibility and instruction in the minority official language for school-aged children
Labour
Select all: Labour
Class of worker including job permanency
Industry - Sectors - North American Industry Classification System (NAICS) 2017
Labour force status
Occupation - Broad category - National Occupational Classification (NOC) 2021
Work activity during the reference year
Language
Select all: Language
All languages spoken at home
First official language spoken
Knowledge of languages
Knowledge of official languages
Language spoken most often at home
Mother tongue
Other language spoken regularly at home
Language of work
Select all: Language of work
All languages used at work
Language used most often at work
Other language(s) used regularly at work
Mobility and migration
Select all: Mobility and migration
Mobility status 1 year ago
Mobility status 5 years ago
Population and dwelling counts
Population and dwellings
Type of dwelling
Household and dwelling characteristics
GenderMore information:


Statistic:
Characteristic Burnaby, City (CY)More information:
British Columbia
[Census subdivision]
Counts
Total
Population and dwellings
Population, 20211 249,125
Population, 20161 232,755
Population percentage change, 2016 to 2021 7.0
Total private dwellings2 107,046
Private dwellings occupied by usual residents3 101,136
Population density per square kilometre 2,750.7
Land area in square kilometres 90.57
Age characteristics
Total - Age groups of the population - 100% data 249,120
0 to 14 years 32,295
0 to 4 years 10,510
5 to 9 years 10,980
10 to 14 years 10,805
15 to 64 years 172,720
15 to 19 years 11,190
20 to 24 years 17,160
25 to 29 years 21,455
30 to 34 years 22,270
35 to 39 years 19,380
40 to 44 years 16,505
45 to 49 years 15,510
50 to 54 years 16,395
55 to 59 years 17,380
60 to 64 years 15,475
65 years and over 44,110
65 to 69 years 13,615
70 to 74 years 11,045
75 to 79 years 7,240
80 to 84 years 5,730
85 years and over 6,475
85 to 89 years 3,840
90 to 94 years 2,040
95 to 99 years 530
100 years and over 75
Total - Distribution (%) of the population by broad age groups - 100% data 100.0
0 to 14 years 13.0
15 to 64 years 69.3
65 years and over 17.7
85 years and over 2.6
Average age of the population 42.0
Median age of the population 40.4
Household and dwelling characteristics
Total - Occupied private dwellings by structural type of dwelling - 100% data 101,140
Single-detached house 19,080
Semi-detached house 2,885
Row house 8,770
Apartment or flat in a duplex 16,650
Apartment in a building that has fewer than five storeys 23,835
Apartment in a building that has five or more storeys 29,715
Other single-attached house 195
Movable dwelling4 5
Total - Private households by household size - 100% data 101,135
1 person 29,575
2 persons 33,180
3 persons 17,015
4 persons 13,325
5 or more persons 8,040
Number of persons in private households 245,725
Average household size 2.4
Marital status
Total - Marital status for the total population aged 15 years and over - 100% data 216,825
Married or living common-law 120,820
Married 105,275
Living common-law 15,545
Living common law - Never married 12,675
Living common law - Separated 435
Living common law - Divorced 2,260
Living common law - Widowed 175
Not married and not living common-law 96,000
Not married and not living common law - Never married 68,445
Not married and not living common law - Separated 4,980
Not married and not living common law - Divorced 12,455
Not married and not living common law - Widowed 10,120
Family characteristics
Total - Census families in private households by family size - 100% data5 68,355
2 persons 34,720
3 persons 16,775
4 persons 13,275
5 or more persons 3,585
Average size of census families 2.8
Average number of children in census families with children6 1.6
Total number of census families in private households - 100% data 68,355
Total couple families 57,610
Married couples 49,835
With children6 28,305
Without children 21,530
Common-law couples 7,775
With children6 1,795
Without children 5,980
Total one-parent families 10,745
in which the parent is a woman+ 8,745
in which the parent is a man+ 2,005
Total - Persons in private households - 100% data 245,725
Total - Persons in census families 191,605
Married spouses or common-law partners 115,215
Parents in one-parent families 10,750
Children6 65,645
In a two-parent family 50,505
In a one-parent family 15,140
Total - Persons not in census families in private households - 100% data 54,115
Living alone 29,575
Living with other relatives7 8,245
Living with non-relatives only 16,305
Household type
Total - Household type - 100% data 101,135
One-census-family households without additional persons 55,410
Couple-family households 47,280
With children6 24,750
Without children 22,530
One-parent-family households 8,135
Multigenerational households8 4,090
Multiple-census-family households9 1,135
One-census-family households with additional persons9 4,110
Two-or-more-person non-census-family households 6,815
One-person households 29,575
Income of individuals in 2020
Total - Income statistics in 2020 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data10 213,475
Number of total income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2020 - 100% data 206,675
Median total income in 2020 among recipients ($) 38,400
Number of after-tax income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2020 - 100% data 206,730
Median after-tax income in 2020 among recipients ($) 35,200
Number of market income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2020 - 100% data 183,615
Median market income in 2020 among recipients ($) 34,000
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2020 - 100% data 146,750
Median employment income in 2020 among recipients ($) 39,200
Number of government transfers recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2020 - 100% data 172,810
Median government transfers in 2020 among recipients ($) 8,000
Number of employment insurance benefits recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2020 - 100% data 17,890
Median employment insurance benefits in 2020 among recipients ($) 5,520
Number of COVID-19 emergency and recovery benefits recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2020 - 100% data 60,185
Median COVID-19 emergency and recovery benefits in 2020 among recipients ($) 9,500
Total - Income statistics in 2020 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data11 213,475
Number of total income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2020 - 25% sample data 206,385
Average total income in 2020 among recipients ($) 51,500
Number of after-tax income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2020 - 25% sample data 206,450
Average after-tax income in 2020 among recipients ($) 43,440
Number of market income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2020 - 25% sample data 183,375
Average market income in 2020 among recipients ($) 48,520
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2020 - 25% sample data 146,755
Average employment income in 2020 among recipients ($) 50,600
Number of government transfers recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2020 - 25% sample data 172,395
Average government transfers in 2020 among recipients ($) 10,030
Number of employment insurance benefits recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2020 - 25% sample data 17,750
Average employment insurance benefits in 2020 among recipients ($) 6,570
Number of COVID-19 emergency and recovery benefits recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2020 - 25% sample data 60,705
Average COVID-19 emergency and recovery benefits in 2020 among recipients ($) 9,660
Total - Employment income statistics in 2020 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data12 213,475
Number of employment income recipients in 2020 who worked full-year full-time in 2020 - 25% sample data13 68,465
Median employment income in 2020 for full-year full-time workers in 2020 ($)14 65,000
Average employment income in 2020 for full-year full-time workers in 2020 ($)15 77,400
Number of employment income recipients in 2020 who worked part-year or part-time in 2020 - 25% sample data16 59,440
Median employment income in 2020 of those who worked part-year or part-time in 2020 ($) 18,000
Average employment income in 2020 of those who worked part-year or part-time in 2020 ($) 29,120
Composition of total income in 2020 of the population aged 15 years and over in private households (%) - 25% sample data17 100.0
Market income (%)18 83.8
Employment income (%)19 69.8
Government transfers (%)20 16.3
Employment insurance benefits (%) 1.1
COVID-19 - Government income support and benefits (%) 6.7
COVID-19 - Emergency and recovery benefits (%) 5.5
Total - Total income groups in 2020 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data21 213,475
Without total income 6,805
With total income 206,670
Under $10,000 (including loss) 24,885
$10,000 to $19,999 24,795
$20,000 to $29,999 32,485
$30,000 to $39,999 24,960
$40,000 to $49,999 21,115
$50,000 to $59,999 17,535
$60,000 to $69,999 13,865
$70,000 to $79,999 10,615
$80,000 to $89,999 8,475
$90,000 to $99,999 6,655
$100,000 and over 21,285
$100,000 to $149,999 14,360
$150,000 and over 6,920
Total - After-tax income groups in 2020 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data22 213,475
Without after-tax income 6,750
With after-tax income 206,730
Under $10,000 (including loss) 25,555
$10,000 to $19,999 25,580
$20,000 to $29,999 36,310
$30,000 to $39,999 28,600
$40,000 to $49,999 24,265
$50,000 to $59,999 18,880
$60,000 to $69,999 13,640
$70,000 to $79,999 10,125
$80,000 to $89,999 7,200
$90,000 to $99,999 4,820
$100,000 and over 11,765
$100,000 to $124,999 6,190
$125,000 and over 5,570
Total - Employment income groups in 2020 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data19 213,475
Without employment income 66,725
With employment income 146,755
Under $5,000 (including loss) 18,920
$5,000 to $9,999 12,840
$10,000 to $19,999 17,105
$20,000 to $29,999 12,890
$30,000 to $39,999 12,630
$40,000 to $49,999 12,765
$50,000 to $59,999 12,480
$60,000 to $69,999 10,115
$70,000 to $79,999 8,015
$80,000 to $89,999 6,680
$90,000 to $99,999 5,470
$100,000 and over 16,845
$100,000 to $124,999 7,970
$125,000 and over 8,870
Income of individuals in 2019
Total - Income statistics in 2019 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data23 213,475
Number of total income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2019 - 100% data 199,160
Median total income in 2019 among recipients ($) 36,000
Number of after-tax income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2019 - 100% data 199,515
Median after-tax income in 2019 among recipients ($) 32,800
Number of market income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2019 - 100% data 180,880
Median market income in 2019 among recipients ($) 35,600
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2019 - 100% data 148,920
Median employment income in 2019 among recipients ($) 38,400
Number of government transfers recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2019 - 100% data 136,470
Median government transfers in 2019 among recipients ($) 2,000
Number of employment insurance benefits recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2019 -100% data 9,810
Median employment insurance benefits in 2019 among recipients ($) 5,600
Total - Income statistics in 2019 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data24 213,475
Number of total income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2019 - 25% sample data 198,815
Average total income in 2019 among recipients ($) 47,760
Number of after-tax income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2019 - 25% sample data 199,145
Average after-tax income in 2019 among recipients ($) 40,120
Number of market income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2019 - 25% sample data 180,600
Average market income in 2019 among recipients ($) 47,560
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2019 - 25% sample data 148,920
Average employment income in 2019 among recipients ($) 48,480
Number of government transfers recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2019 - 25% sample data 136,005
Average government transfers in 2019 among recipients ($) 6,690
Number of employment insurance benefits recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2019 - 25% sample data 9,650
Average employment insurance benefits in 2019 among recipients ($) 7,430
Total - Employment income statistics in 2019 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data25 213,475
Number of employment income recipients in 2019 who worked full-year full-time in 2020 - 25% sample data13 67,690
Median employment income in 2019 for full-year full-time workers in 2020 ($)14 60,000
Average employment income in 2019 for full-year full-time workers in 2020 ($)15 70,800
Number of employment income recipients in 2019 who worked part-year or part-time in 2020 - 25% sample data16 55,155
Median employment income in 2019 of those who worked part-year or part-time in 2020 ($) 25,200
Average employment income in 2019 of those who worked part-year or part-time in 2020 ($) 34,160
Composition of total income in 2019 of the population aged 15 years and over in private households (%) - 25% sample data 100.0
Market income (%) 90.4
Employment income (%) 76.0
Government transfers (%) 9.6
Employment insurance benefits (%) 0.8
Income of households in 2020
Total - Income statistics for private households - 100% data26 101,135
Median total income of household in 2020 ($) 83,000
Median after-tax income of household in 2020 ($) 73,500
Total - Income statistics for one-person private households - 100% data 29,575
Median total income of one-person households in 2020 ($) 42,800
Median after-tax income of one-person households in 2020 ($) 39,200
Total - Income statistics for two-or-more-persons private households - 100% data 71,565
Median total income of two-or-more-person households in 2020 ($) 105,000
Median after-tax income of two-or-more-person households in 2020 ($) 93,000
Total - Income statistics for private households - 25% sample data27 101,135
Average total income of household in 2020 ($) 105,100
Average after-tax income of household in 2020 ($) 88,700
Total - Income statistics for one-person private households - 25% sample data 29,580
Average total income of one-person households in 2020 ($) 52,650
Average after-tax income of one-person households in 2020 ($) 44,880
Total - Income statistics for two-or-more-persons private households - 25% sample data 71,555
Average total income of two-or-more-person households in 2020 ($) 126,700
Average after-tax income of two-or-more-person households in 2020 ($) 106,800
Total - Household total income groups in 2020 for private households - 100% data21 101,135
Under $5,000 2,800
$5,000 to $9,999 1,060
$10,000 to $14,999 1,185
$15,000 to $19,999 2,240
$20,000 to $24,999 4,410
$25,000 to $29,999 3,110
$30,000 to $34,999 3,235
$35,000 to $39,999 3,770
$40,000 to $44,999 3,560
$45,000 to $49,999 3,495
$50,000 to $59,999 6,970
$60,000 to $69,999 6,545
$70,000 to $79,999 6,440
$80,000 to $89,999 6,075
$90,000 to $99,999 5,375
$100,000 and over 40,870
$100,000 to $124,999 11,460
$125,000 to $149,999 8,430
$150,000 to $199,999 10,550
$200,000 and over 10,430
Total - Household after-tax income groups in 2020 for private households - 100% data22 101,135
Under $5,000 3,015
$5,000 to $9,999 1,065
$10,000 to $14,999 1,210
$15,000 to $19,999 2,315
$20,000 to $24,999 4,610
$25,000 to $29,999 3,510
$30,000 to $34,999 3,625
$35,000 to $39,999 4,340
$40,000 to $44,999 4,140
$45,000 to $49,999 4,130
$50,000 to $59,999 7,975
$60,000 to $69,999 7,765
$70,000 to $79,999 7,295
$80,000 to $89,999 6,595
$90,000 to $99,999 5,865
$100,000 and over 33,670
$100,000 to $124,999 11,555
$125,000 to $149,999 7,895
$150,000 and over 14,220
Income of economic families in 2020
Total - Income statistics for economic families in private households - 100% data28 66,930
Median total income of economic family in 2020 ($) 104,000
Median after-tax income of economic family in 2020 ($) 93,000
Average family size of economic families 3.0
Total - Income statistics for couple-only economic families in private households - 100% data 23,850
Median total income of couple-only economic families in 2020 ($) 89,000
Median after-tax income of couple-only economic families in 2020 ($) 79,500
Average family size of couple-only economic families 2.0
Total - Income statistics for couple-with-children economic families in private households - 100% data 30,155
Median total income of couple-with-children economic families in 2020 ($) 131,000
Median after-tax income of couple-with-children economic families in 2020 ($) 115,000
Average family size of couple-with-children economic families 3.9
Total - Income statistics for one-parent economic families in private households - 100% data 9,690
Median total income of one-parent economic families in 2020 ($) 72,500
Median after-tax income of one-parent economic families in 2020 ($) 66,500
Average family size of one-parent economic families 2.6
Total - Income statistics for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families in private households - 100% data29 45,880
Median total income in 2020 ($)30 37,600
Median after-tax income in 2020 ($)30 34,800
Total - Income statistics for economic families in private households - 25% sample data31 66,910
Average total income of economic family in 2020 ($) 127,000
Average after-tax income of economic family in 2020 ($) 106,600
Total - Income statistics for couple-only economic families in private households - 25% sample data 23,745
Average total income of couple-only economic families in 2020 ($) 106,100
Average after-tax income of couple-only economic families in 2020 ($) 89,400
Total - Income statistics for couple-with-children economic families in private households - 25% sample data 30,110
Average total income of couple-with-children economic families in 2020 ($) 158,200
Average after-tax income of couple-with-children economic families in 2020 ($) 131,200
Total - Income statistics for one-parent economic families in private households - 25% sample data 9,750
Average total income of one-parent economic families in 2020 ($) 85,400
Average after-tax income of one-parent economic families in 2020 ($) 75,200
Total - Income statistics for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families in private households - 25% sample data32 45,795
Average total income in 2020 ($)30 46,560
Average after-tax income in 2020 ($)30 40,200
Low income and income inequality in 2020
Total - LIM low-income status in 2020 for the population in private households - 100% data33 245,725
0 to 17 years 38,640
0 to 5 years 12,710
18 to 64 years 165,380
65 years and over 41,700
In low income based on the Low-income measure, after tax (LIM-AT) 33,175
0 to 17 years 5,165
0 to 5 years 1,665
18 to 64 years 20,510
65 years and over 7,500
Prevalence of low income based on the Low-income measure, after tax (LIM-AT) (%) 13.5
0 to 17 years (%) 13.4
0 to 5 years (%) 13.1
18 to 64 years (%) 12.4
65 years and over (%) 18.0
Total - LICO low-income status in 2020 for the population in private households to whom the low-income concept is applicable - 100% data33 245,725
0 to 17 years 38,645
0 to 5 years 12,710
18 to 64 years 165,380
65 years and over 41,700
In low income based on the Low-income cut-offs, after tax (LICO-AT) 23,595
0 to 17 years 3,180
0 to 5 years 950
18 to 64 years 17,230
65 years and over 3,180
Prevalence of low income based on the Low-income cut-offs, after tax (LICO-AT) (%) 9.6
0 to 17 years (%) 8.2
0 to 5 years (%) 7.5
18 to 64 years (%) 10.4
65 years and over (%) 7.6
Total - Adjusted after-tax economic family income decile group for the population in private households - 100% data34The letter 'c' in a yellow triangle indicates a correction notice. 245,725
In bottom half of the distribution 119,695
In bottom decile 32,730
In second decile 23,105
In third decile 20,885
In fourth decile 21,180
In fifth decile 21,795
In top half of the distribution 126,030
In sixth decile 21,995
In seventh decile 23,425
In eighth decile 25,080
In ninth decile 27,240
In top decile 28,280
Total - Inequality measures for the population in private households - 100% data35 245,725
Gini index on adjusted household total income 0.351
Gini index on adjusted household market income 0.449
Gini index on adjusted household after-tax income 0.314
P90/P10 ratio on adjusted household after-tax income 4.4
Knowledge of official languages
Total - Knowledge of official languages for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% data36 246,940
English only 218,745
French only 95
English and French 12,040
Neither English nor French 16,060
First official language spoken
Total - First official language spoken for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% data37 246,940
English 227,915
French 1,725
English and French 1,480
Neither English nor French 15,825
Mother tongue
Total - Mother tongue for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% data38 246,940
Single responses 231,085
Official languages 97,495
English 95,955
French 1,535
Non-official languages 133,590
Indigenous languages39 50
Algonquian languages 20
Blackfoot 5
Cree-Innu languages 15
Atikamekw 0
Cree languages 15
Ililimowin (Moose Cree) 0
Inu Ayimun (Southern East Cree) 0
Iyiyiw-Ayimiwin (Northern East Cree) 0
Nehinawewin (Swampy Cree) 0
Nehiyawewin (Plains Cree) 5
Nihithawiwin (Woods Cree) 0
Cree, n.o.s. 5
Innu (Montagnais) 0
Naskapi 0
Eastern Algonquian languages 0
Mi'kmaq 0
Wolastoqewi (Malecite) 0
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 5
Anicinabemowin (Algonquin) 0
Oji-Cree 0
Ojibway languages 5
Anishinaabemowin (Chippewa) 0
Daawaamwin (Odawa) 0
Saulteau (Western Ojibway) 0
Ojibway, n.o.s. 5
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 0
Athabaskan languages 10
Northern Athabaskan languages 10
Dakelh (Carrier) 5
Dane-zaa (Beaver) 0
Dene, n.o.s. 0
Gwich'in 0
Slavey-Hare languages 0
Deh Gah Ghotie Zhatie (South Slavey) 0
Satuotine Yati (North Slavey) 0
Slavey, n.o.s. 0
Tahltan languages 0
Kaska (Nahani) 0
Tahltan 0
Tlicho (Dogrib) 0
Tse'khene (Sekani) 0
Tsilhqot'in (Chilcotin) 0
Tsuu T'ina (Sarsi) 0
Tutchone languages 0
Northern Tutchone 0
Southern Tutchone 0
Tutchone, n.o.s. 0
Wetsuwet'en-Babine 0
Tlingit 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0
Haida 0
Inuktut (Inuit) languages 0
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 0
Inuinnaqtun 0
Inuvialuktun 0
Inuktitut 0
Inuktut (Inuit) languages, n.i.e. 0
Iroquoian languages 0
Cayuga 0
Mohawk 0
Oneida 0
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 0
Ktunaxa (Kutenai) 0
Michif 0
Salish languages 0
Halkomelem 0
Lillooet 0
Ntlakapamux (Thompson) 0
Secwepemctsin (Shuswap) 5
Squamish 0
Straits 0
Syilx (Okanagan) 0
Salish languages, n.i.e. 0
Siouan languages 0
Assiniboine 0
Dakota 0
Stoney 0
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 0
Tsimshian languages 5
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 5
Nisga'a 0
Tsimshian 0
Wakashan languages 5
Haisla 0
Heiltsuk 0
Kwak'wala (Kwakiutl) 5
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0
Indigenous languages, n.i.e. 0
Indigenous languages, n.o.s. 0
Non-Indigenous languages 133,545
Afro-Asiatic languages 3,310
Berber languages 5
Kabyle 10
Tamazight 0
Berber languages, n.i.e. 0
Chadic languages 5
Hausa 5
Mina 0
Coptic 0
Cushitic languages 155
Bilen 15
Oromo 35
Somali 90
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 10
Semitic languages 3,145
Amharic 275
Arabic 2,055
Aramaic languages 30
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 30
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 0
Aramaic, n.o.s. 0
Harari 0
Hebrew 80
Maltese 0
Tigrigna 695
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 0
Austro-Asiatic languages 3,280
Khmer (Cambodian) 70
Vietnamese 3,205
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e 0
Austronesian languages 9,165
Bikol 25
Bisaya, n.o.s. 105
Cebuano 245
Fijian 10
Hiligaynon 160
Ilocano 510
Indonesian 740
Kankanaey 25
Kinaray-a 15
Malagasy languages 5
Merina 0
Malagasy, n.o.s. 5
Malay 30
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 95
Pangasinan 25
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 7,020
Waray-Waray 45
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 110
Creole languages 65
Haitian Creole 5
Jamaican English Creole 0
Krio 0
Morisyen 30
Sango 0
Creole, n.o.s. 15
Creole languages, n.i.e. 10
Dravidian languages 1,480
Kannada 105
Malayalam 315
Tamil 585
Telugu 465
Tulu 10
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 0
Georgian 25
Hmong-Mien languages 0
Indo-European languages 40,790
Albanian 225
Armenian 215
Balto-Slavic languages 8,300
Baltic languages 40
Latvian 15
Lithuanian 25
Slavic languages 8,260
Belarusian 10
Bulgarian 175
Czech 270
Macedonian 50
Polish 895
Russian 2,690
Rusyn 0
Serbo-Croatian 3,535
Bosnian 300
Croatian 1,405
Serbian 1,775
Serbo-Croatian, n.i.e. 60
Slovak 165
Slovene (Slovenian) 65
Ukrainian 410
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 5
Celtic languages 5
Irish 5
Scottish Gaelic 0
Welsh 0
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 0
Germanic languages 1,700
Frisian 5
High German languages 1,115
German 1,080
Pennsylvania German 0
Swiss German 35
Yiddish 0
Low Saxon-Low Franconian languages 355
Afrikaans 60
Dutch 275
Low German, n.o.s. 0
Low Saxon 0
Plautdietsch 5
Vlaams (Flemish) 5
Scandinavian languages 225
Danish 90
Icelandic 5
Norwegian 40
Swedish 90
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 5
Greek 415
Indo-Iranian languages 17,440
Indo-Aryan languages 11,450
Assamese 0
Bengali 675
Gujarati 1,555
Hindi 2,560
Kacchi 345
Kashmiri 15
Konkani 25
Marathi 360
Nepali 55
Oriya languages 30
Odia 20
Oriya, n.o.s. 10
Punjabi (Panjabi) 4,980
Rohingya 5
Sindhi 40
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 105
Urdu 635
Indo-Aryan languages, n.i.e. 60
Iranian languages 5,985
Baluchi 10
Kurdish 515
Parsi 15
Pashto 190
Persian languages 5,240
Dari 1,020
Iranian Persian 3,665
Persian (Farsi), n.o.s. 560
Iranian languages, n.i.e. 10
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 5
Italic (Romance) languages 12,495
Catalan 10
Italian 3,380
Portuguese 2,915
Romanian 825
Spanish 5,360
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 10
Indo-European languages, n.i.e. 0
Japanese 2,325
Korean 7,690
Mongolian 45
Niger-Congo languages 390
Akan (Twi) 30
Bamanankan 5
Edo 0
Éwé 0
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 5
Ga 5
Ganda 10
Gikuyu 10
Igbo 15
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 20
Lingala 5
Luba-Kasai 0
Mòoré 0
Mwani 5
Ndebele 5
Rundi (Kirundi) 20
Shona 25
Soninke 0
Sotho-Tswana languages 5
Swahili 90
Wojenaka 0
Wolof 15
Yoruba 35
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 75
Nilo-Saharan languages 70
Dinka 30
Nuer 0
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 35
African, n.o.s. 5
Sign languages 85
American Sign Language 75
Quebec Sign Language 0
Sign languages, n.i.e. 10
Sino-Tibetan languages 63,220
Chinese languages 63,010
Hakka 335
Mandarin 31,710
Min Dong 30
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 1,965
Wu (Shanghainese) 550
Yue (Cantonese) 28,060
Chinese, n.o.s. 350
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 15
Tibeto-Burman languages 195
Burmese 95
Kuki-Chin languages 0
Karenic languages 0
S'gaw Karen 0
Karenic languages, n.i.e. 0
Tibetan 75
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 15
Sino-Tibetan languages, n.i.e. 15
Tai-Kadai languages 315
Lao 35
Thai 270
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e. 15
Turkic languages 670
Azerbaijani 60
Kazakh 20
Turkish 480
Uyghur 75
Uzbek 15
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 25
Uralic languages 600
Estonian 30
Finnish 100
Hungarian 465
Other languages, n.i.e. 20
Multiple responses 15,860
English and French 610
English and non-official language(s) 13,025
French and non-official language(s) 195
English, French and non-official language(s) 210
Multiple non-official languages 1,815
All languages spoken at home
Total - All languages spoken at home for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% data40 246,940
English 107,955
French 320
Non-official language 46,865
Indigenous39 5
Non-Indigenous 46,860
English and French 1,390
English and non-official language(s) 83,915
French and non-official language(s) 90
English, French and non-official language(s) 1,525
Multiple non-official languages 4,885
Language spoken most often at home
Total - Language spoken most often at home for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% data41 246,940
Single responses 228,310
Official languages 141,845
English 141,300
French 545
Non-official languages 86,460
Indigenous languages39 5
Algonquian languages 0
Blackfoot 0
Cree-Innu languages 0
Atikamekw 0
Cree languages 0
Ililimowin (Moose Cree) 0
Inu Ayimun (Southern East Cree) 0
Iyiyiw-Ayimiwin (Northern East Cree) 0
Nehinawewin (Swampy Cree) 0
Nehiyawewin (Plains Cree) 0
Nihithawiwin (Woods Cree) 0
Cree, n.o.s. 0
Innu (Montagnais) 0
Naskapi 0
Eastern Algonquian languages 0
Mi'kmaq 0
Wolastoqewi (Malecite) 0
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 0
Anicinabemowin (Algonquin) 0
Oji-Cree 0
Ojibway languages 0
Anishinaabemowin (Chippewa) 0
Daawaamwin (Odawa) 0
Saulteau (Western Ojibway) 0
Ojibway, n.o.s. 0
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 0
Athabaskan languages 5
Northern Athabaskan languages 5
Dakelh (Carrier) 5
Dane-zaa (Beaver) 0
Dene, n.o.s. 0
Gwich'in 0
Slavey-Hare languages 0
Deh Gah Ghotie Zhatie (South Slavey) 0
Satuotine Yati (North Slavey) 0
Slavey, n.o.s. 0
Tahltan languages 0
Kaska (Nahani) 0
Tahltan 0
Tlicho (Dogrib) 0
Tse'khene (Sekani) 0
Tsilhqot'in (Chilcotin) 0
Tsuu T'ina (Sarsi) 0
Tutchone languages 0
Northern Tutchone 0
Southern Tutchone 0
Tutchone, n.o.s. 0
Wetsuwet'en-Babine 0
Tlingit 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0
Haida 0
Inuktut (Inuit) languages 0
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 0
Inuinnaqtun 0
Inuvialuktun 0
Inuktitut 0
Inuktut (Inuit) languages, n.i.e. 0
Iroquoian languages 0
Cayuga 0
Mohawk 0
Oneida 0
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 0
Ktunaxa (Kutenai) 0
Michif 0
Salish languages 0
Halkomelem 0
Lillooet 0
Ntlakapamux (Thompson) 0
Secwepemctsin (Shuswap) 0
Squamish 0
Straits 0
Syilx (Okanagan) 0
Salish languages, n.i.e. 0
Siouan languages 0
Assiniboine 0
Dakota 0
Stoney 0
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 0
Tsimshian languages 0
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 0
Nisga'a 0
Tsimshian 0
Wakashan languages 0
Haisla 0
Heiltsuk 0
Kwak'wala (Kwakiutl) 0
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0
Indigenous languages, n.i.e. 0
Indigenous languages, n.o.s. 0
Non-Indigenous languages 86,455
Afro-Asiatic languages 2,150
Berber languages 0
Kabyle 0
Tamazight 0
Berber languages, n.i.e. 0
Chadic languages 0
Hausa 0
Mina 0
Coptic 0
Cushitic languages 70
Bilen 15
Oromo 15
Somali 40
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 5
Semitic languages 2,075
Amharic 145
Arabic 1,300
Aramaic languages 25
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 20
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 0
Aramaic, n.o.s. 0
Harari 0
Hebrew 20
Maltese 0
Tigrigna 585
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 5
Austro-Asiatic languages 1,865
Khmer (Cambodian) 25
Vietnamese 1,840
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e 0
Austronesian languages 4,865
Bikol 10
Bisaya, n.o.s. 60
Cebuano 130
Fijian 0
Hiligaynon 75
Ilocano 265
Indonesian 300
Kankanaey 10
Kinaray-a 5
Malagasy languages 5
Merina 0
Malagasy, n.o.s. 5
Malay 0
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 35
Pangasinan 10
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 3,895
Waray-Waray 20
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 50
Creole languages 25
Haitian Creole 0
Jamaican English Creole 0
Krio 0
Morisyen 10
Sango 0
Creole, n.o.s. 10
Creole languages, n.i.e. 0
Dravidian languages 920
Kannada 45
Malayalam 180
Tamil 400
Telugu 285
Tulu 5
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 0
Georgian 15
Hmong-Mien languages 0
Indo-European languages 21,925
Albanian 60
Armenian 155
Balto-Slavic languages 4,540
Baltic languages 10
Latvian 0
Lithuanian 0
Slavic languages 4,540
Belarusian 0
Bulgarian 75
Czech 110
Macedonian 25
Polish 350
Russian 1,895
Rusyn 0
Serbo-Croatian 1,870
Bosnian 180
Croatian 555
Serbian 1,115
Serbo-Croatian, n.i.e. 20
Slovak 50
Slovene (Slovenian) 10
Ukrainian 150
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 0
Celtic languages 0
Irish 0
Scottish Gaelic 0
Welsh 0
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 0
Germanic languages 195
Frisian 0
High German languages 115
German 115
Pennsylvania German 0
Swiss German 0
Yiddish 0
Low Saxon-Low Franconian languages 40
Afrikaans 15
Dutch 25
Low German, n.o.s. 0
Low Saxon 0
Plautdietsch 0
Vlaams (Flemish) 0
Scandinavian languages 35
Danish 5
Icelandic 0
Norwegian 5
Swedish 25
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 0
Greek 160
Indo-Iranian languages 10,615
Indo-Aryan languages 6,330
Assamese 0
Bengali 405
Gujarati 810
Hindi 1,350
Kacchi 170
Kashmiri 10
Konkani 5
Marathi 185
Nepali 30
Oriya languages 20
Odia 15
Oriya, n.o.s. 5
Punjabi (Panjabi) 2,890
Rohingya 0
Sindhi 15
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 55
Urdu 370
Indo-Aryan languages, n.i.e. 20
Iranian languages 4,285
Baluchi 10
Kurdish 360
Parsi 10
Pashto 140
Persian languages 3,755
Dari 695
Iranian Persian 2,645
Persian (Farsi), n.o.s. 410
Iranian languages, n.i.e. 5
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 0
Italic (Romance) languages 6,195
Catalan 0
Italian 930
Portuguese 1,835
Romanian 375
Spanish 3,045
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 5
Indo-European languages, n.i.e. 0
Japanese 1,170
Korean 5,975
Mongolian 35
Niger-Congo languages 105
Akan (Twi) 10
Bamanankan 0
Edo 0
Éwé 0
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 0
Ga 0
Ganda 5
Gikuyu 5
Igbo 0
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 5
Lingala 5
Luba-Kasai 0
Mòoré 0
Mwani 0
Ndebele 0
Rundi (Kirundi) 10
Shona 0
Soninke 0
Sotho-Tswana languages 0
Swahili 30
Wojenaka 0
Wolof 5
Yoruba 5
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 25
Nilo-Saharan languages 30
Dinka 10
Nuer 0
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 15
African, n.o.s. 0
Sign languages 130
American Sign Language 110
Quebec Sign Language 0
Sign languages, n.i.e. 15
Sino-Tibetan languages 46,580
Chinese languages 46,440
Hakka 100
Mandarin 25,565
Min Dong 10
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 1,125
Wu (Shanghainese) 380
Yue (Cantonese) 19,090
Chinese, n.o.s. 155
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 5
Tibeto-Burman languages 135
Burmese 60
Kuki-Chin languages 0
Karenic languages 0
S'gaw Karen 0
Karenic languages, n.i.e. 0
Tibetan 60
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 15
Sino-Tibetan languages, n.i.e. 5
Tai-Kadai languages 115
Lao 5
Thai 105
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e. 0
Turkic languages 370
Azerbaijani 40
Kazakh 5
Turkish 270
Uyghur 40
Uzbek 0
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 10
Uralic languages 175
Estonian 5
Finnish 10
Hungarian 155
Other languages, n.i.e. 5
Multiple responses 18,635
English and French 250
English and non-official language(s) 17,400
French and non-official language(s) 50
English, French and non-official language(s) 105
Multiple non-official languages 830
Other language spoken regularly at home
Total - Other language(s) spoken regularly at home for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% data42 246,940
None 170,400
English 30,555
French 1,305
Non-official language 34,730
Indigenous39 40
Non-Indigenous 34,690
English and French 235
English and non-official language(s) 4,880
French and non-official language(s) 775
English, French and non-official language(s) 55
Multiple non-official languages 4,000
Knowledge of languagesThe letter 'c' in a yellow triangle indicates a correction notice.
Total - Knowledge of languages for the population in private households - 25% sample data43 245,725
Official languages 229,400
English 229,325
French 12,325
Non-official languages 163,875
Indigenous languages39 125
Algonquian languages 45
Blackfoot 0
Cree-Innu languages 25
Atikamekw 0
Cree languages 25
Ililimowin (Moose Cree) 0
Inu Ayimun (Southern East Cree) 0
Iyiyiw-Ayimiwin (Northern East Cree) 0
Nehinawewin (Swampy Cree) 0
Nehiyawewin (Plains Cree) 15
Nihithawiwin (Woods Cree) 0
Cree, n.o.s. 10
Innu (Montagnais) 0
Naskapi 0
Eastern Algonquian languages 0
Mi'kmaq 0
Wolastoqewi (Malecite) 0
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 0
Anicinabemowin (Algonquin) 0
Oji-Cree 0
Ojibway languages 0
Anishinaabemowin (Chippewa) 0
Daawaamwin (Odawa) 0
Saulteau (Western Ojibway) 0
Ojibway, n.o.s. 0
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 0
Athabaskan languages 30
Northern Athabaskan languages 30
Dakelh (Carrier) 10
Dane-zaa (Beaver) 0
Dene, n.o.s. 0
Gwich'in 0
Slavey-Hare languages 0
Deh Gah Ghotie Zhatie (South Slavey) 0
Satuotine Yati (North Slavey) 0
Slavey, n.o.s. 0
Tahltan languages 0
Kaska (Nahani) 0
Tahltan 0
Tlicho (Dogrib) 0
Tse'khene (Sekani) 0
Tsilhqot'in (Chilcotin) 0
Tsuu T'ina (Sarsi) 0
Tutchone languages 0
Northern Tutchone 0
Southern Tutchone 0
Tutchone, n.o.s. 0
Wetsuwet'en-Babine 10
Tlingit 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0
Haida 0
Inuktut (Inuit) languages 10
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 0
Inuinnaqtun 0
Inuvialuktun 0
Inuktitut 10
Inuktut (Inuit) languages, n.i.e. 0
Iroquoian languages 0
Cayuga 0
Mohawk 0
Oneida 0
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 0
Ktunaxa (Kutenai) 0
Michif 0
Salish languages 0
Halkomelem 0
Lillooet 0
Ntlakapamux (Thompson) 0
Secwepemctsin (Shuswap) 0
Squamish 0
Straits 0
Syilx (Okanagan) 0
Salish languages, n.i.e. 0
Siouan languages 0
Assiniboine 0
Dakota 0
Stoney 0
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 0
Tsimshian languages 15
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 0
Nisga'a 10
Tsimshian 10
Wakashan languages 10
Haisla 0
Heiltsuk 0
Kwak'wala (Kwakiutl) 10
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0
Indigenous languages, n.i.e. 0
Indigenous languages, n.o.s. 15
Non-Indigenous languages 163,780
Afro-Asiatic languages 5,005
Berber languages 10
Kabyle 0
Tamazight 0
Berber languages, n.i.e. 0
Chadic languages 35
Hausa 30
Mina 0
Coptic 0
Cushitic languages 205
Bilen 0
Oromo 65
Somali 130
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 0
Semitic languages 4,835
Amharic 495
Arabic 3,505
Aramaic languages 105
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 75
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 0
Aramaic, n.o.s. 35
Harari 0
Hebrew 375
Maltese 0
Tigrigna 840
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 0
Austro-Asiatic languages 4,090
Khmer (Cambodian) 70
Vietnamese 4,025
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e 10
Austronesian languages 13,115
Bikol 90
Bisaya, n.o.s. 160
Cebuano 435
Fijian 60
Hiligaynon 235
Ilocano 845
Indonesian 1,115
Kankanaey 20
Kinaray-a 15
Malagasy languages 15
Merina 0
Malagasy, n.o.s. 15
Malay 375
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 120
Pangasinan 110
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 11,245
Waray-Waray 70
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 350
Creole languages 200
Haitian Creole 30
Jamaican English Creole 0
Krio 20
Morisyen 70
Sango 0
Creole, n.o.s. 30
Creole languages, n.i.e. 45
Dravidian languages 2,530
Kannada 320
Malayalam 520
Tamil 1,165
Telugu 885
Tulu 30
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 0
Georgian 40
Hmong-Mien languages 0
Indo-European languages 55,735
Albanian 365
Armenian 290
Balto-Slavic languages 10,215
Baltic languages 50
Latvian 15
Lithuanian 40
Slavic languages 10,185
Belarusian 40
Bulgarian 235
Czech 370
Macedonian 100
Polish 1,270
Russian 3,705
Rusyn 0
Serbo-Croatian 4,435
Bosnian 650
Croatian 2,065
Serbian 2,485
Serbo-Croatian, n.i.e. 90
Slovak 195
Slovene (Slovenian) 75
Ukrainian 885
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 15
Celtic languages 80
Irish 60
Scottish Gaelic 0
Welsh 25
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 0
Germanic languages 3,365
Frisian 0
High German languages 2,375
German 2,355
Pennsylvania German 0
Swiss German 55
Yiddish 0
Low Saxon-Low Franconian languages 625
Afrikaans 195
Dutch 425
Low German, n.o.s. 0
Low Saxon 0
Plautdietsch 0
Vlaams (Flemish) 15
Scandinavian languages 430
Danish 165
Icelandic 0
Norwegian 90
Swedish 190
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 0
Greek 605
Indo-Iranian languages 24,990
Indo-Aryan languages 18,235
Assamese 25
Bengali 855
Gujarati 2,725
Hindi 8,945
Kacchi 705
Kashmiri 20
Konkani 60
Marathi 660
Nepali 70
Oriya languages 15
Odia 0
Oriya, n.o.s. 15
Punjabi (Panjabi) 7,860
Rohingya 0
Sindhi 65
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 260
Urdu 1,650
Indo-Aryan languages, n.i.e. 115
Iranian languages 7,075
Baluchi 15
Kurdish 805
Parsi 20
Pashto 550
Persian languages 6,150
Dari 1,385
Iranian Persian 4,335
Persian (Farsi), n.o.s. 540
Iranian languages, n.i.e. 30
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 25
Italic (Romance) languages 17,665
Catalan 20
Italian 4,890
Portuguese 3,455
Romanian 1,085
Spanish 9,235
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 45
Indo-European languages, n.i.e. 25
Japanese 4,425
Korean 9,090
Mongolian 20
Niger-Congo languages 1,225
Akan (Twi) 90
Bamanankan 0
Edo 0
Éwé 10
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 0
Ga 20
Ganda 35
Gikuyu 0
Igbo 65
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 30
Lingala 45
Luba-Kasai 0
Mòoré 0
Mwani 0
Ndebele 10
Rundi (Kirundi) 75
Shona 55
Soninke 0
Sotho-Tswana languages 0
Swahili 595
Wojenaka 0
Wolof 20
Yoruba 110
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 260
Nilo-Saharan languages 85
Dinka 25
Nuer 0
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 60
African, n.o.s. 0
Sign languages 460
American Sign Language 420
Quebec Sign Language 0
Sign languages, n.i.e. 35
Sino-Tibetan languages 73,280
Chinese languages 73,060
Hakka 525
Mandarin 47,170
Min Dong 30
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 4,065
Wu (Shanghainese) 835
Yue (Cantonese) 35,915
Chinese, n.o.s. 300
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 25
Tibeto-Burman languages 245
Burmese 100
Kuki-Chin languages 20
Karenic languages 0
S'gaw Karen 0
Karenic languages, n.i.e. 0
Tibetan 95
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 40
Sino-Tibetan languages, n.i.e. 20
Tai-Kadai languages 425
Lao 70
Thai 355
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e. 15
Turkic languages 1,070
Azerbaijani 130
Kazakh 30
Turkish 870
Uyghur 65
Uzbek 15
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 50
Uralic languages 660
Estonian 20
Finnish 125
Hungarian 525
Other languages, n.i.e. 25
Indigenous population
Total - Indigenous identity for the population in private households - 25% sample data44 245,725
Indigenous identity45 4,180
Single Indigenous responses46 4,030
First Nations (North American Indian) 2,670
Métis 1,340
Inuk (Inuit) 20
Multiple Indigenous responses47 95
Indigenous responses not included elsewhere48 55
Non-Indigenous identity 241,550
Total - Registered or Treaty Indian status for the population in private households - 25% sample data44 245,725
Registered or Treaty Indian49 1,900
Not a Registered or Treaty Indian 243,825
Household characteristics
Total - Private households by tenure - 25% sample data50 101,135
Owner 61,185
Renter 39,950
Dwelling provided by the local government, First Nation or Indian band 0
Total - Occupied private dwellings by condominium status - 25% sample data51 101,135
Condominium 42,540
Not condominium 58,600
Total - Occupied private dwellings by number of bedrooms - 25% sample data52 101,135
No bedrooms 1,915
1 bedroom 23,255
2 bedrooms 34,815
3 bedrooms 18,005
4 or more bedrooms 23,140
Total - Occupied private dwellings by number of rooms - 25% sample data53 101,135
1 to 4 rooms 55,760
5 rooms 12,665
6 rooms 8,600
7 rooms 6,925
8 or more rooms 17,190
Average number of rooms per dwelling 4.9
Total - Private households by number of persons per room - 25% sample data54 101,135
One person or fewer per room 96,080
More than one person per room 5,055
Total - Private households by housing suitability - 25% sample data55 101,135
Suitable 91,090
Not suitable 10,045
Total - Occupied private dwellings by period of construction - 25% sample data56 101,135
1960 or before 11,045
1961 to 1980 24,810
1981 to 1990 14,235
1991 to 2000 14,465
2001 to 2005 6,435
2006 to 2010 9,405
2011 to 2015 8,035
2016 to 202157 12,710
Total - Occupied private dwellings by dwelling condition - 25% sample data58 101,135
Only regular maintenance and minor repairs needed 95,090
Major repairs needed 6,045
Total - Private households by number of household maintainers - 25% sample data59 101,135
One-maintainer household 50,765
Two-maintainer household 42,300
Three-or-more-maintainer household 8,075
Total - Private households by age of primary household maintainers - 25% sample data60 101,135
15 to 24 years 3,880
25 to 34 years 17,750
35 to 44 years 18,255
45 to 54 years 17,530
55 to 64 years 18,755
65 to 74 years 14,115
75 to 84 years 7,465
85 years and over 3,380
Total - Owner and tenant households with household total income greater than zero, in non-farm, non-reserve private dwellings by shelter-cost-to-income ratio - 25% sample data61 100,625
Spending less than 30% of income on shelter costs 69,470
Spending 30% or more of income on shelter costs 31,155
30% to less than 100% 24,960
Total - Occupied private dwellings by housing indicators - 25% sample data62 101,135
Total - Households 'spending 30% or more of income on shelter costs' or 'not suitable' or 'major repairs needed' 42,240
Spending 30% or more of income on shelter costs only 26,990
Not suitable only 6,845
Major repairs needed only 3,640
'Spending 30% or more of income on shelter costs' and 'not suitable' 2,360
'Spending 30% or more of income on shelter costs' and 'major repairs needed' 1,560
'Not suitable' and 'major repairs needed' 595
'Spending 30% or more of income on shelter costs' and 'not suitable' and 'major repairs needed' 245
Acceptable housing 58,900
Total - Owner and tenant households with household total income greater than zero and shelter-cost-to-income ratio less than 100%, in non-farm, non-reserve private dwellings - 25% sample data63 94,430
In core need 17,745
Not in core need 76,680
Total - Owner households in non-farm, non-reserve private dwellings - 25% sample data 61,185
% of owner households with a mortgage64 54.7
% of owner households spending 30% or more of its income on shelter costs61 25.9
% in core housing need63 13.1
Median monthly shelter costs for owned dwellings ($)65 1,360
Average monthly shelter costs for owned dwellings ($)65 1,744
Median value of dwellings ($)66 980,000
Average value of dwellings ($)66 1,175,000
Total - Tenant households in non-farm, non-reserve private dwellings - 25% sample data 39,950
% of tenant households in subsidized housing67 11.8
% of tenant households spending 30% or more of its income on shelter costs61 38.7
% in core housing need63 27.9
Median monthly shelter costs for rented dwellings ($)65 1,490
Average monthly shelter costs for rented dwellings ($)65 1,536
Total - Households living in a dwelling provided by the local government, First Nation or Indian band in non-farm private dwellings - 25% sample data 0
% of households living in a dwelling provided by the local government, First Nation or Indian band spending more than 30% on shelter costs61 ...
Median monthly shelter costs for dwellings provided by local government, First Nation or Indian band ($)65 ...
Average monthly shelter costs for dwellings provided by local government, First Nation or Indian band ($)65 ...
Indigenous ancestry
Total - Indigenous ancestry for the population in private households - 25% sample data68 245,725
Indigenous ancestry (only)69 1,460
Single Indigenous ancestry (only)70 1,425
First Nations (North American Indian) single ancestry 1,215
Métis single ancestry 205
Inuit single ancestry 0
Multiple Indigenous ancestries (only)71 35
First Nations (North American Indian) and Métis ancestry only 30
First Nations (North American Indian) and Inuit ancestry only 10
Métis and Inuit ancestry only 0
First Nations (North American Indian) and Métis and Inuit ancestry only 0
Indigenous and non-Indigenous ancestries72 3,180
Single Indigenous and non-Indigenous ancestries73 3,095
First Nations (North American Indian) and non-Indigenous ancestry only 2,185
Métis and non-Indigenous ancestry only 890
Inuit and non-Indigenous ancestry only 20
Multiple Indigenous and non-Indigenous ancestries74 85
First Nations (North American Indian) and Métis and non-Indigenous ancestry only 85
First Nations (North American Indian) and Inuit and non-Indigenous ancestry only 0
Métis and Inuit and non-Indigenous ancestry only 0
First Nations (North American Indian) and Métis and Inuit and non-Indigenous ancestry only 0
Non-Indigenous ancestry only75 241,085
Citizenship
Total - Citizenship for the population in private households - 25% sample data76 245,725
Canadian citizens77 195,540
Canadian citizens aged under 18 33,795
Canadian citizens aged 18 and over 161,750
Not Canadian citizens78 50,185
Immigrant status and period of immigration
Total - Immigrant status and period of immigration for the population in private households - 25% sample data79 245,725
Non-immigrants80 105,170
Immigrants81 123,795
Before 1980 17,225
1980 to 1990 14,020
1991 to 2000 31,380
2001 to 2010 28,525
2011 to 202182 32,645
2011 to 2015 13,720
2016 to 2021 18,920
Non-permanent residents83 16,765
Age at immigration
Total - Age at immigration for the immigrant population in private households - 25% sample data84 123,800
Under 5 years 8,805
5 to 14 years 19,335
15 to 24 years 21,815
25 to 44 years 58,535
45 years and over 15,300
Selected places of birth for the immigrant population
Total - Place of birth for the immigrant population in private households - 25% sample data85 123,800
Americas 7,285
Brazil 1,020
Colombia 420
El Salvador 390
Guyana 100
Haiti 25
Jamaica 215
Mexico 1,160
Peru 330
Trinidad and Tobago 155
United States of America 1,885
Other places of birth in Americas 1,590
Europe 15,990
Bosnia and Herzegovina 1,040
Croatia 995
France 270
Germany 705
Greece 220
Hungary 260
Italy 2,295
Netherlands 250
Poland 860
Portugal 695
Romania 865
Russian Federation 1,230
Serbia86 845
Ukraine 850
United Kingdom87 2,225
Other places of birth in Europe 2,375
Africa 5,380
Algeria 45
Congo, Democratic Republic of the 90
Egypt 230
Eritrea 705
Ethiopia 355
Morocco 120
Nigeria 315
Somalia 70
South Africa, Republic of 490
Other places of birth in Africa 2,965
Asia 93,220
Afghanistan 1,195
Iran88 3,210
Iraq 695
Lebanon 180
Syria89 735
Turkey 265
China90 30,860
Hong Kong91 11,010
Korea, South92 6,380
Taiwan 7,750
Philippines 11,235
Viet Nam 3,380
Bangladesh 385
India 7,540
Pakistan 835
Sri Lanka 445
Other places of birth in Asia 7,120
Oceania and other places of birth93 1,925
Selected places of birth for the recent immigrant population
Total - Place of birth for the recent immigrant population in private households - 25% sample data94 18,920
Americas 1,970
Brazil 755
Colombia 75
Haiti 0
Jamaica 30
Mexico 285
United States of America 430
Venezuela95 70
Other places of birth in Americas 320
Europe 1,645
France 60
Germany 30
Ireland96 75
Italy 90
Russian Federation 180
Ukraine 280
United Kingdom87 200
Other places of birth in Europe 730
Africa 1,315
Algeria 0
Burundi 25
Cameroon 0
Congo, Democratic Republic of the 15
Côte d'Ivoire 0
Egypt 60
Eritrea 560
Ethiopia 125
Morocco 20
Nigeria 170
Somalia 0
South Africa, Republic of 100
Sudan97 25
Tunisia 35
Other places of birth in Africa 170
Asia 13,850
Afghanistan 400
Bangladesh 85
China90 4,805
Hong Kong91 250
India 2,525
Iran88 580
Iraq 205
Israel 45
Japan 230
Jordan 55
Korea, South92 835
Lebanon 15
Nepal 0
Pakistan 265
Philippines 1,560
Saudi Arabia 75
Sri Lanka 55
Syria89 480
Turkey 85
United Arab Emirates 30
Viet Nam 285
Other places of birth in Asia 995
Oceania and other93 140
Australia 115
Other places of birth98 25
Generation status
Total - Generation status for the population in private households - 25% sample data99 245,725
First generation100 143,545
Second generation101 59,270
Third generation or more102 42,910
Admission category and applicant type
Total - Admission category and applicant type for the immigrant population in private households who were admitted between 1980 and 2021 - 25% sample data103 106,570
Economic immigrants104 66,710
Principal applicants105 27,095
Secondary applicants106 39,620
Immigrants sponsored by family107 26,965
Refugees108 10,960
Other immigrants109 1,935
Pre-admission experience
Total - Pre-admission experience for the immigrant population in private households who were admitted between 1980 and 2021 - 25% sample data110 106,570
Asylum claim before admission111 2,575
Work permits only before admission112 9,595
Study permits only before admission113 4,710
Work and study permits before admission114 8,715
Other permits before admission115 350
No pre-admission experience116 80,620
Visible minority
Total - Visible minority for the population in private households - 25% sample data117 245,725
Total visible minority population118 166,690
South Asian 23,155
Chinese 81,795
Black 4,985
Filipino 14,290
Arab 2,540
Latin American 6,155
Southeast Asian 6,270
West Asian 6,435
Korean 9,335
Japanese 3,765
Visible minority, n.i.e.119 1,565
Multiple visible minorities 6,400
Not a visible minority120 79,035
Ethnic or cultural origin
Total - Ethnic or cultural origin for the population in private households - 25% sample data121 245,725
Canadian 11,280
English 18,665
Irish 12,470
Scottish 14,610
French, n.o.s.122 6,405
German 10,445
Chinese 73,760
Italian 11,680
Indian (India) 15,000
Ukrainian 5,495
Dutch 2,990
Polish 3,915
Québécois 210
British Isles, n.o.s.123 4,585
Filipino 14,050
French Canadian 990
Caucasian (White), n.o.s.124 2,305
First Nations (North American Indian), n.o.s.125 1,610
Métis 1,205
European, n.o.s.126 2,775
Russian 3,870
Norwegian 2,375
Welsh 1,855
Portuguese 2,805
American 1,510
Spanish 3,445
Swedish 1,880
Hungarian 1,555
Acadian 165
Pakistani 1,115
African, n.o.s.127 1,425
Jewish 1,025
Punjabi 2,200
Vietnamese 5,440
Arab, n.o.s.128 1,170
Greek 1,215
Jamaican 550
Asian, n.o.s.129 5,765
Cree, n.o.s.130 435
Korean 9,325
Romanian 1,445
Lebanese 400
Iranian 3,805
Christian, n.i.e.131 1,015
Danish 985
North American Indigenous, n.o.s.132 505
Sikh 1,555
Austrian 1,260
Belgian 435
Haitian 20
Hindu 1,395
Mexican 2,015
Mennonite 315
Swiss 520
Finnish 765
Sri Lankan 455
Croatian 2,440
Japanese 4,955
South Asian, n.o.s.133 1,320
Mi'kmaq, n.o.s.134 70
Northern European, n.o.s.135 585
Muslim 1,025
Egyptian 330
Latin, Central or South American, n.o.s.136 900
Tamil 285
Icelandic 460
Colombian 615
Moroccan 150
Czech 670
Syrian 630
Guyanese 100
Afghan 1,565
Black, n.o.s.137 345
Serbian 2,225
Ojibway 80
Newfoundlander 70
Hong Konger 4,285
Ontarian 35
Persian 1,455
Trinidadian/Tobagonian 235
Turkish 650
Inuit, n.o.s.138 30
Bangladeshi 560
Algerian 55
Brazilian 1,375
Nigerian 320
Armenian 470
Slovak 475
Eastern European, n.o.s.139 465
Somali 150
Taiwanese 7,110
Iraqi 415
Salvadorean 390
African Caribbean 125
East or Southeast Asian, n.o.s.140 1,005
West or Central Asian or Middle Eastern, n.o.s.141 475
Caribbean, n.o.s.142 170
Algonquin 40
West Indian, n.o.s.143 110
Lithuanian 185
South African 305
Australian 515
Palestinian 285
Chilean 380
Congolese 145
Nova Scotian 45
Ethiopian 335
Hispanic, n.o.s.144 420
Peruvian 280
Yoruba 110
Cambodian (Khmer) 180
Berber 55
Albanian 375
Maltese 105
Macedonian 100
Slovenian 250
Western European, n.o.s.145 185
New Brunswicker 0
Gujarati 305
Eritrean 365
African Canadian 115
Israeli 165
Mohawk 90
Czechoslovakian, n.o.s.146 90
Bulgarian 350
Albertan 75
Ghanaian 110
Barbadian 100
African American 130
Yugoslavian, n.o.s.147 255
Tunisian 90
Slavic, n.o.s.148 390
Cuban 180
Bosnian 640
Venezuelan 150
Innu/Montagnais, n.o.s.149 0
Latvian 85
Bengali 105
Cameroonian 20
Guatemalan 170
Indonesian 1,070
Laotian 190
Ilocano 320
Northern Irish 115
Celtic, n.o.s.150 125
British Columbian 450
Ecuadorian 50
Franco Ontarian 0
Argentinian 110
Estonian 120
Kurdish 585
Fijian 960
Jatt 120
North American, n.o.s.151 85
Coptic 25
Thai 375
Dominican 50
Nepali 110
Kabyle 0
Assyrian 80
Igbo 60
Byelorussian 170
Dene, n.o.s.152 0
Blackfoot, n.o.s.153 35
Abenaki 0
Moldovan 145
Iroquois (Haudenosaunee), n.o.s.154 35
New Zealander 200
Sudanese 115
Breton 0
Pennsylvania Dutch 25
Malaysian 630
Plains Cree 25
North African, n.o.s.155 45
Huron (Wendat) 0
Saskatchewanian 85
Buddhist 285
Gaspesian 0
Norman 25
Southern or East African, n.o.s.156 360
Ivorian 0
Saulteaux 25
Anishinaabe, n.o.s.157 35
Burundian 55
Tigrinya 350
Nicaraguan 190
Mauritian 55
Kenyan 245
Oji-Cree 0
Vincentian 15
Jordanian 110
Manitoban 55
Cape Bretoner 35
Rwandan 15
Grenadian 30
Malayali 75
Chaldean 35
Sinhalese 65
Mayan 205
Honduran 100
Cherokee 50
Qalipu Mi'kmaq 0
Indo-Caribbean 35
Flemish 50
United Empire Loyalist 20
Senegalese 0
Azerbaijani 100
Sicilian 30
Pashtun 195
Malay 240
Goan 30
Bantu, n.o.s.158 70
Tibetan 70
Zimbabwean 95
Burmese 90
Mongolian 105
Azorean 20
Atikamekw 0
Bamileke 0
Indo-Guyanese 15
Ugandan 140
Oromo 65
Tanzanian 165
Yemeni 0
Central African 0
Libyan 120
Basque 75
Uruguayan 10
Akan, n.o.s.159 15
Central or West African, n.o.s.160 20
Igorot 80
Fulani 0
Woodland Cree 0
Guinean 55
St. Lucian 20
Prince Edward Islander 0
Maliseet 0
Beninese 15
Telugu 115
Roma 80
Costa Rican 60
African Nova Scotian 0
Malagasy 10
Kashmiri 20
Singaporean 210
Karen 0
Edo 0
Tajik 90
Amhara 70
Paraguayan 15
Religion
Total - Religion for the population in private households - 25% sample data161 245,725
Buddhist 9,140
Christian 86,490
Christian, n.o.s.162 22,730
Anabaptist 660
Anglican 2,575
Baptist 2,280
Catholic 40,000
Christian Orthodox 5,825
Jehovah's Witness 1,050
Latter Day Saints 265
Lutheran 1,160
Methodist and Wesleyan (Holiness) 445
Pentecostal and other Charismatic 1,525
Presbyterian 1,195
Reformed 175
United Church 2,610
Other Christian and Christian-related traditions 4,000
Hindu 7,505
Jewish 620
Muslim 13,735
Sikh 6,905
Traditional (North American Indigenous) spirituality 130
Other religions and spiritual traditions 2,325
No religion and secular perspectives 118,890
Mobility status 1 year ago
Total - Mobility status 1 year ago - 25% sample data163 243,610
Non-movers 206,085
Movers 37,525
Non-migrants 18,520
Migrants 19,010
Internal migrants 13,330
Intraprovincial migrants 10,840
Interprovincial migrants 2,490
External migrants 5,680
Mobility status 5 years ago
Total - Mobility status 5 years ago - 25% sample data164 235,295
Non-movers 135,210
Movers 100,080
Non-migrants 31,905
Migrants 68,180
Internal migrants 42,875
Intraprovincial migrants 35,750
Interprovincial migrants 7,120
External migrants 25,310
Secondary (high) school diploma or equivalency certificate
Total - Secondary (high) school diploma or equivalency certificate for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data165 213,475
No high school diploma or equivalency certificate 26,375
With high school diploma or equivalency certificate166 187,100
Total - Secondary (high) school diploma or equivalency certificate for the population aged 25 to 64 years in private households - 25% sample data165 143,825
No high school diploma or equivalency certificate 9,640
With high school diploma or equivalency certificate166 134,190
Highest certificate, diploma or degree
Total - Highest certificate, diploma or degree for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data165 213,475
No certificate, diploma or degree 24,105
High (secondary) school diploma or equivalency certificate167 55,365
Postsecondary certificate, diploma or degree 134,010
Postsecondary certificate or diploma below bachelor level 52,430
Apprenticeship or trades certificate or diploma 10,870
Non-apprenticeship trades certificate or diploma168 5,235
Apprenticeship certificate169 5,635
College, CEGEP or other non-university certificate or diploma170 32,740
University certificate or diploma below bachelor level 8,820
Bachelor's degree or higher 81,580
Bachelor's degree 55,085
University certificate or diploma above bachelor level 5,275
Degree in medicine, dentistry, veterinary medicine or optometry 1,750
Master's degree 17,050
Earned doctorate171 2,420
Total - Highest certificate, diploma or degree for the population aged 25 to 64 years in private households - 25% sample data165 143,825
No certificate, diploma or degree 8,345
High (secondary) school diploma or equivalency certificate167 29,295
Postsecondary certificate, diploma or degree 106,190
Postsecondary certificate or diploma below bachelor level 38,310
Apprenticeship or trades certificate or diploma 7,210
Non-apprenticeship trades certificate or diploma168 3,425
Apprenticeship certificate169 3,780
College, CEGEP or other non-university certificate or diploma170 24,545
University certificate or diploma below bachelor level 6,555
Bachelor's degree or higher 67,880
Bachelor's degree 45,155
University certificate or diploma above bachelor level 4,230
Degree in medicine, dentistry, veterinary medicine or optometry 1,440
Master's degree 15,105
Earned doctorate171 1,950
Major field of study - Classification of Instructional Programs (CIP) 2021
Total - Major field of study - Classification of Instructional Programs (CIP) 2021 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data172 213,480
No postsecondary certificate, diploma or degree173 79,470
Education 6,550
13. Education 6,550
Visual and performing arts, and communications technologies 7,250
10. Communications technologies/technicians and support services 1,055
50. Visual and performing arts 6,195
Humanities 7,880
16. Indigenous and foreign languages, literatures, and linguistics 1,380
23. English language and literature/letters 2,085
24. Liberal arts and sciences, general studies and humanities 2,585
30A Interdisciplinary humanities174 75
38. Philosophy and religious studies 325
39. Theology and religious vocations 540
54. History 715
55. French language and literature/lettersCAN 170
Social and behavioural sciences and law 16,705
05. Area, ethnic, cultural, gender, and group studies 245
09. Communication, journalism and related programs 2,245
19. Family and consumer sciences/human sciences 1,870
22. Legal professions and studies 2,140
30B Interdisciplinary social and behavioural sciences175 385
42. Psychology 2,930
45. Social sciences 6,895
Business, management and public administration 32,215
30.16 Accounting and computer science 55
44. Public administration and social service professions 955
52. Business, management, marketing and related support services 31,200
Physical and life sciences and technologies 7,120
26. Biological and biomedical sciences 2,740
30.01 Biological and physical sciences 1,715
30C Other interdisciplinary physical and life sciences176 140
40. Physical sciences 2,390
41. Science technologies/technicians 140
Mathematics, computer and information sciences 10,135
11. Computer and information sciences and support services 8,545
25. Library science 310
27. Mathematics and statistics 1,015
30D Interdisciplinary mathematics, computer and information sciences177 265
Architecture, engineering, and related trades 24,220
04. Architecture and related services 1,155
14. Engineering 11,395
15. Engineering/engineering-related technologies/technicians 4,415
30.12 Historic preservation and conservation 10
46. Construction trades 3,455
47. Mechanic and repair technologies/technicians 2,565
48. Precision production 1,215
Agriculture, natural resources and conservation 2,005
01. Agricultural and veterinary sciences/services/operations and related fields178 1,220
03. Natural resources and conservation 785
Health and related fields 15,220
30.37 Design for human health 0
31. Parks, recreation, leisure, fitness, and kinesiology 1,070
51. Health professions and related programs178 13,625
60. Health professions residency/fellowship programs 20
61. Medical residency/fellowship programs 500
Personal, protective and transportation services 4,680
12. Culinary, entertainment, and personal services 3,515
28. Military science, leadership and operational art 0
29. Military technologies and applied sciences 15
43. Security and protective services 390
49. Transportation and materials moving 755
Other179 15
Total - Major field of study - Classification of Instructional Programs (CIP) 2021 for the population aged 25 to 64 years in private households - 25% sample data172 143,825
No postsecondary certificate, diploma or degree173 37,635
Education 4,470
13. Education 4,470
Visual and performing arts, and communications technologies 5,950
10. Communications technologies/technicians and support services 870
50. Visual and performing arts 5,085
Humanities 5,930
16. Indigenous and foreign languages, literatures, and linguistics 1,045
23. English language and literature/letters 1,630
24. Liberal arts and sciences, general studies and humanities 1,985
30A Interdisciplinary humanities174 50
38. Philosophy and religious studies 230
39. Theology and religious vocations 365
54. History 495
55. French language and literature/lettersCAN 120
Social and behavioural sciences and law 13,785
05. Area, ethnic, cultural, gender, and group studies 185
09. Communication, journalism and related programs 1,955
19. Family and consumer sciences/human sciences 1,465
22. Legal professions and studies 1,790
30B Interdisciplinary social and behavioural sciences175 315
42. Psychology 2,405
45. Social sciences 5,670
Business, management and public administration 26,445
30.16 Accounting and computer science 40
44. Public administration and social service professions 710
52. Business, management, marketing and related support services 25,690
Physical and life sciences and technologies 5,570
26. Biological and biomedical sciences 2,200
30.01 Biological and physical sciences 1,340
30C Other interdisciplinary physical and life sciences176 110
40. Physical sciences 1,825
41. Science technologies/technicians 100
Mathematics, computer and information sciences 8,825
11. Computer and information sciences and support services 7,630
25. Library science 215
27. Mathematics and statistics 745
30D Interdisciplinary mathematics, computer and information sciences177 225
Architecture, engineering, and related trades 18,355
04. Architecture and related services 910
14. Engineering 9,345
15. Engineering/engineering-related technologies/technicians 3,205
30.12 Historic preservation and conservation 15
46. Construction trades 2,440
47. Mechanic and repair technologies/technicians 1,730
48. Precision production 710
Agriculture, natural resources and conservation 1,560
01. Agricultural and veterinary sciences/services/operations and related fields178 910
03. Natural resources and conservation 655
Health and related fields 11,885
30.37 Design for human health 0
31. Parks, recreation, leisure, fitness, and kinesiology 840
51. Health professions and related programs178 10,630
60. Health professions residency/fellowship programs 20
61. Medical residency/fellowship programs 390
Personal, protective and transportation services 3,415
12. Culinary, entertainment, and personal services 2,590
28. Military science, leadership and operational art 0
29. Military technologies and applied sciences 0
43. Security and protective services 305
49. Transportation and materials moving 510
Other179 10
Location of study compared with province or territory of residence
Total - Location of study compared with province or territory of residence for the population aged 25 to 64 years in private households - 25% sample data180 143,825
No postsecondary certificate, diploma or degree 37,635
Postsecondary certificate, diploma or degree181 106,185
Location of study inside Canada 67,140
Same as province or territory of residence 57,075
Different than province or territory of residence 10,070
Location of study outside Canada182 39,045
Americas 6,370
United States of America 3,425
Mexico 865
Cuba 50
Haiti 0
Jamaica 15
Brazil 1,130
Colombia 260
Peru 95
Venezuela95 100
Other locations of study in Americas 425
Europe 5,550
Belgium 30
France 205
Germany 170
Netherlands 65
Switzerland 95
Hungary 60
Moldova183 80
Poland 235
Romania 370
Russian Federation 660
Ukraine 425
Ireland96 185
United Kingdom87 1,570
Bosnia and Herzegovina 180
Italy 115
Serbia86 315
Other locations of study in Europe 805
Africa 790
Nigeria 60
Algeria 10
Morocco 60
Tunisia 40
Egypt 105
South Africa, Republic of 180
Other locations of study in Africa 340
Asia 25,480
Iran88 1,375
Iraq 190
Israel 60
Lebanon 50
Syria89 90
Turkey 160
China90 8,050
Taiwan 1,625
Hong Kong91 1,050
Japan 850
Korea, South92 2,320
Philippines 4,605
Viet Nam 205
Bangladesh 155
Sri Lanka 55
India 3,335
Pakistan 250
Other locations of study in Asia 1,050
Oceania 860
Australia 730
New Zealand 110
Other locations of study in Oceania 25
Labour force status
Total - Population aged 15 years and over by labour force status - 25% sample data184 213,475
In the labour force 137,320
Employed 124,155
Unemployed 13,165
Not in the labour force 76,160
Participation rate 64.3
Employment rate 58.2
Unemployment rate 9.6
Work activity during the reference year
Total - Population aged 15 years and over by work activity during the reference year - 25% sample data185 213,480
Did not work186 78,775
Worked 134,700
Worked full year full time187 70,995
Worked part year and/or part time188 63,710
Average weeks worked in reference year 40.6
Class of worker including job permanency
Total - Labour force aged 15 years and over by class of worker including job permanency - 25% sample data189 137,320
Class of worker - not applicable190 3,600
All classes of workers191 133,720
Employee 113,360
Permanent position 93,825
Temporary position 19,535
Fixed term (1 year or more) 7,775
Casual, seasonal or short-term position (less than 1 year) 11,765
Self-employed192 20,350
Occupation - Broad category - National Occupational Classification (NOC) 2021
Total - Labour force aged 15 years and over by occupation - Broad category - National Occupational Classification (NOC) 2021 - 25% sample data193 137,320
Occupation - not applicable190 3,600
All occupations191 133,720
0 Legislative and senior management occupations 1,210
1 Business, finance and administration occupations 27,230
2 Natural and applied sciences and related occupations 17,890
3 Health occupations 9,155
4 Occupations in education, law and social, community and government services 13,785
5 Occupations in art, culture, recreation and sport 6,515
6 Sales and service occupations 34,510
7 Trades, transport and equipment operators and related occupations 18,640
8 Natural resources, agriculture and related production occupations 1,025
9 Occupations in manufacturing and utilities 3,755
Industry - Sectors - North American Industry Classification System (NAICS) 2017
Total - Labour force aged 15 years and over by industry - Sectors - North American Industry Classification System (NAICS) 2017 - 25% sample data194 137,320
Industry - not applicable190 3,600
All industries191 133,720
11 Agriculture, forestry, fishing and hunting 465
21 Mining, quarrying, and oil and gas extraction 275
22 Utilities 1,030
23 Construction 9,805
31-33 Manufacturing 7,330
41 Wholesale trade 5,180
44-45 Retail trade 15,230
48-49 Transportation and warehousing 6,455
51 Information and cultural industries 6,345
52 Finance and insurance 6,960
53 Real estate and rental and leasing 3,835
54 Professional, scientific and technical services 17,000
55 Management of companies and enterprises 390
56 Administrative and support, waste management and remediation services 5,670
61 Educational services 9,895
62 Health care and social assistance 14,725
71 Arts, entertainment and recreation 2,605
72 Accommodation and food services 9,335
81 Other services (except public administration) 5,830
91 Public administration 5,360
All languages used at work
Total - All languages used at work for the population in private households aged 15 years and over who worked since January 1, 2020 - 25% sample data195 146,375
English 125,485
French 110
Non-official language 5,085
Indigenous39 0
Non-Indigenous 5,085
English and French 780
English and non-official language(s) 14,310
French and non-official language(s) 10
English, French and non-official language(s) 135
Multiple non-official languages 465
Language used most often at work
Total - Language used most often at work for the population aged 15 years and over who worked since January 1, 2020, in private households, 2021 Census - 25% sample data196 146,375
Single responses 142,910
Official languages 133,880
English 133,665
French 215
Non-official languages 9,030
Indigenous languages39 0
Algonquian languages 0
Blackfoot 0
Cree-Innu languages 0
Atikamekw 0
Cree languages 0
Ililimowin (Moose Cree) 0
Inu Ayimun (Southern East Cree) 0
Iyiyiw-Ayimiwin (Northern East Cree) 0
Nehinawewin (Swampy Cree) 0
Nehiyawewin (Plains Cree) 0
Nihithawiwin (Woods Cree) 0
Cree, n.o.s. 0
Innu (Montagnais) 0
Naskapi 0
Eastern Algonquian languages 0
Mi'kmaq 0
Wolastoqewi (Malecite) 0
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 0
Anicinabemowin (Algonquin) 0
Oji-Cree 0
Ojibway languages 0
Anishinaabemowin (Chippewa) 0
Daawaamwin (Odawa) 0
Saulteau (Western Ojibway) 0
Ojibway, n.o.s. 0
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 0
Athabaskan languages 0
Northern Athabaskan languages 0
Dakelh (Carrier) 0
Dane-zaa (Beaver) 0
Dene, n.o.s. 0
Gwich'in 0
Slavey-Hare languages 0
Deh Gah Ghotie Zhatie (South Slavey) 0
Satuotine Yati (North Slavey) 0
Slavey, n.o.s. 0
Tahltan languages 0
Tlicho (Dogrib) 0
Tse'khene (Sekani) 0
Tsilhqot'in (Chilcotin) 0
Tsuu T'ina (Sarsi) 0
Tutchone languages 0
Northern Tutchone 0
Southern Tutchone 0
Tutchone, n.o.s. 0
Wetsuwet'en-Babine 0
Tlingit 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0
Haida 0
Inuktut (Inuit) languages 0
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 0
Inuinnaqtun 0
Inuvialuktun 0
Inuktitut 0
Inuktut (Inuit) languages, n.i.e. 0
Iroquoian languages 0
Mohawk 0
Oneida 0
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 0
Ktunaxa (Kutenai) 0
Michif 0
Salish languages 0
Halkomelem 0
Lillooet 0
Ntlakapamux (Thompson) 0
Secwepemctsin (Shuswap) 0
Squamish 0
Straits 0
Syilx (Okanagan) 0
Salish languages, n.i.e. 0
Siouan languages 0
Assiniboine 0
Dakota 0
Stoney 0
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 0
Tsimshian languages 0
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 0
Nisga'a 0
Tsimshian 0
Wakashan languages 0
Haisla 0
Heiltsuk 0
Kwak'wala (Kwakiutl) 0
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0
Indigenous languages, n.i.e. 0
Indigenous languages, n.o.s. 0
Non-Indigenous languages 9,025
Afro-Asiatic languages 45
Berber languages 0
Kabyle 0
Tamazight 0
Berber languages, n.i.e. 0
Chadic languages 0
Coptic 0
Cushitic languages 0
Bilen 0
Oromo 0
Somali 0
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 0
Semitic languages 45
Amharic 0
Arabic 25
Aramaic languages 0
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 0
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 0
Aramaic, n.o.s. 0
Hebrew 0
Tigrigna 10
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 0
Austro-Asiatic languages 210
Khmer (Cambodian) 0
Vietnamese 210
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 0
Austronesian languages 95
Bikol 0
Bisaya, n.o.s. 0
Cebuano 0
Hiligaynon 0
Ilocano 0
Indonesian 10
Kankanaey 0
Malagasy languages 0
Malay 0
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 0
Pangasinan 0
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 70
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 0
Creole languages 0
Haitian Creole 0
Jamaican English Creole 0
Morisyen 0
Creole, n.o.s. 0
Creole languages, n.i.e. 0
Dravidian languages 0
Kannada 0
Malayalam 0
Tamil 0
Telugu 0
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 0
Georgian 0
Indo-European languages 950
Albanian 0
Armenian 15
Balto-Slavic languages 120
Baltic languages 0
Latvian 0
Lithuanian 0
Slavic languages 120
Bulgarian 0
Czech 0
Macedonian 0
Polish 0
Russian 75
Serbo-Croatian 35
Bosnian 0
Croatian 0
Serbian 35
Serbo-Croatian, n.i.e. 0
Slovak 0
Slovene (Slovenian) 0
Ukrainian 0
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 0
Celtic languages 0
Scottish Gaelic 0
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 0
Germanic languages 10
Frisian 0
High German languages 10
German 10
Pennsylvania German 0
Swiss German 0
Yiddish 0
Low Saxon-Low Franconian languages 0
Afrikaans 0
Dutch 0
Low German, n.o.s. 0
Low Saxon 0
Plautdietsch 0
Vlaams (Flemish) 0
Scandinavian languages 0
Danish 0
Icelandic 0
Norwegian 0
Swedish 0
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 0
Greek 20
Indo-Iranian languages 410
Indo-Aryan languages 195
Bengali 0
Gujarati 0
Hindi 35
Kacchi 0
Marathi 0
Nepali 0
Punjabi (Panjabi) 145
Sindhi 0
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 0
Urdu 0
Indo-Aryan languages, n.i.e. 0
Iranian languages 220
Kurdish 10
Pashto 0
Persian languages 210
Dari 45
Iranian Persian 145
Persian (Farsi), n.o.s. 20
Iranian languages, n.i.e. 0
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 0
Italic (Romance) languages 375
Catalan 0
Italian 20
Portuguese 80
Romanian 0
Spanish 270
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 0
Indo-European languages, n.i.e. 0
Japanese 175
Korean 870
Mongolian 0
Niger-Congo languages 0
Akan (Twi) 0
Edo 0
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 0
Ga 0
Ganda 0
Igbo 0
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 0
Lingala 0
Rundi (Kirundi) 0
Shona 0
Swahili 0
Wolof 0
Yoruba 0
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 0
Nilo-Saharan languages 0
Dinka 0
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 0
Sign languages 45
American Sign Language 45
Quebec Sign Language 0
Sign languages, n.i.e. 0
Sino-Tibetan languages 6,625
Chinese languages 6,625
Hakka 0
Mandarin 4,020
Min Dong 0
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 60
Wu (Shanghainese) 0
Yue (Cantonese) 2,525
Chinese, n.o.s. 15
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 0
Tibeto-Burman languages 0
Burmese 0
Karenic languages 0
S'gaw Karen 0
Karenic languages, n.i.e. 0
Tibetan 0
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 0
Sino-Tibetan languages, n.i.e. 0
Tai-Kadai languages 0
Lao 0
Thai 0
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e. 0
Turkic languages 0
Azerbaijani 0
Turkish 0
Uyghur 0
Uzbek 0
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 0
Uralic languages 0
Estonian 0
Finnish 0
Hungarian 0
Other languages, n.i.e. 0
Multiple responses 3,465
English and French 115
English and non-official language(s) 3,265
French and non-official language(s) 0
English, French and non-official language(s) 0
Multiple non-official languages 85
Other language(s) used regularly at work
Total - Other language(s) used regularly at work for the population in private households aged 15 years and over who worked since January 1, 2020 - 25% sample data197 146,375
None 133,460
English 3,125
French 605
Non-official language 7,130
Indigenous39 0
Non-Indigenous 7,125
English and French 0
English and non-official language(s) 540
French and non-official language(s) 95
English, French and non-official language(s) 0
Multiple non-official languages 1,425
Place of work status
Total - Place of work status for the employed labour force aged 15 years and over - 25% sample data198 124,155
Worked at home 36,340
Worked outside Canada 875
No fixed workplace address 16,145
Usual place of work 70,790
Commuting destination
Total - Commuting destination for the employed labour force aged 15 years and over with a usual place of work - 25% sample data199 70,790
Commute within census subdivision (CSD) of residence 26,685
Commute to a different census subdivision (CSD) within census division (CD) of residence 43,300
Commute to a different census subdivision (CSD) and census division (CD) within province or territory of residence 575
Commute to a different province or territory 220
Main mode of commuting
Total - Main mode of commuting for the employed labour force aged 15 years and over with a usual place of work or no fixed workplace address - 25% sample data200 86,940
Car, truck or van 61,745
Car, truck or van - as a driver 56,400
Car, truck or van - as a passenger 5,345
Public transit 18,735
Walked 4,090
Bicycle 790
Other method 1,575
Commuting duration
Total - Commuting duration for the employed labour force aged 15 years and over with a usual place of work or no fixed workplace address - 25% sample data201 86,940
Less than 15 minutes 14,165
15 to 29 minutes 30,030
30 to 44 minutes 27,530
45 to 59 minutes 8,830
60 minutes and over 6,385
Time leaving for work
Total - Time leaving for work for the employed labour force aged 15 years and over with a usual place of work or no fixed workplace address - 25% sample data202 86,940
Between 5 a.m. and 5:59 a.m. 4,430
Between 6 a.m. and 6:59 a.m. 12,615
Between 7 a.m. and 7:59 a.m. 19,200
Between 8 a.m. and 8:59 a.m. 19,895
Between 9 a.m. and 11:59 a.m. 18,470
Between 12 p.m. and 4:59 a.m. 12,320
Children eligible for instruction in the minority official language
Total - Eligibility for instruction in the minority official language for the population in private households born in 2003 or later - 100% data203 39,425
Children eligible for instruction in the minority official language 1,870
Children not eligible for instruction in the minority official language 37,560
Eligibility and instruction in the minority official language for school-aged children
Total - Eligibility and instruction in the minority official language, for the population in private households born between 2003 and 2015 (inclusive) - 100% data204 28,125
Children eligible for instruction in the minority official language 1,450
Eligible children who have been instructed in the minority official language at the primary or secondary level in Canada 870
Eligible children who have not been instructed in the minority official language at the primary or secondary level in Canada 580
Children not eligible for instruction in the minority official language 26,675

Symbol legend

Source

Source: Statistics Canada, 2021 Census of Population.

How to cite

How to cite: Statistics Canada. 2022. (table). Census Profile. 2021 Census of Population. Statistics Canada Catalogue no. 98-316-X2021001. Ottawa. Released December 15, 2022.
https://www12.statcan.gc.ca/census-recensement/2021/dp-pd/prof/index.cfm?Lang=E (accessed February 6, 2023).

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