Census Profile, 2021 Census of Population
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Topic:
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Age
Age characteristics
Commuting
Select all: Commuting
Commuting destination
Commuting duration
Main mode of commuting
Place of work status
Time leaving for work
Education
Select all: Education
Highest certificate, diploma or degree
Location of study compared with province or territory of residence
Major field of study - Classification of Instructional Programs (CIP) 2021
Secondary (high) school diploma or equivalency certificate
Ethnocultural and religious diversity
Select all: Ethnocultural and religious diversity
Ethnic or cultural origin
Religion
Visible minority
Families, households, and marital status
Select all: Families, households, and marital status
Family characteristics
Household type
Marital status
Housing
Household characteristics
Immigration, place of birth, and citizenship
Select all: Immigration, place of birth, and citizenship
Admission category and applicant type
Age at immigration
Citizenship
Generation status
Immigrant status and period of immigration
Pre-admission experience
Selected places of birth for the immigrant population
Selected places of birth for the recent immigrant population
Income
Select all: Income
Income of economic families in 2020
Income of households in 2020
Income of individuals in 2019
Income of individuals in 2020
Low income and income inequality in 2020
Indigenous peoples
Select all: Indigenous peoples
Indigenous ancestry
Indigenous population
Instruction in the minority official language
Select all: Instruction in the minority official language
Children eligible for instruction in the minority official language
Eligibility and instruction in the minority official language for school-aged children
Labour
Select all: Labour
Class of worker including job permanency
Industry - Sectors - North American Industry Classification System (NAICS) 2017
Labour force status
Occupation - Broad category - National Occupational Classification (NOC) 2021
Work activity during the reference year
Language
Select all: Language
All languages spoken at home
First official language spoken
Knowledge of languages
Knowledge of official languages
Language spoken most often at home
Mother tongue
Other language spoken regularly at home
Language of work
Select all: Language of work
All languages used at work
Language used most often at work
Other language(s) used regularly at work
Mobility and migration
Select all: Mobility and migration
Mobility status 1 year ago
Mobility status 5 years ago
Population and dwelling counts
Population and dwellings
Type of dwelling
Household and dwelling characteristics
GenderMore information:


Statistic:
Characteristic Halifax, Regional municipality (RGM)More information:
Nova Scotia
[Census subdivision]
Counts
Total
Population and dwellings
Population, 20211 439,819E
Population, 20161 403,131
Population percentage change, 2016 to 2021 9.1E
Total private dwellings2 200,473
Private dwellings occupied by usual residents3 190,512
Population density per square kilometre 80.3
Land area in square kilometres 5,475.57
Age characteristics
Total - Age groups of the population - 100% data 439,820
0 to 14 years 65,025
0 to 4 years 19,795
5 to 9 years 22,630
10 to 14 years 22,600
15 to 64 years 298,640
15 to 19 years 21,880
20 to 24 years 32,125
25 to 29 years 34,775
30 to 34 years 33,180
35 to 39 years 30,795
40 to 44 years 28,300
45 to 49 years 27,735
50 to 54 years 28,120
55 to 59 years 32,055
60 to 64 years 29,665
65 years and over 76,150
65 to 69 years 24,835
70 to 74 years 21,030
75 to 79 years 13,835
80 to 84 years 8,565
85 years and over 7,885
85 to 89 years 5,125
90 to 94 years 2,065
95 to 99 years 605
100 years and over 85
Total - Distribution (%) of the population by broad age groups - 100% data 100.0
0 to 14 years 14.8
15 to 64 years 67.9
65 years and over 17.3
85 years and over 1.8
Average age of the population 41.3
Median age of the population 40.4
Household and dwelling characteristics
Total - Occupied private dwellings by structural type of dwelling - 100% data 190,510
Single-detached house 90,825
Semi-detached house 12,485
Row house 7,390
Apartment or flat in a duplex 6,540
Apartment in a building that has fewer than five storeys 40,470
Apartment in a building that has five or more storeys 28,320
Other single-attached house 200
Movable dwelling4 4,270
Total - Private households by household size - 100% data 190,510
1 person 56,935
2 persons 71,090
3 persons 29,105
4 persons 22,770
5 or more persons 10,615
Number of persons in private households 435,290
Average household size 2.3
Marital status
Total - Marital status for the total population aged 15 years and over - 100% data 374,790
Married or living common-law 209,905
Married 163,010
Living common-law 46,895
Living common law - Never married 35,505
Living common law - Separated 2,100
Living common law - Divorced 8,380
Living common law - Widowed 910
Not married and not living common-law 164,890
Not married and not living common law - Never married 114,600
Not married and not living common law - Separated 10,230
Not married and not living common law - Divorced 21,895
Not married and not living common law - Widowed 18,160
Family characteristics
Total - Census families in private households by family size - 100% data5 122,865
2 persons 68,870
3 persons 25,960
4 persons 20,675
5 or more persons 7,360
Average size of census families 2.8
Average number of children in census families with children6 1.7
Total number of census families in private households - 100% data 122,865
Total couple families 103,045
Married couples 79,600
With children6 39,500
Without children 40,095
Common-law couples 23,445
With children6 7,140
Without children 16,305
Total one-parent families 19,820
in which the parent is a woman+ 15,805
in which the parent is a man+ 4,015
Total - Persons in private households - 100% data 435,290
Total - Persons in census families 337,625
Married spouses or common-law partners 206,085
Parents in one-parent families 19,820
Children6 111,715
In a two-parent family 82,010
In a one-parent family 29,710
Total - Persons not in census families in private households - 100% data 97,665
Living alone 56,940
Living with other relatives7 9,900
Living with non-relatives only 30,825
Household type
Total - Household type - 100% data 190,510
One-census-family households without additional persons 110,240
Couple-family households 94,585
With children6 43,080
Without children 51,505
One-parent-family households 15,650
Multigenerational households8 3,820
Multiple-census-family households9 800
One-census-family households with additional persons9 5,305
Two-or-more-person non-census-family households 13,410
One-person households 56,940
Income of individuals in 2020
Total - Income statistics in 2020 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data10 370,355
Number of total income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2020 - 100% data 357,435
Median total income in 2020 among recipients ($) 42,000
Number of after-tax income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2020 - 100% data 357,645
Median after-tax income in 2020 among recipients ($) 36,800
Number of market income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2020 - 100% data 324,120
Median market income in 2020 among recipients ($) 37,200
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2020 - 100% data 265,115
Median employment income in 2020 among recipients ($) 38,000
Number of government transfers recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2020 - 100% data 275,110
Median government transfers in 2020 among recipients ($) 9,800
Number of employment insurance benefits recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2020 - 100% data 36,780
Median employment insurance benefits in 2020 among recipients ($) 5,480
Number of COVID-19 emergency and recovery benefits recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2020 - 100% data 94,975
Median COVID-19 emergency and recovery benefits in 2020 among recipients ($) 8,000
Total - Income statistics in 2020 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data11 370,355
Number of total income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2020 - 25% sample data 357,325
Average total income in 2020 among recipients ($) 52,900
Number of after-tax income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2020 - 25% sample data 357,560
Average after-tax income in 2020 among recipients ($) 42,800
Number of market income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2020 - 25% sample data 324,265
Average market income in 2020 among recipients ($) 49,120
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2020 - 25% sample data 265,120
Average employment income in 2020 among recipients ($) 48,200
Number of government transfers recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2020 - 25% sample data 274,955
Average government transfers in 2020 among recipients ($) 10,830
Number of employment insurance benefits recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2020 - 25% sample data 37,010
Average employment insurance benefits in 2020 among recipients ($) 6,620
Number of COVID-19 emergency and recovery benefits recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2020 - 25% sample data 94,895
Average COVID-19 emergency and recovery benefits in 2020 among recipients ($) 9,000
Total - Employment income statistics in 2020 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data12 370,350
Number of employment income recipients in 2020 who worked full-year full-time in 2020 - 25% sample data13 134,115
Median employment income in 2020 for full-year full-time workers in 2020 ($)14 62,400
Average employment income in 2020 for full-year full-time workers in 2020 ($)15 71,800
Number of employment income recipients in 2020 who worked part-year or part-time in 2020 - 25% sample data16 100,890
Median employment income in 2020 of those who worked part-year or part-time in 2020 ($) 16,400
Average employment income in 2020 of those who worked part-year or part-time in 2020 ($) 26,000
Composition of total income in 2020 of the population aged 15 years and over in private households (%) - 25% sample data17 100.0
Market income (%)18 84.2
Employment income (%)19 67.6
Government transfers (%)20 15.8
Employment insurance benefits (%) 1.3
COVID-19 - Government income support and benefits (%) 5.1
COVID-19 - Emergency and recovery benefits (%) 4.5
Total - Total income groups in 2020 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data21 370,355
Without total income 12,920
With total income 357,430
Under $10,000 (including loss) 28,820
$10,000 to $19,999 39,640
$20,000 to $29,999 54,510
$30,000 to $39,999 47,000
$40,000 to $49,999 41,710
$50,000 to $59,999 33,315
$60,000 to $69,999 26,330
$70,000 to $79,999 20,805
$80,000 to $89,999 17,685
$90,000 to $99,999 13,150
$100,000 and over 34,455
$100,000 to $149,999 23,760
$150,000 and over 10,700
Total - After-tax income groups in 2020 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data22 370,355
Without after-tax income 12,705
With after-tax income 357,645
Under $10,000 (including loss) 31,065
$10,000 to $19,999 42,100
$20,000 to $29,999 64,860
$30,000 to $39,999 58,560
$40,000 to $49,999 48,365
$50,000 to $59,999 36,240
$60,000 to $69,999 26,920
$70,000 to $79,999 17,945
$80,000 to $89,999 10,570
$90,000 to $99,999 6,285
$100,000 and over 14,725
$100,000 to $124,999 7,480
$125,000 and over 7,245
Total - Employment income groups in 2020 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data19 370,355
Without employment income 105,240
With employment income 265,115
Under $5,000 (including loss) 34,470
$5,000 to $9,999 21,235
$10,000 to $19,999 31,435
$20,000 to $29,999 25,355
$30,000 to $39,999 24,730
$40,000 to $49,999 24,630
$50,000 to $59,999 20,780
$60,000 to $69,999 17,505
$70,000 to $79,999 15,095
$80,000 to $89,999 13,920
$90,000 to $99,999 10,420
$100,000 and over 25,540
$100,000 to $124,999 12,695
$125,000 and over 12,845
Income of individuals in 2019
Total - Income statistics in 2019 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data23 370,355
Number of total income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2019 - 100% data 349,005
Median total income in 2019 among recipients ($) 39,600
Number of after-tax income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2019 - 100% data 349,410
Median after-tax income in 2019 among recipients ($) 34,800
Number of market income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2019 - 100% data 320,260
Median market income in 2019 among recipients ($) 37,200
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2019 - 100% data 265,185
Median employment income in 2019 among recipients ($) 37,600
Number of government transfers recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2019 - 100% data 236,910
Median government transfers in 2019 among recipients ($) 5,640
Number of employment insurance benefits recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2019 -100% data 27,630
Median employment insurance benefits in 2019 among recipients ($) 5,960
Total - Income statistics in 2019 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data24 370,355
Number of total income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2019 - 25% sample data 348,810
Average total income in 2019 among recipients ($) 50,880
Number of after-tax income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2019 - 25% sample data 349,180
Average after-tax income in 2019 among recipients ($) 40,960
Number of market income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2019 - 25% sample data 320,380
Average market income in 2019 among recipients ($) 49,560
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2019 - 25% sample data 265,060
Average employment income in 2019 among recipients ($) 48,400
Number of government transfers recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2019 - 25% sample data 236,865
Average government transfers in 2019 among recipients ($) 7,930
Number of employment insurance benefits recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2019 - 25% sample data 28,460
Average employment insurance benefits in 2019 among recipients ($) 7,450
Total - Employment income statistics in 2019 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data25 370,350
Number of employment income recipients in 2019 who worked full-year full-time in 2020 - 25% sample data13 133,145
Median employment income in 2019 for full-year full-time workers in 2020 ($)14 58,400
Average employment income in 2019 for full-year full-time workers in 2020 ($)15 67,600
Number of employment income recipients in 2019 who worked part-year or part-time in 2020 - 25% sample data16 94,830
Median employment income in 2019 of those who worked part-year or part-time in 2020 ($) 20,600
Average employment income in 2019 of those who worked part-year or part-time in 2020 ($) 32,080
Composition of total income in 2019 of the population aged 15 years and over in private households (%) - 25% sample data 100.0
Market income (%) 89.4
Employment income (%) 72.2
Government transfers (%) 10.6
Employment insurance benefits (%) 1.2
Income of households in 2020
Total - Income statistics for private households - 100% data26 190,510
Median total income of household in 2020 ($) 81,000
Median after-tax income of household in 2020 ($) 69,500
Total - Income statistics for one-person private households - 100% data 56,940
Median total income of one-person households in 2020 ($) 42,400
Median after-tax income of one-person households in 2020 ($) 37,200
Total - Income statistics for two-or-more-persons private households - 100% data 133,575
Median total income of two-or-more-person households in 2020 ($) 102,000
Median after-tax income of two-or-more-person households in 2020 ($) 86,000
Total - Income statistics for private households - 25% sample data27 190,505
Average total income of household in 2020 ($) 99,200
Average after-tax income of household in 2020 ($) 80,300
Total - Income statistics for one-person private households - 25% sample data 56,965
Average total income of one-person households in 2020 ($) 51,400
Average after-tax income of one-person households in 2020 ($) 41,920
Total - Income statistics for two-or-more-persons private households - 25% sample data 133,540
Average total income of two-or-more-person households in 2020 ($) 119,600
Average after-tax income of two-or-more-person households in 2020 ($) 96,700
Total - Household total income groups in 2020 for private households - 100% data21 190,510
Under $5,000 2,580
$5,000 to $9,999 1,185
$10,000 to $14,999 3,245
$15,000 to $19,999 2,945
$20,000 to $24,999 7,270
$25,000 to $29,999 6,100
$30,000 to $34,999 6,340
$35,000 to $39,999 6,970
$40,000 to $44,999 7,390
$45,000 to $49,999 7,545
$50,000 to $59,999 14,605
$60,000 to $69,999 14,255
$70,000 to $79,999 13,310
$80,000 to $89,999 12,465
$90,000 to $99,999 11,470
$100,000 and over 72,840
$100,000 to $124,999 22,610
$125,000 to $149,999 16,320
$150,000 to $199,999 18,875
$200,000 and over 15,035
Total - Household after-tax income groups in 2020 for private households - 100% data22 190,510
Under $5,000 2,905
$5,000 to $9,999 1,230
$10,000 to $14,999 3,310
$15,000 to $19,999 3,190
$20,000 to $24,999 7,995
$25,000 to $29,999 7,535
$30,000 to $34,999 8,060
$35,000 to $39,999 8,965
$40,000 to $44,999 9,000
$45,000 to $49,999 8,940
$50,000 to $59,999 17,935
$60,000 to $69,999 17,340
$70,000 to $79,999 15,615
$80,000 to $89,999 13,830
$90,000 to $99,999 11,780
$100,000 and over 52,870
$100,000 to $124,999 21,875
$125,000 to $149,999 13,745
$150,000 and over 17,255
Income of economic families in 2020
Total - Income statistics for economic families in private households - 100% data28 122,615
Median total income of economic family in 2020 ($) 104,000
Median after-tax income of economic family in 2020 ($) 87,000
Average family size of economic families 2.8
Total - Income statistics for couple-only economic families in private households - 100% data 52,730
Median total income of couple-only economic families in 2020 ($) 95,000
Median after-tax income of couple-only economic families in 2020 ($) 80,000
Average family size of couple-only economic families 2.0
Total - Income statistics for couple-with-children economic families in private households - 100% data 47,180
Median total income of couple-with-children economic families in 2020 ($) 135,000
Median after-tax income of couple-with-children economic families in 2020 ($) 111,000
Average family size of couple-with-children economic families 3.9
Total - Income statistics for one-parent economic families in private households - 100% data 18,475
Median total income of one-parent economic families in 2020 ($) 67,000
Median after-tax income of one-parent economic families in 2020 ($) 60,400
Average family size of one-parent economic families 2.6
Total - Income statistics for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families in private households - 100% data29 87,765
Median total income in 2020 ($)30 37,200
Median after-tax income in 2020 ($)30 33,200
Total - Income statistics for economic families in private households - 25% sample data31 122,470
Average total income of economic family in 2020 ($) 121,700
Average after-tax income of economic family in 2020 ($) 97,700
Total - Income statistics for couple-only economic families in private households - 25% sample data 52,555
Average total income of couple-only economic families in 2020 ($) 112,200
Average after-tax income of couple-only economic families in 2020 ($) 89,800
Total - Income statistics for couple-with-children economic families in private households - 25% sample data 47,290
Average total income of couple-with-children economic families in 2020 ($) 151,600
Average after-tax income of couple-with-children economic families in 2020 ($) 119,900
Total - Income statistics for one-parent economic families in private households - 25% sample data 18,400
Average total income of one-parent economic families in 2020 ($) 74,900
Average after-tax income of one-parent economic families in 2020 ($) 64,700
Total - Income statistics for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families in private households - 25% sample data32 87,870
Average total income in 2020 ($)30 45,600
Average after-tax income in 2020 ($)30 37,920
Low income and income inequality in 2020
Total - LIM low-income status in 2020 for the population in private households - 100% data33 435,290
0 to 17 years 77,805
0 to 5 years 24,195
18 to 64 years 284,175
65 years and over 73,310
In low income based on the Low-income measure, after tax (LIM-AT) 52,355
0 to 17 years 11,420
0 to 5 years 3,940
18 to 64 years 31,255
65 years and over 9,680
Prevalence of low income based on the Low-income measure, after tax (LIM-AT) (%) 12.0
0 to 17 years (%) 14.7
0 to 5 years (%) 16.3
18 to 64 years (%) 11.0
65 years and over (%) 13.2
Total - LICO low-income status in 2020 for the population in private households to whom the low-income concept is applicable - 100% data33 435,290
0 to 17 years 77,805
0 to 5 years 24,195
18 to 64 years 284,175
65 years and over 73,310
In low income based on the Low-income cut-offs, after tax (LICO-AT) 24,455
0 to 17 years 4,075
0 to 5 years 1,270
18 to 64 years 19,055
65 years and over 1,325
Prevalence of low income based on the Low-income cut-offs, after tax (LICO-AT) (%) 5.6
0 to 17 years (%) 5.2
0 to 5 years (%) 5.3
18 to 64 years (%) 6.7
65 years and over (%) 1.8
Total - Adjusted after-tax economic family income decile group for the population in private households - 100% data34The letter 'c' in a yellow triangle indicates a correction notice. 435,290
In bottom half of the distribution 231,300
In bottom decile 50,885
In second decile 46,260
In third decile 44,835
In fourth decile 44,705
In fifth decile 44,620
In top half of the distribution 203,995
In sixth decile 44,075
In seventh decile 44,215
In eighth decile 43,270
In ninth decile 39,170
In top decile 33,270
Total - Inequality measures for the population in private households - 100% data35 435,290
Gini index on adjusted household total income 0.330
Gini index on adjusted household market income 0.426
Gini index on adjusted household after-tax income 0.286
P90/P10 ratio on adjusted household after-tax income 3.7
Knowledge of official languages
Total - Knowledge of official languages for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% data36 436,510
English only 380,205
French only 295
English and French 53,460
Neither English nor French 2,555
First official language spoken
Total - First official language spoken for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% data37 436,510
English 422,550
French 9,925
English and French 1,635
Neither English nor French 2,400
Mother tongue
Total - Mother tongue for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% data38 436,510
Single responses 424,930
Official languages 379,110
English 369,130
French 9,985
Non-official languages 45,820
Indigenous languages39 75
Algonquian languages 65
Blackfoot 0
Cree-Innu languages 15
Atikamekw 0
Cree languages 5
Ililimowin (Moose Cree) 0
Inu Ayimun (Southern East Cree) 0
Iyiyiw-Ayimiwin (Northern East Cree) 0
Nehinawewin (Swampy Cree) 5
Nehiyawewin (Plains Cree) 0
Nihithawiwin (Woods Cree) 0
Cree, n.o.s. 0
Innu (Montagnais) 10
Naskapi 0
Eastern Algonquian languages 45
Mi'kmaq 45
Wolastoqewi (Malecite) 0
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 0
Anicinabemowin (Algonquin) 0
Oji-Cree 0
Ojibway languages 0
Anishinaabemowin (Chippewa) 0
Daawaamwin (Odawa) 0
Saulteau (Western Ojibway) 5
Ojibway, n.o.s. 0
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 0
Athabaskan languages 0
Northern Athabaskan languages 0
Dakelh (Carrier) 0
Dane-zaa (Beaver) 0
Dene, n.o.s. 0
Gwich'in 0
Slavey-Hare languages 0
Deh Gah Ghotie Zhatie (South Slavey) 0
Satuotine Yati (North Slavey) 0
Slavey, n.o.s. 0
Tahltan languages 0
Kaska (Nahani) 0
Tahltan 0
Tlicho (Dogrib) 0
Tse'khene (Sekani) 0
Tsilhqot'in (Chilcotin) 0
Tsuu T'ina (Sarsi) 0
Tutchone languages 0
Northern Tutchone 0
Southern Tutchone 0
Tutchone, n.o.s. 0
Wetsuwet'en-Babine 0
Tlingit 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0
Haida 0
Inuktut (Inuit) languages 5
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 0
Inuinnaqtun 0
Inuvialuktun 0
Inuktitut 5
Inuktut (Inuit) languages, n.i.e. 0
Iroquoian languages 0
Cayuga 0
Mohawk 0
Oneida 0
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 0
Ktunaxa (Kutenai) 0
Michif 0
Salish languages 0
Halkomelem 0
Lillooet 0
Ntlakapamux (Thompson) 0
Secwepemctsin (Shuswap) 0
Squamish 0
Straits 0
Syilx (Okanagan) 0
Salish languages, n.i.e. 0
Siouan languages 0
Assiniboine 0
Dakota 0
Stoney 0
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 0
Tsimshian languages 0
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 0
Nisga'a 0
Tsimshian 0
Wakashan languages 0
Haisla 0
Heiltsuk 0
Kwak'wala (Kwakiutl) 0
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0
Indigenous languages, n.i.e. 0
Indigenous languages, n.o.s. 0
Non-Indigenous languages 45,745
Afro-Asiatic languages 8,030
Berber languages 15
Kabyle 10
Tamazight 0
Berber languages, n.i.e. 0
Chadic languages 0
Hausa 0
Mina 0
Coptic 0
Cushitic languages 245
Bilen 0
Oromo 80
Somali 165
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 0
Semitic languages 7,765
Amharic 160
Arabic 7,135
Aramaic languages 25
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 10
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 0
Aramaic, n.o.s. 15
Harari 0
Hebrew 210
Maltese 5
Tigrigna 230
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 5
Austro-Asiatic languages 755
Khmer (Cambodian) 10
Vietnamese 740
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e 5
Austronesian languages 2,670
Bikol 5
Bisaya, n.o.s. 55
Cebuano 165
Fijian 0
Hiligaynon 45
Ilocano 70
Indonesian 40
Kankanaey 5
Kinaray-a 0
Malagasy languages 0
Merina 0
Malagasy, n.o.s. 0
Malay 10
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 5
Pangasinan 0
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 2,210
Waray-Waray 5
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 45
Creole languages 85
Haitian Creole 10
Jamaican English Creole 0
Krio 10
Morisyen 30
Sango 0
Creole, n.o.s. 30
Creole languages, n.i.e. 5
Dravidian languages 2,435
Kannada 75
Malayalam 1,190
Tamil 480
Telugu 685
Tulu 5
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 0
Georgian 0
Hmong-Mien languages 0
Indo-European languages 20,175
Albanian 310
Armenian 25
Balto-Slavic languages 3,220
Baltic languages 45
Latvian 20
Lithuanian 20
Slavic languages 3,175
Belarusian 10
Bulgarian 45
Czech 115
Macedonian 25
Polish 625
Russian 1,525
Rusyn 0
Serbo-Croatian 515
Bosnian 120
Croatian 185
Serbian 180
Serbo-Croatian, n.i.e. 20
Slovak 75
Slovene (Slovenian) 20
Ukrainian 225
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 0
Celtic languages 40
Irish 5
Scottish Gaelic 20
Welsh 5
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 5
Germanic languages 2,100
Frisian 5
High German languages 1,200
German 1,140
Pennsylvania German 0
Swiss German 50
Yiddish 15
Low Saxon-Low Franconian languages 640
Afrikaans 165
Dutch 450
Low German, n.o.s. 0
Low Saxon 0
Plautdietsch 10
Vlaams (Flemish) 10
Scandinavian languages 250
Danish 85
Icelandic 25
Norwegian 65
Swedish 80
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 5
Greek 610
Indo-Iranian languages 9,965
Indo-Aryan languages 8,320
Assamese 10
Bengali 810
Gujarati 1,000
Hindi 1,660
Kacchi 10
Kashmiri 0
Konkani 15
Marathi 165
Nepali 390
Oriya languages 10
Odia 10
Oriya, n.o.s. 0
Punjabi (Panjabi) 3,160
Rohingya 5
Sindhi 30
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 185
Urdu 850
Indo-Aryan languages, n.i.e. 25
Iranian languages 1,640
Baluchi 5
Kurdish 205
Parsi 0
Pashto 95
Persian languages 1,335
Dari 180
Iranian Persian 1,050
Persian (Farsi), n.o.s. 105
Iranian languages, n.i.e. 0
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 5
Italic (Romance) languages 3,905
Catalan 5
Italian 555
Portuguese 1,095
Romanian 245
Spanish 2,005
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 5
Indo-European languages, n.i.e. 0
Japanese 300
Korean 2,005
Mongolian 5
Niger-Congo languages 895
Akan (Twi) 65
Bamanankan 10
Edo 20
Éwé 35
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 5
Ga 15
Ganda 30
Gikuyu 15
Igbo 90
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 55
Lingala 5
Luba-Kasai 0
Mòoré 0
Mwani 5
Ndebele 5
Rundi (Kirundi) 10
Shona 50
Soninke 0
Sotho-Tswana languages 5
Swahili 185
Wojenaka 0
Wolof 10
Yoruba 185
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 105
Nilo-Saharan languages 120
Dinka 30
Nuer 0
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 90
African, n.o.s. 5
Sign languages 130
American Sign Language 115
Quebec Sign Language 0
Sign languages, n.i.e. 15
Sino-Tibetan languages 7,340
Chinese languages 7,315
Hakka 10
Mandarin 5,970
Min Dong 0
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 75
Wu (Shanghainese) 30
Yue (Cantonese) 1,040
Chinese, n.o.s. 180
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 10
Tibeto-Burman languages 20
Burmese 5
Kuki-Chin languages 0
Karenic languages 0
S'gaw Karen 0
Karenic languages, n.i.e. 0
Tibetan 5
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 10
Sino-Tibetan languages, n.i.e. 0
Tai-Kadai languages 100
Lao 5
Thai 90
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e. 0
Turkic languages 435
Azerbaijani 25
Kazakh 0
Turkish 315
Uyghur 10
Uzbek 75
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 10
Uralic languages 245
Estonian 30
Finnish 35
Hungarian 180
Other languages, n.i.e. 10
Multiple responses 11,580
English and French 3,375
English and non-official language(s) 7,095
French and non-official language(s) 245
English, French and non-official language(s) 310
Multiple non-official languages 550
All languages spoken at home
Total - All languages spoken at home for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% data40 436,510
English 374,200
French 2,215
Non-official language 12,975
Indigenous39 15
Non-Indigenous 12,955
English and French 8,595
English and non-official language(s) 35,355
French and non-official language(s) 150
English, French and non-official language(s) 1,945
Multiple non-official languages 1,075
Language spoken most often at home
Total - Language spoken most often at home for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% data41 436,510
Single responses 426,370
Official languages 398,405
English 395,020
French 3,385
Non-official languages 27,965
Indigenous languages39 20
Algonquian languages 20
Blackfoot 0
Cree-Innu languages 0
Atikamekw 0
Cree languages 0
Ililimowin (Moose Cree) 0
Inu Ayimun (Southern East Cree) 0
Iyiyiw-Ayimiwin (Northern East Cree) 0
Nehinawewin (Swampy Cree) 0
Nehiyawewin (Plains Cree) 0
Nihithawiwin (Woods Cree) 0
Cree, n.o.s. 0
Innu (Montagnais) 0
Naskapi 0
Eastern Algonquian languages 20
Mi'kmaq 20
Wolastoqewi (Malecite) 0
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 0
Anicinabemowin (Algonquin) 0
Oji-Cree 0
Ojibway languages 0
Anishinaabemowin (Chippewa) 0
Daawaamwin (Odawa) 0
Saulteau (Western Ojibway) 0
Ojibway, n.o.s. 0
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 0
Athabaskan languages 0
Northern Athabaskan languages 0
Dakelh (Carrier) 0
Dane-zaa (Beaver) 0
Dene, n.o.s. 0
Gwich'in 0
Slavey-Hare languages 0
Deh Gah Ghotie Zhatie (South Slavey) 0
Satuotine Yati (North Slavey) 0
Slavey, n.o.s. 0
Tahltan languages 0
Kaska (Nahani) 0
Tahltan 0
Tlicho (Dogrib) 0
Tse'khene (Sekani) 0
Tsilhqot'in (Chilcotin) 0
Tsuu T'ina (Sarsi) 0
Tutchone languages 0
Northern Tutchone 0
Southern Tutchone 0
Tutchone, n.o.s. 0
Wetsuwet'en-Babine 0
Tlingit 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0
Haida 0
Inuktut (Inuit) languages 0
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 0
Inuinnaqtun 0
Inuvialuktun 0
Inuktitut 0
Inuktut (Inuit) languages, n.i.e. 0
Iroquoian languages 0
Cayuga 0
Mohawk 0
Oneida 0
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 0
Ktunaxa (Kutenai) 0
Michif 0
Salish languages 0
Halkomelem 0
Lillooet 0
Ntlakapamux (Thompson) 0
Secwepemctsin (Shuswap) 0
Squamish 0
Straits 0
Syilx (Okanagan) 0
Salish languages, n.i.e. 0
Siouan languages 0
Assiniboine 0
Dakota 0
Stoney 0
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 0
Tsimshian languages 0
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 0
Nisga'a 0
Tsimshian 0
Wakashan languages 0
Haisla 0
Heiltsuk 0
Kwak'wala (Kwakiutl) 0
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0
Indigenous languages, n.i.e. 0
Indigenous languages, n.o.s. 0
Non-Indigenous languages 27,945
Afro-Asiatic languages 5,070
Berber languages 5
Kabyle 5
Tamazight 0
Berber languages, n.i.e. 0
Chadic languages 0
Hausa 0
Mina 0
Coptic 0
Cushitic languages 185
Bilen 0
Oromo 45
Somali 145
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 0
Semitic languages 4,870
Amharic 100
Arabic 4,455
Aramaic languages 10
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 0
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 0
Aramaic, n.o.s. 10
Harari 0
Hebrew 135
Maltese 0
Tigrigna 170
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 0
Austro-Asiatic languages 530
Khmer (Cambodian) 5
Vietnamese 520
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e 0
Austronesian languages 1,515
Bikol 0
Bisaya, n.o.s. 30
Cebuano 90
Fijian 0
Hiligaynon 35
Ilocano 20
Indonesian 10
Kankanaey 0
Kinaray-a 0
Malagasy languages 0
Merina 0
Malagasy, n.o.s. 0
Malay 5
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 0
Pangasinan 0
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 1,295
Waray-Waray 0
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 25
Creole languages 40
Haitian Creole 0
Jamaican English Creole 5
Krio 5
Morisyen 15
Sango 0
Creole, n.o.s. 15
Creole languages, n.i.e. 5
Dravidian languages 1,700
Kannada 30
Malayalam 905
Tamil 345
Telugu 405
Tulu 0
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 0
Georgian 0
Hmong-Mien languages 0
Indo-European languages 11,000
Albanian 135
Armenian 10
Balto-Slavic languages 1,530
Baltic languages 5
Latvian 0
Lithuanian 5
Slavic languages 1,520
Belarusian 5
Bulgarian 15
Czech 35
Macedonian 5
Polish 175
Russian 960
Rusyn 0
Serbo-Croatian 225
Bosnian 50
Croatian 65
Serbian 95
Serbo-Croatian, n.i.e. 15
Slovak 15
Slovene (Slovenian) 0
Ukrainian 90
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 0
Celtic languages 10
Irish 0
Scottish Gaelic 5
Welsh 0
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 0
Germanic languages 405
Frisian 0
High German languages 210
German 200
Pennsylvania German 0
Swiss German 10
Yiddish 0
Low Saxon-Low Franconian languages 145
Afrikaans 90
Dutch 55
Low German, n.o.s. 0
Low Saxon 0
Plautdietsch 0
Vlaams (Flemish) 0
Scandinavian languages 55
Danish 15
Icelandic 15
Norwegian 5
Swedish 15
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 0
Greek 240
Indo-Iranian languages 6,800
Indo-Aryan languages 5,665
Assamese 0
Bengali 525
Gujarati 610
Hindi 1,045
Kacchi 5
Kashmiri 0
Konkani 5
Marathi 80
Nepali 310
Oriya languages 0
Odia 0
Oriya, n.o.s. 0
Punjabi (Panjabi) 2,445
Rohingya 5
Sindhi 10
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 100
Urdu 510
Indo-Aryan languages, n.i.e. 0
Iranian languages 1,135
Baluchi 0
Kurdish 155
Parsi 0
Pashto 50
Persian languages 930
Dari 130
Iranian Persian 735
Persian (Farsi), n.o.s. 65
Iranian languages, n.i.e. 0
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 0
Italic (Romance) languages 1,875
Catalan 0
Italian 135
Portuguese 675
Romanian 110
Spanish 950
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 5
Indo-European languages, n.i.e. 0
Japanese 90
Korean 1,600
Mongolian 0
Niger-Congo languages 345
Akan (Twi) 15
Bamanankan 5
Edo 5
Éwé 10
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 0
Ga 0
Ganda 15
Gikuyu 0
Igbo 40
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 35
Lingala 0
Luba-Kasai 0
Mòoré 0
Mwani 0
Ndebele 0
Rundi (Kirundi) 0
Shona 5
Soninke 0
Sotho-Tswana languages 0
Swahili 90
Wojenaka 0
Wolof 5
Yoruba 90
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 20
Nilo-Saharan languages 75
Dinka 20
Nuer 0
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 55
African, n.o.s. 0
Sign languages 200
American Sign Language 175
Quebec Sign Language 0
Sign languages, n.i.e. 20
Sino-Tibetan languages 5,435
Chinese languages 5,435
Hakka 0
Mandarin 4,670
Min Dong 0
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 30
Wu (Shanghainese) 30
Yue (Cantonese) 580
Chinese, n.o.s. 120
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 5
Tibeto-Burman languages 0
Burmese 0
Kuki-Chin languages 0
Karenic languages 0
S'gaw Karen 0
Karenic languages, n.i.e. 0
Tibetan 0
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 0
Sino-Tibetan languages, n.i.e. 0
Tai-Kadai languages 50
Lao 0
Thai 50
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e. 0
Turkic languages 225
Azerbaijani 5
Kazakh 0
Turkish 155
Uyghur 0
Uzbek 45
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 0
Uralic languages 60
Estonian 5
Finnish 5
Hungarian 50
Other languages, n.i.e. 0
Multiple responses 10,145
English and French 1,405
English and non-official language(s) 8,355
French and non-official language(s) 80
English, French and non-official language(s) 170
Multiple non-official languages 135
Other language spoken regularly at home
Total - Other language(s) spoken regularly at home for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% data42 436,510
None 397,625
English 12,860
French 6,570
Non-official language 14,345
Indigenous39 85
Non-Indigenous 14,260
English and French 275
English and non-official language(s) 1,960
French and non-official language(s) 965
English, French and non-official language(s) 60
Multiple non-official languages 1,860
Knowledge of languagesThe letter 'c' in a yellow triangle indicates a correction notice.
Total - Knowledge of languages for the population in private households - 25% sample data43 435,290
Official languages 432,760
English 432,420
French 53,690
Non-official languages 66,460
Indigenous languages39 270
Algonquian languages 215
Blackfoot 0
Cree-Innu languages 25
Atikamekw 0
Cree languages 25
Ililimowin (Moose Cree) 0
Inu Ayimun (Southern East Cree) 0
Iyiyiw-Ayimiwin (Northern East Cree) 0
Nehinawewin (Swampy Cree) 0
Nehiyawewin (Plains Cree) 0
Nihithawiwin (Woods Cree) 0
Cree, n.o.s. 15
Innu (Montagnais) 0
Naskapi 0
Eastern Algonquian languages 170
Mi'kmaq 170
Wolastoqewi (Malecite) 0
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 25
Anicinabemowin (Algonquin) 0
Oji-Cree 0
Ojibway languages 25
Anishinaabemowin (Chippewa) 0
Daawaamwin (Odawa) 0
Saulteau (Western Ojibway) 0
Ojibway, n.o.s. 20
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 0
Athabaskan languages 0
Northern Athabaskan languages 0
Dakelh (Carrier) 0
Dane-zaa (Beaver) 0
Dene, n.o.s. 0
Gwich'in 0
Slavey-Hare languages 0
Deh Gah Ghotie Zhatie (South Slavey) 0
Satuotine Yati (North Slavey) 0
Slavey, n.o.s. 0
Tahltan languages 0
Kaska (Nahani) 0
Tahltan 0
Tlicho (Dogrib) 0
Tse'khene (Sekani) 0
Tsilhqot'in (Chilcotin) 0
Tsuu T'ina (Sarsi) 0
Tutchone languages 0
Northern Tutchone 0
Southern Tutchone 0
Tutchone, n.o.s. 0
Wetsuwet'en-Babine 0
Tlingit 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0
Haida 0
Inuktut (Inuit) languages 30
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 0
Inuinnaqtun 0
Inuvialuktun 0
Inuktitut 30
Inuktut (Inuit) languages, n.i.e. 0
Iroquoian languages 10
Cayuga 0
Mohawk 10
Oneida 0
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 0
Ktunaxa (Kutenai) 0
Michif 0
Salish languages 0
Halkomelem 0
Lillooet 0
Ntlakapamux (Thompson) 0
Secwepemctsin (Shuswap) 0
Squamish 0
Straits 0
Syilx (Okanagan) 0
Salish languages, n.i.e. 0
Siouan languages 0
Assiniboine 0
Dakota 0
Stoney 0
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 0
Tsimshian languages 0
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 0
Nisga'a 0
Tsimshian 0
Wakashan languages 0
Haisla 0
Heiltsuk 0
Kwak'wala (Kwakiutl) 0
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0
Indigenous languages, n.i.e. 0
Indigenous languages, n.o.s. 0
Non-Indigenous languages 66,230
Afro-Asiatic languages 11,865
Berber languages 35
Kabyle 10
Tamazight 0
Berber languages, n.i.e. 0
Chadic languages 25
Hausa 25
Mina 0
Coptic 0
Cushitic languages 310
Bilen 0
Oromo 120
Somali 195
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 0
Semitic languages 11,575
Amharic 220
Arabic 10,560
Aramaic languages 80
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 45
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 0
Aramaic, n.o.s. 35
Harari 0
Hebrew 715
Maltese 10
Tigrigna 150
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 0
Austro-Asiatic languages 1,030
Khmer (Cambodian) 20
Vietnamese 1,010
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e 0
Austronesian languages 4,115
Bikol 10
Bisaya, n.o.s. 155
Cebuano 265
Fijian 0
Hiligaynon 40
Ilocano 170
Indonesian 115
Kankanaey 30
Kinaray-a 0
Malagasy languages 10
Merina 0
Malagasy, n.o.s. 10
Malay 60
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 35
Pangasinan 0
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 3,840
Waray-Waray 30
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 160
Creole languages 440
Haitian Creole 35
Jamaican English Creole 55
Krio 15
Morisyen 100
Sango 0
Creole, n.o.s. 100
Creole languages, n.i.e. 140
Dravidian languages 3,635
Kannada 330
Malayalam 1,580
Tamil 1,240
Telugu 1,090
Tulu 10
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 0
Georgian 0
Hmong-Mien languages 0
Indo-European languages 31,875
Albanian 470
Armenian 45
Balto-Slavic languages 4,300
Baltic languages 90
Latvian 45
Lithuanian 50
Slavic languages 4,225
Belarusian 25
Bulgarian 95
Czech 170
Macedonian 40
Polish 765
Russian 2,295
Rusyn 0
Serbo-Croatian 765
Bosnian 235
Croatian 350
Serbian 340
Serbo-Croatian, n.i.e. 30
Slovak 115
Slovene (Slovenian) 30
Ukrainian 425
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 0
Celtic languages 340
Irish 130
Scottish Gaelic 145
Welsh 50
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 25
Germanic languages 4,320
Frisian 20
High German languages 3,030
German 2,995
Pennsylvania German 0
Swiss German 55
Yiddish 20
Low Saxon-Low Franconian languages 1,035
Afrikaans 275
Dutch 745
Low German, n.o.s. 0
Low Saxon 0
Plautdietsch 10
Vlaams (Flemish) 15
Scandinavian languages 450
Danish 150
Icelandic 40
Norwegian 160
Swedish 115
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 20
Greek 950
Indo-Iranian languages 13,985
Indo-Aryan languages 12,175
Assamese 0
Bengali 1,120
Gujarati 1,245
Hindi 7,965
Kacchi 10
Kashmiri 0
Konkani 65
Marathi 375
Nepali 415
Oriya languages 35
Odia 20
Oriya, n.o.s. 15
Punjabi (Panjabi) 4,965
Rohingya 0
Sindhi 75
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 320
Urdu 1,520
Indo-Aryan languages, n.i.e. 70
Iranian languages 1,955
Baluchi 0
Kurdish 355
Parsi 0
Pashto 155
Persian languages 1,460
Dari 150
Iranian Persian 1,190
Persian (Farsi), n.o.s. 135
Iranian languages, n.i.e. 35
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 25
Italic (Romance) languages 8,565
Catalan 25
Italian 1,465
Portuguese 1,435
Romanian 280
Spanish 5,970
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 50
Indo-European languages, n.i.e. 35
Japanese 1,015
Korean 2,365
Mongolian 0
Niger-Congo languages 2,795
Akan (Twi) 160
Bamanankan 25
Edo 30
Éwé 65
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 30
Ga 45
Ganda 90
Gikuyu 15
Igbo 415
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 115
Lingala 100
Luba-Kasai 25
Mòoré 0
Mwani 0
Ndebele 15
Rundi (Kirundi) 45
Shona 125
Soninke 0
Sotho-Tswana languages 20
Swahili 635
Wojenaka 0
Wolof 60
Yoruba 965
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 405
Nilo-Saharan languages 370
Dinka 110
Nuer 0
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 255
African, n.o.s. 25
Sign languages 975
American Sign Language 870
Quebec Sign Language 0
Sign languages, n.i.e. 120
Sino-Tibetan languages 8,520
Chinese languages 8,455
Hakka 35
Mandarin 7,410
Min Dong 0
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 115
Wu (Shanghainese) 55
Yue (Cantonese) 1,490
Chinese, n.o.s. 200
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 20
Tibeto-Burman languages 60
Burmese 0
Kuki-Chin languages 0
Karenic languages 0
S'gaw Karen 0
Karenic languages, n.i.e. 0
Tibetan 10
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 45
Sino-Tibetan languages, n.i.e. 0
Tai-Kadai languages 135
Lao 15
Thai 120
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e. 0
Turkic languages 875
Azerbaijani 45
Kazakh 0
Turkish 625
Uyghur 0
Uzbek 140
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 70
Uralic languages 310
Estonian 25
Finnish 65
Hungarian 220
Other languages, n.i.e. 230
Indigenous population
Total - Indigenous identity for the population in private households - 25% sample data44 435,290
Indigenous identity45 16,615
Single Indigenous responses46 15,670
First Nations (North American Indian) 8,385
Métis 6,785
Inuk (Inuit) 505
Multiple Indigenous responses47 490
Indigenous responses not included elsewhere48 455
Non-Indigenous identity 418,675
Total - Registered or Treaty Indian status for the population in private households - 25% sample data44 435,290
Registered or Treaty Indian49 3,660
Not a Registered or Treaty Indian 431,630
Household characteristics
Total - Private households by tenure - 25% sample data50 190,505
Owner 109,540
Renter 80,965
Dwelling provided by the local government, First Nation or Indian band 0
Total - Occupied private dwellings by condominium status - 25% sample data51 190,505
Condominium 12,475
Not condominium 178,035
Total - Occupied private dwellings by number of bedrooms - 25% sample data52 190,505
No bedrooms 1,470
1 bedroom 29,525
2 bedrooms 52,005
3 bedrooms 65,015
4 or more bedrooms 42,490
Total - Occupied private dwellings by number of rooms - 25% sample data53 190,505
1 to 4 rooms 58,555
5 rooms 27,350
6 rooms 25,595
7 rooms 23,305
8 or more rooms 55,705
Average number of rooms per dwelling 6.2
Total - Private households by number of persons per room - 25% sample data54 190,505
One person or fewer per room 187,570
More than one person per room 2,930
Total - Private households by housing suitability - 25% sample data55 190,505
Suitable 181,890
Not suitable 8,615
Total - Occupied private dwellings by period of construction - 25% sample data56 190,505
1960 or before 34,670
1961 to 1980 50,975
1981 to 1990 27,710
1991 to 2000 26,560
2001 to 2005 13,275
2006 to 2010 12,275
2011 to 2015 11,180
2016 to 202157 13,860
Total - Occupied private dwellings by dwelling condition - 25% sample data58 190,505
Only regular maintenance and minor repairs needed 178,390
Major repairs needed 12,115
Total - Private households by number of household maintainers - 25% sample data59 190,505
One-maintainer household 94,735
Two-maintainer household 87,670
Three-or-more-maintainer household 8,100
Total - Private households by age of primary household maintainers - 25% sample data60 190,505
15 to 24 years 8,985
25 to 34 years 32,610
35 to 44 years 32,490
45 to 54 years 32,220
55 to 64 years 36,580
65 to 74 years 28,115
75 to 84 years 14,615
85 years and over 4,895
Total - Owner and tenant households with household total income greater than zero, in non-farm, non-reserve private dwellings by shelter-cost-to-income ratio - 25% sample data61 190,355
Spending less than 30% of income on shelter costs 148,795
Spending 30% or more of income on shelter costs 41,560
30% to less than 100% 36,055
Total - Occupied private dwellings by housing indicators - 25% sample data62 190,505
Total - Households 'spending 30% or more of income on shelter costs' or 'not suitable' or 'major repairs needed' 56,420
Spending 30% or more of income on shelter costs only 36,445
Not suitable only 6,075
Major repairs needed only 8,160
'Spending 30% or more of income on shelter costs' and 'not suitable' 1,785
'Spending 30% or more of income on shelter costs' and 'major repairs needed' 3,200
'Not suitable' and 'major repairs needed' 625
'Spending 30% or more of income on shelter costs' and 'not suitable' and 'major repairs needed' 130
Acceptable housing 134,080
Total - Owner and tenant households with household total income greater than zero and shelter-cost-to-income ratio less than 100%, in non-farm, non-reserve private dwellings - 25% sample data63 184,855
In core need 22,540
Not in core need 162,315
Total - Owner households in non-farm, non-reserve private dwellings - 25% sample data 109,505
% of owner households with a mortgage64 63.6
% of owner households spending 30% or more of its income on shelter costs61 10.8
% in core housing need63 5.0
Median monthly shelter costs for owned dwellings ($)65 1,290
Average monthly shelter costs for owned dwellings ($)65 1,386
Median value of dwellings ($)66 348,000
Average value of dwellings ($)66 403,600
Total - Tenant households in non-farm, non-reserve private dwellings - 25% sample data 80,960
% of tenant households in subsidized housing67 7.8
% of tenant households spending 30% or more of its income on shelter costs61 36.7
% in core housing need63 22.4
Median monthly shelter costs for rented dwellings ($)65 1,170
Average monthly shelter costs for rented dwellings ($)65 1,251
Total - Households living in a dwelling provided by the local government, First Nation or Indian band in non-farm private dwellings - 25% sample data 0
% of households living in a dwelling provided by the local government, First Nation or Indian band spending more than 30% on shelter costs61 ...
Median monthly shelter costs for dwellings provided by local government, First Nation or Indian band ($)65 ...
Average monthly shelter costs for dwellings provided by local government, First Nation or Indian band ($)65 ...
Indigenous ancestry
Total - Indigenous ancestry for the population in private households - 25% sample data68 435,290
Indigenous ancestry (only)69 4,925
Single Indigenous ancestry (only)70 4,770
First Nations (North American Indian) single ancestry 3,540
Métis single ancestry 1,040
Inuit single ancestry 195
Multiple Indigenous ancestries (only)71 155
First Nations (North American Indian) and Métis ancestry only 110
First Nations (North American Indian) and Inuit ancestry only 35
Métis and Inuit ancestry only 10
First Nations (North American Indian) and Métis and Inuit ancestry only 0
Indigenous and non-Indigenous ancestries72 18,880
Single Indigenous and non-Indigenous ancestries73 18,495
First Nations (North American Indian) and non-Indigenous ancestry only 13,125
Métis and non-Indigenous ancestry only 4,815
Inuit and non-Indigenous ancestry only 550
Multiple Indigenous and non-Indigenous ancestries74 385
First Nations (North American Indian) and Métis and non-Indigenous ancestry only 320
First Nations (North American Indian) and Inuit and non-Indigenous ancestry only 55
Métis and Inuit and non-Indigenous ancestry only 15
First Nations (North American Indian) and Métis and Inuit and non-Indigenous ancestry only 0
Non-Indigenous ancestry only75 411,485
Citizenship
Total - Citizenship for the population in private households - 25% sample data76 435,295
Canadian citizens77 395,665
Canadian citizens aged under 18 71,490
Canadian citizens aged 18 and over 324,175
Not Canadian citizens78 39,625
Immigrant status and period of immigration
Total - Immigrant status and period of immigration for the population in private households - 25% sample data79 435,295
Non-immigrants80 367,730
Immigrants81 50,590
Before 1980 8,415
1980 to 1990 3,455
1991 to 2000 4,785
2001 to 2010 9,100
2011 to 202182 24,820
2011 to 2015 6,865
2016 to 2021 17,960
Non-permanent residents83 16,970
Age at immigration
Total - Age at immigration for the immigrant population in private households - 25% sample data84 50,595
Under 5 years 5,710
5 to 14 years 9,275
15 to 24 years 7,260
25 to 44 years 24,565
45 years and over 3,780
Selected places of birth for the immigrant population
Total - Place of birth for the immigrant population in private households - 25% sample data85 50,595
Americas 6,780
Brazil 365
Colombia 195
El Salvador 60
Guyana 180
Haiti 30
Jamaica 570
Mexico 245
Peru 80
Trinidad and Tobago 210
United States of America 3,550
Other places of birth in Americas 1,290
Europe 13,140
Bosnia and Herzegovina 230
Croatia 175
France 250
Germany 910
Greece 275
Hungary 120
Italy 375
Netherlands 435
Poland 560
Portugal 175
Romania 255
Russian Federation 620
Serbia86 130
Ukraine 520
United Kingdom87 6,350
Other places of birth in Europe 1,765
Africa 5,745
Algeria 65
Congo, Democratic Republic of the 255
Egypt 895
Eritrea 120
Ethiopia 245
Morocco 115
Nigeria 1,625
Somalia 130
South Africa, Republic of 425
Other places of birth in Africa 1,870
Asia 24,555
Afghanistan 125
Iran88 980
Iraq 405
Lebanon 1,335
Syria89 2,080
Turkey 295
China90 3,740
Hong Kong91 295
Korea, South92 1,015
Taiwan 155
Philippines 3,420
Viet Nam 615
Bangladesh 510
India 4,790
Pakistan 780
Sri Lanka 350
Other places of birth in Asia 3,650
Oceania and other places of birth93 375
Selected places of birth for the recent immigrant population
Total - Place of birth for the recent immigrant population in private households - 25% sample data94 17,955
Americas 1,535
Brazil 225
Colombia 30
Haiti 0
Jamaica 245
Mexico 50
United States of America 550
Venezuela95 25
Other places of birth in Americas 410
Europe 1,560
France 65
Germany 65
Ireland96 60
Italy 30
Russian Federation 165
Ukraine 220
United Kingdom87 530
Other places of birth in Europe 425
Africa 3,195
Algeria 0
Burundi 20
Cameroon 0
Congo, Democratic Republic of the 160
Côte d'Ivoire 40
Egypt 350
Eritrea 50
Ethiopia 95
Morocco 45
Nigeria 1,405
Somalia 95
South Africa, Republic of 170
Sudan97 155
Tunisia 20
Other places of birth in Africa 565
Asia 11,590
Afghanistan 30
Bangladesh 340
China90 1,910
Hong Kong91 35
India 3,235
Iran88 205
Iraq 90
Israel 170
Japan 30
Jordan 150
Korea, South92 480
Lebanon 135
Nepal 60
Pakistan 330
Philippines 1,555
Saudi Arabia 215
Sri Lanka 60
Syria89 1,830
Turkey 105
United Arab Emirates 105
Viet Nam 195
Other places of birth in Asia 335
Oceania and other93 75
Australia 50
Other places of birth98 25
Generation status
Total - Generation status for the population in private households - 25% sample data99 435,290
First generation100 72,510
Second generation101 43,205
Third generation or more102 319,570
Admission category and applicant type
Total - Admission category and applicant type for the immigrant population in private households who were admitted between 1980 and 2021 - 25% sample data103 42,175
Economic immigrants104 27,330
Principal applicants105 11,320
Secondary applicants106 16,015
Immigrants sponsored by family107 8,370
Refugees108 6,150
Other immigrants109 320
Pre-admission experience
Total - Pre-admission experience for the immigrant population in private households who were admitted between 1980 and 2021 - 25% sample data110 42,175
Asylum claim before admission111 835
Work permits only before admission112 5,700
Study permits only before admission113 1,745
Work and study permits before admission114 4,220
Other permits before admission115 305
No pre-admission experience116 29,375
Visible minority
Total - Visible minority for the population in private households - 25% sample data117 435,290
Total visible minority population118 72,940
South Asian 16,765
Chinese 9,750
Black 20,565
Filipino 4,485
Arab 9,455
Latin American 2,255
Southeast Asian 1,860
West Asian 1,705
Korean 2,385
Japanese 760
Visible minority, n.i.e.119 775
Multiple visible minorities 2,190
Not a visible minority120 362,350
Ethnic or cultural origin
Total - Ethnic or cultural origin for the population in private households - 25% sample data121 435,290
Canadian 59,540
English 99,790
Irish 93,165
Scottish 104,235
French, n.o.s.122 50,630
German 39,275
Chinese 9,565
Italian 8,565
Indian (India) 10,945
Ukrainian 5,440
Dutch 11,480
Polish 5,750
Québécois 1,115
British Isles, n.o.s.123 16,630
Filipino 4,055
French Canadian 3,400
Caucasian (White), n.o.s.124 25,320
First Nations (North American Indian), n.o.s.125 5,485
Métis 6,310
European, n.o.s.126 22,640
Russian 2,805
Norwegian 3,175
Welsh 8,975
Portuguese 1,960
American 3,495
Spanish 2,550
Swedish 2,195
Hungarian 1,695
Acadian 19,585
Pakistani 1,055
African, n.o.s.127 5,755
Jewish 2,540
Punjabi 1,240
Vietnamese 1,135
Arab, n.o.s.128 3,080
Greek 2,170
Jamaican 1,285
Asian, n.o.s.129 2,265
Cree, n.o.s.130 515
Korean 2,110
Romanian 795
Lebanese 4,970
Iranian 1,065
Christian, n.i.e.131 1,190
Danish 1,800
North American Indigenous, n.o.s.132 2,725
Sikh 785
Austrian 1,095
Belgian 1,290
Haitian 110
Hindu 1,210
Mexican 595
Mennonite 190
Swiss 1,395
Finnish 760
Sri Lankan 415
Croatian 595
Japanese 850
South Asian, n.o.s.133 825
Mi'kmaq, n.o.s.134 6,100
Northern European, n.o.s.135 1,870
Muslim 695
Egyptian 1,210
Latin, Central or South American, n.o.s.136 655
Tamil 340
Icelandic 450
Colombian 390
Moroccan 230
Czech 605
Syrian 1,955
Guyanese 405
Afghan 215
Black, n.o.s.137 2,825
Serbian 310
Ojibway 280
Newfoundlander 3,720
Hong Konger 190
Ontarian 675
Persian 380
Trinidadian/Tobagonian 415
Turkish 590
Inuit, n.o.s.138 820
Bangladeshi 680
Algerian 35
Brazilian 530
Nigerian 960
Armenian 240
Slovak 375
Eastern European, n.o.s.139 1,000
Somali 200
Taiwanese 240
Iraqi 270
Salvadorean 95
African Caribbean 685
East or Southeast Asian, n.o.s.140 470
West or Central Asian or Middle Eastern, n.o.s.141 1,715
Caribbean, n.o.s.142 355
Algonquin 130
West Indian, n.o.s.143 425
Lithuanian 395
South African 415
Australian 350
Palestinian 740
Chilean 200
Congolese 360
Nova Scotian 9,915
Ethiopian 290
Hispanic, n.o.s.144 210
Peruvian 135
Yoruba 850
Cambodian (Khmer) 60
Berber 50
Albanian 475
Maltese 285
Macedonian 110
Slovenian 145
Western European, n.o.s.145 1,200
New Brunswicker 810
Gujarati 245
Eritrean 135
African Canadian 3,840
Israeli 410
Mohawk 285
Czechoslovakian, n.o.s.146 220
Bulgarian 250
Albertan 125
Ghanaian 195
Barbadian 470
African American 715
Yugoslavian, n.o.s.147 170
Tunisian 60
Slavic, n.o.s.148 265
Cuban 205
Bosnian 275
Venezuelan 125
Innu/Montagnais, n.o.s.149 90
Latvian 335
Bengali 185
Cameroonian 40
Guatemalan 65
Indonesian 215
Laotian 15
Ilocano 65
Northern Irish 230
Celtic, n.o.s.150 1,075
British Columbian 110
Ecuadorian 95
Franco Ontarian 85
Argentinian 75
Estonian 225
Kurdish 280
Fijian 0
Jatt 85
North American, n.o.s.151 525
Coptic 45
Thai 150
Dominican 125
Nepali 215
Kabyle 0
Assyrian 45
Igbo 310
Byelorussian 150
Dene, n.o.s.152 10
Blackfoot, n.o.s.153 190
Abenaki 100
Moldovan 30
Iroquois (Haudenosaunee), n.o.s.154 150
New Zealander 170
Sudanese 110
Breton 35
Pennsylvania Dutch 60
Malaysian 120
Plains Cree 10
North African, n.o.s.155 130
Huron (Wendat) 50
Saskatchewanian 80
Buddhist 85
Gaspesian 10
Norman 100
Southern or East African, n.o.s.156 65
Ivorian 10
Saulteaux 10
Anishinaabe, n.o.s.157 70
Burundian 30
Tigrinya 35
Nicaraguan 30
Mauritian 80
Kenyan 215
Oji-Cree 0
Vincentian 20
Jordanian 170
Manitoban 50
Cape Bretoner 1,975
Rwandan 90
Grenadian 40
Malayali 155
Chaldean 0
Sinhalese 70
Mayan 50
Honduran 15
Cherokee 190
Qalipu Mi'kmaq 495
Indo-Caribbean 115
Flemish 130
United Empire Loyalist 220
Senegalese 25
Azerbaijani 60
Sicilian 45
Pashtun 60
Malay 90
Goan 30
Bantu, n.o.s.158 50
Tibetan 20
Zimbabwean 120
Burmese 90
Mongolian 125
Azorean 15
Atikamekw 0
Bamileke 0
Indo-Guyanese 20
Ugandan 95
Oromo 115
Tanzanian 35
Yemeni 160
Central African 30
Libyan 405
Basque 115
Uruguayan 20
Akan, n.o.s.159 60
Central or West African, n.o.s.160 190
Igorot 115
Fulani 0
Woodland Cree 0
Guinean 0
St. Lucian 40
Prince Edward Islander 435
Maliseet 70
Beninese 15
Telugu 110
Roma 85
Costa Rican 25
African Nova Scotian 2,595
Malagasy 15
Kashmiri 25
Singaporean 25
Karen 0
Edo 35
Tajik 15
Amhara 30
Paraguayan 15
Religion
Total - Religion for the population in private households - 25% sample data161 435,290
Buddhist 2,195
Christian 231,255
Christian, n.o.s.162 22,700
Anabaptist 100
Anglican 36,470
Baptist 16,090
Catholic 102,325
Christian Orthodox 3,645
Jehovah's Witness 1,540
Latter Day Saints 675
Lutheran 1,485
Methodist and Wesleyan (Holiness) 2,105
Pentecostal and other Charismatic 3,660
Presbyterian 3,940
Reformed 220
United Church 28,125
Other Christian and Christian-related traditions 8,180
Hindu 6,840
Jewish 1,750
Muslim 13,220
Sikh 3,495
Traditional (North American Indigenous) spirituality 210
Other religions and spiritual traditions 3,315
No religion and secular perspectives 173,005
Mobility status 1 year ago
Total - Mobility status 1 year ago - 25% sample data163 431,555
Non-movers 366,785
Movers 64,765
Non-migrants 44,685
Migrants 20,080
Internal migrants 16,085
Intraprovincial migrants 3,850
Interprovincial migrants 12,235
External migrants 4,000
Mobility status 5 years ago
Total - Mobility status 5 years ago - 25% sample data164 415,495
Non-movers 237,185
Movers 178,310
Non-migrants 101,130
Migrants 77,180
Internal migrants 49,965
Intraprovincial migrants 14,880
Interprovincial migrants 35,085
External migrants 27,215
Secondary (high) school diploma or equivalency certificate
Total - Secondary (high) school diploma or equivalency certificate for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data165 370,350
No high school diploma or equivalency certificate 50,930
With high school diploma or equivalency certificate166 319,425
Total - Secondary (high) school diploma or equivalency certificate for the population aged 25 to 64 years in private households - 25% sample data165 243,330
No high school diploma or equivalency certificate 19,500
With high school diploma or equivalency certificate166 223,825
Highest certificate, diploma or degree
Total - Highest certificate, diploma or degree for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data165 370,355
No certificate, diploma or degree 44,735
High (secondary) school diploma or equivalency certificate167 93,630
Postsecondary certificate, diploma or degree 231,985
Postsecondary certificate or diploma below bachelor level 107,290
Apprenticeship or trades certificate or diploma 24,760
Non-apprenticeship trades certificate or diploma168 13,400
Apprenticeship certificate169 11,360
College, CEGEP or other non-university certificate or diploma170 73,220
University certificate or diploma below bachelor level 9,310
Bachelor's degree or higher 124,695
Bachelor's degree 81,385
University certificate or diploma above bachelor level 7,265
Degree in medicine, dentistry, veterinary medicine or optometry 3,045
Master's degree 28,345
Earned doctorate171 4,650
Total - Highest certificate, diploma or degree for the population aged 25 to 64 years in private households - 25% sample data165 243,330
No certificate, diploma or degree 16,290
High (secondary) school diploma or equivalency certificate167 52,070
Postsecondary certificate, diploma or degree 174,965
Postsecondary certificate or diploma below bachelor level 76,240
Apprenticeship or trades certificate or diploma 16,470
Non-apprenticeship trades certificate or diploma168 8,760
Apprenticeship certificate169 7,715
College, CEGEP or other non-university certificate or diploma170 53,930
University certificate or diploma below bachelor level 5,835
Bachelor's degree or higher 98,730
Bachelor's degree 64,145
University certificate or diploma above bachelor level 5,700
Degree in medicine, dentistry, veterinary medicine or optometry 2,395
Master's degree 23,065
Earned doctorate171 3,425
Major field of study - Classification of Instructional Programs (CIP) 2021
Total - Major field of study - Classification of Instructional Programs (CIP) 2021 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data172 370,355
No postsecondary certificate, diploma or degree173 138,365
Education 14,250
13. Education 14,250
Visual and performing arts, and communications technologies 7,490
10. Communications technologies/technicians and support services 1,020
50. Visual and performing arts 6,470
Humanities 12,740
16. Indigenous and foreign languages, literatures, and linguistics 765
23. English language and literature/letters 3,740
24. Liberal arts and sciences, general studies and humanities 2,850
30A Interdisciplinary humanities174 340
38. Philosophy and religious studies 945
39. Theology and religious vocations 1,025
54. History 2,425
55. French language and literature/lettersCAN 645
Social and behavioural sciences and law 27,655
05. Area, ethnic, cultural, gender, and group studies 405
09. Communication, journalism and related programs 3,145
19. Family and consumer sciences/human sciences 4,330
22. Legal professions and studies 3,965
30B Interdisciplinary social and behavioural sciences175 705
42. Psychology 6,000
45. Social sciences 9,115
Business, management and public administration 54,510
30.16 Accounting and computer science 100
44. Public administration and social service professions 3,415
52. Business, management, marketing and related support services 50,990
Physical and life sciences and technologies 12,130
26. Biological and biomedical sciences 5,535
30.01 Biological and physical sciences 2,795
30C Other interdisciplinary physical and life sciences176 255
40. Physical sciences 3,310
41. Science technologies/technicians 235
Mathematics, computer and information sciences 12,275
11. Computer and information sciences and support services 10,015
25. Library science 840
27. Mathematics and statistics 1,215
30D Interdisciplinary mathematics, computer and information sciences177 200
Architecture, engineering, and related trades 41,980
04. Architecture and related services 1,270
14. Engineering 10,795
15. Engineering/engineering-related technologies/technicians 9,945
30.12 Historic preservation and conservation 15
46. Construction trades 9,165
47. Mechanic and repair technologies/technicians 7,130
48. Precision production 3,665
Agriculture, natural resources and conservation 3,585
01. Agricultural and veterinary sciences/services/operations and related fields178 1,925
03. Natural resources and conservation 1,665
Health and related fields 32,355
30.37 Design for human health 0
31. Parks, recreation, leisure, fitness, and kinesiology 2,340
51. Health professions and related programs178 28,785
60. Health professions residency/fellowship programs 105
61. Medical residency/fellowship programs 1,120
Personal, protective and transportation services 12,975
12. Culinary, entertainment, and personal services 7,470
28. Military science, leadership and operational art 205
29. Military technologies and applied sciences 400
43. Security and protective services 2,035
49. Transportation and materials moving 2,870
Other179 45
Total - Major field of study - Classification of Instructional Programs (CIP) 2021 for the population aged 25 to 64 years in private households - 25% sample data172 243,330
No postsecondary certificate, diploma or degree173 68,365
Education 9,335
13. Education 9,335
Visual and performing arts, and communications technologies 6,130
10. Communications technologies/technicians and support services 825
50. Visual and performing arts 5,305
Humanities 9,545
16. Indigenous and foreign languages, literatures, and linguistics 570
23. English language and literature/letters 2,915
24. Liberal arts and sciences, general studies and humanities 2,135
30A Interdisciplinary humanities174 260
38. Philosophy and religious studies 735
39. Theology and religious vocations 650
54. History 1,800
55. French language and literature/lettersCAN 475
Social and behavioural sciences and law 22,255
05. Area, ethnic, cultural, gender, and group studies 300
09. Communication, journalism and related programs 2,750
19. Family and consumer sciences/human sciences 3,480
22. Legal professions and studies 3,200
30B Interdisciplinary social and behavioural sciences175 540
42. Psychology 4,800
45. Social sciences 7,175
Business, management and public administration 40,930
30.16 Accounting and computer science 75
44. Public administration and social service professions 2,565
52. Business, management, marketing and related support services 38,295
Physical and life sciences and technologies 8,740
26. Biological and biomedical sciences 4,015
30.01 Biological and physical sciences 2,025
30C Other interdisciplinary physical and life sciences176 230
40. Physical sciences 2,350
41. Science technologies/technicians 120
Mathematics, computer and information sciences 10,090
11. Computer and information sciences and support services 8,480
25. Library science 590
27. Mathematics and statistics 840
30D Interdisciplinary mathematics, computer and information sciences177 180
Architecture, engineering, and related trades 31,030
04. Architecture and related services 985
14. Engineering 8,255
15. Engineering/engineering-related technologies/technicians 7,275
30.12 Historic preservation and conservation 0
46. Construction trades 6,750
47. Mechanic and repair technologies/technicians 5,120
48. Precision production 2,630
Agriculture, natural resources and conservation 2,975
01. Agricultural and veterinary sciences/services/operations and related fields178 1,555
03. Natural resources and conservation 1,420
Health and related fields 24,200
30.37 Design for human health 0
31. Parks, recreation, leisure, fitness, and kinesiology 1,795
51. Health professions and related programs178 21,460
60. Health professions residency/fellowship programs 95
61. Medical residency/fellowship programs 845
Personal, protective and transportation services 9,700
12. Culinary, entertainment, and personal services 5,535
28. Military science, leadership and operational art 155
29. Military technologies and applied sciences 260
43. Security and protective services 1,605
49. Transportation and materials moving 2,150
Other179 40
Location of study compared with province or territory of residence
Total - Location of study compared with province or territory of residence for the population aged 25 to 64 years in private households - 25% sample data180 243,330
No postsecondary certificate, diploma or degree 68,365
Postsecondary certificate, diploma or degree181 174,965
Location of study inside Canada 152,495
Same as province or territory of residence 113,585
Different than province or territory of residence 38,905
Location of study outside Canada182 22,470
Americas 4,585
United States of America 3,240
Mexico 225
Cuba 65
Haiti 0
Jamaica 185
Brazil 390
Colombia 145
Peru 30
Venezuela95 40
Other locations of study in Americas 270
Europe 5,025
Belgium 70
France 185
Germany 280
Netherlands 110
Switzerland 60
Hungary 30
Moldova183 10
Poland 125
Romania 105
Russian Federation 355
Ukraine 245
Ireland96 170
United Kingdom87 2,610
Bosnia and Herzegovina 35
Italy 65
Serbia86 50
Other locations of study in Europe 515
Africa 1,835
Nigeria 660
Algeria 0
Morocco 40
Tunisia 15
Egypt 500
South Africa, Republic of 225
Other locations of study in Africa 395
Asia 10,525
Iran88 365
Iraq 105
Israel 275
Lebanon 255
Syria89 230
Turkey 140
China90 1,295
Taiwan 65
Hong Kong91 70
Japan 135
Korea, South92 795
Philippines 1,895
Viet Nam 150
Bangladesh 205
Sri Lanka 130
India 3,695
Pakistan 285
Other locations of study in Asia 445
Oceania 495
Australia 415
New Zealand 75
Other locations of study in Oceania 0
Labour force status
Total - Population aged 15 years and over by labour force status - 25% sample data184 370,355
In the labour force 242,690
Employed 215,070
Unemployed 27,620
Not in the labour force 127,665
Participation rate 65.5
Employment rate 58.1
Unemployment rate 11.4
Work activity during the reference year
Total - Population aged 15 years and over by work activity during the reference year - 25% sample data185 370,355
Did not work186 125,325
Worked 245,025
Worked full year full time187 137,945
Worked part year and/or part time188 107,090
Average weeks worked in reference year 41.8
Class of worker including job permanency
Total - Labour force aged 15 years and over by class of worker including job permanency - 25% sample data189 242,690
Class of worker - not applicable190 4,860
All classes of workers191 237,830
Employee 211,830
Permanent position 175,830
Temporary position 35,995
Fixed term (1 year or more) 12,940
Casual, seasonal or short-term position (less than 1 year) 23,060
Self-employed192 26,005
Occupation - Broad category - National Occupational Classification (NOC) 2021
Total - Labour force aged 15 years and over by occupation - Broad category - National Occupational Classification (NOC) 2021 - 25% sample data193 242,690
Occupation - not applicable190 4,860
All occupations191 237,830
0 Legislative and senior management occupations 3,240
1 Business, finance and administration occupations 43,080
2 Natural and applied sciences and related occupations 22,235
3 Health occupations 21,510
4 Occupations in education, law and social, community and government services 35,685
5 Occupations in art, culture, recreation and sport 8,275
6 Sales and service occupations 61,755
7 Trades, transport and equipment operators and related occupations 34,695
8 Natural resources, agriculture and related production occupations 2,730
9 Occupations in manufacturing and utilities 4,635
Industry - Sectors - North American Industry Classification System (NAICS) 2017
Total - Labour force aged 15 years and over by industry - Sectors - North American Industry Classification System (NAICS) 2017 - 25% sample data194 242,690
Industry - not applicable190 4,860
All industries191 237,830
11 Agriculture, forestry, fishing and hunting 1,725
21 Mining, quarrying, and oil and gas extraction 835
22 Utilities 2,035
23 Construction 16,235
31-33 Manufacturing 10,160
41 Wholesale trade 6,290
44-45 Retail trade 27,065
48-49 Transportation and warehousing 10,575
51 Information and cultural industries 5,850
52 Finance and insurance 12,125
53 Real estate and rental and leasing 4,190
54 Professional, scientific and technical services 22,110
55 Management of companies and enterprises 410
56 Administrative and support, waste management and remediation services 11,575
61 Educational services 20,065
62 Health care and social assistance 32,610
71 Arts, entertainment and recreation 4,760
72 Accommodation and food services 14,940
81 Other services (except public administration) 9,330
91 Public administration 24,935
All languages used at work
Total - All languages used at work for the population in private households aged 15 years and over who worked since January 1, 2020 - 25% sample data195 261,100
English 249,335
French 1,075
Non-official language 600
Indigenous39 0
Non-Indigenous 600
English and French 6,625
English and non-official language(s) 3,235
French and non-official language(s) 0
English, French and non-official language(s) 200
Multiple non-official languages 15
Language used most often at work
Total - Language used most often at work for the population aged 15 years and over who worked since January 1, 2020, in private households, 2021 Census - 25% sample data196 261,100
Single responses 259,755
Official languages 258,595
English 256,725
French 1,870
Non-official languages 1,160
Indigenous languages39 0
Algonquian languages 0
Blackfoot 0
Cree-Innu languages 0
Atikamekw 0
Cree languages 0
Ililimowin (Moose Cree) 0
Inu Ayimun (Southern East Cree) 0
Iyiyiw-Ayimiwin (Northern East Cree) 0
Nehinawewin (Swampy Cree) 0
Nehiyawewin (Plains Cree) 0
Nihithawiwin (Woods Cree) 0
Cree, n.o.s. 0
Innu (Montagnais) 0
Naskapi 0
Eastern Algonquian languages 0
Mi'kmaq 0
Wolastoqewi (Malecite) 0
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 0
Anicinabemowin (Algonquin) 0
Oji-Cree 0
Ojibway languages 0
Anishinaabemowin (Chippewa) 0
Daawaamwin (Odawa) 0
Saulteau (Western Ojibway) 0
Ojibway, n.o.s. 0
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 0
Athabaskan languages 0
Northern Athabaskan languages 0
Dakelh (Carrier) 0
Dane-zaa (Beaver) 0
Dene, n.o.s. 0
Gwich'in 0
Slavey-Hare languages 0
Deh Gah Ghotie Zhatie (South Slavey) 0
Satuotine Yati (North Slavey) 0
Slavey, n.o.s. 0
Tahltan languages 0
Tlicho (Dogrib) 0
Tse'khene (Sekani) 0
Tsilhqot'in (Chilcotin) 0
Tsuu T'ina (Sarsi) 0
Tutchone languages 0
Northern Tutchone 0
Southern Tutchone 0
Tutchone, n.o.s. 0
Wetsuwet'en-Babine 0
Tlingit 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0
Haida 0
Inuktut (Inuit) languages 0
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 0
Inuinnaqtun 0
Inuvialuktun 0
Inuktitut 0
Inuktut (Inuit) languages, n.i.e. 0
Iroquoian languages 0
Mohawk 0
Oneida 0
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 0
Ktunaxa (Kutenai) 0
Michif 0
Salish languages 0
Halkomelem 0
Lillooet 0
Ntlakapamux (Thompson) 0
Secwepemctsin (Shuswap) 0
Squamish 0
Straits 0
Syilx (Okanagan) 0
Salish languages, n.i.e. 0
Siouan languages 0
Assiniboine 0
Dakota 0
Stoney 0
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 0
Tsimshian languages 0
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 0
Nisga'a 0
Tsimshian 0
Wakashan languages 0
Haisla 0
Heiltsuk 0
Kwak'wala (Kwakiutl) 0
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0
Indigenous languages, n.i.e. 0
Indigenous languages, n.o.s. 0
Non-Indigenous languages 1,160
Afro-Asiatic languages 115
Berber languages 0
Kabyle 0
Tamazight 0
Berber languages, n.i.e. 0
Chadic languages 0
Coptic 0
Cushitic languages 0
Bilen 0
Oromo 0
Somali 0
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 0
Semitic languages 115
Amharic 0
Arabic 110
Aramaic languages 0
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 0
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 0
Aramaic, n.o.s. 0
Hebrew 0
Tigrigna 0
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 0
Austro-Asiatic languages 40
Khmer (Cambodian) 0
Vietnamese 40
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 0
Austronesian languages 30
Bikol 0
Bisaya, n.o.s. 0
Cebuano 0
Hiligaynon 0
Ilocano 0
Indonesian 0
Kankanaey 0
Malagasy languages 0
Malay 0
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 0
Pangasinan 0
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 25
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 0
Creole languages 0
Haitian Creole 0
Jamaican English Creole 0
Morisyen 0
Creole, n.o.s. 0
Creole languages, n.i.e. 0
Dravidian languages 10
Kannada 0
Malayalam 10
Tamil 0
Telugu 0
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 0
Georgian 0
Indo-European languages 285
Albanian 0
Armenian 0
Balto-Slavic languages 25
Baltic languages 0
Latvian 0
Lithuanian 0
Slavic languages 25
Bulgarian 0
Czech 0
Macedonian 0
Polish 0
Russian 20
Serbo-Croatian 0
Bosnian 0
Croatian 0
Serbian 0
Serbo-Croatian, n.i.e. 0
Slovak 0
Slovene (Slovenian) 0
Ukrainian 0
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 0
Celtic languages 10
Scottish Gaelic 10
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 0
Germanic languages 60
Frisian 0
High German languages 45
German 45
Pennsylvania German 0
Swiss German 0
Yiddish 0
Low Saxon-Low Franconian languages 0
Afrikaans 0
Dutch 0
Low German, n.o.s. 0
Low Saxon 0
Plautdietsch 0
Vlaams (Flemish) 0
Scandinavian languages 0
Danish 0
Icelandic 0
Norwegian 0
Swedish 0
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 0
Greek 10
Indo-Iranian languages 85
Indo-Aryan languages 65
Bengali 0
Gujarati 0
Hindi 0
Kacchi 0
Marathi 0
Nepali 35
Punjabi (Panjabi) 10
Sindhi 0
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 10
Urdu 0
Indo-Aryan languages, n.i.e. 0
Iranian languages 15
Kurdish 0
Pashto 0
Persian languages 15
Dari 0
Iranian Persian 0
Persian (Farsi), n.o.s. 0
Iranian languages, n.i.e. 0
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 0
Italic (Romance) languages 95
Catalan 0
Italian 0
Portuguese 35
Romanian 0
Spanish 60
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 0
Indo-European languages, n.i.e. 0
Japanese 10
Korean 35
Mongolian 0
Niger-Congo languages 30
Akan (Twi) 0
Edo 0
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 0
Ga 0
Ganda 0
Igbo 0
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 0
Lingala 0
Rundi (Kirundi) 0
Shona 0
Swahili 25
Wolof 0
Yoruba 0
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 0
Nilo-Saharan languages 0
Dinka 0
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 0
Sign languages 50
American Sign Language 40
Quebec Sign Language 0
Sign languages, n.i.e. 0
Sino-Tibetan languages 520
Chinese languages 520
Hakka 0
Mandarin 415
Min Dong 0
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 0
Wu (Shanghainese) 0
Yue (Cantonese) 90
Chinese, n.o.s. 20
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 0
Tibeto-Burman languages 0
Burmese 0
Karenic languages 0
S'gaw Karen 0
Karenic languages, n.i.e. 0
Tibetan 0
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 0
Sino-Tibetan languages, n.i.e. 0
Tai-Kadai languages 0
Lao 0
Thai 0
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e. 0
Turkic languages 15
Azerbaijani 0
Turkish 15
Uyghur 0
Uzbek 0
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 0
Uralic languages 0
Estonian 0
Finnish 0
Hungarian 0
Other languages, n.i.e. 0
Multiple responses 1,350
English and French 730
English and non-official language(s) 600
French and non-official language(s) 0
English, French and non-official language(s) 0
Multiple non-official languages 10
Other language(s) used regularly at work
Total - Other language(s) used regularly at work for the population in private households aged 15 years and over who worked since January 1, 2020 - 25% sample data197 261,100
None 252,290
English 1,310
French 5,120
Non-official language 2,000
Indigenous39 35
Non-Indigenous 1,965
English and French 0
English and non-official language(s) 20
French and non-official language(s) 175
English, French and non-official language(s) 0
Multiple non-official languages 180
Place of work status
Total - Place of work status for the employed labour force aged 15 years and over - 25% sample data198 215,070
Worked at home 59,655
Worked outside Canada 635
No fixed workplace address 24,710
Usual place of work 130,070
Commuting destination
Total - Commuting destination for the employed labour force aged 15 years and over with a usual place of work - 25% sample data199 130,070
Commute within census subdivision (CSD) of residence 125,585
Commute to a different census subdivision (CSD) within census division (CD) of residence 60
Commute to a different census subdivision (CSD) and census division (CD) within province or territory of residence 3,285
Commute to a different province or territory 1,140
Main mode of commuting
Total - Main mode of commuting for the employed labour force aged 15 years and over with a usual place of work or no fixed workplace address - 25% sample data200 154,785
Car, truck or van 126,110
Car, truck or van - as a driver 114,120
Car, truck or van - as a passenger 11,990
Public transit 12,540
Walked 11,250
Bicycle 1,145
Other method 3,735
Commuting duration
Total - Commuting duration for the employed labour force aged 15 years and over with a usual place of work or no fixed workplace address - 25% sample data201 154,785
Less than 15 minutes 47,095
15 to 29 minutes 67,245
30 to 44 minutes 27,645
45 to 59 minutes 6,715
60 minutes and over 6,080
Time leaving for work
Total - Time leaving for work for the employed labour force aged 15 years and over with a usual place of work or no fixed workplace address - 25% sample data202 154,785
Between 5 a.m. and 5:59 a.m. 8,040
Between 6 a.m. and 6:59 a.m. 30,860
Between 7 a.m. and 7:59 a.m. 45,715
Between 8 a.m. and 8:59 a.m. 32,690
Between 9 a.m. and 11:59 a.m. 17,690
Between 12 p.m. and 4:59 a.m. 19,785
Children eligible for instruction in the minority official language
Total - Eligibility for instruction in the minority official language for the population in private households born in 2003 or later - 100% data203 79,305
Children eligible for instruction in the minority official language 8,285
Children not eligible for instruction in the minority official language 71,020
Eligibility and instruction in the minority official language for school-aged children
Total - Eligibility and instruction in the minority official language, for the population in private households born between 2003 and 2015 (inclusive) - 100% data204 58,000
Children eligible for instruction in the minority official language 6,190
Eligible children who have been instructed in the minority official language at the primary or secondary level in Canada 3,980
Eligible children who have not been instructed in the minority official language at the primary or secondary level in Canada 2,210
Children not eligible for instruction in the minority official language 51,805

Symbol legend

Source

Source: Statistics Canada, 2021 Census of Population.

How to cite

How to cite: Statistics Canada. 2023. (table). Census Profile. 2021 Census of Population. Statistics Canada Catalogue no. 98-316-X2021001. Ottawa. Released November 15, 2023.
https://www12.statcan.gc.ca/census-recensement/2021/dp-pd/prof/index.cfm?Lang=E (accessed April 18, 2024).

Note(s):

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