Census Profile, 2021 Census of Population
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Topic:
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Age
Age characteristics
Commuting
Select all: Commuting
Commuting destination
Commuting duration
Main mode of commuting
Place of work status
Time leaving for work
Education
Select all: Education
Highest certificate, diploma or degree
Location of study compared with province or territory of residence
Major field of study - Classification of Instructional Programs (CIP) 2021
Secondary (high) school diploma or equivalency certificate
Ethnocultural and religious diversity
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Ethnic or cultural origin
Religion
Visible minority
Families, households, and marital status
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Family characteristics
Household type
Marital status
Housing
Household characteristics
Immigration, place of birth, and citizenship
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Admission category and applicant type
Age at immigration
Citizenship
Generation status
Immigrant status and period of immigration
Pre-admission experience
Selected places of birth for the immigrant population
Selected places of birth for the recent immigrant population
Income
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Income of economic families in 2020
Income of households in 2020
Income of individuals in 2019
Income of individuals in 2020
Low income and income inequality in 2020
Indigenous peoples
Select all: Indigenous peoples
Indigenous ancestry
Indigenous population
Instruction in the minority official language
Select all: Instruction in the minority official language
Children eligible for instruction in the minority official language
Eligibility and instruction in the minority official language for school-aged children
Labour
Select all: Labour
Class of worker including job permanency
Industry - Sectors - North American Industry Classification System (NAICS) 2017
Labour force status
Occupation - Broad category - National Occupational Classification (NOC) 2021
Work activity during the reference year
Language
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All languages spoken at home
First official language spoken
Knowledge of languages
Knowledge of official languages
Language spoken most often at home
Mother tongue
Other language spoken regularly at home
Language of work
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All languages used at work
Language used most often at work
Other language(s) used regularly at work
Mobility and migration
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Mobility status 1 year ago
Mobility status 5 years ago
Population and dwelling counts
Population and dwellings
Type of dwelling
Household and dwelling characteristics
GenderMore information:


Statistic:
Characteristic TorontoMore information:
Ontario
[Census metropolitan area]
Counts Rates
Total Men+ Women+ Total Men+ Women+
Population and dwellings
Population, 20211 6,202,225 ... ... ... ... ...
Population, 20161 5,928,040 ... ... ... ... ...
Population percentage change, 2016 to 2021 4.6 ... ... 4.6 ... ...
Total private dwellings2 2,394,205 ... ... ... ... ...
Private dwellings occupied by usual residents3 2,262,473 ... ... ... ... ...
Population density per square kilometre 1,050.7 ... ... 1,050.7 ... ...
Land area in square kilometres 5,902.75 ... ... ... ... ...
Age characteristics
Total - Age groups of the population - 100% data 6,202,225 3,024,670 3,177,560 100.0 100.0 100.0
0 to 14 years 965,050 495,290 469,760 15.6 16.4 14.8
0 to 4 years 289,425 148,160 141,265 4.7 4.9 4.4
5 to 9 years 325,675 167,010 158,665 5.3 5.5 5.0
10 to 14 years 349,955 180,125 169,830 5.6 6.0 5.3
15 to 64 years 4,234,530 2,080,315 2,154,215 68.3 68.8 67.8
15 to 19 years 357,165 184,300 172,865 5.8 6.1 5.4
20 to 24 years 418,430 217,205 201,225 6.7 7.2 6.3
25 to 29 years 466,530 236,695 229,835 7.5 7.8 7.2
30 to 34 years 467,160 230,895 236,265 7.5 7.6 7.4
35 to 39 years 443,940 214,745 229,195 7.2 7.1 7.2
40 to 44 years 414,950 195,575 219,375 6.7 6.5 6.9
45 to 49 years 414,990 195,950 219,040 6.7 6.5 6.9
50 to 54 years 431,180 206,050 225,130 7.0 6.8 7.1
55 to 59 years 438,475 214,010 224,465 7.1 7.1 7.1
60 to 64 years 381,715 184,900 196,815 6.2 6.1 6.2
65 years and over 1,002,640 449,055 553,585 16.2 14.8 17.4
65 to 69 years 308,525 144,820 163,705 5.0 4.8 5.2
70 to 74 years 258,975 119,630 139,340 4.2 4.0 4.4
75 to 79 years 175,000 79,385 95,625 2.8 2.6 3.0
80 to 84 years 126,985 54,905 72,080 2.0 1.8 2.3
85 years and over 133,155 50,320 82,830 2.1 1.7 2.6
85 to 89 years 80,910 33,120 47,790 1.3 1.1 1.5
90 to 94 years 39,855 13,900 25,955 0.6 0.5 0.8
95 to 99 years 10,895 2,970 7,925 0.2 0.1 0.2
100 years and over 1,490 335 1,165 0.0 0.0 0.0
Total - Distribution (%) of the population by broad age groups - 100% data 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0
0 to 14 years 15.6 16.4 14.8 15.6 16.4 14.8
15 to 64 years 68.3 68.8 67.8 68.3 68.8 67.8
65 years and over 16.2 14.8 17.4 16.2 14.8 17.4
85 years and over 2.1 1.7 2.6 2.1 1.7 2.6
Average age of the population 40.7 39.6 41.7 40.7 39.6 41.7
Median age of the population 39.6 38.4 41.2 39.6 38.4 41.2
Household and dwelling characteristics
Total - Occupied private dwellings by structural type of dwelling - 100% data 2,262,470 ... ... 100.0 ... ...
Single-detached house 883,125 ... ... 39.0 ... ...
Semi-detached house 164,580 ... ... 7.3 ... ...
Row house 210,100 ... ... 9.3 ... ...
Apartment or flat in a duplex 90,500 ... ... 4.0 ... ...
Apartment in a building that has fewer than five storeys 215,325 ... ... 9.5 ... ...
Apartment in a building that has five or more storeys 694,735 ... ... 30.7 ... ...
Other single-attached house 3,470 ... ... 0.2 ... ...
Movable dwelling4 635 ... ... 0.0 ... ...
Total - Private households by household size - 100% data 2,262,475 ... ... 100.0 ... ...
1 person 565,730 ... ... 25.0 ... ...
2 persons 644,115 ... ... 28.5 ... ...
3 persons 390,785 ... ... 17.3 ... ...
4 persons 386,555 ... ... 17.1 ... ...
5 or more persons 275,295 ... ... 12.2 ... ...
Number of persons in private households 6,142,885 2,999,625 3,143,255 100.0 100.0 100.0
Average household size 2.7 ... ... 2.7 ... ...
Marital status
Total - Marital status for the total population aged 15 years and over - 100% data 5,237,170 2,529,375 2,707,800 100.0 100.0 100.0
Married or living common-law 2,885,510 1,443,935 1,441,570 55.1 57.1 53.2
Married 2,560,370 1,278,755 1,281,620 48.9 50.6 47.3
Living common-law 325,135 165,180 159,955 6.2 6.5 5.9
Living common law - Never married 244,105 123,665 120,445 4.7 4.9 4.4
Living common law - Separated 12,860 7,245 5,620 0.2 0.3 0.2
Living common law - Divorced 62,265 31,690 30,570 1.2 1.3 1.1
Living common law - Widowed 5,905 2,580 3,325 0.1 0.1 0.1
Not married and not living common-law 2,351,665 1,085,440 1,266,225 44.9 42.9 46.8
Not married and not living common law - Never married 1,685,300 885,110 800,190 32.2 35.0 29.6
Not married and not living common law - Separated 130,470 51,545 78,925 2.5 2.0 2.9
Not married and not living common law - Divorced 284,130 101,095 183,030 5.4 4.0 6.8
Not married and not living common law - Widowed 251,765 47,690 204,075 4.8 1.9 7.5
Family characteristics
Total - Census families in private households by family size - 100% data5 1,692,915 ... ... 100.0 ... ...
2 persons 733,320 ... ... 43.3 ... ...
3 persons 411,390 ... ... 24.3 ... ...
4 persons 395,360 ... ... 23.4 ... ...
5 or more persons 152,850 ... ... 9.0 ... ...
Average size of census families 3.0 ... ... 3.0 ... ...
Average number of children in census families with children6 1.8 ... ... 1.8 ... ...
Total number of census families in private households - 100% data 1,692,910 ... ... 100.0 ... ...
Total couple families 1,390,485 ... ... 82.1 ... ...
Married couples 1,228,045 ... ... 72.5 ... ...
With children6 784,485 ... ... 46.3 ... ...
Without children 443,560 ... ... 26.2 ... ...
Common-law couples 162,445 ... ... 9.6 ... ...
With children6 53,825 ... ... 3.2 ... ...
Without children 108,615 ... ... 6.4 ... ...
Total one-parent families 302,425 ... ... 17.9 ... ...
in which the parent is a woman+ 248,000 ... ... 14.6 ... ...
in which the parent is a man+ 54,425 ... ... 3.2 ... ...
Total - Persons in private households - 100% data 6,142,880 2,999,625 3,143,255 100.0 100.0 100.0
Total - Persons in census families 5,093,460 2,513,595 2,579,870 82.9 83.8 82.1
Married spouses or common-law partners 2,780,975 1,393,875 1,387,105 45.3 46.5 44.1
Parents in one-parent families 302,430 54,430 247,995 4.9 1.8 7.9
Children6 2,010,060 1,065,290 944,765 32.7 35.5 30.1
In a two-parent family 1,538,405 812,600 725,805 25.0 27.1 23.1
In a one-parent family 471,655 252,690 218,960 7.7 8.4 7.0
Total - Persons not in census families in private households - 100% data 1,049,420 486,030 563,390 17.1 16.2 17.9
Living alone 565,730 249,365 316,360 9.2 8.3 10.1
Living with other relatives7 207,055 78,440 128,610 3.4 2.6 4.1
Living with non-relatives only 276,635 158,225 118,410 4.5 5.3 3.8
Household type
Total - Household type - 100% data 2,262,470 ... ... 100.0 ... ...
One-census-family households without additional persons 1,341,615 ... ... 59.3 ... ...
Couple-family households 1,125,400 ... ... 49.7 ... ...
With children6 685,795 ... ... 30.3 ... ...
Without children 439,605 ... ... 19.4 ... ...
One-parent-family households 216,210 ... ... 9.6 ... ...
Multigenerational households8 129,810 ... ... 5.7 ... ...
Multiple-census-family households9 26,995 ... ... 1.2 ... ...
One-census-family households with additional persons9 89,160 ... ... 3.9 ... ...
Two-or-more-person non-census-family households 109,165 ... ... 4.8 ... ...
One-person households 565,730 ... ... 25.0 ... ...
Income of individuals in 2020
Total - Income statistics in 2020 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data10 5,179,125 2,505,015 2,674,110 100.0 100.0 100.0
Number of total income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2020 - 100% data 4,927,950 2,378,665 2,549,285 95.2 95.0 95.3
Median total income in 2020 among recipients ($) 39,600 43,600 36,800 39,600 43,600 36,800
Number of after-tax income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2020 - 100% data 4,930,470 2,379,970 2,550,505 95.2 95.0 95.4
Median after-tax income in 2020 among recipients ($) 36,400 39,200 34,000 36,400 39,200 34,000
Number of market income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2020 - 100% data 4,340,975 2,142,980 2,197,995 83.8 85.5 82.2
Median market income in 2020 among recipients ($) 35,600 41,600 30,400 35,600 41,600 30,400
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2020 - 100% data 3,605,255 1,832,750 1,772,505 69.6 73.2 66.3
Median employment income in 2020 among recipients ($) 38,800 44,000 34,000 38,800 44,000 34,000
Number of government transfers recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2020 - 100% data 4,476,525 2,136,845 2,339,675 86.4 85.3 87.5
Median government transfers in 2020 among recipients ($) 8,000 6,120 9,600 8,000 6,120 9,600
Number of employment insurance benefits recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2020 - 100% data 458,075 191,085 266,990 8.8 7.6 10.0
Median employment insurance benefits in 2020 among recipients ($) 5,560 5,480 5,640 5,560 5,480 5,640
Number of COVID-19 emergency and recovery benefits recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2020 - 100% data 1,645,600 810,760 834,840 31.8 32.4 31.2
Median COVID-19 emergency and recovery benefits in 2020 among recipients ($) 9,500 9,000 10,000 9,500 9,000 10,000
Total - Income statistics in 2020 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data11 5,179,140 2,504,875 2,674,260 100.0 100.0 100.0
Number of total income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2020 - 25% sample data 4,929,140 2,379,485 2,549,650 95.2 95.0 95.3
Average total income in 2020 among recipients ($) 59,250 68,600 50,480 59,250 68,600 50,480
Number of after-tax income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2020 - 25% sample data 4,931,565 2,380,675 2,550,890 95.2 95.0 95.4
Average after-tax income in 2020 among recipients ($) 47,600 53,300 42,240 47,600 53,300 42,240
Number of market income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2020 - 25% sample data 4,342,100 2,144,605 2,197,495 83.8 85.6 82.2
Average market income in 2020 among recipients ($) 56,700 67,200 46,480 56,700 67,200 46,480
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2020 - 25% sample data 3,605,250 1,833,440 1,771,805 69.6 73.2 66.3
Average employment income in 2020 among recipients ($) 57,100 66,400 47,440 57,100 66,400 47,440
Number of government transfers recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2020 - 25% sample data 4,477,610 2,137,045 2,340,565 86.5 85.3 87.5
Average government transfers in 2020 among recipients ($) 10,240 9,010 11,370 10,240 9,010 11,370
Number of employment insurance benefits recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2020 - 25% sample data 455,765 190,300 265,470 8.8 7.6 9.9
Average employment insurance benefits in 2020 among recipients ($) 6,570 5,965 7,000 6,570 5,965 7,000
Number of COVID-19 emergency and recovery benefits recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2020 - 25% sample data 1,642,495 809,115 833,380 31.7 32.3 31.2
Average COVID-19 emergency and recovery benefits in 2020 among recipients ($) 9,800 9,730 9,880 9,800 9,730 9,880
Total - Employment income statistics in 2020 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data12 5,179,140 2,504,875 2,674,265 100.0 100.0 100.0
Number of employment income recipients in 2020 who worked full-year full-time in 2020 - 25% sample data13 1,716,095 940,140 775,950 33.1 37.5 29.0
Median employment income in 2020 for full-year full-time workers in 2020 ($)14 69,500 74,500 64,500 69,500 74,500 64,500
Average employment income in 2020 for full-year full-time workers in 2020 ($)15 90,000 100,400 77,400 90,000 100,400 77,400
Number of employment income recipients in 2020 who worked part-year or part-time in 2020 - 25% sample data16 1,370,830 643,340 727,490 26.5 25.7 27.2
Median employment income in 2020 of those who worked part-year or part-time in 2020 ($) 17,000 18,400 15,700 17,000 18,400 15,700
Average employment income in 2020 of those who worked part-year or part-time in 2020 ($) 29,720 33,880 26,000 29,720 33,880 26,000
Composition of total income in 2020 of the population aged 15 years and over in private households (%) - 25% sample data17 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0
Market income (%)18 84.2 88.2 79.4 84.2 88.2 79.4
Employment income (%)19 70.4 74.6 65.4 70.4 74.6 65.4
Government transfers (%)20 15.7 11.8 20.7 15.7 11.8 20.7
Employment insurance benefits (%) 1.0 0.7 1.4 1.0 0.7 1.4
COVID-19 - Government income support and benefits (%) 6.1 5.2 7.3 6.1 5.2 7.3
COVID-19 - Emergency and recovery benefits (%) 5.5 4.8 6.4 5.5 4.8 6.4
Total - Total income groups in 2020 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data21 5,179,130 2,505,020 2,674,115 100.0 100.0 100.0
Without total income 251,180 126,350 124,825 4.8 5.0 4.7
With total income 4,927,945 2,378,665 2,549,285 95.2 95.0 95.3
Under $10,000 (including loss) 481,940 211,490 270,455 9.8 8.9 10.6
$10,000 to $19,999 614,440 279,500 334,940 12.5 11.8 13.1
$20,000 to $29,999 794,350 357,805 436,545 16.1 15.0 17.1
$30,000 to $39,999 588,250 260,235 328,015 11.9 10.9 12.9
$40,000 to $49,999 477,560 214,465 263,100 9.7 9.0 10.3
$50,000 to $59,999 389,850 178,905 210,945 7.9 7.5 8.3
$60,000 to $69,999 309,625 149,380 160,240 6.3 6.3 6.3
$70,000 to $79,999 248,620 126,215 122,405 5.0 5.3 4.8
$80,000 to $89,999 202,345 109,695 92,655 4.1 4.6 3.6
$90,000 to $99,999 166,190 90,860 75,335 3.4 3.8 3.0
$100,000 and over 654,785 400,125 254,655 13.3 16.8 10.0
$100,000 to $149,999 405,995 233,225 172,775 8.2 9.8 6.8
$150,000 and over 248,785 166,905 81,880 5.0 7.0 3.2
Total - After-tax income groups in 2020 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data22 5,179,130 2,505,020 2,674,115 100.0 100.0 100.0
Without after-tax income 248,655 125,050 123,605 4.8 5.0 4.6
With after-tax income 4,930,475 2,379,965 2,550,505 95.2 95.0 95.4
Under $10,000 (including loss) 500,000 219,075 280,920 10.1 9.2 11.0
$10,000 to $19,999 641,610 293,580 348,035 13.0 12.3 13.6
$20,000 to $29,999 885,350 398,495 486,860 18.0 16.7 19.1
$30,000 to $39,999 673,620 303,175 370,445 13.7 12.7 14.5
$40,000 to $49,999 553,905 254,170 299,735 11.2 10.7 11.8
$50,000 to $59,999 426,455 203,585 222,875 8.6 8.6 8.7
$60,000 to $69,999 322,320 164,765 157,560 6.5 6.9 6.2
$70,000 to $79,999 244,205 133,435 110,770 5.0 5.6 4.3
$80,000 to $89,999 200,315 105,390 94,920 4.1 4.4 3.7
$90,000 to $99,999 126,400 72,665 53,735 2.6 3.1 2.1
$100,000 and over 356,295 231,645 124,650 7.2 9.7 4.9
$100,000 to $124,999 162,140 100,005 62,135 3.3 4.2 2.4
$125,000 and over 194,155 131,640 62,520 3.9 5.5 2.5
Total - Employment income groups in 2020 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data19 5,179,130 2,505,020 2,674,115 100.0 100.0 100.0
Without employment income 1,573,870 672,260 901,610 30.4 26.8 33.7
With employment income 3,605,260 1,832,755 1,772,505 69.6 73.2 66.3
Under $5,000 (including loss) 514,575 244,315 270,260 14.3 13.3 15.2
$5,000 to $9,999 330,620 148,805 181,810 9.2 8.1 10.3
$10,000 to $19,999 405,410 190,200 215,215 11.2 10.4 12.1
$20,000 to $29,999 298,810 142,200 156,605 8.3 7.8 8.8
$30,000 to $39,999 285,705 136,285 149,425 7.9 7.4 8.4
$40,000 to $49,999 282,710 133,800 148,910 7.8 7.3 8.4
$50,000 to $59,999 259,595 126,375 133,220 7.2 6.9 7.5
$60,000 to $69,999 221,570 113,575 108,000 6.1 6.2 6.1
$70,000 to $79,999 184,210 98,120 86,095 5.1 5.4 4.9
$80,000 to $89,999 157,870 89,445 68,425 4.4 4.9 3.9
$90,000 to $99,999 140,395 76,665 63,735 3.9 4.2 3.6
$100,000 and over 523,785 332,970 190,810 14.5 18.2 10.8
$100,000 to $124,999 225,725 130,680 95,050 6.3 7.1 5.4
$125,000 and over 298,055 202,295 95,765 8.3 11.0 5.4
Income of individuals in 2019
Total - Income statistics in 2019 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data23 5,179,125 2,505,015 2,674,110 100.0 100.0 100.0
Number of total income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2019 - 100% data 4,797,550 2,310,070 2,487,480 92.6 92.2 93.0
Median total income in 2019 among recipients ($) 37,200 42,000 33,600 37,200 42,000 33,600
Number of after-tax income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2019 - 100% data 4,798,680 2,310,330 2,488,345 92.7 92.2 93.1
Median after-tax income in 2019 among recipients ($) 34,000 37,600 31,400 34,000 37,600 31,400
Number of market income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2019 - 100% data 4,267,070 2,103,725 2,163,345 82.4 84.0 80.9
Median market income in 2019 among recipients ($) 37,600 43,200 32,800 37,600 43,200 32,800
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2019 - 100% data 3,592,920 1,823,245 1,769,680 69.4 72.8 66.2
Median employment income in 2019 among recipients ($) 39,600 44,400 35,600 39,600 44,400 35,600
Number of government transfers recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2019 - 100% data 4,186,175 1,995,820 2,190,350 80.8 79.7 81.9
Median government transfers in 2019 among recipients ($) 1,340 830 2,940 1,340 830 2,940
Number of employment insurance benefits recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2019 -100% data 262,855 99,880 162,980 5.1 4.0 6.1
Median employment insurance benefits in 2019 among recipients ($) 6,040 5,520 6,360 6,040 5,520 6,360
Total - Income statistics in 2019 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data24 5,179,140 2,504,875 2,674,260 100.0 100.0 100.0
Number of total income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2019 - 25% sample data 4,799,340 2,310,730 2,488,610 92.7 92.2 93.1
Average total income in 2019 among recipients ($) 56,700 66,800 47,360 56,700 66,800 47,360
Number of after-tax income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2019 - 25% sample data 4,800,350 2,310,940 2,489,410 92.7 92.3 93.1
Average after-tax income in 2019 among recipients ($) 45,440 51,800 39,520 45,440 51,800 39,520
Number of market income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2019 - 25% sample data 4,267,135 2,103,750 2,163,385 82.4 84.0 80.9
Average market income in 2019 among recipients ($) 57,750 68,700 47,040 57,750 68,700 47,040
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2019 - 25% sample data 3,593,470 1,823,905 1,769,555 69.4 72.8 66.2
Average employment income in 2019 among recipients ($) 57,300 66,800 47,520 57,300 66,800 47,520
Number of government transfers recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2019 - 25% sample data 4,187,695 1,996,355 2,191,335 80.9 79.7 81.9
Average government transfers in 2019 among recipients ($) 6,170 4,876 7,340 6,170 4,876 7,340
Number of employment insurance benefits recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2019 - 25% sample data 262,735 99,390 163,350 5.1 4.0 6.1
Average employment insurance benefits in 2019 among recipients ($) 7,740 6,630 8,430 7,740 6,630 8,430
Total - Employment income statistics in 2019 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data25 5,179,140 2,504,875 2,674,265 100.0 100.0 100.0
Number of employment income recipients in 2019 who worked full-year full-time in 2020 - 25% sample data13 1,696,170 928,410 767,760 32.8 37.1 28.7
Median employment income in 2019 for full-year full-time workers in 2020 ($)14 64,500 70,000 59,200 64,500 70,000 59,200
Average employment income in 2019 for full-year full-time workers in 2020 ($)15 84,800 95,700 71,600 84,800 95,700 71,600
Number of employment income recipients in 2019 who worked part-year or part-time in 2020 - 25% sample data16 1,281,260 603,140 678,120 24.7 24.1 25.4
Median employment income in 2019 of those who worked part-year or part-time in 2020 ($) 24,000 25,400 22,600 24,000 25,400 22,600
Average employment income in 2019 of those who worked part-year or part-time in 2020 ($) 36,400 41,240 32,040 36,400 41,240 32,040
Composition of total income in 2019 of the population aged 15 years and over in private households (%) - 25% sample data 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0
Market income (%) 90.6 93.6 86.4 90.6 93.6 86.4
Employment income (%) 75.6 79.0 71.4 75.6 79.0 71.4
Government transfers (%) 9.5 6.3 13.6 9.5 6.3 13.6
Employment insurance benefits (%) 0.8 0.4 1.2 0.8 0.4 1.2
Income of households in 2020
Total - Income statistics for private households - 100% data26 2,262,475 ... ... ... ... ...
Median total income of household in 2020 ($) 97,000 ... ... 97,000 ... ...
Median after-tax income of household in 2020 ($) 85,000 ... ... 85,000 ... ...
Total - Income statistics for one-person private households - 100% data 565,730 ... ... ... ... ...
Median total income of one-person households in 2020 ($) 46,000 ... ... 46,000 ... ...
Median after-tax income of one-person households in 2020 ($) 41,200 ... ... 41,200 ... ...
Total - Income statistics for two-or-more-persons private households - 100% data 1,696,745 ... ... ... ... ...
Median total income of two-or-more-person households in 2020 ($) 118,000 ... ... 118,000 ... ...
Median after-tax income of two-or-more-person households in 2020 ($) 102,000 ... ... 102,000 ... ...
Total - Income statistics for private households - 25% sample data27 2,262,470 ... ... ... ... ...
Average total income of household in 2020 ($) 129,000 ... ... 129,000 ... ...
Average after-tax income of household in 2020 ($) 103,700 ... ... 103,700 ... ...
Total - Income statistics for one-person private households - 25% sample data 565,460 ... ... ... ... ...
Average total income of one-person households in 2020 ($) 63,400 ... ... 63,400 ... ...
Average after-tax income of one-person households in 2020 ($) 51,040 ... ... 51,040 ... ...
Total - Income statistics for two-or-more-persons private households - 25% sample data 1,697,005 ... ... ... ... ...
Average total income of two-or-more-person households in 2020 ($) 151,000 ... ... 151,000 ... ...
Average after-tax income of two-or-more-person households in 2020 ($) 121,300 ... ... 121,300 ... ...
Total - Household total income groups in 2020 for private households - 100% data21 2,262,475 ... ... 100.0 ... ...
Under $5,000 32,750 ... ... 1.4 ... ...
$5,000 to $9,999 15,325 ... ... 0.7 ... ...
$10,000 to $14,999 25,715 ... ... 1.1 ... ...
$15,000 to $19,999 35,725 ... ... 1.6 ... ...
$20,000 to $24,999 75,670 ... ... 3.3 ... ...
$25,000 to $29,999 62,315 ... ... 2.8 ... ...
$30,000 to $34,999 60,850 ... ... 2.7 ... ...
$35,000 to $39,999 64,725 ... ... 2.9 ... ...
$40,000 to $44,999 65,730 ... ... 2.9 ... ...
$45,000 to $49,999 66,345 ... ... 2.9 ... ...
$50,000 to $59,999 136,805 ... ... 6.0 ... ...
$60,000 to $69,999 137,480 ... ... 6.1 ... ...
$70,000 to $79,999 134,620 ... ... 6.0 ... ...
$80,000 to $89,999 129,670 ... ... 5.7 ... ...
$90,000 to $99,999 122,145 ... ... 5.4 ... ...
$100,000 and over 1,096,595 ... ... 48.5 ... ...
$100,000 to $124,999 265,950 ... ... 11.8 ... ...
$125,000 to $149,999 208,740 ... ... 9.2 ... ...
$150,000 to $199,999 278,755 ... ... 12.3 ... ...
$200,000 and over 343,145 ... ... 15.2 ... ...
Total - Household after-tax income groups in 2020 for private households - 100% data22 2,262,475 ... ... 100.0 ... ...
Under $5,000 36,900 ... ... 1.6 ... ...
$5,000 to $9,999 15,830 ... ... 0.7 ... ...
$10,000 to $14,999 26,310 ... ... 1.2 ... ...
$15,000 to $19,999 38,100 ... ... 1.7 ... ...
$20,000 to $24,999 80,570 ... ... 3.6 ... ...
$25,000 to $29,999 69,190 ... ... 3.1 ... ...
$30,000 to $34,999 68,515 ... ... 3.0 ... ...
$35,000 to $39,999 74,305 ... ... 3.3 ... ...
$40,000 to $44,999 77,660 ... ... 3.4 ... ...
$45,000 to $49,999 80,020 ... ... 3.5 ... ...
$50,000 to $59,999 164,380 ... ... 7.3 ... ...
$60,000 to $69,999 164,945 ... ... 7.3 ... ...
$70,000 to $79,999 159,340 ... ... 7.0 ... ...
$80,000 to $89,999 151,615 ... ... 6.7 ... ...
$90,000 to $99,999 136,375 ... ... 6.0 ... ...
$100,000 and over 918,420 ... ... 40.6 ... ...
$100,000 to $124,999 282,550 ... ... 12.5 ... ...
$125,000 to $149,999 206,830 ... ... 9.1 ... ...
$150,000 and over 429,040 ... ... 19.0 ... ...
Income of economic families in 2020
Total - Income statistics for economic families in private households - 100% data28 1,629,060 ... ... ... ... ...
Median total income of economic family in 2020 ($) 117,000 ... ... 117,000 ... ...
Median after-tax income of economic family in 2020 ($) 101,000 ... ... 101,000 ... ...
Average family size of economic families 3.3 ... ... 3.3 ... ...
Total - Income statistics for couple-only economic families in private households - 100% data 460,295 ... ... ... ... ...
Median total income of couple-only economic families in 2020 ($) 99,000 ... ... 99,000 ... ...
Median after-tax income of couple-only economic families in 2020 ($) 86,000 ... ... 86,000 ... ...
Average family size of couple-only economic families 2.0 ... ... 2.0 ... ...
Total - Income statistics for couple-with-children economic families in private households - 100% data 838,675 ... ... ... ... ...
Median total income of couple-with-children economic families in 2020 ($) 143,000 ... ... 143,000 ... ...
Median after-tax income of couple-with-children economic families in 2020 ($) 123,000 ... ... 123,000 ... ...
Average family size of couple-with-children economic families 4.1 ... ... 4.1 ... ...
Total - Income statistics for one-parent economic families in private households - 100% data 265,690 ... ... ... ... ...
Median total income of one-parent economic families in 2020 ($) 77,500 ... ... 77,500 ... ...
Median after-tax income of one-parent economic families in 2020 ($) 71,000 ... ... 71,000 ... ...
Average family size of one-parent economic families 2.8 ... ... 2.8 ... ...
Total - Income statistics for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families in private households - 100% data29 842,365 407,590 434,775 ... ... ...
Median total income in 2020 ($)30 39,200 39,200 39,200 39,200 39,200 39,200
Median after-tax income in 2020 ($)30 35,600 35,600 36,000 35,600 35,600 36,000
Total - Income statistics for economic families in private households - 25% sample data31 1,627,835 ... ... ... ... ...
Average total income of economic family in 2020 ($) 151,000 ... ... 151,000 ... ...
Average after-tax income of economic family in 2020 ($) 120,900 ... ... 120,900 ... ...
Total - Income statistics for couple-only economic families in private households - 25% sample data 459,575 ... ... ... ... ...
Average total income of couple-only economic families in 2020 ($) 134,200 ... ... 134,200 ... ...
Average after-tax income of couple-only economic families in 2020 ($) 105,300 ... ... 105,300 ... ...
Total - Income statistics for couple-with-children economic families in private households - 25% sample data 839,930 ... ... ... ... ...
Average total income of couple-with-children economic families in 2020 ($) 179,800 ... ... 179,800 ... ...
Average after-tax income of couple-with-children economic families in 2020 ($) 143,000 ... ... 143,000 ... ...
Total - Income statistics for one-parent economic families in private households - 25% sample data 264,185 ... ... ... ... ...
Average total income of one-parent economic families in 2020 ($) 93,800 ... ... 93,800 ... ...
Average after-tax income of one-parent economic families in 2020 ($) 80,900 ... ... 80,900 ... ...
Total - Income statistics for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families in private households - 25% sample data32 841,520 405,785 435,735 ... ... ...
Average total income in 2020 ($)30 54,950 56,900 53,200 54,950 56,900 53,200
Average after-tax income in 2020 ($)30 45,040 45,840 44,320 45,040 45,840 44,320
Low income and income inequality in 2020
Total - LIM low-income status in 2020 for the population in private households - 100% data33 6,142,885 2,999,625 3,143,255 100.0 100.0 100.0
0 to 17 years 1,176,000 604,145 571,850 19.1 20.1 18.2
0 to 5 years 351,430 179,815 171,615 5.7 6.0 5.5
18 to 64 years 4,001,275 1,957,940 2,043,340 65.1 65.3 65.0
65 years and over 965,610 437,540 528,065 15.7 14.6 16.8
In low income based on the Low-income measure, after tax (LIM-AT) 627,655 294,520 333,135 ... ... ...
0 to 17 years 133,215 68,535 64,675 ... ... ...
0 to 5 years 41,535 21,180 20,355 ... ... ...
18 to 64 years 364,325 174,355 189,970 ... ... ...
65 years and over 130,115 51,630 78,490 ... ... ...
Prevalence of low income based on the Low-income measure, after tax (LIM-AT) (%) 10.2 9.8 10.6 10.2 9.8 10.6
0 to 17 years (%) 11.3 11.3 11.3 11.3 11.3 11.3
0 to 5 years (%) 11.8 11.8 11.9 11.8 11.8 11.9
18 to 64 years (%) 9.1 8.9 9.3 9.1 8.9 9.3
65 years and over (%) 13.5 11.8 14.9 13.5 11.8 14.9
Total - LICO low-income status in 2020 for the population in private households to whom the low-income concept is applicable - 100% data33 6,142,655 2,999,520 3,143,130 100.0 100.0 100.0
0 to 17 years 1,175,955 604,125 571,825 19.1 20.1 18.2
0 to 5 years 351,415 179,805 171,605 5.7 6.0 5.5
18 to 64 years 4,001,155 1,957,885 2,043,270 65.1 65.3 65.0
65 years and over 965,540 437,510 528,030 15.7 14.6 16.8
In low income based on the Low-income cut-offs, after tax (LICO-AT) 403,705 204,970 198,735 ... ... ...
0 to 17 years 68,975 35,480 33,495 ... ... ...
0 to 5 years 20,970 10,635 10,335 ... ... ...
18 to 64 years 291,050 150,790 140,265 ... ... ...
65 years and over 43,670 18,700 24,975 ... ... ...
Prevalence of low income based on the Low-income cut-offs, after tax (LICO-AT) (%) 6.6 6.8 6.3 6.6 6.8 6.3
0 to 17 years (%) 5.9 5.9 5.9 5.9 5.9 5.9
0 to 5 years (%) 6.0 5.9 6.0 6.0 5.9 6.0
18 to 64 years (%) 7.3 7.7 6.9 7.3 7.7 6.9
65 years and over (%) 4.5 4.3 4.7 4.5 4.3 4.7
Total - Adjusted after-tax economic family income decile group for the population in private households - 100% data34The letter 'c' in a yellow triangle indicates a correction notice. 6,142,885 2,999,625 3,143,255 100.0 100.0 100.0
In bottom half of the distribution 2,762,010 1,324,105 1,437,910 45.0 44.1 45.7
In bottom decile 596,575 291,595 304,980 9.7 9.7 9.7
In second decile 542,090 253,490 288,605 8.8 8.5 9.2
In third decile 539,875 257,395 282,475 8.8 8.6 9.0
In fourth decile 535,000 256,940 278,055 8.7 8.6 8.8
In fifth decile 548,475 264,680 283,790 8.9 8.8 9.0
In top half of the distribution 3,380,870 1,675,525 1,705,345 55.0 55.9 54.3
In sixth decile 567,160 275,795 291,360 9.2 9.2 9.3
In seventh decile 597,730 292,230 305,505 9.7 9.7 9.7
In eighth decile 640,895 315,980 324,915 10.4 10.5 10.3
In ninth decile 710,200 353,375 356,830 11.6 11.8 11.4
In top decile 864,885 438,140 426,745 14.1 14.6 13.6
Total - Inequality measures for the population in private households - 100% data35 6,142,880 ... ... 6,142,880 ... ...
Gini index on adjusted household total income 0.387 ... ... 0.387 ... ...
Gini index on adjusted household market income 0.496 ... ... 0.496 ... ...
Gini index on adjusted household after-tax income 0.330 ... ... 0.330 ... ...
P90/P10 ratio on adjusted household after-tax income 4.2 ... ... 4.2 ... ...
Knowledge of official languages
Total - Knowledge of official languages for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% data36 6,161,570 3,007,600 3,153,970 100.0 100.0 100.0
English only 5,436,685 2,703,025 2,733,660 88.2 89.9 86.7
French only 4,520 1,915 2,605 0.1 0.1 0.1
English and French 456,695 198,045 258,645 7.4 6.6 8.2
Neither English nor French 263,670 104,615 159,060 4.3 3.5 5.0
First official language spoken
Total - First official language spoken for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% data37 6,161,570 3,007,600 3,153,970 100.0 100.0 100.0
English 5,784,485 2,850,965 2,933,520 93.9 94.8 93.0
French 69,060 31,975 37,080 1.1 1.1 1.2
English and French 48,625 22,105 26,525 0.8 0.7 0.8
Neither English nor French 259,400 102,555 156,845 4.2 3.4 5.0
Mother tongue
Total - Mother tongue for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% data38 6,161,570 3,007,600 3,153,970 100.0 100.0 100.0
Single responses 5,744,420 2,805,835 2,938,590 93.2 93.3 93.2
Official languages 3,143,455 1,570,545 1,572,905 51.0 52.2 49.9
English 3,082,345 1,542,050 1,540,300 50.0 51.3 48.8
French 61,110 28,500 32,610 1.0 0.9 1.0
Non-official languages 2,600,965 1,235,285 1,365,680 42.2 41.1 43.3
Indigenous languages39 330 150 175 0.0 0.0 0.0
Algonquian languages 270 130 145 0.0 0.0 0.0
Blackfoot 0 0 0 0.0 0.0 0.0
Cree-Innu languages 90 40 55 0.0 0.0 0.0
Atikamekw 0 0 0 0.0 0.0 0.0
Cree languages 85 40 50 0.0 0.0 0.0
Ililimowin (Moose Cree) 5 0 5 0.0 0.0 0.0
Inu Ayimun (Southern East Cree) 0 0 0 0.0 0.0 0.0
Iyiyiw-Ayimiwin (Northern East Cree) 0 0 0 0.0 0.0 0.0
Nehinawewin (Swampy Cree) 30 5 20 0.0 0.0 0.0
Nehiyawewin (Plains Cree) 10 5 0 0.0 0.0 0.0
Nihithawiwin (Woods Cree) 5 5 5 0.0 0.0 0.0
Cree, n.o.s. 40 20 20 0.0 0.0 0.0
Innu (Montagnais) 0 0 0 0.0 0.0 0.0
Naskapi 0 0 0 0.0 0.0 0.0
Eastern Algonquian languages 15 5 10 0.0 0.0 0.0
Mi'kmaq 10 5 10 0.0 0.0 0.0
Wolastoqewi (Malecite) 0 0 0 0.0 0.0 0.0
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 165 80 85 0.0 0.0 0.0
Anicinabemowin (Algonquin) 5 0 5 0.0 0.0 0.0
Oji-Cree 5 0 0 0.0 0.0 0.0
Ojibway languages 160 80 80 0.0 0.0 0.0
Anishinaabemowin (Chippewa) 25 20 10 0.0 0.0 0.0
Daawaamwin (Odawa) 5 0 5 0.0 0.0 0.0
Saulteau (Western Ojibway) 0 0 0 0.0 0.0 0.0
Ojibway, n.o.s. 115 60 65 0.0 0.0 0.0
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0.0 0.0 0.0
Athabaskan languages 15 10 5 0.0 0.0 0.0
Northern Athabaskan languages 10 5 5 0.0 0.0 0.0
Dakelh (Carrier) 0 0 0 0.0 0.0 0.0
Dane-zaa (Beaver) 0 0 0 0.0 0.0 0.0
Dene, n.o.s. 5 5 0 0.0 0.0 0.0
Gwich'in 0 0 0 0.0 0.0 0.0
Slavey-Hare languages 5 0 5 0.0 0.0 0.0
Deh Gah Ghotie Zhatie (South Slavey) 0 0 0 0.0 0.0 0.0
Satuotine Yati (North Slavey) 5 0 5 0.0 0.0 0.0
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0 0.0 0.0 0.0
Tahltan languages 0 0 0 0.0 0.0 0.0
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0 0.0 0.0 0.0
Tahltan 0 0 0 0.0 0.0 0.0
Tlicho (Dogrib) 0 0 0 0.0 0.0 0.0
Tse'khene (Sekani) 0 0 0 0.0 0.0 0.0
Tsilhqot'in (Chilcotin) 0 0 0 0.0 0.0 0.0
Tsuu T'ina (Sarsi) 0 0 0 0.0 0.0 0.0
Tutchone languages 0 0 0 0.0 0.0 0.0
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0 0.0 0.0 0.0
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0 0.0 0.0 0.0
Tutchone, n.o.s. 0 0 0 0.0 0.0 0.0
Wetsuwet'en-Babine 0 0 0 0.0 0.0 0.0
Tlingit 0 0 0 0.0 0.0 0.0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0.0 0.0 0.0
Haida 0 0 0 0.0 0.0 0.0
Inuktut (Inuit) languages 15 5 10 0.0 0.0 0.0
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 0 0 0 0.0 0.0 0.0
Inuinnaqtun 0 0 0 0.0 0.0 0.0
Inuvialuktun 0 0 0 0.0 0.0 0.0
Inuktitut 10 5 5 0.0 0.0 0.0
Inuktut (Inuit) languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0.0 0.0 0.0
Iroquoian languages 15 5 5 0.0 0.0 0.0
Cayuga 0 0 0 0.0 0.0 0.0
Mohawk 10 5 5 0.0 0.0 0.0
Oneida 0 0 0 0.0 0.0 0.0
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0.0 0.0 0.0
Ktunaxa (Kutenai) 0 0 0 0.0 0.0 0.0
Michif 5 0 0 0.0 0.0 0.0
Salish languages 0 0 0 0.0 0.0 0.0
Halkomelem 0 0 0 0.0 0.0 0.0
Lillooet 0 0 0 0.0 0.0 0.0
Ntlakapamux (Thompson) 0 0 0 0.0 0.0 0.0
Secwepemctsin (Shuswap) 0 0 0 0.0 0.0 0.0
Squamish 0 0 0 0.0 0.0 0.0
Straits 0 0 0 0.0 0.0 0.0
Syilx (Okanagan) 0 0 0 0.0 0.0 0.0
Salish languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0.0 0.0 0.0
Siouan languages 0 0 0 0.0 0.0 0.0
Assiniboine 0 0 0 0.0 0.0 0.0
Dakota 0 0 0 0.0 0.0 0.0
Stoney 0 0 0 0.0 0.0 0.0
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0.0 0.0 0.0
Tsimshian languages 0 0 5 0.0 0.0 0.0
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 0 0 0 0.0 0.0 0.0
Nisga'a 0 0 5 0.0 0.0 0.0
Tsimshian 0 0 0 0.0 0.0 0.0
Wakashan languages 0 0 0 0.0 0.0 0.0
Haisla 0 0 0 0.0 0.0 0.0
Heiltsuk 0 0 0 0.0 0.0 0.0
Kwak'wala (Kwakiutl) 0 0 0 0.0 0.0 0.0
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0 0 0 0.0 0.0 0.0
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0.0 0.0 0.0
Indigenous languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0.0 0.0 0.0
Indigenous languages, n.o.s. 5 5 0 0.0 0.0 0.0
Non-Indigenous languages 2,600,640 1,235,130 1,365,505 42.2 41.1 43.3
Afro-Asiatic languages 156,290 78,100 78,190 2.5 2.6 2.5
Berber languages 215 120 90 0.0 0.0 0.0
Kabyle 130 70 60 0.0 0.0 0.0
Tamazight 50 30 15 0.0 0.0 0.0
Berber languages, n.i.e. 35 20 15 0.0 0.0 0.0
Chadic languages 390 225 160 0.0 0.0 0.0
Hausa 365 210 155 0.0 0.0 0.0
Mina 25 15 10 0.0 0.0 0.0
Coptic 420 205 215 0.0 0.0 0.0
Cushitic languages 14,655 6,575 8,080 0.2 0.2 0.3
Bilen 145 85 65 0.0 0.0 0.0
Oromo 1,025 500 525 0.0 0.0 0.0
Somali 13,385 5,945 7,445 0.2 0.2 0.2
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 95 50 45 0.0 0.0 0.0
Semitic languages 140,605 70,970 69,640 2.3 2.4 2.2
Amharic 8,570 3,925 4,645 0.1 0.1 0.1
Arabic 97,690 50,090 47,595 1.6 1.7 1.5
Aramaic languages 13,525 6,525 7,000 0.2 0.2 0.2
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 10,020 4,785 5,230 0.2 0.2 0.2
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 2,960 1,460 1,500 0.0 0.0 0.0
Aramaic, n.o.s. 550 285 265 0.0 0.0 0.0
Harari 860 385 480 0.0 0.0 0.0
Hebrew 10,075 5,380 4,700 0.2 0.2 0.1
Maltese 2,745 1,300 1,445 0.0 0.0 0.0
Tigrigna 6,960 3,275 3,685 0.1 0.1 0.1
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 190 95 90 0.0 0.0 0.0
Austro-Asiatic languages 54,490 24,335 30,155 0.9 0.8 1.0
Khmer (Cambodian) 2,860 1,295 1,565 0.0 0.0 0.0
Vietnamese 51,540 23,000 28,540 0.8 0.8 0.9
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e 100 45 55 0.0 0.0 0.0
Austronesian languages 163,430 66,145 97,285 2.7 2.2 3.1
Bikol 530 230 305 0.0 0.0 0.0
Bisaya, n.o.s. 1,985 815 1,170 0.0 0.0 0.0
Cebuano 4,165 1,675 2,495 0.1 0.1 0.1
Fijian 20 10 15 0.0 0.0 0.0
Hiligaynon 3,020 1,185 1,840 0.0 0.0 0.1
Ilocano 12,065 4,925 7,140 0.2 0.2 0.2
Indonesian 4,035 1,790 2,250 0.1 0.1 0.1
Kankanaey 290 130 160 0.0 0.0 0.0
Kinaray-a 215 90 130 0.0 0.0 0.0
Malagasy languages 25 10 10 0.0 0.0 0.0
Merina 5 0 5 0.0 0.0 0.0
Malagasy, n.o.s. 20 10 10 0.0 0.0 0.0
Malay 340 150 185 0.0 0.0 0.0
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 1,580 735 845 0.0 0.0 0.0
Pangasinan 635 270 365 0.0 0.0 0.0
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 132,925 53,485 79,435 2.2 1.8 2.5
Waray-Waray 430 170 260 0.0 0.0 0.0
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 1,165 475 690 0.0 0.0 0.0
Creole languages 5,095 2,350 2,745 0.1 0.1 0.1
Haitian Creole 990 440 550 0.0 0.0 0.0
Jamaican English Creole 285 125 160 0.0 0.0 0.0
Krio 175 70 110 0.0 0.0 0.0
Morisyen 1,550 745 805 0.0 0.0 0.0
Sango 5 0 0 0.0 0.0 0.0
Creole, n.o.s. 1,325 610 715 0.0 0.0 0.0
Creole languages, n.i.e. 760 360 400 0.0 0.0 0.0
Dravidian languages 148,940 74,200 74,740 2.4 2.5 2.4
Kannada 3,200 1,610 1,590 0.1 0.1 0.1
Malayalam 18,380 9,855 8,520 0.3 0.3 0.3
Tamil 111,735 54,115 57,615 1.8 1.8 1.8
Telugu 15,155 8,380 6,775 0.2 0.3 0.2
Tulu 320 165 160 0.0 0.0 0.0
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 155 75 80 0.0 0.0 0.0
Georgian 1,525 830 695 0.0 0.0 0.0
Hmong-Mien languages 10 5 5 0.0 0.0 0.0
Indo-European languages 1,402,550 682,435 720,115 22.8 22.7 22.8
Albanian 14,255 7,055 7,195 0.2 0.2 0.2
Armenian 12,085 5,795 6,290 0.2 0.2 0.2
Balto-Slavic languages 233,130 106,100 127,030 3.8 3.5 4.0
Baltic languages 4,195 1,675 2,515 0.1 0.1 0.1
Latvian 1,675 660 1,015 0.0 0.0 0.0
Lithuanian 2,515 1,020 1,500 0.0 0.0 0.0
Slavic languages 228,930 104,420 124,515 3.7 3.5 3.9
Belarusian 280 120 155 0.0 0.0 0.0
Bulgarian 6,205 2,940 3,260 0.1 0.1 0.1
Czech 3,980 1,765 2,220 0.1 0.1 0.1
Macedonian 10,130 4,805 5,325 0.2 0.2 0.2
Polish 58,140 26,110 32,025 0.9 0.9 1.0
Russian 80,580 36,210 44,370 1.3 1.2 1.4
Rusyn 45 20 25 0.0 0.0 0.0
Serbo-Croatian 38,015 18,210 19,810 0.6 0.6 0.6
Bosnian 3,000 1,450 1,550 0.0 0.0 0.0
Croatian 14,355 6,715 7,640 0.2 0.2 0.2
Serbian 20,065 9,760 10,305 0.3 0.3 0.3
Serbo-Croatian, n.i.e. 595 275 315 0.0 0.0 0.0
Slovak 4,475 2,060 2,420 0.1 0.1 0.1
Slovene (Slovenian) 3,020 1,275 1,740 0.0 0.0 0.1
Ukrainian 23,950 10,850 13,100 0.4 0.4 0.4
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 100 55 45 0.0 0.0 0.0
Celtic languages 300 145 150 0.0 0.0 0.0
Irish 120 65 55 0.0 0.0 0.0
Scottish Gaelic 55 30 30 0.0 0.0 0.0
Welsh 90 40 50 0.0 0.0 0.0
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 30 15 15 0.0 0.0 0.0
Germanic languages 35,015 15,870 19,150 0.6 0.5 0.6
Frisian 100 50 50 0.0 0.0 0.0
High German languages 24,475 10,930 13,540 0.4 0.4 0.4
German 21,645 9,640 12,005 0.4 0.3 0.4
Pennsylvania German 20 15 5 0.0 0.0 0.0
Swiss German 550 245 310 0.0 0.0 0.0
Yiddish 2,255 1,035 1,215 0.0 0.0 0.0
Low Saxon-Low Franconian languages 7,880 3,745 4,135 0.1 0.1 0.1
Afrikaans 1,165 585 580 0.0 0.0 0.0
Dutch 6,440 3,030 3,405 0.1 0.1 0.1
Low German, n.o.s. 5 5 5 0.0 0.0 0.0
Low Saxon 10 5 5 0.0 0.0 0.0
Plautdietsch 55 25 25 0.0 0.0 0.0
Vlaams (Flemish) 205 95 110 0.0 0.0 0.0
Scandinavian languages 2,510 1,115 1,395 0.0 0.0 0.0
Danish 1,150 515 635 0.0 0.0 0.0
Icelandic 70 35 35 0.0 0.0 0.0
Norwegian 305 135 165 0.0 0.0 0.0
Swedish 985 425 560 0.0 0.0 0.0
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 55 25 30 0.0 0.0 0.0
Greek 34,980 16,650 18,335 0.6 0.6 0.6
Indo-Iranian languages 686,750 348,570 338,180 11.1 11.6 10.7
Indo-Aryan languages 555,965 283,840 272,120 9.0 9.4 8.6
Assamese 235 110 120 0.0 0.0 0.0
Bengali 43,005 21,800 21,200 0.7 0.7 0.7
Gujarati 70,490 35,820 34,670 1.1 1.2 1.1
Hindi 65,805 34,040 31,765 1.1 1.1 1.0
Kacchi 3,285 1,485 1,800 0.1 0.0 0.1
Kashmiri 350 175 170 0.0 0.0 0.0
Konkani 2,105 1,020 1,085 0.0 0.0 0.0
Marathi 7,415 3,785 3,630 0.1 0.1 0.1
Nepali 6,490 3,315 3,175 0.1 0.1 0.1
Oriya languages 1,080 565 510 0.0 0.0 0.0
Odia 670 365 310 0.0 0.0 0.0
Oriya, n.o.s. 405 200 200 0.0 0.0 0.0
Punjabi (Panjabi) 210,165 108,850 101,315 3.4 3.6 3.2
Rohingya 15 10 10 0.0 0.0 0.0
Sindhi 2,075 1,060 1,020 0.0 0.0 0.0
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 7,970 3,895 4,080 0.1 0.1 0.1
Urdu 134,195 67,205 66,995 2.2 2.2 2.1
Indo-Aryan languages, n.i.e. 1,290 705 585 0.0 0.0 0.0
Iranian languages 130,675 64,670 66,010 2.1 2.2 2.1
Baluchi 260 145 115 0.0 0.0 0.0
Kurdish 3,565 1,995 1,565 0.1 0.1 0.0
Parsi 265 150 115 0.0 0.0 0.0
Pashto 8,415 4,350 4,070 0.1 0.1 0.1
Persian languages 117,775 57,825 59,950 1.9 1.9 1.9
Dari 24,210 11,760 12,450 0.4 0.4 0.4
Iranian Persian 81,105 39,855 41,250 1.3 1.3 1.3
Persian (Farsi), n.o.s. 12,460 6,210 6,250 0.2 0.2 0.2
Iranian languages, n.i.e. 395 205 190 0.0 0.0 0.0
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 110 60 50 0.0 0.0 0.0
Italic (Romance) languages 385,900 182,185 203,715 6.3 6.1 6.5
Catalan 160 80 85 0.0 0.0 0.0
Italian 125,895 59,190 66,700 2.0 2.0 2.1
Portuguese 102,255 48,775 53,475 1.7 1.6 1.7
Romanian 22,265 10,335 11,930 0.4 0.3 0.4
Spanish 134,970 63,635 71,340 2.2 2.1 2.3
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 360 170 190 0.0 0.0 0.0
Indo-European languages, n.i.e. 140 70 70 0.0 0.0 0.0
Japanese 9,315 3,055 6,255 0.2 0.1 0.2
Korean 56,855 25,755 31,095 0.9 0.9 1.0
Mongolian 415 190 230 0.0 0.0 0.0
Niger-Congo languages 24,620 11,540 13,080 0.4 0.4 0.4
Akan (Twi) 7,655 3,575 4,080 0.1 0.1 0.1
Bamanankan 65 30 35 0.0 0.0 0.0
Edo 910 365 550 0.0 0.0 0.0
Éwé 280 140 135 0.0 0.0 0.0
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 260 135 130 0.0 0.0 0.0
Ga 380 175 205 0.0 0.0 0.0
Ganda 780 370 410 0.0 0.0 0.0
Gikuyu 265 110 155 0.0 0.0 0.0
Igbo 1,530 775 760 0.0 0.0 0.0
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 445 190 255 0.0 0.0 0.0
Lingala 295 135 160 0.0 0.0 0.0
Luba-Kasai 30 10 20 0.0 0.0 0.0
Mòoré 20 15 10 0.0 0.0 0.0
Mwani 215 105 105 0.0 0.0 0.0
Ndebele 150 70 80 0.0 0.0 0.0
Rundi (Kirundi) 320 140 180 0.0 0.0 0.0
Shona 640 295 345 0.0 0.0 0.0
Soninke 165 100 70 0.0 0.0 0.0
Sotho-Tswana languages 135 40 90 0.0 0.0 0.0
Swahili 3,180 1,480 1,700 0.1 0.0 0.1
Wojenaka 20 15 10 0.0 0.0 0.0
Wolof 195 95 100 0.0 0.0 0.0
Yoruba 4,725 2,290 2,440 0.1 0.1 0.1
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 1,950 910 1,045 0.0 0.0 0.0
Nilo-Saharan languages 565 305 260 0.0 0.0 0.0
Dinka 40 25 15 0.0 0.0 0.0
Nuer 40 20 20 0.0 0.0 0.0
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 390 200 190 0.0 0.0 0.0
African, n.o.s. 100 60 45 0.0 0.0 0.0
Sign languages 990 515 475 0.0 0.0 0.0
American Sign Language 845 430 410 0.0 0.0 0.0
Quebec Sign Language 0 0 0 0.0 0.0 0.0
Sign languages, n.i.e. 145 80 60 0.0 0.0 0.0
Sino-Tibetan languages 529,160 243,070 286,095 8.6 8.1 9.1
Chinese languages 522,010 239,575 282,430 8.5 8.0 9.0
Hakka 5,780 2,665 3,110 0.1 0.1 0.1
Mandarin 259,555 118,775 140,775 4.2 3.9 4.5
Min Dong 895 465 435 0.0 0.0 0.0
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 8,615 3,855 4,760 0.1 0.1 0.2
Wu (Shanghainese) 3,540 1,590 1,950 0.1 0.1 0.1
Yue (Cantonese) 239,720 110,440 129,275 3.9 3.7 4.1
Chinese, n.o.s. 3,685 1,680 2,000 0.1 0.1 0.1
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 215 105 115 0.0 0.0 0.0
Tibeto-Burman languages 7,000 3,430 3,575 0.1 0.1 0.1
Burmese 920 440 475 0.0 0.0 0.0
Kuki-Chin languages 20 10 15 0.0 0.0 0.0
Karenic languages 225 105 125 0.0 0.0 0.0
S'gaw Karen 190 85 105 0.0 0.0 0.0
Karenic languages, n.i.e. 40 15 20 0.0 0.0 0.0
Tibetan 5,560 2,725 2,830 0.1 0.1 0.1
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 275 145 130 0.0 0.0 0.0
Sino-Tibetan languages, n.i.e. 155 65 90 0.0 0.0 0.0
Tai-Kadai languages 3,720 1,450 2,265 0.1 0.0 0.1
Lao 1,910 905 1,005 0.0 0.0 0.0
Thai 1,685 505 1,185 0.0 0.0 0.0
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e. 120 40 75 0.0 0.0 0.0
Turkic languages 22,225 11,745 10,485 0.4 0.4 0.3
Azerbaijani 2,300 1,235 1,070 0.0 0.0 0.0
Kazakh 180 85 95 0.0 0.0 0.0
Turkish 18,330 9,740 8,590 0.3 0.3 0.3
Uyghur 440 205 230 0.0 0.0 0.0
Uzbek 625 305 320 0.0 0.0 0.0
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 350 170 180 0.0 0.0 0.0
Uralic languages 20,170 8,965 11,205 0.3 0.3 0.4
Estonian 2,070 860 1,210 0.0 0.0 0.0
Finnish 2,000 800 1,200 0.0 0.0 0.0
Hungarian 16,100 7,305 8,800 0.3 0.2 0.3
Other languages, n.i.e. 260 130 130 0.0 0.0 0.0
Multiple responses 417,150 201,765 215,385 6.8 6.7 6.8
English and French 23,655 11,120 12,535 0.4 0.4 0.4
English and non-official language(s) 345,775 169,005 176,770 5.6 5.6 5.6
French and non-official language(s) 6,730 3,040 3,690 0.1 0.1 0.1
English, French and non-official language(s) 9,120 4,130 4,985 0.1 0.1 0.2
Multiple non-official languages 31,865 14,470 17,395 0.5 0.5 0.6
All languages spoken at home
Total - All languages spoken at home for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% data40 6,161,570 3,007,600 3,153,970 100.0 100.0 100.0
English 3,258,635 1,621,915 1,636,720 52.9 53.9 51.9
French 16,000 7,560 8,440 0.3 0.3 0.3
Non-official language 822,050 382,820 439,230 13.3 12.7 13.9
Indigenous39 55 25 35 0.0 0.0 0.0
Non-Indigenous 821,995 382,800 439,195 13.3 12.7 13.9
English and French 60,840 27,500 33,340 1.0 0.9 1.1
English and non-official language(s) 1,861,335 904,030 957,305 30.2 30.1 30.4
French and non-official language(s) 3,650 1,580 2,065 0.1 0.1 0.1
English, French and non-official language(s) 60,965 26,515 34,440 1.0 0.9 1.1
Multiple non-official languages 78,105 35,675 42,430 1.3 1.2 1.3
Language spoken most often at home
Total - Language spoken most often at home for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% data41 6,161,570 3,007,600 3,153,970 100.0 100.0 100.0
Single responses 5,680,760 2,775,325 2,905,440 92.2 92.3 92.1
Official languages 4,062,965 2,004,750 2,058,210 65.9 66.7 65.3
English 4,035,545 1,991,905 2,043,635 65.5 66.2 64.8
French 27,420 12,850 14,570 0.4 0.4 0.5
Non-official languages 1,617,795 770,570 847,225 26.3 25.6 26.9
Indigenous languages39 100 45 55 0.0 0.0 0.0
Algonquian languages 80 30 45 0.0 0.0 0.0
Blackfoot 0 0 0 0.0 0.0 0.0
Cree-Innu languages 25 10 20 0.0 0.0 0.0
Atikamekw 0 0 0 0.0 0.0 0.0
Cree languages 25 10 20 0.0 0.0 0.0
Ililimowin (Moose Cree) 0 0 0 0.0 0.0 0.0
Inu Ayimun (Southern East Cree) 0 0 0 0.0 0.0 0.0
Iyiyiw-Ayimiwin (Northern East Cree) 0 0 0 0.0 0.0 0.0
Nehinawewin (Swampy Cree) 10 5 5 0.0 0.0 0.0
Nehiyawewin (Plains Cree) 5 0 5 0.0 0.0 0.0
Nihithawiwin (Woods Cree) 5 0 5 0.0 0.0 0.0
Cree, n.o.s. 10 5 10 0.0 0.0 0.0
Innu (Montagnais) 0 0 0 0.0 0.0 0.0
Naskapi 0 0 0 0.0 0.0 0.0
Eastern Algonquian languages 5 5 0 0.0 0.0 0.0
Mi'kmaq 5 5 0 0.0 0.0 0.0
Wolastoqewi (Malecite) 0 0 0 0.0 0.0 0.0
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 45 20 25 0.0 0.0 0.0
Anicinabemowin (Algonquin) 0 0 0 0.0 0.0 0.0
Oji-Cree 5 0 0 0.0 0.0 0.0
Ojibway languages 45 20 20 0.0 0.0 0.0
Anishinaabemowin (Chippewa) 5 0 5 0.0 0.0 0.0
Daawaamwin (Odawa) 0 0 0 0.0 0.0 0.0
Saulteau (Western Ojibway) 0 0 0 0.0 0.0 0.0
Ojibway, n.o.s. 35 15 20 0.0 0.0 0.0
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0.0 0.0 0.0
Athabaskan languages 5 5 0 0.0 0.0 0.0
Northern Athabaskan languages 5 5 0 0.0 0.0 0.0
Dakelh (Carrier) 0 0 0 0.0 0.0 0.0
Dane-zaa (Beaver) 0 0 0 0.0 0.0 0.0
Dene, n.o.s. 0 0 0 0.0 0.0 0.0
Gwich'in 0 0 0 0.0 0.0 0.0
Slavey-Hare languages 0 0 0 0.0 0.0 0.0
Deh Gah Ghotie Zhatie (South Slavey) 0 0 0 0.0 0.0 0.0
Satuotine Yati (North Slavey) 0 0 0 0.0 0.0 0.0
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0 0.0 0.0 0.0
Tahltan languages 0 0 0 0.0 0.0 0.0
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0 0.0 0.0 0.0
Tahltan 0 0 0 0.0 0.0 0.0
Tlicho (Dogrib) 0 0 0 0.0 0.0 0.0
Tse'khene (Sekani) 0 0 0 0.0 0.0 0.0
Tsilhqot'in (Chilcotin) 0 0 0 0.0 0.0 0.0
Tsuu T'ina (Sarsi) 0 0 0 0.0 0.0 0.0
Tutchone languages 0 0 0 0.0 0.0 0.0
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0 0.0 0.0 0.0
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0 0.0 0.0 0.0
Tutchone, n.o.s. 0 0 0 0.0 0.0 0.0
Wetsuwet'en-Babine 0 0 0 0.0 0.0 0.0
Tlingit 0 0 0 0.0 0.0 0.0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0.0 0.0 0.0
Haida 0 0 0 0.0 0.0 0.0
Inuktut (Inuit) languages 5 0 5 0.0 0.0 0.0
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 0 0 0 0.0 0.0 0.0
Inuinnaqtun 0 0 0 0.0 0.0 0.0
Inuvialuktun 0 0 0 0.0 0.0 0.0
Inuktitut 5 0 5 0.0 0.0 0.0
Inuktut (Inuit) languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0.0 0.0 0.0
Iroquoian languages 10 5 5 0.0 0.0 0.0
Cayuga 0 0 0 0.0 0.0 0.0
Mohawk 10 5 5 0.0 0.0 0.0
Oneida 0 0 0 0.0 0.0 0.0
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0.0 0.0 0.0
Ktunaxa (Kutenai) 0 0 0 0.0 0.0 0.0
Michif 0 0 0 0.0 0.0 0.0
Salish languages 0 0 0 0.0 0.0 0.0
Halkomelem 0 0 0 0.0 0.0 0.0
Lillooet 0 0 0 0.0 0.0 0.0
Ntlakapamux (Thompson) 0 0 0 0.0 0.0 0.0
Secwepemctsin (Shuswap) 0 0 0 0.0 0.0 0.0
Squamish 0 0 0 0.0 0.0 0.0
Straits 0 0 0 0.0 0.0 0.0
Syilx (Okanagan) 0 0 0 0.0 0.0 0.0
Salish languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0.0 0.0 0.0
Siouan languages 0 0 0 0.0 0.0 0.0
Assiniboine 0 0 0 0.0 0.0 0.0
Dakota 0 0 0 0.0 0.0 0.0
Stoney 0 0 0 0.0 0.0 0.0
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0.0 0.0 0.0
Tsimshian languages 0 0 0 0.0 0.0 0.0
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 0 0 0 0.0 0.0 0.0
Nisga'a 0 0 0 0.0 0.0 0.0
Tsimshian 0 0 0 0.0 0.0 0.0
Wakashan languages 0 0 0 0.0 0.0 0.0
Haisla 0 0 0 0.0 0.0 0.0
Heiltsuk 0 0 0 0.0 0.0 0.0
Kwak'wala (Kwakiutl) 0 0 0 0.0 0.0 0.0
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0 0 0 0.0 0.0 0.0
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0.0 0.0 0.0
Indigenous languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0.0 0.0 0.0
Indigenous languages, n.o.s. 0 0 0 0.0 0.0 0.0
Non-Indigenous languages 1,617,695 770,530 847,165 26.3 25.6 26.9
Afro-Asiatic languages 87,150 41,935 45,210 1.4 1.4 1.4
Berber languages 85 50 35 0.0 0.0 0.0
Kabyle 30 15 15 0.0 0.0 0.0
Tamazight 20 10 5 0.0 0.0 0.0
Berber languages, n.i.e. 30 15 15 0.0 0.0 0.0
Chadic languages 220 110 110 0.0 0.0 0.0
Hausa 210 110 105 0.0 0.0 0.0
Mina 10 5 10 0.0 0.0 0.0
Coptic 205 100 105 0.0 0.0 0.0
Cushitic languages 8,245 3,665 4,575 0.1 0.1 0.1
Bilen 105 60 45 0.0 0.0 0.0
Oromo 560 260 300 0.0 0.0 0.0
Somali 7,540 3,330 4,215 0.1 0.1 0.1
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 35 15 15 0.0 0.0 0.0
Semitic languages 78,390 38,010 40,385 1.3 1.3 1.3
Amharic 4,350 1,935 2,415 0.1 0.1 0.1
Arabic 54,360 26,630 27,735 0.9 0.9 0.9
Aramaic languages 10,035 4,785 5,245 0.2 0.2 0.2
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 7,540 3,560 3,980 0.1 0.1 0.1
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 2,105 1,035 1,070 0.0 0.0 0.0
Aramaic, n.o.s. 385 190 200 0.0 0.0 0.0
Harari 470 205 260 0.0 0.0 0.0
Hebrew 4,340 2,210 2,135 0.1 0.1 0.1
Maltese 610 280 330 0.0 0.0 0.0
Tigrigna 4,150 1,925 2,225 0.1 0.1 0.1
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 75 40 35 0.0 0.0 0.0
Austro-Asiatic languages 36,960 16,715 20,245 0.6 0.6 0.6
Khmer (Cambodian) 1,650 735 915 0.0 0.0 0.0
Vietnamese 35,275 15,970 19,310 0.6 0.5 0.6
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e 40 15 25 0.0 0.0 0.0
Austronesian languages 93,445 40,745 52,695 1.5 1.4 1.7
Bikol 200 90 115 0.0 0.0 0.0
Bisaya, n.o.s. 990 420 565 0.0 0.0 0.0
Cebuano 2,320 1,010 1,320 0.0 0.0 0.0
Fijian 20 10 5 0.0 0.0 0.0
Hiligaynon 1,655 720 935 0.0 0.0 0.0
Ilocano 6,680 2,990 3,690 0.1 0.1 0.1
Indonesian 1,550 730 825 0.0 0.0 0.0
Kankanaey 150 70 80 0.0 0.0 0.0
Kinaray-a 95 40 50 0.0 0.0 0.0
Malagasy languages 0 0 0 0.0 0.0 0.0
Merina 0 0 0 0.0 0.0 0.0
Malagasy, n.o.s. 0 0 0 0.0 0.0 0.0
Malay 85 40 45 0.0 0.0 0.0
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 800 370 425 0.0 0.0 0.0
Pangasinan 220 100 120 0.0 0.0 0.0
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 77,925 33,830 44,095 1.3 1.1 1.4
Waray-Waray 175 70 110 0.0 0.0 0.0
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 575 255 320 0.0 0.0 0.0
Creole languages 2,915 1,325 1,585 0.0 0.0 0.1
Haitian Creole 530 225 305 0.0 0.0 0.0
Jamaican English Creole 150 60 90 0.0 0.0 0.0
Krio 75 30 45 0.0 0.0 0.0
Morisyen 1,175 565 605 0.0 0.0 0.0
Sango 0 0 0 0.0 0.0 0.0
Creole, n.o.s. 665 295 370 0.0 0.0 0.0
Creole languages, n.i.e. 315 150 165 0.0 0.0 0.0
Dravidian languages 105,575 51,730 53,845 1.7 1.7 1.7
Kannada 1,640 830 815 0.0 0.0 0.0
Malayalam 11,085 5,870 5,215 0.2 0.2 0.2
Tamil 83,220 39,825 43,395 1.4 1.3 1.4
Telugu 9,445 5,115 4,330 0.2 0.2 0.1
Tulu 110 55 60 0.0 0.0 0.0
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 60 30 30 0.0 0.0 0.0
Georgian 1,015 555 465 0.0 0.0 0.0
Hmong-Mien languages 0 0 0 0.0 0.0 0.0
Indo-European languages 811,075 394,270 416,805 13.2 13.1 13.2
Albanian 6,735 3,305 3,430 0.1 0.1 0.1
Armenian 7,335 3,450 3,885 0.1 0.1 0.1
Balto-Slavic languages 122,035 56,765 65,270 2.0 1.9 2.1
Baltic languages 1,140 485 660 0.0 0.0 0.0
Latvian 360 150 210 0.0 0.0 0.0
Lithuanian 785 330 450 0.0 0.0 0.0
Slavic languages 120,895 56,285 64,610 2.0 1.9 2.0
Belarusian 75 30 40 0.0 0.0 0.0
Bulgarian 3,100 1,475 1,620 0.1 0.0 0.1
Czech 1,190 545 645 0.0 0.0 0.0
Macedonian 4,325 2,020 2,305 0.1 0.1 0.1
Polish 27,560 12,770 14,795 0.4 0.4 0.5
Russian 52,030 23,955 28,070 0.8 0.8 0.9
Rusyn 15 5 10 0.0 0.0 0.0
Serbo-Croatian 18,030 8,660 9,375 0.3 0.3 0.3
Bosnian 1,400 655 740 0.0 0.0 0.0
Croatian 5,390 2,525 2,865 0.1 0.1 0.1
Serbian 11,005 5,370 5,640 0.2 0.2 0.2
Serbo-Croatian, n.i.e. 230 105 130 0.0 0.0 0.0
Slovak 2,030 990 1,035 0.0 0.0 0.0
Slovene (Slovenian) 600 250 350 0.0 0.0 0.0
Ukrainian 11,920 5,570 6,350 0.2 0.2 0.2
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 30 15 10 0.0 0.0 0.0
Celtic languages 50 25 30 0.0 0.0 0.0
Irish 25 15 10 0.0 0.0 0.0
Scottish Gaelic 5 5 5 0.0 0.0 0.0
Welsh 15 5 10 0.0 0.0 0.0
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 5 5 0 0.0 0.0 0.0
Germanic languages 3,985 1,865 2,115 0.1 0.1 0.1
Frisian 5 5 0 0.0 0.0 0.0
High German languages 2,600 1,190 1,410 0.0 0.0 0.0
German 2,295 1,045 1,250 0.0 0.0 0.0
Pennsylvania German 0 0 0 0.0 0.0 0.0
Swiss German 70 35 35 0.0 0.0 0.0
Yiddish 230 105 125 0.0 0.0 0.0
Low Saxon-Low Franconian languages 1,055 515 535 0.0 0.0 0.0
Afrikaans 440 220 225 0.0 0.0 0.0
Dutch 590 285 305 0.0 0.0 0.0
Low German, n.o.s. 5 5 0 0.0 0.0 0.0
Low Saxon 0 0 0 0.0 0.0 0.0
Plautdietsch 0 0 0 0.0 0.0 0.0
Vlaams (Flemish) 20 5 10 0.0 0.0 0.0
Scandinavian languages 315 155 160 0.0 0.0 0.0
Danish 85 35 50 0.0 0.0 0.0
Icelandic 10 5 10 0.0 0.0 0.0
Norwegian 35 20 20 0.0 0.0 0.0
Swedish 180 90 85 0.0 0.0 0.0
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 10 5 5 0.0 0.0 0.0
Greek 14,680 6,615 8,070 0.2 0.2 0.3
Indo-Iranian languages 472,310 237,620 234,685 7.7 7.9 7.4
Indo-Aryan languages 382,790 194,385 188,400 6.2 6.5 6.0
Assamese 105 50 55 0.0 0.0 0.0
Bengali 27,640 13,705 13,930 0.4 0.5 0.4
Gujarati 46,805 23,495 23,305 0.8 0.8 0.7
Hindi 40,070 20,615 19,450 0.7 0.7 0.6
Kacchi 1,435 635 800 0.0 0.0 0.0
Kashmiri 110 55 55 0.0 0.0 0.0
Konkani 530 245 280 0.0 0.0 0.0
Marathi 4,055 2,060 1,995 0.1 0.1 0.1
Nepali 4,380 2,250 2,130 0.1 0.1 0.1
Oriya languages 560 295 260 0.0 0.0 0.0
Odia 360 185 170 0.0 0.0 0.0
Oriya, n.o.s. 195 105 90 0.0 0.0 0.0
Punjabi (Panjabi) 161,965 83,995 77,970 2.6 2.8 2.5
Rohingya 10 5 10 0.0 0.0 0.0
Sindhi 1,070 530 535 0.0 0.0 0.0
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 4,215 2,095 2,120 0.1 0.1 0.1
Urdu 89,120 43,975 45,145 1.4 1.5 1.4
Indo-Aryan languages, n.i.e. 735 385 355 0.0 0.0 0.0
Iranian languages 89,475 43,220 46,260 1.5 1.4 1.5
Baluchi 165 85 80 0.0 0.0 0.0
Kurdish 2,065 1,090 980 0.0 0.0 0.0
Parsi 145 60 80 0.0 0.0 0.0
Pashto 5,775 2,890 2,885 0.1 0.1 0.1
Persian languages 81,070 38,940 42,130 1.3 1.3 1.3
Dari 15,110 7,165 7,950 0.2 0.2 0.3
Iranian Persian 57,085 27,465 29,625 0.9 0.9 0.9
Persian (Farsi), n.o.s. 8,870 4,315 4,555 0.1 0.1 0.1
Iranian languages, n.i.e. 255 145 110 0.0 0.0 0.0
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 40 20 20 0.0 0.0 0.0
Italic (Romance) languages 183,875 84,590 99,285 3.0 2.8 3.1
Catalan 65 30 35 0.0 0.0 0.0
Italian 42,260 17,475 24,790 0.7 0.6 0.8
Portuguese 52,740 25,205 27,535 0.9 0.8 0.9
Romanian 10,390 4,810 5,580 0.2 0.2 0.2
Spanish 78,275 37,010 41,265 1.3 1.2 1.3
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 145 60 85 0.0 0.0 0.0
Indo-European languages, n.i.e. 70 35 30 0.0 0.0 0.0
Japanese 4,395 1,835 2,560 0.1 0.1 0.1
Korean 40,600 18,780 21,825 0.7 0.6 0.7
Mongolian 245 125 115 0.0 0.0 0.0
Niger-Congo languages 9,580 4,370 5,215 0.2 0.1 0.2
Akan (Twi) 3,775 1,685 2,090 0.1 0.1 0.1
Bamanankan 40 25 20 0.0 0.0 0.0
Edo 215 80 135 0.0 0.0 0.0
Éwé 70 35 40 0.0 0.0 0.0
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 120 50 65 0.0 0.0 0.0
Ga 140 55 85 0.0 0.0 0.0
Ganda 250 120 130 0.0 0.0 0.0
Gikuyu 45 25 20 0.0 0.0 0.0
Igbo 450 225 225 0.0 0.0 0.0
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 170 80 95 0.0 0.0 0.0
Lingala 135 60 80 0.0 0.0 0.0
Luba-Kasai 5 5 10 0.0 0.0 0.0
Mòoré 10 0 5 0.0 0.0 0.0
Mwani 65 30 30 0.0 0.0 0.0
Ndebele 55 30 25 0.0 0.0 0.0
Rundi (Kirundi) 140 65 75 0.0 0.0 0.0
Shona