Census Profile, 2021 Census of Population
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Topic:
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Age
Age characteristics
Commuting
Select all: Commuting
Commuting destination
Commuting duration
Main mode of commuting
Place of work status
Time leaving for work
Education
Select all: Education
Highest certificate, diploma or degree
Location of study compared with province or territory of residence
Major field of study - Classification of Instructional Programs (CIP) 2021
Secondary (high) school diploma or equivalency certificate
Ethnocultural and religious diversity
Select all: Ethnocultural and religious diversity
Ethnic or cultural origin
Religion
Visible minority
Families, households, and marital status
Select all: Families, households, and marital status
Family characteristics
Household type
Marital status
Housing
Household characteristics
Immigration, place of birth, and citizenship
Select all: Immigration, place of birth, and citizenship
Admission category and applicant type
Age at immigration
Citizenship
Generation status
Immigrant status and period of immigration
Pre-admission experience
Selected places of birth for the immigrant population
Selected places of birth for the recent immigrant population
Income
Select all: Income
Income of economic families in 2020
Income of households in 2020
Income of individuals in 2019
Income of individuals in 2020
Low income and income inequality in 2020
Indigenous peoples
Select all: Indigenous peoples
Indigenous ancestry
Indigenous population
Instruction in the minority official language
Select all: Instruction in the minority official language
Children eligible for instruction in the minority official language
Eligibility and instruction in the minority official language for school-aged children
Labour
Select all: Labour
Class of worker including job permanency
Industry - Sectors - North American Industry Classification System (NAICS) 2017
Labour force status
Occupation - Broad category - National Occupational Classification (NOC) 2021
Work activity during the reference year
Language
Select all: Language
All languages spoken at home
First official language spoken
Knowledge of languages
Knowledge of official languages
Language spoken most often at home
Mother tongue
Other language spoken regularly at home
Language of work
Select all: Language of work
All languages used at work
Language used most often at work
Other language(s) used regularly at work
Mobility and migration
Select all: Mobility and migration
Mobility status 1 year ago
Mobility status 5 years ago
Population and dwelling counts
Population and dwellings
Type of dwelling
Household and dwelling characteristics
GenderMore information:


Statistic:
Characteristic Ottawa SouthMore information:
Ontario
[Federal electoral district (2013 Representation Order)]
Counts
Total Men+ Women+
Population and dwellings
Population, 20211 125,090 ... ...
Population, 20161 121,058 ... ...
Population percentage change, 2016 to 2021 3.3 ... ...
Total private dwellings2 52,566 ... ...
Private dwellings occupied by usual residents3 50,185 ... ...
Population density per square kilometre 1,713.2 ... ...
Land area in square kilometres 73.01 ... ...
Age characteristics
Total - Age groups of the population - 100% data 125,090 60,760 64,330
0 to 14 years 20,080 10,160 9,915
0 to 4 years 6,345 3,200 3,150
5 to 9 years 6,915 3,500 3,410
10 to 14 years 6,825 3,460 3,355
15 to 64 years 82,530 40,510 42,020
15 to 19 years 7,070 3,640 3,430
20 to 24 years 10,285 5,365 4,920
25 to 29 years 10,120 5,220 4,900
30 to 34 years 8,725 4,295 4,425
35 to 39 years 8,200 3,985 4,215
40 to 44 years 7,250 3,435 3,810
45 to 49 years 6,900 3,220 3,680
50 to 54 years 7,450 3,485 3,960
55 to 59 years 8,475 4,060 4,420
60 to 64 years 8,055 3,805 4,250
65 years and over 22,475 10,085 12,390
65 to 69 years 6,620 3,135 3,480
70 to 74 years 5,610 2,565 3,045
75 to 79 years 3,920 1,740 2,180
80 to 84 years 2,810 1,215 1,590
85 years and over 3,520 1,430 2,090
85 to 89 years 2,045 860 1,185
90 to 94 years 1,070 400 665
95 to 99 years 355 140 210
100 years and over 55 20 35
Total - Distribution (%) of the population by broad age groups - 100% data 100.0 100.0 100.0
0 to 14 years 16.1 16.7 15.4
15 to 64 years 66.0 66.7 65.3
65 years and over 18.0 16.6 19.3
85 years and over 2.8 2.4 3.2
Average age of the population 40.8 39.6 41.8
Median age of the population 38.8 37.2 40.4
Household and dwelling characteristics
Total - Occupied private dwellings by structural type of dwelling - 100% data 50,185 ... ...
Single-detached house 17,240 ... ...
Semi-detached house 2,165 ... ...
Row house 12,835 ... ...
Apartment or flat in a duplex 530 ... ...
Apartment in a building that has fewer than five storeys 3,280 ... ...
Apartment in a building that has five or more storeys 14,045 ... ...
Other single-attached house 90 ... ...
Movable dwelling4 0 ... ...
Total - Private households by household size - 100% data 50,185 ... ...
1 person 14,880 ... ...
2 persons 16,570 ... ...
3 persons 7,615 ... ...
4 persons 6,360 ... ...
5 or more persons 4,755 ... ...
Number of persons in private households 123,385 60,005 63,375
Average household size 2.5 ... ...
Marital status
Total - Marital status for the total population aged 15 years and over - 100% data 105,010 50,595 54,415
Married or living common-law 53,180 26,630 26,555
Married 44,200 22,110 22,090
Living common-law 8,980 4,515 4,470
Living common law - Never married 6,910 3,450 3,455
Living common law - Separated 355 210 150
Living common law - Divorced 1,535 770 765
Living common law - Widowed 185 85 100
Not married and not living common-law 51,825 23,970 27,855
Not married and not living common law - Never married 36,260 19,235 17,025
Not married and not living common law - Separated 3,185 1,230 1,960
Not married and not living common law - Divorced 6,670 2,315 4,355
Not married and not living common law - Widowed 5,710 1,190 4,515
Family characteristics
Total - Census families in private households by family size - 100% data5 32,535 ... ...
2 persons 16,145 ... ...
3 persons 6,880 ... ...
4 persons 5,865 ... ...
5 or more persons 3,645 ... ...
Average size of census families 3.0 ... ...
Average number of children in census families with children6 1.9 ... ...
Total number of census families in private households - 100% data 32,535 ... ...
Total couple families 25,600 ... ...
Married couples 21,110 ... ...
With children6 12,035 ... ...
Without children 9,070 ... ...
Common-law couples 4,490 ... ...
With children6 1,335 ... ...
Without children 3,155 ... ...
Total one-parent families 6,940 ... ...
in which the parent is a woman+ 5,725 ... ...
in which the parent is a man+ 1,215 ... ...
Total - Persons in private households - 100% data 123,385 60,010 63,380
Total - Persons in census families 96,780 47,160 49,620
Married spouses or common-law partners 51,190 25,600 25,590
Parents in one-parent families 6,935 1,210 5,730
Children6 38,650 20,345 18,305
In a two-parent family 26,885 14,110 12,775
In a one-parent family 11,765 6,235 5,530
Total - Persons not in census families in private households - 100% data 26,605 12,845 13,760
Living alone 14,880 6,435 8,445
Living with other relatives7 4,010 1,760 2,255
Living with non-relatives only 7,710 4,650 3,060
Household type
Total - Household type - 100% data 50,185 ... ...
One-census-family households without additional persons 28,795 ... ...
Couple-family households 23,165 ... ...
With children6 12,115 ... ...
Without children 11,045 ... ...
One-parent-family households 5,630 ... ...
Multigenerational households8 1,170 ... ...
Multiple-census-family households9 230 ... ...
One-census-family households with additional persons9 1,550 ... ...
Two-or-more-person non-census-family households 3,560 ... ...
One-person households 14,880 ... ...
Income of individuals in 2020
Total - Income statistics in 2020 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data10 103,315 49,850 53,465
Number of total income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2020 - 100% data 98,385 47,315 51,070
Median total income in 2020 among recipients ($) 42,000 44,400 40,000
Number of after-tax income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2020 - 100% data 98,475 47,360 51,110
Median after-tax income in 2020 among recipients ($) 38,000 39,600 36,800
Number of market income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2020 - 100% data 86,255 42,540 43,710
Median market income in 2020 among recipients ($) 38,400 42,400 34,800
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2020 - 100% data 69,095 35,380 33,710
Median employment income in 2020 among recipients ($) 37,200 39,200 35,200
Number of government transfers recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2020 - 100% data 89,410 42,390 47,025
Median government transfers in 2020 among recipients ($) 8,800 6,850 10,100
Number of employment insurance benefits recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2020 - 100% data 7,470 3,305 4,170
Median employment insurance benefits in 2020 among recipients ($) 5,520 5,480 5,800
Number of COVID-19 emergency and recovery benefits recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2020 - 100% data 27,830 14,045 13,785
Median COVID-19 emergency and recovery benefits in 2020 among recipients ($) 8,500 9,000 8,500
Total - Income statistics in 2020 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data11 103,365 49,865 53,495
Number of total income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2020 - 25% sample data 98,535 47,360 51,175
Average total income in 2020 among recipients ($) 55,600 60,600 50,960
Number of after-tax income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2020 - 25% sample data 98,615 47,400 51,215
Average after-tax income in 2020 among recipients ($) 46,240 49,360 43,360
Number of market income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2020 - 25% sample data 86,370 42,595 43,775
Average market income in 2020 among recipients ($) 52,400 58,000 47,000
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2020 - 25% sample data 69,130 35,260 33,870
Average employment income in 2020 among recipients ($) 50,440 54,450 46,280
Number of government transfers recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2020 - 25% sample data 89,740 42,695 47,040
Average government transfers in 2020 among recipients ($) 10,580 9,350 11,690
Number of employment insurance benefits recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2020 - 25% sample data 7,380 3,305 4,070
Average employment insurance benefits in 2020 among recipients ($) 6,700 5,805 7,430
Number of COVID-19 emergency and recovery benefits recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2020 - 25% sample data 27,600 14,055 13,545
Average COVID-19 emergency and recovery benefits in 2020 among recipients ($) 9,560 9,730 9,380
Total - Employment income statistics in 2020 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data12 103,365 49,870 53,500
Number of employment income recipients in 2020 who worked full-year full-time in 2020 - 25% sample data13 32,590 17,330 15,260
Median employment income in 2020 for full-year full-time workers in 2020 ($)14 69,000 70,500 67,000
Average employment income in 2020 for full-year full-time workers in 2020 ($)15 79,900 84,400 74,900
Number of employment income recipients in 2020 who worked part-year or part-time in 2020 - 25% sample data16 26,905 12,985 13,920
Median employment income in 2020 of those who worked part-year or part-time in 2020 ($) 16,200 16,400 15,900
Average employment income in 2020 of those who worked part-year or part-time in 2020 ($) 26,800 28,840 24,920
Composition of total income in 2020 of the population aged 15 years and over in private households (%) - 25% sample data17 100.0 100.0 100.0
Market income (%)18 82.6 86.0 79.0
Employment income (%)19 63.7 66.8 60.1
Government transfers (%)20 17.3 13.9 21.1
Employment insurance benefits (%) 0.9 0.7 1.2
COVID-19 - Government income support and benefits (%) 5.5 5.2 5.8
COVID-19 - Emergency and recovery benefits (%) 4.8 4.8 4.9
Total - Total income groups in 2020 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data21 103,315 49,845 53,465
Without total income 4,925 2,530 2,390
With total income 98,390 47,315 51,070
Under $10,000 (including loss) 8,320 3,840 4,485
$10,000 to $19,999 11,760 5,315 6,445
$20,000 to $29,999 14,895 6,940 7,950
$30,000 to $39,999 12,060 5,500 6,560
$40,000 to $49,999 9,775 4,455 5,320
$50,000 to $59,999 8,045 3,600 4,445
$60,000 to $69,999 7,125 3,365 3,765
$70,000 to $79,999 5,775 2,940 2,835
$80,000 to $89,999 4,535 2,365 2,175
$90,000 to $99,999 3,640 1,820 1,820
$100,000 and over 12,450 7,180 5,270
$100,000 to $149,999 8,710 4,810 3,895
$150,000 and over 3,740 2,370 1,375
Total - After-tax income groups in 2020 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data22 103,315 49,845 53,465
Without after-tax income 4,840 2,485 2,350
With after-tax income 98,475 47,365 51,115
Under $10,000 (including loss) 8,820 3,990 4,830
$10,000 to $19,999 12,190 5,525 6,670
$20,000 to $29,999 16,630 7,835 8,795
$30,000 to $39,999 13,850 6,450 7,400
$40,000 to $49,999 11,400 5,110 6,290
$50,000 to $59,999 9,405 4,355 5,050
$60,000 to $69,999 7,295 3,645 3,655
$70,000 to $79,999 5,410 2,785 2,625
$80,000 to $89,999 4,290 2,210 2,080
$90,000 to $99,999 2,885 1,590 1,295
$100,000 and over 6,295 3,870 2,425
$100,000 to $124,999 3,460 2,050 1,410
$125,000 and over 2,840 1,820 1,015
Total - Employment income groups in 2020 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data19 103,315 49,845 53,465
Without employment income 34,220 14,465 19,750
With employment income 69,095 35,380 33,710
Under $5,000 (including loss) 10,150 5,130 5,020
$5,000 to $9,999 6,225 2,945 3,280
$10,000 to $19,999 8,130 4,020 4,110
$20,000 to $29,999 5,985 2,990 3,000
$30,000 to $39,999 5,620 2,880 2,745
$40,000 to $49,999 5,125 2,600 2,525
$50,000 to $59,999 4,880 2,345 2,540
$60,000 to $69,999 4,525 2,245 2,280
$70,000 to $79,999 3,760 2,005 1,760
$80,000 to $89,999 3,075 1,655 1,425
$90,000 to $99,999 2,670 1,320 1,350
$100,000 and over 8,940 5,255 3,690
$100,000 to $124,999 4,515 2,475 2,035
$125,000 and over 4,430 2,775 1,650
Income of individuals in 2019
Total - Income statistics in 2019 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data23 103,315 49,850 53,465
Number of total income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2019 - 100% data 95,985 46,085 49,905
Median total income in 2019 among recipients ($) 38,400 41,200 36,400
Number of after-tax income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2019 - 100% data 96,030 46,095 49,935
Median after-tax income in 2019 among recipients ($) 35,200 37,200 33,600
Number of market income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2019 - 100% data 84,475 41,645 42,830
Median market income in 2019 among recipients ($) 38,400 42,000 34,800
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2019 - 100% data 68,395 34,890 33,500
Median employment income in 2019 among recipients ($) 36,400 38,400 34,400
Number of government transfers recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2019 - 100% data 84,095 39,780 44,315
Median government transfers in 2019 among recipients ($) 2,000 1,070 4,520
Number of employment insurance benefits recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2019 -100% data 4,740 1,990 2,750
Median employment insurance benefits in 2019 among recipients ($) 6,080 5,640 6,500
Total - Income statistics in 2019 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data24 103,365 49,865 53,495
Number of total income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2019 - 25% sample data 95,965 46,035 49,930
Average total income in 2019 among recipients ($) 51,650 56,550 47,160
Number of after-tax income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2019 - 25% sample data 96,010 46,035 49,975
Average after-tax income in 2019 among recipients ($) 43,160 46,560 40,000
Number of market income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2019 - 25% sample data 84,640 41,705 42,940
Average market income in 2019 among recipients ($) 51,450 56,850 46,160
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2019 - 25% sample data 68,430 34,770 33,665
Average employment income in 2019 among recipients ($) 49,280 53,050 45,440
Number of government transfers recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2019 - 25% sample data 84,170 40,105 44,070
Average government transfers in 2019 among recipients ($) 7,180 5,775 8,460
Number of employment insurance benefits recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2019 - 25% sample data 4,895 2,075 2,820
Average employment insurance benefits in 2019 among recipients ($) 7,870 6,950 8,550
Total - Employment income statistics in 2019 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data25 103,365 49,870 53,500
Number of employment income recipients in 2019 who worked full-year full-time in 2020 - 25% sample data13 32,345 17,165 15,180
Median employment income in 2019 for full-year full-time workers in 2020 ($)14 63,600 64,500 62,000
Average employment income in 2019 for full-year full-time workers in 2020 ($)15 73,400 77,100 69,200
Number of employment income recipients in 2019 who worked part-year or part-time in 2020 - 25% sample data16 24,910 12,125 12,780
Median employment income in 2019 of those who worked part-year or part-time in 2020 ($) 20,400 21,200 19,800
Average employment income in 2019 of those who worked part-year or part-time in 2020 ($) 30,880 32,760 29,120
Composition of total income in 2019 of the population aged 15 years and over in private households (%) - 25% sample data 100.0 100.0 100.0
Market income (%) 87.8 91.2 84.2
Employment income (%) 68.0 70.8 65.0
Government transfers (%) 12.2 8.9 15.8
Employment insurance benefits (%) 0.8 0.6 1.0
Income of households in 2020
Total - Income statistics for private households - 100% data26 50,185 ... ...
Median total income of household in 2020 ($) 87,000 ... ...
Median after-tax income of household in 2020 ($) 77,000 ... ...
Total - Income statistics for one-person private households - 100% data 14,880 ... ...
Median total income of one-person households in 2020 ($) 48,800 ... ...
Median after-tax income of one-person households in 2020 ($) 43,200 ... ...
Total - Income statistics for two-or-more-persons private households - 100% data 35,305 ... ...
Median total income of two-or-more-person households in 2020 ($) 109,000 ... ...
Median after-tax income of two-or-more-person households in 2020 ($) 96,000 ... ...
Total - Income statistics for private households - 25% sample data27 50,165 ... ...
Average total income of household in 2020 ($) 109,200 ... ...
Average after-tax income of household in 2020 ($) 90,900 ... ...
Total - Income statistics for one-person private households - 25% sample data 14,835 ... ...
Average total income of one-person households in 2020 ($) 57,500 ... ...
Average after-tax income of one-person households in 2020 ($) 47,280 ... ...
Total - Income statistics for two-or-more-persons private households - 25% sample data 35,330 ... ...
Average total income of two-or-more-person households in 2020 ($) 130,800 ... ...
Average after-tax income of two-or-more-person households in 2020 ($) 109,200 ... ...
Total - Household total income groups in 2020 for private households - 100% data21 50,185 ... ...
Under $5,000 685 ... ...
$5,000 to $9,999 335 ... ...
$10,000 to $14,999 725 ... ...
$15,000 to $19,999 895 ... ...
$20,000 to $24,999 1,800 ... ...
$25,000 to $29,999 1,385 ... ...
$30,000 to $34,999 1,490 ... ...
$35,000 to $39,999 1,690 ... ...
$40,000 to $44,999 1,635 ... ...
$45,000 to $49,999 1,780 ... ...
$50,000 to $59,999 3,480 ... ...
$60,000 to $69,999 3,520 ... ...
$70,000 to $79,999 3,425 ... ...
$80,000 to $89,999 3,080 ... ...
$90,000 to $99,999 2,880 ... ...
$100,000 and over 21,380 ... ...
$100,000 to $124,999 5,935 ... ...
$125,000 to $149,999 4,415 ... ...
$150,000 to $199,999 5,365 ... ...
$200,000 and over 5,665 ... ...
Total - Household after-tax income groups in 2020 for private households - 100% data22 50,185 ... ...
Under $5,000 735 ... ...
$5,000 to $9,999 345 ... ...
$10,000 to $14,999 735 ... ...
$15,000 to $19,999 925 ... ...
$20,000 to $24,999 1,915 ... ...
$25,000 to $29,999 1,550 ... ...
$30,000 to $34,999 1,780 ... ...
$35,000 to $39,999 1,920 ... ...
$40,000 to $44,999 2,075 ... ...
$45,000 to $49,999 2,150 ... ...
$50,000 to $59,999 4,195 ... ...
$60,000 to $69,999 4,125 ... ...
$70,000 to $79,999 3,775 ... ...
$80,000 to $89,999 3,440 ... ...
$90,000 to $99,999 3,125 ... ...
$100,000 and over 17,390 ... ...
$100,000 to $124,999 6,095 ... ...
$125,000 to $149,999 4,085 ... ...
$150,000 and over 7,210 ... ...
Income of economic families in 2020
Total - Income statistics for economic families in private households - 100% data28 32,805 ... ...
Median total income of economic family in 2020 ($) 110,000 ... ...
Median after-tax income of economic family in 2020 ($) 97,000 ... ...
Average family size of economic families 3.1 ... ...
Total - Income statistics for couple-only economic families in private households - 100% data 11,355 ... ...
Median total income of couple-only economic families in 2020 ($) 111,000 ... ...
Median after-tax income of couple-only economic families in 2020 ($) 95,000 ... ...
Average family size of couple-only economic families 2.0 ... ...
Total - Income statistics for couple-with-children economic families in private households - 100% data 13,395 ... ...
Median total income of couple-with-children economic families in 2020 ($) 137,000 ... ...
Median after-tax income of couple-with-children economic families in 2020 ($) 119,000 ... ...
Average family size of couple-with-children economic families 4.1 ... ...
Total - Income statistics for one-parent economic families in private households - 100% data 6,540 ... ...
Median total income of one-parent economic families in 2020 ($) 71,000 ... ...
Median after-tax income of one-parent economic families in 2020 ($) 65,500 ... ...
Average family size of one-parent economic families 2.8 ... ...
Total - Income statistics for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families in private households - 100% data29 22,590 11,085 11,505
Median total income in 2020 ($)30 40,400 39,200 42,400
Median after-tax income in 2020 ($)30 36,800 35,600 38,400
Total - Income statistics for economic families in private households - 25% sample data31 32,815 ... ...
Average total income of economic family in 2020 ($) 132,400 ... ...
Average after-tax income of economic family in 2020 ($) 110,100 ... ...
Total - Income statistics for couple-only economic families in private households - 25% sample data 11,425 ... ...
Average total income of couple-only economic families in 2020 ($) 127,600 ... ...
Average after-tax income of couple-only economic families in 2020 ($) 104,200 ... ...
Total - Income statistics for couple-with-children economic families in private households - 25% sample data 13,445 ... ...
Average total income of couple-with-children economic families in 2020 ($) 162,000 ... ...
Average after-tax income of couple-with-children economic families in 2020 ($) 133,800 ... ...
Total - Income statistics for one-parent economic families in private households - 25% sample data 6,475 ... ...
Average total income of one-parent economic families in 2020 ($) 84,500 ... ...
Average after-tax income of one-parent economic families in 2020 ($) 74,800 ... ...
Total - Income statistics for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families in private households - 25% sample data32 22,605 11,110 11,495
Average total income in 2020 ($)30 50,120 49,320 50,880
Average after-tax income in 2020 ($)30 41,960 40,320 43,560
Low income and income inequality in 2020
Total - LIM low-income status in 2020 for the population in private households - 100% data33 123,385 60,005 63,375
0 to 17 years 24,160 12,280 11,885
0 to 5 years 7,700 3,865 3,835
18 to 64 years 78,140 38,210 39,935
65 years and over 21,080 9,520 11,560
In low income based on the Low-income measure, after tax (LIM-AT) 16,250 7,630 8,615
0 to 17 years 4,525 2,310 2,220
0 to 5 years 1,580 795 785
18 to 64 years 9,170 4,330 4,840
65 years and over 2,555 995 1,555
Prevalence of low income based on the Low-income measure, after tax (LIM-AT) (%) 13.2 12.7 13.6
0 to 17 years (%) 18.7 18.8 18.7
0 to 5 years (%) 20.5 20.6 20.5
18 to 64 years (%) 11.7 11.3 12.1
65 years and over (%) 12.1 10.5 13.5
Total - LICO low-income status in 2020 for the population in private households to whom the low-income concept is applicable - 100% data33 123,385 60,010 63,380
0 to 17 years 24,165 12,280 11,880
0 to 5 years 7,695 3,860 3,835
18 to 64 years 78,140 38,205 39,935
65 years and over 21,080 9,520 11,560
In low income based on the Low-income cut-offs, after tax (LICO-AT) 10,575 5,425 5,150
0 to 17 years 2,310 1,205 1,100
0 to 5 years 795 410 390
18 to 64 years 7,425 3,865 3,560
65 years and over 845 355 485
Prevalence of low income based on the Low-income cut-offs, after tax (LICO-AT) (%) 8.6 9.0 8.1
0 to 17 years (%) 9.6 9.8 9.3
0 to 5 years (%) 10.4 10.5 10.2
18 to 64 years (%) 9.5 10.1 8.9
65 years and over (%) 4.0 3.7 4.2
Total - Adjusted after-tax economic family income decile group for the population in private households - 100% data34The letter 'c' in a yellow triangle indicates a correction notice. 123,385 60,005 63,380
In bottom half of the distribution 60,835 29,340 31,495
In bottom decile 15,420 7,595 7,830
In second decile 12,705 5,975 6,730
In third decile 11,400 5,580 5,820
In fourth decile 10,625 5,115 5,510
In fifth decile 10,685 5,080 5,610
In top half of the distribution 62,545 30,665 31,880
In sixth decile 10,555 5,080 5,475
In seventh decile 11,120 5,385 5,730
In eighth decile 11,960 5,920 6,040
In ninth decile 13,725 6,700 7,025
In top decile 15,190 7,580 7,610
Total - Inequality measures for the population in private households - 100% data35 123,385 ... ...
Gini index on adjusted household total income 0.355 ... ...
Gini index on adjusted household market income 0.473 ... ...
Gini index on adjusted household after-tax income 0.312 ... ...
P90/P10 ratio on adjusted household after-tax income 4.3 ... ...
Knowledge of official languages
Total - Knowledge of official languages for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% data36 123,815 60,210 63,605
English only 76,560 39,050 37,515
French only 2,095 790 1,305
English and French 42,230 19,310 22,925
Neither English nor French 2,930 1,065 1,860
First official language spoken
Total - First official language spoken for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% data37 123,815 60,210 63,605
English 100,875 50,150 50,720
French 15,740 7,000 8,745
English and French 4,355 2,040 2,320
Neither English nor French 2,845 1,015 1,825
Mother tongue
Total - Mother tongue for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% data38 123,815 60,210 63,605
Single responses 114,465 55,755 58,710
Official languages 76,430 37,560 38,865
English 63,260 31,600 31,660
French 13,165 5,965 7,210
Non-official languages 38,040 18,195 19,845
Indigenous languages39 65 25 45
Algonquian languages 20 10 10
Blackfoot 0 0 0
Cree-Innu languages 15 10 5
Atikamekw 0 0 0
Cree languages 10 10 5
Ililimowin (Moose Cree) 0 0 0
Inu Ayimun (Southern East Cree) 0 0 0
Iyiyiw-Ayimiwin (Northern East Cree) 5 5 0
Nehinawewin (Swampy Cree) 10 5 5
Nehiyawewin (Plains Cree) 0 0 0
Nihithawiwin (Woods Cree) 0 0 0
Cree, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Innu (Montagnais) 0 0 0
Naskapi 0 0 0
Eastern Algonquian languages 5 0 5
Mi'kmaq 5 0 5
Wolastoqewi (Malecite) 0 0 0
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 0 0 0
Anicinabemowin (Algonquin) 0 0 0
Oji-Cree 0 0 0
Ojibway languages 0 0 0
Anishinaabemowin (Chippewa) 0 0 0
Daawaamwin (Odawa) 0 0 0
Saulteau (Western Ojibway) 0 0 0
Ojibway, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages 0 0 0
Northern Athabaskan languages 0 0 0
Dakelh (Carrier) 0 0 0
Dane-zaa (Beaver) 0 0 0
Dene, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Gwich'in 0 0 0
Slavey-Hare languages 0 0 0
Deh Gah Ghotie Zhatie (South Slavey) 0 0 0
Satuotine Yati (North Slavey) 0 0 0
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Tahltan languages 0 0 0
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0
Tahltan 0 0 0
Tlicho (Dogrib) 0 0 0
Tse'khene (Sekani) 0 0 0
Tsilhqot'in (Chilcotin) 0 0 0
Tsuu T'ina (Sarsi) 0 0 0
Tutchone languages 0 0 0
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0
Tutchone, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Wetsuwet'en-Babine 0 0 0
Tlingit 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Haida 0 0 0
Inuktut (Inuit) languages 40 10 25
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 0 0 0
Inuinnaqtun 0 0 0
Inuvialuktun 0 0 0
Inuktitut 35 10 30
Inuktut (Inuit) languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages 5 0 5
Cayuga 0 0 0
Mohawk 5 0 5
Oneida 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Ktunaxa (Kutenai) 0 0 0
Michif 0 0 0
Salish languages 0 0 0
Halkomelem 0 0 0
Lillooet 0 0 0
Ntlakapamux (Thompson) 0 0 0
Secwepemctsin (Shuswap) 0 0 0
Squamish 0 0 0
Straits 0 0 0
Syilx (Okanagan) 0 0 0
Salish languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Siouan languages 0 0 0
Assiniboine 0 0 0
Dakota 0 0 0
Stoney 0 0 0
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Tsimshian languages 0 0 0
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 0 0 0
Nisga'a 0 0 0
Tsimshian 0 0 0
Wakashan languages 0 0 0
Haisla 0 0 0
Heiltsuk 0 0 0
Kwak'wala (Kwakiutl) 0 0 0
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0 0 0
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Indigenous languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Indigenous languages, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Non-Indigenous languages 37,975 18,170 19,805
Afro-Asiatic languages 15,575 7,750 7,825
Berber languages 55 35 25
Kabyle 40 15 20
Tamazight 20 10 10
Berber languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Chadic languages 15 15 10
Hausa 15 10 5
Mina 0 0 0
Coptic 0 0 0
Cushitic languages 2,730 1,220 1,510
Bilen 30 15 15
Oromo 80 40 35
Somali 2,590 1,150 1,445
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 35 15 20
Semitic languages 12,770 6,485 6,285
Amharic 340 160 185
Arabic 11,955 6,085 5,870
Aramaic languages 15 5 10
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 10 0 10
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 0 0 0
Aramaic, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Harari 0 0 0
Hebrew 55 30 25
Maltese 5 0 0
Tigrigna 390 205 185
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 5 0 0
Austro-Asiatic languages 740 340 400
Khmer (Cambodian) 125 60 70
Vietnamese 610 280 330
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e 0 0 0
Austronesian languages 1,680 660 1,020
Bikol 15 10 5
Bisaya, n.o.s. 30 15 20
Cebuano 40 10 25
Fijian 0 0 0
Hiligaynon 25 10 15
Ilocano 165 75 85
Indonesian 55 25 35
Kankanaey 0 0 0
Kinaray-a 0 0 0
Malagasy languages 10 5 5
Merina 0 0 0
Malagasy, n.o.s. 10 5 5
Malay 5 0 5
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 15 10 5
Pangasinan 10 0 5
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 1,265 480 780
Waray-Waray 5 0 0
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 35 10 25
Creole languages 710 285 420
Haitian Creole 500 200 305
Jamaican English Creole 0 0 0
Krio 5 0 0
Morisyen 30 15 15
Sango 10 10 5
Creole, n.o.s. 140 55 85
Creole languages, n.i.e. 15 10 10
Dravidian languages 660 395 260
Kannada 35 20 15
Malayalam 120 60 60
Tamil 235 120 110
Telugu 255 190 75
Tulu 0 0 0
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 5 0 5
Georgian 15 5 5
Hmong-Mien languages 0 0 0
Indo-European languages 12,685 6,000 6,685
Albanian 150 75 80
Armenian 55 30 30
Balto-Slavic languages 2,610 1,145 1,460
Baltic languages 50 20 30
Latvian 35 20 20
Lithuanian 15 5 15
Slavic languages 2,555 1,125 1,430
Belarusian 10 5 5
Bulgarian 135 65 65
Czech 95 45 55
Macedonian 10 5 5
Polish 740 320 420
Russian 590 230 360
Rusyn 0 0 0
Serbo-Croatian 650 320 335
Bosnian 115 60 65
Croatian 225 105 120
Serbian 300 155 145
Serbo-Croatian, n.i.e. 10 5 5
Slovak 75 30 45
Slovene (Slovenian) 25 10 10
Ukrainian 230 100 125
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Celtic languages 5 0 5
Irish 5 0 5
Scottish Gaelic 0 0 0
Welsh 0 0 0
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Germanic languages 760 355 410
Frisian 0 0 0
High German languages 495 230 265
German 450 210 245
Pennsylvania German 0 0 0
Swiss German 20 10 10
Yiddish 20 10 5
Low Saxon-Low Franconian languages 205 95 110
Afrikaans 15 5 10
Dutch 190 90 100
Low German, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Low Saxon 0 0 0
Plautdietsch 5 0 0
Vlaams (Flemish) 5 5 0
Scandinavian languages 55 25 30
Danish 20 10 15
Icelandic 0 0 0
Norwegian 5 5 5
Swedish 25 10 10
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 5 0 0
Greek 315 170 150
Indo-Iranian languages 4,310 2,205 2,105
Indo-Aryan languages 2,630 1,355 1,275
Assamese 0 0 0
Bengali 410 210 195
Gujarati 245 135 110
Hindi 415 230 190
Kacchi 15 10 5
Kashmiri 0 0 0
Konkani 10 5 5
Marathi 65 30 35
Nepali 345 155 195
Oriya languages 0 0 0
Odia 0 0 0
Oriya, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Punjabi (Panjabi) 535 290 245
Rohingya 0 0 0
Sindhi 0 0 0
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 100 45 50
Urdu 470 240 225
Indo-Aryan languages, n.i.e. 5 0 0
Iranian languages 1,680 845 835
Baluchi 5 5 0
Kurdish 165 90 75
Parsi 5 5 0
Pashto 170 95 75
Persian languages 1,335 660 675
Dari 385 175 210
Iranian Persian 840 430 410
Persian (Farsi), n.o.s. 110 55 55
Iranian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Italic (Romance) languages 4,480 2,030 2,450
Catalan 0 0 0
Italian 1,200 580 620
Portuguese 765 345 420
Romanian 310 145 165
Spanish 2,190 950 1,235
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 10 5 5
Indo-European languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Japanese 160 65 95
Korean 220 100 125
Mongolian 0 0 0
Niger-Congo languages 1,655 725 935
Akan (Twi) 60 30 30
Bamanankan 20 15 10
Edo 20 5 10
Éwé 20 15 10
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 35 15 20
Ga 5 5 0
Ganda 30 5 20
Gikuyu 10 5 10
Igbo 55 25 30
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 190 75 115
Lingala 105 45 55
Luba-Kasai 15 10 5
Mòoré 5 5 0
Mwani 5 5 0
Ndebele 0 0 0
Rundi (Kirundi) 435 185 250
Shona 25 5 15
Soninke 5 0 5
Sotho-Tswana languages 5 0 0
Swahili 335 135 195
Wojenaka 20 10 5
Wolof 25 20 10
Yoruba 115 55 60
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 120 45 70
Nilo-Saharan languages 55 25 30
Dinka 20 10 10
Nuer 10 5 5
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 20 15 10
African, n.o.s. 5 0 5
Sign languages 35 20 15
American Sign Language 25 20 10
Quebec Sign Language 0 0 0
Sign languages, n.i.e. 10 5 5
Sino-Tibetan languages 3,250 1,565 1,685
Chinese languages 3,135 1,505 1,630
Hakka 20 10 10
Mandarin 1,830 885 945
Min Dong 0 0 0
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 55 25 30
Wu (Shanghainese) 25 10 15
Yue (Cantonese) 1,165 550 615
Chinese, n.o.s. 40 25 15
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Tibeto-Burman languages 110 55 60
Burmese 20 10 10
Kuki-Chin languages 55 25 30
Karenic languages 20 15 5
S'gaw Karen 15 10 10
Karenic languages, n.i.e. 5 5 0
Tibetan 0 0 0
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 15 10 10
Sino-Tibetan languages, n.i.e. 5 0 0
Tai-Kadai languages 60 15 45
Lao 10 5 5
Thai 45 15 35
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Turkic languages 245 120 120
Azerbaijani 30 15 20
Kazakh 0 0 0
Turkish 190 100 90
Uyghur 5 5 0
Uzbek 5 0 0
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 15 5 10
Uralic languages 210 100 110
Estonian 10 5 5
Finnish 30 10 20
Hungarian 165 80 85
Other languages, n.i.e. 20 5 15
Multiple responses 9,350 4,460 4,890
English and French 2,655 1,255 1,400
English and non-official language(s) 4,620 2,295 2,325
French and non-official language(s) 945 390 555
English, French and non-official language(s) 750 330 415
Multiple non-official languages 375 185 195
All languages spoken at home
Total - All languages spoken at home for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% data40 123,815 60,210 63,605
English 67,425 33,725 33,700
French 5,585 2,500 3,085
Non-official language 10,715 4,935 5,780
Indigenous39 5 0 0
Non-Indigenous 10,710 4,930 5,775
English and French 8,645 3,900 4,745
English and non-official language(s) 24,140 11,940 12,200
French and non-official language(s) 1,395 550 845
English, French and non-official language(s) 5,240 2,360 2,880
Multiple non-official languages 680 305 370
Language spoken most often at home
Total - Language spoken most often at home for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% data41 123,815 60,210 63,605
Single responses 113,490 55,340 58,150
Official languages 92,085 45,155 46,930
English 83,675 41,405 42,275
French 8,410 3,755 4,660
Non-official languages 21,400 10,180 11,220
Indigenous languages39 15 5 5
Algonquian languages 0 0 0
Blackfoot 0 0 0
Cree-Innu languages 0 0 0
Atikamekw 0 0 0
Cree languages 0 0 0
Ililimowin (Moose Cree) 0 0 0
Inu Ayimun (Southern East Cree) 0 0 0
Iyiyiw-Ayimiwin (Northern East Cree) 0 0 0
Nehinawewin (Swampy Cree) 0 0 0
Nehiyawewin (Plains Cree) 0 0 0
Nihithawiwin (Woods Cree) 0 0 0
Cree, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Innu (Montagnais) 0 0 0
Naskapi 0 0 0
Eastern Algonquian languages 0 0 0
Mi'kmaq 0 0 0
Wolastoqewi (Malecite) 0 0 0
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 0 0 0
Anicinabemowin (Algonquin) 0 0 0
Oji-Cree 0 0 0
Ojibway languages 0 0 0
Anishinaabemowin (Chippewa) 0 0 0
Daawaamwin (Odawa) 0 0 0
Saulteau (Western Ojibway) 0 0 0
Ojibway, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages 0 0 0
Northern Athabaskan languages 0 0 0
Dakelh (Carrier) 0 0 0
Dane-zaa (Beaver) 0 0 0
Dene, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Gwich'in 0 0 0
Slavey-Hare languages 0 0 0
Deh Gah Ghotie Zhatie (South Slavey) 0 0 0
Satuotine Yati (North Slavey) 0 0 0
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Tahltan languages 0 0 0
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0
Tahltan 0 0 0
Tlicho (Dogrib) 0 0 0
Tse'khene (Sekani) 0 0 0
Tsilhqot'in (Chilcotin) 0 0 0
Tsuu T'ina (Sarsi) 0 0 0
Tutchone languages 0 0 0
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0
Tutchone, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Wetsuwet'en-Babine 0 0 0
Tlingit 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Haida 0 0 0
Inuktut (Inuit) languages 5 0 10
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 0 0 0
Inuinnaqtun 0 0 0
Inuvialuktun 0 0 0
Inuktitut 5 0 10
Inuktut (Inuit) languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages 0 0 0
Cayuga 0 0 0
Mohawk 0 0 0
Oneida 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Ktunaxa (Kutenai) 0 0 0
Michif 0 0 0
Salish languages 0 0 0
Halkomelem 0 0 0
Lillooet 0 0 0
Ntlakapamux (Thompson) 0 0 0
Secwepemctsin (Shuswap) 0 0 0
Squamish 0 0 0
Straits 0 0 0
Syilx (Okanagan) 0 0 0
Salish languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Siouan languages 0 0 0
Assiniboine 0 0 0
Dakota 0 0 0
Stoney 0 0 0
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Tsimshian languages 0 0 0
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 0 0 0
Nisga'a 0 0 0
Tsimshian 0 0 0
Wakashan languages 0 0 0
Haisla 0 0 0
Heiltsuk 0 0 0
Kwak'wala (Kwakiutl) 0 0 0
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0 0 0
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Indigenous languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Indigenous languages, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Non-Indigenous languages 21,390 10,175 11,215
Afro-Asiatic languages 9,690 4,660 5,030
Berber languages 25 15 15
Kabyle 25 10 10
Tamazight 5 5 0
Berber languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Chadic languages 5 0 5
Hausa 5 0 5
Mina 0 0 0
Coptic 0 0 0
Cushitic languages 1,740 735 1,000
Bilen 20 10 10
Oromo 40 20 20
Somali 1,655 690 960
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 25 10 10
Semitic languages 7,915 3,910 4,005
Amharic 195 80 110
Arabic 7,460 3,695 3,765
Aramaic languages 10 5 5
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 5 0 5
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 0 0 0
Aramaic, n.o.s. 5 5 5
Harari 5 0 5
Hebrew 15 5 10
Maltese 0 0 0
Tigrigna 225 115 110
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Austro-Asiatic languages 460 210 255
Khmer (Cambodian) 55 25 30
Vietnamese 405 185 225
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e 0 0 0
Austronesian languages 980 435 540
Bikol 0 0 0
Bisaya, n.o.s. 15 5 5
Cebuano 20 5 10
Fijian 0 0 0
Hiligaynon 15 10 10
Ilocano 75 35 40
Indonesian 30 15 20
Kankanaey 0 0 0
Kinaray-a 0 0 0
Malagasy languages 5 5 5
Merina 0 0 0
Malagasy, n.o.s. 5 5 5
Malay 0 0 0
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 10 5 10
Pangasinan 0 0 0
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 785 345 435
Waray-Waray 0 0 0
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 20 5 10
Creole languages 365 150 215
Haitian Creole 255 100 155
Jamaican English Creole 0 0 0
Krio 0 0 0
Morisyen 20 10 10
Sango 0 0 0
Creole, n.o.s. 75 30 50
Creole languages, n.i.e. 5 5 5
Dravidian languages 355 210 150
Kannada 15 5 10
Malayalam 50 25 30
Tamil 125 55 70
Telugu 160 115 45
Tulu 0 0 0
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 5
Georgian 5 0 0
Hmong-Mien languages 0 0 0
Indo-European languages 6,150 2,920 3,230
Albanian 75 40 35
Armenian 25 15 10
Balto-Slavic languages 1,155 530 625
Baltic languages 10 5 0
Latvian 5 5 0
Lithuanian 0 0 0
Slavic languages 1,150 525 620
Belarusian 0 0 0
Bulgarian 80 35 45
Czech 20 5 10
Macedonian 5 0 0
Polish 285 125 160
Russian 325 150 180
Rusyn 0 0 0
Serbo-Croatian 325 155 175
Bosnian 45 20 25
Croatian 90 45 50
Serbian 180 85 100
Serbo-Croatian, n.i.e. 0 5 5
Slovak 30 15 15
Slovene (Slovenian) 0 0 0
Ukrainian 80 40 40
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Celtic languages 0 0 0
Irish 0 0 0
Scottish Gaelic 0 0 0
Welsh 0 0 0
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Germanic languages 65 30 35
Frisian 0 0 0
High German languages 45 15 25
German 45 15 25
Pennsylvania German 0 0 0
Swiss German 0 0 0
Yiddish 0 0 0
Low Saxon-Low Franconian languages 15 10 10
Afrikaans 5 5 5
Dutch 15 5 10
Low German, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Low Saxon 0 0 0
Plautdietsch 0 0 0
Vlaams (Flemish) 0 0 0
Scandinavian languages 5 0 0
Danish 0 0 0
Icelandic 0 0 0
Norwegian 0 0 0
Swedish 0 0 0
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Greek 120 55 65
Indo-Iranian languages 2,675 1,330 1,350
Indo-Aryan languages 1,660 825 825
Assamese 0 0 0
Bengali 285 140 145
Gujarati 120 65 60
Hindi 220 100 115
Kacchi 15 5 10
Kashmiri 0 0 0
Konkani 0 0 0
Marathi 20 10 5
Nepali 270 125 145
Oriya languages 0 0 0
Odia 0 0 0
Oriya, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Punjabi (Panjabi) 375 205 175
Rohingya 0 0 0
Sindhi 0 0 0
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 60 30 35
Urdu 280 145 135
Indo-Aryan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Iranian languages 1,020 500 520
Baluchi 0 0 0
Kurdish 110 55 55
Parsi 0 0 0
Pashto 100 50 45
Persian languages 815 390 420
Dari 220 100 120
Iranian Persian 540 265 275
Persian (Farsi), n.o.s. 55 25 30
Iranian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Italic (Romance) languages 2,030 925 1,105
Catalan 0 0 0
Italian 320 135 185
Portuguese 385 170 215
Romanian 145 70 75
Spanish 1,180 550 630
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Indo-European languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Japanese 70 30 40
Korean 125 60 65
Mongolian 0 0 0
Niger-Congo languages 715 305 410
Akan (Twi) 25 10 10
Bamanankan 10 5 5
Edo 0 5 0
Éwé 5 5 0
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 20 5 10
Ga 0 0 0
Ganda 10 0 5
Gikuyu 0 0 0
Igbo 15 5 10
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 95 45 55
Lingala 35 15 20
Luba-Kasai 5 5 5
Mòoré 5 5 0
Mwani 0 0 0
Ndebele 0 0 0
Rundi (Kirundi) 220 90 130
Shona 10 5 5
Soninke 5 0 5
Sotho-Tswana languages 0 0 0
Swahili 170 65 110
Wojenaka 0 0 0
Wolof 5 5 5
Yoruba 55 25 30
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 20 5 10
Nilo-Saharan languages 15 5 10
Dinka 5 0 5
Nuer 5 0 5
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 5 5 5
African, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Sign languages 65 40 30
American Sign Language 45 30 20
Quebec Sign Language 5 5 0
Sign languages, n.i.e. 15 10 5
Sino-Tibetan languages 2,170 1,055 1,110
Chinese languages 2,085 1,010 1,070
Hakka 5 5 5
Mandarin 1,310 655 655
Min Dong 0 0 0
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 20 10 10
Wu (Shanghainese) 15 10 10
Yue (Cantonese) 715 325 390
Chinese, n.o.s. 20 10 10
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Tibeto-Burman languages 80 45 35
Burmese 15 5 5
Kuki-Chin languages 40 20 20
Karenic languages 15 5 5
S'gaw Karen 15 5 5
Karenic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Tibetan 5 0 0
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 10 5 5
Sino-Tibetan languages, n.i.e. 5 5 0
Tai-Kadai languages 25 5 20
Lao 10 5 5
Thai 20 5 15
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Turkic languages 140 70 70
Azerbaijani 10 5 5
Kazakh 0 0 0
Turkish 110 55 55
Uyghur 5 5 0
Uzbek 0 0 0
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 5 0 0
Uralic languages 50 20 30
Estonian 0 0 0
Finnish 0 0 0
Hungarian 45 15 30
Other languages, n.i.e. 5 0 5
Multiple responses 10,330 4,875 5,455
English and French 2,365 1,060 1,300
English and non-official language(s) 6,550 3,220 3,330
French and non-official language(s) 570 215 355
English, French and non-official language(s) 740 320 415
Multiple non-official languages 105 60 45
Other language spoken regularly at home
Total - Other language(s) spoken regularly at home for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% data42 123,820 60,215 63,610
None 92,095 45,135 46,960
English 9,750 4,780 4,965
French 5,870 2,640 3,225
Non-official language 10,865 5,190 5,680
Indigenous39 50 20 30
Non-Indigenous 10,820 5,175 5,645
English and French 975 440 540
English and non-official language(s) 1,280 640 640
French and non-official language(s) 1,820 820 1,005
English, French and non-official language(s) 110 55 50
Multiple non-official languages 1,055 505 545
Knowledge of languagesThe letter 'c' in a yellow triangle indicates a correction notice.
Total - Knowledge of languages for the population in private households - 25% sample data43 123,465 60,030 63,435
Official languages 120,690 59,030 61,660
English 118,510 58,230 60,280
French 44,415 19,940 24,475
Non-official languages 54,785 25,900 28,885
Indigenous languages39 155 60 90
Algonquian languages 65 35 30
Blackfoot 0 0 0
Cree-Innu languages 30 20 10
Atikamekw 0 0 0
Cree languages 25 15 10
Ililimowin (Moose Cree) 0 0 0
Inu Ayimun (Southern East Cree) 0 0 0
Iyiyiw-Ayimiwin (Northern East Cree) 10 10 0
Nehinawewin (Swampy Cree) 15 0 10
Nehiyawewin (Plains Cree) 0 0 0
Nihithawiwin (Woods Cree) 0 0 0
Cree, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Innu (Montagnais) 0 0 0
Naskapi 0 0 0
Eastern Algonquian languages 0 0 0
Mi'kmaq 0 0 0
Wolastoqewi (Malecite) 0 0 0
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 30 10 25
Anicinabemowin (Algonquin) 0 0 0
Oji-Cree 0 0 0
Ojibway languages 25 0 25
Anishinaabemowin (Chippewa) 0 0 0
Daawaamwin (Odawa) 0 0 0
Saulteau (Western Ojibway) 0 0 0
Ojibway, n.o.s. 25 0 25
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages 0 0 0
Northern Athabaskan languages 0 0 0
Dakelh (Carrier) 0 0 0
Dane-zaa (Beaver) 0 0 0
Dene, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Gwich'in 0 0 0
Slavey-Hare languages 0 0 0
Deh Gah Ghotie Zhatie (South Slavey) 0 0 0
Satuotine Yati (North Slavey) 0 0 0
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Tahltan languages 0 0 0
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0
Tahltan 0 0 0
Tlicho (Dogrib) 0 0 0
Tse'khene (Sekani) 0 0 0
Tsilhqot'in (Chilcotin) 0 0 0
Tsuu T'ina (Sarsi) 0 0 0
Tutchone languages 0 0 0
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0
Tutchone, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Wetsuwet'en-Babine 0 0 0
Tlingit 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Haida 0 0 0
Inuktut (Inuit) languages 75 25 50
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 0 0 0
Inuinnaqtun 0 0 0
Inuvialuktun 0 0 0
Inuktitut 75 25 50
Inuktut (Inuit) languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages 15 0 15
Cayuga 0 0 0
Mohawk 0 0 0
Oneida 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Ktunaxa (Kutenai) 0 0 0
Michif 0 0 0
Salish languages 0 0 0
Halkomelem 0 0 0
Lillooet 0 0 0
Ntlakapamux (Thompson) 0 0 0
Secwepemctsin (Shuswap) 0 0 0
Squamish 0 0 0
Straits 0 0 0
Syilx (Okanagan) 0 0 0
Salish languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Siouan languages 0 0 0
Assiniboine 0 0 0
Dakota 0 0 0
Stoney 0 0 0
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Tsimshian languages 0 0 0
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 0 0 0
Nisga'a 0 0 0
Tsimshian 0 0 0
Wakashan languages 0 0 0
Haisla 0 0 0
Heiltsuk 0 0 0
Kwak'wala (Kwakiutl) 0 0 0
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0 0 0
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Indigenous languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Indigenous languages, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Non-Indigenous languages 54,640 25,845 28,800
Afro-Asiatic languages 21,955 11,070 10,890
Berber languages 60 50 10
Kabyle 50 40 10
Tamazight 35 20 10
Berber languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Chadic languages 85 45 40
Hausa 80 40 40
Mina 0 0 0
Coptic 0 0 0
Cushitic languages 3,685 1,710 1,980
Bilen 65 50 10
Oromo 70 40 30
Somali 3,500 1,600 1,900
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 80 30 55
Semitic languages 18,600 9,520 9,080
Amharic 680 335 335
Arabic 17,435 8,920 8,510
Aramaic languages 35 20 20
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 0 0 0
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 0 0 0
Aramaic, n.o.s. 35 20 10
Harari 20 0 10
Hebrew 280 150 130
Maltese 0 0 0
Tigrigna 570 300 270
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 10 0 10
Austro-Asiatic languages 900 400 500
Khmer (Cambodian) 160 55 105
Vietnamese 745 345 405
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e 0 0 0
Austronesian languages 2,420 995 1,425
Bikol 0 0 0
Bisaya, n.o.s. 65 35 25
Cebuano 90 30 60
Fijian 0 0 0
Hiligaynon 90 35 55
Ilocano 285 120 170
Indonesian 95 60 35
Kankanaey 0 0 0
Kinaray-a 0 0 0
Malagasy languages 20 10 10
Merina 0 0 0
Malagasy, n.o.s. 20 10 10
Malay 30 0 20
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 0 0 0
Pangasinan 10 0 0
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 2,165 880 1,285
Waray-Waray 15 0 15
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 110 45 70
Creole languages 1,610 640 970
Haitian Creole 1,265 490 775
Jamaican English Creole 15 0 10
Krio 15 0 15
Morisyen 105 40 65
Sango 25 10 10
Creole, n.o.s. 250 105 145
Creole languages, n.i.e. 55 30 20
Dravidian languages 965 535 430
Kannada 175 110 65
Malayalam 175 90 90
Tamil 430 215 210
Telugu 330 195 135
Tulu 10 0 10
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Georgian 35 15 20
Hmong-Mien languages 0 0 0
Indo-European languages 19,860 9,310 10,550
Albanian 150 75 75
Armenian 75 45 30
Balto-Slavic languages 3,320 1,480 1,840
Baltic languages 65 25 40
Latvian 35 20 10
Lithuanian 30 0 25
Slavic languages 3,270 1,455 1,810
Belarusian 15 10 0
Bulgarian 195 110 85
Czech 105 45 60
Macedonian 35 20 10
Polish 925 385 545
Russian 1,160 540 620
Rusyn 0 0 0
Serbo-Croatian 840 370 460
Bosnian 175 80 95
Croatian 440 150 295
Serbian 490 250 240
Serbo-Croatian, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Slovak 115 45 70
Slovene (Slovenian) 45 30 15
Ukrainian 265 110 165
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 10 0 10
Celtic languages 65 25 40
Irish 50 20 30
Scottish Gaelic 0 0 0
Welsh 0 0 0
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Germanic languages 2,030 950 1,085
Frisian 10 0 0
High German languages 1,555 735 820
German 1,470 695 775
Pennsylvania German 0 0 0
Swiss German 30 10 20
Yiddish 70 40 30
Low Saxon-Low Franconian languages 370 170 200
Afrikaans 75 30 35
Dutch 280 130 150
Low German, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Low Saxon 0 0 0
Plautdietsch 0 0 0
Vlaams (Flemish) 10 0 10
Scandinavian languages 170 75 90
Danish 40 10 35
Icelandic 0 0 0
Norwegian 40 20 25
Swedish 100 45 50
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Greek 510 255 250
Indo-Iranian languages 6,135 3,130 3,000
Indo-Aryan languages 4,195 2,175 2,025
Assamese 0 0 0
Bengali 650 355 295
Gujarati 385 195 185
Hindi 2,030 1,055 980
Kacchi 50 25 20
Kashmiri 10 10 0
Konkani 30 0 30
Marathi 140 65 75
Nepali 415 185 230
Oriya languages 0 0 0
Odia 0 0 0
Oriya, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Punjabi (Panjabi) 885 455 435
Rohingya 0 0 0
Sindhi 40 15 25
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 225 100 125
Urdu 955 555 400
Indo-Aryan languages, n.i.e. 30 20 10
Iranian languages 2,100 1,050 1,045
Baluchi 0 0 0
Kurdish 195 115 80
Parsi 10 10 0
Pashto 290 160 130
Persian languages 1,815 900 910
Dari 610 290 320
Iranian Persian 1,080 540 540
Persian (Farsi), n.o.s. 160 85 75
Iranian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Italic (Romance) languages 8,535 3,770 4,770
Catalan 10 0 10
Italian 2,230 1,050 1,180
Portuguese 1,315 605 710
Romanian 430 195 230
Spanish 5,165 2,205 2,960
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 35 15 20
Indo-European languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Japanese 425 195 230
Korean 245 90 155
Mongolian 0 0 0
Niger-Congo languages 4,015 1,695 2,325
Akan (Twi) 170 85 85
Bamanankan 55 30 25
Edo 35 15 15
Éwé 55 15 40
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 35 10 25
Ga 15 10 10
Ganda 75 15 60
Gikuyu 30 10 20
Igbo 225 110 115
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 380 120 265
Lingala 530 200 325
Luba-Kasai 100 50 45
Mòoré 35 25 10
Mwani 0 0 0
Ndebele 0 0 0
Rundi (Kirundi) 810 335 480
Shona 70 20 50
Soninke 0 0 0
Sotho-Tswana languages 30 10 20
Swahili 1,160 470 690
Wojenaka 35 15 20
Wolof 75 35 35
Yoruba 510 240 265
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 560 285 275
Nilo-Saharan languages 170 90 80
Dinka 35 35 0
Nuer 25 0 20
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 105 55 50
African, n.o.s. 25 10 15
Sign languages 270 120 150
American Sign Language 260 110 150
Quebec Sign Language 20 15 10
Sign languages, n.i.e. 25 20 0
Sino-Tibetan languages 3,790 1,805 1,985
Chinese languages 3,625 1,725 1,900
Hakka 0 0 0
Mandarin 2,565 1,205 1,355
Min Dong 0 0 0
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 120 60 60
Wu (Shanghainese) 40 25 25
Yue (Cantonese) 1,395 645 750
Chinese, n.o.s. 50 20 25
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Tibeto-Burman languages 160 75 85
Burmese 55 30 30
Kuki-Chin languages 50 15 35
Karenic languages 50 25 25
S'gaw Karen 50 25 25
Karenic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Tibetan 0 0 0
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 35 20 15
Sino-Tibetan languages, n.i.e. 30 15 15
Tai-Kadai languages 120 45 80
Lao 35 20 25
Thai 95 35 60
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Turkic languages 600 285 310
Azerbaijani 85 45 40
Kazakh 0 0 0
Turkish 510 250 255
Uyghur 0 0 0
Uzbek 35 0 25
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Uralic languages 275 120 155
Estonian 10 0 0
Finnish 65 20 45
Hungarian 205 100 105
Other languages, n.i.e. 95 35 65
Indigenous population
Total - Indigenous identity for the population in private households - 25% sample data44 123,465 60,030 63,430
Indigenous identity45 2,800 1,310 1,490
Single Indigenous responses46 2,640 1,210 1,425
First Nations (North American Indian) 1,370 615 750
Métis 1,120 520 600
Inuk (Inuit) 150 80 75
Multiple Indigenous responses47 100 65 35
Indigenous responses not included elsewhere48 65 30 30
Non-Indigenous identity 120,665 58,720 61,945
Total - Registered or Treaty Indian status for the population in private households - 25% sample data44 123,465 60,030 63,430
Registered or Treaty Indian49 635 320 315
Not a Registered or Treaty Indian 122,825 59,710 63,120
Household characteristics
Total - Private households by tenure - 25% sample data50 50,165 ... ...
Owner 27,660 ... ...
Renter 22,505 ... ...
Dwelling provided by the local government, First Nation or Indian band 0 ... ...
Total - Occupied private dwellings by condominium status - 25% sample data51 50,165 ... ...
Condominium 9,915 ... ...
Not condominium 40,255 ... ...
Total - Occupied private dwellings by number of bedrooms - 25% sample data52 50,165 ... ...
No bedrooms 455 ... ...
1 bedroom 8,035 ... ...
2 bedrooms 11,675 ... ...
3 bedrooms 18,285 ... ...
4 or more bedrooms 11,715 ... ...
Total - Occupied private dwellings by number of rooms - 25% sample data53 50,165 ... ...
1 to 4 rooms 16,505 ... ...
5 rooms 7,055 ... ...
6 rooms 6,890 ... ...
7 rooms 6,135 ... ...
8 or more rooms 13,585 ... ...
Average number of rooms per dwelling 5.9 ... ...
Total - Private households by number of persons per room - 25% sample data54 50,165 ... ...
One person or fewer per room 47,940 ... ...
More than one person per room 2,230 ... ...
Total - Private households by housing suitability - 25% sample data55 50,165 ... ...
Suitable 45,425 ... ...
Not suitable 4,740 ... ...
Total - Occupied private dwellings by period of construction - 25% sample data56 50,165 ... ...
1960 or before 8,000 ... ...
1961 to 1980 20,485 ... ...
1981 to 1990 9,740 ... ...
1991 to 2000 5,880 ... ...
2001 to 2005 2,340 ... ...
2006 to 2010 1,640 ... ...
2011 to 2015 1,105 ... ...
2016 to 202157 975 ... ...
Total - Occupied private dwellings by dwelling condition - 25% sample data58 50,165 ... ...
Only regular maintenance and minor repairs needed 47,000 ... ...
Major repairs needed 3,170 ... ...
Total - Private households by number of household maintainers - 25% sample data59 50,165 ... ...
One-maintainer household 26,060 ... ...
Two-maintainer household 21,030 ... ...
Three-or-more-maintainer household 3,080 ... ...
Total - Private households by age of primary household maintainers - 25% sample data60 50,165 ... ...
15 to 24 years 2,085 ... ...
25 to 34 years 7,620 ... ...
35 to 44 years 8,230 ... ...
45 to 54 years 8,535 ... ...
55 to 64 years 9,855 ... ...
65 to 74 years 7,725 ... ...
75 to 84 years 4,190 ... ...
85 years and over 1,920 ... ...
Total - Owner and tenant households with household total income greater than zero, in non-farm, non-reserve private dwellings by shelter-cost-to-income ratio - 25% sample data61 49,935 ... ...
Spending less than 30% of income on shelter costs 38,925 ... ...
Spending 30% or more of income on shelter costs 11,015 ... ...
30% to less than 100% 9,745 ... ...
Total - Occupied private dwellings by housing indicators - 25% sample data62 50,165 ... ...
Total - Households 'spending 30% or more of income on shelter costs' or 'not suitable' or 'major repairs needed' 16,700 ... ...
Spending 30% or more of income on shelter costs only 9,215 ... ...
Not suitable only 3,350 ... ...
Major repairs needed only 1,980 ... ...
'Spending 30% or more of income on shelter costs' and 'not suitable' 960 ... ...
'Spending 30% or more of income on shelter costs' and 'major repairs needed' 760 ... ...
'Not suitable' and 'major repairs needed' 355 ... ...
'Spending 30% or more of income on shelter costs' and 'not suitable' and 'major repairs needed' 75 ... ...
Acceptable housing 33,470 ... ...
Total - Owner and tenant households with household total income greater than zero and shelter-cost-to-income ratio less than 100%, in non-farm, non-reserve private dwellings - 25% sample data63 48,665 ... ...
In core need 7,600 ... ...
Not in core need 41,065 ... ...
Total - Owner households in non-farm, non-reserve private dwellings - 25% sample data 27,665 ... ...
% of owner households with a mortgage64 52.4 ... ...
% of owner households spending 30% or more of its income on shelter costs61 12.9 ... ...
% in core housing need63 6.3 ... ...
Median monthly shelter costs for owned dwellings ($)65 1,320 ... ...
Average monthly shelter costs for owned dwellings ($)65 1,516 ... ...
Median value of dwellings ($)66 600,000 ... ...
Average value of dwellings ($)66 602,500 ... ...
Total - Tenant households in non-farm, non-reserve private dwellings - 25% sample data 22,505 ... ...
% of tenant households in subsidized housing67 21.4 ... ...
% of tenant households spending 30% or more of its income on shelter costs61 33.4 ... ...
% in core housing need63 27.4 ... ...
Median monthly shelter costs for rented dwellings ($)65 1,260 ... ...
Average monthly shelter costs for rented dwellings ($)65 1,267 ... ...
Total - Households living in a dwelling provided by the local government, First Nation or Indian band in non-farm private dwellings - 25% sample data 0 ... ...
% of households living in a dwelling provided by the local government, First Nation or Indian band spending more than 30% on shelter costs61 ... ... ...
Median monthly shelter costs for dwellings provided by local government, First Nation or Indian band ($)65 ... ... ...
Average monthly shelter costs for dwellings provided by local government, First Nation or Indian band ($)65 ... ... ...
Indigenous ancestry
Total - Indigenous ancestry for the population in private households - 25% sample data68 123,465 60,030 63,435
Indigenous ancestry (only)69 960 450 510
Single Indigenous ancestry (only)70 925 435 490
First Nations (North American Indian) single ancestry 615 320 290
Métis single ancestry 220 80 140
Inuit single ancestry 90 35 55
Multiple Indigenous ancestries (only)71 30 15 15
First Nations (North American Indian) and Métis ancestry only 10 0 10
First Nations (North American Indian) and Inuit ancestry only 15 15 0
Métis and Inuit ancestry only 0 0 0
First Nations (North American Indian) and Métis and Inuit ancestry only 0 0 0
Indigenous and non-Indigenous ancestries72 3,455 1,560 1,890
Single Indigenous and non-Indigenous ancestries73 3,370 1,520 1,850
First Nations (North American Indian) and non-Indigenous ancestry only 2,465 1,085 1,380
Métis and non-Indigenous ancestry only 805 375 425
Inuit and non-Indigenous ancestry only 100 55 50
Multiple Indigenous and non-Indigenous ancestries74 85 45 40
First Nations (North American Indian) and Métis and non-Indigenous ancestry only 80 45 35
First Nations (North American Indian) and Inuit and non-Indigenous ancestry only 0 0 0
Métis and Inuit and non-Indigenous ancestry only 0 0 0
First Nations (North American Indian) and Métis and Inuit and non-Indigenous ancestry only 0 0 0
Non-Indigenous ancestry only75 119,060 58,020 61,035
Citizenship
Total - Citizenship for the population in private households - 25% sample data76 123,465 60,030 63,435
Canadian citizens77 107,045 51,855 55,190
Canadian citizens aged under 18 21,200 10,700 10,500
Canadian citizens aged 18 and over 85,845 41,155 44,690
Not Canadian citizens78 16,415 8,175 8,240
Immigrant status and period of immigration
Total - Immigrant status and period of immigration for the population in private households - 25% sample data79 123,465 60,030 63,435
Non-immigrants80 76,605 37,840 38,765
Immigrants81 41,130 19,115 22,020
Before 1980 6,320 2,875 3,440
1980 to 1990 4,885 2,360 2,530
1991 to 2000 8,180 3,670 4,505
2001 to 2010 8,255 3,790 4,460
2011 to 202182 13,495 6,415 7,075
2011 to 2015 5,075 2,300 2,770
2016 to 2021 8,420 4,110 4,300
Non-permanent residents83 5,730 3,080 2,650
Age at immigration
Total - Age at immigration for the immigrant population in private households - 25% sample data84 41,135 19,115 22,015
Under 5 years 3,725 1,815 1,910
5 to 14 years 7,645 3,870 3,775
15 to 24 years 8,175 3,650 4,530
25 to 44 years 17,540 7,900 9,640
45 years and over 4,040 1,880 2,160
Selected places of birth for the immigrant population
Total - Place of birth for the immigrant population in private households - 25% sample data85 41,135 19,115 22,015
Americas 5,420 2,300 3,120
Brazil 190 60 130
Colombia 215 85 130
El Salvador 355 180 175
Guyana 180 85 100
Haiti 1,025 385 640
Jamaica 620 255 365
Mexico 180 60 115
Peru 145 70 75
Trinidad and Tobago 160 40 115
United States of America 1,030 545 480
Other places of birth in Americas 1,315 520 790
Europe 6,960 3,230 3,735
Bosnia and Herzegovina 330 165 160
Croatia 200 75 130
France 365 170 190
Germany 385 170 215
Greece 200 100 95
Hungary 105 50 50
Italy 800 380 420
Netherlands 170 100 75
Poland 540 195 345
Portugal 390 180 205
Romania 345 155 185
Russian Federation 350 160 190
Serbia86 85 40 40
Ukraine 200 90 110
United Kingdom87 1,500 745 755
Other places of birth in Europe 1,005 445 560
Africa 9,210 4,270 4,940
Algeria 290 150 140
Congo, Democratic Republic of the 830 355 470
Egypt 555 285 275
Eritrea 465 270 195
Ethiopia 700 335 370
Morocco 405 180 225
Nigeria 530 250 285
Somalia 1,740 745 995
South Africa, Republic of 130 60 65
Other places of birth in Africa 3,565 1,635 1,930
Asia 19,420 9,240 10,180
Afghanistan 495 250 245
Iran88 745 370 370
Iraq 1,380 685 695
Lebanon 3,740 1,830 1,915
Syria89 1,875 945 930
Turkey 200 105 100
China90 1,570 665 905
Hong Kong91 375 165 205
Korea, South92 140 45 100
Taiwan 160 65 95
Philippines 2,055 820 1,235
Viet Nam 505 225 285
Bangladesh 355 180 170
India 1,485 755 730
Pakistan 475 235 235
Sri Lanka 280 130 150
Other places of birth in Asia 3,580 1,745 1,835
Oceania and other places of birth93 125 75 45
Selected places of birth for the recent immigrant population
Total - Place of birth for the recent immigrant population in private households - 25% sample data94 8,420 4,115 4,305
Americas 710 315 390
Brazil 65 30 35
Colombia 30 10 20
Haiti 220 80 140
Jamaica 40 20 20
Mexico 15 0 10
United States of America 215 105 110
Venezuela95 15 10 10
Other places of birth in Americas 110 60 55
Europe 360 155 210
France 85 40 50
Germany 20 15 10
Ireland96 0 0 0
Italy 10 10 0
Russian Federation 20 10 10
Ukraine 20 0 10
United Kingdom87 60 35 20
Other places of birth in Europe 145 40 100
Africa 2,810 1,375 1,440
Algeria 85 40 50
Burundi 365 160 200
Cameroon 40 25 15
Congo, Democratic Republic of the 270 120 150
Côte d'Ivoire 20 15 10
Egypt 70 40 30
Eritrea 215 110 100
Ethiopia 135 50 85
Morocco 135 60 80
Nigeria 335 155 180
Somalia 190 115 80
South Africa, Republic of 25 10 15
Sudan97 40 30 15
Tunisia 75 40 40
Other places of birth in Africa 800 400 405
Asia 4,525 2,265 2,260
Afghanistan 115 55 60
Bangladesh 85 40 45
China90 225 100 125
Hong Kong91 0 0 0
India 535 295 240
Iran88 110 40 65
Iraq 330 175 155
Israel 15 15 0
Japan 15 0 10
Jordan 95 25 70
Korea, South92 25 0 25
Lebanon 300 140 165
Nepal 20 10 15
Pakistan 80 40 35
Philippines 515 235 285
Saudi Arabia 105 60 40
Sri Lanka 45 20 25
Syria89 1,425 750 675
Turkey 80 35 40
United Arab Emirates 90 60 35
Viet Nam 50 15 35
Other places of birth in Asia 265 160 110
Oceania and other93 0 0 0
Australia 0 0 0
Other places of birth98 0 0 0
Generation status
Total - Generation status for the population in private households - 25% sample data99 123,465 60,030 63,435
First generation100 48,680 23,090 25,585
Second generation101 27,650 13,795 13,860
Third generation or more102 47,135 23,145 23,995
Admission category and applicant type
Total - Admission category and applicant type for the immigrant population in private households who were admitted between 1980 and 2021 - 25% sample data103 34,815 16,240 18,580
Economic immigrants104 13,440 6,675 6,770
Principal applicants105 5,615 3,110 2,505
Secondary applicants106 7,825 3,560 4,265
Immigrants sponsored by family107 8,425 3,310 5,115
Refugees108 12,250 5,965 6,285
Other immigrants109 695 290 405
Pre-admission experience
Total - Pre-admission experience for the immigrant population in private households who were admitted between 1980 and 2021 - 25% sample data110 34,815 16,240 18,580
Asylum claim before admission111 4,430 2,120 2,310
Work permits only before admission112 2,525 995 1,535
Study permits only before admission113 825 455 370
Work and study permits before admission114 1,625 775 850
Other permits before admission115 310 125 185
No pre-admission experience116 25,100 11,770 13,330
Visible minority
Total - Visible minority for the population in private households - 25% sample data117 123,465 60,030 63,430
Total visible minority population118 54,625 26,585 28,045
South Asian 6,000 3,165 2,835
Chinese 4,120 1,965 2,155
Black 18,090 8,500 9,590
Filipino 2,655 1,175 1,475
Arab 15,335 7,840 7,495
Latin American 2,205 975 1,230
Southeast Asian 1,470 665 805
West Asian 1,915 960 955
Korean 240 95 145
Japanese 295 120 175
Visible minority, n.i.e.119 650 295 350
Multiple visible minorities 1,660 830 830
Not a visible minority120 68,835 33,445 35,390
Ethnic or cultural origin
Total - Ethnic or cultural origin for the population in private households - 25% sample data121 123,465 60,030 63,435
Canadian 11,695 5,890 5,800
English 15,425 7,565 7,860
Irish 18,335 8,715 9,620
Scottish 15,590 7,530 8,065
French, n.o.s.122 13,230 6,350 6,875
German 7,205 3,425 3,780
Chinese 4,375 2,065 2,315
Italian 5,165 2,515 2,655
Indian (India) 3,200 1,770 1,430
Ukrainian 1,990 995 990
Dutch 2,435 1,125 1,305
Polish 3,100 1,460 1,640
Québécois 665 305 365
British Isles, n.o.s.123 3,750 1,835 1,915
Filipino 2,665 1,180 1,485
French Canadian 3,225 1,465 1,765
Caucasian (White), n.o.s.124 1,830 945 885
First Nations (North American Indian), n.o.s.125 1,280 555 725
Métis 1,120 505 615
European, n.o.s.126 1,505 810 695
Russian 1,475 725 755
Norwegian 615 315 295
Welsh 1,575 810 765
Portuguese 1,235 605 630
American 1,355 675 680
Spanish 1,345 530 820
Swedish 675 305 375
Hungarian 930 415 515
Acadian 690 320 365
Pakistani 560 285 275
African, n.o.s.127 2,940 1,345 1,595
Jewish 1,275 680 595
Punjabi 305 170 135
Vietnamese 845 390 460
Arab, n.o.s.128 5,420 2,810 2,610
Greek 920 490 425
Jamaican 1,160 530 625
Asian, n.o.s.129 670 355 315
Cree, n.o.s.130 225 105 120
Korean 315 130 180
Romanian 640 280 360
Lebanese 6,520 3,240 3,280
Iranian 1,035 540 490
Christian, n.i.e.131 515 260 250
Danish 490 255 240
North American Indigenous, n.o.s.132 545 265 280
Sikh 175 85 90
Austrian 380 170 210
Belgian 320 160 165
Haitian 1,510 650 855
Hindu 375 200 180
Mexican 390 165 230
Mennonite 160 95 60
Swiss 345 190 155
Finnish 460 210 250
Sri Lankan 285 110 175
Croatian 580 270 305
Japanese 360 140 220
South Asian, n.o.s.133 345 175 170
Mi'kmaq, n.o.s.134 310 150 160
Northern European, n.o.s.135 360 125 235
Muslim 1,055 555 500
Egyptian 750 410 340
Latin, Central or South American, n.o.s.136 480 215 270
Tamil 175 105 75
Icelandic 185 95 85
Colombian 250 95 155
Moroccan 315 145 165
Czech 315 140 175
Syrian 1,670 820 850
Guyanese 290 135 145
Afghan 775 395 380
Black, n.o.s.137 710 325 385
Serbian 335 160 170
Ojibway 105 55 50
Newfoundlander 235 115 125
Hong Konger 110 60 45
Ontarian 525 215 310
Persian 425 210 215
Trinidadian/Tobagonian 250 110 135
Turkish 495 220 280
Inuit, n.o.s.138 215 110 110
Bangladeshi 425 215 205
Algerian 370 205 160
Brazilian 230 100 125
Nigerian 795 360 435
Armenian 195 80 120
Slovak 285 135 155
Eastern European, n.o.s.139 230 105 120
Somali 3,800 1,745 2,050
Taiwanese 185 55 125
Iraqi 1,225 620 605
Salvadorean 435 235 200
African Caribbean 255 100 155
East or Southeast Asian, n.o.s.140 160 75 90
West or Central Asian or Middle Eastern, n.o.s.141 1,200 630 565
Caribbean, n.o.s.142 375 160 215
Algonquin 270 115 155
West Indian, n.o.s.143 100 55 45
Lithuanian 230 85 145
South African 115 65 55
Australian 120 60 60
Palestinian 910 410 500
Chilean 145 65 80
Congolese 955 440 510
Nova Scotian 105 50 55
Ethiopian 400 205 195
Hispanic, n.o.s.144