Census Profile, 2021 Census of Population
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Topic:
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Age
Age characteristics
Commuting
Select all: Commuting
Commuting destination
Commuting duration
Main mode of commuting
Place of work status
Time leaving for work
Education
Select all: Education
Highest certificate, diploma or degree
Location of study compared with province or territory of residence
Major field of study - Classification of Instructional Programs (CIP) 2021
Secondary (high) school diploma or equivalency certificate
Ethnocultural and religious diversity
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Ethnic or cultural origin
Religion
Visible minority
Families, households, and marital status
Select all: Families, households, and marital status
Family characteristics
Household type
Marital status
Housing
Household characteristics
Immigration, place of birth, and citizenship
Select all: Immigration, place of birth, and citizenship
Admission category and applicant type
Age at immigration
Citizenship
Generation status
Immigrant status and period of immigration
Pre-admission experience
Selected places of birth for the immigrant population
Selected places of birth for the recent immigrant population
Income
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Income of economic families in 2020
Income of households in 2020
Income of individuals in 2019
Income of individuals in 2020
Low income and income inequality in 2020
Indigenous peoples
Select all: Indigenous peoples
Indigenous ancestry
Indigenous population
Instruction in the minority official language
Select all: Instruction in the minority official language
Children eligible for instruction in the minority official language
Eligibility and instruction in the minority official language for school-aged children
Labour
Select all: Labour
Class of worker including job permanency
Industry - Sectors - North American Industry Classification System (NAICS) 2017
Labour force status
Occupation - Broad category - National Occupational Classification (NOC) 2021
Work activity during the reference year
Language
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All languages spoken at home
First official language spoken
Knowledge of languages
Knowledge of official languages
Language spoken most often at home
Mother tongue
Other language spoken regularly at home
Language of work
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All languages used at work
Language used most often at work
Other language(s) used regularly at work
Mobility and migration
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Mobility status 1 year ago
Mobility status 5 years ago
Population and dwelling counts
Population and dwellings
Type of dwelling
Household and dwelling characteristics
GenderMore information:


Statistic:
Characteristic Gloucester, County (CT)More information:
New Brunswick
[Census division]
Counts
Total Men+ Women+
Population and dwellings
Population, 20211 78,256 ... ...
Population, 20161 78,444 ... ...
Population percentage change, 2016 to 2021 - 0.2 ... ...
Total private dwellings2 39,145 ... ...
Private dwellings occupied by usual residents3 35,830 ... ...
Population density per square kilometre 16.5 ... ...
Land area in square kilometres 4,734.30 ... ...
Age characteristics
Total - Age groups of the population - 100% data 78,260 38,865 39,390
0 to 14 years 8,325 4,300 4,030
0 to 4 years 2,360 1,200 1,155
5 to 9 years 2,810 1,460 1,350
10 to 14 years 3,165 1,635 1,525
15 to 64 years 47,520 23,825 23,695
15 to 19 years 3,185 1,630 1,550
20 to 24 years 3,430 1,810 1,620
25 to 29 years 3,370 1,760 1,605
30 to 34 years 3,480 1,795 1,685
35 to 39 years 3,870 1,915 1,950
40 to 44 years 4,415 2,190 2,225
45 to 49 years 5,010 2,430 2,585
50 to 54 years 5,855 2,895 2,960
55 to 59 years 7,220 3,565 3,650
60 to 64 years 7,695 3,835 3,860
65 years and over 22,410 10,750 11,665
65 to 69 years 7,170 3,490 3,680
70 to 74 years 6,220 3,095 3,120
75 to 79 years 4,110 2,030 2,080
80 to 84 years 2,525 1,215 1,310
85 years and over 2,385 915 1,470
85 to 89 years 1,465 630 835
90 to 94 years 690 230 460
95 to 99 years 205 50 155
100 years and over 25 5 20
Total - Distribution (%) of the population by broad age groups - 100% data 100.0 100.0 100.0
0 to 14 years 10.6 11.1 10.2
15 to 64 years 60.7 61.3 60.2
65 years and over 28.6 27.7 29.6
85 years and over 3.0 2.4 3.7
Average age of the population 49.3 48.5 50.0
Median age of the population 53.6 52.8 54.0
Household and dwelling characteristics
Total - Occupied private dwellings by structural type of dwelling - 100% data 35,830 ... ...
Single-detached house 28,045 ... ...
Semi-detached house 1,140 ... ...
Row house 1,020 ... ...
Apartment or flat in a duplex 1,195 ... ...
Apartment in a building that has fewer than five storeys 3,280 ... ...
Apartment in a building that has five or more storeys 15 ... ...
Other single-attached house 180 ... ...
Movable dwelling4 960 ... ...
Total - Private households by household size - 100% data 35,830 ... ...
1 person 11,415 ... ...
2 persons 14,590 ... ...
3 persons 5,380 ... ...
4 persons 3,215 ... ...
5 or more persons 1,225 ... ...
Number of persons in private households 76,200 37,960 38,240
Average household size 2.1 ... ...
Marital status
Total - Marital status for the total population aged 15 years and over - 100% data 69,930 34,570 35,360
Married or living common-law 38,820 19,370 19,445
Married 26,620 13,300 13,320
Living common-law 12,200 6,065 6,130
Living common law - Never married 9,355 4,635 4,720
Living common law - Separated 725 370 350
Living common law - Divorced 1,700 895 810
Living common law - Widowed 420 170 250
Not married and not living common-law 31,110 15,205 15,910
Not married and not living common law - Never married 19,635 10,985 8,650
Not married and not living common law - Separated 2,625 1,230 1,395
Not married and not living common law - Divorced 3,555 1,695 1,865
Not married and not living common law - Widowed 5,295 1,295 3,995
Family characteristics
Total - Census families in private households by family size - 100% data5 23,500 ... ...
2 persons 14,935 ... ...
3 persons 5,005 ... ...
4 persons 2,850 ... ...
5 or more persons 710 ... ...
Average size of census families 2.6 ... ...
Average number of children in census families with children6 1.5 ... ...
Total number of census families in private households - 100% data 23,495 ... ...
Total couple families 19,110 ... ...
Married couples 13,015 ... ...
With children6 4,425 ... ...
Without children 8,595 ... ...
Common-law couples 6,095 ... ...
With children6 2,720 ... ...
Without children 3,375 ... ...
Total one-parent families 4,385 ... ...
in which the parent is a woman+ 3,265 ... ...
in which the parent is a man+ 1,115 ... ...
Total - Persons in private households - 100% data 76,200 37,960 38,240
Total - Persons in census families 59,975 29,810 30,170
Married spouses or common-law partners 38,225 19,065 19,155
Parents in one-parent families 4,390 1,120 3,270
Children6 17,360 9,625 7,740
In a two-parent family 11,130 6,085 5,045
In a one-parent family 6,235 3,535 2,700
Total - Persons not in census families in private households - 100% data 16,225 8,150 8,075
Living alone 11,415 5,750 5,665
Living with other relatives7 2,045 885 1,165
Living with non-relatives only 2,760 1,520 1,245
Household type
Total - Household type - 100% data 35,830 ... ...
One-census-family households without additional persons 21,070 ... ...
Couple-family households 17,700 ... ...
With children6 6,600 ... ...
Without children 11,095 ... ...
One-parent-family households 3,370 ... ...
Multigenerational households8 830 ... ...
Multiple-census-family households9 105 ... ...
One-census-family households with additional persons9 950 ... ...
Two-or-more-person non-census-family households 1,455 ... ...
One-person households 11,415 ... ...
Income of individuals in 2020
Total - Income statistics in 2020 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data10 67,890 33,675 34,215
Number of total income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2020 - 100% data 66,415 33,015 33,400
Median total income in 2020 among recipients ($) 34,000 38,000 30,000
Number of after-tax income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2020 - 100% data 66,435 33,020 33,410
Median after-tax income in 2020 among recipients ($) 30,600 33,600 27,800
Number of market income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2020 - 100% data 52,470 27,310 25,160
Median market income in 2020 among recipients ($) 25,200 27,600 22,600
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2020 - 100% data 42,115 22,400 19,710
Median employment income in 2020 among recipients ($) 25,600 27,000 23,800
Number of government transfers recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2020 - 100% data 58,590 28,655 29,935
Median government transfers in 2020 among recipients ($) 15,200 16,400 14,000
Number of employment insurance benefits recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2020 - 100% data 20,615 11,935 8,680
Median employment insurance benefits in 2020 among recipients ($) 9,800 12,200 7,300
Number of COVID-19 emergency and recovery benefits recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2020 - 100% data 16,880 8,505 8,380
Median COVID-19 emergency and recovery benefits in 2020 among recipients ($) 6,500 6,000 6,550
Total - Income statistics in 2020 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data11 67,885 33,675 34,215
Number of total income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2020 - 25% sample data 66,415 33,070 33,345
Average total income in 2020 among recipients ($) 39,920 44,480 35,400
Number of after-tax income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2020 - 25% sample data 66,440 33,080 33,355
Average after-tax income in 2020 among recipients ($) 34,400 37,600 31,280
Number of market income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2020 - 25% sample data 52,625 27,335 25,290
Average market income in 2020 among recipients ($) 34,040 37,560 30,240
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2020 - 25% sample data 42,115 22,430 19,685
Average employment income in 2020 among recipients ($) 34,320 37,000 31,240
Number of government transfers recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2020 - 25% sample data 58,460 28,640 29,815
Average government transfers in 2020 among recipients ($) 14,720 15,500 13,960
Number of employment insurance benefits recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2020 - 25% sample data 20,245 11,690 8,555
Average employment insurance benefits in 2020 among recipients ($) 10,870 12,180 9,080
Number of COVID-19 emergency and recovery benefits recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2020 - 25% sample data 16,810 8,490 8,325
Average COVID-19 emergency and recovery benefits in 2020 among recipients ($) 7,680 7,480 7,880
Total - Employment income statistics in 2020 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data12 67,890 33,675 34,215
Number of employment income recipients in 2020 who worked full-year full-time in 2020 - 25% sample data13 14,790 7,195 7,595
Median employment income in 2020 for full-year full-time workers in 2020 ($)14 50,800 54,800 46,400
Average employment income in 2020 for full-year full-time workers in 2020 ($)15 57,050 61,600 52,800
Number of employment income recipients in 2020 who worked part-year or part-time in 2020 - 25% sample data16 22,175 12,250 9,930
Median employment income in 2020 of those who worked part-year or part-time in 2020 ($) 17,000 19,200 14,500
Average employment income in 2020 of those who worked part-year or part-time in 2020 ($) 23,920 28,000 18,860
Composition of total income in 2020 of the population aged 15 years and over in private households (%) - 25% sample data17 100.0 100.0 100.0
Market income (%)18 67.6 69.8 64.8
Employment income (%)19 54.5 56.4 52.1
Government transfers (%)20 32.5 30.2 35.3
Employment insurance benefits (%) 8.3 9.7 6.6
COVID-19 - Government income support and benefits (%) 6.0 5.2 7.0
COVID-19 - Emergency and recovery benefits (%) 4.9 4.3 5.6
Total - Total income groups in 2020 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data21 67,885 33,670 34,215
Without total income 1,470 660 815
With total income 66,420 33,015 33,405
Under $10,000 (including loss) 4,840 1,890 2,950
$10,000 to $19,999 9,835 3,910 5,920
$20,000 to $29,999 14,050 6,255 7,800
$30,000 to $39,999 11,725 5,900 5,825
$40,000 to $49,999 9,245 4,905 4,340
$50,000 to $59,999 5,400 3,105 2,300
$60,000 to $69,999 3,385 2,075 1,310
$70,000 to $79,999 2,395 1,450 940
$80,000 to $89,999 1,865 1,025 840
$90,000 to $99,999 1,155 645 510
$100,000 and over 2,515 1,850 660
$100,000 to $149,999 1,810 1,320 495
$150,000 and over 705 530 170
Total - After-tax income groups in 2020 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data22 67,885 33,670 34,215
Without after-tax income 1,455 650 800
With after-tax income 66,435 33,025 33,415
Under $10,000 (including loss) 5,095 1,965 3,125
$10,000 to $19,999 10,240 4,095 6,145
$20,000 to $29,999 16,860 7,680 9,180
$30,000 to $39,999 13,835 7,365 6,475
$40,000 to $49,999 8,560 4,740 3,820
$50,000 to $59,999 4,755 2,810 1,940
$60,000 to $69,999 2,985 1,685 1,300
$70,000 to $79,999 1,725 965 755
$80,000 to $89,999 875 580 290
$90,000 to $99,999 490 375 115
$100,000 and over 1,030 765 265
$100,000 to $124,999 550 415 135
$125,000 and over 475 345 135
Total - Employment income groups in 2020 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data19 67,885 33,670 34,215
Without employment income 25,775 11,275 14,500
With employment income 42,110 22,400 19,715
Under $5,000 (including loss) 5,655 2,985 2,670
$5,000 to $9,999 4,090 1,780 2,310
$10,000 to $19,999 8,175 4,320 3,855
$20,000 to $29,999 5,600 2,895 2,705
$30,000 to $39,999 5,000 2,480 2,520
$40,000 to $49,999 3,670 1,980 1,690
$50,000 to $59,999 2,630 1,565 1,065
$60,000 to $69,999 1,905 1,135 770
$70,000 to $79,999 1,580 895 690
$80,000 to $89,999 1,370 660 705
$90,000 to $99,999 780 440 340
$100,000 and over 1,655 1,270 390
$100,000 to $124,999 870 630 240
$125,000 and over 790 635 155
Income of individuals in 2019
Total - Income statistics in 2019 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data23 67,890 33,675 34,215
Number of total income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2019 - 100% data 65,575 32,585 32,990
Median total income in 2019 among recipients ($) 32,000 37,200 27,000
Number of after-tax income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2019 - 100% data 65,640 32,590 33,050
Median after-tax income in 2019 among recipients ($) 29,000 33,200 25,200
Number of market income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2019 - 100% data 52,580 27,315 25,260
Median market income in 2019 among recipients ($) 26,600 30,000 23,400
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2019 - 100% data 42,880 22,790 20,090
Median employment income in 2019 among recipients ($) 27,000 29,800 24,400
Number of government transfers recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2019 - 100% data 54,805 26,450 28,355
Median government transfers in 2019 among recipients ($) 12,500 14,400 10,900
Number of employment insurance benefits recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2019 -100% data 20,060 11,685 8,370
Median employment insurance benefits in 2019 among recipients ($) 10,000 12,100 7,400
Total - Income statistics in 2019 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data24 67,885 33,675 34,215
Number of total income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2019 - 25% sample data 65,570 32,640 32,930
Average total income in 2019 among recipients ($) 39,200 44,960 33,480
Number of after-tax income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2019 - 25% sample data 65,635 32,640 32,995
Average after-tax income in 2019 among recipients ($) 33,440 37,480 29,440
Number of market income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2019 - 25% sample data 52,690 27,280 25,410
Average market income in 2019 among recipients ($) 36,040 40,840 30,840
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2019 - 25% sample data 42,850 22,750 20,100
Average employment income in 2019 among recipients ($) 36,640 40,840 31,880
Number of government transfers recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2019 - 25% sample data 54,760 26,445 28,315
Average government transfers in 2019 among recipients ($) 12,270 13,340 11,270
Number of employment insurance benefits recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2019 - 25% sample data 19,865 11,505 8,360
Average employment insurance benefits in 2019 among recipients ($) 10,700 12,050 8,850
Total - Employment income statistics in 2019 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data25 67,890 33,675 34,215
Number of employment income recipients in 2019 who worked full-year full-time in 2020 - 25% sample data13 14,750 7,170 7,580
Median employment income in 2019 for full-year full-time workers in 2020 ($)14 47,600 53,200 43,200
Average employment income in 2019 for full-year full-time workers in 2020 ($)15 55,250 60,900 49,880
Number of employment income recipients in 2019 who worked part-year or part-time in 2020 - 25% sample data16 21,230 11,780 9,455
Median employment income in 2019 of those who worked part-year or part-time in 2020 ($) 20,400 23,800 17,400
Average employment income in 2019 of those who worked part-year or part-time in 2020 ($) 29,760 35,600 22,500
Composition of total income in 2019 of the population aged 15 years and over in private households (%) - 25% sample data 100.0 100.0 100.0
Market income (%) 73.8 76.0 71.0
Employment income (%) 61.1 63.3 58.1
Government transfers (%) 26.2 24.0 28.9
Employment insurance benefits (%) 8.3 9.5 6.7
Income of households in 2020
Total - Income statistics for private households - 100% data26 35,830 ... ...
Median total income of household in 2020 ($) 60,800 ... ...
Median after-tax income of household in 2020 ($) 54,800 ... ...
Total - Income statistics for one-person private households - 100% data 11,415 ... ...
Median total income of one-person households in 2020 ($) 30,800 ... ...
Median after-tax income of one-person households in 2020 ($) 28,400 ... ...
Total - Income statistics for two-or-more-persons private households - 100% data 24,415 ... ...
Median total income of two-or-more-person households in 2020 ($) 79,500 ... ...
Median after-tax income of two-or-more-person households in 2020 ($) 70,500 ... ...
Total - Income statistics for private households - 25% sample data27 35,830 ... ...
Average total income of household in 2020 ($) 74,000 ... ...
Average after-tax income of household in 2020 ($) 63,800 ... ...
Total - Income statistics for one-person private households - 25% sample data 11,415 ... ...
Average total income of one-person households in 2020 ($) 37,920 ... ...
Average after-tax income of one-person households in 2020 ($) 33,080 ... ...
Total - Income statistics for two-or-more-persons private households - 25% sample data 24,415 ... ...
Average total income of two-or-more-person households in 2020 ($) 90,900 ... ...
Average after-tax income of two-or-more-person households in 2020 ($) 78,200 ... ...
Total - Household total income groups in 2020 for private households - 100% data21 35,830 ... ...
Under $5,000 170 ... ...
$5,000 to $9,999 510 ... ...
$10,000 to $14,999 585 ... ...
$15,000 to $19,999 550 ... ...
$20,000 to $24,999 3,095 ... ...
$25,000 to $29,999 1,455 ... ...
$30,000 to $34,999 2,195 ... ...
$35,000 to $39,999 2,205 ... ...
$40,000 to $44,999 2,025 ... ...
$45,000 to $49,999 1,730 ... ...
$50,000 to $59,999 3,070 ... ...
$60,000 to $69,999 2,825 ... ...
$70,000 to $79,999 2,650 ... ...
$80,000 to $89,999 2,270 ... ...
$90,000 to $99,999 1,955 ... ...
$100,000 and over 8,535 ... ...
$100,000 to $124,999 3,400 ... ...
$125,000 to $149,999 2,070 ... ...
$150,000 to $199,999 2,015 ... ...
$200,000 and over 1,050 ... ...
Total - Household after-tax income groups in 2020 for private households - 100% data22 35,830 ... ...
Under $5,000 205 ... ...
$5,000 to $9,999 520 ... ...
$10,000 to $14,999 585 ... ...
$15,000 to $19,999 595 ... ...
$20,000 to $24,999 3,285 ... ...
$25,000 to $29,999 1,855 ... ...
$30,000 to $34,999 2,645 ... ...
$35,000 to $39,999 2,350 ... ...
$40,000 to $44,999 2,115 ... ...
$45,000 to $49,999 1,925 ... ...
$50,000 to $59,999 3,695 ... ...
$60,000 to $69,999 3,290 ... ...
$70,000 to $79,999 2,825 ... ...
$80,000 to $89,999 2,310 ... ...
$90,000 to $99,999 1,770 ... ...
$100,000 and over 5,865 ... ...
$100,000 to $124,999 2,895 ... ...
$125,000 to $149,999 1,540 ... ...
$150,000 and over 1,435 ... ...
Income of economic families in 2020
Total - Income statistics for economic families in private households - 100% data28 23,420 ... ...
Median total income of economic family in 2020 ($) 79,000 ... ...
Median after-tax income of economic family in 2020 ($) 70,000 ... ...
Average family size of economic families 2.7 ... ...
Total - Income statistics for couple-only economic families in private households - 100% data 11,200 ... ...
Median total income of couple-only economic families in 2020 ($) 68,000 ... ...
Median after-tax income of couple-only economic families in 2020 ($) 60,800 ... ...
Average family size of couple-only economic families 2.0 ... ...
Total - Income statistics for couple-with-children economic families in private households - 100% data 7,335 ... ...
Median total income of couple-with-children economic families in 2020 ($) 113,000 ... ...
Median after-tax income of couple-with-children economic families in 2020 ($) 98,000 ... ...
Average family size of couple-with-children economic families 3.7 ... ...
Total - Income statistics for one-parent economic families in private households - 100% data 4,020 ... ...
Median total income of one-parent economic families in 2020 ($) 60,000 ... ...
Median after-tax income of one-parent economic families in 2020 ($) 55,600 ... ...
Average family size of one-parent economic families 2.6 ... ...
Total - Income statistics for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families in private households - 100% data29 14,180 7,270 6,910
Median total income in 2020 ($)30 30,600 34,400 27,200
Median after-tax income in 2020 ($)30 28,200 30,600 26,200
Total - Income statistics for economic families in private households - 25% sample data31 23,405 ... ...
Average total income of economic family in 2020 ($) 90,700 ... ...
Average after-tax income of economic family in 2020 ($) 78,000 ... ...
Total - Income statistics for couple-only economic families in private households - 25% sample data 11,205 ... ...
Average total income of couple-only economic families in 2020 ($) 77,800 ... ...
Average after-tax income of couple-only economic families in 2020 ($) 66,900 ... ...
Total - Income statistics for couple-with-children economic families in private households - 25% sample data 7,350 ... ...
Average total income of couple-with-children economic families in 2020 ($) 124,400 ... ...
Average after-tax income of couple-with-children economic families in 2020 ($) 105,100 ... ...
Total - Income statistics for one-parent economic families in private households - 25% sample data 4,020 ... ...
Average total income of one-parent economic families in 2020 ($) 66,600 ... ...
Average after-tax income of one-parent economic families in 2020 ($) 60,150 ... ...
Total - Income statistics for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families in private households - 25% sample data32 14,180 7,350 6,830
Average total income in 2020 ($)30 37,240 39,920 34,320
Average after-tax income in 2020 ($)30 32,480 34,200 30,640
Low income and income inequality in 2020
Total - LIM low-income status in 2020 for the population in private households - 100% data33 76,200 37,960 38,240
0 to 17 years 10,160 5,235 4,925
0 to 5 years 2,860 1,445 1,410
18 to 64 years 45,020 22,465 22,555
65 years and over 21,020 10,260 10,760
In low income based on the Low-income measure, after tax (LIM-AT) 13,070 6,020 7,050
0 to 17 years 1,610 845 770
0 to 5 years 530 280 250
18 to 64 years 5,290 2,480 2,815
65 years and over 6,170 2,695 3,470
Prevalence of low income based on the Low-income measure, after tax (LIM-AT) (%) 17.2 15.9 18.4
0 to 17 years (%) 15.9 16.1 15.6
0 to 5 years (%) 18.6 19.4 17.6
18 to 64 years (%) 11.8 11.0 12.5
65 years and over (%) 29.4 26.3 32.2
Total - LICO low-income status in 2020 for the population in private households to whom the low-income concept is applicable - 100% data33 76,070 37,900 38,170
0 to 17 years 10,125 5,215 4,910
0 to 5 years 2,850 1,445 1,405
18 to 64 years 44,935 22,425 22,510
65 years and over 21,010 10,260 10,755
In low income based on the Low-income cut-offs, after tax (LICO-AT) 2,430 1,205 1,225
0 to 17 years 260 130 135
0 to 5 years 90 45 45
18 to 64 years 1,950 980 970
65 years and over 220 90 125
Prevalence of low income based on the Low-income cut-offs, after tax (LICO-AT) (%) 3.2 3.2 3.2
0 to 17 years (%) 2.6 2.5 2.7
0 to 5 years (%) 3.1 3.0 3.1
18 to 64 years (%) 4.3 4.4 4.3
65 years and over (%) 1.0 0.9 1.1
Total - Adjusted after-tax economic family income decile group for the population in private households - 100% data34The letter 'c' in a yellow triangle indicates a correction notice. 76,200 37,960 38,240
In bottom half of the distribution 50,835 24,965 25,865
In bottom decile 10,925 5,025 5,905
In second decile 11,365 5,430 5,935
In third decile 10,460 5,285 5,175
In fourth decile 9,485 4,835 4,650
In fifth decile 8,595 4,390 4,200
In top half of the distribution 25,370 13,000 12,370
In sixth decile 7,375 3,725 3,655
In seventh decile 6,430 3,310 3,125
In eighth decile 5,265 2,695 2,575
In ninth decile 3,920 2,045 1,880
In top decile 2,380 1,230 1,150
Total - Inequality measures for the population in private households - 100% data35 76,200 ... ...
Gini index on adjusted household total income 0.299 ... ...
Gini index on adjusted household market income 0.488 ... ...
Gini index on adjusted household after-tax income 0.262 ... ...
P90/P10 ratio on adjusted household after-tax income 3.3 ... ...
Knowledge of official languages
Total - Knowledge of official languages for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% data36 76,835 38,290 38,540
English only 7,130 3,735 3,400
French only 30,195 14,560 15,635
English and French 39,465 19,970 19,495
Neither English nor French 40 30 10
First official language spoken
Total - First official language spoken for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% data37 76,835 38,290 38,540
English 12,100 5,995 6,110
French 64,305 32,075 32,230
English and French 390 200 190
Neither English nor French 30 25 10
Mother tongue
Total - Mother tongue for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% data38 76,835 38,290 38,540
Single responses 75,295 37,525 37,770
Official languages 74,635 37,190 37,450
English 11,160 5,530 5,630
French 63,475 31,660 31,815
Non-official languages 655 335 325
Indigenous languages39 0 5 5
Algonquian languages 0 5 5
Blackfoot 0 0 0
Cree-Innu languages 0 0 0
Atikamekw 0 0 0
Cree languages 0 0 0
Ililimowin (Moose Cree) 0 0 0
Inu Ayimun (Southern East Cree) 0 0 0
Iyiyiw-Ayimiwin (Northern East Cree) 0 0 0
Nehinawewin (Swampy Cree) 0 0 0
Nehiyawewin (Plains Cree) 0 0 0
Nihithawiwin (Woods Cree) 0 0 0
Cree, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Innu (Montagnais) 0 0 0
Naskapi 0 0 0
Eastern Algonquian languages 0 5 5
Mi'kmaq 0 5 5
Wolastoqewi (Malecite) 0 0 0
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 0 0 0
Anicinabemowin (Algonquin) 0 0 0
Oji-Cree 0 0 0
Ojibway languages 0 0 0
Anishinaabemowin (Chippewa) 0 0 0
Daawaamwin (Odawa) 0 0 0
Saulteau (Western Ojibway) 0 0 0
Ojibway, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages 0 0 0
Northern Athabaskan languages 0 0 0
Dakelh (Carrier) 0 0 0
Dane-zaa (Beaver) 0 0 0
Dene, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Gwich'in 0 0 0
Slavey-Hare languages 0 0 0
Deh Gah Ghotie Zhatie (South Slavey) 0 0 0
Satuotine Yati (North Slavey) 0 0 0
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Tahltan languages 0 0 0
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0
Tahltan 0 0 0
Tlicho (Dogrib) 0 0 0
Tse'khene (Sekani) 0 0 0
Tsilhqot'in (Chilcotin) 0 0 0
Tsuu T'ina (Sarsi) 0 0 0
Tutchone languages 0 0 0
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0
Tutchone, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Wetsuwet'en-Babine 0 0 0
Tlingit 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Haida 0 0 0
Inuktut (Inuit) languages 0 0 0
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 0 0 0
Inuinnaqtun 0 0 0
Inuvialuktun 0 0 0
Inuktitut 0 0 0
Inuktut (Inuit) languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages 0 0 0
Cayuga 0 0 0
Mohawk 0 0 0
Oneida 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Ktunaxa (Kutenai) 0 0 0
Michif 0 0 0
Salish languages 0 0 0
Halkomelem 0 0 0
Lillooet 0 0 0
Ntlakapamux (Thompson) 0 0 0
Secwepemctsin (Shuswap) 0 0 0
Squamish 0 0 0
Straits 0 0 0
Syilx (Okanagan) 0 0 0
Salish languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Siouan languages 0 0 0
Assiniboine 0 0 0
Dakota 0 0 0
Stoney 0 0 0
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Tsimshian languages 0 0 0
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 0 0 0
Nisga'a 0 0 0
Tsimshian 0 0 0
Wakashan languages 0 0 0
Haisla 0 0 0
Heiltsuk 0 0 0
Kwak'wala (Kwakiutl) 0 0 0
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0 0 0
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Indigenous languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Indigenous languages, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Non-Indigenous languages 655 330 320
Afro-Asiatic languages 105 60 40
Berber languages 20 10 5
Kabyle 20 10 5
Tamazight 0 0 0
Berber languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Chadic languages 0 0 0
Hausa 0 0 0
Mina 0 0 0
Coptic 0 0 0
Cushitic languages 0 0 0
Bilen 0 0 0
Oromo 0 0 0
Somali 0 0 0
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Semitic languages 85 50 40
Amharic 0 0 0
Arabic 80 45 35
Aramaic languages 0 0 0
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 0 0 0
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 0 0 0
Aramaic, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Harari 0 0 0
Hebrew 0 0 0
Maltese 0 0 0
Tigrigna 0 0 0
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Austro-Asiatic languages 30 15 15
Khmer (Cambodian) 0 0 0
Vietnamese 30 15 10
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e 0 0 0
Austronesian languages 85 35 55
Bikol 5 0 0
Bisaya, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Cebuano 10 0 5
Fijian 0 0 0
Hiligaynon 0 0 0
Ilocano 0 0 0
Indonesian 0 0 0
Kankanaey 0 0 0
Kinaray-a 0 0 0
Malagasy languages 5 0 5
Merina 0 0 0
Malagasy, n.o.s. 5 0 5
Malay 0 0 0
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 0 0 0
Pangasinan 0 0 0
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 65 30 35
Waray-Waray 0 0 0
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Creole languages 20 15 5
Haitian Creole 15 10 0
Jamaican English Creole 0 0 0
Krio 0 0 0
Morisyen 0 0 0
Sango 0 0 0
Creole, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Creole languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Dravidian languages 5 5 0
Kannada 0 0 0
Malayalam 0 0 0
Tamil 0 0 0
Telugu 0 0 0
Tulu 0 0 0
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Georgian 0 0 0
Hmong-Mien languages 0 0 0
Indo-European languages 270 130 135
Albanian 0 0 0
Armenian 5 5 0
Balto-Slavic languages 25 15 15
Baltic languages 0 0 0
Latvian 0 0 0
Lithuanian 0 0 0
Slavic languages 25 15 15
Belarusian 0 0 0
Bulgarian 0 0 0
Czech 0 0 0
Macedonian 0 0 0
Polish 5 5 0
Russian 10 0 10
Rusyn 0 0 0
Serbo-Croatian 5 5 5
Bosnian 0 0 0
Croatian 5 0 5
Serbian 0 0 0
Serbo-Croatian, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Slovak 0 0 0
Slovene (Slovenian) 0 0 0
Ukrainian 0 0 0
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Celtic languages 0 0 0
Irish 0 0 0
Scottish Gaelic 0 0 0
Welsh 0 0 0
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Germanic languages 85 40 40
Frisian 0 0 0
High German languages 45 20 20
German 40 20 20
Pennsylvania German 0 0 0
Swiss German 5 0 5
Yiddish 0 0 0
Low Saxon-Low Franconian languages 30 15 15
Afrikaans 15 5 10
Dutch 20 10 10
Low German, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Low Saxon 0 0 0
Plautdietsch 0 0 0
Vlaams (Flemish) 0 0 0
Scandinavian languages 10 0 5
Danish 0 0 0
Icelandic 0 0 0
Norwegian 0 0 0
Swedish 0 0 0
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Greek 5 5 5
Indo-Iranian languages 55 30 30
Indo-Aryan languages 45 25 25
Assamese 0 0 0
Bengali 5 5 5
Gujarati 5 5 0
Hindi 10 5 5
Kacchi 0 0 0
Kashmiri 0 0 0
Konkani 0 0 0
Marathi 0 0 0
Nepali 0 0 0
Oriya languages 0 0 0
Odia 0 0 0
Oriya, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Punjabi (Panjabi) 25 10 20
Rohingya 0 0 0
Sindhi 0 0 0
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 0 0 0
Urdu 0 0 0
Indo-Aryan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Iranian languages 5 0 0
Baluchi 0 0 0
Kurdish 0 0 0
Parsi 0 0 0
Pashto 0 0 0
Persian languages 5 0 0
Dari 0 0 0
Iranian Persian 5 0 0
Persian (Farsi), n.o.s. 0 0 0
Iranian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Italic (Romance) languages 100 45 50
Catalan 0 0 0
Italian 10 5 10
Portuguese 20 5 10
Romanian 5 5 0
Spanish 60 30 30
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Indo-European languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Japanese 0 0 0
Korean 15 5 10
Mongolian 0 0 0
Niger-Congo languages 55 30 25
Akan (Twi) 0 0 0
Bamanankan 0 0 0
Edo 0 0 0
Éwé 0 0 0
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 20 10 5
Ga 0 0 0
Ganda 0 0 0
Gikuyu 0 0 0
Igbo 0 0 0
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 5 0 0
Lingala 5 0 5
Luba-Kasai 0 0 0
Mòoré 0 0 0
Mwani 0 0 0
Ndebele 0 0 0
Rundi (Kirundi) 5 0 5
Shona 0 0 0
Soninke 0 0 0
Sotho-Tswana languages 0 0 0
Swahili 5 5 0
Wojenaka 5 5 0
Wolof 0 0 0
Yoruba 0 0 0
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 10 5 5
Nilo-Saharan languages 0 0 0
Dinka 0 0 0
Nuer 0 0 0
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
African, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Sign languages 10 10 0
American Sign Language 10 0 0
Quebec Sign Language 5 5 0
Sign languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Sino-Tibetan languages 40 20 20
Chinese languages 40 20 20
Hakka 0 0 0
Mandarin 10 5 5
Min Dong 0 0 0
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 0 0 0
Wu (Shanghainese) 0 0 0
Yue (Cantonese) 20 10 10
Chinese, n.o.s. 5 5 0
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Tibeto-Burman languages 0 0 0
Burmese 0 0 0
Kuki-Chin languages 0 0 0
Karenic languages 0 0 0
S'gaw Karen 0 0 0
Karenic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Tibetan 0 0 0
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Sino-Tibetan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Tai-Kadai languages 5 0 5
Lao 0 0 0
Thai 5 0 5
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Turkic languages 5 5 0
Azerbaijani 0 0 0
Kazakh 0 0 0
Turkish 5 0 0
Uyghur 0 0 0
Uzbek 0 0 0
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Uralic languages 10 5 5
Estonian 0 0 0
Finnish 0 0 0
Hungarian 5 0 5
Other languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Multiple responses 1,535 770 770
English and French 1,410 700 710
English and non-official language(s) 45 20 25
French and non-official language(s) 50 35 20
English, French and non-official language(s) 20 10 10
Multiple non-official languages 10 5 5
All languages spoken at home
Total - All languages spoken at home for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% data40 76,835 38,290 38,540
English 11,630 5,820 5,810
French 59,380 29,675 29,710
Non-official language 125 75 55
Indigenous39 0 0 0
Non-Indigenous 125 75 55
English and French 5,125 2,450 2,675
English and non-official language(s) 305 150 155
French and non-official language(s) 125 60 65
English, French and non-official language(s) 130 65 70
Multiple non-official languages 5 5 5
Language spoken most often at home
Total - Language spoken most often at home for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% data41 76,835 38,290 38,540
Single responses 75,685 37,760 37,925
Official languages 75,390 37,620 37,775
English 13,225 6,585 6,645
French 62,165 31,030 31,130
Non-official languages 295 145 150
Indigenous languages39 0 0 0
Algonquian languages 0 0 0
Blackfoot 0 0 0
Cree-Innu languages 0 0 0
Atikamekw 0 0 0
Cree languages 0 0 0
Ililimowin (Moose Cree) 0 0 0
Inu Ayimun (Southern East Cree) 0 0 0
Iyiyiw-Ayimiwin (Northern East Cree) 0 0 0
Nehinawewin (Swampy Cree) 0 0 0
Nehiyawewin (Plains Cree) 0 0 0
Nihithawiwin (Woods Cree) 0 0 0
Cree, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Innu (Montagnais) 0 0 0
Naskapi 0 0 0
Eastern Algonquian languages 0 0 0
Mi'kmaq 0 0 0
Wolastoqewi (Malecite) 0 0 0
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 0 0 0
Anicinabemowin (Algonquin) 0 0 0
Oji-Cree 0 0 0
Ojibway languages 0 0 0
Anishinaabemowin (Chippewa) 0 0 0
Daawaamwin (Odawa) 0 0 0
Saulteau (Western Ojibway) 0 0 0
Ojibway, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages 0 0 0
Northern Athabaskan languages 0 0 0
Dakelh (Carrier) 0 0 0
Dane-zaa (Beaver) 0 0 0
Dene, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Gwich'in 0 0 0
Slavey-Hare languages 0 0 0
Deh Gah Ghotie Zhatie (South Slavey) 0 0 0
Satuotine Yati (North Slavey) 0 0 0
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Tahltan languages 0 0 0
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0
Tahltan 0 0 0
Tlicho (Dogrib) 0 0 0
Tse'khene (Sekani) 0 0 0
Tsilhqot'in (Chilcotin) 0 0 0
Tsuu T'ina (Sarsi) 0 0 0
Tutchone languages 0 0 0
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0
Tutchone, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Wetsuwet'en-Babine 0 0 0
Tlingit 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Haida 0 0 0
Inuktut (Inuit) languages 0 0 0
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 0 0 0
Inuinnaqtun 0 0 0
Inuvialuktun 0 0 0
Inuktitut 0 0 0
Inuktut (Inuit) languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages 0 0 0
Cayuga 0 0 0
Mohawk 0 0 0
Oneida 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Ktunaxa (Kutenai) 0 0 0
Michif 0 0 0
Salish languages 0 0 0
Halkomelem 0 0 0
Lillooet 0 0 0
Ntlakapamux (Thompson) 0 0 0
Secwepemctsin (Shuswap) 0 0 0
Squamish 0 0 0
Straits 0 0 0
Syilx (Okanagan) 0 0 0
Salish languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Siouan languages 0 0 0
Assiniboine 0 0 0
Dakota 0 0 0
Stoney 0 0 0
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Tsimshian languages 0 0 0
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 0 0 0
Nisga'a 0 0 0
Tsimshian 0 0 0
Wakashan languages 0 0 0
Haisla 0 0 0
Heiltsuk 0 0 0
Kwak'wala (Kwakiutl) 0 0 0
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0 0 0
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Indigenous languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Indigenous languages, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Non-Indigenous languages 295 145 150
Afro-Asiatic languages 50 25 30
Berber languages 10 5 5
Kabyle 10 5 5
Tamazight 0 0 0
Berber languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Chadic languages 0 0 0
Hausa 0 0 0
Mina 0 0 0
Coptic 0 0 0
Cushitic languages 0 0 0
Bilen 0 0 0
Oromo 0 0 0
Somali 0 0 0
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Semitic languages 40 20 25
Amharic 0 0 0
Arabic 35 15 20
Aramaic languages 0 0 0
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 0 0 0
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 0 0 0
Aramaic, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Harari 0 0 0
Hebrew 0 0 0
Maltese 0 0 0
Tigrigna 0 0 0
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Austro-Asiatic languages 20 10 10
Khmer (Cambodian) 0 0 0
Vietnamese 20 10 10
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e 0 0 0
Austronesian languages 50 25 30
Bikol 0 0 0
Bisaya, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Cebuano 0 0 0
Fijian 0 0 0
Hiligaynon 0 0 0
Ilocano 0 0 0
Indonesian 0 0 0
Kankanaey 0 0 0
Kinaray-a 0 0 0
Malagasy languages 0 0 0
Merina 0 0 0
Malagasy, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Malay 0 0 0
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 0 0 0
Pangasinan 0 0 0
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 50 25 30
Waray-Waray 0 0 0
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Creole languages 5 0 5
Haitian Creole 0 0 0
Jamaican English Creole 0 0 0
Krio 0 0 0
Morisyen 0 0 0
Sango 0 0 0
Creole, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Creole languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Dravidian languages 0 0 0
Kannada 0 0 0
Malayalam 0 0 0
Tamil 0 0 0
Telugu 0 0 0
Tulu 0 0 0
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Georgian 0 0 0
Hmong-Mien languages 0 0 0
Indo-European languages 105 55 50
Albanian 0 0 0
Armenian 0 0 0
Balto-Slavic languages 10 0 5
Baltic languages 0 0 0
Latvian 0 0 0
Lithuanian 0 0 0
Slavic languages 10 0 5
Belarusian 0 0 0
Bulgarian 0 0 0
Czech 0 0 0
Macedonian 0 0 0
Polish 0 0 0
Russian 5 0 0
Rusyn 0 0 0
Serbo-Croatian 0 0 0
Bosnian 0 0 0
Croatian 0 0 0
Serbian 0 0 0
Serbo-Croatian, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Slovak 0 0 0
Slovene (Slovenian) 0 0 0
Ukrainian 0 0 0
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Celtic languages 0 0 0
Irish 0 0 0
Scottish Gaelic 0 0 0
Welsh 0 0 0
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Germanic languages 25 10 15
Frisian 0 0 0
High German languages 10 0 5
German 10 0 5
Pennsylvania German 0 0 0
Swiss German 0 0 0
Yiddish 0 0 0
Low Saxon-Low Franconian languages 15 5 10
Afrikaans 15 5 5
Dutch 0 0 0
Low German, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Low Saxon 0 0 0
Plautdietsch 0 0 0
Vlaams (Flemish) 0 0 0
Scandinavian languages 0 0 0
Danish 0 0 0
Icelandic 0 0 0
Norwegian 0 0 0
Swedish 0 0 0
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Greek 0 0 0
Indo-Iranian languages 25 15 15
Indo-Aryan languages 20 10 10
Assamese 0 0 0
Bengali 0 0 0
Gujarati 0 0 0
Hindi 5 5 0
Kacchi 0 0 0
Kashmiri 0 0 0
Konkani 0 0 0
Marathi 0 0 0
Nepali 0 0 0
Oriya languages 0 0 0
Odia 0 0 0
Oriya, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Punjabi (Panjabi) 20 10 10
Rohingya 0 0 0
Sindhi 0 0 0
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 0 0 0
Urdu 0 0 0
Indo-Aryan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Iranian languages 5 5 0
Baluchi 0 0 0
Kurdish 0 0 0
Parsi 0 0 0
Pashto 0 0 0
Persian languages 5 5 0
Dari 0 0 0
Iranian Persian 5 0 0
Persian (Farsi), n.o.s. 0 0 0
Iranian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Italic (Romance) languages 45 25 15
Catalan 0 0 0
Italian 5 0 5
Portuguese 10 5 10
Romanian 0 0 0
Spanish 30 15 15
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Indo-European languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Japanese 0 0 0
Korean 15 5 10
Mongolian 0 0 0
Niger-Congo languages 5 5 0
Akan (Twi) 0 0 0
Bamanankan 0 0 0
Edo 0 0 0
Éwé 0 0 0
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 0 0 0
Ga 0 0 0
Ganda 0 0 0
Gikuyu 0 0 0
Igbo 0 0 0
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 0 0 0
Lingala 0 0 0
Luba-Kasai 0 0 0
Mòoré 0 0 0
Mwani 0 0 0
Ndebele 0 0 0
Rundi (Kirundi) 0 0 0
Shona 0 0 0
Soninke 0 0 0
Sotho-Tswana languages 0 0 0
Swahili 0 0 0
Wojenaka 0 0 0
Wolof 0 0 0
Yoruba 0 0 0
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Nilo-Saharan languages 0 0 0
Dinka 0 0 0
Nuer 0 0 0
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
African, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Sign languages 15 15 0
American Sign Language 10 5 0
Quebec Sign Language 0 0 0
Sign languages, n.i.e. 10 10 0
Sino-Tibetan languages 20 10 10
Chinese languages 20 10 10
Hakka 0 0 0
Mandarin 0 0 5
Min Dong 0 0 0
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 0 0 0
Wu (Shanghainese) 0 0 0
Yue (Cantonese) 15 10 5
Chinese, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Tibeto-Burman languages 0 0 0
Burmese 0 0 0
Kuki-Chin languages 0 0 0
Karenic languages 0 0 0
S'gaw Karen 0 0 0
Karenic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Tibetan 0 0 0
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Sino-Tibetan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Tai-Kadai languages 0 0 0
Lao 0 0 0
Thai 0 0 0
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Turkic languages 0 0 0
Azerbaijani 0 0 0
Kazakh 0 0 0
Turkish 0 0 0
Uyghur 0 0 0
Uzbek 0 0 0
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Uralic languages 0 0 0
Estonian 0 0 0
Finnish 0 0 0
Hungarian 0 0 0
Other languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Multiple responses 1,145 530 620
English and French 1,045 480 560
English and non-official language(s) 55 25 30
French and non-official language(s) 25 10 15
English, French and non-official language(s) 10 10 5
Multiple non-official languages 5 0 5
Other language spoken regularly at home
Total - Other language(s) spoken regularly at home for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% data42 76,830 38,290 38,540
None 72,240 36,070 36,170
English 2,770 1,345 1,430
French 1,460 695 760
Non-official language 225 120 110
Indigenous39 20 15 0
Non-Indigenous 210 105 105
English and French 10 0 10
English and non-official language(s) 70 40 30
French and non-official language(s) 40 15 25
English, French and non-official language(s) 5 0 0
Multiple non-official languages 15 5 5
Knowledge of languagesThe letter 'c' in a yellow triangle indicates a correction notice.
Total - Knowledge of languages for the population in private households - 25% sample data43 76,200 37,965 38,240
Official languages 76,145 37,925 38,225
English 46,475 23,375 23,100
French 68,950 34,195 34,755
Non-official languages 1,525 795 735
Indigenous languages39 45 30 20
Algonquian languages 40 30 20
Blackfoot 0 0 0
Cree-Innu languages 0 0 0
Atikamekw 0 0 0
Cree languages 0 0 0
Ililimowin (Moose Cree) 0 0 0
Inu Ayimun (Southern East Cree) 0 0 0
Iyiyiw-Ayimiwin (Northern East Cree) 0 0 0
Nehinawewin (Swampy Cree) 0 0 0
Nehiyawewin (Plains Cree) 0 0 0
Nihithawiwin (Woods Cree) 0 0 0
Cree, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Innu (Montagnais) 0 0 0
Naskapi 0 0 0
Eastern Algonquian languages 40 20 20
Mi'kmaq 40 20 20
Wolastoqewi (Malecite) 0 0 0
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 0 0 0
Anicinabemowin (Algonquin) 0 0 0
Oji-Cree 0 0 0
Ojibway languages 0 0 0
Anishinaabemowin (Chippewa) 0 0 0
Daawaamwin (Odawa) 0 0 0
Saulteau (Western Ojibway) 0 0 0
Ojibway, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages 0 0 0
Northern Athabaskan languages 0 0 0
Dakelh (Carrier) 0 0 0
Dane-zaa (Beaver) 0 0 0
Dene, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Gwich'in 0 0 0
Slavey-Hare languages 0 0 0
Deh Gah Ghotie Zhatie (South Slavey) 0 0 0
Satuotine Yati (North Slavey) 0 0 0
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Tahltan languages 0 0 0
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0
Tahltan 0 0 0
Tlicho (Dogrib) 0 0 0
Tse'khene (Sekani) 0 0 0
Tsilhqot'in (Chilcotin) 0 0 0
Tsuu T'ina (Sarsi) 0 0 0
Tutchone languages 0 0 0
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0
Tutchone, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Wetsuwet'en-Babine 0 0 0
Tlingit 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Haida 0 0 0
Inuktut (Inuit) languages 0 0 0
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 0 0 0
Inuinnaqtun 0 0 0
Inuvialuktun 0 0 0
Inuktitut 0 0 0
Inuktut (Inuit) languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages 0 0 0
Cayuga 0 0 0
Mohawk 0 0 0
Oneida 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Ktunaxa (Kutenai) 0 0 0
Michif 0 0 0
Salish languages 0 0 0
Halkomelem 0 0 0
Lillooet 0 0 0
Ntlakapamux (Thompson) 0 0 0
Secwepemctsin (Shuswap) 0 0 0
Squamish 0 0 0
Straits 0 0 0
Syilx (Okanagan) 0 0 0
Salish languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Siouan languages 0 0 0
Assiniboine 0 0 0
Dakota 0 0 0
Stoney 0 0 0
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Tsimshian languages 0 0 0
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 0 0 0
Nisga'a 0 0 0
Tsimshian 0 0 0
Wakashan languages 0 0 0
Haisla 0 0 0
Heiltsuk 0 0 0
Kwak'wala (Kwakiutl) 0 0 0
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0 0 0
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Indigenous languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Indigenous languages, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Non-Indigenous languages 1,480 765 715
Afro-Asiatic languages 135 90 40
Berber languages 0 0 0
Kabyle 0 0 0
Tamazight 0 0 0
Berber languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Chadic languages 0 0 0
Hausa 0 0 0
Mina 0 0 0
Coptic 0 0 0
Cushitic languages 0 0 0
Bilen 0 0 0
Oromo 0 0 0
Somali 0 0 0
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Semitic languages 135 90 40
Amharic 0 0 0
Arabic 130 85 40
Aramaic languages 0 0 0
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 0 0 0
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 0 0 0
Aramaic, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Harari 0 0 0
Hebrew 0 0 0
Maltese 0 0 0
Tigrigna 0 0 0
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Austro-Asiatic languages 45 30 15
Khmer (Cambodian) 0 0 0
Vietnamese 45 25 15
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e 0 0 0
Austronesian languages 170 75 95
Bikol 0 0 0
Bisaya, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Cebuano 20 10 20
Fijian 0 0 0
Hiligaynon 0 0 0
Ilocano 0 0 0
Indonesian 0 0 0
Kankanaey 0 0 0
Kinaray-a 0 0 0
Malagasy languages 0 0 0
Merina 0 0 0
Malagasy, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Malay 0 0 0
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 0 0 0
Pangasinan 0 0 0
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 140 65 75
Waray-Waray 0 0 0
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 10 0 0
Creole languages 35 15 20
Haitian Creole 25 10 15
Jamaican English Creole 0 0 0
Krio 0 0 0
Morisyen 0 0 0
Sango 0 0 0
Creole, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Creole languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Dravidian languages 0 0 0
Kannada 0 0 0
Malayalam 0 0 0
Tamil 0 0 0
Telugu 0 0 0
Tulu 0 0 0
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Georgian 0 0 0
Hmong-Mien languages 0 0 0
Indo-European languages 815 400 405
Albanian 0 0 0
Armenian 0 0 0
Balto-Slavic languages 40 25 15
Baltic languages 0 0 0
Latvian 0 0 0
Lithuanian 0 0 0
Slavic languages 40 25 15
Belarusian 0 0 0
Bulgarian 0 0 0
Czech 0 0 0
Macedonian 0 0 0
Polish 10 10 0
Russian 20 10 10
Rusyn 0 0 0
Serbo-Croatian 10 10 0
Bosnian 0 0 0
Croatian 0 0 0
Serbian 0 0 0
Serbo-Croatian, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Slovak 0 0 0
Slovene (Slovenian) 0 0 0
Ukrainian 0 0 0
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Celtic languages 0 0 0
Irish 0 0 0
Scottish Gaelic 0 0 0
Welsh 0 0 0
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Germanic languages 165 90 75
Frisian 0 0 0
High German languages 100 60 40
German 95 60 35
Pennsylvania German 0 0 0
Swiss German 0 0 0
Yiddish 0 0 0
Low Saxon-Low Franconian languages 55 30 25
Afrikaans 10 0 0
Dutch 50 25 20
Low German, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Low Saxon 0 0 0
Plautdietsch 0 0 0
Vlaams (Flemish) 0 0 0
Scandinavian languages 25 0 20
Danish 10 0 10
Icelandic 0 0 0
Norwegian 20 0 10
Swedish 10 0 10
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Greek 0 0 0
Indo-Iranian languages 85 40 45
Indo-Aryan languages 75 40 40
Assamese 0 0 0
Bengali 20 15 0
Gujarati 0 0 0
Hindi 50 25 25
Kacchi 0 0 0
Kashmiri 0 0 0
Konkani 0 0 0
Marathi 0 0 0
Nepali 0 0 0
Oriya languages 0 0 0
Odia 0 0 0
Oriya, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Punjabi (Panjabi) 25 10 20
Rohingya 0 0 0
Sindhi 0 0 0
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 0 0 0
Urdu 10 0 0
Indo-Aryan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Iranian languages 10 0 10
Baluchi 0 0 0
Kurdish 0 0 0
Parsi 0 0 0
Pashto 0 0 0
Persian languages 10 0 10
Dari 0 0 0
Iranian Persian 10 0 10
Persian (Farsi), n.o.s. 0 0 0
Iranian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Italic (Romance) languages 525 240 280
Catalan 0 0 0
Italian 85 45 40
Portuguese 0 0 0
Romanian 0 0 0
Spanish 440 200 235
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Indo-European languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Japanese 10 0 0
Korean 20 10 10
Mongolian 0 0 0
Niger-Congo languages 165 105 60
Akan (Twi) 0 0 0
Bamanankan 0 0 0
Edo 0 0 0
Éwé 0 0 0
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 15 10 0
Ga 0 0 0
Ganda 0 0 0
Gikuyu 0 0 0
Igbo 0 0 0
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 0 0 0
Lingala 70 35 35
Luba-Kasai 15 10 0
Mòoré 10 10 0
Mwani 0 0 0
Ndebele 0 0 0
Rundi (Kirundi) 0 0 0
Shona 0 0 0
Soninke 0 0 0
Sotho-Tswana languages 0 0 0
Swahili 25 10 10
Wojenaka 10 10 0
Wolof 10 10 0
Yoruba 0 0 0
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 60 30 25
Nilo-Saharan languages 0 0 0
Dinka 0 0 0
Nuer 0 0 0
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
African, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Sign languages 50 20 20
American Sign Language 25 10 15
Quebec Sign Language 0 0 0
Sign languages, n.i.e. 20 15 0
Sino-Tibetan languages 55 25 35
Chinese languages 55 25 35
Hakka 0 0 0
Mandarin 40 20 20
Min Dong 0 0 0
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 0 0 0
Wu (Shanghainese) 0 0 0
Yue (Cantonese) 35 15 20
Chinese, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Tibeto-Burman languages 0 0 0
Burmese 0 0 0
Kuki-Chin languages 0 0 0
Karenic languages 0 0 0
S'gaw Karen 0 0 0
Karenic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Tibetan 0 0 0
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Sino-Tibetan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Tai-Kadai languages 10 10 0
Lao 0 0 0
Thai 0 0 0
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Turkic languages 30 20 10
Azerbaijani 0 0 0
Kazakh 0 0 0
Turkish 30 20 10
Uyghur 0 0 0
Uzbek 0 0 0
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Uralic languages 30 15 15
Estonian 0 0 0
Finnish 10 0 0
Hungarian 20 10 15
Other languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Indigenous population
Total - Indigenous identity for the population in private households - 25% sample data44 76,205 37,960 38,240
Indigenous identity45 3,055 1,650 1,405
Single Indigenous responses46 2,875 1,565 1,305
First Nations (North American Indian) 1,335 695 635
Métis 1,525 860 665
Inuk (Inuit) 20 15 0
Multiple Indigenous responses47 50 20 20
Indigenous responses not included elsewhere48 130 60 70
Non-Indigenous identity 73,145 36,310 36,840
Total - Registered or Treaty Indian status for the population in private households - 25% sample data44 76,205 37,960 38,240
Registered or Treaty Indian49 565 310 255
Not a Registered or Treaty Indian 75,640 37,655 37,985
Household characteristics
Total - Private households by tenure - 25% sample data50 35,830 ... ...
Owner 27,985 ... ...
Renter 7,805 ... ...
Dwelling provided by the local government, First Nation or Indian band 35 ... ...
Total - Occupied private dwellings by condominium status - 25% sample data51 35,830 ... ...
Condominium 1,925 ... ...
Not condominium 33,905 ... ...
Total - Occupied private dwellings by number of bedrooms - 25% sample data52 35,830 ... ...
No bedrooms 95 ... ...
1 bedroom 3,565 ... ...
2 bedrooms 11,530 ... ...
3 bedrooms 13,085 ... ...
4 or more bedrooms 7,555 ... ...
Total - Occupied private dwellings by number of rooms - 25% sample data53 35,830 ... ...
1 to 4 rooms 8,365 ... ...
5 rooms 7,510 ... ...
6 rooms 6,310 ... ...
7 rooms 4,625 ... ...
8 or more rooms 9,015 ... ...
Average number of rooms per dwelling 6.2 ... ...
Total - Private households by number of persons per room - 25% sample data54 35,830 ... ...
One person or fewer per room 35,770 ... ...
More than one person per room 60 ... ...
Total - Private households by housing suitability - 25% sample data55 35,830 ... ...
Suitable 35,110 ... ...
Not suitable 725 ... ...
Total - Occupied private dwellings by period of construction - 25% sample data56 35,830 ... ...
1960 or before 6,585 ... ...
1961 to 1980 13,610 ... ...
1981 to 1990 6,350 ... ...
1991 to 2000 4,310 ... ...
2001 to 2005 1,290 ... ...
2006 to 2010 1,450 ... ...
2011 to 2015 1,245 ... ...
2016 to 202157 990 ... ...
Total - Occupied private dwellings by dwelling condition - 25% sample data58 35,830 ... ...
Only regular maintenance and minor repairs needed 32,860 ... ...
Major repairs needed 2,970 ... ...
Total - Private households by number of household maintainers - 25% sample data59 35,830 ... ...
One-maintainer household 20,485 ... ...
Two-maintainer household 14,350 ... ...
Three-or-more-maintainer household 1,000 ... ...
Total - Private households by age of primary household maintainers - 25% sample data60 35,830 ... ...
15 to 24 years 665 ... ...
25 to 34 years 2,980 ... ...
35 to 44 years 4,185 ... ...
45 to 54 years 5,855 ... ...
55 to 64 years 8,605 ... ...
65 to 74 years 7,940 ... ...
75 to 84 years 4,310 ... ...
85 years and over 1,295 ... ...
Total - Owner and tenant households with household total income greater than zero, in non-farm, non-reserve private dwellings by shelter-cost-to-income ratio - 25% sample data61 35,670 ... ...
Spending less than 30% of income on shelter costs 31,730 ... ...
Spending 30% or more of income on shelter costs 3,935 ... ...
30% to less than 100% 3,700 ... ...
Total - Occupied private dwellings by housing indicators - 25% sample data62 35,830 ... ...
Total - Households 'spending 30% or more of income on shelter costs' or 'not suitable' or 'major repairs needed' 7,175 ... ...
Spending 30% or more of income on shelter costs only 3,565 ... ...
Not suitable only 630 ... ...
Major repairs needed only 2,520 ... ...
'Spending 30% or more of income on shelter costs' and 'not suitable' 10 ... ...
'Spending 30% or more of income on shelter costs' and 'major repairs needed' 365 ... ...
'Not suitable' and 'major repairs needed' 75 ... ...
'Spending 30% or more of income on shelter costs' and 'not suitable' and 'major repairs needed' 0 ... ...
Acceptable housing 28,655 ... ...
Total - Owner and tenant households with household total income greater than zero and shelter-cost-to-income ratio less than 100%, in non-farm, non-reserve private dwellings - 25% sample data63 35,430 ... ...
In core need 1,400 ... ...
Not in core need 34,025 ... ...
Total - Owner households in non-farm, non-reserve private dwellings - 25% sample data 27,935 ... ...
% of owner households with a mortgage64 47.8 ... ...
% of owner households spending 30% or more of its income on shelter costs61 7.0 ... ...
% in core housing need63 2.5 ... ...
Median monthly shelter costs for owned dwellings ($)65 572 ... ...
Average monthly shelter costs for owned dwellings ($)65 726 ... ...
Median value of dwellings ($)66 140,000 ... ...
Average value of dwellings ($)66 155,000 ... ...
Total - Tenant households in non-farm, non-reserve private dwellings - 25% sample data 7,800 ... ...
% of tenant households in subsidized housing67 15.4 ... ...
% of tenant households spending 30% or more of its income on shelter costs61 25.6 ... ...
% in core housing need63 9.1 ... ...
Median monthly shelter costs for rented dwellings ($)65 628 ... ...
Average monthly shelter costs for rented dwellings ($)65 648 ... ...
Total - Households living in a dwelling provided by the local government, First Nation or Indian band in non-farm private dwellings - 25% sample data 35 ... ...
% of households living in a dwelling provided by the local government, First Nation or Indian band spending more than 30% on shelter costs61 0.0 ... ...
Median monthly shelter costs for dwellings provided by local government, First Nation or Indian band ($)65 232 ... ...
Average monthly shelter costs for dwellings provided by local government, First Nation or Indian band ($)65 220 ... ...
Indigenous ancestry
Total - Indigenous ancestry for the population in private households - 25% sample data68 76,200 37,960 38,240
Indigenous ancestry (only)69 2,820 1,450 1,370
Single Indigenous ancestry (only)70 2,780 1,435 1,345
First Nations (North American Indian) single ancestry 2,020 1,055 965
Métis single ancestry 735 370 365
Inuit single ancestry 20 10 15
Multiple Indigenous ancestries (only)71 40 20 25
First Nations (North American Indian) and Métis ancestry only 40 20 25
First Nations (North American Indian) and Inuit ancestry only 0 0 0
Métis and Inuit ancestry only 0 0 0
First Nations (North American Indian) and Métis and Inuit ancestry only 0 0 0
Indigenous and non-Indigenous ancestries72 2,605 1,385 1,220
Single Indigenous and non-Indigenous ancestries73 2,550 1,360 1,185
First Nations (North American Indian) and non-Indigenous ancestry only 1,935 1,045 890
Métis and non-Indigenous ancestry only 610 310 300
Inuit and non-Indigenous ancestry only 0 0 0
Multiple Indigenous and non-Indigenous ancestries74 60 25 30
First Nations (North American Indian) and Métis and non-Indigenous ancestry only 45 25 20
First Nations (North American Indian) and Inuit and non-Indigenous ancestry only 0 0 0
Métis and Inuit and non-Indigenous ancestry only 0 0 0
First Nations (North American Indian) and Métis and Inuit and non-Indigenous ancestry only 0 0 0
Non-Indigenous ancestry only75 70,775 35,120 35,650
Citizenship
Total - Citizenship for the population in private households - 25% sample data76 76,200 37,960 38,240
Canadian citizens77 75,300 37,430 37,870
Canadian citizens aged under 18 10,040 5,150 4,895
Canadian citizens aged 18 and over 65,260 32,280 32,975
Not Canadian citizens78 900 535 370
Immigrant status and period of immigration
Total - Immigrant status and period of immigration for the population in private households - 25% sample data79 76,200 37,960 38,240
Non-immigrants80 74,650 37,120 37,530
Immigrants81 1,140 570 575
Before 1980 355 205 150
1980 to 1990 90 45 50
1991 to 2000 75 30 45
2001 to 2010 165 85 80
2011 to 202182 455 210 245
2011 to 2015 160 50 115
2016 to 2021 295 160 135
Non-permanent residents83 410 270 135
Age at immigration
Total - Age at immigration for the immigrant population in private households - 25% sample data84 1,145 570 570
Under 5 years 160 85 80
5 to 14 years 185 85 100
15 to 24 years 200 110 90
25 to 44 years 485 230 250
45 years and over 115 70 45
Selected places of birth for the immigrant population
Total - Place of birth for the immigrant population in private households - 25% sample data85 1,145 570 570
Americas 205 105 100
Brazil 0 0 0
Colombia 0 0 0
El Salvador 10 0 10
Guyana 10 0 10
Haiti 20 10 10
Jamaica 0 0 0
Mexico 0 0 0
Peru 0 0 0
Trinidad and Tobago 0 0 0
United States of America 130 75 60
Other places of birth in Americas 30 15 15
Europe 410 210 205
Bosnia and Herzegovina 0 0 0
Croatia 0 0 0
France 135 60 75
Germany 20 15 10
Greece 0 0 0
Hungary 0 0 0
Italy 40 20 20
Netherlands 30 15 10
Poland 10 10 0
Portugal 0 0 0
Romania 0 0 0
Russian Federation 15 0 15
Serbia86 10 10 0
Ukraine 0 0 0
United Kingdom87 100 55 45
Other places of birth in Europe 50 15 30
Africa 160 90 65
Algeria 10 10 0
Congo, Democratic Republic of the 55 25 25
Egypt 0 0 0
Eritrea 0 0 0
Ethiopia 0 0 0
Morocco 15 15 0
Nigeria 0 0 0
Somalia 0 0 0
South Africa, Republic of 0 0 0
Other places of birth in Africa 60 35 30
Asia 365 165 205
Afghanistan 0 0 0
Iran88 0 0 0
Iraq 0 0 0
Lebanon 10 0 0
Syria89 0 0 0
Turkey 10 10 0
China90 40 15 25
Hong Kong91 0 0 0
Korea, South92 0 0 0
Taiwan 0 0 0
Philippines 170 75 100
Viet Nam 30 15 15
Bangladesh 0 0 0
India 25 10 15
Pakistan 0 0 0
Sri Lanka 10 0 0
Other places of birth in Asia 15 10 0
Oceania and other places of birth93 0 0 0
Selected places of birth for the recent immigrant population
Total - Place of birth for the recent immigrant population in private households - 25% sample data94 290 160 130
Americas 35 20 15
Brazil 0 0 0
Colombia 0 0 0
Haiti 15 0 10
Jamaica 0 0 0
Mexico 0 0 0
United States of America 10 10 0
Venezuela95 0 0 0
Other places of birth in Americas 10 0 0
Europe 90 40 50
France 60 25 30
Germany 0 0 0
Ireland96 0 0 0
Italy 0 0 0
Russian Federation 15 10 10
Ukraine 0 0 0
United Kingdom87 0 0 0
Other places of birth in Europe 20 10 10
Africa 35 20 15
Algeria 0 0 0
Burundi 0 0 0
Cameroon 0 0 0
Congo, Democratic Republic of the 0 0 0
Côte d'Ivoire 0 0 0
Egypt 0 0 0
Eritrea 0 0 0
Ethiopia 0 0 0
Morocco 0 0 0
Nigeria 0 0 0
Somalia 0 0 0
South Africa, Republic of 0 0 0
Sudan97 0 0 0
Tunisia 0 0 0
Other places of birth in Africa 10 0 10
Asia 130 75 60
Afghanistan 0 0 0
Bangladesh 0 0 0
China90 0 0 0
Hong Kong91 0 0 0
India 0 0 0
Iran88 0 0 0
Iraq 0 0 0
Israel 0 0 0
Japan 0 0 0
Jordan 0 0 0
Korea, South92 0 0 0
Lebanon 0 0 0
Nepal 0 0 0
Pakistan 0 0 0
Philippines 100 60 45
Saudi Arabia 0 0 0
Sri Lanka 0 0 0
Syria89 0 0 0
Turkey 0 0 0
United Arab Emirates 0 0 0
Viet Nam 0 0 0
Other places of birth in Asia 0 0 0
Oceania and other93 0 0 0
Australia 0 0 0
Other places of birth98 0 0 0
Generation status
Total - Generation status for the population in private households - 25% sample data99 76,205 37,965 38,240
First generation100 1,700 900 805
Second generation101 1,280 640 640
Third generation or more102 73,220 36,420 36,795
Admission category and applicant type
Total - Admission category and applicant type for the immigrant population in private households who were admitted between 1980 and 2021 - 25% sample data103 785 365 425
Economic immigrants104 495 225 265
Principal applicants105 190 125 70
Secondary applicants106 300 110 195
Immigrants sponsored by family107 180 75 100
Refugees108 105 55 55
Other immigrants109 10 10 0
Pre-admission experience
Total - Pre-admission experience for the immigrant population in private households who were admitted between 1980 and 2021 - 25% sample data110 785 365 425
Asylum claim before admission111 35 20 15
Work permits only before admission112 185 70 115
Study permits only before admission113 10 0 10
Work and study permits before admission114 40 30 10
Other permits before admission115 0 0 0
No pre-admission experience116 515 245 275
Visible minority
Total - Visible minority for the population in private households - 25% sample data117 76,205 37,965 38,240
Total visible minority population118 1,270 680 590
South Asian 190 100 90
Chinese 115 45 65
Black 535 300 235
Filipino 185 85 100
Arab 60 40 25
Latin American 75 40 35
Southeast Asian 70 45 20
West Asian 0 0 0
Korean 25 15 10
Japanese 0 0 0
Visible minority, n.i.e.119 0 0 0
Multiple visible minorities 20 10 10
Not a visible minority120 74,935 37,280 37,650
Ethnic or cultural origin
Total - Ethnic or cultural origin for the population in private households - 25% sample data121 76,200 37,960 38,240
Canadian 23,185 11,300 11,885
English 2,170 1,030 1,140
Irish 6,045 3,035 3,015
Scottish 3,425 1,570 1,860
French, n.o.s.122 12,140 6,200 5,940
German 720 360 360
Chinese 135 65 70
Italian 365 195 175
Indian (India) 240 130 110
Ukrainian 130 50 75
Dutch 205 85 115
Polish 65 35 30
Québécois 1,070 520 550
British Isles, n.o.s.123 270 145 120
Filipino 140 70 75
French Canadian 3,770 1,790 1,990
Caucasian (White), n.o.s.124 2,835 1,405 1,430
First Nations (North American Indian), n.o.s.125 1,070 535 530
Métis 1,430 725 705
European, n.o.s.126 645 315 330
Russian 70 45 25
Norwegian 55 25 30
Welsh 155 60 95
Portuguese 110 45 65
American 205 115 90
Spanish 170 65 100
Swedish 30 10 25
Hungarian 50 15 35
Acadian 28,300 14,205 14,095
Pakistani 0 0 0
African, n.o.s.127 140 100 35
Jewish 35 10 25
Punjabi 0 0 0
Vietnamese 60 40 20
Arab, n.o.s.128 15 15 0
Greek 10 10 0
Jamaican 0 0 0
Asian, n.o.s.129 50 20 30
Cree, n.o.s.130 0 0 0
Korean 20 10 10
Romanian 30 20 15
Lebanese 120 65 60
Iranian 15 10 10
Christian, n.i.e.131 320 165 150
Danish 45 25 20
North American Indigenous, n.o.s.132 830 445 380
Sikh 0 0 0
Austrian 15 15 0
Belgian 50 25 25
Haitian 25 10 15
Hindu 15 0 10
Mexican 25 25 0
Mennonite 0 0 0
Swiss 35 15 20
Finnish 40 25 20
Sri Lankan 0 0 0
Croatian 15 0 15
Japanese 0 0 0
South Asian, n.o.s.133 20 10 0
Mi'kmaq, n.o.s.134 1,980 1,050 930
Northern European, n.o.s.135 30 15 10
Muslim 0 0 0
Egyptian 25 10 15
Latin, Central or South American, n.o.s.136 20 0 15
Tamil 0 0 0
Icelandic 15 0 10
Colombian 0 0 0
Moroccan 25 15 10
Czech 15 0 10
Syrian 30 10 20
Guyanese 0 0 0
Afghan 0 0 0
Black, n.o.s.137 45 30 15
Serbian 0 0 0
Ojibway 0 0 0
Newfoundlander 105 65 40
Hong Konger 0 0 0
Ontarian 30 10 20
Persian 0 0 0
Trinidadian/Tobagonian 0 0 0
Turkish 15 15 0
Inuit, n.o.s.138 45 10 30
Bangladeshi 10 10 0
Algerian 15 0 0
Brazilian 0 0 0
Nigerian 0 0 0
Armenian 25 15 0
Slovak 0 0 0
Eastern European, n.o.s.139 0 0 0
Somali 0 0 0
Taiwanese 0 0 0
Iraqi 0 0 0
Salvadorean 0 0 0
African Caribbean 0 0 0
East or Southeast Asian, n.o.s.140 0 0 0
West or Central Asian or Middle Eastern, n.o.s.141 0 0 0
Caribbean, n.o.s.142 0 0 0
Algonquin 35 20 10
West Indian, n.o.s.143 0 0 0
Lithuanian 0 0 0
South African 0 0 0
Australian 0 0 0
Palestinian 0 0 0
Chilean 0 0 0
Congolese 60 25 35
Nova Scotian 45 25 20
Ethiopian 0 0 0
Hispanic, n.o.s.144 0 0 0
Peruvian 0 0 0
Yoruba 0 0 0
Cambodian (Khmer) 0 0 0
Berber 10 10 0
Albanian 25 0 20
Maltese 0 0 0
Macedonian 0 0 0
Slovenian 0 0 0
Western European, n.o.s.145 0 0 0
New Brunswicker 2,030 1,010 1,015
Gujarati 0 0 0
Eritrean 0