Census Profile, 2021 Census of Population
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Topic:
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Age
Age characteristics
Commuting
Select all: Commuting
Commuting destination
Commuting duration
Main mode of commuting
Place of work status
Time leaving for work
Education
Select all: Education
Highest certificate, diploma or degree
Location of study compared with province or territory of residence
Major field of study - Classification of Instructional Programs (CIP) 2021
Secondary (high) school diploma or equivalency certificate
Ethnocultural and religious diversity
Select all: Ethnocultural and religious diversity
Ethnic or cultural origin
Religion
Visible minority
Families, households, and marital status
Select all: Families, households, and marital status
Family characteristics
Household type
Marital status
Housing
Household characteristics
Immigration, place of birth, and citizenship
Select all: Immigration, place of birth, and citizenship
Admission category and applicant type
Age at immigration
Citizenship
Generation status
Immigrant status and period of immigration
Pre-admission experience
Selected places of birth for the immigrant population
Selected places of birth for the recent immigrant population
Income
Select all: Income
Income of economic families in 2020
Income of households in 2020
Income of individuals in 2019
Income of individuals in 2020
Low income and income inequality in 2020
Indigenous peoples
Select all: Indigenous peoples
Indigenous ancestry
Indigenous population
Instruction in the minority official language
Select all: Instruction in the minority official language
Children eligible for instruction in the minority official language
Eligibility and instruction in the minority official language for school-aged children
Labour
Select all: Labour
Class of worker including job permanency
Industry - Sectors - North American Industry Classification System (NAICS) 2017
Labour force status
Occupation - Broad category - National Occupational Classification (NOC) 2021
Work activity during the reference year
Language
Select all: Language
All languages spoken at home
First official language spoken
Knowledge of languages
Knowledge of official languages
Language spoken most often at home
Mother tongue
Other language spoken regularly at home
Language of work
Select all: Language of work
All languages used at work
Language used most often at work
Other language(s) used regularly at work
Mobility and migration
Select all: Mobility and migration
Mobility status 1 year ago
Mobility status 5 years ago
Population and dwelling counts
Population and dwellings
Type of dwelling
Household and dwelling characteristics
GenderMore information:


Statistic:
Characteristic Grey, County (CTY)More information:
Ontario
[Census division]
Counts
Total Men+ Women+
Population and dwellings
Population, 20211 100,905 ... ...
Population, 20161 93,830 ... ...
Population percentage change, 2016 to 2021 7.5 ... ...
Total private dwellings2 50,183 ... ...
Private dwellings occupied by usual residents3 42,309 ... ...
Population density per square kilometre 22.4 ... ...
Land area in square kilometres 4,497.93 ... ...
Age characteristics
Total - Age groups of the population - 100% data 100,905 49,770 51,135
0 to 14 years 15,405 7,925 7,480
0 to 4 years 4,935 2,560 2,380
5 to 9 years 5,265 2,705 2,560
10 to 14 years 5,205 2,665 2,540
15 to 64 years 58,870 29,275 29,590
15 to 19 years 4,955 2,575 2,375
20 to 24 years 4,775 2,490 2,285
25 to 29 years 5,055 2,570 2,485
30 to 34 years 5,355 2,680 2,675
35 to 39 years 5,285 2,660 2,630
40 to 44 years 5,075 2,510 2,565
45 to 49 years 5,085 2,580 2,505
50 to 54 years 6,065 2,940 3,125
55 to 59 years 8,170 3,965 4,200
60 to 64 years 9,055 4,310 4,750
65 years and over 26,630 12,570 14,065
65 to 69 years 8,240 3,990 4,250
70 to 74 years 7,215 3,535 3,680
75 to 79 years 4,785 2,315 2,470
80 to 84 years 3,185 1,450 1,730
85 years and over 3,205 1,275 1,930
85 to 89 years 2,000 865 1,140
90 to 94 years 965 350 615
95 to 99 years 200 55 145
100 years and over 40 5 30
Total - Distribution (%) of the population by broad age groups - 100% data 100.0 100.0 100.0
0 to 14 years 15.3 15.9 14.6
15 to 64 years 58.3 58.8 57.9
65 years and over 26.4 25.3 27.5
85 years and over 3.2 2.6 3.8
Average age of the population 45.9 44.9 46.8
Median age of the population 49.6 48.0 50.8
Household and dwelling characteristics
Total - Occupied private dwellings by structural type of dwelling - 100% data 42,310 ... ...
Single-detached house 32,775 ... ...
Semi-detached house 785 ... ...
Row house 1,935 ... ...
Apartment or flat in a duplex 630 ... ...
Apartment in a building that has fewer than five storeys 4,780 ... ...
Apartment in a building that has five or more storeys 905 ... ...
Other single-attached house 80 ... ...
Movable dwelling4 420 ... ...
Total - Private households by household size - 100% data 42,310 ... ...
1 person 11,945 ... ...
2 persons 17,100 ... ...
3 persons 5,490 ... ...
4 persons 4,670 ... ...
5 or more persons 3,100 ... ...
Number of persons in private households 99,160 49,165 49,990
Average household size 2.3 ... ...
Marital status
Total - Marital status for the total population aged 15 years and over - 100% data 85,500 41,840 43,660
Married or living common-law 53,035 26,440 26,595
Married 43,575 21,725 21,845
Living common-law 9,460 4,710 4,750
Living common law - Never married 5,875 2,960 2,915
Living common law - Separated 640 325 320
Living common law - Divorced 2,565 1,260 1,300
Living common law - Widowed 375 160 210
Not married and not living common-law 32,470 15,405 17,065
Not married and not living common law - Never married 18,865 10,635 8,225
Not married and not living common law - Separated 2,370 1,105 1,260
Not married and not living common law - Divorced 5,335 2,270 3,065
Not married and not living common law - Widowed 5,900 1,390 4,510
Family characteristics
Total - Census families in private households by family size - 100% data5 29,975 ... ...
2 persons 17,890 ... ...
3 persons 5,335 ... ...
4 persons 4,325 ... ...
5 or more persons 2,420 ... ...
Average size of census families 2.8 ... ...
Average number of children in census families with children6 1.9 ... ...
Total number of census families in private households - 100% data 29,975 ... ...
Total couple families 26,005 ... ...
Married couples 21,275 ... ...
With children6 8,740 ... ...
Without children 12,530 ... ...
Common-law couples 4,730 ... ...
With children6 1,840 ... ...
Without children 2,890 ... ...
Total one-parent families 3,975 ... ...
in which the parent is a woman+ 2,980 ... ...
in which the parent is a man+ 995 ... ...
Total - Persons in private households - 100% data 99,160 49,165 49,990
Total - Persons in census families 82,835 41,400 41,435
Married spouses or common-law partners 52,005 25,950 26,055
Parents in one-parent families 3,975 990 2,980
Children6 26,860 14,460 12,400
In a two-parent family 20,795 11,085 9,710
In a one-parent family 6,065 3,375 2,695
Total - Persons not in census families in private households - 100% data 16,320 7,765 8,555
Living alone 11,945 5,500 6,440
Living with other relatives7 1,705 720 980
Living with non-relatives only 2,675 1,540 1,135
Household type
Total - Household type - 100% data 42,305 ... ...
One-census-family households without additional persons 26,975 ... ...
Couple-family households 23,975 ... ...
With children6 9,675 ... ...
Without children 14,300 ... ...
One-parent-family households 3,005 ... ...
Multigenerational households8 930 ... ...
Multiple-census-family households9 220 ... ...
One-census-family households with additional persons9 1,090 ... ...
Two-or-more-person non-census-family households 1,155 ... ...
One-person households 11,945 ... ...
Income of individuals in 2020
Total - Income statistics in 2020 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data10 83,765 41,240 42,520
Number of total income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2020 - 100% data 81,630 40,180 41,455
Median total income in 2020 among recipients ($) 39,200 44,000 35,200
Number of after-tax income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2020 - 100% data 81,675 40,200 41,475
Median after-tax income in 2020 among recipients ($) 35,600 39,200 32,400
Number of market income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2020 - 100% data 73,120 36,525 36,595
Median market income in 2020 among recipients ($) 31,600 38,800 25,400
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2020 - 100% data 55,640 29,230 26,410
Median employment income in 2020 among recipients ($) 31,200 36,400 26,200
Number of government transfers recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2020 - 100% data 73,845 36,130 37,715
Median government transfers in 2020 among recipients ($) 11,400 9,600 12,600
Number of employment insurance benefits recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2020 - 100% data 6,675 3,365 3,310
Median employment insurance benefits in 2020 among recipients ($) 5,680 5,840 5,520
Number of COVID-19 emergency and recovery benefits recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2020 - 100% data 19,200 9,260 9,940
Median COVID-19 emergency and recovery benefits in 2020 among recipients ($) 8,000 7,500 8,000
Total - Income statistics in 2020 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data11 83,765 41,240 42,515
Number of total income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2020 - 25% sample data 81,575 40,220 41,360
Average total income in 2020 among recipients ($) 52,200 60,200 44,440
Number of after-tax income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2020 - 25% sample data 81,615 40,245 41,375
Average after-tax income in 2020 among recipients ($) 43,600 49,120 38,200
Number of market income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2020 - 25% sample data 73,220 36,600 36,625
Average market income in 2020 among recipients ($) 46,360 55,700 37,040
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2020 - 25% sample data 55,645 29,310 26,330
Average employment income in 2020 among recipients ($) 44,720 52,300 36,320
Number of government transfers recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2020 - 25% sample data 74,000 36,330 37,670
Average government transfers in 2020 among recipients ($) 11,680 10,530 12,790
Number of employment insurance benefits recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2020 - 25% sample data 6,645 3,270 3,375
Average employment insurance benefits in 2020 among recipients ($) 6,730 6,400 7,040
Number of COVID-19 emergency and recovery benefits recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2020 - 25% sample data 19,105 9,290 9,815
Average COVID-19 emergency and recovery benefits in 2020 among recipients ($) 8,490 8,080 8,890
Total - Employment income statistics in 2020 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data12 83,765 41,245 42,520
Number of employment income recipients in 2020 who worked full-year full-time in 2020 - 25% sample data13 24,880 14,465 10,415
Median employment income in 2020 for full-year full-time workers in 2020 ($)14 55,200 60,000 50,400
Average employment income in 2020 for full-year full-time workers in 2020 ($)15 70,300 78,000 59,650
Number of employment income recipients in 2020 who worked part-year or part-time in 2020 - 25% sample data16 22,220 10,360 11,860
Median employment income in 2020 of those who worked part-year or part-time in 2020 ($) 17,600 20,600 15,700
Average employment income in 2020 of those who worked part-year or part-time in 2020 ($) 27,360 32,240 23,100
Composition of total income in 2020 of the population aged 15 years and over in private households (%) - 25% sample data17 100.0 100.0 100.0
Market income (%)18 79.8 84.2 73.8
Employment income (%)19 58.4 63.3 52.0
Government transfers (%)20 20.3 15.8 26.2
Employment insurance benefits (%) 1.1 0.9 1.3
COVID-19 - Government income support and benefits (%) 4.5 3.6 5.8
COVID-19 - Emergency and recovery benefits (%) 3.8 3.1 4.7
Total - Total income groups in 2020 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data21 83,760 41,245 42,520
Without total income 2,130 1,065 1,065
With total income 81,630 40,180 41,455
Under $10,000 (including loss) 6,090 2,640 3,450
$10,000 to $19,999 11,100 4,640 6,465
$20,000 to $29,999 13,640 5,960 7,680
$30,000 to $39,999 10,975 4,925 6,050
$40,000 to $49,999 9,680 4,555 5,125
$50,000 to $59,999 7,485 3,815 3,670
$60,000 to $69,999 5,945 3,280 2,670
$70,000 to $79,999 4,175 2,460 1,715
$80,000 to $89,999 2,945 1,715 1,225
$90,000 to $99,999 2,205 1,310 895
$100,000 and over 7,390 4,880 2,505
$100,000 to $149,999 4,700 2,910 1,795
$150,000 and over 2,685 1,975 715
Total - After-tax income groups in 2020 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data22 83,760 41,245 42,520
Without after-tax income 2,085 1,045 1,045
With after-tax income 81,680 40,205 41,475
Under $10,000 (including loss) 6,550 2,805 3,745
$10,000 to $19,999 11,580 4,850 6,730
$20,000 to $29,999 15,305 6,740 8,565
$30,000 to $39,999 13,045 6,055 6,990
$40,000 to $49,999 10,670 5,255 5,420
$50,000 to $59,999 7,950 4,325 3,620
$60,000 to $69,999 5,255 3,035 2,220
$70,000 to $79,999 3,400 2,010 1,390
$80,000 to $89,999 2,415 1,375 1,040
$90,000 to $99,999 1,455 875 575
$100,000 and over 4,055 2,875 1,175
$100,000 to $124,999 1,945 1,330 620
$125,000 and over 2,105 1,545 560
Total - Employment income groups in 2020 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data19 83,760 41,245 42,520
Without employment income 28,120 12,010 16,110
With employment income 55,640 29,235 26,410
Under $5,000 (including loss) 10,000 5,130 4,875
$5,000 to $9,999 4,555 2,005 2,550
$10,000 to $19,999 7,075 3,195 3,875
$20,000 to $29,999 5,495 2,550 2,945
$30,000 to $39,999 5,530 2,665 2,865
$40,000 to $49,999 4,915 2,495 2,420
$50,000 to $59,999 4,185 2,315 1,875
$60,000 to $69,999 3,300 1,995 1,300
$70,000 to $79,999 2,375 1,495 880
$80,000 to $89,999 1,780 1,100 685
$90,000 to $99,999 1,580 915 665
$100,000 and over 4,850 3,375 1,480
$100,000 to $124,999 2,125 1,330 795
$125,000 and over 2,735 2,050 685
Income of individuals in 2019
Total - Income statistics in 2019 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data23 83,765 41,240 42,520
Number of total income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2019 - 100% data 80,485 39,580 40,900
Median total income in 2019 among recipients ($) 37,200 42,800 32,400
Number of after-tax income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2019 - 100% data 80,520 39,585 40,935
Median after-tax income in 2019 among recipients ($) 33,600 38,400 30,000
Number of market income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2019 - 100% data 72,530 36,185 36,345
Median market income in 2019 among recipients ($) 33,200 40,400 27,400
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2019 - 100% data 56,075 29,340 26,740
Median employment income in 2019 among recipients ($) 33,200 38,800 28,400
Number of government transfers recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2019 - 100% data 70,455 34,355 36,100
Median government transfers in 2019 among recipients ($) 7,100 3,680 8,700
Number of employment insurance benefits recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2019 -100% data 5,475 2,715 2,760
Median employment insurance benefits in 2019 among recipients ($) 5,480 5,640 5,320
Total - Income statistics in 2019 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data24 83,765 41,240 42,515
Number of total income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2019 - 25% sample data 80,595 39,685 40,910
Average total income in 2019 among recipients ($) 50,800 59,600 42,280
Number of after-tax income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2019 - 25% sample data 80,625 39,685 40,940
Average after-tax income in 2019 among recipients ($) 42,000 48,040 36,120
Number of market income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2019 - 25% sample data 72,830 36,335 36,495
Average market income in 2019 among recipients ($) 47,600 57,550 37,720
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2019 - 25% sample data 56,515 29,640 26,875
Average employment income in 2019 among recipients ($) 45,560 53,300 37,000
Number of government transfers recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2019 - 25% sample data 70,535 34,440 36,090
Average government transfers in 2019 among recipients ($) 8,910 7,990 9,780
Number of employment insurance benefits recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2019 - 25% sample data 5,290 2,650 2,640
Average employment insurance benefits in 2019 among recipients ($) 6,920 6,375 7,460
Total - Employment income statistics in 2019 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data25 83,765 41,245 42,520
Number of employment income recipients in 2019 who worked full-year full-time in 2020 - 25% sample data13 24,555 14,270 10,285
Median employment income in 2019 for full-year full-time workers in 2020 ($)14 52,400 58,000 46,800
Average employment income in 2019 for full-year full-time workers in 2020 ($)15 67,700 76,100 55,950
Number of employment income recipients in 2019 who worked part-year or part-time in 2020 - 25% sample data16 21,520 10,105 11,420
Median employment income in 2019 of those who worked part-year or part-time in 2020 ($) 22,400 26,600 20,400
Average employment income in 2019 of those who worked part-year or part-time in 2020 ($) 32,200 37,960 27,120
Composition of total income in 2019 of the population aged 15 years and over in private households (%) - 25% sample data 100.0 100.0 100.0
Market income (%) 84.6 88.4 79.6
Employment income (%) 62.9 66.8 57.5
Government transfers (%) 15.4 11.6 20.4
Employment insurance benefits (%) 0.9 0.7 1.1
Income of households in 2020
Total - Income statistics for private households - 100% data26 42,310 ... ...
Median total income of household in 2020 ($) 78,000 ... ...
Median after-tax income of household in 2020 ($) 70,000 ... ...
Total - Income statistics for one-person private households - 100% data 11,945 ... ...
Median total income of one-person households in 2020 ($) 36,800 ... ...
Median after-tax income of one-person households in 2020 ($) 34,000 ... ...
Total - Income statistics for two-or-more-persons private households - 100% data 30,365 ... ...
Median total income of two-or-more-person households in 2020 ($) 97,000 ... ...
Median after-tax income of two-or-more-person households in 2020 ($) 86,000 ... ...
Total - Income statistics for private households - 25% sample data27 42,310 ... ...
Average total income of household in 2020 ($) 100,700 ... ...
Average after-tax income of household in 2020 ($) 84,100 ... ...
Total - Income statistics for one-person private households - 25% sample data 11,970 ... ...
Average total income of one-person households in 2020 ($) 48,440 ... ...
Average after-tax income of one-person households in 2020 ($) 41,280 ... ...
Total - Income statistics for two-or-more-persons private households - 25% sample data 30,340 ... ...
Average total income of two-or-more-person households in 2020 ($) 121,300 ... ...
Average after-tax income of two-or-more-person households in 2020 ($) 101,000 ... ...
Total - Household total income groups in 2020 for private households - 100% data21 42,310 ... ...
Under $5,000 395 ... ...
$5,000 to $9,999 215 ... ...
$10,000 to $14,999 610 ... ...
$15,000 to $19,999 980 ... ...
$20,000 to $24,999 1,735 ... ...
$25,000 to $29,999 1,755 ... ...
$30,000 to $34,999 1,390 ... ...
$35,000 to $39,999 1,760 ... ...
$40,000 to $44,999 1,775 ... ...
$45,000 to $49,999 1,715 ... ...
$50,000 to $59,999 3,290 ... ...
$60,000 to $69,999 3,125 ... ...
$70,000 to $79,999 2,895 ... ...
$80,000 to $89,999 2,675 ... ...
$90,000 to $99,999 2,530 ... ...
$100,000 and over 15,450 ... ...
$100,000 to $124,999 4,875 ... ...
$125,000 to $149,999 3,460 ... ...
$150,000 to $199,999 3,700 ... ...
$200,000 and over 3,415 ... ...
Total - Household after-tax income groups in 2020 for private households - 100% data22 42,310 ... ...
Under $5,000 475 ... ...
$5,000 to $9,999 235 ... ...
$10,000 to $14,999 630 ... ...
$15,000 to $19,999 1,015 ... ...
$20,000 to $24,999 1,845 ... ...
$25,000 to $29,999 1,940 ... ...
$30,000 to $34,999 1,655 ... ...
$35,000 to $39,999 1,965 ... ...
$40,000 to $44,999 2,015 ... ...
$45,000 to $49,999 1,965 ... ...
$50,000 to $59,999 3,915 ... ...
$60,000 to $69,999 3,510 ... ...
$70,000 to $79,999 3,375 ... ...
$80,000 to $89,999 3,095 ... ...
$90,000 to $99,999 2,595 ... ...
$100,000 and over 12,085 ... ...
$100,000 to $124,999 4,770 ... ...
$125,000 to $149,999 2,955 ... ...
$150,000 and over 4,370 ... ...
Income of economic families in 2020
Total - Income statistics for economic families in private households - 100% data28 29,530 ... ...
Median total income of economic family in 2020 ($) 97,000 ... ...
Median after-tax income of economic family in 2020 ($) 85,000 ... ...
Average family size of economic families 2.9 ... ...
Total - Income statistics for couple-only economic families in private households - 100% data 14,450 ... ...
Median total income of couple-only economic families in 2020 ($) 86,000 ... ...
Median after-tax income of couple-only economic families in 2020 ($) 76,000 ... ...
Average family size of couple-only economic families 2.0 ... ...
Total - Income statistics for couple-with-children economic families in private households - 100% data 10,710 ... ...
Median total income of couple-with-children economic families in 2020 ($) 126,000 ... ...
Median after-tax income of couple-with-children economic families in 2020 ($) 110,000 ... ...
Average family size of couple-with-children economic families 4.1 ... ...
Total - Income statistics for one-parent economic families in private households - 100% data 3,610 ... ...
Median total income of one-parent economic families in 2020 ($) 65,500 ... ...
Median after-tax income of one-parent economic families in 2020 ($) 60,400 ... ...
Average family size of one-parent economic families 2.7 ... ...
Total - Income statistics for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families in private households - 100% data29 14,625 7,045 7,580
Median total income in 2020 ($)30 36,000 37,600 34,400
Median after-tax income in 2020 ($)30 33,200 34,000 32,000
Total - Income statistics for economic families in private households - 25% sample data31 29,470 ... ...
Average total income of economic family in 2020 ($) 121,300 ... ...
Average after-tax income of economic family in 2020 ($) 100,800 ... ...
Total - Income statistics for couple-only economic families in private households - 25% sample data 14,445 ... ...
Average total income of couple-only economic families in 2020 ($) 110,700 ... ...
Average after-tax income of couple-only economic families in 2020 ($) 91,200 ... ...
Total - Income statistics for couple-with-children economic families in private households - 25% sample data 10,680 ... ...
Average total income of couple-with-children economic families in 2020 ($) 150,200 ... ...
Average after-tax income of couple-with-children economic families in 2020 ($) 124,500 ... ...
Total - Income statistics for one-parent economic families in private households - 25% sample data 3,585 ... ...
Average total income of one-parent economic families in 2020 ($) 78,000 ... ...
Average after-tax income of one-parent economic families in 2020 ($) 69,000 ... ...
Total - Income statistics for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families in private households - 25% sample data32 14,620 6,895 7,730
Average total income in 2020 ($)30 46,880 49,440 44,600
Average after-tax income in 2020 ($)30 40,120 41,600 38,760
Low income and income inequality in 2020
Total - LIM low-income status in 2020 for the population in private households - 100% data33 99,160 49,170 49,995
0 to 17 years 18,395 9,445 8,950
0 to 5 years 5,955 3,085 2,870
18 to 64 years 55,540 27,560 27,975
65 years and over 25,235 12,160 13,070
In low income based on the Low-income measure, after tax (LIM-AT) 11,950 5,725 6,225
0 to 17 years 2,540 1,285 1,255
0 to 5 years 925 480 445
18 to 64 years 6,180 3,045 3,135
65 years and over 3,230 1,400 1,830
Prevalence of low income based on the Low-income measure, after tax (LIM-AT) (%) 12.1 11.6 12.5
0 to 17 years (%) 13.8 13.6 14.0
0 to 5 years (%) 15.5 15.6 15.5
18 to 64 years (%) 11.1 11.0 11.2
65 years and over (%) 12.8 11.5 14.0
Total - LICO low-income status in 2020 for the population in private households to whom the low-income concept is applicable - 100% data33 99,160 49,165 49,990
0 to 17 years 18,390 9,445 8,945
0 to 5 years 5,955 3,080 2,875
18 to 64 years 55,535 27,560 27,980
65 years and over 25,230 12,165 13,070
In low income based on the Low-income cut-offs, after tax (LICO-AT) 3,165 1,675 1,490
0 to 17 years 500 255 250
0 to 5 years 190 100 90
18 to 64 years 2,305 1,245 1,060
65 years and over 360 180 180
Prevalence of low income based on the Low-income cut-offs, after tax (LICO-AT) (%) 3.2 3.4 3.0
0 to 17 years (%) 2.7 2.7 2.8
0 to 5 years (%) 3.2 3.2 3.2
18 to 64 years (%) 4.1 4.5 3.8
65 years and over (%) 1.4 1.5 1.4
Total - Adjusted after-tax economic family income decile group for the population in private households - 100% data34The letter 'c' in a yellow triangle indicates a correction notice. 99,160 49,170 49,990
In bottom half of the distribution 52,945 25,725 27,220
In bottom decile 10,115 4,945 5,170
In second decile 11,220 5,225 5,990
In third decile 10,950 5,355 5,595
In fourth decile 10,580 5,130 5,450
In fifth decile 10,085 5,065 5,010
In top half of the distribution 46,220 23,440 22,775
In sixth decile 9,885 4,970 4,915
In seventh decile 9,625 4,850 4,775
In eighth decile 9,345 4,730 4,615
In ninth decile 8,610 4,405 4,205
In top decile 8,755 4,490 4,260
Total - Inequality measures for the population in private households - 100% data35 99,160 ... ...
Gini index on adjusted household total income 0.354 ... ...
Gini index on adjusted household market income 0.481 ... ...
Gini index on adjusted household after-tax income 0.306 ... ...
P90/P10 ratio on adjusted household after-tax income 3.8 ... ...
Knowledge of official languages
Total - Knowledge of official languages for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% data36 99,820 49,390 50,420
English only 93,525 46,730 46,800
French only 15 15 5
English and French 5,680 2,335 3,350
Neither English nor French 585 320 270
First official language spoken
Total - First official language spoken for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% data37 99,820 49,390 50,420
English 98,345 48,665 49,685
French 790 370 425
English and French 110 55 50
Neither English nor French 570 305 265
Mother tongue
Total - Mother tongue for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% data38 99,820 49,390 50,420
Single responses 98,795 48,915 49,875
Official languages 90,910 45,025 45,880
English 90,045 44,635 45,410
French 860 390 465
Non-official languages 7,890 3,895 3,995
Indigenous languages39 10 5 5
Algonquian languages 10 5 5
Blackfoot 0 0 0
Cree-Innu languages 0 0 0
Atikamekw 0 0 0
Cree languages 0 0 0
Ililimowin (Moose Cree) 0 0 0
Inu Ayimun (Southern East Cree) 0 0 0
Iyiyiw-Ayimiwin (Northern East Cree) 0 0 0
Nehinawewin (Swampy Cree) 0 0 0
Nehiyawewin (Plains Cree) 0 0 0
Nihithawiwin (Woods Cree) 0 0 0
Cree, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Innu (Montagnais) 0 0 0
Naskapi 0 0 0
Eastern Algonquian languages 0 0 0
Mi'kmaq 0 0 0
Wolastoqewi (Malecite) 0 0 0
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 10 5 5
Anicinabemowin (Algonquin) 0 0 0
Oji-Cree 0 0 0
Ojibway languages 10 5 5
Anishinaabemowin (Chippewa) 0 0 0
Daawaamwin (Odawa) 0 0 0
Saulteau (Western Ojibway) 0 0 0
Ojibway, n.o.s. 5 5 5
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages 0 0 0
Northern Athabaskan languages 0 0 0
Dakelh (Carrier) 0 0 0
Dane-zaa (Beaver) 0 0 0
Dene, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Gwich'in 0 0 0
Slavey-Hare languages 0 0 0
Deh Gah Ghotie Zhatie (South Slavey) 0 0 0
Satuotine Yati (North Slavey) 0 0 0
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Tahltan languages 0 0 0
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0
Tahltan 0 0 0
Tlicho (Dogrib) 0 0 0
Tse'khene (Sekani) 0 0 0
Tsilhqot'in (Chilcotin) 0 0 0
Tsuu T'ina (Sarsi) 0 0 0
Tutchone languages 0 0 0
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0
Tutchone, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Wetsuwet'en-Babine 0 0 0
Tlingit 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Haida 0 0 0
Inuktut (Inuit) languages 0 5 0
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 0 0 0
Inuinnaqtun 0 0 0
Inuvialuktun 0 0 0
Inuktitut 0 5 0
Inuktut (Inuit) languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages 0 0 0
Cayuga 0 0 0
Mohawk 0 0 0
Oneida 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Ktunaxa (Kutenai) 0 0 0
Michif 0 0 0
Salish languages 0 0 0
Halkomelem 0 0 0
Lillooet 0 0 0
Ntlakapamux (Thompson) 0 0 0
Secwepemctsin (Shuswap) 0 0 0
Squamish 0 0 0
Straits 0 0 0
Syilx (Okanagan) 0 0 0
Salish languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Siouan languages 0 0 0
Assiniboine 0 0 0
Dakota 0 0 0
Stoney 0 0 0
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Tsimshian languages 0 0 0
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 0 0 0
Nisga'a 0 0 0
Tsimshian 0 0 0
Wakashan languages 0 0 0
Haisla 0 0 0
Heiltsuk 0 0 0
Kwak'wala (Kwakiutl) 0 0 0
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0 0 0
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Indigenous languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Indigenous languages, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Non-Indigenous languages 7,875 3,885 3,990
Afro-Asiatic languages 190 90 90
Berber languages 0 0 0
Kabyle 0 0 0
Tamazight 0 0 0
Berber languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Chadic languages 0 0 0
Hausa 0 0 0
Mina 0 0 0
Coptic 0 0 0
Cushitic languages 0 0 0
Bilen 0 0 0
Oromo 0 0 0
Somali 0 0 0
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Semitic languages 185 90 90
Amharic 0 0 0
Arabic 135 70 70
Aramaic languages 5 5 0
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 0 0 0
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 0 0 0
Aramaic, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Harari 0 0 0
Hebrew 5 0 0
Maltese 10 5 5
Tigrigna 25 10 15
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Austro-Asiatic languages 45 20 25
Khmer (Cambodian) 10 0 0
Vietnamese 40 20 20
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e 0 0 0
Austronesian languages 110 30 80
Bikol 0 0 0
Bisaya, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Cebuano 0 0 0
Fijian 0 0 0
Hiligaynon 5 0 5
Ilocano 10 5 0
Indonesian 0 0 0
Kankanaey 0 0 0
Kinaray-a 0 0 0
Malagasy languages 0 0 0
Merina 0 0 0
Malagasy, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Malay 0 0 0
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 0 0 0
Pangasinan 0 0 0
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 85 25 65
Waray-Waray 0 0 0
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 5
Creole languages 10 5 5
Haitian Creole 0 0 0
Jamaican English Creole 10 5 5
Krio 0 0 0
Morisyen 0 0 0
Sango 0 0 0
Creole, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Creole languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Dravidian languages 140 75 60
Kannada 0 0 0
Malayalam 60 35 25
Tamil 60 30 30
Telugu 15 10 10
Tulu 0 0 0
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Georgian 5 5 0
Hmong-Mien languages 0 0 0
Indo-European languages 6,845 3,410 3,430
Albanian 5 0 5
Armenian 5 0 5
Balto-Slavic languages 805 360 445
Baltic languages 65 30 35
Latvian 20 10 15
Lithuanian 40 20 20
Slavic languages 740 335 410
Belarusian 0 0 5
Bulgarian 10 10 5
Czech 80 35 40
Macedonian 20 10 10
Polish 245 110 135
Russian 95 35 60
Rusyn 0 0 0
Serbo-Croatian 150 75 80
Bosnian 15 5 10
Croatian 90 40 45
Serbian 50 25 20
Serbo-Croatian, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Slovak 20 10 10
Slovene (Slovenian) 20 10 10
Ukrainian 90 35 60
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Celtic languages 10 5 5
Irish 0 0 0
Scottish Gaelic 0 0 0
Welsh 5 5 5
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Germanic languages 4,735 2,345 2,390
Frisian 10 5 5
High German languages 3,615 1,795 1,820
German 2,095 1,030 1,065
Pennsylvania German 1,460 735 725
Swiss German 55 30 25
Yiddish 5 0 5
Low Saxon-Low Franconian languages 1,035 510 530
Afrikaans 40 20 20
Dutch 815 405 410
Low German, n.o.s. 35 15 15
Low Saxon 0 0 0
Plautdietsch 140 70 70
Vlaams (Flemish) 10 5 10
Scandinavian languages 75 35 40
Danish 55 25 25
Icelandic 0 0 0
Norwegian 5 5 0
Swedish 20 5 15
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Greek 55 25 30
Indo-Iranian languages 435 240 190
Indo-Aryan languages 380 210 170
Assamese 0 0 0
Bengali 10 5 0
Gujarati 60 35 25
Hindi 60 40 15
Kacchi 5 5 0
Kashmiri 0 0 0
Konkani 0 0 0
Marathi 0 0 0
Nepali 10 5 5
Oriya languages 0 0 0
Odia 0 0 0
Oriya, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Punjabi (Panjabi) 170 85 80
Rohingya 0 0 0
Sindhi 0 0 0
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 10 0 5
Urdu 50 30 25
Indo-Aryan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Iranian languages 55 30 25
Baluchi 0 0 0
Kurdish 0 0 0
Parsi 0 0 0
Pashto 15 10 5
Persian languages 30 15 15
Dari 15 5 5
Iranian Persian 15 10 10
Persian (Farsi), n.o.s. 0 0 0
Iranian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Italic (Romance) languages 795 430 365
Catalan 0 0 0
Italian 260 150 110
Portuguese 210 120 95
Romanian 45 15 25
Spanish 280 140 135
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Indo-European languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Japanese 20 5 15
Korean 90 40 50
Mongolian 0 0 0
Niger-Congo languages 40 25 15
Akan (Twi) 15 15 5
Bamanankan 0 0 0
Edo 0 0 0
Éwé 0 0 0
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 0 0 0
Ga 0 0 0
Ganda 0 0 0
Gikuyu 0 0 0
Igbo 0 0 0
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 0 0 0
Lingala 0 0 0
Luba-Kasai 0 0 0
Mòoré 0 0 0
Mwani 0 0 0
Ndebele 0 0 0
Rundi (Kirundi) 0 0 0
Shona 0 0 0
Soninke 0 0 0
Sotho-Tswana languages 0 0 0
Swahili 10 5 0
Wojenaka 0 0 0
Wolof 0 0 0
Yoruba 5 5 0
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Nilo-Saharan languages 0 0 0
Dinka 0 0 0
Nuer 0 0 0
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
African, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Sign languages 15 5 5
American Sign Language 10 5 5
Quebec Sign Language 0 0 0
Sign languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Sino-Tibetan languages 170 75 95
Chinese languages 170 75 95
Hakka 0 0 0
Mandarin 80 35 45
Min Dong 0 0 0
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 5 0 5
Wu (Shanghainese) 0 0 0
Yue (Cantonese) 75 35 35
Chinese, n.o.s. 10 5 5
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Tibeto-Burman languages 0 0 0
Burmese 0 0 0
Kuki-Chin languages 0 0 0
Karenic languages 0 0 0
S'gaw Karen 0 0 0
Karenic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Tibetan 0 0 0
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Sino-Tibetan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Tai-Kadai languages 5 0 5
Lao 0 0 0
Thai 5 0 5
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Turkic languages 15 10 5
Azerbaijani 0 0 0
Kazakh 0 0 0
Turkish 15 5 5
Uyghur 0 0 0
Uzbek 0 0 0
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Uralic languages 185 85 100
Estonian 35 20 15
Finnish 50 20 25
Hungarian 105 40 60
Other languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Multiple responses 1,025 475 550
English and French 305 145 165
English and non-official language(s) 610 295 315
French and non-official language(s) 10 5 10
English, French and non-official language(s) 15 10 10
Multiple non-official languages 70 30 45
All languages spoken at home
Total - All languages spoken at home for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% data40 99,820 49,390 50,420
English 92,485 45,800 46,685
French 115 60 60
Non-official language 2,940 1,490 1,445
Indigenous39 0 0 0
Non-Indigenous 2,935 1,490 1,445
English and French 735 305 430
English and non-official language(s) 3,275 1,605 1,670
French and non-official language(s) 0 0 0
English, French and non-official language(s) 135 55 80
Multiple non-official languages 125 65 60
Language spoken most often at home
Total - Language spoken most often at home for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% data41 99,820 49,390 50,420
Single responses 99,170 49,080 50,090
Official languages 95,120 47,035 48,085
English 94,940 46,950 47,990
French 180 85 95
Non-official languages 4,050 2,040 2,010
Indigenous languages39 5 0 0
Algonquian languages 5 0 0
Blackfoot 0 0 0
Cree-Innu languages 0 0 0
Atikamekw 0 0 0
Cree languages 0 0 0
Ililimowin (Moose Cree) 0 0 0
Inu Ayimun (Southern East Cree) 0 0 0
Iyiyiw-Ayimiwin (Northern East Cree) 0 0 0
Nehinawewin (Swampy Cree) 0 0 0
Nehiyawewin (Plains Cree) 0 0 0
Nihithawiwin (Woods Cree) 0 0 0
Cree, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Innu (Montagnais) 0 0 0
Naskapi 0 0 0
Eastern Algonquian languages 0 0 0
Mi'kmaq 0 0 0
Wolastoqewi (Malecite) 0 0 0
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 5 0 0
Anicinabemowin (Algonquin) 0 0 0
Oji-Cree 0 0 0
Ojibway languages 5 0 0
Anishinaabemowin (Chippewa) 0 0 0
Daawaamwin (Odawa) 0 0 0
Saulteau (Western Ojibway) 0 0 0
Ojibway, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages 0 0 0
Northern Athabaskan languages 0 0 0
Dakelh (Carrier) 0 0 0
Dane-zaa (Beaver) 0 0 0
Dene, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Gwich'in 0 0 0
Slavey-Hare languages 0 0 0
Deh Gah Ghotie Zhatie (South Slavey) 0 0 0
Satuotine Yati (North Slavey) 0 0 0
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Tahltan languages 0 0 0
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0
Tahltan 0 0 0
Tlicho (Dogrib) 0 0 0
Tse'khene (Sekani) 0 0 0
Tsilhqot'in (Chilcotin) 0 0 0
Tsuu T'ina (Sarsi) 0 0 0
Tutchone languages 0 0 0
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0
Tutchone, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Wetsuwet'en-Babine 0 0 0
Tlingit 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Haida 0 0 0
Inuktut (Inuit) languages 0 0 0
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 0 0 0
Inuinnaqtun 0 0 0
Inuvialuktun 0 0 0
Inuktitut 0 0 0
Inuktut (Inuit) languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages 0 0 0
Cayuga 0 0 0
Mohawk 0 0 0
Oneida 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Ktunaxa (Kutenai) 0 0 0
Michif 0 0 0
Salish languages 0 0 0
Halkomelem 0 0 0
Lillooet 0 0 0
Ntlakapamux (Thompson) 0 0 0
Secwepemctsin (Shuswap) 0 0 0
Squamish 0 0 0
Straits 0 0 0
Syilx (Okanagan) 0 0 0
Salish languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Siouan languages 0 0 0
Assiniboine 0 0 0
Dakota 0 0 0
Stoney 0 0 0
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Tsimshian languages 0 0 0
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 0 0 0
Nisga'a 0 0 0
Tsimshian 0 0 0
Wakashan languages 0 0 0
Haisla 0 0 0
Heiltsuk 0 0 0
Kwak'wala (Kwakiutl) 0 0 0
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0 0 0
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Indigenous languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Indigenous languages, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Non-Indigenous languages 4,050 2,040 2,010
Afro-Asiatic languages 105 50 50
Berber languages 0 0 0
Kabyle 0 0 0
Tamazight 0 0 0
Berber languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Chadic languages 0 0 0
Hausa 0 0 0
Mina 0 0 0
Coptic 0 0 0
Cushitic languages 0 0 0
Bilen 0 0 0
Oromo 0 0 0
Somali 0 0 0
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Semitic languages 105 50 50
Amharic 0 0 0
Arabic 75 35 40
Aramaic languages 0 0 0
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 0 0 0
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 0 0 0
Aramaic, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Harari 0 0 0
Hebrew 0 0 0
Maltese 0 0 0
Tigrigna 25 10 15
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Austro-Asiatic languages 15 10 10
Khmer (Cambodian) 0 0 0
Vietnamese 15 10 5
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e 0 0 0
Austronesian languages 25 10 10
Bikol 0 0 0
Bisaya, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Cebuano 0 0 0
Fijian 0 0 0
Hiligaynon 5 0 0
Ilocano 0 0 0
Indonesian 0 0 0
Kankanaey 0 0 0
Kinaray-a 0 0 0
Malagasy languages 0 0 0
Merina 0 0 0
Malagasy, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Malay 0 0 0
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 0 0 0
Pangasinan 0 0 0
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 15 10 5
Waray-Waray 0 0 0
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Creole languages 0 0 0
Haitian Creole 0 0 0
Jamaican English Creole 0 0 0
Krio 0 0 0
Morisyen 0 0 0
Sango 0 0 0
Creole, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Creole languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Dravidian languages 100 55 45
Kannada 0 0 0
Malayalam 40 20 15
Tamil 50 25 25
Telugu 5 5 5
Tulu 0 0 0
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Georgian 0 0 0
Hmong-Mien languages 0 0 0
Indo-European languages 3,555 1,795 1,760
Albanian 0 0 0
Armenian 0 0 0
Balto-Slavic languages 185 85 95
Baltic languages 0 0 0
Latvian 0 0 0
Lithuanian 0 0 0
Slavic languages 180 85 95
Belarusian 0 0 0
Bulgarian 10 5 0
Czech 15 5 5
Macedonian 0 0 0
Polish 50 30 25
Russian 45 20 25
Rusyn 0 0 0
Serbo-Croatian 40 20 20
Bosnian 5 5 5
Croatian 25 10 10
Serbian 10 10 10
Serbo-Croatian, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Slovak 5 0 5
Slovene (Slovenian) 0 0 0
Ukrainian 5 5 5
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Celtic languages 0 0 0
Irish 0 0 0
Scottish Gaelic 0 0 0
Welsh 0 0 0
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Germanic languages 2,885 1,465 1,425
Frisian 0 0 0
High German languages 2,400 1,215 1,190
German 1,085 560 525
Pennsylvania German 1,295 645 655
Swiss German 20 15 10
Yiddish 0 0 0
Low Saxon-Low Franconian languages 475 245 230
Afrikaans 30 15 15
Dutch 320 170 150
Low German, n.o.s. 25 15 10
Low Saxon 0 0 0
Plautdietsch 100 50 50
Vlaams (Flemish) 0 0 0
Scandinavian languages 5 5 0
Danish 0 5 5
Icelandic 0 0 0
Norwegian 0 0 0
Swedish 0 0 0
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Greek 10 5 5
Indo-Iranian languages 260 135 120
Indo-Aryan languages 235 125 110
Assamese 0 0 0
Bengali 5 0 5
Gujarati 35 20 15
Hindi 35 25 10
Kacchi 0 0 0
Kashmiri 0 0 0
Konkani 0 0 0
Marathi 0 0 0
Nepali 0 0 5
Oriya languages 0 0 0
Odia 0 0 0
Oriya, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Punjabi (Panjabi) 115 60 55
Rohingya 0 0 0
Sindhi 0 0 0
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 0 0 0
Urdu 35 15 20
Indo-Aryan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Iranian languages 20 10 10
Baluchi 0 0 0
Kurdish 0 0 0
Parsi 0 0 0
Pashto 15 5 5
Persian languages 10 5 5
Dari 5 5 5
Iranian Persian 0 0 0
Persian (Farsi), n.o.s. 0 0 0
Iranian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Italic (Romance) languages 215 105 115
Catalan 0 0 0
Italian 40 20 20
Portuguese 65 35 30
Romanian 10 5 5
Spanish 100 45 50
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Indo-European languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Japanese 5 0 0
Korean 75 35 40
Mongolian 0 0 0
Niger-Congo languages 15 10 5
Akan (Twi) 0 0 5
Bamanankan 0 0 0
Edo 0 0 0
Éwé 0 0 0
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 0 0 0
Ga 0 0 0
Ganda 0 0 0
Gikuyu 0 0 0
Igbo 0 0 0
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 0 0 0
Lingala 0 0 0
Luba-Kasai 0 0 0
Mòoré 0 0 0
Mwani 0 0 0
Ndebele 0 0 0
Rundi (Kirundi) 0 0 0
Shona 0 0 0
Soninke 0 0 0
Sotho-Tswana languages 0 0 0
Swahili 0 0 0
Wojenaka 0 0 0
Wolof 0 0 0
Yoruba 0 0 0
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Nilo-Saharan languages 0 0 0
Dinka 0 0 0
Nuer 0 0 0
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
African, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Sign languages 20 10 5
American Sign Language 15 10 10
Quebec Sign Language 0 0 0
Sign languages, n.i.e. 5 0 0
Sino-Tibetan languages 115 55 60
Chinese languages 115 55 60
Hakka 0 0 0
Mandarin 55 30 30
Min Dong 0 0 0
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 5 0 5
Wu (Shanghainese) 0 0 0
Yue (Cantonese) 45 25 20
Chinese, n.o.s. 5 0 5
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Tibeto-Burman languages 0 0 0
Burmese 0 0 0
Kuki-Chin languages 0 0 0
Karenic languages 0 0 0
S'gaw Karen 0 0 0
Karenic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Tibetan 0 0 0
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Sino-Tibetan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Tai-Kadai languages 0 0 0
Lao 0 0 0
Thai 0 0 0
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Turkic languages 0 0 0
Azerbaijani 0 0 0
Kazakh 0 0 0
Turkish 0 0 0
Uyghur 0 0 0
Uzbek 0 0 0
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Uralic languages 30 10 15
Estonian 5 0 0
Finnish 5 0 5
Hungarian 20 5 15
Other languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Multiple responses 645 315 335
English and French 90 35 55
English and non-official language(s) 525 255 270
French and non-official language(s) 0 0 0
English, French and non-official language(s) 15 10 5
Multiple non-official languages 10 5 5
Other language spoken regularly at home
Total - Other language(s) spoken regularly at home for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% data42 99,820 49,395 50,425
None 96,110 47,630 48,480
English 950 465 485
French 605 245 355
Non-official language 1,825 890 935
Indigenous39 30 10 25
Non-Indigenous 1,795 880 910
English and French 10 5 5
English and non-official language(s) 95 40 50
French and non-official language(s) 85 35 50
English, French and non-official language(s) 10 0 5
Multiple non-official languages 135 70 60
Knowledge of languagesThe letter 'c' in a yellow triangle indicates a correction notice.
Total - Knowledge of languages for the population in private households - 25% sample data43 99,165 49,165 49,990
Official languages 98,575 48,885 49,685
English 98,560 48,875 49,685
French 5,680 2,335 3,345
Non-official languages 9,820 4,745 5,070
Indigenous languages39 45 10 35
Algonquian languages 40 0 30
Blackfoot 0 0 0
Cree-Innu languages 0 0 0
Atikamekw 0 0 0
Cree languages 0 0 0
Ililimowin (Moose Cree) 0 0 0
Inu Ayimun (Southern East Cree) 0 0 0
Iyiyiw-Ayimiwin (Northern East Cree) 0 0 0
Nehinawewin (Swampy Cree) 0 0 0
Nehiyawewin (Plains Cree) 0 0 0
Nihithawiwin (Woods Cree) 0 0 0
Cree, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Innu (Montagnais) 0 0 0
Naskapi 0 0 0
Eastern Algonquian languages 10 0 10
Mi'kmaq 10 0 10
Wolastoqewi (Malecite) 0 0 0
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 35 0 25
Anicinabemowin (Algonquin) 0 0 0
Oji-Cree 0 0 0
Ojibway languages 35 0 25
Anishinaabemowin (Chippewa) 0 0 0
Daawaamwin (Odawa) 0 0 0
Saulteau (Western Ojibway) 0 0 0
Ojibway, n.o.s. 35 0 25
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages 0 0 0
Northern Athabaskan languages 0 0 0
Dakelh (Carrier) 0 0 0
Dane-zaa (Beaver) 0 0 0
Dene, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Gwich'in 0 0 0
Slavey-Hare languages 0 0 0
Deh Gah Ghotie Zhatie (South Slavey) 0 0 0
Satuotine Yati (North Slavey) 0 0 0
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Tahltan languages 0 0 0
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0
Tahltan 0 0 0
Tlicho (Dogrib) 0 0 0
Tse'khene (Sekani) 0 0 0
Tsilhqot'in (Chilcotin) 0 0 0
Tsuu T'ina (Sarsi) 0 0 0
Tutchone languages 0 0 0
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0
Tutchone, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Wetsuwet'en-Babine 0 0 0
Tlingit 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Haida 0 0 0
Inuktut (Inuit) languages 10 0 0
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 0 0 0
Inuinnaqtun 0 0 0
Inuvialuktun 0 0 0
Inuktitut 10 0 0
Inuktut (Inuit) languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages 0 0 0
Cayuga 0 0 0
Mohawk 0 0 0
Oneida 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Ktunaxa (Kutenai) 0 0 0
Michif 0 0 0
Salish languages 0 0 0
Halkomelem 0 0 0
Lillooet 0 0 0
Ntlakapamux (Thompson) 0 0 0
Secwepemctsin (Shuswap) 0 0 0
Squamish 0 0 0
Straits 0 0 0
Syilx (Okanagan) 0 0 0
Salish languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Siouan languages 0 0 0
Assiniboine 0 0 0
Dakota 0 0 0
Stoney 0 0 0
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Tsimshian languages 0 0 0
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 0 0 0
Nisga'a 0 0 0
Tsimshian 0 0 0
Wakashan languages 0 0 0
Haisla 0 0 0
Heiltsuk 0 0 0
Kwak'wala (Kwakiutl) 0 0 0
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0 0 0
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Indigenous languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Indigenous languages, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Non-Indigenous languages 9,780 4,740 5,040
Afro-Asiatic languages 325 175 160
Berber languages 0 0 0
Kabyle 0 0 0
Tamazight 0 0 0
Berber languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Chadic languages 0 0 0
Hausa 0 0 0
Mina 0 0 0
Coptic 0 0 0
Cushitic languages 0 0 0
Bilen 0 0 0
Oromo 0 0 0
Somali 0 0 0
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Semitic languages 325 170 160
Amharic 0 0 0
Arabic 250 120 130
Aramaic languages 0 0 0
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 0 0 0
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 0 0 0
Aramaic, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Harari 0 0 0
Hebrew 45 25 15
Maltese 10 0 0
Tigrigna 10 10 0
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Austro-Asiatic languages 55 20 35
Khmer (Cambodian) 0 0 0
Vietnamese 55 20 35
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e 0 0 0
Austronesian languages 135 35 105
Bikol 0 0 0
Bisaya, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Cebuano 0 0 0
Fijian 0 0 0
Hiligaynon 0 0 0
Ilocano 15 10 10
Indonesian 15 10 0
Kankanaey 0 0 0
Kinaray-a 0 0 0
Malagasy languages 0 0 0
Merina 0 0 0
Malagasy, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Malay 0 0 0
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 0 0 0
Pangasinan 0 0 0
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 130 25 100
Waray-Waray 0 0 0
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Creole languages 40 15 20
Haitian Creole 0 0 0
Jamaican English Creole 10 10 0
Krio 0 0 0
Morisyen 0 0 0
Sango 0 0 0
Creole, n.o.s. 10 0 10
Creole languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Dravidian languages 175 95 75
Kannada 0 0 0
Malayalam 45 25 15
Tamil 125 55 70
Telugu 25 15 10
Tulu 0 0 0
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Georgian 0 0 0
Hmong-Mien languages 0 0 0
Indo-European languages 8,380 4,095 4,285
Albanian 0 0 0
Armenian 0 0 0
Balto-Slavic languages 985 410 570
Baltic languages 105 50 60
Latvian 55 20 30
Lithuanian 50 25 25
Slavic languages 885 370 515
Belarusian 0 0 0
Bulgarian 0 0 0
Czech 125 50 70
Macedonian 20 10 10
Polish 275 120 150
Russian 150 75 70
Rusyn 0 0 0
Serbo-Croatian 225 105 120
Bosnian 10 0 0
Croatian 135 65 70
Serbian 100 50 45
Serbo-Croatian, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Slovak 50 10 45
Slovene (Slovenian) 10 0 0
Ukrainian 100 25 80
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Celtic languages 0 0 0
Irish 0 0 0
Scottish Gaelic 0 0 0
Welsh 0 0 0
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Germanic languages 5,255 2,530 2,725
Frisian 25 15 10
High German languages 4,195 2,020 2,175
German 2,620 1,260 1,360
Pennsylvania German 1,590 775 820
Swiss German 65 40 25
Yiddish 0 0 0
Low Saxon-Low Franconian languages 1,290 635 655
Afrikaans 30 10 20
Dutch 1,110 550 560
Low German, n.o.s. 40 20 15
Low Saxon 0 0 0
Plautdietsch 115 55 50
Vlaams (Flemish) 15 0 10
Scandinavian languages 75 40 40
Danish 50 25 30
Icelandic 0 0 0
Norwegian 15 0 10
Swedish 15 10 10
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Greek 105 45 60
Indo-Iranian languages 580 345 235
Indo-Aryan languages 510 305 200
Assamese 0 0 0
Bengali 30 15 15
Gujarati 65 40 25
Hindi 250 155 90
Kacchi 0 0 0
Kashmiri 0 0 0
Konkani 0 0 0
Marathi 15 15 0
Nepali 10 0 10
Oriya languages 0 0 0
Odia 0 0 0
Oriya, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Punjabi (Panjabi) 210 135 75
Rohingya 0 0 0
Sindhi 0 0 0
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 0 0 0
Urdu 105 60 40
Indo-Aryan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Iranian languages 70 40 30
Baluchi 0 0 0
Kurdish 0 0 0
Parsi 0 0 0
Pashto 0 0 0
Persian languages 55 30 25
Dari 30 20 20
Iranian Persian 20 10 10
Persian (Farsi), n.o.s. 0 0 0
Iranian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Italic (Romance) languages 1,665 860 805
Catalan 0 0 0
Italian 540 295 250
Portuguese 245 145 105
Romanian 30 0 30
Spanish 965 480 490
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Indo-European languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Japanese 85 35 50
Korean 115 55 55
Mongolian 0 0 0
Niger-Congo languages 60 35 25
Akan (Twi) 10 10 0
Bamanankan 0 0 0
Edo 0 0 0
Éwé 0 0 0
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 0 0 0
Ga 0 0 0
Ganda 0 0 0
Gikuyu 0 0 0
Igbo 15 10 0
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 0 0 0
Lingala 0 0 0
Luba-Kasai 0 0 0
Mòoré 0 0 0
Mwani 0 0 0
Ndebele 0 0 0
Rundi (Kirundi) 0 0 0
Shona 0 0 0
Soninke 0 0 0
Sotho-Tswana languages 0 0 0
Swahili 0 0 0
Wojenaka 0 0 0
Wolof 0 0 0
Yoruba 10 10 0
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 15 10 0
Nilo-Saharan languages 0 0 0
Dinka 0 0 0
Nuer 0 0 0
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
African, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Sign languages 110 45 65
American Sign Language 105 40 65
Quebec Sign Language 0 0 0
Sign languages, n.i.e. 10 10 0
Sino-Tibetan languages 235 110 125
Chinese languages 235 110 125
Hakka 0 0 0
Mandarin 155 75 90
Min Dong 0 0 0
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 0 0 0
Wu (Shanghainese) 0 0 0
Yue (Cantonese) 95 50 50
Chinese, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Tibeto-Burman languages 0 0 0
Burmese 0 0 0
Kuki-Chin languages 0 0 0
Karenic languages 0 0 0
S'gaw Karen 0 0 0
Karenic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Tibetan 0 0 0
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Sino-Tibetan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Tai-Kadai languages 10 0 10
Lao 10 0 10
Thai 0 0 0
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Turkic languages 10 10 0
Azerbaijani 0 0 0
Kazakh 0 0 0
Turkish 0 0 0
Uyghur 0 0 0
Uzbek 0 0 0
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Uralic languages 275 145 125
Estonian 30 25 10
Finnish 75 45 35
Hungarian 170 75 90
Other languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Indigenous population
Total - Indigenous identity for the population in private households - 25% sample data44 99,160 49,165 49,995
Indigenous identity45 2,570 1,230 1,340
Single Indigenous responses46 2,465 1,180 1,285
First Nations (North American Indian) 1,360 635 725
Métis 1,085 530 555
Inuk (Inuit) 25 20 10
Multiple Indigenous responses47 55 20 25
Indigenous responses not included elsewhere48 50 30 20
Non-Indigenous identity 96,595 47,940 48,655
Total - Registered or Treaty Indian status for the population in private households - 25% sample data44 99,160 49,165 49,995
Registered or Treaty Indian49 750 380 365
Not a Registered or Treaty Indian 98,410 48,780 49,630
Household characteristics
Total - Private households by tenure - 25% sample data50 42,310 ... ...
Owner 33,040 ... ...
Renter 9,265 ... ...
Dwelling provided by the local government, First Nation or Indian band 0 ... ...
Total - Occupied private dwellings by condominium status - 25% sample data51 42,310 ... ...
Condominium 2,200 ... ...
Not condominium 40,110 ... ...
Total - Occupied private dwellings by number of bedrooms - 25% sample data52 42,310 ... ...
No bedrooms 150 ... ...
1 bedroom 3,695 ... ...
2 bedrooms 9,070 ... ...
3 bedrooms 16,550 ... ...
4 or more bedrooms 12,845 ... ...
Total - Occupied private dwellings by number of rooms - 25% sample data53 42,310 ... ...
1 to 4 rooms 7,110 ... ...
5 rooms 5,675 ... ...
6 rooms 6,940 ... ...
7 rooms 6,460 ... ...
8 or more rooms 16,125 ... ...
Average number of rooms per dwelling 6.9 ... ...
Total - Private households by number of persons per room - 25% sample data54 42,310 ... ...
One person or fewer per room 42,045 ... ...
More than one person per room 260 ... ...
Total - Private households by housing suitability - 25% sample data55 42,310 ... ...
Suitable 41,165 ... ...
Not suitable 1,150 ... ...
Total - Occupied private dwellings by period of construction - 25% sample data56 42,310 ... ...
1960 or before 14,215 ... ...
1961 to 1980 10,500 ... ...
1981 to 1990 5,260 ... ...
1991 to 2000 4,265 ... ...
2001 to 2005 1,870 ... ...
2006 to 2010 1,985 ... ...
2011 to 2015 1,630 ... ...
2016 to 202157 2,590 ... ...
Total - Occupied private dwellings by dwelling condition - 25% sample data58 42,310 ... ...
Only regular maintenance and minor repairs needed 39,400 ... ...
Major repairs needed 2,905 ... ...
Total - Private households by number of household maintainers - 25% sample data59 42,310 ... ...
One-maintainer household 20,835 ... ...
Two-maintainer household 20,095 ... ...
Three-or-more-maintainer household 1,390 ... ...
Total - Private households by age of primary household maintainers - 25% sample data60 42,310 ... ...
15 to 24 years 660 ... ...
25 to 34 years 4,365 ... ...
35 to 44 years 5,335 ... ...
45 to 54 years 6,155 ... ...
55 to 64 years 9,780 ... ...
65 to 74 years 9,160 ... ...
75 to 84 years 5,065 ... ...
85 years and over 1,790 ... ...
Total - Owner and tenant households with household total income greater than zero, in non-farm, non-reserve private dwellings by shelter-cost-to-income ratio - 25% sample data61 40,495 ... ...
Spending less than 30% of income on shelter costs 32,775 ... ...
Spending 30% or more of income on shelter costs 7,720 ... ...
30% to less than 100% 7,010 ... ...
Total - Occupied private dwellings by housing indicators - 25% sample data62 42,305 ... ...
Total - Households 'spending 30% or more of income on shelter costs' or 'not suitable' or 'major repairs needed' 10,780 ... ...
Spending 30% or more of income on shelter costs only 6,880 ... ...
Not suitable only 875 ... ...
Major repairs needed only 2,065 ... ...
'Spending 30% or more of income on shelter costs' and 'not suitable' 115 ... ...
'Spending 30% or more of income on shelter costs' and 'major repairs needed' 690 ... ...
'Not suitable' and 'major repairs needed' 125 ... ...
'Spending 30% or more of income on shelter costs' and 'not suitable' and 'major repairs needed' 30 ... ...
Acceptable housing 31,530 ... ...
Total - Owner and tenant households with household total income greater than zero and shelter-cost-to-income ratio less than 100%, in non-farm, non-reserve private dwellings - 25% sample data63 39,790 ... ...
In core need 2,680 ... ...
Not in core need 37,110 ... ...
Total - Owner households in non-farm, non-reserve private dwellings - 25% sample data 31,395 ... ...
% of owner households with a mortgage64 51.5 ... ...
% of owner households spending 30% or more of its income on shelter costs61 13.8 ... ...
% in core housing need63 3.5 ... ...
Median monthly shelter costs for owned dwellings ($)65 1,020 ... ...
Average monthly shelter costs for owned dwellings ($)65 1,241 ... ...
Median value of dwellings ($)66 548,000 ... ...
Average value of dwellings ($)66 663,000 ... ...
Total - Tenant households in non-farm, non-reserve private dwellings - 25% sample data 9,215 ... ...
% of tenant households in subsidized housing67 17.8 ... ...
% of tenant households spending 30% or more of its income on shelter costs61 37.0 ... ...
% in core housing need63 17.8 ... ...
Median monthly shelter costs for rented dwellings ($)65 960 ... ...
Average monthly shelter costs for rented dwellings ($)65 1,026 ... ...
Total - Households living in a dwelling provided by the local government, First Nation or Indian band in non-farm private dwellings - 25% sample data 0 ... ...
% of households living in a dwelling provided by the local government, First Nation or Indian band spending more than 30% on shelter costs61 ... ... ...
Median monthly shelter costs for dwellings provided by local government, First Nation or Indian band ($)65 ... ... ...
Average monthly shelter costs for dwellings provided by local government, First Nation or Indian band ($)65 ... ... ...
Indigenous ancestry
Total - Indigenous ancestry for the population in private households - 25% sample data68 99,160 49,170 49,995
Indigenous ancestry (only)69 695 320 375
Single Indigenous ancestry (only)70 675 320 355
First Nations (North American Indian) single ancestry 490 230 260
Métis single ancestry 180 85 100
Inuit single ancestry 0 0 0
Multiple Indigenous ancestries (only)71 20 0 20
First Nations (North American Indian) and Métis ancestry only 15 0 15
First Nations (North American Indian) and Inuit ancestry only 0 0 0
Métis and Inuit ancestry only 0 0 0
First Nations (North American Indian) and Métis and Inuit ancestry only 0 0 0
Indigenous and non-Indigenous ancestries72 3,085 1,515 1,565
Single Indigenous and non-Indigenous ancestries73 3,040 1,495 1,545
First Nations (North American Indian) and non-Indigenous ancestry only 1,960 980 975
Métis and non-Indigenous ancestry only 1,065 500 565
Inuit and non-Indigenous ancestry only 25 15 10
Multiple Indigenous and non-Indigenous ancestries74 40 15 20
First Nations (North American Indian) and Métis and non-Indigenous ancestry only 40 15 20
First Nations (North American Indian) and Inuit and non-Indigenous ancestry only 0 0 0
Métis and Inuit and non-Indigenous ancestry only 0 0 0
First Nations (North American Indian) and Métis and Inuit and non-Indigenous ancestry only 0 0 0
Non-Indigenous ancestry only75 95,385 47,335 48,055
Citizenship
Total - Citizenship for the population in private households - 25% sample data76 99,160 49,170 49,995
Canadian citizens77 97,170 48,125 49,040
Canadian citizens aged under 18 18,155 9,315 8,845
Canadian citizens aged 18 and over 79,010 38,815 40,200
Not Canadian citizens78 1,995 1,045 945
Immigrant status and period of immigration
Total - Immigrant status and period of immigration for the population in private households - 25% sample data79 99,160 49,170 49,995
Non-immigrants80 90,470 44,870 45,595
Immigrants81 8,455 4,155 4,300
Before 1980 4,560 2,220 2,335
1980 to 1990 1,035 490 545
1991 to 2000 945 455 490
2001 to 2010 970 505 465
2011 to 202182 950 485 465
2011 to 2015 385 195 190
2016 to 2021 560 290 275
Non-permanent residents83 235 140 95
Age at immigration
Total - Age at immigration for the immigrant population in private households - 25% sample data84 8,455 4,160 4,300
Under 5 years 1,280 590 690
5 to 14 years 2,005 1,065 940
15 to 24 years 1,835 865 970
25 to 44 years 2,935 1,450 1,485
45 years and over 400 190 210
Selected places of birth for the immigrant population
Total - Place of birth for the immigrant population in private households - 25% sample data85 8,455 4,160 4,300
Americas 1,570 790 780
Brazil 25 20 0
Colombia 30 15 15
El Salvador 10 0 10
Guyana 135 80 55
Haiti 0 0 0
Jamaica 135 75 65
Mexico 125 60 70
Peru 20 0 15
Trinidad and Tobago 90 60 30
United States of America 745 330 415
Other places of birth in Americas 260 150 110
Europe 5,310 2,625 2,685
Bosnia and Herzegovina 25 10 15
Croatia 65 30 35
France 65 40 25
Germany 690 305 385
Greece 30 10 15
Hungary 75 35 40
Italy 225 115 105
Netherlands 550 310 235
Poland 215 90 120
Portugal 140 90 50
Romania 40 0 40
Russian Federation 40 10 30
Serbia86 50 25 25
Ukraine 25 15 15
United Kingdom87 2,415 1,205 1,210
Other places of birth in Europe 660 325 335
Africa 280 130 150
Algeria 0 0 0
Congo, Democratic Republic of the 0 0 0
Egypt 20 10 15
Eritrea 15 0 10
Ethiopia 0 0 0
Morocco 0 0 0
Nigeria 35 20 15
Somalia 0 0 0
South Africa, Republic of 95 35 60
Other places of birth in Africa 105 55 50
Asia 1,190 550 640
Afghanistan 15 0 0
Iran88 25 15 10
Iraq 0 0 0
Lebanon 10 0 10
Syria89 100 55 45
Turkey 10 10 0
China90 135 65 70
Hong Kong91 30 10 20
Korea, South92 75 25 55
Taiwan 10 0 10
Philippines 165 30 130
Viet Nam 50 20 30
Bangladesh 10 10 10
India 310 200 115
Pakistan 60 35 25
Sri Lanka 65 30 35
Other places of birth in Asia 130 45 80
Oceania and other places of birth93 105 55 50
Selected places of birth for the recent immigrant population
Total - Place of birth for the recent immigrant population in private households - 25% sample data94 565 290 270
Americas 130 75 55
Brazil 0 0 0
Colombia 0 0 0
Haiti 0 0 0
Jamaica 20 15 0
Mexico 25 10 20
United States of America 70 35 35
Venezuela95 0 0 0
Other places of birth in Americas 15 15 0
Europe 85 30 60
France 0 0 0
Germany 0 0 0
Ireland96 0 0 0
Italy 0 0 0
Russian Federation 10 0 10
Ukraine 0 0 0
United Kingdom87 55 25 25
Other places of birth in Europe 15 0 15
Africa 50 20 25
Algeria 0 0 0
Burundi 0 0 0
Cameroon 0 0 0
Congo, Democratic Republic of the 0 0 0
Côte d'Ivoire 0 0 0
Egypt 0 0 0
Eritrea 15 10 10
Ethiopia 0 0 0
Morocco 0 0 0
Nigeria 15 10 10
Somalia 0 0 0
South Africa, Republic of 20 15 0
Sudan97 0 0 0
Tunisia 0 0 0
Other places of birth in Africa 0 0 0
Asia 295 155 135
Afghanistan 0 0 0
Bangladesh 0 0 0
China90 30 0 25
Hong Kong91 0 0 0
India 90 70 15
Iran88 0 0 0
Iraq 0 0 0
Israel 0 0 0
Japan 0 0 0
Jordan 0 0 0
Korea, South92 0 0 0
Lebanon 10 0 10
Nepal 0 0 0
Pakistan 0 0 0
Philippines 25 0 20
Saudi Arabia 15 15 0
Sri Lanka 0 0 0
Syria89 100 55 45
Turkey 10 10 0
United Arab Emirates 0 0 0
Viet Nam 0 0 0
Other places of birth in Asia 0 0 0
Oceania and other93 0 0 0
Australia 0 0 0
Other places of birth98 0 0 0
Generation status
Total - Generation status for the population in private households - 25% sample data99 99,160 49,165 49,990
First generation100 9,390 4,660 4,725
Second generation101 13,245 6,515 6,730
Third generation or more102 76,525 37,990 38,530
Admission category and applicant type
Total - Admission category and applicant type for the immigrant population in private households who were admitted between 1980 and 2021 - 25% sample data103 3,900 1,935 1,965
Economic immigrants104 1,835 925 905
Principal applicants105 820 545 275
Secondary applicants106 1,010 380 630
Immigrants sponsored by family107 1,555 725 830
Refugees108 475 255 215
Other immigrants109 35 25 15
Pre-admission experience
Total - Pre-admission experience for the immigrant population in private households who were admitted between 1980 and 2021 - 25% sample data110 3,900 1,935 1,965
Asylum claim before admission111 120 70 45
Work permits only before admission112 620 340 280
Study permits only before admission113 95 45 45
Work and study permits before admission114 225 120 100
Other permits before admission115 35 15 20
No pre-admission experience116 2,815 1,340 1,470
Visible minority
Total - Visible minority for the population in private households - 25% sample data117 99,160 49,165 49,995
Total visible minority population118 4,175 2,040 2,135
South Asian 1,005 575 420
Chinese 375 145 235
Black 1,205 595 610
Filipino 245 75 165
Arab 240 115 125
Latin American 320 165 145
Southeast Asian 95 35 60
West Asian 65 35 30
Korean 130 65 70
Japanese 145 50 95
Visible minority, n.i.e.119 210 110 100
Multiple visible minorities 150 75 70
Not a visible minority120 94,985 47,125 47,855
Ethnic or cultural origin
Total - Ethnic or cultural origin for the population in private households - 25% sample data121 99,160 49,165 49,990
Canadian 17,235 8,605 8,630
English 31,410 15,335 16,075
Irish 25,875 12,535 13,340
Scottish 28,995 13,815 15,175
French, n.o.s.122 6,825 3,285 3,540
German 17,475 8,625 8,850
Chinese 465 185 280
Italian 2,840 1,395 1,450
Indian (India) 750 435 320
Ukrainian 2,210 1,070 1,145
Dutch 5,935 2,900 3,035
Polish 2,275 1,055 1,220
Québécois 140 65 80
British Isles, n.o.s.123 5,010 2,525 2,490
Filipino 245 75 175
French Canadian 1,015 450 555
Caucasian (White), n.o.s.124 1,945 1,005 940
First Nations (North American Indian), n.o.s.125 1,030 510 525
Métis 1,305 600 705
European, n.o.s.126 1,745 895 850
Russian 745 315 435
Norwegian 525 235 290
Welsh 2,010 895 1,115
Portuguese 545 280 265
American 1,360 700 665
Spanish 525 250 270
Swedish 660 295 365
Hungarian 945 430 510
Acadian 170 60 110
Pakistani 90 40 50
African, n.o.s.127 250 115 135
Jewish 395 200 195
Punjabi 55 30 25
Vietnamese 110 55 55
Arab, n.o.s.128 125 70 50
Greek 365 185 180
Jamaican 430 195 230
Asian, n.o.s.129 105 70 35
Cree, n.o.s.130 75 35 40
Korean 135 65 70
Romanian 175 55 120
Lebanese 110 50 55
Iranian 15 10 10
Christian, n.i.e.131 490 265 230
Danish 600 325 275
North American Indigenous, n.o.s.132 510 245 260
Sikh 80 50 20
Austrian 520 235 290
Belgian 205 105 105
Haitian 20 20 0
Hindu 70 45 25
Mexican 210 100 110
Mennonite 1,165 555 610
Swiss 1,330 655 675
Finnish 395 200 200
Sri Lankan 95 50 50
Croatian 250 130 120
Japanese 170 65 105
South Asian, n.o.s.133 30 10 20
Mi'kmaq, n.o.s.134 130 65 60
Northern European, n.o.s.135 285 145 140
Muslim 25 20 10
Egyptian 65 25 45
Latin, Central or South American, n.o.s.136 30 15 15
Tamil 30 15 15
Icelandic 50 15 40
Colombian 25 15 15
Moroccan 0 0 0
Czech 360 165 195
Syrian 60 10 45
Guyanese 150 65 90
Afghan 30 15 10
Black, n.o.s.137 60 20 35
Serbian 155 95 60
Ojibway 305 150 155
Newfoundlander 245 150 100
Hong Konger 0 0 0
Ontarian 1,160 525 635
Persian 40 15 25
Trinidadian/Tobagonian 225 120 105
Turkish 45 30 15
Inuit, n.o.s.138 30 15 15
Bangladeshi 0 0 0
Algerian 0 0 0
Brazilian 10 0 0
Nigerian 35 25 10
Armenian 70 35 35
Slovak 180 110 65
Eastern European, n.o.s.139 110 50 60
Somali 0 0 0
Taiwanese 15 0 0
Iraqi 0 0 0
Salvadorean 30 10 25
African Caribbean 25 0 25
East or Southeast Asian, n.o.s.140 10 10 0
West or Central Asian or Middle Eastern, n.o.s.141 20 10 10
Caribbean, n.o.s.142 60 35 25
Algonquin 55 25 35
West Indian, n.o.s.143 45 15 25
Lithuanian 240 100 140
South African 55 10 45
Australian 150 85 65
Palestinian 30 20 10
Chilean 65 50 20
Congolese 0 0 0
Nova Scotian 55 30 20
Ethiopian 0 0 0
Hispanic, n.o.s.144 15 10 0
Peruvian 40 20 20
Yoruba 0 0 0
Cambodian (Khmer) 0 0 0
Berber 0 0 0
Albanian 65 30 35
Maltese 175 100 75
Macedonian 45 25 20
Slovenian 85 40 45
Western European, n.o.s.145 140 40 100
New Brunswicker 60 30 35
Gujarati 0 0 0
Eritrean