Census Profile, 2021 Census of Population
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Topic:
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Age
Age characteristics
Commuting
Select all: Commuting
Commuting destination
Commuting duration
Main mode of commuting
Place of work status
Time leaving for work
Education
Select all: Education
Highest certificate, diploma or degree
Location of study compared with province or territory of residence
Major field of study - Classification of Instructional Programs (CIP) 2021
Secondary (high) school diploma or equivalency certificate
Ethnocultural and religious diversity
Select all: Ethnocultural and religious diversity
Ethnic or cultural origin
Religion
Visible minority
Families, households, and marital status
Select all: Families, households, and marital status
Family characteristics
Household type
Marital status
Housing
Household characteristics
Immigration, place of birth, and citizenship
Select all: Immigration, place of birth, and citizenship
Admission category and applicant type
Age at immigration
Citizenship
Generation status
Immigrant status and period of immigration
Pre-admission experience
Selected places of birth for the immigrant population
Selected places of birth for the recent immigrant population
Income
Select all: Income
Income of economic families in 2020
Income of households in 2020
Income of individuals in 2019
Income of individuals in 2020
Low income and income inequality in 2020
Indigenous peoples
Select all: Indigenous peoples
Indigenous ancestry
Indigenous population
Instruction in the minority official language
Select all: Instruction in the minority official language
Children eligible for instruction in the minority official language
Eligibility and instruction in the minority official language for school-aged children
Labour
Select all: Labour
Class of worker including job permanency
Industry - Sectors - North American Industry Classification System (NAICS) 2017
Labour force status
Occupation - Broad category - National Occupational Classification (NOC) 2021
Work activity during the reference year
Language
Select all: Language
All languages spoken at home
First official language spoken
Knowledge of languages
Knowledge of official languages
Language spoken most often at home
Mother tongue
Other language spoken regularly at home
Language of work
Select all: Language of work
All languages used at work
Language used most often at work
Other language(s) used regularly at work
Mobility and migration
Select all: Mobility and migration
Mobility status 1 year ago
Mobility status 5 years ago
Population and dwelling counts
Population and dwellings
Type of dwelling
Household and dwelling characteristics
GenderMore information:


Statistic:
Characteristic Edmonton, City (CY)More information:
Alberta
[Census subdivision]
Counts
Total
Population and dwellings
Population, 20211 1,010,899
Population, 20161 933,088r
Population percentage change, 2016 to 2021 8.3
Total private dwellings2 428,857
Private dwellings occupied by usual residents3 396,404
Population density per square kilometre 1,320.4
Land area in square kilometres 765.61
Age characteristics
Total - Age groups of the population - 100% data 1,010,900
0 to 14 years 184,115
0 to 4 years 61,410
5 to 9 years 62,955
10 to 14 years 59,745
15 to 64 years 688,325
15 to 19 years 54,355
20 to 24 years 67,195
25 to 29 years 77,830
30 to 34 years 87,660
35 to 39 years 85,980
40 to 44 years 73,985
45 to 49 years 63,865
50 to 54 years 59,200
55 to 59 years 60,185
60 to 64 years 58,080
65 years and over 138,460
65 to 69 years 47,520
70 to 74 years 34,995
75 to 79 years 22,215
80 to 84 years 15,870
85 years and over 17,865
85 to 89 years 10,790
90 to 94 years 5,350
95 to 99 years 1,500
100 years and over 220
Total - Distribution (%) of the population by broad age groups - 100% data 100.0
0 to 14 years 18.2
15 to 64 years 68.1
65 years and over 13.7
85 years and over 1.8
Average age of the population 38.4
Median age of the population 36.8
Household and dwelling characteristics
Total - Occupied private dwellings by structural type of dwelling - 100% data 396,400
Single-detached house 196,535
Semi-detached house 28,150
Row house 38,860
Apartment or flat in a duplex 10,145
Apartment in a building that has fewer than five storeys 91,250
Apartment in a building that has five or more storeys 29,405
Other single-attached house 95
Movable dwelling4 1,970
Total - Private households by household size - 100% data 396,405
1 person 115,525
2 persons 123,340
3 persons 61,175
4 persons 56,830
5 or more persons 39,530
Number of persons in private households 996,495
Average household size 2.5
Marital status
Total - Marital status for the total population aged 15 years and over - 100% data 826,785
Married or living common-law 453,440
Married 378,080
Living common-law 75,360
Living common law - Never married 58,580
Living common law - Separated 2,660
Living common law - Divorced 12,995
Living common law - Widowed 1,125
Not married and not living common-law 373,345
Not married and not living common law - Never married 263,065
Not married and not living common law - Separated 20,940
Not married and not living common law - Divorced 53,255
Not married and not living common law - Widowed 36,085
Family characteristics
Total - Census families in private households by family size - 100% data5 266,155
2 persons 125,210
3 persons 58,490
4 persons 56,055
5 or more persons 26,400
Average size of census families 3.0
Average number of children in census families with children6 1.8
Total number of census families in private households - 100% data 266,155
Total couple families 219,615
Married couples 181,950
With children6 110,120
Without children 71,830
Common-law couples 37,660
With children6 12,150
Without children 25,510
Total one-parent families 46,545
in which the parent is a woman+ 36,495
in which the parent is a man+ 10,050
Total - Persons in private households - 100% data 996,495
Total - Persons in census families 793,405
Married spouses or common-law partners 439,225
Parents in one-parent families 46,545
Children6 307,635
In a two-parent family 233,400
In a one-parent family 74,235
Total - Persons not in census families in private households - 100% data 203,090
Living alone 115,525
Living with other relatives7 33,295
Living with non-relatives only 54,270
Household type
Total - Household type - 100% data 396,405
One-census-family households without additional persons 223,495
Couple-family households 188,930
With children6 105,140
Without children 83,790
One-parent-family households 34,560
Multigenerational households8 13,310
Multiple-census-family households9 2,730
One-census-family households with additional persons9 16,320
Two-or-more-person non-census-family households 25,020
One-person households 115,530
Income of individuals in 2020
Total - Income statistics in 2020 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data10 812,615
Number of total income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2020 - 100% data 772,550
Median total income in 2020 among recipients ($) 44,000
Number of after-tax income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2020 - 100% data 772,830
Median after-tax income in 2020 among recipients ($) 39,600
Number of market income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2020 - 100% data 686,060
Median market income in 2020 among recipients ($) 40,000
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2020 - 100% data 579,425
Median employment income in 2020 among recipients ($) 42,400
Number of government transfers recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2020 - 100% data 689,945
Median government transfers in 2020 among recipients ($) 8,500
Number of employment insurance benefits recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2020 - 100% data 100,730
Median employment insurance benefits in 2020 among recipients ($) 5,760
Number of COVID-19 emergency and recovery benefits recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2020 - 100% data 259,615
Median COVID-19 emergency and recovery benefits in 2020 among recipients ($) 8,500
Total - Income statistics in 2020 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data11 812,605
Number of total income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2020 - 25% sample data 772,300
Average total income in 2020 among recipients ($) 56,800
Number of after-tax income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2020 - 25% sample data 772,575
Average after-tax income in 2020 among recipients ($) 47,640
Number of market income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2020 - 25% sample data 685,935
Average market income in 2020 among recipients ($) 53,150
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2020 - 25% sample data 579,410
Average employment income in 2020 among recipients ($) 52,900
Number of government transfers recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2020 - 25% sample data 690,130
Average government transfers in 2020 among recipients ($) 10,700
Number of employment insurance benefits recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2020 - 25% sample data 100,450
Average employment insurance benefits in 2020 among recipients ($) 7,040
Number of COVID-19 emergency and recovery benefits recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2020 - 25% sample data 258,250
Average COVID-19 emergency and recovery benefits in 2020 among recipients ($) 9,290
Total - Employment income statistics in 2020 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data12 812,605
Number of employment income recipients in 2020 who worked full-year full-time in 2020 - 25% sample data13 265,985
Median employment income in 2020 for full-year full-time workers in 2020 ($)14 68,500
Average employment income in 2020 for full-year full-time workers in 2020 ($)15 79,400
Number of employment income recipients in 2020 who worked part-year or part-time in 2020 - 25% sample data16 240,385
Median employment income in 2020 of those who worked part-year or part-time in 2020 ($) 21,800
Average employment income in 2020 of those who worked part-year or part-time in 2020 ($) 32,680
Composition of total income in 2020 of the population aged 15 years and over in private households (%) - 25% sample data17 100.0
Market income (%)18 83.2
Employment income (%)19 69.8
Government transfers (%)20 16.8
Employment insurance benefits (%) 1.6
COVID-19 - Government income support and benefits (%) 6.1
COVID-19 - Emergency and recovery benefits (%) 5.5
Total - Total income groups in 2020 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data21 812,610
Without total income 40,065
With total income 772,550
Under $10,000 (including loss) 61,525
$10,000 to $19,999 72,240
$20,000 to $29,999 122,060
$30,000 to $39,999 96,785
$40,000 to $49,999 82,910
$50,000 to $59,999 70,470
$60,000 to $69,999 59,660
$70,000 to $79,999 46,895
$80,000 to $89,999 36,160
$90,000 to $99,999 29,970
$100,000 and over 93,865
$100,000 to $149,999 64,375
$150,000 and over 29,485
Total - After-tax income groups in 2020 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data22 812,610
Without after-tax income 39,785
With after-tax income 772,825
Under $10,000 (including loss) 63,535
$10,000 to $19,999 75,385
$20,000 to $29,999 138,165
$30,000 to $39,999 113,515
$40,000 to $49,999 97,930
$50,000 to $59,999 80,470
$60,000 to $69,999 59,685
$70,000 to $79,999 43,145
$80,000 to $89,999 31,835
$90,000 to $99,999 20,565
$100,000 and over 48,600
$100,000 to $124,999 24,550
$125,000 and over 24,050
Total - Employment income groups in 2020 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data19 812,610
Without employment income 233,190
With employment income 579,420
Under $5,000 (including loss) 66,745
$5,000 to $9,999 45,250
$10,000 to $19,999 65,525
$20,000 to $29,999 51,220
$30,000 to $39,999 49,645
$40,000 to $49,999 48,895
$50,000 to $59,999 48,170
$60,000 to $69,999 42,600
$70,000 to $79,999 34,940
$80,000 to $89,999 27,905
$90,000 to $99,999 24,830
$100,000 and over 73,695
$100,000 to $124,999 36,630
$125,000 and over 37,070
Income of individuals in 2019
Total - Income statistics in 2019 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data23 812,615
Number of total income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2019 - 100% data 757,220
Median total income in 2019 among recipients ($) 42,800
Number of after-tax income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2019 - 100% data 757,435
Median after-tax income in 2019 among recipients ($) 38,800
Number of market income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2019 - 100% data 680,725
Median market income in 2019 among recipients ($) 42,400
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2019 - 100% data 583,910
Median employment income in 2019 among recipients ($) 44,800
Number of government transfers recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2019 - 100% data 656,040
Median government transfers in 2019 among recipients ($) 1,470
Number of employment insurance benefits recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2019 -100% data 63,280
Median employment insurance benefits in 2019 among recipients ($) 6,280
Total - Income statistics in 2019 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data24 812,605
Number of total income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2019 - 25% sample data 757,650
Average total income in 2019 among recipients ($) 55,800
Number of after-tax income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2019 - 25% sample data 757,850
Average after-tax income in 2019 among recipients ($) 46,480
Number of market income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2019 - 25% sample data 681,465
Average market income in 2019 among recipients ($) 55,700
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2019 - 25% sample data 584,580
Average employment income in 2019 among recipients ($) 55,450
Number of government transfers recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2019 - 25% sample data 656,190
Average government transfers in 2019 among recipients ($) 6,610
Number of employment insurance benefits recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2019 - 25% sample data 62,855
Average employment insurance benefits in 2019 among recipients ($) 7,890
Total - Employment income statistics in 2019 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data25 812,605
Number of employment income recipients in 2019 who worked full-year full-time in 2020 - 25% sample data13 264,360
Median employment income in 2019 for full-year full-time workers in 2020 ($)14 66,000
Average employment income in 2019 for full-year full-time workers in 2020 ($)15 77,400
Number of employment income recipients in 2019 who worked part-year or part-time in 2020 - 25% sample data16 228,400
Median employment income in 2019 of those who worked part-year or part-time in 2020 ($) 30,400
Average employment income in 2019 of those who worked part-year or part-time in 2020 ($) 40,960
Composition of total income in 2019 of the population aged 15 years and over in private households (%) - 25% sample data 100.0
Market income (%) 89.8
Employment income (%) 76.6
Government transfers (%) 10.3
Employment insurance benefits (%) 1.2
Income of households in 2020
Total - Income statistics for private households - 100% data26 396,405
Median total income of household in 2020 ($) 90,000
Median after-tax income of household in 2020 ($) 79,500
Total - Income statistics for one-person private households - 100% data 115,530
Median total income of one-person households in 2020 ($) 47,600
Median after-tax income of one-person households in 2020 ($) 42,400
Total - Income statistics for two-or-more-persons private households - 100% data 280,880
Median total income of two-or-more-person households in 2020 ($) 112,000
Median after-tax income of two-or-more-person households in 2020 ($) 97,000
Total - Income statistics for private households - 25% sample data27 396,400
Average total income of household in 2020 ($) 110,600
Average after-tax income of household in 2020 ($) 92,900
Total - Income statistics for one-person private households - 25% sample data 115,515
Average total income of one-person households in 2020 ($) 58,650
Average after-tax income of one-person households in 2020 ($) 49,200
Total - Income statistics for two-or-more-persons private households - 25% sample data 280,885
Average total income of two-or-more-person households in 2020 ($) 132,000
Average after-tax income of two-or-more-person households in 2020 ($) 110,800
Total - Household total income groups in 2020 for private households - 100% data21 396,405
Under $5,000 4,575
$5,000 to $9,999 2,250
$10,000 to $14,999 3,425
$15,000 to $19,999 4,675
$20,000 to $24,999 13,185
$25,000 to $29,999 13,825
$30,000 to $34,999 10,865
$35,000 to $39,999 12,250
$40,000 to $44,999 13,200
$45,000 to $49,999 12,960
$50,000 to $59,999 27,005
$60,000 to $69,999 27,640
$70,000 to $79,999 26,470
$80,000 to $89,999 25,065
$90,000 to $99,999 23,195
$100,000 and over 175,820
$100,000 to $124,999 50,345
$125,000 to $149,999 37,255
$150,000 to $199,999 46,410
$200,000 and over 41,815
Total - Household after-tax income groups in 2020 for private households - 100% data22 396,405
Under $5,000 4,960
$5,000 to $9,999 2,315
$10,000 to $14,999 3,515
$15,000 to $19,999 4,945
$20,000 to $24,999 14,115
$25,000 to $29,999 15,525
$30,000 to $34,999 12,660
$35,000 to $39,999 14,570
$40,000 to $44,999 15,645
$45,000 to $49,999 15,945
$50,000 to $59,999 32,750
$60,000 to $69,999 32,740
$70,000 to $79,999 30,780
$80,000 to $89,999 28,695
$90,000 to $99,999 25,875
$100,000 and over 141,375
$100,000 to $124,999 50,770
$125,000 to $149,999 34,675
$150,000 and over 55,935
Income of economic families in 2020
Total - Income statistics for economic families in private households - 100% data28 263,290
Median total income of economic family in 2020 ($) 112,000
Median after-tax income of economic family in 2020 ($) 97,000
Average family size of economic families 3.1
Total - Income statistics for couple-only economic families in private households - 100% data 86,850
Median total income of couple-only economic families in 2020 ($) 104,000
Median after-tax income of couple-only economic families in 2020 ($) 90,000
Average family size of couple-only economic families 2.0
Total - Income statistics for couple-with-children economic families in private households - 100% data 122,440
Median total income of couple-with-children economic families in 2020 ($) 134,000
Median after-tax income of couple-with-children economic families in 2020 ($) 115,000
Average family size of couple-with-children economic families 4.1
Total - Income statistics for one-parent economic families in private households - 100% data 42,720
Median total income of one-parent economic families in 2020 ($) 71,500
Median after-tax income of one-parent economic families in 2020 ($) 66,000
Average family size of one-parent economic families 2.8
Total - Income statistics for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families in private households - 100% data29 169,800
Median total income in 2020 ($)30 42,800
Median after-tax income in 2020 ($)30 38,400
Total - Income statistics for economic families in private households - 25% sample data31 263,055
Average total income of economic family in 2020 ($) 132,400
Average after-tax income of economic family in 2020 ($) 110,800
Total - Income statistics for couple-only economic families in private households - 25% sample data 86,785
Average total income of couple-only economic families in 2020 ($) 128,000
Average after-tax income of couple-only economic families in 2020 ($) 105,200
Total - Income statistics for couple-with-children economic families in private households - 25% sample data 122,605
Average total income of couple-with-children economic families in 2020 ($) 154,400
Average after-tax income of couple-with-children economic families in 2020 ($) 128,800
Total - Income statistics for one-parent economic families in private households - 25% sample data 42,610
Average total income of one-parent economic families in 2020 ($) 83,100
Average after-tax income of one-parent economic families in 2020 ($) 73,800
Total - Income statistics for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families in private households - 25% sample data32 169,925
Average total income in 2020 ($)30 53,100
Average after-tax income in 2020 ($)30 45,040
Low income and income inequality in 2020
Total - LIM low-income status in 2020 for the population in private households - 100% data33 996,495
0 to 17 years 215,970
0 to 5 years 74,100
18 to 64 years 650,805
65 years and over 129,725
In low income based on the Low-income measure, after tax (LIM-AT) 99,210
0 to 17 years 27,840
0 to 5 years 10,330
18 to 64 years 57,485
65 years and over 13,895
Prevalence of low income based on the Low-income measure, after tax (LIM-AT) (%) 10.0
0 to 17 years (%) 12.9
0 to 5 years (%) 13.9
18 to 64 years (%) 8.8
65 years and over (%) 10.7
Total - LICO low-income status in 2020 for the population in private households to whom the low-income concept is applicable - 100% data33 996,495
0 to 17 years 215,970
0 to 5 years 74,095
18 to 64 years 650,805
65 years and over 129,720
In low income based on the Low-income cut-offs, after tax (LICO-AT) 61,610
0 to 17 years 14,175
0 to 5 years 5,095
18 to 64 years 43,445
65 years and over 3,990
Prevalence of low income based on the Low-income cut-offs, after tax (LICO-AT) (%) 6.2
0 to 17 years (%) 6.6
0 to 5 years (%) 6.9
18 to 64 years (%) 6.7
65 years and over (%) 3.1
Total - Adjusted after-tax economic family income decile group for the population in private households - 100% data34The letter 'c' in a yellow triangle indicates a correction notice. 996,495
In bottom half of the distribution 477,580
In bottom decile 91,105
In second decile 98,810
In third decile 94,245
In fourth decile 95,515
In fifth decile 97,910
In top half of the distribution 518,915
In sixth decile 98,605
In seventh decile 101,460
In eighth decile 104,315
In ninth decile 107,260
In top decile 107,270
Total - Inequality measures for the population in private households - 100% data35 996,495
Gini index on adjusted household total income 0.334
Gini index on adjusted household market income 0.444
Gini index on adjusted household after-tax income 0.296
P90/P10 ratio on adjusted household after-tax income 3.8
Knowledge of official languages
Total - Knowledge of official languages for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% data36 1,000,740
English only 910,635
French only 1,285
English and French 65,950
Neither English nor French 22,865
First official language spoken
Total - First official language spoken for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% data37 1,000,740
English 955,475
French 17,320
English and French 5,790
Neither English nor French 22,160
Mother tongue
Total - Mother tongue for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% data38 1,000,740
Single responses 945,620
Official languages 642,285
English 626,085
French 16,200
Non-official languages 303,340
Indigenous languages39 1,850
Algonquian languages 1,565
Blackfoot 20
Cree-Innu languages 1,470
Atikamekw 0
Cree languages 1,470
Ililimowin (Moose Cree) 0
Inu Ayimun (Southern East Cree) 0
Iyiyiw-Ayimiwin (Northern East Cree) 20
Nehinawewin (Swampy Cree) 25
Nehiyawewin (Plains Cree) 360
Nihithawiwin (Woods Cree) 185
Cree, n.o.s. 875
Innu (Montagnais) 0
Naskapi 0
Eastern Algonquian languages 5
Mi'kmaq 5
Wolastoqewi (Malecite) 0
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 70
Anicinabemowin (Algonquin) 0
Oji-Cree 10
Ojibway languages 60
Anishinaabemowin (Chippewa) 10
Daawaamwin (Odawa) 0
Saulteau (Western Ojibway) 30
Ojibway, n.o.s. 25
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 0
Athabaskan languages 160
Northern Athabaskan languages 160
Dakelh (Carrier) 0
Dane-zaa (Beaver) 0
Dene, n.o.s. 115
Gwich'in 0
Slavey-Hare languages 25
Deh Gah Ghotie Zhatie (South Slavey) 10
Satuotine Yati (North Slavey) 10
Slavey, n.o.s. 15
Tahltan languages 0
Kaska (Nahani) 0
Tahltan 0
Tlicho (Dogrib) 20
Tse'khene (Sekani) 0
Tsilhqot'in (Chilcotin) 0
Tsuu T'ina (Sarsi) 0
Tutchone languages 0
Northern Tutchone 0
Southern Tutchone 0
Tutchone, n.o.s. 0
Wetsuwet'en-Babine 0
Tlingit 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 5
Haida 0
Inuktut (Inuit) languages 45
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 15
Inuinnaqtun 0
Inuvialuktun 10
Inuktitut 30
Inuktut (Inuit) languages, n.i.e. 0
Iroquoian languages 5
Cayuga 0
Mohawk 5
Oneida 0
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 0
Ktunaxa (Kutenai) 0
Michif 15
Salish languages 0
Halkomelem 0
Lillooet 0
Ntlakapamux (Thompson) 0
Secwepemctsin (Shuswap) 0
Squamish 0
Straits 0
Syilx (Okanagan) 0
Salish languages, n.i.e. 0
Siouan languages 50
Assiniboine 0
Dakota 15
Stoney 30
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 5
Tsimshian languages 5
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 5
Nisga'a 0
Tsimshian 0
Wakashan languages 0
Haisla 0
Heiltsuk 0
Kwak'wala (Kwakiutl) 0
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0
Indigenous languages, n.i.e. 0
Indigenous languages, n.o.s. 0
Non-Indigenous languages 301,485
Afro-Asiatic languages 37,825
Berber languages 145
Kabyle 90
Tamazight 55
Berber languages, n.i.e. 0
Chadic languages 80
Hausa 70
Mina 10
Coptic 20
Cushitic languages 9,625
Bilen 470
Oromo 1,540
Somali 7,580
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 45
Semitic languages 27,955
Amharic 2,900
Arabic 20,140
Aramaic languages 135
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 75
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 35
Aramaic, n.o.s. 25
Harari 160
Hebrew 350
Maltese 15
Tigrigna 4,230
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 20
Austro-Asiatic languages 9,465
Khmer (Cambodian) 680
Vietnamese 8,725
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e 60
Austronesian languages 43,265
Bikol 155
Bisaya, n.o.s. 665
Cebuano 1,920
Fijian 40
Hiligaynon 785
Ilocano 2,280
Indonesian 425
Kankanaey 115
Kinaray-a 40
Malagasy languages 15
Merina 0
Malagasy, n.o.s. 15
Malay 105
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 440
Pangasinan 185
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 35,655
Waray-Waray 90
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 350
Creole languages 905
Haitian Creole 220
Jamaican English Creole 20
Krio 200
Morisyen 165
Sango 5
Creole, n.o.s. 205
Creole languages, n.i.e. 80
Dravidian languages 8,110
Kannada 200
Malayalam 4,575
Tamil 2,155
Telugu 1,155
Tulu 15
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 10
Georgian 50
Hmong-Mien languages 0
Indo-European languages 138,335
Albanian 765
Armenian 145
Balto-Slavic languages 24,510
Baltic languages 230
Latvian 105
Lithuanian 130
Slavic languages 24,280
Belarusian 40
Bulgarian 370
Czech 545
Macedonian 175
Polish 6,960
Russian 4,800
Rusyn 20
Serbo-Croatian 3,940
Bosnian 700
Croatian 1,540
Serbian 1,605
Serbo-Croatian, n.i.e. 90
Slovak 345
Slovene (Slovenian) 205
Ukrainian 6,870
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 15
Celtic languages 55
Irish 15
Scottish Gaelic 10
Welsh 15
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 15
Germanic languages 10,190
Frisian 40
High German languages 7,060
German 6,915
Pennsylvania German 0
Swiss German 120
Yiddish 25
Low Saxon-Low Franconian languages 2,500
Afrikaans 350
Dutch 1,985
Low German, n.o.s. 15
Low Saxon 10
Plautdietsch 115
Vlaams (Flemish) 35
Scandinavian languages 585
Danish 330
Icelandic 25
Norwegian 80
Swedish 145
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 10
Greek 780
Indo-Iranian languages 74,730
Indo-Aryan languages 68,225
Assamese 30
Bengali 2,675
Gujarati 6,425
Hindi 8,550
Kacchi 480
Kashmiri 35
Konkani 110
Marathi 685
Nepali 2,280
Oriya languages 75
Odia 60
Oriya, n.o.s. 15
Punjabi (Panjabi) 36,705
Rohingya 0
Sindhi 325
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 1,180
Urdu 8,390
Indo-Aryan languages, n.i.e. 260
Iranian languages 6,480
Baluchi 15
Kurdish 735
Parsi 5
Pashto 685
Persian languages 5,010
Dari 1,570
Iranian Persian 2,875
Persian (Farsi), n.o.s. 565
Iranian languages, n.i.e. 30
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 25
Italic (Romance) languages 27,155
Catalan 15
Italian 3,510
Portuguese 3,975
Romanian 2,005
Spanish 17,640
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 10
Indo-European languages, n.i.e. 5
Japanese 900
Korean 6,100
Mongolian 80
Niger-Congo languages 7,595
Akan (Twi) 740
Bamanankan 10
Edo 110
Éwé 120
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 100
Ga 75
Ganda 215
Gikuyu 65
Igbo 440
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 850
Lingala 120
Luba-Kasai 25
Mòoré 30
Mwani 55
Ndebele 205
Rundi (Kirundi) 440
Shona 505
Soninke 5
Sotho-Tswana languages 75
Swahili 1,255
Wojenaka 20
Wolof 150
Yoruba 980
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 1,010
Nilo-Saharan languages 725
Dinka 275
Nuer 200
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 205
African, n.o.s. 50
Sign languages 320
American Sign Language 275
Quebec Sign Language 0
Sign languages, n.i.e. 45
Sino-Tibetan languages 43,580
Chinese languages 42,900
Hakka 545
Mandarin 19,585
Min Dong 20
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 1,045
Wu (Shanghainese) 160
Yue (Cantonese) 20,925
Chinese, n.o.s. 590
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 30
Tibeto-Burman languages 640
Burmese 115
Kuki-Chin languages 35
Karenic languages 405
S'gaw Karen 335
Karenic languages, n.i.e. 70
Tibetan 25
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 65
Sino-Tibetan languages, n.i.e. 45
Tai-Kadai languages 905
Lao 305
Thai 555
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e. 45
Turkic languages 2,080
Azerbaijani 170
Kazakh 15
Turkish 1,675
Uyghur 65
Uzbek 105
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 55
Uralic languages 1,150
Estonian 25
Finnish 140
Hungarian 990
Other languages, n.i.e. 80
Multiple responses 55,115
English and French 4,675
English and non-official language(s) 43,995
French and non-official language(s) 1,375
English, French and non-official language(s) 850
Multiple non-official languages 4,220
All languages spoken at home
Total - All languages spoken at home for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% data40 1,000,740
English 648,980
French 4,680
Non-official language 90,765
Indigenous39 170
Non-Indigenous 90,595
English and French 10,825
English and non-official language(s) 228,985
French and non-official language(s) 755
English, French and non-official language(s) 6,735
Multiple non-official languages 9,020
Language spoken most often at home
Total - Language spoken most often at home for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% data41 1,000,740
Single responses 941,815
Official languages 753,490
English 746,435
French 7,055
Non-official languages 188,330
Indigenous languages39 395
Algonquian languages 360
Blackfoot 5
Cree-Innu languages 335
Atikamekw 0
Cree languages 335
Ililimowin (Moose Cree) 0
Inu Ayimun (Southern East Cree) 0
Iyiyiw-Ayimiwin (Northern East Cree) 0
Nehinawewin (Swampy Cree) 0
Nehiyawewin (Plains Cree) 75
Nihithawiwin (Woods Cree) 30
Cree, n.o.s. 235
Innu (Montagnais) 0
Naskapi 0
Eastern Algonquian languages 0
Mi'kmaq 0
Wolastoqewi (Malecite) 0
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 15
Anicinabemowin (Algonquin) 0
Oji-Cree 0
Ojibway languages 15
Anishinaabemowin (Chippewa) 5
Daawaamwin (Odawa) 0
Saulteau (Western Ojibway) 0
Ojibway, n.o.s. 10
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 0
Athabaskan languages 20
Northern Athabaskan languages 15
Dakelh (Carrier) 0
Dane-zaa (Beaver) 0
Dene, n.o.s. 10
Gwich'in 0
Slavey-Hare languages 0
Deh Gah Ghotie Zhatie (South Slavey) 0
Satuotine Yati (North Slavey) 0
Slavey, n.o.s. 0
Tahltan languages 0
Kaska (Nahani) 0
Tahltan 0
Tlicho (Dogrib) 0
Tse'khene (Sekani) 0
Tsilhqot'in (Chilcotin) 0
Tsuu T'ina (Sarsi) 0
Tutchone languages 0
Northern Tutchone 0
Southern Tutchone 0
Tutchone, n.o.s. 0
Wetsuwet'en-Babine 0
Tlingit 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0
Haida 0
Inuktut (Inuit) languages 0
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 0
Inuinnaqtun 0
Inuvialuktun 0
Inuktitut 0
Inuktut (Inuit) languages, n.i.e. 0
Iroquoian languages 0
Cayuga 0
Mohawk 0
Oneida 0
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 0
Ktunaxa (Kutenai) 0
Michif 10
Salish languages 0
Halkomelem 0
Lillooet 0
Ntlakapamux (Thompson) 0
Secwepemctsin (Shuswap) 0
Squamish 0
Straits 0
Syilx (Okanagan) 0
Salish languages, n.i.e. 0
Siouan languages 0
Assiniboine 0
Dakota 0
Stoney 0
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 0
Tsimshian languages 0
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 0
Nisga'a 0
Tsimshian 0
Wakashan languages 0
Haisla 0
Heiltsuk 0
Kwak'wala (Kwakiutl) 0
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0
Indigenous languages, n.i.e. 0
Indigenous languages, n.o.s. 0
Non-Indigenous languages 187,935
Afro-Asiatic languages 24,185
Berber languages 65
Kabyle 40
Tamazight 25
Berber languages, n.i.e. 0
Chadic languages 55
Hausa 50
Mina 0
Coptic 0
Cushitic languages 6,430
Bilen 345
Oromo 1,145
Somali 4,915
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 25
Semitic languages 17,625
Amharic 1,770
Arabic 12,325
Aramaic languages 100
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 40
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 25
Aramaic, n.o.s. 35
Harari 110
Hebrew 150
Maltese 0
Tigrigna 3,155
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 20
Austro-Asiatic languages 6,245
Khmer (Cambodian) 380
Vietnamese 5,805
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e 65
Austronesian languages 27,095
Bikol 50
Bisaya, n.o.s. 385
Cebuano 1,130
Fijian 10
Hiligaynon 425
Ilocano 1,350
Indonesian 170
Kankanaey 65
Kinaray-a 25
Malagasy languages 5
Merina 0
Malagasy, n.o.s. 5
Malay 20
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 295
Pangasinan 70
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 22,875
Waray-Waray 40
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 165
Creole languages 555
Haitian Creole 165
Jamaican English Creole 20
Krio 95
Morisyen 125
Sango 0
Creole, n.o.s. 90
Creole languages, n.i.e. 50
Dravidian languages 5,850
Kannada 100
Malayalam 3,355
Tamil 1,605
Telugu 775
Tulu 5
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 0
Georgian 30
Hmong-Mien languages 0
Indo-European languages 82,580
Albanian 340
Armenian 60
Balto-Slavic languages 10,445
Baltic languages 90
Latvian 40
Lithuanian 45
Slavic languages 10,360
Belarusian 10
Bulgarian 180
Czech 165
Macedonian 100
Polish 3,005
Russian 2,985
Rusyn 5
Serbo-Croatian 1,845
Bosnian 295
Croatian 635
Serbian 895
Serbo-Croatian, n.i.e. 20
Slovak 65
Slovene (Slovenian) 55
Ukrainian 1,945
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 5
Celtic languages 10
Irish 5
Scottish Gaelic 5
Welsh 0
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 0
Germanic languages 1,310
Frisian 0
High German languages 960
German 945
Pennsylvania German 0
Swiss German 15
Yiddish 0
Low Saxon-Low Franconian languages 295
Afrikaans 155
Dutch 135
Low German, n.o.s. 0
Low Saxon 0
Plautdietsch 0
Vlaams (Flemish) 0
Scandinavian languages 50
Danish 20
Icelandic 5
Norwegian 10
Swedish 20
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 5
Greek 285
Indo-Iranian languages 55,830
Indo-Aryan languages 51,670
Assamese 15
Bengali 1,745
Gujarati 4,620
Hindi 5,610
Kacchi 215
Kashmiri 15
Konkani 40
Marathi 445
Nepali 1,655
Oriya languages 35
Odia 25
Oriya, n.o.s. 5
Punjabi (Panjabi) 30,595
Rohingya 0
Sindhi 205
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 685
Urdu 5,640
Indo-Aryan languages, n.i.e. 155
Iranian languages 4,150
Baluchi 10
Kurdish 435
Parsi 5
Pashto 480
Persian languages 3,200
Dari 920
Iranian Persian 1,910
Persian (Farsi), n.o.s. 375
Iranian languages, n.i.e. 20
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 5
Italic (Romance) languages 14,295
Catalan 10
Italian 990
Portuguese 1,750
Romanian 1,005
Spanish 10,525
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 10
Indo-European languages, n.i.e. 5
Japanese 370
Korean 4,535
Mongolian 50
Niger-Congo languages 3,340
Akan (Twi) 325
Bamanankan 10
Edo 20
Éwé 20
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 90
Ga 15
Ganda 90
Gikuyu 5
Igbo 190
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 445
Lingala 85
Luba-Kasai 5
Mòoré 15
Mwani 30
Ndebele 70
Rundi (Kirundi) 240
Shona 165
Soninke 0
Sotho-Tswana languages 35
Swahili 605
Wojenaka 5
Wolof 125
Yoruba 410
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 330
Nilo-Saharan languages 360
Dinka 120
Nuer 125
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 105
African, n.o.s. 10
Sign languages 485
American Sign Language 410
Quebec Sign Language 0
Sign languages, n.i.e. 75
Sino-Tibetan languages 30,100
Chinese languages 29,600
Hakka 210
Mandarin 14,405
Min Dong 10
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 465
Wu (Shanghainese) 105
Yue (Cantonese) 14,030
Chinese, n.o.s. 370
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 10
Tibeto-Burman languages 475
Burmese 75
Kuki-Chin languages 35
Karenic languages 320
S'gaw Karen 265
Karenic languages, n.i.e. 55
Tibetan 15
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 35
Sino-Tibetan languages, n.i.e. 25
Tai-Kadai languages 400
Lao 140
Thai 235
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e. 25
Turkic languages 1,360
Azerbaijani 100
Kazakh 0
Turkish 1,145
Uyghur 40
Uzbek 50
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 15
Uralic languages 360
Estonian 5
Finnish 20
Hungarian 335
Other languages, n.i.e. 35
Multiple responses 58,930
English and French 2,445
English and non-official language(s) 54,020
French and non-official language(s) 400
English, French and non-official language(s) 775
Multiple non-official languages 1,290
Other language spoken regularly at home
Total - Other language(s) spoken regularly at home for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% data42 1,000,745
None 792,140
English 77,010
French 8,150
Non-official language 94,890
Indigenous39 1,555
Non-Indigenous 93,340
English and French 1,120
English and non-official language(s) 13,430
French and non-official language(s) 2,760
English, French and non-official language(s) 295
Multiple non-official languages 10,950
Knowledge of languagesThe letter 'c' in a yellow triangle indicates a correction notice.
Total - Knowledge of languages for the population in private households - 25% sample data43 996,490
Official languages 973,345
English 971,925
French 67,175
Non-official languages 410,435
Indigenous languages39 3,585
Algonquian languages 3,140
Blackfoot 45
Cree-Innu languages 2,970
Atikamekw 0
Cree languages 2,955
Ililimowin (Moose Cree) 0
Inu Ayimun (Southern East Cree) 0
Iyiyiw-Ayimiwin (Northern East Cree) 35
Nehinawewin (Swampy Cree) 60
Nehiyawewin (Plains Cree) 1,045
Nihithawiwin (Woods Cree) 320
Cree, n.o.s. 1,525
Innu (Montagnais) 0
Naskapi 0
Eastern Algonquian languages 0
Mi'kmaq 0
Wolastoqewi (Malecite) 0
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 140
Anicinabemowin (Algonquin) 10
Oji-Cree 20
Ojibway languages 120
Anishinaabemowin (Chippewa) 35
Daawaamwin (Odawa) 0
Saulteau (Western Ojibway) 35
Ojibway, n.o.s. 50
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 0
Athabaskan languages 245
Northern Athabaskan languages 240
Dakelh (Carrier) 0
Dane-zaa (Beaver) 0
Dene, n.o.s. 120
Gwich'in 15
Slavey-Hare languages 40
Deh Gah Ghotie Zhatie (South Slavey) 20
Satuotine Yati (North Slavey) 20
Slavey, n.o.s. 0
Tahltan languages 15
Kaska (Nahani) 0
Tahltan 10
Tlicho (Dogrib) 55
Tse'khene (Sekani) 0
Tsilhqot'in (Chilcotin) 0
Tsuu T'ina (Sarsi) 0
Tutchone languages 0
Northern Tutchone 0
Southern Tutchone 0
Tutchone, n.o.s. 0
Wetsuwet'en-Babine 0
Tlingit 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0
Haida 0
Inuktut (Inuit) languages 55
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 15
Inuinnaqtun 0
Inuvialuktun 15
Inuktitut 40
Inuktut (Inuit) languages, n.i.e. 0
Iroquoian languages 15
Cayuga 0
Mohawk 0
Oneida 0
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 0
Ktunaxa (Kutenai) 0
Michif 45
Salish languages 0
Halkomelem 0
Lillooet 0
Ntlakapamux (Thompson) 0
Secwepemctsin (Shuswap) 0
Squamish 0
Straits 0
Syilx (Okanagan) 0
Salish languages, n.i.e. 0
Siouan languages 115
Assiniboine 25
Dakota 65
Stoney 30
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 0
Tsimshian languages 0
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 0
Nisga'a 0
Tsimshian 0
Wakashan languages 0
Haisla 0
Heiltsuk 0
Kwak'wala (Kwakiutl) 0
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0
Indigenous languages, n.i.e. 15
Indigenous languages, n.o.s. 15
Non-Indigenous languages 407,055
Afro-Asiatic languages 55,510
Berber languages 200
Kabyle 160
Tamazight 35
Berber languages, n.i.e. 0
Chadic languages 395
Hausa 370
Mina 25
Coptic 45
Cushitic languages 13,440
Bilen 550
Oromo 2,605
Somali 10,405
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 90
Semitic languages 44,095
Amharic 5,920
Arabic 33,200
Aramaic languages 190
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 80
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 60
Aramaic, n.o.s. 55
Harari 275
Hebrew 1,305
Maltese 10
Tigrigna 6,425
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 215
Austro-Asiatic languages 13,220
Khmer (Cambodian) 1,015
Vietnamese 12,200
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e 80
Austronesian languages 58,930
Bikol 305
Bisaya, n.o.s. 970
Cebuano 2,935
Fijian 110
Hiligaynon 1,300
Ilocano 4,370
Indonesian 755
Kankanaey 210
Kinaray-a 60
Malagasy languages 20
Merina 0
Malagasy, n.o.s. 20
Malay 690
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 885
Pangasinan 410
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 55,850
Waray-Waray 295
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 1,585
Creole languages 2,405
Haitian Creole 665
Jamaican English Creole 175
Krio 380
Morisyen 330
Sango 30
Creole, n.o.s. 565
Creole languages, n.i.e. 420
Dravidian languages 11,580
Kannada 535
Malayalam 6,130
Tamil 4,375
Telugu 2,030
Tulu 40
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 30
Georgian 80
Hmong-Mien languages 0
Indo-European languages 191,820
Albanian 920
Armenian 205
Balto-Slavic languages 31,195
Baltic languages 265
Latvian 95
Lithuanian 170
Slavic languages 31,075
Belarusian 155
Bulgarian 495
Czech 775
Macedonian 250
Polish 9,140
Russian 9,120
Rusyn 35
Serbo-Croatian 5,195
Bosnian 1,280
Croatian 2,500
Serbian 2,565
Serbo-Croatian, n.i.e. 125
Slovak 530
Slovene (Slovenian) 265
Ukrainian 9,900
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 30
Celtic languages 275
Irish 145
Scottish Gaelic 45
Welsh 50
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 35
Germanic languages 17,595
Frisian 60
High German languages 13,130
German 12,980
Pennsylvania German 0
Swiss German 155
Yiddish 65
Low Saxon-Low Franconian languages 3,780
Afrikaans 855
Dutch 2,660
Low German, n.o.s. 70
Low Saxon 0
Plautdietsch 215
Vlaams (Flemish) 50
Scandinavian languages 1,080
Danish 435
Icelandic 60
Norwegian 260
Swedish 370
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 10
Greek 1,405
Indo-Iranian languages 100,910
Indo-Aryan languages 93,710
Assamese 105
Bengali 3,720
Gujarati 10,175
Hindi 39,515
Kacchi 1,040
Kashmiri 110
Konkani 285
Marathi 1,385
Nepali 2,435
Oriya languages 95
Odia 25
Oriya, n.o.s. 70
Punjabi (Panjabi) 49,965
Rohingya 0
Sindhi 590
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 1,735
Urdu 15,820
Indo-Aryan languages, n.i.e. 615
Iranian languages 8,250
Baluchi 25
Kurdish 905
Parsi 10
Pashto 1,120
Persian languages 6,445
Dari 2,150
Iranian Persian 3,620
Persian (Farsi), n.o.s. 760
Iranian languages, n.i.e. 40
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 120
Italic (Romance) languages 44,360
Catalan 30
Italian 6,730
Portuguese 5,550
Romanian 2,650
Spanish 31,095
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 155
Indo-European languages, n.i.e. 90
Japanese 2,830
Korean 7,565
Mongolian 115
Niger-Congo languages 17,175
Akan (Twi) 1,565
Bamanankan 80
Edo 290
Éwé 270
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 245
Ga 185
Ganda 540
Gikuyu 160
Igbo 1,260
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 1,480
Lingala 855
Luba-Kasai 90
Mòoré 40
Mwani 30
Ndebele 480
Rundi (Kirundi) 990
Shona 1,025
Soninke 50
Sotho-Tswana languages 105
Swahili 4,715
Wojenaka 95
Wolof 450
Yoruba 3,005
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 2,755
Nilo-Saharan languages 1,185
Dinka 465
Nuer 275
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 435
African, n.o.s. 180
Sign languages 2,090
American Sign Language 1,830
Quebec Sign Language 10
Sign languages, n.i.e. 315
Sino-Tibetan languages 54,070
Chinese languages 53,025
Hakka 960
Mandarin 31,415
Min Dong 20
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 1,605
Wu (Shanghainese) 240
Yue (Cantonese) 28,425
Chinese, n.o.s. 680
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 50
Tibeto-Burman languages 990
Burmese 320
Kuki-Chin languages 35
Karenic languages 605
S'gaw Karen 555
Karenic languages, n.i.e. 80
Tibetan 25
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 135
Sino-Tibetan languages, n.i.e. 100
Tai-Kadai languages 1,325
Lao 495
Thai 790
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e. 165
Turkic languages 3,285
Azerbaijani 350
Kazakh 30
Turkish 2,760
Uyghur 85
Uzbek 125
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 115
Uralic languages 1,610
Estonian 30
Finnish 195
Hungarian 1,385
Other languages, n.i.e. 460
Indigenous population
Total - Indigenous identity for the population in private households - 25% sample data44 996,485
Indigenous identity45 58,165
Single Indigenous responses46 56,235
First Nations (North American Indian) 27,840
Métis 27,570
Inuk (Inuit) 820
Multiple Indigenous responses47 1,300
Indigenous responses not included elsewhere48 635
Non-Indigenous identity 938,320
Total - Registered or Treaty Indian status for the population in private households - 25% sample data44 996,485
Registered or Treaty Indian49 23,320
Not a Registered or Treaty Indian 973,165
Household characteristics
Total - Private households by tenure - 25% sample data50 396,400
Owner 252,150
Renter 144,245
Dwelling provided by the local government, First Nation or Indian band 0
Total - Occupied private dwellings by condominium status - 25% sample data51 396,400
Condominium 94,750
Not condominium 301,645
Total - Occupied private dwellings by number of bedrooms - 25% sample data52 396,400
No bedrooms 3,860
1 bedroom 55,090
2 bedrooms 94,340
3 bedrooms 136,735
4 or more bedrooms 106,380
Total - Occupied private dwellings by number of rooms - 25% sample data53 396,400
1 to 4 rooms 138,580
5 rooms 65,915
6 rooms 54,345
7 rooms 42,880
8 or more rooms 94,680
Average number of rooms per dwelling 5.8
Total - Private households by number of persons per room - 25% sample data54 396,400
One person or fewer per room 381,040
More than one person per room 15,355
Total - Private households by housing suitability - 25% sample data55 396,400
Suitable 370,185
Not suitable 26,210
Total - Occupied private dwellings by period of construction - 25% sample data56 396,400
1960 or before 50,230
1961 to 1980 110,385
1981 to 1990 43,560
1991 to 2000 39,315
2001 to 2005 32,950
2006 to 2010 34,225
2011 to 2015 42,510
2016 to 202157 43,230
Total - Occupied private dwellings by dwelling condition - 25% sample data58 396,400
Only regular maintenance and minor repairs needed 375,390
Major repairs needed 21,010
Total - Private households by number of household maintainers - 25% sample data59 396,400
One-maintainer household 200,305
Two-maintainer household 171,270
Three-or-more-maintainer household 24,820
Total - Private households by age of primary household maintainers - 25% sample data60 396,400
15 to 24 years 15,715
25 to 34 years 72,840
35 to 44 years 85,785
45 to 54 years 70,715
55 to 64 years 70,130
65 to 74 years 48,765
75 to 84 years 22,995
85 years and over 9,455
Total - Owner and tenant households with household total income greater than zero, in non-farm, non-reserve private dwellings by shelter-cost-to-income ratio - 25% sample data61 394,485
Spending less than 30% of income on shelter costs 298,595
Spending 30% or more of income on shelter costs 95,885
30% to less than 100% 87,405
Total - Occupied private dwellings by housing indicators - 25% sample data62 396,400
Total - Households 'spending 30% or more of income on shelter costs' or 'not suitable' or 'major repairs needed' 130,890
Spending 30% or more of income on shelter costs only 85,155
Not suitable only 20,340
Major repairs needed only 13,440
'Spending 30% or more of income on shelter costs' and 'not suitable' 4,385
'Spending 30% or more of income on shelter costs' and 'major repairs needed' 6,080
'Not suitable' and 'major repairs needed' 1,220
'Spending 30% or more of income on shelter costs' and 'not suitable' and 'major repairs needed' 270
Acceptable housing 265,515
Total - Owner and tenant households with household total income greater than zero and shelter-cost-to-income ratio less than 100%, in non-farm, non-reserve private dwellings - 25% sample data63 386,005
In core need 46,155
Not in core need 339,850
Total - Owner households in non-farm, non-reserve private dwellings - 25% sample data 252,090
% of owner households with a mortgage64 65.4
% of owner households spending 30% or more of its income on shelter costs61 17.7
% in core housing need63 5.5
Median monthly shelter costs for owned dwellings ($)65 1,680
Average monthly shelter costs for owned dwellings ($)65 1,720
Median value of dwellings ($)66 384,000
Average value of dwellings ($)66 419,600
Total - Tenant households in non-farm, non-reserve private dwellings - 25% sample data 144,250
% of tenant households in subsidized housing67 9.1
% of tenant households spending 30% or more of its income on shelter costs61 35.9
% in core housing need63 23.6
Median monthly shelter costs for rented dwellings ($)65 1,250
Average monthly shelter costs for rented dwellings ($)65 1,302
Total - Households living in a dwelling provided by the local government, First Nation or Indian band in non-farm private dwellings - 25% sample data 0
% of households living in a dwelling provided by the local government, First Nation or Indian band spending more than 30% on shelter costs61 ...
Median monthly shelter costs for dwellings provided by local government, First Nation or Indian band ($)65 ...
Average monthly shelter costs for dwellings provided by local government, First Nation or Indian band ($)65 ...
Indigenous ancestry
Total - Indigenous ancestry for the population in private households - 25% sample data68 996,485
Indigenous ancestry (only)69 24,160
Single Indigenous ancestry (only)70 23,160
First Nations (North American Indian) single ancestry 16,895
Métis single ancestry 5,930
Inuit single ancestry 335
Multiple Indigenous ancestries (only)71 995
First Nations (North American Indian) and Métis ancestry only 920
First Nations (North American Indian) and Inuit ancestry only 55
Métis and Inuit ancestry only 0
First Nations (North American Indian) and Métis and Inuit ancestry only 15
Indigenous and non-Indigenous ancestries72 41,540
Single Indigenous and non-Indigenous ancestries73 39,910
First Nations (North American Indian) and non-Indigenous ancestry only 23,575
Métis and non-Indigenous ancestry only 15,795
Inuit and non-Indigenous ancestry only 535
Multiple Indigenous and non-Indigenous ancestries74 1,630
First Nations (North American Indian) and Métis and non-Indigenous ancestry only 1,490
First Nations (North American Indian) and Inuit and non-Indigenous ancestry only 60
Métis and Inuit and non-Indigenous ancestry only 55
First Nations (North American Indian) and Métis and Inuit and non-Indigenous ancestry only 25
Non-Indigenous ancestry only75 930,790
Citizenship
Total - Citizenship for the population in private households - 25% sample data76 996,485
Canadian citizens77 863,500
Canadian citizens aged under 18 197,490
Canadian citizens aged 18 and over 666,005
Not Canadian citizens78 132,985
Immigrant status and period of immigration
Total - Immigrant status and period of immigration for the population in private households - 25% sample data79 996,485
Non-immigrants80 648,190
Immigrants81 324,310
Before 1980 37,140
1980 to 1990 32,440
1991 to 2000 41,995
2001 to 2010 77,150
2011 to 202182 135,590
2011 to 2015 67,510
2016 to 2021 68,085
Non-permanent residents83 23,985
Age at immigration
Total - Age at immigration for the immigrant population in private households - 25% sample data84 324,315
Under 5 years 26,970
5 to 14 years 53,855
15 to 24 years 61,200
25 to 44 years 151,325
45 years and over 30,970
Selected places of birth for the immigrant population
Total - Place of birth for the immigrant population in private households - 25% sample data85 324,315
Americas 28,960
Brazil 995
Colombia 2,720
El Salvador 2,525
Guyana 1,145
Haiti 600
Jamaica 3,440
Mexico 2,820
Peru 485
Trinidad and Tobago 1,370
United States of America 6,290
Other places of birth in Americas 6,570
Europe 47,105
Bosnia and Herzegovina 1,530
Croatia 1,315
France 715
Germany 4,025
Greece 560
Hungary 650
Italy 2,755
Netherlands 2,005
Poland 6,475
Portugal 2,085
Romania 1,915
Russian Federation 1,945
Serbia86 830
Ukraine 3,615
United Kingdom87 9,990
Other places of birth in Europe 6,690
Africa 47,395
Algeria 365
Congo, Democratic Republic of the 1,830
Egypt 2,670
Eritrea 4,090
Ethiopia 5,605
Morocco 890
Nigeria 5,675
Somalia 5,765
South Africa, Republic of 1,805
Other places of birth in Africa 18,700
Asia 196,955
Afghanistan 1,850
Iran88 2,630
Iraq 1,780
Lebanon 4,550
Syria89 4,370
Turkey 1,525
China90 21,110
Hong Kong91 6,985
Korea, South92 5,565
Taiwan 935
Philippines 54,855
Viet Nam 10,285
Bangladesh 2,055
India 50,440
Pakistan 8,900
Sri Lanka 2,150
Other places of birth in Asia 16,975
Oceania and other places of birth93 3,890
Selected places of birth for the recent immigrant population
Total - Place of birth for the recent immigrant population in private households - 25% sample data94 68,085
Americas 5,305
Brazil 295
Colombia 455
Haiti 85
Jamaica 950
Mexico 1,035
United States of America 1,120
Venezuela95 170
Other places of birth in Americas 1,200
Europe 4,400
France 120
Germany 160
Ireland96 280
Italy 150
Russian Federation 260
Ukraine 745
United Kingdom87 785
Other places of birth in Europe 1,890
Africa 13,520
Algeria 45
Burundi 380
Cameroon 380
Congo, Democratic Republic of the 590
Côte d'Ivoire 190
Egypt 480
Eritrea 2,045
Ethiopia 1,580
Morocco 175
Nigeria 2,770
Somalia 1,275
South Africa, Republic of 295
Sudan97 485
Tunisia 135
Other places of birth in Africa 2,705
Asia 44,495
Afghanistan 415
Bangladesh 440
China90 3,540
Hong Kong91 345
India 14,005
Iran88 510
Iraq 315
Israel 270
Japan 85
Jordan 240
Korea, South92 1,195
Lebanon 420
Nepal 510
Pakistan 1,295
Philippines 14,200
Saudi Arabia 375
Sri Lanka 415
Syria89 3,310
Turkey 415
United Arab Emirates 260
Viet Nam 670
Other places of birth in Asia 1,270
Oceania and other93 365
Australia 185
Other places of birth98 185
Generation status
Total - Generation status for the population in private households - 25% sample data99 996,485
First generation100 356,830
Second generation101 217,370
Third generation or more102 422,280
Admission category and applicant type
Total - Admission category and applicant type for the immigrant population in private households who were admitted between 1980 and 2021 - 25% sample data103 287,175
Economic immigrants104 153,380
Principal applicants105 64,270
Secondary applicants106 89,110
Immigrants sponsored by family107 81,980
Refugees108 49,110
Other immigrants109 2,705
Pre-admission experience
Total - Pre-admission experience for the immigrant population in private households who were admitted between 1980 and 2021 - 25% sample data110 287,175
Asylum claim before admission111 11,065
Work permits only before admission112 38,980
Study permits only before admission113 8,135
Work and study permits before admission114 17,930
Other permits before admission115 1,160
No pre-admission experience116 209,905
Visible minority
Total - Visible minority for the population in private households - 25% sample data117 996,485
Total visible minority population118 426,195
South Asian 114,985
Chinese 59,740
Black 75,525
Filipino 70,550
Arab 30,485
Latin American 19,455
Southeast Asian 19,205
West Asian 7,690
Korean 8,045
Japanese 2,180
Visible minority, n.i.e.119 4,240
Multiple visible minorities 14,090
Not a visible minority120 570,295
Ethnic or cultural origin
Total - Ethnic or cultural origin for the population in private households - 25% sample data121 996,490
Canadian 84,995
English 132,440
Irish 108,030
Scottish 116,785
French, n.o.s.122 73,060
German 115,540
Chinese 64,525
Italian 22,640
Indian (India) 61,940
Ukrainian 92,615
Dutch 29,900
Polish 44,080
Québécois 1,270
British Isles, n.o.s.123 23,035
Filipino 67,395
French Canadian 7,185
Caucasian (White), n.o.s.124 13,740
First Nations (North American Indian), n.o.s.125 15,175
Métis 24,235
European, n.o.s.126 13,250
Russian 17,395
Norwegian 25,790
Welsh 14,425
Portuguese 8,175
American 10,515
Spanish 11,065
Swedish 16,210
Hungarian 8,750
Acadian 1,955
Pakistani 12,175
African, n.o.s.127 13,365
Jewish 4,210
Punjabi 15,425
Vietnamese 14,465
Arab, n.o.s.128 9,970
Greek 3,645
Jamaican 5,455
Asian, n.o.s.129 9,650
Cree, n.o.s.130 13,325
Korean 7,835
Romanian 7,430
Lebanese 12,085
Iranian 3,440
Christian, n.i.e.131 3,070
Danish 8,805
North American Indigenous, n.o.s.132 6,775
Sikh 10,965
Austrian 7,995
Belgian 4,090
Haitian 815
Hindu 9,145
Mexican 5,240
Mennonite 2,330
Swiss 3,485
Finnish 3,165
Sri Lankan 2,120
Croatian 3,960
Japanese 3,235
South Asian, n.o.s.133 3,120
Mi'kmaq, n.o.s.134 1,390
Northern European, n.o.s.135 4,725
Muslim 5,170
Egyptian 3,775
Latin, Central or South American, n.o.s.136 3,190
Tamil 1,360
Icelandic 3,185
Colombian 2,875
Moroccan 1,140
Czech 3,530
Syrian 3,980
Guyanese 1,355
Afghan 2,805
Black, n.o.s.137 2,810
Serbian 2,680
Ojibway 1,060
Newfoundlander 1,320
Hong Konger 2,385
Ontarian 470
Persian 1,420
Trinidadian/Tobagonian 1,960
Turkish 3,100
Inuit, n.o.s.138 965
Bangladeshi 2,370
Algerian 410
Brazilian 1,340
Nigerian 3,995
Armenian 515
Slovak 1,985
Eastern European, n.o.s.139 1,710
Somali 11,460
Taiwanese 1,070
Iraqi 1,270
Salvadorean 2,900
African Caribbean 915
East or Southeast Asian, n.o.s.140 2,285
West or Central Asian or Middle Eastern, n.o.s.141 2,145
Caribbean, n.o.s.142 1,650
Algonquin 360
West Indian, n.o.s.143 750
Lithuanian 1,460
South African 1,465
Australian 1,345
Palestinian 2,080
Chilean 2,790
Congolese 1,830
Nova Scotian 345
Ethiopian 5,165
Hispanic, n.o.s.144 1,515
Peruvian 735
Yoruba 2,350
Cambodian (Khmer) 1,740
Berber 370
Albanian 950
Maltese 220
Macedonian 290
Slovenian 1,035
Western European, n.o.s.145 1,005
New Brunswicker 315
Gujarati 1,920
Eritrean 4,580
African Canadian 1,000
Israeli 505
Mohawk 465
Czechoslovakian, n.o.s.146 1,410
Bulgarian 615
Albertan 4,100
Ghanaian 1,845
Barbadian 540
African American 1,100
Yugoslavian, n.o.s.147 1,060
Tunisian 470
Slavic, n.o.s.148 1,165
Cuban 650
Bosnian 1,435
Venezuelan 605
Innu/Montagnais, n.o.s.149 25
Latvian 705
Bengali 760
Cameroonian 860
Guatemalan 665
Indonesian 1,115
Laotian 740
Ilocano 1,935
Northern Irish 570
Celtic, n.o.s.150 460
British Columbian 285
Ecuadorian 345
Franco Ontarian 45
Argentinian 450
Estonian 455
Kurdish 1,025
Fijian 2,335
Jatt 1,150
North American, n.o.s.151 350
Coptic 720
Thai 1,130
Dominican 325
Nepali 1,860
Kabyle 110
Assyrian 195
Igbo 1,355
Byelorussian 875
Dene, n.o.s.152 1,050
Blackfoot, n.o.s.153 560
Abenaki 35
Moldovan 570
Iroquois (Haudenosaunee), n.o.s.154 290
New Zealander 610
Sudanese 1,700
Breton 120
Pennsylvania Dutch 315
Malaysian 1,150
Plains Cree 950
North African, n.o.s.155 340
Huron (Wendat) 55
Saskatchewanian 500
Buddhist 925
Gaspesian 15
Norman 185
Southern or East African, n.o.s.156 1,135
Ivorian 405
Saulteaux 385
Anishinaabe, n.o.s.157 175
Burundian 805
Tigrinya 2,465
Nicaraguan 510
Mauritian 355
Kenyan 1,035
Oji-Cree 65
Vincentian 105
Jordanian 595
Manitoban 210
Cape Bretoner 145
Rwandan 990
Grenadian 255
Malayali 755
Chaldean 50
Sinhalese 460
Mayan 330
Honduran 345
Cherokee 395
Qalipu Mi'kmaq 70
Indo-Caribbean 135
Flemish 280
United Empire Loyalist 85
Senegalese 205
Azerbaijani 265
Sicilian 65
Pashtun 370
Malay 570
Goan 130
Bantu, n.o.s.158 340
Tibetan 30
Zimbabwean 1,345
Burmese 415
Mongolian 390
Azorean 90
Atikamekw 0
Bamileke 160
Indo-Guyanese 160
Ugandan 970
Oromo 1,885
Tanzanian 555
Yemeni 475
Central African 220
Libyan 440
Basque 125
Uruguayan 80
Akan, n.o.s.159 270
Central or West African, n.o.s.160 295
Igorot 675
Fulani 265
Woodland Cree 275
Guinean 150
St. Lucian 155
Prince Edward Islander 55
Maliseet 10
Beninese 145
Telugu 250
Roma 145
Costa Rican 225
African Nova Scotian 55
Malagasy 55
Kashmiri 315
Singaporean 270
Karen 560
Edo 405
Tajik 50
Amhara 800
Paraguayan 50
Religion
Total - Religion for the population in private households - 25% sample data161 996,485
Buddhist 15,365
Christian 444,690
Christian, n.o.s.162 90,430
Anabaptist 1,070
Anglican 17,325
Baptist 10,845
Catholic 208,905
Christian Orthodox 23,445
Jehovah's Witness 3,770
Latter Day Saints 5,030
Lutheran 13,840
Methodist and Wesleyan (Holiness) 1,405
Pentecostal and other Charismatic 14,500
Presbyterian 3,915
Reformed 2,600
United Church 22,375
Other Christian and Christian-related traditions 25,235
Hindu 33,905
Jewish 3,515
Muslim 83,015
Sikh 41,385
Traditional (North American Indigenous) spirituality 1,995
Other religions and spiritual traditions 9,965
No religion and secular perspectives 362,645
Mobility status 1 year ago
Total - Mobility status 1 year ago - 25% sample data163 984,475
Non-movers 837,690
Movers 146,785
Non-migrants 112,710
Migrants 34,075
Internal migrants 25,540
Intraprovincial migrants 15,395
Interprovincial migrants 10,140
External migrants 8,540
Mobility status 5 years ago
Total - Mobility status 5 years ago - 25% sample data164 935,115
Non-movers 515,210
Movers 419,905
Non-migrants 265,930
Migrants 153,980
Internal migrants 99,140
Intraprovincial migrants 62,145
Interprovincial migrants 36,995
External migrants 54,840
Secondary (high) school diploma or equivalency certificate
Total - Secondary (high) school diploma or equivalency certificate for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data165 812,605
No high school diploma or equivalency certificate 134,660
With high school diploma or equivalency certificate166 677,945
Total - Secondary (high) school diploma or equivalency certificate for the population aged 25 to 64 years in private households - 25% sample data165 562,080
No high school diploma or equivalency certificate 65,480
With high school diploma or equivalency certificate166 496,600
Highest certificate, diploma or degree
Total - Highest certificate, diploma or degree for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data165 812,610
No certificate, diploma or degree 119,345
High (secondary) school diploma or equivalency certificate167 227,215
Postsecondary certificate, diploma or degree 466,045
Postsecondary certificate or diploma below bachelor level 224,565
Apprenticeship or trades certificate or diploma 59,580
Non-apprenticeship trades certificate or diploma168 19,095
Apprenticeship certificate169 40,485
College, CEGEP or other non-university certificate or diploma170 134,560
University certificate or diploma below bachelor level 30,425
Bachelor's degree or higher 241,480
Bachelor's degree 163,340
University certificate or diploma above bachelor level 12,350
Degree in medicine, dentistry, veterinary medicine or optometry 7,790
Master's degree 47,840
Earned doctorate171 10,155
Total - Highest certificate, diploma or degree for the population aged 25 to 64 years in private households - 25% sample data165 562,080
No certificate, diploma or degree 55,060
High (secondary) school diploma or equivalency certificate167 132,900
Postsecondary certificate, diploma or degree 374,120
Postsecondary certificate or diploma below bachelor level 173,745
Apprenticeship or trades certificate or diploma 44,965
Non-apprenticeship trades certificate or diploma168 13,875
Apprenticeship certificate169 31,085
College, CEGEP or other non-university certificate or diploma170 105,310
University certificate or diploma below bachelor level 23,480
Bachelor's degree or higher 200,380
Bachelor's degree 134,645
University certificate or diploma above bachelor level 9,695
Degree in medicine, dentistry, veterinary medicine or optometry 6,555
Master's degree 41,455
Earned doctorate171 8,035
Major field of study - Classification of Instructional Programs (CIP) 2021
Total - Major field of study - Classification of Instructional Programs (CIP) 2021 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data172 812,610
No postsecondary certificate, diploma or degree173 346,560
Education 30,710
13. Education 30,710
Visual and performing arts, and communications technologies 13,315
10. Communications technologies/technicians and support services 1,640
50. Visual and performing arts 11,675
Humanities 21,795
16. Indigenous and foreign languages, literatures, and linguistics 2,430
23. English language and literature/letters 4,615
24. Liberal arts and sciences, general studies and humanities 7,445
30A Interdisciplinary humanities174 330
38. Philosophy and religious studies 1,500
39. Theology and religious vocations 2,570
54. History 2,405
55. French language and literature/lettersCAN 500
Social and behavioural sciences and law 47,530
05. Area, ethnic, cultural, gender, and group studies 900
09. Communication, journalism and related programs 5,450
19. Family and consumer sciences/human sciences 7,430
22. Legal professions and studies 8,385
30B Interdisciplinary social and behavioural sciences175 745
42. Psychology 9,265
45. Social sciences 15,345
Business, management and public administration 98,255
30.16 Accounting and computer science 195
44. Public administration and social service professions 5,655
52. Business, management, marketing and related support services 92,410
Physical and life sciences and technologies 23,445
26. Biological and biomedical sciences 9,365
30.01 Biological and physical sciences 6,100
30C Other interdisciplinary physical and life sciences176 215
40. Physical sciences 6,495
41. Science technologies/technicians 1,265
Mathematics, computer and information sciences 21,415
11. Computer and information sciences and support services 17,275
25. Library science 1,430
27. Mathematics and statistics 2,360
30D Interdisciplinary mathematics, computer and information sciences177 350
Architecture, engineering, and related trades 104,730
04. Architecture and related services 3,225
14. Engineering 31,235
15. Engineering/engineering-related technologies/technicians 24,095
30.12 Historic preservation and conservation 30
46. Construction trades 21,010
47. Mechanic and repair technologies/technicians 13,670
48. Precision production 11,465
Agriculture, natural resources and conservation 7,965
01. Agricultural and veterinary sciences/services/operations and related fields178 4,985
03. Natural resources and conservation 2,985
Health and related fields 76,555
30.37 Design for human health 0
31. Parks, recreation, leisure, fitness, and kinesiology 4,425
51. Health professions and related programs178 69,675
60. Health professions residency/fellowship programs 140
61. Medical residency/fellowship programs 2,320
Personal, protective and transportation services 20,270
12. Culinary, entertainment, and personal services 12,510
28. Military science, leadership and operational art 105
29. Military technologies and applied sciences 175
43. Security and protective services 3,955
49. Transportation and materials moving 3,520
Other179 60
Total - Major field of study - Classification of Instructional Programs (CIP) 2021 for the population aged 25 to 64 years in private households - 25% sample data172 562,085
No postsecondary certificate, diploma or degree173 187,960
Education 21,810
13. Education 21,810
Visual and performing arts, and communications technologies 10,765
10. Communications technologies/technicians and support services 1,150
50. Visual and performing arts 9,615
Humanities 17,020
16. Indigenous and foreign languages, literatures, and linguistics 1,965
23. English language and literature/letters 3,575
24. Liberal arts and sciences, general studies and humanities 6,040
30A Interdisciplinary humanities174 270
38. Philosophy and religious studies 1,190
39. Theology and religious vocations 1,815
54. History 1,820
55. French language and literature/lettersCAN 340
Social and behavioural sciences and law 39,175
05. Area, ethnic, cultural, gender, and group studies 755
09. Communication, journalism and related programs 4,630
19. Family and consumer sciences/human sciences 5,875
22. Legal professions and studies 6,990
30B Interdisciplinary social and behavioural sciences175 650
42. Psychology 7,420
45. Social sciences 12,855
Business, management and public administration 81,015
30.16 Accounting and computer science 155
44. Public administration and social service professions 4,505
52. Business, management, marketing and related support services 76,360
Physical and life sciences and technologies 18,045
26. Biological and biomedical sciences 7,380
30.01 Biological and physical sciences 4,575
30C Other interdisciplinary physical and life sciences176 150
40. Physical sciences 5,025
41. Science technologies/technicians 920
Mathematics, computer and information sciences 18,605
11. Computer and information sciences and support services 15,365
25. Library science 1,085
27. Mathematics and statistics 1,875
30D Interdisciplinary mathematics, computer and information sciences177 290
Architecture, engineering, and related trades 83,240
04. Architecture and related services 2,525
14. Engineering 26,095
15. Engineering/engineering-related technologies/technicians 19,290
30.12 Historic preservation and conservation 15
46. Construction trades 16,595
47. Mechanic and repair technologies/technicians 9,965
48. Precision production 8,765
Agriculture, natural resources and conservation 6,465
01. Agricultural and veterinary sciences/services/operations and related fields178 3,925
03. Natural resources and conservation 2,540
Health and related fields 61,845
30.37 Design for human health 0
31. Parks, recreation, leisure, fitness, and kinesiology 3,450
51. Health professions and related programs178 56,370
60. Health professions residency/fellowship programs 130
61. Medical residency/fellowship programs 1,890
Personal, protective and transportation services 16,060
12. Culinary, entertainment, and personal services 9,670
28. Military science, leadership and operational art 95
29. Military technologies and applied sciences 120
43. Security and protective services 3,330
49. Transportation and materials moving 2,855
Other179 60
Location of study compared with province or territory of residence
Total - Location of study compared with province or territory of residence for the population aged 25 to 64 years in private households - 25% sample data180 562,085
No postsecondary certificate, diploma or degree 187,960
Postsecondary certificate, diploma or degree181 374,125
Location of study inside Canada 270,890
Same as province or territory of residence 220,310
Different than province or territory of residence 50,580
Location of study outside Canada182 103,235
Americas 12,305
United States of America 7,125
Mexico 1,255
Cuba 200
Haiti 105
Jamaica 610
Brazil 540
Colombia 705
Peru 145
Venezuela95 255
Other locations of study in Americas 1,365
Europe 13,955
Belgium 145
France 510
Germany 825
Netherlands 235
Switzerland 150
Hungary 130
Moldova183 250
Poland 1,275
Romania 660
Russian Federation 830
Ukraine 1,665
Ireland96 530
United Kingdom87 4,120
Bosnia and Herzegovina 290
Italy 210
Serbia86 300
Other locations of study in Europe 1,835
Africa 9,535
Nigeria 2,095
Algeria 190
Morocco 450
Tunisia 245
Egypt 1,310
South Africa, Republic of 560
Other locations of study in Africa 4,685
Asia 65,865
Iran88 1,180
Iraq 410
Israel 190
Lebanon 695
Syria89 520
Turkey 460
China90 5,330
Taiwan 260
Hong Kong91 385
Japan 430
Korea, South92 1,985
Philippines 24,240
Viet Nam 530
Bangladesh 925
Sri Lanka 575
India 21,705
Pakistan 3,110
Other locations of study in Asia 2,955
Oceania 1,580
Australia 1,130
New Zealand 235
Other locations of study in Oceania 215
Labour force status
Total - Population aged 15 years and over by labour force status - 25% sample data184 812,610
In the labour force 554,040
Employed 483,855
Unemployed 70,185
Not in the labour force 258,565
Participation rate 68.2
Employment rate 59.5
Unemployment rate 12.7
Work activity during the reference year
Total - Population aged 15 years and over by work activity during the reference year - 25% sample data185 812,610
Did not work186 280,650
Worked 531,960
Worked full year full time187 274,975
Worked part year and/or part time188 256,990
Average weeks worked in reference year 40.5
Class of worker including job permanency
Total - Labour force aged 15 years and over by class of worker including job permanency - 25% sample data189 554,040
Class of worker - not applicable190 19,885
All classes of workers191 534,160
Employee 467,470
Permanent position 382,595
Temporary position 84,870
Fixed term (1 year or more) 28,125
Casual, seasonal or short-term position (less than 1 year) 56,745
Self-employed192 66,690
Occupation - Broad category - National Occupational Classification (NOC) 2021
Total - Labour force aged 15 years and over by occupation - Broad category - National Occupational Classification (NOC) 2021 - 25% sample data193 554,040
Occupation - not applicable190 19,885
All occupations191 534,160
0 Legislative and senior management occupations 4,535
1 Business, finance and administration occupations 90,840
2 Natural and applied sciences and related occupations 45,680
3 Health occupations 50,115
4 Occupations in education, law and social, community and government services 65,050
5 Occupations in art, culture, recreation and sport 12,985
6 Sales and service occupations 137,280
7 Trades, transport and equipment operators and related occupations 102,620
8 Natural resources, agriculture and related production occupations 7,815
9 Occupations in manufacturing and utilities 17,230
Industry - Sectors - North American Industry Classification System (NAICS) 2017
Total - Labour force aged 15 years and over by industry - Sectors - North American Industry Classification System (NAICS) 2017 - 25% sample data194 554,040
Industry - not applicable190 19,885
All industries191 534,160
11 Agriculture, forestry, fishing and hunting 2,415
21 Mining, quarrying, and oil and gas extraction 10,225
22 Utilities 5,075
23 Construction 50,765
31-33 Manufacturing 29,530
41 Wholesale trade 18,070
44-45 Retail trade 63,085
48-49 Transportation and warehousing 31,195
51 Information and cultural industries 7,440
52 Finance and insurance 18,335
53 Real estate and rental and leasing 9,980
54 Professional, scientific and technical services 41,125
55 Management of companies and enterprises 720
56 Administrative and support, waste management and remediation services 23,660
61 Educational services 39,035
62 Health care and social assistance 77,255
71 Arts, entertainment and recreation 9,445
72 Accommodation and food services 35,390
81 Other services (except public administration) 25,285
91 Public administration 36,125
All languages used at work
Total - All languages used at work for the population in private households aged 15 years and over who worked since January 1, 2020 - 25% sample data195 578,920
English 548,320
French 1,195
Non-official language 3,930
Indigenous39 10
Non-Indigenous 3,920
English and French 5,490
English and non-official language(s) 19,270
French and non-official language(s) 15
English, French and non-official language(s) 450
Multiple non-official languages 255
Language used most often at work
Total - Language used most often at work for the population aged 15 years and over who worked since January 1, 2020, in private households, 2021 Census - 25% sample data196 578,920
Single responses 574,590
Official languages 567,195
English 565,135
French 2,065
Non-official languages 7,395
Indigenous languages39 20
Algonquian languages 10
Blackfoot 0
Cree-Innu languages 10
Atikamekw 0
Cree languages 10
Ililimowin (Moose Cree) 0
Inu Ayimun (Southern East Cree) 0
Iyiyiw-Ayimiwin (Northern East Cree) 0
Nehinawewin (Swampy Cree) 0
Nehiyawewin (Plains Cree) 0
Nihithawiwin (Woods Cree) 0
Cree, n.o.s. 0
Innu (Montagnais) 0
Naskapi 0
Eastern Algonquian languages 0
Mi'kmaq 0
Wolastoqewi (Malecite) 0
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 0
Anicinabemowin (Algonquin) 0
Oji-Cree 0
Ojibway languages 0
Anishinaabemowin (Chippewa) 0
Daawaamwin (Odawa) 0
Saulteau (Western Ojibway) 0
Ojibway, n.o.s. 0
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 0
Athabaskan languages 0
Northern Athabaskan languages 0
Dakelh (Carrier) 0
Dane-zaa (Beaver) 0
Dene, n.o.s. 0
Gwich'in 0
Slavey-Hare languages 0
Deh Gah Ghotie Zhatie (South Slavey) 0
Satuotine Yati (North Slavey) 0
Slavey, n.o.s. 0
Tahltan languages 0
Tlicho (Dogrib) 0
Tse'khene (Sekani) 0
Tsilhqot'in (Chilcotin) 0
Tsuu T'ina (Sarsi) 0
Tutchone languages 0
Northern Tutchone 0
Southern Tutchone 0
Tutchone, n.o.s. 0
Wetsuwet'en-Babine 0
Tlingit 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0
Haida 0
Inuktut (Inuit) languages 10
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 0
Inuinnaqtun 0
Inuvialuktun 0
Inuktitut 10
Inuktut (Inuit) languages, n.i.e. 0
Iroquoian languages 0
Mohawk 0
Oneida 0
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 0
Ktunaxa (Kutenai) 0
Michif 0
Salish languages 0
Halkomelem 0
Lillooet 0
Ntlakapamux (Thompson) 0
Secwepemctsin (Shuswap) 0
Squamish 0
Straits 0
Syilx (Okanagan) 0
Salish languages, n.i.e. 0
Siouan languages 0
Assiniboine 0
Dakota 0
Stoney 0
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 0
Tsimshian languages 0
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 0
Nisga'a 0
Tsimshian 0
Wakashan languages 0
Haisla 0
Heiltsuk 0
Kwak'wala (Kwakiutl) 0
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0
Indigenous languages, n.i.e. 0
Indigenous languages, n.o.s. 0
Non-Indigenous languages 7,380
Afro-Asiatic languages 445
Berber languages 0
Kabyle 0
Tamazight 0
Berber languages, n.i.e. 0
Chadic languages 0
Coptic 0
Cushitic languages 110
Bilen 0
Oromo 15
Somali 100
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 0
Semitic languages 335
Amharic 50
Arabic 225
Aramaic languages 0
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 0
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 0
Aramaic, n.o.s. 0
Hebrew 10
Tigrigna 50
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 0
Austro-Asiatic languages 410
Khmer (Cambodian) 0
Vietnamese 405
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 0
Austronesian languages 320
Bikol 0
Bisaya, n.o.s. 0
Cebuano 0
Hiligaynon 0
Ilocano 0
Indonesian 10
Kankanaey 0
Malagasy languages 0
Malay 0
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 0
Pangasinan 0
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 300
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 0
Creole languages 0
Haitian Creole 0
Jamaican English Creole 0
Morisyen 0
Creole, n.o.s. 0
Creole languages, n.i.e. 0
Dravidian languages 50
Kannada 0
Malayalam 20
Tamil 15
Telugu 0
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 0
Georgian 0
Indo-European languages 3,195
Albanian 0
Armenian 0
Balto-Slavic languages 270
Baltic languages 0
Latvian 0
Lithuanian 0
Slavic languages 270
Bulgarian 10
Czech 0
Macedonian 0
Polish 80
Russian 100
Serbo-Croatian 25
Bosnian 0
Croatian 0
Serbian 20
Serbo-Croatian, n.i.e. 0
Slovak 0
Slovene (Slovenian) 0
Ukrainian 60
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 0
Celtic languages 0
Scottish Gaelic 0
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 0
Germanic languages 55
Frisian 0
High German languages 40
German 40
Pennsylvania German 0
Swiss German 0
Yiddish 0
Low Saxon-Low Franconian languages 0
Afrikaans 0
Dutch 0
Low German, n.o.s. 0
Low Saxon 0
Plautdietsch 0
Vlaams (Flemish) 0
Scandinavian languages 0
Danish 0
Icelandic 0
Norwegian 0
Swedish 0
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 0
Greek 10
Indo-Iranian languages 2,135
Indo-Aryan languages 2,050
Bengali 10
Gujarati 45
Hindi 145
Kacchi 0
Marathi 0
Nepali 20
Punjabi (Panjabi) 1,780
Sindhi 15
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 0
Urdu 45
Indo-Aryan languages, n.i.e. 0
Iranian languages 85
Kurdish 0
Pashto 0
Persian languages 80
Dari 35
Iranian Persian 25
Persian (Farsi), n.o.s. 20
Iranian languages, n.i.e. 0
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 0
Italic (Romance) languages 725
Catalan 0
Italian 10
Portuguese 30
Romanian 0
Spanish 675
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 0
Indo-European languages, n.i.e. 0
Japanese 40
Korean 380
Mongolian 0
Niger-Congo languages 15
Akan (Twi) 0
Edo 0
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 0
Ga 0
Ganda 0
Igbo 0
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 0
Lingala 0
Rundi (Kirundi) 0
Shona 0
Swahili 0
Wolof 0
Yoruba 0
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 0
Nilo-Saharan languages 0
Dinka 0
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 0
Sign languages 100
American Sign Language 90
Quebec Sign Language 0
Sign languages, n.i.e. 15
Sino-Tibetan languages 2,300
Chinese languages 2,280
Hakka 0
Mandarin 1,010
Min Dong 0
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 0
Wu (Shanghainese) 0
Yue (Cantonese) 1,255
Chinese, n.o.s. 0
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 0
Tibeto-Burman languages 0
Burmese 0
Karenic languages 0
S'gaw Karen 0
Karenic languages, n.i.e. 0
Tibetan 0
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 0
Sino-Tibetan languages, n.i.e. 0
Tai-Kadai languages 20
Lao 0
Thai 15
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e. 0
Turkic languages 90
Azerbaijani 0
Turkish 90
Uyghur 0
Uzbek 0
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 0
Uralic languages 0
Estonian 0
Finnish 0
Hungarian 0
Other languages, n.i.e. 0
Multiple responses 4,325
English and French 730
English and non-official language(s) 3,490
French and non-official language(s) 10
English, French and non-official language(s) 40
Multiple non-official languages 50
Other language(s) used regularly at work
Total - Other language(s) used regularly at work for the population in private households aged 15 years and over who worked since January 1, 2020 - 25% sample data197 578,920
None 557,280
English 3,750
French 3,945
Non-official language 11,560
Indigenous39 220
Non-Indigenous 11,340
English and French 10
English and non-official language(s) 370
French and non-official language(s) 340
English, French and non-official language(s) 0
Multiple non-official languages 1,655
Place of work status
Total - Place of work status for the employed labour force aged 15 years and over - 25% sample data198 483,855
Worked at home 102,215
Worked outside Canada 1,335
No fixed workplace address 73,790
Usual place of work 306,525
Commuting destination
Total - Commuting destination for the employed labour force aged 15 years and over with a usual place of work - 25% sample data199 306,525
Commute within census subdivision (CSD) of residence 257,805
Commute to a different census subdivision (CSD) within census division (CD) of residence 40,125
Commute to a different census subdivision (CSD) and census division (CD) within province or territory of residence 6,670
Commute to a different province or territory 1,920
Main mode of commuting
Total - Main mode of commuting for the employed labour force aged 15 years and over with a usual place of work or no fixed workplace address - 25% sample data200 380,315
Car, truck or van 323,705
Car, truck or van - as a driver 298,320
Car, truck or van - as a passenger 25,380
Public transit 30,860
Walked 13,430
Bicycle 3,355
Other method 8,970
Commuting duration
Total - Commuting duration for the employed labour force aged 15 years and over with a usual place of work or no fixed workplace address - 25% sample data201 380,315
Less than 15 minutes 86,415
15 to 29 minutes 174,830
30 to 44 minutes 82,100
45 to 59 minutes 19,050
60 minutes and over 17,920
Time leaving for work
Total - Time leaving for work for the employed labour force aged 15 years and over with a usual place of work or no fixed workplace address - 25% sample data202 380,315
Between 5 a.m. and 5:59 a.m. 24,640
Between 6 a.m. and 6:59 a.m. 66,830
Between 7 a.m. and 7:59 a.m. 101,205
Between 8 a.m. and 8:59 a.m. 69,150
Between 9 a.m. and 11:59 a.m. 52,815
Between 12 p.m. and 4:59 a.m. 65,680
Children eligible for instruction in the minority official language
Total - Eligibility for instruction in the minority official language for the population in private households born in 2003 or later - 100% data203 219,735
Children eligible for instruction in the minority official language 17,445
Children not eligible for instruction in the minority official language 202,290
Eligibility and instruction in the minority official language for school-aged children
Total - Eligibility and instruction in the minority official language, for the population in private households born between 2003 and 2015 (inclusive) - 100% data204 153,920
Children eligible for instruction in the minority official language 12,585
Eligible children who have been instructed in the minority official language at the primary or secondary level in Canada 6,675
Eligible children who have not been instructed in the minority official language at the primary or secondary level in Canada 5,910
Children not eligible for instruction in the minority official language 141,335

Symbol legend

Source

Source: Statistics Canada, 2021 Census of Population.

How to cite

How to cite: Statistics Canada. 2023. (table). Census Profile. 2021 Census of Population. Statistics Canada Catalogue no. 98-316-X2021001. Ottawa. Released November 15, 2023.
https://www12.statcan.gc.ca/census-recensement/2021/dp-pd/prof/index.cfm?Lang=E (accessed May 23, 2024).

Note(s):

Date modified: