Census Profile, 2021 Census of Population
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Topic:
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Age
Age characteristics
Commuting
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Commuting destination
Commuting duration
Main mode of commuting
Place of work status
Time leaving for work
Education
Select all: Education
Highest certificate, diploma or degree
Location of study compared with province or territory of residence
Major field of study - Classification of Instructional Programs (CIP) 2021
Secondary (high) school diploma or equivalency certificate
Ethnocultural and religious diversity
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Ethnic or cultural origin
Religion
Visible minority
Families, households, and marital status
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Family characteristics
Household type
Marital status
Housing
Household characteristics
Immigration, place of birth, and citizenship
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Admission category and applicant type
Age at immigration
Citizenship
Generation status
Immigrant status and period of immigration
Pre-admission experience
Selected places of birth for the immigrant population
Selected places of birth for the recent immigrant population
Income
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Income of economic families in 2020
Income of households in 2020
Income of individuals in 2019
Income of individuals in 2020
Low income and income inequality in 2020
Indigenous peoples
Select all: Indigenous peoples
Indigenous ancestry
Indigenous population
Instruction in the minority official language
Select all: Instruction in the minority official language
Children eligible for instruction in the minority official language
Eligibility and instruction in the minority official language for school-aged children
Labour
Select all: Labour
Class of worker including job permanency
Industry - Sectors - North American Industry Classification System (NAICS) 2017
Labour force status
Occupation - Broad category - National Occupational Classification (NOC) 2021
Work activity during the reference year
Language
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All languages spoken at home
First official language spoken
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Language spoken most often at home
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Other language spoken regularly at home
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Language used most often at work
Other language(s) used regularly at work
Mobility and migration
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Population and dwelling counts
Population and dwellings
Type of dwelling
Household and dwelling characteristics
GenderMore information:


Statistic:
Characteristic Niagara, Regional municipality (RM)More information:
Ontario
[Census division]
Counts
Total Men+ Women+
Population and dwellings
Population, 20211 477,941 ... ...
Population, 20161 447,888 ... ...
Population percentage change, 2016 to 2021 6.7 ... ...
Total private dwellings2 207,926 ... ...
Private dwellings occupied by usual residents3 195,914 ... ...
Population density per square kilometre 258.0 ... ...
Land area in square kilometres 1,852.82 ... ...
Age characteristics
Total - Age groups of the population - 100% data 477,940 232,715 245,225
0 to 14 years 70,600 36,280 34,320
0 to 4 years 21,830 11,285 10,545
5 to 9 years 23,860 12,300 11,560
10 to 14 years 24,910 12,700 12,215
15 to 64 years 295,990 145,755 150,240
15 to 19 years 25,275 13,125 12,150
20 to 24 years 27,230 14,020 13,210
25 to 29 years 28,700 14,530 14,175
30 to 34 years 28,665 14,295 14,375
35 to 39 years 27,415 13,375 14,040
40 to 44 years 26,695 12,985 13,710
45 to 49 years 27,910 13,560 14,350
50 to 54 years 30,695 14,820 15,875
55 to 59 years 36,760 17,725 19,035
60 to 64 years 36,645 17,330 19,320
65 years and over 111,345 50,680 60,670
65 to 69 years 33,245 15,755 17,485
70 to 74 years 29,210 13,810 15,405
75 to 79 years 20,275 9,580 10,695
80 to 84 years 13,770 6,075 7,690
85 years and over 14,850 5,455 9,395
85 to 89 years 8,765 3,555 5,215
90 to 94 years 4,645 1,545 3,095
95 to 99 years 1,290 320 975
100 years and over 145 35 110
Total - Distribution (%) of the population by broad age groups - 100% data 100.0 100.0 100.0
0 to 14 years 14.8 15.6 14.0
15 to 64 years 61.9 62.6 61.3
65 years and over 23.3 21.8 24.7
85 years and over 3.1 2.3 3.8
Average age of the population 44.4 43.2 45.5
Median age of the population 46.0 44.0 47.2
Household and dwelling characteristics
Total - Occupied private dwellings by structural type of dwelling - 100% data 195,915 ... ...
Single-detached house 129,970 ... ...
Semi-detached house 10,205 ... ...
Row house 15,410 ... ...
Apartment or flat in a duplex 6,655 ... ...
Apartment in a building that has fewer than five storeys 21,725 ... ...
Apartment in a building that has five or more storeys 10,775 ... ...
Other single-attached house 625 ... ...
Movable dwelling4 555 ... ...
Total - Private households by household size - 100% data 195,915 ... ...
1 person 55,085 ... ...
2 persons 71,480 ... ...
3 persons 29,445 ... ...
4 persons 24,930 ... ...
5 or more persons 14,970 ... ...
Number of persons in private households 469,455 229,145 240,310
Average household size 2.4 ... ...
Marital status
Total - Marital status for the total population aged 15 years and over - 100% data 407,340 196,430 210,905
Married or living common-law 231,440 115,715 115,720
Married 192,070 96,040 96,030
Living common-law 39,365 19,675 19,690
Living common law - Never married 25,355 12,705 12,650
Living common law - Separated 2,770 1,465 1,300
Living common law - Divorced 9,755 4,885 4,865
Living common law - Widowed 1,495 620 870
Not married and not living common-law 175,905 80,720 95,185
Not married and not living common law - Never married 107,285 58,165 49,115
Not married and not living common law - Separated 13,655 5,880 7,775
Not married and not living common law - Divorced 26,950 10,595 16,355
Not married and not living common law - Widowed 28,020 6,075 21,940
Family characteristics
Total - Census families in private households by family size - 100% data5 137,430 ... ...
2 persons 75,435 ... ...
3 persons 28,430 ... ...
4 persons 23,270 ... ...
5 or more persons 10,295 ... ...
Average size of census families 2.8 ... ...
Average number of children in census families with children6 1.7 ... ...
Total number of census families in private households - 100% data 137,425 ... ...
Total couple families 113,105 ... ...
Married couples 93,455 ... ...
With children6 45,135 ... ...
Without children 48,320 ... ...
Common-law couples 19,650 ... ...
With children6 7,535 ... ...
Without children 12,110 ... ...
Total one-parent families 24,325 ... ...
in which the parent is a woman+ 19,040 ... ...
in which the parent is a man+ 5,280 ... ...
Total - Persons in private households - 100% data 469,450 229,145 240,310
Total - Persons in census families 384,850 190,325 194,520
Married spouses or common-law partners 226,210 113,000 113,210
Parents in one-parent families 24,320 5,285 19,040
Children6 134,315 72,045 62,270
In a two-parent family 97,000 51,615 45,380
In a one-parent family 37,320 20,425 16,890
Total - Persons not in census families in private households - 100% data 84,605 38,815 45,780
Living alone 55,085 24,010 31,075
Living with other relatives7 11,020 4,495 6,530
Living with non-relatives only 18,500 10,320 8,180
Household type
Total - Household type - 100% data 195,910 ... ...
One-census-family households without additional persons 120,420 ... ...
Couple-family households 101,815 ... ...
With children6 47,345 ... ...
Without children 54,465 ... ...
One-parent-family households 18,605 ... ...
Multigenerational households8 5,705 ... ...
Multiple-census-family households9 1,205 ... ...
One-census-family households with additional persons9 5,995 ... ...
Two-or-more-person non-census-family households 7,500 ... ...
One-person households 55,090 ... ...
Income of individuals in 2020
Total - Income statistics in 2020 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data10 398,950 192,920 206,025
Number of total income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2020 - 100% data 386,005 186,220 199,785
Median total income in 2020 among recipients ($) 38,400 44,000 34,400
Number of after-tax income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2020 - 100% data 386,175 186,305 199,870
Median after-tax income in 2020 among recipients ($) 35,200 39,600 32,000
Number of market income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2020 - 100% data 341,530 168,425 173,105
Median market income in 2020 among recipients ($) 30,200 37,600 23,800
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2020 - 100% data 267,155 138,275 128,885
Median employment income in 2020 among recipients ($) 30,400 36,000 25,600
Number of government transfers recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2020 - 100% data 355,470 169,820 185,650
Median government transfers in 2020 among recipients ($) 11,800 10,000 12,800
Number of employment insurance benefits recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2020 - 100% data 44,505 20,975 23,530
Median employment insurance benefits in 2020 among recipients ($) 5,680 5,560 5,800
Number of COVID-19 emergency and recovery benefits recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2020 - 100% data 115,575 54,785 60,790
Median COVID-19 emergency and recovery benefits in 2020 among recipients ($) 9,000 8,000 10,000
Total - Income statistics in 2020 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data11 398,950 192,935 206,015
Number of total income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2020 - 25% sample data 385,915 186,260 199,655
Average total income in 2020 among recipients ($) 49,360 56,400 42,800
Number of after-tax income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2020 - 25% sample data 386,095 186,345 199,750
Average after-tax income in 2020 among recipients ($) 41,920 47,000 37,200
Number of market income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2020 - 25% sample data 341,595 168,505 173,090
Average market income in 2020 among recipients ($) 43,080 51,200 35,200
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2020 - 25% sample data 267,155 138,275 128,880
Average employment income in 2020 among recipients ($) 42,320 48,240 35,960
Number of government transfers recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2020 - 25% sample data 355,020 169,650 185,370
Average government transfers in 2020 among recipients ($) 12,200 11,090 13,200
Number of employment insurance benefits recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2020 - 25% sample data 44,860 20,905 23,955
Average employment insurance benefits in 2020 among recipients ($) 6,370 6,030 6,670
Number of COVID-19 emergency and recovery benefits recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2020 - 25% sample data 115,270 54,545 60,720
Average COVID-19 emergency and recovery benefits in 2020 among recipients ($) 9,570 9,350 9,770
Total - Employment income statistics in 2020 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data12 398,950 192,935 206,015
Number of employment income recipients in 2020 who worked full-year full-time in 2020 - 25% sample data13 112,335 63,160 49,170
Median employment income in 2020 for full-year full-time workers in 2020 ($)14 60,000 66,000 54,000
Average employment income in 2020 for full-year full-time workers in 2020 ($)15 70,400 77,100 61,800
Number of employment income recipients in 2020 who worked part-year or part-time in 2020 - 25% sample data16 112,150 51,605 60,550
Median employment income in 2020 of those who worked part-year or part-time in 2020 ($) 15,900 17,400 14,700
Average employment income in 2020 of those who worked part-year or part-time in 2020 ($) 24,920 28,520 21,880
Composition of total income in 2020 of the population aged 15 years and over in private households (%) - 25% sample data17 100.0 100.0 100.0
Market income (%)18 77.2 82.0 71.4
Employment income (%)19 59.3 63.5 54.2
Government transfers (%)20 22.7 17.9 28.7
Employment insurance benefits (%) 1.5 1.2 1.9
COVID-19 - Government income support and benefits (%) 6.6 5.3 8.1
COVID-19 - Emergency and recovery benefits (%) 5.8 4.9 6.9
Total - Total income groups in 2020 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data21 398,950 192,925 206,030
Without total income 12,945 6,705 6,245
With total income 386,005 186,225 199,780
Under $10,000 (including loss) 28,415 12,065 16,355
$10,000 to $19,999 49,120 19,505 29,615
$20,000 to $29,999 65,360 27,040 38,315
$30,000 to $39,999 57,535 25,450 32,080
$40,000 to $49,999 46,475 21,970 24,510
$50,000 to $59,999 35,665 17,470 18,195
$60,000 to $69,999 26,495 14,525 11,970
$70,000 to $79,999 19,210 11,265 7,945
$80,000 to $89,999 14,005 8,525 5,485
$90,000 to $99,999 11,430 6,865 4,560
$100,000 and over 32,295 21,535 10,765
$100,000 to $149,999 22,655 14,500 8,155
$150,000 and over 9,640 7,030 2,610
Total - After-tax income groups in 2020 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data22 398,950 192,925 206,030
Without after-tax income 12,775 6,620 6,155
With after-tax income 386,175 186,305 199,870
Under $10,000 (including loss) 30,170 12,555 17,615
$10,000 to $19,999 51,460 20,490 30,970
$20,000 to $29,999 74,745 31,260 43,490
$30,000 to $39,999 65,910 30,240 35,665
$40,000 to $49,999 51,330 24,930 26,400
$50,000 to $59,999 36,180 19,395 16,790
$60,000 to $69,999 24,450 14,285 10,165
$70,000 to $79,999 16,585 10,140 6,445
$80,000 to $89,999 12,815 7,360 5,455
$90,000 to $99,999 7,040 4,605 2,435
$100,000 and over 15,500 11,050 4,450
$100,000 to $124,999 8,120 5,630 2,490
$125,000 and over 7,380 5,420 1,960
Total - Employment income groups in 2020 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data19 398,950 192,925 206,030
Without employment income 131,795 54,650 77,140
With employment income 267,155 138,270 128,885
Under $5,000 (including loss) 47,280 24,680 22,595
$5,000 to $9,999 24,745 10,680 14,060
$10,000 to $19,999 35,245 15,485 19,760
$20,000 to $29,999 25,260 11,545 13,715
$30,000 to $39,999 23,780 11,200 12,580
$40,000 to $49,999 22,375 10,525 11,850
$50,000 to $59,999 19,440 10,160 9,285
$60,000 to $69,999 15,610 9,165 6,445
$70,000 to $79,999 11,690 7,310 4,380
$80,000 to $89,999 9,460 6,060 3,400
$90,000 to $99,999 9,260 5,290 3,975
$100,000 and over 23,010 16,170 6,840
$100,000 to $124,999 11,725 7,755 3,965
$125,000 and over 11,285 8,410 2,875
Income of individuals in 2019
Total - Income statistics in 2019 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data23 398,950 192,920 206,025
Number of total income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2019 - 100% data 380,415 183,320 197,100
Median total income in 2019 among recipients ($) 36,800 43,200 31,800
Number of after-tax income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2019 - 100% data 380,570 183,330 197,230
Median after-tax income in 2019 among recipients ($) 33,600 38,800 29,600
Number of market income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2019 - 100% data 340,010 167,425 172,585
Median market income in 2019 among recipients ($) 33,200 40,400 27,400
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2019 - 100% data 270,685 139,645 131,040
Median employment income in 2019 among recipients ($) 33,600 39,200 29,600
Number of government transfers recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2019 - 100% data 337,365 160,635 176,735
Median government transfers in 2019 among recipients ($) 5,320 2,060 7,650
Number of employment insurance benefits recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2019 -100% data 28,620 12,860 15,760
Median employment insurance benefits in 2019 among recipients ($) 5,120 4,960 5,240
Total - Income statistics in 2019 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data24 398,950 192,935 206,015
Number of total income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2019 - 25% sample data 380,345 183,230 197,115
Average total income in 2019 among recipients ($) 47,360 55,000 40,280
Number of after-tax income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2019 - 25% sample data 380,465 183,250 197,215
Average after-tax income in 2019 among recipients ($) 39,920 45,280 35,000
Number of market income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2019 - 25% sample data 340,200 167,480 172,720
Average market income in 2019 among recipients ($) 44,560 53,000 36,400
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2019 - 25% sample data 270,305 139,405 130,895
Average employment income in 2019 among recipients ($) 43,880 50,200 37,200
Number of government transfers recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2019 - 25% sample data 337,350 160,450 176,905
Average government transfers in 2019 among recipients ($) 8,460 7,510 9,330
Number of employment insurance benefits recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2019 - 25% sample data 28,640 12,845 15,790
Average employment insurance benefits in 2019 among recipients ($) 6,730 6,105 7,230
Total - Employment income statistics in 2019 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data25 398,950 192,935 206,015
Number of employment income recipients in 2019 who worked full-year full-time in 2020 - 25% sample data13 111,570 62,710 48,855
Median employment income in 2019 for full-year full-time workers in 2020 ($)14 57,200 63,600 50,000
Average employment income in 2019 for full-year full-time workers in 2020 ($)15 67,400 74,600 58,050
Number of employment income recipients in 2019 who worked part-year or part-time in 2020 - 25% sample data16 107,330 49,145 58,185
Median employment income in 2019 of those who worked part-year or part-time in 2020 ($) 23,600 26,600 21,600
Average employment income in 2019 of those who worked part-year or part-time in 2020 ($) 31,920 36,800 27,760
Composition of total income in 2019 of the population aged 15 years and over in private households (%) - 25% sample data 100.0 100.0 100.0
Market income (%) 84.2 88.0 79.2
Employment income (%) 65.8 69.4 61.3
Government transfers (%) 15.8 11.9 20.8
Employment insurance benefits (%) 1.1 0.8 1.4
Income of households in 2020
Total - Income statistics for private households - 100% data26 195,915 ... ...
Median total income of household in 2020 ($) 79,000 ... ...
Median after-tax income of household in 2020 ($) 71,000 ... ...
Total - Income statistics for one-person private households - 100% data 55,090 ... ...
Median total income of one-person households in 2020 ($) 39,200 ... ...
Median after-tax income of one-person households in 2020 ($) 35,600 ... ...
Total - Income statistics for two-or-more-persons private households - 100% data 140,830 ... ...
Median total income of two-or-more-person households in 2020 ($) 98,000 ... ...
Median after-tax income of two-or-more-person households in 2020 ($) 87,000 ... ...
Total - Income statistics for private households - 25% sample data27 195,910 ... ...
Average total income of household in 2020 ($) 97,200 ... ...
Average after-tax income of household in 2020 ($) 82,600 ... ...
Total - Income statistics for one-person private households - 25% sample data 55,065 ... ...
Average total income of one-person households in 2020 ($) 49,200 ... ...
Average after-tax income of one-person households in 2020 ($) 41,800 ... ...
Total - Income statistics for two-or-more-persons private households - 25% sample data 140,850 ... ...
Average total income of two-or-more-person households in 2020 ($) 116,000 ... ...
Average after-tax income of two-or-more-person households in 2020 ($) 98,600 ... ...
Total - Household total income groups in 2020 for private households - 100% data21 195,915 ... ...
Under $5,000 1,605 ... ...
$5,000 to $9,999 870 ... ...
$10,000 to $14,999 2,145 ... ...
$15,000 to $19,999 4,070 ... ...
$20,000 to $24,999 7,355 ... ...
$25,000 to $29,999 7,310 ... ...
$30,000 to $34,999 6,870 ... ...
$35,000 to $39,999 7,795 ... ...
$40,000 to $44,999 8,150 ... ...
$45,000 to $49,999 8,120 ... ...
$50,000 to $59,999 15,685 ... ...
$60,000 to $69,999 14,980 ... ...
$70,000 to $79,999 14,060 ... ...
$80,000 to $89,999 12,750 ... ...
$90,000 to $99,999 11,865 ... ...
$100,000 and over 72,280 ... ...
$100,000 to $124,999 23,470 ... ...
$125,000 to $149,999 16,370 ... ...
$150,000 to $199,999 17,995 ... ...
$200,000 and over 14,445 ... ...
Total - Household after-tax income groups in 2020 for private households - 100% data22 195,915 ... ...
Under $5,000 1,855 ... ...
$5,000 to $9,999 910 ... ...
$10,000 to $14,999 2,230 ... ...
$15,000 to $19,999 4,245 ... ...
$20,000 to $24,999 7,870 ... ...
$25,000 to $29,999 8,385 ... ...
$30,000 to $34,999 8,200 ... ...
$35,000 to $39,999 8,900 ... ...
$40,000 to $44,999 9,255 ... ...
$45,000 to $49,999 9,185 ... ...
$50,000 to $59,999 18,100 ... ...
$60,000 to $69,999 17,365 ... ...
$70,000 to $79,999 15,915 ... ...
$80,000 to $89,999 14,595 ... ...
$90,000 to $99,999 12,355 ... ...
$100,000 and over 56,545 ... ...
$100,000 to $124,999 22,910 ... ...
$125,000 to $149,999 13,965 ... ...
$150,000 and over 19,670 ... ...
Income of economic families in 2020
Total - Income statistics for economic families in private households - 100% data28 135,545 ... ...
Median total income of economic family in 2020 ($) 98,000 ... ...
Median after-tax income of economic family in 2020 ($) 86,000 ... ...
Average family size of economic families 2.9 ... ...
Total - Income statistics for couple-only economic families in private households - 100% data 55,635 ... ...
Median total income of couple-only economic families in 2020 ($) 86,000 ... ...
Median after-tax income of couple-only economic families in 2020 ($) 76,000 ... ...
Average family size of couple-only economic families 2.0 ... ...
Total - Income statistics for couple-with-children economic families in private households - 100% data 53,350 ... ...
Median total income of couple-with-children economic families in 2020 ($) 128,000 ... ...
Median after-tax income of couple-with-children economic families in 2020 ($) 111,000 ... ...
Average family size of couple-with-children economic families 4.0 ... ...
Total - Income statistics for one-parent economic families in private households - 100% data 22,350 ... ...
Median total income of one-parent economic families in 2020 ($) 67,000 ... ...
Median after-tax income of one-parent economic families in 2020 ($) 62,000 ... ...
Average family size of one-parent economic families 2.7 ... ...
Total - Income statistics for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families in private households - 100% data29 73,585 34,330 39,255
Median total income in 2020 ($)30 36,000 37,600 34,800
Median after-tax income in 2020 ($)30 33,200 34,400 32,400
Total - Income statistics for economic families in private households - 25% sample data31 135,405 ... ...
Average total income of economic family in 2020 ($) 116,100 ... ...
Average after-tax income of economic family in 2020 ($) 98,500 ... ...
Total - Income statistics for couple-only economic families in private households - 25% sample data 55,475 ... ...
Average total income of couple-only economic families in 2020 ($) 103,300 ... ...
Average after-tax income of couple-only economic families in 2020 ($) 86,800 ... ...
Total - Income statistics for couple-with-children economic families in private households - 25% sample data 53,605 ... ...
Average total income of couple-with-children economic families in 2020 ($) 145,200 ... ...
Average after-tax income of couple-with-children economic families in 2020 ($) 122,500 ... ...
Total - Income statistics for one-parent economic families in private households - 25% sample data 22,130 ... ...
Average total income of one-parent economic families in 2020 ($) 77,400 ... ...
Average after-tax income of one-parent economic families in 2020 ($) 69,100 ... ...
Total - Income statistics for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families in private households - 25% sample data32 73,500 34,140 39,365
Average total income in 2020 ($)30 45,360 47,760 43,280
Average after-tax income in 2020 ($)30 38,880 40,320 37,640
Low income and income inequality in 2020
Total - LIM low-income status in 2020 for the population in private households - 100% data33 469,455 229,145 240,310
0 to 17 years 85,530 44,005 41,525
0 to 5 years 26,510 13,700 12,810
18 to 64 years 278,565 136,360 142,205
65 years and over 105,360 48,775 56,580
In low income based on the Low-income measure, after tax (LIM-AT) 49,030 22,225 26,810
0 to 17 years 10,715 5,465 5,250
0 to 5 years 3,635 1,850 1,785
18 to 64 years 26,965 12,625 14,340
65 years and over 11,355 4,140 7,220
Prevalence of low income based on the Low-income measure, after tax (LIM-AT) (%) 10.4 9.7 11.2
0 to 17 years (%) 12.5 12.4 12.6
0 to 5 years (%) 13.7 13.5 13.9
18 to 64 years (%) 9.7 9.3 10.1
65 years and over (%) 10.8 8.5 12.8
Total - LICO low-income status in 2020 for the population in private households to whom the low-income concept is applicable - 100% data33 469,450 229,145 240,305
0 to 17 years 85,530 44,005 41,525
0 to 5 years 26,510 13,700 12,815
18 to 64 years 278,565 136,365 142,205
65 years and over 105,355 48,780 56,580
In low income based on the Low-income cut-offs, after tax (LICO-AT) 18,650 9,520 9,130
0 to 17 years 2,890 1,490 1,400
0 to 5 years 885 450 435
18 to 64 years 14,115 7,360 6,755
65 years and over 1,640 670 970
Prevalence of low income based on the Low-income cut-offs, after tax (LICO-AT) (%) 4.0 4.2 3.8
0 to 17 years (%) 3.4 3.4 3.4
0 to 5 years (%) 3.4 3.3 3.4
18 to 64 years (%) 5.1 5.4 4.8
65 years and over (%) 1.6 1.4 1.7
Total - Adjusted after-tax economic family income decile group for the population in private households - 100% data34The letter 'c' in a yellow triangle indicates a correction notice. 469,455 229,150 240,310
In bottom half of the distribution 248,615 118,110 130,505
In bottom decile 44,225 20,890 23,340
In second decile 50,185 22,595 27,585
In third decile 52,300 24,880 27,425
In fourth decile 51,055 24,850 26,200
In fifth decile 50,855 24,900 25,955
In top half of the distribution 220,840 111,035 109,800
In sixth decile 49,190 24,365 24,820
In seventh decile 47,230 23,635 23,595
In eighth decile 44,905 22,640 22,265
In ninth decile 42,880 21,730 21,150
In top decile 36,640 18,665 17,970
Total - Inequality measures for the population in private households - 100% data35 469,450 ... ...
Gini index on adjusted household total income 0.318 ... ...
Gini index on adjusted household market income 0.456 ... ...
Gini index on adjusted household after-tax income 0.280 ... ...
P90/P10 ratio on adjusted household after-tax income 3.5 ... ...
Knowledge of official languages
Total - Knowledge of official languages for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% data36 472,785 230,735 242,055
English only 435,160 214,455 220,700
French only 315 140 175
English and French 33,415 14,510 18,910
Neither English nor French 3,900 1,630 2,265
First official language spoken
Total - First official language spoken for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% data37 472,785 230,735 242,055
English 457,310 223,860 233,450
French 10,445 4,740 5,705
English and French 1,280 580 695
Neither English nor French 3,755 1,555 2,200
Mother tongue
Total - Mother tongue for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% data38 472,785 230,735 242,055
Single responses 460,435 224,910 235,520
Official languages 392,975 193,045 199,930
English 382,030 188,070 193,965
French 10,940 4,975 5,970
Non-official languages 67,460 31,865 35,595
Indigenous languages39 45 20 25
Algonquian languages 30 10 20
Blackfoot 0 0 0
Cree-Innu languages 5 5 5
Atikamekw 0 0 0
Cree languages 5 5 5
Ililimowin (Moose Cree) 0 0 0
Inu Ayimun (Southern East Cree) 0 0 0
Iyiyiw-Ayimiwin (Northern East Cree) 0 0 0
Nehinawewin (Swampy Cree) 5 0 0
Nehiyawewin (Plains Cree) 0 0 0
Nihithawiwin (Woods Cree) 0 0 0
Cree, n.o.s. 5 0 5
Innu (Montagnais) 0 0 0
Naskapi 0 0 0
Eastern Algonquian languages 5 0 0
Mi'kmaq 5 0 0
Wolastoqewi (Malecite) 0 0 0
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 20 5 10
Anicinabemowin (Algonquin) 0 0 0
Oji-Cree 0 0 0
Ojibway languages 15 10 10
Anishinaabemowin (Chippewa) 0 0 0
Daawaamwin (Odawa) 0 0 0
Saulteau (Western Ojibway) 0 0 0
Ojibway, n.o.s. 15 10 10
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages 0 0 0
Northern Athabaskan languages 0 0 0
Dakelh (Carrier) 0 0 0
Dane-zaa (Beaver) 0 0 0
Dene, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Gwich'in 0 0 0
Slavey-Hare languages 0 0 0
Deh Gah Ghotie Zhatie (South Slavey) 0 0 0
Satuotine Yati (North Slavey) 0 0 0
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Tahltan languages 0 0 0
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0
Tahltan 0 0 0
Tlicho (Dogrib) 0 0 0
Tse'khene (Sekani) 0 0 0
Tsilhqot'in (Chilcotin) 0 0 0
Tsuu T'ina (Sarsi) 0 0 0
Tutchone languages 0 0 0
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0
Tutchone, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Wetsuwet'en-Babine 0 0 0
Tlingit 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Haida 0 0 0
Inuktut (Inuit) languages 0 0 5
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 0 0 0
Inuinnaqtun 0 0 0
Inuvialuktun 0 0 0
Inuktitut 0 0 5
Inuktut (Inuit) languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages 10 10 5
Cayuga 0 0 0
Mohawk 5 5 0
Oneida 0 0 5
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Ktunaxa (Kutenai) 0 0 0
Michif 0 0 0
Salish languages 0 0 0
Halkomelem 0 0 0
Lillooet 0 0 0
Ntlakapamux (Thompson) 0 0 0
Secwepemctsin (Shuswap) 0 0 0
Squamish 0 0 0
Straits 0 0 0
Syilx (Okanagan) 0 0 0
Salish languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Siouan languages 0 0 0
Assiniboine 0 0 0
Dakota 0 0 0
Stoney 0 0 0
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Tsimshian languages 0 0 0
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 0 0 0
Nisga'a 0 0 0
Tsimshian 0 0 0
Wakashan languages 0 0 0
Haisla 0 0 0
Heiltsuk 0 0 0
Kwak'wala (Kwakiutl) 0 0 0
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0 0 0
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Indigenous languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Indigenous languages, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Non-Indigenous languages 67,415 31,845 35,570
Afro-Asiatic languages 3,745 1,940 1,810
Berber languages 5 0 5
Kabyle 5 0 0
Tamazight 0 0 0
Berber languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Chadic languages 5 0 0
Hausa 5 0 0
Mina 0 0 0
Coptic 10 0 5
Cushitic languages 260 115 140
Bilen 5 0 5
Oromo 0 0 0
Somali 250 115 135
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Semitic languages 3,470 1,820 1,655
Amharic 50 15 30
Arabic 3,110 1,645 1,470
Aramaic languages 95 50 45
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 80 40 40
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 10 5 0
Aramaic, n.o.s. 5 5 5
Harari 0 0 0
Hebrew 55 30 30
Maltese 105 50 50
Tigrigna 60 30 25
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Austro-Asiatic languages 1,320 560 760
Khmer (Cambodian) 155 65 95
Vietnamese 1,160 495 665
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e 0 0 0
Austronesian languages 3,480 1,335 2,145
Bikol 5 5 5
Bisaya, n.o.s. 50 15 30
Cebuano 135 55 85
Fijian 0 0 0
Hiligaynon 65 25 35
Ilocano 160 65 95
Indonesian 65 25 40
Kankanaey 5 5 5
Kinaray-a 5 0 0
Malagasy languages 0 0 0
Merina 0 0 0
Malagasy, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Malay 5 0 5
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 20 5 15
Pangasinan 15 5 5
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 2,915 1,110 1,800
Waray-Waray 20 10 10
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 20 10 15
Creole languages 255 135 115
Haitian Creole 155 70 85
Jamaican English Creole 10 5 5
Krio 5 5 0
Morisyen 10 10 5
Sango 0 0 0
Creole, n.o.s. 65 50 20
Creole languages, n.i.e. 15 5 5
Dravidian languages 1,510 770 735
Kannada 20 10 10
Malayalam 1,075 550 520
Tamil 320 155 160
Telugu 85 50 40
Tulu 5 0 5
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Georgian 5 5 5
Hmong-Mien languages 0 0 0
Indo-European languages 46,660 22,345 24,315
Albanian 240 125 115
Armenian 235 115 125
Balto-Slavic languages 11,350 5,175 6,180
Baltic languages 230 100 130
Latvian 105 45 60
Lithuanian 125 55 70
Slavic languages 11,115 5,070 6,045
Belarusian 10 10 0
Bulgarian 325 140 185
Czech 275 125 150
Macedonian 125 65 55
Polish 3,885 1,705 2,185
Russian 1,485 650 835
Rusyn 5 5 0
Serbo-Croatian 2,910 1,450 1,455
Bosnian 245 130 120
Croatian 1,120 550 570
Serbian 1,510 760 745
Serbo-Croatian, n.i.e. 30 10 25
Slovak 350 150 195
Slovene (Slovenian) 310 125 185
Ukrainian 1,435 640 795
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 5 5 5
Celtic languages 45 30 20
Irish 15 5 10
Scottish Gaelic 15 5 5
Welsh 15 10 5
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 5 5 5
Germanic languages 8,615 3,915 4,695
Frisian 55 25 35
High German languages 4,490 1,995 2,495
German 4,445 1,970 2,475
Pennsylvania German 0 0 0
Swiss German 35 20 15
Yiddish 10 0 5
Low Saxon-Low Franconian languages 3,810 1,800 2,010
Afrikaans 135 65 75
Dutch 3,380 1,595 1,780
Low German, n.o.s. 35 15 20
Low Saxon 20 10 5
Plautdietsch 205 95 110
Vlaams (Flemish) 35 15 25
Scandinavian languages 245 100 145
Danish 140 60 80
Icelandic 10 5 5
Norwegian 25 10 15
Swedish 70 25 50
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 15 5 10
Greek 765 390 370
Indo-Iranian languages 7,495 3,870 3,625
Indo-Aryan languages 6,480 3,360 3,120
Assamese 0 0 0
Bengali 310 165 150
Gujarati 1,015 565 450
Hindi 910 510 400
Kacchi 35 25 15
Kashmiri 10 10 5
Konkani 20 10 10
Marathi 90 45 40
Nepali 90 45 50
Oriya languages 0 0 0
Odia 0 0 0
Oriya, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Punjabi (Panjabi) 2,145 1,060 1,085
Rohingya 0 0 0
Sindhi 15 10 5
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 115 60 50
Urdu 1,690 845 845
Indo-Aryan languages, n.i.e. 25 15 15
Iranian languages 1,005 505 505
Baluchi 20 10 10
Kurdish 255 135 120
Parsi 5 0 5
Pashto 90 45 45
Persian languages 635 315 320
Dari 180 85 95
Iranian Persian 375 195 180
Persian (Farsi), n.o.s. 80 35 50
Iranian languages, n.i.e. 5 0 0
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 5 5 5
Italic (Romance) languages 17,920 8,740 9,185
Catalan 5 0 5
Italian 9,060 4,385 4,675
Portuguese 1,720 850 875
Romanian 545 250 290
Spanish 6,560 3,230 3,325
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 35 15 20
Indo-European languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Japanese 305 90 215
Korean 1,560 715 845
Mongolian 5 0 0
Niger-Congo languages 680 315 370
Akan (Twi) 100 50 45
Bamanankan 0 0 0
Edo 5 0 0
Éwé 5 5 0
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 10 5 5
Ga 10 0 10
Ganda 20 10 15
Gikuyu 15 5 10
Igbo 40 15 20
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 25 10 10
Lingala 15 0 15
Luba-Kasai 0 0 0
Mòoré 0 0 0
Mwani 10 5 5
Ndebele 10 5 5
Rundi (Kirundi) 20 5 10
Shona 120 50 75
Soninke 0 0 0
Sotho-Tswana languages 5 0 5
Swahili 120 50 65
Wojenaka 0 0 0
Wolof 0 0 0
Yoruba 95 45 45
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 60 35 25
Nilo-Saharan languages 25 15 10
Dinka 0 0 0
Nuer 0 0 0
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 15 10 10
African, n.o.s. 5 0 0
Sign languages 115 70 50
American Sign Language 105 60 45
Quebec Sign Language 0 0 0
Sign languages, n.i.e. 10 10 5
Sino-Tibetan languages 5,045 2,310 2,735
Chinese languages 5,000 2,290 2,710
Hakka 30 15 15
Mandarin 3,510 1,620 1,890
Min Dong 5 5 0
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 75 35 45
Wu (Shanghainese) 35 15 20
Yue (Cantonese) 1,280 570 705
Chinese, n.o.s. 65 35 30
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 10 0 5
Tibeto-Burman languages 45 20 25
Burmese 5 0 5
Kuki-Chin languages 0 0 0
Karenic languages 0 0 0
S'gaw Karen 0 0 0
Karenic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Tibetan 35 15 20
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 5 0 0
Sino-Tibetan languages, n.i.e. 5 0 0
Tai-Kadai languages 355 145 210
Lao 230 115 120
Thai 105 30 80
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e. 15 10 10
Turkic languages 615 340 280
Azerbaijani 25 15 15
Kazakh 5 5 5
Turkish 540 300 245
Uyghur 20 10 10
Uzbek 20 10 10
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Uralic languages 1,730 760 970
Estonian 100 45 50
Finnish 130 55 80
Hungarian 1,500 660 840
Other languages, n.i.e. 5 0 0
Multiple responses 12,355 5,825 6,530
English and French 2,765 1,265 1,500
English and non-official language(s) 8,350 3,995 4,360
French and non-official language(s) 240 115 120
English, French and non-official language(s) 245 115 130
Multiple non-official languages 750 330 415
All languages spoken at home
Total - All languages spoken at home for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% data40 472,785 230,735 242,055
English 404,035 198,590 205,450
French 2,000 890 1,110
Non-official language 14,960 6,935 8,025
Indigenous39 5 0 0
Non-Indigenous 14,960 6,935 8,025
English and French 6,080 2,570 3,510
English and non-official language(s) 42,995 20,510 22,485
French and non-official language(s) 110 50 60
English, French and non-official language(s) 1,610 710 900
Multiple non-official languages 990 475 515
Language spoken most often at home
Total - Language spoken most often at home for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% data41 472,785 230,735 242,055
Single responses 462,670 225,970 236,700
Official languages 433,040 211,965 221,075
English 430,165 210,705 219,460
French 2,875 1,260 1,615
Non-official languages 29,625 14,000 15,625
Indigenous languages39 5 0 5
Algonquian languages 5 0 5
Blackfoot 0 0 0
Cree-Innu languages 0 0 0
Atikamekw 0 0 0
Cree languages 0 0 0
Ililimowin (Moose Cree) 0 0 0
Inu Ayimun (Southern East Cree) 0 0 0
Iyiyiw-Ayimiwin (Northern East Cree) 0 0 0
Nehinawewin (Swampy Cree) 0 0 0
Nehiyawewin (Plains Cree) 0 0 0
Nihithawiwin (Woods Cree) 0 0 0
Cree, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Innu (Montagnais) 0 0 0
Naskapi 0 0 0
Eastern Algonquian languages 0 0 0
Mi'kmaq 0 0 0
Wolastoqewi (Malecite) 0 0 0
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 0 0 0
Anicinabemowin (Algonquin) 0 0 0
Oji-Cree 0 0 0
Ojibway languages 0 0 0
Anishinaabemowin (Chippewa) 0 0 0
Daawaamwin (Odawa) 0 0 0
Saulteau (Western Ojibway) 0 0 0
Ojibway, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages 0 0 0
Northern Athabaskan languages 0 0 0
Dakelh (Carrier) 0 0 0
Dane-zaa (Beaver) 0 0 0
Dene, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Gwich'in 0 0 0
Slavey-Hare languages 0 0 0
Deh Gah Ghotie Zhatie (South Slavey) 0 0 0
Satuotine Yati (North Slavey) 0 0 0
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Tahltan languages 0 0 0
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0
Tahltan 0 0 0
Tlicho (Dogrib) 0 0 0
Tse'khene (Sekani) 0 0 0
Tsilhqot'in (Chilcotin) 0 0 0
Tsuu T'ina (Sarsi) 0 0 0
Tutchone languages 0 0 0
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0
Tutchone, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Wetsuwet'en-Babine 0 0 0
Tlingit 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Haida 0 0 0
Inuktut (Inuit) languages 0 0 0
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 0 0 0
Inuinnaqtun 0 0 0
Inuvialuktun 0 0 0
Inuktitut 0 0 0
Inuktut (Inuit) languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages 0 0 0
Cayuga 0 0 0
Mohawk 0 0 0
Oneida 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Ktunaxa (Kutenai) 0 0 0
Michif 0 0 0
Salish languages 0 0 0
Halkomelem 0 0 0
Lillooet 0 0 0
Ntlakapamux (Thompson) 0 0 0
Secwepemctsin (Shuswap) 0 0 0
Squamish 0 0 0
Straits 0 0 0
Syilx (Okanagan) 0 0 0
Salish languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Siouan languages 0 0 0
Assiniboine 0 0 0
Dakota 0 0 0
Stoney 0 0 0
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Tsimshian languages 0 0 0
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 0 0 0
Nisga'a 0 0 0
Tsimshian 0 0 0
Wakashan languages 0 0 0
Haisla 0 0 0
Heiltsuk 0 0 0
Kwak'wala (Kwakiutl) 0 0 0
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0 0 0
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Indigenous languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Indigenous languages, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Non-Indigenous languages 29,620 14,005 15,620
Afro-Asiatic languages 2,100 1,015 1,080
Berber languages 0 0 0
Kabyle 0 0 0
Tamazight 0 0 0
Berber languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Chadic languages 0 0 0
Hausa 0 0 0
Mina 0 0 0
Coptic 0 0 0
Cushitic languages 205 90 110
Bilen 0 0 0
Oromo 0 0 0
Somali 200 90 110
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Semitic languages 1,895 925 975
Amharic 15 5 15
Arabic 1,755 855 895
Aramaic languages 60 35 25
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 60 35 25
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 0 0 0
Aramaic, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Harari 0 0 0
Hebrew 15 5 10
Maltese 10 5 5
Tigrigna 40 20 25
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Austro-Asiatic languages 815 365 450
Khmer (Cambodian) 75 30 45
Vietnamese 740 330 410
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e 0 0 0
Austronesian languages 1,740 790 955
Bikol 0 0 0
Bisaya, n.o.s. 30 15 15
Cebuano 40 25 20
Fijian 0 0 0
Hiligaynon 25 10 10
Ilocano 90 45 50
Indonesian 20 10 15
Kankanaey 0 0 0
Kinaray-a 0 0 0
Malagasy languages 0 0 0
Merina 0 0 0
Malagasy, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Malay 0 0 0
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 10 5 10
Pangasinan 5 0 0
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 1,500 675 825
Waray-Waray 5 5 5
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 5 0 5
Creole languages 115 50 65
Haitian Creole 90 40 50
Jamaican English Creole 10 0 5
Krio 0 0 0
Morisyen 5 0 5
Sango 0 0 0
Creole, n.o.s. 20 10 15
Creole languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Dravidian languages 980 500 475
Kannada 5 0 5
Malayalam 745 375 370
Tamil 180 95 90
Telugu 40 20 20
Tulu 0 0 0
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Georgian 0 0 0
Hmong-Mien languages 0 0 0
Indo-European languages 17,505 8,255 9,250
Albanian 100 50 50
Armenian 105 45 65
Balto-Slavic languages 4,310 1,970 2,335
Baltic languages 35 10 20
Latvian 5 0 5
Lithuanian 30 10 15
Slavic languages 4,275 1,960 2,320
Belarusian 0 0 0
Bulgarian 150 65 80
Czech 70 30 45
Macedonian 30 15 15
Polish 1,495 675 825
Russian 850 390 465
Rusyn 0 0 0
Serbo-Croatian 1,185 575 615
Bosnian 90 50 45
Croatian 305 145 160
Serbian 785 375 410
Serbo-Croatian, n.i.e. 5 5 5
Slovak 75 40 35
Slovene (Slovenian) 55 15 35
Ukrainian 355 145 205
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Celtic languages 5 5 0
Irish 0 0 0
Scottish Gaelic 0 0 0
Welsh 5 0 0
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Germanic languages 905 405 495
Frisian 0 0 0
High German languages 570 260 310
German 570 260 310
Pennsylvania German 0 0 0
Swiss German 0 0 0
Yiddish 0 0 0
Low Saxon-Low Franconian languages 320 145 175
Afrikaans 70 30 35
Dutch 160 70 85
Low German, n.o.s. 15 5 10
Low Saxon 0 0 0
Plautdietsch 75 35 40
Vlaams (Flemish) 0 0 0
Scandinavian languages 20 10 15
Danish 0 5 0
Icelandic 0 0 0
Norwegian 5 0 5
Swedish 10 5 5
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Greek 270 125 145
Indo-Iranian languages 4,765 2,370 2,395
Indo-Aryan languages 4,210 2,120 2,095
Assamese 0 0 0
Bengali 155 70 80
Gujarati 635 345 290
Hindi 535 300 240
Kacchi 10 5 5
Kashmiri 5 5 0
Konkani 0 0 0
Marathi 35 25 15
Nepali 70 35 40
Oriya languages 0 0 0
Odia 0 0 0
Oriya, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Punjabi (Panjabi) 1,590 770 820
Rohingya 0 0 0
Sindhi 10 5 5
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 40 20 20
Urdu 1,105 540 570
Indo-Aryan languages, n.i.e. 10 5 5
Iranian languages 550 250 300
Baluchi 10 5 5
Kurdish 160 75 80
Parsi 0 0 0
Pashto 60 30 30
Persian languages 325 145 175
Dari 100 50 50
Iranian Persian 185 80 105
Persian (Farsi), n.o.s. 35 10 20
Iranian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Italic (Romance) languages 7,045 3,280 3,770
Catalan 0 0 0
Italian 2,160 845 1,315
Portuguese 705 330 375
Romanian 200 95 105
Spanish 3,970 2,005 1,970
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 10 5 5
Indo-European languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Japanese 130 60 65
Korean 1,205 575 635
Mongolian 0 0 0
Niger-Congo languages 255 125 130
Akan (Twi) 25 15 15
Bamanankan 0 0 0
Edo 0 0 0
Éwé 0 0 0
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 5 10 5
Ga 0 0 0
Ganda 10 5 5
Gikuyu 5 0 5
Igbo 0 5 5
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 10 0 5
Lingala 10 5 5
Luba-Kasai 0 0 0
Mòoré 0 0 0
Mwani 0 0 0
Ndebele 0 0 0
Rundi (Kirundi) 5 5 5
Shona 50 25 30
Soninke 0 0 0
Sotho-Tswana languages 0 0 0
Swahili 70 35 35
Wojenaka 0 0 0
Wolof 0 0 0
Yoruba 35 15 20
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 15 15 5
Nilo-Saharan languages 5 0 0
Dinka 0 0 0
Nuer 0 0 0
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 5 0 0
African, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Sign languages 185 115 65
American Sign Language 140 85 55
Quebec Sign Language 0 0 0
Sign languages, n.i.e. 40 30 10
Sino-Tibetan languages 3,590 1,705 1,885
Chinese languages 3,565 1,695 1,875
Hakka 5 5 5
Mandarin 2,650 1,275 1,370
Min Dong 5 0 0
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 35 15 20
Wu (Shanghainese) 35 15 20
Yue (Cantonese) 805 360 440
Chinese, n.o.s. 40 20 20
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Tibeto-Burman languages 25 15 10
Burmese 0 0 0
Kuki-Chin languages 0 0 0
Karenic languages 0 0 0
S'gaw Karen 0 0 0
Karenic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Tibetan 20 10 10
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Sino-Tibetan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Tai-Kadai languages 190 80 105
Lao 130 60 75
Thai 45 20 30
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e. 10 0 5
Turkic languages 350 180 180
Azerbaijani 15 5 5
Kazakh 0 0 0
Turkish 315 160 160
Uyghur 10 10 5
Uzbek 10 0 5
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Uralic languages 450 190 260
Estonian 5 5 5
Finnish 20 10 10
Hungarian 430 180 245
Other languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Multiple responses 10,120 4,765 5,360
English and French 1,065 430 635
English and non-official language(s) 8,735 4,185 4,550
French and non-official language(s) 55 30 30
English, French and non-official language(s) 130 55 80
Multiple non-official languages 135 65 70
Other language spoken regularly at home
Total - Other language(s) spoken regularly at home for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% data42 472,790 230,735 242,055
None 429,600 210,460 219,135
English 12,895 6,160 6,740
French 4,610 1,965 2,645
Non-official language 21,075 9,935 11,135
Indigenous39 55 25 30
Non-Indigenous 21,015 9,910 11,100
English and French 180 85 95
English and non-official language(s) 1,525 745 780
French and non-official language(s) 860 385 475
English, French and non-official language(s) 25 10 10
Multiple non-official languages 2,015 985 1,035
Knowledge of languagesThe letter 'c' in a yellow triangle indicates a correction notice.
Total - Knowledge of languages for the population in private households - 25% sample data43 469,455 229,145 240,310
Official languages 465,595 227,600 237,995
English 465,250 227,440 237,810
French 33,495 14,575 18,930
Non-official languages 90,640 42,560 48,080
Indigenous languages39 160 45 115
Algonquian languages 90 25 65
Blackfoot 0 0 0
Cree-Innu languages 25 0 20
Atikamekw 0 0 0
Cree languages 20 0 20
Ililimowin (Moose Cree) 0 0 0
Inu Ayimun (Southern East Cree) 0 0 0
Iyiyiw-Ayimiwin (Northern East Cree) 0 0 0
Nehinawewin (Swampy Cree) 0 0 0
Nehiyawewin (Plains Cree) 10 0 10
Nihithawiwin (Woods Cree) 0 0 0
Cree, n.o.s. 10 0 10
Innu (Montagnais) 0 0 0
Naskapi 0 0 0
Eastern Algonquian languages 10 0 10
Mi'kmaq 10 0 10
Wolastoqewi (Malecite) 0 0 0
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 60 20 40
Anicinabemowin (Algonquin) 0 0 0
Oji-Cree 0 0 0
Ojibway languages 60 20 40
Anishinaabemowin (Chippewa) 0 0 0
Daawaamwin (Odawa) 0 0 0
Saulteau (Western Ojibway) 0 0 0
Ojibway, n.o.s. 60 20 40
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages 0 0 0
Northern Athabaskan languages 0 0 0
Dakelh (Carrier) 0 0 0
Dane-zaa (Beaver) 0 0 0
Dene, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Gwich'in 0 0 0
Slavey-Hare languages 0 0 0
Deh Gah Ghotie Zhatie (South Slavey) 0 0 0
Satuotine Yati (North Slavey) 0 0 0
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Tahltan languages 0 0 0
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0
Tahltan 0 0 0
Tlicho (Dogrib) 0 0 0
Tse'khene (Sekani) 0 0 0
Tsilhqot'in (Chilcotin) 0 0 0
Tsuu T'ina (Sarsi) 0 0 0
Tutchone languages 0 0 0
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0
Tutchone, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Wetsuwet'en-Babine 0 0 0
Tlingit 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Haida 0 0 0
Inuktut (Inuit) languages 0 0 0
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 0 0 0
Inuinnaqtun 0 0 0
Inuvialuktun 0 0 0
Inuktitut 0 0 0
Inuktut (Inuit) languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages 45 10 35
Cayuga 25 10 15
Mohawk 15 0 15
Oneida 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Ktunaxa (Kutenai) 0 0 0
Michif 0 0 0
Salish languages 0 0 0
Halkomelem 0 0 0
Lillooet 0 0 0
Ntlakapamux (Thompson) 0 0 0
Secwepemctsin (Shuswap) 0 0 0
Squamish 0 0 0
Straits 0 0 0
Syilx (Okanagan) 0 0 0
Salish languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Siouan languages 0 0 0
Assiniboine 0 0 0
Dakota 0 0 0
Stoney 0 0 0
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Tsimshian languages 0 0 0
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 0 0 0
Nisga'a 0 0 0
Tsimshian 0 0 0
Wakashan languages 0 0 0
Haisla 0 0 0
Heiltsuk 0 0 0
Kwak'wala (Kwakiutl) 0 0 0
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0 0 0
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Indigenous languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Indigenous languages, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Non-Indigenous languages 90,495 42,520 47,975
Afro-Asiatic languages 5,915 2,995 2,925
Berber languages 0 0 0
Kabyle 0 0 0
Tamazight 0 0 0
Berber languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Chadic languages 55 0 45
Hausa 50 0 45
Mina 0 0 0
Coptic 25 10 20
Cushitic languages 480 235 240
Bilen 0 0 0
Oromo 0 0 0
Somali 465 235 230
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Semitic languages 5,460 2,785 2,675
Amharic 85 25 65
Arabic 4,845 2,475 2,370
Aramaic languages 135 70 60
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 120 70 60
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 0 0 0
Aramaic, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Harari 0 0 0
Hebrew 220 120 100
Maltese 195 95 105
Tigrigna 50 30 25
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Austro-Asiatic languages 1,830 805 1,025
Khmer (Cambodian) 280 90 190
Vietnamese 1,545 710 830
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e 0 0 0
Austronesian languages 5,155 1,995 3,160
Bikol 0 0 0
Bisaya, n.o.s. 40 20 25
Cebuano 320 115 205
Fijian 0 0 0
Hiligaynon 65 15 50
Ilocano 330 120 210
Indonesian 100 40 60
Kankanaey 0 0 0
Kinaray-a 0 0 0
Malagasy languages 0 0 0
Merina 0 0 0
Malagasy, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Malay 50 20 35
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 45 25 25
Pangasinan 15 10 0
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 4,810 1,855 2,955
Waray-Waray 20 10 10
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 65 20 45
Creole languages 700 370 330
Haitian Creole 445 235 210
Jamaican English Creole 45 25 20
Krio 0 0 0
Morisyen 40 25 10
Sango 0 0 0
Creole, n.o.s. 150 75 75
Creole languages, n.i.e. 65 35 25
Dravidian languages 1,885 1,025 860
Kannada 60 40 20
Malayalam 1,215 635 580
Tamil 605 360 250
Telugu 190 105 85
Tulu 0 0 0
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 10 0 10
Georgian 0 0 0
Hmong-Mien languages 0 0 0
Indo-European languages 63,310 30,090 33,220
Albanian 345 160 185
Armenian 320 145 175
Balto-Slavic languages 14,035 6,530 7,500
Baltic languages 285 140 140
Latvian 140 70 70
Lithuanian 145 80 75
Slavic languages 13,800 6,415 7,385
Belarusian 45 30 25
Bulgarian 355 175 175
Czech 475 185 290
Macedonian 250 150 100
Polish 4,875 2,090 2,785
Russian 2,620 1,220 1,400
Rusyn 0 0 0
Serbo-Croatian 3,775 1,935 1,840
Bosnian 460 260 200
Croatian 1,795 890 905
Serbian 1,910 990 920
Serbo-Croatian, n.i.e. 45 15 30
Slovak 470 205 260
Slovene (Slovenian) 325 135 195
Ukrainian 2,115 965 1,145
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 25 15 10
Celtic languages 135 80 60
Irish 75 50 25
Scottish Gaelic 15 10 10
Welsh 30 10 20
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 15 15 0
Germanic languages 11,455 5,275 6,175
Frisian 135 55 80
High German languages 6,365 3,020 3,345
German 6,345 3,000 3,345
Pennsylvania German 0 0 0
Swiss German 55 30 25
Yiddish 15 15 0
Low Saxon-Low Franconian languages 4,910 2,225 2,685
Afrikaans 375 175 205
Dutch 4,260 1,940 2,320
Low German, n.o.s. 70 40 30
Low Saxon 0 0 0
Plautdietsch 185 75 120
Vlaams (Flemish) 35 15 15
Scandinavian languages 365 160 210
Danish 165 75 95
Icelandic 35 20 15
Norwegian 60 25 30
Swedish 100 35 65
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 15 0 10
Greek 1,225 630 600
Indo-Iranian languages 10,935 5,600 5,335
Indo-Aryan languages 9,955 5,115 4,840
Assamese 0 0 0
Bengali 455 265 190
Gujarati 1,560 855 710
Hindi 4,560 2,385 2,170
Kacchi 95 55 40
Kashmiri 25 10 10
Konkani 55 35 20
Marathi 275 130 140
Nepali 145 55 85
Oriya languages 0 0 0
Odia 0 0 0
Oriya, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Punjabi (Panjabi) 3,565 1,710 1,855
Rohingya 0 0 0
Sindhi 35 20 15
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 295 175 125
Urdu 3,285 1,660 1,625
Indo-Aryan languages, n.i.e. 110 65 45
Iranian languages 1,175 605 575
Baluchi 0 0 0
Kurdish 355 175 180
Parsi 0 0 0
Pashto 165 95 65
Persian languages 760 405 355
Dari 195 100 95
Iranian Persian 490 265 225
Persian (Farsi), n.o.s. 85 50 35
Iranian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Italic (Romance) languages 26,570 12,510 14,060
Catalan 0 0 0
Italian 13,355 6,350 7,000
Portuguese 2,470 1,180 1,290
Romanian 665 330 335
Spanish 11,210 5,215 5,995
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 85 30 50
Indo-European languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Japanese 630 275 360
Korean 1,885 930 955
Mongolian 0 0 0
Niger-Congo languages 1,605 800 810
Akan (Twi) 220 135 75
Bamanankan 0 0 0
Edo 20 0 15
Éwé 15 15 0
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 35 15 20
Ga 15 0 15
Ganda 65 30 35
Gikuyu 45 15 30
Igbo 115 70 45
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 60 30 35
Lingala 85 40 45
Luba-Kasai 0 0 0
Mòoré 0 0 0
Mwani 0 0 0
Ndebele 25 10 15
Rundi (Kirundi) 15 10 10
Shona 210 100 110
Soninke 0 0 0
Sotho-Tswana languages 0 0 0
Swahili 370 190 180
Wojenaka 0 0 0
Wolof 0 0 0
Yoruba 345 145 200
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 180 100 80
Nilo-Saharan languages 15 15 0
Dinka 0 0 0
Nuer 0 0 0
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 15 15 0
African, n.o.s. 10 0 0
Sign languages 580 210 370
American Sign Language 510 180 330
Quebec Sign Language 0 0 0
Sign languages, n.i.e. 80 30 50
Sino-Tibetan languages 5,915 2,715 3,200
Chinese languages 5,840 2,685 3,155
Hakka 35 10 20
Mandarin 4,630 2,135 2,495
Min Dong 0 0 0
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 125 55 70
Wu (Shanghainese) 40 20 20
Yue (Cantonese) 1,630 750 880
Chinese, n.o.s. 95 40 55
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Tibeto-Burman languages 75 35 40
Burmese 20 0 20
Kuki-Chin languages 0 0 0
Karenic languages 0 0 0
S'gaw Karen 0 0 0
Karenic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Tibetan 45 25 25
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Sino-Tibetan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Tai-Kadai languages 600 270 330
Lao 380 185 200
Thai 295 120 175
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e. 25 10 20
Turkic languages 1,120 635 485
Azerbaijani 70 35 35
Kazakh 0 0 0
Turkish 1,005 570 435
Uyghur 35 20 10
Uzbek 10 10 0
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 10 0 10
Uralic languages 2,175 925 1,250
Estonian 60 30 30
Finnish 165 55 110
Hungarian 1,955 845 1,110
Other languages, n.i.e. 30 15 15
Indigenous population
Total - Indigenous identity for the population in private households - 25% sample data44 469,455 229,145 240,310
Indigenous identity45 13,960 6,565 7,400
Single Indigenous responses46 13,325 6,255 7,075
First Nations (North American Indian) 7,785 3,625 4,155
Métis 5,390 2,530 2,860
Inuk (Inuit) 150 95 55
Multiple Indigenous responses47 220 105 110
Indigenous responses not included elsewhere48 415 200 215
Non-Indigenous identity 455,495 222,585 232,910
Total - Registered or Treaty Indian status for the population in private households - 25% sample data44 469,455 229,145 240,310
Registered or Treaty Indian49 3,890 1,830 2,065
Not a Registered or Treaty Indian 465,565 227,315 238,245
Household characteristics
Total - Private households by tenure - 25% sample data50 195,915 ... ...
Owner 142,185 ... ...
Renter 53,730 ... ...
Dwelling provided by the local government, First Nation or Indian band 0 ... ...
Total - Occupied private dwellings by condominium status - 25% sample data51 195,915 ... ...
Condominium 15,390 ... ...
Not condominium 180,525 ... ...
Total - Occupied private dwellings by number of bedrooms - 25% sample data52 195,915 ... ...
No bedrooms 620 ... ...
1 bedroom 19,420 ... ...
2 bedrooms 44,100 ... ...
3 bedrooms 83,195 ... ...
4 or more bedrooms 48,580 ... ...
Total - Occupied private dwellings by number of rooms - 25% sample data53 195,915 ... ...
1 to 4 rooms 39,345 ... ...
5 rooms 28,770 ... ...
6 rooms 32,545 ... ...
7 rooms 29,900 ... ...
8 or more rooms 65,355 ... ...
Average number of rooms per dwelling 6.6 ... ...
Total - Private households by number of persons per room - 25% sample data54 195,915 ... ...
One person or fewer per room 193,905 ... ...
More than one person per room 2,005 ... ...
Total - Private households by housing suitability - 25% sample data55 195,915 ... ...
Suitable 188,725 ... ...
Not suitable 7,190 ... ...
Total - Occupied private dwellings by period of construction - 25% sample data56 195,915 ... ...
1960 or before 62,260 ... ...
1961 to 1980 57,940 ... ...
1981 to 1990 21,235 ... ...
1991 to 2000 17,860 ... ...
2001 to 2005 8,830 ... ...
2006 to 2010 7,645 ... ...
2011 to 2015 8,260 ... ...
2016 to 202157 11,885 ... ...
Total - Occupied private dwellings by dwelling condition - 25% sample data58 195,915 ... ...
Only regular maintenance and minor repairs needed 185,180 ... ...
Major repairs needed 10,735 ... ...
Total - Private households by number of household maintainers - 25% sample data59 195,915 ... ...
One-maintainer household 97,720 ... ...
Two-maintainer household 90,145 ... ...
Three-or-more-maintainer household 8,045 ... ...
Total - Private households by age of primary household maintainers - 25% sample data60 195,915 ... ...
15 to 24 years 3,870 ... ...
25 to 34 years 21,785 ... ...
35 to 44 years 28,080 ... ...
45 to 54 years 32,655 ... ...
55 to 64 years 42,370 ... ...
65 to 74 years 37,310 ... ...
75 to 84 years 21,500 ... ...
85 years and over 8,345 ... ...
Total - Owner and tenant households with household total income greater than zero, in non-farm, non-reserve private dwellings by shelter-cost-to-income ratio - 25% sample data61 194,175 ... ...
Spending less than 30% of income on shelter costs 152,640 ... ...
Spending 30% or more of income on shelter costs 41,530 ... ...
30% to less than 100% 38,175 ... ...
Total - Occupied private dwellings by housing indicators - 25% sample data62 195,915 ... ...
Total - Households 'spending 30% or more of income on shelter costs' or 'not suitable' or 'major repairs needed' 54,850 ... ...
Spending 30% or more of income on shelter costs only 37,550 ... ...
Not suitable only 5,535 ... ...
Major repairs needed only 7,230 ... ...
'Spending 30% or more of income on shelter costs' and 'not suitable' 1,025 ... ...
'Spending 30% or more of income on shelter costs' and 'major repairs needed' 2,875 ... ...
'Not suitable' and 'major repairs needed' 555 ... ...
'Spending 30% or more of income on shelter costs' and 'not suitable' and 'major repairs needed' 75 ... ...
Acceptable housing 141,060 ... ...
Total - Owner and tenant households with household total income greater than zero and shelter-cost-to-income ratio less than 100%, in non-farm, non-reserve private dwellings - 25% sample data63 190,820 ... ...
In core need 19,570 ... ...
Not in core need 171,250 ... ...
Total - Owner households in non-farm, non-reserve private dwellings - 25% sample data 141,165 ... ...
% of owner households with a mortgage64 56.9 ... ...
% of owner households spending 30% or more of its income on shelter costs61 14.5 ... ...
% in core housing need63 4.9 ... ...
Median monthly shelter costs for owned dwellings ($)65 1,160 ... ...
Average monthly shelter costs for owned dwellings ($)65 1,368 ... ...
Median value of dwellings ($)66 600,000 ... ...
Average value of dwellings ($)66 634,000 ... ...
Total - Tenant households in non-farm, non-reserve private dwellings - 25% sample data 53,670 ... ...
% of tenant households in subsidized housing67 14.3 ... ...
% of tenant households spending 30% or more of its income on shelter costs61 39.5 ... ...
% in core housing need63 24.5 ... ...
Median monthly shelter costs for rented dwellings ($)65 1,100 ... ...
Average monthly shelter costs for rented dwellings ($)65 1,186 ... ...
Total - Households living in a dwelling provided by the local government, First Nation or Indian band in non-farm private dwellings - 25% sample data 0 ... ...
% of households living in a dwelling provided by the local government, First Nation or Indian band spending more than 30% on shelter costs61 ... ... ...
Median monthly shelter costs for dwellings provided by local government, First Nation or Indian band ($)65 ... ... ...
Average monthly shelter costs for dwellings provided by local government, First Nation or Indian band ($)65 ... ... ...
Indigenous ancestry
Total - Indigenous ancestry for the population in private households - 25% sample data68 469,455 229,150 240,305
Indigenous ancestry (only)69 4,205 1,990 2,215
Single Indigenous ancestry (only)70 4,085 1,940 2,140
First Nations (North American Indian) single ancestry 3,110 1,470 1,645
Métis single ancestry 930 445 485
Inuit single ancestry 35 25 15
Multiple Indigenous ancestries (only)71 125 50 70
First Nations (North American Indian) and Métis ancestry only 120 45 70
First Nations (North American Indian) and Inuit ancestry only 0 0 0
Métis and Inuit ancestry only 0 0 0
First Nations (North American Indian) and Métis and Inuit ancestry only 0 0 0
Indigenous and non-Indigenous ancestries72 14,270 6,785 7,485
Single Indigenous and non-Indigenous ancestries73 13,935 6,615 7,320
First Nations (North American Indian) and non-Indigenous ancestry only 9,950 4,720 5,230
Métis and non-Indigenous ancestry only 3,880 1,825 2,050
Inuit and non-Indigenous ancestry only 110 70 40
Multiple Indigenous and non-Indigenous ancestries74 335 170 165
First Nations (North American Indian) and Métis and non-Indigenous ancestry only 290 150 140
First Nations (North American Indian) and Inuit and non-Indigenous ancestry only 45 10 30
Métis and Inuit and non-Indigenous ancestry only 0 0 0
First Nations (North American Indian) and Métis and Inuit and non-Indigenous ancestry only 0 0 0
Non-Indigenous ancestry only75 450,975 220,375 230,605
Citizenship
Total - Citizenship for the population in private households - 25% sample data76 469,450 229,145 240,305
Canadian citizens77 444,060 217,040 227,020
Canadian citizens aged under 18 82,845 42,715 40,135
Canadian citizens aged 18 and over 361,215 174,325 186,890
Not Canadian citizens78 25,395 12,105 13,285
Immigrant status and period of immigration
Total - Immigrant status and period of immigration for the population in private households - 25% sample data79 469,450 229,145 240,305
Non-immigrants80 378,060 185,670 192,385
Immigrants81 83,005 39,155 43,850
Before 1980 33,445 15,895 17,550
1980 to 1990 9,505 4,480 5,025
1991 to 2000 11,465 5,270 6,190
2001 to 2010 13,400 6,170 7,230
2011 to 202182 15,195 7,335 7,860
2011 to 2015 6,475 3,115 3,360
2016 to 2021 8,720 4,220 4,500
Non-permanent residents83 8,390 4,320 4,070
Age at immigration
Total - Age at immigration for the immigrant population in private households - 25% sample data84 83,005 39,155 43,850
Under 5 years 9,530 4,775 4,755
5 to 14 years 16,925 8,585 8,340
15 to 24 years 18,525 8,405 10,115
25 to 44 years 32,070 14,630 17,440
45 years and over 5,960 2,760 3,200
Selected places of birth for the immigrant population
Total - Place of birth for the immigrant population in private households - 25% sample data85 83,005 39,155 43,850
Americas 15,765 7,055 8,710
Brazil 400 170 225
Colombia 1,355 645 710
El Salvador 715 325 390
Guyana 455 190 265
Haiti 390 185 200
Jamaica 1,640 795 845
Mexico 735 325 410
Peru 235 115 125
Trinidad and Tobago 890 480 410
United States of America 5,850 2,330 3,525
Other places of birth in Americas 3,110 1,495 1,610
Europe 40,075 19,340 20,735
Bosnia and Herzegovina 550 305 245
Croatia 1,225 655 575
France 255 110 145
Germany 2,615 1,230 1,385
Greece 550 325 225
Hungary 940 400 540
Italy 6,950 3,450 3,500
Netherlands 3,605 1,835 1,775
Poland 3,125 1,350 1,770
Portugal 915 445 475
Romania 695 335 355
Russian Federation 640 250 395
Serbia86 650 335 315
Ukraine 935 380 550
United Kingdom87 12,460 5,980 6,480
Other places of birth in Europe 3,950 1,940 2,015
Africa 4,340 2,145 2,195
Algeria 60 35 30
Congo, Democratic Republic of the 160 90 70
Egypt 495 235 265
Eritrea 40 25 20
Ethiopia 75 25 45
Morocco 85 45 35
Nigeria 570 290 285
Somalia 315 150 160
South Africa, Republic of 595 275 325
Other places of birth in Africa 1,940 980 965
Asia 22,470 10,415 12,055
Afghanistan 125 70 55
Iran88 420 230 190
Iraq 545 285 265
Lebanon 365 220 145
Syria89 575 290 290
Turkey 520 305 215
China90 3,145 1,355 1,795
Hong Kong91 335 180 155
Korea, South92 1,215 560 655
Taiwan 125 40 85
Philippines 4,490 1,705 2,785
Viet Nam 1,050 500 550
Bangladesh 210 120 95
India 4,275 2,210 2,060
Pakistan 1,845 935 915
Sri Lanka 355 175 180
Other places of birth in Asia 2,870 1,255 1,615
Oceania and other places of birth93 355 200 155
Selected places of birth for the recent immigrant population
Total - Place of birth for the recent immigrant population in private households - 25% sample data94 8,720 4,220 4,500
Americas 1,875 935 945
Brazil 80 30 50
Colombia 225 100 130
Haiti 65 20 45
Jamaica 220 140 80
Mexico 115 55 55
United States of America 575 300 275
Venezuela95 130 65 65
Other places of birth in Americas 470 225 245
Europe 855 455 400
France 20 15 0
Germany 25 20 0
Ireland96 40 15 20
Italy 15 0 10
Russian Federation 85 20 65
Ukraine 95 45 50
United Kingdom87 180 125 55
Other places of birth in Europe 395 200 190
Africa 990 480 515
Algeria 0 0 0
Burundi 0 0 0
Cameroon 35 10 20
Congo, Democratic Republic of the 40 25 15
Côte d'Ivoire 0 0 0
Egypt 60 25 35
Eritrea 15 15 0
Ethiopia 15 0 15
Morocco 10 0 0
Nigeria 315 155 155
Somalia 95 40 55
South Africa, Republic of 75 35 45
Sudan97 80 40 45
Tunisia 0 0 0
Other places of birth in Africa 250 125 125
Asia 4,950 2,315 2,640
Afghanistan 0 0 0
Bangladesh 45 30 20
China90 845 330 515
Hong Kong91 0 0 0
India 1,370 740 630
Iran88 45 30 15
Iraq 110 55 60
Israel 15 15 0
Japan 25 10 15
Jordan 45 20 30
Korea, South92 325 150 170
Lebanon 35 30 10
Nepal 30 10 15
Pakistan 275 120 150
Philippines 750 290 460
Saudi Arabia 85 50 40
Sri Lanka 10 0 10
Syria89 350 180 175
Turkey 130 70 65
United Arab Emirates 85 45 45
Viet Nam 85 40 45
Other places of birth in Asia 285 105 180
Oceania and other93 50 35 10
Australia 45 30 10
Other places of birth98 0 0 0
Generation status
Total - Generation status for the population in private households - 25% sample data99 469,455 229,145 240,310
First generation100 95,855 45,540 50,315
Second generation101 102,000 50,080 51,925
Third generation or more102 271,590 133,525 138,070
Admission category and applicant type
Total - Admission category and applicant type for the immigrant population in private households who were admitted between 1980 and 2021 - 25% sample data103 49,560 23,255 26,305
Economic immigrants104 21,390 10,625 10,765
Principal applicants105 9,380 5,565 3,815
Secondary applicants106 12,010 5,060 6,950
Immigrants sponsored by family107 16,635 6,755 9,885
Refugees108 10,425 5,375 5,050
Other immigrants109 1,105 500 605
Pre-admission experience
Total - Pre-admission experience for the immigrant population in private households who were admitted between 1980 and 2021 - 25% sample data110 49,560 23,255 26,305
Asylum claim before admission111 5,795 2,905 2,890
Work permits only before admission112 5,460 2,610 2,850
Study permits only before admission113 1,290 635 650
Work and study permits before admission114 2,725 1,235 1,490
Other permits before admission115 555 150 410
No pre-admission experience116 33,740 15,725 18,015
Visible minority
Total - Visible minority for the population in private households - 25% sample data117 469,455 229,145 240,310
Total visible minority population118 62,395 30,665 31,725
South Asian 13,845 7,250 6,595
Chinese 6,675 3,030 3,640
Black 13,305 6,930 6,375
Filipino 6,505 2,785 3,720
Arab 3,580 1,865 1,715
Latin American 6,975 3,345 3,630
Southeast Asian 3,210 1,505 1,705
West Asian 1,030 570 465
Korean 1,920 935 980
Japanese 770 330 445
Visible minority, n.i.e.119 1,525 690 835
Multiple visible minorities 3,050 1,430 1,625
Not a visible minority120 407,060 198,480 208,585
Ethnic or cultural origin
Total - Ethnic or cultural origin for the population in private households - 25% sample data121 469,455 229,145 240,310
Canadian 69,000 34,090 34,915
English 112,505 54,145 58,360
Irish 76,645 35,655 40,985
Scottish 82,675 39,865 42,810
French, n.o.s.122 43,650 20,455 23,195
German 57,715 27,785 29,930
Chinese 7,255 3,280 3,975
Italian 55,020 27,695 27,325
Indian (India) 8,600 4,450 4,150
Ukrainian 21,355 10,385 10,970
Dutch 34,315 17,190 17,120
Polish 22,640 10,760 11,880
Québécois 1,090 425 665
British Isles, n.o.s.123 21,130 10,065 11,070
Filipino 6,455 2,755 3,695
French Canadian 8,060 3,975 4,085
Caucasian (White), n.o.s.124 7,665 3,940 3,730
First Nations (North American Indian), n.o.s.125 5,955 2,830 3,130
Métis 5,230 2,480 2,750
European, n.o.s.126 5,815 2,920 2,900
Russian 6,620 3,100 3,520
Norwegian 2,270 1,080 1,190
Welsh 9,235 4,200 5,035
Portuguese 4,245 2,175 2,075
American 6,940 3,285 3,665
Spanish 3,950 1,810 2,140
Swedish 2,530 1,020 1,510
Hungarian 12,620 6,020 6,600
Acadian 1,135 505 630
Pakistani 2,375 1,190 1,180
African, n.o.s.127 2,970 1,520 1,450
Jewish 1,570 850 725
Punjabi 985 435 555
Vietnamese 1,900 925 975
Arab, n.o.s.128 1,855 930 925
Greek 3,430 1,770 1,665
Jamaican 3,935 1,930 2,005
Asian, n.o.s.129 1,490 720 765
Cree, n.o.s.130 480 175 305
Korean 1,930 940 990
Romanian 2,865 1,395 1,470
Lebanese 1,100 625 470
Iranian 485 240 250
Christian, n.i.e.131 2,140 1,055 1,085
Danish 2,345 1,090 1,265
North American Indigenous, n.o.s.132 2,460 1,125 1,340
Sikh 400 205 195
Austrian 2,575 1,215 1,360
Belgian 1,400 690 705
Haitian 535 290 245
Hindu 850 465 385
Mexican 1,405 715 690
Mennonite 2,530 1,285 1,245
Swiss 1,735 870 865
Finnish 1,845 815 1,030
Sri Lankan 390 205 185
Croatian 4,420 2,220 2,195
Japanese 1,050 450 605
South Asian, n.o.s.133 775 410 360
Mi'kmaq, n.o.s.134 1,140 545 595
Northern European, n.o.s.135 1,065 520 550
Muslim 880 440 440
Egyptian 800 430 375
Latin, Central or South American, n.o.s.136 1,345 625 720
Tamil 225 120 100
Icelandic 420 175 240
Colombian 1,915 975 945
Moroccan 120 50 70
Czech 1,520 670 850
Syrian 530 215 315
Guyanese 815 380 430
Afghan 400 235 170
Black, n.o.s.137 715 345 370
Serbian 2,965 1,510 1,455
Ojibway 825 420 400
Newfoundlander 915 425 490
Hong Konger 55 30 20
Ontarian 2,380 1,180 1,200
Persian 330 175 155
Trinidadian/Tobagonian 1,215 665 550
Turkish 1,060 585 475
Inuit, n.o.s.138 185 110 75
Bangladeshi 200 110 85
Algerian 65 35 30
Brazilian 740 370 370
Nigerian 625 300 330
Armenian 1,015 510 510
Slovak 2,295 1,095 1,200
Eastern European, n.o.s.139 920 450 470
Somali 540 255 290
Taiwanese 200 70 135
Iraqi 335 180 160
Salvadorean 870 435 435
African Caribbean 470 235 230
East or Southeast Asian, n.o.s.140 315 125 190
West or Central Asian or Middle Eastern, n.o.s.141 580 320 265
Caribbean, n.o.s.142 510 300 210
Algonquin 510 220 290
West Indian, n.o.s.143 570 275 290
Lithuanian 1,075 545 525
South African 695 355 340
Australian 505 280 225
Palestinian 480 215 270
Chilean 295 130 165
Congolese 215 130 85
Nova Scotian 370 190 190
Ethiopian 120 55 65
Hispanic, n.o.s.144 810 420 390
Peruvian 255 115 140
Yoruba 305 160 140
Cambodian (Khmer) 400 160 245
Berber 45 15 30
Albanian 415 190 225
Maltese 1,385 725 660
Macedonian 745 365 380
Slovenian 1,460 655 810
Western European, n.o.s.145 440 190 255
New Brunswicker 320 135