Census Profile, 2021 Census of Population
Profile table

Add a geography

Add a geography

You can add up to five (5) geographies to the table. For comparison of more than five geographies, please refer to the comprehensive download files.

Add or remove data

Add or remove data

Topic:
Select all topics
Age
Age characteristics
Commuting
Select all: Commuting
Commuting destination
Commuting duration
Main mode of commuting
Place of work status
Time leaving for work
Education
Select all: Education
Highest certificate, diploma or degree
Location of study compared with province or territory of residence
Major field of study - Classification of Instructional Programs (CIP) 2021
Secondary (high) school diploma or equivalency certificate
Ethnocultural and religious diversity
Select all: Ethnocultural and religious diversity
Ethnic or cultural origin
Religion
Visible minority
Families, households, and marital status
Select all: Families, households, and marital status
Family characteristics
Household type
Marital status
Housing
Household characteristics
Immigration, place of birth, and citizenship
Select all: Immigration, place of birth, and citizenship
Admission category and applicant type
Age at immigration
Citizenship
Generation status
Immigrant status and period of immigration
Pre-admission experience
Selected places of birth for the immigrant population
Selected places of birth for the recent immigrant population
Income
Select all: Income
Income of economic families in 2020
Income of households in 2020
Income of individuals in 2019
Income of individuals in 2020
Low income and income inequality in 2020
Indigenous peoples
Select all: Indigenous peoples
Indigenous ancestry
Indigenous population
Instruction in the minority official language
Select all: Instruction in the minority official language
Children eligible for instruction in the minority official language
Eligibility and instruction in the minority official language for school-aged children
Labour
Select all: Labour
Class of worker including job permanency
Industry - Sectors - North American Industry Classification System (NAICS) 2017
Labour force status
Occupation - Broad category - National Occupational Classification (NOC) 2021
Work activity during the reference year
Language
Select all: Language
All languages spoken at home
First official language spoken
Knowledge of languages
Knowledge of official languages
Language spoken most often at home
Mother tongue
Other language spoken regularly at home
Language of work
Select all: Language of work
All languages used at work
Language used most often at work
Other language(s) used regularly at work
Mobility and migration
Select all: Mobility and migration
Mobility status 1 year ago
Mobility status 5 years ago
Population and dwelling counts
Population and dwellings
Type of dwelling
Household and dwelling characteristics
GenderMore information:


Statistic:
Characteristic OntarioMore information:

[Province]
Counts Rates
Total Men+ Women+ Total Men+ Women+
Population and dwellings
Population, 20211 14,223,942 ... ... ... ... ...
Population, 20161 13,448,494 ... ... ... ... ...
Population percentage change, 2016 to 2021 5.8 ... ... 5.8 ... ...
Total private dwellings2 5,929,250 ... ... ... ... ...
Private dwellings occupied by usual residents3 5,491,201 ... ... ... ... ...
Population density per square kilometre 15.9 ... ... 15.9 ... ...
Land area in square kilometres 892,411.76 ... ... ... ... ...
Age characteristics
Total - Age groups of the population - 100% data 14,223,945 6,970,855 7,253,085 100.0 100.0 100.0
0 to 14 years 2,251,795 1,155,630 1,096,160 15.8 16.6 15.1
0 to 4 years 683,515 350,035 333,480 4.8 5.0 4.6
5 to 9 years 764,430 392,380 372,050 5.4 5.6 5.1
10 to 14 years 803,850 413,215 390,635 5.7 5.9 5.4
15 to 64 years 9,334,440 4,616,340 4,718,100 65.6 66.2 65.0
15 to 19 years 801,455 413,485 387,970 5.6 5.9 5.3
20 to 24 years 895,600 465,525 430,075 6.3 6.7 5.9
25 to 29 years 975,400 497,185 478,215 6.9 7.1 6.6
30 to 34 years 981,210 487,465 493,745 6.9 7.0 6.8
35 to 39 years 948,030 463,170 484,860 6.7 6.6 6.7
40 to 44 years 890,160 427,860 462,295 6.3 6.1 6.4
45 to 49 years 894,580 430,580 464,005 6.3 6.2 6.4
50 to 54 years 941,270 455,420 485,845 6.6 6.5 6.7
55 to 59 years 1,040,160 507,700 532,465 7.3 7.3 7.3
60 to 64 years 966,575 467,955 498,625 6.8 6.7 6.9
65 years and over 2,637,710 1,198,880 1,438,825 18.5 17.2 19.8
65 to 69 years 813,215 386,325 426,890 5.7 5.5 5.9
70 to 74 years 691,280 325,435 365,840 4.9 4.7 5.0
75 to 79 years 469,485 217,485 252,000 3.3 3.1 3.5
80 to 84 years 325,110 143,070 182,045 2.3 2.1 2.5
85 years and over 338,620 126,565 212,050 2.4 1.8 2.9
85 to 89 years 205,480 83,875 121,605 1.4 1.2 1.7
90 to 94 years 101,430 34,715 66,710 0.7 0.5 0.9
95 to 99 years 28,000 7,235 20,770 0.2 0.1 0.3
100 years and over 3,705 745 2,965 0.0 0.0 0.0
Total - Distribution (%) of the population by broad age groups - 100% data 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0
0 to 14 years 15.8 16.6 15.1 15.8 16.6 15.1
15 to 64 years 65.6 66.2 65.0 65.6 66.2 65.0
65 years and over 18.5 17.2 19.8 18.5 17.2 19.8
85 years and over 2.4 1.8 2.9 2.4 1.8 2.9
Average age of the population 41.8 40.7 42.8 41.8 40.7 42.8
Median age of the population 41.6 40.0 42.8 41.6 40.0 42.8
Household and dwelling characteristics
Total - Occupied private dwellings by structural type of dwelling - 100% data 5,491,200 ... ... 100.0 ... ...
Single-detached house 2,942,990 ... ... 53.6 ... ...
Semi-detached house 303,260 ... ... 5.5 ... ...
Row house 505,265 ... ... 9.2 ... ...
Apartment or flat in a duplex 181,030 ... ... 3.3 ... ...
Apartment in a building that has fewer than five storeys 548,785 ... ... 10.0 ... ...
Apartment in a building that has five or more storeys 984,665 ... ... 17.9 ... ...
Other single-attached house 10,220 ... ... 0.2 ... ...
Movable dwelling4 14,985 ... ... 0.3 ... ...
Total - Private households by household size - 100% data 5,491,205 ... ... 100.0 ... ...
1 person 1,452,540 ... ... 26.5 ... ...
2 persons 1,798,040 ... ... 32.7 ... ...
3 persons 872,480 ... ... 15.9 ... ...
4 persons 825,445 ... ... 15.0 ... ...
5 or more persons 542,700 ... ... 9.9 ... ...
Number of persons in private households 14,031,750 6,887,760 7,143,995 100.0 100.0 100.0
Average household size 2.6 ... ... 2.6 ... ...
Marital status
Total - Marital status for the total population aged 15 years and over - 100% data 11,972,145 5,815,220 6,156,925 100.0 100.0 100.0
Married or living common-law 6,769,725 3,384,485 3,385,240 56.5 58.2 55.0
Married 5,738,390 2,866,825 2,871,565 47.9 49.3 46.6
Living common-law 1,031,340 517,665 513,670 8.6 8.9 8.3
Living common law - Never married 727,825 366,175 361,650 6.1 6.3 5.9
Living common law - Separated 55,440 29,445 25,995 0.5 0.5 0.4
Living common law - Divorced 220,445 110,510 109,935 1.8 1.9 1.8
Living common law - Widowed 27,625 11,535 16,095 0.2 0.2 0.3
Not married and not living common-law 5,202,420 2,430,735 2,771,690 43.5 41.8 45.0
Not married and not living common law - Never married 3,515,215 1,885,705 1,629,515 29.4 32.4 26.5
Not married and not living common law - Separated 333,775 139,675 194,100 2.8 2.4 3.2
Not married and not living common law - Divorced 695,630 266,865 428,765 5.8 4.6 7.0
Not married and not living common law - Widowed 657,800 138,495 519,305 5.5 2.4 8.4
Family characteristics
Total - Census families in private households by family size - 100% data5 3,969,670 ... ... 100.0 ... ...
2 persons 1,936,595 ... ... 48.8 ... ...
3 persons 877,660 ... ... 22.1 ... ...
4 persons 811,380 ... ... 20.4 ... ...
5 or more persons 344,035 ... ... 8.7 ... ...
Average size of census families 2.9 ... ... 2.9 ... ...
Average number of children in census families with children6 1.8 ... ... 1.8 ... ...
Total number of census families in private households - 100% data 3,969,670 ... ... 100.0 ... ...
Total couple families 3,291,560 ... ... 82.9 ... ...
Married couples 2,776,165 ... ... 69.9 ... ...
With children6 1,571,480 ... ... 39.6 ... ...
Without children 1,204,680 ... ... 30.3 ... ...
Common-law couples 515,395 ... ... 13.0 ... ...
With children6 189,835 ... ... 4.8 ... ...
Without children 325,560 ... ... 8.2 ... ...
Total one-parent families 678,110 ... ... 17.1 ... ...
in which the parent is a woman+ 538,450 ... ... 13.6 ... ...
in which the parent is a man+ 139,660 ... ... 3.5 ... ...
Total - Persons in private households - 100% data 14,031,750 6,887,760 7,143,995 100.0 100.0 100.0
Total - Persons in census families 11,601,460 5,741,475 5,859,990 82.7 83.4 82.0
Married spouses or common-law partners 6,583,120 3,292,585 3,290,525 46.9 47.8 46.1
Parents in one-parent families 678,110 139,660 538,450 4.8 2.0 7.5
Children6 4,340,235 2,309,225 2,031,005 30.9 33.5 28.4
In a two-parent family 3,281,460 1,736,630 1,544,825 23.4 25.2 21.6
In a one-parent family 1,058,775 572,595 486,185 7.5 8.3 6.8
Total - Persons not in census families in private households - 100% data 2,430,295 1,146,280 1,284,010 17.3 16.6 18.0
Living alone 1,452,540 651,180 801,365 10.4 9.5 11.2
Living with other relatives7 388,780 155,465 233,320 2.8 2.3 3.3
Living with non-relatives only 588,970 339,640 249,325 4.2 4.9 3.5
Household type
Total - Household type - 100% data 5,491,200 ... ... 100.0 ... ...
One-census-family households without additional persons 3,347,195 ... ... 61.0 ... ...
Couple-family households 2,841,660 ... ... 51.7 ... ...
With children6 1,517,365 ... ... 27.6 ... ...
Without children 1,324,295 ... ... 24.1 ... ...
One-parent-family households 505,535 ... ... 9.2 ... ...
Multigenerational households8 221,120 ... ... 4.0 ... ...
Multiple-census-family households9 45,215 ... ... 0.8 ... ...
One-census-family households with additional persons9 184,430 ... ... 3.4 ... ...
Two-or-more-person non-census-family households 240,700 ... ... 4.4 ... ...
One-person households 1,452,540 ... ... 26.5 ... ...
Income of individuals in 2020
Total - Income statistics in 2020 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data10 11,782,845 5,733,680 6,049,160 100.0 100.0 100.0
Number of total income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2020 - 100% data 11,294,815 5,485,375 5,809,440 95.9 95.7 96.0
Median total income in 2020 among recipients ($) 41,200 46,000 37,200 41,200 46,000 37,200
Number of after-tax income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2020 - 100% data 11,300,805 5,488,490 5,812,320 95.9 95.7 96.1
Median after-tax income in 2020 among recipients ($) 37,200 41,200 34,000 37,200 41,200 34,000
Number of market income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2020 - 100% data 10,010,415 4,968,685 5,041,730 85.0 86.7 83.3
Median market income in 2020 among recipients ($) 36,000 43,200 29,800 36,000 43,200 29,800
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2020 - 100% data 8,153,180 4,198,670 3,954,510 69.2 73.2 65.4
Median employment income in 2020 among recipients ($) 38,000 43,600 32,800 38,000 43,600 32,800
Number of government transfers recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2020 - 100% data 10,239,835 4,910,535 5,329,295 86.9 85.6 88.1
Median government transfers in 2020 among recipients ($) 8,900 6,850 10,400 8,900 6,850 10,400
Number of employment insurance benefits recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2020 - 100% data 1,054,225 467,500 586,725 8.9 8.2 9.7
Median employment insurance benefits in 2020 among recipients ($) 5,600 5,520 5,640 5,600 5,520 5,640
Number of COVID-19 emergency and recovery benefits recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2020 - 100% data 3,327,770 1,623,900 1,703,870 28.2 28.3 28.2
Median COVID-19 emergency and recovery benefits in 2020 among recipients ($) 8,000 8,000 8,500 8,000 8,000 8,500
Total - Income statistics in 2020 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data11 11,782,820 5,733,360 6,049,460 100.0 100.0 100.0
Number of total income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2020 - 25% sample data 11,296,770 5,486,720 5,810,050 95.9 95.7 96.0
Average total income in 2020 among recipients ($) 56,350 64,900 48,280 56,350 64,900 48,280
Number of after-tax income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2020 - 25% sample data 11,302,690 5,489,710 5,812,980 95.9 95.8 96.1
Average after-tax income in 2020 among recipients ($) 46,280 51,900 41,000 46,280 51,900 41,000
Number of market income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2020 - 25% sample data 10,011,345 4,970,240 5,041,105 85.0 86.7 83.3
Average market income in 2020 among recipients ($) 52,700 62,350 43,240 52,700 62,350 43,240
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2020 - 25% sample data 8,153,185 4,198,665 3,954,515 69.2 73.2 65.4
Average employment income in 2020 among recipients ($) 52,600 60,500 44,200 52,600 60,500 44,200
Number of government transfers recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2020 - 25% sample data 10,242,610 4,912,020 5,330,580 86.9 85.7 88.1
Average government transfers in 2020 among recipients ($) 10,640 9,440 11,740 10,640 9,440 11,740
Number of employment insurance benefits recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2020 - 25% sample data 1,052,985 466,380 586,605 8.9 8.1 9.7
Average employment insurance benefits in 2020 among recipients ($) 6,640 6,120 7,060 6,640 6,120 7,060
Number of COVID-19 emergency and recovery benefits recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2020 - 25% sample data 3,321,155 1,619,825 1,701,335 28.2 28.3 28.1
Average COVID-19 emergency and recovery benefits in 2020 among recipients ($) 9,300 9,150 9,450 9,300 9,150 9,450
Total - Employment income statistics in 2020 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data12 11,782,825 5,733,365 6,049,460 100.0 100.0 100.0
Number of employment income recipients in 2020 who worked full-year full-time in 2020 - 25% sample data13 3,865,695 2,145,810 1,719,885 32.8 37.4 28.4
Median employment income in 2020 for full-year full-time workers in 2020 ($)14 67,000 72,000 61,600 67,000 72,000 61,600
Average employment income in 2020 for full-year full-time workers in 2020 ($)15 82,400 90,700 72,000 82,400 90,700 72,000
Number of employment income recipients in 2020 who worked part-year or part-time in 2020 - 25% sample data16 3,112,160 1,451,440 1,660,720 26.4 25.3 27.5
Median employment income in 2020 of those who worked part-year or part-time in 2020 ($) 17,400 19,400 16,000 17,400 19,400 16,000
Average employment income in 2020 of those who worked part-year or part-time in 2020 ($) 28,520 32,760 24,820 28,520 32,760 24,820
Composition of total income in 2020 of the population aged 15 years and over in private households (%) - 25% sample data17 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0
Market income (%)18 82.8 87.0 77.8 82.8 87.0 77.8
Employment income (%)19 67.4 71.4 62.3 67.4 71.4 62.3
Government transfers (%)20 17.1 13.0 22.3 17.1 13.0 22.3
Employment insurance benefits (%) 1.1 0.8 1.5 1.1 0.8 1.5
COVID-19 - Government income support and benefits (%) 5.5 4.5 6.7 5.5 4.5 6.7
COVID-19 - Emergency and recovery benefits (%) 4.9 4.2 5.7 4.9 4.2 5.7
Total - Total income groups in 2020 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data21 11,782,845 5,733,685 6,049,165 100.0 100.0 100.0
Without total income 488,030 248,310 239,725 4.1 4.3 4.0
With total income 11,294,815 5,485,375 5,809,440 95.9 95.7 96.0
Under $10,000 (including loss) 977,950 423,650 554,300 8.7 7.7 9.5
$10,000 to $19,999 1,383,475 596,755 786,720 12.2 10.9 13.5
$20,000 to $29,999 1,752,040 763,295 988,745 15.5 13.9 17.0
$30,000 to $39,999 1,388,215 609,735 778,480 12.3 11.1 13.4
$40,000 to $49,999 1,190,885 547,655 643,230 10.5 10.0 11.1
$50,000 to $59,999 985,270 468,060 517,205 8.7 8.5 8.9
$60,000 to $69,999 782,980 396,770 386,210 6.9 7.2 6.6
$70,000 to $79,999 612,620 331,080 281,545 5.4 6.0 4.8
$80,000 to $89,999 477,445 271,290 206,150 4.2 4.9 3.5
$90,000 to $99,999 385,830 218,395 167,435 3.4 4.0 2.9
$100,000 and over 1,358,115 858,695 499,415 12.0 15.7 8.6
$100,000 to $149,999 897,615 538,590 359,025 7.9 9.8 6.2
$150,000 and over 460,495 320,105 140,395 4.1 5.8 2.4
Total - After-tax income groups in 2020 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data22 11,782,845 5,733,685 6,049,165 100.0 100.0 100.0
Without after-tax income 482,035 245,195 236,845 4.1 4.3 3.9
With after-tax income 11,300,805 5,488,490 5,812,315 95.9 95.7 96.1
Under $10,000 (including loss) 1,025,995 440,280 585,715 9.1 8.0 10.1
$10,000 to $19,999 1,442,850 625,100 817,750 12.8 11.4 14.1
$20,000 to $29,999 1,967,040 859,195 1,107,840 17.4 15.7 19.1
$30,000 to $39,999 1,621,120 733,430 887,690 14.3 13.4 15.3
$40,000 to $49,999 1,384,490 655,400 729,090 12.3 11.9 12.5
$50,000 to $59,999 1,068,365 535,895 532,470 9.5 9.8 9.2
$60,000 to $69,999 782,135 422,645 359,495 6.9 7.7 6.2
$70,000 to $79,999 572,210 325,895 246,315 5.1 5.9 4.2
$80,000 to $89,999 457,650 249,665 207,980 4.0 4.5 3.6
$90,000 to $99,999 280,640 169,480 111,160 2.5 3.1 1.9
$100,000 and over 698,310 471,495 226,815 6.2 8.6 3.9
$100,000 to $124,999 344,450 223,970 120,480 3.0 4.1 2.1
$125,000 and over 353,860 247,525 106,335 3.1 4.5 1.8
Total - Employment income groups in 2020 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data19 11,782,845 5,733,685 6,049,165 100.0 100.0 100.0
Without employment income 3,629,670 1,535,015 2,094,650 30.8 26.8 34.6
With employment income 8,153,175 4,198,665 3,954,510 69.2 73.2 65.4
Under $5,000 (including loss) 1,218,885 604,555 614,330 14.9 14.4 15.5
$5,000 to $9,999 688,670 304,845 383,825 8.4 7.3 9.7
$10,000 to $19,999 928,840 424,990 503,850 11.4 10.1 12.7
$20,000 to $29,999 696,570 325,510 371,065 8.5 7.8 9.4
$30,000 to $39,999 677,110 320,720 356,390 8.3 7.6 9.0
$40,000 to $49,999 672,005 320,925 351,080 8.2 7.6 8.9
$50,000 to $59,999 611,665 307,370 304,290 7.5 7.3 7.7
$60,000 to $69,999 519,955 278,350 241,605 6.4 6.6 6.1
$70,000 to $79,999 419,875 237,375 182,500 5.1 5.7 4.6
$80,000 to $89,999 352,235 207,090 145,150 4.3 4.9 3.7
$90,000 to $99,999 316,750 176,135 140,615 3.9 4.2 3.6
$100,000 and over 1,050,620 690,800 359,820 12.9 16.5 9.1
$100,000 to $124,999 489,720 295,720 194,005 6.0 7.0 4.9
$125,000 and over 560,895 395,080 165,810 6.9 9.4 4.2
Income of individuals in 2019
Total - Income statistics in 2019 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data23 11,782,845 5,733,680 6,049,160 100.0 100.0 100.0
Number of total income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2019 - 100% data 11,051,405 5,357,685 5,693,725 93.8 93.4 94.1
Median total income in 2019 among recipients ($) 39,200 44,800 34,400 39,200 44,800 34,400
Number of after-tax income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2019 - 100% data 11,055,345 5,358,275 5,697,070 93.8 93.5 94.2
Median after-tax income in 2019 among recipients ($) 35,600 40,000 31,600 35,600 40,000 31,600
Number of market income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2019 - 100% data 9,877,245 4,895,500 4,981,740 83.8 85.4 82.4
Median market income in 2019 among recipients ($) 37,600 44,400 31,800 37,600 44,400 31,800
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2019 - 100% data 8,159,090 4,190,670 3,968,420 69.2 73.1 65.6
Median employment income in 2019 among recipients ($) 38,800 44,400 34,000 38,800 44,400 34,000
Number of government transfers recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2019 - 100% data 9,643,335 4,616,005 5,027,335 81.8 80.5 83.1
Median government transfers in 2019 among recipients ($) 2,200 1,010 4,920 2,200 1,010 4,920
Number of employment insurance benefits recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2019 -100% data 723,990 308,550 415,450 6.1 5.4 6.9
Median employment insurance benefits in 2019 among recipients ($) 5,640 5,360 5,960 5,640 5,360 5,960
Total - Income statistics in 2019 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data24 11,782,820 5,733,360 6,049,460 100.0 100.0 100.0
Number of total income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2019 - 25% sample data 11,053,285 5,358,015 5,695,270 93.8 93.5 94.1
Average total income in 2019 among recipients ($) 53,800 62,850 45,320 53,800 62,850 45,320
Number of after-tax income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2019 - 25% sample data 11,057,080 5,358,540 5,698,545 93.8 93.5 94.2
Average after-tax income in 2019 among recipients ($) 44,080 50,120 38,400 44,080 50,120 38,400
Number of market income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2019 - 25% sample data 9,878,270 4,896,015 4,982,255 83.8 85.4 82.4
Average market income in 2019 among recipients ($) 53,250 63,150 43,520 53,250 63,150 43,520
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2019 - 25% sample data 8,160,870 4,191,675 3,969,185 69.3 73.1 65.6
Average employment income in 2019 among recipients ($) 52,700 60,850 44,120 52,700 60,850 44,120
Number of government transfers recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2019 - 25% sample data 9,644,415 4,616,310 5,028,100 81.9 80.5 83.1
Average government transfers in 2019 among recipients ($) 7,150 5,990 8,210 7,150 5,990 8,210
Number of employment insurance benefits recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2019 - 25% sample data 725,250 308,485 416,760 6.2 5.4 6.9
Average employment insurance benefits in 2019 among recipients ($) 7,340 6,410 8,030 7,340 6,410 8,030
Total - Employment income statistics in 2019 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data25 11,782,825 5,733,365 6,049,460 100.0 100.0 100.0
Number of employment income recipients in 2019 who worked full-year full-time in 2020 - 25% sample data13 3,830,200 2,124,710 1,705,495 32.5 37.1 28.2
Median employment income in 2019 for full-year full-time workers in 2020 ($)14 62,800 68,500 56,800 62,800 68,500 56,800
Average employment income in 2019 for full-year full-time workers in 2020 ($)15 77,800 86,600 66,800 77,800 86,600 66,800
Number of employment income recipients in 2019 who worked part-year or part-time in 2020 - 25% sample data16 2,925,680 1,365,355 1,560,325 24.8 23.8 25.8
Median employment income in 2019 of those who worked part-year or part-time in 2020 ($) 23,600 26,200 21,800 23,600 26,200 21,800
Average employment income in 2019 of those who worked part-year or part-time in 2020 ($) 34,640 39,840 30,040 34,640 39,840 30,040
Composition of total income in 2019 of the population aged 15 years and over in private households (%) - 25% sample data 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0
Market income (%) 88.4 91.8 84.0 88.4 91.8 84.0
Employment income (%) 72.4 75.8 67.8 72.4 75.8 67.8
Government transfers (%) 11.6 8.2 16.0 11.6 8.2 16.0
Employment insurance benefits (%) 0.9 0.6 1.3 0.9 0.6 1.3
Income of households in 2020
Total - Income statistics for private households - 100% data26 5,491,205 ... ... ... ... ...
Median total income of household in 2020 ($) 91,000 ... ... 91,000 ... ...
Median after-tax income of household in 2020 ($) 79,500 ... ... 79,500 ... ...
Total - Income statistics for one-person private households - 100% data 1,452,540 ... ... ... ... ...
Median total income of one-person households in 2020 ($) 43,600 ... ... 43,600 ... ...
Median after-tax income of one-person households in 2020 ($) 39,200 ... ... 39,200 ... ...
Total - Income statistics for two-or-more-persons private households - 100% data 4,038,660 ... ... ... ... ...
Median total income of two-or-more-person households in 2020 ($) 111,000 ... ... 111,000 ... ...
Median after-tax income of two-or-more-person households in 2020 ($) 97,000 ... ... 97,000 ... ...
Total - Income statistics for private households - 25% sample data27 5,491,200 ... ... ... ... ...
Average total income of household in 2020 ($) 116,000 ... ... 116,000 ... ...
Average after-tax income of household in 2020 ($) 95,300 ... ... 95,300 ... ...
Total - Income statistics for one-person private households - 25% sample data 1,451,915 ... ... ... ... ...
Average total income of one-person households in 2020 ($) 57,200 ... ... 57,200 ... ...
Average after-tax income of one-person households in 2020 ($) 47,320 ... ... 47,320 ... ...
Total - Income statistics for two-or-more-persons private households - 25% sample data 4,039,285 ... ... ... ... ...
Average total income of two-or-more-person households in 2020 ($) 137,000 ... ... 137,000 ... ...
Average after-tax income of two-or-more-person households in 2020 ($) 112,500 ... ... 112,500 ... ...
Total - Household total income groups in 2020 for private households - 100% data21 5,491,200 ... ... 100.0 ... ...
Under $5,000 61,515 ... ... 1.1 ... ...
$5,000 to $9,999 30,860 ... ... 0.6 ... ...
$10,000 to $14,999 63,360 ... ... 1.2 ... ...
$15,000 to $19,999 96,980 ... ... 1.8 ... ...
$20,000 to $24,999 186,250 ... ... 3.4 ... ...
$25,000 to $29,999 168,345 ... ... 3.1 ... ...
$30,000 to $34,999 158,810 ... ... 2.9 ... ...
$35,000 to $39,999 175,890 ... ... 3.2 ... ...
$40,000 to $44,999 182,900 ... ... 3.3 ... ...
$45,000 to $49,999 182,945 ... ... 3.3 ... ...
$50,000 to $59,999 370,350 ... ... 6.7 ... ...
$60,000 to $69,999 364,585 ... ... 6.6 ... ...
$70,000 to $79,999 350,520 ... ... 6.4 ... ...
$80,000 to $89,999 332,395 ... ... 6.1 ... ...
$90,000 to $99,999 310,400 ... ... 5.7 ... ...
$100,000 and over 2,455,095 ... ... 44.7 ... ...
$100,000 to $124,999 662,625 ... ... 12.1 ... ...
$125,000 to $149,999 500,495 ... ... 9.1 ... ...
$150,000 to $199,999 630,420 ... ... 11.5 ... ...
$200,000 and over 661,550 ... ... 12.0 ... ...
Total - Household after-tax income groups in 2020 for private households - 100% data22 5,491,200 ... ... 100.0 ... ...
Under $5,000 69,645 ... ... 1.3 ... ...
$5,000 to $9,999 32,100 ... ... 0.6 ... ...
$10,000 to $14,999 65,025 ... ... 1.2 ... ...
$15,000 to $19,999 101,865 ... ... 1.9 ... ...
$20,000 to $24,999 197,995 ... ... 3.6 ... ...
$25,000 to $29,999 190,225 ... ... 3.5 ... ...
$30,000 to $34,999 183,505 ... ... 3.3 ... ...
$35,000 to $39,999 204,300 ... ... 3.7 ... ...
$40,000 to $44,999 215,785 ... ... 3.9 ... ...
$45,000 to $49,999 217,105 ... ... 4.0 ... ...
$50,000 to $59,999 440,280 ... ... 8.0 ... ...
$60,000 to $69,999 430,860 ... ... 7.8 ... ...
$70,000 to $79,999 409,865 ... ... 7.5 ... ...
$80,000 to $89,999 385,295 ... ... 7.0 ... ...
$90,000 to $99,999 343,595 ... ... 6.3 ... ...
$100,000 and over 2,003,770 ... ... 36.5 ... ...
$100,000 to $124,999 685,485 ... ... 12.5 ... ...
$125,000 to $149,999 472,130 ... ... 8.6 ... ...
$150,000 and over 846,155 ... ... 15.4 ... ...
Income of economic families in 2020
Total - Income statistics for economic families in private households - 100% data28 3,875,790 ... ... ... ... ...
Median total income of economic family in 2020 ($) 111,000 ... ... 111,000 ... ...
Median after-tax income of economic family in 2020 ($) 96,000 ... ... 96,000 ... ...
Average family size of economic families 3.1 ... ... 3.1 ... ...
Total - Income statistics for couple-only economic families in private households - 100% data 1,361,615 ... ... ... ... ...
Median total income of couple-only economic families in 2020 ($) 95,000 ... ... 95,000 ... ...
Median after-tax income of couple-only economic families in 2020 ($) 83,000 ... ... 83,000 ... ...
Average family size of couple-only economic families 2.0 ... ... 2.0 ... ...
Total - Income statistics for couple-with-children economic families in private households - 100% data 1,770,030 ... ... ... ... ...
Median total income of couple-with-children economic families in 2020 ($) 141,000 ... ... 141,000 ... ...
Median after-tax income of couple-with-children economic families in 2020 ($) 121,000 ... ... 121,000 ... ...
Average family size of couple-with-children economic families 4.1 ... ... 4.1 ... ...
Total - Income statistics for one-parent economic families in private households - 100% data 610,815 ... ... ... ... ...
Median total income of one-parent economic families in 2020 ($) 73,000 ... ... 73,000 ... ...
Median after-tax income of one-parent economic families in 2020 ($) 67,500 ... ... 67,500 ... ...
Average family size of one-parent economic families 2.7 ... ... 2.7 ... ...
Total - Income statistics for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families in private households - 100% data29 2,041,505 990,815 1,050,690 ... ... ...
Median total income in 2020 ($)30 38,800 40,000 38,000 38,800 40,000 38,000
Median after-tax income in 2020 ($)30 35,600 36,000 35,200 35,600 36,000 35,200
Total - Income statistics for economic families in private households - 25% sample data31 3,873,665 ... ... ... ... ...
Average total income of economic family in 2020 ($) 137,200 ... ... 137,200 ... ...
Average after-tax income of economic family in 2020 ($) 112,200 ... ... 112,200 ... ...
Total - Income statistics for couple-only economic families in private households - 25% sample data 1,359,275 ... ... ... ... ...
Average total income of couple-only economic families in 2020 ($) 119,500 ... ... 119,500 ... ...
Average after-tax income of couple-only economic families in 2020 ($) 97,000 ... ... 97,000 ... ...
Total - Income statistics for couple-with-children economic families in private households - 25% sample data 1,773,005 ... ... ... ... ...
Average total income of couple-with-children economic families in 2020 ($) 168,800 ... ... 168,800 ... ...
Average after-tax income of couple-with-children economic families in 2020 ($) 136,600 ... ... 136,600 ... ...
Total - Income statistics for one-parent economic families in private households - 25% sample data 607,780 ... ... ... ... ...
Average total income of one-parent economic families in 2020 ($) 87,100 ... ... 87,100 ... ...
Average after-tax income of one-parent economic families in 2020 ($) 76,100 ... ... 76,100 ... ...
Total - Income statistics for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families in private households - 25% sample data32 2,039,230 985,390 1,053,840 ... ... ...
Average total income in 2020 ($)30 51,800 54,250 49,480 51,800 54,250 49,480
Average after-tax income in 2020 ($)30 43,440 44,880 42,120 43,440 44,880 42,120
Low income and income inequality in 2020
Total - LIM low-income status in 2020 for the population in private households - 100% data33 14,031,755 6,887,755 7,143,995 100.0 100.0 100.0
0 to 17 years 2,726,265 1,400,695 1,325,570 19.4 20.3 18.6
0 to 5 years 831,185 425,620 405,560 5.9 6.2 5.7
18 to 64 years 8,795,220 4,328,780 4,466,440 62.7 62.8 62.5
65 years and over 2,510,270 1,158,280 1,351,985 17.9 16.8 18.9
In low income based on the Low-income measure, after tax (LIM-AT) 1,420,525 664,975 755,550 ... ... ...
0 to 17 years 314,150 161,695 152,455 ... ... ...
0 to 5 years 102,930 52,570 50,360 ... ... ...
18 to 64 years 803,215 385,100 418,120 ... ... ...
65 years and over 303,160 118,180 184,980 ... ... ...
Prevalence of low income based on the Low-income measure, after tax (LIM-AT) (%) 10.1 9.7 10.6 10.1 9.7 10.6
0 to 17 years (%) 11.5 11.5 11.5 11.5 11.5 11.5
0 to 5 years (%) 12.4 12.4 12.4 12.4 12.4 12.4
18 to 64 years (%) 9.1 8.9 9.4 9.1 8.9 9.4
65 years and over (%) 12.1 10.2 13.7 12.1 10.2 13.7
Total - LICO low-income status in 2020 for the population in private households to whom the low-income concept is applicable - 100% data33 13,977,120 6,860,325 7,116,790 100.0 100.0 100.0
0 to 17 years 2,709,120 1,391,825 1,317,290 19.4 20.3 18.5
0 to 5 years 825,865 422,885 402,980 5.9 6.2 5.7
18 to 64 years 8,763,785 4,313,030 4,450,755 62.7 62.9 62.5
65 years and over 2,504,220 1,155,470 1,348,745 17.9 16.8 19.0
In low income based on the Low-income cut-offs, after tax (LICO-AT) 738,795 379,035 359,760 ... ... ...
0 to 17 years 126,035 64,885 61,150 ... ... ...
0 to 5 years 39,415 20,100 19,315 ... ... ...
18 to 64 years 541,410 283,705 257,710 ... ... ...
65 years and over 71,350 30,450 40,900 ... ... ...
Prevalence of low income based on the Low-income cut-offs, after tax (LICO-AT) (%) 5.3 5.5 5.1 5.3 5.5 5.1
0 to 17 years (%) 4.7 4.7 4.6 4.7 4.7 4.6
0 to 5 years (%) 4.8 4.8 4.8 4.8 4.8 4.8
18 to 64 years (%) 6.2 6.6 5.8 6.2 6.6 5.8
65 years and over (%) 2.9 2.6 3.0 2.9 2.6 3.0
Total - Adjusted after-tax economic family income decile group for the population in private households - 100% data34The letter 'c' in a yellow triangle indicates a correction notice. 14,031,755 6,887,760 7,143,995 100.0 100.0 100.0
In bottom half of the distribution 6,516,085 3,131,205 3,384,880 46.4 45.5 47.4
In bottom decile 1,318,120 643,165 674,955 9.4 9.3 9.4
In second decile 1,283,940 594,495 689,440 9.2 8.6 9.7
In third decile 1,292,030 618,405 673,625 9.2 9.0 9.4
In fourth decile 1,296,710 628,155 668,555 9.2 9.1 9.4
In fifth decile 1,325,280 646,975 678,300 9.4 9.4 9.5
In top half of the distribution 7,515,670 3,756,555 3,759,115 53.6 54.5 52.6
In sixth decile 1,365,960 672,380 693,580 9.7 9.8 9.7
In seventh decile 1,415,070 700,525 714,550 10.1 10.2 10.0
In eighth decile 1,482,300 739,210 743,095 10.6 10.7 10.4
In ninth decile 1,581,535 794,505 787,030 11.3 11.5 11.0
In top decile 1,670,800 849,940 820,865 11.9 12.3 11.5
Total - Inequality measures for the population in private households - 100% data35 14,031,755 ... ... 14,031,755 ... ...
Gini index on adjusted household total income 0.357 ... ... 0.357 ... ...
Gini index on adjusted household market income 0.470 ... ... 0.470 ... ...
Gini index on adjusted household after-tax income 0.308 ... ... 0.308 ... ...
P90/P10 ratio on adjusted household after-tax income 3.9 ... ... 3.9 ... ...
Knowledge of official languages
Total - Knowledge of official languages for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% data36 14,099,790 6,917,920 7,181,870 100.0 100.0 100.0
English only 12,196,575 6,083,990 6,112,590 86.5 87.9 85.1
French only 39,310 17,190 22,125 0.3 0.2 0.3
English and French 1,519,365 678,385 840,975 10.8 9.8 11.7
Neither English nor French 344,545 138,355 206,185 2.4 2.0 2.9
First official language spoken
Total - First official language spoken for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% data37 14,099,790 6,917,920 7,181,870 100.0 100.0 100.0
English 13,179,535 6,510,015 6,669,520 93.5 94.1 92.9
French 484,425 227,550 256,875 3.4 3.3 3.6
English and French 98,270 45,480 52,790 0.7 0.7 0.7
Neither English nor French 337,560 134,870 202,685 2.4 1.9 2.8
Mother tongue
Total - Mother tongue for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% data38 14,099,790 6,917,920 7,181,870 100.0 100.0 100.0
Single responses 13,430,605 6,594,620 6,835,990 95.3 95.3 95.2
Official languages 9,642,770 4,785,140 4,857,635 68.4 69.2 67.6
English 9,179,655 4,566,580 4,613,080 65.1 66.0 64.2
French 463,120 218,560 244,550 3.3 3.2 3.4
Non-official languages 3,787,835 1,809,480 1,978,355 26.9 26.2 27.5
Indigenous languages39 14,475 6,735 7,740 0.1 0.1 0.1
Algonquian languages 13,545 6,360 7,185 0.1 0.1 0.1
Blackfoot 5 5 5 0.0 0.0 0.0
Cree-Innu languages 2,815 1,365 1,455 0.0 0.0 0.0
Atikamekw 10 0 5 0.0 0.0 0.0
Cree languages 2,800 1,360 1,440 0.0 0.0 0.0
Ililimowin (Moose Cree) 125 55 70 0.0 0.0 0.0
Inu Ayimun (Southern East Cree) 0 0 0 0.0 0.0 0.0
Iyiyiw-Ayimiwin (Northern East Cree) 60 20 35 0.0 0.0 0.0
Nehinawewin (Swampy Cree) 550 240 315 0.0 0.0 0.0
Nehiyawewin (Plains Cree) 35 20 15 0.0 0.0 0.0
Nihithawiwin (Woods Cree) 50 25 15 0.0 0.0 0.0
Cree, n.o.s. 1,975 985 990 0.0 0.0 0.0
Innu (Montagnais) 0 0 5 0.0 0.0 0.0
Naskapi 15 5 5 0.0 0.0 0.0
Eastern Algonquian languages 70 35 30 0.0 0.0 0.0
Mi'kmaq 60 25 30 0.0 0.0 0.0
Wolastoqewi (Malecite) 10 5 0 0.0 0.0 0.0
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 10,645 4,955 5,690 0.1 0.1 0.1
Anicinabemowin (Algonquin) 35 15 25 0.0 0.0 0.0
Oji-Cree 4,240 2,015 2,225 0.0 0.0 0.0
Ojibway languages 6,365 2,920 3,445 0.0 0.0 0.0
Anishinaabemowin (Chippewa) 280 130 145 0.0 0.0 0.0
Daawaamwin (Odawa) 65 25 40 0.0 0.0 0.0
Saulteau (Western Ojibway) 25 15 10 0.0 0.0 0.0
Ojibway, n.o.s. 6,000 2,745 3,250 0.0 0.0 0.0
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 5 5 0 0.0 0.0 0.0
Athabaskan languages 30 20 15 0.0 0.0 0.0
Northern Athabaskan languages 30 15 15 0.0 0.0 0.0
Dakelh (Carrier) 0 0 0 0.0 0.0 0.0
Dane-zaa (Beaver) 0 0 0 0.0 0.0 0.0
Dene, n.o.s. 15 5 5 0.0 0.0 0.0
Gwich'in 0 5 0 0.0 0.0 0.0
Slavey-Hare languages 10 5 5 0.0 0.0 0.0
Deh Gah Ghotie Zhatie (South Slavey) 5 5 0 0.0 0.0 0.0
Satuotine Yati (North Slavey) 5 0 5 0.0 0.0 0.0
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0 0.0 0.0 0.0
Tahltan languages 0 0 0 0.0 0.0 0.0
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0 0.0 0.0 0.0
Tahltan 0 0 0 0.0 0.0 0.0
Tlicho (Dogrib) 0 0 0 0.0 0.0 0.0
Tse'khene (Sekani) 0 0 0 0.0 0.0 0.0
Tsilhqot'in (Chilcotin) 0 0 0 0.0 0.0 0.0
Tsuu T'ina (Sarsi) 0 0 0 0.0 0.0 0.0
Tutchone languages 0 0 0 0.0 0.0 0.0
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0 0.0 0.0 0.0
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0 0.0 0.0 0.0
Tutchone, n.o.s. 0 0 0 0.0 0.0 0.0
Wetsuwet'en-Babine 0 0 0 0.0 0.0 0.0
Tlingit 0 0 0 0.0 0.0 0.0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0.0 0.0 0.0
Haida 0 0 0 0.0 0.0 0.0
Inuktut (Inuit) languages 510 200 310 0.0 0.0 0.0
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 10 5 5 0.0 0.0 0.0
Inuinnaqtun 5 0 5 0.0 0.0 0.0
Inuvialuktun 5 0 0 0.0 0.0 0.0
Inuktitut 505 195 305 0.0 0.0 0.0
Inuktut (Inuit) languages, n.i.e. 5 0 0 0.0 0.0 0.0
Iroquoian languages 270 100 165 0.0 0.0 0.0
Cayuga 35 15 15 0.0 0.0 0.0
Mohawk 190 75 115 0.0 0.0 0.0
Oneida 40 10 25 0.0 0.0 0.0
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 5 0 0 0.0 0.0 0.0
Ktunaxa (Kutenai) 0 0 0 0.0 0.0 0.0
Michif 20 5 15 0.0 0.0 0.0
Salish languages 10 5 5 0.0 0.0 0.0
Halkomelem 0 0 0 0.0 0.0 0.0
Lillooet 0 0 0 0.0 0.0 0.0
Ntlakapamux (Thompson) 0 0 0 0.0 0.0 0.0
Secwepemctsin (Shuswap) 0 0 0 0.0 0.0 0.0
Squamish 0 0 0 0.0 0.0 0.0
Straits 0 0 0 0.0 0.0 0.0
Syilx (Okanagan) 0 0 0 0.0 0.0 0.0
Salish languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0.0 0.0 0.0
Siouan languages 10 5 5 0.0 0.0 0.0
Assiniboine 0 0 0 0.0 0.0 0.0
Dakota 5 5 0 0.0 0.0 0.0
Stoney 0 0 0 0.0 0.0 0.0
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 5 5 0 0.0 0.0 0.0
Tsimshian languages 10 5 5 0.0 0.0 0.0
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 5 0 5 0.0 0.0 0.0
Nisga'a 0 0 5 0.0 0.0 0.0
Tsimshian 0 0 0 0.0 0.0 0.0
Wakashan languages 0 0 0 0.0 0.0 0.0
Haisla 0 0 0 0.0 0.0 0.0
Heiltsuk 0 0 0 0.0 0.0 0.0
Kwak'wala (Kwakiutl) 0 0 0 0.0 0.0 0.0
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0 0 0 0.0 0.0 0.0
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0.0 0.0 0.0
Indigenous languages, n.i.e. 5 5 5 0.0 0.0 0.0
Indigenous languages, n.o.s. 65 30 35 0.0 0.0 0.0
Non-Indigenous languages 3,773,365 1,802,745 1,970,620 26.8 26.1 27.4
Afro-Asiatic languages 310,765 156,145 154,620 2.2 2.3 2.2
Berber languages 855 480 370 0.0 0.0 0.0
Kabyle 580 315 265 0.0 0.0 0.0
Tamazight 215 130 80 0.0 0.0 0.0
Berber languages, n.i.e. 60 35 25 0.0 0.0 0.0
Chadic languages 635 350 280 0.0 0.0 0.0
Hausa 560 315 245 0.0 0.0 0.0
Mina 70 35 35 0.0 0.0 0.0
Coptic 535 265 275 0.0 0.0 0.0
Cushitic languages 27,575 12,405 15,170 0.2 0.2 0.2
Bilen 930 495 440 0.0 0.0 0.0
Oromo 1,540 760 785 0.0 0.0 0.0
Somali 24,700 10,945 13,755 0.2 0.2 0.2
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 405 215 190 0.0 0.0 0.0
Semitic languages 281,160 142,645 138,515 2.0 2.1 1.9
Amharic 12,490 5,745 6,740 0.1 0.1 0.1
Arabic 214,230 109,870 104,360 1.5 1.6 1.5
Aramaic languages 24,105 11,685 12,420 0.2 0.2 0.2
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 15,665 7,535 8,125 0.1 0.1 0.1
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 7,480 3,655 3,820 0.1 0.1 0.1
Aramaic, n.o.s. 960 485 475 0.0 0.0 0.0
Harari 970 430 540 0.0 0.0 0.0
Hebrew 11,630 6,255 5,375 0.1 0.1 0.1
Maltese 4,120 1,950 2,175 0.0 0.0 0.0
Tigrigna 13,360 6,585 6,775 0.1 0.1 0.1
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 255 130 125 0.0 0.0 0.0
Austro-Asiatic languages 84,300 37,815 46,485 0.6 0.5 0.6
Khmer (Cambodian) 7,065 3,170 3,900 0.1 0.0 0.1
Vietnamese 77,085 34,585 42,505 0.5 0.5 0.6
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e 140 60 80 0.0 0.0 0.0
Austronesian languages 208,395 83,860 124,535 1.5 1.2 1.7
Bikol 685 300 385 0.0 0.0 0.0
Bisaya, n.o.s. 2,735 1,115 1,625 0.0 0.0 0.0
Cebuano 5,900 2,290 3,615 0.0 0.0 0.1
Fijian 40 20 20 0.0 0.0 0.0
Hiligaynon 3,775 1,460 2,315 0.0 0.0 0.0
Ilocano 14,680 5,995 8,680 0.1 0.1 0.1
Indonesian 5,440 2,345 3,095 0.0 0.0 0.0
Kankanaey 375 160 215 0.0 0.0 0.0
Kinaray-a 275 115 160 0.0 0.0 0.0
Malagasy languages 125 55 70 0.0 0.0 0.0
Merina 30 10 15 0.0 0.0 0.0
Malagasy, n.o.s. 95 40 50 0.0 0.0 0.0
Malay 540 220 325 0.0 0.0 0.0
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 1,910 875 1,040 0.0 0.0 0.0
Pangasinan 750 320 430 0.0 0.0 0.0
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 168,845 67,675 101,175 1.2 1.0 1.4
Waray-Waray 590 240 355 0.0 0.0 0.0
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 1,710 690 1,020 0.0 0.0 0.0
Creole languages 11,690 5,335 6,355 0.1 0.1 0.1
Haitian Creole 5,160 2,260 2,905 0.0 0.0 0.0
Jamaican English Creole 435 220 210 0.0 0.0 0.0
Krio 290 115 170 0.0 0.0 0.0
Morisyen 1,990 955 1,035 0.0 0.0 0.0
Sango 45 25 25 0.0 0.0 0.0
Creole, n.o.s. 2,690 1,255 1,435 0.0 0.0 0.0
Creole languages, n.i.e. 1,080 500 580 0.0 0.0 0.0
Dravidian languages 185,145 93,855 91,285 1.3 1.4 1.3
Kannada 4,335 2,215 2,115 0.0 0.0 0.0
Malayalam 32,805 17,970 14,835 0.2 0.3 0.2
Tamil 126,640 61,665 64,970 0.9 0.9 0.9
Telugu 20,715 11,690 9,030 0.1 0.2 0.1
Tulu 415 205 210 0.0 0.0 0.0
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 235 105 130 0.0 0.0 0.0
Georgian 1,650 890 760 0.0 0.0 0.0
Hmong-Mien languages 480 225 255 0.0 0.0 0.0
Indo-European languages 2,119,610 1,032,375 1,087,230 15.0 14.9 15.1
Albanian 20,720 10,295 10,425 0.1 0.1 0.1
Armenian 14,680 7,060 7,620 0.1 0.1 0.1
Balto-Slavic languages 377,895 172,690 205,205 2.7 2.5 2.9
Baltic languages 7,425 3,050 4,370 0.1 0.0 0.1
Latvian 3,050 1,250 1,800 0.0 0.0 0.0
Lithuanian 4,370 1,800 2,570 0.0 0.0 0.0
Slavic languages 370,475 169,640 200,840 2.6 2.5 2.8
Belarusian 440 200 240 0.0 0.0 0.0
Bulgarian 8,565 4,050 4,520 0.1 0.1 0.1
Czech 9,060 4,035 5,025 0.1 0.1 0.1
Macedonian 13,620 6,490 7,130 0.1 0.1 0.1
Polish 106,275 47,780 58,495 0.8 0.7 0.8
Russian 104,310 46,870 57,440 0.7 0.7 0.8
Rusyn 225 105 115 0.0 0.0 0.0
Serbo-Croatian 77,145 37,410 39,740 0.5 0.5 0.6
Bosnian 7,140 3,495 3,650 0.1 0.1 0.1
Croatian 28,385 13,465 14,925 0.2 0.2 0.2
Serbian 40,465 19,915 20,555 0.3 0.3 0.3
Serbo-Croatian, n.i.e. 1,160 545 610 0.0 0.0 0.0
Slovak 8,675 3,910 4,765 0.1 0.1 0.1
Slovene (Slovenian) 5,520 2,350 3,175 0.0 0.0 0.0
Ukrainian 36,340 16,285 20,055 0.3 0.2 0.3
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 285 150 135 0.0 0.0 0.0
Celtic languages 795 390 405 0.0 0.0 0.0
Irish 225 120 105 0.0 0.0 0.0
Scottish Gaelic 170 85 85 0.0 0.0 0.0
Welsh 320 140 175 0.0 0.0 0.0
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 80 45 35 0.0 0.0 0.0
Germanic languages 167,265 78,455 88,810 1.2 1.1 1.2
Frisian 970 465 505 0.0 0.0 0.0
High German languages 102,915 47,630 55,285 0.7 0.7 0.8
German 89,075 40,865 48,205 0.6 0.6 0.7
Pennsylvania German 8,895 4,435 4,460 0.1 0.1 0.1
Swiss German 2,390 1,125 1,265 0.0 0.0 0.0
Yiddish 2,555 1,200 1,350 0.0 0.0 0.0
Low Saxon-Low Franconian languages 56,725 27,350 29,375 0.4 0.4 0.4
Afrikaans 2,865 1,460 1,405 0.0 0.0 0.0
Dutch 41,240 19,735 21,505 0.3 0.3 0.3
Low German, n.o.s. 1,930 965 970 0.0 0.0 0.0
Low Saxon 440 210 230 0.0 0.0 0.0
Plautdietsch 8,610 4,275 4,340 0.1 0.1 0.1
Vlaams (Flemish) 1,630 700 930 0.0 0.0 0.0
Scandinavian languages 6,440 2,905 3,530 0.0 0.0 0.0
Danish 3,370 1,545 1,830 0.0 0.0 0.0
Icelandic 175 80 95 0.0 0.0 0.0
Norwegian 800 350 445 0.0 0.0 0.0
Swedish 2,090 930 1,160 0.0 0.0 0.0
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 225 105 115 0.0 0.0 0.0
Greek 47,970 23,270 24,700 0.3 0.3 0.3
Indo-Iranian languages 884,995 452,190 432,805 6.3 6.5 6.0
Indo-Aryan languages 715,085 367,815 347,270 5.1 5.3 4.8
Assamese 325 150 175 0.0 0.0 0.0
Bengali 54,990 27,905 27,085 0.4 0.4 0.4
Gujarati 95,785 50,450 45,340 0.7 0.7 0.6
Hindi 87,035 45,590 41,445 0.6 0.7 0.6
Kacchi 3,880 1,760 2,120 0.0 0.0 0.0
Kashmiri 460 230 230 0.0 0.0 0.0
Konkani 2,595 1,260 1,340 0.0 0.0 0.0
Marathi 9,460 4,875 4,585 0.1 0.1 0.1
Nepali 12,430 6,280 6,155 0.1 0.1 0.1
Oriya languages 1,325 690 630 0.0 0.0 0.0
Odia 830 445 380 0.0 0.0 0.0
Oriya, n.o.s. 490 245 245 0.0 0.0 0.0
Punjabi (Panjabi) 260,075 135,000 125,075 1.8 2.0 1.7
Rohingya 290 145 145 0.0 0.0 0.0
Sindhi 2,670 1,375 1,300 0.0 0.0 0.0
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 11,040 5,400 5,645 0.1 0.1 0.1
Urdu 170,955 85,745 85,210 1.2 1.2 1.2
Indo-Aryan languages, n.i.e. 1,760 955 805 0.0 0.0 0.0
Iranian languages 169,765 84,295 85,470 1.2 1.2 1.2
Baluchi 335 185 150 0.0 0.0 0.0
Kurdish 9,120 4,850 4,275 0.1 0.1 0.1
Parsi 330 180 145 0.0 0.0 0.0
Pashto 12,780 6,585 6,195 0.1 0.1 0.1
Persian languages 146,700 72,240 74,460 1.0 1.0 1.0
Dari 34,340 16,650 17,685 0.2 0.2 0.2
Iranian Persian 97,135 47,970 49,165 0.7 0.7 0.7
Persian (Farsi), n.o.s. 15,230 7,615 7,615 0.1 0.1 0.1
Iranian languages, n.i.e. 495 260 240 0.0 0.0 0.0
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 145 85 65 0.0 0.0 0.0
Italic (Romance) languages 605,070 287,915 317,155 4.3 4.2 4.4
Catalan 285 140 140 0.0 0.0 0.0
Italian 194,125 92,875 101,255 1.4 1.3 1.4
Portuguese 153,750 73,670 80,080 1.1 1.1 1.1
Romanian 38,955 18,100 20,850 0.3 0.3 0.3
Spanish 217,245 102,760 114,490 1.5 1.5 1.6
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 710 370 345 0.0 0.0 0.0
Indo-European languages, n.i.e. 205 105 100 0.0 0.0 0.0
Japanese 12,880 4,245 8,635 0.1 0.1 0.1
Korean 75,220 34,160 41,065 0.5 0.5 0.6
Mongolian 535 235 305 0.0 0.0 0.0
Niger-Congo languages 42,470 19,960 22,515 0.3 0.3 0.3
Akan (Twi) 9,325 4,405 4,915 0.1 0.1 0.1
Bamanankan 185 100 85 0.0 0.0 0.0
Edo 1,165 475 685 0.0 0.0 0.0
Éwé 485 235 245 0.0 0.0 0.0
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 480 245 230 0.0 0.0 0.0
Ga 510 235 275 0.0 0.0 0.0
Ganda 1,195 560 635 0.0 0.0 0.0
Gikuyu 460 180 280 0.0 0.0 0.0
Igbo 2,385 1,220 1,170 0.0 0.0 0.0
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 1,920 845 1,075 0.0 0.0 0.0
Lingala 825 350 475 0.0 0.0 0.0
Luba-Kasai 135 55 80 0.0 0.0 0.0
Mòoré 60 30 30 0.0 0.0 0.0
Mwani 345 180 165 0.0 0.0 0.0
Ndebele 335 155 180 0.0 0.0 0.0
Rundi (Kirundi) 2,705 1,225 1,480 0.0 0.0 0.0
Shona 1,580 710 875 0.0 0.0 0.0
Soninke 195 115 75 0.0 0.0 0.0
Sotho-Tswana languages 230 85 150 0.0 0.0 0.0
Swahili 6,445 3,010 3,440 0.0 0.0 0.0
Wojenaka 60 35 30 0.0 0.0 0.0
Wolof 460 240 220 0.0 0.0 0.0
Yoruba 7,335 3,560 3,775 0.1 0.1 0.1
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 3,655 1,710 1,940 0.0 0.0 0.0
Nilo-Saharan languages 1,935 955 985 0.0 0.0 0.0
Dinka 325 165 160 0.0 0.0 0.0
Nuer 320 150 170 0.0 0.0 0.0
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 1,125 555 570 0.0 0.0 0.0
African, n.o.s. 165 80 80 0.0 0.0 0.0
Sign languages 2,775 1,480 1,300 0.0 0.0 0.0
American Sign Language 2,360 1,235 1,125 0.0 0.0 0.0
Quebec Sign Language 35 20 15 0.0 0.0 0.0
Sign languages, n.i.e. 385 225 160 0.0 0.0 0.0
Sino-Tibetan languages 632,250 291,600 340,655 4.5 4.2 4.7
Chinese languages 621,980 286,570 335,410 4.4 4.1 4.7
Hakka 6,215 2,860 3,350 0.0 0.0 0.0
Mandarin 327,470 150,700 176,770 2.3 2.2 2.5
Min Dong 1,015 525 495 0.0 0.0 0.0
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 10,290 4,630 5,660 0.1 0.1 0.1
Wu (Shanghainese) 4,190 1,890 2,300 0.0 0.0 0.0
Yue (Cantonese) 267,425 123,440 143,990 1.9 1.8 2.0
Chinese, n.o.s. 5,080 2,385 2,690 0.0 0.0 0.0
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 300 140 160 0.0 0.0 0.0
Tibeto-Burman languages 10,000 4,905 5,095 0.1 0.1 0.1
Burmese 1,540 755 790 0.0 0.0 0.0
Kuki-Chin languages 440 200 240 0.0 0.0 0.0
Karenic languages 1,765 875 895 0.0 0.0 0.0
S'gaw Karen 1,530 755 775 0.0 0.0 0.0
Karenic languages, n.i.e. 235 115 120 0.0 0.0 0.0
Tibetan 5,785 2,845 2,940 0.0 0.0 0.0
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 460 230 230 0.0 0.0 0.0
Sino-Tibetan languages, n.i.e. 275 130 145 0.0 0.0 0.0
Tai-Kadai languages 8,265 3,360 4,905 0.1 0.0 0.1
Lao 4,570 2,175 2,390 0.0 0.0 0.0
Thai 3,535 1,120 2,420 0.0 0.0 0.0
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e. 165 65 100 0.0 0.0 0.0
Turkic languages 32,270 17,020 15,250 0.2 0.2 0.2
Azerbaijani 2,870 1,545 1,325 0.0 0.0 0.0
Kazakh 255 115 135 0.0 0.0 0.0
Turkish 26,740 14,190 12,550 0.2 0.2 0.2
Uyghur 720 360 360 0.0 0.0 0.0
Uzbek 1,080 520 565 0.0 0.0 0.0
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 610 290 320 0.0 0.0 0.0
Uralic languages 42,270 19,005 23,265 0.3 0.3 0.3
Estonian 3,450 1,510 1,940 0.0 0.0 0.0
Finnish 7,650 3,210 4,445 0.1 0.0 0.1
Hungarian 31,170 14,290 16,875 0.2 0.2 0.2
Other languages, n.i.e. 460 220 240 0.0 0.0 0.0
Multiple responses 669,185 323,300 345,885 4.7 4.7 4.8
English and French 96,260 45,030 51,235 0.7 0.7 0.7
English and non-official language(s) 494,610 242,470 252,140 3.5 3.5 3.5
French and non-official language(s) 15,710 7,085 8,620 0.1 0.1 0.1
English, French and non-official language(s) 16,770 7,725 9,045 0.1 0.1 0.1
Multiple non-official languages 45,835 20,990 24,845 0.3 0.3 0.3
All languages spoken at home
Total - All languages spoken at home for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% data40 14,099,790 6,917,920 7,181,870 100.0 100.0 100.0
English 9,630,975 4,782,040 4,848,935 68.3 69.1 67.5
French 188,560 89,335 99,230 1.3 1.3 1.4
Non-official language 1,124,950 528,060 596,895 8.0 7.6 8.3
Indigenous39 2,630 1,260 1,375 0.0 0.0 0.0
Non-Indigenous 1,122,315 526,805 595,515 8.0 7.6 8.3
English and French 274,675 124,275 150,400 1.9 1.8 2.1
English and non-official language(s) 2,647,980 1,289,510 1,358,470 18.8 18.6 18.9
French and non-official language(s) 14,065 6,055 8,010 0.1 0.1 0.1
English, French and non-official language(s) 117,430 51,870 65,565 0.8 0.7 0.9
Multiple non-official languages 101,145 46,775 54,370 0.7 0.7 0.8
Language spoken most often at home
Total - Language spoken most often at home for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% data41 14,099,790 6,917,920 7,181,870 100.0 100.0 100.0
Single responses 13,384,695 6,573,230 6,811,465 94.9 95.0 94.8
Official languages 11,165,425 5,509,035 5,656,395 79.2 79.6 78.8
English 10,910,560 5,389,445 5,521,125 77.4 77.9 76.9
French 254,870 119,590 135,275 1.8 1.7 1.9
Non-official languages 2,219,265 1,064,195 1,155,070 15.7 15.4 16.1
Indigenous languages39 5,710 2,820 2,890 0.0 0.0 0.0
Algonquian languages 5,430 2,695 2,735 0.0 0.0 0.0
Blackfoot 0 0 0 0.0 0.0 0.0
Cree-Innu languages 1,230 620 605 0.0 0.0 0.0
Atikamekw 0 0 0 0.0 0.0 0.0
Cree languages 1,220 620 605 0.0 0.0 0.0
Ililimowin (Moose Cree) 30 15 15 0.0 0.0 0.0
Inu Ayimun (Southern East Cree) 0 0 0 0.0 0.0 0.0
Iyiyiw-Ayimiwin (Northern East Cree) 15 10 5 0.0 0.0 0.0
Nehinawewin (Swampy Cree) 135 50 85 0.0 0.0 0.0
Nehiyawewin (Plains Cree) 5 0 5 0.0 0.0 0.0
Nihithawiwin (Woods Cree) 15 10 5 0.0 0.0 0.0
Cree, n.o.s. 1,015 530 485 0.0 0.0 0.0
Innu (Montagnais) 0 0 0 0.0 0.0 0.0
Naskapi 5 0 5 0.0 0.0 0.0
Eastern Algonquian languages 20 10 5 0.0 0.0 0.0
Mi'kmaq 20 10 5 0.0 0.0 0.0
Wolastoqewi (Malecite) 0 0 0 0.0 0.0 0.0
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 4,185 2,060 2,120 0.0 0.0 0.0
Anicinabemowin (Algonquin) 5 5 5 0.0 0.0 0.0
Oji-Cree 1,985 995 985 0.0 0.0 0.0
Ojibway languages 2,195 1,065 1,125 0.0 0.0 0.0
Anishinaabemowin (Chippewa) 95 50 50 0.0 0.0 0.0
Daawaamwin (Odawa) 25 10 15 0.0 0.0 0.0
Saulteau (Western Ojibway) 0 0 0 0.0 0.0 0.0
Ojibway, n.o.s. 2,070 1,005 1,065 0.0 0.0 0.0
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0.0 0.0 0.0
Athabaskan languages 15 5 10 0.0 0.0 0.0
Northern Athabaskan languages 15 5 10 0.0 0.0 0.0
Dakelh (Carrier) 0 0 0 0.0 0.0 0.0
Dane-zaa (Beaver) 0 0 0 0.0 0.0 0.0
Dene, n.o.s. 0 0 0 0.0 0.0 0.0
Gwich'in 5 0 0 0.0 0.0 0.0
Slavey-Hare languages 0 0 0 0.0 0.0 0.0
Deh Gah Ghotie Zhatie (South Slavey) 0 0 0 0.0 0.0 0.0
Satuotine Yati (North Slavey) 0 0 0 0.0 0.0 0.0
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0 0.0 0.0 0.0
Tahltan languages 0 0 0 0.0 0.0 0.0
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0 0.0 0.0 0.0
Tahltan 0 0 0 0.0 0.0 0.0
Tlicho (Dogrib) 5 5 0 0.0 0.0 0.0
Tse'khene (Sekani) 0 0 0 0.0 0.0 0.0
Tsilhqot'in (Chilcotin) 0 0 0 0.0 0.0 0.0
Tsuu T'ina (Sarsi) 0 0 0 0.0 0.0 0.0
Tutchone languages 0 0 0 0.0 0.0 0.0
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0 0.0 0.0 0.0
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0 0.0 0.0 0.0
Tutchone, n.o.s. 0 0 0 0.0 0.0 0.0
Wetsuwet'en-Babine 10 0 10 0.0 0.0 0.0
Tlingit 0 0 0 0.0 0.0 0.0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0.0 0.0 0.0
Haida 0 0 0 0.0 0.0 0.0
Inuktut (Inuit) languages 150 65 90 0.0 0.0 0.0
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 0 0 0 0.0 0.0 0.0
Inuinnaqtun 0 0 0 0.0 0.0 0.0
Inuvialuktun 0 0 0 0.0 0.0 0.0
Inuktitut 150 65 90 0.0 0.0 0.0
Inuktut (Inuit) languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0.0 0.0 0.0
Iroquoian languages 75 30 45 0.0 0.0 0.0
Cayuga 10 5 10 0.0 0.0 0.0
Mohawk 50 20 25 0.0 0.0 0.0
Oneida 15 5 10 0.0 0.0 0.0
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0.0 0.0 0.0
Ktunaxa (Kutenai) 0 0 0 0.0 0.0 0.0
Michif 15 5 10 0.0 0.0 0.0
Salish languages 5 0 0 0.0 0.0 0.0
Halkomelem 0 0 0 0.0 0.0 0.0
Lillooet 0 0 0 0.0 0.0 0.0
Ntlakapamux (Thompson) 0 0 0 0.0 0.0 0.0
Secwepemctsin (Shuswap) 0 0 0 0.0 0.0 0.0
Squamish 0 0 0 0.0 0.0 0.0
Straits 0 0 0 0.0 0.0 0.0
Syilx (Okanagan) 0 0 0 0.0 0.0 0.0
Salish languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0.0 0.0 0.0
Siouan languages 5 0 0 0.0 0.0 0.0
Assiniboine 0 0 0 0.0 0.0 0.0
Dakota 0 0 0 0.0 0.0 0.0
Stoney 0 0 0 0.0 0.0 0.0
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0.0 0.0 0.0
Tsimshian languages 0 0 0 0.0 0.0 0.0
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 0 0 0 0.0 0.0 0.0
Nisga'a 0 0 0 0.0 0.0 0.0
Tsimshian 0 0 0 0.0 0.0 0.0
Wakashan languages 0 0 0 0.0 0.0 0.0
Haisla 0 0 0 0.0 0.0 0.0
Heiltsuk 0 0 0 0.0 0.0 0.0
Kwak'wala (Kwakiutl) 0 0 0 0.0 0.0 0.0
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0 0 0 0.0 0.0 0.0
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0.0 0.0 0.0
Indigenous languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0.0 0.0 0.0
Indigenous languages, n.o.s. 5 5 5 0.0 0.0 0.0
Non-Indigenous languages 2,213,555 1,061,375 1,152,180 15.7 15.3 16.0
Afro-Asiatic languages 181,660 88,245 93,420 1.3 1.3 1.3
Berber languages 365 195 170 0.0 0.0 0.0
Kabyle 220 115 100 0.0 0.0 0.0
Tamazight 100 55 45 0.0 0.0 0.0
Berber languages, n.i.e. 45 25 20 0.0 0.0 0.0
Chadic languages 355 180 170 0.0 0.0 0.0
Hausa 325 165 155 0.0 0.0 0.0
Mina 30 10 15 0.0 0.0 0.0
Coptic 255 125 130 0.0 0.0 0.0
Cushitic languages 16,105 7,125 8,980 0.1 0.1 0.1
Bilen 800 440 355 0.0 0.0 0.0
Oromo 840 385 455 0.0 0.0 0.0
Somali 14,230 6,180 8,050 0.1 0.1 0.1
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 230 115 115 0.0 0.0 0.0
Semitic languages 164,590 80,620 83,970 1.2 1.2 1.2
Amharic 6,405 2,865 3,545 0.0 0.0 0.0
Arabic 124,865 61,605 63,260 0.9 0.9 0.9
Aramaic languages 18,120 8,680 9,440 0.1 0.1 0.1
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 11,870 5,645 6,225 0.1 0.1 0.1
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 5,550 2,685 2,865 0.0 0.0 0.0
Aramaic, n.o.s. 705 345 355 0.0 0.0 0.0
Harari 515 225 290 0.0 0.0 0.0
Hebrew 4,925 2,505 2,415 0.0 0.0 0.0
Maltese 770 350 420 0.0 0.0 0.0
Tigrigna 8,870 4,335 4,535 0.1 0.1 0.1
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 120 60 60 0.0 0.0 0.0
Austro-Asiatic languages 55,990 25,430 30,560 0.4 0.4 0.4
Khmer (Cambodian) 3,855 1,705 2,150 0.0 0.0 0.0
Vietnamese 52,080 23,700 28,380 0.4 0.3 0.4
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e 55 25 30 0.0 0.0 0.0
Austronesian languages 115,225 50,755 64,470 0.8 0.7 0.9
Bikol 255 115 140 0.0 0.0 0.0
Bisaya, n.o.s. 1,355 600 760 0.0 0.0 0.0
Cebuano 3,140 1,380 1,760 0.0 0.0 0.0
Fijian 20 15 5 0.0 0.0 0.0
Hiligaynon 1,960 860 1,100 0.0 0.0 0.0
Ilocano 8,105 3,635 4,465 0.1 0.1 0.1
Indonesian 1,990 930 1,055 0.0 0.0 0.0
Kankanaey 210 100 110 0.0 0.0 0.0
Kinaray-a 110 55 60 0.0 0.0 0.0
Malagasy languages 45 15 35 0.0 0.0 0.0
Merina 15 0 15 0.0 0.0 0.0
Malagasy, n.o.s. 35 15 20 0.0 0.0 0.0
Malay 130 65 65 0.0 0.0 0.0
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 990 455 535 0.0 0.0 0.0
Pangasinan 250 115 140 0.0 0.0 0.0
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 95,635 41,970 53,660 0.7 0.6 0.7
Waray-Waray 230 90 140 0.0 0.0 0.0
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 785 355 435 0.0 0.0 0.0
Creole languages 6,165 2,705 3,460 0.0 0.0 0.0
Haitian Creole 2,640 1,115 1,525 0.0 0.0 0.0
Jamaican English Creole 195 75 115 0.0 0.0 0.0
Krio 140 60 85 0.0 0.0 0.0
Morisyen 1,425 685 735 0.0 0.0 0.0
Sango 30 15 15 0.0 0.0 0.0
Creole, n.o.s. 1,325 565 760 0.0 0.0 0.0
Creole languages, n.i.e. 420 195 225 0.0 0.0 0.0
Dravidian languages 129,245 64,385 64,855 0.9 0.9 0.9
Kannada 2,165 1,110 1,055 0.0 0.0 0.0
Malayalam 20,855 11,325 9,535 0.1 0.2 0.1
Tamil 93,165 44,735 48,425 0.7 0.6 0.7
Telugu 12,805 7,095 5,710 0.1 0.1 0.1
Tulu 145 65 75 0.0 0.0 0.0
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 110 55 60 0.0 0.0 0.0
Georgian 1,040 570 475 0.0 0.0 0.0
Hmong-Mien languages 185 85 95 0.0 0.0 0.0
Indo-European languages 1,136,460 553,970 582,490 8.1 8.0 8.1
Albanian 9,880 4,875 5,005 0.1 0.1 0.1
Armenian 8,590 4,035 4,545 0.1 0.1 0.1
Balto-Slavic languages 181,290 84,870 96,420 1.3 1.2 1.3
Baltic languages 1,640 700 940 0.0 0.0 0.0
Latvian 535 225 310 0.0 0.0 0.0
Lithuanian 1,105 470 630 0.0 0.0 0.0
Slavic languages 179,650 84,175 95,475 1.3 1.2 1.3
Belarusian 145 70 75 0.0 0.0 0.0
Bulgarian 4,100 1,955 2,140 0.0 0.0 0.0
Czech 2,555 1,180 1,375 0.0 0.0 0.0
Macedonian 5,535 2,590 2,945 0.0 0.0 0.0
Polish 45,800 21,280 24,515 0.3 0.3 0.3
Russian 66,045 30,625 35,420 0.5 0.4 0.5
Rusyn 120 70 50 0.0 0.0 0.0
Serbo-Croatian 35,980 17,375 18,610 0.3 0.3 0.3
Bosnian 3,450 1,670 1,780 0.0 0.0 0.0
Croatian 9,990 4,660 5,335 0.1 0.1 0.1
Serbian 22,145 10,850 11,295 0.2 0.2 0.2
Serbo-Croatian, n.i.e. 400 195 205 0.0 0.0 0.0
Slovak 3,070 1,470 1,600 0.0 0.0 0.0
Slovene (Slovenian) 1,000 420 580 0.0 0.0 0.0
Ukrainian 15,235 7,100 8,135 0.1 0.1 0.1
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 65 40 30 0.0 0.0 0.0
Celtic languages 140 75 65 0.0 0.0 0.0
Irish 65 35 25 0.0 0.0 0.0
Scottish Gaelic 25 10 15 0.0 0.0 0.0
Welsh 45 15 25 0.0 0.0 0.0
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 15 10 5 0.0 0.0 0.0
Germanic languages 40,600 19,895 20,700 0.3 0.3 0.3
Frisian 85 45 45 0.0 0.0 0.0
High German languages 28,670 14,000 14,665 0.2 0.2 0.2
German 20,680 10,015 10,670 0.1 0.1 0.1
Pennsylvania German 7,180 3,590 3,590 0.1 0.1 0.0
Swiss German 560 280 280 0.0 0.0 0.0
Yiddish 250 115 130 0.0 0.0 0.0
Low Saxon-Low Franconian languages 11,190 5,540 5,650 0.1 0.1 0.1
Afrikaans 1,175 595 580 0.0 0.0 0.0
Dutch 4,055 2,000 2,050 0.0 0.0 0.0
Low German, n.o.s. 1,265 630 640 0.0 0.0 0.0
Low Saxon 185 85 100 0.0 0.0 0.0
Plautdietsch 4,415 2,185 2,235 0.0 0.0 0.0
Vlaams (Flemish) 95 40 50 0.0 0.0 0.0
Scandinavian languages 620 300 315 0.0 0.0 0.0
Danish 210 90 115 0.0 0.0 0.0
Icelandic 30 15 20 0.0 0.0 0.0
Norwegian 70 30 35 0.0 0.0 0.0
Swedish 310 160 145 0.0 0.0 0.0
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 40 15 20 0.0 0.0 0.0
Greek 19,065 8,615 10,455 0.1 0.1 0.1
Indo-Iranian languages 601,605 304,195 297,410 4.3 4.4 4.1
Indo-Aryan languages 487,535 248,975 238,560 3.5 3.6 3.3
Assamese 145 75 70 0.0 0.0 0.0
Bengali 34,830 17,260 17,570 0.2 0.2 0.2
Gujarati 63,145 32,735 30,405 0.4 0.5 0.4
Hindi 52,420 27,250 25,175 0.4 0.4 0.4
Kacchi 1,655 725 925 0.0 0.0 0.0
Kashmiri 145 65 75 0.0 0.0 0.0
Konkani 640 295 345 0.0 0.0 0.0
Marathi 4,975 2,540 2,440 0.0 0.0 0.0
Nepali 8,910 4,555 4,355 0.1 0.1 0.1
Oriya languages 655 345 310 0.0 0.0 0.0
Odia 420 220 200 0.0 0.0 0.0
Oriya, n.o.s. 230 125 110 0.0 0.0 0.0
Punjabi (Panjabi) 198,670 103,170 95,495 1.4 1.5 1.3
Rohingya 220 105 110 0.0 0.0 0.0
Sindhi 1,390 700 690 0.0 0.0 0.0
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 5,795 2,870 2,925 0.0 0.0 0.0
Urdu 113,020 55,810 57,215 0.8 0.8 0.8
Indo-Aryan languages, n.i.e. 930 470 455 0.0 0.0 0.0
Iranian languages 114,005 55,190 58,815 0.8 0.8 0.8
Baluchi 195 105 90 0.0 0.0 0.0
Kurdish 5,560 2,815 2,740 0.0 0.0 0.0
Parsi 170 80 90 0.0 0.0 0.0
Pashto 8,670 4,315 4,360 0.1 0.1 0.1
Persian languages 99,095 47,705 51,395 0.7 0.7 0.7
Dari 21,150 10,030 11,120 0.2 0.1 0.2
Iranian Persian 67,320 32,510 34,810 0.5 0.5 0.5
Persian (Farsi), n.o.s. 10,625 5,160 5,465 0.1 0.1 0.1
Iranian languages, n.i.e. 310 170 135 0.0 0.0 0.0
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 65 35 30 0.0 0.0 0.0
Italic (Romance) languages 275,210 127,365 147,850 2.0 1.8 2.1
Catalan 105 50 55 0.0 0.0 0.0
Italian 58,670 24,180 34,495 0.4 0.3 0.5
Portuguese 74,745 35,620 39,120 0.5 0.5 0.5
Romanian 17,755 8,280 9,480 0.1 0.1 0.1
Spanish 123,690 59,125 64,570 0.9 0.9 0.9
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 240 110 130 0.0 0.0 0.0
Indo-European languages, n.i.e. 90 45 40 0.0 0.0 0.0
Japanese 5,875 2,485 3,390 0.0 0.0 0.0
Korean 53,585 24,865 28,720 0.4 0.4 0.4
Mongolian 290 145 145 0.0 0.0 0.0
Niger-Congo languages 16,065 7,275 8,785 0.1 0.1 0.1
Akan (Twi) 4,370 1,945 2,425 0.0 0.0 0.0
Bamanankan 80 40 40 0.0 0.0 0.0
Edo 270 105 170 0.0 0.0 0.0
Éwé 120 50 65 0.0 0.0 0.0
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 220 110 115 0.0 0.0 0.0
Ga 170 70 100 0.0 0.0 0.0
Ganda 345 160 180 0.0 0.0 0.0
Gikuyu 70 35 35 0.0 0.0 0.0
Igbo 660 330 330 0.0 0.0 0.0
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 775 330 445 0.0 0.0 0.0
Lingala 330 135 190 0.0 0.0 0.0
Luba-Kasai 35 10 25 0.0 0.0 0.0
Mòoré 10 5 5 0.0 0.0 0.0
Mwani 80 40 35 0.0 0.0 0.0
Ndebele 115 55 60 0.0 0.0 0.0
Rundi (Kirundi) 1,375 630 750 0.0 0.0 0.0
Shona 450 195 250 0.0 0.0 0.0
Soninke 105 60 40 0.0 0.0 0.0
Sotho-Tswana languages 55 20 35 0.0 0.0 0.0
Swahili 2,775 1,250 1,525 0.0 0.0 0.0
Wojenaka 35 25 15 0.0 0.0 0.0
Wolof 165 80 80 0.0 0.0 0.0
Yoruba 2,640 1,200 1,435 0.0 0.0 0.0