Census Profile, 2021 Census of Population
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Topic:
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Age
Age characteristics
Commuting
Select all: Commuting
Commuting destination
Commuting duration
Main mode of commuting
Place of work status
Time leaving for work
Education
Select all: Education
Highest certificate, diploma or degree
Location of study compared with province or territory of residence
Major field of study - Classification of Instructional Programs (CIP) 2021
Secondary (high) school diploma or equivalency certificate
Ethnocultural and religious diversity
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Ethnic or cultural origin
Religion
Visible minority
Families, households, and marital status
Select all: Families, households, and marital status
Family characteristics
Household type
Marital status
Housing
Household characteristics
Immigration, place of birth, and citizenship
Select all: Immigration, place of birth, and citizenship
Admission category and applicant type
Age at immigration
Citizenship
Generation status
Immigrant status and period of immigration
Pre-admission experience
Selected places of birth for the immigrant population
Selected places of birth for the recent immigrant population
Income
Select all: Income
Income of economic families in 2020
Income of households in 2020
Income of individuals in 2019
Income of individuals in 2020
Low income and income inequality in 2020
Indigenous peoples
Select all: Indigenous peoples
Indigenous ancestry
Indigenous population
Instruction in the minority official language
Select all: Instruction in the minority official language
Children eligible for instruction in the minority official language
Eligibility and instruction in the minority official language for school-aged children
Labour
Select all: Labour
Class of worker including job permanency
Industry - Sectors - North American Industry Classification System (NAICS) 2017
Labour force status
Occupation - Broad category - National Occupational Classification (NOC) 2021
Work activity during the reference year
Language
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All languages spoken at home
First official language spoken
Knowledge of languages
Knowledge of official languages
Language spoken most often at home
Mother tongue
Other language spoken regularly at home
Language of work
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All languages used at work
Language used most often at work
Other language(s) used regularly at work
Mobility and migration
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Mobility status 1 year ago
Mobility status 5 years ago
Population and dwelling counts
Population and dwellings
Type of dwelling
Household and dwelling characteristics
GenderMore information:


Statistic:
Characteristic North Bay, City (CY)More information:
Ontario
[Census subdivision]
Counts
Total Men+ Women+
Population and dwellings
Population, 20211 52,662 ... ...
Population, 20161 51,553 ... ...
Population percentage change, 2016 to 2021 2.2 ... ...
Total private dwellings2 25,077 ... ...
Private dwellings occupied by usual residents3 23,467 ... ...
Population density per square kilometre 166.9 ... ...
Land area in square kilometres 315.53 ... ...
Age characteristics
Total - Age groups of the population - 100% data 52,660 25,570 27,095
0 to 14 years 7,600 3,885 3,715
0 to 4 years 2,270 1,140 1,130
5 to 9 years 2,610 1,365 1,245
10 to 14 years 2,715 1,380 1,335
15 to 64 years 33,630 16,605 17,025
15 to 19 years 2,790 1,425 1,365
20 to 24 years 3,425 1,720 1,705
25 to 29 years 3,500 1,785 1,715
30 to 34 years 3,480 1,775 1,705
35 to 39 years 3,280 1,595 1,685
40 to 44 years 2,935 1,470 1,470
45 to 49 years 3,025 1,465 1,560
50 to 54 years 3,150 1,520 1,630
55 to 59 years 4,095 1,970 2,125
60 to 64 years 3,960 1,885 2,070
65 years and over 11,430 5,075 6,350
65 to 69 years 3,285 1,520 1,760
70 to 74 years 2,870 1,345 1,525
75 to 79 years 2,090 900 1,195
80 to 84 years 1,650 705 945
85 years and over 1,535 605 935
85 to 89 years 995 415 580
90 to 94 years 445 160 285
95 to 99 years 90 30 65
100 years and over 10 0 10
Total - Distribution (%) of the population by broad age groups - 100% data 100.0 100.0 100.0
0 to 14 years 14.4 15.2 13.7
15 to 64 years 63.9 64.9 62.8
65 years and over 21.7 19.8 23.4
85 years and over 2.9 2.4 3.5
Average age of the population 43.6 42.4 44.8
Median age of the population 44.0 42.0 45.6
Household and dwelling characteristics
Total - Occupied private dwellings by structural type of dwelling - 100% data 23,470 ... ...
Single-detached house 11,440 ... ...
Semi-detached house 2,135 ... ...
Row house 2,025 ... ...
Apartment or flat in a duplex 1,560 ... ...
Apartment in a building that has fewer than five storeys 4,100 ... ...
Apartment in a building that has five or more storeys 2,080 ... ...
Other single-attached house 65 ... ...
Movable dwelling4 65 ... ...
Total - Private households by household size - 100% data 23,465 ... ...
1 person 7,910 ... ...
2 persons 8,610 ... ...
3 persons 3,215 ... ...
4 persons 2,525 ... ...
5 or more persons 1,210 ... ...
Number of persons in private households 51,460 24,895 26,560
Average household size 2.2 ... ...
Marital status
Total - Marital status for the total population aged 15 years and over - 100% data 45,060 21,685 23,380
Married or living common-law 23,705 11,805 11,900
Married 18,045 8,995 9,050
Living common-law 5,660 2,810 2,850
Living common law - Never married 4,005 1,975 2,030
Living common law - Separated 415 230 190
Living common law - Divorced 1,090 545 545
Living common law - Widowed 150 60 90
Not married and not living common-law 21,360 9,880 11,475
Not married and not living common law - Never married 13,165 7,145 6,020
Not married and not living common law - Separated 1,775 745 1,035
Not married and not living common law - Divorced 3,200 1,265 1,935
Not married and not living common law - Widowed 3,210 730 2,485
Family characteristics
Total - Census families in private households by family size - 100% data5 14,605 ... ...
2 persons 8,580 ... ...
3 persons 2,960 ... ...
4 persons 2,275 ... ...
5 or more persons 795 ... ...
Average size of census families 2.7 ... ...
Average number of children in census families with children6 1.7 ... ...
Total number of census families in private households - 100% data 14,610 ... ...
Total couple families 11,605 ... ...
Married couples 8,775 ... ...
With children6 3,780 ... ...
Without children 4,995 ... ...
Common-law couples 2,830 ... ...
With children6 1,120 ... ...
Without children 1,705 ... ...
Total one-parent families 3,000 ... ...
in which the parent is a woman+ 2,290 ... ...
in which the parent is a man+ 715 ... ...
Total - Persons in private households - 100% data 51,455 24,900 26,560
Total - Persons in census families 39,375 19,285 20,085
Married spouses or common-law partners 23,205 11,565 11,640
Parents in one-parent families 3,005 715 2,290
Children6 13,160 7,010 6,155
In a two-parent family 8,640 4,555 4,085
In a one-parent family 4,520 2,450 2,070
Total - Persons not in census families in private households - 100% data 12,085 5,610 6,470
Living alone 7,910 3,385 4,520
Living with other relatives7 1,135 500 630
Living with non-relatives only 3,045 1,725 1,325
Household type
Total - Household type - 100% data 23,465 ... ...
One-census-family households without additional persons 12,955 ... ...
Couple-family households 10,580 ... ...
With children6 4,465 ... ...
Without children 6,115 ... ...
One-parent-family households 2,375 ... ...
Multigenerational households8 465 ... ...
Multiple-census-family households9 110 ... ...
One-census-family households with additional persons9 750 ... ...
Two-or-more-person non-census-family households 1,275 ... ...
One-person households 7,910 ... ...
Income of individuals in 2020
Total - Income statistics in 2020 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data10 43,885 21,030 22,855
Number of total income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2020 - 100% data 42,450 20,240 22,215
Median total income in 2020 among recipients ($) 39,600 43,600 36,400
Number of after-tax income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2020 - 100% data 42,455 20,240 22,215
Median after-tax income in 2020 among recipients ($) 36,000 39,200 33,600
Number of market income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2020 - 100% data 36,580 17,720 18,855
Median market income in 2020 among recipients ($) 33,600 39,600 28,400
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2020 - 100% data 28,875 14,630 14,245
Median employment income in 2020 among recipients ($) 34,000 37,600 30,600
Number of government transfers recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2020 - 100% data 38,985 18,355 20,635
Median government transfers in 2020 among recipients ($) 11,300 9,600 12,400
Number of employment insurance benefits recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2020 - 100% data 4,280 2,035 2,240
Median employment insurance benefits in 2020 among recipients ($) 5,720 6,000 5,480
Number of COVID-19 emergency and recovery benefits recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2020 - 100% data 10,620 4,930 5,690
Median COVID-19 emergency and recovery benefits in 2020 among recipients ($) 8,000 8,000 8,000
Total - Income statistics in 2020 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data11 43,890 21,010 22,880
Number of total income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2020 - 25% sample data 42,370 20,145 22,215
Average total income in 2020 among recipients ($) 49,520 56,000 43,600
Number of after-tax income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2020 - 25% sample data 42,370 20,145 22,215
Average after-tax income in 2020 among recipients ($) 42,360 46,920 38,240
Number of market income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2020 - 25% sample data 36,580 17,825 18,755
Average market income in 2020 among recipients ($) 44,720 52,400 37,440
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2020 - 25% sample data 28,905 14,815 14,090
Average employment income in 2020 among recipients ($) 44,080 49,000 38,920
Number of government transfers recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2020 - 25% sample data 38,850 18,155 20,690
Average government transfers in 2020 among recipients ($) 11,860 10,700 12,880
Number of employment insurance benefits recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2020 - 25% sample data 4,150 1,950 2,200
Average employment insurance benefits in 2020 among recipients ($) 7,130 7,350 6,940
Number of COVID-19 emergency and recovery benefits recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2020 - 25% sample data 10,660 4,905 5,750
Average COVID-19 emergency and recovery benefits in 2020 among recipients ($) 8,850 8,640 9,020
Total - Employment income statistics in 2020 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data12 43,885 21,010 22,875
Number of employment income recipients in 2020 who worked full-year full-time in 2020 - 25% sample data13 13,295 7,205 6,095
Median employment income in 2020 for full-year full-time workers in 2020 ($)14 59,600 62,000 57,600
Average employment income in 2020 for full-year full-time workers in 2020 ($)15 69,600 75,000 63,350
Number of employment income recipients in 2020 who worked part-year or part-time in 2020 - 25% sample data16 11,035 5,055 5,985
Median employment income in 2020 of those who worked part-year or part-time in 2020 ($) 16,200 18,400 15,000
Average employment income in 2020 of those who worked part-year or part-time in 2020 ($) 25,180 29,000 21,960
Composition of total income in 2020 of the population aged 15 years and over in private households (%) - 25% sample data17 100.0 100.0 100.0
Market income (%)18 78.0 82.8 72.4
Employment income (%)19 60.8 64.4 56.6
Government transfers (%)20 22.0 17.2 27.5
Employment insurance benefits (%) 1.4 1.3 1.6
COVID-19 - Government income support and benefits (%) 5.3 4.3 6.5
COVID-19 - Emergency and recovery benefits (%) 4.5 3.8 5.4
Total - Total income groups in 2020 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data21 43,880 21,030 22,855
Without total income 1,435 790 640
With total income 42,450 20,235 22,210
Under $10,000 (including loss) 2,870 1,235 1,635
$10,000 to $19,999 5,795 2,490 3,305
$20,000 to $29,999 7,100 3,010 4,090
$30,000 to $39,999 5,740 2,530 3,210
$40,000 to $49,999 4,945 2,335 2,610
$50,000 to $59,999 4,005 1,875 2,130
$60,000 to $69,999 3,160 1,620 1,540
$70,000 to $79,999 2,300 1,280 1,020
$80,000 to $89,999 1,640 885 755
$90,000 to $99,999 1,240 670 575
$100,000 and over 3,645 2,305 1,340
$100,000 to $149,999 2,635 1,570 1,065
$150,000 and over 1,010 735 275
Total - After-tax income groups in 2020 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data22 43,880 21,030 22,855
Without after-tax income 1,430 790 640
With after-tax income 42,455 20,240 22,215
Under $10,000 (including loss) 3,035 1,275 1,765
$10,000 to $19,999 5,960 2,570 3,395
$20,000 to $29,999 7,975 3,410 4,565
$30,000 to $39,999 6,770 3,110 3,660
$40,000 to $49,999 5,680 2,675 3,005
$50,000 to $59,999 4,230 2,140 2,090
$60,000 to $69,999 2,905 1,570 1,340
$70,000 to $79,999 1,945 1,050 890
$80,000 to $89,999 1,480 795 685
$90,000 to $99,999 780 460 320
$100,000 and over 1,690 1,190 500
$100,000 to $124,999 915 615 300
$125,000 and over 780 575 200
Total - Employment income groups in 2020 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data19 43,880 21,030 22,855
Without employment income 15,005 6,395 8,610
With employment income 28,880 14,635 14,245
Under $5,000 (including loss) 4,940 2,490 2,445
$5,000 to $9,999 2,255 965 1,290
$10,000 to $19,999 3,515 1,595 1,915
$20,000 to $29,999 2,635 1,260 1,380
$30,000 to $39,999 2,785 1,295 1,495
$40,000 to $49,999 2,395 1,200 1,200
$50,000 to $59,999 2,275 1,115 1,165
$60,000 to $69,999 1,965 1,100 860
$70,000 to $79,999 1,390 785 605
$80,000 to $89,999 1,095 580 515
$90,000 to $99,999 925 505 415
$100,000 and over 2,700 1,740 965
$100,000 to $124,999 1,475 830 645
$125,000 and over 1,230 905 320
Income of individuals in 2019
Total - Income statistics in 2019 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data23 43,885 21,030 22,855
Number of total income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2019 - 100% data 41,815 19,950 21,865
Median total income in 2019 among recipients ($) 37,200 42,000 33,600
Number of after-tax income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2019 - 100% data 41,835 19,950 21,885
Median after-tax income in 2019 among recipients ($) 34,000 37,600 31,000
Number of market income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2019 - 100% data 36,410 17,645 18,765
Median market income in 2019 among recipients ($) 34,800 40,400 29,800
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2019 - 100% data 29,235 14,780 14,455
Median employment income in 2019 among recipients ($) 34,800 38,000 31,400
Number of government transfers recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2019 - 100% data 37,325 17,590 19,735
Median government transfers in 2019 among recipients ($) 6,550 3,320 8,400
Number of employment insurance benefits recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2019 -100% data 3,495 1,655 1,840
Median employment insurance benefits in 2019 among recipients ($) 5,880 6,360 5,520
Total - Income statistics in 2019 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data24 43,890 21,010 22,880
Number of total income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2019 - 25% sample data 41,680 19,820 21,865
Average total income in 2019 among recipients ($) 47,000 53,450 41,160
Number of after-tax income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2019 - 25% sample data 41,705 19,820 21,885
Average after-tax income in 2019 among recipients ($) 40,120 44,760 35,880
Number of market income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2019 - 25% sample data 36,390 17,690 18,710
Average market income in 2019 among recipients ($) 44,800 52,200 37,760
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2019 - 25% sample data 29,110 14,810 14,300
Average employment income in 2019 among recipients ($) 43,920 49,040 38,640
Number of government transfers recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2019 - 25% sample data 37,035 17,305 19,725
Average government transfers in 2019 among recipients ($) 8,900 7,880 9,790
Number of employment insurance benefits recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2019 - 25% sample data 3,375 1,520 1,855
Average employment insurance benefits in 2019 among recipients ($) 7,400 7,490 7,320
Total - Employment income statistics in 2019 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data25 43,885 21,010 22,875
Number of employment income recipients in 2019 who worked full-year full-time in 2020 - 25% sample data13 13,275 7,180 6,100
Median employment income in 2019 for full-year full-time workers in 2020 ($)14 56,800 59,200 53,600
Average employment income in 2019 for full-year full-time workers in 2020 ($)15 65,100 70,300 59,050
Number of employment income recipients in 2019 who worked part-year or part-time in 2020 - 25% sample data16 10,395 4,690 5,700
Median employment income in 2019 of those who worked part-year or part-time in 2020 ($) 21,400 24,200 18,600
Average employment income in 2019 of those who worked part-year or part-time in 2020 ($) 29,680 34,520 25,640
Composition of total income in 2019 of the population aged 15 years and over in private households (%) - 25% sample data 100.0 100.0 100.0
Market income (%) 83.2 87.2 78.6
Employment income (%) 65.2 68.6 61.4
Government transfers (%) 16.8 12.9 21.5
Employment insurance benefits (%) 1.3 1.1 1.5
Income of households in 2020
Total - Income statistics for private households - 100% data26 23,465 ... ...
Median total income of household in 2020 ($) 72,000 ... ...
Median after-tax income of household in 2020 ($) 64,500 ... ...
Total - Income statistics for one-person private households - 100% data 7,910 ... ...
Median total income of one-person households in 2020 ($) 37,200 ... ...
Median after-tax income of one-person households in 2020 ($) 34,400 ... ...
Total - Income statistics for two-or-more-persons private households - 100% data 15,560 ... ...
Median total income of two-or-more-person households in 2020 ($) 94,000 ... ...
Median after-tax income of two-or-more-person households in 2020 ($) 83,000 ... ...
Total - Income statistics for private households - 25% sample data27 23,465 ... ...
Average total income of household in 2020 ($) 89,400 ... ...
Average after-tax income of household in 2020 ($) 76,500 ... ...
Total - Income statistics for one-person private households - 25% sample data 7,910 ... ...
Average total income of one-person households in 2020 ($) 45,280 ... ...
Average after-tax income of one-person households in 2020 ($) 39,520 ... ...
Total - Income statistics for two-or-more-persons private households - 25% sample data 15,560 ... ...
Average total income of two-or-more-person households in 2020 ($) 111,800 ... ...
Average after-tax income of two-or-more-person households in 2020 ($) 95,200 ... ...
Total - Household total income groups in 2020 for private households - 100% data21 23,465 ... ...
Under $5,000 165 ... ...
$5,000 to $9,999 120 ... ...
$10,000 to $14,999 350 ... ...
$15,000 to $19,999 780 ... ...
$20,000 to $24,999 1,210 ... ...
$25,000 to $29,999 1,025 ... ...
$30,000 to $34,999 870 ... ...
$35,000 to $39,999 1,045 ... ...
$40,000 to $44,999 1,100 ... ...
$45,000 to $49,999 995 ... ...
$50,000 to $59,999 2,025 ... ...
$60,000 to $69,999 1,760 ... ...
$70,000 to $79,999 1,605 ... ...
$80,000 to $89,999 1,560 ... ...
$90,000 to $99,999 1,265 ... ...
$100,000 and over 7,590 ... ...
$100,000 to $124,999 2,475 ... ...
$125,000 to $149,999 1,695 ... ...
$150,000 to $199,999 1,940 ... ...
$200,000 and over 1,480 ... ...
Total - Household after-tax income groups in 2020 for private households - 100% data22 23,465 ... ...
Under $5,000 185 ... ...
$5,000 to $9,999 125 ... ...
$10,000 to $14,999 355 ... ...
$15,000 to $19,999 805 ... ...
$20,000 to $24,999 1,280 ... ...
$25,000 to $29,999 1,165 ... ...
$30,000 to $34,999 985 ... ...
$35,000 to $39,999 1,250 ... ...
$40,000 to $44,999 1,200 ... ...
$45,000 to $49,999 1,245 ... ...
$50,000 to $59,999 2,250 ... ...
$60,000 to $69,999 2,000 ... ...
$70,000 to $79,999 1,880 ... ...
$80,000 to $89,999 1,570 ... ...
$90,000 to $99,999 1,260 ... ...
$100,000 and over 5,915 ... ...
$100,000 to $124,999 2,440 ... ...
$125,000 to $149,999 1,445 ... ...
$150,000 and over 2,035 ... ...
Income of economic families in 2020
Total - Income statistics for economic families in private households - 100% data28 14,545 ... ...
Median total income of economic family in 2020 ($) 94,000 ... ...
Median after-tax income of economic family in 2020 ($) 84,000 ... ...
Average family size of economic families 2.8 ... ...
Total - Income statistics for couple-only economic families in private households - 100% data 6,275 ... ...
Median total income of couple-only economic families in 2020 ($) 87,000 ... ...
Median after-tax income of couple-only economic families in 2020 ($) 77,500 ... ...
Average family size of couple-only economic families 2.0 ... ...
Total - Income statistics for couple-with-children economic families in private households - 100% data 4,980 ... ...
Median total income of couple-with-children economic families in 2020 ($) 132,000 ... ...
Median after-tax income of couple-with-children economic families in 2020 ($) 114,000 ... ...
Average family size of couple-with-children economic families 3.9 ... ...
Total - Income statistics for one-parent economic families in private households - 100% data 2,835 ... ...
Median total income of one-parent economic families in 2020 ($) 60,800 ... ...
Median after-tax income of one-parent economic families in 2020 ($) 57,200 ... ...
Average family size of one-parent economic families 2.6 ... ...
Total - Income statistics for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families in private households - 100% data29 10,955 5,110 5,840
Median total income in 2020 ($)30 34,000 34,000 33,600
Median after-tax income in 2020 ($)30 31,600 31,800 31,400
Total - Income statistics for economic families in private households - 25% sample data31 14,540 ... ...
Average total income of economic family in 2020 ($) 112,600 ... ...
Average after-tax income of economic family in 2020 ($) 95,600 ... ...
Total - Income statistics for couple-only economic families in private households - 25% sample data 6,355 ... ...
Average total income of couple-only economic families in 2020 ($) 101,100 ... ...
Average after-tax income of couple-only economic families in 2020 ($) 85,800 ... ...
Total - Income statistics for couple-with-children economic families in private households - 25% sample data 4,980 ... ...
Average total income of couple-with-children economic families in 2020 ($) 151,800 ... ...
Average after-tax income of couple-with-children economic families in 2020 ($) 126,400 ... ...
Total - Income statistics for one-parent economic families in private households - 25% sample data 2,805 ... ...
Average total income of one-parent economic families in 2020 ($) 71,800 ... ...
Average after-tax income of one-parent economic families in 2020 ($) 64,400 ... ...
Total - Income statistics for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families in private households - 25% sample data32 10,950 5,065 5,880
Average total income in 2020 ($)30 42,000 43,000 41,120
Average after-tax income in 2020 ($)30 36,960 37,440 36,520
Low income and income inequality in 2020
Total - LIM low-income status in 2020 for the population in private households - 100% data33 51,460 24,900 26,560
0 to 17 years 9,170 4,710 4,460
0 to 5 years 2,795 1,420 1,380
18 to 64 years 31,415 15,340 16,075
65 years and over 10,870 4,850 6,025
In low income based on the Low-income measure, after tax (LIM-AT) 6,635 3,020 3,615
0 to 17 years 1,285 660 620
0 to 5 years 460 230 225
18 to 64 years 3,865 1,860 2,010
65 years and over 1,485 505 980
Prevalence of low income based on the Low-income measure, after tax (LIM-AT) (%) 12.9 12.1 13.6
0 to 17 years (%) 14.0 14.0 14.0
0 to 5 years (%) 16.4 16.4 16.6
18 to 64 years (%) 12.3 12.1 12.5
65 years and over (%) 13.7 10.4 16.3
Total - LICO low-income status in 2020 for the population in private households to whom the low-income concept is applicable - 100% data33 51,455 24,900 26,560
0 to 17 years 9,170 4,710 4,465
0 to 5 years 2,800 1,415 1,380
18 to 64 years 31,420 15,340 16,075
65 years and over 10,870 4,845 6,020
In low income based on the Low-income cut-offs, after tax (LICO-AT) 2,675 1,400 1,280
0 to 17 years 335 185 155
0 to 5 years 105 55 50
18 to 64 years 2,195 1,145 1,050
65 years and over 145 60 80
Prevalence of low income based on the Low-income cut-offs, after tax (LICO-AT) (%) 5.2 5.6 4.8
0 to 17 years (%) 3.7 3.9 3.5
0 to 5 years (%) 3.9 3.8 3.9
18 to 64 years (%) 7.0 7.5 6.5
65 years and over (%) 1.3 1.3 1.3
Total - Adjusted after-tax economic family income decile group for the population in private households - 100% data34The letter 'c' in a yellow triangle indicates a correction notice. 51,460 24,900 26,560
In bottom half of the distribution 28,435 13,440 14,990
In bottom decile 6,250 2,995 3,255
In second decile 6,225 2,780 3,450
In third decile 5,605 2,660 2,945
In fourth decile 5,185 2,505 2,680
In fifth decile 5,175 2,505 2,670
In top half of the distribution 23,025 11,460 11,565
In sixth decile 4,805 2,365 2,435
In seventh decile 4,745 2,345 2,400
In eighth decile 4,955 2,480 2,475
In ninth decile 4,570 2,260 2,310
In top decile 3,955 2,005 1,945
Total - Inequality measures for the population in private households - 100% data35 51,455 ... ...
Gini index on adjusted household total income 0.329 ... ...
Gini index on adjusted household market income 0.467 ... ...
Gini index on adjusted household after-tax income 0.286 ... ...
P90/P10 ratio on adjusted household after-tax income 3.7 ... ...
Knowledge of official languages
Total - Knowledge of official languages for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% data36 51,935 25,165 26,770
English only 39,185 19,475 19,710
French only 130 50 80
English and French 12,520 5,595 6,920
Neither English nor French 100 45 60
First official language spoken
Total - First official language spoken for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% data37 51,935 25,165 26,770
English 45,945 22,490 23,455
French 5,670 2,540 3,130
English and French 220 95 125
Neither English nor French 95 40 60
Mother tongue
Total - Mother tongue for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% data38 51,935 25,165 26,770
Single responses 50,360 24,440 25,925
Official languages 48,010 23,305 24,700
English 42,130 20,650 21,480
French 5,880 2,655 3,220
Non-official languages 2,350 1,130 1,220
Indigenous languages39 125 50 75
Algonquian languages 115 40 65
Blackfoot 0 0 0
Cree-Innu languages 100 35 65
Atikamekw 0 0 0
Cree languages 95 30 60
Ililimowin (Moose Cree) 10 5 5
Inu Ayimun (Southern East Cree) 0 0 0
Iyiyiw-Ayimiwin (Northern East Cree) 0 0 0
Nehinawewin (Swampy Cree) 40 10 25
Nehiyawewin (Plains Cree) 0 0 0
Nihithawiwin (Woods Cree) 0 0 0
Cree, n.o.s. 40 15 30
Innu (Montagnais) 0 0 0
Naskapi 0 0 0
Eastern Algonquian languages 0 0 0
Mi'kmaq 0 0 0
Wolastoqewi (Malecite) 0 0 0
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 15 5 5
Anicinabemowin (Algonquin) 0 0 0
Oji-Cree 5 0 5
Ojibway languages 15 5 5
Anishinaabemowin (Chippewa) 0 0 0
Daawaamwin (Odawa) 0 0 0
Saulteau (Western Ojibway) 0 0 0
Ojibway, n.o.s. 10 5 5
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages 0 0 0
Northern Athabaskan languages 0 0 0
Dakelh (Carrier) 0 0 0
Dane-zaa (Beaver) 0 0 0
Dene, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Gwich'in 0 0 0
Slavey-Hare languages 0 0 0
Deh Gah Ghotie Zhatie (South Slavey) 0 0 0
Satuotine Yati (North Slavey) 0 0 0
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Tahltan languages 0 0 0
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0
Tahltan 0 0 0
Tlicho (Dogrib) 0 0 0
Tse'khene (Sekani) 0 0 0
Tsilhqot'in (Chilcotin) 0 0 0
Tsuu T'ina (Sarsi) 0 0 0
Tutchone languages 0 0 0
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0
Tutchone, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Wetsuwet'en-Babine 0 0 0
Tlingit 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Haida 0 0 0
Inuktut (Inuit) languages 0 0 0
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 0 0 0
Inuinnaqtun 0 0 0
Inuvialuktun 0 0 0
Inuktitut 0 0 0
Inuktut (Inuit) languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages 0 0 0
Cayuga 0 0 0
Mohawk 0 0 0
Oneida 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Ktunaxa (Kutenai) 0 0 0
Michif 0 0 0
Salish languages 0 0 0
Halkomelem 0 0 0
Lillooet 0 0 0
Ntlakapamux (Thompson) 0 0 0
Secwepemctsin (Shuswap) 0 0 0
Squamish 0 0 0
Straits 0 0 0
Syilx (Okanagan) 0 0 0
Salish languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Siouan languages 0 0 0
Assiniboine 0 0 0
Dakota 0 0 0
Stoney 0 0 0
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Tsimshian languages 0 0 0
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 0 0 0
Nisga'a 0 0 0
Tsimshian 0 0 0
Wakashan languages 0 0 0
Haisla 0 0 0
Heiltsuk 0 0 0
Kwak'wala (Kwakiutl) 0 0 0
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0 0 0
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Indigenous languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Indigenous languages, n.o.s. 15 5 10
Non-Indigenous languages 2,225 1,080 1,145
Afro-Asiatic languages 75 45 30
Berber languages 0 0 0
Kabyle 0 0 0
Tamazight 0 0 0
Berber languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Chadic languages 0 0 0
Hausa 0 0 0
Mina 0 0 0
Coptic 0 0 0
Cushitic languages 10 5 5
Bilen 0 0 0
Oromo 0 0 0
Somali 5 5 5
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Semitic languages 65 45 25
Amharic 0 0 0
Arabic 55 40 20
Aramaic languages 0 0 0
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 0 0 0
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 0 0 0
Aramaic, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Harari 0 0 0
Hebrew 0 0 0
Maltese 5 0 5
Tigrigna 0 0 0
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Austro-Asiatic languages 40 10 30
Khmer (Cambodian) 0 0 0
Vietnamese 40 10 30
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e 0 0 0
Austronesian languages 105 40 70
Bikol 0 0 0
Bisaya, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Cebuano 5 0 5
Fijian 0 0 0
Hiligaynon 0 0 0
Ilocano 10 5 5
Indonesian 5 5 5
Kankanaey 0 0 0
Kinaray-a 0 0 0
Malagasy languages 0 0 0
Merina 0 0 0
Malagasy, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Malay 0 0 0
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 0 0 0
Pangasinan 0 0 0
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 85 30 50
Waray-Waray 0 0 0
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Creole languages 10 5 0
Haitian Creole 5 5 0
Jamaican English Creole 0 0 0
Krio 0 0 0
Morisyen 0 0 0
Sango 0 0 0
Creole, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Creole languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Dravidian languages 125 75 45
Kannada 5 5 0
Malayalam 85 50 35
Tamil 10 10 5
Telugu 25 15 5
Tulu 0 0 0
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Georgian 0 0 0
Hmong-Mien languages 0 0 0
Indo-European languages 1,510 725 785
Albanian 0 0 0
Armenian 0 0 0
Balto-Slavic languages 260 120 140
Baltic languages 5 0 0
Latvian 0 0 0
Lithuanian 5 0 0
Slavic languages 255 120 135
Belarusian 0 0 0
Bulgarian 10 0 5
Czech 20 10 10
Macedonian 0 0 0
Polish 95 40 50
Russian 60 25 35
Rusyn 0 0 0
Serbo-Croatian 25 15 10
Bosnian 5 0 0
Croatian 10 5 5
Serbian 5 5 0
Serbo-Croatian, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Slovak 5 0 0
Slovene (Slovenian) 5 0 5
Ukrainian 40 20 15
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Celtic languages 0 0 0
Irish 0 0 0
Scottish Gaelic 0 0 0
Welsh 0 0 0
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Germanic languages 295 120 170
Frisian 5 0 5
High German languages 185 70 110
German 175 65 110
Pennsylvania German 0 0 0
Swiss German 10 0 0
Yiddish 0 0 0
Low Saxon-Low Franconian languages 90 45 50
Afrikaans 20 15 10
Dutch 60 25 35
Low German, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Low Saxon 0 0 0
Plautdietsch 0 0 0
Vlaams (Flemish) 5 5 0
Scandinavian languages 20 10 10
Danish 10 5 5
Icelandic 0 0 0
Norwegian 5 5 0
Swedish 10 0 5
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Greek 35 20 15
Indo-Iranian languages 360 195 170
Indo-Aryan languages 320 170 155
Assamese 0 0 0
Bengali 20 15 10
Gujarati 55 30 30
Hindi 70 35 35
Kacchi 0 0 0
Kashmiri 0 0 0
Konkani 0 0 0
Marathi 10 5 0
Nepali 5 5 0
Oriya languages 0 0 0
Odia 0 0 0
Oriya, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Punjabi (Panjabi) 115 55 55
Rohingya 0 0 0
Sindhi 0 0 0
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 10 0 5
Urdu 35 25 15
Indo-Aryan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Iranian languages 40 25 15
Baluchi 0 0 0
Kurdish 0 0 0
Parsi 0 0 0
Pashto 0 0 0
Persian languages 35 20 15
Dari 0 0 0
Iranian Persian 30 15 10
Persian (Farsi), n.o.s. 10 0 5
Iranian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Italic (Romance) languages 555 270 285
Catalan 0 0 0
Italian 330 175 155
Portuguese 80 35 40
Romanian 15 10 10
Spanish 130 50 80
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Indo-European languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Japanese 20 5 10
Korean 20 10 10
Mongolian 10 5 5
Niger-Congo languages 35 15 15
Akan (Twi) 0 0 0
Bamanankan 0 0 0
Edo 0 0 0
Éwé 0 0 0
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 0 0 0
Ga 0 0 0
Ganda 0 0 0
Gikuyu 5 0 0
Igbo 0 0 0
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 0 0 0
Lingala 0 0 0
Luba-Kasai 0 0 0
Mòoré 0 0 0
Mwani 0 0 0
Ndebele 0 0 0
Rundi (Kirundi) 0 0 0
Shona 5 5 0
Soninke 0 0 0
Sotho-Tswana languages 0 0 0
Swahili 5 0 5
Wojenaka 0 0 0
Wolof 0 0 0
Yoruba 15 5 5
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 0 5 0
Nilo-Saharan languages 0 0 0
Dinka 0 0 0
Nuer 0 0 0
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
African, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Sign languages 5 5 0
American Sign Language 5 5 0
Quebec Sign Language 0 0 0
Sign languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Sino-Tibetan languages 185 95 90
Chinese languages 180 95 85
Hakka 0 0 0
Mandarin 90 50 40
Min Dong 0 0 0
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 0 0 0
Wu (Shanghainese) 0 0 0
Yue (Cantonese) 85 40 45
Chinese, n.o.s. 5 5 0
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Tibeto-Burman languages 5 0 5
Burmese 0 0 0
Kuki-Chin languages 0 0 0
Karenic languages 0 0 0
S'gaw Karen 0 0 0
Karenic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Tibetan 0 0 0
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 5 0 5
Sino-Tibetan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Tai-Kadai languages 15 5 10
Lao 0 0 0
Thai 10 5 10
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Turkic languages 15 5 5
Azerbaijani 0 0 0
Kazakh 0 0 0
Turkish 10 5 5
Uyghur 0 0 0
Uzbek 0 0 0
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Uralic languages 65 25 40
Estonian 5 0 0
Finnish 35 15 25
Hungarian 20 10 10
Other languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Multiple responses 1,580 725 850
English and French 1,165 530 640
English and non-official language(s) 345 175 175
French and non-official language(s) 20 5 10
English, French and non-official language(s) 15 10 5
Multiple non-official languages 30 10 20
All languages spoken at home
Total - All languages spoken at home for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% data40 51,935 25,165 26,770
English 45,530 22,320 23,210
French 1,275 540 735
Non-official language 415 190 225
Indigenous39 15 5 15
Non-Indigenous 395 180 210
English and French 3,000 1,285 1,715
English and non-official language(s) 1,545 735 810
French and non-official language(s) 5 5 5
English, French and non-official language(s) 130 70 55
Multiple non-official languages 35 15 15
Language spoken most often at home
Total - Language spoken most often at home for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% data41 51,935 25,165 26,770
Single responses 51,005 24,765 26,240
Official languages 50,095 24,320 25,775
English 48,300 23,565 24,735
French 1,790 750 1,040
Non-official languages 915 445 465
Indigenous languages39 40 15 30
Algonquian languages 40 15 30
Blackfoot 0 0 0
Cree-Innu languages 40 15 30
Atikamekw 0 0 0
Cree languages 35 10 20
Ililimowin (Moose Cree) 0 0 0
Inu Ayimun (Southern East Cree) 0 0 0
Iyiyiw-Ayimiwin (Northern East Cree) 5 0 0
Nehinawewin (Swampy Cree) 10 0 5
Nehiyawewin (Plains Cree) 0 0 0
Nihithawiwin (Woods Cree) 0 0 0
Cree, n.o.s. 20 5 15
Innu (Montagnais) 0 0 0
Naskapi 0 0 0
Eastern Algonquian languages 0 0 0
Mi'kmaq 0 0 0
Wolastoqewi (Malecite) 0 0 0
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 0 0 0
Anicinabemowin (Algonquin) 0 0 0
Oji-Cree 0 0 0
Ojibway languages 0 0 0
Anishinaabemowin (Chippewa) 0 0 0
Daawaamwin (Odawa) 0 0 0
Saulteau (Western Ojibway) 0 0 0
Ojibway, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages 0 0 0
Northern Athabaskan languages 0 0 0
Dakelh (Carrier) 0 0 0
Dane-zaa (Beaver) 0 0 0
Dene, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Gwich'in 0 0 0
Slavey-Hare languages 0 0 0
Deh Gah Ghotie Zhatie (South Slavey) 0 0 0
Satuotine Yati (North Slavey) 0 0 0
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Tahltan languages 0 0 0
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0
Tahltan 0 0 0
Tlicho (Dogrib) 0 0 0
Tse'khene (Sekani) 0 0 0
Tsilhqot'in (Chilcotin) 0 0 0
Tsuu T'ina (Sarsi) 0 0 0
Tutchone languages 0 0 0
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0
Tutchone, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Wetsuwet'en-Babine 0 0 0
Tlingit 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Haida 0 0 0
Inuktut (Inuit) languages 0 0 0
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 0 0 0
Inuinnaqtun 0 0 0
Inuvialuktun 0 0 0
Inuktitut 0 0 0
Inuktut (Inuit) languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages 0 0 0
Cayuga 0 0 0
Mohawk 0 0 0
Oneida 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Ktunaxa (Kutenai) 0 0 0
Michif 0 0 0
Salish languages 0 0 0
Halkomelem 0 0 0
Lillooet 0 0 0
Ntlakapamux (Thompson) 0 0 0
Secwepemctsin (Shuswap) 0 0 0
Squamish 0 0 0
Straits 0 0 0
Syilx (Okanagan) 0 0 0
Salish languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Siouan languages 0 0 0
Assiniboine 0 0 0
Dakota 0 0 0
Stoney 0 0 0
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Tsimshian languages 0 0 0
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 0 0 0
Nisga'a 0 0 0
Tsimshian 0 0 0
Wakashan languages 0 0 0
Haisla 0 0 0
Heiltsuk 0 0 0
Kwak'wala (Kwakiutl) 0 0 0
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0 0 0
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Indigenous languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Indigenous languages, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Non-Indigenous languages 870 430 440
Afro-Asiatic languages 35 20 10
Berber languages 0 0 0
Kabyle 0 0 0
Tamazight 0 0 0
Berber languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Chadic languages 0 0 0
Hausa 0 0 0
Mina 0 0 0
Coptic 0 0 0
Cushitic languages 0 0 0
Bilen 0 0 0
Oromo 0 0 0
Somali 0 0 0
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Semitic languages 30 20 15
Amharic 0 0 0
Arabic 30 20 15
Aramaic languages 0 0 0
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 0 0 0
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 0 0 0
Aramaic, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Harari 0 0 0
Hebrew 0 0 0
Maltese 0 0 0
Tigrigna 0 0 0
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Austro-Asiatic languages 30 10 20
Khmer (Cambodian) 0 0 0
Vietnamese 30 10 20
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e 0 0 0
Austronesian languages 55 25 30
Bikol 0 0 0
Bisaya, n.o.s. 5 0 0
Cebuano 5 0 0
Fijian 0 0 0
Hiligaynon 0 0 0
Ilocano 0 0 0
Indonesian 5 5 5
Kankanaey 0 0 0
Kinaray-a 0 0 0
Malagasy languages 0 0 0
Merina 0 0 0
Malagasy, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Malay 0 0 0
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 0 0 0
Pangasinan 0 0 0
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 45 15 25
Waray-Waray 0 0 0
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Creole languages 0 0 0
Haitian Creole 0 0 0
Jamaican English Creole 0 0 0
Krio 0 0 0
Morisyen 0 0 0
Sango 0 0 0
Creole, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Creole languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Dravidian languages 80 50 35
Kannada 0 5 5
Malayalam 60 35 25
Tamil 0 0 0
Telugu 15 10 0
Tulu 0 0 0
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Georgian 0 0 0
Hmong-Mien languages 0 0 0
Indo-European languages 500 235 265
Albanian 0 0 0
Armenian 0 0 0
Balto-Slavic languages 85 40 50
Baltic languages 0 0 0
Latvian 0 0 0
Lithuanian 0 0 0
Slavic languages 85 40 50
Belarusian 0 0 0
Bulgarian 5 5 0
Czech 10 5 5
Macedonian 0 0 0
Polish 20 5 10
Russian 30 10 15
Rusyn 0 0 0
Serbo-Croatian 0 0 0
Bosnian 0 0 0
Croatian 0 0 0
Serbian 0 0 0
Serbo-Croatian, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Slovak 5 0 0
Slovene (Slovenian) 0 0 0
Ukrainian 10 0 0
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Celtic languages 0 0 0
Irish 0 0 0
Scottish Gaelic 0 0 0
Welsh 0 0 0
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Germanic languages 30 10 20
Frisian 0 0 0
High German languages 10 0 5
German 10 0 5
Pennsylvania German 0 0 0
Swiss German 0 0 0
Yiddish 0 0 0
Low Saxon-Low Franconian languages 15 10 10
Afrikaans 10 5 5
Dutch 0 0 5
Low German, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Low Saxon 0 0 0
Plautdietsch 0 0 0
Vlaams (Flemish) 0 0 0
Scandinavian languages 0 0 0
Danish 0 0 0
Icelandic 0 0 0
Norwegian 0 0 0
Swedish 0 0 0
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Greek 10 5 0
Indo-Iranian languages 200 105 100
Indo-Aryan languages 170 90 85
Assamese 0 0 0
Bengali 10 5 5
Gujarati 35 20 15
Hindi 40 15 25
Kacchi 0 0 0
Kashmiri 0 0 0
Konkani 0 0 0
Marathi 0 0 0
Nepali 0 0 0
Oriya languages 0 0 0
Odia 0 0 0
Oriya, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Punjabi (Panjabi) 70 30 35
Rohingya 0 0 0
Sindhi 0 0 0
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 0 0 0
Urdu 10 5 5
Indo-Aryan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Iranian languages 30 15 10
Baluchi 0 0 0
Kurdish 0 0 0
Parsi 0 0 0
Pashto 0 0 0
Persian languages 25 10 10
Dari 0 0 0
Iranian Persian 20 10 5
Persian (Farsi), n.o.s. 10 5 5
Iranian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Italic (Romance) languages 180 80 100
Catalan 0 0 0
Italian 80 30 50
Portuguese 45 25 20
Romanian 0 0 0
Spanish 55 20 30
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Indo-European languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Japanese 5 5 5
Korean 5 0 0
Mongolian 5 5 0
Niger-Congo languages 5 5 5
Akan (Twi) 0 0 0
Bamanankan 0 0 0
Edo 0 0 0
Éwé 0 0 0
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 0 0 0
Ga 0 0 0
Ganda 0 0 0
Gikuyu 0 0 0
Igbo 0 0 0
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 0 0 0
Lingala 0 0 0
Luba-Kasai 0 0 0
Mòoré 0 0 0
Mwani 0 0 0
Ndebele 0 0 0
Rundi (Kirundi) 0 0 0
Shona 0 0 0
Soninke 0 0 0
Sotho-Tswana languages 0 0 0
Swahili 0 0 0
Wojenaka 0 0 0
Wolof 0 0 0
Yoruba 0 0 0
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Nilo-Saharan languages 0 0 0
Dinka 0 0 0
Nuer 0 0 0
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
African, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Sign languages 20 15 5
American Sign Language 15 15 5
Quebec Sign Language 0 0 0
Sign languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Sino-Tibetan languages 115 60 50
Chinese languages 115 60 55
Hakka 0 0 0
Mandarin 55 30 25
Min Dong 0 0 0
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 0 0 0
Wu (Shanghainese) 0 0 0
Yue (Cantonese) 50 30 25
Chinese, n.o.s. 0 5 0
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Tibeto-Burman languages 0 0 0
Burmese 0 0 0
Kuki-Chin languages 0 0 0
Karenic languages 0 0 0
S'gaw Karen 0 0 0
Karenic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Tibetan 0 0 0
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Sino-Tibetan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Tai-Kadai languages 5 5 5
Lao 0 0 0
Thai 5 5 5
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Turkic languages 0 0 0
Azerbaijani 0 0 0
Kazakh 0 0 0
Turkish 0 0 0
Uyghur 0 0 0
Uzbek 0 0 0
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Uralic languages 5 5 5
Estonian 0 0 0
Finnish 0 0 0
Hungarian 5 5 5
Other languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Multiple responses 935 400 530
English and French 640 265 375
English and non-official language(s) 265 125 140
French and non-official language(s) 0 0 0
English, French and non-official language(s) 25 10 10
Multiple non-official languages 5 0 0
Other language spoken regularly at home
Total - Other language(s) spoken regularly at home for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% data42 51,935 25,165 26,770
None 48,075 23,420 24,660
English 905 405 505
French 1,875 825 1,045
Non-official language 845 390 455
Indigenous39 110 45 65
Non-Indigenous 735 345 385
English and French 5 5 5
English and non-official language(s) 65 40 25
French and non-official language(s) 75 40 35
English, French and non-official language(s) 0 0 0
Multiple non-official languages 85 35 45
Knowledge of languagesThe letter 'c' in a yellow triangle indicates a correction notice.
Total - Knowledge of languages for the population in private households - 25% sample data43 51,455 24,900 26,560
Official languages 51,360 24,865 26,495
English 51,215 24,820 26,395
French 12,590 5,545 7,045
Non-official languages 3,460 1,655 1,810
Indigenous languages39 290 130 160
Algonquian languages 290 130 160
Blackfoot 0 0 0
Cree-Innu languages 235 90 145
Atikamekw 0 0 0
Cree languages 235 85 145
Ililimowin (Moose Cree) 10 0 0
Inu Ayimun (Southern East Cree) 0 0 0
Iyiyiw-Ayimiwin (Northern East Cree) 30 15 10
Nehinawewin (Swampy Cree) 95 25 65
Nehiyawewin (Plains Cree) 0 0 0
Nihithawiwin (Woods Cree) 0 0 0
Cree, n.o.s. 110 45 65
Innu (Montagnais) 0 0 0
Naskapi 0 0 0
Eastern Algonquian languages 0 0 0
Mi'kmaq 0 0 0
Wolastoqewi (Malecite) 0 0 0
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 65 45 20
Anicinabemowin (Algonquin) 0 0 0
Oji-Cree 0 0 0
Ojibway languages 60 45 20
Anishinaabemowin (Chippewa) 30 20 10
Daawaamwin (Odawa) 0 0 0
Saulteau (Western Ojibway) 0 0 0
Ojibway, n.o.s. 20 15 10
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages 0 0 0
Northern Athabaskan languages 0 0 0
Dakelh (Carrier) 0 0 0
Dane-zaa (Beaver) 0 0 0
Dene, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Gwich'in 0 0 0
Slavey-Hare languages 0 0 0
Deh Gah Ghotie Zhatie (South Slavey) 0 0 0
Satuotine Yati (North Slavey) 0 0 0
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Tahltan languages 0 0 0
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0
Tahltan 0 0 0
Tlicho (Dogrib) 0 0 0
Tse'khene (Sekani) 0 0 0
Tsilhqot'in (Chilcotin) 0 0 0
Tsuu T'ina (Sarsi) 0 0 0
Tutchone languages 0 0 0
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0
Tutchone, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Wetsuwet'en-Babine 0 0 0
Tlingit 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Haida 0 0 0
Inuktut (Inuit) languages 0 0 0
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 0 0 0
Inuinnaqtun 0 0 0
Inuvialuktun 0 0 0
Inuktitut 0 0 0
Inuktut (Inuit) languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages 0 0 0
Cayuga 0 0 0
Mohawk 0 0 0
Oneida 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Ktunaxa (Kutenai) 0 0 0
Michif 0 0 0
Salish languages 0 0 0
Halkomelem 0 0 0
Lillooet 0 0 0
Ntlakapamux (Thompson) 0 0 0
Secwepemctsin (Shuswap) 0 0 0
Squamish 0 0 0
Straits 0 0 0
Syilx (Okanagan) 0 0 0
Salish languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Siouan languages 0 0 0
Assiniboine 0 0 0
Dakota 0 0 0
Stoney 0 0 0
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Tsimshian languages 0 0 0
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 0 0 0
Nisga'a 0 0 0
Tsimshian 0 0 0
Wakashan languages 0 0 0
Haisla 0 0 0
Heiltsuk 0 0 0
Kwak'wala (Kwakiutl) 0 0 0
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0 0 0
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Indigenous languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Indigenous languages, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Non-Indigenous languages 3,170 1,525 1,645
Afro-Asiatic languages 110 45 65
Berber languages 0 0 0
Kabyle 0 0 0
Tamazight 0 0 0
Berber languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Chadic languages 0 0 0
Hausa 0 0 0
Mina 0 0 0
Coptic 0 0 0
Cushitic languages 0 0 0
Bilen 0 0 0
Oromo 0 0 0
Somali 0 0 0
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Semitic languages 110 45 65
Amharic 0 0 0
Arabic 95 40 50
Aramaic languages 0 0 0
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 0 0 0
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 0 0 0
Aramaic, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Harari 0 0 0
Hebrew 10 0 0
Maltese 0 0 0
Tigrigna 0 0 0
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Austro-Asiatic languages 45 10 35
Khmer (Cambodian) 0 0 0
Vietnamese 45 10 35
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e 0 0 0
Austronesian languages 80 35 45
Bikol 0 0 0
Bisaya, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Cebuano 15 0 10
Fijian 0 0 0
Hiligaynon 0 0 0
Ilocano 0 0 0
Indonesian 0 0 0
Kankanaey 0 0 0
Kinaray-a 0 0 0
Malagasy languages 0 0 0
Merina 0 0 0
Malagasy, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Malay 0 0 0
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 0 0 0
Pangasinan 0 0 0
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 75 35 40
Waray-Waray 0 0 0
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Creole languages 10 0 0
Haitian Creole 0 0 0
Jamaican English Creole 0 0 0
Krio 0 0 0
Morisyen 0 0 0
Sango 0 0 0
Creole, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Creole languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Dravidian languages 165 105 60
Kannada 20 10 10
Malayalam 90 60 30
Tamil 20 15 0
Telugu 60 35 25
Tulu 0 0 0
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Georgian 0 0 0
Hmong-Mien languages 0 0 0
Indo-European languages 2,315 1,170 1,150
Albanian 0 0 0
Armenian 0 0 0
Balto-Slavic languages 375 170 200
Baltic languages 0 0 0
Latvian 0 0 0
Lithuanian 0 0 0
Slavic languages 375 170 200
Belarusian 0 0 0
Bulgarian 0 0 0
Czech 30 20 10
Macedonian 0 0 0
Polish 150 50 95
Russian 100 45 55
Rusyn 0 0 0
Serbo-Croatian 65 40 30
Bosnian 0 0 0
Croatian 45 25 20
Serbian 20 10 0
Serbo-Croatian, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Slovak 15 15 0
Slovene (Slovenian) 20 0 15
Ukrainian 40 20 20
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Celtic languages 25 10 15
Irish 15 0 10
Scottish Gaelic 0 0 0
Welsh 0 0 0
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Germanic languages 430 190 245
Frisian 0 0 0
High German languages 280 120 160
German 280 120 160
Pennsylvania German 0 0 0
Swiss German 0 0 0
Yiddish 0 0 0
Low Saxon-Low Franconian languages 135 55 80
Afrikaans 55 25 30
Dutch 75 25 45
Low German, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Low Saxon 0 0 0
Plautdietsch 0 0 0
Vlaams (Flemish) 0 0 0
Scandinavian languages 20 10 15
Danish 10 0 10
Icelandic 0 0 0
Norwegian 0 0 0
Swedish 10 0 0
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Greek 30 20 10
Indo-Iranian languages 430 265 170
Indo-Aryan languages 375 225 150
Assamese 0 0 0
Bengali 35 20 15
Gujarati 85 60 25
Hindi 255 165 95
Kacchi 0 0 0
Kashmiri 0 0 0
Konkani 0 0 0
Marathi 0 0 0
Nepali 0 0 0
Oriya languages 0 0 0
Odia 0 0 0
Oriya, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Punjabi (Panjabi) 45 25 20
Rohingya 0 0 0
Sindhi 0 0 0
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 55 25 25
Urdu 10 10 0
Indo-Aryan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Iranian languages 55 35 20
Baluchi 0 0 0
Kurdish 0 0 0
Parsi 0 0 0
Pashto 0 0 0
Persian languages 55 35 20
Dari 0 0 0
Iranian Persian 35 25 0
Persian (Farsi), n.o.s. 0 0 0
Iranian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Italic (Romance) languages 1,115 565 560
Catalan 0 0 0
Italian 545 300 240
Portuguese 130 60 70
Romanian 20 15 0
Spanish 475 210 260
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Indo-European languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Japanese 35 20 20
Korean 45 20 25
Mongolian 20 10 0
Niger-Congo languages 75 35 45
Akan (Twi) 0 0 0
Bamanankan 0 0 0
Edo 0 0 0
Éwé 0 0 0
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 0 0 0
Ga 0 0 0
Ganda 0 0 0
Gikuyu 0 0 0
Igbo 0 0 0
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 0 0 0
Lingala 0 0 0
Luba-Kasai 0 0 0
Mòoré 0 0 0
Mwani 0 0 0
Ndebele 10 0 0
Rundi (Kirundi) 0 0 0
Shona 10 0 0
Soninke 0 0 0
Sotho-Tswana languages 0 0 0
Swahili 20 0 10
Wojenaka 0 0 0
Wolof 0 0 0
Yoruba 30 10 20
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Nilo-Saharan languages 0 0 0
Dinka 0 0 0
Nuer 0 0 0
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
African, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Sign languages 105 45 60
American Sign Language 90 30 55
Quebec Sign Language 0 0 0
Sign languages, n.i.e. 25 15 10
Sino-Tibetan languages 195 75 120
Chinese languages 180 75 105
Hakka 0 0 0
Mandarin 75 20 55
Min Dong 0 0 0
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 0 0 0
Wu (Shanghainese) 0 0 0
Yue (Cantonese) 120 50 65
Chinese, n.o.s. 10 0 0
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Tibeto-Burman languages 15 0 10
Burmese 0 0 0
Kuki-Chin languages 0 0 0
Karenic languages 0 0 0
S'gaw Karen 0 0 0
Karenic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Tibetan 0 0 0
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 15 0 10
Sino-Tibetan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Tai-Kadai languages 20 0 10
Lao 0 0 0
Thai 20 0 10
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Turkic languages 0 0 0
Azerbaijani 0 0 0
Kazakh 0 0 0
Turkish 0 0 0
Uyghur 0 0 0
Uzbek 0 0 0
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Uralic languages 50 20 30
Estonian 0 0 0
Finnish 35 0 30
Hungarian 15 10 0
Other languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Indigenous population
Total - Indigenous identity for the population in private households - 25% sample data44 51,460 24,900 26,560
Indigenous identity45 5,510 2,710 2,805
Single Indigenous responses46 5,285 2,575 2,715
First Nations (North American Indian) 3,255 1,540 1,710
Métis 1,975 990 990
Inuk (Inuit) 55 40 15
Multiple Indigenous responses47 120 70 50
Indigenous responses not included elsewhere48 115 70 45
Non-Indigenous identity 45,940 22,190 23,750
Total - Registered or Treaty Indian status for the population in private households - 25% sample data44 51,460 24,900 26,560
Registered or Treaty Indian49 2,355 1,095 1,255
Not a Registered or Treaty Indian 49,105 23,805 25,300
Household characteristics
Total - Private households by tenure - 25% sample data50 23,470 ... ...
Owner 13,900 ... ...
Renter 9,570 ... ...
Dwelling provided by the local government, First Nation or Indian band 0 ... ...
Total - Occupied private dwellings by condominium status - 25% sample data51 23,470 ... ...
Condominium 1,340 ... ...
Not condominium 22,120 ... ...
Total - Occupied private dwellings by number of bedrooms - 25% sample data52 23,470 ... ...
No bedrooms 135 ... ...
1 bedroom 3,630 ... ...
2 bedrooms 5,520 ... ...
3 bedrooms 7,925 ... ...
4 or more bedrooms 6,260 ... ...
Total - Occupied private dwellings by number of rooms - 25% sample data53 23,470 ... ...
1 to 4 rooms 6,335 ... ...
5 rooms 3,255 ... ...
6 rooms 3,140 ... ...
7 rooms 3,025 ... ...
8 or more rooms 7,710 ... ...
Average number of rooms per dwelling 6.4 ... ...
Total - Private households by number of persons per room - 25% sample data54 23,470 ... ...
One person or fewer per room 23,335 ... ...
More than one person per room 130 ... ...
Total - Private households by housing suitability - 25% sample data55 23,470 ... ...
Suitable 22,755 ... ...
Not suitable 715 ... ...
Total - Occupied private dwellings by period of construction - 25% sample data56 23,470 ... ...
1960 or before 6,940 ... ...
1961 to 1980 9,410 ... ...
1981 to 1990 3,365 ... ...
1991 to 2000 1,820 ... ...
2001 to 2005 500 ... ...
2006 to 2010 695 ... ...
2011 to 2015 430 ... ...
2016 to 202157 305 ... ...
Total - Occupied private dwellings by dwelling condition - 25% sample data58 23,470 ... ...
Only regular maintenance and minor repairs needed 21,895 ... ...
Major repairs needed 1,575 ... ...
Total - Private households by number of household maintainers - 25% sample data59 23,470 ... ...
One-maintainer household 12,865 ... ...
Two-maintainer household 9,775 ... ...
Three-or-more-maintainer household 825 ... ...
Total - Private households by age of primary household maintainers - 25% sample data60 23,470 ... ...
15 to 24 years 955 ... ...
25 to 34 years 3,220 ... ...
35 to 44 years 3,500 ... ...
45 to 54 years 3,655 ... ...
55 to 64 years 4,850 ... ...
65 to 74 years 3,840 ... ...
75 to 84 years 2,515 ... ...
85 years and over 940 ... ...
Total - Owner and tenant households with household total income greater than zero, in non-farm, non-reserve private dwellings by shelter-cost-to-income ratio - 25% sample data61 23,405 ... ...
Spending less than 30% of income on shelter costs 18,475 ... ...
Spending 30% or more of income on shelter costs 4,925 ... ...
30% to less than 100% 4,610 ... ...
Total - Occupied private dwellings by housing indicators - 25% sample data62 23,470 ... ...
Total - Households 'spending 30% or more of income on shelter costs' or 'not suitable' or 'major repairs needed' 6,555 ... ...
Spending 30% or more of income on shelter costs only 4,350 ... ...
Not suitable only 525 ... ...
Major repairs needed only 1,040 ... ...
'Spending 30% or more of income on shelter costs' and 'not suitable' 110 ... ...
'Spending 30% or more of income on shelter costs' and 'major repairs needed' 460 ... ...
'Not suitable' and 'major repairs needed' 60 ... ...
'Spending 30% or more of income on shelter costs' and 'not suitable' and 'major repairs needed' 15 ... ...
Acceptable housing 16,910 ... ...
Total - Owner and tenant households with household total income greater than zero and shelter-cost-to-income ratio less than 100%, in non-farm, non-reserve private dwellings - 25% sample data63 23,080 ... ...
In core need 2,490 ... ...
Not in core need 20,590 ... ...
Total - Owner households in non-farm, non-reserve private dwellings - 25% sample data 13,900 ... ...
% of owner households with a mortgage64 60.3 ... ...
% of owner households spending 30% or more of its income on shelter costs61 11.1 ... ...
% in core housing need63 3.3 ... ...
Median monthly shelter costs for owned dwellings ($)65 1,200 ... ...
Average monthly shelter costs for owned dwellings ($)65 1,308 ... ...
Median value of dwellings ($)66 300,000 ... ...
Average value of dwellings ($)66 351,600 ... ...
Total - Tenant households in non-farm, non-reserve private dwellings - 25% sample data 9,565 ... ...
% of tenant households in subsidized housing67 16.8 ... ...
% of tenant households spending 30% or more of its income on shelter costs61 35.6 ... ...
% in core housing need63 21.8 ... ...
Median monthly shelter costs for rented dwellings ($)65 990 ... ...
Average monthly shelter costs for rented dwellings ($)65 1,010 ... ...
Total - Households living in a dwelling provided by the local government, First Nation or Indian band in non-farm private dwellings - 25% sample data 0 ... ...
% of households living in a dwelling provided by the local government, First Nation or Indian band spending more than 30% on shelter costs61 ... ... ...
Median monthly shelter costs for dwellings provided by local government, First Nation or Indian band ($)65 ... ... ...
Average monthly shelter costs for dwellings provided by local government, First Nation or Indian band ($)65 ... ... ...
Indigenous ancestry
Total - Indigenous ancestry for the population in private households - 25% sample data68 51,460 24,900 26,555
Indigenous ancestry (only)69 2,470 1,150 1,320
Single Indigenous ancestry (only)70 2,400 1,125 1,275
First Nations (North American Indian) single ancestry 1,950 910 1,040
Métis single ancestry 420 200 220
Inuit single ancestry 30 15 20
Multiple Indigenous ancestries (only)71 70 25 40
First Nations (North American Indian) and Métis ancestry only 70 25 40
First Nations (North American Indian) and Inuit ancestry only 0 0 0
Métis and Inuit ancestry only 0 0 0
First Nations (North American Indian) and Métis and Inuit ancestry only 0 0 0
Indigenous and non-Indigenous ancestries72 4,735 2,405 2,330
Single Indigenous and non-Indigenous ancestries73 4,620 2,335 2,290
First Nations (North American Indian) and non-Indigenous ancestry only 3,300 1,680 1,625
Métis and non-Indigenous ancestry only 1,290 630 660
Inuit and non-Indigenous ancestry only 30 25 10
Multiple Indigenous and non-Indigenous ancestries74 115 75 40
First Nations (North American Indian) and Métis and non-Indigenous ancestry only 100 70 30
First Nations (North American Indian) and Inuit and non-Indigenous ancestry only 0 0 0
Métis and Inuit and non-Indigenous ancestry only 10 0 10
First Nations (North American Indian) and Métis and Inuit and non-Indigenous ancestry only 0 0 0
Non-Indigenous ancestry only75 44,250 21,340 22,910
Citizenship
Total - Citizenship for the population in private households - 25% sample data76 51,460 24,900 26,555
Canadian citizens77 50,335 24,310 26,020
Canadian citizens aged under 18 9,075 4,710 4,370
Canadian citizens aged 18 and over 41,255 19,600 21,655
Not Canadian citizens78 1,125 590 535
Immigrant status and period of immigration
Total - Immigrant status and period of immigration for the population in private households - 25% sample data79 51,460 24,900 26,555
Non-immigrants80 48,320 23,415 24,905
Immigrants81 2,615 1,170 1,440
Before 1980 1,130 485 650
1980 to 1990 270 140 125
1991 to 2000 300 135 160
2001 to 2010 400 155 245
2011 to 202182 520 255 265
2011 to 2015 225 115 110
2016 to 2021 290 135 155
Non-permanent residents83 525 320 210
Age at immigration
Total - Age at immigration for the immigrant population in private households - 25% sample data84 2,610 1,170 1,445
Under 5 years 445 190 255
5 to 14 years 515 225 295
15 to 24 years 510 245 270
25 to 44 years 985 450 540
45 years and over 150 65 85
Selected places of birth for the immigrant population
Total - Place of birth for the immigrant population in private households - 25% sample data85 2,610 1,170 1,445
Americas 475 205 275
Brazil 20 0 15
Colombia 25 0 20
El Salvador 0 0 0
Guyana 20 10 10
Haiti 0 0 0
Jamaica 20 10 10
Mexico 20 0 15
Peru 0 0 0
Trinidad and Tobago 40 20 20
United States of America 245 90 150
Other places of birth in Americas 85 50 35
Europe 1,295 595 700
Bosnia and Herzegovina 10 10 0
Croatia 30 20 10
France 40 10 30
Germany 165 75 95
Greece 0 0 0
Hungary 10 0 0
Italy 245 125 115
Netherlands 70 35 35
Poland 55 25 30
Portugal 30 0 20
Romania 25 20 0
Russian Federation 30 10 25
Serbia86 15 0 0
Ukraine 20 15 10
United Kingdom87 400 200 200
Other places of birth in Europe 145 45 105
Africa 200 85 115
Algeria 25 10 15
Congo, Democratic Republic of the 10 0 0
Egypt 0 0 0
Eritrea 0 0 0
Ethiopia 15 10 10
Morocco 0 0 0
Nigeria 40 20 20
Somalia 0 0 0
South Africa, Republic of 45 25 25
Other places of birth in Africa 65 20 40
Asia 580 260 315
Afghanistan 0 0 0
Iran88 15 15 0
Iraq 0 0 0
Lebanon 0 0 0
Syria89 0 0 0
Turkey 0 0 0
China90 110 35 70
Hong Kong91 0 0 0
Korea, South92 20 10 10
Taiwan 0 0 0
Philippines 55 30 25
Viet Nam 50 20 35
Bangladesh 20 10 10
India 130 65 65
Pakistan 0 0 0
Sri Lanka 30 15 10
Other places of birth in Asia 65 30 40
Oceania and other places of birth93 60 25 40
Selected places of birth for the recent immigrant population
Total - Place of birth for the recent immigrant population in private households - 25% sample data94 295 135 155
Americas 95 50 50
Brazil 0 0 0
Colombia 0 0 0
Haiti 0 0 0
Jamaica 15 10 10
Mexico 0 0 0
United States of America 30 15 20
Venezuela95 0 0 0
Other places of birth in Americas 20 15 0
Europe 20 15 0
France 0 0 0
Germany 0 0 0
Ireland96 0 0 0
Italy 0 0 0
Russian Federation 0 0 0
Ukraine 0 0 0
United Kingdom87 10 10 0
Other places of birth in Europe 0 0 0
Africa 60 30 30
Algeria 0 0 0
Burundi 0 0 0
Cameroon 0 0 0
Congo, Democratic Republic of the 0 0 0
Côte d'Ivoire 0 0 0
Egypt 0 0 0
Eritrea 0 0 0
Ethiopia 0 0 0
Morocco 0 0 0
Nigeria 0 0 0
Somalia 0 0 0
South Africa, Republic of 45 25 25
Sudan97 0 0 0
Tunisia 0 0 0
Other places of birth in Africa 0 0 0
Asia 105 35 65
Afghanistan 0 0 0
Bangladesh 0 0 0
China90 0 0 0
Hong Kong91 0 0 0
India 20 10 10
Iran88 0 0 0
Iraq 0 0 0
Israel 0 0 0
Japan 0 0 0
Jordan 0 0 0
Korea, South92 0 0 0
Lebanon 0 0 0
Nepal 0 0 0
Pakistan 0 0 0
Philippines 0 0 0
Saudi Arabia 0 0 0
Sri Lanka 0 0 0
Syria89 0 0 0
Turkey 0 0 0
United Arab Emirates 0 0 0
Viet Nam 0 0 0
Other places of birth in Asia 10 0 10
Oceania and other93 10 10 0
Australia 10 10 0
Other places of birth98 0 0 0
Generation status
Total - Generation status for the population in private households - 25% sample data99 51,455 24,900 26,560
First generation100 3,600 1,735 1,865
Second generation101 5,345 2,685 2,660
Third generation or more102 42,510 20,475 22,035
Admission category and applicant type
Total - Admission category and applicant type for the immigrant population in private households who were admitted between 1980 and 2021 - 25% sample data103 1,480 690 795
Economic immigrants104 695 360 340
Principal applicants105 290 200 90
Secondary applicants106 405 155 250
Immigrants sponsored by family107 600 225 375
Refugees108 175 95 75
Other immigrants109 15 10 0
Pre-admission experience
Total - Pre-admission experience for the immigrant population in private households who were admitted between 1980 and 2021 - 25% sample data110 1,480 690 795
Asylum claim before admission111 40 25 15
Work permits only before admission112 190 90 110
Study permits only before admission113 85 45 45
Work and study permits before admission114 140 85 55
Other permits before admission115 10 0 10
No pre-admission experience116 1,010 445 560
Visible minority
Total - Visible minority for the population in private households - 25% sample data117 51,455 24,900 26,560
Total visible minority population118 2,245 1,165 1,075
South Asian 710 415 295
Chinese 260 100 160
Black 565 305 260
Filipino 125 65 55
Arab 60 25 30
Latin American 140 70 70
Southeast Asian 120 50 70
West Asian 70 45 35
Korean 35 25 10
Japanese 45 30 15
Visible minority, n.i.e.119 45 25 20
Multiple visible minorities 65 20 50
Not a visible minority120 49,210 23,735 25,485
Ethnic or cultural origin
Total - Ethnic or cultural origin for the population in private households - 25% sample data121 51,455 24,900 26,555
Canadian 8,695 4,325 4,370
English 11,980 5,790 6,190
Irish 11,985 5,505 6,480
Scottish 9,880 4,710 5,175
French, n.o.s.122 12,245 5,905 6,340
German 5,585 2,600 2,995
Chinese 290 110 180
Italian 3,545 1,740 1,805
Indian (India) 430 255 175
Ukrainian 1,175 620 555
Dutch 1,430 685 750
Polish 1,530 725 810
Québécois 260 110 155
British Isles, n.o.s.123 1,625 810 810
Filipino 145 75 75
French Canadian 2,265 965 1,300
Caucasian (White), n.o.s.124 1,980 985 990
First Nations (North American Indian), n.o.s.125 1,980 940 1,035
Métis 1,890 925 965
European, n.o.s.126 665 315 350
Russian 295 150 140
Norwegian 370 175 195
Welsh 925 440 480
Portuguese 300 160 140
American 475 240 230
Spanish 205 70 140
Swedish 675 295 385
Hungarian 300 170 130
Acadian 230 110 120
Pakistani 0 0 0
African, n.o.s.127 115 55 60
Jewish 145 75 75
Punjabi 0 0 0
Vietnamese 80 30 55
Arab, n.o.s.128 80 25 50
Greek 245 110 135
Jamaican 110 55 55
Asian, n.o.s.129 15 10 0
Cree, n.o.s.130 390 190 190
Korean 40 20 15
Romanian 145 85 65
Lebanese 70 45 20
Iranian 45 35 10
Christian, n.i.e.131 165 85 80
Danish 185 70 120
North American Indigenous, n.o.s.132 1,000 475 520
Sikh 20 10 10
Austrian 330 160 175
Belgian 160 85 75
Haitian 25 10 10
Hindu 95 55 35
Mexican 75 45 25
Mennonite 50 30 15
Swiss 165 55 110
Finnish 705 320 385
Sri Lankan 40 25 15
Croatian 155 80 75
Japanese 60 40 20
South Asian, n.o.s.133 45 20 25
Mi'kmaq, n.o.s.134 130 85 45
Northern European, n.o.s.135 225 80 150
Muslim 0 0 0
Egyptian 10 0 10
Latin, Central or South American, n.o.s.136 65 40 25
Tamil 0 0 0
Icelandic 70 40 30
Colombian 30 10 15
Moroccan 0 0 0
Czech 110 55 50
Syrian 15 10 10
Guyanese 70 50 15
Afghan 0 0 0
Black, n.o.s.137 50 20 25
Serbian 30 25 0
Ojibway 530 260 270
Newfoundlander 130 65 65
Hong Konger 0 0 0
Ontarian 435 185 245
Persian 0 0 0
Trinidadian/Tobagonian 50 35 15
Turkish 15 0 0
Inuit, n.o.s.138 80 45 30
Bangladeshi 20 15 0
Algerian 0 0 0
Brazilian 35 20 10
Nigerian 45 25 25
Armenian 0 0 0
Slovak 65 45 20
Eastern European, n.o.s.