Census Profile, 2021 Census of Population
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Topic:
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Age
Age characteristics
Commuting
Select all: Commuting
Commuting destination
Commuting duration
Main mode of commuting
Place of work status
Time leaving for work
Education
Select all: Education
Highest certificate, diploma or degree
Location of study compared with province or territory of residence
Major field of study - Classification of Instructional Programs (CIP) 2021
Secondary (high) school diploma or equivalency certificate
Ethnocultural and religious diversity
Select all: Ethnocultural and religious diversity
Ethnic or cultural origin
Religion
Visible minority
Families, households, and marital status
Select all: Families, households, and marital status
Family characteristics
Household type
Marital status
Housing
Household characteristics
Immigration, place of birth, and citizenship
Select all: Immigration, place of birth, and citizenship
Admission category and applicant type
Age at immigration
Citizenship
Generation status
Immigrant status and period of immigration
Pre-admission experience
Selected places of birth for the immigrant population
Selected places of birth for the recent immigrant population
Income
Select all: Income
Income of economic families in 2020
Income of households in 2020
Income of individuals in 2019
Income of individuals in 2020
Low income and income inequality in 2020
Indigenous peoples
Select all: Indigenous peoples
Indigenous ancestry
Indigenous population
Instruction in the minority official language
Select all: Instruction in the minority official language
Children eligible for instruction in the minority official language
Eligibility and instruction in the minority official language for school-aged children
Labour
Select all: Labour
Class of worker including job permanency
Industry - Sectors - North American Industry Classification System (NAICS) 2017
Labour force status
Occupation - Broad category - National Occupational Classification (NOC) 2021
Work activity during the reference year
Language
Select all: Language
All languages spoken at home
First official language spoken
Knowledge of languages
Knowledge of official languages
Language spoken most often at home
Mother tongue
Other language spoken regularly at home
Language of work
Select all: Language of work
All languages used at work
Language used most often at work
Other language(s) used regularly at work
Mobility and migration
Select all: Mobility and migration
Mobility status 1 year ago
Mobility status 5 years ago
Population and dwelling counts
Population and dwellings
Type of dwelling
Household and dwelling characteristics
GenderMore information:


Statistic:
Characteristic Toronto, City (C)More information:
Ontario
[Census subdivision]
Counts
Total
Population and dwellings
Population, 20211 2,794,356
Population, 20161 2,731,571
Population percentage change, 2016 to 2021 2.3
Total private dwellings2 1,253,238
Private dwellings occupied by usual residents3 1,160,892
Population density per square kilometre 4,427.8
Land area in square kilometres 631.10
Age characteristics
Total - Age groups of the population - 100% data 2,794,355
0 to 14 years 384,295
0 to 4 years 123,550
5 to 9 years 129,040
10 to 14 years 131,710
15 to 64 years 1,933,075
15 to 19 years 134,810
20 to 24 years 185,650
25 to 29 years 243,955
30 to 34 years 246,785
35 to 39 years 213,810
40 to 44 years 185,820
45 to 49 years 175,875
50 to 54 years 184,060
55 to 59 years 191,380
60 to 64 years 170,935
65 years and over 476,985
65 to 69 years 141,550
70 to 74 years 118,910
75 to 79 years 81,880
80 to 84 years 62,790
85 years and over 71,855
85 to 89 years 42,430
90 to 94 years 22,155
95 to 99 years 6,400
100 years and over 875
Total - Distribution (%) of the population by broad age groups - 100% data 100.0
0 to 14 years 13.8
15 to 64 years 69.2
65 years and over 17.1
85 years and over 2.6
Average age of the population 41.5
Median age of the population 39.6
Household and dwelling characteristics
Total - Occupied private dwellings by structural type of dwelling - 100% data 1,160,890
Single-detached house 270,490
Semi-detached house 71,955
Row house 62,915
Apartment or flat in a duplex 47,810
Apartment in a building that has fewer than five storeys 162,245
Apartment in a building that has five or more storeys 542,625
Other single-attached house 2,770
Movable dwelling4 85
Total - Private households by household size - 100% data 1,160,895
1 person 385,765
2 persons 353,415
3 persons 178,225
4 persons 147,360
5 or more persons 96,120
Number of persons in private households 2,761,285
Average household size 2.4
Marital status
Total - Marital status for the total population aged 15 years and over - 100% data 2,410,060
Married or living common-law 1,213,410
Married 1,020,980
Living common-law 192,430
Living common law - Never married 155,085
Living common law - Separated 5,745
Living common law - Divorced 29,020
Living common law - Widowed 2,580
Not married and not living common-law 1,196,645
Not married and not living common law - Never married 853,580
Not married and not living common law - Separated 67,320
Not married and not living common law - Divorced 154,535
Not married and not living common law - Widowed 121,210
Family characteristics
Total - Census families in private households by family size - 100% data5 733,225
2 persons 362,160
3 persons 174,070
4 persons 141,635
5 or more persons 55,360
Average size of census families 2.9
Average number of children in census families with children6 1.7
Total number of census families in private households - 100% data 733,220
Total couple families 580,590
Married couples 484,435
With children6 288,375
Without children 196,060
Common-law couples 96,155
With children6 24,805
Without children 71,350
Total one-parent families 152,635
in which the parent is a woman+ 127,560
in which the parent is a man+ 25,075
Total - Persons in private households - 100% data 2,761,290
Total - Persons in census families 2,108,975
Married spouses or common-law partners 1,161,175
Parents in one-parent families 152,635
Children6 795,165
In a two-parent family 560,345
In a one-parent family 234,820
Total - Persons not in census families in private households - 100% data 652,310
Living alone 385,765
Living with other relatives7 93,005
Living with non-relatives only 173,540
Household type
Total - Household type - 100% data 1,160,895
One-census-family households without additional persons 608,930
Couple-family households 493,770
With children6 265,950
Without children 227,825
One-parent-family households 115,160
Multigenerational households8 40,515
Multiple-census-family households9 9,920
One-census-family households with additional persons9 41,030
Two-or-more-person non-census-family households 74,730
One-person households 385,765
Income of individuals in 2020
Total - Income statistics in 2020 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data10 2,377,950
Number of total income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2020 - 100% data 2,267,990
Median total income in 2020 among recipients ($) 39,200
Number of after-tax income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2020 - 100% data 2,268,960
Median after-tax income in 2020 among recipients ($) 36,000
Number of market income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2020 - 100% data 1,971,475
Median market income in 2020 among recipients ($) 35,600
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2020 - 100% data 1,628,895
Median employment income in 2020 among recipients ($) 38,800
Number of government transfers recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2020 - 100% data 2,073,950
Median government transfers in 2020 among recipients ($) 8,500
Number of employment insurance benefits recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2020 - 100% data 215,780
Median employment insurance benefits in 2020 among recipients ($) 5,560
Number of COVID-19 emergency and recovery benefits recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2020 - 100% data 751,475
Median COVID-19 emergency and recovery benefits in 2020 among recipients ($) 10,000
Total - Income statistics in 2020 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data11 2,377,950
Number of total income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2020 - 25% sample data 2,268,720
Average total income in 2020 among recipients ($) 62,050
Number of after-tax income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2020 - 25% sample data 2,269,665
Average after-tax income in 2020 among recipients ($) 49,080
Number of market income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2020 - 25% sample data 1,972,460
Average market income in 2020 among recipients ($) 60,300
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2020 - 25% sample data 1,628,885
Average employment income in 2020 among recipients ($) 60,100
Number of government transfers recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2020 - 25% sample data 2,074,670
Average government transfers in 2020 among recipients ($) 10,500
Number of employment insurance benefits recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2020 - 25% sample data 214,715
Average employment insurance benefits in 2020 among recipients ($) 6,470
Number of COVID-19 emergency and recovery benefits recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2020 - 25% sample data 751,260
Average COVID-19 emergency and recovery benefits in 2020 among recipients ($) 10,060
Total - Employment income statistics in 2020 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data12 2,377,945
Number of employment income recipients in 2020 who worked full-year full-time in 2020 - 25% sample data13 764,215
Median employment income in 2020 for full-year full-time workers in 2020 ($)14 69,500
Average employment income in 2020 for full-year full-time workers in 2020 ($)15 95,900
Number of employment income recipients in 2020 who worked part-year or part-time in 2020 - 25% sample data16 628,025
Median employment income in 2020 of those who worked part-year or part-time in 2020 ($) 17,200
Average employment income in 2020 of those who worked part-year or part-time in 2020 ($) 31,080
Composition of total income in 2020 of the population aged 15 years and over in private households (%) - 25% sample data17 100.0
Market income (%)18 84.6
Employment income (%)19 69.6
Government transfers (%)20 15.5
Employment insurance benefits (%) 1.0
COVID-19 - Government income support and benefits (%) 5.9
COVID-19 - Emergency and recovery benefits (%) 5.4
Total - Total income groups in 2020 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data21 2,377,950
Without total income 109,960
With total income 2,267,990
Under $10,000 (including loss) 211,890
$10,000 to $19,999 278,135
$20,000 to $29,999 383,760
$30,000 to $39,999 278,910
$40,000 to $49,999 221,305
$50,000 to $59,999 177,155
$60,000 to $69,999 138,600
$70,000 to $79,999 111,165
$80,000 to $89,999 90,210
$90,000 to $99,999 73,405
$100,000 and over 303,450
$100,000 to $149,999 174,940
$150,000 and over 128,510
Total - After-tax income groups in 2020 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data22 2,377,950
Without after-tax income 108,985
With after-tax income 2,268,965
Under $10,000 (including loss) 219,695
$10,000 to $19,999 290,385
$20,000 to $29,999 427,315
$30,000 to $39,999 317,215
$40,000 to $49,999 254,390
$50,000 to $59,999 191,895
$60,000 to $69,999 144,175
$70,000 to $79,999 107,625
$80,000 to $89,999 85,860
$90,000 to $99,999 54,710
$100,000 and over 175,685
$100,000 to $124,999 72,650
$125,000 and over 103,035
Total - Employment income groups in 2020 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data19 2,377,950
Without employment income 749,060
With employment income 1,628,890
Under $5,000 (including loss) 233,535
$5,000 to $9,999 149,810
$10,000 to $19,999 182,800
$20,000 to $29,999 134,370
$30,000 to $39,999 131,130
$40,000 to $49,999 128,965
$50,000 to $59,999 117,230
$60,000 to $69,999 98,370
$70,000 to $79,999 81,720
$80,000 to $89,999 69,910
$90,000 to $99,999 61,540
$100,000 and over 239,510
$100,000 to $124,999 94,895
$125,000 and over 144,610
Income of individuals in 2019
Total - Income statistics in 2019 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data23 2,377,950
Number of total income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2019 - 100% data 2,210,875
Median total income in 2019 among recipients ($) 36,400
Number of after-tax income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2019 - 100% data 2,211,340
Median after-tax income in 2019 among recipients ($) 33,600
Number of market income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2019 - 100% data 1,937,590
Median market income in 2019 among recipients ($) 37,200
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2019 - 100% data 1,619,820
Median employment income in 2019 among recipients ($) 39,200
Number of government transfers recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2019 - 100% data 1,945,410
Median government transfers in 2019 among recipients ($) 1,300
Number of employment insurance benefits recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2019 -100% data 112,960
Median employment insurance benefits in 2019 among recipients ($) 6,080
Total - Income statistics in 2019 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data24 2,377,950
Number of total income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2019 - 25% sample data 2,211,540
Average total income in 2019 among recipients ($) 59,500
Number of after-tax income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2019 - 25% sample data 2,211,955
Average after-tax income in 2019 among recipients ($) 46,960
Number of market income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2019 - 25% sample data 1,937,680
Average market income in 2019 among recipients ($) 61,500
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2019 - 25% sample data 1,620,165
Average employment income in 2019 among recipients ($) 60,200
Number of government transfers recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2019 - 25% sample data 1,946,775
Average government transfers in 2019 among recipients ($) 6,335
Number of employment insurance benefits recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2019 - 25% sample data 113,735
Average employment insurance benefits in 2019 among recipients ($) 7,670
Total - Employment income statistics in 2019 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data25 2,377,945
Number of employment income recipients in 2019 who worked full-year full-time in 2020 - 25% sample data13 753,570
Median employment income in 2019 for full-year full-time workers in 2020 ($)14 64,000
Average employment income in 2019 for full-year full-time workers in 2020 ($)15 90,200
Number of employment income recipients in 2019 who worked part-year or part-time in 2020 - 25% sample data16 585,965
Median employment income in 2019 of those who worked part-year or part-time in 2020 ($) 24,400
Average employment income in 2019 of those who worked part-year or part-time in 2020 ($) 38,040
Composition of total income in 2019 of the population aged 15 years and over in private households (%) - 25% sample data 100.0
Market income (%) 90.6
Employment income (%) 74.2
Government transfers (%) 9.4
Employment insurance benefits (%) 0.7
Income of households in 2020
Total - Income statistics for private households - 100% data26 1,160,895
Median total income of household in 2020 ($) 84,000
Median after-tax income of household in 2020 ($) 74,000
Total - Income statistics for one-person private households - 100% data 385,765
Median total income of one-person households in 2020 ($) 45,200
Median after-tax income of one-person households in 2020 ($) 40,400
Total - Income statistics for two-or-more-persons private households - 100% data 775,125
Median total income of two-or-more-person households in 2020 ($) 107,000
Median after-tax income of two-or-more-person households in 2020 ($) 94,000
Total - Income statistics for private households - 25% sample data27 1,160,890
Average total income of household in 2020 ($) 121,200
Average after-tax income of household in 2020 ($) 96,000
Total - Income statistics for one-person private households - 25% sample data 385,525
Average total income of one-person households in 2020 ($) 63,850
Average after-tax income of one-person households in 2020 ($) 51,200
Total - Income statistics for two-or-more-persons private households - 25% sample data 775,365
Average total income of two-or-more-person households in 2020 ($) 149,800
Average after-tax income of two-or-more-person households in 2020 ($) 118,300
Total - Household total income groups in 2020 for private households - 100% data21 1,160,890
Under $5,000 21,975
$5,000 to $9,999 10,700
$10,000 to $14,999 18,325
$15,000 to $19,999 23,970
$20,000 to $24,999 52,135
$25,000 to $29,999 40,010
$30,000 to $34,999 38,210
$35,000 to $39,999 39,540
$40,000 to $44,999 39,320
$45,000 to $49,999 39,335
$50,000 to $59,999 78,920
$60,000 to $69,999 77,155
$70,000 to $79,999 72,540
$80,000 to $89,999 68,900
$90,000 to $99,999 62,465
$100,000 and over 477,390
$100,000 to $124,999 126,785
$125,000 to $149,999 90,785
$150,000 to $199,999 112,045
$200,000 and over 147,770
Total - Household after-tax income groups in 2020 for private households - 100% data22 1,160,890
Under $5,000 24,205
$5,000 to $9,999 10,965
$10,000 to $14,999 18,670
$15,000 to $19,999 25,555
$20,000 to $24,999 55,350
$25,000 to $29,999 44,335
$30,000 to $34,999 43,080
$35,000 to $39,999 45,405
$40,000 to $44,999 46,380
$45,000 to $49,999 47,410
$50,000 to $59,999 94,635
$60,000 to $69,999 90,850
$70,000 to $79,999 84,155
$80,000 to $89,999 76,730
$90,000 to $99,999 65,450
$100,000 and over 387,715
$100,000 to $124,999 125,030
$125,000 to $149,999 84,425
$150,000 and over 178,260
Income of economic families in 2020
Total - Income statistics for economic families in private households - 100% data28 723,990
Median total income of economic family in 2020 ($) 106,000
Median after-tax income of economic family in 2020 ($) 94,000
Average family size of economic families 3.0
Total - Income statistics for couple-only economic families in private households - 100% data 238,385
Median total income of couple-only economic families in 2020 ($) 100,000
Median after-tax income of couple-only economic families in 2020 ($) 87,000
Average family size of couple-only economic families 2.0
Total - Income statistics for couple-with-children economic families in private households - 100% data 313,995
Median total income of couple-with-children economic families in 2020 ($) 133,000
Median after-tax income of couple-with-children economic families in 2020 ($) 116,000
Average family size of couple-with-children economic families 4.0
Total - Income statistics for one-parent economic families in private households - 100% data 138,855
Median total income of one-parent economic families in 2020 ($) 71,500
Median after-tax income of one-parent economic families in 2020 ($) 66,000
Average family size of one-parent economic families 2.7
Total - Income statistics for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families in private households - 100% data29 559,305
Median total income in 2020 ($)30 39,200
Median after-tax income in 2020 ($)30 35,600
Total - Income statistics for economic families in private households - 25% sample data31 723,485
Average total income of economic family in 2020 ($) 151,400
Average after-tax income of economic family in 2020 ($) 118,700
Total - Income statistics for couple-only economic families in private households - 25% sample data 238,080
Average total income of couple-only economic families in 2020 ($) 142,400
Average after-tax income of couple-only economic families in 2020 ($) 110,100
Total - Income statistics for couple-with-children economic families in private households - 25% sample data 314,490
Average total income of couple-with-children economic families in 2020 ($) 189,000
Average after-tax income of couple-with-children economic families in 2020 ($) 145,600
Total - Income statistics for one-parent economic families in private households - 25% sample data 138,050
Average total income of one-parent economic families in 2020 ($) 89,200
Average after-tax income of one-parent economic families in 2020 ($) 77,100
Total - Income statistics for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families in private households - 25% sample data32 558,720
Average total income in 2020 ($)30 55,950
Average after-tax income in 2020 ($)30 45,680
Low income and income inequality in 2020
Total - LIM low-income status in 2020 for the population in private households - 100% data33 2,761,285
0 to 17 years 461,810
0 to 5 years 148,485
18 to 64 years 1,842,580
65 years and over 456,895
In low income based on the Low-income measure, after tax (LIM-AT) 363,955
0 to 17 years 67,725
0 to 5 years 22,175
18 to 64 years 218,825
65 years and over 77,410
Prevalence of low income based on the Low-income measure, after tax (LIM-AT) (%) 13.2
0 to 17 years (%) 14.7
0 to 5 years (%) 14.9
18 to 64 years (%) 11.9
65 years and over (%) 16.9
Total - LICO low-income status in 2020 for the population in private households to whom the low-income concept is applicable - 100% data33 2,761,290
0 to 17 years 461,805
0 to 5 years 148,485
18 to 64 years 1,842,585
65 years and over 456,895
In low income based on the Low-income cut-offs, after tax (LICO-AT) 241,110
0 to 17 years 35,500
0 to 5 years 11,610
18 to 64 years 179,925
65 years and over 25,685
Prevalence of low income based on the Low-income cut-offs, after tax (LICO-AT) (%) 8.7
0 to 17 years (%) 7.7
0 to 5 years (%) 7.8
18 to 64 years (%) 9.8
65 years and over (%) 5.6
Total - Adjusted after-tax economic family income decile group for the population in private households - 100% data34The letter 'c' in a yellow triangle indicates a correction notice. 2,761,285
In bottom half of the distribution 1,385,785
In bottom decile 348,260
In second decile 287,815
In third decile 265,075
In fourth decile 245,925
In fifth decile 238,700
In top half of the distribution 1,375,505
In sixth decile 234,350
In seventh decile 236,815
In eighth decile 245,465
In ninth decile 268,615
In top decile 390,265
Total - Inequality measures for the population in private households - 100% data35 2,761,290
Gini index on adjusted household total income 0.437
Gini index on adjusted household market income 0.555
Gini index on adjusted household after-tax income 0.371
P90/P10 ratio on adjusted household after-tax income 4.7
Knowledge of official languages
Total - Knowledge of official languages for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% data36 2,772,630
English only 2,409,655
French only 2,555
English and French 236,915
Neither English nor French 123,505
First official language spoken
Total - First official language spoken for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% data37 2,772,630
English 2,590,345
French 38,695
English and French 22,190
Neither English nor French 121,390
Mother tongue
Total - Mother tongue for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% data38 2,772,630
Single responses 2,588,520
Official languages 1,425,805
English 1,391,685
French 34,115
Non-official languages 1,162,715
Indigenous languages39 265
Algonquian languages 225
Blackfoot 0
Cree-Innu languages 75
Atikamekw 0
Cree languages 70
Ililimowin (Moose Cree) 5
Inu Ayimun (Southern East Cree) 0
Iyiyiw-Ayimiwin (Northern East Cree) 0
Nehinawewin (Swampy Cree) 25
Nehiyawewin (Plains Cree) 0
Nihithawiwin (Woods Cree) 5
Cree, n.o.s. 30
Innu (Montagnais) 0
Naskapi 0
Eastern Algonquian languages 10
Mi'kmaq 10
Wolastoqewi (Malecite) 0
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 140
Anicinabemowin (Algonquin) 0
Oji-Cree 5
Ojibway languages 135
Anishinaabemowin (Chippewa) 20
Daawaamwin (Odawa) 5
Saulteau (Western Ojibway) 0
Ojibway, n.o.s. 105
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 0
Athabaskan languages 5
Northern Athabaskan languages 5
Dakelh (Carrier) 0
Dane-zaa (Beaver) 0
Dene, n.o.s. 0
Gwich'in 0
Slavey-Hare languages 5
Deh Gah Ghotie Zhatie (South Slavey) 0
Satuotine Yati (North Slavey) 5
Slavey, n.o.s. 0
Tahltan languages 0
Kaska (Nahani) 0
Tahltan 0
Tlicho (Dogrib) 0
Tse'khene (Sekani) 0
Tsilhqot'in (Chilcotin) 0
Tsuu T'ina (Sarsi) 0
Tutchone languages 0
Northern Tutchone 0
Southern Tutchone 0
Tutchone, n.o.s. 0
Wetsuwet'en-Babine 0
Tlingit 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0
Haida 0
Inuktut (Inuit) languages 10
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 0
Inuinnaqtun 0
Inuvialuktun 0
Inuktitut 15
Inuktut (Inuit) languages, n.i.e. 0
Iroquoian languages 10
Cayuga 0
Mohawk 15
Oneida 0
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 0
Ktunaxa (Kutenai) 0
Michif 5
Salish languages 0
Halkomelem 0
Lillooet 0
Ntlakapamux (Thompson) 0
Secwepemctsin (Shuswap) 0
Squamish 0
Straits 0
Syilx (Okanagan) 0
Salish languages, n.i.e. 0
Siouan languages 0
Assiniboine 0
Dakota 0
Stoney 0
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 0
Tsimshian languages 0
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 0
Nisga'a 0
Tsimshian 0
Wakashan languages 0
Haisla 0
Heiltsuk 0
Kwak'wala (Kwakiutl) 0
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0
Indigenous languages, n.i.e. 0
Indigenous languages, n.o.s. 5
Non-Indigenous languages 1,162,445
Afro-Asiatic languages 70,715
Berber languages 115
Kabyle 75
Tamazight 30
Berber languages, n.i.e. 10
Chadic languages 205
Hausa 190
Mina 15
Coptic 40
Cushitic languages 12,110
Bilen 130
Oromo 875
Somali 11,020
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 80
Semitic languages 58,240
Amharic 7,465
Arabic 32,985
Aramaic languages 5,335
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 4,195
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 945
Aramaic, n.o.s. 195
Harari 700
Hebrew 4,210
Maltese 1,090
Tigrigna 6,310
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 140
Austro-Asiatic languages 28,750
Khmer (Cambodian) 1,230
Vietnamese 27,445
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e 75
Austronesian languages 102,870
Bikol 330
Bisaya, n.o.s. 1,385
Cebuano 2,750
Fijian 10
Hiligaynon 2,140
Ilocano 9,165
Indonesian 1,905
Kankanaey 245
Kinaray-a 185
Malagasy languages 20
Merina 5
Malagasy, n.o.s. 15
Malay 195
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 875
Pangasinan 450
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 82,185
Waray-Waray 270
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 755
Creole languages 2,720
Haitian Creole 720
Jamaican English Creole 150
Krio 100
Morisyen 565
Sango 0
Creole, n.o.s. 765
Creole languages, n.i.e. 420
Dravidian languages 67,995
Kannada 1,185
Malayalam 7,290
Tamil 52,905
Telugu 6,450
Tulu 115
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 50
Georgian 1,095
Hmong-Mien languages 10
Indo-European languages 571,820
Albanian 9,195
Armenian 7,615
Balto-Slavic languages 105,980
Baltic languages 2,645
Latvian 1,165
Lithuanian 1,480
Slavic languages 103,340
Belarusian 135
Bulgarian 3,830
Czech 2,410
Macedonian 5,090
Polish 20,795
Russian 33,770
Rusyn 20
Serbo-Croatian 19,275
Bosnian 1,295
Croatian 4,990
Serbian 12,630
Serbo-Croatian, n.i.e. 365
Slovak 2,765
Slovene (Slovenian) 1,425
Ukrainian 13,740
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 65
Celtic languages 195
Irish 95
Scottish Gaelic 35
Welsh 50
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 15
Germanic languages 17,060
Frisian 30
High German languages 12,605
German 10,700
Pennsylvania German 10
Swiss German 305
Yiddish 1,600
Low Saxon-Low Franconian languages 3,005
Afrikaans 450
Dutch 2,430
Low German, n.o.s. 0
Low Saxon 5
Plautdietsch 20
Vlaams (Flemish) 100
Scandinavian languages 1,375
Danish 535
Icelandic 50
Norwegian 190
Swedish 610
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 40
Greek 23,540
Indo-Iranian languages 207,390
Indo-Aryan languages 150,130
Assamese 115
Bengali 31,335
Gujarati 27,090
Hindi 22,300
Kacchi 1,575
Kashmiri 90
Konkani 745
Marathi 3,025
Nepali 3,275
Oriya languages 495
Odia 305
Oriya, n.o.s. 190
Punjabi (Panjabi) 21,230
Rohingya 15
Sindhi 550
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 3,260
Urdu 34,460
Indo-Aryan languages, n.i.e. 575
Iranian languages 57,210
Baluchi 90
Kurdish 1,865
Parsi 125
Pashto 4,390
Persian languages 50,490
Dari 10,715
Iranian Persian 34,575
Persian (Farsi), n.o.s. 5,200
Iranian languages, n.i.e. 245
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 50
Italic (Romance) languages 200,780
Catalan 120
Italian 50,995
Portuguese 60,360
Romanian 10,510
Spanish 78,575
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 225
Indo-European languages, n.i.e. 65
Japanese 6,740
Korean 32,805
Mongolian 310
Niger-Congo languages 14,070
Akan (Twi) 3,640
Bamanankan 50
Edo 550
Éwé 125
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 205
Ga 165
Ganda 645
Gikuyu 150
Igbo 790
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 325
Lingala 215
Luba-Kasai 20
Mòoré 10
Mwani 85
Ndebele 100
Rundi (Kirundi) 240
Shona 370
Soninke 155
Sotho-Tswana languages 100
Swahili 2,255
Wojenaka 20
Wolof 145
Yoruba 2,495
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 1,220
Nilo-Saharan languages 360
Dinka 35
Nuer 10
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 240
African, n.o.s. 70
Sign languages 430
American Sign Language 365
Quebec Sign Language 0
Sign languages, n.i.e. 70
Sino-Tibetan languages 233,845
Chinese languages 227,685
Hakka 2,475
Mandarin 112,620
Min Dong 485
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 4,475
Wu (Shanghainese) 1,750
Yue (Cantonese) 103,530
Chinese, n.o.s. 2,240
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 110
Tibeto-Burman languages 6,080
Burmese 540
Kuki-Chin languages 5
Karenic languages 215
S'gaw Karen 175
Karenic languages, n.i.e. 40
Tibetan 5,155
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 165
Sino-Tibetan languages, n.i.e. 80
Tai-Kadai languages 1,745
Lao 600
Thai 1,065
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e. 75
Turkic languages 13,515
Azerbaijani 1,280
Kazakh 145
Turkish 11,225
Uyghur 265
Uzbek 395
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 205
Uralic languages 12,495
Estonian 1,495
Finnish 1,090
Hungarian 9,915
Other languages, n.i.e. 170
Multiple responses 184,110
English and French 12,390
English and non-official language(s) 149,250
French and non-official language(s) 3,630
English, French and non-official language(s) 3,875
Multiple non-official languages 14,965
All languages spoken at home
Total - All languages spoken at home for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% data40 2,772,630
English 1,485,800
French 9,195
Non-official language 369,860
Indigenous39 40
Non-Indigenous 369,820
English and French 33,080
English and non-official language(s) 809,180
French and non-official language(s) 2,020
English, French and non-official language(s) 27,745
Multiple non-official languages 35,750
Language spoken most often at home
Total - Language spoken most often at home for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% data41 2,772,630
Single responses 2,569,065
Official languages 1,855,810
English 1,839,730
French 16,070
Non-official languages 713,255
Indigenous languages39 80
Algonquian languages 70
Blackfoot 0
Cree-Innu languages 25
Atikamekw 0
Cree languages 25
Ililimowin (Moose Cree) 0
Inu Ayimun (Southern East Cree) 0
Iyiyiw-Ayimiwin (Northern East Cree) 0
Nehinawewin (Swampy Cree) 10
Nehiyawewin (Plains Cree) 5
Nihithawiwin (Woods Cree) 5
Cree, n.o.s. 10
Innu (Montagnais) 0
Naskapi 0
Eastern Algonquian languages 0
Mi'kmaq 0
Wolastoqewi (Malecite) 0
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 40
Anicinabemowin (Algonquin) 0
Oji-Cree 5
Ojibway languages 40
Anishinaabemowin (Chippewa) 5
Daawaamwin (Odawa) 0
Saulteau (Western Ojibway) 0
Ojibway, n.o.s. 30
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 0
Athabaskan languages 0
Northern Athabaskan languages 0
Dakelh (Carrier) 0
Dane-zaa (Beaver) 0
Dene, n.o.s. 0
Gwich'in 0
Slavey-Hare languages 0
Deh Gah Ghotie Zhatie (South Slavey) 0
Satuotine Yati (North Slavey) 0
Slavey, n.o.s. 0
Tahltan languages 0
Kaska (Nahani) 0
Tahltan 0
Tlicho (Dogrib) 0
Tse'khene (Sekani) 0
Tsilhqot'in (Chilcotin) 0
Tsuu T'ina (Sarsi) 0
Tutchone languages 0
Northern Tutchone 0
Southern Tutchone 0
Tutchone, n.o.s. 0
Wetsuwet'en-Babine 0
Tlingit 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0
Haida 0
Inuktut (Inuit) languages 0
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 0
Inuinnaqtun 0
Inuvialuktun 0
Inuktitut 0
Inuktut (Inuit) languages, n.i.e. 0
Iroquoian languages 5
Cayuga 0
Mohawk 5
Oneida 0
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 0
Ktunaxa (Kutenai) 0
Michif 0
Salish languages 0
Halkomelem 0
Lillooet 0
Ntlakapamux (Thompson) 0
Secwepemctsin (Shuswap) 0
Squamish 0
Straits 0
Syilx (Okanagan) 0
Salish languages, n.i.e. 0
Siouan languages 0
Assiniboine 0
Dakota 0
Stoney 0
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 0
Tsimshian languages 0
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 0
Nisga'a 0
Tsimshian 0
Wakashan languages 0
Haisla 0
Heiltsuk 0
Kwak'wala (Kwakiutl) 0
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0
Indigenous languages, n.i.e. 0
Indigenous languages, n.o.s. 0
Non-Indigenous languages 713,175
Afro-Asiatic languages 39,890
Berber languages 45
Kabyle 25
Tamazight 10
Berber languages, n.i.e. 15
Chadic languages 125
Hausa 115
Mina 10
Coptic 20
Cushitic languages 7,140
Bilen 95
Oromo 495
Somali 6,515
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 30
Semitic languages 32,565
Amharic 3,940
Arabic 18,060
Aramaic languages 4,345
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 3,485
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 730
Aramaic, n.o.s. 130
Harari 385
Hebrew 1,630
Maltese 275
Tigrigna 3,870
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 60
Austro-Asiatic languages 19,895
Khmer (Cambodian) 730
Vietnamese 19,130
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e 35
Austronesian languages 62,525
Bikol 145
Bisaya, n.o.s. 735
Cebuano 1,575
Fijian 5
Hiligaynon 1,235
Ilocano 5,385
Indonesian 685
Kankanaey 130
Kinaray-a 85
Malagasy languages 0
Merina 0
Malagasy, n.o.s. 0
Malay 60
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 455
Pangasinan 160
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 51,355
Waray-Waray 120
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 395
Creole languages 1,485
Haitian Creole 400
Jamaican English Creole 80
Krio 50
Morisyen 430
Sango 0
Creole, n.o.s. 350
Creole languages, n.i.e. 175
Dravidian languages 49,945
Kannada 520
Malayalam 4,505
Tamil 40,825
Telugu 4,055
Tulu 25
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 20
Georgian 765
Hmong-Mien languages 0
Indo-European languages 319,375
Albanian 4,390
Armenian 5,090
Balto-Slavic languages 53,790
Baltic languages 705
Latvian 285
Lithuanian 425
Slavic languages 53,085
Belarusian 40
Bulgarian 1,940
Czech 805
Macedonian 2,275
Polish 8,710
Russian 21,060
Rusyn 5
Serbo-Croatian 9,715
Bosnian 595
Croatian 1,815
Serbian 7,150
Serbo-Croatian, n.i.e. 150
Slovak 1,475
Slovene (Slovenian) 335
Ukrainian 6,720
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 15
Celtic languages 25
Irish 15
Scottish Gaelic 0
Welsh 5
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 0
Germanic languages 2,160
Frisian 0
High German languages 1,530
German 1,290
Pennsylvania German 0
Swiss German 60
Yiddish 185
Low Saxon-Low Franconian languages 430
Afrikaans 125
Dutch 290
Low German, n.o.s. 0
Low Saxon 0
Plautdietsch 0
Vlaams (Flemish) 10
Scandinavian languages 195
Danish 55
Icelandic 0
Norwegian 30
Swedish 110
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 0
Greek 11,130
Indo-Iranian languages 134,850
Indo-Aryan languages 96,005
Assamese 50
Bengali 20,505
Gujarati 18,045
Hindi 12,995
Kacchi 770
Kashmiri 35
Konkani 190
Marathi 1,470
Nepali 2,235
Oriya languages 270
Odia 170
Oriya, n.o.s. 95
Punjabi (Panjabi) 14,450
Rohingya 10
Sindhi 240
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 1,750
Urdu 22,650
Indo-Aryan languages, n.i.e. 340
Iranian languages 38,835
Baluchi 75
Kurdish 1,045
Parsi 60
Pashto 3,230
Persian languages 34,250
Dari 7,145
Iranian Persian 23,600
Persian (Farsi), n.o.s. 3,500
Iranian languages, n.i.e. 170
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 15
Italic (Romance) languages 107,915
Catalan 50
Italian 21,040
Portuguese 35,625
Romanian 4,755
Spanish 46,355
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 100
Indo-European languages, n.i.e. 20
Japanese 3,105
Korean 23,115
Mongolian 185
Niger-Congo languages 5,745
Akan (Twi) 1,925
Bamanankan 30
Edo 135
Éwé 35
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 95
Ga 65
Ganda 200
Gikuyu 35
Igbo 215
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 130
Lingala 95
Luba-Kasai 5
Mòoré 0
Mwani 30
Ndebele 40
Rundi (Kirundi) 130
Shona 95
Soninke 85
Sotho-Tswana languages 35
Swahili 1,005
Wojenaka 5
Wolof 50
Yoruba 935
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 355
Nilo-Saharan languages 125
Dinka 10
Nuer 10
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 80
African, n.o.s. 25
Sign languages 860
American Sign Language 635
Quebec Sign Language 0
Sign languages, n.i.e. 225
Sino-Tibetan languages 172,010
Chinese languages 167,280
Hakka 1,075
Mandarin 86,150
Min Dong 330
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 2,270
Wu (Shanghainese) 1,130
Yue (Cantonese) 74,845
Chinese, n.o.s. 1,430
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 45
Tibeto-Burman languages 4,700
Burmese 330
Kuki-Chin languages 5
Karenic languages 145
S'gaw Karen 110
Karenic languages, n.i.e. 30
Tibetan 4,120
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 100
Sino-Tibetan languages, n.i.e. 30
Tai-Kadai languages 770
Lao 275
Thai 450
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e. 45
Turkic languages 8,360
Azerbaijani 690
Kazakh 10
Turkish 7,155
Uyghur 185
Uzbek 225
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 90
Uralic languages 4,940
Estonian 325
Finnish 155
Hungarian 4,460
Other languages, n.i.e. 75
Multiple responses 203,565
English and French 7,520
English and non-official language(s) 188,260
French and non-official language(s) 1,050
English, French and non-official language(s) 2,630
Multiple non-official languages 4,100
Other language spoken regularly at home
Total - Other language(s) spoken regularly at home for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% data42 2,772,630
None 2,031,410
English 269,945
French 26,595
Non-official language 341,655
Indigenous39 325
Non-Indigenous 341,325
English and French 3,695
English and non-official language(s) 43,120
French and non-official language(s) 13,575
English, French and non-official language(s) 895
Multiple non-official languages 41,745
Knowledge of languagesThe letter 'c' in a yellow triangle indicates a correction notice.
Total - Knowledge of languages for the population in private households - 25% sample data43 2,761,290
Official languages 2,637,775
English 2,635,255
French 238,505
Non-official languages 1,536,605
Indigenous languages39 870
Algonquian languages 715
Blackfoot 0
Cree-Innu languages 190
Atikamekw 0
Cree languages 185
Ililimowin (Moose Cree) 10
Inu Ayimun (Southern East Cree) 0
Iyiyiw-Ayimiwin (Northern East Cree) 15
Nehinawewin (Swampy Cree) 50
Nehiyawewin (Plains Cree) 25
Nihithawiwin (Woods Cree) 10
Cree, n.o.s. 75
Innu (Montagnais) 0
Naskapi 0
Eastern Algonquian languages 55
Mi'kmaq 55
Wolastoqewi (Malecite) 0
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 500
Anicinabemowin (Algonquin) 0
Oji-Cree 15
Ojibway languages 480
Anishinaabemowin (Chippewa) 95
Daawaamwin (Odawa) 10
Saulteau (Western Ojibway) 0
Ojibway, n.o.s. 385
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 0
Athabaskan languages 25
Northern Athabaskan languages 20
Dakelh (Carrier) 0
Dane-zaa (Beaver) 0
Dene, n.o.s. 15
Gwich'in 0
Slavey-Hare languages 0
Deh Gah Ghotie Zhatie (South Slavey) 0
Satuotine Yati (North Slavey) 0
Slavey, n.o.s. 0
Tahltan languages 0
Kaska (Nahani) 0
Tahltan 0
Tlicho (Dogrib) 0
Tse'khene (Sekani) 0
Tsilhqot'in (Chilcotin) 0
Tsuu T'ina (Sarsi) 0
Tutchone languages 0
Northern Tutchone 0
Southern Tutchone 0
Tutchone, n.o.s. 0
Wetsuwet'en-Babine 0
Tlingit 10
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0
Haida 0
Inuktut (Inuit) languages 40
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 0
Inuinnaqtun 0
Inuvialuktun 0
Inuktitut 40
Inuktut (Inuit) languages, n.i.e. 0
Iroquoian languages 50
Cayuga 0
Mohawk 45
Oneida 0
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 0
Ktunaxa (Kutenai) 0
Michif 10
Salish languages 10
Halkomelem 0
Lillooet 0
Ntlakapamux (Thompson) 0
Secwepemctsin (Shuswap) 0
Squamish 0
Straits 0
Syilx (Okanagan) 0
Salish languages, n.i.e. 0
Siouan languages 0
Assiniboine 0
Dakota 0
Stoney 0
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 0
Tsimshian languages 0
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 0
Nisga'a 0
Tsimshian 0
Wakashan languages 10
Haisla 0
Heiltsuk 0
Kwak'wala (Kwakiutl) 0
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0
Indigenous languages, n.i.e. 10
Indigenous languages, n.o.s. 15
Non-Indigenous languages 1,535,860
Afro-Asiatic languages 119,095
Berber languages 305
Kabyle 180
Tamazight 115
Berber languages, n.i.e. 45
Chadic languages 610
Hausa 560
Mina 40
Coptic 215
Cushitic languages 19,090
Bilen 175
Oromo 1,725
Somali 17,155
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 225
Semitic languages 101,800
Amharic 13,295
Arabic 59,680
Aramaic languages 7,625
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 6,015
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 1,380
Aramaic, n.o.s. 350
Harari 1,090
Hebrew 19,995
Maltese 1,620
Tigrigna 9,440
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 285
Austro-Asiatic languages 40,125
Khmer (Cambodian) 1,830
Vietnamese 38,420
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e 135
Austronesian languages 143,975
Bikol 730
Bisaya, n.o.s. 1,845
Cebuano 4,725
Fijian 90
Hiligaynon 3,700
Ilocano 16,205
Indonesian 2,890
Kankanaey 380
Kinaray-a 175
Malagasy languages 35
Merina 10
Malagasy, n.o.s. 25
Malay 1,720
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 1,620
Pangasinan 860
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 135,600
Waray-Waray 920
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 3,135
Creole languages 9,055
Haitian Creole 1,995
Jamaican English Creole 1,175
Krio 220
Morisyen 1,540
Sango 10
Creole, n.o.s. 3,305
Creole languages, n.i.e. 1,235
Dravidian languages 98,850
Kannada 3,625
Malayalam 11,165
Tamil 77,785
Telugu 11,850
Tulu 320
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 240
Georgian 1,355
Hmong-Mien languages 10
Indo-European languages 801,510
Albanian 11,050
Armenian 9,595
Balto-Slavic languages 132,695
Baltic languages 3,550
Latvian 1,655
Lithuanian 1,905
Slavic languages 129,955
Belarusian 485
Bulgarian 4,900
Czech 3,625
Macedonian 7,660
Polish 27,850
Russian 52,840
Rusyn 30
Serbo-Croatian 25,500
Bosnian 3,320
Croatian 9,415
Serbian 18,040
Serbo-Croatian, n.i.e. 715
Slovak 3,675
Slovene (Slovenian) 1,900
Ukrainian 21,345
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 85
Celtic languages 1,350
Irish 990
Scottish Gaelic 140
Welsh 135
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 95
Germanic languages 39,895
Frisian 55
High German languages 31,620
German 27,540
Pennsylvania German 0
Swiss German 575
Yiddish 3,915
Low Saxon-Low Franconian languages 6,385
Afrikaans 2,095
Dutch 4,115
Low German, n.o.s. 20
Low Saxon 0
Plautdietsch 50
Vlaams (Flemish) 205
Scandinavian languages 2,975
Danish 1,020
Icelandic 95
Norwegian 535
Swedish 1,530
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 95
Greek 36,620
Indo-Iranian languages 302,620
Indo-Aryan languages 236,745
Assamese 230
Bengali 41,750
Gujarati 42,425
Hindi 107,170
Kacchi 3,300
Kashmiri 280
Konkani 2,005
Marathi 8,290
Nepali 5,580
Oriya languages 1,010
Odia 605
Oriya, n.o.s. 410
Punjabi (Panjabi) 41,430
Rohingya 40
Sindhi 1,355
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 7,370
Urdu 65,035
Indo-Aryan languages, n.i.e. 1,665
Iranian languages 70,200
Baluchi 160
Kurdish 3,275
Parsi 230
Pashto 7,095
Persian languages 62,515
Dari 14,995
Iranian Persian 42,785
Persian (Farsi), n.o.s. 5,490
Iranian languages, n.i.e. 450
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 420
Italic (Romance) languages 296,705
Catalan 335
Italian 84,335
Portuguese 80,170
Romanian 12,920
Spanish 138,770
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 725
Indo-European languages, n.i.e. 250
Japanese 14,220
Korean 38,895
Mongolian 415
Niger-Congo languages 32,875
Akan (Twi) 6,410
Bamanankan 240
Edo 1,305
Éwé 345
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 305
Ga 520
Ganda 1,490
Gikuyu 365
Igbo 2,020
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 655
Lingala 1,665
Luba-Kasai 175
Mòoré 40
Mwani 150
Ndebele 210
Rundi (Kirundi) 540
Shona 715
Soninke 245
Sotho-Tswana languages 270
Swahili 7,620
Wojenaka 75
Wolof 485
Yoruba 7,235
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 3,620
Nilo-Saharan languages 555
Dinka 55
Nuer 10
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 490
African, n.o.s. 305
Sign languages 2,860
American Sign Language 2,575
Quebec Sign Language 20
Sign languages, n.i.e. 370
Sino-Tibetan languages 275,670
Chinese languages 267,745
Hakka 3,630
Mandarin 162,950
Min Dong 645
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 7,830
Wu (Shanghainese) 2,730
Yue (Cantonese) 134,810
Chinese, n.o.s. 2,245
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 200
Tibeto-Burman languages 8,080
Burmese 875
Kuki-Chin languages 55
Karenic languages 225
S'gaw Karen 155
Karenic languages, n.i.e. 70
Tibetan 6,655
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 445
Sino-Tibetan languages, n.i.e. 220
Tai-Kadai languages 2,865
Lao 1,045
Thai 1,840
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e. 170
Turkic languages 20,920
Azerbaijani 2,425
Kazakh 325
Turkish 18,110
Uyghur 240
Uzbek 790
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 370
Uralic languages 14,670
Estonian 1,680
Finnish 1,405
Hungarian 11,650
Other languages, n.i.e. 575
Indigenous population
Total - Indigenous identity for the population in private households - 25% sample data44 2,761,285
Indigenous identity45 22,925
Single Indigenous responses46 21,475
First Nations (North American Indian) 13,800
Métis 7,440
Inuk (Inuit) 240
Multiple Indigenous responses47 645
Indigenous responses not included elsewhere48 800
Non-Indigenous identity 2,738,365
Total - Registered or Treaty Indian status for the population in private households - 25% sample data44 2,761,285
Registered or Treaty Indian49 7,730
Not a Registered or Treaty Indian 2,753,555
Household characteristics
Total - Private households by tenure - 25% sample data50 1,160,890
Owner 602,925
Renter 557,970
Dwelling provided by the local government, First Nation or Indian band 0
Total - Occupied private dwellings by condominium status - 25% sample data51 1,160,890
Condominium 353,215
Not condominium 807,670
Total - Occupied private dwellings by number of bedrooms - 25% sample data52 1,160,890
No bedrooms 28,765
1 bedroom 330,340
2 bedrooms 334,320
3 bedrooms 268,505
4 or more bedrooms 198,960
Total - Occupied private dwellings by number of rooms - 25% sample data53 1,160,890
1 to 4 rooms 617,005
5 rooms 152,950
6 rooms 113,715
7 rooms 90,775
8 or more rooms 186,440
Average number of rooms per dwelling 4.9
Total - Private households by number of persons per room - 25% sample data54 1,160,890
One person or fewer per room 1,093,085
More than one person per room 67,805
Total - Private households by housing suitability - 25% sample data55 1,160,890
Suitable 1,016,350
Not suitable 144,545
Total - Occupied private dwellings by period of construction - 25% sample data56 1,160,890
1960 or before 340,185
1961 to 1980 333,990
1981 to 1990 109,780
1991 to 2000 92,985
2001 to 2005 58,975
2006 to 2010 63,995
2011 to 2015 75,980
2016 to 202157 85,005
Total - Occupied private dwellings by dwelling condition - 25% sample data58 1,160,890
Only regular maintenance and minor repairs needed 1,086,415
Major repairs needed 74,480
Total - Private households by number of household maintainers - 25% sample data59 1,160,890
One-maintainer household 634,725
Two-maintainer household 447,155
Three-or-more-maintainer household 79,010
Total - Private households by age of primary household maintainers - 25% sample data60 1,160,890
15 to 24 years 34,350
25 to 34 years 202,225
35 to 44 years 210,570
45 to 54 years 204,790
55 to 64 years 215,740
65 to 74 years 158,850
75 to 84 years 90,900
85 years and over 43,455
Total - Owner and tenant households with household total income greater than zero, in non-farm, non-reserve private dwellings by shelter-cost-to-income ratio - 25% sample data61 1,151,795
Spending less than 30% of income on shelter costs 777,835
Spending 30% or more of income on shelter costs 373,965
30% to less than 100% 321,675
Total - Occupied private dwellings by housing indicators - 25% sample data62 1,160,895
Total - Households 'spending 30% or more of income on shelter costs' or 'not suitable' or 'major repairs needed' 522,150
Spending 30% or more of income on shelter costs only 315,735
Not suitable only 98,270
Major repairs needed only 39,905
'Spending 30% or more of income on shelter costs' and 'not suitable' 33,670
'Spending 30% or more of income on shelter costs' and 'major repairs needed' 21,965
'Not suitable' and 'major repairs needed' 10,015
'Spending 30% or more of income on shelter costs' and 'not suitable' and 'major repairs needed' 2,595
Acceptable housing 638,740
Total - Owner and tenant households with household total income greater than zero and shelter-cost-to-income ratio less than 100%, in non-farm, non-reserve private dwellings - 25% sample data63 1,099,505
In core need 215,225
Not in core need 884,285
Total - Owner households in non-farm, non-reserve private dwellings - 25% sample data 602,915
% of owner households with a mortgage64 56.6
% of owner households spending 30% or more of its income on shelter costs61 25.6
% in core housing need63 10.8
Median monthly shelter costs for owned dwellings ($)65 1,740
Average monthly shelter costs for owned dwellings ($)65 2,038
Median value of dwellings ($)66 900,000
Average value of dwellings ($)66 1,131,000
Total - Tenant households in non-farm, non-reserve private dwellings - 25% sample data 557,975
% of tenant households in subsidized housing67 14.2
% of tenant households spending 30% or more of its income on shelter costs61 40.0
% in core housing need63 29.3
Median monthly shelter costs for rented dwellings ($)65 1,500
Average monthly shelter costs for rented dwellings ($)65 1,562
Total - Households living in a dwelling provided by the local government, First Nation or Indian band in non-farm private dwellings - 25% sample data 0
% of households living in a dwelling provided by the local government, First Nation or Indian band spending more than 30% on shelter costs61 ...
Median monthly shelter costs for dwellings provided by local government, First Nation or Indian band ($)65 ...
Average monthly shelter costs for dwellings provided by local government, First Nation or Indian band ($)65 ...
Indigenous ancestry
Total - Indigenous ancestry for the population in private households - 25% sample data68 2,761,285
Indigenous ancestry (only)69 6,060
Single Indigenous ancestry (only)70 5,870
First Nations (North American Indian) single ancestry 4,835
Métis single ancestry 975
Inuit single ancestry 60
Multiple Indigenous ancestries (only)71 190
First Nations (North American Indian) and Métis ancestry only 170
First Nations (North American Indian) and Inuit ancestry only 15
Métis and Inuit ancestry only 0
First Nations (North American Indian) and Métis and Inuit ancestry only 0
Indigenous and non-Indigenous ancestries72 24,150
Single Indigenous and non-Indigenous ancestries73 23,505
First Nations (North American Indian) and non-Indigenous ancestry only 17,670
Métis and non-Indigenous ancestry only 5,665
Inuit and non-Indigenous ancestry only 170
Multiple Indigenous and non-Indigenous ancestries74 645
First Nations (North American Indian) and Métis and non-Indigenous ancestry only 605
First Nations (North American Indian) and Inuit and non-Indigenous ancestry only 40
Métis and Inuit and non-Indigenous ancestry only 0
First Nations (North American Indian) and Métis and Inuit and non-Indigenous ancestry only 0
Non-Indigenous ancestry only75 2,731,070
Citizenship
Total - Citizenship for the population in private households - 25% sample data76 2,761,285
Canadian citizens77 2,284,055
Canadian citizens aged under 18 413,995
Canadian citizens aged 18 and over 1,870,055
Not Canadian citizens78 477,230
Immigrant status and period of immigration
Total - Immigrant status and period of immigration for the population in private households - 25% sample data79 2,761,285
Non-immigrants80 1,329,905
Immigrants81 1,286,140
Before 1980 222,935
1980 to 1990 156,460
1991 to 2000 273,985
2001 to 2010 290,400
2011 to 202182 342,360
2011 to 2015 144,320
2016 to 2021 198,040
Non-permanent residents83 145,240
Age at immigration
Total - Age at immigration for the immigrant population in private households - 25% sample data84 1,286,140
Under 5 years 91,030
5 to 14 years 203,840
15 to 24 years 247,955
25 to 44 years 605,575
45 years and over 137,730
Selected places of birth for the immigrant population
Total - Place of birth for the immigrant population in private households - 25% sample data85 1,286,140
Americas 210,980
Brazil 10,175
Colombia 8,695
El Salvador 6,495
Guyana 31,025
Haiti 1,660
Jamaica 42,650
Mexico 9,340
Peru 4,105
Trinidad and Tobago 18,280
United States of America 25,220
Other places of birth in Americas 53,330
Europe 266,210
Bosnia and Herzegovina 4,910
Croatia 4,200
France 5,820
Germany 8,915
Greece 16,510
Hungary 6,135
Italy 37,700
Netherlands 2,130
Poland 18,245
Portugal 34,360
Romania 11,200
Russian Federation 15,820
Serbia86 7,740
Ukraine 15,845
United Kingdom87 35,585
Other places of birth in Europe 41,100
Africa 88,020
Algeria 940
Congo, Democratic Republic of the 2,130
Egypt 6,420
Eritrea 6,485
Ethiopia 10,900
Morocco 2,385
Nigeria 10,015
Somalia 10,190
South Africa, Republic of 6,000
Other places of birth in Africa 32,555
Asia 716,885
Afghanistan 12,920
Iran88 37,190
Iraq 11,350
Lebanon 6,490
Syria89 8,240
Turkey 8,500
China90 129,755
Hong Kong91 36,850
Korea, South92 27,505
Taiwan 7,985
Philippines 132,980
Viet Nam 31,675
Bangladesh 27,135
India 102,155
Pakistan 34,140
Sri Lanka 47,895
Other places of birth in Asia 54,130
Oceania and other places of birth93 4,045
Selected places of birth for the recent immigrant population
Total - Place of birth for the recent immigrant population in private households - 25% sample data94 198,040
Americas 25,025
Brazil 4,200
Colombia 1,195
Haiti 275
Jamaica 3,145
Mexico 2,330
United States of America 5,125
Venezuela95 1,535
Other places of birth in Americas 7,215
Europe 20,690
France 1,940
Germany 650
Ireland96 1,365
Italy 835
Russian Federation 2,240
Ukraine 2,490
United Kingdom87 2,615
Other places of birth in Europe 8,550
Africa 18,720
Algeria 210
Burundi 125
Cameroon 500
Congo, Democratic Republic of the 360
Côte d'Ivoire 235
Egypt 995
Eritrea 2,775
Ethiopia 1,955
Morocco 520
Nigeria 4,535
Somalia 1,575
South Africa, Republic of 675
Sudan97 480
Tunisia 120
Other places of birth in Africa 3,650
Asia 132,735
Afghanistan 3,180
Bangladesh 4,760
China90 18,525
Hong Kong91 655
India 40,200
Iran88 5,225
Iraq 2,265
Israel 640
Japan 860
Jordan 385
Korea, South92 3,120
Lebanon 960
Nepal 1,235
Pakistan 5,740
Philippines 24,905
Saudi Arabia 1,870
Sri Lanka 2,710
Syria89 4,680
Turkey 2,670
United Arab Emirates 940
Viet Nam 2,395
Other places of birth in Asia 4,810
Oceania and other93 875
Australia 720
Other places of birth98 160
Generation status
Total - Generation status for the population in private households - 25% sample data99 2,761,285
First generation100 1,462,090
Second generation101 741,035
Third generation or more102 558,160
Admission category and applicant type
Total - Admission category and applicant type for the immigrant population in private households who were admitted between 1980 and 2021 - 25% sample data103 1,063,205
Economic immigrants104 532,155
Principal applicants105 240,950
Secondary applicants106 291,205
Immigrants sponsored by family107 323,950
Refugees108 186,825
Other immigrants109 20,280
Pre-admission experience
Total - Pre-admission experience for the immigrant population in private households who were admitted between 1980 and 2021 - 25% sample data110 1,063,205
Asylum claim before admission111 102,210
Work permits only before admission112 111,095
Study permits only before admission113 24,490
Work and study permits before admission114 65,870
Other permits before admission115 5,180
No pre-admission experience116 754,355
Visible minority
Total - Visible minority for the population in private households - 25% sample data117 2,761,285
Total visible minority population118 1,537,285
South Asian 385,440
Chinese 296,225
Black 265,005
Filipino 170,355
Arab 42,040
Latin American 92,455
Southeast Asian 53,905
West Asian 69,320
Korean 42,190
Japanese 13,210
Visible minority, n.i.e.119 42,435
Multiple visible minorities 64,700
Not a visible minority120 1,224,000
Ethnic or cultural origin
Total - Ethnic or cultural origin for the population in private households - 25% sample data121 2,761,290
Canadian 165,640
English 244,995
Irish 226,865
Scottish 211,175
French, n.o.s.122 85,715
German 107,475
Chinese 297,725
Italian 167,460
Indian (India) 182,115
Ukrainian 61,560
Dutch 34,360
Polish 85,255
Québécois 2,620
British Isles, n.o.s.123 66,395
Filipino 161,495
French Canadian 15,450
Caucasian (White), n.o.s.124 32,230
First Nations (North American Indian), n.o.s.125 9,350
Métis 7,420
European, n.o.s.126 35,895
Russian 56,130
Norwegian 8,670
Welsh 23,795
Portuguese 85,165
American 21,905
Spanish 44,625
Swedish 9,415
Hungarian 25,910
Acadian 3,935
Pakistani 41,705
African, n.o.s.127 50,400
Jewish 74,080
Punjabi 11,980
Vietnamese 42,190
Arab, n.o.s.128 18,385
Greek 51,985
Jamaican 62,015
Asian, n.o.s.129 39,880
Cree, n.o.s.130 1,380
Korean 42,195
Romanian 20,010
Lebanese 11,530
Iranian 37,895
Christian, n.i.e.131 15,030
Danish 7,120
North American Indigenous, n.o.s.132 3,925
Sikh 4,850
Austrian 11,700
Belgian 4,575
Haitian 2,820
Hindu 26,510
Mexican 15,440
Mennonite 1,740
Swiss 6,710
Finnish 7,710
Sri Lankan 43,495
Croatian 12,420
Japanese 17,115
South Asian, n.o.s.133 25,660
Mi'kmaq, n.o.s.134 2,195
Northern European, n.o.s.135 4,345
Muslim 15,950
Egyptian 9,725
Latin, Central or South American, n.o.s.136 17,735
Tamil 35,070
Icelandic 2,560
Colombian 10,340
Moroccan 3,905
Czech 7,745
Syrian 6,785
Guyanese 27,780
Afghan 18,760
Black, n.o.s.137 22,590
Serbian 17,775
Ojibway 2,405
Newfoundlander 3,370
Hong Konger 12,835
Ontarian 4,725
Persian 15,215
Trinidadian/Tobagonian 17,350
Turkish 15,770
Inuit, n.o.s.138 285
Bangladeshi 26,650
Algerian 1,290
Brazilian 14,860
Nigerian 10,870
Armenian 11,885
Slovak 7,065
Eastern European, n.o.s.139 11,345
Somali 19,810
Taiwanese 7,955
Iraqi 7,490
Salvadorean 7,195
African Caribbean 15,300
East or Southeast Asian, n.o.s.140 13,395
West or Central Asian or Middle Eastern, n.o.s.141 7,875
Caribbean, n.o.s.142 14,565
Algonquin 625
West Indian, n.o.s.143 14,825
Lithuanian 8,190
South African 5,505
Australian 3,480
Palestinian 4,020
Chilean 5,165
Congolese 2,705
Nova Scotian 1,170
Ethiopian 11,065
Hispanic, n.o.s.144 7,945
Peruvian 5,235
Yoruba 5,395
Cambodian (Khmer) 2,800
Berber 505
Albanian 12,250
Maltese 6,400
Macedonian 11,600
Slovenian 4,805
Western European, n.o.s.145 2,575
New Brunswicker 525
Gujarati 6,650
Eritrean 8,355
African Canadian 6,015
Israeli 7,415
Mohawk 1,275
Czechoslovakian, n.o.s.146 1,750
Bulgarian 5,830
Albertan 165
Ghanaian 7,550
Barbadian 6,340
African American 4,410
Yugoslavian, n.o.s.147 2,855
Tunisian 485
Slavic, n.o.s.148 4,710
Cuban 4,760
Bosnian 3,255
Venezuelan 4,130
Innu/Montagnais, n.o.s.149 50
Latvian 4,915
Bengali 9,230
Cameroonian 1,020
Guatemalan 2,980
Indonesian 3,330
Laotian 1,670
Ilocano 6,220
Northern Irish 2,625
Celtic, n.o.s.150 2,180
British Columbian 165
Ecuadorian 8,450
Franco Ontarian 795
Argentinian 4,015
Estonian 3,840
Kurdish 3,825
Fijian 545
Jatt 660
North American, n.o.s.151 1,050
Coptic 1,645
Thai 2,220
Dominican 3,140
Nepali 3,310
Kabyle 60
Assyrian 4,055
Igbo 2,025
Byelorussian 2,725
Dene, n.o.s.152 55
Blackfoot, n.o.s.153 265
Abenaki 45
Moldovan 1,170
Iroquois (Haudenosaunee), n.o.s.154 300
New Zealander 1,235
Sudanese 2,195
Breton 140
Pennsylvania Dutch 750
Malaysian 2,720
Plains Cree 70
North African, n.o.s.155 1,080
Huron (Wendat) 150
Saskatchewanian 170
Buddhist 2,880
Gaspesian 50
Norman 330
Southern or East African, n.o.s.156 3,390
Ivorian 495
Saulteaux 130
Anishinaabe, n.o.s.157 560
Burundian 435
Tigrinya 2,450
Nicaraguan 2,135
Mauritian 1,430
Kenyan 2,195
Oji-Cree 75
Vincentian 4,130
Jordanian 1,365
Manitoban 170
Cape Bretoner 285
Rwandan 630
Grenadian 5,060
Malayali 1,850
Chaldean 1,270
Sinhalese 2,320
Mayan 1,250
Honduran 1,040
Cherokee 305
Qalipu Mi'kmaq 90
Indo-Caribbean 2,975
Flemish 470
United Empire Loyalist 800
Senegalese 300
Azerbaijani 2,375
Sicilian 1,005
Pashtun 1,755
Malay 1,715
Goan 2,105
Bantu, n.o.s.158 940
Tibetan 6,335
Zimbabwean 745
Burmese 1,220
Mongolian 1,255
Azorean 1,470
Atikamekw 0
Bamileke 315
Indo-Guyanese 2,765
Ugandan 2,190
Oromo 1,785
Tanzanian 1,810
Yemeni 1,635
Central African 155
Libyan 575
Basque 355
Uruguayan 1,475
Akan, n.o.s.159 1,125
Central or West African, n.o.s.160 1,390
Igorot 1,125
Fulani 400
Woodland Cree 15
Guinean 290
St. Lucian 2,450
Prince Edward Islander 315
Maliseet 35
Beninese 470
Telugu 1,440
Roma 1,500
Costa Rican 890
African Nova Scotian 570
Malagasy 135
Kashmiri 890
Singaporean 860
Karen 265
Edo 1,250
Tajik 1,545
Amhara 1,985
Paraguayan 205
Religion
Total - Religion for the population in private households - 25% sample data161 2,761,285
Buddhist 62,475
Christian 1,274,450
Christian, n.o.s.162 230,275
Anabaptist 1,415
Anglican 66,495
Baptist 22,180
Catholic 669,320
Christian Orthodox 110,665
Jehovah's Witness 8,550
Latter Day Saints 1,855
Lutheran 10,485
Methodist and Wesleyan (Holiness) 5,080
Pentecostal and other Charismatic 32,900
Presbyterian 24,760
Reformed 1,175
United Church 43,465
Other Christian and Christian-related traditions 45,840
Hindu 171,980
Jewish 99,390
Muslim 264,155
Sikh 21,545
Traditional (North American Indigenous) spirituality 935
Other religions and spiritual traditions 20,730
No religion and secular perspectives 845,615
Mobility status 1 year ago
Total - Mobility status 1 year ago - 25% sample data163 2,736,910
Non-movers 2,382,090
Movers 354,820
Non-migrants 261,975
Migrants 92,845
Internal migrants 52,170
Intraprovincial migrants 42,095
Interprovincial migrants 10,070
External migrants 40,675
Mobility status 5 years ago
Total - Mobility status 5 years ago - 25% sample data164 2,637,900
Non-movers 1,664,210
Movers 973,695
Non-migrants 530,780
Migrants 442,910
Internal migrants 200,725
Intraprovincial migrants 157,040
Interprovincial migrants 43,685
External migrants 242,185
Secondary (high) school diploma or equivalency certificate
Total - Secondary (high) school diploma or equivalency certificate for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data165 2,377,945
No high school diploma or equivalency certificate 364,050
With high school diploma or equivalency certificate166 2,013,895
Total - Secondary (high) school diploma or equivalency certificate for the population aged 25 to 64 years in private households - 25% sample data165 1,602,620
No high school diploma or equivalency certificate 151,430
With high school diploma or equivalency certificate166 1,451,180
Highest certificate, diploma or degree
Total - Highest certificate, diploma or degree for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data165 2,377,950
No certificate, diploma or degree 339,500
High (secondary) school diploma or equivalency certificate167 555,590
Postsecondary certificate, diploma or degree 1,482,860
Postsecondary certificate or diploma below bachelor level 506,235
Apprenticeship or trades certificate or diploma 80,935
Non-apprenticeship trades certificate or diploma168 46,255
Apprenticeship certificate169 34,680
College, CEGEP or other non-university certificate or diploma170 356,760
University certificate or diploma below bachelor level 68,545
Bachelor's degree or higher 976,620
Bachelor's degree 615,160
University certificate or diploma above bachelor level 62,665
Degree in medicine, dentistry, veterinary medicine or optometry 24,940
Master's degree 238,415
Earned doctorate171 35,445
Total - Highest certificate, diploma or degree for the population aged 25 to 64 years in private households - 25% sample data165 1,602,615
No certificate, diploma or degree 137,130
High (secondary) school diploma or equivalency certificate167 304,135
Postsecondary certificate, diploma or degree 1,161,345
Postsecondary certificate or diploma below bachelor level 370,020
Apprenticeship or trades certificate or diploma 53,060
Non-apprenticeship trades certificate or diploma168 30,330
Apprenticeship certificate169 22,730
College, CEGEP or other non-university certificate or diploma170 268,055
University certificate or diploma below bachelor level 48,905
Bachelor's degree or higher 791,330
Bachelor's degree 491,215
University certificate or diploma above bachelor level 49,305
Degree in medicine, dentistry, veterinary medicine or optometry 19,385
Master's degree 204,360
Earned doctorate171 27,070
Major field of study - Classification of Instructional Programs (CIP) 2021
Total - Major field of study - Classification of Instructional Programs (CIP) 2021 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data172 2,377,945
No postsecondary certificate, diploma or degree173 895,085
Education 67,760
13. Education 67,760
Visual and performing arts, and communications technologies 87,485
10. Communications technologies/technicians and support services 7,235
50. Visual and performing arts 80,250
Humanities 100,310
16. Indigenous and foreign languages, literatures, and linguistics 12,225
23. English language and literature/letters 29,600
24. Liberal arts and sciences, general studies and humanities 25,940
30A Interdisciplinary humanities174 2,610
38. Philosophy and religious studies 8,140
39. Theology and religious vocations 4,915
54. History 13,460
55. French language and literature/lettersCAN 3,420
Social and behavioural sciences and law 235,830
05. Area, ethnic, cultural, gender, and group studies 4,165
09. Communication, journalism and related programs 33,725
19. Family and consumer sciences/human sciences 26,820
22. Legal professions and studies 41,920
30B Interdisciplinary social and behavioural sciences175 5,720
42. Psychology 31,470
45. Social sciences 92,005
Business, management and public administration 361,525
30.16 Accounting and computer science 550
44. Public administration and social service professions 24,100
52. Business, management, marketing and related support services 336,875
Physical and life sciences and technologies 72,985
26. Biological and biomedical sciences 34,380
30.01 Biological and physical sciences 15,710
30C Other interdisciplinary physical and life sciences176 2,105
40. Physical sciences 18,470
41. Science technologies/technicians 2,325
Mathematics, computer and information sciences 94,200
11. Computer and information sciences and support services 70,775
25. Library science 3,770
27. Mathematics and statistics 16,295
30D Interdisciplinary mathematics, computer and information sciences177 3,355
Architecture, engineering, and related trades 223,100
04. Architecture and related services 20,870
14. Engineering 108,445
15. Engineering/engineering-related technologies/technicians 38,525
30.12 Historic preservation and conservation 30
46. Construction trades 23,760
47. Mechanic and repair technologies/technicians 21,430
48. Precision production 10,040
Agriculture, natural resources and conservation 17,550
01. Agricultural and veterinary sciences/services/operations and related fields178 10,125
03. Natural resources and conservation 7,430
Health and related fields 171,920
30.37 Design for human health 20
31. Parks, recreation, leisure, fitness, and kinesiology 13,175
51. Health professions and related programs178 150,945
60. Health professions residency/fellowship programs 435
61. Medical residency/fellowship programs 7,340
Personal, protective and transportation services 49,840
12. Culinary, entertainment, and personal services 32,100
28. Military science, leadership and operational art 210
29. Military technologies and applied sciences 255
43. Security and protective services 10,390
49. Transportation and materials moving 6,885
Other179 355
Total - Major field of study - Classification of Instructional Programs (CIP) 2021 for the population aged 25 to 64 years in private households - 25% sample data172 1,602,615
No postsecondary certificate, diploma or degree173 441,270
Education 46,545
13. Education 46,545
Visual and performing arts, and communications technologies 70,870
10. Communications technologies/technicians and support services 5,650
50. Visual and performing arts 65,220
Humanities 74,315
16. Indigenous and foreign languages, literatures, and linguistics 8,900
23. English language and literature/letters 22,195
24. Liberal arts and sciences, general studies and humanities 19,740
30A Interdisciplinary humanities174 1,840
38. Philosophy and religious studies 6,305
39. Theology and religious vocations 3,215
54. History 9,965
55. French language and literature/lettersCAN 2,165
Social and behavioural sciences and law 189,885
05. Area, ethnic, cultural, gender, and group studies 3,445
09. Communication, journalism and related programs 28,960
19. Family and consumer sciences/human sciences 20,265
22. Legal professions and studies 34,535
30B Interdisciplinary social and behavioural sciences175 4,755
42. Psychology 24,385
45. Social sciences 73,530
Business, management and public administration 293,645
30.16 Accounting and computer science 435
44. Public administration and social service professions 19,060
52. Business, management, marketing and related support services 274,155
Physical and life sciences and technologies 53,685
26. Biological and biomedical sciences 26,230
30.01 Biological and physical sciences 11,360
30C Other interdisciplinary physical and life sciences176 1,585
40. Physical sciences 12,950
41. Science technologies/technicians 1,565
Mathematics, computer and information sciences 79,160
11. Computer and information sciences and support services 61,940
25. Library science 2,225
27. Mathematics and statistics 12,265
30D Interdisciplinary mathematics, computer and information sciences177 2,730
Architecture, engineering, and related trades 168,335
04. Architecture and related services 16,260
14. Engineering 86,455
15. Engineering/engineering-related technologies/technicians 28,170
30.12 Historic preservation and conservation 30
46. Construction trades 16,935
47. Mechanic and repair technologies/technicians 14,425
48. Precision production 6,060
Agriculture, natural resources and conservation 13,890
01. Agricultural and veterinary sciences/services/operations and related fields178 7,600
03. Natural resources and conservation 6,285
Health and related fields 132,700
30.37 Design for human health 20
31. Parks, recreation, leisure, fitness, and kinesiology 10,095
51. Health professions and related programs178 116,830
60. Health professions residency/fellowship programs 375
61. Medical residency/fellowship programs 5,385
Personal, protective and transportation services 38,050
12. Culinary, entertainment, and personal services 24,395
28. Military science, leadership and operational art 150
29. Military technologies and applied sciences 125
43. Security and protective services 8,240
49. Transportation and materials moving 5,140
Other179 260
Location of study compared with province or territory of residence
Total - Location of study compared with province or territory of residence for the population aged 25 to 64 years in private households - 25% sample data180 1,602,615
No postsecondary certificate, diploma or degree 441,270
Postsecondary certificate, diploma or degree181 1,161,345
Location of study inside Canada 776,130
Same as province or territory of residence 707,130
Different than province or territory of residence 69,005
Location of study outside Canada182 385,220
Americas 72,910
United States of America 39,810
Mexico 5,370
Cuba 1,325
Haiti 145
Jamaica 2,585
Brazil 8,995
Colombia 3,340
Peru 970
Venezuela95 2,055
Other locations of study in Americas 8,310
Europe 74,860
Belgium 530
France 5,560
Germany 2,035
Netherlands 990
Switzerland 810
Hungary 1,035
Moldova183 525
Poland 3,140
Romania 4,040
Russian Federation 6,665
Ukraine 6,705
Ireland96 3,470
United Kingdom87 22,330
Bosnia and Herzegovina 950
Italy 1,695
Serbia86 2,530
Other locations of study in Europe 11,840
Africa 16,935
Nigeria 4,375
Algeria 355
Morocco 620
Tunisia 165
Egypt 2,370
South Africa, Republic of 1,630
Other locations of study in Africa 7,420
Asia 214,675
Iran88 12,745
Iraq 1,590
Israel 1,820
Lebanon 1,600
Syria89 1,330
Turkey 3,375
China90 28,050
Taiwan 1,445
Hong Kong91 2,390
Japan 3,195
Korea, South92 8,180
Philippines 54,175
Viet Nam 1,950
Bangladesh 10,280
Sri Lanka 4,275
India 57,290
Pakistan 10,330
Other locations of study in Asia 10,655
Oceania 5,840
Australia 5,000
New Zealand 795
Other locations of study in Oceania 45
Labour force status
Total - Population aged 15 years and over by labour force status - 25% sample data184 2,377,950
In the labour force 1,518,420
Employed 1,308,110
Unemployed 210,305
Not in the labour force 859,530
Participation rate 63.9
Employment rate 55.0
Unemployment rate 13.9
Work activity during the reference year
Total - Population aged 15 years and over by work activity during the reference year - 25% sample data185 2,377,945
Did not work186 905,995
Worked 1,471,950
Worked full year full time187 791,335
Worked part year and/or part time188 680,620
Average weeks worked in reference year 40.2
Class of worker including job permanency
Total - Labour force aged 15 years and over by class of worker including job permanency - 25% sample data189 1,518,420
Class of worker - not applicable190 54,835
All classes of workers191 1,463,580
Employee 1,223,655
Permanent position 1,020,130
Temporary position 203,525
Fixed term (1 year or more) 82,620
Casual, seasonal or short-term position (less than 1 year) 120,905
Self-employed192 239,925
Occupation - Broad category - National Occupational Classification (NOC) 2021
Total - Labour force aged 15 years and over by occupation - Broad category - National Occupational Classification (NOC) 2021 - 25% sample data193 1,518,420
Occupation - not applicable190 54,835
All occupations191 1,463,580
0 Legislative and senior management occupations 24,775
1 Business, finance and administration occupations 315,270
2 Natural and applied sciences and related occupations 159,770
3 Health occupations 105,465
4 Occupations in education, law and social, community and government services 181,940
5 Occupations in art, culture, recreation and sport 83,130
6 Sales and service occupations 350,245
7 Trades, transport and equipment operators and related occupations 175,505
8 Natural resources, agriculture and related production occupations 8,350
9 Occupations in manufacturing and utilities 59,140
Industry - Sectors - North American Industry Classification System (NAICS) 2017
Total - Labour force aged 15 years and over by industry - Sectors - North American Industry Classification System (NAICS) 2017 - 25% sample data194 1,518,420
Industry - not applicable190 54,835
All industries191 1,463,580
11 Agriculture, forestry, fishing and hunting 2,565
21 Mining, quarrying, and oil and gas extraction 1,985
22 Utilities 6,115
23 Construction 83,035
31-33 Manufacturing 97,580
41 Wholesale trade 45,380
44-45 Retail trade 141,575
48-49 Transportation and warehousing 67,330
51 Information and cultural industries 60,845
52 Finance and insurance 123,495
53 Real estate and rental and leasing 41,040
54 Professional, scientific and technical services 205,880
55 Management of companies and enterprises 9,175
56 Administrative and support, waste management and remediation services 75,095
61 Educational services 107,480
62 Health care and social assistance 163,465
71 Arts, entertainment and recreation 33,405
72 Accommodation and food services 82,155
81 Other services (except public administration) 61,015
91 Public administration 54,970
All languages used at work
Total - All languages used at work for the population in private households aged 15 years and over who worked since January 1, 2020 - 25% sample data195 1,602,165
English 1,449,315
French 3,430
Non-official language 26,500
Indigenous39 0
Non-Indigenous 26,495
English and French 29,995
English and non-official language(s) 87,670
French and non-official language(s) 70
English, French and non-official language(s) 3,010
Multiple non-official languages 2,175
Language used most often at work
Total - Language used most often at work for the population aged 15 years and over who worked since January 1, 2020, in private households, 2021 Census - 25% sample data196 1,602,165
Single responses 1,580,025
Official languages 1,533,090
English 1,525,910
French 7,180
Non-official languages 46,940
Indigenous languages39 15
Algonquian languages 15
Blackfoot 0
Cree-Innu languages 0
Atikamekw 0
Cree languages 0
Ililimowin (Moose Cree) 0
Inu Ayimun (Southern East Cree) 0
Iyiyiw-Ayimiwin (Northern East Cree) 0
Nehinawewin (Swampy Cree) 0
Nehiyawewin (Plains Cree) 0
Nihithawiwin (Woods Cree) 0
Cree, n.o.s. 0
Innu (Montagnais) 0
Naskapi 0
Eastern Algonquian languages 0
Mi'kmaq 0
Wolastoqewi (Malecite) 0
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 15
Anicinabemowin (Algonquin) 0
Oji-Cree 0
Ojibway languages 15
Anishinaabemowin (Chippewa) 0
Daawaamwin (Odawa) 0
Saulteau (Western Ojibway) 0
Ojibway, n.o.s. 0
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 0
Athabaskan languages 0
Northern Athabaskan languages 0
Dakelh (Carrier) 0
Dane-zaa (Beaver) 0
Dene, n.o.s. 0
Gwich'in 0
Slavey-Hare languages 0
Deh Gah Ghotie Zhatie (South Slavey) 0
Satuotine Yati (North Slavey) 0
Slavey, n.o.s. 0
Tahltan languages 0
Tlicho (Dogrib) 0
Tse'khene (Sekani) 0
Tsilhqot'in (Chilcotin) 0
Tsuu T'ina (Sarsi) 0
Tutchone languages 0
Northern Tutchone 0
Southern Tutchone 0
Tutchone, n.o.s. 0
Wetsuwet'en-Babine 0
Tlingit 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0
Haida 0
Inuktut (Inuit) languages 0
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 0
Inuinnaqtun 0
Inuvialuktun 0
Inuktitut 0
Inuktut (Inuit) languages, n.i.e. 0
Iroquoian languages 0
Mohawk 0
Oneida 0
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 0
Ktunaxa (Kutenai) 0
Michif 0
Salish languages 0
Halkomelem 0
Lillooet 0
Ntlakapamux (Thompson) 0
Secwepemctsin (Shuswap) 0
Squamish 0
Straits 0
Syilx (Okanagan) 0
Salish languages, n.i.e. 0
Siouan languages 0
Assiniboine 0
Dakota 0
Stoney 0
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 0
Tsimshian languages 0
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 0
Nisga'a 0
Tsimshian 0
Wakashan languages 0
Haisla 0
Heiltsuk 0
Kwak'wala (Kwakiutl) 0
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0
Indigenous languages, n.i.e. 0
Indigenous languages, n.o.s. 0
Non-Indigenous languages 46,925
Afro-Asiatic languages 1,075
Berber languages 0
Kabyle 0
Tamazight 0
Berber languages, n.i.e. 0
Chadic languages 0
Coptic 0
Cushitic languages 120
Bilen 0
Oromo 10
Somali 110
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 0
Semitic languages 950
Amharic 40
Arabic 570
Aramaic languages 155
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 120
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 35
Aramaic, n.o.s. 0
Hebrew 145
Tigrigna 30
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 0
Austro-Asiatic languages 1,305
Khmer (Cambodian) 20
Vietnamese 1,285
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 0
Austronesian languages 880
Bikol 0
Bisaya, n.o.s. 0
Cebuano 20
Hiligaynon 0
Ilocano 35
Indonesian 10
Kankanaey 0
Malagasy languages 0
Malay 0
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 0
Pangasinan 0
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 790
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 10
Creole languages 10
Haitian Creole 0
Jamaican English Creole 0
Morisyen 0
Creole, n.o.s. 0
Creole languages, n.i.e. 0
Dravidian languages 1,310
Kannada 0
Malayalam 35
Tamil 1,260
Telugu 15
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 0
Georgian 35
Indo-European languages 14,165
Albanian 105
Armenian 145
Balto-Slavic languages 2,190
Baltic languages 50
Latvian 30
Lithuanian 20
Slavic languages 2,145
Bulgarian 30
Czech 15
Macedonian 35
Polish 385
Russian 1,100
Serbo-Croatian 120
Bosnian 0
Croatian 0
Serbian 120
Serbo-Croatian, n.i.e. 0
Slovak 0
Slovene (Slovenian) 0
Ukrainian 440
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 0
Celtic languages 0
Scottish Gaelic 0
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 0
Germanic languages 245
Frisian 0
High German languages 195
German 150
Pennsylvania German 0
Swiss German 0
Yiddish 50
Low Saxon-Low Franconian languages 35
Afrikaans 0
Dutch 35
Low German, n.o.s. 0
Low Saxon 0
Plautdietsch 0
Vlaams (Flemish) 0
Scandinavian languages 15
Danish 0
Icelandic 0
Norwegian 0
Swedish 10
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 0
Greek 230
Indo-Iranian languages 3,580
Indo-Aryan languages 1,935
Bengali 325
Gujarati 305
Hindi 200
Kacchi 0
Marathi 15
Nepali 40
Punjabi (Panjabi) 585
Sindhi 0
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 0
Urdu 455
Indo-Aryan languages, n.i.e. 0
Iranian languages 1,640
Kurdish 40
Pashto 50
Persian languages 1,540
Dari 115
Iranian Persian 1,305
Persian (Farsi), n.o.s. 120
Iranian languages, n.i.e. 10
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 0
Italic (Romance) languages 7,675
Catalan 0
Italian 425
Portuguese 3,740
Romanian 55
Spanish 3,460
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 0
Indo-European languages, n.i.e. 0
Japanese 695
Korean 2,715
Mongolian 0
Niger-Congo languages 70
Akan (Twi) 20
Edo 0
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 0
Ga 0
Ganda 0
Igbo 0
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 0
Lingala 0
Rundi (Kirundi) 0
Shona 0
Swahili 30
Wolof 0
Yoruba 10
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 0
Nilo-Saharan languages 0
Dinka 0
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 0
Sign languages 120
American Sign Language 115
Quebec Sign Language 0
Sign languages, n.i.e. 0
Sino-Tibetan languages 23,815
Chinese languages 23,730
Hakka 20
Mandarin 14,385
Min Dong 20
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 60
Wu (Shanghainese) 0
Yue (Cantonese) 9,100
Chinese, n.o.s. 145
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 0
Tibeto-Burman languages 85
Burmese 0
Karenic languages 0
S'gaw Karen 0
Karenic languages, n.i.e. 0
Tibetan 80
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 0
Sino-Tibetan languages, n.i.e. 0
Tai-Kadai languages 110
Lao 15
Thai 95
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e. 0
Turkic languages 460
Azerbaijani 15
Turkish 440
Uyghur 0
Uzbek 0
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 0
Uralic languages 165
Estonian 40
Finnish 20
Hungarian 100
Other languages, n.i.e. 0
Multiple responses 22,140
English and French 4,655
English and non-official language(s) 16,820
French and non-official language(s) 15
English, French and non-official language(s) 240
Multiple non-official languages 420
Other language(s) used regularly at work
Total - Other language(s) used regularly at work for the population in private households aged 15 years and over who worked since January 1, 2020 - 25% sample data197 1,602,165
None 1,498,610
English 19,980
French 22,095
Non-official language 48,965
Indigenous39 55
Non-Indigenous 48,905
English and French 50
English and non-official language(s) 2,320
French and non-official language(s) 2,260
English, French and non-official language(s) 25
Multiple non-official languages 7,875
Place of work status
Total - Place of work status for the employed labour force aged 15 years and over - 25% sample data198 1,308,110
Worked at home 510,240
Worked outside Canada 6,395
No fixed workplace address 142,290
Usual place of work 649,185
Commuting destination
Total - Commuting destination for the employed labour force aged 15 years and over with a usual place of work - 25% sample data199 649,185
Commute within census subdivision (CSD) of residence 514,695
Commute to a different census subdivision (CSD) within census division (CD) of residence 0
Commute to a different census subdivision (CSD) and census division (CD) within province or territory of residence 132,960
Commute to a different province or territory 1,530
Main mode of commuting
Total - Main mode of commuting for the employed labour force aged 15 years and over with a usual place of work or no fixed workplace address - 25% sample data200 791,470
Car, truck or van 482,480
Car, truck or van - as a driver 424,985
Car, truck or van - as a passenger 57,490
Public transit 207,680
Walked 60,615
Bicycle 15,750
Other method 24,945
Commuting duration
Total - Commuting duration for the employed labour force aged 15 years and over with a usual place of work or no fixed workplace address - 25% sample data201 791,470
Less than 15 minutes 130,355
15 to 29 minutes 251,795
30 to 44 minutes 222,015
45 to 59 minutes 88,655
60 minutes and over 98,655
Time leaving for work
Total - Time leaving for work for the employed labour force aged 15 years and over with a usual place of work or no fixed workplace address - 25% sample data202 791,470
Between 5 a.m. and 5:59 a.m. 43,645
Between 6 a.m. and 6:59 a.m. 113,320
Between 7 a.m. and 7:59 a.m. 167,655
Between 8 a.m. and 8:59 a.m. 181,860
Between 9 a.m. and 11:59 a.m. 148,245
Between 12 p.m. and 4:59 a.m. 136,755
Children eligible for instruction in the minority official language
Total - Eligibility for instruction in the minority official language for the population in private households born in 2003 or later - 100% data203 471,030
Children eligible for instruction in the minority official language 45,395
Children not eligible for instruction in the minority official language 425,635
Eligibility and instruction in the minority official language for school-aged children
Total - Eligibility and instruction in the minority official language, for the population in private households born between 2003 and 2015 (inclusive) - 100% data204 339,085
Children eligible for instruction in the minority official language 34,720
Eligible children who have been instructed in the minority official language at the primary or secondary level in Canada 22,430
Eligible children who have not been instructed in the minority official language at the primary or secondary level in Canada 12,290
Children not eligible for instruction in the minority official language 304,365

Symbol legend

Source

Source: Statistics Canada, 2021 Census of Population.

How to cite

How to cite: Statistics Canada. 2023. (table). Census Profile. 2021 Census of Population. Statistics Canada Catalogue no. 98-316-X2021001. Ottawa. Released November 15, 2023.
https://www12.statcan.gc.ca/census-recensement/2021/dp-pd/prof/index.cfm?Lang=E (accessed June 18, 2024).

Note(s):

Date modified: