Census Profile, 2021 Census of Population
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Topic:
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Age
Age characteristics
Commuting
Select all: Commuting
Commuting destination
Commuting duration
Main mode of commuting
Place of work status
Time leaving for work
Education
Select all: Education
Highest certificate, diploma or degree
Location of study compared with province or territory of residence
Major field of study - Classification of Instructional Programs (CIP) 2021
Secondary (high) school diploma or equivalency certificate
Ethnocultural and religious diversity
Select all: Ethnocultural and religious diversity
Ethnic or cultural origin
Religion
Visible minority
Families, households, and marital status
Select all: Families, households, and marital status
Family characteristics
Household type
Marital status
Housing
Household characteristics
Immigration, place of birth, and citizenship
Select all: Immigration, place of birth, and citizenship
Admission category and applicant type
Age at immigration
Citizenship
Generation status
Immigrant status and period of immigration
Pre-admission experience
Selected places of birth for the immigrant population
Selected places of birth for the recent immigrant population
Income
Select all: Income
Income of economic families in 2020
Income of households in 2020
Income of individuals in 2019
Income of individuals in 2020
Low income and income inequality in 2020
Indigenous peoples
Select all: Indigenous peoples
Indigenous ancestry
Indigenous population
Instruction in the minority official language
Select all: Instruction in the minority official language
Children eligible for instruction in the minority official language
Eligibility and instruction in the minority official language for school-aged children
Labour
Select all: Labour
Class of worker including job permanency
Industry - Sectors - North American Industry Classification System (NAICS) 2017
Labour force status
Occupation - Broad category - National Occupational Classification (NOC) 2021
Work activity during the reference year
Language
Select all: Language
All languages spoken at home
First official language spoken
Knowledge of languages
Knowledge of official languages
Language spoken most often at home
Mother tongue
Other language spoken regularly at home
Language of work
Select all: Language of work
All languages used at work
Language used most often at work
Other language(s) used regularly at work
Mobility and migration
Select all: Mobility and migration
Mobility status 1 year ago
Mobility status 5 years ago
Population and dwelling counts
Population and dwellings
Type of dwelling
Household and dwelling characteristics
GenderMore information:


Statistic:
Characteristic CarletonMore information:
Ontario
[Federal electoral district (2013 Representation Order)]
Counts
Total Men+ Women+
Population and dwellings
Population, 20211 131,375 ... ...
Population, 20161 102,918 ... ...
Population percentage change, 2016 to 2021 27.7 ... ...
Total private dwellings2 46,662 ... ...
Private dwellings occupied by usual residents3 45,694 ... ...
Population density per square kilometre 111.5 ... ...
Land area in square kilometres 1,177.87 ... ...
Age characteristics
Total - Age groups of the population - 100% data 131,375 64,940 66,435
0 to 14 years 26,660 13,560 13,100
0 to 4 years 7,825 3,940 3,890
5 to 9 years 9,020 4,625 4,390
10 to 14 years 9,810 4,990 4,820
15 to 64 years 86,365 42,630 43,740
15 to 19 years 8,695 4,465 4,225
20 to 24 years 6,970 3,590 3,380
25 to 29 years 6,690 3,295 3,390
30 to 34 years 8,520 4,080 4,445
35 to 39 years 9,450 4,495 4,955
40 to 44 years 9,350 4,500 4,845
45 to 49 years 9,780 4,755 5,025
50 to 54 years 9,555 4,810 4,745
55 to 59 years 9,585 4,790 4,795
60 to 64 years 7,775 3,845 3,930
65 years and over 18,350 8,750 9,600
65 to 69 years 6,000 2,925 3,075
70 to 74 years 5,130 2,520 2,610
75 to 79 years 3,445 1,675 1,770
80 to 84 years 2,055 950 1,100
85 years and over 1,725 680 1,045
85 to 89 years 1,080 475 600
90 to 94 years 480 160 320
95 to 99 years 135 35 100
100 years and over 25 0 25
Total - Distribution (%) of the population by broad age groups - 100% data 100.0 100.0 100.0
0 to 14 years 20.3 20.9 19.7
15 to 64 years 65.7 65.6 65.8
65 years and over 14.0 13.5 14.5
85 years and over 1.3 1.0 1.6
Average age of the population 38.8 38.4 39.3
Median age of the population 39.2 38.8 39.6
Household and dwelling characteristics
Total - Occupied private dwellings by structural type of dwelling - 100% data 45,695 ... ...
Single-detached house 33,835 ... ...
Semi-detached house 2,120 ... ...
Row house 7,370 ... ...
Apartment or flat in a duplex 215 ... ...
Apartment in a building that has fewer than five storeys 1,495 ... ...
Apartment in a building that has five or more storeys 195 ... ...
Other single-attached house 45 ... ...
Movable dwelling4 420 ... ...
Total - Private households by household size - 100% data 45,695 ... ...
1 person 7,090 ... ...
2 persons 15,230 ... ...
3 persons 8,335 ... ...
4 persons 9,750 ... ...
5 or more persons 5,295 ... ...
Number of persons in private households 130,630 64,650 65,985
Average household size 2.9 ... ...
Marital status
Total - Marital status for the total population aged 15 years and over - 100% data 104,715 51,380 53,340
Married or living common-law 69,850 34,855 34,990
Married 60,450 30,170 30,280
Living common-law 9,400 4,685 4,715
Living common law - Never married 6,390 3,180 3,210
Living common law - Separated 505 275 225
Living common law - Divorced 2,280 1,130 1,150
Living common law - Widowed 225 100 130
Not married and not living common-law 34,865 16,520 18,345
Not married and not living common law - Never married 24,505 13,125 11,380
Not married and not living common law - Separated 2,380 1,005 1,375
Not married and not living common law - Divorced 4,225 1,595 2,635
Not married and not living common law - Widowed 3,760 805 2,955
Family characteristics
Total - Census families in private households by family size - 100% data5 38,610 ... ...
2 persons 16,480 ... ...
3 persons 8,420 ... ...
4 persons 9,695 ... ...
5 or more persons 4,015 ... ...
Average size of census families 3.1 ... ...
Average number of children in census families with children6 1.9 ... ...
Total number of census families in private households - 100% data 38,615 ... ...
Total couple families 34,415 ... ...
Married couples 29,720 ... ...
With children6 18,375 ... ...
Without children 11,350 ... ...
Common-law couples 4,695 ... ...
With children6 1,805 ... ...
Without children 2,890 ... ...
Total one-parent families 4,195 ... ...
in which the parent is a woman+ 3,070 ... ...
in which the parent is a man+ 1,125 ... ...
Total - Persons in private households - 100% data 130,635 64,645 65,985
Total - Persons in census families 118,450 59,110 59,345
Married spouses or common-law partners 68,835 34,380 34,450
Parents in one-parent families 4,195 1,125 3,065
Children6 45,425 23,605 21,825
In a two-parent family 38,560 19,940 18,620
In a one-parent family 6,870 3,665 3,205
Total - Persons not in census families in private households - 100% data 12,180 5,535 6,645
Living alone 7,090 3,110 3,985
Living with other relatives7 2,540 965 1,580
Living with non-relatives only 2,545 1,465 1,080
Household type
Total - Household type - 100% data 45,695 ... ...
One-census-family households without additional persons 34,330 ... ...
Couple-family households 31,085 ... ...
With children6 18,390 ... ...
Without children 12,695 ... ...
One-parent-family households 3,245 ... ...
Multigenerational households8 1,610 ... ...
Multiple-census-family households9 315 ... ...
One-census-family households with additional persons9 1,230 ... ...
Two-or-more-person non-census-family households 1,120 ... ...
One-person households 7,095 ... ...
Income of individuals in 2020
Total - Income statistics in 2020 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data10 103,990 51,095 52,895
Number of total income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2020 - 100% data 99,760 48,925 50,835
Median total income in 2020 among recipients ($) 58,400 68,000 50,000
Number of after-tax income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2020 - 100% data 99,820 48,960 50,860
Median after-tax income in 2020 among recipients ($) 50,400 58,000 44,000
Number of market income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2020 - 100% data 93,660 46,685 46,980
Median market income in 2020 among recipients ($) 55,200 66,000 45,200
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2020 - 100% data 78,115 39,895 38,225
Median employment income in 2020 among recipients ($) 57,600 67,000 48,400
Number of government transfers recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2020 - 100% data 85,895 41,045 44,855
Median government transfers in 2020 among recipients ($) 5,320 2,540 7,050
Number of employment insurance benefits recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2020 - 100% data 6,870 2,545 4,325
Median employment insurance benefits in 2020 among recipients ($) 6,000 5,480 6,360
Number of COVID-19 emergency and recovery benefits recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2020 - 100% data 22,390 10,610 11,775
Median COVID-19 emergency and recovery benefits in 2020 among recipients ($) 8,000 8,000 8,000
Total - Income statistics in 2020 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data11 104,175 51,205 52,965
Number of total income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2020 - 25% sample data 99,860 48,935 50,920
Average total income in 2020 among recipients ($) 72,300 85,300 59,700
Number of after-tax income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2020 - 25% sample data 99,905 48,960 50,950
Average after-tax income in 2020 among recipients ($) 57,850 66,700 49,280
Number of market income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2020 - 25% sample data 93,760 46,670 47,090
Average market income in 2020 among recipients ($) 69,200 83,100 55,450
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2020 - 25% sample data 78,235 39,995 38,240
Average employment income in 2020 among recipients ($) 68,800 80,800 56,350
Number of government transfers recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2020 - 25% sample data 86,055 40,985 45,070
Average government transfers in 2020 among recipients ($) 8,420 7,240 9,500
Number of employment insurance benefits recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2020 - 25% sample data 6,620 2,455 4,165
Average employment insurance benefits in 2020 among recipients ($) 7,550 5,810 8,580
Number of COVID-19 emergency and recovery benefits recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2020 - 25% sample data 22,530 10,660 11,870
Average COVID-19 emergency and recovery benefits in 2020 among recipients ($) 8,690 8,580 8,790
Total - Employment income statistics in 2020 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data12 104,175 51,205 52,970
Number of employment income recipients in 2020 who worked full-year full-time in 2020 - 25% sample data13 44,710 24,820 19,885
Median employment income in 2020 for full-year full-time workers in 2020 ($)14 86,000 93,000 77,000
Average employment income in 2020 for full-year full-time workers in 2020 ($)15 97,000 107,800 83,600
Number of employment income recipients in 2020 who worked part-year or part-time in 2020 - 25% sample data16 25,875 11,485 14,385
Median employment income in 2020 of those who worked part-year or part-time in 2020 ($) 17,600 18,400 17,200
Average employment income in 2020 of those who worked part-year or part-time in 2020 ($) 34,200 41,040 28,720
Composition of total income in 2020 of the population aged 15 years and over in private households (%) - 25% sample data17 100.0 100.0 100.0
Market income (%)18 90.0 92.8 86.0
Employment income (%)19 74.6 77.4 70.8
Government transfers (%)20 10.0 7.1 14.1
Employment insurance benefits (%) 0.7 0.3 1.2
COVID-19 - Government income support and benefits (%) 3.1 2.4 4.1
COVID-19 - Emergency and recovery benefits (%) 2.7 2.2 3.4
Total - Total income groups in 2020 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data21 103,985 51,100 52,890
Without total income 4,230 2,165 2,060
With total income 99,760 48,930 50,830
Under $10,000 (including loss) 8,065 3,275 4,795
$10,000 to $19,999 8,920 3,700 5,215
$20,000 to $29,999 10,080 4,265 5,820
$30,000 to $39,999 8,410 3,490 4,925
$40,000 to $49,999 8,145 3,480 4,665
$50,000 to $59,999 7,625 3,360 4,260
$60,000 to $69,999 7,595 3,505 4,090
$70,000 to $79,999 6,830 3,360 3,465
$80,000 to $89,999 6,230 3,290 2,940
$90,000 to $99,999 5,610 3,010 2,595
$100,000 and over 22,255 14,185 8,070
$100,000 to $149,999 15,285 9,105 6,175
$150,000 and over 6,970 5,075 1,895
Total - After-tax income groups in 2020 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data22 103,985 51,100 52,890
Without after-tax income 4,170 2,140 2,030
With after-tax income 99,820 48,960 50,865
Under $10,000 (including loss) 8,660 3,430 5,230
$10,000 to $19,999 9,365 3,915 5,450
$20,000 to $29,999 11,480 4,870 6,610
$30,000 to $39,999 10,050 4,275 5,780
$40,000 to $49,999 10,070 4,375 5,700
$50,000 to $59,999 9,945 4,665 5,285
$60,000 to $69,999 8,750 4,395 4,355
$70,000 to $79,999 7,885 4,215 3,665
$80,000 to $89,999 7,075 3,775 3,300
$90,000 to $99,999 5,115 3,055 2,060
$100,000 and over 11,430 7,995 3,430
$100,000 to $124,999 6,190 4,145 2,045
$125,000 and over 5,235 3,850 1,385
Total - Employment income groups in 2020 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data19 103,985 51,100 52,890
Without employment income 25,875 11,205 14,665
With employment income 78,115 39,890 38,225
Under $5,000 (including loss) 8,905 4,205 4,700
$5,000 to $9,999 5,305 2,310 2,995
$10,000 to $19,999 6,935 3,065 3,870
$20,000 to $29,999 5,045 2,255 2,790
$30,000 to $39,999 4,385 1,945 2,440
$40,000 to $49,999 4,765 2,085 2,680
$50,000 to $59,999 5,145 2,355 2,790
$60,000 to $69,999 5,395 2,500 2,900
$70,000 to $79,999 4,900 2,475 2,425
$80,000 to $89,999 4,855 2,575 2,280
$90,000 to $99,999 4,730 2,465 2,260
$100,000 and over 17,735 11,650 6,085
$100,000 to $124,999 8,435 4,985 3,455
$125,000 and over 9,305 6,665 2,635
Income of individuals in 2019
Total - Income statistics in 2019 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data23 103,990 51,095 52,895
Number of total income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2019 - 100% data 97,535 47,840 49,695
Median total income in 2019 among recipients ($) 56,800 67,500 48,400
Number of after-tax income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2019 - 100% data 97,600 47,850 49,750
Median after-tax income in 2019 among recipients ($) 48,800 57,200 42,400
Number of market income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2019 - 100% data 92,040 45,870 46,175
Median market income in 2019 among recipients ($) 54,800 66,000 45,200
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2019 - 100% data 77,560 39,655 37,900
Median employment income in 2019 among recipients ($) 56,400 66,000 48,000
Number of government transfers recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2019 - 100% data 80,325 38,660 41,660
Median government transfers in 2019 among recipients ($) 1,230 632 3,100
Number of employment insurance benefits recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2019 -100% data 5,920 2,155 3,765
Median employment insurance benefits in 2019 among recipients ($) 6,400 5,080 7,700
Total - Income statistics in 2019 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data24 104,175 51,205 52,965
Number of total income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2019 - 25% sample data 97,615 47,815 49,800
Average total income in 2019 among recipients ($) 69,300 81,700 57,400
Number of after-tax income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2019 - 25% sample data 97,665 47,825 49,840
Average after-tax income in 2019 among recipients ($) 55,400 63,850 47,280
Number of market income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2019 - 25% sample data 92,250 45,910 46,335
Average market income in 2019 among recipients ($) 68,200 81,100 55,500
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2019 - 25% sample data 77,955 39,750 38,210
Average employment income in 2019 among recipients ($) 67,000 77,800 55,700
Number of government transfers recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2019 - 25% sample data 80,505 38,610 41,900
Average government transfers in 2019 among recipients ($) 5,835 4,716 6,870
Number of employment insurance benefits recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2019 - 25% sample data 5,920 2,190 3,730
Average employment insurance benefits in 2019 among recipients ($) 8,250 5,770 9,700
Total - Employment income statistics in 2019 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data25 104,175 51,205 52,970
Number of employment income recipients in 2019 who worked full-year full-time in 2020 - 25% sample data13 44,475 24,675 19,795
Median employment income in 2019 for full-year full-time workers in 2020 ($)14 81,000 89,000 72,000
Average employment income in 2019 for full-year full-time workers in 2020 ($)15 91,200 101,500 78,300
Number of employment income recipients in 2019 who worked part-year or part-time in 2020 - 25% sample data16 24,150 10,630 13,515
Median employment income in 2019 of those who worked part-year or part-time in 2020 ($) 23,800 25,000 23,000
Average employment income in 2019 of those who worked part-year or part-time in 2020 ($) 38,360 43,520 34,320
Composition of total income in 2019 of the population aged 15 years and over in private households (%) - 25% sample data 100.0 100.0 100.0
Market income (%) 93.0 95.4 90.0
Employment income (%) 77.2 79.2 74.4
Government transfers (%) 6.9 4.7 10.1
Employment insurance benefits (%) 0.7 0.3 1.3
Income of households in 2020
Total - Income statistics for private households - 100% data26 45,695 ... ...
Median total income of household in 2020 ($) 136,000 ... ...
Median after-tax income of household in 2020 ($) 114,000 ... ...
Total - Income statistics for one-person private households - 100% data 7,095 ... ...
Median total income of one-person households in 2020 ($) 66,000 ... ...
Median after-tax income of one-person households in 2020 ($) 55,600 ... ...
Total - Income statistics for two-or-more-persons private households - 100% data 38,600 ... ...
Median total income of two-or-more-person households in 2020 ($) 149,000 ... ...
Median after-tax income of two-or-more-person households in 2020 ($) 125,000 ... ...
Total - Income statistics for private households - 25% sample data27 45,750 ... ...
Average total income of household in 2020 ($) 157,800 ... ...
Average after-tax income of household in 2020 ($) 126,300 ... ...
Total - Income statistics for one-person private households - 25% sample data 7,095 ... ...
Average total income of one-person households in 2020 ($) 77,000 ... ...
Average after-tax income of one-person households in 2020 ($) 61,600 ... ...
Total - Income statistics for two-or-more-persons private households - 25% sample data 38,660 ... ...
Average total income of two-or-more-person households in 2020 ($) 172,600 ... ...
Average after-tax income of two-or-more-person households in 2020 ($) 138,200 ... ...
Total - Household total income groups in 2020 for private households - 100% data21 45,695 ... ...
Under $5,000 240 ... ...
$5,000 to $9,999 120 ... ...
$10,000 to $14,999 155 ... ...
$15,000 to $19,999 235 ... ...
$20,000 to $24,999 485 ... ...
$25,000 to $29,999 485 ... ...
$30,000 to $34,999 515 ... ...
$35,000 to $39,999 590 ... ...
$40,000 to $44,999 690 ... ...
$45,000 to $49,999 730 ... ...
$50,000 to $59,999 1,615 ... ...
$60,000 to $69,999 1,905 ... ...
$70,000 to $79,999 2,090 ... ...
$80,000 to $89,999 2,205 ... ...
$90,000 to $99,999 2,390 ... ...
$100,000 and over 31,255 ... ...
$100,000 to $124,999 5,940 ... ...
$125,000 to $149,999 5,680 ... ...
$150,000 to $199,999 8,790 ... ...
$200,000 and over 10,850 ... ...
Total - Household after-tax income groups in 2020 for private households - 100% data22 45,695 ... ...
Under $5,000 295 ... ...
$5,000 to $9,999 125 ... ...
$10,000 to $14,999 165 ... ...
$15,000 to $19,999 255 ... ...
$20,000 to $24,999 525 ... ...
$25,000 to $29,999 590 ... ...
$30,000 to $34,999 595 ... ...
$35,000 to $39,999 765 ... ...
$40,000 to $44,999 855 ... ...
$45,000 to $49,999 935 ... ...
$50,000 to $59,999 2,225 ... ...
$60,000 to $69,999 2,505 ... ...
$70,000 to $79,999 2,730 ... ...
$80,000 to $89,999 3,065 ... ...
$90,000 to $99,999 3,105 ... ...
$100,000 and over 26,965 ... ...
$100,000 to $124,999 7,355 ... ...
$125,000 to $149,999 6,240 ... ...
$150,000 and over 13,375 ... ...
Income of economic families in 2020
Total - Income statistics for economic families in private households - 100% data28 37,860 ... ...
Median total income of economic family in 2020 ($) 149,000 ... ...
Median after-tax income of economic family in 2020 ($) 125,000 ... ...
Average family size of economic families 3.2 ... ...
Total - Income statistics for couple-only economic families in private households - 100% data 12,900 ... ...
Median total income of couple-only economic families in 2020 ($) 127,000 ... ...
Median after-tax income of couple-only economic families in 2020 ($) 107,000 ... ...
Average family size of couple-only economic families 2.0 ... ...
Total - Income statistics for couple-with-children economic families in private households - 100% data 20,245 ... ...
Median total income of couple-with-children economic families in 2020 ($) 176,000 ... ...
Median after-tax income of couple-with-children economic families in 2020 ($) 146,000 ... ...
Average family size of couple-with-children economic families 4.1 ... ...
Total - Income statistics for one-parent economic families in private households - 100% data 3,830 ... ...
Median total income of one-parent economic families in 2020 ($) 101,000 ... ...
Median after-tax income of one-parent economic families in 2020 ($) 87,000 ... ...
Average family size of one-parent economic families 2.8 ... ...
Total - Income statistics for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families in private households - 100% data29 9,635 4,575 5,060
Median total income in 2020 ($)30 59,200 61,600 57,600
Median after-tax income in 2020 ($)30 50,800 52,000 49,600
Total - Income statistics for economic families in private households - 25% sample data31 37,940 ... ...
Average total income of economic family in 2020 ($) 172,600 ... ...
Average after-tax income of economic family in 2020 ($) 138,200 ... ...
Total - Income statistics for couple-only economic families in private households - 25% sample data 12,910 ... ...
Average total income of couple-only economic families in 2020 ($) 146,200 ... ...
Average after-tax income of couple-only economic families in 2020 ($) 117,100 ... ...
Total - Income statistics for couple-with-children economic families in private households - 25% sample data 20,160 ... ...
Average total income of couple-with-children economic families in 2020 ($) 202,400 ... ...
Average after-tax income of couple-with-children economic families in 2020 ($) 160,600 ... ...
Total - Income statistics for one-parent economic families in private households - 25% sample data 3,915 ... ...
Average total income of one-parent economic families in 2020 ($) 110,700 ... ...
Average after-tax income of one-parent economic families in 2020 ($) 93,800 ... ...
Total - Income statistics for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families in private households - 25% sample data32 9,530 4,435 5,100
Average total income in 2020 ($)30 69,700 74,700 65,400
Average after-tax income in 2020 ($)30 56,400 58,950 54,200
Low income and income inequality in 2020
Total - LIM low-income status in 2020 for the population in private households - 100% data33 130,635 64,645 65,985
0 to 17 years 32,085 16,375 15,710
0 to 5 years 9,510 4,825 4,685
18 to 64 years 80,755 39,690 41,070
65 years and over 17,790 8,580 9,210
In low income based on the Low-income measure, after tax (LIM-AT) 5,585 2,705 2,875
0 to 17 years 1,585 825 760
0 to 5 years 490 265 225
18 to 64 years 3,025 1,475 1,550
65 years and over 975 410 565
Prevalence of low income based on the Low-income measure, after tax (LIM-AT) (%) 4.3 4.2 4.4
0 to 17 years (%) 4.9 5.0 4.8
0 to 5 years (%) 5.1 5.4 4.8
18 to 64 years (%) 3.8 3.7 3.8
65 years and over (%) 5.5 4.8 6.1
Total - LICO low-income status in 2020 for the population in private households to whom the low-income concept is applicable - 100% data33 130,635 64,650 65,985
0 to 17 years 32,085 16,375 15,710
0 to 5 years 9,515 4,830 4,690
18 to 64 years 80,760 39,695 41,065
65 years and over 17,790 8,580 9,210
In low income based on the Low-income cut-offs, after tax (LICO-AT) 2,745 1,410 1,335
0 to 17 years 725 360 365
0 to 5 years 210 110 100
18 to 64 years 1,750 920 830
65 years and over 270 125 145
Prevalence of low income based on the Low-income cut-offs, after tax (LICO-AT) (%) 2.1 2.2 2.0
0 to 17 years (%) 2.3 2.2 2.3
0 to 5 years (%) 2.2 2.3 2.2
18 to 64 years (%) 2.2 2.3 2.0
65 years and over (%) 1.5 1.5 1.6
Total - Adjusted after-tax economic family income decile group for the population in private households - 100% data34The letter 'c' in a yellow triangle indicates a correction notice. 130,635 64,645 65,985
In bottom half of the distribution 33,450 16,215 17,230
In bottom decile 5,115 2,575 2,545
In second decile 4,995 2,355 2,640
In third decile 6,325 3,135 3,190
In fourth decile 7,525 3,590 3,930
In fifth decile 9,490 4,565 4,920
In top half of the distribution 97,185 48,430 48,760
In sixth decile 11,990 5,825 6,165
In seventh decile 14,670 7,225 7,450
In eighth decile 18,230 9,140 9,095
In ninth decile 24,655 12,315 12,340
In top decile 27,635 13,925 13,715
Total - Inequality measures for the population in private households - 100% data35 130,635 ... ...
Gini index on adjusted household total income 0.303 ... ...
Gini index on adjusted household market income 0.365 ... ...
Gini index on adjusted household after-tax income 0.263 ... ...
P90/P10 ratio on adjusted household after-tax income 3.2 ... ...
Knowledge of official languages
Total - Knowledge of official languages for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% data36 130,825 64,735 66,085
English only 89,060 45,840 43,225
French only 440 200 240
English and French 39,795 18,060 21,735
Neither English nor French 1,530 640 890
First official language spoken
Total - First official language spoken for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% data37 130,825 64,735 66,085
English 117,265 58,475 58,790
French 9,770 4,545 5,225
English and French 2,295 1,100 1,200
Neither English nor French 1,495 615 875
Mother tongue
Total - Mother tongue for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% data38 130,825 64,735 66,085
Single responses 124,080 61,505 62,580
Official languages 98,915 49,340 49,580
English 89,765 45,040 44,720
French 9,155 4,295 4,855
Non-official languages 25,165 12,165 13,005
Indigenous languages39 20 10 15
Algonquian languages 10 0 5
Blackfoot 0 0 0
Cree-Innu languages 5 0 0
Atikamekw 0 0 0
Cree languages 5 0 0
Ililimowin (Moose Cree) 0 0 0
Inu Ayimun (Southern East Cree) 0 0 0
Iyiyiw-Ayimiwin (Northern East Cree) 0 0 0
Nehinawewin (Swampy Cree) 0 0 0
Nehiyawewin (Plains Cree) 0 0 0
Nihithawiwin (Woods Cree) 0 0 0
Cree, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Innu (Montagnais) 0 0 0
Naskapi 0 0 0
Eastern Algonquian languages 0 0 0
Mi'kmaq 0 0 0
Wolastoqewi (Malecite) 0 0 0
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 5 5 0
Anicinabemowin (Algonquin) 0 0 0
Oji-Cree 0 0 0
Ojibway languages 5 5 0
Anishinaabemowin (Chippewa) 0 0 0
Daawaamwin (Odawa) 0 0 0
Saulteau (Western Ojibway) 0 0 0
Ojibway, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages 0 0 0
Northern Athabaskan languages 0 0 0
Dakelh (Carrier) 0 0 0
Dane-zaa (Beaver) 0 0 0
Dene, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Gwich'in 0 0 0
Slavey-Hare languages 0 0 0
Deh Gah Ghotie Zhatie (South Slavey) 0 0 0
Satuotine Yati (North Slavey) 0 0 0
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Tahltan languages 0 0 0
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0
Tahltan 0 0 0
Tlicho (Dogrib) 0 0 0
Tse'khene (Sekani) 0 0 0
Tsilhqot'in (Chilcotin) 0 0 0
Tsuu T'ina (Sarsi) 0 0 0
Tutchone languages 0 0 0
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0
Tutchone, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Wetsuwet'en-Babine 0 0 0
Tlingit 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Haida 0 0 0
Inuktut (Inuit) languages 10 5 5
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 0 0 0
Inuinnaqtun 0 0 0
Inuvialuktun 0 0 0
Inuktitut 10 5 5
Inuktut (Inuit) languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages 0 0 0
Cayuga 0 0 0
Mohawk 0 0 0
Oneida 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Ktunaxa (Kutenai) 0 0 0
Michif 0 0 0
Salish languages 0 0 0
Halkomelem 0 0 0
Lillooet 0 0 0
Ntlakapamux (Thompson) 0 0 0
Secwepemctsin (Shuswap) 0 0 0
Squamish 0 0 0
Straits 0 0 0
Syilx (Okanagan) 0 0 0
Salish languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Siouan languages 0 0 0
Assiniboine 0 0 0
Dakota 0 0 0
Stoney 0 0 0
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Tsimshian languages 0 0 0
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 0 0 0
Nisga'a 0 0 0
Tsimshian 0 0 0
Wakashan languages 0 0 0
Haisla 0 0 0
Heiltsuk 0 0 0
Kwak'wala (Kwakiutl) 0 0 0
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0 0 0
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Indigenous languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Indigenous languages, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Non-Indigenous languages 25,150 12,155 12,990
Afro-Asiatic languages 5,650 2,885 2,765
Berber languages 35 20 15
Kabyle 30 15 15
Tamazight 5 0 5
Berber languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Chadic languages 10 0 5
Hausa 5 0 5
Mina 0 0 0
Coptic 5 0 0
Cushitic languages 360 155 200
Bilen 5 0 0
Oromo 10 10 5
Somali 330 140 195
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Semitic languages 5,245 2,710 2,540
Amharic 130 55 75
Arabic 4,945 2,575 2,370
Aramaic languages 10 5 5
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 5 5 5
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 0 0 0
Aramaic, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Harari 0 0 0
Hebrew 40 20 25
Maltese 5 0 0
Tigrigna 115 50 65
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Austro-Asiatic languages 800 350 450
Khmer (Cambodian) 150 65 85
Vietnamese 655 285 365
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e 0 0 0
Austronesian languages 535 195 340
Bikol 0 0 0
Bisaya, n.o.s. 5 0 5
Cebuano 40 10 25
Fijian 0 0 0
Hiligaynon 5 0 0
Ilocano 25 10 15
Indonesian 30 15 15
Kankanaey 0 0 0
Kinaray-a 0 0 0
Malagasy languages 10 0 10
Merina 10 0 10
Malagasy, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Malay 5 0 0
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 0 0 0
Pangasinan 0 0 0
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 395 140 255
Waray-Waray 15 5 10
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Creole languages 125 55 70
Haitian Creole 85 40 45
Jamaican English Creole 0 0 0
Krio 0 0 0
Morisyen 10 5 5
Sango 0 0 0
Creole, n.o.s. 20 10 10
Creole languages, n.i.e. 5 0 5
Dravidian languages 860 435 425
Kannada 60 30 35
Malayalam 170 85 85
Tamil 435 225 210
Telugu 175 95 85
Tulu 10 5 5
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Georgian 0 0 0
Hmong-Mien languages 0 0 0
Indo-European languages 12,040 5,840 6,205
Albanian 115 60 55
Armenian 60 25 30
Balto-Slavic languages 2,630 1,210 1,415
Baltic languages 50 25 25
Latvian 20 10 15
Lithuanian 25 15 15
Slavic languages 2,580 1,185 1,390
Belarusian 5 0 0
Bulgarian 80 40 40
Czech 65 30 40
Macedonian 15 10 10
Polish 635 275 365
Russian 1,050 490 560
Rusyn 0 0 0
Serbo-Croatian 410 205 205
Bosnian 75 35 40
Croatian 145 75 70
Serbian 185 90 90
Serbo-Croatian, n.i.e. 5 5 5
Slovak 70 25 45
Slovene (Slovenian) 30 15 20
Ukrainian 215 105 110
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Celtic languages 10 10 5
Irish 0 0 0
Scottish Gaelic 0 0 0
Welsh 5 0 0
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Germanic languages 1,095 525 565
Frisian 10 5 0
High German languages 565 265 300
German 535 250 285
Pennsylvania German 0 0 0
Swiss German 25 10 15
Yiddish 0 5 0
Low Saxon-Low Franconian languages 440 220 220
Afrikaans 55 30 25
Dutch 380 190 190
Low German, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Low Saxon 0 0 0
Plautdietsch 0 0 0
Vlaams (Flemish) 10 5 0
Scandinavian languages 75 35 35
Danish 40 15 20
Icelandic 0 0 0
Norwegian 10 5 5
Swedish 20 15 10
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 5 0 5
Greek 215 105 115
Indo-Iranian languages 4,680 2,330 2,350
Indo-Aryan languages 3,555 1,785 1,775
Assamese 0 0 0
Bengali 470 235 240
Gujarati 415 210 210
Hindi 500 255 245
Kacchi 20 10 15
Kashmiri 0 0 5
Konkani 15 10 10
Marathi 60 30 30
Nepali 120 60 60
Oriya languages 15 5 5
Odia 10 5 5
Oriya, n.o.s. 5 0 5
Punjabi (Panjabi) 940 480 465
Rohingya 0 0 0
Sindhi 20 10 5
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 120 55 65
Urdu 845 425 420
Indo-Aryan languages, n.i.e. 10 5 5
Iranian languages 1,125 550 575
Baluchi 0 0 0
Kurdish 75 35 40
Parsi 0 0 0
Pashto 140 65 75
Persian languages 895 440 455
Dari 220 105 115
Iranian Persian 630 315 315
Persian (Farsi), n.o.s. 45 20 25
Iranian languages, n.i.e. 15 5 5
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Italic (Romance) languages 3,240 1,575 1,660
Catalan 0 0 0
Italian 985 495 490
Portuguese 650 310 340
Romanian 295 135 155
Spanish 1,310 630 675
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Indo-European languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Japanese 65 20 50
Korean 255 105 150
Mongolian 0 0 0
Niger-Congo languages 390 180 215
Akan (Twi) 50 25 25
Bamanankan 0 0 0
Edo 5 0 0
Éwé 10 0 5
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 0 0 0
Ga 15 5 10
Ganda 20 10 10
Gikuyu 5 0 5
Igbo 20 10 10
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 25 10 10
Lingala 15 5 10
Luba-Kasai 5 0 0
Mòoré 0 0 0
Mwani 5 5 5
Ndebele 0 0 0
Rundi (Kirundi) 35 20 20
Shona 5 5 5
Soninke 0 0 0
Sotho-Tswana languages 5 0 5
Swahili 65 30 35
Wojenaka 0 0 0
Wolof 0 0 0
Yoruba 60 30 30
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 45 15 30
Nilo-Saharan languages 5 5 5
Dinka 0 0 0
Nuer 0 0 0
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 5 0 5
African, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Sign languages 40 25 15
American Sign Language 35 20 10
Quebec Sign Language 0 0 0
Sign languages, n.i.e. 5 0 5
Sino-Tibetan languages 3,785 1,775 2,015
Chinese languages 3,750 1,760 1,995
Hakka 5 0 0
Mandarin 2,770 1,280 1,490
Min Dong 0 0 0
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 60 30 35
Wu (Shanghainese) 20 15 10
Yue (Cantonese) 875 425 450
Chinese, n.o.s. 10 5 5
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 5 0 0
Tibeto-Burman languages 30 15 15
Burmese 10 5 5
Kuki-Chin languages 10 5 5
Karenic languages 10 0 5
S'gaw Karen 10 0 5
Karenic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Tibetan 0 0 0
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 5 5 0
Sino-Tibetan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Tai-Kadai languages 85 25 55
Lao 35 15 15
Thai 45 10 35
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Turkic languages 325 170 160
Azerbaijani 10 5 5
Kazakh 10 5 5
Turkish 285 150 140
Uyghur 0 0 0
Uzbek 10 0 5
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 5 0 0
Uralic languages 180 95 85
Estonian 10 10 5
Finnish 40 15 20
Hungarian 125 70 60
Other languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Multiple responses 6,745 3,235 3,510
English and French 2,485 1,160 1,325
English and non-official language(s) 3,295 1,630 1,665
French and non-official language(s) 300 140 155
English, French and non-official language(s) 390 180 210
Multiple non-official languages 270 120 150
All languages spoken at home
Total - All languages spoken at home for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% data40 130,825 64,735 66,085
English 93,770 47,025 46,740
French 2,565 1,210 1,360
Non-official language 6,005 2,890 3,115
Indigenous39 0 0 0
Non-Indigenous 6,000 2,890 3,115
English and French 7,480 3,440 4,040
English and non-official language(s) 17,555 8,630 8,925
French and non-official language(s) 275 120 155
English, French and non-official language(s) 2,765 1,250 1,515
Multiple non-official languages 410 180 235
Language spoken most often at home
Total - Language spoken most often at home for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% data41 130,825 64,735 66,085
Single responses 124,245 61,580 62,665
Official languages 111,230 55,230 56,000
English 107,140 53,325 53,815
French 4,095 1,905 2,190
Non-official languages 13,015 6,355 6,665
Indigenous languages39 0 0 0
Algonquian languages 0 0 0
Blackfoot 0 0 0
Cree-Innu languages 0 0 0
Atikamekw 0 0 0
Cree languages 0 0 0
Ililimowin (Moose Cree) 0 0 0
Inu Ayimun (Southern East Cree) 0 0 0
Iyiyiw-Ayimiwin (Northern East Cree) 0 0 0
Nehinawewin (Swampy Cree) 0 0 0
Nehiyawewin (Plains Cree) 0 0 0
Nihithawiwin (Woods Cree) 0 0 0
Cree, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Innu (Montagnais) 0 0 0
Naskapi 0 0 0
Eastern Algonquian languages 0 0 0
Mi'kmaq 0 0 0
Wolastoqewi (Malecite) 0 0 0
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 0 0 0
Anicinabemowin (Algonquin) 0 0 0
Oji-Cree 0 0 0
Ojibway languages 0 0 0
Anishinaabemowin (Chippewa) 0 0 0
Daawaamwin (Odawa) 0 0 0
Saulteau (Western Ojibway) 0 0 0
Ojibway, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages 0 0 0
Northern Athabaskan languages 0 0 0
Dakelh (Carrier) 0 0 0
Dane-zaa (Beaver) 0 0 0
Dene, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Gwich'in 0 0 0
Slavey-Hare languages 0 0 0
Deh Gah Ghotie Zhatie (South Slavey) 0 0 0
Satuotine Yati (North Slavey) 0 0 0
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Tahltan languages 0 0 0
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0
Tahltan 0 0 0
Tlicho (Dogrib) 0 0 0
Tse'khene (Sekani) 0 0 0
Tsilhqot'in (Chilcotin) 0 0 0
Tsuu T'ina (Sarsi) 0 0 0
Tutchone languages 0 0 0
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0
Tutchone, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Wetsuwet'en-Babine 0 0 0
Tlingit 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Haida 0 0 0
Inuktut (Inuit) languages 0 0 0
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 0 0 0
Inuinnaqtun 0 0 0
Inuvialuktun 0 0 0
Inuktitut 0 0 0
Inuktut (Inuit) languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages 0 0 0
Cayuga 0 0 0
Mohawk 0 0 0
Oneida 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Ktunaxa (Kutenai) 0 0 0
Michif 0 0 0
Salish languages 0 0 0
Halkomelem 0 0 0
Lillooet 0 0 0
Ntlakapamux (Thompson) 0 0 0
Secwepemctsin (Shuswap) 0 0 0
Squamish 0 0 0
Straits 0 0 0
Syilx (Okanagan) 0 0 0
Salish languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Siouan languages 0 0 0
Assiniboine 0 0 0
Dakota 0 0 0
Stoney 0 0 0
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Tsimshian languages 0 0 0
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 0 0 0
Nisga'a 0 0 0
Tsimshian 0 0 0
Wakashan languages 0 0 0
Haisla 0 0 0
Heiltsuk 0 0 0
Kwak'wala (Kwakiutl) 0 0 0
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0 0 0
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Indigenous languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Indigenous languages, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Non-Indigenous languages 13,015 6,355 6,660
Afro-Asiatic languages 2,880 1,425 1,460
Berber languages 15 10 5
Kabyle 15 10 5
Tamazight 0 0 0
Berber languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Chadic languages 0 0 0
Hausa 0 0 0
Mina 0 0 0
Coptic 0 0 0
Cushitic languages 130 50 80
Bilen 0 0 0
Oromo 5 5 5
Somali 115 45 75
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Semitic languages 2,740 1,365 1,375
Amharic 75 30 40
Arabic 2,600 1,305 1,300
Aramaic languages 5 0 0
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 0 0 0
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 0 0 0
Aramaic, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Harari 0 0 0
Hebrew 25 10 15
Maltese 0 0 0
Tigrigna 30 10 15
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Austro-Asiatic languages 410 180 225
Khmer (Cambodian) 60 30 30
Vietnamese 350 150 195
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e 0 0 0
Austronesian languages 210 80 125
Bikol 0 0 0
Bisaya, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Cebuano 25 10 10
Fijian 0 0 0
Hiligaynon 0 0 0
Ilocano 10 5 5
Indonesian 5 0 5
Kankanaey 0 0 0
Kinaray-a 0 0 0
Malagasy languages 0 0 0
Merina 0 0 0
Malagasy, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Malay 0 0 0
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 0 0 0
Pangasinan 0 0 0
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 145 60 85
Waray-Waray 5 5 5
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Creole languages 60 25 30
Haitian Creole 30 15 15
Jamaican English Creole 0 0 0
Krio 0 0 0
Morisyen 10 5 5
Sango 0 0 0
Creole, n.o.s. 15 5 10
Creole languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Dravidian languages 565 285 275
Kannada 35 15 20
Malayalam 110 55 50
Tamil 310 160 150
Telugu 110 60 55
Tulu 0 0 0
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Georgian 0 0 0
Hmong-Mien languages 0 0 0
Indo-European languages 5,685 2,800 2,880
Albanian 60 30 25
Armenian 25 10 15
Balto-Slavic languages 1,235 610 625
Baltic languages 5 0 0
Latvian 5 0 5
Lithuanian 0 0 0
Slavic languages 1,230 610 620
Belarusian 5 5 5
Bulgarian 30 15 15
Czech 10 5 0
Macedonian 5 0 0
Polish 235 115 120
Russian 670 330 335
Rusyn 0 0 0
Serbo-Croatian 160 80 80
Bosnian 30 15 20
Croatian 40 20 15
Serbian 90 45 45
Serbo-Croatian, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Slovak 20 10 10
Slovene (Slovenian) 5 0 5
Ukrainian 100 55 50
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Celtic languages 0 0 0
Irish 0 0 0
Scottish Gaelic 0 0 0
Welsh 0 0 0
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Germanic languages 105 50 50
Frisian 0 0 0
High German languages 55 25 25
German 45 20 25
Pennsylvania German 0 0 0
Swiss German 10 5 5
Yiddish 0 0 0
Low Saxon-Low Franconian languages 45 25 20
Afrikaans 25 15 15
Dutch 15 5 10
Low German, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Low Saxon 0 0 0
Plautdietsch 0 0 0
Vlaams (Flemish) 5 0 0
Scandinavian languages 5 0 5
Danish 0 0 0
Icelandic 0 0 0
Norwegian 0 0 0
Swedish 5 0 0
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Greek 30 15 15
Indo-Iranian languages 2,965 1,465 1,500
Indo-Aryan languages 2,260 1,135 1,125
Assamese 0 0 0
Bengali 280 140 145
Gujarati 255 130 125
Hindi 305 145 155
Kacchi 5 0 0
Kashmiri 0 0 0
Konkani 0 0 0
Marathi 25 10 10
Nepali 95 50 45
Oriya languages 10 5 5
Odia 10 0 0
Oriya, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Punjabi (Panjabi) 715 370 350
Rohingya 0 0 0
Sindhi 10 5 5
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 60 30 30
Urdu 485 245 240
Indo-Aryan languages, n.i.e. 5 5 5
Iranian languages 705 330 375
Baluchi 0 0 0
Kurdish 45 25 25
Parsi 0 0 0
Pashto 120 50 65
Persian languages 530 255 280
Dari 115 45 65
Iranian Persian 390 185 205
Persian (Farsi), n.o.s. 30 15 15
Iranian languages, n.i.e. 10 5 0
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Italic (Romance) languages 1,255 620 640
Catalan 0 0 0
Italian 110 50 65
Portuguese 315 165 155
Romanian 135 60 75
Spanish 695 345 345
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Indo-European languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Japanese 20 5 15
Korean 170 80 85
Mongolian 0 0 0
Niger-Congo languages 95 45 50
Akan (Twi) 10 5 10
Bamanankan 0 0 0
Edo 0 0 0
Éwé 0 0 0
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 0 0 0
Ga 0 0 0
Ganda 5 0 0
Gikuyu 0 0 0
Igbo 0 0 0
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 5 5 5
Lingala 5 5 5
Luba-Kasai 0 0 0
Mòoré 0 0 0
Mwani 0 0 0
Ndebele 0 0 0
Rundi (Kirundi) 20 15 10
Shona 0 0 0
Soninke 0 0 0
Sotho-Tswana languages 0 0 0
Swahili 10 5 5
Wojenaka 0 0 0
Wolof 0 0 0
Yoruba 20 10 10
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Nilo-Saharan languages 0 0 0
Dinka 0 0 0
Nuer 0 0 0
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
African, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Sign languages 50 35 15
American Sign Language 35 25 10
Quebec Sign Language 0 0 0
Sign languages, n.i.e. 10 5 5
Sino-Tibetan languages 2,585 1,235 1,345
Chinese languages 2,555 1,225 1,335
Hakka 0 0 0
Mandarin 2,070 990 1,085
Min Dong 0 0 0
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 30 15 15
Wu (Shanghainese) 15 10 5
Yue (Cantonese) 440 215 225
Chinese, n.o.s. 5 0 0
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Tibeto-Burman languages 15 10 5
Burmese 0 0 0
Kuki-Chin languages 5 5 5
Karenic languages 10 0 5
S'gaw Karen 10 0 5
Karenic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Tibetan 0 0 0
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 5 0 5
Sino-Tibetan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Tai-Kadai languages 35 15 20
Lao 25 10 15
Thai 10 5 10
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Turkic languages 230 120 110
Azerbaijani 5 5 5
Kazakh 0 0 0
Turkish 215 110 105
Uyghur 0 0 0
Uzbek 10 5 0
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Uralic languages 35 15 15
Estonian 0 0 0
Finnish 5 5 5
Hungarian 25 20 10
Other languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Multiple responses 6,575 3,155 3,425
English and French 1,565 710 860
English and non-official language(s) 4,470 2,205 2,265
French and non-official language(s) 145 55 85
English, French and non-official language(s) 325 150 170
Multiple non-official languages 75 30 40
Other language spoken regularly at home
Total - Other language(s) spoken regularly at home for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% data42 130,825 64,735 66,085
None 107,660 53,685 53,975
English 6,725 3,290 3,440
French 5,370 2,475 2,895
Non-official language 7,860 3,770 4,095
Indigenous39 15 10 5
Non-Indigenous 7,845 3,760 4,090
English and French 390 190 205
English and non-official language(s) 885 450 435
French and non-official language(s) 1,140 505 630
English, French and non-official language(s) 60 25 35
Multiple non-official languages 730 350 385
Knowledge of languagesThe letter 'c' in a yellow triangle indicates a correction notice.
Total - Knowledge of languages for the population in private households - 25% sample data43 130,660 64,640 66,020
Official languages 129,055 63,950 65,110
English 128,650 63,770 64,880
French 40,110 18,155 21,955
Non-official languages 35,940 17,380 18,560
Indigenous languages39 55 35 25
Algonquian languages 20 10 15
Blackfoot 0 0 0
Cree-Innu languages 15 0 0
Atikamekw 0 0 0
Cree languages 15 0 0
Ililimowin (Moose Cree) 0 0 0
Inu Ayimun (Southern East Cree) 0 0 0
Iyiyiw-Ayimiwin (Northern East Cree) 15 0 0
Nehinawewin (Swampy Cree) 0 0 0
Nehiyawewin (Plains Cree) 0 0 0
Nihithawiwin (Woods Cree) 0 0 0
Cree, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Innu (Montagnais) 0 0 0
Naskapi 0 0 0
Eastern Algonquian languages 0 0 0
Mi'kmaq 0 0 0
Wolastoqewi (Malecite) 0 0 0
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 10 0 0
Anicinabemowin (Algonquin) 0 0 0
Oji-Cree 0 0 0
Ojibway languages 10 0 0
Anishinaabemowin (Chippewa) 0 0 0
Daawaamwin (Odawa) 0 0 0
Saulteau (Western Ojibway) 0 0 0
Ojibway, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages 0 0 0
Northern Athabaskan languages 0 0 0
Dakelh (Carrier) 0 0 0
Dane-zaa (Beaver) 0 0 0
Dene, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Gwich'in 0 0 0
Slavey-Hare languages 0 0 0
Deh Gah Ghotie Zhatie (South Slavey) 0 0 0
Satuotine Yati (North Slavey) 0 0 0
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Tahltan languages 0 0 0
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0
Tahltan 0 0 0
Tlicho (Dogrib) 0 0 0
Tse'khene (Sekani) 0 0 0
Tsilhqot'in (Chilcotin) 0 0 0
Tsuu T'ina (Sarsi) 0 0 0
Tutchone languages 0 0 0
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0
Tutchone, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Wetsuwet'en-Babine 0 0 0
Tlingit 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Haida 0 0 0
Inuktut (Inuit) languages 30 20 0
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 0 0 0
Inuinnaqtun 0 0 0
Inuvialuktun 0 0 0
Inuktitut 20 15 0
Inuktut (Inuit) languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages 0 0 0
Cayuga 0 0 0
Mohawk 0 0 0
Oneida 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Ktunaxa (Kutenai) 0 0 0
Michif 0 0 0
Salish languages 0 0 0
Halkomelem 0 0 0
Lillooet 0 0 0
Ntlakapamux (Thompson) 0 0 0
Secwepemctsin (Shuswap) 0 0 0
Squamish 0 0 0
Straits 0 0 0
Syilx (Okanagan) 0 0 0
Salish languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Siouan languages 0 0 0
Assiniboine 0 0 0
Dakota 0 0 0
Stoney 0 0 0
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Tsimshian languages 0 0 0
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 0 0 0
Nisga'a 0 0 0
Tsimshian 0 0 0
Wakashan languages 0 0 0
Haisla 0 0 0
Heiltsuk 0 0 0
Kwak'wala (Kwakiutl) 0 0 0
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0 0 0
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Indigenous languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Indigenous languages, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Non-Indigenous languages 35,885 17,345 18,540
Afro-Asiatic languages 8,345 4,305 4,045
Berber languages 60 25 35
Kabyle 40 15 25
Tamazight 0 0 0
Berber languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Chadic languages 30 15 15
Hausa 30 15 15
Mina 0 0 0
Coptic 60 30 30
Cushitic languages 425 200 225
Bilen 20 15 15
Oromo 20 20 0
Somali 385 170 210
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Semitic languages 7,925 4,110 3,815
Amharic 225 110 120
Arabic 7,335 3,835 3,505
Aramaic languages 10 0 0
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 10 0 0
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 0 0 0
Aramaic, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Harari 0 0 0
Hebrew 205 100 105
Maltese 0 0 0
Tigrigna 245 110 135
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 25 10 0
Austro-Asiatic languages 1,180 520 665
Khmer (Cambodian) 220 95 125
Vietnamese 970 420 550
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e 0 0 0
Austronesian languages 715 265 450
Bikol 0 0 0
Bisaya, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Cebuano 65 15 45
Fijian 0 0 0
Hiligaynon 0 0 0
Ilocano 70 30 40
Indonesian 70 35 35
Kankanaey 0 0 0
Kinaray-a 0 0 0
Malagasy languages 0 0 0
Merina 0 0 0
Malagasy, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Malay 50 25 20
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 0 0 0
Pangasinan 0 0 0
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 555 185 370
Waray-Waray 15 0 10
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 25 15 15
Creole languages 395 165 225
Haitian Creole 235 95 140
Jamaican English Creole 0 0 0
Krio 20 0 15
Morisyen 70 35 40
Sango 0 0 0
Creole, n.o.s. 35 25 15
Creole languages, n.i.e. 40 10 30
Dravidian languages 1,185 615 580
Kannada 110 55 50
Malayalam 200 100 100
Tamil 660 355 310
Telugu 345 180 170
Tulu 0 0 0
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Georgian 0 0 0
Hmong-Mien languages 0 0 0
Indo-European languages 18,480 8,970 9,510
Albanian 160 95 65
Armenian 115 50 65
Balto-Slavic languages 3,665 1,740 1,925
Baltic languages 70 30 40
Latvian 25 10 10
Lithuanian 55 25 30
Slavic languages 3,600 1,715 1,880
Belarusian 25 15 10
Bulgarian 70 35 35
Czech 135 60 80
Macedonian 45 15 25
Polish 830 395 435
Russian 1,665 830 840
Rusyn 0 0 0
Serbo-Croatian 670 325 345
Bosnian 160 75 85
Croatian 295 150 145
Serbian 400 205 200
Serbo-Croatian, n.i.e. 10 10 0
Slovak 125 35 90
Slovene (Slovenian) 25 15 10
Ukrainian 485 215 275
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Celtic languages 30 10 20
Irish 20 10 10
Scottish Gaelic 10 0 0
Welsh 0 0 0
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Germanic languages 2,170 1,015 1,155
Frisian 10 0 10
High German languages 1,465 705 760
German 1,450 705 740
Pennsylvania German 0 0 0
Swiss German 50 25 25
Yiddish 10 0 10
Low Saxon-Low Franconian languages 620 260 365
Afrikaans 155 65 85
Dutch 470 195 270
Low German, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Low Saxon 0 0 0
Plautdietsch 0 0 0
Vlaams (Flemish) 15 0 15
Scandinavian languages 155 75 80
Danish 45 15 30
Icelandic 0 0 0
Norwegian 60 40 20
Swedish 50 20 25
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Greek 305 175 130
Indo-Iranian languages 6,660 3,400 3,260
Indo-Aryan languages 5,335 2,725 2,610
Assamese 0 0 0
Bengali 710 360 350
Gujarati 565 280 280
Hindi 2,255 1,145 1,110
Kacchi 30 0 25
Kashmiri 0 0 0
Konkani 10 0 10
Marathi 185 105 80
Nepali 190 110 80
Oriya languages 0 0 0
Odia 0 0 0
Oriya, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Punjabi (Panjabi) 1,570 815 760
Rohingya 0 0 0
Sindhi 30 20 15
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 170 95 70
Urdu 1,445 740 705
Indo-Aryan languages, n.i.e. 10 10 0
Iranian languages 1,405 705 700
Baluchi 0 0 0
Kurdish 110 50 50
Parsi 0 0 0
Pashto 180 70 105
Persian languages 1,195 635 560
Dari 390 220 170
Iranian Persian 815 430 385
Persian (Farsi), n.o.s. 25 0 25
Iranian languages, n.i.e. 55 25 30
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Italic (Romance) languages 6,075 2,810 3,260
Catalan 0 0 0
Italian 2,005 980 1,025
Portuguese 895 435 460
Romanian 410 170 240
Spanish 3,100 1,380 1,720
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 20 10 15
Indo-European languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Japanese 265 115 140
Korean 395 165 225
Mongolian 0 0 0
Niger-Congo languages 935 445 485
Akan (Twi) 70 40 30
Bamanankan 10 0 0
Edo 25 10 15
Éwé 0 0 0
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 0 0 0
Ga 25 10 15
Ganda 40 20 15
Gikuyu 0 0 0
Igbo 100 40 60
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 70 40 30
Lingala 130 50 80
Luba-Kasai 20 15 0
Mòoré 0 0 0
Mwani 0 0 0
Ndebele 35 10 25
Rundi (Kirundi) 30 15 15
Shona 10 0 0
Soninke 0 0 0
Sotho-Tswana languages 0 0 0
Swahili 160 80 80
Wojenaka 0 0 0
Wolof 20 15 10
Yoruba 230 110 120
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 205 100 105
Nilo-Saharan languages 10 0 10
Dinka 0 0 0
Nuer 0 0 0
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 10 0 10
African, n.o.s. 25 10 15
Sign languages 265 105 160
American Sign Language 240 85 155
Quebec Sign Language 0 0 0
Sign languages, n.i.e. 25 20 10
Sino-Tibetan languages 4,675 2,210 2,470
Chinese languages 4,675 2,200 2,470
Hakka 10 10 0
Mandarin 3,730 1,715 2,015
Min Dong 0 0 0
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 140 80 65
Wu (Shanghainese) 30 15 20
Yue (Cantonese) 1,330 660 670
Chinese, n.o.s. 10 0 10
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 20 0 15
Tibeto-Burman languages 0 0 0
Burmese 0 0 0
Kuki-Chin languages 0 0 0
Karenic languages 0 0 0
S'gaw Karen 0 0 0
Karenic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Tibetan 0 0 0
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Sino-Tibetan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Tai-Kadai languages 160 50 110
Lao 90 40 45
Thai 105 30 80
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Turkic languages 575 255 320
Azerbaijani 10 0 0
Kazakh 45 15 30
Turkish 475 210 265
Uyghur 0 0 0
Uzbek 45 25 25
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Uralic languages 245 135 110
Estonian 35 20 15
Finnish 55 20 40
Hungarian 160 100 55
Other languages, n.i.e. 20 10 15
Indigenous population
Total - Indigenous identity for the population in private households - 25% sample data44 130,660 64,640 66,020
Indigenous identity45 3,315 1,650 1,655
Single Indigenous responses46 3,180 1,600 1,580
First Nations (North American Indian) 1,745 840 905
Métis 1,335 705 625
Inuk (Inuit) 100 50 50
Multiple Indigenous responses47 65 35 25
Indigenous responses not included elsewhere48 70 20 45
Non-Indigenous identity 127,350 62,990 64,360
Total - Registered or Treaty Indian status for the population in private households - 25% sample data44 130,660 64,640 66,020
Registered or Treaty Indian49 875 405 470
Not a Registered or Treaty Indian 129,785 64,235 65,550
Household characteristics
Total - Private households by tenure - 25% sample data50 45,750 ... ...
Owner 40,170 ... ...
Renter 5,580 ... ...
Dwelling provided by the local government, First Nation or Indian band 0 ... ...
Total - Occupied private dwellings by condominium status - 25% sample data51 45,750 ... ...
Condominium 1,945 ... ...
Not condominium 43,805 ... ...
Total - Occupied private dwellings by number of bedrooms - 25% sample data52 45,750 ... ...
No bedrooms 80 ... ...
1 bedroom 1,060 ... ...
2 bedrooms 5,250 ... ...
3 bedrooms 20,210 ... ...
4 or more bedrooms 19,150 ... ...
Total - Occupied private dwellings by number of rooms - 25% sample data53 45,750 ... ...
1 to 4 rooms 4,260 ... ...
5 rooms 5,780 ... ...
6 rooms 6,920 ... ...
7 rooms 7,285 ... ...
8 or more rooms 21,505 ... ...
Average number of rooms per dwelling 7.6 ... ...
Total - Private households by number of persons per room - 25% sample data54 45,750 ... ...
One person or fewer per room 45,135 ... ...
More than one person per room 620 ... ...
Total - Private households by housing suitability - 25% sample data55 45,750 ... ...
Suitable 44,610 ... ...
Not suitable 1,140 ... ...
Total - Occupied private dwellings by period of construction - 25% sample data56 45,750 ... ...
1960 or before 3,020 ... ...
1961 to 1980 5,915 ... ...
1981 to 1990 4,955 ... ...
1991 to 2000 5,460 ... ...
2001 to 2005 4,910 ... ...
2006 to 2010 5,885 ... ...
2011 to 2015 5,285 ... ...
2016 to 202157 10,315 ... ...
Total - Occupied private dwellings by dwelling condition - 25% sample data58 45,750 ... ...
Only regular maintenance and minor repairs needed 44,330 ... ...
Major repairs needed 1,425 ... ...
Total - Private households by number of household maintainers - 25% sample data59 45,750 ... ...
One-maintainer household 17,175 ... ...
Two-maintainer household 26,785 ... ...
Three-or-more-maintainer household 1,795 ... ...
Total - Private households by age of primary household maintainers - 25% sample data60 45,750 ... ...
15 to 24 years 370 ... ...
25 to 34 years 5,720 ... ...
35 to 44 years 9,410 ... ...
45 to 54 years 10,625 ... ...
55 to 64 years 9,605 ... ...
65 to 74 years 5,950 ... ...
75 to 84 years 3,155 ... ...
85 years and over 925 ... ...
Total - Owner and tenant households with household total income greater than zero, in non-farm, non-reserve private dwellings by shelter-cost-to-income ratio - 25% sample data61 45,370 ... ...
Spending less than 30% of income on shelter costs 38,960 ... ...
Spending 30% or more of income on shelter costs 6,410 ... ...
30% to less than 100% 5,730 ... ...
Total - Occupied private dwellings by housing indicators - 25% sample data62 45,750 ... ...
Total - Households 'spending 30% or more of income on shelter costs' or 'not suitable' or 'major repairs needed' 8,460 ... ...
Spending 30% or more of income on shelter costs only 5,935 ... ...
Not suitable only 920 ... ...
Major repairs needed only 1,095 ... ...
'Spending 30% or more of income on shelter costs' and 'not suitable' 185 ... ...
'Spending 30% or more of income on shelter costs' and 'major repairs needed' 295 ... ...
'Not suitable' and 'major repairs needed' 35 ... ...
'Spending 30% or more of income on shelter costs' and 'not suitable' and 'major repairs needed' 0 ... ...
Acceptable housing 37,290 ... ...
Total - Owner and tenant households with household total income greater than zero and shelter-cost-to-income ratio less than 100%, in non-farm, non-reserve private dwellings - 25% sample data63 44,685 ... ...
In core need 2,460 ... ...
Not in core need 42,230 ... ...
Total - Owner households in non-farm, non-reserve private dwellings - 25% sample data 39,880 ... ...
% of owner households with a mortgage64 67.7 ... ...
% of owner households spending 30% or more of its income on shelter costs61 10.8 ... ...
% in core housing need63 3.8 ... ...
Median monthly shelter costs for owned dwellings ($)65 1,820 ... ...
Average monthly shelter costs for owned dwellings ($)65 1,846 ... ...
Median value of dwellings ($)66 700,000 ... ...
Average value of dwellings ($)66 750,000 ... ...
Total - Tenant households in non-farm, non-reserve private dwellings - 25% sample data 5,560 ... ...
% of tenant households in subsidized housing67 4.5 ... ...
% of tenant households spending 30% or more of its income on shelter costs61 38.0 ... ...
% in core housing need63 18.4 ... ...
Median monthly shelter costs for rented dwellings ($)65 2,000 ... ...
Average monthly shelter costs for rented dwellings ($)65 1,912 ... ...
Total - Households living in a dwelling provided by the local government, First Nation or Indian band in non-farm private dwellings - 25% sample data 0 ... ...
% of households living in a dwelling provided by the local government, First Nation or Indian band spending more than 30% on shelter costs61 ... ... ...
Median monthly shelter costs for dwellings provided by local government, First Nation or Indian band ($)65 ... ... ...
Average monthly shelter costs for dwellings provided by local government, First Nation or Indian band ($)65 ... ... ...
Indigenous ancestry
Total - Indigenous ancestry for the population in private households - 25% sample data68 130,660 64,645 66,015
Indigenous ancestry (only)69 855 395 455
Single Indigenous ancestry (only)70 805 385 415
First Nations (North American Indian) single ancestry 555 265 290
Métis single ancestry 220 110 110
Inuit single ancestry 25 10 20
Multiple Indigenous ancestries (only)71 45 15 35
First Nations (North American Indian) and Métis ancestry only 35 10 25
First Nations (North American Indian) and Inuit ancestry only 0 0 0
Métis and Inuit ancestry only 0 0 0
First Nations (North American Indian) and Métis and Inuit ancestry only 0 0 0
Indigenous and non-Indigenous ancestries72 4,405 2,175 2,230
Single Indigenous and non-Indigenous ancestries73 4,330 2,140 2,190
First Nations (North American Indian) and non-Indigenous ancestry only 3,065 1,510 1,555
Métis and non-Indigenous ancestry only 1,160 570 595
Inuit and non-Indigenous ancestry only 105 60 45
Multiple Indigenous and non-Indigenous ancestries74 70 35 35
First Nations (North American Indian) and Métis and non-Indigenous ancestry only 70 35 35
First Nations (North American Indian) and Inuit and non-Indigenous ancestry only 0 0 0
Métis and Inuit and non-Indigenous ancestry only 0 0 0
First Nations (North American Indian) and Métis and Inuit and non-Indigenous ancestry only 0 0 0
Non-Indigenous ancestry only75 125,405 62,070 63,330
Citizenship
Total - Citizenship for the population in private households - 25% sample data76 130,660 64,645 66,015
Canadian citizens77 122,840 60,945 61,900
Canadian citizens aged under 18 30,550 15,715 14,835
Canadian citizens aged 18 and over 92,295 45,235 47,060
Not Canadian citizens78 7,815 3,695 4,120
Immigrant status and period of immigration
Total - Immigrant status and period of immigration for the population in private households - 25% sample data79 130,660 64,645 66,015
Non-immigrants80 101,630 50,595 51,040
Immigrants81 27,735 13,405 14,325
Before 1980 4,590 2,245 2,345
1980 to 1990 3,085 1,465 1,615
1991 to 2000 5,745 2,850 2,895
2001 to 2010 6,510 3,090 3,420
2011 to 202182 7,810 3,755 4,055
2011 to 2015 3,210 1,520 1,690
2016 to 2021 4,605 2,240 2,365
Non-permanent residents83 1,295 640 655
Age at immigration
Total - Age at immigration for the immigrant population in private households - 25% sample data84 27,735 13,405 14,325
Under 5 years 3,175 1,580 1,595
5 to 14 years 4,860 2,435 2,420
15 to 24 years 5,190 2,405 2,785
25 to 44 years 12,390 5,980 6,415
45 years and over 2,115 1,005 1,115
Selected places of birth for the immigrant population
Total - Place of birth for the immigrant population in private households - 25% sample data85 27,735 13,405 14,325
Americas 3,070 1,380 1,685
Brazil 270 145 120
Colombia 150 60 90
El Salvador 105 40 65
Guyana 110 50 60
Haiti 170 80 95
Jamaica 185 85 100
Mexico 230 100 130
Peru 90 30 60
Trinidad and Tobago 105 70 35
United States of America 1,030 430 600
Other places of birth in Americas 630 295 330
Europe 6,860 3,365 3,500
Bosnia and Herzegovina 220 115 105
Croatia 115 55 65
France 140 60 80
Germany 480 240 235
Greece 55 35 20
Hungary 50 35 20
Italy 535 280 255
Netherlands 335 135 200
Poland 475 195 280
Portugal 180 100 85
Romania 265 135 135
Russian Federation 425 190 230
Serbia86 100 45 55
Ukraine 400 180 215
United Kingdom87 2,130 1,115 1,015
Other places of birth in Europe 970 450 515
Africa 3,035 1,480 1,550
Algeria 110 55 60
Congo, Democratic Republic of the 175 75 95
Egypt 405 230 180
Eritrea 130 65 65
Ethiopia 170 85 80
Morocco 135 80 55
Nigeria 470 235 230
Somalia 180 60 120
South Africa, Republic of 225 90 135
Other places of birth in Africa 1,030 500 525
Asia 14,690 7,145 7,545
Afghanistan 225 115 110
Iran88 665 345 325
Iraq 555 300 255
Lebanon 1,455 800 655
Syria89 395 220 170
Turkey 200 90 115
China90 2,630 1,170 1,465
Hong Kong91 295 170 130
Korea, South92 270 130 140
Taiwan 135 70 65
Philippines 550 180 365
Viet Nam 775 335 445
Bangladesh 450 220 230
India 2,475 1,270 1,205
Pakistan 820 410 410
Sri Lanka 355 175 175
Other places of birth in Asia 2,430 1,145 1,285
Oceania and other places of birth93 80 35 45
Selected places of birth for the recent immigrant population
Total - Place of birth for the recent immigrant population in private households - 25% sample data94 4,605 2,240 2,370
Americas 455 215 245
Brazil 65 35 25
Colombia 0 0 0
Haiti 0 0 0
Jamaica 15 15 0
Mexico 30 15 15
United States of America 220 100 120
Venezuela95 15 0 15
Other places of birth in Americas 90 35 60
Europe 460 230 235
France 15 10 0
Germany 25 15 10
Ireland96 10 10 0
Italy 0 0 0
Russian Federation 60 20 35
Ukraine 140 70 75
United Kingdom87 100 55 50
Other places of birth in Europe 110 50 60
Africa 595 295 305
Algeria 20 20 0
Burundi 0 0 0
Cameroon 0 0 0
Congo, Democratic Republic of the 45 10 40
Côte d'Ivoire 0 0 0
Egypt 65 35 35
Eritrea 20 0 15
Ethiopia 20 15 10
Morocco 40 30 15
Nigeria 180 100 75
Somalia 0 0 0
South Africa, Republic of 85 30 50
Sudan97 0 0 0
Tunisia 20 10 15
Other places of birth in Africa 105 45 55
Asia 3,085 1,500 1,585
Afghanistan 55 25 25
Bangladesh 75 30 40
China90 570 265 305
Hong Kong91 0 0 0
India 895 495 400
Iran88 80 50 30
Iraq 85 30 50
Israel 45 25 20
Japan 10 0 0
Jordan 25 0 15
Korea, South92 45 25 25
Lebanon 145 80 65
Nepal 0 0 0
Pakistan 165 75 90
Philippines 95 25 75
Saudi Arabia 50 25 25
Sri Lanka 35 15 20
Syria89 190 100 85
Turkey 115 55 60
United Arab Emirates 95 45 50
Viet Nam 45 15 25
Other places of birth in Asia 265 110 150
Oceania and other93 10 10 0
Australia 0 0 0
Other places of birth98 0 0 0
Generation status
Total - Generation status for the population in private households - 25% sample data99 130,660 64,640 66,020
First generation100 30,695 14,825 15,870
Second generation101 26,980 13,645 13,330
Third generation or more102 72,985 36,170 36,815
Admission category and applicant type
Total - Admission category and applicant type for the immigrant population in private households who were admitted between 1980 and 2021 - 25% sample data103 23,145 11,165 11,985
Economic immigrants104 12,795 6,710 6,085
Principal applicants105 5,115 3,555 1,560
Secondary applicants106 7,690 3,155 4,535
Immigrants sponsored by family107 6,185 2,390 3,800
Refugees108 4,010 2,010 2,000
Other immigrants109 155 55 100
Pre-admission experience
Total - Pre-admission experience for the immigrant population in private households who were admitted between 1980 and 2021 - 25% sample data110 23,145 11,165 11,985
Asylum claim before admission111 1,810 895 915
Work permits only before admission112 1,890 960 930
Study permits only before admission113 675 335 340
Work and study permits before admission114 1,970 1,080 895
Other permits before admission115 105 35 70
No pre-admission experience116 16,695 7,860 8,835
Visible minority
Total - Visible minority for the population in private households - 25% sample data117 130,660 64,640 66,020
Total visible minority population118 32,155 15,715 16,435
South Asian 7,750 3,940 3,815
Chinese 5,390 2,560 2,830
Black 4,980 2,395 2,585
Filipino 915 370 545
Arab 6,665 3,465 3,205
Latin American 1,295 545 755
Southeast Asian 1,770 840 925
West Asian 1,300 645 655
Korean 450 220 225
Japanese 265 85 175
Visible minority, n.i.e.119 410 225 190
Multiple visible minorities 980 435 545
Not a visible minority120 98,505 48,925 49,580
Ethnic or cultural origin
Total - Ethnic or cultural origin for the population in private households - 25% sample data121 130,660 64,645 66,020
Canadian 17,255 8,980 8,285
English 24,450 11,965 12,490
Irish 31,065 15,005 16,060
Scottish 25,420 12,505 12,920
French, n.o.s.122 17,090 8,205 8,890
German 11,250 5,490 5,760
Chinese 5,545 2,590 2,955
Italian 7,315 3,725 3,585
Indian (India) 4,040 2,035 2,005
Ukrainian 3,700 1,855 1,840
Dutch 4,770 2,370 2,400
Polish 4,440 2,130 2,310
Québécois 610 305 305
British Isles, n.o.s.123 6,055 3,000 3,055
Filipino 850 340 510
French Canadian 3,970 1,865 2,110
Caucasian (White), n.o.s.124 2,490 1,255 1,240
First Nations (North American Indian), n.o.s.125 1,475 665 810
Métis 1,495 725 775
European, n.o.s.126 1,965 920 1,045
Russian 1,675 780 900
Norwegian 1,025 530 500
Welsh 2,215 1,170 1,045
Portuguese 1,290 685 605
American 1,435 710 730
Spanish 1,195 590 605
Swedish 880 435 445
Hungarian 1,025 515 510
Acadian 755 335 420
Pakistani 1,090 550 545
African, n.o.s.127 1,045 505 540
Jewish 640 300 340
Punjabi 605 280 320
Vietnamese 1,235 595 650
Arab, n.o.s.128 2,315 1,165 1,155
Greek 925 500 425
Jamaican 540 265 280
Asian, n.o.s.129 590 290 300
Cree, n.o.s.130 180 110 75
Korean 440 225 215
Romanian 655 310 340
Lebanese 3,505 1,790 1,715
Iranian 700 365 335
Christian, n.i.e.131 605 260 345
Danish 535 220 320
North American Indigenous, n.o.s.132 405 205 195
Sikh 390 210 180
Austrian 715 325 385
Belgian 615 310 300
Haitian 370 145 230
Hindu 555 280 280
Mexican 395 205 190
Mennonite 150 65 80
Swiss 475 230 245
Finnish 630 315 325
Sri Lankan 455 230 225
Croatian 550 275 270
Japanese 405 150 260
South Asian, n.o.s.133 420 205 215
Mi'kmaq, n.o.s.134 455 255 195
Northern European, n.o.s.135 500 270 230
Muslim 520 265 250
Egyptian 730 370 355
Latin, Central or South American, n.o.s.136 315 150 165
Tamil 335 190 140
Icelandic 220 115 105
Colombian 200 85 120
Moroccan 150 75 70
Czech 370 140 230
Syrian 505 275 240
Guyanese 170 85 90
Afghan 340 175 165
Black, n.o.s.137 255 120 135
Serbian 340 190 155
Ojibway 165 85 80
Newfoundlander 440 205 235
Hong Konger 150 100 50
Ontarian 850 400 450
Persian 380 205 175
Trinidadian/Tobagonian 180 120 65
Turkish 450 215 230
Inuit, n.o.s.138 145 70 75
Bangladeshi 495 250 250
Algerian 130 70 55
Brazilian 330 160 170
Nigerian 340 170 170
Armenian 200 95 105
Slovak 395 185 210
Eastern European, n.o.s.139 275 115 155
Somali 375 170 210
Taiwanese 155 90 70
Iraqi 470 245 220
Salvadorean 140 50 90
African Caribbean 160 75 85
East or Southeast Asian, n.o.s.140 235 110 120
West or Central Asian or Middle Eastern, n.o.s.141 715 370 345
Caribbean, n.o.s.142 130 70 65
Algonquin 555 260 295
West Indian, n.o.s.143 135 80 55
Lithuanian 230 105 125
South African 245 90 155
Australian 130 65 65
Palestinian 810 410 395
Chilean 90 40 50
Congolese 220 100 120
Nova Scotian 200 75 125
Ethiopian 200 115 85
Hispanic, n.o.s.144 65