Census Profile, 2021 Census of Population
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Topic:
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Age
Age characteristics
Commuting
Select all: Commuting
Commuting destination
Commuting duration
Main mode of commuting
Place of work status
Time leaving for work
Education
Select all: Education
Highest certificate, diploma or degree
Location of study compared with province or territory of residence
Major field of study - Classification of Instructional Programs (CIP) 2021
Secondary (high) school diploma or equivalency certificate
Ethnocultural and religious diversity
Select all: Ethnocultural and religious diversity
Ethnic or cultural origin
Religion
Visible minority
Families, households, and marital status
Select all: Families, households, and marital status
Family characteristics
Household type
Marital status
Housing
Household characteristics
Immigration, place of birth, and citizenship
Select all: Immigration, place of birth, and citizenship
Admission category and applicant type
Age at immigration
Citizenship
Generation status
Immigrant status and period of immigration
Pre-admission experience
Selected places of birth for the immigrant population
Selected places of birth for the recent immigrant population
Income
Select all: Income
Income of economic families in 2020
Income of households in 2020
Income of individuals in 2019
Income of individuals in 2020
Low income and income inequality in 2020
Indigenous peoples
Select all: Indigenous peoples
Indigenous ancestry
Indigenous population
Instruction in the minority official language
Select all: Instruction in the minority official language
Children eligible for instruction in the minority official language
Eligibility and instruction in the minority official language for school-aged children
Labour
Select all: Labour
Class of worker including job permanency
Industry - Sectors - North American Industry Classification System (NAICS) 2017
Labour force status
Occupation - Broad category - National Occupational Classification (NOC) 2021
Work activity during the reference year
Language
Select all: Language
All languages spoken at home
First official language spoken
Knowledge of languages
Knowledge of official languages
Language spoken most often at home
Mother tongue
Other language spoken regularly at home
Language of work
Select all: Language of work
All languages used at work
Language used most often at work
Other language(s) used regularly at work
Mobility and migration
Select all: Mobility and migration
Mobility status 1 year ago
Mobility status 5 years ago
Population and dwelling counts
Population and dwellings
Type of dwelling
Household and dwelling characteristics
GenderMore information:


Statistic:
Characteristic LondonMore information:
Ontario
[Census metropolitan area]
Counts
Total Men+ Women+
Population and dwellings
Population, 20211 543,551 ... ...
Population, 20161 494,069 ... ...
Population percentage change, 2016 to 2021 10.0 ... ...
Total private dwellings2 235,522 ... ...
Private dwellings occupied by usual residents3 222,239 ... ...
Population density per square kilometre 204.2 ... ...
Land area in square kilometres 2,661.48 ... ...
Age characteristics
Total - Age groups of the population - 100% data 543,550 266,075 277,475
0 to 14 years 89,715 46,185 43,530
0 to 4 years 27,030 13,840 13,185
5 to 9 years 30,720 15,835 14,890
10 to 14 years 31,965 16,515 15,455
15 to 64 years 353,595 175,160 178,435
15 to 19 years 30,980 15,855 15,120
20 to 24 years 36,875 19,075 17,805
25 to 29 years 39,980 20,540 19,440
30 to 34 years 37,535 18,630 18,900
35 to 39 years 36,210 17,625 18,585
40 to 44 years 33,440 16,325 17,115
45 to 49 years 32,250 15,795 16,455
50 to 54 years 33,100 16,145 16,950
55 to 59 years 37,505 18,190 19,315
60 to 64 years 35,720 16,970 18,750
65 years and over 100,240 44,725 55,510
65 to 69 years 30,440 14,170 16,265
70 to 74 years 26,330 12,150 14,180
75 to 79 years 18,090 8,290 9,800
80 to 84 years 12,260 5,335 6,925
85 years and over 13,120 4,780 8,335
85 to 89 years 7,855 3,100 4,750
90 to 94 years 3,940 1,350 2,590
95 to 99 years 1,180 295 880
100 years and over 140 30 115
Total - Distribution (%) of the population by broad age groups - 100% data 100.0 100.0 100.0
0 to 14 years 16.5 17.4 15.7
15 to 64 years 65.1 65.8 64.3
65 years and over 18.4 16.8 20.0
85 years and over 2.4 1.8 3.0
Average age of the population 41.2 40.0 42.3
Median age of the population 40.0 38.4 41.6
Household and dwelling characteristics
Total - Occupied private dwellings by structural type of dwelling - 100% data 222,240 ... ...
Single-detached house 122,265 ... ...
Semi-detached house 8,205 ... ...
Row house 24,860 ... ...
Apartment or flat in a duplex 5,250 ... ...
Apartment in a building that has fewer than five storeys 22,505 ... ...
Apartment in a building that has five or more storeys 38,340 ... ...
Other single-attached house 240 ... ...
Movable dwelling4 585 ... ...
Total - Private households by household size - 100% data 222,240 ... ...
1 person 65,265 ... ...
2 persons 76,420 ... ...
3 persons 32,855 ... ...
4 persons 29,540 ... ...
5 or more persons 18,155 ... ...
Number of persons in private households 535,775 262,660 273,120
Average household size 2.4 ... ...
Marital status
Total - Marital status for the total population aged 15 years and over - 100% data 453,835 219,890 233,945
Married or living common-law 250,380 124,855 125,525
Married 205,660 102,565 103,100
Living common-law 44,725 22,290 22,430
Living common law - Never married 31,780 15,845 15,940
Living common law - Separated 2,575 1,335 1,235
Living common law - Divorced 9,265 4,630 4,640
Living common law - Widowed 1,100 485 615
Not married and not living common-law 203,450 95,035 108,420
Not married and not living common law - Never married 135,225 72,885 62,335
Not married and not living common law - Separated 14,375 5,970 8,400
Not married and not living common law - Divorced 28,660 10,775 17,880
Not married and not living common law - Widowed 25,195 5,395 19,800
Family characteristics
Total - Census families in private households by family size - 100% data5 148,945 ... ...
2 persons 76,550 ... ...
3 persons 31,000 ... ...
4 persons 27,785 ... ...
5 or more persons 13,610 ... ...
Average size of census families 2.9 ... ...
Average number of children in census families with children6 1.8 ... ...
Total number of census families in private households - 100% data 148,945 ... ...
Total couple families 122,465 ... ...
Married couples 100,110 ... ...
With children6 53,775 ... ...
Without children 46,335 ... ...
Common-law couples 22,355 ... ...
With children6 7,850 ... ...
Without children 14,505 ... ...
Total one-parent families 26,480 ... ...
in which the parent is a woman+ 21,075 ... ...
in which the parent is a man+ 5,405 ... ...
Total - Persons in private households - 100% data 535,770 262,655 273,115
Total - Persons in census families 431,255 212,805 218,450
Married spouses or common-law partners 244,925 122,245 122,680
Parents in one-parent families 26,480 5,405 21,075
Children6 159,845 85,155 74,695
In a two-parent family 118,050 62,535 55,515
In a one-parent family 41,795 22,615 19,180
Total - Persons not in census families in private households - 100% data 104,520 49,850 54,670
Living alone 65,265 28,665 36,600
Living with other relatives7 11,785 5,035 6,750
Living with non-relatives only 27,470 16,155 11,315
Household type
Total - Household type - 100% data 222,240 ... ...
One-census-family households without additional persons 133,325 ... ...
Couple-family households 112,160 ... ...
With children6 56,510 ... ...
Without children 55,655 ... ...
One-parent-family households 21,170 ... ...
Multigenerational households8 5,090 ... ...
Multiple-census-family households9 965 ... ...
One-census-family households with additional persons9 6,085 ... ...
Two-or-more-person non-census-family households 11,505 ... ...
One-person households 65,265 ... ...
Income of individuals in 2020
Total - Income statistics in 2020 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data10 446,175 216,520 229,655
Number of total income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2020 - 100% data 427,020 206,590 220,435
Median total income in 2020 among recipients ($) 40,400 44,400 37,200
Number of after-tax income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2020 - 100% data 427,225 206,700 220,525
Median after-tax income in 2020 among recipients ($) 36,800 40,000 34,400
Number of market income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2020 - 100% data 377,745 186,505 191,245
Median market income in 2020 among recipients ($) 34,800 40,400 29,200
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2020 - 100% data 306,290 158,015 148,275
Median employment income in 2020 among recipients ($) 35,600 40,000 31,400
Number of government transfers recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2020 - 100% data 389,905 186,105 203,800
Median government transfers in 2020 among recipients ($) 9,100 7,250 10,800
Number of employment insurance benefits recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2020 - 100% data 38,745 17,975 20,770
Median employment insurance benefits in 2020 among recipients ($) 5,480 5,280 5,480
Number of COVID-19 emergency and recovery benefits recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2020 - 100% data 121,960 61,065 60,895
Median COVID-19 emergency and recovery benefits in 2020 among recipients ($) 8,000 8,000 8,000
Total - Income statistics in 2020 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data11 446,180 216,520 229,660
Number of total income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2020 - 25% sample data 427,210 206,820 220,390
Average total income in 2020 among recipients ($) 51,200 57,050 45,720
Number of after-tax income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2020 - 25% sample data 427,425 206,950 220,475
Average after-tax income in 2020 among recipients ($) 43,160 47,120 39,440
Number of market income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2020 - 25% sample data 377,785 186,400 191,385
Average market income in 2020 among recipients ($) 46,720 53,800 39,840
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2020 - 25% sample data 306,290 157,960 148,330
Average employment income in 2020 among recipients ($) 45,840 51,250 40,120
Number of government transfers recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2020 - 25% sample data 390,330 186,505 203,820
Average government transfers in 2020 among recipients ($) 10,840 9,530 12,030
Number of employment insurance benefits recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2020 - 25% sample data 39,375 18,275 21,100
Average employment insurance benefits in 2020 among recipients ($) 6,300 5,650 6,860
Number of COVID-19 emergency and recovery benefits recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2020 - 25% sample data 121,885 60,910 60,975
Average COVID-19 emergency and recovery benefits in 2020 among recipients ($) 8,770 8,570 8,980
Total - Employment income statistics in 2020 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data12 446,180 216,525 229,655
Number of employment income recipients in 2020 who worked full-year full-time in 2020 - 25% sample data13 141,155 77,915 63,245
Median employment income in 2020 for full-year full-time workers in 2020 ($)14 60,800 64,000 57,200
Average employment income in 2020 for full-year full-time workers in 2020 ($)15 71,800 77,100 65,300
Number of employment income recipients in 2020 who worked part-year or part-time in 2020 - 25% sample data16 122,810 58,040 64,770
Median employment income in 2020 of those who worked part-year or part-time in 2020 ($) 17,400 19,200 16,000
Average employment income in 2020 of those who worked part-year or part-time in 2020 ($) 26,640 29,920 23,700
Composition of total income in 2020 of the population aged 15 years and over in private households (%) - 25% sample data17 100.0 100.0 100.0
Market income (%)18 80.6 85.0 75.6
Employment income (%)19 64.2 68.6 59.0
Government transfers (%)20 19.3 15.0 24.3
Employment insurance benefits (%) 1.1 0.9 1.4
COVID-19 - Government income support and benefits (%) 5.6 4.9 6.5
COVID-19 - Emergency and recovery benefits (%) 4.9 4.4 5.4
Total - Total income groups in 2020 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data21 446,180 216,520 229,655
Without total income 19,155 9,935 9,220
With total income 427,025 206,585 220,435
Under $10,000 (including loss) 34,800 15,625 19,170
$10,000 to $19,999 53,035 23,120 29,915
$20,000 to $29,999 67,010 29,110 37,895
$30,000 to $39,999 56,225 24,855 31,370
$40,000 to $49,999 50,220 23,480 26,735
$50,000 to $59,999 41,540 20,020 21,520
$60,000 to $69,999 31,550 16,220 15,330
$70,000 to $79,999 23,320 12,745 10,575
$80,000 to $89,999 16,655 9,395 7,265
$90,000 to $99,999 12,690 7,080 5,605
$100,000 and over 39,980 24,935 15,040
$100,000 to $149,999 27,935 16,525 11,410
$150,000 and over 12,050 8,410 3,635
Total - After-tax income groups in 2020 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data22 446,180 216,520 229,655
Without after-tax income 18,955 9,820 9,130
With after-tax income 427,220 206,700 220,520
Under $10,000 (including loss) 36,445 16,180 20,265
$10,000 to $19,999 55,190 24,040 31,155
$20,000 to $29,999 75,585 33,100 42,480
$30,000 to $39,999 66,615 30,560 36,060
$40,000 to $49,999 58,840 28,225 30,610
$50,000 to $59,999 42,945 21,685 21,260
$60,000 to $69,999 29,310 15,860 13,450
$70,000 to $79,999 19,500 10,900 8,600
$80,000 to $89,999 15,085 7,910 7,180
$90,000 to $99,999 8,560 5,165 3,395
$100,000 and over 19,150 13,075 6,075
$100,000 to $124,999 9,960 6,625 3,330
$125,000 and over 9,190 6,445 2,745
Total - Employment income groups in 2020 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data19 446,180 216,520 229,655
Without employment income 139,885 58,505 81,380
With employment income 306,290 158,015 148,275
Under $5,000 (including loss) 46,455 23,300 23,160
$5,000 to $9,999 25,760 11,650 14,105
$10,000 to $19,999 37,305 17,320 19,980
$20,000 to $29,999 28,155 13,360 14,790
$30,000 to $39,999 27,615 13,665 13,950
$40,000 to $49,999 29,250 14,295 14,960
$50,000 to $59,999 25,135 13,010 12,125
$60,000 to $69,999 20,145 11,225 8,920
$70,000 to $79,999 15,060 8,615 6,445
$80,000 to $89,999 11,800 6,915 4,890
$90,000 to $99,999 10,045 5,435 4,615
$100,000 and over 29,575 19,235 10,340
$100,000 to $124,999 15,215 8,930 6,285
$125,000 and over 14,355 10,300 4,060
Income of individuals in 2019
Total - Income statistics in 2019 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data23 446,175 216,520 229,655
Number of total income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2019 - 100% data 417,735 201,700 216,035
Median total income in 2019 among recipients ($) 38,000 42,800 34,400
Number of after-tax income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2019 - 100% data 417,860 201,720 216,145
Median after-tax income in 2019 among recipients ($) 34,800 38,400 31,600
Number of market income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2019 - 100% data 371,330 183,015 188,310
Median market income in 2019 among recipients ($) 36,000 41,600 30,800
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2019 - 100% data 304,570 156,560 148,010
Median employment income in 2019 among recipients ($) 36,400 40,800 32,400
Number of government transfers recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2019 - 100% data 367,695 174,725 192,965
Median government transfers in 2019 among recipients ($) 3,040 1,220 6,200
Number of employment insurance benefits recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2019 -100% data 28,360 12,810 15,555
Median employment insurance benefits in 2019 among recipients ($) 5,400 4,880 5,720
Total - Income statistics in 2019 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data24 446,180 216,520 229,660
Number of total income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2019 - 25% sample data 417,555 201,840 215,720
Average total income in 2019 among recipients ($) 48,560 54,900 42,680
Number of after-tax income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2019 - 25% sample data 417,705 201,845 215,860
Average after-tax income in 2019 among recipients ($) 40,920 45,320 36,840
Number of market income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2019 - 25% sample data 371,540 183,040 188,505
Average market income in 2019 among recipients ($) 47,040 54,450 39,800
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2019 - 25% sample data 304,765 156,515 148,250
Average employment income in 2019 among recipients ($) 45,920 51,600 39,920
Number of government transfers recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2019 - 25% sample data 367,285 174,695 192,585
Average government transfers in 2019 among recipients ($) 7,660 6,365 8,830
Number of employment insurance benefits recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2019 - 25% sample data 28,055 12,845 15,210
Average employment insurance benefits in 2019 among recipients ($) 6,900 5,800 7,830
Total - Employment income statistics in 2019 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data25 446,180 216,525 229,655
Number of employment income recipients in 2019 who worked full-year full-time in 2020 - 25% sample data13 139,875 76,995 62,885
Median employment income in 2019 for full-year full-time workers in 2020 ($)14 57,200 61,600 52,800
Average employment income in 2019 for full-year full-time workers in 2020 ($)15 67,500 73,200 60,500
Number of employment income recipients in 2019 who worked part-year or part-time in 2020 - 25% sample data16 114,370 53,835 60,530
Median employment income in 2019 of those who worked part-year or part-time in 2020 ($) 22,400 25,200 20,600
Average employment income in 2019 of those who worked part-year or part-time in 2020 ($) 31,600 36,040 27,640
Composition of total income in 2019 of the population aged 15 years and over in private households (%) - 25% sample data 100.0 100.0 100.0
Market income (%) 86.2 90.0 81.6
Employment income (%) 69.0 72.8 64.2
Government transfers (%) 13.9 10.0 18.5
Employment insurance benefits (%) 1.0 0.7 1.3
Income of households in 2020
Total - Income statistics for private households - 100% data26 222,240 ... ...
Median total income of household in 2020 ($) 79,500 ... ...
Median after-tax income of household in 2020 ($) 71,000 ... ...
Total - Income statistics for one-person private households - 100% data 65,265 ... ...
Median total income of one-person households in 2020 ($) 41,600 ... ...
Median after-tax income of one-person households in 2020 ($) 37,200 ... ...
Total - Income statistics for two-or-more-persons private households - 100% data 156,975 ... ...
Median total income of two-or-more-person households in 2020 ($) 100,000 ... ...
Median after-tax income of two-or-more-person households in 2020 ($) 88,000 ... ...
Total - Income statistics for private households - 25% sample data27 222,240 ... ...
Average total income of household in 2020 ($) 98,500 ... ...
Average after-tax income of household in 2020 ($) 83,000 ... ...
Total - Income statistics for one-person private households - 25% sample data 65,270 ... ...
Average total income of one-person households in 2020 ($) 50,840 ... ...
Average after-tax income of one-person households in 2020 ($) 43,160 ... ...
Total - Income statistics for two-or-more-persons private households - 25% sample data 156,965 ... ...
Average total income of two-or-more-person households in 2020 ($) 118,300 ... ...
Average after-tax income of two-or-more-person households in 2020 ($) 99,600 ... ...
Total - Household total income groups in 2020 for private households - 100% data21 222,240 ... ...
Under $5,000 2,745 ... ...
$5,000 to $9,999 1,395 ... ...
$10,000 to $14,999 3,035 ... ...
$15,000 to $19,999 4,870 ... ...
$20,000 to $24,999 8,075 ... ...
$25,000 to $29,999 8,000 ... ...
$30,000 to $34,999 7,600 ... ...
$35,000 to $39,999 8,305 ... ...
$40,000 to $44,999 8,625 ... ...
$45,000 to $49,999 8,920 ... ...
$50,000 to $59,999 17,825 ... ...
$60,000 to $69,999 16,800 ... ...
$70,000 to $79,999 15,705 ... ...
$80,000 to $89,999 14,420 ... ...
$90,000 to $99,999 13,050 ... ...
$100,000 and over 82,880 ... ...
$100,000 to $124,999 26,375 ... ...
$125,000 to $149,999 18,260 ... ...
$150,000 to $199,999 20,730 ... ...
$200,000 and over 17,520 ... ...
Total - Household after-tax income groups in 2020 for private households - 100% data22 222,240 ... ...
Under $5,000 2,970 ... ...
$5,000 to $9,999 1,450 ... ...
$10,000 to $14,999 3,095 ... ...
$15,000 to $19,999 5,050 ... ...
$20,000 to $24,999 8,620 ... ...
$25,000 to $29,999 9,140 ... ...
$30,000 to $34,999 8,925 ... ...
$35,000 to $39,999 9,785 ... ...
$40,000 to $44,999 10,370 ... ...
$45,000 to $49,999 10,325 ... ...
$50,000 to $59,999 20,495 ... ...
$60,000 to $69,999 19,205 ... ...
$70,000 to $79,999 17,740 ... ...
$80,000 to $89,999 16,105 ... ...
$90,000 to $99,999 13,800 ... ...
$100,000 and over 65,170 ... ...
$100,000 to $124,999 25,900 ... ...
$125,000 to $149,999 15,940 ... ...
$150,000 and over 23,325 ... ...
Income of economic families in 2020
Total - Income statistics for economic families in private households - 100% data28 148,125 ... ...
Median total income of economic family in 2020 ($) 100,000 ... ...
Median after-tax income of economic family in 2020 ($) 88,000 ... ...
Average family size of economic families 3.0 ... ...
Total - Income statistics for couple-only economic families in private households - 100% data 56,830 ... ...
Median total income of couple-only economic families in 2020 ($) 91,000 ... ...
Median after-tax income of couple-only economic families in 2020 ($) 80,000 ... ...
Average family size of couple-only economic families 2.0 ... ...
Total - Income statistics for couple-with-children economic families in private households - 100% data 62,090 ... ...
Median total income of couple-with-children economic families in 2020 ($) 128,000 ... ...
Median after-tax income of couple-with-children economic families in 2020 ($) 111,000 ... ...
Average family size of couple-with-children economic families 4.0 ... ...
Total - Income statistics for one-parent economic families in private households - 100% data 24,755 ... ...
Median total income of one-parent economic families in 2020 ($) 66,000 ... ...
Median after-tax income of one-parent economic families in 2020 ($) 61,600 ... ...
Average family size of one-parent economic families 2.7 ... ...
Total - Income statistics for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families in private households - 100% data29 92,730 44,820 47,920
Median total income in 2020 ($)30 36,400 36,400 36,400
Median after-tax income in 2020 ($)30 33,600 33,200 33,600
Total - Income statistics for economic families in private households - 25% sample data31 147,970 ... ...
Average total income of economic family in 2020 ($) 119,500 ... ...
Average after-tax income of economic family in 2020 ($) 100,300 ... ...
Total - Income statistics for couple-only economic families in private households - 25% sample data 56,575 ... ...
Average total income of couple-only economic families in 2020 ($) 108,000 ... ...
Average after-tax income of couple-only economic families in 2020 ($) 89,800 ... ...
Total - Income statistics for couple-with-children economic families in private households - 25% sample data 62,240 ... ...
Average total income of couple-with-children economic families in 2020 ($) 147,600 ... ...
Average after-tax income of couple-with-children economic families in 2020 ($) 122,800 ... ...
Total - Income statistics for one-parent economic families in private households - 25% sample data 24,605 ... ...
Average total income of one-parent economic families in 2020 ($) 77,100 ... ...
Average after-tax income of one-parent economic families in 2020 ($) 68,700 ... ...
Total - Income statistics for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families in private households - 25% sample data32 92,830 44,905 47,925
Average total income in 2020 ($)30 45,200 45,440 44,960
Average after-tax income in 2020 ($)30 38,840 38,800 38,880
Low income and income inequality in 2020
Total - LIM low-income status in 2020 for the population in private households - 100% data33 535,775 262,655 273,120
0 to 17 years 107,955 55,660 52,295
0 to 5 years 32,960 16,900 16,060
18 to 64 years 332,975 164,050 168,920
65 years and over 94,850 42,945 51,900
In low income based on the Low-income measure, after tax (LIM-AT) 66,265 31,255 35,010
0 to 17 years 16,395 8,585 7,815
0 to 5 years 5,485 2,825 2,660
18 to 64 years 38,640 18,480 20,160
65 years and over 11,230 4,195 7,035
Prevalence of low income based on the Low-income measure, after tax (LIM-AT) (%) 12.4 11.9 12.8
0 to 17 years (%) 15.2 15.4 14.9
0 to 5 years (%) 16.6 16.7 16.5
18 to 64 years (%) 11.6 11.3 11.9
65 years and over (%) 11.8 9.8 13.6
Total - LICO low-income status in 2020 for the population in private households to whom the low-income concept is applicable - 100% data33 535,770 262,655 273,115
0 to 17 years 107,955 55,655 52,295
0 to 5 years 32,960 16,905 16,055
18 to 64 years 332,975 164,055 168,920
65 years and over 94,845 42,945 51,905
In low income based on the Low-income cut-offs, after tax (LICO-AT) 30,140 15,755 14,390
0 to 17 years 5,265 2,765 2,500
0 to 5 years 1,640 820 815
18 to 64 years 23,185 12,265 10,920
65 years and over 1,695 725 970
Prevalence of low income based on the Low-income cut-offs, after tax (LICO-AT) (%) 5.6 6.0 5.3
0 to 17 years (%) 4.9 5.0 4.8
0 to 5 years (%) 5.0 4.9 5.1
18 to 64 years (%) 7.0 7.5 6.5
65 years and over (%) 1.8 1.7 1.9
Total - Adjusted after-tax economic family income decile group for the population in private households - 100% data34The letter 'c' in a yellow triangle indicates a correction notice. 535,775 262,660 273,120
In bottom half of the distribution 285,360 137,705 147,655
In bottom decile 61,815 30,400 31,410
In second decile 57,230 26,580 30,650
In third decile 56,260 27,150 29,110
In fourth decile 55,415 26,810 28,605
In fifth decile 54,640 26,765 27,880
In top half of the distribution 250,420 124,955 125,465
In sixth decile 53,005 26,150 26,850
In seventh decile 51,800 25,795 26,010
In eighth decile 51,290 25,530 25,765
In ninth decile 49,940 25,020 24,920
In top decile 44,380 22,460 21,920
Total - Inequality measures for the population in private households - 100% data35 535,770 ... ...
Gini index on adjusted household total income 0.336 ... ...
Gini index on adjusted household market income 0.458 ... ...
Gini index on adjusted household after-tax income 0.294 ... ...
P90/P10 ratio on adjusted household after-tax income 3.8 ... ...
Knowledge of official languages
Total - Knowledge of official languages for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% data36 538,245 263,660 274,585
English only 493,955 244,875 249,080
French only 355 155 200
English and French 35,380 15,035 20,345
Neither English nor French 8,560 3,595 4,965
First official language spoken
Total - First official language spoken for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% data37 538,245 263,660 274,585
English 521,680 256,450 265,230
French 5,795 2,610 3,185
English and French 2,475 1,145 1,335
Neither English nor French 8,295 3,460 4,840
Mother tongue
Total - Mother tongue for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% data38 538,245 263,660 274,585
Single responses 519,815 254,585 265,230
Official languages 411,155 201,795 209,360
English 405,530 199,280 206,245
French 5,625 2,510 3,110
Non-official languages 108,670 52,790 55,875
Indigenous languages39 90 40 50
Algonquian languages 50 30 25
Blackfoot 0 0 0
Cree-Innu languages 15 0 5
Atikamekw 0 0 0
Cree languages 10 0 5
Ililimowin (Moose Cree) 0 0 0
Inu Ayimun (Southern East Cree) 0 0 0
Iyiyiw-Ayimiwin (Northern East Cree) 0 0 0
Nehinawewin (Swampy Cree) 5 0 5
Nehiyawewin (Plains Cree) 0 0 0
Nihithawiwin (Woods Cree) 0 0 0
Cree, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Innu (Montagnais) 5 0 5
Naskapi 0 0 0
Eastern Algonquian languages 5 5 0
Mi'kmaq 5 5 0
Wolastoqewi (Malecite) 0 0 0
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 40 20 15
Anicinabemowin (Algonquin) 0 0 0
Oji-Cree 10 0 5
Ojibway languages 30 20 10
Anishinaabemowin (Chippewa) 5 5 0
Daawaamwin (Odawa) 0 0 0
Saulteau (Western Ojibway) 0 0 0
Ojibway, n.o.s. 20 15 5
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages 0 0 0
Northern Athabaskan languages 0 0 0
Dakelh (Carrier) 0 0 0
Dane-zaa (Beaver) 0 0 0
Dene, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Gwich'in 0 0 0
Slavey-Hare languages 0 0 0
Deh Gah Ghotie Zhatie (South Slavey) 0 0 0
Satuotine Yati (North Slavey) 0 0 0
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Tahltan languages 0 0 0
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0
Tahltan 0 0 0
Tlicho (Dogrib) 0 0 0
Tse'khene (Sekani) 0 0 0
Tsilhqot'in (Chilcotin) 0 0 0
Tsuu T'ina (Sarsi) 0 0 0
Tutchone languages 0 0 0
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0
Tutchone, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Wetsuwet'en-Babine 0 0 0
Tlingit 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Haida 0 0 0
Inuktut (Inuit) languages 5 5 0
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 0 0 0
Inuinnaqtun 0 0 0
Inuvialuktun 0 0 0
Inuktitut 0 0 0
Inuktut (Inuit) languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages 35 10 25
Cayuga 0 0 0
Mohawk 0 0 0
Oneida 30 10 25
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Ktunaxa (Kutenai) 0 0 0
Michif 0 0 0
Salish languages 0 0 0
Halkomelem 0 0 0
Lillooet 0 0 0
Ntlakapamux (Thompson) 0 0 0
Secwepemctsin (Shuswap) 0 0 0
Squamish 0 0 0
Straits 0 0 0
Syilx (Okanagan) 0 0 0
Salish languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Siouan languages 0 0 0
Assiniboine 0 0 0
Dakota 0 0 0
Stoney 0 0 0
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Tsimshian languages 0 0 0
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 0 0 0
Nisga'a 0 0 0
Tsimshian 0 0 0
Wakashan languages 0 0 0
Haisla 0 0 0
Heiltsuk 0 0 0
Kwak'wala (Kwakiutl) 0 0 0
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0 0 0
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Indigenous languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Indigenous languages, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Non-Indigenous languages 108,575 52,750 55,825
Afro-Asiatic languages 18,735 9,485 9,255
Berber languages 15 10 5
Kabyle 5 5 0
Tamazight 10 10 5
Berber languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Chadic languages 15 10 10
Hausa 15 10 5
Mina 0 0 0
Coptic 10 5 0
Cushitic languages 350 155 195
Bilen 10 5 10
Oromo 15 5 5
Somali 325 150 175
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 5 5 5
Semitic languages 18,340 9,300 9,040
Amharic 295 140 155
Arabic 15,655 7,995 7,665
Aramaic languages 1,610 780 830
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 1,325 640 685
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 240 115 125
Aramaic, n.o.s. 45 20 20
Harari 0 0 0
Hebrew 155 85 75
Maltese 195 85 110
Tigrigna 425 215 215
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 5 0 5
Austro-Asiatic languages 3,050 1,385 1,665
Khmer (Cambodian) 830 385 445
Vietnamese 2,220 1,000 1,220
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e 5 0 5
Austronesian languages 3,610 1,460 2,150
Bikol 5 0 0
Bisaya, n.o.s. 50 20 35
Cebuano 210 85 130
Fijian 0 0 0
Hiligaynon 75 25 55
Ilocano 220 85 130
Indonesian 145 60 85
Kankanaey 10 5 0
Kinaray-a 10 0 5
Malagasy languages 0 0 0
Merina 0 0 0
Malagasy, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Malay 15 5 10
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 20 10 15
Pangasinan 5 0 5
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 2,770 1,130 1,645
Waray-Waray 15 5 5
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 50 25 30
Creole languages 130 70 60
Haitian Creole 30 15 15
Jamaican English Creole 5 5 0
Krio 10 5 5
Morisyen 10 10 5
Sango 0 0 0
Creole, n.o.s. 50 30 20
Creole languages, n.i.e. 15 5 15
Dravidian languages 4,530 2,550 1,980
Kannada 90 55 35
Malayalam 3,280 1,800 1,480
Tamil 690 390 300
Telugu 450 300 150
Tulu 5 0 5
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 10 0 10
Georgian 5 5 5
Hmong-Mien languages 5 0 0
Indo-European languages 61,150 29,615 31,535
Albanian 1,105 555 555
Armenian 100 45 60
Balto-Slavic languages 11,755 5,455 6,300
Baltic languages 220 90 130
Latvian 75 30 40
Lithuanian 150 60 90
Slavic languages 11,535 5,360 6,170
Belarusian 15 5 10
Bulgarian 90 45 45
Czech 365 170 195
Macedonian 85 30 50
Polish 5,160 2,405 2,760
Russian 1,655 760 895
Rusyn 15 0 15
Serbo-Croatian 2,660 1,300 1,360
Bosnian 685 330 355
Croatian 980 470 510
Serbian 940 475 465
Serbo-Croatian, n.i.e. 55 25 30
Slovak 300 130 170
Slovene (Slovenian) 180 70 110
Ukrainian 1,000 440 555
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 5
Celtic languages 30 10 20
Irish 5 5 0
Scottish Gaelic 5 0 5
Welsh 10 5 5
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 5 0 0
Germanic languages 7,115 3,175 3,945
Frisian 65 35 35
High German languages 3,065 1,335 1,725
German 2,915 1,270 1,645
Pennsylvania German 60 30 25
Swiss German 75 30 45
Yiddish 15 5 5
Low Saxon-Low Franconian languages 3,715 1,670 2,050
Afrikaans 105 55 55
Dutch 3,125 1,400 1,725
Low German, n.o.s. 30 15 20
Low Saxon 30 15 15
Plautdietsch 220 110 115
Vlaams (Flemish) 200 85 115
Scandinavian languages 265 130 135
Danish 170 75 90
Icelandic 10 5 5
Norwegian 20 10 15
Swedish 60 35 25
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 5 5 0
Greek 1,690 800 890
Indo-Iranian languages 17,060 9,010 8,050
Indo-Aryan languages 12,815 6,925 5,895
Assamese 20 10 5
Bengali 715 345 370
Gujarati 1,870 1,160 710
Hindi 1,935 1,110 830
Kacchi 40 15 25
Kashmiri 5 5 0
Konkani 40 15 25
Marathi 175 105 75
Nepali 1,220 615 600
Oriya languages 10 5 10
Odia 0 5 5
Oriya, n.o.s. 5 0 5
Punjabi (Panjabi) 3,660 1,955 1,705
Rohingya 10 10 5
Sindhi 40 20 20
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 170 85 80
Urdu 2,870 1,460 1,410
Indo-Aryan languages, n.i.e. 30 10 20
Iranian languages 4,240 2,085 2,155
Baluchi 0 0 0
Kurdish 1,530 745 780
Parsi 0 0 0
Pashto 260 125 135
Persian languages 2,450 1,210 1,240
Dari 840 410 435
Iranian Persian 1,355 675 685
Persian (Farsi), n.o.s. 250 125 125
Iranian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Italic (Romance) languages 22,295 10,570 11,725
Catalan 15 5 10
Italian 2,900 1,435 1,460
Portuguese 6,865 3,260 3,605
Romanian 840 365 475
Spanish 11,655 5,490 6,165
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 20 10 10
Indo-European languages, n.i.e. 5 5 0
Japanese 260 95 160
Korean 3,650 1,715 1,935
Mongolian 5 0 5
Niger-Congo languages 1,220 585 635
Akan (Twi) 95 50 50
Bamanankan 0 0 0
Edo 10 5 10
Éwé 15 10 10
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 10 0 5
Ga 25 10 10
Ganda 40 15 25
Gikuyu 20 10 10
Igbo 75 35 40
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 110 50 55
Lingala 15 5 10
Luba-Kasai 0 0 0
Mòoré 0 0 0
Mwani 15 5 5
Ndebele 15 10 10
Rundi (Kirundi) 80 40 45
Shona 70 25 40
Soninke 0 0 0
Sotho-Tswana languages 15 0 10
Swahili 250 120 130
Wojenaka 0 0 0
Wolof 20 10 10
Yoruba 230 120 110
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 115 50 65
Nilo-Saharan languages 170 80 85
Dinka 70 30 45
Nuer 30 10 15
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 60 35 30
African, n.o.s. 10 5 5
Sign languages 155 85 70
American Sign Language 140 75 65
Quebec Sign Language 0 0 0
Sign languages, n.i.e. 20 10 10
Sino-Tibetan languages 9,570 4,515 5,050
Chinese languages 9,240 4,350 4,895
Hakka 30 15 20
Mandarin 6,890 3,240 3,655
Min Dong 15 5 5
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 130 60 75
Wu (Shanghainese) 50 25 25
Yue (Cantonese) 1,975 935 1,040
Chinese, n.o.s. 140 65 70
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 10 5 0
Tibeto-Burman languages 320 165 155
Burmese 45 30 20
Kuki-Chin languages 0 0 0
Karenic languages 230 115 120
S'gaw Karen 200 100 95
Karenic languages, n.i.e. 30 15 15
Tibetan 5 0 0
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 35 15 20
Sino-Tibetan languages, n.i.e. 5 5 0
Tai-Kadai languages 215 85 125
Lao 120 55 60
Thai 95 30 65
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Turkic languages 840 445 400
Azerbaijani 60 30 25
Kazakh 5 0 5
Turkish 680 350 325
Uyghur 70 40 30
Uzbek 10 5 5
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 20 15 10
Uralic languages 1,260 560 705
Estonian 50 15 30
Finnish 95 35 55
Hungarian 1,120 505 615
Other languages, n.i.e. 25 5 15
Multiple responses 18,425 9,075 9,350
English and French 2,280 1,080 1,200
English and non-official language(s) 14,070 7,010 7,055
French and non-official language(s) 405 195 215
English, French and non-official language(s) 435 205 235
Multiple non-official languages 1,230 585 645
All languages spoken at home
Total - All languages spoken at home for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% data40 538,245 263,660 274,585
English 419,730 205,930 213,800
French 1,085 490 590
Non-official language 30,295 14,515 15,780
Indigenous39 15 5 10
Non-Indigenous 30,285 14,515 15,775
English and French 5,295 2,325 2,970
English and non-official language(s) 76,465 37,945 38,520
French and non-official language(s) 245 115 135
English, French and non-official language(s) 3,080 1,330 1,750
Multiple non-official languages 2,045 1,005 1,045
Language spoken most often at home
Total - Language spoken most often at home for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% data41 538,245 263,660 274,585
Single responses 518,825 254,165 264,660
Official languages 459,010 224,820 234,190
English 457,205 223,995 233,205
French 1,810 830 980
Non-official languages 59,815 29,340 30,470
Indigenous languages39 30 15 15
Algonquian languages 10 5 10
Blackfoot 0 0 0
Cree-Innu languages 5 0 5
Atikamekw 0 0 0
Cree languages 5 0 5
Ililimowin (Moose Cree) 0 0 0
Inu Ayimun (Southern East Cree) 0 0 0
Iyiyiw-Ayimiwin (Northern East Cree) 0 0 0
Nehinawewin (Swampy Cree) 0 0 0
Nehiyawewin (Plains Cree) 0 0 0
Nihithawiwin (Woods Cree) 0 0 0
Cree, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Innu (Montagnais) 0 0 0
Naskapi 0 0 0
Eastern Algonquian languages 0 0 0
Mi'kmaq 0 0 0
Wolastoqewi (Malecite) 0 0 0
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 10 5 5
Anicinabemowin (Algonquin) 0 0 0
Oji-Cree 0 0 0
Ojibway languages 10 5 5
Anishinaabemowin (Chippewa) 5 5 0
Daawaamwin (Odawa) 0 0 0
Saulteau (Western Ojibway) 0 0 0
Ojibway, n.o.s. 10 0 5
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages 0 0 0
Northern Athabaskan languages 0 0 0
Dakelh (Carrier) 0 0 0
Dane-zaa (Beaver) 0 0 0
Dene, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Gwich'in 0 0 0
Slavey-Hare languages 0 0 0
Deh Gah Ghotie Zhatie (South Slavey) 0 0 0
Satuotine Yati (North Slavey) 0 0 0
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Tahltan languages 0 0 0
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0
Tahltan 0 0 0
Tlicho (Dogrib) 0 0 0
Tse'khene (Sekani) 0 0 0
Tsilhqot'in (Chilcotin) 0 0 0
Tsuu T'ina (Sarsi) 0 0 0
Tutchone languages 0 0 0
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0
Tutchone, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Wetsuwet'en-Babine 0 0 0
Tlingit 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Haida 0 0 0
Inuktut (Inuit) languages 0 0 0
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 0 0 0
Inuinnaqtun 0 0 0
Inuvialuktun 0 0 0
Inuktitut 0 0 0
Inuktut (Inuit) languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages 15 5 10
Cayuga 0 0 0
Mohawk 0 0 0
Oneida 15 5 10
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Ktunaxa (Kutenai) 0 0 0
Michif 0 0 0
Salish languages 0 0 0
Halkomelem 0 0 0
Lillooet 0 0 0
Ntlakapamux (Thompson) 0 0 0
Secwepemctsin (Shuswap) 0 0 0
Squamish 0 0 0
Straits 0 0 0
Syilx (Okanagan) 0 0 0
Salish languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Siouan languages 0 0 0
Assiniboine 0 0 0
Dakota 0 0 0
Stoney 0 0 0
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Tsimshian languages 0 0 0
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 0 0 0
Nisga'a 0 0 0
Tsimshian 0 0 0
Wakashan languages 0 0 0
Haisla 0 0 0
Heiltsuk 0 0 0
Kwak'wala (Kwakiutl) 0 0 0
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0 0 0
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Indigenous languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Indigenous languages, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Non-Indigenous languages 59,780 29,325 30,455
Afro-Asiatic languages 11,610 5,690 5,920
Berber languages 5 5 0
Kabyle 0 0 0
Tamazight 0 0 0
Berber languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Chadic languages 10 5 5
Hausa 0 0 0
Mina 0 0 0
Coptic 0 0 0
Cushitic languages 175 80 100
Bilen 10 5 5
Oromo 5 0 0
Somali 160 70 95
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Semitic languages 11,420 5,605 5,815
Amharic 120 55 70
Arabic 9,725 4,790 4,935
Aramaic languages 1,250 600 650
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 1,035 490 540
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 180 85 90
Aramaic, n.o.s. 35 20 15
Harari 0 0 0
Hebrew 60 35 30
Maltese 15 5 10
Tigrigna 245 120 130
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Austro-Asiatic languages 1,985 890 1,095
Khmer (Cambodian) 470 215 260
Vietnamese 1,515 680 835
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e 0 0 0
Austronesian languages 1,735 795 945
Bikol 0 0 0
Bisaya, n.o.s. 30 15 15
Cebuano 110 55 50
Fijian 0 0 0
Hiligaynon 20 10 10
Ilocano 125 60 65
Indonesian 50 20 25
Kankanaey 0 0 0
Kinaray-a 0 0 0
Malagasy languages 0 0 0
Merina 0 0 0
Malagasy, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Malay 10 5 5
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 15 10 5
Pangasinan 0 0 0
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 1,350 605 740
Waray-Waray 5 5 5
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 20 10 10
Creole languages 55 30 25
Haitian Creole 15 5 5
Jamaican English Creole 5 5 0
Krio 0 0 0
Morisyen 0 0 0
Sango 0 0 0
Creole, n.o.s. 20 10 5
Creole languages, n.i.e. 15 5 5
Dravidian languages 3,180 1,790 1,390
Kannada 30 15 15
Malayalam 2,510 1,380 1,130
Tamil 360 205 155
Telugu 265 180 85
Tulu 0 0 0
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 10 5 5
Georgian 0 0 0
Hmong-Mien languages 0 0 0
Indo-European languages 29,855 14,645 15,205
Albanian 465 230 235
Armenian 50 20 30
Balto-Slavic languages 5,055 2,390 2,665
Baltic languages 25 15 15
Latvian 5 0 0
Lithuanian 20 10 15
Slavic languages 5,030 2,380 2,650
Belarusian 0 0 0
Bulgarian 50 30 25
Czech 90 50 45
Macedonian 25 15 15
Polish 2,290 1,070 1,220
Russian 990 465 515
Rusyn 10 5 5
Serbo-Croatian 1,155 570 585
Bosnian 350 175 175
Croatian 350 170 180
Serbian 435 215 215
Serbo-Croatian, n.i.e. 20 10 10
Slovak 60 25 35
Slovene (Slovenian) 25 10 20
Ukrainian 330 145 185
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Celtic languages 0 0 0
Irish 0 0 0
Scottish Gaelic 0 0 0
Welsh 0 0 0
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Germanic languages 795 390 405
Frisian 5 0 5
High German languages 515 260 260
German 435 210 225
Pennsylvania German 75 40 40
Swiss German 10 5 5
Yiddish 0 0 0
Low Saxon-Low Franconian languages 235 115 120
Afrikaans 45 25 25
Dutch 120 60 60
Low German, n.o.s. 5 0 5
Low Saxon 15 10 10
Plautdietsch 40 20 15
Vlaams (Flemish) 5 5 5
Scandinavian languages 40 20 15
Danish 15 5 10
Icelandic 0 0 0
Norwegian 0 0 0
Swedish 20 15 10
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Greek 710 310 400
Indo-Iranian languages 11,080 5,795 5,290
Indo-Aryan languages 8,395 4,490 3,905
Assamese 5 0 5
Bengali 395 195 200
Gujarati 1,095 655 440
Hindi 1,080 625 455
Kacchi 20 10 15
Kashmiri 0 0 0
Konkani 10 5 10
Marathi 85 55 35
Nepali 955 490 465
Oriya languages 0 0 0
Odia 0 0 0
Oriya, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Punjabi (Panjabi) 2,740 1,480 1,265
Rohingya 10 10 5
Sindhi 20 15 10
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 85 40 40
Urdu 1,880 915 965
Indo-Aryan languages, n.i.e. 10 0 5
Iranian languages 2,685 1,305 1,380
Baluchi 0 0 0
Kurdish 1,015 495 530
Parsi 0 0 0
Pashto 170 80 90
Persian languages 1,495 725 765
Dari 470 220 245
Iranian Persian 905 445 455
Persian (Farsi), n.o.s. 125 60 60
Iranian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Italic (Romance) languages 11,695 5,510 6,185
Catalan 5 5 5
Italian 630 275 355
Portuguese 3,325 1,575 1,745
Romanian 335 145 185
Spanish 7,400 3,505 3,895
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 5 5 5
Indo-European languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Japanese 110 55 55
Korean 2,840 1,350 1,490
Mongolian 0 0 0
Niger-Congo languages 470 210 265
Akan (Twi) 40 10 25
Bamanankan 0 0 0
Edo 0 0 0
Éwé 0 0 0
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 10 5 5
Ga 10 5 5
Ganda 5 0 5
Gikuyu 10 5 5
Igbo 30 10 20
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 45 20 25
Lingala 5 5 5
Luba-Kasai 0 0 0
Mòoré 0 0 0
Mwani 0 0 0
Ndebele 0 0 0
Rundi (Kirundi) 40 20 20
Shona 15 10 10
Soninke 0 0 0
Sotho-Tswana languages 0 0 0
Swahili 120 55 70
Wojenaka 0 0 0
Wolof 10 5 10
Yoruba 110 50 55
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 20 10 10
Nilo-Saharan languages 60 25 30
Dinka 25 10 15
Nuer 20 10 10
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 10 5 5
African, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Sign languages 280 155 120
American Sign Language 220 125 100
Quebec Sign Language 0 0 0
Sign languages, n.i.e. 55 35 20
Sino-Tibetan languages 6,680 3,250 3,430
Chinese languages 6,495 3,150 3,345
Hakka 10 5 5
Mandarin 5,160 2,530 2,635
Min Dong 5 5 5
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 40 15 20
Wu (Shanghainese) 25 15 5
Yue (Cantonese) 1,155 535 625
Chinese, n.o.s. 100 55 45
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Tibeto-Burman languages 180 95 85
Burmese 20 10 15
Kuki-Chin languages 0 0 0
Karenic languages 140 75 65
S'gaw Karen 125 70 55
Karenic languages, n.i.e. 20 10 10
Tibetan 0 0 0
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 15 5 10
Sino-Tibetan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Tai-Kadai languages 90 40 55
Lao 60 30 30
Thai 35 15 20
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Turkic languages 545 270 270
Azerbaijani 20 10 10
Kazakh 0 0 0
Turkish 445 220 225
Uyghur 60 35 25
Uzbek 0 0 0
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 10 5 5
Uralic languages 290 125 160
Estonian 0 5 0
Finnish 0 0 0
Hungarian 280 125 155
Other languages, n.i.e. 10 0 5
Multiple responses 19,420 9,500 9,920
English and French 870 360 505
English and non-official language(s) 17,740 8,760 8,975
French and non-official language(s) 90 45 40
English, French and non-official language(s) 385 175 215
Multiple non-official languages 340 155 185
Other language spoken regularly at home
Total - Other language(s) spoken regularly at home for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% data42 538,245 263,665 274,580
None 467,485 228,950 238,535
English 24,730 12,420 12,315
French 4,625 2,020 2,605
Non-official language 32,990 16,030 16,960
Indigenous39 205 80 125
Non-Indigenous 32,785 15,950 16,830
English and French 455 200 260
English and non-official language(s) 3,120 1,585 1,530
French and non-official language(s) 1,405 600 800
English, French and non-official language(s) 70 40 35
Multiple non-official languages 3,370 1,820 1,550
Knowledge of languagesThe letter 'c' in a yellow triangle indicates a correction notice.
Total - Knowledge of languages for the population in private households - 25% sample data43 535,775 262,660 273,120
Official languages 527,385 259,210 268,175
English 527,025 259,065 267,960
French 35,585 15,130 20,450
Non-official languages 143,455 69,805 73,650
Indigenous languages39 420 195 225
Algonquian languages 205 105 100
Blackfoot 0 0 0
Cree-Innu languages 30 15 15
Atikamekw 0 0 0
Cree languages 30 15 15
Ililimowin (Moose Cree) 10 0 0
Inu Ayimun (Southern East Cree) 0 0 0
Iyiyiw-Ayimiwin (Northern East Cree) 0 0 0
Nehinawewin (Swampy Cree) 15 0 0
Nehiyawewin (Plains Cree) 0 0 0
Nihithawiwin (Woods Cree) 0 0 0
Cree, n.o.s. 10 0 0
Innu (Montagnais) 0 0 0
Naskapi 0 0 0
Eastern Algonquian languages 0 0 0
Mi'kmaq 0 0 0
Wolastoqewi (Malecite) 0 0 0
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 175 90 85
Anicinabemowin (Algonquin) 0 0 0
Oji-Cree 10 0 0
Ojibway languages 170 90 80
Anishinaabemowin (Chippewa) 35 20 15
Daawaamwin (Odawa) 0 0 0
Saulteau (Western Ojibway) 0 0 0
Ojibway, n.o.s. 145 75 65
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages 0 0 0
Northern Athabaskan languages 0 0 0
Dakelh (Carrier) 0 0 0
Dane-zaa (Beaver) 0 0 0
Dene, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Gwich'in 0 0 0
Slavey-Hare languages 0 0 0
Deh Gah Ghotie Zhatie (South Slavey) 0 0 0
Satuotine Yati (North Slavey) 0 0 0
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Tahltan languages 0 0 0
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0
Tahltan 0 0 0
Tlicho (Dogrib) 0 0 0
Tse'khene (Sekani) 0 0 0
Tsilhqot'in (Chilcotin) 0 0 0
Tsuu T'ina (Sarsi) 0 0 0
Tutchone languages 0 0 0
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0
Tutchone, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Wetsuwet'en-Babine 0 0 0
Tlingit 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Haida 0 0 0
Inuktut (Inuit) languages 15 0 0
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 0 0 0
Inuinnaqtun 0 0 0
Inuvialuktun 0 0 0
Inuktitut 15 0 0
Inuktut (Inuit) languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages 240 110 125
Cayuga 30 10 15
Mohawk 45 20 25
Oneida 185 90 95
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Ktunaxa (Kutenai) 0 0 0
Michif 0 0 0
Salish languages 0 0 0
Halkomelem 0 0 0
Lillooet 0 0 0
Ntlakapamux (Thompson) 0 0 0
Secwepemctsin (Shuswap) 0 0 0
Squamish 0 0 0
Straits 0 0 0
Syilx (Okanagan) 0 0 0
Salish languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Siouan languages 0 0 0
Assiniboine 0 0 0
Dakota 0 0 0
Stoney 0 0 0
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Tsimshian languages 0 0 0
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 0 0 0
Nisga'a 0 0 0
Tsimshian 0 0 0
Wakashan languages 0 0 0
Haisla 0 0 0
Heiltsuk 0 0 0
Kwak'wala (Kwakiutl) 0 0 0
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0 0 0
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Indigenous languages, n.i.e. 10 0 10
Indigenous languages, n.o.s. 15 0 15
Non-Indigenous languages 143,065 69,630 73,435
Afro-Asiatic languages 26,835 13,795 13,040
Berber languages 25 15 10
Kabyle 15 10 0
Tamazight 0 0 0
Berber languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Chadic languages 100 45 55
Hausa 100 45 55
Mina 0 0 0
Coptic 30 20 10
Cushitic languages 430 170 260
Bilen 35 15 20
Oromo 30 0 30
Somali 370 155 215
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Semitic languages 26,405 13,625 12,780
Amharic 590 285 305
Arabic 23,700 12,320 11,380
Aramaic languages 2,300 1,115 1,185
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 1,725 850 880
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 540 230 305
Aramaic, n.o.s. 90 50 40
Harari 0 0 0
Hebrew 550 275 275
Maltese 290 135 155
Tigrigna 625 295 325
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 30 25 0
Austro-Asiatic languages 3,810 1,745 2,065
Khmer (Cambodian) 1,330 660 670
Vietnamese 2,500 1,100 1,405
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e 20 0 15
Austronesian languages 5,080 2,145 2,940
Bikol 25 10 10
Bisaya, n.o.s. 100 50 55
Cebuano 425 165 255
Fijian 0 0 0
Hiligaynon 60 20 40
Ilocano 385 160 230
Indonesian 265 140 125
Kankanaey 0 0 0
Kinaray-a 0 0 0
Malagasy languages 0 0 0
Merina 0 0 0
Malagasy, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Malay 135 70 65
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 25 0 20
Pangasinan 30 10 25
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 4,485 1,840 2,645
Waray-Waray 55 30 25
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 165 55 115
Creole languages 480 250 230
Haitian Creole 50 20 30
Jamaican English Creole 105 65 40
Krio 15 0 15
Morisyen 10 0 0
Sango 20 0 15
Creole, n.o.s. 155 80 75
Creole languages, n.i.e. 145 95 50
Dravidian languages 6,385 3,590 2,795
Kannada 285 160 125
Malayalam 4,315 2,395 1,915
Tamil 1,620 930 690
Telugu 865 540 330
Tulu 25 15 10
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 25 0 25
Georgian 15 0 10
Hmong-Mien languages 0 0 0
Indo-European languages 82,420 40,020 42,405
Albanian 1,645 775 870
Armenian 105 45 65
Balto-Slavic languages 14,365 6,780 7,580
Baltic languages 330 155 175
Latvian 105 45 60
Lithuanian 225 105 115
Slavic languages 14,070 6,650 7,425
Belarusian 0 0 0
Bulgarian 135 60 70
Czech 410 190 220
Macedonian 185 80 105
Polish 6,400 2,900 3,500
Russian 2,675 1,325 1,345
Rusyn 0 0 0
Serbo-Croatian 3,390 1,755 1,635
Bosnian 1,015 520 490
Croatian 1,565 830 740
Serbian 1,520 780 740
Serbo-Croatian, n.i.e. 55 35 25
Slovak 400 160 240
Slovene (Slovenian) 260 120 135
Ukrainian 1,505 645 865
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 10 10 0
Celtic languages 150 80 75
Irish 70 45 25
Scottish Gaelic 55 25 30
Welsh 15 0 10
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 10 0 10
Germanic languages 9,615 4,335 5,275
Frisian 90 50 35
High German languages 5,350 2,540 2,810
German 5,155 2,430 2,730
Pennsylvania German 90 40 50
Swiss German 80 50 30
Yiddish 55 40 15
Low Saxon-Low Franconian languages 4,165 1,830 2,335
Afrikaans 325 150 175
Dutch 3,400 1,500 1,905
Low German, n.o.s. 25 15 10
Low Saxon 20 0 20
Plautdietsch 255 120 135
Vlaams (Flemish) 190 80 105
Scandinavian languages 405 165 235
Danish 215 85 125
Icelandic 0 0 0
Norwegian 80 40 40
Swedish 110 35 70
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 30 15 15
Greek 2,650 1,365 1,285
Indo-Iranian languages 24,410 12,950 11,465
Indo-Aryan languages 19,265 10,345 8,915
Assamese 25 10 10
Bengali 1,120 580 545
Gujarati 2,590 1,515 1,070
Hindi 9,465 5,320 4,145
Kacchi 55 20 40
Kashmiri 30 20 10
Konkani 75 40 35
Marathi 500 270 235
Nepali 1,490 750 730
Oriya languages 20 15 0
Odia 0 0 0
Oriya, n.o.s. 10 10 0
Punjabi (Panjabi) 6,230 3,315 2,915
Rohingya 0 0 0
Sindhi 55 25 30
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 345 190 155
Urdu 4,965 2,485 2,485
Indo-Aryan languages, n.i.e. 110 55 60
Iranian languages 5,420 2,740 2,680
Baluchi 0 0 0
Kurdish 1,890 980 910
Parsi 20 10 0
Pashto 450 235 215
Persian languages 3,425 1,725 1,700
Dari 1,240 650 590
Iranian Persian 1,900 955 950
Persian (Farsi), n.o.s. 375 175 205
Iranian languages, n.i.e. 10 0 10
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 25 10 15
Italic (Romance) languages 31,620 14,900 16,720
Catalan 40 10 25
Italian 5,025 2,505 2,525
Portuguese 8,875 4,350 4,525
Romanian 1,060 490 570
Spanish 17,940 8,220 9,720
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 60 45 15
Indo-European languages, n.i.e. 30 15 10
Japanese 875 415 465
Korean 4,095 1,900 2,195
Mongolian 0 0 0
Niger-Congo languages 3,290 1,540 1,750
Akan (Twi) 280 120 155
Bamanankan 15 0 10
Edo 20 15 0
Éwé 25 10 15
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 15 0 10
Ga 40 15 25
Ganda 15 0 15
Gikuyu 60 20 40
Igbo 365 150 205
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 310 145 165
Lingala 245 110 135
Luba-Kasai 30 20 10
Mòoré 0 0 0
Mwani 0 0 0
Ndebele 0 0 0
Rundi (Kirundi) 190 110 85
Shona 115 55 50
Soninke 0 0 0
Sotho-Tswana languages 0 0 0
Swahili 760 365 390
Wojenaka 0 0 0
Wolof 35 25 15
Yoruba 935 440 495
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 365 170 195
Nilo-Saharan languages 275 140 135
Dinka 95 50 55
Nuer 100 50 50
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 80 50 35
African, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Sign languages 980 425 555
American Sign Language 860 375 490
Quebec Sign Language 0 0 0
Sign languages, n.i.e. 160 80 85
Sino-Tibetan languages 11,390 5,415 5,975
Chinese languages 10,845 5,145 5,705
Hakka 40 20 20
Mandarin 8,755 4,125 4,630
Min Dong 40 15 25
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 210 95 115
Wu (Shanghainese) 110 40 65
Yue (Cantonese) 2,865 1,375 1,495
Chinese, n.o.s. 105 45 60
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 30 20 10
Tibeto-Burman languages 530 270 255
Burmese 95 65 30
Kuki-Chin languages 0 0 0
Karenic languages 415 205 210
S'gaw Karen 380 190 190
Karenic languages, n.i.e. 45 20 20
Tibetan 0 0 0
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 105 45 50
Sino-Tibetan languages, n.i.e. 25 0 10
Tai-Kadai languages 305 105 195
Lao 160 55 100
Thai 165 55 110
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Turkic languages 1,280 645 635
Azerbaijani 110 70 40
Kazakh 10 0 10
Turkish 1,110 545 560
Uyghur 85 55 25
Uzbek 15 0 0
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 45 25 20
Uralic languages 1,600 755 845
Estonian 70 25 50
Finnish 125 65 65
Hungarian 1,400 670 730
Other languages, n.i.e. 85 35 45
Indigenous population
Total - Indigenous identity for the population in private households - 25% sample data44 535,780 262,660 273,115
Indigenous identity45 13,675 6,180 7,490
Single Indigenous responses46 13,110 5,965 7,145
First Nations (North American Indian) 9,620 4,280 5,335
Métis 3,350 1,615 1,735
Inuk (Inuit) 145 75 70
Multiple Indigenous responses47 215 95 125
Indigenous responses not included elsewhere48 350 125 225
Non-Indigenous identity 522,100 256,475 265,625
Total - Registered or Treaty Indian status for the population in private households - 25% sample data44 535,780 262,660 273,115
Registered or Treaty Indian49 6,030 2,560 3,470
Not a Registered or Treaty Indian 529,750 260,105 269,650
Household characteristics
Total - Private households by tenure - 25% sample data50 222,240 ... ...
Owner 139,070 ... ...
Renter 83,170 ... ...
Dwelling provided by the local government, First Nation or Indian band 0 ... ...
Total - Occupied private dwellings by condominium status - 25% sample data51 222,240 ... ...
Condominium 30,395 ... ...
Not condominium 191,845 ... ...
Total - Occupied private dwellings by number of bedrooms - 25% sample data52 222,240 ... ...
No bedrooms 1,180 ... ...
1 bedroom 30,235 ... ...
2 bedrooms 53,735 ... ...
3 bedrooms 81,220 ... ...
4 or more bedrooms 55,875 ... ...
Total - Occupied private dwellings by number of rooms - 25% sample data53 222,240 ... ...
1 to 4 rooms 58,255 ... ...
5 rooms 30,030 ... ...
6 rooms 32,335 ... ...
7 rooms 29,160 ... ...
8 or more rooms 72,460 ... ...
Average number of rooms per dwelling 6.4 ... ...
Total - Private households by number of persons per room - 25% sample data54 222,240 ... ...
One person or fewer per room 217,435 ... ...
More than one person per room 4,805 ... ...
Total - Private households by housing suitability - 25% sample data55 222,240 ... ...
Suitable 210,605 ... ...
Not suitable 11,635 ... ...
Total - Occupied private dwellings by period of construction - 25% sample data56 222,240 ... ...
1960 or before 52,925 ... ...
1961 to 1980 63,640 ... ...
1981 to 1990 29,140 ... ...
1991 to 2000 24,285 ... ...
2001 to 2005 12,790 ... ...
2006 to 2010 12,705 ... ...
2011 to 2015 10,805 ... ...
2016 to 202157 15,950 ... ...
Total - Occupied private dwellings by dwelling condition - 25% sample data58 222,240 ... ...
Only regular maintenance and minor repairs needed 210,305 ... ...
Major repairs needed 11,935 ... ...
Total - Private households by number of household maintainers - 25% sample data59 222,240 ... ...
One-maintainer household 113,190 ... ...
Two-maintainer household 99,265 ... ...
Three-or-more-maintainer household 9,785 ... ...
Total - Private households by age of primary household maintainers - 25% sample data60 222,240 ... ...
15 to 24 years 7,965 ... ...
25 to 34 years 33,785 ... ...
35 to 44 years 37,525 ... ...
45 to 54 years 37,845 ... ...
55 to 64 years 43,250 ... ...
65 to 74 years 34,825 ... ...
75 to 84 years 19,735 ... ...
85 years and over 7,310 ... ...
Total - Owner and tenant households with household total income greater than zero, in non-farm, non-reserve private dwellings by shelter-cost-to-income ratio - 25% sample data61 219,780 ... ...
Spending less than 30% of income on shelter costs 170,800 ... ...
Spending 30% or more of income on shelter costs 48,980 ... ...
30% to less than 100% 44,135 ... ...
Total - Occupied private dwellings by housing indicators - 25% sample data62 222,240 ... ...
Total - Households 'spending 30% or more of income on shelter costs' or 'not suitable' or 'major repairs needed' 66,010 ... ...
Spending 30% or more of income on shelter costs only 43,385 ... ...
Not suitable only 8,425 ... ...
Major repairs needed only 7,860 ... ...
'Spending 30% or more of income on shelter costs' and 'not suitable' 2,265 ... ...
'Spending 30% or more of income on shelter costs' and 'major repairs needed' 3,130 ... ...
'Not suitable' and 'major repairs needed' 745 ... ...
'Spending 30% or more of income on shelter costs' and 'not suitable' and 'major repairs needed' 195 ... ...
Acceptable housing 156,230 ... ...
Total - Owner and tenant households with household total income greater than zero and shelter-cost-to-income ratio less than 100%, in non-farm, non-reserve private dwellings - 25% sample data63 214,930 ... ...
In core need 22,085 ... ...
Not in core need 192,850 ... ...
Total - Owner households in non-farm, non-reserve private dwellings - 25% sample data 137,850 ... ...
% of owner households with a mortgage64 60.4 ... ...
% of owner households spending 30% or more of its income on shelter costs61 12.6 ... ...
% in core housing need63 3.8 ... ...
Median monthly shelter costs for owned dwellings ($)65 1,240 ... ...
Average monthly shelter costs for owned dwellings ($)65 1,412 ... ...
Median value of dwellings ($)66 548,000 ... ...
Average value of dwellings ($)66 586,000 ... ...
Total - Tenant households in non-farm, non-reserve private dwellings - 25% sample data 83,055 ... ...
% of tenant households in subsidized housing67 10.9 ... ...
% of tenant households spending 30% or more of its income on shelter costs61 38.4 ... ...
% in core housing need63 21.4 ... ...
Median monthly shelter costs for rented dwellings ($)65 1,110 ... ...
Average monthly shelter costs for rented dwellings ($)65 1,198 ... ...
Total - Households living in a dwelling provided by the local government, First Nation or Indian band in non-farm private dwellings - 25% sample data 0 ... ...
% of households living in a dwelling provided by the local government, First Nation or Indian band spending more than 30% on shelter costs61 ... ... ...
Median monthly shelter costs for dwellings provided by local government, First Nation or Indian band ($)65 ... ... ...
Average monthly shelter costs for dwellings provided by local government, First Nation or Indian band ($)65 ... ... ...
Indigenous ancestry
Total - Indigenous ancestry for the population in private households - 25% sample data68 535,780 262,660 273,120
Indigenous ancestry (only)69 5,075 2,280 2,790
Single Indigenous ancestry (only)70 5,040 2,270 2,775
First Nations (North American Indian) single ancestry 4,375 1,965 2,415
Métis single ancestry 645 295 350
Inuit single ancestry 15 10 10
Multiple Indigenous ancestries (only)71 35 15 20
First Nations (North American Indian) and Métis ancestry only 30 0 20
First Nations (North American Indian) and Inuit ancestry only 0 0 0
Métis and Inuit ancestry only 10 10 0
First Nations (North American Indian) and Métis and Inuit ancestry only 0 0 0
Indigenous and non-Indigenous ancestries72 13,360 6,340 7,015
Single Indigenous and non-Indigenous ancestries73 13,070 6,235 6,840
First Nations (North American Indian) and non-Indigenous ancestry only 10,135 4,770 5,365
Métis and non-Indigenous ancestry only 2,800 1,385 1,415
Inuit and non-Indigenous ancestry only 135 80 55
Multiple Indigenous and non-Indigenous ancestries74 285 110 180
First Nations (North American Indian) and Métis and non-Indigenous ancestry only 265 100 170
First Nations (North American Indian) and Inuit and non-Indigenous ancestry only 15 10 10
Métis and Inuit and non-Indigenous ancestry only 0 0 0
First Nations (North American Indian) and Métis and Inuit and non-Indigenous ancestry only 0 0 0
Non-Indigenous ancestry only75 517,345 254,040 263,305
Citizenship
Total - Citizenship for the population in private households - 25% sample data76 535,780 262,660 273,120
Canadian citizens77 483,920 236,225 247,695
Canadian citizens aged under 18 98,560 50,640 47,920
Canadian citizens aged 18 and over 385,355 185,585 199,770
Not Canadian citizens78 51,860 26,430 25,425
Immigrant status and period of immigration
Total - Immigrant status and period of immigration for the population in private households - 25% sample data79 535,780 262,660 273,120
Non-immigrants80 400,620 196,520 204,095
Immigrants81 115,600 55,485 60,120
Before 1980 27,795 13,055 14,740
1980 to 1990 13,830 6,750 7,085
1991 to 2000 17,085 8,215 8,870
2001 to 2010 22,335 10,445 11,890
2011 to 202182 34,550 17,015 17,535
2011 to 2015 14,055 6,620 7,440
2016 to 2021 20,495 10,400 10,095
Non-permanent residents83 19,560 10,655 8,905
Age at immigration
Total - Age at immigration for the immigrant population in private households - 25% sample data84 115,600 55,480 60,120
Under 5 years 13,875 7,105 6,770
5 to 14 years 24,095 12,235 11,860
15 to 24 years 22,070 9,800 12,265
25 to 44 years 46,930 22,305 24,630
45 years and over 8,630 4,045 4,590
Selected places of birth for the immigrant population
Total - Place of birth for the immigrant population in private households - 25% sample data85 115,600 55,480 60,120
Americas 18,525 8,465 10,060
Brazil 710 335 380
Colombia 3,905 1,760 2,145
El Salvador 1,700 815 885
Guyana 550 260 285
Haiti 30 10 20
Jamaica 1,835 910 925
Mexico 965 415 550
Peru 135 45 95
Trinidad and Tobago 880 405 475
United States of America 4,390 1,865 2,525
Other places of birth in Americas 3,430 1,650 1,785
Europe 38,535 18,270 20,265
Bosnia and Herzegovina 1,080 560 520
Croatia 785 375 405
France 280 140 140
Germany 2,175 930 1,245
Greece 1,015 510 500
Hungary 840 400 445
Italy 2,310 1,195 1,115
Netherlands 3,010 1,500 1,510
Poland 4,395 2,000 2,395
Portugal 4,290 2,065 2,225
Romania 1,020 460 565
Russian Federation 570 250 320
Serbia86 480 250 230
Ukraine 890 390 500
United Kingdom87 10,670 5,040 5,625
Other places of birth in Europe 4,725 2,200 2,525
Africa 8,350 4,195 4,155
Algeria 90 35 50
Congo, Democratic Republic of the 365 180 185
Egypt 1,210 625 580
Eritrea 465 245 215
Ethiopia 425 185 245
Morocco 125 65 55
Nigeria 1,365 670 690
Somalia 245 100 145
South Africa, Republic of 640 350 290
Other places of birth in Africa 3,430 1,735 1,695
Asia 49,690 24,295 25,390
Afghanistan 1,040 515 525
Iran88 1,470 745 725
Iraq 3,685 1,820 1,870
Lebanon 2,295 1,145 1,150
Syria89 4,840 2,500 2,335
Turkey 550 275 275
China90 5,170 2,295 2,880
Hong Kong91 760 365 390
Korea, South92 2,360 1,125 1,235
Taiwan 205 90 120
Philippines 3,605 1,475 2,130
Viet Nam 1,880 825 1,055
Bangladesh 515 250 270
India 8,990 4,600 4,385
Pakistan 2,780 1,400 1,380
Sri Lanka 470 240 225
Other places of birth in Asia 9,075 4,630 4,445
Oceania and other places of birth93 500 255 240
Selected places of birth for the recent immigrant population
Total - Place of birth for the recent immigrant population in private households - 25% sample data94 20,495 10,395 10,100
Americas 2,890 1,340 1,545
Brazil 295 140 155
Colombia 660 290 375
Haiti 0 0 0
Jamaica 310 175 135
Mexico 185 95 85
United States of America 730 310 420
Venezuela95 90 45 45
Other places of birth in Americas 615 285 325
Europe 1,090 570 525
France 80 55 30
Germany 60 40 25
Ireland96 25 25 0
Italy 25 15 15
Russian Federation 100 50 55
Ukraine 185 85 100
United Kingdom87 215 115 95
Other places of birth in Europe 400 190 210
Africa 2,375 1,225 1,155
Algeria 0 0 0
Burundi 40 15 30
Cameroon 50 20 30
Congo, Democratic Republic of the 110 60 50
Côte d'Ivoire 0 0 0
Egypt 270 145 130
Eritrea 140 80 60
Ethiopia 90 30 65
Morocco 15 0 10
Nigeria 835 415 420
Somalia 55 25 30
South Africa, Republic of 80 45 35
Sudan97 185 120 65
Tunisia 10 0 0
Other places of birth in Africa 485 265 220
Asia 14,080 7,240 6,840
Afghanistan 225 120 100
Bangladesh 125 60 60
China90 995 450 550
Hong Kong91 25 10 20
India 3,990 2,165 1,825
Iran88 230 100 125
Iraq 805 395 410
Israel 40 20 20
Japan 40 10 25
Jordan 305 155 150
Korea, South92 415 205 210
Lebanon 340 180 160
Nepal 80 40 35
Pakistan 505 245 260
Philippines 670 300 365
Saudi Arabia 545 305 240
Sri Lanka 45 25 25
Syria89 3,490 1,840 1,645
Turkey 225 130 100
United Arab Emirates 260 155 110
Viet Nam 165 60 105
Other places of birth in Asia 575 265 310
Oceania and other93 50 25 25
Australia 40 25 15
Other places of birth98 10 0 10
Generation status
Total - Generation status for the population in private households - 25% sample data99 535,775 262,660 273,120
First generation100 140,255 68,720 71,535
Second generation101 106,530 52,885 53,645
Third generation or more102 288,990 141,060 147,935
Admission category and applicant type
Total - Admission category and applicant type for the immigrant population in private households who were admitted between 1980 and 2021 - 25% sample data103 87,805 42,430 45,375
Economic immigrants104 37,520 18,945 18,570
Principal applicants105 14,145 8,845 5,300
Secondary applicants106 23,370 10,100 13,270
Immigrants sponsored by family107 20,395 8,290 12,105
Refugees108 28,720 14,635 14,085
Other immigrants109 1,170 555 620
Pre-admission experience
Total - Pre-admission experience for the immigrant population in private households who were admitted between 1980 and 2021 - 25% sample data110 87,805 42,430 45,375
Asylum claim before admission111 8,030 3,985 4,050
Work permits only before admission112 6,315 3,090 3,225
Study permits only before admission113 2,290 1,210 1,085
Work and study permits before admission114 4,575 2,440 2,135
Other permits before admission115 580 220 360
No pre-admission experience116 66,015 31,485 34,530
Visible minority
Total - Visible minority for the population in private households - 25% sample data117 535,775 262,660 273,115
Total visible minority population118 125,125 62,890 62,230
South Asian 28,285 15,220 13,065
Chinese 12,435 5,860 6,570
Black 18,780 9,425 9,350
Filipino 6,440 2,945 3,495
Arab 22,295 11,645 10,650
Latin American 13,290 6,215 7,080
Southeast Asian 6,435 3,125 3,310
West Asian 5,455 2,745 2,710
Korean 4,445 2,095 2,345
Japanese 795 355 440
Visible minority, n.i.e.119 2,300 1,160 1,145
Multiple visible minorities 4,180 2,115 2,070
Not a visible minority120 410,650 199,765 210,885
Ethnic or cultural origin
Total - Ethnic or cultural origin for the population in private households - 25% sample data121 535,775 262,660 273,120
Canadian 73,110 36,385 36,730
English 129,975 62,740 67,235
Irish 95,390 44,870 50,520
Scottish 100,935 48,520 52,415
French, n.o.s.122 36,695 17,280 19,415
German 53,870 25,740 28,135
Chinese 13,115 6,135 6,980
Italian 22,755 11,215 11,535
Indian (India) 16,260 8,920 7,340
Ukrainian 11,405 5,470 5,935
Dutch 35,170 17,410 17,755
Polish 18,500 8,915 9,580
Québécois 730 370 355
British Isles, n.o.s.123 23,250 11,125 12,125
Filipino 6,365 2,955 3,415
French Canadian 6,165 2,795 3,375
Caucasian (White), n.o.s.124 9,870 4,795 5,075
First Nations (North American Indian), n.o.s.125 7,010 3,295 3,725
Métis 3,750 1,790 1,960
European, n.o.s.126 7,665 3,855 3,815
Russian 5,020 2,370 2,650
Norwegian 2,455 1,070 1,385
Welsh 9,880 4,655 5,225
Portuguese 13,265 6,610 6,655
American 6,390 3,060 3,330
Spanish 5,190 2,350 2,835
Swedish 2,810 1,225 1,580
Hungarian 7,485 3,625 3,865
Acadian 1,080 570 505
Pakistani 3,850 1,955 1,890
African, n.o.s.127 4,200 2,145 2,055
Jewish 2,145 1,115 1,025
Punjabi 1,765 915 855
Vietnamese 3,340 1,565 1,775
Arab, n.o.s.128 8,910 4,735 4,175
Greek 4,780 2,490 2,290
Jamaican 4,390 2,225 2,165
Asian, n.o.s.129 2,560 1,255 1,310
Cree, n.o.s.130 665 315 345
Korean 4,260 1,970 2,290
Romanian 2,725 1,405 1,320
Lebanese 5,280 2,760 2,525
Iranian 1,460 705 755
Christian, n.i.e.131 2,300 1,120 1,180
Danish 3,120 1,600 1,520
North American Indigenous, n.o.s.132 2,750 1,210 1,540
Sikh 1,325 765 560
Austrian 2,225 1,080 1,145
Belgian 5,020 2,415 2,605
Haitian 95 60 35
Hindu 1,850 1,065 780
Mexican 2,020 1,020 995
Mennonite 1,175 505 670
Swiss 1,755 915 845
Finnish 1,820 870 950
Sri Lankan 595 290 300
Croatian 2,925 1,460 1,470
Japanese 1,125 520 610
South Asian, n.o.s.133 1,070 545 525
Mi'kmaq, n.o.s.134 580 285 295
Northern European, n.o.s.135 1,645 795 850
Muslim 2,245 1,100 1,145
Egyptian 1,695 940 755
Latin, Central or South American, n.o.s.136 2,260 1,095 1,170
Tamil 410 245 165
Icelandic 565 295 270
Colombian 4,425 2,125 2,300
Moroccan 300 165 140
Czech 1,940 920 1,020
Syrian 3,100 1,605 1,500
Guyanese 915 485 425
Afghan 1,480 745 735
Black, n.o.s.137 1,275 635 645
Serbian 1,935 965 970
Ojibway 1,195 605 590
Newfoundlander 1,080 550 530
Hong Konger 290 130 160
Ontarian 2,710 1,320 1,385
Persian 955 490 465
Trinidadian/Tobagonian 1,265 675 595
Turkish 1,205 610 590
Inuit, n.o.s.138 175 100 75
Bangladeshi 725 365 365
Algerian 110 55 60
Brazilian 1,635 840 790
Nigerian 1,335 665 665
Armenian 390 160 230
Slovak 1,720 860 860
Eastern European, n.o.s.139 1,035 495 535
Somali 550 310 245
Taiwanese 260 130 135
Iraqi 2,470 1,220 1,250
Salvadorean 1,875 900 975
African Caribbean 485 235 250
East or Southeast Asian, n.o.s.140 575 310 260
West or Central Asian or Middle Eastern, n.o.s.141 2,480 1,280 1,200
Caribbean, n.o.s.142 340 170 165
Algonquin 355 170 185
West Indian, n.o.s.143 405 175 235
Lithuanian 1,230 635 595
South African 660 330 325
Australian 620 365 255
Palestinian 2,630 1,375 1,255
Chilean 255 115 135
Congolese 380 145 235
Nova Scotian 390 205 185
Ethiopian 520 245 275
Hispanic, n.o.s.144 1,215 505 715
Peruvian 225 105 115
Yoruba 725 375 355
Cambodian (Khmer) 1,895 990 900
Berber 50 35 15
Albanian 1,700 805 895
Maltese 2,150 1,095 1,055
Macedonian 550 230 315
Slovenian 870 445 425
Western European, n.o.s.145 775 390 385
New Brunswicker 170 70 105
Gujarati 415 265 150
Eritrean 630 325 305
African Canadian 520 215 305
Israeli 295 140 150
Mohawk 450 210 245
Czechoslovakian, n.o.s.146 610 255 360
Bulgarian 270 105 165
Albertan 80 35 50
Ghanaian 275 135 145
Barbadian 620 345 270
African American 630 275