Census Profile, 2021 Census of Population
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Topic:
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Age
Age characteristics
Commuting
Select all: Commuting
Commuting destination
Commuting duration
Main mode of commuting
Place of work status
Time leaving for work
Education
Select all: Education
Highest certificate, diploma or degree
Location of study compared with province or territory of residence
Major field of study - Classification of Instructional Programs (CIP) 2021
Secondary (high) school diploma or equivalency certificate
Ethnocultural and religious diversity
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Ethnic or cultural origin
Religion
Visible minority
Families, households, and marital status
Select all: Families, households, and marital status
Family characteristics
Household type
Marital status
Housing
Household characteristics
Immigration, place of birth, and citizenship
Select all: Immigration, place of birth, and citizenship
Admission category and applicant type
Age at immigration
Citizenship
Generation status
Immigrant status and period of immigration
Pre-admission experience
Selected places of birth for the immigrant population
Selected places of birth for the recent immigrant population
Income
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Income of economic families in 2020
Income of households in 2020
Income of individuals in 2019
Income of individuals in 2020
Low income and income inequality in 2020
Indigenous peoples
Select all: Indigenous peoples
Indigenous ancestry
Indigenous population
Instruction in the minority official language
Select all: Instruction in the minority official language
Children eligible for instruction in the minority official language
Eligibility and instruction in the minority official language for school-aged children
Labour
Select all: Labour
Class of worker including job permanency
Industry - Sectors - North American Industry Classification System (NAICS) 2017
Labour force status
Occupation - Broad category - National Occupational Classification (NOC) 2021
Work activity during the reference year
Language
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All languages spoken at home
First official language spoken
Knowledge of languages
Knowledge of official languages
Language spoken most often at home
Mother tongue
Other language spoken regularly at home
Language of work
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All languages used at work
Language used most often at work
Other language(s) used regularly at work
Mobility and migration
Select all: Mobility and migration
Mobility status 1 year ago
Mobility status 5 years ago
Population and dwelling counts
Population and dwellings
Type of dwelling
Household and dwelling characteristics
GenderMore information:


Statistic:
Characteristic SaskatchewanMore information:

[Province]
Counts
Total Men+ Women+
Population and dwellings
Population, 20211 1,132,505 ... ...
Population, 20161 1,098,352 ... ...
Population percentage change, 2016 to 2021 3.1 ... ...
Total private dwellings2 513,725 ... ...
Private dwellings occupied by usual residents3 449,581 ... ...
Population density per square kilometre 2.0 ... ...
Land area in square kilometres 577,060.40 ... ...
Age characteristics
Total - Age groups of the population - 100% data 1,132,505 563,120 569,385
0 to 14 years 223,115 114,360 108,755
0 to 4 years 69,455 35,555 33,900
5 to 9 years 76,545 39,210 37,340
10 to 14 years 77,120 39,600 37,520
15 to 64 years 711,405 357,000 354,410
15 to 19 years 68,510 35,525 32,985
20 to 24 years 66,870 34,580 32,295
25 to 29 years 70,030 35,420 34,605
30 to 34 years 78,380 38,930 39,450
35 to 39 years 79,420 39,380 40,040
40 to 44 years 73,055 36,670 36,380
45 to 49 years 65,075 32,425 32,655
50 to 54 years 62,745 31,300 31,440
55 to 59 years 73,165 36,045 37,120
60 to 64 years 74,155 36,725 37,430
65 years and over 197,980 91,765 106,215
65 to 69 years 64,770 32,140 32,630
70 to 74 years 48,945 23,790 25,160
75 to 79 years 33,045 15,605 17,445
80 to 84 years 23,460 10,290 13,170
85 years and over 27,765 9,945 17,820
85 to 89 years 16,165 6,290 9,870
90 to 94 years 8,715 2,965 5,750
95 to 99 years 2,435 625 1,810
100 years and over 450 60 385
Total - Distribution (%) of the population by broad age groups - 100% data 100.0 100.0 100.0
0 to 14 years 19.7 20.3 19.1
15 to 64 years 62.8 63.4 62.2
65 years and over 17.5 16.3 18.7
85 years and over 2.5 1.8 3.1
Average age of the population 39.8 38.9 40.7
Median age of the population 38.8 38.0 39.6
Household and dwelling characteristics
Total - Occupied private dwellings by structural type of dwelling - 100% data 449,580 ... ...
Single-detached house 322,070 ... ...
Semi-detached house 13,680 ... ...
Row house 19,860 ... ...
Apartment or flat in a duplex 11,240 ... ...
Apartment in a building that has fewer than five storeys 61,855 ... ...
Apartment in a building that has five or more storeys 11,040 ... ...
Other single-attached house 755 ... ...
Movable dwelling4 9,090 ... ...
Total - Private households by household size - 100% data 449,580 ... ...
1 person 130,110 ... ...
2 persons 158,555 ... ...
3 persons 60,185 ... ...
4 persons 57,860 ... ...
5 or more persons 42,875 ... ...
Number of persons in private households 1,103,205 549,475 553,725
Average household size 2.5 ... ...
Marital status
Total - Marital status for the total population aged 15 years and over - 100% data 909,390 448,765 460,625
Married or living common-law 526,835 263,575 263,255
Married 440,040 220,210 219,830
Living common-law 86,795 43,365 43,430
Living common law - Never married 65,395 32,860 32,530
Living common law - Separated 3,075 1,580 1,495
Living common law - Divorced 16,305 8,125 8,185
Living common law - Widowed 2,025 800 1,220
Not married and not living common-law 382,560 185,185 197,370
Not married and not living common law - Never married 258,905 142,445 116,460
Not married and not living common law - Separated 20,685 9,310 11,375
Not married and not living common law - Divorced 50,635 22,150 28,485
Not married and not living common law - Widowed 52,330 11,280 41,050
Family characteristics
Total - Census families in private households by family size - 100% data5 308,690 ... ...
2 persons 160,870 ... ...
3 persons 58,650 ... ...
4 persons 55,775 ... ...
5 or more persons 33,390 ... ...
Average size of census families 2.9 ... ...
Average number of children in census families with children6 1.9 ... ...
Total number of census families in private households - 100% data 308,690 ... ...
Total couple families 255,910 ... ...
Married couples 212,520 ... ...
With children6 106,385 ... ...
Without children 106,135 ... ...
Common-law couples 43,395 ... ...
With children6 18,190 ... ...
Without children 25,205 ... ...
Total one-parent families 52,775 ... ...
in which the parent is a woman+ 39,825 ... ...
in which the parent is a man+ 12,955 ... ...
Total - Persons in private households - 100% data 1,103,205 549,475 553,725
Total - Persons in census families 903,775 448,945 454,830
Married spouses or common-law partners 511,820 255,785 256,040
Parents in one-parent families 52,780 12,955 39,820
Children6 339,175 180,210 158,965
In a two-parent family 248,725 130,995 117,725
In a one-parent family 90,455 49,210 41,240
Total - Persons not in census families in private households - 100% data 199,425 100,530 98,895
Living alone 130,105 62,520 67,590
Living with other relatives7 28,150 13,805 14,345
Living with non-relatives only 41,165 24,200 16,960
Household type
Total - Household type - 100% data 449,585 ... ...
One-census-family households without additional persons 275,515 ... ...
Couple-family households 236,790 ... ...
With children6 113,990 ... ...
Without children 122,800 ... ...
One-parent-family households 38,720 ... ...
Multigenerational households8 9,815 ... ...
Multiple-census-family households9 1,960 ... ...
One-census-family households with additional persons9 13,265 ... ...
Two-or-more-person non-census-family households 18,915 ... ...
One-person households 130,105 ... ...
Income of individuals in 2020
Total - Income statistics in 2020 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data10 882,780 436,550 446,230
Number of total income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2020 - 100% data 844,920 417,025 427,895
Median total income in 2020 among recipients ($) 42,400 48,000 38,400
Number of after-tax income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2020 - 100% data 845,455 417,320 428,130
Median after-tax income in 2020 among recipients ($) 38,400 42,400 35,200
Number of market income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2020 - 100% data 757,325 379,255 378,070
Median market income in 2020 among recipients ($) 36,800 44,400 30,600
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2020 - 100% data 622,670 322,180 300,495
Median employment income in 2020 among recipients ($) 36,800 43,600 31,400
Number of government transfers recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2020 - 100% data 751,755 364,545 387,210
Median government transfers in 2020 among recipients ($) 8,800 6,750 10,100
Number of employment insurance benefits recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2020 - 100% data 84,485 43,415 41,065
Median employment insurance benefits in 2020 among recipients ($) 6,000 6,000 5,920
Number of COVID-19 emergency and recovery benefits recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2020 - 100% data 214,100 103,150 110,950
Median COVID-19 emergency and recovery benefits in 2020 among recipients ($) 8,000 8,000 8,000
Total - Income statistics in 2020 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data11 882,760 436,515 446,245
Number of total income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2020 - 25% sample data 845,425 417,040 428,380
Average total income in 2020 among recipients ($) 53,050 60,250 46,080
Number of after-tax income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2020 - 25% sample data 845,965 417,355 428,610
Average after-tax income in 2020 among recipients ($) 44,680 49,360 40,080
Number of market income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2020 - 25% sample data 757,585 378,980 378,605
Average market income in 2020 among recipients ($) 48,680 57,250 40,040
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2020 - 25% sample data 622,690 321,515 301,175
Average employment income in 2020 among recipients ($) 47,360 54,650 39,600
Number of government transfers recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2020 - 25% sample data 751,480 363,960 387,525
Average government transfers in 2020 among recipients ($) 10,650 9,420 11,800
Number of employment insurance benefits recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2020 - 25% sample data 83,595 42,755 40,840
Average employment insurance benefits in 2020 among recipients ($) 7,330 7,060 7,610
Number of COVID-19 emergency and recovery benefits recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2020 - 25% sample data 213,970 103,245 110,725
Average COVID-19 emergency and recovery benefits in 2020 among recipients ($) 9,000 8,960 9,040
Total - Employment income statistics in 2020 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data12 882,760 436,515 446,245
Number of employment income recipients in 2020 who worked full-year full-time in 2020 - 25% sample data13 301,310 168,990 132,320
Median employment income in 2020 for full-year full-time workers in 2020 ($)14 62,000 67,000 56,000
Average employment income in 2020 for full-year full-time workers in 2020 ($)15 70,100 76,500 61,850
Number of employment income recipients in 2020 who worked part-year or part-time in 2020 - 25% sample data16 237,965 111,525 126,440
Median employment income in 2020 of those who worked part-year or part-time in 2020 ($) 19,000 21,600 17,000
Average employment income in 2020 of those who worked part-year or part-time in 2020 ($) 29,120 34,440 24,440
Composition of total income in 2020 of the population aged 15 years and over in private households (%) - 25% sample data17 100.0 100.0 100.0
Market income (%)18 82.2 86.4 76.8
Employment income (%)19 65.8 69.8 60.4
Government transfers (%)20 17.8 13.6 23.2
Employment insurance benefits (%) 1.4 1.2 1.6
COVID-19 - Government income support and benefits (%) 5.0 4.1 6.2
COVID-19 - Emergency and recovery benefits (%) 4.3 3.7 5.1
Total - Total income groups in 2020 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data21 882,780 436,550 446,230
Without total income 37,860 19,525 18,335
With total income 844,915 417,025 427,890
Under $10,000 (including loss) 71,550 33,580 37,975
$10,000 to $19,999 92,735 40,045 52,690
$20,000 to $29,999 126,965 54,565 72,400
$30,000 to $39,999 105,405 45,260 60,150
$40,000 to $49,999 96,850 43,305 53,545
$50,000 to $59,999 80,190 38,235 41,955
$60,000 to $69,999 63,160 33,360 29,800
$70,000 to $79,999 49,340 27,775 21,560
$80,000 to $89,999 38,610 22,165 16,450
$90,000 to $99,999 30,895 17,430 13,460
$100,000 and over 89,220 61,310 27,910
$100,000 to $149,999 62,465 40,955 21,510
$150,000 and over 26,750 20,350 6,400
Total - After-tax income groups in 2020 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data22 882,780 436,550 446,230
Without after-tax income 37,330 19,230 18,100
With after-tax income 845,450 417,320 428,130
Under $10,000 (including loss) 74,770 34,925 39,840
$10,000 to $19,999 96,975 41,905 55,070
$20,000 to $29,999 143,230 62,170 81,055
$30,000 to $39,999 125,245 55,255 69,990
$40,000 to $49,999 113,220 53,350 59,870
$50,000 to $59,999 87,685 45,835 41,850
$60,000 to $69,999 63,720 35,460 28,260
$70,000 to $79,999 47,135 26,270 20,865
$80,000 to $89,999 29,945 17,670 12,275
$90,000 to $99,999 19,390 12,375 7,010
$100,000 and over 44,145 32,100 12,040
$100,000 to $124,999 24,420 17,370 7,050
$125,000 and over 19,725 14,730 4,990
Total - Employment income groups in 2020 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data19 882,780 436,550 446,230
Without employment income 260,105 114,375 145,735
With employment income 622,670 322,175 300,490
Under $5,000 (including loss) 90,620 43,400 47,215
$5,000 to $9,999 49,340 22,310 27,030
$10,000 to $19,999 72,905 33,690 39,215
$20,000 to $29,999 58,850 26,960 31,890
$30,000 to $39,999 56,210 25,585 30,625
$40,000 to $49,999 54,395 25,875 28,520
$50,000 to $59,999 47,765 24,415 23,350
$60,000 to $69,999 40,940 22,855 18,090
$70,000 to $79,999 33,380 19,360 14,015
$80,000 to $89,999 29,020 16,645 12,375
$90,000 to $99,999 23,480 13,565 9,915
$100,000 and over 65,770 47,510 18,255
$100,000 to $124,999 31,845 20,990 10,855
$125,000 and over 33,925 26,520 7,405
Income of individuals in 2019
Total - Income statistics in 2019 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data23 882,780 436,550 446,230
Number of total income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2019 - 100% data 825,815 406,805 419,010
Median total income in 2019 among recipients ($) 41,200 48,000 35,600
Number of after-tax income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2019 - 100% data 826,075 406,845 419,225
Median after-tax income in 2019 among recipients ($) 37,200 42,400 32,800
Number of market income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2019 - 100% data 745,575 372,880 372,700
Median market income in 2019 among recipients ($) 38,400 46,400 31,600
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2019 - 100% data 619,030 320,010 299,020
Median employment income in 2019 among recipients ($) 38,400 45,600 32,400
Number of government transfers recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2019 - 100% data 712,010 346,320 365,690
Median government transfers in 2019 among recipients ($) 3,360 1,240 6,160
Number of employment insurance benefits recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2019 -100% data 69,035 34,850 34,185
Median employment insurance benefits in 2019 among recipients ($) 6,360 6,240 6,500
Total - Income statistics in 2019 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data24 882,760 436,515 446,245
Number of total income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2019 - 25% sample data 826,385 406,875 419,505
Average total income in 2019 among recipients ($) 51,350 59,400 43,480
Number of after-tax income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2019 - 25% sample data 826,660 406,915 419,740
Average after-tax income in 2019 among recipients ($) 42,960 48,440 37,640
Number of market income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2019 - 25% sample data 746,260 372,755 373,505
Average market income in 2019 among recipients ($) 49,600 58,900 40,320
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2019 - 25% sample data 619,710 319,750 299,965
Average employment income in 2019 among recipients ($) 48,320 56,150 39,960
Number of government transfers recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2019 - 25% sample data 712,110 346,290 365,820
Average government transfers in 2019 among recipients ($) 7,580 6,400 8,700
Number of employment insurance benefits recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2019 - 25% sample data 68,920 34,910 34,015
Average employment insurance benefits in 2019 among recipients ($) 8,030 7,450 8,630
Total - Employment income statistics in 2019 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data25 882,760 436,515 446,245
Number of employment income recipients in 2019 who worked full-year full-time in 2020 - 25% sample data13 299,100 167,785 131,315
Median employment income in 2019 for full-year full-time workers in 2020 ($)14 58,800 65,000 52,400
Average employment income in 2019 for full-year full-time workers in 2020 ($)15 67,100 74,200 57,950
Number of employment income recipients in 2019 who worked part-year or part-time in 2020 - 25% sample data16 222,840 104,130 118,710
Median employment income in 2019 of those who worked part-year or part-time in 2020 ($) 24,400 28,600 21,800
Average employment income in 2019 of those who worked part-year or part-time in 2020 ($) 34,880 41,840 28,800
Composition of total income in 2019 of the population aged 15 years and over in private households (%) - 25% sample data 100.0 100.0 100.0
Market income (%) 87.2 90.8 82.6
Employment income (%) 70.6 74.2 65.6
Government transfers (%) 12.7 9.2 17.4
Employment insurance benefits (%) 1.3 1.1 1.6
Income of households in 2020
Total - Income statistics for private households - 100% data26 449,580 ... ...
Median total income of household in 2020 ($) 82,000 ... ...
Median after-tax income of household in 2020 ($) 73,000 ... ...
Total - Income statistics for one-person private households - 100% data 130,105 ... ...
Median total income of one-person households in 2020 ($) 42,400 ... ...
Median after-tax income of one-person households in 2020 ($) 38,000 ... ...
Total - Income statistics for two-or-more-persons private households - 100% data 319,475 ... ...
Median total income of two-or-more-person households in 2020 ($) 103,000 ... ...
Median after-tax income of two-or-more-person households in 2020 ($) 90,000 ... ...
Total - Income statistics for private households - 25% sample data27 449,580 ... ...
Average total income of household in 2020 ($) 99,800 ... ...
Average after-tax income of household in 2020 ($) 84,100 ... ...
Total - Income statistics for one-person private households - 25% sample data 129,935 ... ...
Average total income of one-person households in 2020 ($) 53,300 ... ...
Average after-tax income of one-person households in 2020 ($) 44,680 ... ...
Total - Income statistics for two-or-more-persons private households - 25% sample data 319,645 ... ...
Average total income of two-or-more-person households in 2020 ($) 118,700 ... ...
Average after-tax income of two-or-more-person households in 2020 ($) 100,100 ... ...
Total - Household total income groups in 2020 for private households - 100% data21 449,580 ... ...
Under $5,000 5,030 ... ...
$5,000 to $9,999 2,640 ... ...
$10,000 to $14,999 4,645 ... ...
$15,000 to $19,999 8,295 ... ...
$20,000 to $24,999 19,430 ... ...
$25,000 to $29,999 15,705 ... ...
$30,000 to $34,999 14,730 ... ...
$35,000 to $39,999 17,200 ... ...
$40,000 to $44,999 17,145 ... ...
$45,000 to $49,999 17,225 ... ...
$50,000 to $59,999 33,580 ... ...
$60,000 to $69,999 32,145 ... ...
$70,000 to $79,999 30,370 ... ...
$80,000 to $89,999 28,270 ... ...
$90,000 to $99,999 26,025 ... ...
$100,000 and over 177,135 ... ...
$100,000 to $124,999 53,545 ... ...
$125,000 to $149,999 39,320 ... ...
$150,000 to $199,999 47,170 ... ...
$200,000 and over 37,100 ... ...
Total - Household after-tax income groups in 2020 for private households - 100% data22 449,580 ... ...
Under $5,000 5,735 ... ...
$5,000 to $9,999 2,730 ... ...
$10,000 to $14,999 4,800 ... ...
$15,000 to $19,999 8,635 ... ...
$20,000 to $24,999 20,715 ... ...
$25,000 to $29,999 17,735 ... ...
$30,000 to $34,999 17,085 ... ...
$35,000 to $39,999 20,380 ... ...
$40,000 to $44,999 20,090 ... ...
$45,000 to $49,999 19,875 ... ...
$50,000 to $59,999 39,515 ... ...
$60,000 to $69,999 37,680 ... ...
$70,000 to $79,999 35,090 ... ...
$80,000 to $89,999 31,875 ... ...
$90,000 to $99,999 28,180 ... ...
$100,000 and over 139,455 ... ...
$100,000 to $124,999 54,690 ... ...
$125,000 to $149,999 35,800 ... ...
$150,000 and over 48,965 ... ...
Income of economic families in 2020
Total - Income statistics for economic families in private households - 100% data28 306,550 ... ...
Median total income of economic family in 2020 ($) 103,000 ... ...
Median after-tax income of economic family in 2020 ($) 90,000 ... ...
Average family size of economic families 3.0 ... ...
Total - Income statistics for couple-only economic families in private households - 100% data 124,905 ... ...
Median total income of couple-only economic families in 2020 ($) 95,000 ... ...
Median after-tax income of couple-only economic families in 2020 ($) 83,000 ... ...
Average family size of couple-only economic families 2.0 ... ...
Total - Income statistics for couple-with-children economic families in private households - 100% data 125,315 ... ...
Median total income of couple-with-children economic families in 2020 ($) 130,000 ... ...
Median after-tax income of couple-with-children economic families in 2020 ($) 113,000 ... ...
Average family size of couple-with-children economic families 4.1 ... ...
Total - Income statistics for one-parent economic families in private households - 100% data 47,700 ... ...
Median total income of one-parent economic families in 2020 ($) 62,800 ... ...
Median after-tax income of one-parent economic families in 2020 ($) 59,200 ... ...
Average family size of one-parent economic families 2.9 ... ...
Total - Income statistics for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families in private households - 100% data29 171,275 86,725 84,555
Median total income in 2020 ($)30 39,200 41,200 37,600
Median after-tax income in 2020 ($)30 35,600 36,800 34,800
Total - Income statistics for economic families in private households - 25% sample data31 306,600 ... ...
Average total income of economic family in 2020 ($) 118,600 ... ...
Average after-tax income of economic family in 2020 ($) 99,800 ... ...
Total - Income statistics for couple-only economic families in private households - 25% sample data 125,115 ... ...
Average total income of couple-only economic families in 2020 ($) 111,000 ... ...
Average after-tax income of couple-only economic families in 2020 ($) 92,300 ... ...
Total - Income statistics for couple-with-children economic families in private households - 25% sample data 125,520 ... ...
Average total income of couple-with-children economic families in 2020 ($) 145,000 ... ...
Average after-tax income of couple-with-children economic families in 2020 ($) 121,200 ... ...
Total - Income statistics for one-parent economic families in private households - 25% sample data 47,570 ... ...
Average total income of one-parent economic families in 2020 ($) 73,100 ... ...
Average after-tax income of one-parent economic families in 2020 ($) 65,900 ... ...
Total - Income statistics for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families in private households - 25% sample data32 171,095 86,755 84,335
Average total income in 2020 ($)30 49,640 52,300 46,880
Average after-tax income in 2020 ($)30 41,960 43,200 40,680
Low income and income inequality in 2020
Total - LIM low-income status in 2020 for the population in private households - 100% data33 1,103,200 549,475 553,730
0 to 17 years 261,770 134,340 127,430
0 to 5 years 83,310 42,545 40,765
18 to 64 years 657,835 328,185 329,655
65 years and over 183,595 86,950 96,645
In low income based on the Low-income measure, after tax (LIM-AT) 147,955 71,010 76,945
0 to 17 years 45,500 23,280 22,215
0 to 5 years 15,520 7,735 7,790
18 to 64 years 74,450 36,410 38,040
65 years and over 28,000 11,315 16,690
Prevalence of low income based on the Low-income measure, after tax (LIM-AT) (%) 13.4 12.9 13.9
0 to 17 years (%) 17.4 17.3 17.4
0 to 5 years (%) 18.6 18.2 19.1
18 to 64 years (%) 11.3 11.1 11.5
65 years and over (%) 15.3 13.0 17.3
Total - LICO low-income status in 2020 for the population in private households to whom the low-income concept is applicable - 100% data33 1,047,470 521,355 526,115
0 to 17 years 239,370 122,980 116,385
0 to 5 years 76,215 39,020 37,195
18 to 64 years 628,090 313,165 314,925
65 years and over 180,015 85,205 94,805
In low income based on the Low-income cut-offs, after tax (LICO-AT) 42,310 22,585 19,730
0 to 17 years 10,250 5,365 4,890
0 to 5 years 3,285 1,675 1,610
18 to 64 years 29,210 15,830 13,375
65 years and over 2,850 1,390 1,465
Prevalence of low income based on the Low-income cut-offs, after tax (LICO-AT) (%) 4.0 4.3 3.8
0 to 17 years (%) 4.3 4.4 4.2
0 to 5 years (%) 4.3 4.3 4.3
18 to 64 years (%) 4.7 5.1 4.3
65 years and over (%) 1.6 1.6 1.6
Total - Adjusted after-tax economic family income decile group for the population in private households - 100% data34The letter 'c' in a yellow triangle indicates a correction notice. 1,103,200 549,475 553,730
In bottom half of the distribution 580,685 283,030 297,655
In bottom decile 129,985 64,240 65,750
In second decile 119,140 55,775 63,370
In third decile 112,825 54,665 58,160
In fourth decile 110,110 54,280 55,835
In fifth decile 108,615 54,070 54,540
In top half of the distribution 522,520 266,445 256,075
In sixth decile 107,950 54,265 53,680
In seventh decile 108,365 54,950 53,415
In eighth decile 108,465 55,155 53,315
In ninth decile 106,220 54,550 51,670
In top decile 91,515 47,520 44,000
Total - Inequality measures for the population in private households - 100% data35 1,103,200 ... ...
Gini index on adjusted household total income 0.332 ... ...
Gini index on adjusted household market income 0.447 ... ...
Gini index on adjusted household after-tax income 0.293 ... ...
P90/P10 ratio on adjusted household after-tax income 3.9 ... ...
Knowledge of official languages
Total - Knowledge of official languages for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% data36 1,116,045 555,220 560,825
English only 1,055,000 527,580 527,420
French only 450 210 235
English and French 51,970 23,490 28,480
Neither English nor French 8,625 3,940 4,685
First official language spoken
Total - First official language spoken for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% data37 1,116,045 555,220 560,825
English 1,094,690 545,105 549,585
French 11,335 5,500 5,835
English and French 1,815 905 905
Neither English nor French 8,200 3,705 4,495
Mother tongue
Total - Mother tongue for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% data38 1,116,045 555,220 560,825
Single responses 1,082,470 538,920 543,550
Official languages 924,330 461,055 463,275
English 911,765 454,950 456,815
French 12,565 6,105 6,460
Non-official languages 158,135 77,865 80,275
Indigenous languages39 20,785 9,935 10,850
Algonquian languages 14,490 6,910 7,575
Blackfoot 5 0 0
Cree-Innu languages 13,810 6,595 7,215
Atikamekw 0 0 0
Cree languages 13,810 6,595 7,215
Ililimowin (Moose Cree) 0 0 0
Inu Ayimun (Southern East Cree) 0 0 0
Iyiyiw-Ayimiwin (Northern East Cree) 45 25 25
Nehinawewin (Swampy Cree) 440 220 215
Nehiyawewin (Plains Cree) 3,005 1,440 1,570
Nihithawiwin (Woods Cree) 1,255 580 670
Cree, n.o.s. 9,060 4,325 4,735
Innu (Montagnais) 0 0 0
Naskapi 0 0 0
Eastern Algonquian languages 5 5 5
Mi'kmaq 5 5 5
Wolastoqewi (Malecite) 0 0 0
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 670 310 355
Anicinabemowin (Algonquin) 0 0 0
Oji-Cree 5 5 5
Ojibway languages 665 310 350
Anishinaabemowin (Chippewa) 10 5 5
Daawaamwin (Odawa) 0 0 0
Saulteau (Western Ojibway) 590 275 310
Ojibway, n.o.s. 60 25 35
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages 5,790 2,790 2,995
Northern Athabaskan languages 5,780 2,785 2,995
Dakelh (Carrier) 0 0 0
Dane-zaa (Beaver) 0 0 0
Dene, n.o.s. 5,780 2,785 2,995
Gwich'in 0 0 0
Slavey-Hare languages 0 0 0
Deh Gah Ghotie Zhatie (South Slavey) 0 0 0
Satuotine Yati (North Slavey) 0 0 0
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Tahltan languages 0 0 0
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0
Tahltan 0 0 0
Tlicho (Dogrib) 0 0 0
Tse'khene (Sekani) 0 0 0
Tsilhqot'in (Chilcotin) 0 0 0
Tsuu T'ina (Sarsi) 0 0 0
Tutchone languages 0 0 0
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0
Tutchone, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Wetsuwet'en-Babine 0 0 0
Tlingit 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 10 5 5
Haida 0 0 0
Inuktut (Inuit) languages 30 5 25
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 0 0 0
Inuinnaqtun 0 0 0
Inuvialuktun 0 0 0
Inuktitut 25 5 25
Inuktut (Inuit) languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages 5 5 0
Cayuga 0 0 0
Mohawk 5 5 0
Oneida 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Ktunaxa (Kutenai) 0 0 0
Michif 260 125 140
Salish languages 0 0 0
Halkomelem 0 0 0
Lillooet 0 0 0
Ntlakapamux (Thompson) 0 0 0
Secwepemctsin (Shuswap) 0 0 0
Squamish 0 0 0
Straits 0 0 0
Syilx (Okanagan) 0 0 0
Salish languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Siouan languages 200 95 105
Assiniboine 60 30 25
Dakota 120 50 75
Stoney 0 0 0
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 20 10 10
Tsimshian languages 0 0 0
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 0 0 0
Nisga'a 0 0 0
Tsimshian 0 0 0
Wakashan languages 0 0 0
Haisla 0 0 0
Heiltsuk 0 0 0
Kwak'wala (Kwakiutl) 0 0 0
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0 0 0
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Indigenous languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Indigenous languages, n.o.s. 5 0 5
Non-Indigenous languages 137,355 67,925 69,430
Afro-Asiatic languages 7,795 3,935 3,860
Berber languages 5 5 5
Kabyle 5 5 5
Tamazight 0 0 0
Berber languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Chadic languages 50 25 25
Hausa 50 25 25
Mina 0 0 0
Coptic 0 0 0
Cushitic languages 1,010 480 530
Bilen 110 60 50
Oromo 115 60 55
Somali 690 320 365
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 95 40 55
Semitic languages 6,730 3,425 3,300
Amharic 370 170 195
Arabic 4,610 2,370 2,235
Aramaic languages 665 330 340
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 345 170 175
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 275 130 150
Aramaic, n.o.s. 50 25 20
Harari 0 0 0
Hebrew 50 25 25
Maltese 5 0 0
Tigrigna 1,010 515 495
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 15 10 5
Austro-Asiatic languages 3,590 1,705 1,880
Khmer (Cambodian) 125 65 65
Vietnamese 3,455 1,645 1,815
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e 0 0 0
Austronesian languages 27,210 12,750 14,460
Bikol 120 55 60
Bisaya, n.o.s. 580 270 315
Cebuano 1,365 620 745
Fijian 30 20 10
Hiligaynon 365 175 185
Ilocano 1,085 490 590
Indonesian 90 35 55
Kankanaey 100 40 55
Kinaray-a 30 15 15
Malagasy languages 5 0 0
Merina 0 0 0
Malagasy, n.o.s. 5 0 0
Malay 15 5 10
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 290 140 150
Pangasinan 60 25 35
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 22,680 10,680 12,010
Waray-Waray 105 45 55
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 295 140 160
Creole languages 225 110 110
Haitian Creole 20 10 10
Jamaican English Creole 15 5 5
Krio 5 0 5
Morisyen 90 40 50
Sango 5 5 0
Creole, n.o.s. 65 35 30
Creole languages, n.i.e. 30 10 15
Dravidian languages 2,645 1,450 1,190
Kannada 95 40 50
Malayalam 1,660 915 745
Tamil 440 235 205
Telugu 430 245 185
Tulu 0 0 0
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 10 10 5
Georgian 5 0 5
Hmong-Mien languages 0 0 0
Indo-European languages 73,910 37,200 36,715
Albanian 325 170 150
Armenian 115 60 60
Balto-Slavic languages 13,790 6,380 7,410
Baltic languages 145 70 75
Latvian 80 40 45
Lithuanian 60 35 30
Slavic languages 13,640 6,305 7,330
Belarusian 0 0 0
Bulgarian 70 30 40
Czech 170 75 95
Macedonian 50 25 25
Polish 1,335 595 740
Russian 2,565 1,180 1,385
Rusyn 215 105 110
Serbo-Croatian 1,080 550 530
Bosnian 245 120 120
Croatian 360 175 185
Serbian 445 240 200
Serbo-Croatian, n.i.e. 25 15 20
Slovak 65 35 30
Slovene (Slovenian) 55 25 35
Ukrainian 8,030 3,685 4,340
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 5 0 5
Celtic languages 60 30 25
Irish 10 5 5
Scottish Gaelic 20 15 0
Welsh 25 15 15
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 5 5 5
Germanic languages 21,360 10,450 10,905
Frisian 15 5 5
High German languages 16,020 7,795 8,225
German 15,875 7,715 8,160
Pennsylvania German 5 0 5
Swiss German 115 65 50
Yiddish 20 10 10
Low Saxon-Low Franconian languages 4,795 2,400 2,395
Afrikaans 1,360 720 640
Dutch 1,020 520 505
Low German, n.o.s. 540 255 285
Low Saxon 60 25 30
Plautdietsch 1,765 855 910
Vlaams (Flemish) 55 25 30
Scandinavian languages 515 245 275
Danish 205 110 95
Icelandic 30 15 15
Norwegian 195 85 105
Swedish 90 35 50
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 15 5 10
Greek 805 415 390
Indo-Iranian languages 30,330 16,195 14,135
Indo-Aryan languages 27,930 14,925 13,005
Assamese 10 10 5
Bengali 3,680 1,925 1,760
Gujarati 5,175 2,930 2,245
Hindi 2,395 1,375 1,020
Kacchi 10 5 10
Kashmiri 20 10 10
Konkani 30 20 15
Marathi 175 100 80
Nepali 745 390 355
Oriya languages 45 30 15
Odia 35 25 10
Oriya, n.o.s. 10 5 0
Punjabi (Panjabi) 8,555 4,570 3,985
Rohingya 0 0 0
Sindhi 140 80 60
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 285 130 155
Urdu 6,510 3,285 3,225
Indo-Aryan languages, n.i.e. 145 85 65
Iranian languages 2,390 1,265 1,125
Baluchi 70 35 30
Kurdish 170 95 75
Parsi 5 0 5
Pashto 480 275 205
Persian languages 1,660 855 805
Dari 390 205 190
Iranian Persian 1,105 565 540
Persian (Farsi), n.o.s. 165 85 75
Iranian languages, n.i.e. 10 5 0
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 10 5 5
Italic (Romance) languages 7,130 3,495 3,635
Catalan 0 0 0
Italian 595 295 300
Portuguese 875 385 490
Romanian 735 360 380
Spanish 4,915 2,450 2,465
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 15 5 5
Indo-European languages, n.i.e. 5 0 0
Japanese 250 75 180
Korean 1,690 815 880
Mongolian 45 20 25
Niger-Congo languages 2,890 1,485 1,405
Akan (Twi) 220 115 110
Bamanankan 5 5 0
Edo 25 15 10
Éwé 40 25 20
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 10 5 5
Ga 20 10 10
Ganda 45 15 25
Gikuyu 10 5 5
Igbo 305 170 135
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 150 75 75
Lingala 40 20 25
Luba-Kasai 10 5 5
Mòoré 0 0 0
Mwani 25 15 10
Ndebele 30 15 15
Rundi (Kirundi) 190 90 100
Shona 105 50 55
Soninke 0 0 0
Sotho-Tswana languages 25 10 15
Swahili 445 225 215
Wojenaka 0 0 0
Wolof 10 5 5
Yoruba 835 435 400
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 345 165 185
Nilo-Saharan languages 470 255 220
Dinka 150 80 70
Nuer 55 30 25
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 230 115 110
African, n.o.s. 40 30 10
Sign languages 165 85 85
American Sign Language 125 60 65
Quebec Sign Language 0 0 0
Sign languages, n.i.e. 40 20 20
Sino-Tibetan languages 14,515 7,115 7,395
Chinese languages 13,470 6,595 6,875
Hakka 25 15 15
Mandarin 9,150 4,495 4,655
Min Dong 5 5 5
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 155 80 80
Wu (Shanghainese) 70 35 35
Yue (Cantonese) 3,765 1,825 1,935
Chinese, n.o.s. 285 140 145
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 10 5 5
Tibeto-Burman languages 1,015 510 510
Burmese 135 70 65
Kuki-Chin languages 35 20 15
Karenic languages 785 395 390
S'gaw Karen 675 350 330
Karenic languages, n.i.e. 105 45 60
Tibetan 20 5 15
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 45 20 25
Sino-Tibetan languages, n.i.e. 20 10 10
Tai-Kadai languages 420 170 245
Lao 270 130 135
Thai 145 40 105
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e. 5 0 5
Turkic languages 400 200 200
Azerbaijani 50 30 20
Kazakh 5 5 5
Turkish 295 155 145
Uyghur 10 5 5
Uzbek 35 15 20
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 10 5 5
Uralic languages 1,085 525 565
Estonian 20 10 10
Finnish 150 65 90
Hungarian 910 450 465
Other languages, n.i.e. 40 25 20
Multiple responses 33,575 16,305 17,275
English and French 3,525 1,700 1,825
English and non-official language(s) 27,035 13,180 13,855
French and non-official language(s) 350 175 175
English, French and non-official language(s) 415 195 220
Multiple non-official languages 2,250 1,055 1,200
All languages spoken at home
Total - All languages spoken at home for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% data40 1,116,045 555,220 560,825
English 938,715 467,760 470,955
French 2,095 1,010 1,080
Non-official language 41,955 20,925 21,035
Indigenous39 4,235 2,105 2,135
Non-Indigenous 37,720 18,820 18,895
English and French 7,920 3,650 4,265
English and non-official language(s) 118,480 58,500 59,980
French and non-official language(s) 280 135 140
English, French and non-official language(s) 2,595 1,230 1,360
Multiple non-official languages 4,005 2,005 2,000
Language spoken most often at home
Total - Language spoken most often at home for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% data41 1,116,045 555,220 560,825
Single responses 1,084,685 539,755 544,930
Official languages 993,865 494,130 499,730
English 990,645 492,580 498,070
French 3,215 1,550 1,665
Non-official languages 90,820 45,625 45,195
Indigenous languages39 9,060 4,505 4,560
Algonquian languages 4,890 2,475 2,420
Blackfoot 0 0 0
Cree-Innu languages 4,780 2,415 2,370
Atikamekw 0 0 0
Cree languages 4,780 2,415 2,370
Ililimowin (Moose Cree) 0 5 0
Inu Ayimun (Southern East Cree) 0 0 0
Iyiyiw-Ayimiwin (Northern East Cree) 15 5 5
Nehinawewin (Swampy Cree) 195 115 90
Nehiyawewin (Plains Cree) 865 440 430
Nihithawiwin (Woods Cree) 455 235 215
Cree, n.o.s. 3,250 1,625 1,630
Innu (Montagnais) 0 0 0
Naskapi 0 0 0
Eastern Algonquian languages 0 0 0
Mi'kmaq 0 0 0
Wolastoqewi (Malecite) 0 0 0
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 110 60 50
Anicinabemowin (Algonquin) 0 0 0
Oji-Cree 0 0 0
Ojibway languages 110 55 50
Anishinaabemowin (Chippewa) 5 0 0
Daawaamwin (Odawa) 0 0 0
Saulteau (Western Ojibway) 95 50 45
Ojibway, n.o.s. 10 5 5
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages 4,030 1,965 2,070
Northern Athabaskan languages 4,025 1,955 2,070
Dakelh (Carrier) 0 0 0
Dane-zaa (Beaver) 0 0 0
Dene, n.o.s. 4,025 1,955 2,070
Gwich'in 0 0 0
Slavey-Hare languages 0 0 0
Deh Gah Ghotie Zhatie (South Slavey) 0 0 0
Satuotine Yati (North Slavey) 0 0 0
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Tahltan languages 0 0 0
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0
Tahltan 0 0 0
Tlicho (Dogrib) 0 0 0
Tse'khene (Sekani) 0 0 0
Tsilhqot'in (Chilcotin) 0 0 0
Tsuu T'ina (Sarsi) 0 0 0
Tutchone languages 0 0 0
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0
Tutchone, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Wetsuwet'en-Babine 0 0 0
Tlingit 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Haida 0 0 0
Inuktut (Inuit) languages 5 0 5
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 0 0 0
Inuinnaqtun 0 0 0
Inuvialuktun 0 0 0
Inuktitut 5 0 5
Inuktut (Inuit) languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages 0 0 0
Cayuga 0 0 0
Mohawk 0 0 0
Oneida 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Ktunaxa (Kutenai) 0 0 0
Michif 100 50 45
Salish languages 0 0 0
Halkomelem 0 0 0
Lillooet 0 0 0
Ntlakapamux (Thompson) 0 0 0
Secwepemctsin (Shuswap) 0 0 0
Squamish 0 0 0
Straits 0 0 0
Syilx (Okanagan) 0 0 0
Salish languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Siouan languages 30 10 20
Assiniboine 10 5 5
Dakota 15 10 10
Stoney 0 0 0
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Tsimshian languages 0 0 0
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 0 0 0
Nisga'a 0 0 0
Tsimshian 0 0 0
Wakashan languages 0 0 0
Haisla 0 0 0
Heiltsuk 0 0 0
Kwak'wala (Kwakiutl) 0 0 0
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0 0 0
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Indigenous languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Indigenous languages, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Non-Indigenous languages 81,760 41,125 40,635
Afro-Asiatic languages 5,140 2,505 2,630
Berber languages 0 0 0
Kabyle 0 0 0
Tamazight 0 0 0
Berber languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Chadic languages 10 10 5
Hausa 10 10 5
Mina 0 0 0
Coptic 0 0 0
Cushitic languages 680 325 360
Bilen 85 50 40
Oromo 85 40 45
Somali 435 200 230
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 75 35 40
Semitic languages 4,445 2,175 2,270
Amharic 195 95 105
Arabic 3,055 1,500 1,560
Aramaic languages 455 210 245
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 225 95 125
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 200 95 105
Aramaic, n.o.s. 30 20 15
Harari 0 0 0
Hebrew 20 10 10
Maltese 0 0 0
Tigrigna 710 360 350
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 10 10 0
Austro-Asiatic languages 2,735 1,340 1,400
Khmer (Cambodian) 40 15 25
Vietnamese 2,700 1,325 1,370
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e 0 0 0
Austronesian languages 16,905 8,200 8,705
Bikol 60 25 30
Bisaya, n.o.s. 315 150 160
Cebuano 740 360 385
Fijian 15 10 5
Hiligaynon 205 100 105
Ilocano 490 235 255
Indonesian 20 10 15
Kankanaey 40 20 20
Kinaray-a 30 15 15
Malagasy languages 10 5 5
Merina 0 0 0
Malagasy, n.o.s. 10 5 5
Malay 0 0 0
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 155 75 75
Pangasinan 10 0 0
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 14,610 7,085 7,520
Waray-Waray 50 25 30
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 150 75 75
Creole languages 105 45 65
Haitian Creole 5 0 0
Jamaican English Creole 10 0 5
Krio 0 0 0
Morisyen 50 20 25
Sango 0 0 0
Creole, n.o.s. 25 10 15
Creole languages, n.i.e. 20 10 10
Dravidian languages 1,765 940 825
Kannada 40 20 20
Malayalam 1,175 640 535
Tamil 275 130 140
Telugu 260 140 120
Tulu 5 5 5
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 10 5 0
Georgian 0 0 0
Hmong-Mien languages 0 0 0
Indo-European languages 40,455 20,825 19,625
Albanian 140 65 70
Armenian 55 25 30
Balto-Slavic languages 4,420 2,220 2,200
Baltic languages 75 40 40
Latvian 40 20 20
Lithuanian 35 20 15
Slavic languages 4,345 2,185 2,160
Belarusian 0 0 0
Bulgarian 40 25 20
Czech 20 10 10
Macedonian 30 20 15
Polish 330 150 180
Russian 1,575 795 785
Rusyn 150 70 80
Serbo-Croatian 465 235 230
Bosnian 85 40 45
Croatian 120 60 60
Serbian 255 135 120
Serbo-Croatian, n.i.e. 10 5 5
Slovak 15 5 10
Slovene (Slovenian) 5 5 0
Ukrainian 1,700 870 830
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Celtic languages 10 0 5
Irish 0 0 0
Scottish Gaelic 5 5 0
Welsh 5 0 0
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Germanic languages 9,335 4,615 4,715
Frisian 5 0 0
High German languages 7,845 3,845 4,000
German 7,820 3,835 3,990
Pennsylvania German 0 0 0
Swiss German 25 15 10
Yiddish 0 0 0
Low Saxon-Low Franconian languages 1,455 755 695
Afrikaans 875 465 415
Dutch 110 60 55
Low German, n.o.s. 190 90 95
Low Saxon 15 10 5
Plautdietsch 260 130 130
Vlaams (Flemish) 5 5 5
Scandinavian languages 25 10 15
Danish 5 0 5
Icelandic 0 0 0
Norwegian 10 5 5
Swedish 10 5 5
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Greek 370 170 200
Indo-Iranian languages 22,590 11,955 10,635
Indo-Aryan languages 20,940 11,115 9,825
Assamese 0 0 0
Bengali 2,700 1,415 1,290
Gujarati 3,975 2,205 1,775
Hindi 1,670 950 715
Kacchi 10 0 5
Kashmiri 5 5 5
Konkani 5 5 5
Marathi 95 45 50
Nepali 540 285 255
Oriya languages 10 10 5
Odia 10 5 5
Oriya, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Punjabi (Panjabi) 6,955 3,665 3,285
Rohingya 0 0 0
Sindhi 90 50 45
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 150 70 80
Urdu 4,645 2,370 2,275
Indo-Aryan languages, n.i.e. 85 45 35
Iranian languages 1,640 835 805
Baluchi 45 25 25
Kurdish 100 50 50
Parsi 0 0 0
Pashto 315 170 145
Persian languages 1,160 580 580
Dari 215 110 100
Iranian Persian 835 420 415
Persian (Farsi), n.o.s. 110 55 55
Iranian languages, n.i.e. 10 5 5
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 10 5 5
Italic (Romance) languages 3,545 1,770 1,770
Catalan 0 0 0
Italian 125 55 65
Portuguese 415 200 210
Romanian 310 155 155
Spanish 2,685 1,350 1,335
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 10 5 5
Indo-European languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Japanese 90 30 60
Korean 1,250 625 630
Mongolian 20 10 15
Niger-Congo languages 1,130 550 580
Akan (Twi) 75 40 40
Bamanankan 0 0 0
Edo 5 0 5
Éwé 5 5 5
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 10 5 5
Ga 10 0 5
Ganda 30 15 10
Gikuyu 0 0 0
Igbo 95 50 45
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 70 40 30
Lingala 30 15 15
Luba-Kasai 0 0 0
Mòoré 0 0 0
Mwani 10 0 5
Ndebele 0 0 0
Rundi (Kirundi) 115 50 60
Shona 35 15 15
Soninke 0 0 0
Sotho-Tswana languages 10 0 5
Swahili 240 125 110
Wojenaka 0 0 0
Wolof 10 5 10
Yoruba 300 135 160
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 85 40 45
Nilo-Saharan languages 225 120 110
Dinka 85 45 40
Nuer 10 5 5
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 115 60 60
African, n.o.s. 15 15 5
Sign languages 355 205 145
American Sign Language 250 150 105
Quebec Sign Language 0 0 0
Sign languages, n.i.e. 100 60 40
Sino-Tibetan languages 11,010 5,445 5,565
Chinese languages 10,220 5,040 5,180
Hakka 10 10 5
Mandarin 7,415 3,695 3,715
Min Dong 0 0 0
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 55 25 30
Wu (Shanghainese) 50 25 25
Yue (Cantonese) 2,490 1,190 1,295
Chinese, n.o.s. 200 95 100
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Tibeto-Burman languages 780 400 380
Burmese 95 50 45
Kuki-Chin languages 25 20 10
Karenic languages 615 310 300
S'gaw Karen 530 270 260
Karenic languages, n.i.e. 80 45 40
Tibetan 10 5 5
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 35 15 20
Sino-Tibetan languages, n.i.e. 10 0 5
Tai-Kadai languages 160 75 90
Lao 125 60 65
Thai 35 15 20
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e. 5 0 0
Turkic languages 220 110 110
Azerbaijani 25 10 15
Kazakh 0 0 0
Turkish 180 95 85
Uyghur 0 0 0
Uzbek 5 0 5
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Uralic languages 175 90 85
Estonian 10 5 5
Finnish 15 10 5
Hungarian 155 80 75
Other languages, n.i.e. 20 10 10
Multiple responses 31,360 15,460 15,900
English and French 1,325 615 715
English and non-official language(s) 29,060 14,370 14,695
French and non-official language(s) 130 60 65
English, French and non-official language(s) 250 130 120
Multiple non-official languages 590 285 305
Other language spoken regularly at home
Total - Other language(s) spoken regularly at home for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% data42 1,116,045 555,220 560,825
None 1,008,760 502,475 506,285
English 39,070 19,635 19,435
French 6,395 2,935 3,455
Non-official language 48,520 23,370 25,145
Indigenous39 10,735 4,980 5,755
Non-Indigenous 37,785 18,390 19,395
English and French 345 180 170
English and non-official language(s) 6,935 3,595 3,345
French and non-official language(s) 1,155 515 640
English, French and non-official language(s) 65 40 30
Multiple non-official languages 4,795 2,475 2,320
Knowledge of languagesThe letter 'c' in a yellow triangle indicates a correction notice.
Total - Knowledge of languages for the population in private households - 25% sample data43 1,103,200 549,495 553,705
Official languages 1,095,170 545,875 549,300
English 1,094,790 545,650 549,135
French 52,065 23,725 28,335
Non-official languages 209,395 103,350 106,050
Indigenous languages39 35,075 16,800 18,280
Algonquian languages 25,960 12,535 13,430
Blackfoot 10 0 0
Cree-Innu languages 24,850 11,960 12,895
Atikamekw 0 0 0
Cree languages 24,850 11,960 12,895
Ililimowin (Moose Cree) 0 0 0
Inu Ayimun (Southern East Cree) 20 0 10
Iyiyiw-Ayimiwin (Northern East Cree) 145 65 75
Nehinawewin (Swampy Cree) 855 440 415
Nehiyawewin (Plains Cree) 6,450 3,070 3,375
Nihithawiwin (Woods Cree) 2,365 1,125 1,235
Cree, n.o.s. 15,355 7,415 7,945
Innu (Montagnais) 0 0 0
Naskapi 0 0 0
Eastern Algonquian languages 10 10 0
Mi'kmaq 10 10 0
Wolastoqewi (Malecite) 0 0 0
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 1,330 685 640
Anicinabemowin (Algonquin) 0 0 0
Oji-Cree 50 20 25
Ojibway languages 1,275 665 610
Anishinaabemowin (Chippewa) 30 25 0
Daawaamwin (Odawa) 0 0 0
Saulteau (Western Ojibway) 1,120 575 550
Ojibway, n.o.s. 145 90 55
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages 8,085 3,795 4,295
Northern Athabaskan languages 8,080 3,795 4,285
Dakelh (Carrier) 0 0 0
Dane-zaa (Beaver) 0 0 0
Dene, n.o.s. 8,080 3,795 4,285
Gwich'in 0 0 0
Slavey-Hare languages 0 0 0
Deh Gah Ghotie Zhatie (South Slavey) 0 0 0
Satuotine Yati (North Slavey) 0 0 0
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Tahltan languages 0 0 0
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0
Tahltan 0 0 0
Tlicho (Dogrib) 0 0 0
Tse'khene (Sekani) 0 0 0
Tsilhqot'in (Chilcotin) 0 0 0
Tsuu T'ina (Sarsi) 0 0 0
Tutchone languages 0 0 0
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0
Tutchone, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Wetsuwet'en-Babine 0 0 0
Tlingit 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Haida 0 0 0
Inuktut (Inuit) languages 60 20 45
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 0 0 0
Inuinnaqtun 0 0 0
Inuvialuktun 0 0 0
Inuktitut 60 20 45
Inuktut (Inuit) languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages 10 0 0
Cayuga 0 0 0
Mohawk 10 0 0
Oneida 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Ktunaxa (Kutenai) 0 0 0
Michif 855 395 460
Salish languages 0 0 0
Halkomelem 0 0 0
Lillooet 0 0 0
Ntlakapamux (Thompson) 0 0 0
Secwepemctsin (Shuswap) 0 0 0
Squamish 0 0 0
Straits 0 0 0
Syilx (Okanagan) 0 0 0
Salish languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Siouan languages 725 365 360
Assiniboine 185 110 80
Dakota 395 185 215
Stoney 25 15 15
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 140 70 70
Tsimshian languages 0 0 0
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 0 0 0
Nisga'a 0 0 0
Tsimshian 0 0 0
Wakashan languages 0 0 0
Haisla 0 0 0
Heiltsuk 0 0 0
Kwak'wala (Kwakiutl) 0 0 0
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0 0 0
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Indigenous languages, n.i.e. 20 10 20
Indigenous languages, n.o.s. 35 20 15
Non-Indigenous languages 174,635 86,680 87,955
Afro-Asiatic languages 11,165 5,770 5,395
Berber languages 10 10 0
Kabyle 0 0 0
Tamazight 10 10 0
Berber languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Chadic languages 265 125 145
Hausa 245 105 140
Mina 25 15 0
Coptic 15 10 0
Cushitic languages 1,415 720 695
Bilen 165 95 70
Oromo 180 85 90
Somali 900 450 455
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 165 95 75
Semitic languages 9,850 5,120 4,735
Amharic 855 440 415
Arabic 7,265 3,825 3,445
Aramaic languages 1,200 565 630
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 605 280 325
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 540 255 285
Aramaic, n.o.s. 130 70 65
Harari 0 0 0
Hebrew 470 250 215
Maltese 15 10 0
Tigrigna 1,365 710 660
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 160 90 75
Austro-Asiatic languages 4,625 2,275 2,355
Khmer (Cambodian) 170 100 70
Vietnamese 4,440 2,165 2,280
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e 20 10 10
Austronesian languages 37,460 17,730 19,730
Bikol 305 130 175
Bisaya, n.o.s. 915 430 485
Cebuano 2,180 1,010 1,175
Fijian 90 55 35
Hiligaynon 605 270 335
Ilocano 2,500 1,175 1,320
Indonesian 215 85 135
Kankanaey 205 90 120
Kinaray-a 45 10 35
Malagasy languages 30 20 15
Merina 0 0 0
Malagasy, n.o.s. 30 20 15
Malay 105 65 35
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 485 250 235
Pangasinan 95 50 50
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 36,125 17,020 19,110
Waray-Waray 245 120 130
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 1,155 545 615
Creole languages 950 480 470
Haitian Creole 45 25 20
Jamaican English Creole 130 70 60
Krio 25 20 0
Morisyen 385 195 190
Sango 45 25 20
Creole, n.o.s. 205 80 125
Creole languages, n.i.e. 150 70 80
Dravidian languages 4,190 2,210 1,980
Kannada 225 110 110
Malayalam 2,515 1,335 1,180
Tamil 1,120 625 495
Telugu 845 445 400
Tulu 20 10 20
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 35 20 15
Georgian 0 0 0
Hmong-Mien languages 0 0 0
Indo-European languages 89,555 45,335 44,220
Albanian 380 220 160
Armenian 90 35 55
Balto-Slavic languages 17,185 7,985 9,200
Baltic languages 195 85 105
Latvian 90 40 55
Lithuanian 95 45 50
Slavic languages 17,095 7,945 9,145
Belarusian 10 0 10
Bulgarian 100 50 40
Czech 190 90 105
Macedonian 90 50 40
Polish 1,745 800 945
Russian 5,305 2,590 2,715
Rusyn 280 130 150
Serbo-Croatian 1,705 865 835
Bosnian 400 195 200
Croatian 745 405 340
Serbian 965 495 470
Serbo-Croatian, n.i.e. 65 35 30
Slovak 135 60 70
Slovene (Slovenian) 135 60 70
Ukrainian 10,795 4,935 5,855
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 10 0 0
Celtic languages 185 105 80
Irish 65 35 30
Scottish Gaelic 50 35 10
Welsh 50 15 30
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 35 20 15
Germanic languages 18,455 9,290 9,165
Frisian 25 25 0
High German languages 11,940 5,995 5,945
German 11,815 5,935 5,880
Pennsylvania German 0 0 0
Swiss German 145 70 80
Yiddish 50 25 25
Low Saxon-Low Franconian languages 6,140 3,205 2,935
Afrikaans 2,175 1,185 990
Dutch 1,285 680 605
Low German, n.o.s. 590 275 315
Low Saxon 60 35 25
Plautdietsch 2,015 1,025 980
Vlaams (Flemish) 90 50 40
Scandinavian languages 955 395 560
Danish 255 135 125
Icelandic 25 20 0
Norwegian 485 175 305
Swedish 235 100 135
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 30 20 10
Greek 1,430 730 705
Indo-Iranian languages 39,895 21,385 18,505
Indo-Aryan languages 37,480 20,070 17,410
Assamese 0 0 0
Bengali 4,490 2,350 2,140
Gujarati 6,965 3,985 2,985
Hindi 15,740 8,600 7,140
Kacchi 50 25 25
Kashmiri 55 35 25
Konkani 60 35 30
Marathi 520 270 255
Nepali 1,040 550 490
Oriya languages 60 30 30
Odia 25 20 0
Oriya, n.o.s. 40 15 25
Punjabi (Panjabi) 13,310 7,110 6,200
Rohingya 0 0 0
Sindhi 250 135 120
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 405 180 225
Urdu 10,540 5,470 5,070
Indo-Aryan languages, n.i.e. 345 205 140
Iranian languages 3,025 1,640 1,390
Baluchi 170 100 65
Kurdish 225 110 115
Parsi 20 0 15
Pashto 745 415 330
Persian languages 2,045 1,095 950
Dari 610 335 285
Iranian Persian 1,340 710 625
Persian (Farsi), n.o.s. 120 65 50
Iranian languages, n.i.e. 30 25 0
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 55 40 15
Italic (Romance) languages 14,285 6,885 7,400
Catalan 0 0 0
Italian 1,400 670 730
Portuguese 1,320 655 670
Romanian 915 450 465
Spanish 11,185 5,395 5,785
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 90 40 45
Indo-European languages, n.i.e. 35 20 15
Japanese 1,170 585 585
Korean 1,870 900 970
Mongolian 45 10 40
Niger-Congo languages 7,440 3,945 3,495
Akan (Twi) 515 255 260
Bamanankan 0 0 0
Edo 90 60 30
Éwé 100 40 60
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 60 30 30
Ga 135 75 60
Ganda 100 40 60
Gikuyu 25 15 10
Igbo 1,200 630 570
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 320 170 150
Lingala 180 100 75
Luba-Kasai 40 15 25
Mòoré 25 15 15
Mwani 70 45 20
Ndebele 80 40 35
Rundi (Kirundi) 310 180 130
Shona 155 75 80
Soninke 0 0 0
Sotho-Tswana languages 70 40 35
Swahili 1,165 665 500
Wojenaka 20 15 10
Wolof 40 20 20
Yoruba 2,865 1,520 1,345
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 990 545 445
Nilo-Saharan languages 615 305 305
Dinka 180 85 100
Nuer 60 25 30
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 375 200 175
African, n.o.s. 100 55 45
Sign languages 1,450 645 815
American Sign Language 1,135 505 625
Quebec Sign Language 0 0 0
Sign languages, n.i.e. 370 160 210
Sino-Tibetan languages 17,055 8,335 8,725
Chinese languages 15,625 7,620 8,005
Hakka 45 20 30
Mandarin 11,590 5,640 5,955
Min Dong 0 0 0
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 275 135 140
Wu (Shanghainese) 60 40 15
Yue (Cantonese) 5,120 2,465 2,660
Chinese, n.o.s. 360 185 175
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Tibeto-Burman languages 1,370 690 685
Burmese 355 185 170
Kuki-Chin languages 30 25 10
Karenic languages 1,020 490 530
S'gaw Karen 890 430 460
Karenic languages, n.i.e. 125 60 70
Tibetan 35 15 20
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 100 30 70
Sino-Tibetan languages, n.i.e. 85 45 40
Tai-Kadai languages 590 280 310
Lao 360 200 160
Thai 290 115 170
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e. 10 0 10
Turkic languages 700 360 340
Azerbaijani 85 55 40
Kazakh 50 15 35
Turkish 565 295 270
Uyghur 35 0 30
Uzbek 15 10 10
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 15 0 10
Uralic languages 1,240 595 645
Estonian 10 10 0
Finnish 180 90 90
Hungarian 1,055 500 560
Other languages, n.i.e. 125 65 65
Indigenous population
Total - Indigenous identity for the population in private households - 25% sample data44 1,103,200 549,495 553,710
Indigenous identity45 187,885 91,375 96,515
Single Indigenous responses46 184,435 89,725 94,705
First Nations (North American Indian) 121,175 58,665 62,505
Métis 62,800 30,860 31,940
Inuk (Inuit) 460 200 260
Multiple Indigenous responses47 2,030 985 1,045
Indigenous responses not included elsewhere48 1,425 665 765
Non-Indigenous identity 915,310 458,120 457,195
Total - Registered or Treaty Indian status for the population in private households - 25% sample data44 1,103,200 549,495 553,710
Registered or Treaty Indian49 115,055 55,385 59,670
Not a Registered or Treaty Indian 988,145 494,110 494,035
Household characteristics
Total - Private households by tenure - 25% sample data50 449,585 ... ...
Owner 317,655 ... ...
Renter 118,590 ... ...
Dwelling provided by the local government, First Nation or Indian band 13,335 ... ...
Total - Occupied private dwellings by condominium status - 25% sample data51 449,585 ... ...
Condominium 49,490 ... ...
Not condominium 400,095 ... ...
Total - Occupied private dwellings by number of bedrooms - 25% sample data52 449,585 ... ...
No bedrooms 1,945 ... ...
1 bedroom 41,900 ... ...
2 bedrooms 103,860 ... ...
3 bedrooms 150,360 ... ...
4 or more bedrooms 151,520 ... ...
Total - Occupied private dwellings by number of rooms - 25% sample data53 449,585 ... ...
1 to 4 rooms 105,050 ... ...
5 rooms 70,620 ... ...
6 rooms 66,100 ... ...
7 rooms 59,535 ... ...
8 or more rooms 148,270 ... ...
Average number of rooms per dwelling 6.5 ... ...
Total - Private households by number of persons per room - 25% sample data54 449,585 ... ...
One person or fewer per room 438,000 ... ...
More than one person per room 11,580 ... ...
Total - Private households by housing suitability - 25% sample data55 449,585 ... ...
Suitable 426,835 ... ...
Not suitable 22,745 ... ...
Total - Occupied private dwellings by period of construction - 25% sample data56 449,585 ... ...
1960 or before 95,405 ... ...
1961 to 1980 147,720 ... ...
1981 to 1990 61,990 ... ...
1991 to 2000 35,005 ... ...
2001 to 2005 18,130 ... ...
2006 to 2010 27,525 ... ...
2011 to 2015 37,840 ... ...
2016 to 202157 25,970 ... ...
Total - Occupied private dwellings by dwelling condition - 25% sample data58 449,585 ... ...
Only regular maintenance and minor repairs needed 414,215 ... ...
Major repairs needed 35,365 ... ...
Total - Private households by number of household maintainers - 25% sample data59 449,585 ... ...
One-maintainer household 235,175 ... ...
Two-maintainer household 198,995 ... ...
Three-or-more-maintainer household 15,415 ... ...
Total - Private households by age of primary household maintainers - 25% sample data60 449,585 ... ...
15 to 24 years 17,560 ... ...
25 to 34 years 68,760 ... ...
35 to 44 years 82,625 ... ...
45 to 54 years 72,290 ... ...
55 to 64 years 85,955 ... ...
65 to 74 years 69,235 ... ...
75 to 84 years 37,545 ... ...
85 years and over 15,605 ... ...
Total - Owner and tenant households with household total income greater than zero, in non-farm, non-reserve private dwellings by shelter-cost-to-income ratio - 25% sample data61 414,315 ... ...
Spending less than 30% of income on shelter costs 342,875 ... ...
Spending 30% or more of income on shelter costs 71,445 ... ...
30% to less than 100% 65,430 ... ...
Total - Occupied private dwellings by housing indicators - 25% sample data62 449,585 ... ...
Total - Households 'spending 30% or more of income on shelter costs' or 'not suitable' or 'major repairs needed' 118,475 ... ...
Spending 30% or more of income on shelter costs only 63,870 ... ...
Not suitable only 16,865 ... ...
Major repairs needed only 26,900 ... ...
'Spending 30% or more of income on shelter costs' and 'not suitable' 2,370 ... ...
'Spending 30% or more of income on shelter costs' and 'major repairs needed' 4,960 ... ...
'Not suitable' and 'major repairs needed' 3,270 ... ...
'Spending 30% or more of income on shelter costs' and 'not suitable' and 'major repairs needed' 245 ... ...
Acceptable housing 331,105 ... ...
Total - Owner and tenant households with household total income greater than zero and shelter-cost-to-income ratio less than 100%, in non-farm, non-reserve private dwellings - 25% sample data63 408,300 ... ...
In core need 41,895 ... ...
Not in core need 366,405 ... ...
Total - Owner households in non-farm, non-reserve private dwellings - 25% sample data 298,500 ... ...
% of owner households with a mortgage64 57.9 ... ...
% of owner households spending 30% or more of its income on shelter costs61 11.1 ... ...
% in core housing need63 5.7 ... ...
Median monthly shelter costs for owned dwellings ($)65 1,110 ... ...
Average monthly shelter costs for owned dwellings ($)65 1,296 ... ...
Median value of dwellings ($)66 300,000 ... ...
Average value of dwellings ($)66 324,400 ... ...
Total - Tenant households in non-farm, non-reserve private dwellings - 25% sample data 117,545 ... ...
% of tenant households in subsidized housing67 17.1 ... ...
% of tenant households spending 30% or more of its income on shelter costs61 33.1 ... ...
% in core housing need63 22.1 ... ...
Median monthly shelter costs for rented dwellings ($)65 1,030 ... ...
Average monthly shelter costs for rented dwellings ($)65 1,095 ... ...
Total - Households living in a dwelling provided by the local government, First Nation or Indian band in non-farm private dwellings - 25% sample data 13,335 ... ...
% of households living in a dwelling provided by the local government, First Nation or Indian band spending more than 30% on shelter costs61 5.0 ... ...
Median monthly shelter costs for dwellings provided by local government, First Nation or Indian band ($)65 226 ... ...
Average monthly shelter costs for dwellings provided by local government, First Nation or Indian band ($)65 280 ... ...
Indigenous ancestry
Total - Indigenous ancestry for the population in private households - 25% sample data68 1,103,200 549,490 553,710
Indigenous ancestry (only)69 122,375 59,605 62,765
Single Indigenous ancestry (only)70 118,965 57,970 60,995
First Nations (North American Indian) single ancestry 101,725 49,415 52,315
Métis single ancestry 17,055 8,495 8,555
Inuit single ancestry 185 60 125
Multiple Indigenous ancestries (only)71 3,410 1,630 1,775
First Nations (North American Indian) and Métis ancestry only 3,335 1,580 1,750
First Nations (North American Indian) and Inuit ancestry only 30 25 10
Métis and Inuit ancestry only 35 20 10
First Nations (North American Indian) and Métis and Inuit ancestry only 10 0 0
Indigenous and non-Indigenous ancestries72 68,675 33,265 35,410
Single Indigenous and non-Indigenous ancestries73 64,995 31,500 33,495
First Nations (North American Indian) and non-Indigenous ancestry only 32,635 15,920 16,720
Métis and non-Indigenous ancestry only 32,070 15,450 16,615
Inuit and non-Indigenous ancestry only 290 135 160
Multiple Indigenous and non-Indigenous ancestries74 3,680 1,770 1,915
First Nations (North American Indian) and Métis and non-Indigenous ancestry only 3,515 1,705 1,810
First Nations (North American Indian) and Inuit and non-Indigenous ancestry only 115 45 75
Métis and Inuit and non-Indigenous ancestry only 25 0 25
First Nations (North American Indian) and Métis and Inuit and non-Indigenous ancestry only 20 10 10
Non-Indigenous ancestry only75 912,150 456,620 455,530
Citizenship
Total - Citizenship for the population in private households - 25% sample data76 1,103,200 549,495 553,705
Canadian citizens77 1,021,630 508,035 513,595
Canadian citizens aged under 18 246,480 126,430 120,055
Canadian citizens aged 18 and over 775,150 381,610 393,540
Not Canadian citizens78 81,575 41,455 40,115
Immigrant status and period of immigration
Total - Immigrant status and period of immigration for the population in private households - 25% sample data79 1,103,200 549,495 553,705
Non-immigrants80 949,755 472,745 477,005
Immigrants81 137,620 67,895 69,725
Before 1980 12,780 6,020 6,760
1980 to 1990 5,945 2,955 2,990
1991 to 2000 8,390 3,910 4,480
2001 to 2010 29,370 14,480 14,895
2011 to 202182 81,135 40,535 40,605
2011 to 2015 38,020 19,065 18,955
2016 to 2021 43,120 21,470 21,645
Non-permanent residents83 15,830 8,850 6,980
Age at immigration
Total - Age at immigration for the immigrant population in private households - 25% sample data84 137,620 67,895 69,720
Under 5 years 13,370 6,890 6,480
5 to 14 years 26,755 14,085 12,680
15 to 24 years 20,460 9,465 10,995
25 to 44 years 64,955 31,330 33,625
45 years and over 12,070 6,130 5,945
Selected places of birth for the immigrant population
Total - Place of birth for the immigrant population in private households - 25% sample data85 137,620 67,895 69,720
Americas 12,580 5,910 6,675
Brazil 380 150 230
Colombia 665 315 350
El Salvador 620 280 345
Guyana 165 65 95
Haiti 60 35 25
Jamaica 1,360 660 700
Mexico 1,720 870 850
Peru 160 45 120
Trinidad and Tobago 200 65 135
United States of America 5,215 2,375 2,835
Other places of birth in Americas 2,030 1,040 995
Europe 21,710 10,705 11,010
Bosnia and Herzegovina 500 250 250
Croatia 415 245 170
France 310 115 190
Germany 2,100 980 1,115
Greece 500 290 210
Hungary 325 175 145
Italy 585 300 280
Netherlands 965 560 400
Poland 1,080 455 625
Portugal 200 95 110
Romania 660 330 335
Russian Federation 650 270 385
Serbia86 530 250 285
Ukraine 3,165 1,505 1,665
United Kingdom87 6,785 3,420 3,365
Other places of birth in Europe 2,940 1,455 1,490
Africa 16,080 8,440 7,640
Algeria 20 15 10
Congo, Democratic Republic of the 665 335 330
Egypt 805 415 385
Eritrea 1,025 535 490
Ethiopia 775 380 400
Morocco 190 110 80
Nigeria 5,030 2,620 2,410
Somalia 485 240 250
South Africa, Republic of 2,075 1,070 1,005
Other places of birth in Africa 5,010 2,720 2,290
Asia 86,515 42,500 44,015
Afghanistan 465 230 235
Iran88 1,040 570 470
Iraq 1,440 740 700
Lebanon 220 155 60
Syria89 1,405 665 740
Turkey 280 145 135
China90 8,650 4,065 4,585
Hong Kong91 840 415 420
Korea, South92 1,110 560 550
Taiwan 175 80 95
Philippines 35,960 17,025 18,930
Viet Nam 3,245 1,555 1,690
Bangladesh 3,235 1,720 1,515
India 15,660 8,165 7,495
Pakistan 7,110 3,630 3,480
Sri Lanka 435 220 215
Other places of birth in Asia 5,245 2,555 2,695
Oceania and other places of birth93 725 350 380
Selected places of birth for the recent immigrant population
Total - Place of birth for the recent immigrant population in private households - 25% sample data94 43,115 21,470 21,650
Americas 2,830 1,420 1,410
Brazil 170 95 75
Colombia 90 40 50
Haiti 0 0 0
Jamaica 560 295 265
Mexico 560 315 250
United States of America 990 465 520
Venezuela95 70 20 45
Other places of birth in Americas 385 190 195
Europe 2,695 1,435 1,260
France 65 30 30
Germany 100 40 60
Ireland96 180 110 70
Italy 50 30 15
Russian Federation 100 35 65
Ukraine 755 340 415
United Kingdom87 590 385 200
Other places of birth in Europe 855 465 395
Africa 7,520 3,960 3,560
Algeria 0 0 0
Burundi 90 50 35
Cameroon 50 20 35
Congo, Democratic Republic of the 290 150 140
Côte d'Ivoire 25 20 10
Egypt 390 195 195
Eritrea 595 310 285
Ethiopia 315 175 140
Morocco 85 45 40
Nigeria 3,305 1,765 1,545
Somalia 130 60 70
South Africa, Republic of 775 390 385
Sudan97 300 155 140
Tunisia 60 40 20
Other places of birth in Africa 1,110 585 525
Asia 29,880 14,550 15,325
Afghanistan 140 50 85
Bangladesh 1,220 615 610
China90 3,690 1,775 1,910
Hong Kong91 140 75 65
India 7,940 4,055 3,885
Iran88 335 180 155
Iraq 305 155 150
Israel 50 20 25
Japan 40 15 30
Jordan 105 50 55
Korea, South92 275 135 140
Lebanon 75 60 20
Nepal 130 75 50
Pakistan 1,685 820 860
Philippines 10,460 4,875 5,585
Saudi Arabia 285 125 160
Sri Lanka 65 35 35
Syria89 1,245 600 645
Turkey 75 30 40
United Arab Emirates 195 90 105
Viet Nam 865 440 420
Other places of birth in Asia 550 260 290
Oceania and other93 195 100 95
Australia 95 40 50
Other places of birth98 100 55 40
Generation status
Total - Generation status for the population in private households - 25% sample data99 1,103,200 549,495 553,710
First generation100 158,540 79,230 79,310
Second generation101 121,675 59,265 62,410
Third generation or more102 822,985 411,000 411,980
Admission category and applicant type
Total - Admission category and applicant type for the immigrant population in private households who were admitted between 1980 and 2021 - 25% sample data103 124,835 61,875 62,960
Economic immigrants104 88,545 45,370 43,185
Principal applicants105 34,820 22,465 12,355
Secondary applicants106 53,725 22,900 30,825
Immigrants sponsored by family107 21,620 8,700 12,920
Refugees108 14,405 7,675 6,725
Other immigrants109 265 135 130
Pre-admission experience
Total - Pre-admission experience for the immigrant population in private households who were admitted between 1980 and 2021 - 25% sample data110 124,835 61,875 62,960
Asylum claim before admission111 1,885 1,155 735
Work permits only before admission112 20,335 10,710 9,620
Study permits only before admission113 4,170 2,185 1,985
Work and study permits before admission114 7,770 4,580 3,190
Other permits before admission115 600 230 370
No pre-admission experience116 90,090 43,025 47,065
Visible minority
Total - Visible minority for the population in private households - 25% sample data117 1,103,200 549,495 553,710
Total visible minority population118 159,365 80,495 78,870
South Asian 44,720 23,875 20,845
Chinese 18,010 8,850 9,155
Black 22,570 11,715 10,855
Filipino 43,755 21,015 22,745
Arab 5,575 2,920 2,655
Latin American 5,680 2,740 2,945
Southeast Asian 8,540 4,265 4,275
West Asian 2,830 1,445 1,380
Korean 1,850 885 955
Japanese 830 360 475
Visible minority, n.i.e.119 1,275 565 715
Multiple visible minorities 3,725 1,845 1,875
Not a visible minority120 943,840 469,000 474,835
Ethnic or cultural origin
Total - Ethnic or cultural origin for the population in private households - 25% sample data121 1,103,200 549,495 553,705
Canadian 107,095 54,965 52,130
English 219,665 107,240 112,420
Irish 145,415 69,495 75,920
Scottish 175,590 85,595 89,995
French, n.o.s.122 108,355 52,690 55,665
German 272,475 134,060 138,420
Chinese 19,965 9,660 10,305
Italian 10,830 5,335 5,500
Indian (India) 20,755 11,165 9,590
Ukrainian 138,705 67,645 71,060
Dutch 29,410 14,540 14,870
Polish 55,605 26,820 28,780
Québécois 705 355 345
British Isles, n.o.s.123 21,650 10,960 10,690
Filipino 40,160 19,305 20,860
French Canadian 5,465 2,695 2,765
Caucasian (White), n.o.s.124 13,375 7,020 6,360
First Nations (North American Indian), n.o.s.125 50,770 24,635 26,135
Métis 56,060 27,275 28,785
European, n.o.s.126 11,985 6,340 5,645
Russian 35,920 17,415 18,505
Norwegian 70,215 33,925 36,285
Welsh 17,605 8,415 9,190
Portuguese 1,760 830 930
American 12,675 6,435 6,235
Spanish 5,670 2,555 3,115
Swedish 31,965 15,285 16,675
Hungarian 28,495 14,095 14,400
Acadian 935 485 450
Pakistani 7,640 3,995 3,645
African, n.o.s.127 4,065 2,110 1,950
Jewish 2,420 1,230 1,190
Punjabi 4,115 2,215 1,905
Vietnamese 4,730 2,340 2,390
Arab, n.o.s.128 2,155 1,185 970
Greek 3,075 1,530 1,540
Jamaican 2,225 1,080 1,150
Asian, n.o.s.129 5,860 2,875 2,985
Cree, n.o.s.130 46,340 22,465 23,875
Korean 1,950 945 1,010
Romanian 12,415 5,995 6,415
Lebanese 1,240 690 550
Iranian 1,315 700 610
Christian, n.i.e.131 3,145 1,625 1,520
Danish 10,585 5,110 5,480
North American Indigenous, n.o.s.132 12,300 5,895 6,405
Sikh 2,530 1,340 1,195
Austrian 17,690 8,785 8,900
Belgian 9,340 4,790 4,550
Haitian 170 100 75
Hindu 3,220 1,785 1,435
Mexican 2,620 1,300 1,320
Mennonite 11,150 5,560 5,590
Swiss 4,555 2,255 2,295
Finnish 5,180 2,435 2,745
Sri Lankan 465 220 250
Croatian 2,460 1,295 1,170
Japanese 1,295 590 710
South Asian, n.o.s.133 1,195 610 585
Mi'kmaq, n.o.s.134 680 310 370
Northern European, n.o.s.135 6,025 3,180 2,845
Muslim 1,780 955 825
Egyptian 995 505 490
Latin, Central or South American, n.o.s.136 860 425 435
Tamil 285 145 135
Icelandic 8,345 3,915 4,425
Colombian 735 350 385
Moroccan 220 125 95
Czech 5,290 2,545 2,740
Syrian 1,140 540 605
Guyanese 325 130 195
Afghan 890 465 425
Black, n.o.s.137 730 385 345
Serbian 1,325 675 645
Ojibway 2,060 1,000 1,055
Newfoundlander 555 295 260
Hong Konger 350 175 180
Ontarian 425 205 220
Persian 510 290 220
Trinidadian/Tobagonian 385 185 200
Turkish 695 375 320
Inuit, n.o.s.138 690 300 390
Bangladeshi 3,230 1,740 1,490
Algerian 45 15 25
Brazilian 755 345 410
Nigerian 2,845 1,495 1,350
Armenian 270 110 160
Slovak 1,525 805 720
Eastern European, n.o.s.139 1,605 755 845
Somali 870 400 475
Taiwanese 250 125 125
Iraqi 1,250 635 615
Salvadorean 735 330 405
African Caribbean 315 165 150
East or Southeast Asian, n.o.s.140 1,285 645 645
West or Central Asian or Middle Eastern, n.o.s.141 645 315 335
Caribbean, n.o.s.142 275 150 125
Algonquin 320 150 170
West Indian, n.o.s.143 140 80 60
Lithuanian 895 445 460
South African 1,895 975 920
Australian 980 520 455
Palestinian 120 55 65
Chilean 1,035 535 500
Congolese 640 360 285
Nova Scotian 200 110 90
Ethiopian 690 330 360
Hispanic, n.o.s.144 505 285 220
Peruvian 260 105 155
Yoruba 2,725 1,430 1,295
Cambodian (Khmer) 310 160 155
Berber 60 30 30
Albanian 405 210 185
Maltese 215 115 95
Macedonian 95 45 50
Slovenian 490 225 265
Western European, n.o.s.145 615 320 290
New Brunswicker 150 60 90
Gujarati 1,065 625 450
Eritrean 1,235 650 585
African Canadian 315 170 145
Israeli 175 95 80
Mohawk 365 170 190
Czechoslovakian, n.o.s.146 2,210 990 1,220
Bulgarian 265 145 120
Albertan 270 125 140
Ghanaian 555 265 295
Barbadian 195 95 100
African American 840 455 390
Yugoslavian, n.o.s.147 745 325 430
Tunisian 65 40 25
Slavic, n.o.s.148 580 295 285
Cuban 210 105 105
Bosnian 535 240 290
Venezuelan 160 80 80
Innu/Montagnais, n.o.s.149 30 10 20
Latvian 400 180 220
Bengali 895 445 450
Cameroonian 230 100 130
Guatemalan 295