Census Profile, 2021 Census of Population
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Topic:
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Age
Age characteristics
Commuting
Select all: Commuting
Commuting destination
Commuting duration
Main mode of commuting
Place of work status
Time leaving for work
Education
Select all: Education
Highest certificate, diploma or degree
Location of study compared with province or territory of residence
Major field of study - Classification of Instructional Programs (CIP) 2021
Secondary (high) school diploma or equivalency certificate
Ethnocultural and religious diversity
Select all: Ethnocultural and religious diversity
Ethnic or cultural origin
Religion
Visible minority
Families, households, and marital status
Select all: Families, households, and marital status
Family characteristics
Household type
Marital status
Housing
Household characteristics
Immigration, place of birth, and citizenship
Select all: Immigration, place of birth, and citizenship
Admission category and applicant type
Age at immigration
Citizenship
Generation status
Immigrant status and period of immigration
Pre-admission experience
Selected places of birth for the immigrant population
Selected places of birth for the recent immigrant population
Income
Select all: Income
Income of economic families in 2020
Income of households in 2020
Income of individuals in 2019
Income of individuals in 2020
Low income and income inequality in 2020
Indigenous peoples
Select all: Indigenous peoples
Indigenous ancestry
Indigenous population
Instruction in the minority official language
Select all: Instruction in the minority official language
Children eligible for instruction in the minority official language
Eligibility and instruction in the minority official language for school-aged children
Labour
Select all: Labour
Class of worker including job permanency
Industry - Sectors - North American Industry Classification System (NAICS) 2017
Labour force status
Occupation - Broad category - National Occupational Classification (NOC) 2021
Work activity during the reference year
Language
Select all: Language
All languages spoken at home
First official language spoken
Knowledge of languages
Knowledge of official languages
Language spoken most often at home
Mother tongue
Other language spoken regularly at home
Language of work
Select all: Language of work
All languages used at work
Language used most often at work
Other language(s) used regularly at work
Mobility and migration
Select all: Mobility and migration
Mobility status 1 year ago
Mobility status 5 years ago
Population and dwelling counts
Population and dwellings
Type of dwelling
Household and dwelling characteristics
GenderMore information:


Statistic:
Characteristic Brampton, City (CY)More information:
Ontario
[Census subdivision]
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Toronto, City (C)More information:
Ontario
[Census subdivision]
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OntarioMore information:

[Province]
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Counts Counts Counts
Total Total Total
Population and dwellings
Population, 20211 656,480 2,794,356 14,223,942
Population, 20161 593,638 2,731,571 13,448,494
Population percentage change, 2016 to 2021 10.6 2.3 5.8
Total private dwellings2 189,086 1,253,238 5,929,250
Private dwellings occupied by usual residents3 182,472 1,160,892 5,491,201
Population density per square kilometre 2,469.0 4,427.8 15.9
Land area in square kilometres 265.89 631.10 892,411.76
Age characteristics
Total - Age groups of the population - 100% data 656,480 2,794,355 14,223,945
0 to 14 years 117,660 384,295 2,251,795
0 to 4 years 35,770 123,550 683,515
5 to 9 years 39,580 129,040 764,430
10 to 14 years 42,305 131,710 803,850
15 to 64 years 456,990 1,933,075 9,334,440
15 to 19 years 42,890 134,810 801,455
20 to 24 years 56,715 185,650 895,600
25 to 29 years 54,010 243,955 975,400
30 to 34 years 49,020 246,785 981,210
35 to 39 years 48,645 213,810 948,030
40 to 44 years 45,850 185,820 890,160
45 to 49 years 43,525 175,875 894,580
50 to 54 years 41,900 184,060 941,270
55 to 59 years 40,550 191,380 1,040,160
60 to 64 years 33,890 170,935 966,575
65 years and over 81,830 476,985 2,637,710
65 to 69 years 27,185 141,550 813,215
70 to 74 years 22,655 118,910 691,280
75 to 79 years 14,905 81,880 469,485
80 to 84 years 9,310 62,790 325,110
85 years and over 7,780 71,855 338,620
85 to 89 years 5,065 42,430 205,480
90 to 94 years 2,085 22,155 101,430
95 to 99 years 535 6,400 28,000
100 years and over 95 875 3,705
Total - Distribution (%) of the population by broad age groups - 100% data 100.0 100.0 100.0
0 to 14 years 17.9 13.8 15.8
15 to 64 years 69.6 69.2 65.6
65 years and over 12.5 17.1 18.5
85 years and over 1.2 2.6 2.4
Average age of the population 37.5 41.5 41.8
Median age of the population 36.0 39.6 41.6
Household and dwelling characteristics
Total - Occupied private dwellings by structural type of dwelling - 100% data 182,475 1,160,890 5,491,200
Single-detached house 96,020 270,490 2,942,990
Semi-detached house 24,750 71,955 303,260
Row house 23,055 62,915 505,265
Apartment or flat in a duplex 11,960 47,810 181,030
Apartment in a building that has fewer than five storeys 8,045 162,245 548,785
Apartment in a building that has five or more storeys 18,585 542,625 984,665
Other single-attached house 35 2,770 10,220
Movable dwelling4 20 85 14,985
Total - Private households by household size - 100% data 182,470 1,160,895 5,491,205
1 person 22,140 385,765 1,452,540
2 persons 35,990 353,415 1,798,040
3 persons 34,145 178,225 872,480
4 persons 42,935 147,360 825,445
5 or more persons 47,265 96,120 542,700
Number of persons in private households 650,165 2,761,285 14,031,750
Average household size 3.6 2.4 2.6
Marital status
Total - Marital status for the total population aged 15 years and over - 100% data 538,820 2,410,060 11,972,145
Married or living common-law 305,995 1,213,410 6,769,725
Married 288,065 1,020,980 5,738,390
Living common-law 17,930 192,430 1,031,340
Living common law - Never married 12,200 155,085 727,825
Living common law - Separated 1,130 5,745 55,440
Living common law - Divorced 4,230 29,020 220,445
Living common law - Widowed 370 2,580 27,625
Not married and not living common-law 232,825 1,196,645 5,202,420
Not married and not living common law - Never married 178,220 853,580 3,515,215
Not married and not living common law - Separated 11,700 67,320 333,775
Not married and not living common law - Divorced 20,420 154,535 695,630
Not married and not living common law - Widowed 22,485 121,210 657,800
Family characteristics
Total - Census families in private households by family size - 100% data5 175,190 733,225 3,969,670
2 persons 61,555 362,160 1,936,595
3 persons 43,135 174,070 877,660
4 persons 50,440 141,635 811,380
5 or more persons 20,060 55,360 344,035
Average size of census families 3.2 2.9 2.9
Average number of children in census families with children6 1.9 1.7 1.8
Total number of census families in private households - 100% data 175,190 733,220 3,969,670
Total couple families 145,685 580,590 3,291,560
Married couples 136,740 484,435 2,776,165
With children6 95,185 288,375 1,571,480
Without children 41,550 196,060 1,204,680
Common-law couples 8,945 96,155 515,395
With children6 4,835 24,805 189,835
Without children 4,110 71,350 325,560
Total one-parent families 29,505 152,635 678,110
in which the parent is a woman+ 24,045 127,560 538,450
in which the parent is a man+ 5,460 25,075 139,660
Total - Persons in private households - 100% data 650,165 2,761,290 14,031,750
Total - Persons in census families 560,540 2,108,975 11,601,460
Married spouses or common-law partners 291,370 1,161,175 6,583,120
Parents in one-parent families 29,505 152,635 678,110
Children6 239,665 795,165 4,340,235
In a two-parent family 190,215 560,345 3,281,460
In a one-parent family 49,455 234,820 1,058,775
Total - Persons not in census families in private households - 100% data 89,620 652,310 2,430,295
Living alone 22,140 385,765 1,452,540
Living with other relatives7 32,630 93,005 388,780
Living with non-relatives only 34,855 173,540 588,970
Household type
Total - Household type - 100% data 182,470 1,160,895 5,491,200
One-census-family households without additional persons 107,805 608,930 3,347,195
Couple-family households 91,145 493,770 2,841,660
With children6 67,170 265,950 1,517,365
Without children 23,975 227,825 1,324,295
One-parent-family households 16,660 115,160 505,535
Multigenerational households8 26,070 40,515 221,120
Multiple-census-family households9 5,170 9,920 45,215
One-census-family households with additional persons9 12,475 41,030 184,430
Two-or-more-person non-census-family households 8,815 74,730 240,700
One-person households 22,140 385,765 1,452,540
Income of individuals in 2020
Total - Income statistics in 2020 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data10 532,540 2,377,950 11,782,845
Number of total income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2020 - 100% data 500,240 2,267,990 11,294,815
Median total income in 2020 among recipients ($) 36,000 39,200 41,200
Number of after-tax income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2020 - 100% data 500,560 2,268,960 11,300,805
Median after-tax income in 2020 among recipients ($) 33,600 36,000 37,200
Number of market income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2020 - 100% data 432,390 1,971,475 10,010,415
Median market income in 2020 among recipients ($) 31,200 35,600 36,000
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2020 - 100% data 380,545 1,628,895 8,153,180
Median employment income in 2020 among recipients ($) 33,200 38,800 38,000
Number of government transfers recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2020 - 100% data 461,840 2,073,950 10,239,835
Median government transfers in 2020 among recipients ($) 7,600 8,500 8,900
Number of employment insurance benefits recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2020 - 100% data 52,630 215,780 1,054,225
Median employment insurance benefits in 2020 among recipients ($) 5,520 5,560 5,600
Number of COVID-19 emergency and recovery benefits recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2020 - 100% data 192,515 751,475 3,327,770
Median COVID-19 emergency and recovery benefits in 2020 among recipients ($) 8,000 10,000 8,000
Total - Income statistics in 2020 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data11 532,540 2,377,950 11,782,820
Number of total income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2020 - 25% sample data 500,280 2,268,720 11,296,770
Average total income in 2020 among recipients ($) 45,400 62,050 56,350
Number of after-tax income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2020 - 25% sample data 500,575 2,269,665 11,302,690
Average after-tax income in 2020 among recipients ($) 39,040 49,080 46,280
Number of market income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2020 - 25% sample data 432,585 1,972,460 10,011,345
Average market income in 2020 among recipients ($) 41,640 60,300 52,700
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2020 - 25% sample data 380,545 1,628,885 8,153,185
Average employment income in 2020 among recipients ($) 42,720 60,100 52,600
Number of government transfers recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2020 - 25% sample data 461,895 2,074,670 10,242,610
Average government transfers in 2020 among recipients ($) 10,170 10,500 10,640
Number of employment insurance benefits recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2020 - 25% sample data 52,810 214,715 1,052,985
Average employment insurance benefits in 2020 among recipients ($) 6,600 6,470 6,640
Number of COVID-19 emergency and recovery benefits recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2020 - 25% sample data 192,260 751,260 3,321,155
Average COVID-19 emergency and recovery benefits in 2020 among recipients ($) 9,200 10,060 9,300
Total - Employment income statistics in 2020 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data12 532,545 2,377,945 11,782,825
Number of employment income recipients in 2020 who worked full-year full-time in 2020 - 25% sample data13 171,290 764,215 3,865,695
Median employment income in 2020 for full-year full-time workers in 2020 ($)14 57,600 69,500 67,000
Average employment income in 2020 for full-year full-time workers in 2020 ($)15 65,500 95,900 82,400
Number of employment income recipients in 2020 who worked part-year or part-time in 2020 - 25% sample data16 147,580 628,025 3,112,160
Median employment income in 2020 of those who worked part-year or part-time in 2020 ($) 18,000 17,200 17,400
Average employment income in 2020 of those who worked part-year or part-time in 2020 ($) 26,120 31,080 28,520
Composition of total income in 2020 of the population aged 15 years and over in private households (%) - 25% sample data17 100.0 100.0 100.0
Market income (%)18 79.4 84.6 82.8
Employment income (%)19 71.6 69.6 67.4
Government transfers (%)20 20.7 15.5 17.1
Employment insurance benefits (%) 1.5 1.0 1.1
COVID-19 - Government income support and benefits (%) 8.6 5.9 5.5
COVID-19 - Emergency and recovery benefits (%) 7.8 5.4 4.9
Total - Total income groups in 2020 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data21 532,545 2,377,950 11,782,845
Without total income 32,305 109,960 488,030
With total income 500,240 2,267,990 11,294,815
Under $10,000 (including loss) 52,380 211,890 977,950
$10,000 to $19,999 70,135 278,135 1,383,475
$20,000 to $29,999 84,640 383,760 1,752,040
$30,000 to $39,999 67,280 278,910 1,388,215
$40,000 to $49,999 55,705 221,305 1,190,885
$50,000 to $59,999 43,595 177,155 985,270
$60,000 to $69,999 32,670 138,600 782,980
$70,000 to $79,999 24,225 111,165 612,620
$80,000 to $89,999 18,875 90,210 477,445
$90,000 to $99,999 13,820 73,405 385,830
$100,000 and over 36,925 303,450 1,358,115
$100,000 to $149,999 28,645 174,940 897,615
$150,000 and over 8,285 128,510 460,495
Total - After-tax income groups in 2020 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data22 532,545 2,377,950 11,782,845
Without after-tax income 31,985 108,985 482,035
With after-tax income 500,555 2,268,965 11,300,805
Under $10,000 (including loss) 53,445 219,695 1,025,995
$10,000 to $19,999 73,005 290,385 1,442,850
$20,000 to $29,999 95,105 427,315 1,967,040
$30,000 to $39,999 78,325 317,215 1,621,120
$40,000 to $49,999 63,045 254,390 1,384,490
$50,000 to $59,999 45,395 191,895 1,068,365
$60,000 to $69,999 31,550 144,175 782,135
$70,000 to $79,999 21,485 107,625 572,210
$80,000 to $89,999 15,585 85,860 457,650
$90,000 to $99,999 8,905 54,710 280,640
$100,000 and over 14,700 175,685 698,310
$100,000 to $124,999 8,975 72,650 344,450
$125,000 and over 5,725 103,035 353,860
Total - Employment income groups in 2020 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data19 532,545 2,377,950 11,782,845
Without employment income 152,000 749,060 3,629,670
With employment income 380,545 1,628,890 8,153,175
Under $5,000 (including loss) 49,180 233,535 1,218,885
$5,000 to $9,999 36,505 149,810 688,670
$10,000 to $19,999 50,405 182,800 928,840
$20,000 to $29,999 40,825 134,370 696,570
$30,000 to $39,999 37,570 131,130 677,110
$40,000 to $49,999 35,760 128,965 672,005
$50,000 to $59,999 30,145 117,230 611,665
$60,000 to $69,999 24,110 98,370 519,955
$70,000 to $79,999 18,790 81,720 419,875
$80,000 to $89,999 15,275 69,910 352,235
$90,000 to $99,999 11,655 61,540 316,750
$100,000 and over 30,340 239,510 1,050,620
$100,000 to $124,999 17,440 94,895 489,720
$125,000 and over 12,900 144,610 560,895
Income of individuals in 2019
Total - Income statistics in 2019 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data23 532,540 2,377,950 11,782,845
Number of total income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2019 - 100% data 483,735 2,210,875 11,051,405
Median total income in 2019 among recipients ($) 33,200 36,400 39,200
Number of after-tax income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2019 - 100% data 483,795 2,211,340 11,055,345
Median after-tax income in 2019 among recipients ($) 31,000 33,600 35,600
Number of market income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2019 - 100% data 422,970 1,937,590 9,877,245
Median market income in 2019 among recipients ($) 33,200 37,200 37,600
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2019 - 100% data 376,950 1,619,820 8,159,090
Median employment income in 2019 among recipients ($) 34,800 39,200 38,800
Number of government transfers recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2019 - 100% data 428,565 1,945,410 9,643,335
Median government transfers in 2019 among recipients ($) 1,380 1,300 2,200
Number of employment insurance benefits recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2019 -100% data 31,940 112,960 723,990
Median employment insurance benefits in 2019 among recipients ($) 5,800 6,080 5,640
Total - Income statistics in 2019 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data24 532,540 2,377,950 11,782,820
Number of total income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2019 - 25% sample data 483,660 2,211,540 11,053,285
Average total income in 2019 among recipients ($) 42,360 59,500 53,800
Number of after-tax income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2019 - 25% sample data 483,730 2,211,955 11,057,080
Average after-tax income in 2019 among recipients ($) 36,360 46,960 44,080
Number of market income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2019 - 25% sample data 422,595 1,937,680 9,878,270
Average market income in 2019 among recipients ($) 42,480 61,500 53,250
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2019 - 25% sample data 376,825 1,620,165 8,160,870
Average employment income in 2019 among recipients ($) 43,120 60,200 52,700
Number of government transfers recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2019 - 25% sample data 428,760 1,946,775 9,644,415
Average government transfers in 2019 among recipients ($) 5,890 6,335 7,150
Number of employment insurance benefits recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2019 - 25% sample data 31,750 113,735 725,250
Average employment insurance benefits in 2019 among recipients ($) 7,610 7,670 7,340
Total - Employment income statistics in 2019 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data25 532,545 2,377,945 11,782,825
Number of employment income recipients in 2019 who worked full-year full-time in 2020 - 25% sample data13 169,110 753,570 3,830,200
Median employment income in 2019 for full-year full-time workers in 2020 ($)14 53,600 64,000 62,800
Average employment income in 2019 for full-year full-time workers in 2020 ($)15 61,400 90,200 77,800
Number of employment income recipients in 2019 who worked part-year or part-time in 2020 - 25% sample data16 137,090 585,965 2,925,680
Median employment income in 2019 of those who worked part-year or part-time in 2020 ($) 24,200 24,400 23,600
Average employment income in 2019 of those who worked part-year or part-time in 2020 ($) 31,320 38,040 34,640
Composition of total income in 2019 of the population aged 15 years and over in private households (%) - 25% sample data 100.0 100.0 100.0
Market income (%) 87.6 90.6 88.4
Employment income (%) 79.4 74.2 72.4
Government transfers (%) 12.3 9.4 11.6
Employment insurance benefits (%) 1.2 0.7 0.9
Income of households in 2020
Total - Income statistics for private households - 100% data26 182,470 1,160,895 5,491,205
Median total income of household in 2020 ($) 111,000 84,000 91,000
Median after-tax income of household in 2020 ($) 98,000 74,000 79,500
Total - Income statistics for one-person private households - 100% data 22,140 385,765 1,452,540
Median total income of one-person households in 2020 ($) 45,200 45,200 43,600
Median after-tax income of one-person households in 2020 ($) 40,400 40,400 39,200
Total - Income statistics for two-or-more-persons private households - 100% data 160,335 775,125 4,038,660
Median total income of two-or-more-person households in 2020 ($) 120,000 107,000 111,000
Median after-tax income of two-or-more-person households in 2020 ($) 106,000 94,000 97,000
Total - Income statistics for private households - 25% sample data27 182,475 1,160,890 5,491,200
Average total income of household in 2020 ($) 124,500 121,200 116,000
Average after-tax income of household in 2020 ($) 107,100 96,000 95,300
Total - Income statistics for one-person private households - 25% sample data 22,145 385,525 1,451,915
Average total income of one-person households in 2020 ($) 53,850 63,850 57,200
Average after-tax income of one-person households in 2020 ($) 45,600 51,200 47,320
Total - Income statistics for two-or-more-persons private households - 25% sample data 160,325 775,365 4,039,285
Average total income of two-or-more-person households in 2020 ($) 134,200 149,800 137,000
Average after-tax income of two-or-more-person households in 2020 ($) 115,600 118,300 112,500
Total - Household total income groups in 2020 for private households - 100% data21 182,470 1,160,890 5,491,200
Under $5,000 1,060 21,975 61,515
$5,000 to $9,999 515 10,700 30,860
$10,000 to $14,999 925 18,325 63,360
$15,000 to $19,999 1,735 23,970 96,980
$20,000 to $24,999 2,885 52,135 186,250
$25,000 to $29,999 2,920 40,010 168,345
$30,000 to $34,999 2,970 38,210 158,810
$35,000 to $39,999 3,510 39,540 175,890
$40,000 to $44,999 4,035 39,320 182,900
$45,000 to $49,999 4,295 39,335 182,945
$50,000 to $59,999 9,555 78,920 370,350
$60,000 to $69,999 10,415 77,155 364,585
$70,000 to $79,999 11,325 72,540 350,520
$80,000 to $89,999 11,330 68,900 332,395
$90,000 to $99,999 11,475 62,465 310,400
$100,000 and over 103,530 477,390 2,455,095
$100,000 to $124,999 26,835 126,785 662,625
$125,000 to $149,999 22,610 90,785 500,495
$150,000 to $199,999 29,720 112,045 630,420
$200,000 and over 24,365 147,770 661,550
Total - Household after-tax income groups in 2020 for private households - 100% data22 182,470 1,160,890 5,491,200
Under $5,000 1,155 24,205 69,645
$5,000 to $9,999 540 10,965 32,100
$10,000 to $14,999 960 18,670 65,025
$15,000 to $19,999 1,820 25,555 101,865
$20,000 to $24,999 3,080 55,350 197,995
$25,000 to $29,999 3,250 44,335 190,225
$30,000 to $34,999 3,390 43,080 183,505
$35,000 to $39,999 4,160 45,405 204,300
$40,000 to $44,999 4,750 46,380 215,785
$45,000 to $49,999 5,135 47,410 217,105
$50,000 to $59,999 11,455 94,635 440,280
$60,000 to $69,999 13,140 90,850 430,860
$70,000 to $79,999 13,610 84,155 409,865
$80,000 to $89,999 13,845 76,730 385,295
$90,000 to $99,999 13,575 65,450 343,595
$100,000 and over 88,610 387,715 2,003,770
$100,000 to $124,999 29,840 125,030 685,485
$125,000 to $149,999 22,195 84,425 472,130
$150,000 and over 36,575 178,260 846,155
Income of economic families in 2020
Total - Income statistics for economic families in private households - 100% data28 157,000 723,990 3,875,790
Median total income of economic family in 2020 ($) 117,000 106,000 111,000
Median after-tax income of economic family in 2020 ($) 103,000 94,000 96,000
Average family size of economic families 3.8 3.0 3.1
Total - Income statistics for couple-only economic families in private households - 100% data 27,445 238,385 1,361,615
Median total income of couple-only economic families in 2020 ($) 87,000 100,000 95,000
Median after-tax income of couple-only economic families in 2020 ($) 76,500 87,000 83,000
Average family size of couple-only economic families 2.0 2.0 2.0
Total - Income statistics for couple-with-children economic families in private households - 100% data 99,040 313,995 1,770,030
Median total income of couple-with-children economic families in 2020 ($) 133,000 133,000 141,000
Median after-tax income of couple-with-children economic families in 2020 ($) 117,000 116,000 121,000
Average family size of couple-with-children economic families 4.5 4.0 4.1
Total - Income statistics for one-parent economic families in private households - 100% data 22,840 138,855 610,815
Median total income of one-parent economic families in 2020 ($) 86,000 71,500 73,000
Median after-tax income of one-parent economic families in 2020 ($) 78,000 66,000 67,500
Average family size of one-parent economic families 3.0 2.7 2.7
Total - Income statistics for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families in private households - 100% data29 56,990 559,305 2,041,505
Median total income in 2020 ($)30 30,600 39,200 38,800
Median after-tax income in 2020 ($)30 29,200 35,600 35,600
Total - Income statistics for economic families in private households - 25% sample data31 156,840 723,485 3,873,665
Average total income of economic family in 2020 ($) 131,000 151,400 137,200
Average after-tax income of economic family in 2020 ($) 112,500 118,700 112,200
Total - Income statistics for couple-only economic families in private households - 25% sample data 27,330 238,080 1,359,275
Average total income of couple-only economic families in 2020 ($) 102,100 142,400 119,500
Average after-tax income of couple-only economic families in 2020 ($) 85,700 110,100 97,000
Total - Income statistics for couple-with-children economic families in private households - 25% sample data 99,140 314,490 1,773,005
Average total income of couple-with-children economic families in 2020 ($) 146,800 189,000 168,800
Average after-tax income of couple-with-children economic families in 2020 ($) 126,100 145,600 136,600
Total - Income statistics for one-parent economic families in private households - 25% sample data 22,785 138,050 607,780
Average total income of one-parent economic families in 2020 ($) 97,400 89,200 87,100
Average after-tax income of one-parent economic families in 2020 ($) 86,100 77,100 76,100
Total - Income statistics for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families in private households - 25% sample data32 56,845 558,720 2,039,230
Average total income in 2020 ($)30 38,240 55,950 51,800
Average after-tax income in 2020 ($)30 33,400 45,680 43,440
Low income and income inequality in 2020
Total - LIM low-income status in 2020 for the population in private households - 100% data33 650,160 2,761,285 14,031,755
0 to 17 years 142,845 461,810 2,726,265
0 to 5 years 43,350 148,485 831,185
18 to 64 years 427,705 1,842,580 8,795,220
65 years and over 79,620 456,895 2,510,270
In low income based on the Low-income measure, after tax (LIM-AT) 41,750 363,955 1,420,525
0 to 17 years 11,800 67,725 314,150
0 to 5 years 3,870 22,175 102,930
18 to 64 years 23,690 218,825 803,215
65 years and over 6,260 77,410 303,160
Prevalence of low income based on the Low-income measure, after tax (LIM-AT) (%) 6.4 13.2 10.1
0 to 17 years (%) 8.3 14.7 11.5
0 to 5 years (%) 8.9 14.9 12.4
18 to 64 years (%) 5.5 11.9 9.1
65 years and over (%) 7.9 16.9 12.1
Total - LICO low-income status in 2020 for the population in private households to whom the low-income concept is applicable - 100% data33 650,165 2,761,290 13,977,120
0 to 17 years 142,840 461,805 2,709,120
0 to 5 years 43,350 148,485 825,865
18 to 64 years 427,700 1,842,585 8,763,785
65 years and over 79,620 456,895 2,504,220
In low income based on the Low-income cut-offs, after tax (LICO-AT) 34,165 241,110 738,795
0 to 17 years 5,365 35,500 126,035
0 to 5 years 1,710 11,610 39,415
18 to 64 years 26,545 179,925 541,410
65 years and over 2,255 25,685 71,350
Prevalence of low income based on the Low-income cut-offs, after tax (LICO-AT) (%) 5.3 8.7 5.3
0 to 17 years (%) 3.8 7.7 4.7
0 to 5 years (%) 3.9 7.8 4.8
18 to 64 years (%) 6.2 9.8 6.2
65 years and over (%) 2.8 5.6 2.9
Total - Adjusted after-tax economic family income decile group for the population in private households - 100% data34The letter 'c' in a yellow triangle indicates a correction notice. 650,165 2,761,285 14,031,755
In bottom half of the distribution 307,665 1,385,785 6,516,085
In bottom decile 48,505 348,260 1,318,120
In second decile 54,415 287,815 1,283,940
In third decile 64,485 265,075 1,292,030
In fourth decile 68,060 245,925 1,296,710
In fifth decile 72,200 238,700 1,325,280
In top half of the distribution 342,500 1,375,505 7,515,670
In sixth decile 74,515 234,350 1,365,960
In seventh decile 75,955 236,815 1,415,070
In eighth decile 75,025 245,465 1,482,300
In ninth decile 70,110 268,615 1,581,535
In top decile 46,895 390,265 1,670,800
Total - Inequality measures for the population in private households - 100% data35 650,165 2,761,290 14,031,755
Gini index on adjusted household total income 0.272 0.437 0.357
Gini index on adjusted household market income 0.381 0.555 0.470
Gini index on adjusted household after-tax income 0.240 0.371 0.308
P90/P10 ratio on adjusted household after-tax income 3.0 4.7 3.9
Knowledge of official languages
Total - Knowledge of official languages for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% data36 650,820 2,772,630 14,099,790
English only 589,185 2,409,655 12,196,575
French only 440 2,555 39,310
English and French 29,520 236,915 1,519,365
Neither English nor French 31,675 123,505 344,545
First official language spoken
Total - First official language spoken for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% data37 650,820 2,772,630 14,099,790
English 610,630 2,590,345 13,179,535
French 4,415 38,695 484,425
English and French 4,560 22,190 98,270
Neither English nor French 31,220 121,390 337,560
Mother tongue
Total - Mother tongue for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% data38 650,820 2,772,630 14,099,790
Single responses 594,935 2,588,520 13,430,605
Official languages 283,225 1,425,805 9,642,770
English 279,415 1,391,685 9,179,655
French 3,810 34,115 463,120
Non-official languages 311,710 1,162,715 3,787,835
Indigenous languages39 5 265 14,475
Algonquian languages 5 225 13,545
Blackfoot 0 0 5
Cree-Innu languages 5 75 2,815
Atikamekw 0 0 10
Cree languages 5 70 2,800
Ililimowin (Moose Cree) 0 5 125
Inu Ayimun (Southern East Cree) 0 0 0
Iyiyiw-Ayimiwin (Northern East Cree) 0 0 60
Nehinawewin (Swampy Cree) 0 25 550
Nehiyawewin (Plains Cree) 0 0 35
Nihithawiwin (Woods Cree) 0 5 50
Cree, n.o.s. 5 30 1,975
Innu (Montagnais) 0 0 0
Naskapi 0 0 15
Eastern Algonquian languages 5 10 70
Mi'kmaq 5 10 60
Wolastoqewi (Malecite) 0 0 10
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 0 140 10,645
Anicinabemowin (Algonquin) 0 0 35
Oji-Cree 0 5 4,240
Ojibway languages 0 135 6,365
Anishinaabemowin (Chippewa) 0 20 280
Daawaamwin (Odawa) 0 5 65
Saulteau (Western Ojibway) 0 0 25
Ojibway, n.o.s. 0 105 6,000
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 5
Athabaskan languages 0 5 30
Northern Athabaskan languages 0 5 30
Dakelh (Carrier) 0 0 0
Dane-zaa (Beaver) 0 0 0
Dene, n.o.s. 0 0 15
Gwich'in 0 0 0
Slavey-Hare languages 0 5 10
Deh Gah Ghotie Zhatie (South Slavey) 0 0 5
Satuotine Yati (North Slavey) 0 5 5
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Tahltan languages 0 0 0
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0
Tahltan 0 0 0
Tlicho (Dogrib) 0 0 0
Tse'khene (Sekani) 0 0 0
Tsilhqot'in (Chilcotin) 0 0 0
Tsuu T'ina (Sarsi) 0 0 0
Tutchone languages 0 0 0
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0
Tutchone, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Wetsuwet'en-Babine 0 0 0
Tlingit 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Haida 0 0 0
Inuktut (Inuit) languages 0 10 510
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 0 0 10
Inuinnaqtun 0 0 5
Inuvialuktun 0 0 5
Inuktitut 0 15 505
Inuktut (Inuit) languages, n.i.e. 0 0 5
Iroquoian languages 0 10 270
Cayuga 0 0 35
Mohawk 0 15 190
Oneida 0 0 40
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 5
Ktunaxa (Kutenai) 0 0 0
Michif 0 5 20
Salish languages 0 0 10
Halkomelem 0 0 0
Lillooet 0 0 0
Ntlakapamux (Thompson) 0 0 0
Secwepemctsin (Shuswap) 0 0 0
Squamish 0 0 0
Straits 0 0 0
Syilx (Okanagan) 0 0 0
Salish languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Siouan languages 0 0 10
Assiniboine 0 0 0
Dakota 0 0 5
Stoney 0 0 0
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 5
Tsimshian languages 0 0 10
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 0 0 5
Nisga'a 0 0 0
Tsimshian 0 0 0
Wakashan languages 0 0 0
Haisla 0 0 0
Heiltsuk 0 0 0
Kwak'wala (Kwakiutl) 0 0 0
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0 0 0
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Indigenous languages, n.i.e. 0 0 5
Indigenous languages, n.o.s. 0 5 65
Non-Indigenous languages 311,700 1,162,445 3,773,365
Afro-Asiatic languages 8,410 70,715 310,765
Berber languages 20 115 855
Kabyle 10 75 580
Tamazight 5 30 215
Berber languages, n.i.e. 0 10 60
Chadic languages 90 205 635
Hausa 90 190 560
Mina 5 15 70
Coptic 25 40 535
Cushitic languages 775 12,110 27,575
Bilen 0 130 930
Oromo 80 875 1,540
Somali 695 11,020 24,700
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 0 80 405
Semitic languages 7,500 58,240 281,160
Amharic 280 7,465 12,490
Arabic 4,100 32,985 214,230
Aramaic languages 2,600 5,335 24,105
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 1,940 4,195 15,665
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 555 945 7,480
Aramaic, n.o.s. 100 195 960
Harari 30 700 970
Hebrew 25 4,210 11,630
Maltese 325 1,090 4,120
Tigrigna 125 6,310 13,360
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 15 140 255
Austro-Asiatic languages 4,410 28,750 84,300
Khmer (Cambodian) 180 1,230 7,065
Vietnamese 4,230 27,445 77,085
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e 0 75 140
Austronesian languages 11,670 102,870 208,395
Bikol 35 330 685
Bisaya, n.o.s. 125 1,385 2,735
Cebuano 315 2,750 5,900
Fijian 5 10 40
Hiligaynon 190 2,140 3,775
Ilocano 615 9,165 14,680
Indonesian 150 1,905 5,440
Kankanaey 5 245 375
Kinaray-a 0 185 275
Malagasy languages 0 20 125
Merina 0 5 30
Malagasy, n.o.s. 0 15 95
Malay 30 195 540
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 180 875 1,910
Pangasinan 40 450 750
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 9,905 82,185 168,845
Waray-Waray 20 270 590
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 55 755 1,710
Creole languages 805 2,720 11,690
Haitian Creole 125 720 5,160
Jamaican English Creole 60 150 435
Krio 45 100 290
Morisyen 240 565 1,990
Sango 0 0 45
Creole, n.o.s. 220 765 2,690
Creole languages, n.i.e. 105 420 1,080
Dravidian languages 21,560 67,995 185,145
Kannada 605 1,185 4,335
Malayalam 3,930 7,290 32,805
Tamil 14,030 52,905 126,640
Telugu 2,920 6,450 20,715
Tulu 55 115 415
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 20 50 235
Georgian 0 1,095 1,650
Hmong-Mien languages 0 10 480
Indo-European languages 252,085 571,820 2,119,610
Albanian 265 9,195 20,720
Armenian 150 7,615 14,680
Balto-Slavic languages 6,695 105,980 377,895
Baltic languages 55 2,645 7,425
Latvian 30 1,165 3,050
Lithuanian 30 1,480 4,370
Slavic languages 6,640 103,340 370,475
Belarusian 5 135 440
Bulgarian 130 3,830 8,565
Czech 160 2,410 9,060
Macedonian 230 5,090 13,620
Polish 3,430 20,795 106,275
Russian 685 33,770 104,310
Rusyn 0 20 225
Serbo-Croatian 1,385 19,275 77,145
Bosnian 135 1,295 7,140
Croatian 850 4,990 28,385
Serbian 385 12,630 40,465
Serbo-Croatian, n.i.e. 10 365 1,160
Slovak 140 2,765 8,675
Slovene (Slovenian) 125 1,425 5,520
Ukrainian 340 13,740 36,340
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 5 65 285
Celtic languages 5 195 795
Irish 0 95 225
Scottish Gaelic 0 35 170
Welsh 5 50 320
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 0 15 80
Germanic languages 1,865 17,060 167,265
Frisian 30 30 970
High German languages 1,000 12,605 102,915
German 980 10,700 89,075
Pennsylvania German 5 10 8,895
Swiss German 15 305 2,390
Yiddish 0 1,600 2,555
Low Saxon-Low Franconian languages 750 3,005 56,725
Afrikaans 20 450 2,865
Dutch 720 2,430 41,240
Low German, n.o.s. 0 0 1,930
Low Saxon 0 5 440
Plautdietsch 5 20 8,610
Vlaams (Flemish) 10 100 1,630
Scandinavian languages 80 1,375 6,440
Danish 50 535 3,370
Icelandic 0 50 175
Norwegian 10 190 800
Swedish 25 610 2,090
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 0 40 225
Greek 535 23,540 47,970
Indo-Iranian languages 217,795 207,390 884,995
Indo-Aryan languages 213,610 150,130 715,085
Assamese 15 115 325
Bengali 3,060 31,335 54,990
Gujarati 22,000 27,090 95,785
Hindi 19,645 22,300 87,035
Kacchi 185 1,575 3,880
Kashmiri 70 90 460
Konkani 255 745 2,595
Marathi 1,155 3,025 9,460
Nepali 1,945 3,275 12,430
Oriya languages 160 495 1,325
Odia 105 305 830
Oriya, n.o.s. 60 190 490
Punjabi (Panjabi) 141,005 21,230 260,075
Rohingya 0 15 290
Sindhi 370 550 2,670
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 1,555 3,260 11,040
Urdu 21,945 34,460 170,955
Indo-Aryan languages, n.i.e. 235 575 1,760
Iranian languages 4,175 57,210 169,765
Baluchi 15 90 335
Kurdish 100 1,865 9,120
Parsi 5 125 330
Pashto 885 4,390 12,780
Persian languages 3,160 50,490 146,700
Dari 2,305 10,715 34,340
Iranian Persian 510 34,575 97,135
Persian (Farsi), n.o.s. 350 5,200 15,230
Iranian languages, n.i.e. 5 245 495
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 10 50 145
Italic (Romance) languages 24,760 200,780 605,070
Catalan 0 120 285
Italian 5,430 50,995 194,125
Portuguese 8,640 60,360 153,750
Romanian 490 10,510 38,955
Spanish 10,185 78,575 217,245
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 15 225 710
Indo-European languages, n.i.e. 20 65 205
Japanese 125 6,740 12,880
Korean 340 32,805 75,220
Mongolian 0 310 535
Niger-Congo languages 5,085 14,070 42,470
Akan (Twi) 2,530 3,640 9,325
Bamanankan 0 50 185
Edo 170 550 1,165
Éwé 40 125 485
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 10 205 480
Ga 100 165 510
Ganda 40 645 1,195
Gikuyu 35 150 460
Igbo 285 790 2,385
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 60 325 1,920
Lingala 15 215 825
Luba-Kasai 5 20 135
Mòoré 0 10 60
Mwani 60 85 345
Ndebele 15 100 335
Rundi (Kirundi) 25 240 2,705
Shona 80 370 1,580
Soninke 0 155 195
Sotho-Tswana languages 5 100 230
Swahili 295 2,255 6,445
Wojenaka 0 20 60
Wolof 15 145 460
Yoruba 1,000 2,495 7,335
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 290 1,220 3,655
Nilo-Saharan languages 40 360 1,935
Dinka 0 35 325
Nuer 0 10 320
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 30 240 1,125
African, n.o.s. 5 70 165
Sign languages 100 430 2,775
American Sign Language 85 365 2,360
Quebec Sign Language 0 0 35
Sign languages, n.i.e. 10 70 385
Sino-Tibetan languages 5,555 233,845 632,250
Chinese languages 5,370 227,685 621,980
Hakka 130 2,475 6,215
Mandarin 2,195 112,620 327,470
Min Dong 0 485 1,015
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 195 4,475 10,290
Wu (Shanghainese) 35 1,750 4,190
Yue (Cantonese) 2,775 103,530 267,425
Chinese, n.o.s. 45 2,240 5,080
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 0 110 300
Tibeto-Burman languages 180 6,080 10,000
Burmese 65 540 1,540
Kuki-Chin languages 10 5 440
Karenic languages 10 215 1,765
S'gaw Karen 10 175 1,530
Karenic languages, n.i.e. 0 40 235
Tibetan 35 5,155 5,785
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 55 165 460
Sino-Tibetan languages, n.i.e. 10 80 275
Tai-Kadai languages 425 1,745 8,265
Lao 360 600 4,570
Thai 60 1,065 3,535
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e. 0 75 165
Turkic languages 485 13,515 32,270
Azerbaijani 15 1,280 2,870
Kazakh 0 145 255
Turkish 460 11,225 26,740
Uyghur 5 265 720
Uzbek 5 395 1,080
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 0 205 610
Uralic languages 580 12,495 42,270
Estonian 25 1,495 3,450
Finnish 50 1,090 7,650
Hungarian 510 9,915 31,170
Other languages, n.i.e. 25 170 460
Multiple responses 55,890 184,110 669,185
English and French 1,715 12,390 96,260
English and non-official language(s) 48,855 149,250 494,610
French and non-official language(s) 450 3,630 15,710
English, French and non-official language(s) 895 3,875 16,770
Multiple non-official languages 3,970 14,965 45,835
All languages spoken at home
Total - All languages spoken at home for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% data40 650,820 2,772,630 14,099,790
English 278,785 1,485,800 9,630,975
French 1,250 9,195 188,560
Non-official language 106,895 369,860 1,124,950
Indigenous39 10 40 2,630
Non-Indigenous 106,885 369,820 1,122,315
English and French 4,005 33,080 274,675
English and non-official language(s) 241,585 809,180 2,647,980
French and non-official language(s) 385 2,020 14,065
English, French and non-official language(s) 6,155 27,745 117,430
Multiple non-official languages 11,760 35,750 101,145
Language spoken most often at home
Total - Language spoken most often at home for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% data41 650,820 2,772,630 14,099,790
Single responses 579,760 2,569,065 13,384,695
Official languages 359,800 1,855,810 11,165,425
English 357,675 1,839,730 10,910,560
French 2,125 16,070 254,870
Non-official languages 219,955 713,255 2,219,265
Indigenous languages39 10 80 5,710
Algonquian languages 0 70 5,430
Blackfoot 0 0 0
Cree-Innu languages 0 25 1,230
Atikamekw 0 0 0
Cree languages 0 25 1,220
Ililimowin (Moose Cree) 0 0 30
Inu Ayimun (Southern East Cree) 0 0 0
Iyiyiw-Ayimiwin (Northern East Cree) 0 0 15
Nehinawewin (Swampy Cree) 0 10 135
Nehiyawewin (Plains Cree) 0 5 5
Nihithawiwin (Woods Cree) 0 5 15
Cree, n.o.s. 0 10 1,015
Innu (Montagnais) 0 0 0
Naskapi 0 0 5
Eastern Algonquian languages 0 0 20
Mi'kmaq 0 0 20
Wolastoqewi (Malecite) 0 0 0
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 0 40 4,185
Anicinabemowin (Algonquin) 0 0 5
Oji-Cree 0 5 1,985
Ojibway languages 0 40 2,195
Anishinaabemowin (Chippewa) 0 5 95
Daawaamwin (Odawa) 0 0 25
Saulteau (Western Ojibway) 0 0 0
Ojibway, n.o.s. 0 30 2,070
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages 0 0 15
Northern Athabaskan languages 0 0 15
Dakelh (Carrier) 0 0 0
Dane-zaa (Beaver) 0 0 0
Dene, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Gwich'in 0 0 5
Slavey-Hare languages 0 0 0
Deh Gah Ghotie Zhatie (South Slavey) 0 0 0
Satuotine Yati (North Slavey) 0 0 0
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Tahltan languages 0 0 0
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0
Tahltan 0 0 0
Tlicho (Dogrib) 0 0 5
Tse'khene (Sekani) 0 0 0
Tsilhqot'in (Chilcotin) 0 0 0
Tsuu T'ina (Sarsi) 0 0 0
Tutchone languages 0 0 0
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0
Tutchone, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Wetsuwet'en-Babine 0 0 10
Tlingit 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Haida 0 0 0
Inuktut (Inuit) languages 0 0 150
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 0 0 0
Inuinnaqtun 0 0 0
Inuvialuktun 0 0 0
Inuktitut 0 0 150
Inuktut (Inuit) languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages 0 5 75
Cayuga 0 0 10
Mohawk 0 5 50
Oneida 0 0 15
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Ktunaxa (Kutenai) 0 0 0
Michif 0 0 15
Salish languages 0 0 5
Halkomelem 0 0 0
Lillooet 0 0 0
Ntlakapamux (Thompson) 0 0 0
Secwepemctsin (Shuswap) 0 0 0
Squamish 0 0 0
Straits 0 0 0
Syilx (Okanagan) 0 0 0
Salish languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Siouan languages 0 0 5
Assiniboine 0 0 0
Dakota 0 0 0
Stoney 0 0 0
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Tsimshian languages 0 0 0
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 0 0 0
Nisga'a 0 0 0
Tsimshian 0 0 0
Wakashan languages 0 0 0
Haisla 0 0 0
Heiltsuk 0 0 0
Kwak'wala (Kwakiutl) 0 0 0
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0 0 0
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Indigenous languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Indigenous languages, n.o.s. 0 0 5
Non-Indigenous languages 219,950 713,175 2,213,555
Afro-Asiatic languages 4,860 39,890 181,660
Berber languages 10 45 365
Kabyle 0 25 220
Tamazight 0 10 100
Berber languages, n.i.e. 0 15 45
Chadic languages 55 125 355
Hausa 55 115 325
Mina 0 10 30
Coptic 10 20 255
Cushitic languages 350 7,140 16,105
Bilen 0 95 800
Oromo 35 495 840
Somali 315 6,515 14,230
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 0 30 230
Semitic languages 4,435 32,565 164,590
Amharic 140 3,940 6,405
Arabic 2,245 18,060 124,865
Aramaic languages 1,910 4,345 18,120
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 1,420 3,485 11,870
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 425 730 5,550
Aramaic, n.o.s. 65 130 705
Harari 15 385 515
Hebrew 5 1,630 4,925
Maltese 75 275 770
Tigrigna 45 3,870 8,870
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 5 60 120
Austro-Asiatic languages 3,140 19,895 55,990
Khmer (Cambodian) 85 730 3,855
Vietnamese 3,055 19,130 52,080
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e 0 35 55
Austronesian languages 6,260 62,525 115,225
Bikol 15 145 255
Bisaya, n.o.s. 50 735 1,355
Cebuano 170 1,575 3,140
Fijian 0 5 20
Hiligaynon 80 1,235 1,960
Ilocano 260 5,385 8,105
Indonesian 45 685 1,990
Kankanaey 0 130 210
Kinaray-a 0 85 110
Malagasy languages 0 0 45
Merina 0 0 15
Malagasy, n.o.s. 0 0 35
Malay 10 60 130
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 80 455 990
Pangasinan 15 160 250
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 5,505 51,355 95,635
Waray-Waray 5 120 230
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 25 395 785
Creole languages 485 1,485 6,165
Haitian Creole 60 400 2,640
Jamaican English Creole 35 80 195
Krio 15 50 140
Morisyen 175 430 1,425
Sango 0 0 30
Creole, n.o.s. 130 350 1,325
Creole languages, n.i.e. 65 175 420
Dravidian languages 15,685 49,945 129,245
Kannada 365 520 2,165
Malayalam 2,500 4,505 20,855
Tamil 10,790 40,825 93,165
Telugu 1,990 4,055 12,805
Tulu 20 25 145
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 15 20 110
Georgian 0 765 1,040
Hmong-Mien languages 0 0 185
Indo-European languages 182,510 319,375 1,136,460
Albanian 95 4,390 9,880
Armenian 65 5,090 8,590
Balto-Slavic languages 3,300 53,790 181,290
Baltic languages 10 705 1,640
Latvian 5 285 535
Lithuanian 5 425 1,105
Slavic languages 3,295 53,085 179,650
Belarusian 0 40 145
Bulgarian 55 1,940 4,100
Czech 60 805 2,555
Macedonian 90 2,275 5,535
Polish 1,840 8,710 45,800
Russian 420 21,060 66,045
Rusyn 0 5 120
Serbo-Croatian 605 9,715 35,980
Bosnian 65 595 3,450
Croatian 360 1,815 9,990
Serbian 175 7,150 22,145
Serbo-Croatian, n.i.e. 0 150 400
Slovak 50 1,475 3,070
Slovene (Slovenian) 20 335 1,000
Ukrainian 150 6,720 15,235
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 0 15 65
Celtic languages 5 25 140
Irish 0 15 65
Scottish Gaelic 0 0 25
Welsh 0 5 45
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 15
Germanic languages 175 2,160 40,600
Frisian 10 0 85
High German languages 75 1,530 28,670
German 75 1,290 20,680
Pennsylvania German 0 0 7,180
Swiss German 0 60 560
Yiddish 0 185 250
Low Saxon-Low Franconian languages 90 430 11,190
Afrikaans 5 125 1,175
Dutch 85 290 4,055
Low German, n.o.s. 0 0 1,265
Low Saxon 0 0 185
Plautdietsch 0 0 4,415
Vlaams (Flemish) 0 10 95
Scandinavian languages 5 195 620
Danish 0 55 210
Icelandic 0 0 30
Norwegian 0 30 70
Swedish 0 110 310
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 40
Greek 160 11,130 19,065
Indo-Iranian languages 167,395 134,850 601,605
Indo-Aryan languages 164,810 96,005 487,535
Assamese 0 50 145
Bengali 1,920 20,505 34,830
Gujarati 16,195 18,045 63,145
Hindi 13,560 12,995 52,420
Kacchi 100 770 1,655
Kashmiri 15 35 145
Konkani 90 190 640
Marathi 710 1,470 4,975
Nepali 1,355 2,235 8,910
Oriya languages 85 270 655
Odia 65 170 420
Oriya, n.o.s. 25 95 230
Punjabi (Panjabi) 114,145 14,450 198,670
Rohingya 0 10 220
Sindhi 205 240 1,390
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 865 1,750 5,795
Urdu 15,405 22,650 113,020
Indo-Aryan languages, n.i.e. 155 340 930
Iranian languages 2,570 38,835 114,005
Baluchi 10 75 195
Kurdish 60 1,045 5,560
Parsi 0 60 170
Pashto 615 3,230 8,670
Persian languages 1,880 34,250 99,095
Dari 1,360 7,145 21,150
Iranian Persian 270 23,600 67,320
Persian (Farsi), n.o.s. 250 3,500 10,625
Iranian languages, n.i.e. 0 170 310
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 15 15 65
Italic (Romance) languages 11,300 107,915 275,210
Catalan 0 50 105
Italian 1,450 21,040 58,670
Portuguese 3,710 35,625 74,745
Romanian 205 4,755 17,755
Spanish 5,940 46,355 123,690
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 0 100 240
Indo-European languages, n.i.e. 15 20 90
Japanese 60 3,105 5,875
Korean 220 23,115 53,585
Mongolian 0 185 290
Niger-Congo languages 2,050 5,745 16,065
Akan (Twi) 1,175 1,925 4,370
Bamanankan 0 30 80
Edo 35 135 270
Éwé 10 35 120
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 0 95 220
Ga 40 65 170
Ganda 15 200 345
Gikuyu 0 35 70
Igbo 100 215 660
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 30 130 775
Lingala 10 95 330
Luba-Kasai 0 5 35
Mòoré 0 0 10
Mwani 15 30 80
Ndebele 10 40 115
Rundi (Kirundi) 0 130 1,375
Shona 30 95 450
Soninke 0 85 105
Sotho-Tswana languages 0 35 55
Swahili 90 1,005 2,775
Wojenaka 0 5 35
Wolof 5 50 165
Yoruba 410 935 2,640
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 55 355 835
Nilo-Saharan languages 20 125 820
Dinka 0 10 125
Nuer 0 10 185
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 20 80 460
African, n.o.s. 0 25 45
Sign languages 200 860 5,010
American Sign Language 165 635 3,920
Quebec Sign Language 0 0 50
Sign languages, n.i.e. 40 225 1,035
Sino-Tibetan languages 3,740 172,010 469,325
Chinese languages 3,660 167,280 461,870
Hakka 45 1,075 2,540
Mandarin 1,565 86,150 253,860
Min Dong 0 330 650
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 100 2,270 4,890
Wu (Shanghainese) 30 1,130 2,765
Yue (Cantonese) 1,895 74,845 193,955
Chinese, n.o.s. 20 1,430 3,090
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 0 45 110
Tibeto-Burman languages 75 4,700 7,310
Burmese 30 330 960
Kuki-Chin languages 0 5 305
Karenic languages 5 145 1,275
S'gaw Karen 5 110 1,105
Karenic languages, n.i.e. 0 30 170
Tibetan 20 4,120 4,540
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 10 100 225
Sino-Tibetan languages, n.i.e. 0 30 145
Tai-Kadai languages 225 770 3,995
Lao 200 275 2,395
Thai 20 450 1,520
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e. 0 45 85
Turkic languages 290 8,360 19,965
Azerbaijani 10 690 1,445
Kazakh 0 10 40
Turkish 270 7,155 17,160
Uyghur 0 185 490
Uzbek 0 225 580
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 0 90 250
Uralic languages 205 4,940 12,465
Estonian 0 325 485
Finnish 5 155 1,140
Hungarian 200 4,460 10,835
Other languages, n.i.e. 15 75 195
Multiple responses 71,065 203,565 715,095
English and French 1,080 7,520 59,725
English and non-official language(s) 67,835 188,260 624,265
French and non-official language(s) 165 1,050 6,475
English, French and non-official language(s) 680 2,630 12,185
Multiple non-official languages 1,310 4,100 12,445
Other language spoken regularly at home
Total - Other language(s) spoken regularly at home for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% data42 650,825 2,772,630 14,099,790
None 440,225 2,031,410 11,528,735
English 80,760 269,945 903,960
French 4,160 26,595 189,420
Non-official language 87,925 341,655 1,136,770
Indigenous39 10 325 9,310
Non-Indigenous 87,915 341,325 1,127,465
English and French 890 3,695 16,580
English and non-official language(s) 21,365 43,120 140,865
French and non-official language(s) 2,455 13,575 52,565
English, French and non-official language(s) 245 895 2,920
Multiple non-official languages 12,800 41,745 127,975
Knowledge of languagesThe letter 'c' in a yellow triangle indicates a correction notice.
Total - Knowledge of languages for the population in private households - 25% sample data43 650,160 2,761,290 14,031,755
Official languages 618,515 2,637,775 13,688,615
English 618,060 2,635,255 13,650,230
French 30,010 238,505 1,550,545
Non-official languages 412,635 1,536,605 5,058,180
Indigenous languages39 40 870 29,850
Algonquian languages 30 715 26,775
Blackfoot 0 0 0
Cree-Innu languages 10 190 5,205
Atikamekw 0 0 15
Cree languages 10 185 5,155
Ililimowin (Moose Cree) 0 10 335
Inu Ayimun (Southern East Cree) 0 0 10
Iyiyiw-Ayimiwin (Northern East Cree) 0 15 200
Nehinawewin (Swampy Cree) 0 50 1,165
Nehiyawewin (Plains Cree) 0 25 135
Nihithawiwin (Woods Cree) 0 10 95
Cree, n.o.s. 10 75 3,340
Innu (Montagnais) 0 0 20
Naskapi 0 0 20
Eastern Algonquian languages 0 55 295
Mi'kmaq 0 55 250
Wolastoqewi (Malecite) 0 0 35
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 10 500 21,560
Anicinabemowin (Algonquin) 0 0 135
Oji-Cree 0 15 6,260
Ojibway languages 0 480 15,530
Anishinaabemowin (Chippewa) 0 95 1,295
Daawaamwin (Odawa) 0 10 210
Saulteau (Western Ojibway) 0 0 115
Ojibway, n.o.s. 0 385 14,155
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 95
Athabaskan languages 0 25 115
Northern Athabaskan languages 0 20 105
Dakelh (Carrier) 0 0 0
Dane-zaa (Beaver) 0 0 0
Dene, n.o.s. 0 15 50
Gwich'in 0 0 0
Slavey-Hare languages 0 0 15
Deh Gah Ghotie Zhatie (South Slavey) 0 0 0
Satuotine Yati (North Slavey) 0 0 0
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 15
Tahltan languages 0 0 0
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0
Tahltan 0 0 0
Tlicho (Dogrib) 0 0 0
Tse'khene (Sekani) 0 0 0
Tsilhqot'in (Chilcotin) 0 0 0
Tsuu T'ina (Sarsi) 0 0 0
Tutchone languages 0 0 0
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0
Tutchone, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Wetsuwet'en-Babine 0 0 25
Tlingit 0 10 10
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Haida 0 0 0
Inuktut (Inuit) languages 0 40 1,000
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 0 0 25
Inuinnaqtun 0 0 25
Inuvialuktun 0 0 0
Inuktitut 0 40 970
Inuktut (Inuit) languages, n.i.e. 0 0 15
Iroquoian languages 0 50 1,625
Cayuga 0 0 210
Mohawk 0 45 1,220
Oneida 0 0 210
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 35
Ktunaxa (Kutenai) 0 0 0
Michif 0 10 135
Salish languages 0 10 65
Halkomelem 0 0 0
Lillooet 0 0 0
Ntlakapamux (Thompson) 0 0 25
Secwepemctsin (Shuswap) 0 0 10
Squamish 0 0 0
Straits 0 0 0
Syilx (Okanagan) 0 0 0
Salish languages, n.i.e. 0 0 20
Siouan languages 0 0 65
Assiniboine 0 0 20
Dakota 0 0 15
Stoney 0 0 0
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 30
Tsimshian languages 0 0 25
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 0 0 10
Nisga'a 0 0 20
Tsimshian 0 0 0
Wakashan languages 0 10 20
Haisla 0 0 0
Heiltsuk 0 0 0
Kwak'wala (Kwakiutl) 0 0 10
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0 0 0
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Indigenous languages, n.i.e. 0 10 70
Indigenous languages, n.o.s. 0 15 245
Non-Indigenous languages 412,605 1,535,860 5,029,345
Afro-Asiatic languages 12,625 119,095 481,620
Berber languages 40 305 1,570
Kabyle 0 180 950
Tamazight 20 115 475
Berber languages, n.i.e. 20 45 215
Chadic languages 315 610 2,210
Hausa 305 560 2,005
Mina 10 40 200
Coptic 65 215 2,130
Cushitic languages 1,395 19,090 41,520
Bilen 0 175 1,335
Oromo 160 1,725 2,950
Somali 1,245 17,155 36,825
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 0 225 815
Semitic languages 11,095 101,800 443,215
Amharic 395 13,295 22,815
Arabic 8,475 59,680 342,860
Aramaic languages 3,415 7,625 33,950
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 2,440 6,015 21,640
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 890 1,380 11,170
Aramaic, n.o.s. 110 350 1,685
Harari 55 1,090 1,610
Hebrew 120 19,995 47,380
Maltese 485 1,620 6,055
Tigrigna 125 9,440 19,755
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 35 285 685
Austro-Asiatic languages 6,210 40,125 115,355
Khmer (Cambodian) 250 1,830 10,085
Vietnamese 6,030 38,420 105,800
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e 0 135 275
Austronesian languages 15,770 143,975 292,100
Bikol 55 730 1,345
Bisaya, n.o.s. 45 1,845 3,410
Cebuano 490 4,725 11,100
Fijian 20 90 210
Hiligaynon 305 3,700 6,435
Ilocano 1,130 16,205 26,205
Indonesian 225 2,890 8,175
Kankanaey 10 380 620
Kinaray-a 10 175 310
Malagasy languages 0 35 270
Merina 0 10 35
Malagasy, n.o.s. 0 25 235
Malay 305 1,720 4,370
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 240 1,620 3,390
Pangasinan 180 860 1,610
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 14,925 135,600 271,450
Waray-Waray 65 920 1,810
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 285 3,135 6,850
Creole languages 3,135 9,055 36,585
Haitian Creole 350 1,995 14,220
Jamaican English Creole 415 1,175 3,385
Krio 95 220 650
Morisyen 760 1,540 5,645
Sango 0 10 270
Creole, n.o.s. 1,210 3,305 10,235
Creole languages, n.i.e. 400 1,235 4,065
Dravidian languages 32,435 98,850 272,060
Kannada 1,805 3,625 12,930
Malayalam 6,090 11,165 48,025
Tamil 21,475 77,785 192,890
Telugu 5,540 11,850 38,190
Tulu 160 320 1,225
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 30 240 685
Georgian 0 1,355 2,170
Hmong-Mien languages 0 10 555
Indo-European languages 332,320 801,510 2,941,400
Albanian 195 11,050 26,725
Armenian 155 9,595 19,610
Balto-Slavic languages 8,750 132,695 470,080
Baltic languages 115 3,550 9,715
Latvian 65 1,655 4,215
Lithuanian 55 1,905 5,520
Slavic languages 8,660 129,955 462,520
Belarusian 0 485 1,630
Bulgarian 160 4,900 11,310
Czech 215 3,625 13,130
Macedonian 405 7,660 21,070
Polish 4,155 27,850 134,980
Russian 1,490 52,840 155,340
Rusyn 0 30 295
Serbo-Croatian 2,015 25,500 102,885
Bosnian 275 3,320 13,895
Croatian 1,290 9,415 48,075
Serbian 755 18,040 58,045
Serbo-Croatian, n.i.e. 10 715 1,850
Slovak 235 3,675 11,725
Slovene (Slovenian) 155 1,900 7,235
Ukrainian 625 21,345 58,355
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 15 85 500
Celtic languages 55 1,350 4,115
Irish 25 990 2,345
Scottish Gaelic 10 140 715
Welsh 10 135 810
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 0 95 285
Germanic languages 3,090 39,895 257,270
Frisian 60 55 1,750
High German languages 1,800 31,620 175,485
German 1,760 27,540 158,120
Pennsylvania German 0 0 10,370
Swiss German 35 575 3,485
Yiddish 10 3,915 6,100
Low Saxon-Low Franconian languages 1,125 6,385 78,435
Afrikaans 125 2,095 9,255
Dutch 985 4,115 55,040
Low German, n.o.s. 0 20 2,185
Low Saxon 0 0 595
Plautdietsch 10 50 10,245
Vlaams (Flemish) 0 205 2,040
Scandinavian languages 210 2,975 12,565
Danish 90 1,020 5,175
Icelandic 0 95 390
Norwegian 50 535 2,385
Swedish 70 1,530 5,340
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 0 95 480
Greek 825 36,620 76,320
Indo-Iranian languages 285,780 302,620 1,244,895
Indo-Aryan languages 281,505 236,745 1,049,480
Assamese 40 230 725
Bengali 5,080 41,750 76,980
Gujarati 30,310 42,425 143,240
Hindi 113,515 107,170 436,125
Kacchi 330 3,300 8,140
Kashmiri 155 280 1,085
Konkani 660 2,005 6,745
Marathi 3,185 8,290 24,775
Nepali 2,355 5,580 17,110
Oriya languages 325 1,010 2,545
Odia 150 605 1,430
Oriya, n.o.s. 185 410 1,130
Punjabi (Panjabi) 189,235 41,430 397,865
Rohingya 0 40 370
Sindhi 665 1,355 5,595
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 2,540 7,370 21,630
Urdu 38,725 65,035 295,175
Indo-Aryan languages, n.i.e. 900 1,665 5,965
Iranian languages 5,470 70,200 210,370
Baluchi 10 160 520
Kurdish 270 3,275 13,870
Parsi 15 230 525
Pashto 1,355 7,095 20,790
Persian languages 4,365 62,515 183,830
Dari 3,350 14,995 47,640
Iranian Persian 815 42,785 122,305
Persian (Farsi), n.o.s. 325 5,490 16,615
Iranian languages, n.i.e. 0 450 1,040
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 170 420 1,300
Italic (Romance) languages 35,300 296,705 922,975
Catalan 0 335 770
Italian 8,900 84,335 312,800
Portuguese 11,765 80,170 208,575
Romanian 650 12,920 48,315
Spanish 15,395 138,770 401,205
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 80 725 2,355
Indo-European languages, n.i.e. 85 250 910
Japanese 385 14,220 30,705
Korean 450 38,895 90,475
Mongolian 0 415 745
Niger-Congo languages 11,765 32,875 106,850
Akan (Twi) 4,555 6,410 17,570
Bamanankan 10 240 760
Edo 500 1,305 3,210
Éwé 195 345 1,195
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 20 305 1,010
Ga 370 520 1,870
Ganda 125 1,490 2,760
Gikuyu 65 365 1,080
Igbo 1,085 2,020 8,115
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 85 655 4,020
Lingala 260 1,665 7,315
Luba-Kasai 40 175 1,050
Mòoré 0 40 235
Mwani 70 150 520
Ndebele 70 210 855
Rundi (Kirundi) 40 540 4,895
Shona 180 715 3,040
Soninke 0 245 290
Sotho-Tswana languages 15 270 630
Swahili 1,045 7,620 24,360
Wojenaka 0 75 260
Wolof 40 485 1,495
Yoruba 3,050 7,235 24,375
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 995 3,620 12,825
Nilo-Saharan languages 95 555 3,210
Dinka 0 55 470
Nuer 0 10 585
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 90 490 2,155
African, n.o.s. 45 305 835
Sign languages 420 2,860 18,990
American Sign Language 355 2,575 16,685
Quebec Sign Language 0 20 380
Sign languages, n.i.e. 95 370 2,600
Sino-Tibetan languages 7,005 275,670 747,160
Chinese languages 6,755 267,745 734,190
Hakka 175 3,630 8,760
Mandarin 3,660 162,950 467,415
Min Dong 0 645 1,450
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 410 7,830 18,020
Wu (Shanghainese) 25 2,730 6,720
Yue (Cantonese) 3,680 134,810 352,135
Chinese, n.o.s. 30 2,245 5,200
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 0 200 515
Tibeto-Burman languages 240 8,080 13,135
Burmese 40 875 2,570
Kuki-Chin languages 0 55 600
Karenic languages 35 225 2,255
S'gaw Karen 30 155 1,970
Karenic languages, n.i.e. 0 70 385
Tibetan 85 6,655 7,475
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 95 445 980
Sino-Tibetan languages, n.i.e. 15 220 565
Tai-Kadai languages 740 2,865 12,655
Lao 600 1,045 7,370
Thai 165 1,840 6,200
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e. 15 170 335
Turkic languages 1,030 20,920 52,195
Azerbaijani 80 2,425 5,910
Kazakh 0 325 710
Turkish 925 18,110 44,815
Uyghur 0 240 825
Uzbek 0 790 2,095
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 15 370 1,075
Uralic languages 715 14,670 52,025
Estonian 35 1,680 4,010
Finnish 80 1,405 9,455
Hungarian 605 11,650 38,690
Other languages, n.i.e. 120 575 2,145
Indigenous population
Total - Indigenous identity for the population in private households - 25% sample data44 650,165 2,761,285 14,031,750
Indigenous identity45 3,255 22,925 406,585
Single Indigenous responses46 2,980 21,475 389,955
First Nations (North American Indian) 1,960 13,800 251,030
Métis 965 7,440 134,615
Inuk (Inuit) 60 240 4,310
Multiple Indigenous responses47 170 645 7,115
Indigenous responses not included elsewhere48 105 800 9,515
Non-Indigenous identity 646,910 2,738,365 13,625,165
Total - Registered or Treaty Indian status for the population in private households - 25% sample data44 650,165 2,761,285 14,031,750
Registered or Treaty Indian49 815 7,730 172,535
Not a Registered or Treaty Indian 649,345 2,753,555 13,859,215
Household characteristics
Total - Private households by tenure - 25% sample data50 182,475 1,160,890 5,491,200
Owner 142,480 602,925 3,755,720
Renter 39,990 557,970 1,724,970
Dwelling provided by the local government, First Nation or Indian band 0 0 10,510
Total - Occupied private dwellings by condominium status - 25% sample data51 182,475 1,160,890 5,491,200
Condominium 19,415 353,215 822,780
Not condominium 163,060 807,670 4,668,425
Total - Occupied private dwellings by number of bedrooms - 25% sample data52 182,475 1,160,890 5,491,200
No bedrooms 1,000 28,765 48,740
1 bedroom 12,240 330,340 769,570
2 bedrooms 21,570 334,320 1,205,540
3 bedrooms 57,720 268,505 1,918,935
4 or more bedrooms 89,940 198,960 1,548,420
Total - Occupied private dwellings by number of rooms - 25% sample data53 182,475 1,160,890 5,491,200
1 to 4 rooms 39,170 617,005 1,579,320
5 rooms 28,815 152,950 775,580
6 rooms 31,115 113,715 791,100
7 rooms 26,710 90,775 708,205
8 or more rooms 56,660 186,440 1,636,990
Average number of rooms per dwelling 6.5 4.9 6.2
Total - Private households by number of persons per room - 25% sample data54 182,475 1,160,890 5,491,200
One person or fewer per room 168,325 1,093,085 5,328,575
More than one person per room 14,145 67,805 162,625
Total - Private households by housing suitability - 25% sample data55 182,475 1,160,890 5,491,200
Suitable 158,385 1,016,350 5,122,185
Not suitable 24,085 144,545 369,015
Total - Occupied private dwellings by period of construction - 25% sample data56 182,475 1,160,890 5,491,200
1960 or before 7,600 340,185 1,247,430
1961 to 1980 35,165 333,990 1,456,110
1981 to 1990 25,285 109,780 711,940
1991 to 2000 26,260 92,985 644,080
2001 to 2005 28,550 58,975 385,045
2006 to 2010 21,420 63,995 348,760
2011 to 2015 20,910 75,980 328,735
2016 to 202157 17,285 85,005 369,095
Total - Occupied private dwellings by dwelling condition - 25% sample data58 182,475 1,160,890 5,491,200
Only regular maintenance and minor repairs needed 176,400 1,086,415 5,177,155
Major repairs needed 6,070 74,480 314,050
Total - Private households by number of household maintainers - 25% sample data59 182,475 1,160,890 5,491,200
One-maintainer household 66,515 634,725 2,677,880
Two-maintainer household 88,340 447,155 2,506,110
Three-or-more-maintainer household 27,610 79,010 307,210
Total - Private households by age of primary household maintainers - 25% sample data60 182,475 1,160,890 5,491,200
15 to 24 years 3,555 34,350 126,385
25 to 34 years 21,540 202,225 727,305
35 to 44 years 40,090 210,570 930,410
45 to 54 years 43,705 204,790 1,013,210
55 to 64 years 38,265 215,740 1,149,345
65 to 74 years 22,280 158,850 876,960
75 to 84 years 9,845 90,900 481,250
85 years and over 3,190 43,455 186,330
Total - Owner and tenant households with household total income greater than zero, in non-farm, non-reserve private dwellings by shelter-cost-to-income ratio - 25% sample data61 181,930 1,151,795 5,415,420
Spending less than 30% of income on shelter costs 125,575 777,835 4,103,320
Spending 30% or more of income on shelter costs 56,355 373,965 1,312,095
30% to less than 100% 52,650 321,675 1,169,040
Total - Occupied private dwellings by housing indicators - 25% sample data62 182,470 1,160,895 5,491,205
Total - Households 'spending 30% or more of income on shelter costs' or 'not suitable' or 'major repairs needed' 78,340 522,150 1,802,285
Spending 30% or more of income on shelter costs only 49,190 315,735 1,150,405
Not suitable only 17,835 98,270 262,900
Major repairs needed only 3,350 39,905 201,870
'Spending 30% or more of income on shelter costs' and 'not suitable' 5,240 33,670 74,930
'Spending 30% or more of income on shelter costs' and 'major repairs needed' 1,710 21,965 80,990
'Not suitable' and 'major repairs needed' 805 10,015 25,420
'Spending 30% or more of income on shelter costs' and 'not suitable' and 'major repairs needed' 205 2,595 5,765
Acceptable housing 104,130 638,740 3,688,915
Total - Owner and tenant households with household total income greater than zero and shelter-cost-to-income ratio less than 100%, in non-farm, non-reserve private dwellings - 25% sample data63 178,225 1,099,505 5,272,360
In core need 22,925 215,225 639,805
Not in core need 155,300 884,285 4,632,550
Total - Owner households in non-farm, non-reserve private dwellings - 25% sample data 142,470 602,915 3,718,255
% of owner households with a mortgage64 77.2 56.6 59.7
% of owner households spending 30% or more of its income on shelter costs61 29.3 25.6 17.7
% in core housing need63 9.1 10.8 6.4
Median monthly shelter costs for owned dwellings ($)65 2,300 1,740 1,440
Average monthly shelter costs for owned dwellings ($)65 2,304 2,038 1,700
Median value of dwellings ($)66 900,000 900,000 700,000
Average value of dwellings ($)66 967,000 1,131,000 807,000
Total - Tenant households in non-farm, non-reserve private dwellings - 25% sample data 39,990 557,975 1,722,000
% of tenant households in subsidized housing67 11.0 14.2 13.7
% of tenant households spending 30% or more of its income on shelter costs61 37.0 40.0 38.4
% in core housing need63 26.6 29.3 24.9
Median monthly shelter costs for rented dwellings ($)65 1,520 1,500 1,300
Average monthly shelter costs for rented dwellings ($)65 1,628 1,562 1,408
Total - Households living in a dwelling provided by the local government, First Nation or Indian band in non-farm private dwellings - 25% sample data 0 0 10,510
% of households living in a dwelling provided by the local government, First Nation or Indian band spending more than 30% on shelter costs61 ... ... 8.7
Median monthly shelter costs for dwellings provided by local government, First Nation or Indian band ($)65 ... ... 324
Average monthly shelter costs for dwellings provided by local government, First Nation or Indian band ($)65 ... ... 380
Indigenous ancestry
Total - Indigenous ancestry for the population in private households - 25% sample data68 650,165 2,761,285 14,031,755
Indigenous ancestry (only)69 950 6,060 169,090
Single Indigenous ancestry (only)70 940 5,870 166,095
First Nations (North American Indian) single ancestry 690 4,835 136,445
Métis single ancestry 240 975 27,835
Inuit single ancestry 15 60 1,810
Multiple Indigenous ancestries (only)71 10 190 3,000
First Nations (North American Indian) and Métis ancestry only 0 170 2,660
First Nations (North American Indian) and Inuit ancestry only 0 15 175
Métis and Inuit ancestry only 0 0 115
First Nations (North American Indian) and Métis and Inuit ancestry only 0 0 50
Indigenous and non-Indigenous ancestries72 3,595 24,150 351,395
Single Indigenous and non-Indigenous ancestries73 3,455 23,505 342,985
First Nations (North American Indian) and non-Indigenous ancestry only 2,725 17,670 246,415
Métis and non-Indigenous ancestry only 655 5,665 93,245
Inuit and non-Indigenous ancestry only 80 170 3,325
Multiple Indigenous and non-Indigenous ancestries74 135 645 8,405
First Nations (North American Indian) and Métis and non-Indigenous ancestry only 95 605 7,595
First Nations (North American Indian) and Inuit and non-Indigenous ancestry only 45 40 535
Métis and Inuit and non-Indigenous ancestry only 0 0 215
First Nations (North American Indian) and Métis and Inuit and non-Indigenous ancestry only 0 0 60
Non-Indigenous ancestry only75 645,615 2,731,070 13,511,270
Citizenship
Total - Citizenship for the population in private households - 25% sample data76 650,160 2,761,285 14,031,755
Canadian citizens77 513,120 2,284,055 12,633,260
Canadian citizens aged under 18 130,235 413,995 2,554,125
Canadian citizens aged 18 and over 382,890 1,870,055 10,079,140
Not Canadian citizens78 137,040 477,230 1,398,490
Immigrant status and period of immigration
Total - Immigrant status and period of immigration for the population in private households - 25% sample data79 650,160 2,761,285 14,031,755
Non-immigrants80 266,465 1,329,905 9,437,320
Immigrants81 343,690 1,286,140 4,206,585
Before 1980 38,125 222,935 860,305
1980 to 1990 37,385 156,460 506,195
1991 to 2000 74,700 273,985 852,765
2001 to 2010 98,615 290,400 941,630
2011 to 202182 94,870 342,360 1,045,695
2011 to 2015 44,775 144,320 461,010
2016 to 2021 50,095 198,040 584,680
Non-permanent residents83 40,005 145,240 387,850
Age at immigration
Total - Age at immigration for the immigrant population in private households - 25% sample data84 343,690 1,286,140 4,206,585
Under 5 years 24,535 91,030 375,395
5 to 14 years 49,965 203,840 734,680
15 to 24 years 77,875 247,955 840,165
25 to 44 years 150,845 605,575 1,851,675
45 years and over 40,475 137,730 404,670
Selected places of birth for the immigrant population
Total - Place of birth for the immigrant population in private households - 25% sample data85 343,690 1,286,140 4,206,585
Americas 59,680 210,980 629,550
Brazil 385 10,175 23,125
Colombia 1,050 8,695 32,520
El Salvador 1,430 6,495 21,780
Guyana 13,920 31,025 77,635
Haiti 290 1,660 11,375
Jamaica 22,210 42,650 122,770
Mexico 590 9,340 33,380
Peru 570 4,105 11,455
Trinidad and Tobago 7,345 18,280 52,750
United States of America 3,245 25,220 111,390
Other places of birth in Americas 8,640 53,330 131,370
Europe 29,110 266,210 1,049,725
Bosnia and Herzegovina 425 4,910 21,150
Croatia 645 4,200 24,270
France 165 5,820 15,240
Germany 975 8,915 54,275
Greece 465 16,510 31,650
Hungary 280 6,135 18,530
Italy 4,210 37,700 135,640
Netherlands 755 2,130 39,490
Poland 2,995 18,245 88,785
Portugal 7,125 34,360 95,490
Romania 580 11,200 40,475
Russian Federation 380 15,820 44,165
Serbia86 355 7,740 22,295
Ukraine 445 15,845 43,070
United Kingdom87 6,830 35,585 239,485
Other places of birth in Europe 2,475 41,100 135,725
Africa 17,815 88,020 287,920
Algeria 55 940 4,355
Congo, Democratic Republic of the 390 2,130 10,220
Egypt 860 6,420 39,345
Eritrea 85 6,485 14,200
Ethiopia 540 10,900 19,415
Morocco 120 2,385 8,105
Nigeria 5,385 10,015 37,420
Somalia 640 10,190 20,335
South Africa, Republic of 360 6,000 21,540
Other places of birth in Africa 9,380 32,555 112,985
Asia 236,120 716,885 2,225,590
Afghanistan 2,910 12,920 38,580
Iran88 650 37,190 103,795
Iraq 4,050 11,350 63,255
Lebanon 505 6,490 38,170
Syria89 590 8,240 45,685
Turkey 490 8,500 20,795
China90 2,525 129,755 355,955
Hong Kong91 705 36,850 108,480
Korea, South92 315 27,505 62,750
Taiwan 150 7,985 18,105
Philippines 15,305 132,980 268,580
Viet Nam 4,950 31,675 86,315
Bangladesh 2,550 27,135 46,260
India 159,585 102,155 495,750
Pakistan 20,400 34,140 165,530
Sri Lanka 12,325 47,895 112,730
Other places of birth in Asia 8,120 54,130 194,855
Oceania and other places of birth93 965 4,045 13,810
Selected places of birth for the recent immigrant population
Total - Place of birth for the recent immigrant population in private households - 25% sample data94 50,090 198,040 584,680
Americas 4,395 25,025 68,450
Brazil 60 4,200 8,725
Colombia 150 1,195 4,260
Haiti 30 275 1,550
Jamaica 1,990 3,145 9,970
Mexico 45 2,330 5,810
United States of America 800 5,125 17,945
Venezuela95 40 1,535 3,400
Other places of birth in Americas 1,290 7,215 16,795
Europe 850 20,690 47,295
France 0 1,940 3,225
Germany 45 650 1,685
Ireland96 10 1,365 2,225
Italy 160 835 1,770
Russian Federation 15 2,240 5,150
Ukraine 75 2,490 6,035
United Kingdom87 160 2,615 8,000
Other places of birth in Europe 390 8,550 19,200
Africa 2,680 18,720 64,910
Algeria 10 210 1,130
Burundi 20 125 1,790
Cameroon 65 500 1,585
Congo, Democratic Republic of the 40 360 2,275
Côte d'Ivoire 35 235 1,085
Egypt 125 995 6,370
Eritrea 10 2,775 7,145
Ethiopia 35 1,955 3,480
Morocco 20 520 1,890
Nigeria 1,570 4,535 16,570
Somalia 45 1,575 3,345
South Africa, Republic of 20 675 2,915
Sudan97 25 480 2,095
Tunisia 20 120 820
Other places of birth in Africa 640 3,650 12,405
Asia 42,095 132,735 401,940
Afghanistan 365 3,180 7,225
Bangladesh 250 4,760 7,710
China90 180 18,525 54,645
Hong Kong91 10 655 2,620
India 34,020 40,200 139,660
Iran88 25 5,225 13,215
Iraq 695 2,265 12,940
Israel 25 640 2,270
Japan 15 860 1,460
Jordan 60 385 2,610
Korea, South92 15 3,120 6,935
Lebanon 25 960 4,365
Nepal 455 1,235 2,445
Pakistan 2,610 5,740 23,970
Philippines 1,635 24,905 45,235
Saudi Arabia 110 1,870 6,110
Sri Lanka 580 2,710 5,895
Syria89 255 4,680 30,180
Turkey 90 2,670 7,060
United Arab Emirates 135 940 5,310
Viet Nam 210 2,395 6,020
Other places of birth in Asia 320 4,810 14,075
Oceania and other93 65 875 2,090
Australia 25 720 1,620
Other places of birth98 45 160 470
Generation status
Total - Generation status for the population in private households - 25% sample data99 650,165 2,761,285 14,031,755
First generation100 387,180 1,462,090 4,725,795
Second generation101 193,900 741,035 3,180,170
Third generation or more102 69,085 558,160 6,125,785
Admission category and applicant type
Total - Admission category and applicant type for the immigrant population in private households who were admitted between 1980 and 2021 - 25% sample data103 305,565 1,063,205 3,346,285
Economic immigrants104 132,975 532,155 1,669,195
Principal applicants105 57,665 240,950 697,905
Secondary applicants106 75,310 291,205 971,295
Immigrants sponsored by family107 136,525 323,950 1,037,680
Refugees108 32,355 186,825 587,735
Other immigrants109 3,710 20,280 51,675
Pre-admission experience
Total - Pre-admission experience for the immigrant population in private households who were admitted between 1980 and 2021 - 25% sample data110 305,565 1,063,205 3,346,285
Asylum claim before admission111 18,755 102,210 262,835
Work permits only before admission112 21,300 111,095 289,330
Study permits only before admission113 2,935 24,490 79,320
Work and study permits before admission114 15,120 65,870 179,715
Other permits before admission115 1,465 5,180 19,030
No pre-admission experience116 245,995 754,355 2,516,055
Visible minority
Total - Visible minority for the population in private households - 25% sample data117 650,165 2,761,285 14,031,750
Total visible minority population118 523,850 1,537,285 4,817,360
South Asian 340,815 385,440 1,515,295
Chinese 7,135 296,225 820,245
Black 85,310 265,005 768,740
Filipino 21,055 170,355 363,650
Arab 6,675 42,040 284,215
Latin American 13,490 92,455 249,190
Southeast Asian 9,100 53,905 167,845
West Asian 7,040 69,320 212,185
Korean 470 42,190 99,425
Japanese 395 13,210 31,420
Visible minority, n.i.e.119 20,555 42,435 124,120
Multiple visible minorities 11,815 64,700 181,025
Not a visible minority120 126,315 1,224,000 9,214,395
Ethnic or cultural origin
Total - Ethnic or cultural origin for the population in private households - 25% sample data121 650,160 2,761,290 14,031,755
Canadian 40,080 165,640 1,621,655
English 27,135 244,995 2,347,685
Irish 21,960 226,865 1,999,985
Scottish 21,115 211,175 1,937,010
French, n.o.s.122 7,885 85,715 1,039,385
German 9,670 107,475 1,058,075
Chinese 11,030 297,725 821,835
Italian 20,535 167,460 905,105
Indian (India) 180,300 182,115 764,435
Ukrainian 3,670 61,560 342,260
Dutch 4,230 34,360 478,860
Polish 7,505 85,255 461,090
Québécois 315 2,620 28,035
British Isles, n.o.s.123 6,825 66,395 462,995
Filipino 20,825 161,495 355,680
French Canadian 1,565 15,450 199,845
Caucasian (White), n.o.s.124 3,050 32,230 221,315
First Nations (North American Indian), n.o.s.125 1,290 9,350 160,660
Métis 995 7,420 131,780
European, n.o.s.126 3,870 35,895 182,785
Russian 1,545 56,130 187,460
Norwegian 495 8,670 62,840
Welsh 1,870 23,795 188,980
Portuguese 18,700 85,165 300,600
American 2,015 21,905 129,750
Spanish 6,280 44,625 143,840
Swedish 525 9,415 68,260
Hungarian 1,835 25,910 149,040
Acadian 375 3,935 34,125
Pakistani 25,985 41,705 212,650
African, n.o.s.127 15,390 50,400 149,265
Jewish 655 74,080 155,180
Punjabi 57,075 11,980 119,085
Vietnamese 6,710 42,190 122,735
Arab, n.o.s.128 2,270 18,385 110,250
Greek 1,920 51,985 143,065
Jamaican 30,960 62,015 201,945
Asian, n.o.s.129 8,640 39,880 110,750
Cree, n.o.s.130 185 1,380 20,025
Korean 520 42,195 100,025
Romanian 1,020 20,010 86,435
Lebanese 1,120 11,530 80,345
Iranian 820 37,895 109,410
Christian, n.i.e.131 3,260 15,030 73,665
Danish 515 7,120 52,170
North American Indigenous, n.o.s.132 470 3,925 61,790
Sikh 43,940 4,850 77,805
Austrian 840 11,700 63,920
Belgian 445 4,575 56,860
Haitian 400 2,820 17,930
Hindu 26,895 26,510 106,970
Mexican 915 15,440 54,725
Mennonite 35 1,740 38,095
Swiss 465 6,710 56,510
Finnish 355 7,710 76,275
Sri Lankan 10,955 43,495 105,765
Croatian 1,930 12,420 79,240
Japanese 730 17,115 42,250
South Asian, n.o.s.133 14,970 25,660 83,435
Mi'kmaq, n.o.s.134 850 2,195 21,650
Northern European, n.o.s.135 305 4,345 31,395
Muslim 5,125 15,950 62,780
Egyptian 1,200 9,725 54,210
Latin, Central or South American, n.o.s.136 2,270 17,735 48,595
Tamil 9,375 35,070 86,580
Icelandic 90 2,560 13,915
Colombian 1,220 10,340 39,420
Moroccan 215 3,905 12,300
Czech 560 7,745 39,400
Syrian 1,175 6,785 42,525
Guyanese 14,020 27,780 85,455
Afghan 4,485 18,760 61,255
Black, n.o.s.137 6,770 22,590 59,655
Serbian 800 17,775 64,415
Ojibway 245 2,405 52,770
Newfoundlander 855 3,370 29,950
Hong Konger 285 12,835 41,120
Ontarian 1,280 4,725 64,245
Persian 655 15,215 46,445
Trinidadian/Tobagonian 6,840 17,350 59,110
Turkish 1,015 15,770 43,555
Inuit, n.o.s.138 130 285 6,160
Bangladeshi 2,815 26,650 47,195
Algerian 60 1,290 4,970
Brazilian 695 14,860 33,905
Nigerian 4,170 10,870 36,750
Armenian 310 11,885 30,860
Slovak 515 7,065 37,165
Eastern European, n.o.s.139 295 11,345 32,880
Somali 1,485 19,810 41,640
Taiwanese 85 7,955 17,960
Iraqi 2,365 7,490 42,980
Salvadorean 1,705 7,195 24,740
African Caribbean 5,935 15,300 43,475
East or Southeast Asian, n.o.s.140 2,540 13,395 32,785
West or Central Asian or Middle Eastern, n.o.s.141 1,280 7,875 38,000
Caribbean, n.o.s.142 5,160 14,565 39,165
Algonquin 60 625 20,910
West Indian, n.o.s.143 6,940 14,825 42,575
Lithuanian 265 8,190 29,870
South African 345 5,505 21,965
Australian 150 3,480 14,775
Palestinian 655 4,020 30,365
Chilean 890 5,165 14,370
Congolese 565 2,705 12,815
Nova Scotian 155 1,170 10,195
Ethiopian 605 11,065 20,625
Hispanic, n.o.s.144 1,510 7,945 22,825
Peruvian 870 5,235 15,260
Yoruba 2,540 5,395 19,350
Cambodian (Khmer) 430 2,800 15,155
Berber 35 505 3,055
Albanian 275 12,250 29,575
Maltese 1,600 6,400 33,825
Macedonian 600 11,600 35,925
Slovenian 485 4,805 25,085
Western European, n.o.s.145 205 2,575 13,170
New Brunswicker 85 525 5,865
Gujarati 6,080 6,650 25,995
Eritrean 185 8,355 17,165
African Canadian 2,445 6,015 20,025
Israeli 200 7,415 20,570
Mohawk 120 1,275 20,595
Czechoslovakian, n.o.s.146 100 1,750 12,115
Bulgarian 235 5,830 15,900
Albertan 0 165 1,185
Ghanaian 4,525 7,550 20,935
Barbadian 1,615 6,340 21,205
African American 1,340 4,410 16,380
Yugoslavian, n.o.s.147 195 2,855 16,400
Tunisian 0 485 2,430
Slavic, n.o.s.148 360 4,710 15,800
Cuban 730 4,760 14,785
Bosnian 290 3,255 16,065
Venezuelan 305 4,130 12,885
Innu/Montagnais, n.o.s.149 35 50 1,010
Latvian 220 4,915 16,070
Bengali 820 9,230 16,665
Cameroonian