Census Profile, 2021 Census of Population
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Topic:
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Age
Age characteristics
Commuting
Select all: Commuting
Commuting destination
Commuting duration
Main mode of commuting
Place of work status
Time leaving for work
Education
Select all: Education
Highest certificate, diploma or degree
Location of study compared with province or territory of residence
Major field of study - Classification of Instructional Programs (CIP) 2021
Secondary (high) school diploma or equivalency certificate
Ethnocultural and religious diversity
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Ethnic or cultural origin
Religion
Visible minority
Families, households, and marital status
Select all: Families, households, and marital status
Family characteristics
Household type
Marital status
Housing
Household characteristics
Immigration, place of birth, and citizenship
Select all: Immigration, place of birth, and citizenship
Admission category and applicant type
Age at immigration
Citizenship
Generation status
Immigrant status and period of immigration
Pre-admission experience
Selected places of birth for the immigrant population
Selected places of birth for the recent immigrant population
Income
Select all: Income
Income of economic families in 2020
Income of households in 2020
Income of individuals in 2019
Income of individuals in 2020
Low income and income inequality in 2020
Indigenous peoples
Select all: Indigenous peoples
Indigenous ancestry
Indigenous population
Labour
Select all: Labour
Class of worker including job permanency
Industry - Sectors - North American Industry Classification System (NAICS) 2017
Labour force status
Occupation - Broad category - National Occupational Classification (NOC) 2021
Work activity during the reference year
Language
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All languages spoken at home
First official language spoken
Knowledge of languages
Knowledge of official languages
Language spoken most often at home
Mother tongue
Other language spoken regularly at home
Language of work
Select all: Language of work
All languages used at work
Language used most often at work
Other language(s) used regularly at work
Mobility and migration
Select all: Mobility and migration
Mobility status 1 year ago
Mobility status 5 years ago
Population and dwelling counts
Population and dwellings
Type of dwelling
Household and dwelling characteristics
GenderMore information:


Statistic:
Characteristic St. Thomas, City (CY)More information:
Ontario
[Census subdivision]
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Southwold, Township (TP)More information:
Ontario
[Census subdivision]
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Central Elgin, Municipality (MU)More information:
Ontario
[Census subdivision]
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London, City (CY)More information:
Ontario
[Census subdivision]
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Aylmer, Town (T)More information:
Ontario
[Census subdivision]
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Counts Counts Counts Counts Counts
Total Total Total Total Total
Population and dwellings
Population, 20211 42,840 4,851 13,746 422,324 7,699
Population, 20161 38,909 4,421 12,607 383,822 7,492
Population percentage change, 2016 to 2021 10.1 9.7 9.0 10.0 2.8
Total private dwellings2 18,596 1,760 5,845 186,409 3,177
Private dwellings occupied by usual residents3 18,062 1,713 5,460 174,657 3,067
Population density per square kilometre 1,203.2 16.1 49.1 1,004.3 1,208.6
Land area in square kilometres 35.61 301.38 279.87 420.50 6.37
Age characteristics
Total - Age groups of the population - 100% data 42,840 4,850 13,745 422,320 7,700
0 to 14 years 7,155 885 1,995 69,020 1,560
0 to 4 years 2,135 265 555 20,930 540
5 to 9 years 2,425 330 645 23,685 540
10 to 14 years 2,595 290 800 24,405 480
15 to 64 years 26,570 3,010 8,595 278,240 4,590
15 to 19 years 2,375 300 740 23,920 460
20 to 24 years 2,205 220 620 30,825 445
25 to 29 years 2,330 205 550 33,935 565
30 to 34 years 2,715 275 670 30,660 475
35 to 39 years 2,675 300 845 28,815 420
40 to 44 years 2,620 315 795 26,080 385
45 to 49 years 2,745 310 850 24,520 410
50 to 54 years 2,760 345 1,030 24,965 380
55 to 59 years 3,100 395 1,290 27,960 495
60 to 64 years 3,050 345 1,200 26,560 555
65 years and over 9,115 950 3,155 75,070 1,550
65 to 69 years 2,685 300 1,085 22,680 430
70 to 74 years 2,490 240 990 19,425 375
75 to 79 years 1,730 185 525 13,365 300
80 to 84 years 1,140 115 330 9,235 215
85 years and over 1,065 120 225 10,355 230
85 to 89 years 630 70 120 6,220 150
90 to 94 years 325 40 80 3,065 55
95 to 99 years 95 10 20 960 25
100 years and over 10 0 0 115 0
Total - Distribution (%) of the population by broad age groups - 100% data 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0
0 to 14 years 16.7 18.2 14.5 16.3 20.3
15 to 64 years 62.0 62.1 62.5 65.9 59.6
65 years and over 21.3 19.6 23.0 17.8 20.1
85 years and over 2.5 2.5 1.6 2.5 3.0
Average age of the population 43.0 42.3 45.3 40.7 40.6
Median age of the population 43.6 44.0 48.8 38.8 39.2
Household and dwelling characteristics
Total - Occupied private dwellings by structural type of dwelling - 100% data 18,065 1,715 5,460 174,655 3,065
Single-detached house 11,705 1,685 5,055 85,275 2,025
Semi-detached house 1,330 5 50 5,940 150
Row house 730 0 125 23,305 210
Apartment or flat in a duplex 595 10 45 4,470 85
Apartment in a building that has fewer than five storeys 2,905 15 170 17,800 520
Apartment in a building that has five or more storeys 775 0 0 37,550 45
Other single-attached house 20 0 10 160 35
Movable dwelling4 5 0 10 160 0
Total - Private households by household size - 100% data 18,060 1,710 5,460 174,660 3,065
1 person 5,350 285 1,100 54,230 865
2 persons 6,620 635 2,315 58,315 1,065
3 persons 2,680 285 850 25,470 445
4 persons 2,215 305 815 22,415 390
5 or more persons 1,210 205 380 14,225 295
Number of persons in private households 42,110 4,760 13,620 416,265 7,615
Average household size 2.3 2.8 2.5 2.4 2.5
Marital status
Total - Marital status for the total population aged 15 years and over - 100% data 35,685 3,960 11,745 353,305 6,140
Married or living common-law 20,030 2,690 7,940 187,390 3,670
Married 15,915 2,315 6,695 152,780 3,155
Living common-law 4,115 375 1,245 34,605 515
Living common law - Never married 2,650 220 665 25,580 310
Living common law - Separated 285 20 90 1,855 50
Living common law - Divorced 1,070 120 435 6,425 135
Living common law - Widowed 110 15 60 745 20
Not married and not living common-law 15,655 1,275 3,805 165,915 2,470
Not married and not living common law - Never married 9,065 825 2,355 112,185 1,425
Not married and not living common law - Separated 1,345 75 255 11,470 185
Not married and not living common law - Divorced 2,790 155 580 23,100 340
Not married and not living common law - Widowed 2,460 220 620 19,160 525
Family characteristics
Total - Census families in private households by family size - 100% data5 12,425 1,445 4,365 112,760 2,145
2 persons 6,875 710 2,470 57,565 1,090
3 persons 2,555 285 830 23,755 430
4 persons 2,085 300 770 20,930 355
5 or more persons 910 160 295 10,510 265
Average size of census families 2.8 3.0 2.8 2.9 3.0
Average number of children in census families with children6 1.7 1.9 1.7 1.8 2.0
Total number of census families in private households - 100% data 12,425 1,450 4,365 112,760 2,145
Total couple families 9,875 1,315 3,940 91,365 1,815
Married couples 7,820 1,130 3,315 74,065 1,560
With children6 3,655 615 1,530 40,695 800
Without children 4,165 515 1,790 33,370 760
Common-law couples 2,055 190 620 17,295 260
With children6 895 80 215 5,780 105
Without children 1,160 105 405 11,520 145
Total one-parent families 2,550 130 425 21,400 325
in which the parent is a woman+ 2,010 85 320 17,225 270
in which the parent is a man+ 545 45 105 4,175 55
Total - Persons in private households - 100% data 42,105 4,760 13,615 416,265 7,610
Total - Persons in census families 34,645 4,310 12,080 327,475 6,440
Married spouses or common-law partners 19,745 2,640 7,880 182,725 3,630
Parents in one-parent families 2,555 130 425 21,400 330
Children6 12,350 1,540 3,770 123,350 2,475
In a two-parent family 8,425 1,360 3,155 89,405 1,945
In a one-parent family 3,925 180 620 33,945 530
Total - Persons not in census families in private households - 100% data 7,460 455 1,535 88,790 1,175
Living alone 5,345 290 1,095 54,235 865
Living with other relatives7 855 90 230 9,685 140
Living with non-relatives only 1,260 75 215 24,875 170
Household type
Total - Household type - 100% data 18,060 1,710 5,460 174,660 3,070
One-census-family households without additional persons 11,135 1,260 3,980 100,520 1,985
Couple-family households 9,080 1,175 3,650 83,390 1,715
With children6 4,185 625 1,625 42,465 870
Without children 4,895 550 2,025 40,930 850
One-parent-family households 2,055 90 330 17,135 270
Multigenerational households8 405 70 125 3,960 50
Multiple-census-family households9 75 10 30 740 5
One-census-family households with additional persons9 530 50 130 4,885 80
Two-or-more-person non-census-family households 570 30 95 10,315 90
One-person households 5,345 290 1,100 54,230 865
Income of individuals in 2020
Total - Income statistics in 2020 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data10 34,975 3,870 11,620 347,330 6,055
Number of total income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2020 - 100% data 33,795 3,760 11,350 331,040 5,880
Median total income in 2020 among recipients ($) 40,000 46,800 48,000 39,600 37,200
Number of after-tax income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2020 - 100% data 33,805 3,760 11,360 331,180 5,885
Median after-tax income in 2020 among recipients ($) 36,400 41,600 42,400 36,000 34,000
Number of market income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2020 - 100% data 29,420 3,530 10,620 290,200 4,920
Median market income in 2020 among recipients ($) 32,800 39,600 41,200 34,000 32,800
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2020 - 100% data 23,415 2,980 8,430 235,780 4,055
Median employment income in 2020 among recipients ($) 35,600 38,800 41,200 34,400 34,800
Number of government transfers recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2020 - 100% data 31,145 3,325 10,095 303,800 5,420
Median government transfers in 2020 among recipients ($) 11,000 8,200 8,700 9,200 9,800
Number of employment insurance benefits recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2020 - 100% data 3,675 325 935 30,100 590
Median employment insurance benefits in 2020 among recipients ($) 5,080 5,320 5,080 5,480 5,080
Number of COVID-19 emergency and recovery benefits recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2020 - 100% data 9,210 890 2,560 98,890 1,390
Median COVID-19 emergency and recovery benefits in 2020 among recipients ($) 8,000 6,550 7,000 8,000 6,500
Total - Income statistics in 2020 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data11 34,975 3,875 11,620 347,330 6,055
Number of total income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2020 - 25% sample data 33,790 3,755 11,365 331,250 5,855
Average total income in 2020 among recipients ($) 46,280 55,500 56,950 50,440 44,080
Number of after-tax income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2020 - 25% sample data 33,805 3,760 11,370 331,410 5,865
Average after-tax income in 2020 among recipients ($) 40,160 46,080 47,520 42,560 38,440
Number of market income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2020 - 25% sample data 29,470 3,555 10,620 290,270 4,920
Average market income in 2020 among recipients ($) 40,360 49,160 51,250 46,160 39,960
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2020 - 25% sample data 23,415 2,980 8,430 235,775 4,050
Average employment income in 2020 among recipients ($) 41,440 47,440 49,760 45,160 40,200
Number of government transfers recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2020 - 25% sample data 31,150 3,365 10,155 303,850 5,360
Average government transfers in 2020 among recipients ($) 12,050 9,980 10,130 10,900 11,490
Number of employment insurance benefits recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2020 - 25% sample data 3,810 385 955 30,525 600
Average employment insurance benefits in 2020 among recipients ($) 6,055 6,220 6,370 6,290 7,680
Number of COVID-19 emergency and recovery benefits recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2020 - 25% sample data 9,255 940 2,570 98,885 1,310
Average COVID-19 emergency and recovery benefits in 2020 among recipients ($) 8,370 8,300 7,860 8,930 7,540
Total - Employment income statistics in 2020 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data12 34,975 3,870 11,620 347,330 6,055
Number of employment income recipients in 2020 who worked full-year full-time in 2020 - 25% sample data13 11,005 1,340 4,135 106,620 1,790
Median employment income in 2020 for full-year full-time workers in 2020 ($)14 56,400 64,500 66,500 60,400 55,200
Average employment income in 2020 for full-year full-time workers in 2020 ($)15 63,100 75,300 75,200 71,700 60,400
Number of employment income recipients in 2020 who worked part-year or part-time in 2020 - 25% sample data16 9,075 1,235 3,155 96,220 1,750
Median employment income in 2020 of those who worked part-year or part-time in 2020 ($) 19,400 18,000 18,000 17,000 19,800
Average employment income in 2020 of those who worked part-year or part-time in 2020 ($) 26,240 29,850 29,480 26,040 27,640
Composition of total income in 2020 of the population aged 15 years and over in private households (%) - 25% sample data17 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0
Market income (%)18 76.0 83.8 84.2 80.2 76.2
Employment income (%)19 62.0 68.0 64.8 63.7 63.1
Government transfers (%)20 24.0 16.1 15.9 19.8 23.8
Employment insurance benefits (%) 1.5 1.2 0.9 1.2 1.8
COVID-19 - Government income support and benefits (%) 5.9 4.3 3.7 6.0 4.9
COVID-19 - Emergency and recovery benefits (%) 5.0 3.7 3.1 5.3 3.8
Total - Total income groups in 2020 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data21 34,975 3,875 11,620 347,325 6,055
Without total income 1,180 110 270 16,290 180
With total income 33,790 3,760 11,350 331,040 5,880
Under $10,000 (including loss) 2,375 265 795 28,030 465
$10,000 to $19,999 4,265 405 1,170 42,140 845
$20,000 to $29,999 5,450 440 1,480 53,365 1,060
$30,000 to $39,999 4,825 475 1,225 44,480 790
$40,000 to $49,999 4,470 440 1,245 38,960 745
$50,000 to $59,999 3,700 410 1,175 31,640 585
$60,000 to $69,999 2,675 360 1,045 23,580 455
$70,000 to $79,999 1,860 235 765 17,465 325
$80,000 to $89,999 1,245 175 560 12,210 170
$90,000 to $99,999 920 160 430 9,300 140
$100,000 and over 2,010 405 1,460 29,880 295
$100,000 to $149,999 1,630 285 1,080 20,555 240
$150,000 and over 380 120 380 9,320 60
Total - After-tax income groups in 2020 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data22 34,975 3,875 11,620 347,325 6,055
Without after-tax income 1,175 105 260 16,150 175
With after-tax income 33,800 3,765 11,355 331,180 5,885
Under $10,000 (including loss) 2,495 285 865 29,190 490
$10,000 to $19,999 4,420 410 1,245 43,820 880
$20,000 to $29,999 6,220 520 1,670 60,055 1,180
$30,000 to $39,999 5,770 560 1,505 52,430 935
$40,000 to $49,999 5,235 555 1,550 45,285 860
$50,000 to $59,999 3,685 475 1,350 32,235 620
$60,000 to $69,999 2,365 285 950 21,860 375
$70,000 to $79,999 1,395 240 675 14,325 210
$80,000 to $89,999 1,010 160 570 11,005 130
$90,000 to $99,999 480 90 310 6,300 90
$100,000 and over 725 185 655 14,665 115
$100,000 to $124,999 435 100 370 7,520 60
$125,000 and over 290 85 285 7,145 55
Total - Employment income groups in 2020 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data19 34,975 3,875 11,620 347,325 6,055
Without employment income 11,555 885 3,190 111,550 2,005
With employment income 23,415 2,985 8,430 235,775 4,050
Under $5,000 (including loss) 3,580 505 1,385 35,975 530
$5,000 to $9,999 1,740 180 600 20,675 320
$10,000 to $19,999 2,745 340 855 29,500 515
$20,000 to $29,999 2,340 245 665 22,055 465
$30,000 to $39,999 2,335 250 635 21,645 435
$40,000 to $49,999 2,465 255 680 22,645 465
$50,000 to $59,999 2,265 255 740 19,040 380
$60,000 to $69,999 1,675 240 620 15,050 310
$70,000 to $79,999 1,200 165 475 11,220 200
$80,000 to $89,999 875 125 375 8,645 120
$90,000 to $99,999 695 140 330 7,335 100
$100,000 and over 1,510 295 1,075 21,995 205
$100,000 to $124,999 970 155 590 11,080 135
$125,000 and over 540 135 485 10,915 75
Income of individuals in 2019
Total - Income statistics in 2019 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data23 34,975 3,870 11,620 347,330 6,055
Number of total income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2019 - 100% data 33,210 3,670 11,135 323,480 5,800
Median total income in 2019 among recipients ($) 38,000 46,000 46,800 36,800 34,800
Number of after-tax income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2019 - 100% data 33,225 3,670 11,145 323,555 5,805
Median after-tax income in 2019 among recipients ($) 34,800 41,200 41,600 33,600 31,800
Number of market income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2019 - 100% data 29,190 3,465 10,480 284,830 4,885
Median market income in 2019 among recipients ($) 34,800 42,000 41,600 34,800 34,000
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2019 - 100% data 23,615 2,960 8,475 233,910 4,065
Median employment income in 2019 among recipients ($) 36,800 41,200 42,000 35,200 35,600
Number of government transfers recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2019 - 100% data 29,735 3,150 9,570 285,925 5,170
Median government transfers in 2019 among recipients ($) 6,450 3,440 4,200 2,700 5,720
Number of employment insurance benefits recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2019 -100% data 3,060 315 800 21,010 480
Median employment insurance benefits in 2019 among recipients ($) 4,800 4,880 5,120 5,440 5,000
Total - Income statistics in 2019 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data24 34,975 3,875 11,620 347,330 6,055
Number of total income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2019 - 25% sample data 33,235 3,655 11,140 323,315 5,775
Average total income in 2019 among recipients ($) 43,880 54,200 55,250 47,560 42,200
Number of after-tax income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2019 - 25% sample data 33,255 3,655 11,155 323,405 5,780
Average after-tax income in 2019 among recipients ($) 38,040 45,520 45,960 40,120 36,680
Number of market income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2019 - 25% sample data 29,265 3,520 10,530 284,980 4,880
Average market income in 2019 among recipients ($) 40,680 49,760 51,350 46,400 40,720
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2019 - 25% sample data 23,595 2,985 8,480 234,205 4,060
Average employment income in 2019 among recipients ($) 41,800 47,960 49,680 45,080 41,120
Number of government transfers recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2019 - 25% sample data 29,790 3,165 9,595 285,315 5,130
Average government transfers in 2019 among recipients ($) 8,960 7,310 7,800 7,540 8,770
Number of employment insurance benefits recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2019 - 25% sample data 3,140 355 845 20,600 500
Average employment insurance benefits in 2019 among recipients ($) 6,045 6,040 7,000 6,940 6,480
Total - Employment income statistics in 2019 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data25 34,975 3,870 11,620 347,330 6,055
Number of employment income recipients in 2019 who worked full-year full-time in 2020 - 25% sample data13 10,980 1,330 4,110 105,580 1,760
Median employment income in 2019 for full-year full-time workers in 2020 ($)14 53,600 60,800 65,500 56,400 51,200
Average employment income in 2019 for full-year full-time workers in 2020 ($)15 59,450 70,500 71,100 67,000 57,400
Number of employment income recipients in 2019 who worked part-year or part-time in 2020 - 25% sample data16 8,600 1,180 2,980 89,265 1,660
Median employment income in 2019 of those who worked part-year or part-time in 2020 ($) 25,800 26,000 23,800 22,000 26,200
Average employment income in 2019 of those who worked part-year or part-time in 2020 ($) 31,560 36,100 34,040 30,880 32,840
Composition of total income in 2019 of the population aged 15 years and over in private households (%) - 25% sample data 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0
Market income (%) 81.6 88.4 87.8 86.0 81.6
Employment income (%) 67.6 72.2 68.4 68.6 68.4
Government transfers (%) 18.3 11.7 12.2 14.0 18.5
Employment insurance benefits (%) 1.3 1.1 1.0 0.9 1.3
Income of households in 2020
Total - Income statistics for private households - 100% data26 18,060 1,710 5,460 174,660 3,065
Median total income of household in 2020 ($) 75,000 105,000 103,000 76,500 73,500
Median after-tax income of household in 2020 ($) 67,500 91,000 89,000 68,500 66,000
Total - Income statistics for one-person private households - 100% data 5,345 290 1,100 54,230 865
Median total income of one-person households in 2020 ($) 38,000 52,800 51,600 41,200 34,400
Median after-tax income of one-person households in 2020 ($) 34,800 45,600 45,200 37,200 32,000
Total - Income statistics for two-or-more-persons private households - 100% data 12,715 1,425 4,360 120,425 2,200
Median total income of two-or-more-person households in 2020 ($) 93,000 118,000 118,000 97,000 91,000
Median after-tax income of two-or-more-person households in 2020 ($) 83,000 103,000 101,000 86,000 80,000
Total - Income statistics for private households - 25% sample data27 18,060 1,710 5,460 174,660 3,065
Average total income of household in 2020 ($) 86,600 121,600 118,500 95,700 84,200
Average after-tax income of household in 2020 ($) 75,200 101,100 99,000 80,800 73,500
Total - Income statistics for one-person private households - 25% sample data 5,350 290 1,100 54,245 865
Average total income of one-person households in 2020 ($) 44,960 54,800 64,800 50,640 41,800
Average after-tax income of one-person households in 2020 ($) 39,160 47,200 53,200 42,960 37,400
Total - Income statistics for two-or-more-persons private households - 25% sample data 12,710 1,425 4,360 120,415 2,205
Average total income of two-or-more-person households in 2020 ($) 104,100 135,200 132,000 116,000 100,800
Average after-tax income of two-or-more-person households in 2020 ($) 90,300 111,900 110,500 97,800 87,600
Total - Household total income groups in 2020 for private households - 100% data21 18,060 1,715 5,460 174,655 3,065
Under $5,000 80 10 15 2,545 20
$5,000 to $9,999 75 0 15 1,255 15
$10,000 to $14,999 240 10 25 2,620 45
$15,000 to $19,999 465 10 55 4,145 60
$20,000 to $24,999 725 15 105 6,735 165
$25,000 to $29,999 735 25 115 6,525 155
$30,000 to $34,999 625 30 105 6,355 110
$35,000 to $39,999 800 40 120 6,785 150
$40,000 to $44,999 755 50 155 7,050 120
$45,000 to $49,999 765 50 155 7,310 115
$50,000 to $59,999 1,565 100 335 14,470 255
$60,000 to $69,999 1,515 115 360 13,480 235
$70,000 to $79,999 1,375 110 370 12,505 235
$80,000 to $89,999 1,290 115 350 11,305 215
$90,000 to $99,999 1,175 130 370 10,105 205
$100,000 and over 5,875 910 2,825 61,470 970
$100,000 to $124,999 2,240 245 745 20,075 410
$125,000 to $149,999 1,455 220 600 13,550 245
$150,000 to $199,999 1,450 230 835 14,935 205
$200,000 and over 725 210 645 12,910 110
Total - Household after-tax income groups in 2020 for private households - 100% data22 18,060 1,715 5,460 174,655 3,065
Under $5,000 90 10 25 2,700 20
$5,000 to $9,999 75 0 10 1,295 20
$10,000 to $14,999 245 10 30 2,675 45
$15,000 to $19,999 475 10 60 4,300 65
$20,000 to $24,999 775 15 115 7,195 170
$25,000 to $29,999 870 35 135 7,410 165
$30,000 to $34,999 740 35 115 7,495 150
$35,000 to $39,999 875 60 145 8,035 150
$40,000 to $44,999 900 50 190 8,480 135
$45,000 to $49,999 900 65 195 8,420 150
$50,000 to $59,999 1,850 125 435 16,430 295
$60,000 to $69,999 1,690 115 445 15,285 280
$70,000 to $79,999 1,590 155 430 13,950 270
$80,000 to $89,999 1,480 150 440 12,415 240
$90,000 to $99,999 1,170 125 390 10,520 215
$100,000 and over 4,335 755 2,305 48,055 690
$100,000 to $124,999 2,065 290 830 19,385 350
$125,000 to $149,999 1,130 195 605 11,590 170
$150,000 and over 1,140 270 865 17,080 170
Income of economic families in 2020
Total - Income statistics for economic families in private households - 100% data28 12,305 1,405 4,295 112,400 2,140
Median total income of economic family in 2020 ($) 93,000 118,000 118,000 97,000 90,000
Median after-tax income of economic family in 2020 ($) 82,000 103,000 101,000 86,000 80,000
Average family size of economic families 2.9 3.1 2.9 3.0 3.1
Total - Income statistics for couple-only economic families in private households - 100% data 4,945 555 2,035 41,975 860
Median total income of couple-only economic families in 2020 ($) 84,000 96,000 98,000 90,000 78,500
Median after-tax income of couple-only economic families in 2020 ($) 74,500 84,000 85,000 79,500 69,500
Average family size of couple-only economic families 2.0 2.0 2.0 2.0 2.0
Total - Income statistics for couple-with-children economic families in private households - 100% data 4,600 700 1,775 46,790 920
Median total income of couple-with-children economic families in 2020 ($) 121,000 144,000 151,000 123,000 110,000
Median after-tax income of couple-with-children economic families in 2020 ($) 105,000 122,000 127,000 108,000 98,000
Average family size of couple-with-children economic families 4.0 4.1 3.9 4.1 4.2
Total - Income statistics for one-parent economic families in private households - 100% data 2,405 110 375 20,050 310
Median total income of one-parent economic families in 2020 ($) 62,800 84,000 86,000 65,000 63,600
Median after-tax income of one-parent economic families in 2020 ($) 58,400 75,500 76,000 60,800 59,600
Average family size of one-parent economic families 2.6 2.5 2.6 2.7 2.7
Total - Income statistics for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families in private households - 100% data29 6,605 360 1,310 79,110 1,035
Median total income in 2020 ($)30 36,400 49,200 49,200 35,600 34,000
Median after-tax income in 2020 ($)30 33,600 42,800 43,200 33,200 31,800
Total - Income statistics for economic families in private households - 25% sample data31 12,265 1,400 4,295 112,300 2,135
Average total income of economic family in 2020 ($) 104,100 136,200 131,800 117,500 100,800
Average after-tax income of economic family in 2020 ($) 90,200 112,600 110,200 98,700 87,500
Total - Income statistics for couple-only economic families in private households - 25% sample data 4,910 560 2,040 41,735 860
Average total income of couple-only economic families in 2020 ($) 93,100 106,400 115,300 108,000 90,600
Average after-tax income of couple-only economic families in 2020 ($) 80,700 88,000 96,100 89,800 77,000
Total - Income statistics for couple-with-children economic families in private households - 25% sample data 4,650 720 1,780 46,805 915
Average total income of couple-with-children economic families in 2020 ($) 131,200 162,400 156,000 144,800 122,600
Average after-tax income of couple-with-children economic families in 2020 ($) 112,400 134,400 130,800 120,400 106,600
Total - Income statistics for one-parent economic families in private households - 25% sample data 2,370 80 365 20,040 320
Average total income of one-parent economic families in 2020 ($) 72,100 108,000 99,600 76,000 68,500
Average after-tax income of one-parent economic families in 2020 ($) 65,000 86,000 83,600 67,900 62,800
Total - Income statistics for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families in private households - 25% sample data32 6,640 360 1,305 79,140 1,050
Average total income in 2020 ($)30 43,160 49,400 61,950 44,440 40,700
Average after-tax income in 2020 ($)30 37,720 42,800 51,120 38,240 36,500
Low income and income inequality in 2020
Total - LIM low-income status in 2020 for the population in private households - 100% data33 42,110 4,760 13,620 416,265 7,615
0 to 17 years 8,635 1,075 2,455 82,960 1,815
0 to 5 years 2,625 325 680 25,510 655
18 to 64 years 24,855 2,815 8,060 262,470 4,335
65 years and over 8,625 870 3,100 70,835 1,465
In low income based on the Low-income measure, after tax (LIM-AT) 4,590 195 665 57,385 980
0 to 17 years 1,075 35 120 14,400 215
0 to 5 years 370 15 35 4,780 80
18 to 64 years 2,445 115 355 34,080 420
65 years and over 1,070 50 195 8,900 340
Prevalence of low income based on the Low-income measure, after tax (LIM-AT) (%) 10.9 4.1 4.9 13.8 12.8
0 to 17 years (%) 12.5 3.0 4.8 17.4 11.8
0 to 5 years (%) 14.3 3.2 5.6 18.7 12.2
18 to 64 years (%) 9.8 4.1 4.4 13.0 9.8
65 years and over (%) 12.4 5.4 6.3 12.6 23.3
Total - LICO low-income status in 2020 for the population in private households to whom the low-income concept is applicable - 100% data33 42,105 4,760 13,615 416,265 7,610
0 to 17 years 8,630 1,080 2,460 82,965 1,815
0 to 5 years 2,625 325 680 25,510 655
18 to 64 years 24,850 2,815 8,060 262,465 4,330
65 years and over 8,620 865 3,100 70,835 1,465
In low income based on the Low-income cut-offs, after tax (LICO-AT) 1,635 40 185 27,265 230
0 to 17 years 265 10 20 4,715 55
0 to 5 years 95 0 5 1,455 25
18 to 64 years 1,240 30 130 21,145 165
65 years and over 130 5 35 1,410 15
Prevalence of low income based on the Low-income cut-offs, after tax (LICO-AT) (%) 3.9 0.9 1.4 6.6 3.0
0 to 17 years (%) 3.1 0.9 0.9 5.7 2.8
0 to 5 years (%) 3.6 x 1.2 5.7 3.6
18 to 64 years (%) 5.0 1.0 1.6 8.1 3.8
65 years and over (%) 1.5 0.6 1.1 2.0 1.0
Total - Adjusted after-tax economic family income decile group for the population in private households - 100% data34The letter 'c' in a yellow triangle indicates a correction notice. 42,110 4,755 13,620 416,265 7,615
In bottom half of the distribution 24,010 1,830 4,985 232,165 4,795
In bottom decile 3,985 160 560 54,260 740
In second decile 4,740 265 800 47,435 1,085
In third decile 5,030 395 980 45,310 1,110
In fourth decile 5,250 480 1,215 43,490 950
In fifth decile 5,005 530 1,430 41,670 910
In top half of the distribution 18,100 2,925 8,635 184,095 2,815
In sixth decile 4,900 550 1,500 39,600 885
In seventh decile 4,385 680 1,660 38,220 700
In eighth decile 3,855 545 1,915 37,225 480
In ninth decile 3,240 655 1,920 36,090 495
In top decile 1,715 490 1,630 32,960 255
Total - Inequality measures for the population in private households - 100% data35 42,105 4,760 13,615 416,265 7,610
Gini index on adjusted household total income 0.280 0.270 0.288 0.345 0.285
Gini index on adjusted household market income 0.419 0.356 0.376 0.472 0.422
Gini index on adjusted household after-tax income 0.248 0.237 0.252 0.301 0.255
P90/P10 ratio on adjusted household after-tax income 3.2 2.9 3.1 3.9 3.2
Knowledge of official languages
Total - Knowledge of official languages for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% data36 42,325 4,765 13,625 418,220 7,640
English only 40,140 4,575 12,860 380,125 7,310
French only 20 0 0 325 0
English and French 2,040 185 755 29,650 190
Neither English nor French 125 5 15 8,120 145
First official language spoken
Total - First official language spoken for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% data37 42,325 4,765 13,625 418,220 7,640
English 41,780 4,720 13,495 403,125 7,475
French 400 35 105 4,850 25
English and French 25 0 10 2,360 0
Neither English nor French 115 5 10 7,885 140
Mother tongue
Total - Mother tongue for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% data38 42,325 4,765 13,625 418,220 7,640
Single responses 41,730 4,710 13,485 401,430 7,480
Official languages 38,815 4,490 12,665 302,115 5,710
English 38,380 4,450 12,550 297,525 5,680
French 440 35 115 4,595 30
Non-official languages 2,910 225 825 99,315 1,770
Indigenous languages39 5 0 0 80 0
Algonquian languages 5 0 0 45 0
Blackfoot 0 0 0 0 0
Cree-Innu languages 5 0 0 10 0
Atikamekw 0 0 0 0 0
Cree languages 0 0 0 5 0
Ililimowin (Moose Cree) 0 0 0 0 0
Inu Ayimun (Southern East Cree) 0 0 0 0 0
Iyiyiw-Ayimiwin (Northern East Cree) 0 0 0 0 0
Nehinawewin (Swampy Cree) 0 0 0 5 0
Nehiyawewin (Plains Cree) 0 0 0 0 0
Nihithawiwin (Woods Cree) 0 0 0 0 0
Cree, n.o.s. 0 0 0 0 0
Innu (Montagnais) 0 0 0 0 0
Naskapi 0 0 0 0 0
Eastern Algonquian languages 0 0 0 0 0
Mi'kmaq 0 0 0 0 0
Wolastoqewi (Malecite) 0 0 0 0 0
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 0 0 0 30 0
Anicinabemowin (Algonquin) 0 0 0 0 0
Oji-Cree 0 0 0 10 0
Ojibway languages 0 0 0 25 0
Anishinaabemowin (Chippewa) 0 0 0 5 0
Daawaamwin (Odawa) 0 0 0 0 0
Saulteau (Western Ojibway) 0 0 0 0 0
Ojibway, n.o.s. 0 0 0 20 0
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 0 0
Northern Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 0 0
Dakelh (Carrier) 0 0 0 0 0
Dane-zaa (Beaver) 0 0 0 0 0
Dene, n.o.s. 0 0 0 0 0
Gwich'in 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey-Hare languages 0 0 0 0 0
Deh Gah Ghotie Zhatie (South Slavey) 0 0 0 0 0
Satuotine Yati (North Slavey) 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan languages 0 0 0 0 0
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan 0 0 0 0 0
Tlicho (Dogrib) 0 0 0 0 0
Tse'khene (Sekani) 0 0 0 0 0
Tsilhqot'in (Chilcotin) 0 0 0 0 0
Tsuu T'ina (Sarsi) 0 0 0 0 0
Tutchone languages 0 0 0 0 0
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0
Tutchone, n.o.s. 0 0 0 0 0
Wetsuwet'en-Babine 0 0 0 0 0
Tlingit 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0
Haida 0 0 0 0 0
Inuktut (Inuit) languages 0 0 0 0 0
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 0 0 0 0 0
Inuinnaqtun 0 0 0 0 0
Inuvialuktun 0 0 0 0 0
Inuktitut 0 0 0 0 0
Inuktut (Inuit) languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages 0 0 0 35 0
Cayuga 0 0 0 0 0
Mohawk 0 0 0 0 0
Oneida 0 0 0 30 0
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0
Ktunaxa (Kutenai) 0 0 0 0 0
Michif 0 0 0 0 0
Salish languages 0 0 0 0 0
Halkomelem 0 0 0 0 0
Lillooet 0 0 0 0 0
Ntlakapamux (Thompson) 0 0 0 0 0
Secwepemctsin (Shuswap) 0 0 0 0 0
Squamish 0 0 0 0 0
Straits 0 0 0 0 0
Syilx (Okanagan) 0 0 0 0 0
Salish languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0
Siouan languages 0 0 0 0 0
Assiniboine 0 0 0 0 0
Dakota 0 0 0 0 0
Stoney 0 0 0 0 0
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0
Tsimshian languages 0 0 0 0 0
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 0 0 0 0 0
Nisga'a 0 0 0 0 0
Tsimshian 0 0 0 0 0
Wakashan languages 0 0 0 0 0
Haisla 0 0 0 0 0
Heiltsuk 0 0 0 0 0
Kwak'wala (Kwakiutl) 0 0 0 0 0
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0 0 0 0 0
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0
Indigenous languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0
Indigenous languages, n.o.s. 0 0 0 0 0
Non-Indigenous languages 2,905 225 825 99,235 1,770
Afro-Asiatic languages 130 10 20 18,475 0
Berber languages 0 0 0 15 0
Kabyle 0 0 0 5 0
Tamazight 0 0 0 10 0
Berber languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0
Chadic languages 0 0 0 15 0
Hausa 0 0 0 10 0
Mina 0 0 0 0 0
Coptic 0 0 0 10 0
Cushitic languages 0 0 0 350 0
Bilen 0 0 0 10 0
Oromo 0 0 0 15 0
Somali 0 0 0 320 0
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 0
Semitic languages 130 10 20 18,085 0
Amharic 0 0 0 295 0
Arabic 95 5 10 15,475 0
Aramaic languages 10 0 0 1,595 0
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 5 0 0 1,315 0
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 0 0 0 240 0
Aramaic, n.o.s. 0 0 0 45 0
Harari 0 0 0 0 0
Hebrew 0 0 5 145 0
Maltese 30 0 5 150 0
Tigrigna 0 0 0 425 0
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0
Austro-Asiatic languages 190 0 20 2,805 10
Khmer (Cambodian) 105 0 15 695 0
Vietnamese 85 0 5 2,110 10
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e 0 0 0 5 0
Austronesian languages 150 10 15 3,350 5
Bikol 0 0 0 5 0
Bisaya, n.o.s. 0 0 0 50 0
Cebuano 5 0 0 200 0
Fijian 0 0 0 0 0
Hiligaynon 0 0 0 70 0
Ilocano 0 0 0 215 0
Indonesian 5 0 0 140 0
Kankanaey 0 0 0 5 0
Kinaray-a 0 0 0 5 0
Malagasy languages 0 0 0 0 0
Merina 0 0 0 0 0
Malagasy, n.o.s. 0 0 0 0 0
Malay 0 0 0 15 0
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 0 0 0 20 0
Pangasinan 0 0 0 5 5
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 130 5 15 2,560 5
Waray-Waray 0 0 0 15 0
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 5 0 0 45 0
Creole languages 0 0 0 120 0
Haitian Creole 0 0 0 30 0
Jamaican English Creole 0 0 0 5 0
Krio 0 0 0 10 0
Morisyen 0 0 0 10 0
Sango 0 0 0 0 0
Creole, n.o.s. 0 0 0 45 0
Creole languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 15 0
Dravidian languages 55 0 0 4,400 0
Kannada 0 0 0 90 0
Malayalam 50 0 0 3,175 0
Tamil 10 0 0 665 0
Telugu 0 0 0 450 0
Tulu 0 0 0 5 0
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 0
Georgian 0 0 0 5 0
Hmong-Mien languages 0 0 0 0 0
Indo-European languages 2,070 190 720 53,445 1,720
Albanian 45 0 10 1,015 0
Armenian 5 0 0 100 0
Balto-Slavic languages 530 30 170 10,295 25
Baltic languages 10 0 5 175 0
Latvian 0 0 0 55 0
Lithuanian 10 0 5 120 0
Slavic languages 515 30 165 10,120 25
Belarusian 0 0 0 15 0
Bulgarian 5 0 0 80 0
Czech 25 0 5 310 5
Macedonian 5 0 5 75 0
Polish 230 15 80 4,520 10
Russian 50 5 10 1,530 10
Rusyn 0 0 0 15 0
Serbo-Croatian 150 10 45 2,315 5
Bosnian 5 0 5 655 0
Croatian 130 10 30 735 0
Serbian 15 0 5 880 0
Serbo-Croatian, n.i.e. 0 0 0 45 0
Slovak 20 0 5 260 0
Slovene (Slovenian) 5 0 0 150 0
Ukrainian 30 5 15 850 5
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0
Celtic languages 0 0 0 20 0
Irish 0 0 0 5 0
Scottish Gaelic 0 0 0 5 0
Welsh 0 0 0 5 0
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 0
Germanic languages 705 105 340 4,155 1,600
Frisian 0 0 0 40 0
High German languages 300 35 125 2,035 660
German 285 30 120 1,985 660
Pennsylvania German 0 0 0 0 0
Swiss German 15 10 5 35 0
Yiddish 0 0 0 15 0
Low Saxon-Low Franconian languages 390 70 205 1,860 935
Afrikaans 5 5 0 85 0
Dutch 290 60 120 1,610 110
Low German, n.o.s. 15 0 10 0 160
Low Saxon 5 0 0 5 35
Plautdietsch 55 5 60 50 615
Vlaams (Flemish) 20 5 10 100 15
Scandinavian languages 15 0 0 220 0
Danish 15 0 0 130 0
Icelandic 0 0 0 5 0
Norwegian 0 0 0 20 0
Swedish 0 0 0 55 0
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 0
Greek 25 5 10 1,565 5
Indo-Iranian languages 250 10 40 16,440 5
Indo-Aryan languages 235 10 35 12,310 0
Assamese 0 0 0 20 0
Bengali 0 0 0 715 0
Gujarati 75 0 0 1,765 0
Hindi 20 0 5 1,890 0
Kacchi 0 0 0 35 0
Kashmiri 0 0 0 5 0
Konkani 0 0 0 40 0
Marathi 0 0 0 170 0
Nepali 0 0 0 1,200 0
Oriya languages 0 0 0 10 0
Odia 0 0 0 0 0
Oriya, n.o.s. 0 0 0 5 0
Punjabi (Panjabi) 70 5 30 3,450 0
Rohingya 0 0 0 10 0
Sindhi 0 0 0 40 0
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 0 0 0 155 0
Urdu 50 0 0 2,765 0
Indo-Aryan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 25 0
Iranian languages 15 0 0 4,130 0
Baluchi 0 0 0 0 0
Kurdish 0 0 0 1,515 0
Parsi 0 0 0 0 0
Pashto 0 0 0 250 0
Persian languages 15 0 0 2,360 0
Dari 5 0 0 800 0
Iranian Persian 10 0 0 1,330 0
Persian (Farsi), n.o.s. 5 0 0 235 0
Iranian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0
Italic (Romance) languages 510 40 150 19,845 85
Catalan 0 0 0 10 0
Italian 135 10 40 2,505 10
Portuguese 120 10 60 5,470 15
Romanian 30 0 0 760 0
Spanish 225 15 40 11,085 60
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 15 0
Indo-European languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 0
Japanese 5 0 0 240 0
Korean 40 5 5 3,530 0
Mongolian 0 0 0 5 0
Niger-Congo languages 60 0 0 1,145 5
Akan (Twi) 10 0 0 85 0
Bamanankan 0 0 0 0 0
Edo 0 0 0 10 0
Éwé 0 0 0 15 0
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 0 0 0 10 0
Ga 0 0 0 20 0
Ganda 0 0 0 40 0
Gikuyu 0 0 0 20 0
Igbo 0 0 0 75 0
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 0 0 0 100 0
Lingala 0 0 0 15 0
Luba-Kasai 0 0 0 0 0
Mòoré 0 0 0 0 0
Mwani 0 0 0 15 0
Ndebele 0 0 0 15 0
Rundi (Kirundi) 0 0 0 80 0
Shona 5 0 0 60 0
Soninke 0 0 0 0 0
Sotho-Tswana languages 0 0 0 15 0
Swahili 15 0 0 230 0
Wojenaka 0 0 0 0 0
Wolof 0 0 0 20 0
Yoruba 10 0 0 220 0
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 10 0 0 105 0
Nilo-Saharan languages 0 0 0 165 0
Dinka 0 0 0 70 0
Nuer 0 0 0 30 0
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 60 0
African, n.o.s. 0 0 0 10 0
Sign languages 10 5 0 125 5
American Sign Language 10 5 0 110 5
Quebec Sign Language 0 0 0 0 0
Sign languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 15 0
Sino-Tibetan languages 95 5 15 9,350 0
Chinese languages 80 5 15 9,025 0
Hakka 0 0 0 35 0
Mandarin 50 0 5 6,770 0
Min Dong 0 0 0 15 0
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 5 0 0 120 0
Wu (Shanghainese) 0 0 0 50 0
Yue (Cantonese) 25 5 0 1,905 0
Chinese, n.o.s. 0 0 0 135 0
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 0
Tibeto-Burman languages 10 0 0 310 0
Burmese 5 0 0 45 0
Kuki-Chin languages 0 0 0 0 0
Karenic languages 0 0 0 225 0
S'gaw Karen 0 0 0 190 0
Karenic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 30 0
Tibetan 0 0 0 0 0
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 35 0
Sino-Tibetan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 0
Tai-Kadai languages 20 0 0 190 0
Lao 15 0 0 105 0
Thai 5 0 0 85 0
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0
Turkic languages 15 0 0 815 0
Azerbaijani 0 0 0 60 0
Kazakh 0 0 0 5 0
Turkish 10 0 0 660 0
Uyghur 0 0 0 60 0
Uzbek 0 0 0 10 0
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 20 0
Uralic languages 60 5 20 1,035 10
Estonian 5 0 0 40 0
Finnish 5 0 5 75 0
Hungarian 50 5 15 920 10
Other languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 25 0
Multiple responses 595 50 140 16,790 155
English and French 140 10 30 1,920 25
English and non-official language(s) 415 35 95 12,910 120
French and non-official language(s) 10 0 0 385 0
English, French and non-official language(s) 10 0 0 415 0
Multiple non-official languages 30 5 5 1,155 10
All languages spoken at home
Total - All languages spoken at home for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% data40 42,325 4,765 13,625 418,220 7,640
English 39,535 4,550 12,970 307,945 6,280
French 60 5 15 935 5
Non-official language 465 10 70 28,700 470
Indigenous39 0 0 0 10 0
Non-Indigenous 465 10 70 28,690 470
English and French 300 30 65 4,510 20
English and non-official language(s) 1,855 160 470 70,995 840
French and non-official language(s) 0 0 0 240 0
English, French and non-official language(s) 75 0 20 2,920 5
Multiple non-official languages 30 5 10 1,975 20
Language spoken most often at home
Total - Language spoken most often at home for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% data41 42,325 4,765 13,625 418,220 7,640
Single responses 41,885 4,740 13,555 399,850 7,535
Official languages 40,905 4,690 13,370 343,030 6,780
English 40,815 4,685 13,340 341,435 6,775
French 85 10 25 1,595 5
Non-official languages 980 45 185 56,820 760
Indigenous languages39 0 0 0 25 0
Algonquian languages 0 0 0 5 0
Blackfoot 0 0 0 0 0
Cree-Innu languages 0 0 0 5 0
Atikamekw 0 0 0 0 0
Cree languages 0 0 0 5 0
Ililimowin (Moose Cree) 0 0 0 0 0
Inu Ayimun (Southern East Cree) 0 0 0 0 0
Iyiyiw-Ayimiwin (Northern East Cree) 0 0 0 0 0
Nehinawewin (Swampy Cree) 0 0 0 0 0
Nehiyawewin (Plains Cree) 0 0 0 0 0
Nihithawiwin (Woods Cree) 0 0 0 0 0
Cree, n.o.s. 0 0 0 0 0
Innu (Montagnais) 0 0 0 0 0
Naskapi 0 0 0 0 0
Eastern Algonquian languages 0 0 0 0 0
Mi'kmaq 0 0 0 0 0
Wolastoqewi (Malecite) 0 0 0 0 0
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 0 0 0 5 0
Anicinabemowin (Algonquin) 0 0 0 0 0
Oji-Cree 0 0 0 0 0
Ojibway languages 0 0 0 5 0
Anishinaabemowin (Chippewa) 0 0 0 5 0
Daawaamwin (Odawa) 0 0 0 0 0
Saulteau (Western Ojibway) 0 0 0 0 0
Ojibway, n.o.s. 0 0 0 5 0
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 0 0
Northern Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 0 0
Dakelh (Carrier) 0 0 0 0 0
Dane-zaa (Beaver) 0 0 0 0 0
Dene, n.o.s. 0 0 0 0 0
Gwich'in 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey-Hare languages 0 0 0 0 0
Deh Gah Ghotie Zhatie (South Slavey) 0 0 0 0 0
Satuotine Yati (North Slavey) 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan languages 0 0 0 0 0
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan 0 0 0 0 0
Tlicho (Dogrib) 0 0 0 0 0
Tse'khene (Sekani) 0 0 0 0 0
Tsilhqot'in (Chilcotin) 0 0 0 0 0
Tsuu T'ina (Sarsi) 0 0 0 0 0
Tutchone languages 0 0 0 0 0
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0
Tutchone, n.o.s. 0 0 0 0 0
Wetsuwet'en-Babine 0 0 0 0 0
Tlingit 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0
Haida 0 0 0 0 0
Inuktut (Inuit) languages 0 0 0 0 0
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 0 0 0 0 0
Inuinnaqtun 0 0 0 0 0
Inuvialuktun 0 0 0 0 0
Inuktitut 0 0 0 0 0
Inuktut (Inuit) languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages 0 0 0 10 0
Cayuga 0 0 0 0 0
Mohawk 0 0 0 0 0
Oneida 0 0 0 10 0
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0
Ktunaxa (Kutenai) 0 0 0 0 0
Michif 0 0 0 0 0
Salish languages 0 0 0 0 0
Halkomelem 0 0 0 0 0
Lillooet 0 0 0 0 0
Ntlakapamux (Thompson) 0 0 0 0 0
Secwepemctsin (Shuswap) 0 0 0 0 0
Squamish 0 0 0 0 0
Straits 0 0 0 0 0
Syilx (Okanagan) 0 0 0 0 0
Salish languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0
Siouan languages 0 0 0 0 0
Assiniboine 0 0 0 0 0
Dakota 0 0 0 0 0
Stoney 0 0 0 0 0
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0
Tsimshian languages 0 0 0 0 0
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 0 0 0 0 0
Nisga'a 0 0 0 0 0
Tsimshian 0 0 0 0 0
Wakashan languages 0 0 0 0 0
Haisla 0 0 0 0 0
Heiltsuk 0 0 0 0 0
Kwak'wala (Kwakiutl) 0 0 0 0 0
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0 0 0 0 0
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0
Indigenous languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0
Indigenous languages, n.o.s. 0 0 0 0 0
Non-Indigenous languages 980 45 185 56,800 760
Afro-Asiatic languages 35 0 5 11,545 0
Berber languages 0 0 0 5 0
Kabyle 0 0 0 0 0
Tamazight 0 0 0 0 0
Berber languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0
Chadic languages 0 0 0 10 0
Hausa 0 0 0 0 0
Mina 0 0 0 0 0
Coptic 0 0 0 0 0
Cushitic languages 0 0 0 175 0
Bilen 0 0 0 10 0
Oromo 0 0 0 5 0
Somali 0 0 0 160 0
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0
Semitic languages 35 0 5 11,350 0
Amharic 0 0 0 120 0
Arabic 25 0 5 9,660 0
Aramaic languages 5 0 0 1,245 0
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 5 0 0 1,025 0
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 0 0 0 180 0
Aramaic, n.o.s. 0 0 0 35 0
Harari 0 0 0 0 0
Hebrew 0 0 0 60 0
Maltese 0 0 0 10 0
Tigrigna 0 0 0 245 0
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0
Austro-Asiatic languages 125 0 0 1,840 5
Khmer (Cambodian) 65 0 0 395 0
Vietnamese 55 0 0 1,440 5
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e 0 0 0 0 0
Austronesian languages 55 0 5 1,645 0
Bikol 0 0 0 0 0
Bisaya, n.o.s. 0 0 0 30 0
Cebuano 0 0 0 105 0
Fijian 0 0 0 0 0
Hiligaynon 0 0 0 20 0
Ilocano 0 0 0 125 0
Indonesian 0 0 0 50 0
Kankanaey 0 0 0 0 0
Kinaray-a 0 0 0 0 0
Malagasy languages 0 0 0 0 0
Merina 0 0 0 0 0
Malagasy, n.o.s. 0 0 0 0 0
Malay 0 0 0 10 0
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 0 0 0 15 0
Pangasinan 0 0 0 0 0
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 50 0 5 1,265 0
Waray-Waray 0 0 0 5 0
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 20 0
Creole languages 0 0 0 55 0
Haitian Creole 0 0 0 10 0
Jamaican English Creole 0 0 0 5 0
Krio 0 0 0 0 0
Morisyen 0 0 0 0 0
Sango 0 0 0 0 0
Creole, n.o.s. 0 0 0 20 0
Creole languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 15 0
Dravidian languages 50 0 0 3,070 0
Kannada 0 0 0 30 0
Malayalam 40 0 0 2,430 0
Tamil 10 0 0 340 0
Telugu 0 0 0 265 0
Tulu 0 0 0 0 0
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 0
Georgian 0 0 0 0 0
Hmong-Mien languages 0 0 0 0 0
Indo-European languages 580 35 150 27,625 740
Albanian 20 0 0 440 0
Armenian 0 0 0 50 0
Balto-Slavic languages 170 10 65 4,610 10
Baltic languages 0 0 0 20 0
Latvian 0 0 0 5 0
Lithuanian 0 0 0 20 0
Slavic languages 170 10 65 4,590 10
Belarusian 0 0 0 0 0
Bulgarian 0 0 0 50 0
Czech 5 0 0 80 0
Macedonian 0 0 0 25 0
Polish 80 0 35 2,085 0
Russian 30 0 0 925 0
Rusyn 0 0 0 10 0
Serbo-Croatian 55 5 20 1,040 0
Bosnian 0 0 10 340 0
Croatian 45 0 15 270 0
Serbian 5 0 0 410 0
Serbo-Croatian, n.i.e. 0 0 0 15 0
Slovak 0 0 0 60 0
Slovene (Slovenian) 0 0 0 25 0
Ukrainian 5 0 0 290 0
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0
Celtic languages 0 0 0 0 0
Irish 0 0 0 0 0
Scottish Gaelic 0 0 0 0 0
Welsh 0 0 0 0 0
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0
Germanic languages 30 15 30 360 685
Frisian 0 0 0 0 0
High German languages 15 5 15 220 295
German 15 5 15 220 290
Pennsylvania German 0 0 0 0 0
Swiss German 0 0 0 5 0
Yiddish 0 0 0 0 0
Low Saxon-Low Franconian languages 15 5 15 100 395
Afrikaans 0 0 0 45 0
Dutch 10 5 5 50 5
Low German, n.o.s. 0 0 0 0 105
Low Saxon 0 0 0 0 15
Plautdietsch 0 0 5 5 270
Vlaams (Flemish) 0 0 0 0 0
Scandinavian languages 0 0 0 40 0
Danish 0 0 0 15 0
Icelandic 0 0 0 0 0
Norwegian 0 0 0 0 0
Swedish 0 0 0 20 0
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0
Greek 5 0 0 675 0
Indo-Iranian languages 185 10 20 10,665 0
Indo-Aryan languages 180 10 20 8,030 0
Assamese 0 0 0 5 0
Bengali 0 0 0 390 0
Gujarati 60 0 0 1,025 0
Hindi 10 0 0 1,060 0
Kacchi 0 0 0 20 0
Kashmiri 0 0 0 0 0
Konkani 0 0 0 10 0
Marathi 0 0 0 85 0
Nepali 0 0 0 935 0
Oriya languages 0 0 0 0 0
Odia 0 0 0 0 0
Oriya, n.o.s. 0 0 0 0 0
Punjabi (Panjabi) 50 5 20 2,585 0
Rohingya 0 0 0 10 0
Sindhi 0 0 0 20 0
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 0 0 0 75 0
Urdu 45 0 0 1,795 0
Indo-Aryan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 0
Iranian languages 5 0 0 2,635 0
Baluchi 0 0 0 0 0
Kurdish 0 0 0 1,015 0
Parsi 0 0 0 0 0
Pashto 0 0 0 165 0
Persian languages 5 0 0 1,450 0
Dari 0 0 0 440 0
Iranian Persian 0 0 0 895 0
Persian (Farsi), n.o.s. 0 0 0 115 0
Iranian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0
Italic (Romance) languages 175 10 30 10,820 45
Catalan 0 0 0 5 0
Italian 25 0 5 580 0
Portuguese 25 0 10 2,800 0
Romanian 10 0 0 305 0
Spanish 105 5 15 7,125 40
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 0
Indo-European languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0
Japanese 5 0 0 100 0
Korean 20 0 5 2,750 0
Mongolian 0 0 0 0 0
Niger-Congo languages 20 0 0 455 5
Akan (Twi) 0 0 0 35 0
Bamanankan 0 0 0 0 0
Edo 0 0 0 0 0
Éwé 0 0 0 0 0
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 0 0 0 10 0
Ga 0 0 0 10 0
Ganda 0 0 0 5 0
Gikuyu 0 0 0 10 0
Igbo 0 0 0 30 0
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 0 0 0 40 0
Lingala 0 0 0 5 0
Luba-Kasai 0 0 0 0 0
Mòoré 0 0 0 0 0
Mwani 0 0 0 0 0
Ndebele 0 0 0 0 0
Rundi (Kirundi) 0 0 0 40 0
Shona 0 0 0 15 0
Soninke 0 0 0 0 0
Sotho-Tswana languages 0 0 0 0 0
Swahili 10 0 0 110 0
Wojenaka 0 0 0 0 0
Wolof 0 0 0 10 0
Yoruba 0 0 0 110 0
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 20 0
Nilo-Saharan languages 0 0 0 60 0
Dinka 0 0 0 25 0
Nuer 0 0 0 20 0
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 0
African, n.o.s. 0 0 0 0 0
Sign languages 10 0 5 220 5
American Sign Language 5 0 0 180 5
Quebec Sign Language 0 0 0 0 0
Sign languages, n.i.e. 5 0 5 40 0
Sino-Tibetan languages 55 0 0 6,570 0
Chinese languages 45 0 0 6,390 0
Hakka 0 0 0 10 0
Mandarin 30 0 0 5,095 0
Min Dong 0 0 0 5 0
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 0 0 0 35 0
Wu (Shanghainese) 0 0 0 25 0
Yue (Cantonese) 15 0 0 1,135 0
Chinese, n.o.s. 0 0 0 95 0
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0
Tibeto-Burman languages 0 0 0 175 0
Burmese 0 0 0 20 0
Kuki-Chin languages 0 0 0 0 0
Karenic languages 0 0 0 135 0
S'gaw Karen 0 0 0 115 0
Karenic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 20 0
Tibetan 0 0 0 0 0
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 15 0
Sino-Tibetan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0
Tai-Kadai languages 5 0 0 85 0
Lao 5 0 0 55 0
Thai 0 0 0 35 0
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0
Turkic languages 10 0 0 520 0
Azerbaijani 0 0 0 20 0
Kazakh 0 0 0 0 0
Turkish 5 0 0 435 0
Uyghur 0 0 0 55 0
Uzbek 0 0 0 0 0
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 0
Uralic languages 10 0 5 250 0
Estonian 0 0 0 0 0
Finnish 0 0 0 0 0
Hungarian 10 0 5 240 0
Other languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 0
Multiple responses 435 20 70 18,370 100
English and French 25 5 5 775 0
English and non-official language(s) 400 15 55 16,815 95
French and non-official language(s) 0 0 0 80 0
English, French and non-official language(s) 5 0 5 370 0
Multiple non-official languages 5 0 0 330 5
Other language spoken regularly at home
Total - Other language(s) spoken regularly at home for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% data42 42,325 4,765 13,625 418,220 7,640
None 40,440 4,585 13,125 353,020 6,840
English 465 35 100 23,445 250
French 265 20 55 3,980 20
Non-official language 970 105 295 29,805 465
Indigenous39 0 0 0 190 0
Non-Indigenous 965 105 295 29,615 465
English and French 5 0 0 445 0
English and non-official language(s) 45 0 15 3,020 25
French and non-official language(s) 55 0 10 1,290 5
English, French and non-official language(s) 0 0 0 70 0
Multiple non-official languages 85 5 25 3,150 35
Knowledge of languagesThe letter 'c' in a yellow triangle indicates a correction notice.
Total - Knowledge of languages for the population in private households - 25% sample data43 42,105 4,760 13,620 416,265 7,615
Official languages 41,970 4,755 13,575 408,295 7,455
English 41,940 4,755 13,575 407,975 7,445
French 2,020 195 780 29,920 195
Non-official languages 3,910 225 1,255 131,220 2,050
Indigenous languages39 15 0 0 385 10
Algonquian languages 0 0 0 190 0
Blackfoot 0 0 0 0 0
Cree-Innu languages 0 0 0 30 0
Atikamekw 0 0 0 0 0
Cree languages 0 0 0 30 0
Ililimowin (Moose Cree) 0 0 0 10 0
Inu Ayimun (Southern East Cree) 0 0 0 0 0
Iyiyiw-Ayimiwin (Northern East Cree) 0 0 0 0 0
Nehinawewin (Swampy Cree) 0 0 0 15 0
Nehiyawewin (Plains Cree) 0 0 0 0 0
Nihithawiwin (Woods Cree) 0 0 0 0 0
Cree, n.o.s. 0 0 0 10 0
Innu (Montagnais) 0 0 0 0 0
Naskapi 0 0 0 0 0
Eastern Algonquian languages 0 0 0 0 0
Mi'kmaq 0 0 0 0 0
Wolastoqewi (Malecite) 0 0 0 0 0
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 0 0 0 160 0
Anicinabemowin (Algonquin) 0 0 0 0 0
Oji-Cree 0 0 0 10 0
Ojibway languages 0 0 0 155 0
Anishinaabemowin (Chippewa) 0 0 0 30 0
Daawaamwin (Odawa) 0 0 0 0 0
Saulteau (Western Ojibway) 0 0 0 0 0
Ojibway, n.o.s. 0 0 0 125 0
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 0 0
Northern Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 0 0
Dakelh (Carrier) 0 0 0 0 0
Dane-zaa (Beaver) 0 0 0 0 0
Dene, n.o.s. 0 0 0 0 0
Gwich'in 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey-Hare languages 0 0 0 0 0
Deh Gah Ghotie Zhatie (South Slavey) 0 0 0 0 0
Satuotine Yati (North Slavey) 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan languages 0 0 0 0 0
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan 0 0 0 0 0
Tlicho (Dogrib) 0 0 0 0 0
Tse'khene (Sekani) 0 0 0 0 0
Tsilhqot'in (Chilcotin) 0 0 0 0 0
Tsuu T'ina (Sarsi) 0 0 0 0 0
Tutchone languages 0 0 0 0 0
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0
Tutchone, n.o.s. 0 0 0 0 0
Wetsuwet'en-Babine 0 0 0 0 0
Tlingit 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0
Haida 0 0 0 0 0
Inuktut (Inuit) languages 10 0 0 10 0
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 0 0 0 0 0
Inuinnaqtun 0 0 0 0 0
Inuvialuktun 0 0 0 0 0
Inuktitut 10 0 0 10 0
Inuktut (Inuit) languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages 0 0 0 225 0
Cayuga 0 0 0 30 0
Mohawk 0 0 0 45 0
Oneida 0 0 0 180 0
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0
Ktunaxa (Kutenai) 0 0 0 0 0
Michif 0 0 0 0 0
Salish languages 0 0 0 0 0
Halkomelem 0 0 0 0 0
Lillooet 0 0 0 0 0
Ntlakapamux (Thompson) 0 0 0 0 0
Secwepemctsin (Shuswap) 0 0 0 0 0
Squamish 0 0 0 0 0
Straits 0 0 0 0 0
Syilx (Okanagan) 0 0 0 0 0
Salish languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0
Siouan languages 0 0 0 0 0
Assiniboine 0 0 0 0 0
Dakota 0 0 0 0 0
Stoney 0 0 0 0 0
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0
Tsimshian languages 0 0 0 0 0
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 0 0 0 0 0
Nisga'a 0 0 0 0 0
Tsimshian 0 0 0 0 0
Wakashan languages 0 0 0 0 0
Haisla 0 0 0 0 0
Heiltsuk 0 0 0 0 0
Kwak'wala (Kwakiutl) 0 0 0 0 0
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0 0 0 0 0
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0
Indigenous languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 0
Indigenous languages, n.o.s. 0 0 0 15 0
Non-Indigenous languages 3,900 225 1,255 130,855 2,050
Afro-Asiatic languages 215 10 35 26,415 15
Berber languages 0 0 0 25 0
Kabyle 0 0 0 15 0
Tamazight 0 0 0 0 0
Berber languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0
Chadic languages 0 0 0 90 0
Hausa 0 0 0 90 0
Mina 0 0 0 0 0
Coptic 0 0 0 30 0
Cushitic languages 0 0 0 420 0
Bilen 0 0 0 35 0
Oromo 0 0 0 30 0
Somali 0 0 0 360 0
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0
Semitic languages 205 10 35 26,000 15
Amharic 0 0 0 585 0
Arabic 145 10 10 23,385 0
Aramaic languages 0 0 0 2,285 0
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 0 0 0 1,715 0
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 0 0 0 540 0
Aramaic, n.o.s. 0 0 0 90 0