Census Profile, 2021 Census of Population
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Topic:
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Age
Age characteristics
Commuting
Select all: Commuting
Commuting destination
Commuting duration
Main mode of commuting
Place of work status
Time leaving for work
Education
Select all: Education
Highest certificate, diploma or degree
Location of study compared with province or territory of residence
Major field of study - Classification of Instructional Programs (CIP) 2021
Secondary (high) school diploma or equivalency certificate
Ethnocultural and religious diversity
Select all: Ethnocultural and religious diversity
Ethnic or cultural origin
Religion
Visible minority
Families, households, and marital status
Select all: Families, households, and marital status
Family characteristics
Household type
Marital status
Housing
Household characteristics
Immigration, place of birth, and citizenship
Select all: Immigration, place of birth, and citizenship
Admission category and applicant type
Age at immigration
Citizenship
Generation status
Immigrant status and period of immigration
Pre-admission experience
Selected places of birth for the immigrant population
Selected places of birth for the recent immigrant population
Income
Select all: Income
Income of economic families in 2020
Income of households in 2020
Income of individuals in 2019
Income of individuals in 2020
Low income and income inequality in 2020
Indigenous peoples
Select all: Indigenous peoples
Indigenous ancestry
Indigenous population
Instruction in the minority official language
Select all: Instruction in the minority official language
Children eligible for instruction in the minority official language
Eligibility and instruction in the minority official language for school-aged children
Labour
Select all: Labour
Class of worker including job permanency
Industry - Sectors - North American Industry Classification System (NAICS) 2017
Labour force status
Occupation - Broad category - National Occupational Classification (NOC) 2021
Work activity during the reference year
Language
Select all: Language
All languages spoken at home
First official language spoken
Knowledge of languages
Knowledge of official languages
Language spoken most often at home
Mother tongue
Other language spoken regularly at home
Language of work
Select all: Language of work
All languages used at work
Language used most often at work
Other language(s) used regularly at work
Mobility and migration
Select all: Mobility and migration
Mobility status 1 year ago
Mobility status 5 years ago
Population and dwelling counts
Population and dwellings
Type of dwelling
Household and dwelling characteristics
GenderMore information:


Statistic:
Characteristic Vancouver, City (CY)More information:
British Columbia
[Census subdivision]
Counts
Total
Population and dwellings
Population, 20211 662,248
Population, 20161 631,486
Population percentage change, 2016 to 2021 4.9
Total private dwellings2 328,347
Private dwellings occupied by usual residents3 305,336
Population density per square kilometre 5,749.9
Land area in square kilometres 115.18
Age characteristics
Total - Age groups of the population - 100% data 662,250
0 to 14 years 70,570
0 to 4 years 23,840
5 to 9 years 23,070
10 to 14 years 23,660
15 to 64 years 478,960
15 to 19 years 26,315
20 to 24 years 43,290
25 to 29 years 67,155
30 to 34 years 69,225
35 to 39 years 57,330
40 to 44 years 45,075
45 to 49 years 42,045
50 to 54 years 44,840
55 to 59 years 44,360
60 to 64 years 39,320
65 years and over 112,720
65 to 69 years 34,590
70 to 74 years 30,055
75 to 79 years 18,520
80 to 84 years 13,865
85 years and over 15,695
85 to 89 years 9,425
90 to 94 years 4,685
95 to 99 years 1,350
100 years and over 235
Total - Distribution (%) of the population by broad age groups - 100% data 100.0
0 to 14 years 10.7
15 to 64 years 72.3
65 years and over 17.0
85 years and over 2.4
Average age of the population 42.2
Median age of the population 39.6
Household and dwelling characteristics
Total - Occupied private dwellings by structural type of dwelling - 100% data 305,335
Single-detached house 44,750
Semi-detached house 4,800
Row house 10,815
Apartment or flat in a duplex 54,305
Apartment in a building that has fewer than five storeys 95,120
Apartment in a building that has five or more storeys 94,815
Other single-attached house 695
Movable dwelling4 20
Total - Private households by household size - 100% data 305,335
1 person 119,805
2 persons 100,730
3 persons 38,600
4 persons 29,140
5 or more persons 17,060
Number of persons in private households 650,380
Average household size 2.1
Marital status
Total - Marital status for the total population aged 15 years and over - 100% data 591,675
Married or living common-law 298,085
Married 230,735
Living common-law 67,350
Living common law - Never married 57,990
Living common law - Separated 1,120
Living common law - Divorced 7,740
Living common law - Widowed 500
Not married and not living common-law 293,585
Not married and not living common law - Never married 218,140
Not married and not living common law - Separated 13,790
Not married and not living common law - Divorced 37,675
Not married and not living common law - Widowed 23,985
Family characteristics
Total - Census families in private households by family size - 100% data5 168,660
2 persons 96,975
3 persons 35,905
4 persons 28,165
5 or more persons 7,615
Average size of census families 2.7
Average number of children in census families with children6 1.6
Total number of census families in private households - 100% data 168,660
Total couple families 142,595
Married couples 108,925
With children6 58,130
Without children 50,790
Common-law couples 33,675
With children6 5,370
Without children 28,305
Total one-parent families 26,060
in which the parent is a woman+ 21,285
in which the parent is a man+ 4,780
Total - Persons in private households - 100% data 650,380
Total - Persons in census families 454,055
Married spouses or common-law partners 285,190
Parents in one-parent families 26,065
Children6 142,800
In a two-parent family 106,565
In a one-parent family 36,235
Total - Persons not in census families in private households - 100% data 196,325
Living alone 119,805
Living with other relatives7 19,650
Living with non-relatives only 56,870
Household type
Total - Household type - 100% data 305,335
One-census-family households without additional persons 142,375
Couple-family households 122,210
With children6 53,125
Without children 69,085
One-parent-family households 20,160
Multigenerational households8 8,260
Multiple-census-family households9 2,030
One-census-family households with additional persons9 9,045
Two-or-more-person non-census-family households 23,825
One-person households 119,805
Income of individuals in 2020
Total - Income statistics in 2020 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data10 580,010
Number of total income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2020 - 100% data 563,730
Median total income in 2020 among recipients ($) 42,000
Number of after-tax income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2020 - 100% data 564,040
Median after-tax income in 2020 among recipients ($) 38,000
Number of market income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2020 - 100% data 508,185
Median market income in 2020 among recipients ($) 38,800
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2020 - 100% data 415,915
Median employment income in 2020 among recipients ($) 41,200
Number of government transfers recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2020 - 100% data 454,870
Median government transfers in 2020 among recipients ($) 8,200
Number of employment insurance benefits recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2020 - 100% data 49,505
Median employment insurance benefits in 2020 among recipients ($) 5,480
Number of COVID-19 emergency and recovery benefits recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2020 - 100% data 170,155
Median COVID-19 emergency and recovery benefits in 2020 among recipients ($) 9,500
Total - Income statistics in 2020 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data11 580,010
Number of total income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2020 - 25% sample data 563,600
Average total income in 2020 among recipients ($) 62,250
Number of after-tax income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2020 - 25% sample data 563,910
Average after-tax income in 2020 among recipients ($) 50,080
Number of market income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2020 - 25% sample data 508,140
Average market income in 2020 among recipients ($) 60,150
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2020 - 25% sample data 415,915
Average employment income in 2020 among recipients ($) 58,700
Number of government transfers recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2020 - 25% sample data 454,215
Average government transfers in 2020 among recipients ($) 9,940
Number of employment insurance benefits recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2020 - 25% sample data 49,585
Average employment insurance benefits in 2020 among recipients ($) 6,410
Number of COVID-19 emergency and recovery benefits recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2020 - 25% sample data 169,180
Average COVID-19 emergency and recovery benefits in 2020 among recipients ($) 9,610
Total - Employment income statistics in 2020 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data12 580,010
Number of employment income recipients in 2020 who worked full-year full-time in 2020 - 25% sample data13 192,635
Median employment income in 2020 for full-year full-time workers in 2020 ($)14 69,500
Average employment income in 2020 for full-year full-time workers in 2020 ($)15 90,200
Number of employment income recipients in 2020 who worked part-year or part-time in 2020 - 25% sample data16 173,660
Median employment income in 2020 of those who worked part-year or part-time in 2020 ($) 20,200
Average employment income in 2020 of those who worked part-year or part-time in 2020 ($) 33,400
Composition of total income in 2020 of the population aged 15 years and over in private households (%) - 25% sample data17 100.0
Market income (%)18 87.2
Employment income (%)19 69.6
Government transfers (%)20 12.9
Employment insurance benefits (%) 0.9
COVID-19 - Government income support and benefits (%) 5.6
COVID-19 - Emergency and recovery benefits (%) 4.6
Total - Total income groups in 2020 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data21 580,010
Without total income 16,285
With total income 563,730
Under $10,000 (including loss) 55,370
$10,000 to $19,999 61,180
$20,000 to $29,999 86,405
$30,000 to $39,999 67,875
$40,000 to $49,999 55,555
$50,000 to $59,999 46,055
$60,000 to $69,999 37,150
$70,000 to $79,999 30,195
$80,000 to $89,999 24,045
$90,000 to $99,999 19,545
$100,000 and over 80,345
$100,000 to $149,999 46,155
$150,000 and over 34,195
Total - After-tax income groups in 2020 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data22 580,010
Without after-tax income 15,975
With after-tax income 564,035
Under $10,000 (including loss) 57,995
$10,000 to $19,999 63,245
$20,000 to $29,999 97,585
$30,000 to $39,999 77,280
$40,000 to $49,999 63,640
$50,000 to $59,999 50,160
$60,000 to $69,999 38,210
$70,000 to $79,999 29,320
$80,000 to $89,999 21,470
$90,000 to $99,999 14,965
$100,000 and over 50,165
$100,000 to $124,999 21,515
$125,000 and over 28,645
Total - Employment income groups in 2020 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data19 580,010
Without employment income 164,095
With employment income 415,915
Under $5,000 (including loss) 51,110
$5,000 to $9,999 33,650
$10,000 to $19,999 48,115
$20,000 to $29,999 36,415
$30,000 to $39,999 34,295
$40,000 to $49,999 34,220
$50,000 to $59,999 32,385
$60,000 to $69,999 27,390
$70,000 to $79,999 22,615
$80,000 to $89,999 19,180
$90,000 to $99,999 15,870
$100,000 and over 60,670
$100,000 to $124,999 23,930
$125,000 and over 36,740
Income of individuals in 2019
Total - Income statistics in 2019 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data23 580,010
Number of total income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2019 - 100% data 545,310
Median total income in 2019 among recipients ($) 39,200
Number of after-tax income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2019 - 100% data 546,235
Median after-tax income in 2019 among recipients ($) 35,200
Number of market income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2019 - 100% data 499,605
Median market income in 2019 among recipients ($) 39,600
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2019 - 100% data 418,280
Median employment income in 2019 among recipients ($) 40,400
Number of government transfers recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2019 - 100% data 356,615
Median government transfers in 2019 among recipients ($) 1,680
Number of employment insurance benefits recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2019 -100% data 25,265
Median employment insurance benefits in 2019 among recipients ($) 5,640
Total - Income statistics in 2019 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data24 580,010
Number of total income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2019 - 25% sample data 544,950
Average total income in 2019 among recipients ($) 59,550
Number of after-tax income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2019 - 25% sample data 545,825
Average after-tax income in 2019 among recipients ($) 47,800
Number of market income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2019 - 25% sample data 499,235
Average market income in 2019 among recipients ($) 60,450
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2019 - 25% sample data 418,215
Average employment income in 2019 among recipients ($) 56,800
Number of government transfers recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2019 - 25% sample data 356,225
Average government transfers in 2019 among recipients ($) 6,420
Number of employment insurance benefits recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2019 - 25% sample data 25,615
Average employment insurance benefits in 2019 among recipients ($) 7,390
Total - Employment income statistics in 2019 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data25 580,010
Number of employment income recipients in 2019 who worked full-year full-time in 2020 - 25% sample data13 189,135
Median employment income in 2019 for full-year full-time workers in 2020 ($)14 63,200
Average employment income in 2019 for full-year full-time workers in 2020 ($)15 82,600
Number of employment income recipients in 2019 who worked part-year or part-time in 2020 - 25% sample data16 162,990
Median employment income in 2019 of those who worked part-year or part-time in 2020 ($) 26,800
Average employment income in 2019 of those who worked part-year or part-time in 2020 ($) 39,840
Composition of total income in 2019 of the population aged 15 years and over in private households (%) - 25% sample data 100.0
Market income (%) 93.0
Employment income (%) 73.2
Government transfers (%) 7.0
Employment insurance benefits (%) 0.6
Income of households in 2020
Total - Income statistics for private households - 100% data26 305,335
Median total income of household in 2020 ($) 82,000
Median after-tax income of household in 2020 ($) 72,000
Total - Income statistics for one-person private households - 100% data 119,805
Median total income of one-person households in 2020 ($) 46,400
Median after-tax income of one-person households in 2020 ($) 41,600
Total - Income statistics for two-or-more-persons private households - 100% data 185,530
Median total income of two-or-more-person households in 2020 ($) 112,000
Median after-tax income of two-or-more-person households in 2020 ($) 99,000
Total - Income statistics for private households - 25% sample data27 305,335
Average total income of household in 2020 ($) 114,900
Average after-tax income of household in 2020 ($) 92,500
Total - Income statistics for one-person private households - 25% sample data 119,745
Average total income of one-person households in 2020 ($) 63,300
Average after-tax income of one-person households in 2020 ($) 51,200
Total - Income statistics for two-or-more-persons private households - 25% sample data 185,595
Average total income of two-or-more-person households in 2020 ($) 148,200
Average after-tax income of two-or-more-person households in 2020 ($) 119,200
Total - Household total income groups in 2020 for private households - 100% data21 305,335
Under $5,000 7,260
$5,000 to $9,999 2,990
$10,000 to $14,999 4,025
$15,000 to $19,999 8,210
$20,000 to $24,999 14,595
$25,000 to $29,999 10,570
$30,000 to $34,999 10,515
$35,000 to $39,999 11,620
$40,000 to $44,999 10,450
$45,000 to $49,999 10,315
$50,000 to $59,999 20,760
$60,000 to $69,999 19,740
$70,000 to $79,999 18,775
$80,000 to $89,999 17,225
$90,000 to $99,999 15,485
$100,000 and over 122,810
$100,000 to $124,999 31,225
$125,000 to $149,999 23,270
$150,000 to $199,999 29,850
$200,000 and over 38,465
Total - Household after-tax income groups in 2020 for private households - 100% data22 305,335
Under $5,000 8,305
$5,000 to $9,999 3,055
$10,000 to $14,999 4,095
$15,000 to $19,999 8,565
$20,000 to $24,999 15,495
$25,000 to $29,999 12,065
$30,000 to $34,999 12,080
$35,000 to $39,999 13,130
$40,000 to $44,999 12,385
$45,000 to $49,999 12,390
$50,000 to $59,999 24,430
$60,000 to $69,999 22,815
$70,000 to $79,999 20,975
$80,000 to $89,999 18,315
$90,000 to $99,999 15,955
$100,000 and over 101,285
$100,000 to $124,999 31,545
$125,000 to $149,999 22,240
$150,000 and over 47,500
Income of economic families in 2020
Total - Income statistics for economic families in private households - 100% data28 167,155
Median total income of economic family in 2020 ($) 113,000
Median after-tax income of economic family in 2020 ($) 99,000
Average family size of economic families 2.8
Total - Income statistics for couple-only economic families in private households - 100% data 72,300
Median total income of couple-only economic families in 2020 ($) 106,000
Median after-tax income of couple-only economic families in 2020 ($) 92,000
Average family size of couple-only economic families 2.0
Total - Income statistics for couple-with-children economic families in private households - 100% data 63,570
Median total income of couple-with-children economic families in 2020 ($) 144,000
Median after-tax income of couple-with-children economic families in 2020 ($) 125,000
Average family size of couple-with-children economic families 3.9
Total - Income statistics for one-parent economic families in private households - 100% data 23,830
Median total income of one-parent economic families in 2020 ($) 72,500
Median after-tax income of one-parent economic families in 2020 ($) 66,500
Average family size of one-parent economic families 2.5
Total - Income statistics for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families in private households - 100% data29 176,675
Median total income in 2020 ($)30 40,800
Median after-tax income in 2020 ($)30 37,200
Total - Income statistics for economic families in private households - 25% sample data31 167,290
Average total income of economic family in 2020 ($) 151,000
Average after-tax income of economic family in 2020 ($) 120,400
Total - Income statistics for couple-only economic families in private households - 25% sample data 72,225
Average total income of couple-only economic families in 2020 ($) 140,000
Average after-tax income of couple-only economic families in 2020 ($) 111,400
Total - Income statistics for couple-with-children economic families in private households - 25% sample data 63,625
Average total income of couple-with-children economic families in 2020 ($) 189,800
Average after-tax income of couple-with-children economic families in 2020 ($) 149,600
Total - Income statistics for one-parent economic families in private households - 25% sample data 23,690
Average total income of one-parent economic families in 2020 ($) 91,300
Average after-tax income of one-parent economic families in 2020 ($) 76,000
Total - Income statistics for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families in private households - 25% sample data32 176,080
Average total income in 2020 ($)30 55,850
Average after-tax income in 2020 ($)30 46,080
Low income and income inequality in 2020
Total - LIM low-income status in 2020 for the population in private households - 100% data33 650,380
0 to 17 years 85,590
0 to 5 years 28,350
18 to 64 years 457,950
65 years and over 106,840
In low income based on the Low-income measure, after tax (LIM-AT) 86,125
0 to 17 years 11,150
0 to 5 years 3,325
18 to 64 years 55,890
65 years and over 19,085
Prevalence of low income based on the Low-income measure, after tax (LIM-AT) (%) 13.2
0 to 17 years (%) 13.0
0 to 5 years (%) 11.7
18 to 64 years (%) 12.2
65 years and over (%) 17.9
Total - LICO low-income status in 2020 for the population in private households to whom the low-income concept is applicable - 100% data33 650,380
0 to 17 years 85,590
0 to 5 years 28,345
18 to 64 years 457,945
65 years and over 106,845
In low income based on the Low-income cut-offs, after tax (LICO-AT) 65,275
0 to 17 years 7,110
0 to 5 years 1,960
18 to 64 years 49,925
65 years and over 8,240
Prevalence of low income based on the Low-income cut-offs, after tax (LICO-AT) (%) 10.0
0 to 17 years (%) 8.3
0 to 5 years (%) 6.9
18 to 64 years (%) 10.9
65 years and over (%) 7.7
Total - Adjusted after-tax economic family income decile group for the population in private households - 100% data34The letter 'c' in a yellow triangle indicates a correction notice. 650,385
In bottom half of the distribution 303,380
In bottom decile 88,275
In second decile 59,770
In third decile 53,530
In fourth decile 50,535
In fifth decile 51,270
In top half of the distribution 347,000
In sixth decile 53,315
In seventh decile 55,165
In eighth decile 61,520
In ninth decile 70,990
In top decile 106,000
Total - Inequality measures for the population in private households - 100% data35 650,380
Gini index on adjusted household total income 0.413
Gini index on adjusted household market income 0.504
Gini index on adjusted household after-tax income 0.361
P90/P10 ratio on adjusted household after-tax income 5.0
Knowledge of official languages
Total - Knowledge of official languages for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% data36 654,825
English only 555,235
French only 345
English and French 61,055
Neither English nor French 38,195
First official language spoken
Total - First official language spoken for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% data37 654,825
English 602,935
French 10,485
English and French 3,685
Neither English nor French 37,725
Mother tongue
Total - Mother tongue for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% data38 654,825
Single responses 619,175
Official languages 342,060
English 332,135
French 9,925
Non-official languages 277,105
Indigenous languages39 295
Algonquian languages 155
Blackfoot 10
Cree-Innu languages 115
Atikamekw 0
Cree languages 115
Ililimowin (Moose Cree) 0
Inu Ayimun (Southern East Cree) 0
Iyiyiw-Ayimiwin (Northern East Cree) 0
Nehinawewin (Swampy Cree) 5
Nehiyawewin (Plains Cree) 30
Nihithawiwin (Woods Cree) 5
Cree, n.o.s. 70
Innu (Montagnais) 0
Naskapi 0
Eastern Algonquian languages 5
Mi'kmaq 5
Wolastoqewi (Malecite) 0
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 25
Anicinabemowin (Algonquin) 5
Oji-Cree 5
Ojibway languages 20
Anishinaabemowin (Chippewa) 5
Daawaamwin (Odawa) 0
Saulteau (Western Ojibway) 5
Ojibway, n.o.s. 15
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 0
Athabaskan languages 35
Northern Athabaskan languages 35
Dakelh (Carrier) 20
Dane-zaa (Beaver) 0
Dene, n.o.s. 0
Gwich'in 0
Slavey-Hare languages 0
Deh Gah Ghotie Zhatie (South Slavey) 0
Satuotine Yati (North Slavey) 0
Slavey, n.o.s. 0
Tahltan languages 5
Kaska (Nahani) 5
Tahltan 0
Tlicho (Dogrib) 0
Tse'khene (Sekani) 0
Tsilhqot'in (Chilcotin) 10
Tsuu T'ina (Sarsi) 0
Tutchone languages 0
Northern Tutchone 0
Southern Tutchone 0
Tutchone, n.o.s. 0
Wetsuwet'en-Babine 0
Tlingit 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0
Haida 5
Inuktut (Inuit) languages 5
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 0
Inuinnaqtun 0
Inuvialuktun 0
Inuktitut 5
Inuktut (Inuit) languages, n.i.e. 0
Iroquoian languages 0
Cayuga 0
Mohawk 0
Oneida 0
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 0
Ktunaxa (Kutenai) 5
Michif 0
Salish languages 15
Halkomelem 0
Lillooet 0
Ntlakapamux (Thompson) 0
Secwepemctsin (Shuswap) 5
Squamish 0
Straits 0
Syilx (Okanagan) 0
Salish languages, n.i.e. 0
Siouan languages 5
Assiniboine 0
Dakota 0
Stoney 0
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 0
Tsimshian languages 45
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 20
Nisga'a 15
Tsimshian 10
Wakashan languages 25
Haisla 0
Heiltsuk 10
Kwak'wala (Kwakiutl) 5
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 5
Indigenous languages, n.i.e. 5
Indigenous languages, n.o.s. 5
Non-Indigenous languages 276,815
Afro-Asiatic languages 4,930
Berber languages 30
Kabyle 15
Tamazight 10
Berber languages, n.i.e. 0
Chadic languages 5
Hausa 5
Mina 5
Coptic 0
Cushitic languages 240
Bilen 0
Oromo 95
Somali 145
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 5
Semitic languages 4,655
Amharic 290
Arabic 2,965
Aramaic languages 85
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 45
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 35
Aramaic, n.o.s. 0
Harari 5
Hebrew 1,105
Maltese 15
Tigrigna 190
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 0
Austro-Asiatic languages 12,140
Khmer (Cambodian) 230
Vietnamese 11,870
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e 40
Austronesian languages 24,020
Bikol 110
Bisaya, n.o.s. 225
Cebuano 655
Fijian 40
Hiligaynon 570
Ilocano 1,840
Indonesian 1,085
Kankanaey 45
Kinaray-a 50
Malagasy languages 5
Merina 0
Malagasy, n.o.s. 5
Malay 85
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 210
Pangasinan 105
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 18,675
Waray-Waray 65
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 250
Creole languages 100
Haitian Creole 20
Jamaican English Creole 5
Krio 5
Morisyen 35
Sango 0
Creole, n.o.s. 10
Creole languages, n.i.e. 30
Dravidian languages 3,015
Kannada 140
Malayalam 580
Tamil 1,615
Telugu 665
Tulu 15
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 5
Georgian 25
Hmong-Mien languages 0
Indo-European languages 86,610
Albanian 170
Armenian 315
Balto-Slavic languages 14,805
Baltic languages 250
Latvian 95
Lithuanian 150
Slavic languages 14,555
Belarusian 15
Bulgarian 435
Czech 1,000
Macedonian 80
Polish 2,505
Russian 5,155
Rusyn 5
Serbo-Croatian 3,735
Bosnian 355
Croatian 1,120
Serbian 2,185
Serbo-Croatian, n.i.e. 80
Slovak 615
Slovene (Slovenian) 135
Ukrainian 865
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 5
Celtic languages 100
Irish 45
Scottish Gaelic 10
Welsh 40
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 5
Germanic languages 7,450
Frisian 10
High German languages 5,050
German 4,725
Pennsylvania German 0
Swiss German 220
Yiddish 100
Low Saxon-Low Franconian languages 1,530
Afrikaans 300
Dutch 1,150
Low German, n.o.s. 5
Low Saxon 10
Plautdietsch 25
Vlaams (Flemish) 40
Scandinavian languages 845
Danish 315
Icelandic 35
Norwegian 150
Swedish 350
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 15
Greek 1,870
Indo-Iranian languages 33,155
Indo-Aryan languages 22,110
Assamese 15
Bengali 1,065
Gujarati 1,075
Hindi 4,355
Kacchi 185
Kashmiri 20
Konkani 50
Marathi 300
Nepali 210
Oriya languages 25
Odia 20
Oriya, n.o.s. 10
Punjabi (Panjabi) 13,305
Rohingya 0
Sindhi 35
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 255
Urdu 1,125
Indo-Aryan languages, n.i.e. 90
Iranian languages 11,035
Baluchi 5
Kurdish 555
Parsi 15
Pashto 140
Persian languages 10,315
Dari 420
Iranian Persian 8,900
Persian (Farsi), n.o.s. 1,000
Iranian languages, n.i.e. 5
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 5
Italic (Romance) languages 28,740
Catalan 90
Italian 4,000
Portuguese 6,740
Romanian 1,150
Spanish 16,735
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 25
Indo-European languages, n.i.e. 0
Japanese 7,150
Korean 8,605
Mongolian 160
Niger-Congo languages 580
Akan (Twi) 55
Bamanankan 0
Edo 0
Éwé 10
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 10
Ga 10
Ganda 25
Gikuyu 5
Igbo 25
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 40
Lingala 5
Luba-Kasai 0
Mòoré 0
Mwani 0
Ndebele 5
Rundi (Kirundi) 35
Shona 45
Soninke 0
Sotho-Tswana languages 10
Swahili 140
Wojenaka 0
Wolof 5
Yoruba 45
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 90
Nilo-Saharan languages 60
Dinka 5
Nuer 5
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 45
African, n.o.s. 10
Sign languages 95
American Sign Language 80
Quebec Sign Language 0
Sign languages, n.i.e. 15
Sino-Tibetan languages 125,120
Chinese languages 124,730
Hakka 640
Mandarin 41,695
Min Dong 65
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 3,105
Wu (Shanghainese) 850
Yue (Cantonese) 77,435
Chinese, n.o.s. 910
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 30
Tibeto-Burman languages 375
Burmese 255
Kuki-Chin languages 35
Karenic languages 0
S'gaw Karen 0
Karenic languages, n.i.e. 0
Tibetan 50
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 25
Sino-Tibetan languages, n.i.e. 15
Tai-Kadai languages 905
Lao 85
Thai 770
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e. 50
Turkic languages 1,755
Azerbaijani 145
Kazakh 35
Turkish 1,500
Uyghur 30
Uzbek 10
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 35
Uralic languages 1,520
Estonian 90
Finnish 395
Hungarian 1,040
Other languages, n.i.e. 25
Multiple responses 35,655
English and French 2,870
English and non-official language(s) 28,165
French and non-official language(s) 605
English, French and non-official language(s) 640
Multiple non-official languages 3,370
All languages spoken at home
Total - All languages spoken at home for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% data40 654,825
English 363,455
French 2,430
Non-official language 92,070
Indigenous39 45
Non-Indigenous 92,025
English and French 8,325
English and non-official language(s) 174,100
French and non-official language(s) 245
English, French and non-official language(s) 4,690
Multiple non-official languages 9,525
Language spoken most often at home
Total - Language spoken most often at home for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% data41 654,825
Single responses 617,450
Official languages 450,825
English 446,870
French 3,955
Non-official languages 166,620
Indigenous languages39 60
Algonquian languages 25
Blackfoot 5
Cree-Innu languages 15
Atikamekw 0
Cree languages 15
Ililimowin (Moose Cree) 0
Inu Ayimun (Southern East Cree) 0
Iyiyiw-Ayimiwin (Northern East Cree) 0
Nehinawewin (Swampy Cree) 0
Nehiyawewin (Plains Cree) 0
Nihithawiwin (Woods Cree) 0
Cree, n.o.s. 10
Innu (Montagnais) 0
Naskapi 0
Eastern Algonquian languages 0
Mi'kmaq 0
Wolastoqewi (Malecite) 0
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 5
Anicinabemowin (Algonquin) 0
Oji-Cree 0
Ojibway languages 5
Anishinaabemowin (Chippewa) 5
Daawaamwin (Odawa) 0
Saulteau (Western Ojibway) 0
Ojibway, n.o.s. 0
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 0
Athabaskan languages 5
Northern Athabaskan languages 5
Dakelh (Carrier) 0
Dane-zaa (Beaver) 0
Dene, n.o.s. 0
Gwich'in 0
Slavey-Hare languages 0
Deh Gah Ghotie Zhatie (South Slavey) 0
Satuotine Yati (North Slavey) 0
Slavey, n.o.s. 0
Tahltan languages 0
Kaska (Nahani) 0
Tahltan 0
Tlicho (Dogrib) 0
Tse'khene (Sekani) 0
Tsilhqot'in (Chilcotin) 0
Tsuu T'ina (Sarsi) 0
Tutchone languages 0
Northern Tutchone 0
Southern Tutchone 0
Tutchone, n.o.s. 0
Wetsuwet'en-Babine 5
Tlingit 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0
Haida 0
Inuktut (Inuit) languages 0
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 0
Inuinnaqtun 0
Inuvialuktun 0
Inuktitut 0
Inuktut (Inuit) languages, n.i.e. 0
Iroquoian languages 15
Cayuga 0
Mohawk 0
Oneida 0
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 0
Ktunaxa (Kutenai) 0
Michif 0
Salish languages 0
Halkomelem 0
Lillooet 0
Ntlakapamux (Thompson) 0
Secwepemctsin (Shuswap) 0
Squamish 0
Straits 0
Syilx (Okanagan) 0
Salish languages, n.i.e. 0
Siouan languages 0
Assiniboine 0
Dakota 0
Stoney 0
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 0
Tsimshian languages 15
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 5
Nisga'a 10
Tsimshian 0
Wakashan languages 0
Haisla 0
Heiltsuk 0
Kwak'wala (Kwakiutl) 0
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0
Indigenous languages, n.i.e. 0
Indigenous languages, n.o.s. 0
Non-Indigenous languages 166,565
Afro-Asiatic languages 2,190
Berber languages 20
Kabyle 10
Tamazight 0
Berber languages, n.i.e. 0
Chadic languages 5
Hausa 0
Mina 5
Coptic 0
Cushitic languages 115
Bilen 0
Oromo 50
Somali 65
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 0
Semitic languages 2,055
Amharic 85
Arabic 1,275
Aramaic languages 60
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 25
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 35
Aramaic, n.o.s. 0
Harari 10
Hebrew 510
Maltese 0
Tigrigna 120
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 0
Austro-Asiatic languages 7,885
Khmer (Cambodian) 105
Vietnamese 7,755
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e 30
Austronesian languages 13,285
Bikol 35
Bisaya, n.o.s. 75
Cebuano 300
Fijian 10
Hiligaynon 305
Ilocano 980
Indonesian 380
Kankanaey 30
Kinaray-a 35
Malagasy languages 0
Merina 0
Malagasy, n.o.s. 0
Malay 20
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 110
Pangasinan 35
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 10,835
Waray-Waray 35
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 100
Creole languages 40
Haitian Creole 5
Jamaican English Creole 0
Krio 0
Morisyen 20
Sango 0
Creole, n.o.s. 0
Creole languages, n.i.e. 10
Dravidian languages 1,755
Kannada 35
Malayalam 310
Tamil 1,025
Telugu 370
Tulu 5
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 0
Georgian 10
Hmong-Mien languages 0
Indo-European languages 41,915
Albanian 50
Armenian 145
Balto-Slavic languages 6,070
Baltic languages 50
Latvian 10
Lithuanian 40
Slavic languages 6,025
Belarusian 0
Bulgarian 175
Czech 340
Macedonian 40
Polish 720
Russian 2,570
Rusyn 5
Serbo-Croatian 1,640
Bosnian 140
Croatian 350
Serbian 1,135
Serbo-Croatian, n.i.e. 15
Slovak 235
Slovene (Slovenian) 25
Ukrainian 265
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 0
Celtic languages 10
Irish 10
Scottish Gaelic 0
Welsh 5
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 0
Germanic languages 1,080
Frisian 5
High German languages 760
German 725
Pennsylvania German 0
Swiss German 35
Yiddish 0
Low Saxon-Low Franconian languages 195
Afrikaans 60
Dutch 130
Low German, n.o.s. 0
Low Saxon 0
Plautdietsch 0
Vlaams (Flemish) 0
Scandinavian languages 120
Danish 40
Icelandic 5
Norwegian 20
Swedish 55
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 0
Greek 745
Indo-Iranian languages 19,390
Indo-Aryan languages 12,650
Assamese 0
Bengali 560
Gujarati 400
Hindi 2,100
Kacchi 50
Kashmiri 10
Konkani 5
Marathi 115
Nepali 110
Oriya languages 5
Odia 5
Oriya, n.o.s. 5
Punjabi (Panjabi) 8,505
Rohingya 0
Sindhi 15
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 115
Urdu 620
Indo-Aryan languages, n.i.e. 25
Iranian languages 6,735
Baluchi 0
Kurdish 340
Parsi 5
Pashto 90
Persian languages 6,305
Dari 220
Iranian Persian 5,550
Persian (Farsi), n.o.s. 535
Iranian languages, n.i.e. 0
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 0
Italic (Romance) languages 14,425
Catalan 35
Italian 1,400
Portuguese 3,995
Romanian 385
Spanish 8,600
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 5
Indo-European languages, n.i.e. 0
Japanese 3,620
Korean 5,100
Mongolian 75
Niger-Congo languages 125
Akan (Twi) 10
Bamanankan 0
Edo 0
Éwé 5
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 0
Ga 0
Ganda 5
Gikuyu 0
Igbo 5
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 5
Lingala 0
Luba-Kasai 0
Mòoré 0
Mwani 0
Ndebele 0
Rundi (Kirundi) 25
Shona 5
Soninke 0
Sotho-Tswana languages 0
Swahili 40
Wojenaka 0
Wolof 0
Yoruba 10
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 15
Nilo-Saharan languages 25
Dinka 0
Nuer 0
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 20
African, n.o.s. 5
Sign languages 165
American Sign Language 125
Quebec Sign Language 5
Sign languages, n.i.e. 40
Sino-Tibetan languages 88,935
Chinese languages 88,715
Hakka 210
Mandarin 30,925
Min Dong 40
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 1,525
Wu (Shanghainese) 485
Yue (Cantonese) 54,920
Chinese, n.o.s. 610
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 15
Tibeto-Burman languages 210
Burmese 150
Kuki-Chin languages 20
Karenic languages 0
S'gaw Karen 0
Karenic languages, n.i.e. 0
Tibetan 20
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 15
Sino-Tibetan languages, n.i.e. 5
Tai-Kadai languages 330
Lao 20
Thai 280
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e. 30
Turkic languages 765
Azerbaijani 70
Kazakh 0
Turkish 685
Uyghur 10
Uzbek 0
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 0
Uralic languages 320
Estonian 10
Finnish 95
Hungarian 220
Other languages, n.i.e. 10
Multiple responses 37,380
English and French 1,595
English and non-official language(s) 34,170
French and non-official language(s) 105
English, French and non-official language(s) 315
Multiple non-official languages 1,205
Other language spoken regularly at home
Total - Other language(s) spoken regularly at home for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% data42 654,830
None 488,985
English 57,925
French 6,335
Non-official language 80,100
Indigenous39 245
Non-Indigenous 79,850
English and French 515
English and non-official language(s) 9,025
French and non-official language(s) 2,720
English, French and non-official language(s) 150
Multiple non-official languages 9,075
Knowledge of languagesThe letter 'c' in a yellow triangle indicates a correction notice.
Total - Knowledge of languages for the population in private households - 25% sample data43 650,385
Official languages 612,560
English 612,215
French 60,990
Non-official languages 355,425
Indigenous languages39 595
Algonquian languages 235
Blackfoot 0
Cree-Innu languages 155
Atikamekw 0
Cree languages 155
Ililimowin (Moose Cree) 0
Inu Ayimun (Southern East Cree) 0
Iyiyiw-Ayimiwin (Northern East Cree) 0
Nehinawewin (Swampy Cree) 15
Nehiyawewin (Plains Cree) 65
Nihithawiwin (Woods Cree) 15
Cree, n.o.s. 60
Innu (Montagnais) 0
Naskapi 0
Eastern Algonquian languages 0
Mi'kmaq 0
Wolastoqewi (Malecite) 0
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 70
Anicinabemowin (Algonquin) 0
Oji-Cree 0
Ojibway languages 55
Anishinaabemowin (Chippewa) 15
Daawaamwin (Odawa) 0
Saulteau (Western Ojibway) 0
Ojibway, n.o.s. 35
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 0
Athabaskan languages 90
Northern Athabaskan languages 75
Dakelh (Carrier) 35
Dane-zaa (Beaver) 0
Dene, n.o.s. 10
Gwich'in 0
Slavey-Hare languages 10
Deh Gah Ghotie Zhatie (South Slavey) 0
Satuotine Yati (North Slavey) 0
Slavey, n.o.s. 0
Tahltan languages 0
Kaska (Nahani) 0
Tahltan 0
Tlicho (Dogrib) 0
Tse'khene (Sekani) 0
Tsilhqot'in (Chilcotin) 0
Tsuu T'ina (Sarsi) 0
Tutchone languages 0
Northern Tutchone 0
Southern Tutchone 0
Tutchone, n.o.s. 0
Wetsuwet'en-Babine 15
Tlingit 10
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0
Haida 25
Inuktut (Inuit) languages 15
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 0
Inuinnaqtun 0
Inuvialuktun 0
Inuktitut 15
Inuktut (Inuit) languages, n.i.e. 0
Iroquoian languages 30
Cayuga 0
Mohawk 30
Oneida 0
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 0
Ktunaxa (Kutenai) 0
Michif 20
Salish languages 60
Halkomelem 0
Lillooet 10
Ntlakapamux (Thompson) 0
Secwepemctsin (Shuswap) 15
Squamish 10
Straits 0
Syilx (Okanagan) 20
Salish languages, n.i.e. 0
Siouan languages 10
Assiniboine 0
Dakota 0
Stoney 0
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 10
Tsimshian languages 55
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 0
Nisga'a 30
Tsimshian 25
Wakashan languages 55
Haisla 0
Heiltsuk 20
Kwak'wala (Kwakiutl) 20
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0
Indigenous languages, n.i.e. 25
Indigenous languages, n.o.s. 10
Non-Indigenous languages 354,885
Afro-Asiatic languages 8,650
Berber languages 40
Kabyle 35
Tamazight 0
Berber languages, n.i.e. 0
Chadic languages 35
Hausa 25
Mina 0
Coptic 0
Cushitic languages 385
Bilen 0
Oromo 145
Somali 240
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 0
Semitic languages 8,300
Amharic 470
Arabic 4,900
Aramaic languages 70
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 15
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 45
Aramaic, n.o.s. 10
Harari 0
Hebrew 2,815
Maltese 20
Tigrigna 305
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 15
Austro-Asiatic languages 15,195
Khmer (Cambodian) 325
Vietnamese 14,905
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e 0
Austronesian languages 33,950
Bikol 170
Bisaya, n.o.s. 245
Cebuano 1,060
Fijian 160
Hiligaynon 885
Ilocano 3,295
Indonesian 1,805
Kankanaey 75
Kinaray-a 70
Malagasy languages 15
Merina 0
Malagasy, n.o.s. 10
Malay 815
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 300
Pangasinan 230
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 30,430
Waray-Waray 160
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 680
Creole languages 320
Haitian Creole 65
Jamaican English Creole 15
Krio 0
Morisyen 50
Sango 0
Creole, n.o.s. 100
Creole languages, n.i.e. 75
Dravidian languages 4,730
Kannada 330
Malayalam 965
Tamil 2,670
Telugu 1,110
Tulu 50
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 10
Georgian 40
Hmong-Mien languages 0
Indo-European languages 129,460
Albanian 225
Armenian 355
Balto-Slavic languages 18,335
Baltic languages 295
Latvian 130
Lithuanian 165
Slavic languages 18,105
Belarusian 55
Bulgarian 510
Czech 1,435
Macedonian 105
Polish 3,085
Russian 7,620
Rusyn 0
Serbo-Croatian 4,660
Bosnian 875
Croatian 2,010
Serbian 2,975
Serbo-Croatian, n.i.e. 140
Slovak 825
Slovene (Slovenian) 205
Ukrainian 1,945
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 10
Celtic languages 1,255
Irish 1,035
Scottish Gaelic 35
Welsh 130
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 50
Germanic languages 15,535
Frisian 25
High German languages 11,430
German 11,050
Pennsylvania German 0
Swiss German 330
Yiddish 240
Low Saxon-Low Franconian languages 2,895
Afrikaans 1,015
Dutch 1,860
Low German, n.o.s. 0
Low Saxon 0
Plautdietsch 30
Vlaams (Flemish) 70
Scandinavian languages 1,805
Danish 565
Icelandic 40
Norwegian 405
Swedish 910
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 35
Greek 3,055
Indo-Iranian languages 45,935
Indo-Aryan languages 33,070
Assamese 15
Bengali 1,675
Gujarati 1,840
Hindi 15,025
Kacchi 405
Kashmiri 20
Konkani 150
Marathi 665
Nepali 325
Oriya languages 50
Odia 30
Oriya, n.o.s. 20
Punjabi (Panjabi) 19,130
Rohingya 0
Sindhi 75
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 610
Urdu 2,515
Indo-Aryan languages, n.i.e. 250
Iranian languages 13,100
Baluchi 0
Kurdish 800
Parsi 50
Pashto 230
Persian languages 12,330
Dari 575
Iranian Persian 10,805
Persian (Farsi), n.o.s. 1,050
Iranian languages, n.i.e. 20
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 55
Italic (Romance) languages 50,560
Catalan 280
Italian 7,740
Portuguese 8,715
Romanian 1,475
Spanish 36,500
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 95
Indo-European languages, n.i.e. 100
Japanese 12,075
Korean 10,480
Mongolian 210
Niger-Congo languages 1,395
Akan (Twi) 90
Bamanankan 10
Edo 0
Éwé 40
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 0
Ga 15
Ganda 75
Gikuyu 0
Igbo 70
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 70
Lingala 25
Luba-Kasai 0
Mòoré 0
Mwani 0
Ndebele 20
Rundi (Kirundi) 65
Shona 90
Soninke 0
Sotho-Tswana languages 10
Swahili 610
Wojenaka 0
Wolof 30
Yoruba 150
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 220
Nilo-Saharan languages 105
Dinka 15
Nuer 0
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 80
African, n.o.s. 35
Sign languages 775
American Sign Language 700
Quebec Sign Language 0
Sign languages, n.i.e. 105
Sino-Tibetan languages 148,095
Chinese languages 147,655
Hakka 970
Mandarin 74,695
Min Dong 65
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 5,810
Wu (Shanghainese) 1,270
Yue (Cantonese) 96,965
Chinese, n.o.s. 740
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 50
Tibeto-Burman languages 530
Burmese 365
Kuki-Chin languages 60
Karenic languages 0
S'gaw Karen 0
Karenic languages, n.i.e. 0
Tibetan 85
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 50
Sino-Tibetan languages, n.i.e. 25
Tai-Kadai languages 1,545
Lao 150
Thai 1,380
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e. 50
Turkic languages 2,785
Azerbaijani 370
Kazakh 65
Turkish 2,500
Uyghur 15
Uzbek 40
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 50
Uralic languages 1,805
Estonian 140
Finnish 385
Hungarian 1,285
Other languages, n.i.e. 85
Indigenous population
Total - Indigenous identity for the population in private households - 25% sample data44 650,380
Indigenous identity45 14,660
Single Indigenous responses46 13,940
First Nations (North American Indian) 9,335
Métis 4,465
Inuk (Inuit) 140
Multiple Indigenous responses47 380
Indigenous responses not included elsewhere48 335
Non-Indigenous identity 635,720
Total - Registered or Treaty Indian status for the population in private households - 25% sample data44 650,380
Registered or Treaty Indian49 7,005
Not a Registered or Treaty Indian 643,375
Household characteristics
Total - Private households by tenure - 25% sample data50 305,335
Owner 138,845
Renter 166,490
Dwelling provided by the local government, First Nation or Indian band 0
Total - Occupied private dwellings by condominium status - 25% sample data51 305,335
Condominium 112,105
Not condominium 193,235
Total - Occupied private dwellings by number of bedrooms - 25% sample data52 305,335
No bedrooms 13,860
1 bedroom 111,060
2 bedrooms 84,935
3 bedrooms 42,445
4 or more bedrooms 53,045
Total - Occupied private dwellings by number of rooms - 25% sample data53 305,335
1 to 4 rooms 187,470
5 rooms 37,350
6 rooms 22,780
7 rooms 16,460
8 or more rooms 41,275
Average number of rooms per dwelling 4.5
Total - Private households by number of persons per room - 25% sample data54 305,335
One person or fewer per room 295,970
More than one person per room 9,370
Total - Private households by housing suitability - 25% sample data55 305,335
Suitable 281,445
Not suitable 23,890
Total - Occupied private dwellings by period of construction - 25% sample data56 305,335
1960 or before 62,225
1961 to 1980 69,110
1981 to 1990 35,990
1991 to 2000 47,170
2001 to 2005 19,415
2006 to 2010 22,755
2011 to 2015 20,935
2016 to 202157 27,740
Total - Occupied private dwellings by dwelling condition - 25% sample data58 305,335
Only regular maintenance and minor repairs needed 286,035
Major repairs needed 19,300
Total - Private households by number of household maintainers - 25% sample data59 305,335
One-maintainer household 171,540
Two-maintainer household 115,355
Three-or-more-maintainer household 18,440
Total - Private households by age of primary household maintainers - 25% sample data60 305,335
15 to 24 years 11,910
25 to 34 years 65,870
35 to 44 years 56,605
45 to 54 years 51,270
55 to 64 years 50,645
65 to 74 years 40,465
75 to 84 years 19,715
85 years and over 8,870
Total - Owner and tenant households with household total income greater than zero, in non-farm, non-reserve private dwellings by shelter-cost-to-income ratio - 25% sample data61 303,725
Spending less than 30% of income on shelter costs 202,070
Spending 30% or more of income on shelter costs 101,655
30% to less than 100% 82,575
Total - Occupied private dwellings by housing indicators - 25% sample data62 305,335
Total - Households 'spending 30% or more of income on shelter costs' or 'not suitable' or 'major repairs needed' 131,005
Spending 30% or more of income on shelter costs only 89,520
Not suitable only 16,295
Major repairs needed only 11,715
'Spending 30% or more of income on shelter costs' and 'not suitable' 5,895
'Spending 30% or more of income on shelter costs' and 'major repairs needed' 5,880
'Not suitable' and 'major repairs needed' 1,345
'Spending 30% or more of income on shelter costs' and 'not suitable' and 'major repairs needed' 360
Acceptable housing 174,335
Total - Owner and tenant households with household total income greater than zero and shelter-cost-to-income ratio less than 100%, in non-farm, non-reserve private dwellings - 25% sample data63 284,650
In core need 54,210
Not in core need 230,435
Total - Owner households in non-farm, non-reserve private dwellings - 25% sample data 138,850
% of owner households with a mortgage64 50.7
% of owner households spending 30% or more of its income on shelter costs61 26.3
% in core housing need63 11.2
Median monthly shelter costs for owned dwellings ($)65 1,460
Average monthly shelter costs for owned dwellings ($)65 2,084
Median value of dwellings ($)66 1,450,000
Average value of dwellings ($)66 1,728,000
Total - Tenant households in non-farm, non-reserve private dwellings - 25% sample data 166,485
% of tenant households in subsidized housing67 12.1
% of tenant households spending 30% or more of its income on shelter costs61 39.4
% in core housing need63 25.7
Median monthly shelter costs for rented dwellings ($)65 1,570
Average monthly shelter costs for rented dwellings ($)65 1,660
Total - Households living in a dwelling provided by the local government, First Nation or Indian band in non-farm private dwellings - 25% sample data 0
% of households living in a dwelling provided by the local government, First Nation or Indian band spending more than 30% on shelter costs61 ...
Median monthly shelter costs for dwellings provided by local government, First Nation or Indian band ($)65 ...
Average monthly shelter costs for dwellings provided by local government, First Nation or Indian band ($)65 ...
Indigenous ancestry
Total - Indigenous ancestry for the population in private households - 25% sample data68 650,380
Indigenous ancestry (only)69 5,460
Single Indigenous ancestry (only)70 5,375
First Nations (North American Indian) single ancestry 4,710
Métis single ancestry 615
Inuit single ancestry 50
Multiple Indigenous ancestries (only)71 85
First Nations (North American Indian) and Métis ancestry only 85
First Nations (North American Indian) and Inuit ancestry only 0
Métis and Inuit ancestry only 0
First Nations (North American Indian) and Métis and Inuit ancestry only 0
Indigenous and non-Indigenous ancestries72 11,270
Single Indigenous and non-Indigenous ancestries73 10,880
First Nations (North American Indian) and non-Indigenous ancestry only 7,925
Métis and non-Indigenous ancestry only 2,865
Inuit and non-Indigenous ancestry only 90
Multiple Indigenous and non-Indigenous ancestries74 390
First Nations (North American Indian) and Métis and non-Indigenous ancestry only 375
First Nations (North American Indian) and Inuit and non-Indigenous ancestry only 10
Métis and Inuit and non-Indigenous ancestry only 10
First Nations (North American Indian) and Métis and Inuit and non-Indigenous ancestry only 0
Non-Indigenous ancestry only75 633,655
Citizenship
Total - Citizenship for the population in private households - 25% sample data76 650,380
Canadian citizens77 537,810
Canadian citizens aged under 18 78,320
Canadian citizens aged 18 and over 459,495
Not Canadian citizens78 112,570
Immigrant status and period of immigration
Total - Immigrant status and period of immigration for the population in private households - 25% sample data79 650,380
Non-immigrants80 333,190
Immigrants81 274,360
Before 1980 45,435
1980 to 1990 39,525
1991 to 2000 65,920
2001 to 2010 54,215
2011 to 202182 69,270
2011 to 2015 27,910
2016 to 2021 41,355
Non-permanent residents83 42,830
Age at immigration
Total - Age at immigration for the immigrant population in private households - 25% sample data84 274,365
Under 5 years 19,460
5 to 14 years 40,820
15 to 24 years 49,865
25 to 44 years 132,610
45 years and over 31,610
Selected places of birth for the immigrant population
Total - Place of birth for the immigrant population in private households - 25% sample data85 274,365
Americas 24,375
Brazil 2,530
Colombia 1,040
El Salvador 1,030
Guyana 215
Haiti 75
Jamaica 455
Mexico 3,870
Peru 890
Trinidad and Tobago 510
United States of America 9,790
Other places of birth in Americas 3,965
Europe 43,955
Bosnia and Herzegovina 1,145
Croatia 835
France 2,220
Germany 2,800
Greece 1,070
Hungary 725
Italy 2,805
Netherlands 770
Poland 1,995
Portugal 1,290
Romania 1,250
Russian Federation 2,395
Serbia86 1,250
Ukraine 1,785
United Kingdom87 12,895
Other places of birth in Europe 8,725
Africa 7,195
Algeria 145
Congo, Democratic Republic of the 75
Egypt 550
Eritrea 205
Ethiopia 430
Morocco 320
Nigeria 240
Somalia 100
South Africa, Republic of 2,290
Other places of birth in Africa 2,835
Asia 193,325
Afghanistan 395
Iran88 8,780
Iraq 595
Lebanon 485
Syria89 740
Turkey 960
China90 63,270
Hong Kong91 25,485
Korea, South92 6,495
Taiwan 9,865
Philippines 29,925
Viet Nam 12,115
Bangladesh 800
India 14,640
Pakistan 1,085
Sri Lanka 1,605
Other places of birth in Asia 16,080
Oceania and other places of birth93 5,520
Selected places of birth for the recent immigrant population
Total - Place of birth for the recent immigrant population in private households - 25% sample data94 41,360
Americas 6,735
Brazil 1,820
Colombia 290
Haiti 0
Jamaica 25
Mexico 1,215
United States of America 2,295
Venezuela95 220
Other places of birth in Americas 865
Europe 9,075
France 920
Germany 455
Ireland96 1,690
Italy 320
Russian Federation 645
Ukraine 495
United Kingdom87 2,415
Other places of birth in Europe 2,135
Africa 1,165
Algeria 40
Burundi 20
Cameroon 15
Congo, Democratic Republic of the 0
Côte d'Ivoire 15
Egypt 110
Eritrea 35
Ethiopia 55
Morocco 85
Nigeria 115
Somalia 0
South Africa, Republic of 350
Sudan97 35
Tunisia 25
Other places of birth in Africa 240
Asia 23,045
Afghanistan 105
Bangladesh 155
China90 5,930
Hong Kong91 615
India 3,680
Iran88 1,220
Iraq 125
Israel 245
Japan 815
Jordan 45
Korea, South92 1,250
Lebanon 80
Nepal 65
Pakistan 255
Philippines 4,445
Saudi Arabia 140
Sri Lanka 250
Syria89 565
Turkey 375
United Arab Emirates 105
Viet Nam 995
Other places of birth in Asia 1,590
Oceania and other93 1,340
Australia 1,010
Other places of birth98 330
Generation status
Total - Generation status for the population in private households - 25% sample data99 650,380
First generation100 327,870
Second generation101 160,910
Third generation or more102 161,595
Admission category and applicant type
Total - Admission category and applicant type for the immigrant population in private households who were admitted between 1980 and 2021 - 25% sample data103 228,925
Economic immigrants104 140,320
Principal applicants105 62,775
Secondary applicants106 77,545
Immigrants sponsored by family107 66,960
Refugees108 17,530
Other immigrants109 4,120
Pre-admission experience
Total - Pre-admission experience for the immigrant population in private households who were admitted between 1980 and 2021 - 25% sample data110 228,925
Asylum claim before admission111 5,935
Work permits only before admission112 33,310
Study permits only before admission113 8,645
Work and study permits before admission114 17,150
Other permits before admission115 750
No pre-admission experience116 163,140
Visible minority
Total - Visible minority for the population in private households - 25% sample data117 650,380
Total visible minority population118 354,615
South Asian 44,850
Chinese 168,385
Black 8,515
Filipino 38,605
Arab 3,785
Latin American 18,080
Southeast Asian 20,585
West Asian 12,100
Korean 10,895
Japanese 10,990
Visible minority, n.i.e.119 3,240
Multiple visible minorities 14,585
Not a visible minority120 295,770
Ethnic or cultural origin
Total - Ethnic or cultural origin for the population in private households - 25% sample data121 650,385
Canadian 33,685
English 84,370
Irish 65,695
Scottish 69,200
French, n.o.s.122 30,625
German 45,215
Chinese 159,080
Italian 21,155
Indian (India) 27,765
Ukrainian 20,000
Dutch 13,330
Polish 15,900
Québécois 925
British Isles, n.o.s.123 21,545
Filipino 38,885
French Canadian 4,070
Caucasian (White), n.o.s.124 11,105
First Nations (North American Indian), n.o.s.125 5,665
Métis 3,945
European, n.o.s.126 11,990
Russian 14,135
Norwegian 10,125
Welsh 9,255
Portuguese 6,535
American 7,565
Spanish 11,605
Swedish 8,270
Hungarian 5,615
Acadian 835
Pakistani 1,825
African, n.o.s.127 2,660
Jewish 11,555
Punjabi 6,100
Vietnamese 17,450
Arab, n.o.s.128 1,800
Greek 5,475
Jamaican 1,375
Asian, n.o.s.129 11,330
Cree, n.o.s.130 1,705
Korean 11,470
Romanian 3,370
Lebanese 1,780
Iranian 9,440
Christian, n.i.e.131 1,695
Danish 4,890
North American Indigenous, n.o.s.132 1,715
Sikh 3,225
Austrian 4,710
Belgian 2,160
Haitian 190
Hindu 2,685
Mexican 7,855
Mennonite 1,860
Swiss 2,790
Finnish 2,775
Sri Lankan 1,865
Croatian 3,580
Japanese 13,320
South Asian, n.o.s.133 2,460
Mi'kmaq, n.o.s.134 430
Northern European, n.o.s.135 2,840
Muslim 885
Egyptian 1,125
Latin, Central or South American, n.o.s.136 2,830
Tamil 1,040
Icelandic 2,525
Colombian 1,735
Moroccan 545
Czech 2,820
Syrian 770
Guyanese 460
Afghan 655
Black, n.o.s.137 695
Serbian 2,930
Ojibway 440
Newfoundlander 355
Hong Konger 8,560
Ontarian 360
Persian 3,510
Trinidadian/Tobagonian 770
Turkish 2,350
Inuit, n.o.s.138 145
Bangladeshi 935
Algerian 250
Brazilian 3,785
Nigerian 430
Armenian 760
Slovak 1,710
Eastern European, n.o.s.139 2,065
Somali 300
Taiwanese 9,355
Iraqi 475
Salvadorean 1,035
African Caribbean 320
East or Southeast Asian, n.o.s.140 2,395
West or Central Asian or Middle Eastern, n.o.s.141 1,025
Caribbean, n.o.s.142 385
Algonquin 125
West Indian, n.o.s.143 345
Lithuanian 1,445
South African 1,885
Australian 2,805
Palestinian 475
Chilean 1,325
Congolese 205
Nova Scotian 210
Ethiopian 405
Hispanic, n.o.s.144 1,135
Peruvian 1,015
Yoruba 125
Cambodian (Khmer) 615
Berber 175
Albanian 320
Maltese 355
Macedonian 275
Slovenian 760
Western European, n.o.s.145 1,095
New Brunswicker 105
Gujarati 375
Eritrean 220
African Canadian 220
Israeli 1,285
Mohawk 210
Czechoslovakian, n.o.s.146 470
Bulgarian 720
Albertan 200
Ghanaian 315
Barbadian 230
African American 795
Yugoslavian, n.o.s.147 720
Tunisian 150
Slavic, n.o.s.148 1,075
Cuban 335
Bosnian 810
Venezuelan 515
Innu/Montagnais, n.o.s.149 35
Latvian 815
Bengali 445
Cameroonian 40
Guatemalan 325
Indonesian 1,670
Laotian 255
Ilocano 1,140
Northern Irish 665
Celtic, n.o.s.150 1,055
British Columbian 1,345
Ecuadorian 360
Franco Ontarian 70
Argentinian 505
Estonian 730
Kurdish 735
Fijian 1,860
Jatt 325
North American, n.o.s.151 210
Coptic 50
Thai 1,360
Dominican 180
Nepali 320
Kabyle 30
Assyrian 40
Igbo 60
Byelorussian 425
Dene, n.o.s.152 70
Blackfoot, n.o.s.153 145
Abenaki 40
Moldovan 215
Iroquois (Haudenosaunee), n.o.s.154 100
New Zealander 1,225
Sudanese 165
Breton 115
Pennsylvania Dutch 135
Malaysian 1,290
Plains Cree 130
North African, n.o.s.155 160
Huron (Wendat) 60
Saskatchewanian 190
Buddhist 1,045
Gaspesian 15
Norman 110
Southern or East African, n.o.s.156 280
Ivorian 15
Saulteaux 110
Anishinaabe, n.o.s.157 110
Burundian 80
Tigrinya 105
Nicaraguan 395
Mauritian 135
Kenyan 355
Oji-Cree 25
Vincentian 40
Jordanian 120
Manitoban 180
Cape Bretoner 45
Rwandan 135
Grenadian 25
Malayali 155
Chaldean 70
Sinhalese 180
Mayan 455
Honduran 265
Cherokee 180
Qalipu Mi'kmaq 15
Indo-Caribbean 95
Flemish 240
United Empire Loyalist 115
Senegalese 30
Azerbaijani 245
Sicilian 150
Pashtun 105
Malay 590
Goan 200
Bantu, n.o.s.158 25
Tibetan 100
Zimbabwean 160
Burmese 460
Mongolian 360
Azorean 60
Atikamekw 0
Bamileke 0
Indo-Guyanese 0
Ugandan 200
Oromo 180
Tanzanian 190
Yemeni 85
Central African 0
Libyan 145
Basque 320
Uruguayan 130
Akan, n.o.s.159 25
Central or West African, n.o.s.160 135
Igorot 320
Fulani 0
Woodland Cree 10
Guinean 35
St. Lucian 25
Prince Edward Islander 25
Maliseet 20
Beninese 30
Telugu 105
Roma 125
Costa Rican 250
African Nova Scotian 15
Malagasy 30
Kashmiri 50
Singaporean 735
Karen 0
Edo 10
Tajik 55
Amhara 35
Paraguayan 90
Religion
Total - Religion for the population in private households - 25% sample data161 650,380
Buddhist 26,245
Christian 194,365
Christian, n.o.s.162 44,395
Anabaptist 1,425
Anglican 11,970
Baptist 4,705
Catholic 94,425
Christian Orthodox 8,970
Jehovah's Witness 2,050
Latter Day Saints 495
Lutheran 3,060
Methodist and Wesleyan (Holiness) 500
Pentecostal and other Charismatic 2,465
Presbyterian 2,390
Reformed 305
United Church 8,575
Other Christian and Christian-related traditions 8,650
Hindu 12,585
Jewish 11,675
Muslim 17,910
Sikh 16,535
Traditional (North American Indigenous) spirituality 480
Other religions and spiritual traditions 7,665
No religion and secular perspectives 362,925
Mobility status 1 year ago
Total - Mobility status 1 year ago - 25% sample data163 645,400
Non-movers 531,810
Movers 113,585
Non-migrants 74,590
Migrants 39,000
Internal migrants 23,805
Intraprovincial migrants 14,460
Interprovincial migrants 9,345
External migrants 15,190
Mobility status 5 years ago
Total - Mobility status 5 years ago - 25% sample data164 626,725
Non-movers 345,375
Movers 281,350
Non-migrants 129,275
Migrants 152,085
Internal migrants 86,030
Intraprovincial migrants 56,025
Interprovincial migrants 30,010
External migrants 66,055
Secondary (high) school diploma or equivalency certificate
Total - Secondary (high) school diploma or equivalency certificate for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data165 580,010
No high school diploma or equivalency certificate 65,905
With high school diploma or equivalency certificate166 514,110
Total - Secondary (high) school diploma or equivalency certificate for the population aged 25 to 64 years in private households - 25% sample data165 403,970
No high school diploma or equivalency certificate 25,010
With high school diploma or equivalency certificate166 378,960
Highest certificate, diploma or degree
Total - Highest certificate, diploma or degree for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data165 580,010
No certificate, diploma or degree 60,930
High (secondary) school diploma or equivalency certificate167 134,790
Postsecondary certificate, diploma or degree 384,290
Postsecondary certificate or diploma below bachelor level 124,050
Apprenticeship or trades certificate or diploma 24,410
Non-apprenticeship trades certificate or diploma168 12,940
Apprenticeship certificate169 11,465
College, CEGEP or other non-university certificate or diploma170 78,400
University certificate or diploma below bachelor level 21,240
Bachelor's degree or higher 260,240
Bachelor's degree 164,040
University certificate or diploma above bachelor level 16,270
Degree in medicine, dentistry, veterinary medicine or optometry 8,125
Master's degree 60,335
Earned doctorate171 11,475
Total - Highest certificate, diploma or degree for the population aged 25 to 64 years in private households - 25% sample data165 403,970
No certificate, diploma or degree 21,915
High (secondary) school diploma or equivalency certificate167 75,550
Postsecondary certificate, diploma or degree 306,505
Postsecondary certificate or diploma below bachelor level 93,190
Apprenticeship or trades certificate or diploma 17,550
Non-apprenticeship trades certificate or diploma168 9,330
Apprenticeship certificate169 8,220
College, CEGEP or other non-university certificate or diploma170 59,610
University certificate or diploma below bachelor level 16,030
Bachelor's degree or higher 213,315
Bachelor's degree 133,975
University certificate or diploma above bachelor level 13,095
Degree in medicine, dentistry, veterinary medicine or optometry 6,155
Master's degree 51,525
Earned doctorate171 8,575
Major field of study - Classification of Instructional Programs (CIP) 2021
Total - Major field of study - Classification of Instructional Programs (CIP) 2021 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data172 580,015
No postsecondary certificate, diploma or degree173 195,725
Education 18,520
13. Education 18,520
Visual and performing arts, and communications technologies 31,525
10. Communications technologies/technicians and support services 3,890
50. Visual and performing arts 27,630
Humanities 26,645
16. Indigenous and foreign languages, literatures, and linguistics 3,580
23. English language and literature/letters 8,145
24. Liberal arts and sciences, general studies and humanities 7,390
30A Interdisciplinary humanities174 575
38. Philosophy and religious studies 1,530
39. Theology and religious vocations 1,305
54. History 3,360
55. French language and literature/lettersCAN 755
Social and behavioural sciences and law 61,760
05. Area, ethnic, cultural, gender, and group studies 1,480
09. Communication, journalism and related programs 8,695
19. Family and consumer sciences/human sciences 4,400
22. Legal professions and studies 10,175
30B Interdisciplinary social and behavioural sciences175 1,580
42. Psychology 11,250
45. Social sciences 24,175
Business, management and public administration 82,545
30.16 Accounting and computer science 80
44. Public administration and social service professions 3,780
52. Business, management, marketing and related support services 78,690
Physical and life sciences and technologies 21,960
26. Biological and biomedical sciences 10,100
30.01 Biological and physical sciences 4,670
30C Other interdisciplinary physical and life sciences176 470
40. Physical sciences 6,350
41. Science technologies/technicians 370
Mathematics, computer and information sciences 22,385
11. Computer and information sciences and support services 17,345
25. Library science 1,405
27. Mathematics and statistics 2,800
30D Interdisciplinary mathematics, computer and information sciences177 840
Architecture, engineering, and related trades 52,810
04. Architecture and related services 6,100
14. Engineering 24,930
15. Engineering/engineering-related technologies/technicians 8,295
30.12 Historic preservation and conservation 25
46. Construction trades 6,475
47. Mechanic and repair technologies/technicians 4,855
48. Precision production 2,135
Agriculture, natural resources and conservation 5,965
01. Agricultural and veterinary sciences/services/operations and related fields178 3,150
03. Natural resources and conservation 2,815
Health and related fields 47,020
30.37 Design for human health 0
31. Parks, recreation, leisure, fitness, and kinesiology 4,125
51. Health professions and related programs178 39,720
60. Health professions residency/fellowship programs 165
61. Medical residency/fellowship programs 3,000
Personal, protective and transportation services 13,000
12. Culinary, entertainment, and personal services 9,910
28. Military science, leadership and operational art 40
29. Military technologies and applied sciences 35
43. Security and protective services 1,075
49. Transportation and materials moving 1,940
Other179 160
Total - Major field of study - Classification of Instructional Programs (CIP) 2021 for the population aged 25 to 64 years in private households - 25% sample data172 403,970
No postsecondary certificate, diploma or degree173 97,465
Education 12,580
13. Education 12,580
Visual and performing arts, and communications technologies 26,570
10. Communications technologies/technicians and support services 3,380
50. Visual and performing arts 23,190
Humanities 20,375
16. Indigenous and foreign languages, literatures, and linguistics 2,770
23. English language and literature/letters 6,200
24. Liberal arts and sciences, general studies and humanities 5,740
30A Interdisciplinary humanities174 395
38. Philosophy and religious studies 1,180
39. Theology and religious vocations 950
54. History 2,630
55. French language and literature/lettersCAN 510
Social and behavioural sciences and law 50,310
05. Area, ethnic, cultural, gender, and group studies 1,240
09. Communication, journalism and related programs 7,760
19. Family and consumer sciences/human sciences 3,350
22. Legal professions and studies 8,335
30B Interdisciplinary social and behavioural sciences175 1,250
42. Psychology 8,865
45. Social sciences 19,510
Business, management and public administration 68,135
30.16 Accounting and computer science 70
44. Public administration and social service professions 2,855
52. Business, management, marketing and related support services 65,210
Physical and life sciences and technologies 17,025
26. Biological and biomedical sciences 8,055
30.01 Biological and physical sciences 3,540
30C Other interdisciplinary physical and life sciences176 400
40. Physical sciences 4,785
41. Science technologies/technicians 240
Mathematics, computer and information sciences 18,835
11. Computer and information sciences and support services 15,215
25. Library science 905
27. Mathematics and statistics 2,020
30D Interdisciplinary mathematics, computer and information sciences177 690
Architecture, engineering, and related trades 41,315
04. Architecture and related services 5,005
14. Engineering 20,215
15. Engineering/engineering-related technologies/technicians 6,280
30.12 Historic preservation and conservation 15
46. Construction trades 5,010
47. Mechanic and repair technologies/technicians 3,395
48. Precision production 1,385
Agriculture, natural resources and conservation 4,775
01. Agricultural and veterinary sciences/services/operations and related fields178 2,545
03. Natural resources and conservation 2,225
Health and related fields 36,380
30.37 Design for human health 0
31. Parks, recreation, leisure, fitness, and kinesiology 3,330
51. Health professions and related programs178 30,720
60. Health professions residency/fellowship programs 130
61. Medical residency/fellowship programs 2,195
Personal, protective and transportation services 10,075
12. Culinary, entertainment, and personal services 7,655
28. Military science, leadership and operational art 35
29. Military technologies and applied sciences 0
43. Security and protective services 885
49. Transportation and materials moving 1,490
Other179 135
Location of study compared with province or territory of residence
Total - Location of study compared with province or territory of residence for the population aged 25 to 64 years in private households - 25% sample data180 403,970
No postsecondary certificate, diploma or degree 97,465
Postsecondary certificate, diploma or degree181 306,505
Location of study inside Canada 205,815
Same as province or territory of residence 155,970
Different than province or territory of residence 49,840
Location of study outside Canada182 100,695
Americas 23,285
United States of America 14,145
Mexico 3,490
Cuba 60
Haiti 0
Jamaica 40
Brazil 3,170
Colombia 685
Peru 215
Venezuela95 225
Other locations of study in Americas 1,255
Europe 25,945
Belgium 250
France 2,330
Germany 1,175
Netherlands 455
Switzerland 410
Hungary 180
Moldova183 45
Poland 580
Romania 420
Russian Federation 1,230
Ukraine 825
Ireland96 3,755
United Kingdom87 10,140
Bosnia and Herzegovina 245
Italy 635
Serbia86 525
Other locations of study in Europe 2,740
Africa 1,570
Nigeria 60
Algeria 20
Morocco 90
Tunisia 20
Egypt 250
South Africa, Republic of 885
Other locations of study in Africa 245
Asia 45,510
Iran88 2,835
Iraq 115
Israel 500
Lebanon 125
Syria89 105
Turkey 670
China90 11,420
Taiwan 1,960
Hong Kong91 1,850
Japan 2,885
Korea, South92 2,940
Philippines 11,535
Viet Nam 765
Bangladesh 320
Sri Lanka 185
India 4,865
Pakistan 315
Other locations of study in Asia 2,110
Oceania 4,385
Australia 3,330
New Zealand 975
Other locations of study in Oceania 75
Labour force status
Total - Population aged 15 years and over by labour force status - 25% sample data184 580,010
In the labour force 394,670
Employed 359,280
Unemployed 35,390
Not in the labour force 185,345
Participation rate 68.0
Employment rate 61.9
Unemployment rate 9.0
Work activity during the reference year
Total - Population aged 15 years and over by work activity during the reference year - 25% sample data185 580,015
Did not work186 191,360
Worked 388,655
Worked full year full time187 200,890
Worked part year and/or part time188 187,760
Average weeks worked in reference year 40.7
Class of worker including job permanency
Total - Labour force aged 15 years and over by class of worker including job permanency - 25% sample data189 394,670
Class of worker - not applicable190 7,915
All classes of workers191 386,760
Employee 316,775
Permanent position 257,520
Temporary position 59,255
Fixed term (1 year or more) 24,150
Casual, seasonal or short-term position (less than 1 year) 35,105
Self-employed192 69,980
Occupation - Broad category - National Occupational Classification (NOC) 2021
Total - Labour force aged 15 years and over by occupation - Broad category - National Occupational Classification (NOC) 2021 - 25% sample data193 394,670
Occupation - not applicable190 7,915
All occupations191 386,760
0 Legislative and senior management occupations 6,520
1 Business, finance and administration occupations 76,280
2 Natural and applied sciences and related occupations 43,880
3 Health occupations 29,825
4 Occupations in education, law and social, community and government services 50,680
5 Occupations in art, culture, recreation and sport 32,435
6 Sales and service occupations 95,630
7 Trades, transport and equipment operators and related occupations 39,750
8 Natural resources, agriculture and related production occupations 3,475
9 Occupations in manufacturing and utilities 8,285
Industry - Sectors - North American Industry Classification System (NAICS) 2017
Total - Labour force aged 15 years and over by industry - Sectors - North American Industry Classification System (NAICS) 2017 - 25% sample data194 394,670
Industry - not applicable190 7,915
All industries191 386,760
11 Agriculture, forestry, fishing and hunting 1,840
21 Mining, quarrying, and oil and gas extraction 1,250
22 Utilities 1,665
23 Construction 20,765
31-33 Manufacturing 16,305
41 Wholesale trade 11,445
44-45 Retail trade 38,470
48-49 Transportation and warehousing 14,565
51 Information and cultural industries 22,390
52 Finance and insurance 18,710
53 Real estate and rental and leasing 11,855
54 Professional, scientific and technical services 58,070
55 Management of companies and enterprises 1,225
56 Administrative and support, waste management and remediation services 14,660
61 Educational services 34,035
62 Health care and social assistance 45,910
71 Arts, entertainment and recreation 11,100
72 Accommodation and food services 30,480
81 Other services (except public administration) 16,780
91 Public administration 15,240
All languages used at work
Total - All languages used at work for the population in private households aged 15 years and over who worked since January 1, 2020 - 25% sample data195 419,270
English 370,305
French 575
Non-official language 11,825
Indigenous39 20
Non-Indigenous 11,810
English and French 4,925
English and non-official language(s) 29,720
French and non-official language(s) 20
English, French and non-official language(s) 755
Multiple non-official languages 1,140
Language used most often at work
Total - Language used most often at work for the population aged 15 years and over who worked since January 1, 2020, in private households, 2021 Census - 25% sample data196 419,270
Single responses 412,635
Official languages 393,010
English 391,745
French 1,265
Non-official languages 19,630
Indigenous languages39 20
Algonquian languages 0
Blackfoot 0
Cree-Innu languages 0
Atikamekw 0
Cree languages 0
Ililimowin (Moose Cree) 0
Inu Ayimun (Southern East Cree) 0
Iyiyiw-Ayimiwin (Northern East Cree) 0
Nehinawewin (Swampy Cree) 0
Nehiyawewin (Plains Cree) 0
Nihithawiwin (Woods Cree) 0
Cree, n.o.s. 0
Innu (Montagnais) 0
Naskapi 0
Eastern Algonquian languages 0
Mi'kmaq 0
Wolastoqewi (Malecite) 0
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 0
Anicinabemowin (Algonquin) 0
Oji-Cree 0
Ojibway languages 0
Anishinaabemowin (Chippewa) 0
Daawaamwin (Odawa) 0
Saulteau (Western Ojibway) 0
Ojibway, n.o.s. 0
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 0
Athabaskan languages 0
Northern Athabaskan languages 0
Dakelh (Carrier) 0
Dane-zaa (Beaver) 0
Dene, n.o.s. 0
Gwich'in 0
Slavey-Hare languages 0
Deh Gah Ghotie Zhatie (South Slavey) 0
Satuotine Yati (North Slavey) 0
Slavey, n.o.s. 0
Tahltan languages 0
Tlicho (Dogrib) 0
Tse'khene (Sekani) 0
Tsilhqot'in (Chilcotin) 0
Tsuu T'ina (Sarsi) 0
Tutchone languages 0
Northern Tutchone 0
Southern Tutchone 0
Tutchone, n.o.s. 0
Wetsuwet'en-Babine 0
Tlingit 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0
Haida 0
Inuktut (Inuit) languages 0
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 0
Inuinnaqtun 0
Inuvialuktun 0
Inuktitut 0
Inuktut (Inuit) languages, n.i.e. 0
Iroquoian languages 0
Mohawk 0
Oneida 0
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 0
Ktunaxa (Kutenai) 0
Michif 0
Salish languages 0
Halkomelem 0
Lillooet 0
Ntlakapamux (Thompson) 0
Secwepemctsin (Shuswap) 0
Squamish 0
Straits 0
Syilx (Okanagan) 0
Salish languages, n.i.e. 0
Siouan languages 0
Assiniboine 0
Dakota 0
Stoney 0
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 0
Tsimshian languages 0
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 0
Nisga'a 0
Tsimshian 0
Wakashan languages 10
Haisla 0
Heiltsuk 10
Kwak'wala (Kwakiutl) 0
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0
Indigenous languages, n.i.e. 0
Indigenous languages, n.o.s. 0
Non-Indigenous languages 19,610
Afro-Asiatic languages 65
Berber languages 0
Kabyle 0
Tamazight 0
Berber languages, n.i.e. 0
Chadic languages 0
Coptic 0
Cushitic languages 0
Bilen 0
Oromo 0
Somali 0
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 0
Semitic languages 65
Amharic 0
Arabic 35
Aramaic languages 0
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 0
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 0
Aramaic, n.o.s. 0
Hebrew 30
Tigrigna 0
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 0
Austro-Asiatic languages 750
Khmer (Cambodian) 0
Vietnamese 745
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 0
Austronesian languages 225
Bikol 0
Bisaya, n.o.s. 0
Cebuano 0
Hiligaynon 0
Ilocano 15
Indonesian 45
Kankanaey 0
Malagasy languages 0
Malay 0
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 0
Pangasinan 0
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 155
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 0
Creole languages 0
Haitian Creole 0
Jamaican English Creole 0
Morisyen 0
Creole, n.o.s. 0
Creole languages, n.i.e. 0
Dravidian languages 30
Kannada 0
Malayalam 0
Tamil 30
Telugu 0
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 0
Georgian 0
Indo-European languages 2,225
Albanian 0
Armenian 0
Balto-Slavic languages 175
Baltic languages 0
Latvian 0
Lithuanian 0
Slavic languages 170
Bulgarian 0
Czech 0
Macedonian 0
Polish 15
Russian 125
Serbo-Croatian 10
Bosnian 0
Croatian 0
Serbian 0
Serbo-Croatian, n.i.e. 0
Slovak 0
Slovene (Slovenian) 0
Ukrainian 0
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 0
Celtic languages 0
Scottish Gaelic 0
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 0
Germanic languages 75
Frisian 0
High German languages 50
German 40
Pennsylvania German 0
Swiss German 0
Yiddish 0
Low Saxon-Low Franconian languages 10
Afrikaans 0
Dutch 10
Low German, n.o.s. 0
Low Saxon 0
Plautdietsch 0
Vlaams (Flemish) 0
Scandinavian languages 20
Danish 0
Icelandic 0
Norwegian 0
Swedish 10
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 0
Greek 20
Indo-Iranian languages 915
Indo-Aryan languages 570
Bengali 0
Gujarati 0
Hindi 15
Kacchi 0
Marathi 0
Nepali 0
Punjabi (Panjabi) 535
Sindhi 0
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 0
Urdu 15
Indo-Aryan languages, n.i.e. 0
Iranian languages 350
Kurdish 0
Pashto 0
Persian languages 350
Dari 0
Iranian Persian 330
Persian (Farsi), n.o.s. 20
Iranian languages, n.i.e. 0
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 0
Italic (Romance) languages 1,030
Catalan 0
Italian 55
Portuguese 200
Romanian 0
Spanish 780
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 0
Indo-European languages, n.i.e. 0
Japanese 870
Korean 800
Mongolian 0
Niger-Congo languages 0
Akan (Twi) 0
Edo 0
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 0
Ga 0
Ganda 0
Igbo 0
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 0
Lingala 0
Rundi (Kirundi) 0
Shona 0
Swahili 0
Wolof 0
Yoruba 0
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 0
Nilo-Saharan languages 0
Dinka 0
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 0
Sign languages 25
American Sign Language 25
Quebec Sign Language 0
Sign languages, n.i.e. 0
Sino-Tibetan languages 14,500
Chinese languages 14,500
Hakka 0
Mandarin 5,760
Min Dong 0
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 60
Wu (Shanghainese) 10
Yue (Cantonese) 8,640
Chinese, n.o.s. 25
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 0
Tibeto-Burman languages 0
Burmese 0
Karenic languages 0
S'gaw Karen 0
Karenic languages, n.i.e. 0
Tibetan 0
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 0
Sino-Tibetan languages, n.i.e. 0
Tai-Kadai languages 80
Lao 0
Thai 80
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e. 0
Turkic languages 35
Azerbaijani 0
Turkish 35
Uyghur 0
Uzbek 0
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 0
Uralic languages 0
Estonian 0
Finnish 0
Hungarian 0
Other languages, n.i.e. 0
Multiple responses 6,635
English and French 580
English and non-official language(s) 5,820
French and non-official language(s) 10
English, French and non-official language(s) 30
Multiple non-official languages 200
Other language(s) used regularly at work
Total - Other language(s) used regularly at work for the population in private households aged 15 years and over who worked since January 1, 2020 - 25% sample data197 419,270
None 388,115
English 6,265
French 3,760
Non-official language 16,115
Indigenous39 40
Non-Indigenous 16,075
English and French 15
English and non-official language(s) 1,260
French and non-official language(s) 620
English, French and non-official language(s) 0
Multiple non-official languages 3,115
Place of work status
Total - Place of work status for the employed labour force aged 15 years and over - 25% sample data198 359,280
Worked at home 123,110
Worked outside Canada 2,210
No fixed workplace address 39,640
Usual place of work 194,315
Commuting destination
Total - Commuting destination for the employed labour force aged 15 years and over with a usual place of work - 25% sample data199 194,315
Commute within census subdivision (CSD) of residence 130,595
Commute to a different census subdivision (CSD) within census division (CD) of residence 61,420
Commute to a different census subdivision (CSD) and census division (CD) within province or territory of residence 1,605
Commute to a different province or territory 685
Main mode of commuting
Total - Main mode of commuting for the employed labour force aged 15 years and over with a usual place of work or no fixed workplace address - 25% sample data200 233,960
Car, truck or van 131,425
Car, truck or van - as a driver 118,815
Car, truck or van - as a passenger 12,610
Public transit 53,515
Walked 30,630
Bicycle 12,325
Other method 6,060
Commuting duration
Total - Commuting duration for the employed labour force aged 15 years and over with a usual place of work or no fixed workplace address - 25% sample data201 233,960
Less than 15 minutes 46,865
15 to 29 minutes 93,750
30 to 44 minutes 61,575
45 to 59 minutes 18,595
60 minutes and over 13,175
Time leaving for work
Total - Time leaving for work for the employed labour force aged 15 years and over with a usual place of work or no fixed workplace address - 25% sample data202 233,960
Between 5 a.m. and 5:59 a.m. 9,095
Between 6 a.m. and 6:59 a.m. 29,670
Between 7 a.m. and 7:59 a.m. 51,440
Between 8 a.m. and 8:59 a.m. 59,050
Between 9 a.m. and 11:59 a.m. 52,095
Between 12 p.m. and 4:59 a.m. 32,615
Children eligible for instruction in the minority official language
Total - Eligibility for instruction in the minority official language for the population in private households born in 2003 or later - 100% data203 87,415
Children eligible for instruction in the minority official language 6,870
Children not eligible for instruction in the minority official language 80,540
Eligibility and instruction in the minority official language for school-aged children
Total - Eligibility and instruction in the minority official language, for the population in private households born between 2003 and 2015 (inclusive) - 100% data204 62,020
Children eligible for instruction in the minority official language 5,095
Eligible children who have been instructed in the minority official language at the primary or secondary level in Canada 3,295
Eligible children who have not been instructed in the minority official language at the primary or secondary level in Canada 1,805
Children not eligible for instruction in the minority official language 56,925

Symbol legend

Source

Source: Statistics Canada, 2021 Census of Population.

How to cite

How to cite: Statistics Canada. 2023. (table). Census Profile. 2021 Census of Population. Statistics Canada Catalogue no. 98-316-X2021001. Ottawa. Released November 15, 2023.
https://www12.statcan.gc.ca/census-recensement/2021/dp-pd/prof/index.cfm?Lang=E (accessed April 20, 2024).

Note(s):

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