Census Profile, 2021 Census of Population
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Topic:
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Age
Age characteristics
Commuting
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Commuting destination
Commuting duration
Main mode of commuting
Place of work status
Time leaving for work
Education
Select all: Education
Highest certificate, diploma or degree
Location of study compared with province or territory of residence
Major field of study - Classification of Instructional Programs (CIP) 2021
Secondary (high) school diploma or equivalency certificate
Ethnocultural and religious diversity
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Ethnic or cultural origin
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Visible minority
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Family characteristics
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Housing
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Immigration, place of birth, and citizenship
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Age at immigration
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Immigrant status and period of immigration
Pre-admission experience
Selected places of birth for the immigrant population
Selected places of birth for the recent immigrant population
Income
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Income of economic families in 2020
Income of households in 2020
Income of individuals in 2019
Income of individuals in 2020
Low income and income inequality in 2020
Indigenous peoples
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Instruction in the minority official language
Select all: Instruction in the minority official language
Children eligible for instruction in the minority official language
Eligibility and instruction in the minority official language for school-aged children
Labour
Select all: Labour
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Industry - Sectors - North American Industry Classification System (NAICS) 2017
Labour force status
Occupation - Broad category - National Occupational Classification (NOC) 2021
Work activity during the reference year
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Population and dwelling counts
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GenderMore information:


Statistic:
Characteristic Oakville, Town (T)More information:
Ontario
[Census subdivision]
Counts
Total Men+ Women+
Population and dwellings
Population, 20211 213,759 ... ...
Population, 20161 193,832 ... ...
Population percentage change, 2016 to 2021 10.3 ... ...
Total private dwellings2 76,179 ... ...
Private dwellings occupied by usual residents3 73,558 ... ...
Population density per square kilometre 1,538.5 ... ...
Land area in square kilometres 138.94 ... ...
Age characteristics
Total - Age groups of the population - 100% data 213,760 103,480 110,280
0 to 14 years 38,435 19,540 18,895
0 to 4 years 9,280 4,710 4,570
5 to 9 years 12,875 6,535 6,345
10 to 14 years 16,285 8,300 7,985
15 to 64 years 141,725 68,860 72,865
15 to 19 years 16,665 8,535 8,135
20 to 24 years 13,375 6,875 6,500
25 to 29 years 10,175 5,175 5,000
30 to 34 years 10,315 4,865 5,445
35 to 39 years 12,755 5,870 6,885
40 to 44 years 15,105 6,805 8,295
45 to 49 years 17,780 8,410 9,370
50 to 54 years 17,615 8,595 9,015
55 to 59 years 15,255 7,545 7,705
60 to 64 years 12,680 6,175 6,510
65 years and over 33,595 15,080 18,520
65 to 69 years 9,665 4,490 5,170
70 to 74 years 8,345 3,760 4,580
75 to 79 years 6,300 2,915 3,385
80 to 84 years 4,530 2,070 2,465
85 years and over 4,760 1,845 2,915
85 to 89 years 2,910 1,215 1,695
90 to 94 years 1,455 515 940
95 to 99 years 360 100 255
100 years and over 40 10 30
Total - Distribution (%) of the population by broad age groups - 100% data 100.0 100.0 100.0
0 to 14 years 18.0 18.9 17.1
15 to 64 years 66.3 66.5 66.1
65 years and over 15.7 14.6 16.8
85 years and over 2.2 1.8 2.6
Average age of the population 40.4 39.5 41.2
Median age of the population 41.6 40.8 42.8
Household and dwelling characteristics
Total - Occupied private dwellings by structural type of dwelling - 100% data 73,555 ... ...
Single-detached house 43,130 ... ...
Semi-detached house 3,310 ... ...
Row house 12,470 ... ...
Apartment or flat in a duplex 950 ... ...
Apartment in a building that has fewer than five storeys 4,680 ... ...
Apartment in a building that has five or more storeys 8,955 ... ...
Other single-attached house 60 ... ...
Movable dwelling4 0 ... ...
Total - Private households by household size - 100% data 73,560 ... ...
1 person 13,425 ... ...
2 persons 20,490 ... ...
3 persons 14,040 ... ...
4 persons 16,660 ... ...
5 or more persons 8,950 ... ...
Number of persons in private households 212,055 102,875 109,180
Average household size 2.9 ... ...
Marital status
Total - Marital status for the total population aged 15 years and over - 100% data 175,320 83,935 91,380
Married or living common-law 107,775 53,535 54,240
Married 99,815 49,545 50,265
Living common-law 7,965 3,985 3,975
Living common law - Never married 5,140 2,560 2,580
Living common law - Separated 380 215 165
Living common law - Divorced 2,205 1,095 1,110
Living common law - Widowed 240 120 125
Not married and not living common-law 67,540 30,405 37,140
Not married and not living common law - Never married 48,125 25,020 23,100
Not married and not living common law - Separated 3,710 1,380 2,330
Not married and not living common law - Divorced 7,855 2,490 5,360
Not married and not living common law - Widowed 7,860 1,510 6,350
Family characteristics
Total - Census families in private households by family size - 100% data5 60,680 ... ...
2 persons 22,795 ... ...
3 persons 14,555 ... ...
4 persons 17,150 ... ...
5 or more persons 6,180 ... ...
Average size of census families 3.1 ... ...
Average number of children in census families with children6 1.8 ... ...
Total number of census families in private households - 100% data 60,680 ... ...
Total couple families 52,555 ... ...
Married couples 48,575 ... ...
With children6 32,900 ... ...
Without children 15,675 ... ...
Common-law couples 3,980 ... ...
With children6 1,485 ... ...
Without children 2,495 ... ...
Total one-parent families 8,125 ... ...
in which the parent is a woman+ 6,545 ... ...
in which the parent is a man+ 1,575 ... ...
Total - Persons in private households - 100% data 212,060 102,875 109,180
Total - Persons in census families 190,240 94,195 96,050
Married spouses or common-law partners 105,110 52,570 52,545
Parents in one-parent families 8,120 1,580 6,545
Children6 77,010 40,050 36,960
In a two-parent family 64,310 33,360 30,955
In a one-parent family 12,705 6,695 6,010
Total - Persons not in census families in private households - 100% data 21,815 8,680 13,135
Living alone 13,420 5,050 8,370
Living with other relatives7 4,175 1,420 2,755
Living with non-relatives only 4,220 2,210 2,010
Household type
Total - Household type - 100% data 73,560 ... ...
One-census-family households without additional persons 52,835 ... ...
Couple-family households 46,285 ... ...
With children6 30,675 ... ...
Without children 15,610 ... ...
One-parent-family households 6,555 ... ...
Multigenerational households8 3,270 ... ...
Multiple-census-family households9 480 ... ...
One-census-family households with additional persons9 1,875 ... ...
Two-or-more-person non-census-family households 1,675 ... ...
One-person households 13,420 ... ...
Income of individuals in 2020
Total - Income statistics in 2020 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data10 173,625 83,340 90,290
Number of total income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2020 - 100% data 164,380 78,840 85,535
Median total income in 2020 among recipients ($) 47,200 57,600 40,400
Number of after-tax income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2020 - 100% data 164,495 78,890 85,605
Median after-tax income in 2020 among recipients ($) 42,000 49,600 36,800
Number of market income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2020 - 100% data 151,800 74,060 77,740
Median market income in 2020 among recipients ($) 43,600 56,000 34,400
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2020 - 100% data 121,885 62,080 59,800
Median employment income in 2020 among recipients ($) 46,800 58,000 38,400
Number of government transfers recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2020 - 100% data 142,625 67,465 75,160
Median government transfers in 2020 among recipients ($) 5,880 3,680 7,200
Number of employment insurance benefits recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2020 - 100% data 10,765 4,405 6,365
Median employment insurance benefits in 2020 among recipients ($) 5,600 5,480 5,840
Number of COVID-19 emergency and recovery benefits recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2020 - 100% data 45,055 21,440 23,610
Median COVID-19 emergency and recovery benefits in 2020 among recipients ($) 8,000 8,000 8,000
Total - Income statistics in 2020 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data11 173,625 83,340 90,290
Number of total income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2020 - 25% sample data 164,420 78,760 85,660
Average total income in 2020 among recipients ($) 81,800 104,700 60,800
Number of after-tax income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2020 - 25% sample data 164,560 78,825 85,740
Average after-tax income in 2020 among recipients ($) 61,000 74,700 48,400
Number of market income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2020 - 25% sample data 151,890 73,990 77,900
Average market income in 2020 among recipients ($) 80,400 104,500 57,400
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2020 - 25% sample data 121,885 61,865 60,015
Average employment income in 2020 among recipients ($) 81,500 103,400 58,900
Number of government transfers recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2020 - 25% sample data 142,425 67,080 75,345
Average government transfers in 2020 among recipients ($) 8,760 7,640 9,760
Number of employment insurance benefits recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2020 - 25% sample data 10,720 4,240 6,485
Average employment insurance benefits in 2020 among recipients ($) 6,890 6,045 7,440
Number of COVID-19 emergency and recovery benefits recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2020 - 25% sample data 45,015 21,150 23,865
Average COVID-19 emergency and recovery benefits in 2020 among recipients ($) 9,050 8,930 9,150
Total - Employment income statistics in 2020 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data12 173,625 83,335 90,290
Number of employment income recipients in 2020 who worked full-year full-time in 2020 - 25% sample data13 60,755 33,915 26,840
Median employment income in 2020 for full-year full-time workers in 2020 ($)14 91,000 103,000 78,500
Average employment income in 2020 for full-year full-time workers in 2020 ($)15 127,300 152,000 96,100
Number of employment income recipients in 2020 who worked part-year or part-time in 2020 - 25% sample data16 45,015 20,115 24,905
Median employment income in 2020 of those who worked part-year or part-time in 2020 ($) 16,200 17,800 15,000
Average employment income in 2020 of those who worked part-year or part-time in 2020 ($) 40,880 53,200 30,920
Composition of total income in 2020 of the population aged 15 years and over in private households (%) - 25% sample data17 100.0 100.0 100.0
Market income (%)18 90.8 93.8 85.8
Employment income (%)19 73.8 77.6 68.0
Government transfers (%)20 9.3 6.2 14.1
Employment insurance benefits (%) 0.6 0.3 0.9
COVID-19 - Government income support and benefits (%) 3.4 2.5 4.8
COVID-19 - Emergency and recovery benefits (%) 3.0 2.3 4.2
Total - Total income groups in 2020 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data21 173,625 83,335 90,285
Without total income 9,245 4,495 4,750
With total income 164,375 78,840 85,540
Under $10,000 (including loss) 19,070 7,950 11,120
$10,000 to $19,999 18,710 7,905 10,805
$20,000 to $29,999 20,090 8,470 11,620
$30,000 to $39,999 14,975 6,200 8,780
$40,000 to $49,999 12,640 5,345 7,295
$50,000 to $59,999 10,785 4,625 6,160
$60,000 to $69,999 9,270 4,195 5,075
$70,000 to $79,999 8,150 3,895 4,260
$80,000 to $89,999 6,945 3,455 3,485
$90,000 to $99,999 6,135 3,100 3,035
$100,000 and over 37,610 23,705 13,910
$100,000 to $149,999 19,385 10,765 8,620
$150,000 and over 18,225 12,935 5,285
Total - After-tax income groups in 2020 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data22 173,625 83,335 90,285
Without after-tax income 9,130 4,450 4,680
With after-tax income 164,495 78,885 85,605
Under $10,000 (including loss) 20,155 8,335 11,820
$10,000 to $19,999 19,565 8,295 11,270
$20,000 to $29,999 22,230 9,340 12,885
$30,000 to $39,999 17,225 7,285 9,940
$40,000 to $49,999 14,835 6,355 8,480
$50,000 to $59,999 12,565 5,685 6,880
$60,000 to $69,999 10,385 4,960 5,430
$70,000 to $79,999 8,885 4,520 4,370
$80,000 to $89,999 8,365 4,155 4,210
$90,000 to $99,999 6,100 3,425 2,670
$100,000 and over 24,180 16,530 7,645
$100,000 to $124,999 9,385 5,805 3,575
$125,000 and over 14,795 10,720 4,070
Total - Employment income groups in 2020 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data19 173,625 83,335 90,285
Without employment income 51,740 21,255 30,485
With employment income 121,885 62,085 59,805
Under $5,000 (including loss) 19,170 9,105 10,070
$5,000 to $9,999 10,090 4,500 5,595
$10,000 to $19,999 11,700 5,235 6,460
$20,000 to $29,999 8,080 3,670 4,410
$30,000 to $39,999 7,055 3,090 3,965
$40,000 to $49,999 6,880 3,065 3,825
$50,000 to $59,999 6,775 3,050 3,720
$60,000 to $69,999 6,275 2,920 3,355
$70,000 to $79,999 5,495 2,635 2,865
$80,000 to $89,999 4,940 2,485 2,455
$90,000 to $99,999 4,955 2,450 2,505
$100,000 and over 30,470 19,885 10,580
$100,000 to $124,999 9,980 5,415 4,560
$125,000 and over 20,490 14,465 6,025
Income of individuals in 2019
Total - Income statistics in 2019 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data23 173,625 83,340 90,290
Number of total income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2019 - 100% data 159,170 76,155 83,015
Median total income in 2019 among recipients ($) 46,400 58,000 38,400
Number of after-tax income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2019 - 100% data 159,235 76,175 83,060
Median after-tax income in 2019 among recipients ($) 40,800 50,000 34,800
Number of market income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2019 - 100% data 148,345 72,315 76,035
Median market income in 2019 among recipients ($) 45,200 57,600 36,400
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2019 - 100% data 120,925 61,575 59,355
Median employment income in 2019 among recipients ($) 47,200 58,400 39,200
Number of government transfers recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2019 - 100% data 131,360 62,750 68,605
Median government transfers in 2019 among recipients ($) 1,070 660 2,320
Number of employment insurance benefits recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2019 -100% data 6,830 2,345 4,485
Median employment insurance benefits in 2019 among recipients ($) 6,320 5,160 7,150
Total - Income statistics in 2019 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data24 173,625 83,340 90,290
Number of total income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2019 - 25% sample data 159,170 76,130 83,035
Average total income in 2019 among recipients ($) 80,600 105,600 57,700
Number of after-tax income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2019 - 25% sample data 159,250 76,165 83,080
Average after-tax income in 2019 among recipients ($) 60,100 75,500 45,920
Number of market income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2019 - 25% sample data 147,990 72,160 75,835
Average market income in 2019 among recipients ($) 81,700 107,500 57,150
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2019 - 25% sample data 120,880 61,625 59,255
Average employment income in 2019 among recipients ($) 80,900 102,900 58,000
Number of government transfers recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2019 - 25% sample data 131,020 62,375 68,645
Average government transfers in 2019 among recipients ($) 5,610 4,504 6,620
Number of employment insurance benefits recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2019 - 25% sample data 6,805 2,255 4,545
Average employment insurance benefits in 2019 among recipients ($) 7,930 6,450 8,670
Total - Employment income statistics in 2019 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data25 173,625 83,335 90,290
Number of employment income recipients in 2019 who worked full-year full-time in 2020 - 25% sample data13 59,955 33,495 26,455
Median employment income in 2019 for full-year full-time workers in 2020 ($)14 86,000 98,000 73,000
Average employment income in 2019 for full-year full-time workers in 2020 ($)15 121,900 147,800 89,100
Number of employment income recipients in 2019 who worked part-year or part-time in 2020 - 25% sample data16 41,640 18,830 22,815
Median employment income in 2019 of those who worked part-year or part-time in 2020 ($) 22,200 23,600 21,000
Average employment income in 2019 of those who worked part-year or part-time in 2020 ($) 46,920 59,500 36,560
Composition of total income in 2019 of the population aged 15 years and over in private households (%) - 25% sample data 100.0 100.0 100.0
Market income (%) 94.2 96.6 90.6
Employment income (%) 76.2 78.8 71.8
Government transfers (%) 5.7 3.5 9.5
Employment insurance benefits (%) 0.4 0.2 0.8
Income of households in 2020
Total - Income statistics for private households - 100% data26 73,560 ... ...
Median total income of household in 2020 ($) 128,000 ... ...
Median after-tax income of household in 2020 ($) 108,000 ... ...
Total - Income statistics for one-person private households - 100% data 13,420 ... ...
Median total income of one-person households in 2020 ($) 55,200 ... ...
Median after-tax income of one-person households in 2020 ($) 47,600 ... ...
Total - Income statistics for two-or-more-persons private households - 100% data 60,135 ... ...
Median total income of two-or-more-person households in 2020 ($) 150,000 ... ...
Median after-tax income of two-or-more-person households in 2020 ($) 125,000 ... ...
Total - Income statistics for private households - 25% sample data27 73,560 ... ...
Average total income of household in 2020 ($) 182,800 ... ...
Average after-tax income of household in 2020 ($) 136,600 ... ...
Total - Income statistics for one-person private households - 25% sample data 13,430 ... ...
Average total income of one-person households in 2020 ($) 75,900 ... ...
Average after-tax income of one-person households in 2020 ($) 59,400 ... ...
Total - Income statistics for two-or-more-persons private households - 25% sample data 60,130 ... ...
Average total income of two-or-more-person households in 2020 ($) 206,800 ... ...
Average after-tax income of two-or-more-person households in 2020 ($) 153,800 ... ...
Total - Household total income groups in 2020 for private households - 100% data21 73,560 ... ...
Under $5,000 940 ... ...
$5,000 to $9,999 410 ... ...
$10,000 to $14,999 590 ... ...
$15,000 to $19,999 765 ... ...
$20,000 to $24,999 1,430 ... ...
$25,000 to $29,999 1,460 ... ...
$30,000 to $34,999 1,325 ... ...
$35,000 to $39,999 1,505 ... ...
$40,000 to $44,999 1,570 ... ...
$45,000 to $49,999 1,625 ... ...
$50,000 to $59,999 3,330 ... ...
$60,000 to $69,999 3,475 ... ...
$70,000 to $79,999 3,455 ... ...
$80,000 to $89,999 3,230 ... ...
$90,000 to $99,999 3,205 ... ...
$100,000 and over 45,250 ... ...
$100,000 to $124,999 7,515 ... ...
$125,000 to $149,999 6,580 ... ...
$150,000 to $199,999 10,540 ... ...
$200,000 and over 20,615 ... ...
Total - Household after-tax income groups in 2020 for private households - 100% data22 73,560 ... ...
Under $5,000 1,200 ... ...
$5,000 to $9,999 430 ... ...
$10,000 to $14,999 605 ... ...
$15,000 to $19,999 815 ... ...
$20,000 to $24,999 1,535 ... ...
$25,000 to $29,999 1,630 ... ...
$30,000 to $34,999 1,505 ... ...
$35,000 to $39,999 1,755 ... ...
$40,000 to $44,999 1,870 ... ...
$45,000 to $49,999 1,985 ... ...
$50,000 to $59,999 4,155 ... ...
$60,000 to $69,999 4,120 ... ...
$70,000 to $79,999 4,095 ... ...
$80,000 to $89,999 4,175 ... ...
$90,000 to $99,999 3,945 ... ...
$100,000 and over 39,740 ... ...
$100,000 to $124,999 8,875 ... ...
$125,000 to $149,999 7,505 ... ...
$150,000 and over 23,360 ... ...
Income of economic families in 2020
Total - Income statistics for economic families in private households - 100% data28 59,055 ... ...
Median total income of economic family in 2020 ($) 150,000 ... ...
Median after-tax income of economic family in 2020 ($) 125,000 ... ...
Average family size of economic families 3.3 ... ...
Total - Income statistics for couple-only economic families in private households - 100% data 15,865 ... ...
Median total income of couple-only economic families in 2020 ($) 121,000 ... ...
Median after-tax income of couple-only economic families in 2020 ($) 102,000 ... ...
Average family size of couple-only economic families 2.0 ... ...
Total - Income statistics for couple-with-children economic families in private households - 100% data 34,460 ... ...
Median total income of couple-with-children economic families in 2020 ($) 184,000 ... ...
Median after-tax income of couple-with-children economic families in 2020 ($) 150,000 ... ...
Average family size of couple-with-children economic families 4.0 ... ...
Total - Income statistics for one-parent economic families in private households - 100% data 7,505 ... ...
Median total income of one-parent economic families in 2020 ($) 87,000 ... ...
Median after-tax income of one-parent economic families in 2020 ($) 77,000 ... ...
Average family size of one-parent economic families 2.7 ... ...
Total - Income statistics for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families in private households - 100% data29 17,640 7,260 10,380
Median total income in 2020 ($)30 48,800 50,800 47,200
Median after-tax income in 2020 ($)30 43,200 44,800 42,000
Total - Income statistics for economic families in private households - 25% sample data31 59,035 ... ...
Average total income of economic family in 2020 ($) 207,400 ... ...
Average after-tax income of economic family in 2020 ($) 153,800 ... ...
Total - Income statistics for couple-only economic families in private households - 25% sample data 15,820 ... ...
Average total income of couple-only economic families in 2020 ($) 171,800 ... ...
Average after-tax income of couple-only economic families in 2020 ($) 128,600 ... ...
Total - Income statistics for couple-with-children economic families in private households - 25% sample data 34,540 ... ...
Average total income of couple-with-children economic families in 2020 ($) 245,600 ... ...
Average after-tax income of couple-with-children economic families in 2020 ($) 180,000 ... ...
Total - Income statistics for one-parent economic families in private households - 25% sample data 7,450 ... ...
Average total income of one-parent economic families in 2020 ($) 114,500 ... ...
Average after-tax income of one-parent economic families in 2020 ($) 91,400 ... ...
Total - Income statistics for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families in private households - 25% sample data32 17,650 7,270 10,385
Average total income in 2020 ($)30 68,700 78,100 62,100
Average after-tax income in 2020 ($)30 54,350 59,100 51,040
Low income and income inequality in 2020
Total - LIM low-income status in 2020 for the population in private households - 100% data33 212,055 102,870 109,185
0 to 17 years 48,740 24,755 23,985
0 to 5 years 11,610 5,900 5,710
18 to 64 years 131,205 63,510 67,700
65 years and over 32,110 14,610 17,505
In low income based on the Low-income measure, after tax (LIM-AT) 18,135 8,270 9,870
0 to 17 years 5,135 2,580 2,555
0 to 5 years 1,135 590 545
18 to 64 years 10,185 4,635 5,550
65 years and over 2,820 1,050 1,765
Prevalence of low income based on the Low-income measure, after tax (LIM-AT) (%) 8.6 8.0 9.0
0 to 17 years (%) 10.5 10.4 10.7
0 to 5 years (%) 9.8 10.0 9.6
18 to 64 years (%) 7.8 7.3 8.2
65 years and over (%) 8.8 7.2 10.1
Total - LICO low-income status in 2020 for the population in private households to whom the low-income concept is applicable - 100% data33 212,060 102,875 109,180
0 to 17 years 48,735 24,750 23,980
0 to 5 years 11,610 5,895 5,715
18 to 64 years 131,210 63,510 67,700
65 years and over 32,110 14,610 17,500
In low income based on the Low-income cut-offs, after tax (LICO-AT) 12,100 5,740 6,355
0 to 17 years 3,320 1,685 1,635
0 to 5 years 675 365 315
18 to 64 years 7,595 3,565 4,030
65 years and over 1,180 490 690
Prevalence of low income based on the Low-income cut-offs, after tax (LICO-AT) (%) 5.7 5.6 5.8
0 to 17 years (%) 6.8 6.8 6.8
0 to 5 years (%) 5.8 6.1 5.6
18 to 64 years (%) 5.8 5.6 6.0
65 years and over (%) 3.7 3.4 3.9
Total - Adjusted after-tax economic family income decile group for the population in private households - 100% data34The letter 'c' in a yellow triangle indicates a correction notice. 212,055 102,875 109,180
In bottom half of the distribution 67,910 31,610 36,305
In bottom decile 16,415 7,655 8,755
In second decile 12,380 5,510 6,870
In third decile 12,435 5,765 6,665
In fourth decile 12,620 5,975 6,645
In fifth decile 14,070 6,705 7,360
In top half of the distribution 144,145 71,265 72,885
In sixth decile 15,740 7,570 8,170
In seventh decile 18,535 8,950 9,585
In eighth decile 22,440 11,020 11,425
In ninth decile 31,320 15,430 15,890
In top decile 56,110 28,295 27,815
Total - Inequality measures for the population in private households - 100% data35 212,060 ... ...
Gini index on adjusted household total income 0.433 ... ...
Gini index on adjusted household market income 0.499 ... ...
Gini index on adjusted household after-tax income 0.366 ... ...
P90/P10 ratio on adjusted household after-tax income 5.0 ... ...
Knowledge of official languages
Total - Knowledge of official languages for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% data36 212,915 103,130 109,790
English only 184,520 91,060 93,465
French only 150 50 95
English and French 23,390 10,100 13,285
Neither English nor French 4,855 1,915 2,940
First official language spoken
Total - First official language spoken for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% data37 212,915 103,130 109,790
English 202,470 98,730 103,740
French 3,270 1,445 1,830
English and French 2,410 1,085 1,330
Neither English nor French 4,760 1,880 2,880
Mother tongue
Total - Mother tongue for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% data38 212,915 103,130 109,790
Single responses 199,910 96,890 103,020
Official languages 125,220 61,800 63,425
English 122,255 60,480 61,770
French 2,970 1,315 1,650
Non-official languages 74,685 35,090 39,600
Indigenous languages39 0 5 0
Algonquian languages 5 5 0
Blackfoot 0 0 0
Cree-Innu languages 0 0 0
Atikamekw 0 0 0
Cree languages 0 0 0
Ililimowin (Moose Cree) 0 0 0
Inu Ayimun (Southern East Cree) 0 0 0
Iyiyiw-Ayimiwin (Northern East Cree) 0 0 0
Nehinawewin (Swampy Cree) 0 0 0
Nehiyawewin (Plains Cree) 0 0 0
Nihithawiwin (Woods Cree) 0 0 0
Cree, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Innu (Montagnais) 0 0 0
Naskapi 0 0 0
Eastern Algonquian languages 0 0 0
Mi'kmaq 0 0 0
Wolastoqewi (Malecite) 0 0 0
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 0 0 0
Anicinabemowin (Algonquin) 0 0 0
Oji-Cree 0 0 0
Ojibway languages 0 0 0
Anishinaabemowin (Chippewa) 0 0 0
Daawaamwin (Odawa) 0 0 0
Saulteau (Western Ojibway) 0 0 0
Ojibway, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages 0 0 0
Northern Athabaskan languages 0 0 0
Dakelh (Carrier) 0 0 0
Dane-zaa (Beaver) 0 0 0
Dene, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Gwich'in 0 0 0
Slavey-Hare languages 0 0 0
Deh Gah Ghotie Zhatie (South Slavey) 0 0 0
Satuotine Yati (North Slavey) 0 0 0
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Tahltan languages 0 0 0
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0
Tahltan 0 0 0
Tlicho (Dogrib) 0 0 0
Tse'khene (Sekani) 0 0 0
Tsilhqot'in (Chilcotin) 0 0 0
Tsuu T'ina (Sarsi) 0 0 0
Tutchone languages 0 0 0
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0
Tutchone, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Wetsuwet'en-Babine 0 0 0
Tlingit 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Haida 0 0 0
Inuktut (Inuit) languages 0 0 0
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 0 0 0
Inuinnaqtun 0 0 0
Inuvialuktun 0 0 0
Inuktitut 0 0 0
Inuktut (Inuit) languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages 0 0 0
Cayuga 0 0 0
Mohawk 0 0 0
Oneida 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Ktunaxa (Kutenai) 0 0 0
Michif 0 0 0
Salish languages 0 0 0
Halkomelem 0 0 0
Lillooet 0 0 0
Ntlakapamux (Thompson) 0 0 0
Secwepemctsin (Shuswap) 0 0 0
Squamish 0 0 0
Straits 0 0 0
Syilx (Okanagan) 0 0 0
Salish languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Siouan languages 0 0 0
Assiniboine 0 0 0
Dakota 0 0 0
Stoney 0 0 0
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Tsimshian languages 0 0 0
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 0 0 0
Nisga'a 0 0 0
Tsimshian 0 0 0
Wakashan languages 0 0 0
Haisla 0 0 0
Heiltsuk 0 0 0
Kwak'wala (Kwakiutl) 0 0 0
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0 0 0
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Indigenous languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Indigenous languages, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Non-Indigenous languages 74,680 35,090 39,595
Afro-Asiatic languages 7,920 3,965 3,955
Berber languages 15 10 5
Kabyle 15 10 5
Tamazight 0 0 0
Berber languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Chadic languages 10 0 10
Hausa 10 0 10
Mina 0 0 0
Coptic 25 10 10
Cushitic languages 70 30 45
Bilen 0 0 0
Oromo 10 5 5
Somali 65 25 40
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Semitic languages 7,800 3,910 3,885
Amharic 20 5 10
Arabic 7,350 3,690 3,655
Aramaic languages 275 130 140
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 125 60 65
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 120 60 65
Aramaic, n.o.s. 25 15 15
Harari 0 0 0
Hebrew 70 40 30
Maltese 70 35 35
Tigrigna 15 5 5
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Austro-Asiatic languages 560 240 315
Khmer (Cambodian) 5 0 10
Vietnamese 550 240 310
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e 0 0 0
Austronesian languages 2,300 855 1,445
Bikol 0 0 0
Bisaya, n.o.s. 25 10 15
Cebuano 55 15 40
Fijian 0 0 0
Hiligaynon 25 15 10
Ilocano 120 50 75
Indonesian 130 60 70
Kankanaey 5 0 0
Kinaray-a 0 0 0
Malagasy languages 0 0 0
Merina 0 0 0
Malagasy, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Malay 5 0 5
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 45 20 25
Pangasinan 10 5 5
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 1,840 665 1,175
Waray-Waray 10 5 5
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 30 10 20
Creole languages 80 35 45
Haitian Creole 10 5 0
Jamaican English Creole 0 0 0
Krio 0 0 5
Morisyen 40 15 20
Sango 0 0 0
Creole, n.o.s. 15 10 10
Creole languages, n.i.e. 10 5 5
Dravidian languages 1,630 825 805
Kannada 145 70 70
Malayalam 345 175 170
Tamil 685 340 345
Telugu 440 230 210
Tulu 5 5 5
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Georgian 10 5 0
Hmong-Mien languages 0 0 0
Indo-European languages 39,695 18,750 20,945
Albanian 345 175 170
Armenian 175 90 90
Balto-Slavic languages 10,505 4,775 5,725
Baltic languages 230 95 135
Latvian 70 30 40
Lithuanian 160 60 100
Slavic languages 10,270 4,690 5,585
Belarusian 20 10 5
Bulgarian 295 145 155
Czech 190 80 110
Macedonian 365 175 195
Polish 2,910 1,305 1,605
Russian 2,100 925 1,170
Rusyn 5 0 0
Serbo-Croatian 3,105 1,470 1,635
Bosnian 145 70 75
Croatian 1,635 760 875
Serbian 1,295 620 670
Serbo-Croatian, n.i.e. 30 15 20
Slovak 335 160 175
Slovene (Slovenian) 145 55 90
Ukrainian 800 365 435
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 10 5 5
Celtic languages 15 5 5
Irish 5 5 0
Scottish Gaelic 5 0 5
Welsh 5 5 0
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Germanic languages 2,230 1,010 1,225
Frisian 0 0 0
High German languages 1,255 560 700
German 1,220 540 680
Pennsylvania German 0 0 0
Swiss German 30 15 10
Yiddish 5 0 5
Low Saxon-Low Franconian languages 800 375 425
Afrikaans 325 160 165
Dutch 450 205 245
Low German, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Low Saxon 0 0 0
Plautdietsch 0 0 0
Vlaams (Flemish) 30 10 20
Scandinavian languages 165 70 95
Danish 75 30 45
Icelandic 5 5 0
Norwegian 25 10 10
Swedish 65 25 40
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 5 0 5
Greek 565 275 285
Indo-Iranian languages 13,650 6,695 6,950
Indo-Aryan languages 11,610 5,690 5,920
Assamese 20 10 15
Bengali 485 230 250
Gujarati 790 380 415
Hindi 2,285 1,145 1,140
Kacchi 50 25 30
Kashmiri 40 20 20
Konkani 75 35 40
Marathi 260 125 135
Nepali 35 15 25
Oriya languages 45 20 20
Odia 25 15 15
Oriya, n.o.s. 15 5 10
Punjabi (Panjabi) 2,540 1,225 1,315
Rohingya 0 0 0
Sindhi 130 70 55
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 215 105 110
Urdu 4,605 2,260 2,340
Indo-Aryan languages, n.i.e. 35 20 10
Iranian languages 2,040 1,010 1,030
Baluchi 0 0 0
Kurdish 85 45 45
Parsi 0 0 0
Pashto 305 150 155
Persian languages 1,640 815 825
Dari 300 150 155
Iranian Persian 1,195 600 600
Persian (Farsi), n.o.s. 140 70 70
Iranian languages, n.i.e. 5 5 5
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Italic (Romance) languages 12,210 5,720 6,485
Catalan 5 5 0
Italian 2,800 1,370 1,430
Portuguese 3,500 1,635 1,860
Romanian 1,025 480 540
Spanish 4,875 2,225 2,650
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 5 0 5
Indo-European languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Japanese 235 75 160
Korean 2,475 1,120 1,360
Mongolian 20 10 10
Niger-Congo languages 350 155 195
Akan (Twi) 75 35 40
Bamanankan 0 0 0
Edo 0 0 0
Éwé 5 5 0
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 10 5 5
Ga 5 0 5
Ganda 0 0 0
Gikuyu 5 0 0
Igbo 30 10 20
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 5 0 0
Lingala 10 0 5
Luba-Kasai 0 0 0
Mòoré 0 0 0
Mwani 5 0 0
Ndebele 0 0 0
Rundi (Kirundi) 0 0 0
Shona 15 5 10
Soninke 0 0 0
Sotho-Tswana languages 0 0 0
Swahili 30 10 20
Wojenaka 0 0 0
Wolof 0 0 0
Yoruba 120 60 60
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 40 15 25
Nilo-Saharan languages 15 10 10
Dinka 0 0 0
Nuer 0 0 0
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 5 5 5
African, n.o.s. 5 0 0
Sign languages 30 20 15
American Sign Language 35 15 15
Quebec Sign Language 0 0 0
Sign languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Sino-Tibetan languages 17,820 8,270 9,550
Chinese languages 17,790 8,255 9,530
Hakka 55 30 30
Mandarin 14,815 6,890 7,930
Min Dong 5 5 0
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 160 65 95
Wu (Shanghainese) 155 70 90
Yue (Cantonese) 2,530 1,170 1,355
Chinese, n.o.s. 55 20 30
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 10 0 5
Tibeto-Burman languages 30 10 20
Burmese 15 10 10
Kuki-Chin languages 0 0 0
Karenic languages 0 0 0
S'gaw Karen 0 0 0
Karenic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Tibetan 15 5 10
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 5 5 5
Sino-Tibetan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Tai-Kadai languages 65 30 40
Lao 20 15 10
Thai 50 15 30
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Turkic languages 800 420 380
Azerbaijani 15 10 10
Kazakh 0 0 0
Turkish 740 390 355
Uyghur 30 20 5
Uzbek 0 0 0
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 10 5 5
Uralic languages 685 315 370
Estonian 50 25 25
Finnish 110 50 55
Hungarian 520 235 285
Other languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Multiple responses 13,010 6,245 6,770
English and French 1,085 515 570
English and non-official language(s) 10,375 5,055 5,315
French and non-official language(s) 290 130 160
English, French and non-official language(s) 480 195 285
Multiple non-official languages 785 345 440
All languages spoken at home
Total - All languages spoken at home for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% data40 212,915 103,130 109,790
English 129,805 63,785 66,020
French 750 345 405
Non-official language 19,890 9,230 10,660
Indigenous39 0 0 0
Non-Indigenous 19,890 9,230 10,660
English and French 2,815 1,240 1,575
English and non-official language(s) 55,620 26,750 28,870
French and non-official language(s) 115 50 70
English, French and non-official language(s) 2,685 1,160 1,525
Multiple non-official languages 1,245 570 675
Language spoken most often at home
Total - Language spoken most often at home for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% data41 212,915 103,130 109,790
Single responses 199,035 96,435 102,600
Official languages 157,985 76,980 81,005
English 156,750 76,410 80,340
French 1,235 565 665
Non-official languages 41,050 19,455 21,595
Indigenous languages39 0 0 0
Algonquian languages 0 0 0
Blackfoot 0 0 0
Cree-Innu languages 0 0 0
Atikamekw 0 0 0
Cree languages 0 0 0
Ililimowin (Moose Cree) 0 0 0
Inu Ayimun (Southern East Cree) 0 0 0
Iyiyiw-Ayimiwin (Northern East Cree) 0 0 0
Nehinawewin (Swampy Cree) 0 0 0
Nehiyawewin (Plains Cree) 0 0 0
Nihithawiwin (Woods Cree) 0 0 0
Cree, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Innu (Montagnais) 0 0 0
Naskapi 0 0 0
Eastern Algonquian languages 0 0 0
Mi'kmaq 0 0 0
Wolastoqewi (Malecite) 0 0 0
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 0 0 0
Anicinabemowin (Algonquin) 0 0 0
Oji-Cree 0 0 0
Ojibway languages 0 0 0
Anishinaabemowin (Chippewa) 0 0 0
Daawaamwin (Odawa) 0 0 0
Saulteau (Western Ojibway) 0 0 0
Ojibway, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages 0 0 0
Northern Athabaskan languages 0 0 0
Dakelh (Carrier) 0 0 0
Dane-zaa (Beaver) 0 0 0
Dene, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Gwich'in 0 0 0
Slavey-Hare languages 0 0 0
Deh Gah Ghotie Zhatie (South Slavey) 0 0 0
Satuotine Yati (North Slavey) 0 0 0
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Tahltan languages 0 0 0
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0
Tahltan 0 0 0
Tlicho (Dogrib) 0 0 0
Tse'khene (Sekani) 0 0 0
Tsilhqot'in (Chilcotin) 0 0 0
Tsuu T'ina (Sarsi) 0 0 0
Tutchone languages 0 0 0
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0
Tutchone, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Wetsuwet'en-Babine 0 0 0
Tlingit 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Haida 0 0 0
Inuktut (Inuit) languages 0 0 0
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 0 0 0
Inuinnaqtun 0 0 0
Inuvialuktun 0 0 0
Inuktitut 0 0 0
Inuktut (Inuit) languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages 0 0 0
Cayuga 0 0 0
Mohawk 0 0 0
Oneida 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Ktunaxa (Kutenai) 0 0 0
Michif 0 0 0
Salish languages 0 0 0
Halkomelem 0 0 0
Lillooet 0 0 0
Ntlakapamux (Thompson) 0 0 0
Secwepemctsin (Shuswap) 0 0 0
Squamish 0 0 0
Straits 0 0 0
Syilx (Okanagan) 0 0 0
Salish languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Siouan languages 0 0 0
Assiniboine 0 0 0
Dakota 0 0 0
Stoney 0 0 0
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Tsimshian languages 0 0 0
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 0 0 0
Nisga'a 0 0 0
Tsimshian 0 0 0
Wakashan languages 0 0 0
Haisla 0 0 0
Heiltsuk 0 0 0
Kwak'wala (Kwakiutl) 0 0 0
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0 0 0
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Indigenous languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Indigenous languages, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Non-Indigenous languages 41,050 19,455 21,595
Afro-Asiatic languages 4,200 2,040 2,165
Berber languages 5 0 0
Kabyle 5 0 0
Tamazight 0 0 0
Berber languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Chadic languages 0 0 0
Hausa 0 0 0
Mina 0 0 0
Coptic 10 5 5
Cushitic languages 20 5 10
Bilen 0 0 0
Oromo 0 0 0
Somali 15 5 10
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Semitic languages 4,165 2,020 2,145
Amharic 5 0 0
Arabic 3,950 1,920 2,030
Aramaic languages 170 75 90
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 65 30 30
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 90 45 50
Aramaic, n.o.s. 15 5 10
Harari 0 0 0
Hebrew 30 15 10
Maltese 10 5 10
Tigrigna 0 0 0
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Austro-Asiatic languages 260 120 135
Khmer (Cambodian) 0 0 0
Vietnamese 255 120 130
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e 0 0 0
Austronesian languages 1,130 490 640
Bikol 0 0 0
Bisaya, n.o.s. 10 5 5
Cebuano 30 10 20
Fijian 0 0 0
Hiligaynon 10 5 5
Ilocano 55 25 30
Indonesian 60 30 30
Kankanaey 0 0 0
Kinaray-a 0 0 0
Malagasy languages 0 0 0
Merina 0 0 0
Malagasy, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Malay 0 0 0
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 15 10 10
Pangasinan 5 0 5
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 930 400 530
Waray-Waray 0 0 0
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 10 0 5
Creole languages 35 20 15
Haitian Creole 0 0 0
Jamaican English Creole 0 0 0
Krio 0 0 0
Morisyen 20 10 10
Sango 0 0 0
Creole, n.o.s. 10 5 5
Creole languages, n.i.e. 5 5 0
Dravidian languages 825 395 430
Kannada 75 35 40
Malayalam 155 75 85
Tamil 350 170 180
Telugu 235 115 120
Tulu 0 0 0
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Georgian 0 0 0
Hmong-Mien languages 0 0 0
Indo-European languages 18,555 8,800 9,760
Albanian 135 65 75
Armenian 50 20 30
Balto-Slavic languages 4,670 2,200 2,475
Baltic languages 60 25 35
Latvian 15 5 5
Lithuanian 45 20 25
Slavic languages 4,615 2,175 2,440
Belarusian 5 0 0
Bulgarian 135 70 65
Czech 40 20 20
Macedonian 155 80 75
Polish 1,160 540 620
Russian 1,400 645 750
Rusyn 0 0 0
Serbo-Croatian 1,310 620 685
Bosnian 65 35 30
Croatian 570 265 305
Serbian 675 325 350
Serbo-Croatian, n.i.e. 10 5 0
Slovak 105 55 55
Slovene (Slovenian) 20 10 15
Ukrainian 280 125 150
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Celtic languages 0 0 0
Irish 0 0 0
Scottish Gaelic 0 0 0
Welsh 0 0 0
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Germanic languages 440 220 220
Frisian 0 0 0
High German languages 155 80 70
German 155 80 70
Pennsylvania German 0 0 0
Swiss German 0 0 0
Yiddish 0 0 0
Low Saxon-Low Franconian languages 255 125 125
Afrikaans 185 90 100
Dutch 70 35 35
Low German, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Low Saxon 0 0 0
Plautdietsch 0 0 0
Vlaams (Flemish) 0 0 0
Scandinavian languages 25 15 10
Danish 0 0 5
Icelandic 0 0 0
Norwegian 0 0 0
Swedish 20 10 10
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Greek 115 55 60
Indo-Iranian languages 7,365 3,525 3,840
Indo-Aryan languages 6,165 2,970 3,200
Assamese 5 0 5
Bengali 245 115 130
Gujarati 360 175 185
Hindi 1,140 540 600
Kacchi 5 5 5
Kashmiri 10 5 5
Konkani 20 10 10
Marathi 160 75 85
Nepali 10 5 5
Oriya languages 15 10 5
Odia 10 5 5
Oriya, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Punjabi (Panjabi) 1,440 700 745
Rohingya 0 0 0
Sindhi 85 40 40
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 100 50 50
Urdu 2,565 1,230 1,330
Indo-Aryan languages, n.i.e. 10 5 5
Iranian languages 1,200 560 640
Baluchi 0 0 0
Kurdish 40 20 20
Parsi 0 0 0
Pashto 195 95 105
Persian languages 965 450 520
Dari 170 80 90
Iranian Persian 740 345 390
Persian (Farsi), n.o.s. 60 25 35
Iranian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Italic (Romance) languages 5,780 2,710 3,070
Catalan 0 0 0
Italian 530 225 305
Portuguese 1,705 785 915
Romanian 485 230 250
Spanish 3,060 1,465 1,595
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Indo-European languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Japanese 95 40 55
Korean 1,785 825 960
Mongolian 10 5 5
Niger-Congo languages 90 35 55
Akan (Twi) 30 10 15
Bamanankan 0 0 0
Edo 5 0 0
Éwé 0 0 0
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 0 0 0
Ga 0 0 0
Ganda 0 0 0
Gikuyu 0 0 0
Igbo 10 5 5
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 0 0 0
Lingala 0 0 0
Luba-Kasai 0 0 0
Mòoré 0 0 0
Mwani 0 0 0
Ndebele 0 0 0
Rundi (Kirundi) 0 0 0
Shona 5 5 0
Soninke 0 0 0
Sotho-Tswana languages 0 0 0
Swahili 0 0 0
Wojenaka 0 0 0
Wolof 0 0 0
Yoruba 30 10 20
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 10 5 5
Nilo-Saharan languages 10 5 5
Dinka 0 0 0
Nuer 0 0 0
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 5 0 5
African, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Sign languages 65 40 30
American Sign Language 55 30 25
Quebec Sign Language 0 0 0
Sign languages, n.i.e. 15 5 10
Sino-Tibetan languages 13,285 6,285 7,000
Chinese languages 13,270 6,280 6,990
Hakka 10 5 5
Mandarin 11,690 5,530 6,165
Min Dong 0 0 0
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 60 30 30
Wu (Shanghainese) 140 70 70
Yue (Cantonese) 1,340 635 700
Chinese, n.o.s. 30 10 15
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 5 0 0
Tibeto-Burman languages 15 10 10
Burmese 15 5 10
Kuki-Chin languages 0 0 0
Karenic languages 0 0 0
S'gaw Karen 0 0 0
Karenic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Tibetan 0 0 0
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Sino-Tibetan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Tai-Kadai languages 20 20 10
Lao 5 5 0
Thai 20 10 5
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Turkic languages 485 255 235
Azerbaijani 5 5 5
Kazakh 0 0 0
Turkish 455 230 225
Uyghur 15 10 10
Uzbek 0 0 0
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Uralic languages 180 85 100
Estonian 5 0 5
Finnish 35 20 15
Hungarian 145 65 80
Other languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Multiple responses 13,880 6,695 7,185
English and French 615 270 340
English and non-official language(s) 12,760 6,200 6,555
French and non-official language(s) 65 25 40
English, French and non-official language(s) 280 130 155
Multiple non-official languages 165 70 90
Other language spoken regularly at home
Total - Other language(s) spoken regularly at home for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% data42 212,920 103,130 109,790
None 161,910 78,910 83,000
English 18,095 8,750 9,340
French 2,480 1,065 1,410
Non-official language 24,280 11,470 12,810
Indigenous39 5 0 5
Non-Indigenous 24,270 11,470 12,800
English and French 355 150 210
English and non-official language(s) 2,010 990 1,020
French and non-official language(s) 1,275 550 720
English, French and non-official language(s) 60 35 25
Multiple non-official languages 2,455 1,205 1,250
Knowledge of languagesThe letter 'c' in a yellow triangle indicates a correction notice.
Total - Knowledge of languages for the population in private households - 25% sample data43 212,060 102,875 109,180
Official languages 207,205 100,935 106,270
English 207,080 100,880 106,200
French 23,355 10,100 13,255
Non-official languages 100,415 47,665 52,755
Indigenous languages39 20 0 10
Algonquian languages 10 0 0
Blackfoot 0 0 0
Cree-Innu languages 0 0 0
Atikamekw 0 0 0
Cree languages 0 0 0
Ililimowin (Moose Cree) 0 0 0
Inu Ayimun (Southern East Cree) 0 0 0
Iyiyiw-Ayimiwin (Northern East Cree) 0 0 0
Nehinawewin (Swampy Cree) 0 0 0
Nehiyawewin (Plains Cree) 0 0 0
Nihithawiwin (Woods Cree) 0 0 0
Cree, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Innu (Montagnais) 0 0 0
Naskapi 0 0 0
Eastern Algonquian languages 0 0 0
Mi'kmaq 0 0 0
Wolastoqewi (Malecite) 0 0 0
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 10 0 0
Anicinabemowin (Algonquin) 0 0 0
Oji-Cree 0 0 0
Ojibway languages 10 0 0
Anishinaabemowin (Chippewa) 0 0 0
Daawaamwin (Odawa) 0 0 0
Saulteau (Western Ojibway) 0 0 0
Ojibway, n.o.s. 10 0 0
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages 0 0 0
Northern Athabaskan languages 0 0 0
Dakelh (Carrier) 0 0 0
Dane-zaa (Beaver) 0 0 0
Dene, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Gwich'in 0 0 0
Slavey-Hare languages 0 0 0
Deh Gah Ghotie Zhatie (South Slavey) 0 0 0
Satuotine Yati (North Slavey) 0 0 0
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Tahltan languages 0 0 0
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0
Tahltan 0 0 0
Tlicho (Dogrib) 0 0 0
Tse'khene (Sekani) 0 0 0
Tsilhqot'in (Chilcotin) 0 0 0
Tsuu T'ina (Sarsi) 0 0 0
Tutchone languages 0 0 0
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0
Tutchone, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Wetsuwet'en-Babine 0 0 0
Tlingit 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Haida 0 0 0
Inuktut (Inuit) languages 0 0 0
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 0 0 0
Inuinnaqtun 0 0 0
Inuvialuktun 0 0 0
Inuktitut 0 0 0
Inuktut (Inuit) languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages 0 0 0
Cayuga 0 0 0
Mohawk 0 0 0
Oneida 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Ktunaxa (Kutenai) 0 0 0
Michif 0 0 0
Salish languages 0 0 0
Halkomelem 0 0 0
Lillooet 0 0 0
Ntlakapamux (Thompson) 0 0 0
Secwepemctsin (Shuswap) 0 0 0
Squamish 0 0 0
Straits 0 0 0
Syilx (Okanagan) 0 0 0
Salish languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Siouan languages 0 0 0
Assiniboine 0 0 0
Dakota 0 0 0
Stoney 0 0 0
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Tsimshian languages 0 0 0
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 0 0 0
Nisga'a 0 0 0
Tsimshian 0 0 0
Wakashan languages 0 0 0
Haisla 0 0 0
Heiltsuk 0 0 0
Kwak'wala (Kwakiutl) 0 0 0
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0 0 0
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Indigenous languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Indigenous languages, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Non-Indigenous languages 100,405 47,660 52,740
Afro-Asiatic languages 12,340 6,240 6,105
Berber languages 10 10 0
Kabyle 10 10 0
Tamazight 0 0 0
Berber languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Chadic languages 40 15 25
Hausa 40 15 25
Mina 0 0 0
Coptic 115 50 65
Cushitic languages 140 60 80
Bilen 0 0 0
Oromo 15 10 0
Somali 120 50 70
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Semitic languages 12,180 6,165 6,015
Amharic 50 25 25
Arabic 11,495 5,800 5,695
Aramaic languages 295 145 150
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 85 35 45
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 185 95 90
Aramaic, n.o.s. 20 10 10
Harari 0 0 0
Hebrew 405 230 175
Maltese 130 70 65
Tigrigna 0 0 0
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Austro-Asiatic languages 875 370 505
Khmer (Cambodian) 15 0 15
Vietnamese 865 370 495
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e 0 0 0
Austronesian languages 3,265 1,160 2,105
Bikol 0 0 0
Bisaya, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Cebuano 120 35 80
Fijian 0 0 0
Hiligaynon 40 10 30
Ilocano 260 95 165
Indonesian 185 80 110
Kankanaey 0 0 0
Kinaray-a 0 0 0
Malagasy languages 0 0 0
Merina 0 0 0
Malagasy, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Malay 90 35 50
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 80 30 50
Pangasinan 25 10 15
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 2,900 1,005 1,895
Waray-Waray 30 15 15
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 85 35 50
Creole languages 205 85 120
Haitian Creole 30 10 20
Jamaican English Creole 20 0 15
Krio 0 0 0
Morisyen 80 35 50
Sango 0 0 0
Creole, n.o.s. 80 35 45
Creole languages, n.i.e. 15 10 0
Dravidian languages 2,600 1,300 1,300
Kannada 315 155 160
Malayalam 490 230 265
Tamil 1,265 630 645
Telugu 870 460 410
Tulu 35 15 20
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Georgian 0 0 0
Hmong-Mien languages 0 0 0
Indo-European languages 57,110 27,600 29,515
Albanian 435 205 230
Armenian 225 90 135
Balto-Slavic languages 13,020 6,085 6,945
Baltic languages 325 110 215
Latvian 90 40 50
Lithuanian 240 80 160
Slavic languages 12,760 5,990 6,770
Belarusian 80 40 50
Bulgarian 405 205 200
Czech 290 140 150
Macedonian 440 205 235
Polish 3,635 1,705 1,935
Russian 3,015 1,420 1,600
Rusyn 0 0 0
Serbo-Croatian 4,365 2,055 2,315
Bosnian 390 200 190
Croatian 2,735 1,260 1,470
Serbian 1,825 880 945
Serbo-Croatian, n.i.e. 30 15 10
Slovak 435 250 180
Slovene (Slovenian) 150 60 90
Ukrainian 1,275 590 685
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 10 0 0
Celtic languages 50 20 35
Irish 25 10 20
Scottish Gaelic 10 0 10
Welsh 10 0 0
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Germanic languages 4,385 2,130 2,250
Frisian 0 0 0
High German languages 2,870 1,385 1,490
German 2,845 1,375 1,470
Pennsylvania German 0 0 0
Swiss German 30 25 10
Yiddish 25 10 15
Low Saxon-Low Franconian languages 1,385 695 690
Afrikaans 755 405 350
Dutch 650 305 345
Low German, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Low Saxon 0 0 0
Plautdietsch 0 0 0
Vlaams (Flemish) 30 20 15
Scandinavian languages 295 125 175
Danish 115 50 65
Icelandic 10 10 0
Norwegian 45 25 20
Swedish 155 55 100
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 10 10 0
Greek 1,030 520 510
Indo-Iranian languages 21,870 10,840 11,035
Indo-Aryan languages 19,605 9,720 9,880
Assamese 35 20 15
Bengali 680 345 335
Gujarati 1,405 660 740
Hindi 8,305 4,175 4,125
Kacchi 135 65 70
Kashmiri 30 15 15
Konkani 215 110 105
Marathi 585 320 265
Nepali 25 0 20
Oriya languages 85 40 45
Odia 50 25 25
Oriya, n.o.s. 35 15 20
Punjabi (Panjabi) 5,570 2,775 2,795
Rohingya 0 0 0
Sindhi 255 150 105
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 415 225 190
Urdu 8,195 4,040 4,155
Indo-Aryan languages, n.i.e. 85 40 45
Iranian languages 2,545 1,240 1,300
Baluchi 0 0 0
Kurdish 120 60 60
Parsi 0 0 0
Pashto 485 210 280
Persian languages 2,130 1,055 1,075
Dari 475 240 235
Iranian Persian 1,575 790 785
Persian (Farsi), n.o.s. 105 40 65
Iranian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 30 20 10
Italic (Romance) languages 17,615 8,410 9,200
Catalan 10 0 0
Italian 4,670 2,280 2,390
Portuguese 4,630 2,250 2,375
Romanian 1,280 620 660
Spanish 8,115 3,850 4,265
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 25 0 25
Indo-European languages, n.i.e. 20 10 10
Japanese 610 270 345
Korean 2,975 1,345 1,635
Mongolian 0 0 0
Niger-Congo languages 1,280 560 720
Akan (Twi) 115 40 80
Bamanankan 0 0 0
Edo 35 15 20
Éwé 10 0 0
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 0 0 0
Ga 10 0 0
Ganda 20 10 10
Gikuyu 25 0 20
Igbo 170 70 100
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 10 0 10
Lingala 80 35 50
Luba-Kasai 20 0 15
Mòoré 0 0 0
Mwani 0 0 0
Ndebele 0 0 0
Rundi (Kirundi) 0 0 0
Shona 40 20 15
Soninke 0 0 0
Sotho-Tswana languages 15 0 10
Swahili 245 105 140
Wojenaka 0 0 0
Wolof 0 0 0
Yoruba 490 240 245
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 180 85 95
Nilo-Saharan languages 35 10 30
Dinka 0 0 0
Nuer 0 0 0
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 20 0 15
African, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Sign languages 200 70 135
American Sign Language 190 60 125
Quebec Sign Language 0 0 0
Sign languages, n.i.e. 15 0 10
Sino-Tibetan languages 20,735 9,655 11,075
Chinese languages 20,690 9,640 11,050
Hakka 85 35 45
Mandarin 18,140 8,480 9,660
Min Dong 0 0 0
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 365 160 205
Wu (Shanghainese) 325 145 180
Yue (Cantonese) 3,700 1,650 2,050
Chinese, n.o.s. 65 30 30
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Tibeto-Burman languages 55 20 35
Burmese 40 15 25
Kuki-Chin languages 0 0 0
Karenic languages 0 0 0
S'gaw Karen 0 0 0
Karenic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Tibetan 20 0 10
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Sino-Tibetan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Tai-Kadai languages 95 45 50
Lao 40 15 25
Thai 65 25 40
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Turkic languages 1,070 560 510
Azerbaijani 45 20 30
Kazakh 10 0 10
Turkish 975 510 465
Uyghur 45 30 15
Uzbek 15 10 10
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 25 10 15
Uralic languages 795 355 440
Estonian 80 35 50
Finnish 90 40 50
Hungarian 625 280 345
Other languages, n.i.e. 35 15 25
Indigenous population
Total - Indigenous identity for the population in private households - 25% sample data44 212,060 102,875 109,185
Indigenous identity45 1,415 610 805
Single Indigenous responses46 1,300 570 730
First Nations (North American Indian) 750 350 400
Métis 540 220 320
Inuk (Inuit) 15 0 15
Multiple Indigenous responses47 15 0 15
Indigenous responses not included elsewhere48 95 45 55
Non-Indigenous identity 210,645 102,265 108,380
Total - Registered or Treaty Indian status for the population in private households - 25% sample data44 212,060 102,875 109,185
Registered or Treaty Indian49 440 205 240
Not a Registered or Treaty Indian 211,620 102,675 108,945
Household characteristics
Total - Private households by tenure - 25% sample data50 73,560 ... ...
Owner 57,025 ... ...
Renter 16,530 ... ...
Dwelling provided by the local government, First Nation or Indian band 0 ... ...
Total - Occupied private dwellings by condominium status - 25% sample data51 73,560 ... ...
Condominium 12,435 ... ...
Not condominium 61,120 ... ...
Total - Occupied private dwellings by number of bedrooms - 25% sample data52 73,560 ... ...
No bedrooms 295 ... ...
1 bedroom 5,095 ... ...
2 bedrooms 10,885 ... ...
3 bedrooms 23,715 ... ...
4 or more bedrooms 33,565 ... ...
Total - Occupied private dwellings by number of rooms - 25% sample data53 73,560 ... ...
1 to 4 rooms 14,020 ... ...
5 rooms 8,980 ... ...
6 rooms 10,215 ... ...
7 rooms 9,490 ... ...
8 or more rooms 30,855 ... ...
Average number of rooms per dwelling 7.1 ... ...
Total - Private households by number of persons per room - 25% sample data54 73,560 ... ...
One person or fewer per room 72,055 ... ...
More than one person per room 1,500 ... ...
Total - Private households by housing suitability - 25% sample data55 73,560 ... ...
Suitable 70,615 ... ...
Not suitable 2,945 ... ...
Total - Occupied private dwellings by period of construction - 25% sample data56 73,560 ... ...
1960 or before 5,950 ... ...
1961 to 1980 13,935 ... ...
1981 to 1990 13,600 ... ...
1991 to 2000 11,910 ... ...
2001 to 2005 8,055 ... ...
2006 to 2010 6,480 ... ...
2011 to 2015 5,310 ... ...
2016 to 202157 8,320 ... ...
Total - Occupied private dwellings by dwelling condition - 25% sample data58 73,560 ... ...
Only regular maintenance and minor repairs needed 71,140 ... ...
Major repairs needed 2,420 ... ...
Total - Private households by number of household maintainers - 25% sample data59 73,560 ... ...
One-maintainer household 32,085 ... ...
Two-maintainer household 38,490 ... ...
Three-or-more-maintainer household 2,980 ... ...
Total - Private households by age of primary household maintainers - 25% sample data60 73,560 ... ...
15 to 24 years 700 ... ...
25 to 34 years 5,795 ... ...
35 to 44 years 13,370 ... ...
45 to 54 years 19,345 ... ...
55 to 64 years 15,745 ... ...
65 to 74 years 9,810 ... ...
75 to 84 years 6,310 ... ...
85 years and over 2,485 ... ...
Total - Owner and tenant households with household total income greater than zero, in non-farm, non-reserve private dwellings by shelter-cost-to-income ratio - 25% sample data61 73,110 ... ...
Spending less than 30% of income on shelter costs 53,810 ... ...
Spending 30% or more of income on shelter costs 19,295 ... ...
30% to less than 100% 15,945 ... ...
Total - Occupied private dwellings by housing indicators - 25% sample data62 73,560 ... ...
Total - Households 'spending 30% or more of income on shelter costs' or 'not suitable' or 'major repairs needed' 22,990 ... ...
Spending 30% or more of income on shelter costs only 17,815 ... ...
Not suitable only 1,970 ... ...
Major repairs needed only 1,565 ... ...
'Spending 30% or more of income on shelter costs' and 'not suitable' 790 ... ...
'Spending 30% or more of income on shelter costs' and 'major repairs needed' 670 ... ...
'Not suitable' and 'major repairs needed' 155 ... ...
'Spending 30% or more of income on shelter costs' and 'not suitable' and 'major repairs needed' 20 ... ...
Acceptable housing 50,565 ... ...
Total - Owner and tenant households with household total income greater than zero and shelter-cost-to-income ratio less than 100%, in non-farm, non-reserve private dwellings - 25% sample data63 69,760 ... ...
In core need 6,985 ... ...
Not in core need 62,780 ... ...
Total - Owner households in non-farm, non-reserve private dwellings - 25% sample data 57,025 ... ...
% of owner households with a mortgage64 61.1 ... ...
% of owner households spending 30% or more of its income on shelter costs61 20.8 ... ...
% in core housing need63 6.1 ... ...
Median monthly shelter costs for owned dwellings ($)65 2,080 ... ...
Average monthly shelter costs for owned dwellings ($)65 2,384 ... ...
Median value of dwellings ($)66 1,200,000 ... ...
Average value of dwellings ($)66 1,388,000 ... ...
Total - Tenant households in non-farm, non-reserve private dwellings - 25% sample data 16,530 ... ...
% of tenant households in subsidized housing67 11.7 ... ...
% of tenant households spending 30% or more of its income on shelter costs61 45.8 ... ...
% in core housing need63 24.2 ... ...
Median monthly shelter costs for rented dwellings ($)65 2,040 ... ...
Average monthly shelter costs for rented dwellings ($)65 2,146 ... ...
Total - Households living in a dwelling provided by the local government, First Nation or Indian band in non-farm private dwellings - 25% sample data 0 ... ...
% of households living in a dwelling provided by the local government, First Nation or Indian band spending more than 30% on shelter costs61 ... ... ...
Median monthly shelter costs for dwellings provided by local government, First Nation or Indian band ($)65 ... ... ...
Average monthly shelter costs for dwellings provided by local government, First Nation or Indian band ($)65 ... ... ...
Indigenous ancestry
Total - Indigenous ancestry for the population in private households - 25% sample data68 212,055 102,875 109,185
Indigenous ancestry (only)69 295 115 180
Single Indigenous ancestry (only)70 290 110 180
First Nations (North American Indian) single ancestry 205 80 130
Métis single ancestry 80 35 45
Inuit single ancestry 0 0 0
Multiple Indigenous ancestries (only)71 0 0 0
First Nations (North American Indian) and Métis ancestry only 0 0 0
First Nations (North American Indian) and Inuit ancestry only 0 0 0
Métis and Inuit ancestry only 0 0 0
First Nations (North American Indian) and Métis and Inuit ancestry only 0 0 0
Indigenous and non-Indigenous ancestries72 1,835 865 965
Single Indigenous and non-Indigenous ancestries73 1,800 850 955
First Nations (North American Indian) and non-Indigenous ancestry only 1,275 625 650
Métis and non-Indigenous ancestry only 520 220 295
Inuit and non-Indigenous ancestry only 10 0 0
Multiple Indigenous and non-Indigenous ancestries74 30 20 15
First Nations (North American Indian) and Métis and non-Indigenous ancestry only 30 20 15
First Nations (North American Indian) and Inuit and non-Indigenous ancestry only 0 0 0
Métis and Inuit and non-Indigenous ancestry only 0 0 0
First Nations (North American Indian) and Métis and Inuit and non-Indigenous ancestry only 0 0 0
Non-Indigenous ancestry only75 209,930 101,890 108,035
Citizenship
Total - Citizenship for the population in private households - 25% sample data76 212,055 102,875 109,180
Canadian citizens77 181,815 88,400 93,410
Canadian citizens aged under 18 42,140 21,355 20,785
Canadian citizens aged 18 and over 139,670 67,050 72,625
Not Canadian citizens78 30,245 14,470 15,775
Immigrant status and period of immigration
Total - Immigrant status and period of immigration for the population in private households - 25% sample data79 212,055 102,875 109,180
Non-immigrants80 119,590 59,155 60,440
Immigrants81 87,340 41,190 46,150
Before 1980 15,260 7,145 8,110
1980 to 1990 8,250 3,915 4,335
1991 to 2000 14,245 6,570 7,680
2001 to 2010 21,195 9,970 11,225
2011 to 202182 28,390 13,585 14,805
2011 to 2015 12,900 5,995 6,905
2016 to 2021 15,490 7,590 7,900
Non-permanent residents83 5,120 2,530 2,595
Age at immigration
Total - Age at immigration for the immigrant population in private households - 25% sample data84 87,345 41,195 46,155
Under 5 years 9,080 4,445 4,635
5 to 14 years 16,115 8,160 7,955
15 to 24 years 13,045 5,715 7,330
25 to 44 years 40,985 18,975 22,005
45 years and over 8,125 3,895 4,230
Selected places of birth for the immigrant population
Total - Place of birth for the immigrant population in private households - 25% sample data85 87,345 41,195 46,155
Americas 10,630 4,825 5,810
Brazil 920 410 505
Colombia 760 320 440
El Salvador 105 35 65
Guyana 410 190 220
Haiti 30 20 15
Jamaica 1,090 500 590
Mexico 660 335 325
Peru 650 285 365
Trinidad and Tobago 830 325 505
United States of America 2,770 1,320 1,455
Other places of birth in Americas 2,415 1,070 1,340
Europe 22,605 10,665 11,940
Bosnia and Herzegovina 640 320 320
Croatia 1,155 505 645
France 275 115 160
Germany 950 445 505
Greece 310 155 155
Hungary 295 130 165
Italy 1,530 815 720
Netherlands 380 175 205
Poland 2,350 1,025 1,330
Portugal 1,830 880 955
Romania 1,020 485 530
Russian Federation 940 395 545
Serbia86 515 250 265
Ukraine 815 355 455
United Kingdom87 6,470 3,085 3,385
Other places of birth in Europe 3,145 1,535 1,610
Africa 7,270 3,660 3,610
Algeria 70 30 45
Congo, Democratic Republic of the 45 25 25
Egypt 2,880 1,505 1,380
Eritrea 0 0 0
Ethiopia 45 25 20
Morocco 130 65 60
Nigeria 990 495 500
Somalia 70 30 40
South Africa, Republic of 1,300 660 640
Other places of birth in Africa 1,725 820 905
Asia 46,460 21,815 24,645
Afghanistan 460 195 260
Iran88 1,385 685 695
Iraq 1,515 720 790
Lebanon 675 340 335
Syria89 1,135 565 575
Turkey 535 295 240
China90 13,330 6,140 7,190
Hong Kong91 1,205 550 655
Korea, South92 2,180 975 1,210
Taiwan 380 170 205
Philippines 2,935 1,070 1,865
Viet Nam 740 315 425
Bangladesh 240 110 125
India 8,875 4,360 4,510
Pakistan 4,980 2,495 2,480
Sri Lanka 595 300 295
Other places of birth in Asia 5,295 2,520 2,775
Oceania and other places of birth93 380 230 155
Selected places of birth for the recent immigrant population
Total - Place of birth for the recent immigrant population in private households - 25% sample data94 15,495 7,595 7,895
Americas 2,090 1,040 1,045
Brazil 485 225 260
Colombia 160 85 70
Haiti 0 0 0
Jamaica 45 25 20
Mexico 180 90 95
United States of America 715 395 320
Venezuela95 170 70 100
Other places of birth in Americas 330 150 175
Europe 1,420 745 670
France 45 10 35
Germany 20 10 10
Ireland96 60 35 20
Italy 30 25 0
Russian Federation 175 85 90
Ukraine 95 45 45
United Kingdom87 545 300 245
Other places of birth in Europe 450 230 220
Africa 1,685 855 825
Algeria 15 0 10
Burundi 0 0 0
Cameroon 0 0 0
Congo, Democratic Republic of the 0 0 0
Côte d'Ivoire 25 15 10
Egypt 595 305 290
Eritrea 0 0 0
Ethiopia 0 0 0
Morocco 25 10 15
Nigeria 410 200 210
Somalia 15 15 0
South Africa, Republic of 475 240 230
Sudan97 0 0 0
Tunisia 0 0 0
Other places of birth in Africa 95 55 45
Asia 10,250 4,925 5,325
Afghanistan 90 40 50
Bangladesh 25 10 10
China90 3,695 1,735 1,960
Hong Kong91 100 50 50
India 2,200 1,075 1,120
Iran88 140 50 90
Iraq 195 115 90
Israel 30 15 20
Japan 30 0 30
Jordan 145 75 65
Korea, South92 170 95 80
Lebanon 135 65 70
Nepal 0 0 0
Pakistan 795 435 365
Philippines 540 205 335
Saudi Arabia 260 130 125
Sri Lanka 10 0 0
Syria89 700 325 375
Turkey 235 125 115
United Arab Emirates 380 215 165
Viet Nam 50 30 20
Other places of birth in Asia 330 130 200
Oceania and other93 45 20 25
Australia 45 20 25
Other places of birth98 0 0 0
Generation status
Total - Generation status for the population in private households - 25% sample data99 212,060 102,875 109,185
First generation100 95,450 45,145 50,305
Second generation101 57,375 28,760 28,615
Third generation or more102 59,230 28,970 30,265
Admission category and applicant type
Total - Admission category and applicant type for the immigrant population in private households who were admitted between 1980 and 2021 - 25% sample data103 72,085 34,040 38,045
Economic immigrants104 50,485 25,090 25,395
Principal applicants105 18,870 12,490 6,380
Secondary applicants106 31,610 12,600 19,010
Immigrants sponsored by family107 14,840 5,540 9,290
Refugees108 6,340 3,200 3,140
Other immigrants109 425 205 215
Pre-admission experience
Total - Pre-admission experience for the immigrant population in private households who were admitted between 1980 and 2021 - 25% sample data110 72,085 34,040 38,045
Asylum claim before admission111 2,515 1,320 1,195
Work permits only before admission112 6,095 2,750 3,345
Study permits only before admission113 2,245 1,165 1,080
Work and study permits before admission114 3,530 1,740 1,790
Other permits before admission115 300 145 150
No pre-admission experience116 57,400 26,915 30,485
Visible minority
Total - Visible minority for the population in private households - 25% sample data117 212,060 102,875 109,185
Total visible minority population118 90,130 43,230 46,895
South Asian 28,685 14,310 14,375
Chinese 23,055 10,870 12,185
Black 7,020 3,335 3,680
Filipino 4,170 1,655 2,515
Arab 10,020 5,045 4,975
Latin American 4,265 1,925 2,340
Southeast Asian 1,600 705 900
West Asian 2,480 1,240 1,240
Korean 3,440 1,620 1,820
Japanese 660 310 350
Visible minority, n.i.e.119 1,290 595 695
Multiple visible minorities 3,445 1,620 1,825
Not a visible minority120 121,930 59,640 62,285
Ethnic or cultural origin
Total - Ethnic or cultural origin for the population in private households - 25% sample data121 212,055 102,875 109,180
Canadian 17,040 8,485 8,555
English 30,610 14,950 15,660
Irish 24,840 11,740 13,100
Scottish 24,210 11,840 12,370
French, n.o.s.122 9,570 4,505 5,065
German 11,935 5,830 6,105
Chinese 22,720 10,650 12,070
Italian 15,315 7,790 7,525
Indian (India) 15,700 7,805 7,895
Ukrainian 6,060 2,950 3,115
Dutch 4,645 2,405 2,245
Polish 8,660 4,140 4,520
Québécois 285 130 160
British Isles, n.o.s.123 8,190 3,900 4,290
Filipino 4,250 1,710 2,540
French Canadian 1,750 790 965
Caucasian (White), n.o.s.124 2,475 1,245 1,230
First Nations (North American Indian), n.o.s.125 625 295 325
Métis 635 280 355
European, n.o.s.126 2,715 1,395 1,330
Russian 3,055 1,415 1,640
Norwegian 865 435 435
Welsh 2,620 1,260 1,360
Portuguese 6,720 3,240 3,480
American 2,415 1,185 1,235
Spanish 2,995 1,315 1,685
Swedish 1,095 475 615
Hungarian 2,290 1,090 1,195
Acadian 305 140 165
Pakistani 6,975 3,425 3,550
African, n.o.s.127 1,870 955 915
Jewish 1,285 635 640
Punjabi 2,155 1,035 1,120
Vietnamese 1,210 535 685
Arab, n.o.s.128 3,910 1,965 1,940
Greek 2,620 1,410 1,210
Jamaican 2,110 1,065 1,040
Asian, n.o.s.129 2,305 1,075 1,230
Cree, n.o.s.130 110 55 55
Korean 3,440 1,590 1,850
Romanian 1,855 975 885
Lebanese 1,560 775 785
Iranian 1,540 770 770
Christian, n.i.e.131 1,390 665 730
Danish 895 415 480
North American Indigenous, n.o.s.132 180 80 100
Sikh 1,060 525 535
Austrian 1,190 600 595
Belgian 565 310 250
Haitian 55 30 30
Hindu 2,225 1,155 1,070
Mexican 935 485 450
Mennonite 160 60 105
Swiss 750 415 335
Finnish 880 470 415
Sri Lankan 635 310 330
Croatian 3,865 1,815 2,050
Japanese 915 440 480
South Asian, n.o.s.133 1,810 920 885
Mi'kmaq, n.o.s.134 195 100 95
Northern European, n.o.s.135 560 280 280
Muslim 1,245 615 630
Egyptian 3,830 2,005 1,825
Latin, Central or South American, n.o.s.136 925 470 455
Tamil 485 235 255
Icelandic 305 155 145
Colombian 1,000 485 520
Moroccan 125 60 70
Czech 730 380 345
Syrian 1,375 680 695
Guyanese 605 250 355
Afghan 890 375 515
Black, n.o.s.137 390 180 215
Serbian 2,065 1,025 1,040
Ojibway 130 40 90
Newfoundlander 300 145 150
Hong Konger 535 255 275
Ontarian 555 285 270
Persian 845 450 395
Trinidadian/Tobagonian 1,085 490 590
Turkish 1,205 670 535
Inuit, n.o.s.138 15 0 10
Bangladeshi 335 165 170
Algerian 85 40 50
Brazilian 960 440 520
Nigerian 725 365 360
Armenian 485 240 245