Census Profile, 2021 Census of Population
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Topic:
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Age
Age characteristics
Commuting
Select all: Commuting
Commuting destination
Commuting duration
Main mode of commuting
Place of work status
Time leaving for work
Education
Select all: Education
Highest certificate, diploma or degree
Location of study compared with province or territory of residence
Major field of study - Classification of Instructional Programs (CIP) 2021
Secondary (high) school diploma or equivalency certificate
Ethnocultural and religious diversity
Select all: Ethnocultural and religious diversity
Ethnic or cultural origin
Religion
Visible minority
Families, households, and marital status
Select all: Families, households, and marital status
Family characteristics
Household type
Marital status
Housing
Household characteristics
Immigration, place of birth, and citizenship
Select all: Immigration, place of birth, and citizenship
Admission category and applicant type
Age at immigration
Citizenship
Generation status
Immigrant status and period of immigration
Pre-admission experience
Selected places of birth for the immigrant population
Selected places of birth for the recent immigrant population
Income
Select all: Income
Income of economic families in 2020
Income of households in 2020
Income of individuals in 2019
Income of individuals in 2020
Low income and income inequality in 2020
Indigenous peoples
Select all: Indigenous peoples
Indigenous ancestry
Indigenous population
Instruction in the minority official language
Select all: Instruction in the minority official language
Children eligible for instruction in the minority official language
Eligibility and instruction in the minority official language for school-aged children
Labour
Select all: Labour
Class of worker including job permanency
Industry - Sectors - North American Industry Classification System (NAICS) 2017
Labour force status
Occupation - Broad category - National Occupational Classification (NOC) 2021
Work activity during the reference year
Language
Select all: Language
All languages spoken at home
First official language spoken
Knowledge of languages
Knowledge of official languages
Language spoken most often at home
Mother tongue
Other language spoken regularly at home
Language of work
Select all: Language of work
All languages used at work
Language used most often at work
Other language(s) used regularly at work
Mobility and migration
Select all: Mobility and migration
Mobility status 1 year ago
Mobility status 5 years ago
Population and dwelling counts
Population and dwellings
Type of dwelling
Household and dwelling characteristics
GenderMore information:


Statistic:
Characteristic OntarioMore information:

[Province]
Counts
Total Men+ Women+
Population and dwellings
Population, 20211 14,223,942 ... ...
Population, 20161 13,448,494 ... ...
Population percentage change, 2016 to 2021 5.8 ... ...
Total private dwellings2 5,929,250 ... ...
Private dwellings occupied by usual residents3 5,491,201 ... ...
Population density per square kilometre 15.9 ... ...
Land area in square kilometres 892,411.76 ... ...
Age characteristics
Total - Age groups of the population - 100% data 14,223,945 6,970,855 7,253,085
0 to 14 years 2,251,795 1,155,630 1,096,160
0 to 4 years 683,515 350,035 333,480
5 to 9 years 764,430 392,380 372,050
10 to 14 years 803,850 413,215 390,635
15 to 64 years 9,334,440 4,616,340 4,718,100
15 to 19 years 801,455 413,485 387,970
20 to 24 years 895,600 465,525 430,075
25 to 29 years 975,400 497,185 478,215
30 to 34 years 981,210 487,465 493,745
35 to 39 years 948,030 463,170 484,860
40 to 44 years 890,160 427,860 462,295
45 to 49 years 894,580 430,580 464,005
50 to 54 years 941,270 455,420 485,845
55 to 59 years 1,040,160 507,700 532,465
60 to 64 years 966,575 467,955 498,625
65 years and over 2,637,710 1,198,880 1,438,825
65 to 69 years 813,215 386,325 426,890
70 to 74 years 691,280 325,435 365,840
75 to 79 years 469,485 217,485 252,000
80 to 84 years 325,110 143,070 182,045
85 years and over 338,620 126,565 212,050
85 to 89 years 205,480 83,875 121,605
90 to 94 years 101,430 34,715 66,710
95 to 99 years 28,000 7,235 20,770
100 years and over 3,705 745 2,965
Total - Distribution (%) of the population by broad age groups - 100% data 100.0 100.0 100.0
0 to 14 years 15.8 16.6 15.1
15 to 64 years 65.6 66.2 65.0
65 years and over 18.5 17.2 19.8
85 years and over 2.4 1.8 2.9
Average age of the population 41.8 40.7 42.8
Median age of the population 41.6 40.0 42.8
Household and dwelling characteristics
Total - Occupied private dwellings by structural type of dwelling - 100% data 5,491,200 ... ...
Single-detached house 2,942,990 ... ...
Semi-detached house 303,260 ... ...
Row house 505,265 ... ...
Apartment or flat in a duplex 181,030 ... ...
Apartment in a building that has fewer than five storeys 548,785 ... ...
Apartment in a building that has five or more storeys 984,665 ... ...
Other single-attached house 10,220 ... ...
Movable dwelling4 14,985 ... ...
Total - Private households by household size - 100% data 5,491,205 ... ...
1 person 1,452,540 ... ...
2 persons 1,798,040 ... ...
3 persons 872,480 ... ...
4 persons 825,445 ... ...
5 or more persons 542,700 ... ...
Number of persons in private households 14,031,750 6,887,760 7,143,995
Average household size 2.6 ... ...
Marital status
Total - Marital status for the total population aged 15 years and over - 100% data 11,972,145 5,815,220 6,156,925
Married or living common-law 6,769,725 3,384,485 3,385,240
Married 5,738,390 2,866,825 2,871,565
Living common-law 1,031,340 517,665 513,670
Living common law - Never married 727,825 366,175 361,650
Living common law - Separated 55,440 29,445 25,995
Living common law - Divorced 220,445 110,510 109,935
Living common law - Widowed 27,625 11,535 16,095
Not married and not living common-law 5,202,420 2,430,735 2,771,690
Not married and not living common law - Never married 3,515,215 1,885,705 1,629,515
Not married and not living common law - Separated 333,775 139,675 194,100
Not married and not living common law - Divorced 695,630 266,865 428,765
Not married and not living common law - Widowed 657,800 138,495 519,305
Family characteristics
Total - Census families in private households by family size - 100% data5 3,969,670 ... ...
2 persons 1,936,595 ... ...
3 persons 877,660 ... ...
4 persons 811,380 ... ...
5 or more persons 344,035 ... ...
Average size of census families 2.9 ... ...
Average number of children in census families with children6 1.8 ... ...
Total number of census families in private households - 100% data 3,969,670 ... ...
Total couple families 3,291,560 ... ...
Married couples 2,776,165 ... ...
With children6 1,571,480 ... ...
Without children 1,204,680 ... ...
Common-law couples 515,395 ... ...
With children6 189,835 ... ...
Without children 325,560 ... ...
Total one-parent families 678,110 ... ...
in which the parent is a woman+ 538,450 ... ...
in which the parent is a man+ 139,660 ... ...
Total - Persons in private households - 100% data 14,031,750 6,887,760 7,143,995
Total - Persons in census families 11,601,460 5,741,475 5,859,990
Married spouses or common-law partners 6,583,120 3,292,585 3,290,525
Parents in one-parent families 678,110 139,660 538,450
Children6 4,340,235 2,309,225 2,031,005
In a two-parent family 3,281,460 1,736,630 1,544,825
In a one-parent family 1,058,775 572,595 486,185
Total - Persons not in census families in private households - 100% data 2,430,295 1,146,280 1,284,010
Living alone 1,452,540 651,180 801,365
Living with other relatives7 388,780 155,465 233,320
Living with non-relatives only 588,970 339,640 249,325
Household type
Total - Household type - 100% data 5,491,200 ... ...
One-census-family households without additional persons 3,347,195 ... ...
Couple-family households 2,841,660 ... ...
With children6 1,517,365 ... ...
Without children 1,324,295 ... ...
One-parent-family households 505,535 ... ...
Multigenerational households8 221,120 ... ...
Multiple-census-family households9 45,215 ... ...
One-census-family households with additional persons9 184,430 ... ...
Two-or-more-person non-census-family households 240,700 ... ...
One-person households 1,452,540 ... ...
Income of individuals in 2020
Total - Income statistics in 2020 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data10 11,782,845 5,733,680 6,049,160
Number of total income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2020 - 100% data 11,294,815 5,485,375 5,809,440
Median total income in 2020 among recipients ($) 41,200 46,000 37,200
Number of after-tax income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2020 - 100% data 11,300,805 5,488,490 5,812,320
Median after-tax income in 2020 among recipients ($) 37,200 41,200 34,000
Number of market income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2020 - 100% data 10,010,415 4,968,685 5,041,730
Median market income in 2020 among recipients ($) 36,000 43,200 29,800
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2020 - 100% data 8,153,180 4,198,670 3,954,510
Median employment income in 2020 among recipients ($) 38,000 43,600 32,800
Number of government transfers recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2020 - 100% data 10,239,835 4,910,535 5,329,295
Median government transfers in 2020 among recipients ($) 8,900 6,850 10,400
Number of employment insurance benefits recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2020 - 100% data 1,054,225 467,500 586,725
Median employment insurance benefits in 2020 among recipients ($) 5,600 5,520 5,640
Number of COVID-19 emergency and recovery benefits recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2020 - 100% data 3,327,770 1,623,900 1,703,870
Median COVID-19 emergency and recovery benefits in 2020 among recipients ($) 8,000 8,000 8,500
Total - Income statistics in 2020 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data11 11,782,820 5,733,360 6,049,460
Number of total income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2020 - 25% sample data 11,296,770 5,486,720 5,810,050
Average total income in 2020 among recipients ($) 56,350 64,900 48,280
Number of after-tax income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2020 - 25% sample data 11,302,690 5,489,710 5,812,980
Average after-tax income in 2020 among recipients ($) 46,280 51,900 41,000
Number of market income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2020 - 25% sample data 10,011,345 4,970,240 5,041,105
Average market income in 2020 among recipients ($) 52,700 62,350 43,240
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2020 - 25% sample data 8,153,185 4,198,665 3,954,515
Average employment income in 2020 among recipients ($) 52,600 60,500 44,200
Number of government transfers recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2020 - 25% sample data 10,242,610 4,912,020 5,330,580
Average government transfers in 2020 among recipients ($) 10,640 9,440 11,740
Number of employment insurance benefits recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2020 - 25% sample data 1,052,985 466,380 586,605
Average employment insurance benefits in 2020 among recipients ($) 6,640 6,120 7,060
Number of COVID-19 emergency and recovery benefits recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2020 - 25% sample data 3,321,155 1,619,825 1,701,335
Average COVID-19 emergency and recovery benefits in 2020 among recipients ($) 9,300 9,150 9,450
Total - Employment income statistics in 2020 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data12 11,782,825 5,733,365 6,049,460
Number of employment income recipients in 2020 who worked full-year full-time in 2020 - 25% sample data13 3,865,695 2,145,810 1,719,885
Median employment income in 2020 for full-year full-time workers in 2020 ($)14 67,000 72,000 61,600
Average employment income in 2020 for full-year full-time workers in 2020 ($)15 82,400 90,700 72,000
Number of employment income recipients in 2020 who worked part-year or part-time in 2020 - 25% sample data16 3,112,160 1,451,440 1,660,720
Median employment income in 2020 of those who worked part-year or part-time in 2020 ($) 17,400 19,400 16,000
Average employment income in 2020 of those who worked part-year or part-time in 2020 ($) 28,520 32,760 24,820
Composition of total income in 2020 of the population aged 15 years and over in private households (%) - 25% sample data17 100.0 100.0 100.0
Market income (%)18 82.8 87.0 77.8
Employment income (%)19 67.4 71.4 62.3
Government transfers (%)20 17.1 13.0 22.3
Employment insurance benefits (%) 1.1 0.8 1.5
COVID-19 - Government income support and benefits (%) 5.5 4.5 6.7
COVID-19 - Emergency and recovery benefits (%) 4.9 4.2 5.7
Total - Total income groups in 2020 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data21 11,782,845 5,733,685 6,049,165
Without total income 488,030 248,310 239,725
With total income 11,294,815 5,485,375 5,809,440
Under $10,000 (including loss) 977,950 423,650 554,300
$10,000 to $19,999 1,383,475 596,755 786,720
$20,000 to $29,999 1,752,040 763,295 988,745
$30,000 to $39,999 1,388,215 609,735 778,480
$40,000 to $49,999 1,190,885 547,655 643,230
$50,000 to $59,999 985,270 468,060 517,205
$60,000 to $69,999 782,980 396,770 386,210
$70,000 to $79,999 612,620 331,080 281,545
$80,000 to $89,999 477,445 271,290 206,150
$90,000 to $99,999 385,830 218,395 167,435
$100,000 and over 1,358,115 858,695 499,415
$100,000 to $149,999 897,615 538,590 359,025
$150,000 and over 460,495 320,105 140,395
Total - After-tax income groups in 2020 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data22 11,782,845 5,733,685 6,049,165
Without after-tax income 482,035 245,195 236,845
With after-tax income 11,300,805 5,488,490 5,812,315
Under $10,000 (including loss) 1,025,995 440,280 585,715
$10,000 to $19,999 1,442,850 625,100 817,750
$20,000 to $29,999 1,967,040 859,195 1,107,840
$30,000 to $39,999 1,621,120 733,430 887,690
$40,000 to $49,999 1,384,490 655,400 729,090
$50,000 to $59,999 1,068,365 535,895 532,470
$60,000 to $69,999 782,135 422,645 359,495
$70,000 to $79,999 572,210 325,895 246,315
$80,000 to $89,999 457,650 249,665 207,980
$90,000 to $99,999 280,640 169,480 111,160
$100,000 and over 698,310 471,495 226,815
$100,000 to $124,999 344,450 223,970 120,480
$125,000 and over 353,860 247,525 106,335
Total - Employment income groups in 2020 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data19 11,782,845 5,733,685 6,049,165
Without employment income 3,629,670 1,535,015 2,094,650
With employment income 8,153,175 4,198,665 3,954,510
Under $5,000 (including loss) 1,218,885 604,555 614,330
$5,000 to $9,999 688,670 304,845 383,825
$10,000 to $19,999 928,840 424,990 503,850
$20,000 to $29,999 696,570 325,510 371,065
$30,000 to $39,999 677,110 320,720 356,390
$40,000 to $49,999 672,005 320,925 351,080
$50,000 to $59,999 611,665 307,370 304,290
$60,000 to $69,999 519,955 278,350 241,605
$70,000 to $79,999 419,875 237,375 182,500
$80,000 to $89,999 352,235 207,090 145,150
$90,000 to $99,999 316,750 176,135 140,615
$100,000 and over 1,050,620 690,800 359,820
$100,000 to $124,999 489,720 295,720 194,005
$125,000 and over 560,895 395,080 165,810
Income of individuals in 2019
Total - Income statistics in 2019 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data23 11,782,845 5,733,680 6,049,160
Number of total income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2019 - 100% data 11,051,405 5,357,685 5,693,725
Median total income in 2019 among recipients ($) 39,200 44,800 34,400
Number of after-tax income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2019 - 100% data 11,055,345 5,358,275 5,697,070
Median after-tax income in 2019 among recipients ($) 35,600 40,000 31,600
Number of market income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2019 - 100% data 9,877,245 4,895,500 4,981,740
Median market income in 2019 among recipients ($) 37,600 44,400 31,800
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2019 - 100% data 8,159,090 4,190,670 3,968,420
Median employment income in 2019 among recipients ($) 38,800 44,400 34,000
Number of government transfers recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2019 - 100% data 9,643,335 4,616,005 5,027,335
Median government transfers in 2019 among recipients ($) 2,200 1,010 4,920
Number of employment insurance benefits recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2019 -100% data 723,990 308,550 415,450
Median employment insurance benefits in 2019 among recipients ($) 5,640 5,360 5,960
Total - Income statistics in 2019 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data24 11,782,820 5,733,360 6,049,460
Number of total income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2019 - 25% sample data 11,053,285 5,358,015 5,695,270
Average total income in 2019 among recipients ($) 53,800 62,850 45,320
Number of after-tax income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2019 - 25% sample data 11,057,080 5,358,540 5,698,545
Average after-tax income in 2019 among recipients ($) 44,080 50,120 38,400
Number of market income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2019 - 25% sample data 9,878,270 4,896,015 4,982,255
Average market income in 2019 among recipients ($) 53,250 63,150 43,520
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2019 - 25% sample data 8,160,870 4,191,675 3,969,185
Average employment income in 2019 among recipients ($) 52,700 60,850 44,120
Number of government transfers recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2019 - 25% sample data 9,644,415 4,616,310 5,028,100
Average government transfers in 2019 among recipients ($) 7,150 5,990 8,210
Number of employment insurance benefits recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2019 - 25% sample data 725,250 308,485 416,760
Average employment insurance benefits in 2019 among recipients ($) 7,340 6,410 8,030
Total - Employment income statistics in 2019 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data25 11,782,825 5,733,365 6,049,460
Number of employment income recipients in 2019 who worked full-year full-time in 2020 - 25% sample data13 3,830,200 2,124,710 1,705,495
Median employment income in 2019 for full-year full-time workers in 2020 ($)14 62,800 68,500 56,800
Average employment income in 2019 for full-year full-time workers in 2020 ($)15 77,800 86,600 66,800
Number of employment income recipients in 2019 who worked part-year or part-time in 2020 - 25% sample data16 2,925,680 1,365,355 1,560,325
Median employment income in 2019 of those who worked part-year or part-time in 2020 ($) 23,600 26,200 21,800
Average employment income in 2019 of those who worked part-year or part-time in 2020 ($) 34,640 39,840 30,040
Composition of total income in 2019 of the population aged 15 years and over in private households (%) - 25% sample data 100.0 100.0 100.0
Market income (%) 88.4 91.8 84.0
Employment income (%) 72.4 75.8 67.8
Government transfers (%) 11.6 8.2 16.0
Employment insurance benefits (%) 0.9 0.6 1.3
Income of households in 2020
Total - Income statistics for private households - 100% data26 5,491,205 ... ...
Median total income of household in 2020 ($) 91,000 ... ...
Median after-tax income of household in 2020 ($) 79,500 ... ...
Total - Income statistics for one-person private households - 100% data 1,452,540 ... ...
Median total income of one-person households in 2020 ($) 43,600 ... ...
Median after-tax income of one-person households in 2020 ($) 39,200 ... ...
Total - Income statistics for two-or-more-persons private households - 100% data 4,038,660 ... ...
Median total income of two-or-more-person households in 2020 ($) 111,000 ... ...
Median after-tax income of two-or-more-person households in 2020 ($) 97,000 ... ...
Total - Income statistics for private households - 25% sample data27 5,491,200 ... ...
Average total income of household in 2020 ($) 116,000 ... ...
Average after-tax income of household in 2020 ($) 95,300 ... ...
Total - Income statistics for one-person private households - 25% sample data 1,451,915 ... ...
Average total income of one-person households in 2020 ($) 57,200 ... ...
Average after-tax income of one-person households in 2020 ($) 47,320 ... ...
Total - Income statistics for two-or-more-persons private households - 25% sample data 4,039,285 ... ...
Average total income of two-or-more-person households in 2020 ($) 137,000 ... ...
Average after-tax income of two-or-more-person households in 2020 ($) 112,500 ... ...
Total - Household total income groups in 2020 for private households - 100% data21 5,491,200 ... ...
Under $5,000 61,515 ... ...
$5,000 to $9,999 30,860 ... ...
$10,000 to $14,999 63,360 ... ...
$15,000 to $19,999 96,980 ... ...
$20,000 to $24,999 186,250 ... ...
$25,000 to $29,999 168,345 ... ...
$30,000 to $34,999 158,810 ... ...
$35,000 to $39,999 175,890 ... ...
$40,000 to $44,999 182,900 ... ...
$45,000 to $49,999 182,945 ... ...
$50,000 to $59,999 370,350 ... ...
$60,000 to $69,999 364,585 ... ...
$70,000 to $79,999 350,520 ... ...
$80,000 to $89,999 332,395 ... ...
$90,000 to $99,999 310,400 ... ...
$100,000 and over 2,455,095 ... ...
$100,000 to $124,999 662,625 ... ...
$125,000 to $149,999 500,495 ... ...
$150,000 to $199,999 630,420 ... ...
$200,000 and over 661,550 ... ...
Total - Household after-tax income groups in 2020 for private households - 100% data22 5,491,200 ... ...
Under $5,000 69,645 ... ...
$5,000 to $9,999 32,100 ... ...
$10,000 to $14,999 65,025 ... ...
$15,000 to $19,999 101,865 ... ...
$20,000 to $24,999 197,995 ... ...
$25,000 to $29,999 190,225 ... ...
$30,000 to $34,999 183,505 ... ...
$35,000 to $39,999 204,300 ... ...
$40,000 to $44,999 215,785 ... ...
$45,000 to $49,999 217,105 ... ...
$50,000 to $59,999 440,280 ... ...
$60,000 to $69,999 430,860 ... ...
$70,000 to $79,999 409,865 ... ...
$80,000 to $89,999 385,295 ... ...
$90,000 to $99,999 343,595 ... ...
$100,000 and over 2,003,770 ... ...
$100,000 to $124,999 685,485 ... ...
$125,000 to $149,999 472,130 ... ...
$150,000 and over 846,155 ... ...
Income of economic families in 2020
Total - Income statistics for economic families in private households - 100% data28 3,875,790 ... ...
Median total income of economic family in 2020 ($) 111,000 ... ...
Median after-tax income of economic family in 2020 ($) 96,000 ... ...
Average family size of economic families 3.1 ... ...
Total - Income statistics for couple-only economic families in private households - 100% data 1,361,615 ... ...
Median total income of couple-only economic families in 2020 ($) 95,000 ... ...
Median after-tax income of couple-only economic families in 2020 ($) 83,000 ... ...
Average family size of couple-only economic families 2.0 ... ...
Total - Income statistics for couple-with-children economic families in private households - 100% data 1,770,030 ... ...
Median total income of couple-with-children economic families in 2020 ($) 141,000 ... ...
Median after-tax income of couple-with-children economic families in 2020 ($) 121,000 ... ...
Average family size of couple-with-children economic families 4.1 ... ...
Total - Income statistics for one-parent economic families in private households - 100% data 610,815 ... ...
Median total income of one-parent economic families in 2020 ($) 73,000 ... ...
Median after-tax income of one-parent economic families in 2020 ($) 67,500 ... ...
Average family size of one-parent economic families 2.7 ... ...
Total - Income statistics for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families in private households - 100% data29 2,041,505 990,815 1,050,690
Median total income in 2020 ($)30 38,800 40,000 38,000
Median after-tax income in 2020 ($)30 35,600 36,000 35,200
Total - Income statistics for economic families in private households - 25% sample data31 3,873,665 ... ...
Average total income of economic family in 2020 ($) 137,200 ... ...
Average after-tax income of economic family in 2020 ($) 112,200 ... ...
Total - Income statistics for couple-only economic families in private households - 25% sample data 1,359,275 ... ...
Average total income of couple-only economic families in 2020 ($) 119,500 ... ...
Average after-tax income of couple-only economic families in 2020 ($) 97,000 ... ...
Total - Income statistics for couple-with-children economic families in private households - 25% sample data 1,773,005 ... ...
Average total income of couple-with-children economic families in 2020 ($) 168,800 ... ...
Average after-tax income of couple-with-children economic families in 2020 ($) 136,600 ... ...
Total - Income statistics for one-parent economic families in private households - 25% sample data 607,780 ... ...
Average total income of one-parent economic families in 2020 ($) 87,100 ... ...
Average after-tax income of one-parent economic families in 2020 ($) 76,100 ... ...
Total - Income statistics for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families in private households - 25% sample data32 2,039,230 985,390 1,053,840
Average total income in 2020 ($)30 51,800 54,250 49,480
Average after-tax income in 2020 ($)30 43,440 44,880 42,120
Low income and income inequality in 2020
Total - LIM low-income status in 2020 for the population in private households - 100% data33 14,031,755 6,887,755 7,143,995
0 to 17 years 2,726,265 1,400,695 1,325,570
0 to 5 years 831,185 425,620 405,560
18 to 64 years 8,795,220 4,328,780 4,466,440
65 years and over 2,510,270 1,158,280 1,351,985
In low income based on the Low-income measure, after tax (LIM-AT) 1,420,525 664,975 755,550
0 to 17 years 314,150 161,695 152,455
0 to 5 years 102,930 52,570 50,360
18 to 64 years 803,215 385,100 418,120
65 years and over 303,160 118,180 184,980
Prevalence of low income based on the Low-income measure, after tax (LIM-AT) (%) 10.1 9.7 10.6
0 to 17 years (%) 11.5 11.5 11.5
0 to 5 years (%) 12.4 12.4 12.4
18 to 64 years (%) 9.1 8.9 9.4
65 years and over (%) 12.1 10.2 13.7
Total - LICO low-income status in 2020 for the population in private households to whom the low-income concept is applicable - 100% data33 13,977,120 6,860,325 7,116,790
0 to 17 years 2,709,120 1,391,825 1,317,290
0 to 5 years 825,865 422,885 402,980
18 to 64 years 8,763,785 4,313,030 4,450,755
65 years and over 2,504,220 1,155,470 1,348,745
In low income based on the Low-income cut-offs, after tax (LICO-AT) 738,795 379,035 359,760
0 to 17 years 126,035 64,885 61,150
0 to 5 years 39,415 20,100 19,315
18 to 64 years 541,410 283,705 257,710
65 years and over 71,350 30,450 40,900
Prevalence of low income based on the Low-income cut-offs, after tax (LICO-AT) (%) 5.3 5.5 5.1
0 to 17 years (%) 4.7 4.7 4.6
0 to 5 years (%) 4.8 4.8 4.8
18 to 64 years (%) 6.2 6.6 5.8
65 years and over (%) 2.9 2.6 3.0
Total - Adjusted after-tax economic family income decile group for the population in private households - 100% data34The letter 'c' in a yellow triangle indicates a correction notice. 14,031,755 6,887,760 7,143,995
In bottom half of the distribution 6,516,085 3,131,205 3,384,880
In bottom decile 1,318,120 643,165 674,955
In second decile 1,283,940 594,495 689,440
In third decile 1,292,030 618,405 673,625
In fourth decile 1,296,710 628,155 668,555
In fifth decile 1,325,280 646,975 678,300
In top half of the distribution 7,515,670 3,756,555 3,759,115
In sixth decile 1,365,960 672,380 693,580
In seventh decile 1,415,070 700,525 714,550
In eighth decile 1,482,300 739,210 743,095
In ninth decile 1,581,535 794,505 787,030
In top decile 1,670,800 849,940 820,865
Total - Inequality measures for the population in private households - 100% data35 14,031,755 ... ...
Gini index on adjusted household total income 0.357 ... ...
Gini index on adjusted household market income 0.470 ... ...
Gini index on adjusted household after-tax income 0.308 ... ...
P90/P10 ratio on adjusted household after-tax income 3.9 ... ...
Knowledge of official languages
Total - Knowledge of official languages for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% data36 14,099,790 6,917,920 7,181,870
English only 12,196,575 6,083,990 6,112,590
French only 39,310 17,190 22,125
English and French 1,519,365 678,385 840,975
Neither English nor French 344,545 138,355 206,185
First official language spoken
Total - First official language spoken for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% data37 14,099,790 6,917,920 7,181,870
English 13,179,535 6,510,015 6,669,520
French 484,425 227,550 256,875
English and French 98,270 45,480 52,790
Neither English nor French 337,560 134,870 202,685
Mother tongue
Total - Mother tongue for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% data38 14,099,790 6,917,920 7,181,870
Single responses 13,430,605 6,594,620 6,835,990
Official languages 9,642,770 4,785,140 4,857,635
English 9,179,655 4,566,580 4,613,080
French 463,120 218,560 244,550
Non-official languages 3,787,835 1,809,480 1,978,355
Indigenous languages39 14,475 6,735 7,740
Algonquian languages 13,545 6,360 7,185
Blackfoot 5 5 5
Cree-Innu languages 2,815 1,365 1,455
Atikamekw 10 0 5
Cree languages 2,800 1,360 1,440
Ililimowin (Moose Cree) 125 55 70
Inu Ayimun (Southern East Cree) 0 0 0
Iyiyiw-Ayimiwin (Northern East Cree) 60 20 35
Nehinawewin (Swampy Cree) 550 240 315
Nehiyawewin (Plains Cree) 35 20 15
Nihithawiwin (Woods Cree) 50 25 15
Cree, n.o.s. 1,975 985 990
Innu (Montagnais) 0 0 5
Naskapi 15 5 5
Eastern Algonquian languages 70 35 30
Mi'kmaq 60 25 30
Wolastoqewi (Malecite) 10 5 0
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 10,645 4,955 5,690
Anicinabemowin (Algonquin) 35 15 25
Oji-Cree 4,240 2,015 2,225
Ojibway languages 6,365 2,920 3,445
Anishinaabemowin (Chippewa) 280 130 145
Daawaamwin (Odawa) 65 25 40
Saulteau (Western Ojibway) 25 15 10
Ojibway, n.o.s. 6,000 2,745 3,250
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 5 5 0
Athabaskan languages 30 20 15
Northern Athabaskan languages 30 15 15
Dakelh (Carrier) 0 0 0
Dane-zaa (Beaver) 0 0 0
Dene, n.o.s. 15 5 5
Gwich'in 0 5 0
Slavey-Hare languages 10 5 5
Deh Gah Ghotie Zhatie (South Slavey) 5 5 0
Satuotine Yati (North Slavey) 5 0 5
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Tahltan languages 0 0 0
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0
Tahltan 0 0 0
Tlicho (Dogrib) 0 0 0
Tse'khene (Sekani) 0 0 0
Tsilhqot'in (Chilcotin) 0 0 0
Tsuu T'ina (Sarsi) 0 0 0
Tutchone languages 0 0 0
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0
Tutchone, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Wetsuwet'en-Babine 0 0 0
Tlingit 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Haida 0 0 0
Inuktut (Inuit) languages 510 200 310
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 10 5 5
Inuinnaqtun 5 0 5
Inuvialuktun 5 0 0
Inuktitut 505 195 305
Inuktut (Inuit) languages, n.i.e. 5 0 0
Iroquoian languages 270 100 165
Cayuga 35 15 15
Mohawk 190 75 115
Oneida 40 10 25
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 5 0 0
Ktunaxa (Kutenai) 0 0 0
Michif 20 5 15
Salish languages 10 5 5
Halkomelem 0 0 0
Lillooet 0 0 0
Ntlakapamux (Thompson) 0 0 0
Secwepemctsin (Shuswap) 0 0 0
Squamish 0 0 0
Straits 0 0 0
Syilx (Okanagan) 0 0 0
Salish languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Siouan languages 10 5 5
Assiniboine 0 0 0
Dakota 5 5 0
Stoney 0 0 0
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 5 5 0
Tsimshian languages 10 5 5
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 5 0 5
Nisga'a 0 0 5
Tsimshian 0 0 0
Wakashan languages 0 0 0
Haisla 0 0 0
Heiltsuk 0 0 0
Kwak'wala (Kwakiutl) 0 0 0
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0 0 0
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Indigenous languages, n.i.e. 5 5 5
Indigenous languages, n.o.s. 65 30 35
Non-Indigenous languages 3,773,365 1,802,745 1,970,620
Afro-Asiatic languages 310,765 156,145 154,620
Berber languages 855 480 370
Kabyle 580 315 265
Tamazight 215 130 80
Berber languages, n.i.e. 60 35 25
Chadic languages 635 350 280
Hausa 560 315 245
Mina 70 35 35
Coptic 535 265 275
Cushitic languages 27,575 12,405 15,170
Bilen 930 495 440
Oromo 1,540 760 785
Somali 24,700 10,945 13,755
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 405 215 190
Semitic languages 281,160 142,645 138,515
Amharic 12,490 5,745 6,740
Arabic 214,230 109,870 104,360
Aramaic languages 24,105 11,685 12,420
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 15,665 7,535 8,125
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 7,480 3,655 3,820
Aramaic, n.o.s. 960 485 475
Harari 970 430 540
Hebrew 11,630 6,255 5,375
Maltese 4,120 1,950 2,175
Tigrigna 13,360 6,585 6,775
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 255 130 125
Austro-Asiatic languages 84,300 37,815 46,485
Khmer (Cambodian) 7,065 3,170 3,900
Vietnamese 77,085 34,585 42,505
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e 140 60 80
Austronesian languages 208,395 83,860 124,535
Bikol 685 300 385
Bisaya, n.o.s. 2,735 1,115 1,625
Cebuano 5,900 2,290 3,615
Fijian 40 20 20
Hiligaynon 3,775 1,460 2,315
Ilocano 14,680 5,995 8,680
Indonesian 5,440 2,345 3,095
Kankanaey 375 160 215
Kinaray-a 275 115 160
Malagasy languages 125 55 70
Merina 30 10 15
Malagasy, n.o.s. 95 40 50
Malay 540 220 325
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 1,910 875 1,040
Pangasinan 750 320 430
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 168,845 67,675 101,175
Waray-Waray 590 240 355
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 1,710 690 1,020
Creole languages 11,690 5,335 6,355
Haitian Creole 5,160 2,260 2,905
Jamaican English Creole 435 220 210
Krio 290 115 170
Morisyen 1,990 955 1,035
Sango 45 25 25
Creole, n.o.s. 2,690 1,255 1,435
Creole languages, n.i.e. 1,080 500 580
Dravidian languages 185,145 93,855 91,285
Kannada 4,335 2,215 2,115
Malayalam 32,805 17,970 14,835
Tamil 126,640 61,665 64,970
Telugu 20,715 11,690 9,030
Tulu 415 205 210
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 235 105 130
Georgian 1,650 890 760
Hmong-Mien languages 480 225 255
Indo-European languages 2,119,610 1,032,375 1,087,230
Albanian 20,720 10,295 10,425
Armenian 14,680 7,060 7,620
Balto-Slavic languages 377,895 172,690 205,205
Baltic languages 7,425 3,050 4,370
Latvian 3,050 1,250 1,800
Lithuanian 4,370 1,800 2,570
Slavic languages 370,475 169,640 200,840
Belarusian 440 200 240
Bulgarian 8,565 4,050 4,520
Czech 9,060 4,035 5,025
Macedonian 13,620 6,490 7,130
Polish 106,275 47,780 58,495
Russian 104,310 46,870 57,440
Rusyn 225 105 115
Serbo-Croatian 77,145 37,410 39,740
Bosnian 7,140 3,495 3,650
Croatian 28,385 13,465 14,925
Serbian 40,465 19,915 20,555
Serbo-Croatian, n.i.e. 1,160 545 610
Slovak 8,675 3,910 4,765
Slovene (Slovenian) 5,520 2,350 3,175
Ukrainian 36,340 16,285 20,055
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 285 150 135
Celtic languages 795 390 405
Irish 225 120 105
Scottish Gaelic 170 85 85
Welsh 320 140 175
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 80 45 35
Germanic languages 167,265 78,455 88,810
Frisian 970 465 505
High German languages 102,915 47,630 55,285
German 89,075 40,865 48,205
Pennsylvania German 8,895 4,435 4,460
Swiss German 2,390 1,125 1,265
Yiddish 2,555 1,200 1,350
Low Saxon-Low Franconian languages 56,725 27,350 29,375
Afrikaans 2,865 1,460 1,405
Dutch 41,240 19,735 21,505
Low German, n.o.s. 1,930 965 970
Low Saxon 440 210 230
Plautdietsch 8,610 4,275 4,340
Vlaams (Flemish) 1,630 700 930
Scandinavian languages 6,440 2,905 3,530
Danish 3,370 1,545 1,830
Icelandic 175 80 95
Norwegian 800 350 445
Swedish 2,090 930 1,160
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 225 105 115
Greek 47,970 23,270 24,700
Indo-Iranian languages 884,995 452,190 432,805
Indo-Aryan languages 715,085 367,815 347,270
Assamese 325 150 175
Bengali 54,990 27,905 27,085
Gujarati 95,785 50,450 45,340
Hindi 87,035 45,590 41,445
Kacchi 3,880 1,760 2,120
Kashmiri 460 230 230
Konkani 2,595 1,260 1,340
Marathi 9,460 4,875 4,585
Nepali 12,430 6,280 6,155
Oriya languages 1,325 690 630
Odia 830 445 380
Oriya, n.o.s. 490 245 245
Punjabi (Panjabi) 260,075 135,000 125,075
Rohingya 290 145 145
Sindhi 2,670 1,375 1,300
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 11,040 5,400 5,645
Urdu 170,955 85,745 85,210
Indo-Aryan languages, n.i.e. 1,760 955 805
Iranian languages 169,765 84,295 85,470
Baluchi 335 185 150
Kurdish 9,120 4,850 4,275
Parsi 330 180 145
Pashto 12,780 6,585 6,195
Persian languages 146,700 72,240 74,460
Dari 34,340 16,650 17,685
Iranian Persian 97,135 47,970 49,165
Persian (Farsi), n.o.s. 15,230 7,615 7,615
Iranian languages, n.i.e. 495 260 240
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 145 85 65
Italic (Romance) languages 605,070 287,915 317,155
Catalan 285 140 140
Italian 194,125 92,875 101,255
Portuguese 153,750 73,670 80,080
Romanian 38,955 18,100 20,850
Spanish 217,245 102,760 114,490
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 710 370 345
Indo-European languages, n.i.e. 205 105 100
Japanese 12,880 4,245 8,635
Korean 75,220 34,160 41,065
Mongolian 535 235 305
Niger-Congo languages 42,470 19,960 22,515
Akan (Twi) 9,325 4,405 4,915
Bamanankan 185 100 85
Edo 1,165 475 685
Éwé 485 235 245
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 480 245 230
Ga 510 235 275
Ganda 1,195 560 635
Gikuyu 460 180 280
Igbo 2,385 1,220 1,170
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 1,920 845 1,075
Lingala 825 350 475
Luba-Kasai 135 55 80
Mòoré 60 30 30
Mwani 345 180 165
Ndebele 335 155 180
Rundi (Kirundi) 2,705 1,225 1,480
Shona 1,580 710 875
Soninke 195 115 75
Sotho-Tswana languages 230 85 150
Swahili 6,445 3,010 3,440
Wojenaka 60 35 30
Wolof 460 240 220
Yoruba 7,335 3,560 3,775
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 3,655 1,710 1,940
Nilo-Saharan languages 1,935 955 985
Dinka 325 165 160
Nuer 320 150 170
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 1,125 555 570
African, n.o.s. 165 80 80
Sign languages 2,775 1,480 1,300
American Sign Language 2,360 1,235 1,125
Quebec Sign Language 35 20 15
Sign languages, n.i.e. 385 225 160
Sino-Tibetan languages 632,250 291,600 340,655
Chinese languages 621,980 286,570 335,410
Hakka 6,215 2,860 3,350
Mandarin 327,470 150,700 176,770
Min Dong 1,015 525 495
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 10,290 4,630 5,660
Wu (Shanghainese) 4,190 1,890 2,300
Yue (Cantonese) 267,425 123,440 143,990
Chinese, n.o.s. 5,080 2,385 2,690
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 300 140 160
Tibeto-Burman languages 10,000 4,905 5,095
Burmese 1,540 755 790
Kuki-Chin languages 440 200 240
Karenic languages 1,765 875 895
S'gaw Karen 1,530 755 775
Karenic languages, n.i.e. 235 115 120
Tibetan 5,785 2,845 2,940
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 460 230 230
Sino-Tibetan languages, n.i.e. 275 130 145
Tai-Kadai languages 8,265 3,360 4,905
Lao 4,570 2,175 2,390
Thai 3,535 1,120 2,420
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e. 165 65 100
Turkic languages 32,270 17,020 15,250
Azerbaijani 2,870 1,545 1,325
Kazakh 255 115 135
Turkish 26,740 14,190 12,550
Uyghur 720 360 360
Uzbek 1,080 520 565
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 610 290 320
Uralic languages 42,270 19,005 23,265
Estonian 3,450 1,510 1,940
Finnish 7,650 3,210 4,445
Hungarian 31,170 14,290 16,875
Other languages, n.i.e. 460 220 240
Multiple responses 669,185 323,300 345,885
English and French 96,260 45,030 51,235
English and non-official language(s) 494,610 242,470 252,140
French and non-official language(s) 15,710 7,085 8,620
English, French and non-official language(s) 16,770 7,725 9,045
Multiple non-official languages 45,835 20,990 24,845
All languages spoken at home
Total - All languages spoken at home for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% data40 14,099,790 6,917,920 7,181,870
English 9,630,975 4,782,040 4,848,935
French 188,560 89,335 99,230
Non-official language 1,124,950 528,060 596,895
Indigenous39 2,630 1,260 1,375
Non-Indigenous 1,122,315 526,805 595,515
English and French 274,675 124,275 150,400
English and non-official language(s) 2,647,980 1,289,510 1,358,470
French and non-official language(s) 14,065 6,055 8,010
English, French and non-official language(s) 117,430 51,870 65,565
Multiple non-official languages 101,145 46,775 54,370
Language spoken most often at home
Total - Language spoken most often at home for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% data41 14,099,790 6,917,920 7,181,870
Single responses 13,384,695 6,573,230 6,811,465
Official languages 11,165,425 5,509,035 5,656,395
English 10,910,560 5,389,445 5,521,125
French 254,870 119,590 135,275
Non-official languages 2,219,265 1,064,195 1,155,070
Indigenous languages39 5,710 2,820 2,890
Algonquian languages 5,430 2,695 2,735
Blackfoot 0 0 0
Cree-Innu languages 1,230 620 605
Atikamekw 0 0 0
Cree languages 1,220 620 605
Ililimowin (Moose Cree) 30 15 15
Inu Ayimun (Southern East Cree) 0 0 0
Iyiyiw-Ayimiwin (Northern East Cree) 15 10 5
Nehinawewin (Swampy Cree) 135 50 85
Nehiyawewin (Plains Cree) 5 0 5
Nihithawiwin (Woods Cree) 15 10 5
Cree, n.o.s. 1,015 530 485
Innu (Montagnais) 0 0 0
Naskapi 5 0 5
Eastern Algonquian languages 20 10 5
Mi'kmaq 20 10 5
Wolastoqewi (Malecite) 0 0 0
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 4,185 2,060 2,120
Anicinabemowin (Algonquin) 5 5 5
Oji-Cree 1,985 995 985
Ojibway languages 2,195 1,065 1,125
Anishinaabemowin (Chippewa) 95 50 50
Daawaamwin (Odawa) 25 10 15
Saulteau (Western Ojibway) 0 0 0
Ojibway, n.o.s. 2,070 1,005 1,065
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages 15 5 10
Northern Athabaskan languages 15 5 10
Dakelh (Carrier) 0 0 0
Dane-zaa (Beaver) 0 0 0
Dene, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Gwich'in 5 0 0
Slavey-Hare languages 0 0 0
Deh Gah Ghotie Zhatie (South Slavey) 0 0 0
Satuotine Yati (North Slavey) 0 0 0
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Tahltan languages 0 0 0
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0
Tahltan 0 0 0
Tlicho (Dogrib) 5 5 0
Tse'khene (Sekani) 0 0 0
Tsilhqot'in (Chilcotin) 0 0 0
Tsuu T'ina (Sarsi) 0 0 0
Tutchone languages 0 0 0
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0
Tutchone, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Wetsuwet'en-Babine 10 0 10
Tlingit 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Haida 0 0 0
Inuktut (Inuit) languages 150 65 90
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 0 0 0
Inuinnaqtun 0 0 0
Inuvialuktun 0 0 0
Inuktitut 150 65 90
Inuktut (Inuit) languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages 75 30 45
Cayuga 10 5 10
Mohawk 50 20 25
Oneida 15 5 10
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Ktunaxa (Kutenai) 0 0 0
Michif 15 5 10
Salish languages 5 0 0
Halkomelem 0 0 0
Lillooet 0 0 0
Ntlakapamux (Thompson) 0 0 0
Secwepemctsin (Shuswap) 0 0 0
Squamish 0 0 0
Straits 0 0 0
Syilx (Okanagan) 0 0 0
Salish languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Siouan languages 5 0 0
Assiniboine 0 0 0
Dakota 0 0 0
Stoney 0 0 0
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Tsimshian languages 0 0 0
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 0 0 0
Nisga'a 0 0 0
Tsimshian 0 0 0
Wakashan languages 0 0 0
Haisla 0 0 0
Heiltsuk 0 0 0
Kwak'wala (Kwakiutl) 0 0 0
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0 0 0
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Indigenous languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Indigenous languages, n.o.s. 5 5 5
Non-Indigenous languages 2,213,555 1,061,375 1,152,180
Afro-Asiatic languages 181,660 88,245 93,420
Berber languages 365 195 170
Kabyle 220 115 100
Tamazight 100 55 45
Berber languages, n.i.e. 45 25 20
Chadic languages 355 180 170
Hausa 325 165 155
Mina 30 10 15
Coptic 255 125 130
Cushitic languages 16,105 7,125 8,980
Bilen 800 440 355
Oromo 840 385 455
Somali 14,230 6,180 8,050
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 230 115 115
Semitic languages 164,590 80,620 83,970
Amharic 6,405 2,865 3,545
Arabic 124,865 61,605 63,260
Aramaic languages 18,120 8,680 9,440
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 11,870 5,645 6,225
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 5,550 2,685 2,865
Aramaic, n.o.s. 705 345 355
Harari 515 225 290
Hebrew 4,925 2,505 2,415
Maltese 770 350 420
Tigrigna 8,870 4,335 4,535
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 120 60 60
Austro-Asiatic languages 55,990 25,430 30,560
Khmer (Cambodian) 3,855 1,705 2,150
Vietnamese 52,080 23,700 28,380
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e 55 25 30
Austronesian languages 115,225 50,755 64,470
Bikol 255 115 140
Bisaya, n.o.s. 1,355 600 760
Cebuano 3,140 1,380 1,760
Fijian 20 15 5
Hiligaynon 1,960 860 1,100
Ilocano 8,105 3,635 4,465
Indonesian 1,990 930 1,055
Kankanaey 210 100 110
Kinaray-a 110 55 60
Malagasy languages 45 15 35
Merina 15 0 15
Malagasy, n.o.s. 35 15 20
Malay 130 65 65
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 990 455 535
Pangasinan 250 115 140
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 95,635 41,970 53,660
Waray-Waray 230 90 140
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 785 355 435
Creole languages 6,165 2,705 3,460
Haitian Creole 2,640 1,115 1,525
Jamaican English Creole 195 75 115
Krio 140 60 85
Morisyen 1,425 685 735
Sango 30 15 15
Creole, n.o.s. 1,325 565 760
Creole languages, n.i.e. 420 195 225
Dravidian languages 129,245 64,385 64,855
Kannada 2,165 1,110 1,055
Malayalam 20,855 11,325 9,535
Tamil 93,165 44,735 48,425
Telugu 12,805 7,095 5,710
Tulu 145 65 75
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 110 55 60
Georgian 1,040 570 475
Hmong-Mien languages 185 85 95
Indo-European languages 1,136,460 553,970 582,490
Albanian 9,880 4,875 5,005
Armenian 8,590 4,035 4,545
Balto-Slavic languages 181,290 84,870 96,420
Baltic languages 1,640 700 940
Latvian 535 225 310
Lithuanian 1,105 470 630
Slavic languages 179,650 84,175 95,475
Belarusian 145 70 75
Bulgarian 4,100 1,955 2,140
Czech 2,555 1,180 1,375
Macedonian 5,535 2,590 2,945
Polish 45,800 21,280 24,515
Russian 66,045 30,625 35,420
Rusyn 120 70 50
Serbo-Croatian 35,980 17,375 18,610
Bosnian 3,450 1,670 1,780
Croatian 9,990 4,660 5,335
Serbian 22,145 10,850 11,295
Serbo-Croatian, n.i.e. 400 195 205
Slovak 3,070 1,470 1,600
Slovene (Slovenian) 1,000 420 580
Ukrainian 15,235 7,100 8,135
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 65 40 30
Celtic languages 140 75 65
Irish 65 35 25
Scottish Gaelic 25 10 15
Welsh 45 15 25
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 15 10 5
Germanic languages 40,600 19,895 20,700
Frisian 85 45 45
High German languages 28,670 14,000 14,665
German 20,680 10,015 10,670
Pennsylvania German 7,180 3,590 3,590
Swiss German 560 280 280
Yiddish 250 115 130
Low Saxon-Low Franconian languages 11,190 5,540 5,650
Afrikaans 1,175 595 580
Dutch 4,055 2,000 2,050
Low German, n.o.s. 1,265 630 640
Low Saxon 185 85 100
Plautdietsch 4,415 2,185 2,235
Vlaams (Flemish) 95 40 50
Scandinavian languages 620 300 315
Danish 210 90 115
Icelandic 30 15 20
Norwegian 70 30 35
Swedish 310 160 145
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 40 15 20
Greek 19,065 8,615 10,455
Indo-Iranian languages 601,605 304,195 297,410
Indo-Aryan languages 487,535 248,975 238,560
Assamese 145 75 70
Bengali 34,830 17,260 17,570
Gujarati 63,145 32,735 30,405
Hindi 52,420 27,250 25,175
Kacchi 1,655 725 925
Kashmiri 145 65 75
Konkani 640 295 345
Marathi 4,975 2,540 2,440
Nepali 8,910 4,555 4,355
Oriya languages 655 345 310
Odia 420 220 200
Oriya, n.o.s. 230 125 110
Punjabi (Panjabi) 198,670 103,170 95,495
Rohingya 220 105 110
Sindhi 1,390 700 690
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 5,795 2,870 2,925
Urdu 113,020 55,810 57,215
Indo-Aryan languages, n.i.e. 930 470 455
Iranian languages 114,005 55,190 58,815
Baluchi 195 105 90
Kurdish 5,560 2,815 2,740
Parsi 170 80 90
Pashto 8,670 4,315 4,360
Persian languages 99,095 47,705 51,395
Dari 21,150 10,030 11,120
Iranian Persian 67,320 32,510 34,810
Persian (Farsi), n.o.s. 10,625 5,160 5,465
Iranian languages, n.i.e. 310 170 135
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 65 35 30
Italic (Romance) languages 275,210 127,365 147,850
Catalan 105 50 55
Italian 58,670 24,180 34,495
Portuguese 74,745 35,620 39,120
Romanian 17,755 8,280 9,480
Spanish 123,690 59,125 64,570
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 240 110 130
Indo-European languages, n.i.e. 90 45 40
Japanese 5,875 2,485 3,390
Korean 53,585 24,865 28,720
Mongolian 290 145 145
Niger-Congo languages 16,065 7,275 8,785
Akan (Twi) 4,370 1,945 2,425
Bamanankan 80 40 40
Edo 270 105 170
Éwé 120 50 65
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 220 110 115
Ga 170 70 100
Ganda 345 160 180
Gikuyu 70 35 35
Igbo 660 330 330
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 775 330 445
Lingala 330 135 190
Luba-Kasai 35 10 25
Mòoré 10 5 5
Mwani 80 40 35
Ndebele 115 55 60
Rundi (Kirundi) 1,375 630 750
Shona 450 195 250
Soninke 105 60 40
Sotho-Tswana languages 55 20 35
Swahili 2,775 1,250 1,525
Wojenaka 35 25 15
Wolof 165 80 80
Yoruba 2,640 1,200 1,435
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 835 400 435
Nilo-Saharan languages 820 380 440
Dinka 125 55 70
Nuer 185 80 110
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 460 220 240
African, n.o.s. 45 25 20
Sign languages 5,010 2,900 2,115
American Sign Language 3,920 2,240 1,680
Quebec Sign Language 50 30 20
Sign languages, n.i.e. 1,035 625 410
Sino-Tibetan languages 469,325 219,365 249,965
Chinese languages 461,870 215,705 246,165
Hakka 2,540 1,170 1,370
Mandarin 253,860 120,260 133,600
Min Dong 650 310 340
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 4,890 2,195 2,700
Wu (Shanghainese) 2,765 1,300 1,465
Yue (Cantonese) 193,955 88,915 105,040
Chinese, n.o.s. 3,090 1,495 1,595
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 110 55 55
Tibeto-Burman languages 7,310 3,585 3,720
Burmese 960 460 505
Kuki-Chin languages 305 140 165
Karenic languages 1,275 640 630
S'gaw Karen 1,105 555 550
Karenic languages, n.i.e. 170 85 80
Tibetan 4,540 2,245 2,300
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 225 110 115
Sino-Tibetan languages, n.i.e. 145 70 80
Tai-Kadai languages 3,995 1,875 2,120
Lao 2,395 1,145 1,245
Thai 1,520 700 820
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e. 85 35 55
Turkic languages 19,965 10,165 9,800
Azerbaijani 1,445 715 730
Kazakh 40 20 20
Turkish 17,160 8,770 8,390
Uyghur 490 250 240
Uzbek 580 285 300
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 250 125 130
Uralic languages 12,465 5,690 6,780
Estonian 485 180 300
Finnish 1,140 500 640
Hungarian 10,835 5,000 5,835
Other languages, n.i.e. 195 90 100
Multiple responses 715,095 344,690 370,405
English and French 59,725 27,005 32,720
English and non-official language(s) 624,265 303,790 320,480
French and non-official language(s) 6,475 2,810 3,665
English, French and non-official language(s) 12,185 5,465 6,715
Multiple non-official languages 12,445 5,620 6,825
Other language spoken regularly at home
Total - Other language(s) spoken regularly at home for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% data42 14,099,790 6,917,915 7,181,870
None 11,528,735 5,680,910 5,847,825
English 903,960 442,585 461,380
French 189,420 84,900 104,520
Non-official language 1,136,770 544,150 592,620
Indigenous39 9,310 4,115 5,190
Non-Indigenous 1,127,465 540,035 587,425
English and French 16,580 7,565 9,020
English and non-official language(s) 140,865 70,400 70,470
French and non-official language(s) 52,565 22,740 29,820
English, French and non-official language(s) 2,920 1,450 1,465
Multiple non-official languages 127,975 63,220 64,755
Knowledge of languagesThe letter 'c' in a yellow triangle indicates a correction notice.
Total - Knowledge of languages for the population in private households - 25% sample data43 14,031,755 6,887,570 7,144,185
Official languages 13,688,615 6,750,410 6,938,210
English 13,650,230 6,733,550 6,916,680
French 1,550,545 690,530 860,020
Non-official languages 5,058,180 2,428,200 2,629,980
Indigenous languages39 29,850 13,765 16,080
Algonquian languages 26,775 12,415 14,355
Blackfoot 0 0 0
Cree-Innu languages 5,205 2,540 2,670
Atikamekw 15 0 15
Cree languages 5,155 2,520 2,640
Ililimowin (Moose Cree) 335 180 150
Inu Ayimun (Southern East Cree) 10 10 0
Iyiyiw-Ayimiwin (Northern East Cree) 200 70 130
Nehinawewin (Swampy Cree) 1,165 510 655
Nehiyawewin (Plains Cree) 135 50 90
Nihithawiwin (Woods Cree) 95 60 35
Cree, n.o.s. 3,340 1,685 1,650
Innu (Montagnais) 20 15 10
Naskapi 20 10 15
Eastern Algonquian languages 295 120 170
Mi'kmaq 250 105 150
Wolastoqewi (Malecite) 35 15 20
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 21,560 9,880 11,680
Anicinabemowin (Algonquin) 135 65 70
Oji-Cree 6,260 2,945 3,315
Ojibway languages 15,530 7,035 8,500
Anishinaabemowin (Chippewa) 1,295 510 785
Daawaamwin (Odawa) 210 80 130
Saulteau (Western Ojibway) 115 65 55
Ojibway, n.o.s. 14,155 6,465 7,690
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 95 55 35
Athabaskan languages 115 65 50
Northern Athabaskan languages 105 60 45
Dakelh (Carrier) 0 0 0
Dane-zaa (Beaver) 0 0 0
Dene, n.o.s. 50 30 20
Gwich'in 0 0 0
Slavey-Hare languages 15 10 0
Deh Gah Ghotie Zhatie (South Slavey) 0 0 0
Satuotine Yati (North Slavey) 0 0 0
Slavey, n.o.s. 15 10 0
Tahltan languages 0 0 0
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0
Tahltan 0 0 0
Tlicho (Dogrib) 0 0 0
Tse'khene (Sekani) 0 0 0
Tsilhqot'in (Chilcotin) 0 0 0
Tsuu T'ina (Sarsi) 0 0 0
Tutchone languages 0 0 0
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0
Tutchone, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Wetsuwet'en-Babine 25 10 10
Tlingit 10 10 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Haida 0 0 0
Inuktut (Inuit) languages 1,000 445 550
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 25 15 10
Inuinnaqtun 25 15 10
Inuvialuktun 0 0 0
Inuktitut 970 425 540
Inuktut (Inuit) languages, n.i.e. 15 0 10
Iroquoian languages 1,625 650 980
Cayuga 210 85 125
Mohawk 1,220 465 755
Oneida 210 105 110
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 35 10 20
Ktunaxa (Kutenai) 0 0 0
Michif 135 45 85
Salish languages 65 45 20
Halkomelem 0 0 0
Lillooet 0 0 0
Ntlakapamux (Thompson) 25 10 15
Secwepemctsin (Shuswap) 10 10 0
Squamish 0 0 0
Straits 0 0 0
Syilx (Okanagan) 0 0 0
Salish languages, n.i.e. 20 15 0
Siouan languages 65 50 20
Assiniboine 20 15 0
Dakota 15 0 10
Stoney 0 0 0
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 30 25 0
Tsimshian languages 25 10 20
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 10 0 10
Nisga'a 20 10 10
Tsimshian 0 0 0
Wakashan languages 20 20 0
Haisla 0 0 0
Heiltsuk 0 0 0
Kwak'wala (Kwakiutl) 10 10 0
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0 0 0
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Indigenous languages, n.i.e. 70 30 45
Indigenous languages, n.o.s. 245 125 120
Non-Indigenous languages 5,029,345 2,414,910 2,614,440
Afro-Asiatic languages 481,620 242,565 239,050
Berber languages 1,570 845 725
Kabyle 950 490 460
Tamazight 475 270 205
Berber languages, n.i.e. 215 125 95
Chadic languages 2,210 1,060 1,140
Hausa 2,005 955 1,045
Mina 200 105 95
Coptic 2,130 1,000 1,130
Cushitic languages 41,520 19,095 22,425
Bilen 1,335 750 585
Oromo 2,950 1,400 1,550
Somali 36,825 16,695 20,135
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 815 445 370
Semitic languages 443,215 225,035 218,175
Amharic 22,815 11,015 11,800
Arabic 342,860 175,790 167,075
Aramaic languages 33,950 16,770 17,175
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 21,640 10,590 11,045
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 11,170 5,565 5,605
Aramaic, n.o.s. 1,685 860 820
Harari 1,610 720 890
Hebrew 47,380 24,020 23,360
Maltese 6,055 2,840 3,210
Tigrigna 19,755 9,645 10,105
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 685 410 270
Austro-Asiatic languages 115,355 52,805 62,550
Khmer (Cambodian) 10,085 4,540 5,535
Vietnamese 105,800 48,475 57,325
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e 275 100 180
Austronesian languages 292,100 117,695 174,400
Bikol 1,345 565 785
Bisaya, n.o.s. 3,410 1,370 2,040
Cebuano 11,100 4,270 6,835
Fijian 210 110 100
Hiligaynon 6,435 2,535 3,900
Ilocano 26,205 10,300 15,905
Indonesian 8,175 3,680 4,495
Kankanaey 620 255 365
Kinaray-a 310 130 180
Malagasy languages 270 115 150
Merina 35 0 30
Malagasy, n.o.s. 235 110 125
Malay 4,370 1,965 2,410
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 3,390 1,395 1,990
Pangasinan 1,610 650 960
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 271,450 108,415 163,035
Waray-Waray 1,810 705 1,105
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 6,850 2,845 4,005
Creole languages 36,585 16,590 19,990
Haitian Creole 14,220 6,345 7,875
Jamaican English Creole 3,385 1,515 1,870
Krio 650 240 410
Morisyen 5,645 2,735 2,910
Sango 270 105 165
Creole, n.o.s. 10,235 4,450 5,785
Creole languages, n.i.e. 4,065 1,960 2,105
Dravidian languages 272,060 139,105 132,950
Kannada 12,930 6,720 6,215
Malayalam 48,025 26,105 21,915
Tamil 192,890 96,245 96,645
Telugu 38,190 21,290 16,905
Tulu 1,225 655 570
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 685 285 395
Georgian 2,170 1,110 1,060
Hmong-Mien languages 555 280 275
Indo-European languages 2,941,400 1,441,975 1,499,430
Albanian 26,725 13,445 13,275
Armenian 19,610 9,460 10,150
Balto-Slavic languages 470,080 219,210 250,870
Baltic languages 9,715 4,055 5,665
Latvian 4,215 1,830 2,385
Lithuanian 5,520 2,240 3,280
Slavic languages 462,520 216,100 246,420
Belarusian 1,630 685 950
Bulgarian 11,310 5,545 5,765
Czech 13,130 6,040 7,090
Macedonian 21,070 10,020 11,045
Polish 134,980 61,800 73,180
Russian 155,340 72,230 83,115
Rusyn 295 155 140
Serbo-Croatian 102,885 50,515 52,365
Bosnian 13,895 6,925 6,970
Croatian 48,075 23,410 24,670
Serbian 58,045 28,685 29,355
Serbo-Croatian, n.i.e. 1,850 950 905
Slovak 11,725 5,340 6,385
Slovene (Slovenian) 7,235 3,205 4,025
Ukrainian 58,355 26,140 32,215
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 500 255 250
Celtic languages 4,115 2,125 1,990
Irish 2,345 1,300 1,045
Scottish Gaelic 715 330 375
Welsh 810 360 450
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 285 160 125
Germanic languages 257,270 123,000 134,270
Frisian 1,750 895 855
High German languages 175,485 84,625 90,855
German 158,120 75,990 82,125
Pennsylvania German 10,370 5,150 5,220
Swiss German 3,485 1,670 1,815
Yiddish 6,100 2,995 3,105
Low Saxon-Low Franconian languages 78,435 37,515 40,920
Afrikaans 9,255 4,785 4,470
Dutch 55,040 25,820 29,215
Low German, n.o.s. 2,185 1,095 1,095
Low Saxon 595 275 310
Plautdietsch 10,245 5,150 5,095
Vlaams (Flemish) 2,040 910 1,135
Scandinavian languages 12,565 5,670 6,895
Danish 5,175 2,265 2,905
Icelandic 390 165 220
Norwegian 2,385 1,175 1,210
Swedish 5,340 2,460 2,885
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 480 255 225
Greek 76,320 37,385 38,945
Indo-Iranian languages 1,244,895 639,965 604,930
Indo-Aryan languages 1,049,480 542,040 507,440
Assamese 725 355 370
Bengali 76,980 39,455 37,525
Gujarati 143,240 75,090 68,150
Hindi 436,125 227,165 208,965
Kacchi 8,140 3,695 4,450
Kashmiri 1,085 570 515
Konkani 6,745 3,165 3,585
Marathi 24,775 12,710 12,065
Nepali 17,110 8,645 8,465
Oriya languages 2,545 1,320 1,225
Odia 1,430 775 655
Oriya, n.o.s. 1,130 560 575
Punjabi (Panjabi) 397,865 208,905 188,955
Rohingya 370 155 215
Sindhi 5,595 2,940 2,655
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 21,630 10,975 10,655
Urdu 295,175 149,300 145,875
Indo-Aryan languages, n.i.e. 5,965 3,315 2,650
Iranian languages 210,370 105,605 104,765
Baluchi 520 285 235
Kurdish 13,870 7,530 6,340
Parsi 525 310 215
Pashto 20,790 10,880 9,910
Persian languages 183,830 91,790 92,040
Dari 47,640 23,410 24,235
Iranian Persian 122,305 61,280 61,015
Persian (Farsi), n.o.s. 16,615 8,475 8,140
Iranian languages, n.i.e. 1,040 510 535
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 1,300 715 580
Italic (Romance) languages 922,975 437,590 485,385
Catalan 770 415 355
Italian 312,800 149,440 163,360
Portuguese 208,575 101,175 107,390
Romanian 48,315 22,450 25,865
Spanish 401,205 187,785 213,425
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 2,355 1,325 1,030
Indo-European languages, n.i.e. 910 510 405
Japanese 30,705 13,895 16,810
Korean 90,475 41,165 49,310
Mongolian 745 315 430
Niger-Congo languages 106,850 50,070 56,780
Akan (Twi) 17,570 8,065 9,510
Bamanankan 760 395 365
Edo 3,210 1,370 1,835
Éwé 1,195 610 580
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 1,010 530 480
Ga 1,870 785 1,080
Ganda 2,760 1,145 1,615
Gikuyu 1,080 420 660
Igbo 8,115 3,985 4,130
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 4,020 1,705 2,315
Lingala 7,315 3,255 4,065
Luba-Kasai 1,050 480 570
Mòoré 235 135 100
Mwani 520 265 255
Ndebele 855 380 475
Rundi (Kirundi) 4,895 2,250 2,650
Shona 3,040 1,345 1,695
Soninke 290 185 105
Sotho-Tswana languages 630 265 365
Swahili 24,360 11,850 12,510
Wojenaka 260 130 130
Wolof 1,495 740 755
Yoruba 24,375 11,775 12,600
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 12,825 6,130 6,695
Nilo-Saharan languages 3,210 1,560 1,645
Dinka 470 255 215
Nuer 585 260 325
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 2,155 1,040 1,115
African, n.o.s. 835 415 415
Sign languages 18,990 7,515 11,475
American Sign Language 16,685 6,460 10,225
Quebec Sign Language 380 155 225
Sign languages, n.i.e. 2,600 1,185 1,420
Sino-Tibetan languages 747,160 348,570 398,590
Chinese languages 734,190 342,245 391,950
Hakka 8,760 4,120 4,640
Mandarin 467,415 214,895 252,520
Min Dong 1,450 690 765
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 18,020 8,040 9,985
Wu (Shanghainese) 6,720 3,010 3,710
Yue (Cantonese) 352,135 163,575 188,560
Chinese, n.o.s. 5,200 2,505 2,690
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 515 245 275
Tibeto-Burman languages 13,135 6,410 6,735
Burmese 2,570 1,255 1,315
Kuki-Chin languages 600 265 330
Karenic languages 2,255 1,120 1,135
S'gaw Karen 1,970 1,005 965
Karenic languages, n.i.e. 385 170 215
Tibetan 7,475 3,675 3,800
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 980 445 540
Sino-Tibetan languages, n.i.e. 565 250 315
Tai-Kadai languages 12,655 5,555 7,105
Lao 7,370 3,450 3,915
Thai 6,200 2,485 3,720
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e. 335 135 195
Turkic languages 52,195 27,335 24,860
Azerbaijani 5,910 3,215 2,695
Kazakh 710 320 395
Turkish 44,815 23,570 21,245
Uyghur 825 430 400
Uzbek 2,095 1,040 1,055
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 1,075 465 610
Uralic languages 52,025 23,840 28,185
Estonian 4,010 1,745 2,260
Finnish 9,455 4,035 5,420
Hungarian 38,690 18,095 20,600
Other languages, n.i.e. 2,145 990 1,155
Indigenous population
Total - Indigenous identity for the population in private households - 25% sample data44 14,031,750 6,887,570 7,144,185
Indigenous identity45 406,585 195,100 211,495
Single Indigenous responses46 389,955 187,485 202,470
First Nations (North American Indian) 251,030 120,545 130,485
Métis 134,615 64,850 69,765
Inuk (Inuit) 4,310 2,090 2,220
Multiple Indigenous responses47 7,115 3,225 3,890
Indigenous responses not included elsewhere48 9,515 4,385 5,130
Non-Indigenous identity 13,625,165 6,692,470 6,932,695
Total - Registered or Treaty Indian status for the population in private households - 25% sample data44 14,031,750 6,887,570 7,144,185
Registered or Treaty Indian49 172,535 82,960 89,580
Not a Registered or Treaty Indian 13,859,215 6,804,610 7,054,605
Household characteristics
Total - Private households by tenure - 25% sample data50 5,491,200 ... ...
Owner 3,755,720 ... ...
Renter 1,724,970 ... ...
Dwelling provided by the local government, First Nation or Indian band 10,510 ... ...
Total - Occupied private dwellings by condominium status - 25% sample data51 5,491,200 ... ...
Condominium 822,780 ... ...
Not condominium 4,668,425 ... ...
Total - Occupied private dwellings by number of bedrooms - 25% sample data52 5,491,200 ... ...
No bedrooms 48,740 ... ...
1 bedroom 769,570 ... ...
2 bedrooms 1,205,540 ... ...
3 bedrooms 1,918,935 ... ...
4 or more bedrooms 1,548,420 ... ...
Total - Occupied private dwellings by number of rooms - 25% sample data53 5,491,200 ... ...
1 to 4 rooms 1,579,320 ... ...
5 rooms 775,580 ... ...
6 rooms 791,100 ... ...
7 rooms 708,205 ... ...
8 or more rooms 1,636,990 ... ...
Average number of rooms per dwelling 6.2 ... ...
Total - Private households by number of persons per room - 25% sample data54 5,491,200 ... ...
One person or fewer per room 5,328,575 ... ...
More than one person per room 162,625 ... ...
Total - Private households by housing suitability - 25% sample data55 5,491,200 ... ...
Suitable 5,122,185 ... ...
Not suitable 369,015 ... ...
Total - Occupied private dwellings by period of construction - 25% sample data56 5,491,200 ... ...
1960 or before 1,247,430 ... ...
1961 to 1980 1,456,110 ... ...
1981 to 1990 711,940 ... ...
1991 to 2000 644,080 ... ...
2001 to 2005 385,045 ... ...
2006 to 2010 348,760 ... ...
2011 to 2015 328,735 ... ...
2016 to 202157 369,095 ... ...
Total - Occupied private dwellings by dwelling condition - 25% sample data58 5,491,200 ... ...
Only regular maintenance and minor repairs needed 5,177,155 ... ...
Major repairs needed 314,050 ... ...
Total - Private households by number of household maintainers - 25% sample data59 5,491,200 ... ...
One-maintainer household 2,677,880 ... ...
Two-maintainer household 2,506,110 ... ...
Three-or-more-maintainer household 307,210 ... ...
Total - Private households by age of primary household maintainers - 25% sample data60 5,491,200 ... ...
15 to 24 years 126,385 ... ...
25 to 34 years 727,305 ... ...
35 to 44 years 930,410 ... ...
45 to 54 years 1,013,210 ... ...
55 to 64 years 1,149,345 ... ...
65 to 74 years 876,960 ... ...
75 to 84 years 481,250 ... ...
85 years and over 186,330 ... ...
Total - Owner and tenant households with household total income greater than zero, in non-farm, non-reserve private dwellings by shelter-cost-to-income ratio - 25% sample data61 5,415,420 ... ...
Spending less than 30% of income on shelter costs 4,103,320 ... ...
Spending 30% or more of income on shelter costs 1,312,095 ... ...
30% to less than 100% 1,169,040 ... ...
Total - Occupied private dwellings by housing indicators - 25% sample data62 5,491,205 ... ...
Total - Households 'spending 30% or more of income on shelter costs' or 'not suitable' or 'major repairs needed' 1,802,285 ... ...
Spending 30% or more of income on shelter costs only 1,150,405 ... ...
Not suitable only 262,900 ... ...
Major repairs needed only 201,870 ... ...
'Spending 30% or more of income on shelter costs' and 'not suitable' 74,930 ... ...
'Spending 30% or more of income on shelter costs' and 'major repairs needed' 80,990 ... ...
'Not suitable' and 'major repairs needed' 25,420 ... ...
'Spending 30% or more of income on shelter costs' and 'not suitable' and 'major repairs needed' 5,765 ... ...
Acceptable housing 3,688,915 ... ...
Total - Owner and tenant households with household total income greater than zero and shelter-cost-to-income ratio less than 100%, in non-farm, non-reserve private dwellings - 25% sample data63 5,272,360 ... ...
In core need 639,805 ... ...
Not in core need 4,632,550 ... ...
Total - Owner households in non-farm, non-reserve private dwellings - 25% sample data 3,718,255 ... ...
% of owner households with a mortgage64 59.7 ... ...
% of owner households spending 30% or more of its income on shelter costs61 17.7 ... ...
% in core housing need63 6.4 ... ...
Median monthly shelter costs for owned dwellings ($)65 1,440 ... ...
Average monthly shelter costs for owned dwellings ($)65 1,700 ... ...
Median value of dwellings ($)66 700,000 ... ...
Average value of dwellings ($)66 807,000 ... ...
Total - Tenant households in non-farm, non-reserve private dwellings - 25% sample data 1,722,000 ... ...
% of tenant households in subsidized housing67 13.7 ... ...
% of tenant households spending 30% or more of its income on shelter costs61 38.4 ... ...
% in core housing need63 24.9 ... ...
Median monthly shelter costs for rented dwellings ($)65 1,300 ... ...
Average monthly shelter costs for rented dwellings ($)65 1,408 ... ...
Total - Households living in a dwelling provided by the local government, First Nation or Indian band in non-farm private dwellings - 25% sample data 10,510 ... ...
% of households living in a dwelling provided by the local government, First Nation or Indian band spending more than 30% on shelter costs61 8.7 ... ...
Median monthly shelter costs for dwellings provided by local government, First Nation or Indian band ($)65 324 ... ...
Average monthly shelter costs for dwellings provided by local government, First Nation or Indian band ($)65 380 ... ...
Indigenous ancestry
Total - Indigenous ancestry for the population in private households - 25% sample data68 14,031,755 6,887,570 7,144,185
Indigenous ancestry (only)69 169,090 81,790 87,305
Single Indigenous ancestry (only)70 166,095 80,470 85,625
First Nations (North American Indian) single ancestry 136,445 65,890 70,555
Métis single ancestry 27,835 13,715 14,120
Inuit single ancestry 1,810 860 955
Multiple Indigenous ancestries (only)71 3,000 1,320 1,675
First Nations (North American Indian) and Métis ancestry only 2,660 1,165 1,495
First Nations (North American Indian) and Inuit ancestry only 175 75 100
Métis and Inuit ancestry only 115 55 60
First Nations (North American Indian) and Métis and Inuit ancestry only 50 30 20
Indigenous and non-Indigenous ancestries72 351,395 168,170 183,220
Single Indigenous and non-Indigenous ancestries73 342,985 164,410 178,575
First Nations (North American Indian) and non-Indigenous ancestry only 246,415 118,170 128,245
Métis and non-Indigenous ancestry only 93,245 44,675 48,575
Inuit and non-Indigenous ancestry only 3,325 1,570 1,755
Multiple Indigenous and non-Indigenous ancestries74 8,405 3,760 4,640
First Nations (North American Indian) and Métis and non-Indigenous ancestry only 7,595 3,465 4,125
First Nations (North American Indian) and Inuit and non-Indigenous ancestry only 535 205 335
Métis and Inuit and non-Indigenous ancestry only 215 80 135
First Nations (North American Indian) and Métis and Inuit and non-Indigenous ancestry only 60 10 45
Non-Indigenous ancestry only75 13,511,270 6,637,605 6,873,660
Citizenship
Total - Citizenship for the population in private households - 25% sample data76 14,031,755 6,887,565 7,144,185
Canadian citizens77 12,633,260 6,196,980 6,436,280
Canadian citizens aged under 18 2,554,125 1,312,480 1,241,645
Canadian citizens aged 18 and over 10,079,140 4,884,505 5,194,635
Not Canadian citizens78 1,398,490 690,590 707,905
Immigrant status and period of immigration
Total - Immigrant status and period of immigration for the population in private households - 25% sample data79 14,031,755 6,887,565 7,144,185
Non-immigrants80 9,437,320 4,691,825 4,745,495
Immigrants81 4,206,585 1,984,980 2,221,605
Before 1980 860,305 403,270 457,030
1980 to 1990 506,195 241,800 264,390
1991 to 2000 852,765 399,470 453,295
2001 to 2010 941,630 439,390 502,240
2011 to 202182 1,045,695 501,050 544,645
2011 to 2015 461,010 216,545 244,470
2016 to 2021 584,680 284,505 300,175
Non-permanent residents83 387,850 210,765 177,085
Age at immigration
Total - Age at immigration for the immigrant population in private households - 25% sample data84 4,206,585 1,984,980 2,221,610
Under 5 years 375,395 188,360 187,030
5 to 14 years 734,680 369,755 364,925
15 to 24 years 840,165 375,990 464,175
25 to 44 years 1,851,675 869,160 982,515
45 years and over 404,670 181,710 222,955
Selected places of birth for the immigrant population
Total - Place of birth for the immigrant population in private households - 25% sample data85 4,206,585 1,984,980 2,221,610
Americas 629,550 280,635 348,910
Brazil 23,125 10,700 12,420
Colombia 32,520 14,630 17,890
El Salvador 21,780 10,575 11,200
Guyana 77,635 34,275 43,360
Haiti 11,375 5,000 6,380
Jamaica 122,770 52,770 70,000
Mexico 33,380 15,340 18,040
Peru 11,455 5,025 6,435
Trinidad and Tobago 52,750 23,490 29,260
United States of America 111,390 49,035 62,355
Other places of birth in Americas 131,370 59,810 71,560
Europe 1,049,725 500,520 549,205
Bosnia and Herzegovina 21,150 10,365 10,780
Croatia 24,270 11,860 12,405
France 15,240 7,305 7,930
Germany 54,275 25,665 28,610
Greece 31,650 15,385 16,265
Hungary 18,530 8,555 9,975
Italy 135,640 66,885 68,750
Netherlands 39,490 20,295 19,195
Poland 88,785 39,620 49,160
Portugal 95,490 46,635 48,855
Romania 40,475 18,690 21,780
Russian Federation 44,165 19,010 25,155
Serbia86 22,295 10,790 11,505
Ukraine 43,070 19,255 23,820
United Kingdom87 239,485 115,580 123,910
Other places of birth in Europe 135,725 64,620 71,100
Africa 287,920 140,080 147,840
Algeria 4,355 2,160 2,195
Congo, Democratic Republic of the 10,220 4,585 5,640
Egypt 39,345 20,480 18,865
Eritrea 14,200 7,255 6,950
Ethiopia 19,415 9,050 10,365
Morocco 8,105 3,805 4,300
Nigeria 37,420 18,840 18,580
Somalia 20,335 8,590 11,745
South Africa, Republic of 21,540 10,620 10,915
Other places of birth in Africa 112,985 54,690 58,290
Asia 2,225,590 1,056,605 1,168,985
Afghanistan 38,580 19,100 19,480
Iran88 103,795 52,260 51,535
Iraq 63,255 31,725 31,525
Lebanon 38,170 19,650 18,515
Syria89 45,685 22,995 22,695
Turkey 20,795 11,105 9,690
China90 355,955 159,035 196,925
Hong Kong91 108,480 50,730 57,750
Korea, South92 62,750 28,690 34,060
Taiwan 18,105 7,825 10,275
Philippines 268,580 109,035 159,545
Viet Nam 86,315 39,175 47,140
Bangladesh 46,260 23,520 22,740
India 495,750 249,975 245,780
Pakistan 165,530 83,050 82,475
Sri Lanka 112,730 54,625 58,100
Other places of birth in Asia 194,855 94,100 100,750
Oceania and other places of birth93 13,810 7,140 6,670
Selected places of birth for the recent immigrant population
Total - Place of birth for the recent immigrant population in private households - 25% sample data94 584,680 284,500 300,180
Americas 68,450 32,815 35,635
Brazil 8,725 4,095 4,625
Colombia 4,260 1,825 2,440
Haiti 1,550 705 845
Jamaica 9,970 5,205 4,770
Mexico 5,810 2,740 3,065
United States of America 17,945 8,895 9,045
Venezuela95 3,400 1,500 1,900
Other places of birth in Americas 16,795 7,840 8,955
Europe 47,295 23,945 23,345
France 3,225 1,665 1,560
Germany 1,685 885 795
Ireland96 2,225 1,465 760
Italy 1,770 1,040 730
Russian Federation 5,150 2,010 3,135
Ukraine 6,035 2,675 3,360
United Kingdom87 8,000 4,820 3,180
Other places of birth in Europe 19,200 9,375 9,830
Africa 64,910 32,295 32,615
Algeria 1,130 545 585
Burundi 1,790 815 970
Cameroon 1,585 750 830
Congo, Democratic Republic of the 2,275 1,020 1,260
Côte d'Ivoire 1,085 495 595
Egypt 6,370 3,230 3,145
Eritrea 7,145 3,795 3,350
Ethiopia 3,480 1,595 1,880
Morocco 1,890 910 980
Nigeria 16,570 8,335 8,230
Somalia 3,345 1,775 1,570
South Africa, Republic of 2,915 1,455 1,460
Sudan97 2,095 1,075 1,015
Tunisia 820 390 430
Other places of birth in Africa 12,405 6,105 6,305
Asia 401,940 194,220 207,725
Afghanistan 7,225 3,550 3,675
Bangladesh 7,710 3,970 3,735
China90 54,645 22,895 31,750
Hong Kong91 2,620 1,095 1,525
India 139,660 73,185 66,470
Iran88 13,215 6,335 6,880
Iraq 12,940 6,415 6,525
Israel 2,270 1,175 1,100
Japan 1,460 345 1,115
Jordan 2,610 1,340 1,270
Korea, South92 6,935 2,855 4,075
Lebanon 4,365 2,185 2,175
Nepal 2,445 1,240 1,200
Pakistan 23,970 11,805 12,170
Philippines 45,235 19,170 26,070
Saudi Arabia 6,110 3,300 2,805
Sri Lanka 5,895 2,770 3,120
Syria89 30,180 15,370 14,805
Turkey 7,060 3,835 3,225
United Arab Emirates 5,310 2,785 2,520
Viet Nam 6,020 2,205 3,815
Other places of birth in Asia 14,075 6,380 7,700
Oceania and other93 2,090 1,230 855
Australia 1,620 985 640
Other places of birth98 470 250 220
Generation status
Total - Generation status for the population in private households - 25% sample data99 14,031,755 6,887,570 7,144,185
First generation100 4,725,795 2,259,845 2,465,955
Second generation101 3,180,170 1,594,980 1,585,195
Third generation or more102 6,125,785 3,032,745 3,093,040
Admission category and applicant type
Total - Admission category and applicant type for the immigrant population in private households who were admitted between 1980 and 2021 - 25% sample data103 3,346,285 1,581,710 1,764,575
Economic immigrants104 1,669,195 831,060 838,135
Principal applicants105 697,905 424,975 272,930
Secondary applicants106 971,295 406,090 565,205
Immigrants sponsored by family107 1,037,680 420,725 616,955
Refugees108 587,735 306,430 281,310
Other immigrants109 51,675 23,490 28,180
Pre-admission experience
Total - Pre-admission experience for the immigrant population in private households who were admitted between 1980 and 2021 - 25% sample data110 3,346,285 1,581,710 1,764,575
Asylum claim before admission111 262,835 139,045 123,790
Work permits only before admission112 289,330 131,810 157,520
Study permits only before admission113 79,320 39,275 40,050
Work and study permits before admission114 179,715 85,115 94,595
Other permits before admission115 19,030 7,670 11,360
No pre-admission experience116 2,516,055 1,178,800 1,337,255
Visible minority
Total - Visible minority for the population in private households - 25% sample data117 14,031,750 6,887,570 7,144,185
Total visible minority population118 4,817,360 2,350,135 2,467,230
South Asian 1,515,295 779,270 736,020
Chinese 820,245 388,310 431,935
Black 768,740 365,800 402,940
Filipino 363,650 157,580 206,070
Arab 284,215 146,815 137,395
Latin American 249,190 119,360 129,830
Southeast Asian 167,845 79,270 88,580
West Asian 212,185 106,670 105,520
Korean 99,425 46,800 52,625
Japanese 31,420 13,690 17,730
Visible minority, n.i.e.119 124,120 59,280 64,835
Multiple visible minorities 181,025 87,280 93,750
Not a visible minority120 9,214,395 4,537,435 4,676,955
Ethnic or cultural origin
Total - Ethnic or cultural origin for the population in private households - 25% sample data121 14,031,755 6,887,570 7,144,185
Canadian 1,621,655 815,240 806,415
English 2,347,685 1,145,055 1,202,630
Irish 1,999,985 952,395 1,047,595
Scottish 1,937,010 938,335 998,680
French, n.o.s.122 1,039,385 500,570 538,815
German 1,058,075 517,665 540,410
Chinese 821,835 388,045 433,795
Italian 905,105 453,765 451,335
Indian (India) 764,435 392,845 371,585
Ukrainian 342,260 164,565 177,690
Dutch 478,860 236,645 242,210
Polish 461,090 221,095 240,000
Québécois 28,035 13,475 14,555
British Isles, n.o.s.123 462,995 225,610 237,385
Filipino 355,680 154,820 200,860
French Canadian 199,845 94,210 105,630
Caucasian (White), n.o.s.124 221,315 110,260 111,055
First Nations (North American Indian), n.o.s.125 160,660 76,990 83,670
Métis 131,780 63,205 68,580
European, n.o.s.126 182,785 90,865 91,920
Russian 187,460 87,560 99,900
Norwegian 62,840 30,300 32,535
Welsh 188,980 89,555 99,425
Portuguese 300,600 149,460 151,145
American 129,750 62,895 66,855
Spanish 143,840 66,950 76,890
Swedish 68,260 31,655 36,600
Hungarian 149,040 72,070 76,970
Acadian 34,125 16,055 18,070
Pakistani 212,650 107,640 105,015
African, n.o.s.127 149,265 72,095 77,175
Jewish 155,180 77,755 77,425
Punjabi 119,085 62,110 56,985
Vietnamese 122,735 58,135 64,590
Arab, n.o.s.128 110,250 56,985 53,270
Greek 143,065 72,455 70,605
Jamaican 201,945 95,525 106,420
Asian, n.o.s.129 110,750 53,190 57,565
Cree, n.o.s.130 20,025 9,580 10,445
Korean 100,025 47,215 52,810
Romanian 86,435 41,425 45,005
Lebanese 80,345 40,555 39,790
Iranian 109,410 55,025 54,385
Christian, n.i.e.131 73,665 35,960 37,705
Danish 52,170 25,415 26,755
North American Indigenous, n.o.s.132 61,790 29,610 32,175
Sikh 77,805 40,720 37,085
Austrian 63,920 31,280 32,640
Belgian 56,860 28,120 28,745
Haitian 17,930 8,440 9,495
Hindu 106,970 56,425 50,545
Mexican 54,725 27,070 27,655
Mennonite 38,095 19,075 19,025
Swiss 56,510 27,790 28,720
Finnish 76,275 36,805 39,465
Sri Lankan 105,765 51,825 53,940
Croatian 79,240 39,340 39,900
Japanese 42,250 18,715 23,530
South Asian, n.o.s.133 83,435 42,105 41,335
Mi'kmaq, n.o.s.134 21,650 10,225 11,420
Northern European, n.o.s.135 31,395 15,385 16,005
Muslim 62,780 31,910 30,865
Egyptian 54,210 28,345 25,855
Latin, Central or South American, n.o.s.136 48,595 23,670 24,920
Tamil 86,580 43,270 43,310
Icelandic 13,915 6,875 7,045
Colombian 39,420 18,730 20,690
Moroccan 12,300 5,935 6,365
Czech 39,400 18,745 20,655
Syrian 42,525 21,170 21,365
Guyanese 85,455 40,520 44,935
Afghan 61,255 30,315 30,940
Black, n.o.s.137 59,655 27,150 32,505
Serbian 64,415 32,230 32,175
Ojibway 52,770 25,660 27,110
Newfoundlander 29,950 14,735 15,215
Hong Konger 41,120 19,885 21,235
Ontarian 64,245 31,915 32,335
Persian 46,445 23,795 22,650
Trinidadian/Tobagonian 59,110 28,445 30,670
Turkish 43,555 22,580 20,970
Inuit, n.o.s.138 6,160 2,810 3,350
Bangladeshi 47,195 24,190 23,000
Algerian 4,970 2,450 2,510
Brazilian 33,905 16,455 17,450
Nigerian 36,750 17,890 18,865
Armenian 30,860 15,245 15,610
Slovak 37,165 18,390 18,780
Eastern European, n.o.s.139 32,880 15,745 17,135
Somali 41,640 19,575 22,070
Taiwanese 17,960 8,150 9,810
Iraqi 42,980 21,520 21,460
Salvadorean 24,740 11,925 12,815
African Caribbean 43,475 19,070 24,405
East or Southeast Asian, n.o.s.140 32,785 15,515 17,265
West or Central Asian or Middle Eastern, n.o.s.141 38,000 19,570 18,430
Caribbean, n.o.s.142 39,165 17,615 21,555
Algonquin 20,910 9,815 11,090
West Indian, n.o.s.143 42,575 19,380 23,200
Lithuanian 29,870 14,165 15,705
South African 21,965 11,055 10,910
Australian 14,775 7,780 6,995
Palestinian 30,365 15,605 14,755
Chilean 14,370 6,800 7,570
Congolese 12,815 5,870 6,945
Nova Scotian 10,195 5,000 5,190
Ethiopian 20,625 9,970 10,665
Hispanic, n.o.s.144 22,825 10,645 12,180
Peruvian 15,260 7,295 7,965
Yoruba 19,350 9,870 9,475
Cambodian (Khmer) 15,155 7,065 8,095
Berber 3,055 1,585 1,470
Albanian 29,575 14,865 14,715
Maltese 33,825 16,710 17,110
Macedonian 35,925 17,810 18,115
Slovenian 25,085 12,325 12,760
Western European, n.o.s.145 13,170 6,310 6,855
New Brunswicker 5,865 2,750 3,115
Gujarati 25,995 13,705 12,285
Eritrean 17,165 8,390 8,770
African Canadian 20,025 9,540 10,485
Israeli 20,570 10,745 9,825
Mohawk 20,595 10,170 10,425
Czechoslovakian, n.o.s.146 12,115 5,600 6,505
Bulgarian 15,900 7,810 8,095
Albertan 1,185 580 600
Ghanaian 20,935 10,015 10,915
Barbadian 21,205 10,175 11,035
African American 16,380 7,985 8,395
Yugoslavian, n.o.s.147 16,400 7,800 8,605
Tunisian 2,430 1,240 1,190
Slavic, n.o.s.148 15,800 7,910 7,890
Cuban 14,785 7,185 7,600
Bosnian 16,065 8,070 7,995
Venezuelan 12,885 6,015 6,865