Census Profile, 2021 Census of Population
Profile table

Add a geography

Add a geography

You can add up to five (5) geographies to the table. For comparison of more than five geographies, please refer to the comprehensive download files.

Add or remove data

Add or remove data

Topic:
Select all topics
Age
Age characteristics
Commuting
Select all: Commuting
Commuting destination
Commuting duration
Main mode of commuting
Place of work status
Time leaving for work
Education
Select all: Education
Highest certificate, diploma or degree
Location of study compared with province or territory of residence
Major field of study - Classification of Instructional Programs (CIP) 2021
Secondary (high) school diploma or equivalency certificate
Ethnocultural and religious diversity
Select all: Ethnocultural and religious diversity
Ethnic or cultural origin
Religion
Visible minority
Families, households, and marital status
Select all: Families, households, and marital status
Family characteristics
Household type
Marital status
Housing
Household characteristics
Immigration, place of birth, and citizenship
Select all: Immigration, place of birth, and citizenship
Admission category and applicant type
Age at immigration
Citizenship
Generation status
Immigrant status and period of immigration
Pre-admission experience
Selected places of birth for the immigrant population
Selected places of birth for the recent immigrant population
Income
Select all: Income
Income of economic families in 2020
Income of households in 2020
Income of individuals in 2019
Income of individuals in 2020
Low income and income inequality in 2020
Indigenous peoples
Select all: Indigenous peoples
Indigenous ancestry
Indigenous population
Instruction in the minority official language
Select all: Instruction in the minority official language
Children eligible for instruction in the minority official language
Eligibility and instruction in the minority official language for school-aged children
Labour
Select all: Labour
Class of worker including job permanency
Industry - Sectors - North American Industry Classification System (NAICS) 2017
Labour force status
Occupation - Broad category - National Occupational Classification (NOC) 2021
Work activity during the reference year
Language
Select all: Language
All languages spoken at home
First official language spoken
Knowledge of languages
Knowledge of official languages
Language spoken most often at home
Mother tongue
Other language spoken regularly at home
Language of work
Select all: Language of work
All languages used at work
Language used most often at work
Other language(s) used regularly at work
Mobility and migration
Select all: Mobility and migration
Mobility status 1 year ago
Mobility status 5 years ago
Population and dwelling counts
Population and dwellings
Type of dwelling
Household and dwelling characteristics
GenderMore information:


Statistic:
Characteristic Victoria, City (CY)More information:
British Columbia
[Census subdivision]
Counts
Total
Population and dwellings
Population, 20211 91,867
Population, 20161 85,792
Population percentage change, 2016 to 2021 7.1
Total private dwellings2 53,070
Private dwellings occupied by usual residents3 49,222
Population density per square kilometre 4,722.3
Land area in square kilometres 19.45
Age characteristics
Total - Age groups of the population - 100% data 91,870
0 to 14 years 8,450
0 to 4 years 2,910
5 to 9 years 2,835
10 to 14 years 2,705
15 to 64 years 62,060
15 to 19 years 2,710
20 to 24 years 6,040
25 to 29 years 8,765
30 to 34 years 9,035
35 to 39 years 7,455
40 to 44 years 5,985
45 to 49 years 5,205
50 to 54 years 5,340
55 to 59 years 5,560
60 to 64 years 5,965
65 years and over 21,350
65 to 69 years 6,020
70 to 74 years 5,905
75 to 79 years 3,705
80 to 84 years 2,410
85 years and over 3,320
85 to 89 years 1,675
90 to 94 years 1,235
95 to 99 years 355
100 years and over 45
Total - Distribution (%) of the population by broad age groups - 100% data 100.0
0 to 14 years 9.2
15 to 64 years 67.6
65 years and over 23.2
85 years and over 3.6
Average age of the population 45.2
Median age of the population 42.8
Household and dwelling characteristics
Total - Occupied private dwellings by structural type of dwelling - 100% data 49,225
Single-detached house 6,685
Semi-detached house 1,150
Row house 2,305
Apartment or flat in a duplex 4,450
Apartment in a building that has fewer than five storeys 23,510
Apartment in a building that has five or more storeys 11,000
Other single-attached house 80
Movable dwelling4 35
Total - Private households by household size - 100% data 49,225
1 person 24,100
2 persons 17,060
3 persons 4,295
4 persons 2,620
5 or more persons 1,145
Number of persons in private households 87,890
Average household size 1.8
Marital status
Total - Marital status for the total population aged 15 years and over - 100% data 83,415
Married or living common-law 38,580
Married 26,155
Living common-law 12,425
Living common law - Never married 10,080
Living common law - Separated 270
Living common law - Divorced 1,945
Living common law - Widowed 125
Not married and not living common-law 44,835
Not married and not living common law - Never married 29,280
Not married and not living common law - Separated 2,400
Not married and not living common law - Divorced 8,670
Not married and not living common law - Widowed 4,485
Family characteristics
Total - Census families in private households by family size - 100% data5 21,760
2 persons 15,225
3 persons 3,545
4 persons 2,340
5 or more persons 650
Average size of census families 2.5
Average number of children in census families with children6 1.5
Total number of census families in private households - 100% data 21,760
Total couple families 18,540
Married couples 12,330
With children6 4,670
Without children 7,670
Common-law couples 6,205
With children6 980
Without children 5,225
Total one-parent families 3,225
in which the parent is a woman+ 2,585
in which the parent is a man+ 640
Total - Persons in private households - 100% data 87,890
Total - Persons in census families 53,900
Married spouses or common-law partners 37,075
Parents in one-parent families 3,225
Children6 13,610
In a two-parent family 9,275
In a one-parent family 4,330
Total - Persons not in census families in private households - 100% data 33,985
Living alone 24,100
Living with other relatives7 1,530
Living with non-relatives only 8,350
Household type
Total - Household type - 100% data 49,220
One-census-family households without additional persons 19,975
Couple-family households 17,160
With children6 5,135
Without children 12,025
One-parent-family households 2,815
Multigenerational households8 365
Multiple-census-family households9 160
One-census-family households with additional persons9 940
Two-or-more-person non-census-family households 3,680
One-person households 24,100
Income of individuals in 2020
Total - Income statistics in 2020 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data10 79,470
Number of total income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2020 - 100% data 78,090
Median total income in 2020 among recipients ($) 43,200
Number of after-tax income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2020 - 100% data 78,125
Median after-tax income in 2020 among recipients ($) 39,200
Number of market income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2020 - 100% data 71,625
Median market income in 2020 among recipients ($) 38,000
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2020 - 100% data 56,910
Median employment income in 2020 among recipients ($) 38,800
Number of government transfers recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2020 - 100% data 66,235
Median government transfers in 2020 among recipients ($) 9,600
Number of employment insurance benefits recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2020 - 100% data 6,705
Median employment insurance benefits in 2020 among recipients ($) 5,320
Number of COVID-19 emergency and recovery benefits recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2020 - 100% data 22,165
Median COVID-19 emergency and recovery benefits in 2020 among recipients ($) 8,000
Total - Income statistics in 2020 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data11 79,470
Number of total income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2020 - 25% sample data 78,060
Average total income in 2020 among recipients ($) 54,500
Number of after-tax income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2020 - 25% sample data 78,075
Average after-tax income in 2020 among recipients ($) 46,200
Number of market income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2020 - 25% sample data 71,475
Average market income in 2020 among recipients ($) 49,680
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2020 - 25% sample data 56,910
Average employment income in 2020 among recipients ($) 48,040
Number of government transfers recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2020 - 25% sample data 66,025
Average government transfers in 2020 among recipients ($) 10,650
Number of employment insurance benefits recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2020 - 25% sample data 6,370
Average employment insurance benefits in 2020 among recipients ($) 6,225
Number of COVID-19 emergency and recovery benefits recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2020 - 25% sample data 21,920
Average COVID-19 emergency and recovery benefits in 2020 among recipients ($) 9,170
Total - Employment income statistics in 2020 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data12 79,470
Number of employment income recipients in 2020 who worked full-year full-time in 2020 - 25% sample data13 26,355
Median employment income in 2020 for full-year full-time workers in 2020 ($)14 62,400
Average employment income in 2020 for full-year full-time workers in 2020 ($)15 71,800
Number of employment income recipients in 2020 who worked part-year or part-time in 2020 - 25% sample data16 24,520
Median employment income in 2020 of those who worked part-year or part-time in 2020 ($) 19,800
Average employment income in 2020 of those who worked part-year or part-time in 2020 ($) 28,560
Composition of total income in 2020 of the population aged 15 years and over in private households (%) - 25% sample data17 100.0
Market income (%)18 83.4
Employment income (%)19 64.2
Government transfers (%)20 16.5
Employment insurance benefits (%) 0.9
COVID-19 - Government income support and benefits (%) 5.8
COVID-19 - Emergency and recovery benefits (%) 4.7
Total - Total income groups in 2020 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data21 79,470
Without total income 1,380
With total income 78,090
Under $10,000 (including loss) 4,990
$10,000 to $19,999 7,390
$20,000 to $29,999 12,385
$30,000 to $39,999 10,875
$40,000 to $49,999 9,705
$50,000 to $59,999 7,930
$60,000 to $69,999 6,090
$70,000 to $79,999 4,760
$80,000 to $89,999 3,530
$90,000 to $99,999 2,690
$100,000 and over 7,740
$100,000 to $149,999 5,260
$150,000 and over 2,480
Total - After-tax income groups in 2020 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data22 79,470
Without after-tax income 1,345
With after-tax income 78,125
Under $10,000 (including loss) 5,275
$10,000 to $19,999 7,675
$20,000 to $29,999 14,155
$30,000 to $39,999 12,800
$40,000 to $49,999 11,105
$50,000 to $59,999 8,320
$60,000 to $69,999 5,870
$70,000 to $79,999 4,210
$80,000 to $89,999 2,840
$90,000 to $99,999 1,795
$100,000 and over 4,090
$100,000 to $124,999 2,015
$125,000 and over 2,080
Total - Employment income groups in 2020 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data19 79,470
Without employment income 22,555
With employment income 56,915
Under $5,000 (including loss) 7,025
$5,000 to $9,999 4,355
$10,000 to $19,999 6,760
$20,000 to $29,999 5,610
$30,000 to $39,999 5,325
$40,000 to $49,999 5,425
$50,000 to $59,999 5,220
$60,000 to $69,999 4,105
$70,000 to $79,999 3,285
$80,000 to $89,999 2,570
$90,000 to $99,999 2,005
$100,000 and over 5,215
$100,000 to $124,999 2,645
$125,000 and over 2,575
Income of individuals in 2019
Total - Income statistics in 2019 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data23 79,470
Number of total income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2019 - 100% data 76,500
Median total income in 2019 among recipients ($) 40,000
Number of after-tax income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2019 - 100% data 76,580
Median after-tax income in 2019 among recipients ($) 36,000
Number of market income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2019 - 100% data 71,055
Median market income in 2019 among recipients ($) 37,600
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2019 - 100% data 58,840
Median employment income in 2019 among recipients ($) 36,400
Number of government transfers recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2019 - 100% data 54,245
Median government transfers in 2019 among recipients ($) 3,960
Number of employment insurance benefits recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2019 -100% data 4,085
Median employment insurance benefits in 2019 among recipients ($) 5,320
Total - Income statistics in 2019 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data24 79,470
Number of total income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2019 - 25% sample data 76,555
Average total income in 2019 among recipients ($) 50,640
Number of after-tax income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2019 - 25% sample data 76,635
Average after-tax income in 2019 among recipients ($) 42,520
Number of market income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2019 - 25% sample data 70,875
Average market income in 2019 among recipients ($) 48,760
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2019 - 25% sample data 58,635
Average employment income in 2019 among recipients ($) 45,280
Number of government transfers recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2019 - 25% sample data 54,180
Average government transfers in 2019 among recipients ($) 7,730
Number of employment insurance benefits recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2019 - 25% sample data 4,090
Average employment insurance benefits in 2019 among recipients ($) 6,700
Total - Employment income statistics in 2019 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data25 79,470
Number of employment income recipients in 2019 who worked full-year full-time in 2020 - 25% sample data13 26,005
Median employment income in 2019 for full-year full-time workers in 2020 ($)14 57,600
Average employment income in 2019 for full-year full-time workers in 2020 ($)15 65,900
Number of employment income recipients in 2019 who worked part-year or part-time in 2020 - 25% sample data16 23,510
Median employment income in 2019 of those who worked part-year or part-time in 2020 ($) 24,400
Average employment income in 2019 of those who worked part-year or part-time in 2020 ($) 33,360
Composition of total income in 2019 of the population aged 15 years and over in private households (%) - 25% sample data 100.0
Market income (%) 89.2
Employment income (%) 68.6
Government transfers (%) 10.8
Employment insurance benefits (%) 0.7
Income of households in 2020
Total - Income statistics for private households - 100% data26 49,225
Median total income of household in 2020 ($) 67,500
Median after-tax income of household in 2020 ($) 60,000
Total - Income statistics for one-person private households - 100% data 24,100
Median total income of one-person households in 2020 ($) 44,000
Median after-tax income of one-person households in 2020 ($) 40,000
Total - Income statistics for two-or-more-persons private households - 100% data 25,120
Median total income of two-or-more-person households in 2020 ($) 97,000
Median after-tax income of two-or-more-person households in 2020 ($) 87,000
Total - Income statistics for private households - 25% sample data27 49,225
Average total income of household in 2020 ($) 86,400
Average after-tax income of household in 2020 ($) 73,300
Total - Income statistics for one-person private households - 25% sample data 24,095
Average total income of one-person households in 2020 ($) 53,850
Average after-tax income of one-person households in 2020 ($) 46,040
Total - Income statistics for two-or-more-persons private households - 25% sample data 25,125
Average total income of two-or-more-person households in 2020 ($) 117,700
Average after-tax income of two-or-more-person households in 2020 ($) 99,400
Total - Household total income groups in 2020 for private households - 100% data21 49,225
Under $5,000 715
$5,000 to $9,999 355
$10,000 to $14,999 585
$15,000 to $19,999 1,505
$20,000 to $24,999 2,800
$25,000 to $29,999 2,135
$30,000 to $34,999 2,200
$35,000 to $39,999 2,375
$40,000 to $44,999 2,275
$45,000 to $49,999 2,310
$50,000 to $59,999 4,345
$60,000 to $69,999 4,025
$70,000 to $79,999 3,685
$80,000 to $89,999 3,080
$90,000 to $99,999 2,605
$100,000 and over 14,235
$100,000 to $124,999 4,790
$125,000 to $149,999 3,155
$150,000 to $199,999 3,420
$200,000 and over 2,865
Total - Household after-tax income groups in 2020 for private households - 100% data22 49,225
Under $5,000 790
$5,000 to $9,999 370
$10,000 to $14,999 600
$15,000 to $19,999 1,565
$20,000 to $24,999 2,985
$25,000 to $29,999 2,530
$30,000 to $34,999 2,660
$35,000 to $39,999 2,710
$40,000 to $44,999 2,805
$45,000 to $49,999 2,600
$50,000 to $59,999 5,065
$60,000 to $69,999 4,315
$70,000 to $79,999 3,830
$80,000 to $89,999 3,030
$90,000 to $99,999 2,500
$100,000 and over 10,885
$100,000 to $124,999 4,410
$125,000 to $149,999 2,605
$150,000 and over 3,865
Income of economic families in 2020
Total - Income statistics for economic families in private households - 100% data28 22,010
Median total income of economic family in 2020 ($) 100,000
Median after-tax income of economic family in 2020 ($) 88,000
Average family size of economic families 2.5
Total - Income statistics for couple-only economic families in private households - 100% data 12,515
Median total income of couple-only economic families in 2020 ($) 97,000
Median after-tax income of couple-only economic families in 2020 ($) 86,000
Average family size of couple-only economic families 2.0
Total - Income statistics for couple-with-children economic families in private households - 100% data 5,665
Median total income of couple-with-children economic families in 2020 ($) 131,000
Median after-tax income of couple-with-children economic families in 2020 ($) 114,000
Average family size of couple-with-children economic families 3.7
Total - Income statistics for one-parent economic families in private households - 100% data 3,150
Median total income of one-parent economic families in 2020 ($) 65,500
Median after-tax income of one-parent economic families in 2020 ($) 60,800
Average family size of one-parent economic families 2.4
Total - Income statistics for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families in private households - 100% data29 32,455
Median total income in 2020 ($)30 40,800
Median after-tax income in 2020 ($)30 37,200
Total - Income statistics for economic families in private households - 25% sample data31 22,015
Average total income of economic family in 2020 ($) 120,300
Average after-tax income of economic family in 2020 ($) 100,800
Total - Income statistics for couple-only economic families in private households - 25% sample data 12,575
Average total income of couple-only economic families in 2020 ($) 118,200
Average after-tax income of couple-only economic families in 2020 ($) 99,200
Total - Income statistics for couple-with-children economic families in private households - 25% sample data 5,690
Average total income of couple-with-children economic families in 2020 ($) 153,600
Average after-tax income of couple-with-children economic families in 2020 ($) 127,100
Total - Income statistics for one-parent economic families in private households - 25% sample data 3,110
Average total income of one-parent economic families in 2020 ($) 72,500
Average after-tax income of one-parent economic families in 2020 ($) 62,550
Total - Income statistics for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families in private households - 25% sample data32 32,445
Average total income in 2020 ($)30 49,520
Average after-tax income in 2020 ($)30 42,800
Low income and income inequality in 2020
Total - LIM low-income status in 2020 for the population in private households - 100% data33 87,890
0 to 17 years 9,990
0 to 5 years 3,470
18 to 64 years 59,105
65 years and over 18,795
In low income based on the Low-income measure, after tax (LIM-AT) 11,515
0 to 17 years 1,375
0 to 5 years 490
18 to 64 years 7,025
65 years and over 3,110
Prevalence of low income based on the Low-income measure, after tax (LIM-AT) (%) 13.1
0 to 17 years (%) 13.7
0 to 5 years (%) 14.1
18 to 64 years (%) 11.9
65 years and over (%) 16.6
Total - LICO low-income status in 2020 for the population in private households to whom the low-income concept is applicable - 100% data33 87,890
0 to 17 years 9,985
0 to 5 years 3,470
18 to 64 years 59,110
65 years and over 18,795
In low income based on the Low-income cut-offs, after tax (LICO-AT) 5,225
0 to 17 years 460
0 to 5 years 140
18 to 64 years 4,275
65 years and over 485
Prevalence of low income based on the Low-income cut-offs, after tax (LICO-AT) (%) 6.0
0 to 17 years (%) 4.6
0 to 5 years (%) 4.0
18 to 64 years (%) 7.2
65 years and over (%) 2.6
Total - Adjusted after-tax economic family income decile group for the population in private households - 100% data34The letter 'c' in a yellow triangle indicates a correction notice. 87,890
In bottom half of the distribution 46,805
In bottom decile 11,525
In second decile 9,535
In third decile 8,905
In fourth decile 8,405
In fifth decile 8,425
In top half of the distribution 41,085
In sixth decile 8,160
In seventh decile 7,775
In eighth decile 8,225
In ninth decile 8,595
In top decile 8,345
Total - Inequality measures for the population in private households - 100% data35 87,890
Gini index on adjusted household total income 0.344
Gini index on adjusted household market income 0.449
Gini index on adjusted household after-tax income 0.306
P90/P10 ratio on adjusted household after-tax income 4.1
Knowledge of official languages
Total - Knowledge of official languages for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% data36 89,115
English only 76,660
French only 35
English and French 11,735
Neither English nor French 685
First official language spoken
Total - First official language spoken for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% data37 89,115
English 86,515
French 1,645
English and French 305
Neither English nor French 650
Mother tongue
Total - Mother tongue for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% data38 89,115
Single responses 86,595
Official languages 73,880
English 72,220
French 1,655
Non-official languages 12,715
Indigenous languages39 50
Algonquian languages 30
Blackfoot 0
Cree-Innu languages 15
Atikamekw 0
Cree languages 15
Ililimowin (Moose Cree) 0
Inu Ayimun (Southern East Cree) 0
Iyiyiw-Ayimiwin (Northern East Cree) 0
Nehinawewin (Swampy Cree) 5
Nehiyawewin (Plains Cree) 5
Nihithawiwin (Woods Cree) 0
Cree, n.o.s. 10
Innu (Montagnais) 0
Naskapi 0
Eastern Algonquian languages 0
Mi'kmaq 0
Wolastoqewi (Malecite) 0
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 15
Anicinabemowin (Algonquin) 0
Oji-Cree 0
Ojibway languages 15
Anishinaabemowin (Chippewa) 5
Daawaamwin (Odawa) 0
Saulteau (Western Ojibway) 0
Ojibway, n.o.s. 10
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 0
Athabaskan languages 10
Northern Athabaskan languages 10
Dakelh (Carrier) 0
Dane-zaa (Beaver) 0
Dene, n.o.s. 0
Gwich'in 0
Slavey-Hare languages 0
Deh Gah Ghotie Zhatie (South Slavey) 0
Satuotine Yati (North Slavey) 0
Slavey, n.o.s. 0
Tahltan languages 0
Kaska (Nahani) 0
Tahltan 0
Tlicho (Dogrib) 0
Tse'khene (Sekani) 0
Tsilhqot'in (Chilcotin) 0
Tsuu T'ina (Sarsi) 0
Tutchone languages 0
Northern Tutchone 0
Southern Tutchone 0
Tutchone, n.o.s. 0
Wetsuwet'en-Babine 0
Tlingit 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0
Haida 0
Inuktut (Inuit) languages 5
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 0
Inuinnaqtun 0
Inuvialuktun 0
Inuktitut 5
Inuktut (Inuit) languages, n.i.e. 0
Iroquoian languages 0
Cayuga 0
Mohawk 0
Oneida 0
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 0
Ktunaxa (Kutenai) 0
Michif 0
Salish languages 5
Halkomelem 0
Lillooet 0
Ntlakapamux (Thompson) 0
Secwepemctsin (Shuswap) 0
Squamish 0
Straits 0
Syilx (Okanagan) 0
Salish languages, n.i.e. 0
Siouan languages 0
Assiniboine 0
Dakota 0
Stoney 0
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 0
Tsimshian languages 5
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 0
Nisga'a 0
Tsimshian 5
Wakashan languages 5
Haisla 0
Heiltsuk 0
Kwak'wala (Kwakiutl) 5
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0
Indigenous languages, n.i.e. 0
Indigenous languages, n.o.s. 0
Non-Indigenous languages 12,665
Afro-Asiatic languages 815
Berber languages 5
Kabyle 5
Tamazight 5
Berber languages, n.i.e. 0
Chadic languages 0
Hausa 0
Mina 0
Coptic 0
Cushitic languages 95
Bilen 0
Oromo 35
Somali 55
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 0
Semitic languages 715
Amharic 65
Arabic 565
Aramaic languages 0
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 0
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 0
Aramaic, n.o.s. 0
Harari 0
Hebrew 35
Maltese 5
Tigrigna 40
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 0
Austro-Asiatic languages 240
Khmer (Cambodian) 25
Vietnamese 220
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e 0
Austronesian languages 1,455
Bikol 0
Bisaya, n.o.s. 35
Cebuano 70
Fijian 0
Hiligaynon 35
Ilocano 105
Indonesian 20
Kankanaey 5
Kinaray-a 0
Malagasy languages 0
Merina 0
Malagasy, n.o.s. 0
Malay 5
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 10
Pangasinan 0
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 1,145
Waray-Waray 5
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 15
Creole languages 20
Haitian Creole 5
Jamaican English Creole 0
Krio 0
Morisyen 10
Sango 0
Creole, n.o.s. 0
Creole languages, n.i.e. 5
Dravidian languages 205
Kannada 5
Malayalam 105
Tamil 40
Telugu 50
Tulu 5
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 0
Georgian 5
Hmong-Mien languages 0
Indo-European languages 6,130
Albanian 45
Armenian 10
Balto-Slavic languages 1,195
Baltic languages 35
Latvian 20
Lithuanian 15
Slavic languages 1,160
Belarusian 0
Bulgarian 40
Czech 100
Macedonian 0
Polish 315
Russian 350
Rusyn 0
Serbo-Croatian 160
Bosnian 15
Croatian 75
Serbian 70
Serbo-Croatian, n.i.e. 5
Slovak 35
Slovene (Slovenian) 10
Ukrainian 150
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 0
Celtic languages 10
Irish 0
Scottish Gaelic 0
Welsh 10
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 0
Germanic languages 1,465
Frisian 5
High German languages 935
German 890
Pennsylvania German 0
Swiss German 25
Yiddish 20
Low Saxon-Low Franconian languages 390
Afrikaans 45
Dutch 325
Low German, n.o.s. 0
Low Saxon 0
Plautdietsch 5
Vlaams (Flemish) 5
Scandinavian languages 140
Danish 50
Icelandic 5
Norwegian 40
Swedish 40
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 0
Greek 65
Indo-Iranian languages 1,495
Indo-Aryan languages 1,080
Assamese 0
Bengali 85
Gujarati 80
Hindi 255
Kacchi 10
Kashmiri 0
Konkani 10
Marathi 30
Nepali 25
Oriya languages 0
Odia 0
Oriya, n.o.s. 0
Punjabi (Panjabi) 405
Rohingya 0
Sindhi 10
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 20
Urdu 140
Indo-Aryan languages, n.i.e. 0
Iranian languages 415
Baluchi 0
Kurdish 15
Parsi 5
Pashto 20
Persian languages 375
Dari 20
Iranian Persian 315
Persian (Farsi), n.o.s. 40
Iranian languages, n.i.e. 0
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 0
Italic (Romance) languages 1,845
Catalan 5
Italian 220
Portuguese 430
Romanian 90
Spanish 1,100
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 5
Indo-European languages, n.i.e. 0
Japanese 485
Korean 505
Mongolian 0
Niger-Congo languages 110
Akan (Twi) 5
Bamanankan 0
Edo 0
Éwé 5
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 0
Ga 0
Ganda 5
Gikuyu 0
Igbo 10
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 15
Lingala 0
Luba-Kasai 0
Mòoré 0
Mwani 0
Ndebele 0
Rundi (Kirundi) 0
Shona 5
Soninke 0
Sotho-Tswana languages 5
Swahili 25
Wojenaka 0
Wolof 5
Yoruba 20
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 15
Nilo-Saharan languages 0
Dinka 0
Nuer 0
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 0
African, n.o.s. 0
Sign languages 30
American Sign Language 30
Quebec Sign Language 0
Sign languages, n.i.e. 0
Sino-Tibetan languages 2,200
Chinese languages 2,175
Hakka 0
Mandarin 1,065
Min Dong 0
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 30
Wu (Shanghainese) 20
Yue (Cantonese) 1,015
Chinese, n.o.s. 45
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 0
Tibeto-Burman languages 25
Burmese 0
Kuki-Chin languages 0
Karenic languages 0
S'gaw Karen 0
Karenic languages, n.i.e. 0
Tibetan 10
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 5
Sino-Tibetan languages, n.i.e. 0
Tai-Kadai languages 140
Lao 5
Thai 135
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e. 0
Turkic languages 100
Azerbaijani 5
Kazakh 0
Turkish 100
Uyghur 0
Uzbek 0
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 0
Uralic languages 220
Estonian 20
Finnish 65
Hungarian 145
Other languages, n.i.e. 0
Multiple responses 2,515
English and French 555
English and non-official language(s) 1,670
French and non-official language(s) 50
English, French and non-official language(s) 65
Multiple non-official languages 180
All languages spoken at home
Total - All languages spoken at home for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% data40 89,115
English 75,005
French 315
Non-official language 2,660
Indigenous39 10
Non-Indigenous 2,655
English and French 1,440
English and non-official language(s) 8,910
French and non-official language(s) 30
English, French and non-official language(s) 505
Multiple non-official languages 250
Language spoken most often at home
Total - Language spoken most often at home for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% data41 89,115
Single responses 87,105
Official languages 81,655
English 81,170
French 490
Non-official languages 5,455
Indigenous languages39 10
Algonquian languages 0
Blackfoot 0
Cree-Innu languages 0
Atikamekw 0
Cree languages 0
Ililimowin (Moose Cree) 0
Inu Ayimun (Southern East Cree) 0
Iyiyiw-Ayimiwin (Northern East Cree) 0
Nehinawewin (Swampy Cree) 0
Nehiyawewin (Plains Cree) 0
Nihithawiwin (Woods Cree) 0
Cree, n.o.s. 0
Innu (Montagnais) 0
Naskapi 0
Eastern Algonquian languages 0
Mi'kmaq 0
Wolastoqewi (Malecite) 0
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 0
Anicinabemowin (Algonquin) 0
Oji-Cree 0
Ojibway languages 0
Anishinaabemowin (Chippewa) 0
Daawaamwin (Odawa) 0
Saulteau (Western Ojibway) 0
Ojibway, n.o.s. 0
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 0
Athabaskan languages 0
Northern Athabaskan languages 0
Dakelh (Carrier) 0
Dane-zaa (Beaver) 0
Dene, n.o.s. 0
Gwich'in 0
Slavey-Hare languages 0
Deh Gah Ghotie Zhatie (South Slavey) 0
Satuotine Yati (North Slavey) 0
Slavey, n.o.s. 0
Tahltan languages 0
Kaska (Nahani) 0
Tahltan 0
Tlicho (Dogrib) 0
Tse'khene (Sekani) 0
Tsilhqot'in (Chilcotin) 0
Tsuu T'ina (Sarsi) 0
Tutchone languages 0
Northern Tutchone 0
Southern Tutchone 0
Tutchone, n.o.s. 0
Wetsuwet'en-Babine 0
Tlingit 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0
Haida 0
Inuktut (Inuit) languages 0
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 0
Inuinnaqtun 0
Inuvialuktun 0
Inuktitut 0
Inuktut (Inuit) languages, n.i.e. 0
Iroquoian languages 0
Cayuga 0
Mohawk 0
Oneida 0
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 0
Ktunaxa (Kutenai) 0
Michif 0
Salish languages 0
Halkomelem 0
Lillooet 0
Ntlakapamux (Thompson) 0
Secwepemctsin (Shuswap) 0
Squamish 0
Straits 0
Syilx (Okanagan) 0
Salish languages, n.i.e. 0
Siouan languages 0
Assiniboine 0
Dakota 0
Stoney 0
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 0
Tsimshian languages 5
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 5
Nisga'a 0
Tsimshian 0
Wakashan languages 0
Haisla 0
Heiltsuk 0
Kwak'wala (Kwakiutl) 0
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0
Indigenous languages, n.i.e. 0
Indigenous languages, n.o.s. 0
Non-Indigenous languages 5,445
Afro-Asiatic languages 475
Berber languages 5
Kabyle 5
Tamazight 0
Berber languages, n.i.e. 0
Chadic languages 0
Hausa 0
Mina 0
Coptic 0
Cushitic languages 50
Bilen 0
Oromo 25
Somali 30
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 0
Semitic languages 420
Amharic 45
Arabic 345
Aramaic languages 0
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 0
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 0
Aramaic, n.o.s. 0
Harari 0
Hebrew 10
Maltese 0
Tigrigna 25
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 0
Austro-Asiatic languages 120
Khmer (Cambodian) 10
Vietnamese 110
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e 0
Austronesian languages 795
Bikol 0
Bisaya, n.o.s. 10
Cebuano 30
Fijian 0
Hiligaynon 10
Ilocano 70
Indonesian 0
Kankanaey 0
Kinaray-a 0
Malagasy languages 0
Merina 0
Malagasy, n.o.s. 0
Malay 0
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 0
Pangasinan 0
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 670
Waray-Waray 0
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 0
Creole languages 10
Haitian Creole 0
Jamaican English Creole 0
Krio 0
Morisyen 5
Sango 0
Creole, n.o.s. 5
Creole languages, n.i.e. 0
Dravidian languages 110
Kannada 5
Malayalam 50
Tamil 25
Telugu 35
Tulu 0
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 0
Georgian 0
Hmong-Mien languages 0
Indo-European languages 1,955
Albanian 30
Armenian 5
Balto-Slavic languages 345
Baltic languages 5
Latvian 0
Lithuanian 5
Slavic languages 345
Belarusian 0
Bulgarian 15
Czech 20
Macedonian 0
Polish 60
Russian 165
Rusyn 0
Serbo-Croatian 45
Bosnian 0
Croatian 25
Serbian 20
Serbo-Croatian, n.i.e. 0
Slovak 5
Slovene (Slovenian) 0
Ukrainian 35
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 0
Celtic languages 0
Irish 0
Scottish Gaelic 0
Welsh 0
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 0
Germanic languages 120
Frisian 0
High German languages 85
German 80
Pennsylvania German 0
Swiss German 0
Yiddish 0
Low Saxon-Low Franconian languages 30
Afrikaans 15
Dutch 15
Low German, n.o.s. 0
Low Saxon 0
Plautdietsch 0
Vlaams (Flemish) 0
Scandinavian languages 5
Danish 0
Icelandic 0
Norwegian 0
Swedish 5
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 0
Greek 15
Indo-Iranian languages 725
Indo-Aryan languages 495
Assamese 0
Bengali 25
Gujarati 20
Hindi 125
Kacchi 0
Kashmiri 0
Konkani 0
Marathi 15
Nepali 15
Oriya languages 0
Odia 0
Oriya, n.o.s. 0
Punjabi (Panjabi) 180
Rohingya 0
Sindhi 5
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 10
Urdu 90
Indo-Aryan languages, n.i.e. 5
Iranian languages 230
Baluchi 0
Kurdish 10
Parsi 0
Pashto 20
Persian languages 205
Dari 10
Iranian Persian 185
Persian (Farsi), n.o.s. 15
Iranian languages, n.i.e. 0
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 0
Italic (Romance) languages 715
Catalan 0
Italian 45
Portuguese 210
Romanian 20
Spanish 435
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 0
Indo-European languages, n.i.e. 0
Japanese 165
Korean 320
Mongolian 0
Niger-Congo languages 15
Akan (Twi) 0
Bamanankan 0
Edo 0
Éwé 0
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 0
Ga 0
Ganda 0
Gikuyu 0
Igbo 0
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 0
Lingala 0
Luba-Kasai 0
Mòoré 0
Mwani 0
Ndebele 0
Rundi (Kirundi) 0
Shona 0
Soninke 0
Sotho-Tswana languages 0
Swahili 5
Wojenaka 0
Wolof 0
Yoruba 0
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 5
Nilo-Saharan languages 0
Dinka 0
Nuer 0
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 0
African, n.o.s. 0
Sign languages 50
American Sign Language 40
Quebec Sign Language 0
Sign languages, n.i.e. 10
Sino-Tibetan languages 1,280
Chinese languages 1,270
Hakka 0
Mandarin 675
Min Dong 0
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 5
Wu (Shanghainese) 15
Yue (Cantonese) 560
Chinese, n.o.s. 20
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 0
Tibeto-Burman languages 15
Burmese 0
Kuki-Chin languages 0
Karenic languages 0
S'gaw Karen 0
Karenic languages, n.i.e. 0
Tibetan 10
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 10
Sino-Tibetan languages, n.i.e. 0
Tai-Kadai languages 55
Lao 0
Thai 55
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e. 0
Turkic languages 45
Azerbaijani 0
Kazakh 0
Turkish 45
Uyghur 0
Uzbek 0
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 0
Uralic languages 45
Estonian 0
Finnish 10
Hungarian 30
Other languages, n.i.e. 0
Multiple responses 2,005
English and French 235
English and non-official language(s) 1,680
French and non-official language(s) 10
English, French and non-official language(s) 35
Multiple non-official languages 45
Other language spoken regularly at home
Total - Other language(s) spoken regularly at home for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% data42 89,115
None 79,630
English 2,310
French 1,135
Non-official language 4,730
Indigenous39 90
Non-Indigenous 4,640
English and French 40
English and non-official language(s) 385
French and non-official language(s) 340
English, French and non-official language(s) 10
Multiple non-official languages 540
Knowledge of languagesThe letter 'c' in a yellow triangle indicates a correction notice.
Total - Knowledge of languages for the population in private households - 25% sample data43 87,890
Official languages 87,205
English 87,180
French 11,765
Non-official languages 20,225
Indigenous languages39 355
Algonquian languages 190
Blackfoot 0
Cree-Innu languages 70
Atikamekw 0
Cree languages 70
Ililimowin (Moose Cree) 0
Inu Ayimun (Southern East Cree) 0
Iyiyiw-Ayimiwin (Northern East Cree) 0
Nehinawewin (Swampy Cree) 0
Nehiyawewin (Plains Cree) 45
Nihithawiwin (Woods Cree) 0
Cree, n.o.s. 15
Innu (Montagnais) 0
Naskapi 0
Eastern Algonquian languages 0
Mi'kmaq 0
Wolastoqewi (Malecite) 0
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 125
Anicinabemowin (Algonquin) 0
Oji-Cree 0
Ojibway languages 110
Anishinaabemowin (Chippewa) 10
Daawaamwin (Odawa) 0
Saulteau (Western Ojibway) 0
Ojibway, n.o.s. 105
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 0
Athabaskan languages 20
Northern Athabaskan languages 20
Dakelh (Carrier) 0
Dane-zaa (Beaver) 0
Dene, n.o.s. 0
Gwich'in 0
Slavey-Hare languages 0
Deh Gah Ghotie Zhatie (South Slavey) 0
Satuotine Yati (North Slavey) 0
Slavey, n.o.s. 0
Tahltan languages 0
Kaska (Nahani) 0
Tahltan 0
Tlicho (Dogrib) 0
Tse'khene (Sekani) 0
Tsilhqot'in (Chilcotin) 0
Tsuu T'ina (Sarsi) 0
Tutchone languages 0
Northern Tutchone 0
Southern Tutchone 0
Tutchone, n.o.s. 0
Wetsuwet'en-Babine 0
Tlingit 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0
Haida 0
Inuktut (Inuit) languages 25
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 0
Inuinnaqtun 0
Inuvialuktun 0
Inuktitut 25
Inuktut (Inuit) languages, n.i.e. 0
Iroquoian languages 15
Cayuga 0
Mohawk 0
Oneida 0
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 0
Ktunaxa (Kutenai) 0
Michif 10
Salish languages 25
Halkomelem 15
Lillooet 0
Ntlakapamux (Thompson) 0
Secwepemctsin (Shuswap) 0
Squamish 0
Straits 0
Syilx (Okanagan) 0
Salish languages, n.i.e. 0
Siouan languages 0
Assiniboine 0
Dakota 0
Stoney 0
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 0
Tsimshian languages 25
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 15
Nisga'a 0
Tsimshian 0
Wakashan languages 40
Haisla 0
Heiltsuk 0
Kwak'wala (Kwakiutl) 0
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 30
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0
Indigenous languages, n.i.e. 0
Indigenous languages, n.o.s. 0
Non-Indigenous languages 19,930
Afro-Asiatic languages 1,280
Berber languages 35
Kabyle 0
Tamazight 35
Berber languages, n.i.e. 0
Chadic languages 0
Hausa 0
Mina 0
Coptic 0
Cushitic languages 115
Bilen 0
Oromo 65
Somali 45
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 0
Semitic languages 1,205
Amharic 110
Arabic 880
Aramaic languages 0
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 0
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 0
Aramaic, n.o.s. 0
Harari 0
Hebrew 180
Maltese 0
Tigrigna 65
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 0
Austro-Asiatic languages 345
Khmer (Cambodian) 40
Vietnamese 295
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e 0
Austronesian languages 2,125
Bikol 0
Bisaya, n.o.s. 20
Cebuano 75
Fijian 0
Hiligaynon 40
Ilocano 145
Indonesian 70
Kankanaey 10
Kinaray-a 0
Malagasy languages 0
Merina 0
Malagasy, n.o.s. 0
Malay 50
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 0
Pangasinan 20
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 1,960
Waray-Waray 0
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 55
Creole languages 85
Haitian Creole 10
Jamaican English Creole 0
Krio 0
Morisyen 10
Sango 0
Creole, n.o.s. 25
Creole languages, n.i.e. 35
Dravidian languages 380
Kannada 10
Malayalam 190
Tamil 80
Telugu 140
Tulu 0
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 0
Georgian 10
Hmong-Mien languages 0
Indo-European languages 11,240
Albanian 75
Armenian 10
Balto-Slavic languages 1,625
Baltic languages 40
Latvian 30
Lithuanian 10
Slavic languages 1,590
Belarusian 0
Bulgarian 40
Czech 125
Macedonian 0
Polish 355
Russian 620
Rusyn 0
Serbo-Croatian 295
Bosnian 20
Croatian 130
Serbian 175
Serbo-Croatian, n.i.e. 0
Slovak 60
Slovene (Slovenian) 10
Ukrainian 210
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 0
Celtic languages 50
Irish 30
Scottish Gaelic 10
Welsh 10
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 0
Germanic languages 2,760
Frisian 25
High German languages 1,950
German 1,915
Pennsylvania German 0
Swiss German 30
Yiddish 25
Low Saxon-Low Franconian languages 605
Afrikaans 115
Dutch 475
Low German, n.o.s. 0
Low Saxon 0
Plautdietsch 0
Vlaams (Flemish) 0
Scandinavian languages 295
Danish 95
Icelandic 0
Norwegian 105
Swedish 125
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 0
Greek 90
Indo-Iranian languages 1,995
Indo-Aryan languages 1,585
Assamese 0
Bengali 130
Gujarati 120
Hindi 830
Kacchi 15
Kashmiri 0
Konkani 30
Marathi 115
Nepali 40
Oriya languages 10
Odia 10
Oriya, n.o.s. 0
Punjabi (Panjabi) 575
Rohingya 0
Sindhi 0
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 0
Urdu 295
Indo-Aryan languages, n.i.e. 25
Iranian languages 440
Baluchi 0
Kurdish 15
Parsi 0
Pashto 40
Persian languages 400
Dari 30
Iranian Persian 355
Persian (Farsi), n.o.s. 30
Iranian languages, n.i.e. 0
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 0
Italic (Romance) languages 5,290
Catalan 0
Italian 830
Portuguese 620
Romanian 60
Spanish 4,160
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 35
Indo-European languages, n.i.e. 15
Japanese 1,065
Korean 695
Mongolian 0
Niger-Congo languages 270
Akan (Twi) 50
Bamanankan 0
Edo 0
Éwé 0
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 0
Ga 0
Ganda 0
Gikuyu 0
Igbo 15
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 30
Lingala 15
Luba-Kasai 0
Mòoré 0
Mwani 0
Ndebele 10
Rundi (Kirundi) 0
Shona 15
Soninke 0
Sotho-Tswana languages 15
Swahili 95
Wojenaka 0
Wolof 10
Yoruba 0
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 40
Nilo-Saharan languages 0
Dinka 0
Nuer 0
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 0
African, n.o.s. 0
Sign languages 280
American Sign Language 240
Quebec Sign Language 0
Sign languages, n.i.e. 50
Sino-Tibetan languages 2,670
Chinese languages 2,625
Hakka 0
Mandarin 1,560
Min Dong 0
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 45
Wu (Shanghainese) 25
Yue (Cantonese) 1,360
Chinese, n.o.s. 50
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 0
Tibeto-Burman languages 50
Burmese 0
Kuki-Chin languages 0
Karenic languages 0
S'gaw Karen 0
Karenic languages, n.i.e. 0
Tibetan 35
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 0
Sino-Tibetan languages, n.i.e. 0
Tai-Kadai languages 165
Lao 15
Thai 160
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e. 0
Turkic languages 215
Azerbaijani 15
Kazakh 0
Turkish 195
Uyghur 0
Uzbek 0
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 10
Uralic languages 315
Estonian 35
Finnish 95
Hungarian 195
Other languages, n.i.e. 0
Indigenous population
Total - Indigenous identity for the population in private households - 25% sample data44 87,890
Indigenous identity45 4,365
Single Indigenous responses46 4,160
First Nations (North American Indian) 2,345
Métis 1,785
Inuk (Inuit) 25
Multiple Indigenous responses47 135
Indigenous responses not included elsewhere48 70
Non-Indigenous identity 83,530
Total - Registered or Treaty Indian status for the population in private households - 25% sample data44 87,890
Registered or Treaty Indian49 1,530
Not a Registered or Treaty Indian 86,360
Household characteristics
Total - Private households by tenure - 25% sample data50 49,225
Owner 19,455
Renter 29,765
Dwelling provided by the local government, First Nation or Indian band 0
Total - Occupied private dwellings by condominium status - 25% sample data51 49,225
Condominium 15,085
Not condominium 34,140
Total - Occupied private dwellings by number of bedrooms - 25% sample data52 49,225
No bedrooms 2,265
1 bedroom 19,425
2 bedrooms 17,385
3 bedrooms 6,435
4 or more bedrooms 3,710
Total - Occupied private dwellings by number of rooms - 25% sample data53 49,225
1 to 4 rooms 31,515
5 rooms 6,935
6 rooms 3,760
7 rooms 2,515
8 or more rooms 4,495
Average number of rooms per dwelling 4.3
Total - Private households by number of persons per room - 25% sample data54 49,225
One person or fewer per room 48,460
More than one person per room 765
Total - Private households by housing suitability - 25% sample data55 49,225
Suitable 46,495
Not suitable 2,725
Total - Occupied private dwellings by period of construction - 25% sample data56 49,225
1960 or before 15,050
1961 to 1980 16,265
1981 to 1990 4,655
1991 to 2000 4,475
2001 to 2005 1,590
2006 to 2010 2,260
2011 to 2015 1,780
2016 to 202157 3,145
Total - Occupied private dwellings by dwelling condition - 25% sample data58 49,225
Only regular maintenance and minor repairs needed 46,175
Major repairs needed 3,045
Total - Private households by number of household maintainers - 25% sample data59 49,225
One-maintainer household 29,905
Two-maintainer household 17,620
Three-or-more-maintainer household 1,700
Total - Private households by age of primary household maintainers - 25% sample data60 49,225
15 to 24 years 2,750
25 to 34 years 9,980
35 to 44 years 8,295
45 to 54 years 6,825
55 to 64 years 7,660
65 to 74 years 8,150
75 to 84 years 4,140
85 years and over 1,425
Total - Owner and tenant households with household total income greater than zero, in non-farm, non-reserve private dwellings by shelter-cost-to-income ratio - 25% sample data61 49,045
Spending less than 30% of income on shelter costs 32,375
Spending 30% or more of income on shelter costs 16,675
30% to less than 100% 14,890
Total - Occupied private dwellings by housing indicators - 25% sample data62 49,220
Total - Households 'spending 30% or more of income on shelter costs' or 'not suitable' or 'major repairs needed' 20,495
Spending 30% or more of income on shelter costs only 14,935
Not suitable only 1,805
Major repairs needed only 1,870
'Spending 30% or more of income on shelter costs' and 'not suitable' 715
'Spending 30% or more of income on shelter costs' and 'major repairs needed' 975
'Not suitable' and 'major repairs needed' 150
'Spending 30% or more of income on shelter costs' and 'not suitable' and 'major repairs needed' 60
Acceptable housing 28,725
Total - Owner and tenant households with household total income greater than zero and shelter-cost-to-income ratio less than 100%, in non-farm, non-reserve private dwellings - 25% sample data63 47,260
In core need 9,160
Not in core need 38,100
Total - Owner households in non-farm, non-reserve private dwellings - 25% sample data 19,455
% of owner households with a mortgage64 56.1
% of owner households spending 30% or more of its income on shelter costs61 21.5
% in core housing need63 8.3
Median monthly shelter costs for owned dwellings ($)65 1,310
Average monthly shelter costs for owned dwellings ($)65 1,586
Median value of dwellings ($)66 750,000
Average value of dwellings ($)66 821,000
Total - Tenant households in non-farm, non-reserve private dwellings - 25% sample data 29,765
% of tenant households in subsidized housing67 11.2
% of tenant households spending 30% or more of its income on shelter costs61 42.2
% in core housing need63 26.8
Median monthly shelter costs for rented dwellings ($)65 1,300
Average monthly shelter costs for rented dwellings ($)65 1,378
Total - Households living in a dwelling provided by the local government, First Nation or Indian band in non-farm private dwellings - 25% sample data 0
% of households living in a dwelling provided by the local government, First Nation or Indian band spending more than 30% on shelter costs61 ...
Median monthly shelter costs for dwellings provided by local government, First Nation or Indian band ($)65 ...
Average monthly shelter costs for dwellings provided by local government, First Nation or Indian band ($)65 ...
Indigenous ancestry
Total - Indigenous ancestry for the population in private households - 25% sample data68 87,890
Indigenous ancestry (only)69 1,190
Single Indigenous ancestry (only)70 1,170
First Nations (North American Indian) single ancestry 980
Métis single ancestry 185
Inuit single ancestry 10
Multiple Indigenous ancestries (only)71 15
First Nations (North American Indian) and Métis ancestry only 15
First Nations (North American Indian) and Inuit ancestry only 0
Métis and Inuit ancestry only 0
First Nations (North American Indian) and Métis and Inuit ancestry only 0
Indigenous and non-Indigenous ancestries72 4,060
Single Indigenous and non-Indigenous ancestries73 3,885
First Nations (North American Indian) and non-Indigenous ancestry only 2,715
Métis and non-Indigenous ancestry only 1,150
Inuit and non-Indigenous ancestry only 20
Multiple Indigenous and non-Indigenous ancestries74 175
First Nations (North American Indian) and Métis and non-Indigenous ancestry only 165
First Nations (North American Indian) and Inuit and non-Indigenous ancestry only 0
Métis and Inuit and non-Indigenous ancestry only 10
First Nations (North American Indian) and Métis and Inuit and non-Indigenous ancestry only 0
Non-Indigenous ancestry only75 82,640
Citizenship
Total - Citizenship for the population in private households - 25% sample data76 87,890
Canadian citizens77 80,110
Canadian citizens aged under 18 9,315
Canadian citizens aged 18 and over 70,785
Not Canadian citizens78 7,785
Immigrant status and period of immigration
Total - Immigrant status and period of immigration for the population in private households - 25% sample data79 87,890
Non-immigrants80 67,650
Immigrants81 17,580
Before 1980 5,690
1980 to 1990 1,660
1991 to 2000 2,335
2001 to 2010 2,930
2011 to 202182 4,960
2011 to 2015 1,895
2016 to 2021 3,070
Non-permanent residents83 2,660
Age at immigration
Total - Age at immigration for the immigrant population in private households - 25% sample data84 17,580
Under 5 years 1,870
5 to 14 years 2,890
15 to 24 years 3,040
25 to 44 years 8,255
45 years and over 1,525
Selected places of birth for the immigrant population
Total - Place of birth for the immigrant population in private households - 25% sample data85 17,580
Americas 3,175
Brazil 110
Colombia 125
El Salvador 55
Guyana 25
Haiti 20
Jamaica 105
Mexico 245
Peru 35
Trinidad and Tobago 40
United States of America 1,945
Other places of birth in Americas 475
Europe 6,655
Bosnia and Herzegovina 30
Croatia 40
France 160
Germany 590
Greece 30
Hungary 100
Italy 135
Netherlands 315
Poland 270
Portugal 80
Romania 95
Russian Federation 255
Serbia86 95
Ukraine 95
United Kingdom87 3,505
Other places of birth in Europe 860
Africa 1,055
Algeria 0
Congo, Democratic Republic of the 0
Egypt 55
Eritrea 55
Ethiopia 110
Morocco 95
Nigeria 50
Somalia 20
South Africa, Republic of 260
Other places of birth in Africa 390
Asia 6,365
Afghanistan 0
Iran88 260
Iraq 55
Lebanon 45
Syria89 185
Turkey 100
China90 1,110
Hong Kong91 210
Korea, South92 400
Taiwan 110
Philippines 1,845
Viet Nam 210
Bangladesh 60
India 650
Pakistan 170
Sri Lanka 25
Other places of birth in Asia 925
Oceania and other places of birth93 335
Selected places of birth for the recent immigrant population
Total - Place of birth for the recent immigrant population in private households - 25% sample data94 3,070
Americas 470
Brazil 50
Colombia 25
Haiti 0
Jamaica 20
Mexico 45
United States of America 255
Venezuela95 15
Other places of birth in Americas 65
Europe 475
France 35
Germany 50
Ireland96 40
Italy 15
Russian Federation 25
Ukraine 25
United Kingdom87 185
Other places of birth in Europe 110
Africa 300
Algeria 0
Burundi 0
Cameroon 0
Congo, Democratic Republic of the 0
Côte d'Ivoire 0
Egypt 0
Eritrea 20
Ethiopia 50
Morocco 25
Nigeria 30
Somalia 0
South Africa, Republic of 30
Sudan97 0
Tunisia 10
Other places of birth in Africa 115
Asia 1,750
Afghanistan 0
Bangladesh 30
China90 160
Hong Kong91 0
India 300
Iran88 25
Iraq 35
Israel 0
Japan 55
Jordan 10
Korea, South92 90
Lebanon 10
Nepal 0
Pakistan 75
Philippines 585
Saudi Arabia 15
Sri Lanka 0
Syria89 180
Turkey 35
United Arab Emirates 0
Viet Nam 30
Other places of birth in Asia 110
Oceania and other93 70
Australia 50
Other places of birth98 15
Generation status
Total - Generation status for the population in private households - 25% sample data99 87,890
First generation100 22,125
Second generation101 19,390
Third generation or more102 46,375
Admission category and applicant type
Total - Admission category and applicant type for the immigrant population in private households who were admitted between 1980 and 2021 - 25% sample data103 11,890
Economic immigrants104 6,710
Principal applicants105 3,295
Secondary applicants106 3,410
Immigrants sponsored by family107 4,095
Refugees108 955
Other immigrants109 125
Pre-admission experience
Total - Pre-admission experience for the immigrant population in private households who were admitted between 1980 and 2021 - 25% sample data110 11,890
Asylum claim before admission111 275
Work permits only before admission112 2,540
Study permits only before admission113 585
Work and study permits before admission114 1,075
Other permits before admission115 75
No pre-admission experience116 7,345
Visible minority
Total - Visible minority for the population in private households - 25% sample data117 87,890
Total visible minority population118 14,860
South Asian 2,540
Chinese 3,075
Black 1,510
Filipino 2,340
Arab 680
Latin American 1,120
Southeast Asian 780
West Asian 445
Korean 675
Japanese 895
Visible minority, n.i.e.119 210
Multiple visible minorities 590
Not a visible minority120 73,030
Ethnic or cultural origin
Total - Ethnic or cultural origin for the population in private households - 25% sample data121 87,890
Canadian 7,335
English 26,790
Irish 18,205
Scottish 21,660
French, n.o.s.122 8,300
German 11,540
Chinese 3,285
Italian 3,205
Indian (India) 1,790
Ukrainian 4,455
Dutch 4,030
Polish 3,240
Québécois 260
British Isles, n.o.s.123 5,785
Filipino 2,255
French Canadian 1,085
Caucasian (White), n.o.s.124 1,940
First Nations (North American Indian), n.o.s.125 1,460
Métis 1,525
European, n.o.s.126 2,410
Russian 2,195
Norwegian 3,030
Welsh 3,210
Portuguese 695
American 2,025
Spanish 1,015
Swedish 2,070
Hungarian 1,250
Acadian 335
Pakistani 190
African, n.o.s.127 450
Jewish 1,405
Punjabi 235
Vietnamese 410
Arab, n.o.s.128 285
Greek 440
Jamaican 275
Asian, n.o.s.129 365
Cree, n.o.s.130 550
Korean 675
Romanian 625
Lebanese 290
Iranian 395
Christian, n.i.e.131 220
Danish 1,385
North American Indigenous, n.o.s.132 495
Sikh 95
Austrian 1,090
Belgian 555
Haitian 30
Hindu 135
Mexican 440
Mennonite 330
Swiss 680
Finnish 805
Sri Lankan 35
Croatian 335
Japanese 1,015
South Asian, n.o.s.133 80
Mi'kmaq, n.o.s.134 210
Northern European, n.o.s.135 785
Muslim 45
Egyptian 140
Latin, Central or South American, n.o.s.136 195
Tamil 0
Icelandic 545
Colombian 185
Moroccan 120
Czech 520
Syrian 150
Guyanese 80
Afghan 25
Black, n.o.s.137 95
Serbian 295
Ojibway 215
Newfoundlander 140
Hong Konger 145
Ontarian 80
Persian 150
Trinidadian/Tobagonian 165
Turkish 225
Inuit, n.o.s.138 40
Bangladeshi 55
Algerian 10
Brazilian 225
Nigerian 120
Armenian 80
Slovak 230
Eastern European, n.o.s.139 350
Somali 50
Taiwanese 135
Iraqi 60
Salvadorean 55
African Caribbean 55
East or Southeast Asian, n.o.s.140 135
West or Central Asian or Middle Eastern, n.o.s.141 65
Caribbean, n.o.s.142 90
Algonquin 25
West Indian, n.o.s.143 30
Lithuanian 340
South African 270
Australian 365
Palestinian 40
Chilean 155
Congolese 25
Nova Scotian 80
Ethiopian 90
Hispanic, n.o.s.144 75
Peruvian 125
Yoruba 0
Cambodian (Khmer) 60
Berber 50
Albanian 95
Maltese 50
Macedonian 10
Slovenian 100
Western European, n.o.s.145 285
New Brunswicker 35
Gujarati 45
Eritrean 55
African Canadian 70
Israeli 70
Mohawk 75
Czechoslovakian, n.o.s.146 90
Bulgarian 85
Albertan 75
Ghanaian 65
Barbadian 45
African American 70
Yugoslavian, n.o.s.147 90
Tunisian 40
Slavic, n.o.s.148 90
Cuban 55
Bosnian 15
Venezuelan 100
Innu/Montagnais, n.o.s.149 0
Latvian 175
Bengali 45
Cameroonian 20
Guatemalan 30
Indonesian 80
Laotian 10
Ilocano 105
Northern Irish 145
Celtic, n.o.s.150 220
British Columbian 365
Ecuadorian 35
Franco Ontarian 0
Argentinian 55
Estonian 150
Kurdish 0
Fijian 25
Jatt 0
North American, n.o.s.151 70
Coptic 0
Thai 165
Dominican 65
Nepali 45
Kabyle 0
Assyrian 10
Igbo 10
Byelorussian 60
Dene, n.o.s.152 10
Blackfoot, n.o.s.153 25
Abenaki 0
Moldovan 15
Iroquois (Haudenosaunee), n.o.s.154 25
New Zealander 200
Sudanese 0
Breton 45
Pennsylvania Dutch 50
Malaysian 95
Plains Cree 0
North African, n.o.s.155 20
Huron (Wendat) 10
Saskatchewanian 65
Buddhist 10
Gaspesian 0
Norman 35
Southern or East African, n.o.s.156 45
Ivorian 0
Saulteaux 30
Anishinaabe, n.o.s.157 65
Burundian 0
Tigrinya 40
Nicaraguan 15
Mauritian 10
Kenyan 15
Oji-Cree 20
Vincentian 0
Jordanian 0
Manitoban 55
Cape Bretoner 30
Rwandan 25
Grenadian 40
Malayali 40
Chaldean 0
Sinhalese 0
Mayan 20
Honduran 25
Cherokee 80
Qalipu Mi'kmaq 0
Indo-Caribbean 20
Flemish 30
United Empire Loyalist 50
Senegalese 10
Azerbaijani 30
Sicilian 50
Pashtun 0
Malay 15
Goan 0
Bantu, n.o.s.158 10
Tibetan 40
Zimbabwean 50
Burmese 30
Mongolian 25
Azorean 10
Atikamekw 0
Bamileke 0
Indo-Guyanese 0
Ugandan 0
Oromo 90
Tanzanian 20
Yemeni 15
Central African 0
Libyan 60
Basque 20
Uruguayan 15
Akan, n.o.s.159 0
Central or West African, n.o.s.160 15
Igorot 20
Fulani 0
Woodland Cree 20
Guinean 0
St. Lucian 0
Prince Edward Islander 20
Maliseet 0
Beninese 0
Telugu 10
Roma 100
Costa Rican 15
African Nova Scotian 0
Malagasy 0
Kashmiri 0
Singaporean 15
Karen 0
Edo 0
Tajik 0
Amhara 0
Paraguayan 0
Religion
Total - Religion for the population in private households - 25% sample data161 87,890
Buddhist 1,220
Christian 24,930
Christian, n.o.s.162 4,410
Anabaptist 75
Anglican 4,015
Baptist 730
Catholic 8,950
Christian Orthodox 430
Jehovah's Witness 310
Latter Day Saints 115
Lutheran 580
Methodist and Wesleyan (Holiness) 115
Pentecostal and other Charismatic 520
Presbyterian 630
Reformed 45
United Church 2,475
Other Christian and Christian-related traditions 1,530
Hindu 670
Jewish 960
Muslim 1,690
Sikh 420
Traditional (North American Indigenous) spirituality 255
Other religions and spiritual traditions 1,990
No religion and secular perspectives 55,750
Mobility status 1 year ago
Total - Mobility status 1 year ago - 25% sample data163 87,305
Non-movers 69,985
Movers 17,315
Non-migrants 10,740
Migrants 6,580
Internal migrants 5,510
Intraprovincial migrants 3,120
Interprovincial migrants 2,390
External migrants 1,070
Mobility status 5 years ago
Total - Mobility status 5 years ago - 25% sample data164 85,000
Non-movers 39,975
Movers 45,025
Non-migrants 13,785
Migrants 31,235
Internal migrants 26,085
Intraprovincial migrants 18,105
Interprovincial migrants 7,980
External migrants 5,150
Secondary (high) school diploma or equivalency certificate
Total - Secondary (high) school diploma or equivalency certificate for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data165 79,470
No high school diploma or equivalency certificate 7,670
With high school diploma or equivalency certificate166 71,800
Total - Secondary (high) school diploma or equivalency certificate for the population aged 25 to 64 years in private households - 25% sample data165 51,995
No high school diploma or equivalency certificate 3,530
With high school diploma or equivalency certificate166 48,465
Highest certificate, diploma or degree
Total - Highest certificate, diploma or degree for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data165 79,470
No certificate, diploma or degree 6,500
High (secondary) school diploma or equivalency certificate167 19,035
Postsecondary certificate, diploma or degree 53,935
Postsecondary certificate or diploma below bachelor level 20,075
Apprenticeship or trades certificate or diploma 4,320
Non-apprenticeship trades certificate or diploma168 2,065
Apprenticeship certificate169 2,255
College, CEGEP or other non-university certificate or diploma170 13,235
University certificate or diploma below bachelor level 2,515
Bachelor's degree or higher 33,860
Bachelor's degree 20,635
University certificate or diploma above bachelor level 2,030
Degree in medicine, dentistry, veterinary medicine or optometry 750
Master's degree 8,625
Earned doctorate171 1,830
Total - Highest certificate, diploma or degree for the population aged 25 to 64 years in private households - 25% sample data165 52,000
No certificate, diploma or degree 2,835
High (secondary) school diploma or equivalency certificate167 10,465
Postsecondary certificate, diploma or degree 38,695
Postsecondary certificate or diploma below bachelor level 13,675
Apprenticeship or trades certificate or diploma 2,910
Non-apprenticeship trades certificate or diploma168 1,345
Apprenticeship certificate169 1,565
College, CEGEP or other non-university certificate or diploma170 9,055
University certificate or diploma below bachelor level 1,715
Bachelor's degree or higher 25,025
Bachelor's degree 15,545
University certificate or diploma above bachelor level 1,445
Degree in medicine, dentistry, veterinary medicine or optometry 525
Master's degree 6,455
Earned doctorate171 1,055
Major field of study - Classification of Instructional Programs (CIP) 2021
Total - Major field of study - Classification of Instructional Programs (CIP) 2021 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data172 79,470
No postsecondary certificate, diploma or degree173 25,535
Education 3,395
13. Education 3,395
Visual and performing arts, and communications technologies 3,235
10. Communications technologies/technicians and support services 205
50. Visual and performing arts 3,030
Humanities 4,750
16. Indigenous and foreign languages, literatures, and linguistics 550
23. English language and literature/letters 1,580
24. Liberal arts and sciences, general studies and humanities 825
30A Interdisciplinary humanities174 205
38. Philosophy and religious studies 355
39. Theology and religious vocations 245
54. History 830
55. French language and literature/lettersCAN 155
Social and behavioural sciences and law 10,400
05. Area, ethnic, cultural, gender, and group studies 340
09. Communication, journalism and related programs 1,190
19. Family and consumer sciences/human sciences 885
22. Legal professions and studies 1,260
30B Interdisciplinary social and behavioural sciences175 315
42. Psychology 2,055
45. Social sciences 4,365
Business, management and public administration 9,320
30.16 Accounting and computer science 0
44. Public administration and social service professions 1,305
52. Business, management, marketing and related support services 8,010
Physical and life sciences and technologies 2,725
26. Biological and biomedical sciences 1,315
30.01 Biological and physical sciences 430
30C Other interdisciplinary physical and life sciences176 80
40. Physical sciences 855
41. Science technologies/technicians 40
Mathematics, computer and information sciences 2,500
11. Computer and information sciences and support services 1,855
25. Library science 260
27. Mathematics and statistics 315
30D Interdisciplinary mathematics, computer and information sciences177 70
Architecture, engineering, and related trades 6,325
04. Architecture and related services 530
14. Engineering 1,990
15. Engineering/engineering-related technologies/technicians 1,275
30.12 Historic preservation and conservation 10
46. Construction trades 1,365
47. Mechanic and repair technologies/technicians 650
48. Precision production 510
Agriculture, natural resources and conservation 1,105
01. Agricultural and veterinary sciences/services/operations and related fields178 465
03. Natural resources and conservation 640
Health and related fields 7,845
30.37 Design for human health 0
31. Parks, recreation, leisure, fitness, and kinesiology 615
51. Health professions and related programs178 6,975
60. Health professions residency/fellowship programs 0
61. Medical residency/fellowship programs 255
Personal, protective and transportation services 2,290
12. Culinary, entertainment, and personal services 1,610
28. Military science, leadership and operational art 15
29. Military technologies and applied sciences 45
43. Security and protective services 310
49. Transportation and materials moving 315
Other179 55
Total - Major field of study - Classification of Instructional Programs (CIP) 2021 for the population aged 25 to 64 years in private households - 25% sample data172 51,995
No postsecondary certificate, diploma or degree173 13,305
Education 1,845
13. Education 1,845
Visual and performing arts, and communications technologies 2,395
10. Communications technologies/technicians and support services 130
50. Visual and performing arts 2,260
Humanities 3,265
16. Indigenous and foreign languages, literatures, and linguistics 355
23. English language and literature/letters 1,080
24. Liberal arts and sciences, general studies and humanities 620
30A Interdisciplinary humanities174 150
38. Philosophy and religious studies 265
39. Theology and religious vocations 105
54. History 595
55. French language and literature/lettersCAN 95
Social and behavioural sciences and law 7,800
05. Area, ethnic, cultural, gender, and group studies 275
09. Communication, journalism and related programs 985
19. Family and consumer sciences/human sciences 665
22. Legal professions and studies 915
30B Interdisciplinary social and behavioural sciences175 255
42. Psychology 1,410
45. Social sciences 3,305
Business, management and public administration 6,695
30.16 Accounting and computer science 0
44. Public administration and social service professions 965
52. Business, management, marketing and related support services 5,735
Physical and life sciences and technologies 1,995
26. Biological and biomedical sciences 1,025
30.01 Biological and physical sciences 310
30C Other interdisciplinary physical and life sciences176 70
40. Physical sciences 580
41. Science technologies/technicians 20
Mathematics, computer and information sciences 2,015
11. Computer and information sciences and support services 1,635
25. Library science 140
27. Mathematics and statistics 200
30D Interdisciplinary mathematics, computer and information sciences177 40
Architecture, engineering, and related trades 4,570
04. Architecture and related services 415
14. Engineering 1,530
15. Engineering/engineering-related technologies/technicians 815
30.12 Historic preservation and conservation 0
46. Construction trades 1,020
47. Mechanic and repair technologies/technicians 450
48. Precision production 335
Agriculture, natural resources and conservation 895
01. Agricultural and veterinary sciences/services/operations and related fields178 345
03. Natural resources and conservation 550
Health and related fields 5,500
30.37 Design for human health 0
31. Parks, recreation, leisure, fitness, and kinesiology 450
51. Health professions and related programs178 4,890
60. Health professions residency/fellowship programs 0
61. Medical residency/fellowship programs 150
Personal, protective and transportation services 1,685
12. Culinary, entertainment, and personal services 1,175
28. Military science, leadership and operational art 0
29. Military technologies and applied sciences 30
43. Security and protective services 255
49. Transportation and materials moving 215
Other179 45
Location of study compared with province or territory of residence
Total - Location of study compared with province or territory of residence for the population aged 25 to 64 years in private households - 25% sample data180 51,995
No postsecondary certificate, diploma or degree 13,305
Postsecondary certificate, diploma or degree181 38,695
Location of study inside Canada 31,795
Same as province or territory of residence 22,345
Different than province or territory of residence 9,450
Location of study outside Canada182 6,900
Americas 1,975
United States of America 1,390
Mexico 145
Cuba 10
Haiti 0
Jamaica 10
Brazil 155
Colombia 55
Peru 55
Venezuela95 35
Other locations of study in Americas 125
Europe 1,925
Belgium 10
France 110
Germany 110
Netherlands 65
Switzerland 40
Hungary 10
Moldova183 0
Poland 35
Romania 15
Russian Federation 95
Ukraine 55
Ireland96 80
United Kingdom87 975
Bosnia and Herzegovina 0
Italy 60
Serbia86 35
Other locations of study in Europe 215
Africa 255
Nigeria 10
Algeria 0
Morocco 30
Tunisia 15
Egypt 20
South Africa, Republic of 80
Other locations of study in Africa 110
Asia 2,365
Iran88 100
Iraq 15
Israel 15
Lebanon 20
Syria89 25
Turkey 50
China90 215
Taiwan 10
Hong Kong91 45
Japan 195
Korea, South92 200
Philippines 870
Viet Nam 30
Bangladesh 10
Sri Lanka 0
India 380
Pakistan 45
Other locations of study in Asia 135
Oceania 390
Australia 325
New Zealand 60
Other locations of study in Oceania 0
Labour force status
Total - Population aged 15 years and over by labour force status - 25% sample data184 79,470
In the labour force 53,400
Employed 49,070
Unemployed 4,330
Not in the labour force 26,075
Participation rate 67.2
Employment rate 61.7
Unemployment rate 8.1
Work activity during the reference year
Total - Population aged 15 years and over by work activity during the reference year - 25% sample data185 79,470
Did not work186 26,000
Worked 53,470
Worked full year full time187 27,030
Worked part year and/or part time188 26,445
Average weeks worked in reference year 41.2
Class of worker including job permanency
Total - Labour force aged 15 years and over by class of worker including job permanency - 25% sample data189 53,400
Class of worker - not applicable190 870
All classes of workers191 52,535
Employee 44,135
Permanent position 36,595
Temporary position 7,545
Fixed term (1 year or more) 2,595
Casual, seasonal or short-term position (less than 1 year) 4,950
Self-employed192 8,390
Occupation - Broad category - National Occupational Classification (NOC) 2021
Total - Labour force aged 15 years and over by occupation - Broad category - National Occupational Classification (NOC) 2021 - 25% sample data193 53,400
Occupation - not applicable190 870
All occupations191 52,535
0 Legislative and senior management occupations 760
1 Business, finance and administration occupations 9,385
2 Natural and applied sciences and related occupations 5,270
3 Health occupations 4,965
4 Occupations in education, law and social, community and government services 8,850
5 Occupations in art, culture, recreation and sport 2,915
6 Sales and service occupations 13,395
7 Trades, transport and equipment operators and related occupations 5,485
8 Natural resources, agriculture and related production occupations 755
9 Occupations in manufacturing and utilities 745
Industry - Sectors - North American Industry Classification System (NAICS) 2017
Total - Labour force aged 15 years and over by industry - Sectors - North American Industry Classification System (NAICS) 2017 - 25% sample data194 53,400
Industry - not applicable190 870
All industries191 52,535
11 Agriculture, forestry, fishing and hunting 330
21 Mining, quarrying, and oil and gas extraction 130
22 Utilities 80
23 Construction 2,955
31-33 Manufacturing 1,530
41 Wholesale trade 640
44-45 Retail trade 5,385
48-49 Transportation and warehousing 1,435
51 Information and cultural industries 1,325
52 Finance and insurance 1,305
53 Real estate and rental and leasing 1,135
54 Professional, scientific and technical services 6,170
55 Management of companies and enterprises 90
56 Administrative and support, waste management and remediation services 2,470
61 Educational services 4,450
62 Health care and social assistance 7,855
71 Arts, entertainment and recreation 1,550
72 Accommodation and food services 4,690
81 Other services (except public administration) 2,090
91 Public administration 6,915
All languages used at work
Total - All languages used at work for the population in private households aged 15 years and over who worked since January 1, 2020 - 25% sample data195 56,845
English 54,690
French 100
Non-official language 110
Indigenous39 0
Non-Indigenous 110
English and French 795
English and non-official language(s) 1,070
French and non-official language(s) 0
English, French and non-official language(s) 65
Multiple non-official languages 10
Language used most often at work
Total - Language used most often at work for the population aged 15 years and over who worked since January 1, 2020, in private households, 2021 Census - 25% sample data196 56,845
Single responses 56,605
Official languages 56,345
English 56,120
French 225
Non-official languages 265
Indigenous languages39 0
Algonquian languages 0
Blackfoot 0
Cree-Innu languages 0
Atikamekw 0
Cree languages 0
Ililimowin (Moose Cree) 0
Inu Ayimun (Southern East Cree) 0
Iyiyiw-Ayimiwin (Northern East Cree) 0
Nehinawewin (Swampy Cree) 0
Nehiyawewin (Plains Cree) 0
Nihithawiwin (Woods Cree) 0
Cree, n.o.s. 0
Innu (Montagnais) 0
Naskapi 0
Eastern Algonquian languages 0
Mi'kmaq 0
Wolastoqewi (Malecite) 0
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 0
Anicinabemowin (Algonquin) 0
Oji-Cree 0
Ojibway languages 0
Anishinaabemowin (Chippewa) 0
Daawaamwin (Odawa) 0
Saulteau (Western Ojibway) 0
Ojibway, n.o.s. 0
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 0
Athabaskan languages 0
Northern Athabaskan languages 0
Dakelh (Carrier) 0
Dane-zaa (Beaver) 0
Dene, n.o.s. 0
Gwich'in 0
Slavey-Hare languages 0
Deh Gah Ghotie Zhatie (South Slavey) 0
Satuotine Yati (North Slavey) 0
Slavey, n.o.s. 0
Tahltan languages 0
Tlicho (Dogrib) 0
Tse'khene (Sekani) 0
Tsilhqot'in (Chilcotin) 0
Tsuu T'ina (Sarsi) 0
Tutchone languages 0
Northern Tutchone 0
Southern Tutchone 0
Tutchone, n.o.s. 0
Wetsuwet'en-Babine 0
Tlingit 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0
Haida 0
Inuktut (Inuit) languages 0
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 0
Inuinnaqtun 0
Inuvialuktun 0
Inuktitut 0
Inuktut (Inuit) languages, n.i.e. 0
Iroquoian languages 0
Mohawk 0
Oneida 0
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 0
Ktunaxa (Kutenai) 0
Michif 0
Salish languages 0
Halkomelem 0
Lillooet 0
Ntlakapamux (Thompson) 0
Secwepemctsin (Shuswap) 0
Squamish 0
Straits 0
Syilx (Okanagan) 0
Salish languages, n.i.e. 0
Siouan languages 0
Assiniboine 0
Dakota 0
Stoney 0
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 0
Tsimshian languages 0
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 0
Nisga'a 0
Tsimshian 0
Wakashan languages 0
Haisla 0
Heiltsuk 0
Kwak'wala (Kwakiutl) 0
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0
Indigenous languages, n.i.e. 0
Indigenous languages, n.o.s. 0
Non-Indigenous languages 260
Afro-Asiatic languages 0
Berber languages 0
Kabyle 0
Tamazight 0
Berber languages, n.i.e. 0
Chadic languages 0
Coptic 0
Cushitic languages 0
Bilen 0
Oromo 0
Somali 0
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 0
Semitic languages 0
Amharic 0
Arabic 0
Aramaic languages 0
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 0
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 0
Aramaic, n.o.s. 0
Hebrew 0
Tigrigna 0
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 0
Austro-Asiatic languages 10
Khmer (Cambodian) 0
Vietnamese 10
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 0
Austronesian languages 0
Bikol 0
Bisaya, n.o.s. 0
Cebuano 0
Hiligaynon 0
Ilocano 0
Indonesian 0
Kankanaey 0
Malagasy languages 0
Malay 0
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 0
Pangasinan 0
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 0
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 0
Creole languages 0
Haitian Creole 0
Jamaican English Creole 0
Morisyen 0
Creole, n.o.s. 0
Creole languages, n.i.e. 0
Dravidian languages 0
Kannada 0
Malayalam 0
Tamil 0
Telugu 0
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 0
Georgian 0
Indo-European languages 70
Albanian 0
Armenian 0
Balto-Slavic languages 10
Baltic languages 0
Latvian 0
Lithuanian 0
Slavic languages 10
Bulgarian 0
Czech 0
Macedonian 0
Polish 0
Russian 0
Serbo-Croatian 0
Bosnian 0
Croatian 0
Serbian 0
Serbo-Croatian, n.i.e. 0
Slovak 0
Slovene (Slovenian) 0
Ukrainian 0
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 0
Celtic languages 0
Scottish Gaelic 0
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 0
Germanic languages 15
Frisian 0
High German languages 10
German 10
Pennsylvania German 0
Swiss German 0
Yiddish 0
Low Saxon-Low Franconian languages 0
Afrikaans 0
Dutch 0
Low German, n.o.s. 0
Low Saxon 0
Plautdietsch 0
Vlaams (Flemish) 0
Scandinavian languages 0
Danish 0
Icelandic 0
Norwegian 0
Swedish 0
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 0
Greek 0
Indo-Iranian languages 0
Indo-Aryan languages 0
Bengali 0
Gujarati 0
Hindi 0
Kacchi 0
Marathi 0
Nepali 0
Punjabi (Panjabi) 0
Sindhi 0
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 0
Urdu 0
Indo-Aryan languages, n.i.e. 0
Iranian languages 0
Kurdish 0
Pashto 0
Persian languages 0
Dari 0
Iranian Persian 0
Persian (Farsi), n.o.s. 0
Iranian languages, n.i.e. 0
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 0
Italic (Romance) languages 45
Catalan 0
Italian 0
Portuguese 15
Romanian 0
Spanish 30
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 0
Indo-European languages, n.i.e. 0
Japanese 40
Korean 0
Mongolian 0
Niger-Congo languages 0
Akan (Twi) 0
Edo 0
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 0
Ga 0
Ganda 0
Igbo 0
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 0
Lingala 0
Rundi (Kirundi) 0
Shona 0
Swahili 0
Wolof 0
Yoruba 0
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 0
Nilo-Saharan languages 0
Dinka 0
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 0
Sign languages 0
American Sign Language 0
Quebec Sign Language 0
Sign languages, n.i.e. 0
Sino-Tibetan languages 90
Chinese languages 90
Hakka 0
Mandarin 35
Min Dong 0
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 0
Wu (Shanghainese) 0
Yue (Cantonese) 55
Chinese, n.o.s. 0
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 0
Tibeto-Burman languages 0
Burmese 0
Karenic languages 0
S'gaw Karen 0
Karenic languages, n.i.e. 0
Tibetan 0
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 0
Sino-Tibetan languages, n.i.e. 0
Tai-Kadai languages 20
Lao 0
Thai 20
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e. 0
Turkic languages 0
Azerbaijani 0
Turkish 0
Uyghur 0
Uzbek 0
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 0
Uralic languages 10
Estonian 0
Finnish 10
Hungarian 0
Other languages, n.i.e. 0
Multiple responses 235
English and French 75
English and non-official language(s) 150
French and non-official language(s) 0
English, French and non-official language(s) 0
Multiple non-official languages 0
Other language(s) used regularly at work
Total - Other language(s) used regularly at work for the population in private households aged 15 years and over who worked since January 1, 2020 - 25% sample data197 56,845
None 55,110
English 250
French 605
Non-official language 705
Indigenous39 25
Non-Indigenous 675
English and French 0
English and non-official language(s) 15
French and non-official language(s) 50
English, French and non-official language(s) 0
Multiple non-official languages 100
Place of work status
Total - Place of work status for the employed labour force aged 15 years and over - 25% sample data198 49,065
Worked at home 14,725
Worked outside Canada 110
No fixed workplace address 5,195
Usual place of work 29,040
Commuting destination
Total - Commuting destination for the employed labour force aged 15 years and over with a usual place of work - 25% sample data199 29,040
Commute within census subdivision (CSD) of residence 18,330
Commute to a different census subdivision (CSD) within census division (CD) of residence 10,050
Commute to a different census subdivision (CSD) and census division (CD) within province or territory of residence 495
Commute to a different province or territory 155
Main mode of commuting
Total - Main mode of commuting for the employed labour force aged 15 years and over with a usual place of work or no fixed workplace address - 25% sample data200 34,230
Car, truck or van 18,245
Car, truck or van - as a driver 16,695
Car, truck or van - as a passenger 1,550
Public transit 3,800
Walked 7,690
Bicycle 3,300
Other method 1,200
Commuting duration
Total - Commuting duration for the employed labour force aged 15 years and over with a usual place of work or no fixed workplace address - 25% sample data201 34,230
Less than 15 minutes 12,885
15 to 29 minutes 14,570
30 to 44 minutes 4,840
45 to 59 minutes 1,105
60 minutes and over 830
Time leaving for work
Total - Time leaving for work for the employed labour force aged 15 years and over with a usual place of work or no fixed workplace address - 25% sample data202 34,230
Between 5 a.m. and 5:59 a.m. 1,010
Between 6 a.m. and 6:59 a.m. 4,390
Between 7 a.m. and 7:59 a.m. 8,825
Between 8 a.m. and 8:59 a.m. 9,095
Between 9 a.m. and 11:59 a.m. 6,160
Between 12 p.m. and 4:59 a.m. 4,745
Children eligible for instruction in the minority official language
Total - Eligibility for instruction in the minority official language for the population in private households born in 2003 or later - 100% data203 10,175
Children eligible for instruction in the minority official language 855
Children not eligible for instruction in the minority official language 9,325
Eligibility and instruction in the minority official language for school-aged children
Total - Eligibility and instruction in the minority official language, for the population in private households born between 2003 and 2015 (inclusive) - 100% data204 7,065
Children eligible for instruction in the minority official language 610
Eligible children who have been instructed in the minority official language at the primary or secondary level in Canada 300
Eligible children who have not been instructed in the minority official language at the primary or secondary level in Canada 305
Children not eligible for instruction in the minority official language 6,455

Symbol legend

Source

Source: Statistics Canada, 2021 Census of Population.

How to cite

How to cite: Statistics Canada. 2023. (table). Census Profile. 2021 Census of Population. Statistics Canada Catalogue no. 98-316-X2021001. Ottawa. Released November 15, 2023.
https://www12.statcan.gc.ca/census-recensement/2021/dp-pd/prof/index.cfm?Lang=E (accessed June 15, 2024).

Note(s):

Date modified: